3D Imaging in Medicine

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3D Imaging in Medicine
3D Imaging in Medicine
PD Dr. Martin Wolf, Lecturer
Biomedical Optics Research Laboratory
Neonatology
University Zurich
Tomographic Methods in Medicine
• UST
• DOT
• PAT
Ultra Sound Tomography
Diffuse Optical Tomography
Photoacoustic Tomography
• Near-Infrared Tomography
Optical tomography
• Brain in neonates
• Breast cancer screening
• Muscle
Head of neonate
Ultrasound
Optical absorption tomography
Picture credit: J. Hebden
Optical tomography of arm
Scattering
Absorption
Picture credit: J. Hebden
MRI
Set-up
3D Near Infrared Imaging
State of the art:
• Low spatial resolution
~1cm
• Low time resolution
~10min
• Bulky system
• Limited number of
sources/detectors
[Wells K et al Proc. SPIE 1997]
Aim:
• Address these issues
6
SPAD Image Sensor: LASP Chip
I/O interface
32 TDCs
128x128
SPAD array
100ns range
97ps res.
[Niclass et al JSSC 2008]
7
Experimental Setup
Collimator &
diffuser
SPAD sensor & acquisition
electronics
Telecentric
objective
Collimator &
diffuser
4 cm
Intralipid phantom
8
Impulse response
9
In vitro results
10
In vitro results
11
Tomographic Methods in Medicine
• UST
• ODT
• PAT
Ultra Sound Tomography
Diffuse Optical Tomography
Photoacoustic Tomography
• Photoacoustic Tomography
Photoacoustic Imaging
From ultrasound scanner
Ultrasoundtransducer
Lense
Prism
Mirror
Glasfiber
from laser
Bloodvessel
Picture credit: M. Frenz
Arm
Comparison
Photoacoustic - Ultrasound
 Methods are complementary
Finger
Bloodvessels
Bone
Parameters:
2.6 x 2.6 cm
15 mJ Energy
Optoacoustic image
Ultrasound image
Picture credit: M. Frenz
High resolution photoacoustics
Zhang, Nat Biotec 2006
Conclusions
• Near-infrared imaging
– Resolution ~3-5mm, ~s
– Non-contact
– Inexpensive
• Optoacoustic
– Resolution excellent
– Contact
– Many possibilities
1 mm
Thanks to
– Postdocs:
– Ms students:
• Lisa Holper
• Christoph Kuhn
• Thomas Mühlemann
Cristiano Niclass
Edoardo Charbon
– PhD students:
CSEM
Rolf Kaufmann
Claus Urban
Thanks to
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
• Daniel Ostojic
– MD:
• Carmen Jenny
– Civil service
Martin Biallas
• Andreas Beck
Damien de Courten
– Others
Juan Mata Pavia
• Ursula Wolf
Andreas Metz
• Jean-Claude
Felix Scholkmann
Fauchère
Ivo Trajkovic
• Hans-Ulrich Bucher
Raphael Zimmermann
Funding:
– Swiss National Science Foundation
– National Research Pogramme 57
– National Research Pogramme 62
– Nano-Tera
– Zurich Center for Integrative Human
Physiology UZH
– National Competence Center for
Biomedical Imaging
– Gebert-Ruef-Stiftung
– Hermann Klaus Stiftung