Vestibulares 2009

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Vestibulares 2009
Vestibulares 2009
REGIÃO NORTE
Universidade Federal do Acre - 2009
Questions 26, 27, 28 and 29 refer to the TEXT A “Amazon deforestation” by Tim Hirsch from BBC News,
São Paulo.
The Brazilian environment minister has promised to publish today the names of the 100 people responsible
for the largest acts of illegal deforestation in the Amazon. He promises to step up action to prevent destruction
of the world’s largest tropical forest. Here’s Tim Hirsch: It’s more than eight months since the Brazilian
government announced a package of measures to combat deforestation, after satellite observations showed
5 the rate of destruction in the Amazon was picking up again. So far, there’s been little evidence of a slowdown,
despite a string of raids on illegal sawmills and moves to cut off credit to farmers operating outside the law.
The latest initiative concentrates on the impunity with which illegal deforestation is still carried out
in Brazil, according to the government’s own account. The environment minister Carlos Minc reckons
that only one in ten offenders is prosecuted and fewer than one in 200 convicted in the courts. As
10 well as naming the top 100 deforesters, Mr. Minc is planning to set up a task force with the prosecuting
authorities and environmental enforcement agencies, to ensure that more are brought to justice. He’s
also promised to step up efforts to bring greater legality to farming and forestry activities in the regions
of the Amazon where most deforestation has taken place.
From:<http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/newsenglish/witn/2008/09/080929_amazon.shtml>
Online on January 02, 2009. (With some adaptations.)
26)In this article, the expression “a package of measures to combat deforestation” (line 4) means:
a) the Brazilian government established a series of actions to control the destruction of Amazon.
b) the Brazilian government established a series of satellite observations to rate the destruction of Amazon.
c) the Brazilian government promised to create groups of deforesters to slow down the deforestation in
Amazon.
d) the Brazilian government promised to create legal efforts to decrease the deforestation in Amazon.
e) The Brazilian government invited a group of deforesters to slow down deforestation in Amazon
27)The time conjunction “so far” (line 5) in the text could be correctly replaced by:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Now
Nowadays
Until
Until Now
Now and now
28)In the sentence “The environment minister Carlos Minc reckons that only one in tem offenders is
prosecuted and fewer than one in 200 convicted in the courts.” (lines 8-9) the words in bold would be
suitable replaced by:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
recognizes, deforesters, judged.
believes, deforesters, punished.
remembers, farmers, arrived.
considers, farmers, imprisoned.
Punished, farmers, remembers.
29)According to the text, it can be concluded that:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
the government will punish the illegal actions caused by farmers and sawmills.
the government will abolish the credits of farmers and prosecute offenders.
the government will punish illegal actions and prosecute offenders.
the government will decrease the illegal actions through satellite observations.
The government is not worried with the deforestation in Amazon
As provas de vestibular aqui reproduzidas foram obtidas pelos sites das universidades.
A Richmond Publishing não tem nenhuma responsabilidade em relação ao conteúdo apresentado.
Photocopiable material.
2
Universidade Federal do Amazonas - 2009
Brazil floods leave 186,000 homeless
At least 19 people die after months of heavy rains
Floods and mudslides from months of heavy rains in northern Brazil have driven more than 186,000
from their homes, killed at least 19 people and cut off shipments from a huge Amazon iron mine, according
to officials. Television footage showed the rooftops of houses poking out of inundated towns and people
using boats to move around in their cities. Mudslides swamped homes and forced residents to move in with
relatives and pack into emergency shelters. Globo TV’s G1 website reported that three more people died
in a mudslide in Bahia state, south of the main zone of devastation, but authorities did not immediately
confirm the deaths. At least seven states, most in the Amazon region, have been affected by the rains,
which have battered the region for several months, regional civil defence departments said. Worst-hit is
the state of Maranhão along the Atlantic coast and south of the mouth of the Amazon River. Maranhão
civil defence official Abner Ferreira said six major highways have been swamped, cutting off thousands
of people and leaving lines of stranded cargo trucks. The rains also prompted the temporary closure of a
railway that takes iron ore from the sprawling Carajas mine in the neighboring jungle state of Para. Iron ore,
the main ingredient in steel, is shipped overseas from Sao Luis, the state capital of Maranhão. The railway
also transports 1,300 people per day, and G1reported that service should be restored within two days. Vale
is the world’s second largest mining company and the planet’s biggest iron ore producer. Brazilian president
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva flew over the hardest-hit areas, delivered food baskets to shelters, met with local
officials and promised aid to repair infrastructure. He also voiced concerns that global climate change could
be responsible for the unusually heavy rains and destruction.” We need to look more seriously into the
climate situation these days,” said Silva. “Something is changing and we still have time to fix it.” Brazil’s
health ministry said it would send an emergency shipment of 265,000 doses of medicine to Maranhão
to prevent possible outbreaks of intestinal diseases caused by contaminated floodwaters. Ferreira said
meteorologists forecast at least another two more weeks of heavy rains in northern Brazil. Floods and
mudslides late last year in the southern state of Santa Catarina killed more than 100 people, displaced
some 80,000 and set off a round of brutal looting in a devastated port city by people desperate for drinking
water and food.
Responda às perguntas que se seguem de acordo com o texto
26)Qual a melhor tradução para o título do artigo
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Enchentes no Brasil matam 186.000
Enchentes no Brasil ferem 186.000
Acidentes no Brasil deixam 186.000 sem teto
Enchentes no Brasil deixam 186.000 desabrigados
Deslizamentos no Brasil deixam 186.000 sem alimentos
27)O estado mais atingido pelas cheias foi:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Pará
Amazonas
Bahia
Santa Catarina
Maranhão
As provas de vestibular aqui reproduzidas foram obtidas pelos sites das universidades.
A Richmond Publishing não tem nenhuma responsabilidade em relação ao conteúdo apresentado.
Photocopiable material.
3
Universidade Federal do Amazonas - 2009
28)O presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
a) Sobrevoou a região, reuniu-se com autoridades locais e prometeu ajuda
b) Sobrevoou a região, reuniu-se com autoridades locais, mas afirmou que o governo não dará ajuda.
c) Viajou para uma visita diplomática a um outro país, mas prometeu ajuda financeira para os estados
atingidos.
d) Visitou algumas áreas alagadas, entregando alimentos à população.
e) Mandou distribuir cestas básicas para a população, mas afirmou que o governo não pode ajudar com
a infraestrutura.
29)Uma das conseqüências dessas alagações é:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
O fechamento de uma ferrovia responsável pelo transporte de ferro e pessoas.
O fechamento da Mina de Carajás
A destruição do Vale
A suspensão da distribuição de carga em várias cidades do nordeste
A morte de 100 pessoas por infecção intestinal
As provas de vestibular aqui reproduzidas foram obtidas pelos sites das universidades.
A Richmond Publishing não tem nenhuma responsabilidade em relação ao conteúdo apresentado.
Photocopiable material.
4
Universidade Federal do Pará - 2009
TEACH ENGLISH IN SOUTH KOREA!
Description
Hello! Here at People Recruit we are searching for outgoing individuals who are highly motivated and
interested in having an exciting new experience abroad. We are a recruiting company, licensed by the
Government of South Korea. We have been placing teachers in quality jobs since 2002.
If you are a college graduate, searching for something new, or simply want to experience and learn a
new culture and language, all while earning and saving money, teaching English in South Korea is a great
place to start.
We have many job offers all over Korea in elementary schools and private institutes. Listed below are
some details and information about the job offers.
Job Descriptions & Contract
- Length of contract: one year.
- Qualifications
To qualify for the teaching job as an English instructor, you must be an English native speaker, which
means that you have to come from the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, Canada, New
Zealand or South Africa. You must also have a University degree. You are not required to have teaching
qualifications, although having them will mean that you are able to get better jobs.
- Salary
Your salary will be in the range of 2,100,000 - 2,500,000 won a month, depending on your
qualifications and experience.
- Hours
You will be expected to teach about 30 hours a week, Monday to Friday.
- Medical Insurance
Your employer will enroll you in the Korean Medical Insurance Union, which entitles you to the same
rate for medical services and prescriptions as for Korean citizens.
- Housing
The employer will provide furnished rent-free accommodation for your time in Korea, usually close to
your place of employment or if not then close to public transportation. You will be expected to pay the
utilities such as gas, water, and electricity yourself or with your flatmates.
Please, contact us if you are interested in working in South Korea. To get the process moving attach
your resume and a recent photo of yourself.
Looking forward to hearing from you.
All the best,
People Recruit
(Edited from: http://www.skelbimai.co.uk/classifieds/detail.php?siteid=34647. Access on: Sep. 30th 2008.)
51 O objetivo comunicativo do texto Teach English in South Korea! é
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
ampliar a rede de escolas de inglês na Coréia do Sul.
convocar graduandos para trabalhar na Coréia do Sul.
divulgar vagas de emprego para ingleses na Coréia do Sul.
selecionar professores asiáticos para trabalhar na Coréia do Sul.
recrutar pessoas interessadas em lecionar inglês na Coréia do Sul.
52 A empresa que faz a seleção do candidato para trabalhar na Coréia do Sul atua no mercado há
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
10 anos.
8 anos.
6 anos.
5 anos.
9 anos.
As provas de vestibular aqui reproduzidas foram obtidas pelos sites das universidades.
A Richmond Publishing não tem nenhuma responsabilidade em relação ao conteúdo apresentado.
Photocopiable material.
5
Universidade Federal do Pará - 2009
53 Segundo o texto, os requisitos mínimos exigidos do candidato às vagas de emprego na Coréia do Sul são:
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
ser bilíngüe e ter visto de residente.
ser falante nativo de inglês e ter nível superior.
ter qualificação para o emprego e já ter trabalhado no exterior.
ter experiência profissional na área do trabalho e ser graduado.
ser de nacionalidade inglesa e ter graduação na área de conhecimento do trabalho.
54 Em relação ao regime de trabalho e ao salário, o texto afirma que o candidato trabalhará
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
6 horas diárias, de segunda-feira a sexta-feira, e terá salário fixo.
5 horas, seis dias por semana, e terá um salário mensal de 2,100,000 wons.
15 horas nos fins-de-semana e terá salário entre 2,100,000 a 2,500,000 wons por mês.
8 horas por dia, à exceção dos sábados e dos domingos, e terá um salário mensal calculado em won.
30 horas semanais, cinco dias por semana, e terá um salário conforme suas qualificações e experiência.
As provas de vestibular aqui reproduzidas foram obtidas pelos sites das universidades.
A Richmond Publishing não tem nenhuma responsabilidade em relação ao conteúdo apresentado.
Photocopiable material.
6
Universidade Federal de Rondônia - 2009
Strategic Spending on Organic Foods
Sweet bell peppers are among the vegetables high in pesticides. (Richard Drew/Associated Press)
I was reading today in The Times that organic food prices are rising. It reminded me of a really helpful
list from the Environmental Working Group, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, about how
to be a strategic shopper when buying organic fruits and vegetables.
While there is an ongoing debate about whether buying organic food really makes a difference in
5 terms of health, the reality is that some consumers choose organic foods because they want to lower
their exposure to pesticides. For those shoppers, it makes sense to know when to buy organic and which
conventionally-grown foods are good enough because they already are low in pesticide residue.
The Environmental Working Group tested dozens of fruits and vegetables to determine which
foods are the worst offenders in terms of pesticide exposure. Some fruits and vegetables grown with
10 conventional farming methods simply don’t absorb the pesticides. Some examples of vegetables and
fruits with very low pesticide residues are onions, mangoes, asparagus, broccoli and eggplant. So
whether you pick them up from the regular produce section or the organic aisle, your pesticide exposure
is going to be low.
21 A partir da leitura do texto, assinale a afirmativa correta.
A) Uma parcela de consumidores compra alimentos orgânicos para diminuir sua exposição a pesticidas.
B) Os alimentos orgânicos são mais baratos do que os cultivados por métodos tradicionais.
C) O jornal The Times publica diariamente lista com nomes de empresas que vendem alimentos orgânicos mais baratos.
D) O Environmental Working Group propõe um debate sobre o preço justo para alimentos orgânicos.
E) Organizações com fins lucrativos estão financiando pesquisas sobre o consumo de alimentos orgânicos.
22 Em relação ao sentido de expressões no texto, assinale a afirmativa correta.
A) makes a difference (linha 4) significa tornar-se diferente.
B) Em dozens of fruits and vegetables (linha 8), a expressão sublinhada pode, sem prejuízo de sentido,
ser substituída por lots of.
C) it makes sense (linha 6) significa tem o sentido de.
D) A expressão good enough (linha 7) pode ser substituída, sem prejuízo de sentido, por very good.
E) pick them up (linha 12) tem o significado de fatiar os alimentos orgânicos.
As provas de vestibular aqui reproduzidas foram obtidas pelos sites das universidades.
A Richmond Publishing não tem nenhuma responsabilidade em relação ao conteúdo apresentado.
Photocopiable material.
7
Universidade Federal de Roraima - 2009
64 Choose the letter that is not according to the announcement.
Sally Strawberry and Billy Pineapple
Sally Strawberry, daughter of Candy and Bob Strawberry of Smallville, Gottingham, was married
today to Billy Pineapple, the son of Olivia and Chuck Thinner of Big Rock, Illinois, at Holy Spirit Church in
Smallville.
The bride and groom, both 33, work for Ace Life Insurance. The bride is a lawyer and the groom is a
computer programmer. The bride graduated from Harvard Law School. Her father is a retired truck driver
and her mother is a teacher at Child World, a pre-school in Smallville. The groom graduated from the
University of Illinois. His father, who is retired, was a doctor. His mother is a retired architect. The bride
and groom met on a blind date.
A) The bride is the same age of the groom.
B) The couple’s wedding was in Gottingham.
C) The couple does not work for living.
D) The groom’s parents don’t work anymore.
E) The couple’s meeting happened on a blind date.
65 Complete the dialogue below by choosing the right option:
A: They_________air traffic controllers.
B: Really? So, what________their jobs?
A: He________a waiter and she________ a bank manager.
A) isn’t – are – isn’t – aren’t
B) are – are – is - is
C) aren’t – is – aren’t – is
D) aren’t – is – are – isn’t
E) aren’t – are – is – is
As provas de vestibular aqui reproduzidas foram obtidas pelos sites das universidades.
A Richmond Publishing não tem nenhuma responsabilidade em relação ao conteúdo apresentado.
Photocopiable material.
8
Universidade Federal do Amapá - 2009
Attitudes toward western cultures
Currently, in many countries throughout the world, there is tremendous pressure to learn English.
This pressure is evident in a variety of ways. To begin, in many countries, English is required subject
beginning in middle school and continuing through high school and is often one of the areas tested
on college entrance examinations. In addition, many international corporations are encouraging their
employees to develop their English skills by providing English training on the job.
Along with the pressure to learn English comes concern about how English should be taught and what
role culture should play in the teaching of English. Many language educators support the inclusion of a
cultural component in the teaching of English (...)
19 From the text XV “Attitudes toward western cultures” it can be said that.
(01) International Corporations are hiring only people who speak English fluently.
(02) The Brazilian public school since the first grades teaches the English language and western cultures.
(04)In the author’s opinion there’s some concern about how to teach cultural points.
(08)All language educators agree with a inclusion of a new cultural component.
(16) The English Teaching must be done by foreign teachers.
20 According to the text XV, it can be affirmed that.
(01) A few countries believe to be important to learn the English language.
(02) No country thinks to be important to learn the English language
(04)A lot of language educators want the inclusion of a cultural component in the teaching of English
(08)International corporations are providing tools to improve their employees skills.
(16) The English teachers don’t agree with the creation of a new subject related to the western cultures.
As provas de vestibular aqui reproduzidas foram obtidas pelos sites das universidades.
A Richmond Publishing não tem nenhuma responsabilidade em relação ao conteúdo apresentado.
Photocopiable material.
9
Universidade Federal do Tocantins - 2009
Olympics Roundup
The Legacy of Beijing
by Melinda Liu
By now, it’s clear that both Chinese and visitors alike reveled in the 2008 Games, even many skeptics.
The merry national atmosphere is quite different from the mood before Aug. 8, when officials worried
about polluted air, terror attacks, even the performance of high-profile athletes like hurdler Liu Xiang.
Some of their fears came to pass: a lone attacker killed an American coach’s family member, scattered
protests did take place and Liu limped away gold-less after an injury.
Still, the Olympics were undeniably a PR success. Beijing’s critics warned of crackdowns, but travelers
were greeted instead with the sight of citizens reacting to the Games with cheers and tears against a
backdrop of stunning architecture. For domestic audiences, officials peddled a relaxed, humane image –
President Hu Jintao sat in the audience at sporting events like a regular spectator – that’s playing well at
home. The Games Will have many legacies, from Michael Phelps to Usain Bolt. But for Beijing, its softpower campaign will do more for its overseas image in the years to come than cocky triumphalism ever
could have done.
Newsweek. September 1, 2008, p. 5
26 According to the text, it is CORRECT to state that:
A) Most of the fears of Beijing’s officials came true during the Olympic Games, like terror attacks and
crackdowns.
B) Visitors were greeted with the sight of citizens reacting to the Games with fear.
C) Before the Games, the national atmosphere was very distinct from the one during the Olympics.
D) The Chinese people reacted with protests against President Hu Jintao when he tried to look like a
regular spectator in the sporting events.
27 The following sentence contains an adverb:
A) A lone attacker killed an American coach’s family member.
B) Officials peddled a relaxed, humane image.
C) But for Beijing, its soft-power campaign will do more for its overseas image.
D) The Olympics were undeniably a PR success.
As provas de vestibular aqui reproduzidas foram obtidas pelos sites das universidades.
A Richmond Publishing não tem nenhuma responsabilidade em relação ao conteúdo apresentado.
Photocopiable material.
10
KEY
REGIÃO NORTE
Universidade Federal de Roraima
- 2009
Universidade Federal do Acre 2009
64)(c) The couple does not work
for living.
65)(e) aren’t – are – is – is
26)a) the Brazilian government
established a series of actions
to control the destruction of
Amazon.
27)d) Until Now
28)b) believes, deforesters,
punished.
29)c) the government will punish
illegal actions and prosecute
offenders.
Universidade Federal do Amazonas - 2009
26)d) Enchentes no Brasil deixam
186.000 desabrigados
27)e) Maranhão
28)a) Sobrevoou a região, reuniuse com autoridades locais e
prometeu ajuda
29)a) O fechamento de uma
ferrovia responsável pelo
transporte de ferro e pessoas.
Universidade Federal do Pará 2009
51) (e) recrutar pessoas interessadas em lecionar inglês na
Coréia do Sul.
52)(c) 6 anos.
53)(b) ser falante nativo de inglês
e ter nível superior.
54)(e) 30 horas semanais, cinco
dias por semana, e terá um
salário conforme suas qualificações e experiência.
Universidade Federal do Amapá
- 2009
19) (02) The Brazilian public
school since the first grades
teaches the English language
and western cultures.
(16) The English Teaching
must be done by foreign
teachers.
20)(04) A lot of language educators want the inclusion of a
cultural component in the
teaching of English
(08) International corporations are providing tools to
improve their employees
skills.
Universidade Federal do Tocantins - 2009
26)(c) Before the Games, the
national atmosphere was very
distinct from the one during
the Olympics.
27)(d) The Olympics were undeniably a PR success.
Universidade Federal de
Rondônia - 2009
21) a) Uma parcela de consumidores compra alimentos
orgânicos para diminuir sua
exposição a pesticidas.
22)b) Em dozens of fruits and
vegetables (linha 8), a
expressão sublinhada pode,
sem prejuízo de sentido, ser
substituída por lots of.
As provas de vestibular aqui reproduzidas foram obtidas pelos sites das universidades.
A Richmond Publishing não tem nenhuma responsabilidade em relação ao conteúdo apresentado.
Photocopiable material.
11

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