Present Perfect Progressive Tense What took her so long? He has

Сomentários

Transcrição

Present Perfect Progressive Tense What took her so long? He has
Present Perfect Progressive Tense
Wie bildet man...
... einen Aussagesatz:
active voice
They have been building the bridge for
so long a time now.
simple present vom Hilfsverb to
have + been + Vollverb + -ing
... einen Fragesatz:
For how long have they been building
the bridge now?
simple present vom Hilfsverb to
have + been + Vollverb + -ing
... eine Verneinung:
They have not been building the
bridge...
simple present vom Hilfsverb to
have + been + Vollverb + -ing
passive voice
The bridge has been being built for
such a long time now.
simple present vom Hilfsverb to
have + been being + past
participle des Vollverbs
For how long has the bridge been being
built now?
simple present vom Hilfsverb to
have + been being + past
participle des Vollverbs
The bridge has not been being built...
simple present vom Hilfsverb to
have + been being + past
participle des Vollverbs
Das Present Perfect Progressive wird gebraucht...
Imagine! I have been living here for 20 years.
What took her so long? He has been waiting
for two hours.
That man has been standing on the corner all
day.
BUT: For 900 years the castle has stood on the
hill above the village.
... wenn Handlungen beschrieben werden, die in
der Vergangenheit anfingen und noch in der
Gegenwart andauern, wobei der Zeitraum
besonders betont wird.
Grundsätzlich wird das present perfect
progressive eher bei kürzeren Zeiträumen
gebraucht.
I have not been working very well recently.
BUT: He has not worked for years.
It has been raining/has rained steadily since last
Saturday.
Harry has been working/has worked in the same job for
30 years.
How long have you been learning English?
I've been having violin lessons every two weeks, but I
think I'll make it every week from now on.
Sorry, I'm late. – That's all right, I've been
talking to this nice boy.
I have been reading "Brave New World" (but I have
not reached the end yet.)
I've been learning irregular verbs all afternoon (but I
still don't know all of them.)
BUT: I have learnt all my irregular verbs (and I know
them well.)
Meistens hängt der Gebrauch des present perfect
simple oder progressive vom Grad der
emphatischen Betonung ab
... wenn Handlungen beschrieben werden, die in
der Vergangenheit anfingen und noch in der
Gegenwart andauern, wobei betont wird, dass
sie zum gegenwärtigen Zeitpunkt noch andauern
bzw. zum Ende kommen oder eine Wendung
nehmen.
... wenn Handlugen beschrieben werden, die zum
gegenwärtigen Zeitpunkt noch nicht beendet sind
bzw. die Nicht-Vollendung betont wird.
Present Perfect Simple or Present Perfect Progressive
1. How long (you, learn) English?
2. I (want) to meet her again for months.
3. We (only, hear) from him twice since he went to Canada.
4. My parents (just, arrive) from New York.
5. Helen (study) art for two years now.
6. Andrew (not, see) his sister for years.
7. Mr Gray (teach) in our school since 1973.
8. She (write) to him several times these last few weeks.
9. My father (work) in the garden since early this morning.
10. It (rain) continuously all morning.
11. We (live) here since 1971.
12. Our neighbours' baby (cry) for at least an hour.
13. Our neighbours' baby (cry) several times today.
14. We (already, ring) the bell four times.
15. I (know) Mr Winters since 1960.
16. The children (swim) now for nearly an hour.
17. They (not, stop) swimming since I came.
18. Mr Smith (fly) to New York twelve times this year.
19. Grandma (sit) by the window all afternoon.