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Apresentação do PowerPoint
I - Planning and urban / housing
policies and politics
II – Urban political ecology
III – Metropolitan planning
Heloisa Costa
UFMG / Geography Dept.
Planning and urban / housing policies
and politics
Right to the city and production of space
Production of the periphery
Urban reform movement – from the heroic phase to
excessive institutional/legal concerns – captured by market
forces ?
Belief in social and territorial transformation
Participation and urban governance – committees
participatory budget, etc
Critical analysis of urban and housing policies - land
regularization and informal areas upgrading, master plans
and City Statute instruments, Minha Casa, minha vida, etc
URBEL Intervention Areas
*1 ZEIS-1: regions disorderly occupied by low income population,
where there is public interest in promoting housing programs involving
upgrading and land, urbanistic and legal regularization, aiming at the
improvement of life quality of the inhabitants and their integration to the
urban tissue.
*2 Comprises:
-Areas previously approved as SE-4 (vilas and favelas) not adopted as
ZEIS-1 by the LPOUS.
-Vilas and existing housing states, not previously recognized as SE-4,
or as ZEIS by the present legislation.
- Areas defined by the 91/96 IBGECensus as vilas and favelas.
*3 ZEIS-3: regions where social interest housing estates were
builtbefore 1993 by the municipal government, and URBEL is
responsible for them.
*4 Housing estates built after 1993, in construction or planned to be
built.
ELABORAtTION: Planning Nuclei – NUPL/URBEL
SOURCE: PRODABEL/URBEL
DATE: 1999
Belo Horizonte
Centro-Sul Region, Aglomerado da Serra and Serra do Curral
Aglomerado da Serra
Aglomerado da Serra
Before and after
VILA MÃE DOS POBRES – BECO SÃO JOAQUIM – BELO
HORIZONTE
Periods and regularization
PERIOD
IDENTIFYED
PLOTS
APPROVED
PLOTS
PROPERTY
CONTRACTS
ISSUED
BENEFITED
FAMILIES
1986/1992
6.918
6.120
4.929
4.929
1993/2000
4.317
3.041
2.730
4.191
2000/2007
9.118
6.806
4.060
7.857
TOTAL
20.353
15.967
11.719
16.977
SOURCE: URBEL/DRC/DVRF/2007
• Total population in ZEIS 1
and 3 is 498.642 people.
• Average
people
household is 4,6.
per
• Estimated 15,66% of ZEIS
dwellers were reached by the
land regularization program.
• Estimated 10,08% of ZEIS
households
titled
(property
contracts issued)
SOURCE: PLANÃO/2000.
Other private initiatives
Before and after the painting of houses
Source: Laender, 2008.
PANORAMA GERAL
PROGRAMA MINHA CASA MINHA VIDA - PMCMV
Urban political ecology
• Rise of environmental concerns in urban studies
• Urban and environmental policies - different
trajectories, different logics, common tools
• Reafirming nature within urbanization
• Ontological turn – looking at urbanization through
water
• Blue-green infrastructure
• Urban agriculture, health and food security
• Urban commons
Goiânia
Parques lineares urbanos
N. Senhora da Piedade - DRENURBS
Blue green infrastructure
Metropolitan plan
Concepts of the blue-green weft
Conection
Structure
Built and natural spaces
Paths
Dimensions of the green-blue weft
Potencial Estruturador da Trama Verde-Azul
Espaços Construídos e Espaços Naturais
• A naturalização do espaço
metropolitano
Espaço Natural – Solos, vegetação,
corpos d’água, fauna - o verde-azul
• valorização do natural no espaço
construído
Potencial Estruturador da Trama Verde-Azul
Continuidade / Conectividade
• Relação virtuosa entre espaços
naturais e construídos
O Local e o Metropolitano
• Articulação / integração entre
tempos / espaços – escalas:
espaciais, sociais, econômicas
Potencial de Integração da Trama Verde-Azul
A dimensão geográfica,
ambiental
Grandes equipamentos de cultura
Paisagens
Manifestações culturais
Potencial de Integração da Trama Verde-Azul
Transportes Multimodais
Práticas Agrícolas
Dirimir Riscos Naturais
Ecoturismo
Potencial de Integração da Trama Verde-Azul
• integrar corredores
ecológicos na estrutura
metropolitana
• usos múltiplos
• diferentes níveis de acesso,
desde UCs de uso restrito
até parques urbanos
• áreas de lazer, esporte e
outras
• estabelecer uma diretriz
para o território e ao
mesmo tempo sinalizar e
promover usos alternativos
Urban agriculture
Google
Earth.
Março/201
5.
Urban agriculture demographics
RMBH
● Population totale de la RMBH:
4.883.970
● Population urbaine: 4.792.091
● Population rurale: 91.879
Source: Censo Demográfico, IBGE, 2010
● 7.672 établissements agricole dans la
RMBH
● 5.151 (67,1%) – agriculture familiale
● 2.521 (32,9%) - agriculture nonfamilial.
Source: Censo Agropecuário, IBGE, 2006
Urban agriculture demographics
RMBH
2012 - 2.056 family
growers recognized by
public policies
Source: Ministério de Desenvolvimento
Agrário (MDA).
Cartography of the agricultural practices in 13
municipalities of RMBH
Agricultural areas
Agricultural experiences
Feira Raízes do Campo.
Comercialização de produtos
agroecológicos em Jaboticatubas.
Jaboticatubas, 2014.
Capim Branco se destacava pela produção de alho, mas hoje “transita” para a
produção diversificada de orgânicos para o mercado de Belo Horizonte. 2014.
Centro de Vivência Agroecológico (CEVAE).
Belo Horizonte, 2014.
Criação de aves em ocupação
Criação de aves em quintal
Associação de apicultores.
Nova Lima, 2014.
Horta em escola estadual.
Belo Horizonte, 2007.
Olericultura orgânica.
Nova Lima, 2014.
Olericultura orgânica.
Raposos, 2014.
Horta em escola municipal. Horta em escola particular.
Santa Luzia, 2012.
Nova Lima, 2014.
Contacts
[email protected]
http://aueufmg.wordpress.com