Infrastructure Reduced Intralogistics

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Infrastructure Reduced Intralogistics
INFRASTRUCTURE REDUCED LOGISTICS
ON THE WAY TO A HUB TO MOVE
ten Hompel, M. ∙ Nettsträter, A. ∙ Prasse, C. ∙ Werner, A ∙ BVL ISSL ∙ Köln 2014
© Fraunhofer · Seite 1
2000 : Internet of Things ∙ Decentralization of Material Flow
 From hierarchical to mesh-like structures
 Modularization of mechanical components
 Distribution of controls ∙ Entities represented by software agents
© Fraunhofer · Seite 3
Internet of Things ∙ Virtualization ∙ Decentralization
 Virtualization into a number of clouds
 Decentralization into a number of swarms of CPS
Virtualization
Cloud ∙ Logistics Mall
Decentralization:
CPS ∙ inBin
© Fraunhofer · Seite 4
Internet of Things ∙ Transformation ∙ Migration
 Transformation of business processes
 Migration of cyber physical systems
Transformation
of Management
Migration
of Cyber Physical Systems
© Fraunhofer · Seite 5
Intralogistics and Individualization
In future, there will be less firmly and permanently installed
infrastructures.
That will facilitate application–specific adjustments of intralogistic
systems as they are necessary under the banner of eCommerce and
one piece flow.
© Fraunhofer · Seite 6
The ideal logistics space is empty 
Pic. 1: Vogel Business Media
Pic. 2: Hauptralf
© Fraunhofer · Seite 7
Decentralization ∙ Self-Control ∙ Self-Organization
The degree of decentralization and self-organization increases with
the complexity of the systems!
New hardware and sensor technology facilitate new, less expensive
and autonomous cyber physical systems (CPS). An intelligent design
of CPS leads to their seamless migration into existing logistic
environments.
© Fraunhofer · Seite 8
BIN becomes «intelligent»
inBin – patented intelligent bin
Self supporter
400Lux of an energy-saving
Candle is enough to supply
The inBin thinks
32 Bit μProcessor
up 256K RAM
Energy storage
Each μW is saved. Self-discharge < 2% p.a.
7,000 telegrams without recharging
Graphic display
High-resolution communication
2D barcodes, text, graphics
The inBin is communicative
433 MHz, 868 MHz, 2,4 GHz
Cyber-Physical System
spontaneous networking iPv6, 6LoWPAN
Safe as a bank
separated 256 Bit crypto core
asymmetric encryption
Der inBin ist ein assoziiertes Projekt
des EffizienzCluster LogistikRuhr
© inBin ist eine Marke
der Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
© Fraunhofer · Seite 9
RACK becomes «intelligent»
 Intelligent smart shelf display
 Communication 868 MHz
 ePaper display
 Display and update of master data
 Energy Harvesting via solar cell
 Order placing per key press
 Haptic and optical feedback
 Status display
 Order placing in ERP system
 Delivery receipt (Debrunner article)
 Order placing corresponds to one article added to the
shopping basket
© Fraunhofer · Seite 10
CONTAINER becomes «intelligent»
DyCoNet ∙ smartULD
 Integration in existing airport IT systems
 Recognizes flight mode
 Multi agent system for the global autonomous network control, use of
ad-hoc networks for container-to-container-communication
 Energy self-sufficient function by energy harvesting
 Environment data will be gathered by sensors, alarms will be set off and
transferred to the control panel (Telematics)
© Fraunhofer · Seite 11
VEHICLES become «intelligent»
BILOC & LOCATIVE ∙ Cyber physical transport system
simple ∙ low-cost∙ autonomous thanks to «Comb Load Device»
«comb load device»
 BILOC and LOCATIVE are low-cost, autonomous
transport vehicles for Industry 4.0
 Patent automated load device KammLAM for
standard containers. Patented design and concept
 Low-cost cyber physical system for control and
communication
 Low-cost optical tracking with camera system
(developed by Fraunhofer)
 Differential drive with BLDC motors and energy
recovery
«comb load device»
 2-shift operation with 26V/15Ah LiFePO4
accumulator
 8 kg net weight and max. 12 kg load weight
 IR distance sensors
© Fraunhofer · Seite 12
Different use cases of the low cost AGV „Locative“
Scenario 3
Scenario 1
Scenario 2
© Fraunhofer · Seite 13
AS/RS becomes «intelligent»
Rack Racer ∙ Infrastructure reduced Shuttle System for bins
 RackRacer moves independently on horizontal
and diagonal path in the rack
 Functional and cost-related advantages
compared to marketable systems
 RackRacer offers potential for smaller and
more flexible mini-load systems
 Elimination of the lift guarantees flexibility in
adapting and scaling of the system
 Adapting rack capacity
 Performance scales proportionally to the number
of deployed RackRacer
© Fraunhofer · Seite 14
3D Printed Rack Racer
 RackRacer moves independently on horizontal
and diagonal path in the rack
 Functional and cost-related advantages
compared to marketable systems
 RackRacer offers potential for smaller and
more flexible mini-load systems
 Elimination of the lift guarantees flexibility in
adapting and scaling of the system
 Adapting rack capacity
 Performance skales proportionally to the number
of deployed RackRacer
© Fraunhofer · Seite 15
serva transport systems ∙ automated parking system –
Prototype developed by Fraunhofer IML
Eine Entwicklung für:
© Fraunhofer · Seite 16
Google Car ∙ hands-free fully autonomous prototype
Sources (above/below):
© Fraunhofer · Seite 17
Virtualization
Because of increasing complexity and dynamics there will be a
virtualization into a cloud-based system landscape.
Apps and services will complete logistic services and result in new
hybrid services and business models.
© Fraunhofer · Seite 18
Internet of services - IT-Architecture: TODAY
© Fraunhofer · Seite 19
Internet of services - IT-Architecture: TOMORROW
© Fraunhofer · Seite 20
Internet of services - Business Objects
Obj1
-attr1
-attr2
Obj2
Avis
BO
Incoming
Goods
Business Objects – BO
attributes
• Standardized
• Independent from
technologies
• Support of: interfaces,
compatibility for Apps
© Fraunhofer · Seite 21
-attr1
-attr2
BO
build
Obj3
-attr1
-attr2
Allocation
bin location
BO
Storage
BO
Annäherung von Logistik & IT
Functional
R&D
build
Container
Gross: 650 kg
Type: 20 Fuß
ISO 3801
Technical
Governance
Domain model
«SOCIAL MANUFACTURING and LOGISTICS»
Men and machines will become members of a new kind of social
network.
Permanently connected, always ready to negotiate the incoming
tasks and always prepared to integrate new technologies as well as
new members for the social networks of a future manufacturing and
logistics.
© Fraunhofer · Seite 22
«SOCIAL MANUFACTURING and LOGISTICS»
Human and machines in joint Social Networks
Human workers
CPS
Interact, check, control
Real-time capable control
«SOCIAL MEDIA»
© Fraunhofer · Seite 23
«SOCIAL MANUFACTURING and LOGISTICS»
Human and machines in joint Social Networks
 The classic «Human-Machine-Interface» is changing.
 Limited communication becomes individual interaction.
 Before: the human worker approaches a terminal/a machine
 Afterwards: an «Assistant Device» permantly links the human worker
with the «Social Networks» of an industry 4.0.
He/she communicates with other people as he/she does with cyberphysical systems.
COASTER ist eine Entwicklung des Fraunhofer IML
Gigaset Communications GmbH ist Logo-Partner
© Fraunhofer · Seite 24
SOCIAL MANUFACTURING and LOGISTICS
NORMATIVE LEVEL
Work organization according
to subordinated strategy
Missions according to
subordinated strategy
Human workers
Avatars & Agents
Interact, check, control
Real-time capable inter-action
OPERATIONAL LEVEL
© Fraunhofer · Seite 25
«SOCIAL MANUFACTURING and LOGISTICS»
Human and machines in joint Social Networks
© Fraunhofer · Seite 26
Distribution networks become changeable itself
Pic.: Still
© Fraunhofer · Seite 27
Hub2Move ∙ Building blocks of efficient logistics systems
© Fraunhofer · Seite 28
Hub2Move – Operational Concept
 Hub2move concepts enable logistic service
providers to relocate their equipment to the
current customer
 Recent renting or leasing models allow service
providers technical installations at the
customer’s site without investment cost for an
entire application system.
 The market for manufacturers of facility
logistics equipment can be extended.
 Mechanized and widely automated material
flow systems become more attractive for
potential users.
 Operating costs can be reduced and
competiveness compared to manual solutions is
guaranteed.
© Fraunhofer · Seite 29
Commercialization
The infrastructure-reduced logistics is a new market for producers
of technical hardware as well as for software companies and
service providers.
Within this market new players like Google and Amazon will appear.
© Fraunhofer · Seite 30
The basic research question will be:
How will adequate algorithms and models look like?
 Not intuition and experience, but multi-agent-systems and mathematic
models will decide on future business success.
© Fraunhofer · Seite 31
INFRASTRUCTURE REDUCED LOGISTICS
ON THE WAY TO A HUB TO MOVE
ten Hompel, M. ∙ Nettsträter, A. ∙ Prasse, C. ∙ Werner, A ∙ BVL ISSL ∙ Köln 2014
© Fraunhofer · Seite 32

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