BRT in Latin America

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BRT in Latin America
BRT in
Latin America
Luis Ricardo Gutiérrez, MSc
Luis Antonio Lindau, PhD
Latin America Strategic Director, EMBARQ
General Secretary, ,SIBRT
Director-President, EMBARQ Brasil
Dario Hidalgo, PhD
Director Researcha and Practice, EMBARQ
Ahmedabad, India - Sep 2012
www.embarq.org
The Latin American Association of Integrated
Systems and BRT – SIBRT – aims at
developing and improving the quality of urban
transport in the region (and the world)
Today: 19 Public Agencies from 8 Countries
BRT – ALC :
Bus Rapid Transit Centre of Excellence
•
•
•
•
•
U. Católica de Chile, Santiago
MIT, Boston, USA
Instituto Técnico Superior, Lisboa, Portugal
U. Sydney, Australia
EMBARQ
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Interial Future: Less users on transit!
Modal Split in Brazil (%)
65
35
Source: ANTP
Inertial Future: Clean Congestion!
Flow on 3,5 meters wide lane
Parked Cars
Car lane
Bycicles
Pedestrian
BRT
13.500
13.500
X10
X3,3
4.500
x1
x0
0
1.350
Capacity (persons/hour)
Source: Boareto 2007, USDOT 2004,
Highway Capacity Manual 2000, Medeiros et al, 2011
Exponential Growth of BRT and Busways in
World Cities
3500
Extension (km)
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2011
Source: www.brtdata.org
61% of BRT and Busways passenger demand:
48 Latin American cities
USA and Canadá
19 cities
0.67 M pax/day
Europe
42 cities
0.94 M pax/day
Asia
24 cities
6.3 M pax/day
Africa
3 cities
0.24 M pax/day
Latin America and the
Caribbean
48 cities
13.6 M pax/day
Oceania
5 cities
0,33 M pax/day
Source: BRTDATA.ORG - Produced by CoE BRT ALC and EMBARQ, in partnership with IEA and SIBRT
2012 Worldwide BRT Data - Key Indicators by Region
Regions
Asia
Passengers/day
Number of cities
Length (km)
Passengers/
day/km
6,255,872
28.48%
24
16.78%
888
23.69%
7,045
13,528,211
61.59%
48
33.57%
1,282
34.20%
10,552
Europe
936,970
4.27%
42
29.37%
632
16.86%
1,483
Northern
America
677,986
3.09%
19
13.29%
537
14.33%
1,263
Oceania
327,074
1.49%
7
4.90%
347
9.26%
943
Africa
238,000
1.08%
3
2.10%
62
1.65%
3,839
Total
21,964,113
100.00%
143
100.00%
3,748
100.00%
Latin
America
Source: http://brtdata.org - Produced by CoE BRT ALC and
EMBARQ, in partnership with IEA and SIBRT
BRT in
Brazil
Curitiba
Goiania
São Paulo
Rio de Janeiro
Belo Horizonte*
(*) próximo
BRAZIL
BRT in Curitiba: 81,6 km
Expresso Tiradentes: 10,8 km
Curitiba
São Paulo
Initial busways 1974
First BRT 1982
Initial busways 1980,
reconstruction 2003
Foto: Urbanização de Curitiba S.A. (URBS)
Foto: Elisa Rodrigues/ SPTrans
Goiania
Plan
First Busway 1976
Metrobus: 24 km
Photo: Fagbnr Gilinksku/ SIBRT
Foto: Mariana Gil/ EMBARQ Brasil
Transoeste: 40 km
New in 2012!
Rio de Janeiro
First BRT 2012
New in 2012!
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
New in 2012!
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Rio de Janeiro
150 km planned 2012-2016
BRT in
Brazil
studies/projects
Manaus
Belém
Fortaleza
Recife
Brasília
Maringá
Vitória
Cascavel
Goiânia
Porto Alegre
Uberlândia
Salvador
Campo Grande
Cuiabá
BRAZIL
Campinas
Source: NTU e M.Cidades
BRT in
Equador
Quito
Guayaquil
EQUADOR
Foto: EPMTPQ
Quito
Inital year 1995
Metrobus Q: 55,7 km
Metrovía: 27 km
Guayaquil
Foto: Metrovía
Initial year 2006
BRT in
Colombia
Bogotá
Bucaramanga
Medellín
Cali
Barranquilla
Pereira
Bogotá
Initial year 2000
Foto: TRANSMILENIO S.A.
TransMilenio’s network, 2012
8 corridors, 67 routes
Total length : 104 km
2 lanes per direction
45,000 pax per hour per direction
Regular and express services
Foto: TRANSMILENIO S.A.
Foto: Daniela Facchini/ EMBARQ Brasil
Foto: Mariana Gil/ EMBARQ Brasil
Bicycles:
free parking
Reduction of fatalities on Av. Caracas
Fase III TransMilenio, Bogotá
20 km, +520,000 pax/day (Dec 2012)
New in 2012!
http://www.surumbo.com/paginas_php3/loadinfo.php3?InaNuIdMn=311&IngNuEleE=2&nav=1
http://www.transmilenio.gov.co/AdmContenidoUpload/administrador.contenido/Files/Fase3/Generalidades%20F3.pdf
New in 2012!
http://www.metroenbogota.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/transmilenio-hasta-el-aeropuerto-el-doraro.jpg
Portal Eldorado Troncal Calle 26
Terminal
New in 2012!
http://www.elespectador.com/files/img_ipad/fcd890eff2aed371be7a0ec1cee68d5a.jpg
Troncal Calle 26 - Station
Central Station
Urban Renewal Project
(under construction)
Metrolínea: 8,9 km
Bucaramanga
Initial year 2009
Foto: Metrolínea S.A.
Medellín
Initial year 2011
Metroplús: 12,5 km
Foto: Metroplús
Foto: Metro Cali S.A.
Mio Cali: 28,8 km
Cali
Initial year 2009
Barranquilla
Initial year 2010
Transmetro: 14 km
Foto: Transmetro S.A.
Pereira
Initial year 2006
Megabús: 15,5 km
Foto: Megabús S.A.
Pereira, Colombia
Very narrow lanes in downtown
Photos courtesy of Megabus
BRT in
Mexico
Mexico City
Guadalajara
León
Ecatepec
MEXICO
Metrobús: 95 km
Mexico City
Initial year 2005
Foto: Mariana Gil/ EMBARQ Brasil
New in 2012!
http://www.metrobus.df.gob.mx/mapa_L4.html
New in 2012!
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
New in 2012!
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
New in 2012!
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
New in 2012!
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Foto: Dario Hidalgo/ EMBARQ
Macrobús: 16 km
Guadalajara
Initial year 2009
Guadalajara (Mexico) crash reduction with
Macrobus BRT
250
5000
Before BRT
During BRT construction
After start of operations
4500
Citywide crashes
200
4000
3500
150
3000
2500
100
2000
1500
50
1000
500
0
0
Foto: CTS EMBARQ México
Optibús: 31,8 km
Foto: CTS EMBARQ México
Ecatepec
Initial year 2010
León
Initial year 2003
MexiBus: 16,3 km
BRT in
Guatemala
Guatemala City
Initial year 2007
TransMetro: 38,6 km
Foto: Jorge Paparoni
BRT in
Venezuela
Mérida
Initial year 2009
TrolMérida: 10,4 km
Foto: Protransporte
BRT in
Peru
Lima
Initial busway 1972
BRT in 2010
Metropolitano: 26 km
BRT in
Argentina
Metrobús: 12,5 km
Buenos Aires
Initial year 2011
Foto: Wenceslao Wernicke
Transantiago: 57,8 km
Transantiago
Santiago
Initial year 2007
BRT: great challenges
Challenge: Transport + Urban Planning
Curitiba gave us the example:
planning BRTs + Land Use
together for SUSTAINABILITY.
Foto: URBS
Challenge: priority for public transport
SIBRT and
EMBARQ
advocate
for priority
for public
transport!
Private Car owners want more space!
Challenge: Operational Control
SIBRT’s Benchmarking help cities by
exchanging experiences and building
technical capacity to solve problems.
EMBARQ advocates for high quality
public transport.
Foto: Daniela Facchini/ EMBARQ Brasil
Challenge: Road Safety
Priority topic on SIBRT
benchmarking studies!
EMBARQ published the
“BRT Safety Guidelines”
BRT Safety Guidelines (pilot): http://www.embarq.org/en/node/4923
Challenge: BRT ≠ BT
BRT
BT
BRT needs the “R” of RAPID
to be competitive, attract users
and reduce congestion + other
negative impacts of car use!
Challenge: Integration and Coverage
BRT is the base of the public
transport, but remember everybody
in the City and Metropolitan Region
needs door-to-door solution!
“High Quality Public Transport for All”
Foto: Luis Antonio Lindau/ EMBARQ Brasil
Challenge: Integration and Coverage
In Latin America cities started with BRT corridors,
then built BRT networks, and are now evolving to
Integrated Transport Systems
Foto: Luis Antonio Lindau/ EMBARQ Brasil
BRTs in Latin America:
• Constant innovation since initial busways in 1970s
• Diverse and strong applications in multiple conditions
• High performance, low cost, rapid implementation
• Are growing into large scale integrated systems
• Adapting new technologies (vehicles and ITS)
• Still great challanges ahead: land use integration, business as
usual investment in car infrastructure, quality of service
¡Gracias!
www.embarq.org
www.sibrtonline.org

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