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Unit 8 The good and bad of globalisation
Unit 8
The good and bad of globalisation
Seite 100
migration
[ma91gre9Sn]
Migration, Abwandern, Übersiedeln
Increasing skilled migration will have a positive
impact on Australian economy.
arrow
[1är48]
Pfeil
Just follow the arrows on the floor. They show you
the way.
proportionate(ly)
to interconnect
[pr41p0.S4n4t]
[!9nt4k41nekt]
proportional
miteinander verbinden,
zusammenschalten
by leaps and bounds
replacement
[ba9 !li.ps 4n 1ba8ndz]
[r91ple9sm4nt]
in Riesenschritten
NachfolgerIn
dime (AE)
[da9m]
Zehncentstück
compensation
[!kqmp4n1se9Sn]
Abfindung, Vergütung
property
[1prqp4ti]
Eigentum
to be opposed to sth
[41p48zd t4]
gegen etw sein
essentially
to work sb
[91senS4li]
[w3.k]
im Wesentlichen
jdn arbeiten lassen, schinden
to be made to do sth
[bi !me9d t4 1du]
etw tun müssen
wrecked
[rekt]
zerstört, ruiniert, zerrüttet
host
[h48st]
hier: Menge, Schar
(social) ills
[9lz]
(soziale) Missstände
to discourage sb from
doing sth
course
[d9s1kcr9d7]
jdn davon abhalten / jdm
entmutigen, etw zu tun
Studiengang
to graduate
[1gräd7ue9t]
admin (infml)
[1ädm9n]
redundancy package
[r91dcnd4nsi päk9d7]
Abfindung(spaket), Sozialplan (bei
Entlassung)
Fortunately, I was given a good redundancy package
when I lost my job.
to take up (an offer)
[!te9k 1cp]
(ein Angebot) annehmen
studies (pl)
[stcdiz]
Studium
to cry foul (infml)
[!kra9 1fa8l]
etw anprangern, öffentlich als
Fehlverhalten kritisieren
consultant
to politicise
[k4n1sclt4nt]
[p41l9t9sa9z]
BeraterIn
politisieren
beneficial (to)
[!ben91f9Sl]
nützlich, vorteilhaft (für)
I don’t think I’ll take up the job offer. The salary’s
just too low.
I’m really busy with my studies at university. I don’t
have time to work.
They cried foul when their salaries were cut, but soon
realised that this was the only possiblity to save the
company.
He works as a software consultant for an IT firm.
Stop politicising this issue. It all happens for
economic reasons only.
People think outsourcing is only beneficial to
developing countries, but in the long run, it has
advantages for developed countries as well.
Seite 101
© 2012 Cornelsen Schulverlage GmbH, Berlin und Veritas Verlag, Linz.
Seite 102
[k0.s]
einen Abschluss machen, einen
akademischen Grad erwerben
Verwaltung
I need to find a holiday replacement. I can’t leave if
there’s nobody here to do my work.
Could you lend me a dime for a coffee? I’ve only got
50 cents with me.
I’ve never received a dime of compensation for all
the work I’ve done.
Everything you invent while working for us will
remain property of the company.
He says the working conditions for guest workers are
inhumane. That’s why he’s totally opposed to
outsourcing.
They are essentially treated like slaves.
The factory works them 70 hours a week, but pays
them next to nothing.
They’re made to work overtime without complaining.
Otherwise they’ll lose their jobs.
The result of this kind of working conditions are not
only physical, but also mental: burnout, depression
and wrecked families.
I’ve got to deal with a whole host of problems at the
moment.
Various mental diseases and social ills are the
consequences of capitalism and globalisation.
The current situation on the job market really
discouraged me from studying engineering.
After finishing my BA, I went on to do a Masters
course in physics.
I’m going to graduate from university next February,
but I’m already looking for a job.
Seite 103
Seite 1 von 4
Unit 8 The good and bad of globalisation
by-product
[1ba9 prqdckt]
Nebenprodukt
equal
[1i.kw4l]
gerecht; gleich
[1de9t4 entri kl2.k]
[1ma9nd ncm9N]
[bcntS]
[1p3.tS4s9N pa84]
DatentypistIn
stumpfsinnig, extrem langweilig
Gruppe, Haufen
Kaufkraft
sickness
[1s9kn4s]
Krankheit
(trade) union
[!tre9d 1ju.ni4n]
Gewerkschaft; Vereinigung
concession
[k4n1seSn]
Zugeständnis, Entgegenkommen
tax break
[1täks bre9k]
(befristete) Steuervergünstigung
dowry
merciless
[1da8ri]
[1m3.sil4s]
Mitgift, Brautgeld
unbarmherzig
critic
hypocrisy
humbug
a thorn in the side
[1kr9t9k]
[h91pqkr4si]
[1hcmbcg]
[4 !T0.n 9n D4 1sa9d]
passage
wedding ceremony
[1päs9d7]
[!wed9N 1ser4m4ni]
KritkerIn
Heuchelei
Humbug, Unsinn
ein Pfahl im Fleische, ein Dorn im
Auge
Passage, (Text-)Stelle
Hochzeitszeremonie
bride
groom
(thought) bubble
[bra9d]
[gru.m]
[1bcbl]
Braut
Bräutigam
(Gedanken-)Blase
artefact
to symbolize
[12.t9fäkt]
[1s9mb4la9z]
Gegenstand
symbolisieren
to poke fun at
[p48k 1fcn 4t]
sich lustig machen über
marriage
[1mär9d7]
Hochzeit; Ehe
marriage settlement
[!mär9d7 1setlm4nt]
Ehevertrag
shapely
to drool
to slobber with desire
greed
[1Se9pli]
[dru.l]
[!slqb4 w9D d91za94]
[1gri.d]
wohlgeformt
sabbern, geifern
schmachten
Gier
praise
[pre9z]
Lob
peacekeeper
[1pi.ski.p4]
FriedenswächterIn
resolution
[!rez41lu.Sn]
Resolution
address
[41dres]
Rede, Ansprache
General Assembly
[!d7enr4l 41sembli]
Vollversammlung
Secretary-General
[!sekr4tri 1d7enr4l]
GeneralsekretärIn
Cutting jobs is a necessary by-product of reforming
the organisational structure of the company.
Seite 104 Transkript
data entry clerk
mind-numbing
bunch
purchasing power
It’s ironic that they produce these luxury goods, but
don’t have the purchasing power to buy them.
© 2012 Cornelsen Schulverlage GmbH, Berlin und Veritas Verlag, Linz.
Seite 106
You promised to stay with me in sickness and in
health, remember?
Trade union representatives are currently debating
the new salaries.
The trade union has already made clear that no
concessions will be made regarding the on-going
debates.
He greatly benefitted from tax breaks, but no-one
really knows if that was perfectly legal.
His books are a merciless critique of the evils of
capitalism and globalisation.
He’s a well-known and feared restaurant critic.
!
Listen, this is my favourite passage from the book!
The wedding ceremony took place in a small church.
Family and close friends were invited.
What the groom’s thought bubble says is truly
hilarious. Really made me laugh!
The bride symbolizes the U.S. job market, while the
groom represents U.S. corporations.
The cartoon pokes fun at U.S. companies’ lust for
cheap guest workers.
The bride was so nervous, she couldn’t properly
repeat the marriage vows.
He’s a very rich man. His lawyer urged him to have a
marriage settlement just in case.
His greed knows no limits. He just can’t get enough.
Seite 107
Seite 2 von 4
She was full of praise for him. She said he was the
most hard-working employee in the company.
Should the United Nations send out peacekeepers to
Libya?
Failure to follow the resolution will result in legal
prosecution.
The president’s address to the nation was indeed
moving.
In her address to the United Nations General
Assembly, the Queen praised and encouraged their
good work.
The Secretary-General, head of the UN Secretariat, is
appointed by the General Assembly.
© 2012 Cornelsen Schulverlage GmbH, Berlin und Veritas Verlag, Linz.
Unit 8 The good and bad of globalisation
ambassador
[äm1bäs4d4]
BotschafterIn
statesman
[1ste9tsm4n]
Staatsmann
remarkably
[r91m2.k4bli]
bemerkenswert(erweise)
sweeping
to come about
[1swi.p9N]
[!kcm 41ba8t]
weitreichend, umfassend
passieren, geschehen
directive
[d41rekt9v]
Weisung, Direktive
subtle
[1sctl]
subtil
to foreshadow
demise
to prosper
[1f0.Säd48]
[d91ma9z]
[1prqsp4]
(voraus)ahnen lassen, andeuten
Untergang
gedeihen, Erfolg haben
to adapt to
[41däpt t4]
(sich) anpassen an
shift
[S9ft]
Verlagerung, Wandel, Verschiebung
charter
to endure
[1tS2.t4]
[9n1dj84]
Charta
fortdauern, Bestand haben
blight
liberty
[bla9t]
[1l9b4ti]
Fluch, Geißel
Freiheit
to tackle
[1täkl]
in Angriff nehmen, bewältigen
doubtless
[1da8tl4s]
zweifellos
sincerity
[s9n1ser4ti]
Aufrichtigkeit
to take a lead
[!te9k 4 1li.d]
die Führungsrolle übernehmen
determination
[d9!t3.m91ne9Sn]
Entschlossenheit
to stand (a test)
[ständ]
lifetime
[1la9fta9m]
(einen Test) bestehen, (einem Test)
standhalten
Leben(szeit)
high-minded
aspiration
[!ha9 1ma9nd9d]
[!äsp41re9Sn]
hochgesinnt
Streben, Aspiration, Anspruch
force
[f0.s]
Kraft, Stärke
common good
[!kqm4n 1g8d]
Allgemeinwohl
to reminisce
[!rem91n9s]
in Erinnerungen schwelgen
agreement
[41gri.m4nt]
Vereinbarung, Vertrag, Abkommen
fond
aid
[fqnd]
[e9d]
liebevoll
Hilfe, Hilfs-
headquarters (pl)
legitimacy
[!hed1kw0.t4z]
[l91d79t9m4si]
Hauptquartier, Zentrale
Legitimität, Rechtmäßigkeit
Security Council
[s91kj84r4ti ka8nsl]
Sicherheitsrat
effectiveness
[91fekt9vn4s]
Effektivität
puppet
[1pcp9t]
Marionette
She lives in New York, where she works as the
Austrian ambassador.
The most influential statesmen from around the
world gathered at the summit.
Remarkably, the greatest of changes came about in
the hardest of times.
These advances only came about because of great
scientific minds and appropriate funding.
The government’s directive to cease fire must be
obeyed by all troops.
You need to learn to be more subtle. Sometimes
you’re just too direct.
Bulgaria is a developing country whose economy has
grown and prospered in the past few years.
We can’t just pretend that nothing has changed. We
all need to adapt to the new situation.
There has been a recent shift towards employing
unskilled guest workers instead of qualified locals.
The aims we had and the values we cherished when
we started the business still endure now that we are a
big company.
The personal rights and liberties of every single one
must be protected at all costs.
We can’t just ignore this issue. We need to tackle the
problem actively.
It was doubtless they would succeed. Everybody was
sure they would make it.
I congratulate you on your success, with all my
sincerity.
It’s his willingness to take a lead that really makes
him a good president.
It needs courage and great determination to do the
job.
This old sewing machine really stood the test of time.
It’s still as good as ever.
It took him a whole lifetime to build up the
company, but only one bad decision to ruin it.
She’s driven by her aspiration to always do the best
she can.
The driving force behind his success has always been
his wife.
The money is meant to be used for common good
only. Do not use it for private issues.
Seite 108
Seite 3 von 4
Unfortunately, the two opposing parties did not
come to an agreement in yesterday’s discussion about
educational reforms.
A well-known charitable organisation has been
accused of stealing aid money.
The UN’s headquarters are located in New York.
The legitimacy of these reforms were questioned by
the constitutional court.
Rwanda has recently been elected to sit in the UN
Security Council.
I highly doubt the effectiveness of the procedure.
I think it could be done much faster.
Unit 8 The good and bad of globalisation
elite
permanent
[e91li.t]
[1p3.m4n4nt]
Elite, Eliteständig, fest, dauerhaft
wrongdoings
on the part of
[1rqNdu.9Nz]
[!qn D4 1p2.t 4v]
Missetaten
seitens, vonseiten
[!9nt41venSn]
Intervention
clash
[kläS]
anarchist
monetary
to privatise
pharmaceutical
commodity
[1än4k9st]
[1mcn9tri]
[1pra9veta9z]
[!f2.m41su.t9kl]
[k41mqd4ti]
Konflikt, Zusammenstoß;
Gegensatz
AnarchistIn
Währungsprivatisieren
pharmazeutisch, PharmaWare, Rohstoff
entire
[9n1ta94]
gesamte/r/s
to brainwash
sb tears up
failure
[1bre9nwqS]
[!t94z 1cp]
[1fe9lj4]
einer Gehirnwäsche unterziehen
jdm kommen die Tränen
Scheitern, Misserfolg
gated
water cannon
[1ge9t9d]
[1w0.t4 kän4n]
vergittert, geschlossen
Wasserwerfer
[!ekspl091te9Sn]
Ausbeutung
[!f2.m41su.t9klz]
[1skrcfi]
[p0.1tre94l]
Arzneimittel
ungepflegt
Darstellung
to limit
[1l9m9t]
beschränken, begrenzen
to trade
[tre9d]
(aus)tauschen
in terms of sth
[9n 1t3.mz 4v]
to clash with
[1kläS w9D]
was etw betrifft/angeht, in Hinblick
auf etw
zusammenstoßen, eine
Auseinandersetzung haben mit
This can’t be a permanent solution to the problem.
It’s just temporary.
We’ve received a lot of positive feedback on the part
of both the readership and the management of the
newspaper.
Seite 109
intervention
© 2012 Cornelsen Schulverlage GmbH, Berlin und Veritas Verlag, Linz.
Seite 109 Transkript
The protester suggested not to view water as a
commodity, but as a human right.
His book about economy and globalisation changed
my entire view about capitalism.
I believe the reform was a total failure. Instead of
improving our situation it only made things worse.
Seite 109
exploitation
The prosperity of our economy is directly linked to
the exploitation of cheap guest workers.
Seite 110
pharmaceuticals
scruffy
portrayal
Seite 111
Limit yourself to the most essential facts. Only
include what’s relevant.
Seite 113
Seite 4 von 4
In terms of salary and upward mobility, my current
job is couldn’t be any better.
Protestors clashed with the police in yesterday’s
demonstration against further pension cuts.