We`ll Begin with a Fox and the plural is foxes, But the plural of ox

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We`ll Begin with a Fox and the plural is foxes, But the plural of ox
Unidade 3 - Atividades:
hippo – hippos (hoppopotamus)
LAWLESS LANGUAGE
(Unknown author)
We’ll Begin with a Fox and the plural is foxes,
But the plural of ox should never be *oxes.
One fowl is a goose and the plural is geese,
But the plural of moose won’t therefore be * meese.
So also for mouse the plural is mice,
But for house it’s houses – we never say *hice.
And since the plural of man is always called men,
For the plural of pan, why can’t we say pen?
Then one may be that and three may be those,
Yet rat in the plural is never called rose.
And the masculine pronouns are he, his, and him,
But imagine the feminine she, *shis, and *shim!
So English, I fancy, you all will agree,
Is the most lawless language you ever did see.
1) Match
A) fancy
B) fowl
C) fox
D) goose
E) lawless
F) moose
G) ox
H) pan
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
) raposa
) boi
) ave
) ganso
) alce
) panela
) desregrado
) imaginar
PLURAL OF NOUNS
REGRA GERAL: Acrescentamos “S” ao substantivo:
house – houses (casa)
car – cars (carro)
book – books (livro)
girl – girls ( garota)
superhero - superheroes (super-heróis)
2) Palavras terminadas em O originárias do latim, grego, espanhol ou italiano ou
ainda abreviadas, formamos o plural acrescentando S:
piano – pianos
photo – photos
zoo – zoos
dynamo – dynamos
casino – casinos
cello – cellos (violoncello)
kilo – kilos
magneto – magnetos
portfólio – portfólios
radio – rádios
solo – solos
soprano – sopranos
tango – tangos
virtuoso – virtuosos
avocado – avocados (abacate)
commando – commandos Eskimo – Eskimos
vídeo – vídeos
ghetto – ghettos ( gueto)
kangaroo - kangaroos
As palavras buffalo, mosquito, tornado e volcano, aceitam tanto o S para o
plural como o ES
3) Substantivos terminados em –ch cuja pronúncia é /k/ também fazem plural
apenas com –s:
epoch – epochs (época)
conch - conchs (conchas)
monarch - monarchs (monarcas)
patriarch - patriarchs (patriarcas)
stomach - stomachs (estômagos)
matriarch – matriarchs (matriarca)
4) Substantivo terminado em Y precedido de vogal, formamos o plural com S
boy – boys
key – keys
donkey – donkeys
guy – guys (caras, rapaz)
5) Substantivo terminado em Y precedido de consoante trocando o Y por IES:
baby – babies
lady – ladies
city – cities
country – countries
family – families
story – stories
fly – flies (mosca)
body-bodies (corpo)
ferry – ferries (balsa)
sky – skies – (céu)
vocabulary-vocabularies
nappy - nappies (fralda)
poppy - poppies (papoula)
table – tables (mesa)
pen - pens (caneta)
PARTICULARIDADES:
1) Substantivos terminados em: s, ss, sh, ch, x, z ou o, formamos o plural
acrescentando ES.
tomato – tomatoes
bus – buses
box – boxes
brush – brushes
church – churches
buzz – buzzes ( zumbir)
volcano – vulcanoes
hero – heroes ( herói)
potato – potatoes (batata)
glass – glasses (copo)
brush – brushes (pincel)
wish – wishes ( desejo)
topaz – topazes (topázio)
flash - flashes (lampejos) match - matches (fósforos)
echo - echoes (ecos)
watch – watches ( relógio) crash - crashes (colisões)
6) Substantivos terminados em F ou Fe, trocamos o F ou FE por VES:
São apenas estas 13 palavras.
wife – wives (esposa)
life – lives (vida)
wolf – wolves (lobo)
knife – knives (faca)
shelf – shelves (estante)
calf – calves (bezerro)
leaf – leaves (folha)
loaf – loaves ( pão)
thief – thieves (ladrão)
sheaf – sheaves ( feixe, maço)
half – halves (metade)
elf – elves (elfos)
self – selves ( a própria pessoa)
As demais palavras terminadas em F ou FE fazem parte do plural regular, ou seja,
com o acréscimo de S:
roof – roofs (telhado)
cliff – cliffs ( penhasco)
chief – chiefs ( chefe)
dwarf – dwarfs (anão)
strife – strifes ( briga)
7) Palavras terminadas em MAN , formamos o plural mudando o A pelo E:
man– men
woman – women
policeman – policemen
Obs: Nacionalidade:
Englishman - Englishmen (homens ingleses)
Frenchman - Frenchmen (homens franceses)
Mas: Brazilian - Brazilians (brasileiros/brasileiras)
German - Germans (alemães/alemãs)
Roman - Romans (romanos/ romanas)
8) Alguns substantivos são irregulars:
child children (criança)
mouse – mice (camundongo)
tooth – teeth (dente)
foot – feet (pé)
louse - lice (piolho)
die – dice (dados)
goose - geese (ganso)
ox – oxen (boi)
9) Palavras estrangeiras
SINGULAR
PLURAL
Datum
data
Erratum
errata
Bacterium
bacteria
Crisis
crises
Basis
bases
Thesis
theses
Mitosis
mitoses
Analysis
analyses
Nucleus
nuclei
Genius
genii
Cactus
cacti
Focus
foci
Criterion
criteria
Phenomenon
phonomena
10) Alguns substantivos, por conter a idéia de um grande número ou porque
indicam que a entidade é composta de duas partes iguais, são somente usados no
plural:
Binoculs (binóculo)
Cattle (gado)
Glasses (óculos)
Jeans (jeans)
Knickers (calção)
Leggings (fusô)
Pajamas (pijamas)
Pants (calça)
Pliers (alicate)
Pincers (pinça)
Police (polícia)
Scales (balança)
Shorts (calção)
Scissors (tesoura)
Tights (meia-calça)
Trousers (calça)
02) Dê o plural das palavras abaixo:
01) BOX: ______________________
02) HALF: _____________________
03) HERO: _____________________
04) COMPUTER: ________________
05) WOMAN: __________________
06) BUS: ____________________
07) ECHO: __________________
08) LADY: ___________________
09) WIFE: ____________________
10) STORY: ___________________
11) DOG: ____________________
12) NEGRO: ___________________
13) DISH: ____________________
14) BUTTERFLY: ______________
15) DATUM: ___________________
16) GLASS: ___________________
17) ROOF: _____________________
18) MATCH: ____________________
19) NOTEBOOK: _________________
20) WATCH: ____________________
21) WORD: ______________________
22) GLOVE: ____________________
23) UMBRELLA: ________________
24) QUIZZ:___________________ __
25) LOUSE:_____________________
26) DELIVERY: ________________
27) ROSE: ______________________
28) MONKEY: ________________
29) MONARCH: __________________
30) DIE: ________________________
3) Rewrite these sentences in the plural:
a) A tomato is a vegetable.______________________________________________
b) A ball is a toy. ______________________________________________________
c) This child is very tall._________________________________________________
d) A fly is an insect. ___________________________________________________
e) An ox is a mammal. _________________________________________________
f) He is an Eskimo. ____________________________________________________
g) The chief is here. ___________________________________________________
h) This story is funny. __________________________________________________
i) Look at that box. ____________________________________________________
j) This bus is new. ____________________________________________________
k) There was a glass on the table.________________________________________
l) That man is a good engineer.__________________________________________
m) There’s a dwarf in this jungle._________________________________________
n) Your photo is on the piano. ___________________________________________
o) There is a boy in the class. ___________________________________________
04) COMPLETE THE SENTENCES. USE THE CORRECT PLURAL FORM:
1.The _____________ of the _____________ are waiting for you. ( wife / policeman )
2. The ____________ are playing with their ___________ in the garden. ( child / toy)
3. There are _____________ of fresh ____________ and ___________ at the street
market. ( box / tomato / peach)
4. The _________________ are sleeping but the __________ are not. ( baby / boy)
5. I like to eat hot ____________ ( potato)
6. They are talking the ______________ to the police station. ( thief )
7. Brush your __________ after dinner. ( tooth)
8. Those ______________ are valuable. (picture )
9) The _____________ are late. ( bus )
10) It’s possible to learn new _______________ in this song. ( word )
05) Choose the correct alternative:
1) In each group, identify the alternative in which the plural form all the nouns is
correct:
a)
(
) tomatoes; photos; countries, wives
(
) tomatos; photos; countrys; wifes
(
) tomatoes; photos; countrys, wives
(
) tomatos; photos; countries; wives
b)
(
(
(
(
c)
(
(
(
(
d)
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
a) e)
) babies; sheaves; half
) baby; sheafs, halves
) babies; sheaves; halves
) babys; sheafs, halves
(
c) The plural of a German is:
(
) German
( ) Germanes
) vixen
(
(
) fox
) Germans
(
) Germen
d) Boys have big _________________ and girls have small ones.
(
) foots
(
) feet
(
) feets
(
) foots
e) My mother bought us five beautiful white ________.
(
) toothbrushes
(
) toothbrush (
) teethbrush
(
) teethbrushes
3) Observe as orações abaixo:
I – Kurt and Gabriel are boys who like to play with tois.
II – The Le Corbusier and Antoni Gaudi are famous European architects
III – Those European countries had wise monarches.
Verifica-se que houve acerto no emprego do plural:
( ) Apenas na I
( ) em todas.
( ) Apenas na II
( ) Apenas na III
4) In each group identify the only word which demands the nouns in the singular:
( ) data
( ) theses
( ) analysis
( ) synopses
( ) pianos
( ) mice
( ) geese
( ) potato
( ) men
( ) children
( ) bus
( ) dice
( ) teeth
( ) foot
( ) churches
( ) hippos
( ) armchairs
( ) benches
( ) key
( ) photos
( ) salesmen
( ) lice
( ) mice
( ) moose
) knifes; leaves; gooses
) knives; leafs; geeses
) knives; leaves; geese
) knives; leafs; geese
) armschairs; louses; Englishman; loafs
) armchairs; louses; Englishmans; loaves
) armchairs; louses; Englishmen, loafs
) armchairs; lice; Englishmen, loaves
) data; bacterium; bases
) datum; bacteria; basis
) data; bacteria, bases
) datum; bacterium; basis
2) Fill in the blanks with the correct alternative:
a) _______________are dangerous weapons.
(
) the knife
(
) knifes
(
) a knife
b) The plural of FOX is:
( ) foxen
( ) foxes
5) Choose the correct plural form for: “calf, cliff; basis, armful”:
(
) calves, cliffs, basis, armsful
(
) calves, clives, basis, armful
(
) calves, cliffs, bases, armfuls
(
) calfs, clives, basis, armfuls
6) Complete the sentences: There are too many ________ in these ____________.
(
) thieves, citys (
) thiefs, cities (
) thiefs, cityes
(
) thieves, cities
(
) knives
7) ____________, _______________, ____________, ____________ are animals.
(
(
) ox, geese, mouse, dogs
) oxen, geese, mice, dogs
(
(
) oxes, goose, mousse, dogs
) oxen, geese, mice, dog
16) Na frase “Did hundreds of Japanese kids suffer a TV-induced epileptic attack last
week? Indique a alternativa em que todas as palavras têm a mesma forma de plural
de kids.
a) attack – mouse
b) goose – Japanese
c) cartoon – trigger
d) show – child
e) cherry – peach
8) Which plural form is wrong?
( ) chief, chiefs
( ) calf, calves
( ) ox, oxes
( ) bench, benches
9) Which plural form is wrong?
( ) wolves
( ) loaves
(
) beliefs
15) The word that doesn’t have an irregular plural form like “tooth – teeth” is…
a) ox
b) foot
c) cloth
d) goose
e) mouse
(
) studioes
10) A palavra que forma o plural pelo simples acréscimo de s é:
( ) man
( ) child
( ) box
( ) night
11) Plural form of the sentence “ The wolf was trying to catch the calf” is:
(
) The wolfs was trying to catch the calfs
(
) The wolves was trying to catch the calves
(
) The wolfs were trying to catches the calves
(
) The wolves were trying to catch the calves
12) The plural of the sentence “Why doesn’t the bus stop in this city?” is:
( ) Why don’t the buses stop in these cities?
( ) Why doesn’t the bus stop in this citys?
( ) Why doesn’t the buses stop in this cities?
( ) Why don’t the buses stop in those cities?
13) The plural of the sentence “ The crash was very serious. He hurt his foot and
broke a tooth” is:
( ) The crash was very serious. They hurt their feet and broke some tooth.
( ) The crashes was very serious. They hurt their feet and broke some tooth.
( ) The crashes were very serious. They hurt their feet and broke some teeth.
( ) The crashes was very serious. They hurt their feet and broke some teeth.
14) The plural form of the sentence “Tell that girl to put her brush in this box” is:
(
) Tell those girls to put their brushes in these boxes.
(
) Tell these girls to put their brushes in those boxes.
(
) Tell those girls to put her brushes in these boxes.
(
) Tell those girl to put their brushes in those boxes.
17) Knives is the plural of knife. Which of the words below does not form its plural in
the same way?
a) wife
b) life
c) leaf
d) chief
e) half
18) Mark the only word that does not form the plural regularly:
a) pupil
b) teacher
c) house
d) proof
19) Which alternative shows the correct plural form of the words given?
a) mouse – mice / goose – geese
b) mouse – mices / person – child – children
c) mouse – mousse / foot – feet
d) bus – buses / book – beek
e) child – childs / knife – knives
20) Match the columns below so that the words in the second columns fit the
sentences provided in the first one;
1. Tom and Mary loves their ______________.
2. Put the oranges inside those _______________.
3. I can’t walk. My ________ are aching a lot.
4. The ______________ are flying south.
5. The cat is hunting the __________________.
6) When Jane fell over, she broke two of her ______________.
a) ( ) feet
b) ( ) teeth
c)( ) children
d) ( ) geese e)( ) mice
f) ( ) boxes
a)
b)
c)
d)
6–3–1–4–5–2
3–6–1–4–5–2
3–6–2–4–5–1
5–3–4–2–6–1
e) 3 – 6 – 4 – 1 – 2 – 5
e) loaf