RESPGE - Procuradoria Geral do Estado de São Paulo

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RESPGE - Procuradoria Geral do Estado de São Paulo
REViSta da
Escola Superior da Procuradoria
Geral do Estado de São Paulo
Journal of São Paulo State’s Attorney Generalship School
Volume 3 – Número 1
Jan / Dez 2012
ISSN 2179-8532
GERALDO ALCKMIN
GOVERNADOR DO ESTADO
PROCURADORIA GERAL DO ESTADO
ELIVAL DA SILVA RAMOS
Procurador-Geral do Estado
MARIÂNGELA SARRUBBO FRAGATA
Chefe do Centro de Estudos
ESPGE
ESCOLA SUPERIOR DA PROCURADORIA
GERAL DO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO
REVISTA DA ESCOLA SUPERIOR
DA PROCURADORIA GERAL DO ESTADO
DE SÃO PAULO
JOURNAL OF SÃO PAULO STATE’S
ATTORNEY GENERALSHIP SCHOOL
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ESCOLA SUPERIOR DA PROCURADORIA
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Editora Científica / Scientific Editor
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Conselho Editorial / Editorial Board
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Corpo Editorial/ Publishers
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Pareceristas / Reviewers
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Secretaria Executiva
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Revisão de Texto
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Projeto Gráfico
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Editoração
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CTP, Impressão e Acabamento
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Correspondência
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Exchange orders should be addressed to ESPGE.
Normas editoriais disponíveis em: XXXQHFTQHPWCSFTDPMBTVQFSJPSSFWJTUBT
Endereço / Address
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ESCOLA SUPERIOR DA PROCURADORIA GERAL
DO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO
EQUIPE
Diretoria
Patrícia Ulson Pizarro Werner, Procuradora do Estado, Diretora da ESPGE
Marily Diniz do Amaral Chaves, Procuradora do Estado, Vice-Diretora da ESPGE
Conselho Curador
Ana Lúcia Correa Freire Pires de Oliveira Dias; Cintia Orefice; Liliane Kiomi Ito
Ishikawa; Marcelo Gomes Sodré; Mariana Rosada Pantano; Mariângela Sarrubbo
Fragata (Chefe do Centro de Estudos, membro nato); Mirna Cianci; Nina Beatriz Stocco
Ranieri; Patricia Ulson Pizarro Werner (Diretora da ESPGE, membro nato); Ruth Helena
Pimentel de Oliveira
EQUIPE DE COORDENADORES E MONITORES
Direito do Estado
Coordenadores
Dora Maria de Oliveira Ramos; Carlos José Teixeira de Toledo; Eugênia Cristina Cleto
Marolla
Monitores
Cristiana Corrêa Conde Faldini; Enio Moraes da Silva; Liliane Kiomi Ito Ishikawa;
Luciana Rita Laurenza Saldanha Gasparini; Maria Clara Osuna Diaz Falavigna; René
Zamlutti Júnior.
Filosofia e TGD
Coordenadores
João Carlos Pietropaolo; Haroldo Pereira; Romualdo Baptista dos Santos
Monitores
Alessandra Ferreira de Araujo Ribeiro; Ana Lucia Corrêa Freire Pires Oliveira Dias;
Christiane Mina Falsarella; Julia Cara Giovannetti
Metodologia
Clarice Von Oertzen de Araújo; Márcia Walquiria Batista dos Santos
Didática
Gabriel Veiga Catellani
Direito Processual Civil
Mirna Cianci; Rita de Cássia Conte Quartieri; Fábio Victor da Fonte Monnerat
Monitores
Levi de Mello; Lúcia Cerqueira Alves Barbosa; Maria Luciana de Oliveira Facchina Podval;
Thais Teizen
Direitos Humanos
Coordenação
Ana Paula Zomer; José Luiz Souza de Moraes; Margarete Gonçalves Pedroso
Monitores
Alexandre Aboud; Ana Cláudia Vergamini Luna; Anna Cândida Alves Pinto Serrano; Anna
Luiza Quintella Fernandes; Ivanira Pancheri; Levi de Mello; Luciana Augusta Sanches;
Messias José Lourenço; Paulo David Cordioli; Rene Zamlutti Junior; Rosely Sucena Pastore;
Vera Pimentel Fonseca; Virgílio Bernardes Carbonieri
Direito Tributário e Financeiro
Coordenação
Estevão Horvath; Mara Regina Castilho Reinauer Ong; Monica de Almeida Magalhães Serrano
Monitores
Bruno Maciel dos Santos; Claudia Bocardi Allegretti; Fabrizio de Lima Pieroni; Fabrizio
Lungarzo O’Connor; Lucia de Faria Freitas; Rafael de Oliveira Rodrigues; Silvia Vaz
Domingus; Valéria Martinez da Gama
Direito Ambiental
Coordenação
Marcelo Gomes Sodré; Cintia Oréfice; Daniel Smolentzov
Monitores
Adriana Ruiz Vicentin; Ana Carolina Daldegan Serraglia; Fábio André Uema Oliveira; Jean
Jacques Erenberg; Marcos Narche Louzada; Mariana Rosada Pantano; Tatiana Capochin
Paes Leme; Vivian Alves Carmichael
Funcionários da ESPGE
Arabi Santos Mesquita; Carlos Roberto Trindade Borgonovi; Daniel Martins Silva; Deise
Aparecida Santiago; Izabel Cristina L de Freitas; Leda Regina Machado Lima; Maritza
Cristine Lins de Araujo Rocha e Cabral Sacadura; Monica Achcar de Azambuja; Paulo
Severo dos Santos; Rosana Santoro Henriques; Sergio Antonio Petry; Thiago Blumer
Estagiárias
Caroline Tiemi; Mariana da Costa Battani; Melissa Ibrahim
SUMÁRIO
Editorial
Direito Comparado
La composition du Conseil constitutionnel, un exotisme bien français....... 15
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Tradução:
A composição do Conselho Constitucional: um exotismo bem francês ......
25
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La financiación del Sistema Nacional de Salud Español .............................
35
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Direito Constitucional – nacional
Alteração e mudança da Constituição. O caso brasileiro ............................
65
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Reclamação Constitucional: a preservação da competência e garantia
da autoridade das decisões do STF brasileiro .............................................
81
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Direito Administrativo
A arbitragem nos conflitos entre políticas públicas .................................
107
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Direito Ambiental
Algumas considerações sobre o Direito Ambiental e o impacto das
explorações de petróleo ............................................................................
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135
Zoneamento ecológico-econômico como instrumento essencial da
política nacional do meio ambiente a ser considerado no
licenciamento ambiental...........................................................................
165
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Direito Processual Civil
Moratória Judicial: interpretação da inovação do artigo 745-A do
Código de Processo Civil..........................................................................
191
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Execução contra a Fazenda Pública por obrigações pecuniárias
decorrentes de títulos judiciais: reflexões sobre o procedimento até a
expedição de ordem de pagamento ..........................................................
227
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Mandado de Segurança e Silêncio Administrativo ...................................
265
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Direito Tributário
A compensação Tributária e o regime constitucional de precatórios
instituídos pela Emenda Constitucional nº 62/2009....................................
291
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Transação Tributária no Brasil: Possibilidades e limites ..........................
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321
EDITORIAL
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Dora Maria Vendramini Barreto
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MENSAGEM AOS ALUNOS FORMANDOS
DAS TURMAS 2010-2011
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FOEJEP QFMBT FRVJQFT EF DPPSEFOBEPSFT NPOJUPSFT F FTQFDJBMJTUBT SFTQPOTÈWFJT
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RVF PT QSPGFTTPSFT UJUVMBEPT RVF NJOJTUSBN BVMB OB &41(& OB HSBOEF NBJPSJB
TÍP EPVUSJOBEPSFT SFDPOIFDJEPT DPNP BT NBJPSFT BVUPSJEBEFT OPT UFNBT TPCSF
PT RVBJT TÍP DPOWJEBEPT B QBMFTUSBSFN0T TFNJOÈSJPT F QSPWBT TÍP QSFQBSBEPT
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EJWFSTBTDPSSFOUFTEPVUSJOÈSJBTFFOUFOEJNFOUPTKVSJTQSVEFODJBJTTPCSFUFNBTEF
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WFSEBEFJSPJOTUSVNFOUPEFUSBOTGPSNBÎÍPFEFTFOWPMWJNFOUPTPDJBM
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SFQFSUØSJP NBJPS QBSB B DPOTUSVÎÍP EF OPWPT DPOIFDJNFOUPT F FOGSFOUBNFOUP EF
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/ÍPIÈDPNPTFFTRVFDFSRVFPUFNQPTVCUSBÓEPEPDPOWÓWJPEPTGBNJMJBSFT
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0TIJTUØSJDPTFTDPMBSFTPTUSBCBMIPTEFmOBMEFDVSTPQSPEV[JEPTFPUSBCB
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WJWPRVFEJTQFOTBNBJPSFTSFMBUPTEPPCKFUJWPBMNFKBEPFDPORVJTUBEPQPSUPEPTPT
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0CSJHBEBQFMBDPPQFSBÎÍPFQBSBCÏOTBUPEPT
Marily Diniz do Amaral Chaves
1SPDVSBEPSBEP&TUBEP7JDF%JSFUPSBEB&41(&
.FTUSFF%PVUPSBFN%JSFJUP
LA COMPOSITION DU CONSEIL CONSTITUTIONNEL,
UN EXOTISME BIEN FRANÇAIS
The composition of the Constitucional Council, a very French exoticism
Fabrice Hourquebie1
RÉSUMÉ 1SÏTFOUBUJPO-FQSPDÒTFOJMMÏHJUJNJUÏGBJUËMBDPNQPTJUJPOEV$POTFJM1PVS
MBOPNJOBUJPO$POUSFMFTNFNCSFTEFESPJU-BMÏHJUJNJUÏEVQSPDÒTGBJUËMB
DPNQPTJUJPOEV$POTFJM1MVTEFKVSJEJDUJPOOBMJTBUJPO.PJOTEFQPMJUJTBUJPO
4VQQSJNFSMFTNFNCSFTEFESPJU3FNQMBDFSMFTNFNCSFTEFESPJU
3FTTFSSFSMFDPOUSÙMFTVSMBOPNJOBUJPO
RESUMO
0BSUJHPUSB[VNBSFnFYÍPTPCSFBOFDFTTJEBEFEFSFGPSNBEBDPNQPTJÎÍPEP$PO
TFMIP $POTUJUVDJPOBM GSBODÐT &YQÜF PT QSPCMFNBT DFOUSBJT OB QSJNFJSB QBSUF EP
USBCBMIP BP BOBMJTBS BT QFSTQFDUJWBT EP NPEP EF OPNFBÎÍP EF TFVT NFNCSPT BP
RVFTUJPOBS B QPMJUJ[BÎÍP EB JOTUJUVJÎÍP B OÍP FYJHÐODJB EB RVBMJmDBÎÍP KVSÓEJDB EF
TFVTNFNCSPTBEJTDSJDJPOBSJFEBEFEBTOPNFBÎÜFTFBRVFTUÍPEBQFSNBOÐODJBEPT
BOUJHPT1SFTJEFOUFTEB3FQÞCMJDBOP$POTFMIP$POTUJUVDJPOBMDPNPNFNCSPTOBUPTF
WJUBMÓDJPT/BTFHVOEBQBSUFGB[QSPQPTUBTQBSBBQFSGFJÎPBSBMFHJUJNJEBEFEPQSPDFTTP
EFSFQSFTFOUBUJWJEBEFDPNPTVQSJNJSFPVTVCTUJUVJSNFNCSPTOBUPTFUPSOBSNFOPT
SJHPSPTPPDPOUSPMFTPCSFBOPNFBÎÍP
ABSTRACT
5IF QBQFS QSFTFOUT B SFnFDUJPO PO UIF OFFE GPS SFGPSN PG UIF DPNQPTJUJPO PG UIF
'SFODI$POTUJUVUJPOBM$PVODJM&YQPTFTUIFDFOUSBMQSPCMFNTJOUIFmSTUQBSUPGUIF
XPSLXIFOBOBMZ[JOHUIFQSPTQFDUTPGUIFNPEFPGBQQPJOUNFOUPGJUTNFNCFSTCZ
RVFTUJPOJOH UIF QPMJUJDJ[BUJPO PG UIF JOTUJUVUJPO OPU PG UIF MFHBM SFRVJSFNFOU PG JUT
NFNCFSTBOEUIFEJTDSFUJPOPGUIFBQQPJOUNFOUTBOEUIFRVFTUJPOPGUIFQFSNBOFO
DFPGUIFGPSNFS1SFTJEFOUTPGUIF3FQVCMJDPG$POTUJUVUJPOBM$PVODJMBTQFSNBOFOU
NFNCFSTBOEMJGFMPOH*OUIFTFDPOEQBSUNBLFTQSPQPTBMTUPJNQSPWFUIFMFHJUJNBDZ
PGUIFQSPDFTTPGSFQSFTFOUBUJPOBTEFMFUFBOEPSSFQMBDFQFSNBOFOUNFNCFSTBOE
NBLFMFTTTUSJDUDPOUSPMPWFSUIFBQQPJOUNFOU
Palavras-chaves$POTFMIP$POTUJUVDJPOBMo'SBOÎBo$PNQPTJÎÍPoBMUFSBÎÍP
Keywords$POTUJUVUJPOBM$PVODJM'SBODF$PNQPTJUJPODIBOHF
1SPGFTTFVSEFESPJUQVCMJD. 6OJWFSTJUÏ.POUFTRVJFV#PSEFBVY*7. %JSFDUFVSEFM*OTUJUVUQPVSMF%ÏWF
MPQQFNFOUEFM&OTFJHOFNFOU4VQÏSJFVS'SBODPQIPOF*%&46'
. %JSFDUFVSBEKPJOUEV$FOUSFE&UVEFT
FUEF3FDIFSDIFTTVSMFT$POTUJUVUJPOTMFT-JCFSUÏTFUM&UBU$&3$$-&
%JSFDUFVS EVNBTUFSjù$POUFOUJFVYQVCMJDTùx&YQFSUKVTUJDFBVQSÒTEFM0SHBOJTBUJPOJOUFSOBUJPOBMF
EFMB'SBODPQIPOJF
16
Fabrice Hourquebie
1. PRÉSENTATION
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-BEPDUSJOFEPVUFSÏHVMJÒSFNFOUEFMBMÏHJUJNJUÏEFMBDPNQPTJUJPOEV$PO
TFJM .BJT UPVU OFTU QFVUÐUSF QBT CPO Ë KFUFS EBOT MB NBOJÒSF EF DPNQPTFS DFUUF
JOTUJUVUJPOMBMÏHJUJNJUÏOÏUBOUQBTRVVOFRVFTUJPOEFNPEFEFEÏTJHOBUJPONBJT
CJFOBVTTJVOFRVFTUJPOEFRVBMJUÏEFOTFNCMFEFMJOTUJUVUJPOEFGmDBDJUÏFUQBSUBOU
EBDDFQUBUJPOEFTEÏDJTJPOTEFDFUUFKVSJEJDUJPO.
-F$POTFJMDPOTUJUVUJPOOFMFTUDPNQPTÏEFOFVGNFNCSFTOPNNÏTQPVSOFVG
BOTOPOSFOPVWFMBCMFTQBSMFTUSPJTQMVTIBVUFTBVUPSJUÏTQPMJUJRVFTEFM&UBUMF1SÏ
TJEFOUEFMB3ÏQVCMJRVFMF1SÏTJEFOUEV4ÏOBUFUMF1SÏTJEFOUEFM"TTFNCMÏFOBUJP
OBMFBSUEFMBDPOTUJUVUJPOEVPDUPCSF
-FTNFNCSFTEV$POTFJMTPOU
SFOPVWFMÏTQBSUJFSTUPVTMFTUSPJTBOTDGJOGSB
.BJTTJÒHFOUÏHBMFNFOUBV$POTFJM
DPOTUJUVUJPOOFMDPNNF NFNCSFT EF ESPJU FU EPOD Ë WJF MFT BODJFOT 1SÏTJEFOUT EF
MB3ÏQVCMJRVF*MOPVTTFNCMFRVFÎBOFTUQBTUBOUMBQSPDÏEVSFEFOPNJOBUJPOEFT
NFNCSFTQBSMFTBVUPSJUÏTQPMJUJRVFTRVJNFUUFFODBVTFMBMÏHJUJNJUÏEV$POTFJMRVF
MBQSÏTFODFEFTBODJFOTDIFGTE&UBUNFNCSFTEFESPJU&OFGGFUMBWPJFQSPDÏEVSBMFEF
MBOPNJOBUJPOQBSMFTBVUPSJUÏTQPMJUJRVFTFTUËQFVQSÒTBENJTTJCMFTJPOBDDFQUFMJEÏF
RVFMF$POTFJMDPOTUJUVUJPOOFMDPNNFUPVUFKVSJEJDUJPODPOTUJUVUJPOOFMMFUSBODIFVO
ESPJUVODPOnJUFOUSFEFTOPSNFTQBSOBUVSFQPMJUJRVFTMBMPJFUMBDPOTUJUVUJPO
&O
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CMFMFTBODJFOTDIFGTE&UBUOBZBOUSJFOËGBJSFEBOTVOFJOTUJUVUJPORVJWFVUQSÏTFOUFS
MFWJTBHFEVOFBVUIFOUJRVFKVSJEJDUJPO
6OFSÏGPSNFEFMBDPNQPTJUJPOEV$POTFJMDPOTUJUVUJPOOFMFTUFMMFFOWJTBHF
BCMF &MMFOPVTTFNCMFWJWFNFOUTPVIBJUBCMF*MFOWBEFMBMÏHJUJNJUÏEFMJOTUJUVUJPO
FUQBSUBOUEFTBDSÏEJCJMJUÏUBOUBVYZFVYEFTBDUFVSTJOTUJUVUJPOOFMTEVDPOUFOUJFVY
DPOTUJUVUJPOOFMRVFEVQFVQMFGSBOÎBJT
2. LE PROCÈS EN ILLÉGITIMITÉ FAIT À LA COMPOSITION DU CONSEIL
4FMPO +BDRVFT ,SZOFO «La faiblesse du dispositif français ne résiderait pas
tant dans la sélection politique des membres du Conseil que dans les garanties de compétences de ces membres»3 %F NBOJÒSF TDIÏNBUJRVF FU DPNNF PO MJOEJRVBJU FO
3
4VSDFUUFRVFTUJPOW')PVSRVFCJFSur l’émergence du contre-pouvoir juridictionnel sous la Vème République#SVZMBOU
+,SZOFOL’Etat de justice, France, XIII-XXème siècles. L’empire des juges5PNF/3'(BMMJNBSE
Q
RESPGE - SP
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v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 15 a 24
La composition du Conseil constitutionnel, un exotisme bien français
17
JOUSPEVDUJPO JM TFNCMF RVF MJMMÏHJUJNJUÏ TPJU NPJOT VOF BGGBJSF EF QSPDÏEVSF EF
OPNJOBUJPO(A)RVFEFQSÏTFODFEFTNFNCSFTEFESPJU(B).
2.1 Pour la nomination
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1SFNJÒSFNFOU FMMF WÏIJDVMF MB QPMJUJTBUJPO EF MJOTUJUVUJPO /PNNÏFT EJT
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EJEBUTQSPQPTÏTQBSMFTIBVUFTBVUPSJUÏTQBSMFTDPNNJTTJPOTEFTMPJTEV4ÏOBUFUEF
M"TTFNCMÏFOBUJPOBMF
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EFMJOTUJUVUJPO« L’esprit de faveur, d’amitié et de complaisance plus difficile à tuer que les
malformations constitutionnelles à redresser pouvait régulièrement guider le choix des autorités de nominations », ÏDSJWBJU$IBSMFT&JTFONBOO4. &UJMFTUWSBJRVFMFDPNQBHOPOOB
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 15 a 24
18
Fabrice Hourquebie
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Les grandes délibérations du Conseil constitutionnel
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7BMMTù« À titre personnel, oserez-vous censurer un projet de loi soutenu par l’autorité qui vous
a nommé ? » PVEF3FOÏ%PTJÒSF« Que pensez-vous du fait que les anciens Présidents de
la République siègent de droit au sein du Conseil constitutionnel »
FUEFSÏQPOTFTVOQFV
JOBUUFOEVFTEFMJOUÏSFTTÏ(« La dignité humaine a forcément valeur constitutionnelle puisque
tout notre droit est protecteur de la personne humaine »
y
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2.2 Contre les membres de droit
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DPOWBJODSFUPVUKVSJTUFVOUBOUTPJUQFVÏDMBJSÏTVSDFUUFRVFTUJPOù« […] Le Conseil
constitutionnel ne saurait être une juridiction comme une autre. C’est la raison pour laquelle j’ai souhaité qu’il ne soit pas composé que de techniciens du droit et que les anciens
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Fabrice Hourquebie
présidents de la République y conservent leur qualité de membres de droit, parce que
l’expérience d’un ancien chef de l’État, qui a fait fonctionner les institutions, peut apporter
beaucoup à la qualité des décisions du Conseil, à leur équilibre, à leur réalisme ».
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3. LA LÉGITIMITÉ DU PROCÈS FAIT À LA COMPOSITION DU CONSEIL
« Le CC peut-il demeurer longtemps un acteur moyen du jeu politique si la composition et les modes de recrutement ne changent pas » ?12 -FQSPDÒTFOJMMÏHJUJNJUÏTJMDPO
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3.1 Plus de juridictionnalisation
.JDIFM'SPNPOUEJTBJUEV$POTFJMDPOTUJUVUJPOOFMRVJMÏUBJUVOjùNPEÒMFBUZ
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sur la nature ambivalente de cet organe lequel participe hautement du pouvoir juridictionnel mais qui, du fait de la désignation discrétionnaire de ses membres par trois autorités
politiques, voit constamment peser sur lui le soupçon de politisation »14$FTUFOUSBNF
EFGPOEMBMBODJOBOUFRVFTUJPOEFMBKVSJEJDUJPOOBMJTBUJPORVJFTUFOEÏCBU$PNNFOU
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politique exprime le caractère ambigu de l’institution. (…). Elle intervient dans des matières
politiques et plus encore dans des buts politiques ; ses membres doivent avoir l’indépendance
des magistrats mais leur recrutement est politique ».
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')PVSRVFCJFLe pouvoir juridictionnel en FranceQSÏD
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3.2 Moins de politisation
#FSOBSE$IFOPUBODJFO7JDFQSÏTJEFOUEV$POTFJME&UBUBGmSNBJUù« Je n’ai
jamais pensé une seconde que le Conseil fût un organe juridictionnel ; c’est un corps politique
par son recrutement et par les fonctions qu’il remplit ».
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3.2.1 Supprimer les membres de droit 1PVSBVUBOUEPJUPOTFEÏQBSUJSEFMFYQÏSJFODFEFTBODJFOT1SÏTJEFOUTù /PO
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membres », %ÏDJTJPOO¡"/OPWFNCSF1VZEF%ÙNFÒNFDJSD3FDQ
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3.2.3 Resserrer le contrôle sur la nomination
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24
Fabrice Hourquebie
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A COMPOSIÇÃO DO CONSELHO CONSTITUCIONAL:
UM EXOTISMO BEM FRANCÊS
(tradução Fernanda Dias Menezes de Almeida)
Fabrice Hourquebie1
Fernanda Dias Menezes de Almeida2
SUMÁRIO
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1. INTRODUÇÃO
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4PCSFFTUBRVFTUÍPW')PVSRVFCJFSur l’émergence du contre-pouvoir juridictionnel sous la Vème République, Bruylant, 2004.
26
Fabrice Hourquebie e Fernanda Dias Menezes de Almeida
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2. O PROCESSO SOBRE A ILEGITIMIDADE FEITA NA COMPOSIÇÃO DO CONSELHO
4FHVOEP+BDRVFT,SZOFOia fraqueza do dispositivo francês não residiria tanto
na seleção política dos membros do Conselho, e sim nas garantias de competências desses
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2.1 Pela nomeação
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EBJOTUJUVJÎÍPiO espírito de favor, de amizade e de complacência, mais difícil de matar
que as malformações constitucionais a consertar, poderia regularmente guiar a escolha pelas
+,SZOFOL’État de justice, France, XIII-XXème siècles. L’empire des juges, Tomo 2, NRF Gallimard, 2012, p.329.
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27
autoridades de nomeaçãowFTDSFWJB$IBSMFT&JTFONBOO&ÏWFSEBEFRVFPDPNQB
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$I&JTFONBOOLe Monde, 5 de março 1959.
7')PVSRVFCJF-FTOPNJOBUJPOTBV$POTFJMDPOTUJUVUJPOOFML.P.A., nº 108, 2001, PP. 9-16.
7QSJODJQBMNFOUF-'BWPSFVF8.BTUPSLes Cours constitutionnelles, Connaissance du droit, Dalloz,
PP.34 e segs.
*CJEQWUBNCÏNBBOÈMJTFFTUBUÓTUJDBEF%PNJOJRVF3PVTTFBVJODroit du contentieux constitutionnel, Montchrestien, 9ème Ed., 2010.
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7')PVSRVFCJFLe pouvoir juridictionnel en France, LGDJ, 2010; e
também nosso comentário em B.Mathieu, J.P. Machelon, F.Mélin-Soucramanien, D.Rousseau e X. Philippe (dir), Les
grandes délibérations du Conseil constitutionnel, 1958-1983, Dalloz, 2009, PP.133 e segs.
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Fabrice Hourquebie e Fernanda Dias Menezes de Almeida
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nato no seio do Conselho Constitucionalw
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UFSFTTBEPiA dignidade humana tem forçosamente valor constitucional pois todo o nosso
Direito é protetor da pessoa humanaw
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2.2 Contra os membros natos
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como outra. É a razão pela qual eu desejei que ele não seja composto apenas por técnicos do
Direito e que os antigos Presidentes da República ali conservem sua qualidade de membros natos,
porque a experiência de um antigo Chefe de Estado que fez funcionar as instituições, pode acrescentar muito à qualidade das decisões do Conselho, a seu equilíbrio, a seu realismow.
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mBEPSEBJOEFQFOEÐODJBOBDJPOBMEBJOUFHSJEBEFEPUFSSJUØSJPFEPSFTQFJUPBPTUSBUBEPTw
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30
Fabrice Hourquebie e Fernanda Dias Menezes de Almeida
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3. A LEGITIMIDADE DO PROCESSO FEITO PARA A COMPOSIÇÃO DO CONSELHO
iO CC pode permanecer por muito tempo um ator médio do jogo político se a composição e os modos de recrutamento não mudarem?w0QSPDFTTPEFJMFHJUJNJEBEFTFFMFTF
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3.1 Mais jurisdicionalização
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"TTJNEBQBSUJDVMBSJEBEFEBDPNQPTJÎÍPSFTVMUBiuma questão recorrente sobre a natureza ambivalente deste órgão que participa elevadamente do poder jurisdicional,
mas pelo fato da designação discricionária de seus membros por três autoridades políticas,
vê constantemente pesar sobre ele a suspeita de politizaçãow²OPQBOPEFGVOEPB
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%VWFSHFSBTTJNUSBEV[JBiO termo jurisdição política exprime o caráter ambíguo da instituição. (...). Ela intervém em matérias políticas e mais ainda nos fins políticos; seus membros
devem ter a independência dos magistrados, mas seu recrutamento é políticow
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+,SZOFOop.cit.Q
%EF#ÏDIJMMPOart.cit.Q
+,SZOFOop. cit.Q
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A composição do conselho constitucional: um exotismo bem francês
31
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iA função se apodera do homem quando o homem é honestowFTDSFWJB(FPSHFT7FEFM²
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NFTNPRVFFTUFBSHVNFOUPEFQPOIBa contrario,QFMBBVTÐODJBEFDPNQFUÐODJBTVmDJFOUF
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3FGPSNBTOBDPNQPTJÎÍPTFJNQÜFNTFHVSBNFOUFQBSBBGBTUBSBJOEBNBJTP
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3.2 Menos politização
#FSOBSE $IFOPU BOUJHP 7JDF1SFTJEFOUF EP $POTFMIP EF &TUBEP BmSNBWB
iEu jamais pensei por um segundo que o Conselho fosse um órgão jurisdicional; é um corpo
político por seu recrutamento e pelas funções que preenchew
Le Conseil constitutionnel a quarante ans, Conseil constitutionnel et LGDJ, 1999, p.66.
')PVSRVFCJFLe pouvoir juridictionnel em France, préc.
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Fabrice Hourquebie e Fernanda Dias Menezes de Almeida
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3.2.1 Suprimir os membros natos
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3.2.2 Substituir os membros natos
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EFMFTFFTUJNPVRVFisob a única reserva de dispensa de juramento, eles são submetidos às mesmas obrigações dos
outros membros”, Decisão nº 84-983, NA, 7 de novembro de 1984, Puy-de-Dôme, 2ème circ, Rec., p.117.
4PCSFFTUBRVFTUÍPWUBNCÏN%EF#ÏDIJMMPOart. cit., p.116.
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A composição do conselho constitucional: um exotismo bem francês
33
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$POTFMIP$POTUJUVDJPOBMKVÓ[FTEFTDPOFDUBEPTEFOPNFBÎÜFTEJUBTiQPMÓUJDBTw.
3.2.3 Tornar mais rigoroso o controle sobre a nomeação
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$POTUJUVJÎÍPQPTTBNWFSEBEFJSBNFOUFFTDMBSFDFSPTNFNCSPTEBT$PNJTTÜFTEF+VT
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1SPQPTJÎÍPEF%EF#ÏDIJMMPOart. cit., p.116.
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LA FINANCIACIÓN DEL SISTEMA NACIONAL DE SALUD ESPAÑOL
The financing of the Spanish National Health System
Juan Zornoza Pérez1
RESUMEN
*OUSPEVDDJØO-PTEJTUJOUPTNPEFMPTEFmOBODJBDJØOEFMPTTFSWJDJPTTBOJUBSJPT
-BmOBODJBDJØOEFMBTBOJEBEFOFMNBSDPEFMBmOBODJBDJØOEFMBT$PNVOJEBEFT
"VUØOPNBT -B JODJEFODJB FO MB mOBODJBDJØO EF MB BTJTUFODJB TBOJUBSJB EF MB -FZ
EFEFNBZPEFDPIFTJØOZDBMJEBEEFM4JTUFNBOBDJPOBMEF4BMVE6OB
WBMPSBDJØOmOBMBNPEPEFDPODMVTJPOFT
RESUMO
0 FTUVEP BOBMJTB WÈSJPT NPEFMPT EF mOBODJBNFOUP EP TJTUFNB EF TFSWJÎP EF TBÞEF
FTQBOIPMDPNÐOGBTFOBUSBOTGFSÐODJBEFDPNQFUÐODJBTEFHFTUÍPQBSBBTDPNVOJEBEFT
BVUÙOPNBT"QSPGVOEBRVFTUÜFTTPCSFBTNPEVMBÎÜFTRVFPTJTUFNBFYJHFQBSBBUFOEFSËT
QFDVMJBSJEBEFTEBÈSFBEBTBÞEFDPNPBHBSBOUJBDPOTUJUVDJPOBMEBBVUPOPNJBSFHJPOBM
JOUFHSBÎÍPFVOJmDBÎÍPEBHFTUÍPEPTTFSWJÎPTEFTBÞEFBVNFOUPEPDVTUPNFMIPSJB
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DSFTDJNFOUPEFSFDVSTPTUSJCVUÈSJPTOPUFSSJUØSJPEFDBEBDPNVOJEBEFFQPSmNDSJUJDB
BUFOEÐODJBBDPOTUSVJSSFHSBTFTUBCFMFDJEBTQFMPQSJODÓQJPEBBGFUBÎÍPQBSBHBSBOUJSP
TJTUFNBEFJHVBMEBEFFDPFTÍPEPTJTUFNBTBOJUÈSJPPRVBMDPMJEFDPNPQSJODÓQJPEB
BVUPOPNJB mOBODFJSB F B KVSJTQSVEÐODJB DPOTUJUVDJPOBM $PODMVJ QFMB OFDFTTJEBEF EF
FTUBCFMFDFSVNOPWPNPEFMPRVFWJBCJMJ[FBDPPSEFOBÎÍPQFMB"ENJOJTUSBÎÍP(FSBMEP
&TUBEPEFNPEPRVFFWJUFBQSFWBMÐODJBEFJOUFSFTTFTMPDBJTmOBODFJSPTFNQSFKVÓ[PEB
JHVBMEBEFFEBHBSBOUJBEPTEJSFJUPTGVOEBNFOUBJTEPTDJEBEÍPT
ABSTRACT
5IFTUVEZXJMMBOBMZ[FBSBOHFPGGSBNFTFYBNJOFTWBSJPVTNPEFMTPGmOBODJOHTZTUFN
IFBMUIJO4QBOJTIXJUIFNQIBTJTPOUIFUSBOTGFSPGNBOBHFNFOUTLJMMTUPUIF"VUPOPNPVT
$PNNVOJUJFT%FFQFSRVFTUJPOTBCPVUUIFNPEVMBUJPOTUIBUUIFTZTUFNSFRVJSFTUPNFFU
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JOUFHSBUJPOBOEVOJmDBUJPOPGUIFNBOBHFNFOUPGIFBMUITFSWJDFTJODSFBTFEDPTUJNQSPWJOH
UIFRVBMJUZSFRVJSFEJOUIFQSPWJTJPOPGTFSWJDFTMJOLJOHJODSFBTJOHSFWFOVFHSPXUIPGUBY
SFWFOVFTJOFBDIPGUIFDPNNVOJUJFTBOEVMUJNBUFMZDSJUJDJ[FTUIFUFOEFODZUPCVJMESVMFT
FTUBCMJTIFECZUIFQSJODJQMFPGBMMPDBUJPOTZTUFNUPFOTVSFFRVBMJUZBOEDPIFTJPOPGUIF
IFBMUITZTUFNXIJDIDPMMJEFTXJUIUIFQSJODJQMFPGBVUPOPNZmOBODJBMBOEDPOTUJUVUJPOBM
KVSJTQSVEFODF *U DPODMVEFT XJUI UIF OFFE UP FTUBCMJTI B OFX NPEFM UIBU BMMPXT GPS
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La financiación del sistema nacional de salud
63
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64
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ALTERAÇÃO E MUDANÇA DA CONSTITUIÇÃO. O CASO BRASILEIRO.1
Amendments and Mutation of Constitution. The Brazilian case.
Manoel Gonçalves Ferreira Filho2
SUMÁRIO
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66
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1. A MUDANÇA NA CONSTITUIÇÃO4
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Alteração e mudança da Constituição. O caso brasileiro
67
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 65 a 80
Alteração e mudança da Constituição. O caso brasileiro
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São Paulo
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n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 65 a 80
Alteração e mudança da Constituição. O caso brasileiro
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São Paulo
v. 3
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constitucionalwQVCMJDBEPOBRevista dos AdvogadosEB""41OÞNFSPEFEJDBEPBPTBOPTEB$POT
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Alteração e mudança da Constituição. O caso brasileiro
79
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meio de representantes eleitos ou diretamente, nos termos desta Constituição”TVCMJOIFJ
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RECLAMAÇÃO CONSTITUCIONAL: A PRESERVAÇÃO DA COMPETÊNCIA
E GARANTIA DA AUTORIDADE DAS DECISÕES DO
SUPREMO TRIBUNAL FEDERAL BRASILEIRO
CONSTITUTIONAL COMPLAINT: to preserve the jurisdiction and ensure
the authority of the Brazilian Supreme Court decisions
Marcia Amino1
SUMÁRIO
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Keywords$POTUJUVUJPOBM$PNQMBJOU4VQSFNF$PVSU1FSUJOFODF
1. INTRODUÇÃO
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82
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.
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Ações constitucionais. ‹FEJÎÍP4BMWBEPS+VT1PEJVNQ
$POGPSNF1"$)&$0+PTÏEB4JMWB%B3FDMBNBÎÍP *[email protected] mandado de segurança e outras ações constitucionais típicas. ‹FEJÎÍP4ÍP1BVMP3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJTQ
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Reclamação constitucional
83
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2. CABIMENTO DA RECLAMAÇÃO NO SUPREMO TRIBUNAL FEDERAL
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(3*/07&3"EB1FMMFHSJOJ(0.&4'*-)0"OUPOJP.BHBMIÍFT'&3/"/%&4"OUPOJP4DBSBODFRecursos no processo penal: teoria geral dos recursos, recursos em espécie, ações de impugnação: revisão criminal,
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RESPGE - SP
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n. 1
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p. 81 a 106
84
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“reclamação contra atos decisórios dos ministros ou das Turmas que integram esta Corte
Suprema, dado que tais decisões são juridicamente imputadas à autoria do próprio Tribunal
em sua inteireza”BTTJNDPNP“a reclamação não pode constituir via adequada a cassar
decisão do próprio tribunal. Também não é a reclamação instrumento que possa corresponder a pedido de reconsideração de decisum da Corte”. 4"/504"MFYBOESF.PSFJSB5BWBSFTEPT%B3FDMBNBÎÍP*ORevista dos Tribunais. 7PMVNFOÞNFSP
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3DMSFM/ÏSJEB4JMWBKVMHBEP%+
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
Reclamação constitucional
85
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“Não cabe reclamação quando já houver transitado em julgado o ato judicial que se alega
tenha desrespeitado decisão do Supremo Tribunal Federal”4ÞNVMBO
"TTJN“não
cabe a reclamação como meio de desfazer, reformar, cassar, modificar decisão transitada em
julgado, pois, nesse caso, estaria fazendo as vezes (sic) de uma ação rescisória”.
"EFTQFJUPEFFTTFFOUFOEJNFOUPFTUBSTVNVMBEPIÈBVUPSFTDSJUJDPTBPFT
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USBOTGPSNBSBSFDMBNBÎÍPFN“um instrumento que permita que casos corriqueiros cheguem diretamente ao STF”FNGVOÎÍPEBFYJTUÐODJBEFEFDJTÜFTWJODVMBOUFT“quando seria mais lógica, menos onerosa e igualmente eficaz a utilização dos mecanismos
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
86
Marcia Amino
processuais à disposição dos interessados nas instâncias ordinárias da justiça”, KVTUJmDB
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São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
Reclamação constitucional
87
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
88
Marcia Amino
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
Reclamação constitucional
89
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PSJFOUBÎÍPmSNBEBOPQSFDFEFOUFEFSFQFSDVTTÍPHFSBM
/ÍPPCTUBOUFFTTBQSFWJTÍPMFHBMQPSPDBTJÍPEPKVMHBNFOUPEF2VFTUÍPEF0S
EFNOP"*SFM.JOJTUSP(JMNBS.FOEFTP5SJCVOBMFOUFOEFVJOBENJTTÓWFM
BHSBWPEFJOTUSVNFOUPPVreclamação EBEFDJTÍPRVFBQMJDBFOUFOEJNFOUPEP45'BPT
QSPDFTTPTNÞMUJQMPT/BNFTNBTFTTÍPB$PSUFKVMHPVB3FDMBNBÎÍPSFMBUPSBB
.JOJTUSB&MMFO(SBDJF33BTTFOUBOEPJEÐOUJDPQPTJDJPOBNFOUP7FKBTFRVFDPNFTTFQB
SBEJHNÈUJDPKVMHBEPP45'GVOEBEPFNSFDFJPEPBVNFOUPEBEJTUSJCVJÎÍPEFSFDMBNB
ÎÜFTJOUFSQSFUPVPTJTUFNBEBSFQFSDVTTÍPHFSBMEFNPEPBSFDPOIFDFSTVBDPNQFUÐODJB
TPNFOUFOPTDBTPTFNRVFKVMHBEBBSFQFSDVTTÍPHFSBMP5SJCVOBMEFPSJHFNSFDVTBSTF
BTFSFUSBUBSEFQPTJDJPOBNFOUPDPOUSÈSJPBPFOUFOEFSRVFOÍPUFOEPIBWJEPKVÓ[PEF
BENJTTJCJMJEBEFOÍPÏDBCÓWFMBJOUFSQPTJÎÍPEFBHSBWPEFJOTUSVNFOUPOPTUFSNPTEP
BSUEP$ØEJHPEF1SPDFTTP$JWJMNPUJWPQFMPRVFBGBTUPVBPGFOTBË4ÞNVMB
0FOUFOEJNFOUPDPOUVEPÏPCKFUPEFOPWBSFnFYÍPOB3FDMBNBÎÍP
SFMBUBEBQFMP.JOJTUSP3JDBSEP-FXBOEPXTLJFNRVFBQØTPWPUPWJTUBEB.JOJTUSB
&MMFO(SBDJFBDPNQBOIBOEPPWPUPEPSFMBUPSOPRVFOFHPVQSPWJNFOUPBPBHSBWP
SFHJNFOUBMQFEJVWJTUBP.JOJTUSP(JMNBS.FOEFTOBTFTTÍPEFKVMHBNFOUPTEPEJB
"QSFPDVQBÎÍPNBOJGFTUBEBEVSBOUFPTEFCBUFTQFMP.JOJTUSP.BSDP"VSÏ
MJPGPJEFRVFBTPMVÎÍPEBEBQFMP45'FTUBSJBBUSBOTGPSNBSPTUSJCVOBJTEPQBÓTFNÞMUJ
NBJOTUÉODJB“não admitindo que sua decisão pudesse ser contestada”0.JOJTUSP1SFTJEFO
UF$F[BS1FMVTPDPODPSEPVDPNBUFTFEFRVF“quando o tribunal de origem se equivocar
deve caber recurso ao STF, pois, do contrário, se deixaria a outro tribunal a última palavra”.
0.JOJTUSP(JMNBS.FOEFTPCTFSWPVBDPNQMFYJEBEFEPBTTVOUPRVFP5SJCVOBMBJOEB
FTUÈDPOTUSVJOEPPTJTUFNBEFBQMJDBÎÍPEPJOTUJUVUPEBSFQFSDVTTÍPHFSBMF“pretende
refletir sobre a matéria para propor uma síntese e solução de compromisso sobre a questão.” 33
20"*3FMù.JO(JMNBS.FOEFTKVMHBEP%+F
3DM3FMù.JO&MMFO(SBDJF%+FFOUFOEJNFOUPSFQFUJEPOB3DMEBNFTNB
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MFWBSBNBFTTFFOUFOEJNFOUPRVFUFNTJEPBQMJDBEPFNNJMIBSFTEFGFJUPTFBTTVBTDPOTFRVÐODJBTOP
TJTUFNBSFDVSTBMFTQFDJBMNFOUFRVBOUPBQBTTBSBDBCFSBHSBWPJOUFSOPOP5SJCVOBMEFPSJHFNDPOUSBP
BUPRVFBQMJDBSFQFSDVTTÍPHFSBMFSSPOFBNFOUF
$POGPSNF OPUÓDJB WFJDVMBEB OP QPSUBM EP 45' MPDBMJ[ÈWFM FN XXXTUGKVTCSQPSUBMDNTWFS/PUJDJB
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
90
Marcia Amino
$PNPTFFYQÙTBTIJQØUFTFTEFDBCJNFOUPEBSFDMBNBÎÍPQPSVTVSQBÎÍPEF
DPNQFUÐODJBTÍPUÍPEJWFSTBTRVBOUPÏPSPMEFGFJUPTDVKPKVMHBNFOUPÏBUSJCVÓEPBP
4VQSFNP5SJCVOBM'FEFSBMGB[FOEPSFTTBMUBSBJNQPSUÉODJBEPJOTUJUVUPOBHBSBOUJBEP
EJSFJUPGVOEBNFOUBMBPKVMHBNFOUPQFMB$PSUF.BJPS
2.2 Garantia da autoridade das decisões do STF
/BT ÞMUJNBT EVBT %ÏDBEBT BT USBOTGPSNBÎÜFT PDPSSJEBT TPCSF P DPOUSPMF
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DPOUSPMFDPODFOUSBEPTFKBEPDPOUSPMFEJGVTP
2.2.1. O cabimento da reclamação no controle abstrato ou objetivo de
constitucionalidade
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JOTUJUVUPQPSUFSDFJSPT"MJNJUBEBVUJMJ[BÎÍPEBSFDMBNBÎÍPFTQFMIBWBPQSØQSJPTJTUFNBEF
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$PNBFOUSBEBFNWJHPSEB$POTUJUVJÎÍPEFFPBQFSGFJÎPBNFOUPEPTJOT
USVNFOUPTEFDPOUSPMFEFDPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFPQPTJDJPOBNFOUPFNCPSBJOJDJBMNFO
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QSPGFSJEBTFNTFEFEFDPOUSPMFDPODFOUSBEPEFDPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFOFNTFNQSFFSBN
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$36;-VBOB1FESPTBEF'JHVFJSFEP$&326&*3"-VJT0UBWJP4FRVFJSBEF(0.&4+6/*03-VJ[
.BOPFMDPPSE
Os poderes do juiz e o controle das decisões judiciais – Estudos em homenagem à Professora
Teresa Arruda Alvim Wambier4ÍP1BVMP3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJTQ
3FMBUBOEPB3DMP.JO.PSFJSB"MWFTBTTFOUPVBPSJFOUBÎÍPFNWJHPSOBEÏDBEBEF$POmSB
TFBFNFOUBFN%"/5"4Q
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
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n. 1
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Reclamação constitucional
91
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SBOUJBEBBVUPSJEBEFEFEFDJTÍPFNTFEFEFBÎÍPEJSFUBEFJODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFEFTEF
RVFBKVJ[BEBQPSMFHJUJNBEPQBSBBQSPQPTJUVSBEBQSØQSJBBÎÍPEJSFUBFRVFUJWFTTFP
NFTNPPCKFUPOPKVMHBNFOUPEB3FDMBNBÎÍPSFMBUPS.JOJTUSP$FMTPEF.FMMP
0SFDPOIFDJNFOUPEBMFHJUJNJEBEFEFUFSDFJSPTQBSBQSPQPSSFDMBNBÎÍPQPSEFT
DVNQSJNFOUPEFEFDJTÍPFNTFEFEFDPOUSPMFDPODFOUSBEPQSFOVODJBBJNQPSUÉODJBBUVBM
EBNFEJEBQBSBEPUBSPTJTUFNBEFDPOUSPMFEFDPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFEFNBJPSFmDÈDJB
*NQPSUBOUFFWPMVÎÍPGPJQPTTJCJMJUBEBQFMB&NFOEB$POTUJUVDJPOBMOEF
EFNBSÎPEFRVFBPJOTUJUVJSBBÎÍPEFDMBSBUØSJBEFDPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFBM
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EPBSUJHP
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UJUVDJPOBMJEBEFEB&NFOEBPSFMBUPS.JOJTUSP.PSFJSB"MWFTQSFOVODJPVPVTP
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QSFKVEJDBEB QPEFSÈ WBMFSTF EP JOTUJUVUP EB SFDMBNBÎÍP QBSB P 45' B
mNEFRVFFTUFHBSBOUBBBVUPSJEBEFEFTTBEFDJTÍP
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SFMBÎÍPËBÎÍPEJSFUBEFJODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFP45'NBOUFWFOVNQSJNFJSPNPNFO
UPPFOUFOEJNFOUPOPTFOUJEPEPOÍPDBCJNFOUPDPOWFSUFOEPSFDMBNBÎÍPFNBÎÍP
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&NTFHVJEBWFJPSFWFSUFSBPSJFOUBÎÍPQBSBBENJUJSBSFDMBNBÎÍP“quando o
mesmo órgão de que emanara a norma declarada inconstitucional persiste na prática de
atos concretos que pressuporiam a validade”.
3DM.$203FM.JO$FMTPEF.FMMPKVMHBEPFN%+0NFTNPSFMBUPS
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3DM1&SFM.JO4FQÞMWFEB1FSUFODF%+
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
92
Marcia Amino
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DJPOBMJEBEFTFNSFEVÎÍPEFUFYUPFmDÈDJBDPOUSBUPEPTFFGFJUPWJODVMBOUFFNSFMBÎÍP
BPTØSHÍPTEP1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJPFË"ENJOJTUSBÎÍP1ÞCMJDBGFEFSBMFTUBEVBMFNVOJDJQBM
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2.2.2 A reclamação e a eficácia vinculante nas cautelares em ação direta de
inconstitucionalidade (ADIN) e em ação declaratória de constitucionalidade (ADC)
0DBCJNFOUPEFSFDMBNBÎÍPQBSBQSFTFSWBSBBVUPSJEBEFEFDBVUFMBSDPODF
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QSVEFODJBM"PSJFOUBÎÍPGPJmSNBEBQPSPDBTJÍPEPKVMHBNFOUPEB"ÎÍP%FDMBSBUØSJB
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EFGFSJVFNQBSUFPQFEJEPEFNFEJEBDBVUFMBSQBSBTVTQFOEFSex nunce com efeito
vinculante BUÏ FOUÍP QSFWJTUP TPNFOUF QBSB P KVMHBNFOUP EF NÏSJUP OPT UFSNPT
EPBSUJHPfEB$POTUJUVJÎÍP'FEFSBMOBSFEBÎÍPEBSFGPSNBEF
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
Reclamação constitucional
93
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TJUVSBEFSFDMBNBÎÍPWJEF.&/%&4Q
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
94
Marcia Amino
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OP45'TFPQVOIBBPFOUFOEJNFOUPBEPUBEPQPSPDBTJÍPEFTTFKVMHBNFOUP
"NFTNBratio decidendiRVFGVOEPVPKVMHBNFOUPEB3FDMBNBÎÍPOPTFO
UJEPEFRVFIÈ“similitude substancial de objetos nas ações declaratória de constitucionalidade e
direta de inconstitucionalidade”GVOEBPFOUFOEJNFOUPOPTFOUJEPEFRVFUBNCÏNBTDBVUF
MBSFTOBTBÎÜFTEJSFUBTEFJODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFHP[BNEFFGFJUPTWJODVMBOUFT
"TTJNPEFTDVNQSJNFOUPQPSRVBJTRVFSKVÓ[FTPVUSJCVOBJTEFEFDJTÜFTDPO
DFTTJWBTEFNFEJEBTDBVUFMBSFToPVUPSHBEBTDPNFGFJUPWJODVMBOUFQFMP1MFOÈSJPEP
45'FNTFEFEFmTDBMJ[BÎÍPBCTUSBUBEFDPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFoBVUPSJ[BPFNQSFHPEB
SFDMBNBÎÍPUBNCÏNWPDBDJPOBEBFNTVBFTQFDÓmDBGVOÎÍPQSPDFTTVBMBSFTHVBSEBSF
BGB[FSQSFWBMFDFSOPRVFDPODFSOFË4VQSFNB$PSUFBJOUFHSJEBEFBBVUPSJEBEFFB
FmDÈDJBTVCPSEJOBOUFEPTDPNBOEPTRVFFNFSHFNEFTFVTBUPTEFDJTØSJPTDoutrina.
Precedentes. (...) A procedência da reclamação, quando promovida com o objetivo de fazer
prevalecer o imperium inerente aos julgados proferidos pelo STF, importará em desconstituição
do ato que houver desrespeitado a autoridade da decisão emanada da Suprema Corte.
3FQVUBTF PGFOTJWP Ë BVUPSJEBEF EF TFOUFOÎB EF NÏSJUP QSPGFSJEB FN BÎÍP
EJSFUBEFJODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFDPNFGFJUPex tuncPBDØSEÍPRVFKVMHBOEPJNQSP
DFEFOUFBÎÍPSFTDJTØSJBBEPUPVFOUFOEJNFOUPDPOUSÈSJPBJOEBRVFOBWJHÐODJBFOPT
UFSNPTEFMJNJOBSDPODFEJEBOBNFTNBBÎÍPEJSFUBEFJODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEF
1PS PVUSP MBEP “(...) somente as decisões concessivas das liminares em ADIs e
ADCs é que se dotam de efeito vinculante. Não as denegatórias. Ante a natureza subjetiva
do processo, as decisões proferidas em reclamação não têm eficácia erga omnes”.
"PCSJHBUPSJFEBEFEFPCTFSWÉODJBEBEFDJTÍPEFMJNJOBSFNDPOUSPMFBCTUSBUP
SFBMJ[BEPQFMP4VQSFNP5SJCVOBM'FEFSBMJNQÜFTFDPNBQVCMJDBÎÍPEBBUBEBTFTTÍP
EFKVMHBNFOUPOP%JÈSJPEB+VTUJÎB0BKVJ[BNFOUPEFSFDMBNBÎÍPJOEFQFOEFUBOUPEB
QVCMJDBÎÍPEPBDØSEÍPDVKBBVUPSJEBEFTFRVFSHBSBOUJSDPNPEFTVBKVOUBEB
2.2.3 Reclamação e ação direta de inconstitucionalidade por omissão
"PNJTTÍPRVBOUPBPDVNQSJNFOUPEFQSFDFJUPDPOTUJUVDJPOBMUBOUPQPEFUFS
PSJHFNOPTØSHÍPTBENJOJTUSBUJWPTDPNPOPTMFHJTMBUJWPT2VBOUPBP1PEFS-FHJTMBUJWP
/FTTFTFOUJEP%"/5"4Q
1PSFYFNQMPPWPUPEP.JO.BSDP"VSÏMJPQBSBJOEFGFSJSNPOPDSBUJDBNFOUFMJNJOBSOB.FEJEB$BVUFMBS
OB3DMKVMHBEPFN%+"SFDMBNBÎÍPGPJKVMHBEBQSPDFEFOUFQFMPDPMFHJBEP
DPOUSBPWPUPEPSFMBUPS3FMQBSBPBDØSEÍP.JO&MMFO(SBDJFKVMHBEPFN%+
3DM3FM.JO$FMTPEF.FMMPKVMHBEPFN%+F
3DM"H33FM.JO$F[BS1FMVTPKVMHBEP%+EF
3DM"H33FM.JOù"ZSFT#SJUUPKVMHBEP%+F/PNFTNPTFOUJEP3DM
"H33DM"H3F3DM"H33FM.JO.BSDP"VSÏMJPKVMHBEP%+FEF
3DM"H3F3DM"H33FMQPBD.JO+PBRVJN#BSCPTB%+EFOUSFPVUSBT
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
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Reclamação constitucional
95
B EFDJTÍP RVF EFDMBSB B JODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEF QPS PNJTTÍP EF NFEJEB QBSB UPSOBS
FGFUJWBOPSNBDPOTUJUVDJPOBMEBSÈiDJÐODJBBP1PEFSDPNQFUFOUFQBSBBBEPÎÍPEBT
QSPWJEÐODJBTOFDFTTÈSJBTFFNTFUSBUBOEPEFØSHÍPBENJOJTUSBUJWPQBSBGB[ÐMPFN
USJOUBEJBTwBSUJHPfEB$POTUJUVJÎÍP'FEFSBM
OÍPFOTFKBBQSPQPTJUVSBEFSF
DMBNBÎÍPDPOGPSNFPEFDJEJEPOB3FDMBNBÎÍPSFMBUPS.JOJTUSP*MNBS(BMWÍP
%BEBBOBUVSF[BNBOEBNFOUBMEBEFDJTÍPTVBFYFDVÎÍPEFWFTFSGFJUBQFMB
1SFTJEÐODJBEP4VQSFNP5SJCVOBM'FEFSBMTVCNFUJEBBP1MFOÈSJPBEFDJTÍPBTFSQSP
GFSJEBOBFYFDVÎÍPPVPVUSPJODJEFOUFBEFDJTÍPFNBÎÍPEJSFUBEFJODPOTUJUVDJP
OBMJEBEF QPS PNJTTÍP OÍP EÈ FOTFKP Ë QSPQPTJUVSB EF SFDMBNBÎÍP iQPJT GBMUBSJB BP
SFDMBNBOUF JOUFSFTTF EF BHJS FN PCUFS PVUSB EFDJTÍP EB NFTNB OBUVSF[B F DPN PT
NFTNPTFGFJUPTEBEFDJTÍPBTFSBTTFHVSBEBw
2.2.4 Reclamação e o cumprimento do decidido em Ação de descumprimento de
Preceito Fundamental (ADPF)
²DBCÓWFMBSFDMBNBÎÍPQBSBBTTFHVSBSBBVUPSJEBEFEBEFDJTÍPQSPGFSJEBFN
TFEFEF"%1'ex viEPEJTQPTUPOPBSUJHPEB-FJOEFEFEF[FNCSPEF
RVFEJTQÜFTPCSFPQSPDFTTPFKVMHBNFOUPEFTTBBÎÍP“Caberá reclamação contra o descumprimento da decisão proferida pelo Supremo Tribunal Federal, na forma do seu
Regimento Interno”CFNDPNPDPNSFMBÎÍPËEFDJTÍPQSPGFSJEBFNTFEFEFDBVUFMBS
QPSGPSÎBEPEJTQPTUPOPfPEPBSUJHPPEBNFTNBMFJ
2VFTUÍPRVFTFDPMPDBDPNSFMBÎÍPË"%1'oRVFQFSNJUFJODMVTJWFPDPOUSPMF
EFDPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFEFEJSFJUPNVOJDJQBMoÏTFIBWFSJBWJODVMBÎÍPEPMFHJTMBEPSBP
EFDJEJEPQFMP45'FNWJSUVEFEPEJTQPTUPOPBSUJHPfEB-FJRVFOÍP
EJTDSJNJOBRVFPFGFJUPWJODVMBOUFmDBBETUSJUPBP1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJPFË"ENJOJTUSBÎÍP
"OÍPBQMJDBÎÍPEPFGFJUPWJODVMBOUFBPMFHJTMBEPSFNWJSUVEFEPDPOTFRVFOUF
FOHFTTBNFOUPEBPSEFNKVSÓEJDBPCKFUJWBUSBEJDJPOBMNFOUFEFNBOEBSJBSFTQPTUBOF
HBUJWBBFTTBRVFTUÍP-FJDPNPNFTNPUFPSEBRVFMBEFDMBSBEBJODPOTUJUVDJPOBMFOUÍP
TØQPEFSJBTFSBUBDBEBQPSBÎÍPBVUÙOPNB
0.JOJTUSP(JMNBS.FOEFTTVTUFOUBBQPTTJCJMJEBEFEFVUJMJ[BÎÍPEBSFDMBNB
ÎÍPQBSBEFDMBSBÎÍPJODJEFOUBMEBJODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFEBOPSNBRVFSFQFUFBRVFMB
EFDMBSBEBJODPOTUJUVDJPOBM.
²QPTTÓWFMQPSÏNRVFFTTBDPOUSPWÏSTJBUFOIBQFSmMIPKFBDFOUVBEBNFOUF
BDBEÐNJDP"JOEBRVFOÍPTFFNQSFTUFFmDÈDJBUSBOTDFOEFOUFFGFJUPWJODVMBOUFEPT
NPUJWPTEFUFSNJOBOUFT
ËEFDJTÍPPUSJCVOBMFNTFEFEFSFDMBNBÎÍPDPOUSBBQMJDBÎÍP
3DM"H33FM.JO*MNBS(BMWÍPKVMHBEP%+
"SUJHPFEP3*45'
$POGPSNF4"/504Q
.&/%&4Q
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
96
Marcia Amino
EFMFJJEÐOUJDBËRVFMBEFDMBSBEBJODPOTUJUVDJPOBMQPEFSÈEFDMBSBSJODJEFOUBMNFOUFB
JODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFEBMFJBJOEBOÍPBUJOHJEBQFMPKVÓ[PEFJODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEF
0QSFDFEFOUFEFUBMFOUFOEJNFOUPÏPEFDJEJEPOB3FDMBNBÎÍPORVBO
EPB$PSUFEFDMBSPVBJODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFEFEJTQPTJUJWPEB$POTUJUVJÎÍPEP&TUBEP
EP4FSHJQFDPNGVOEBNFOUPFNQSFDFEFOUFFOWPMWFOEPPVUSP&TUBEPEB'FEFSBÎÍP
0.JOJTUSP(JMNBS.FOEFTTVTUFOUBRVFNFTNPRVFTFFOUFOEBJODBCÓ
WFM B SFDMBNBÎÍP TFSJB WJÈWFM B EFDMBSBÎÍP JODJEFOUBM EF JODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEF
&TTB EFDMBSBÎÍP FN TFEF EF SFDMBNBÎÍP BGBTUBSJB B OFDFTTJEBEF EF QSPQPTJUVSB
EFPVUSBBÎÍPEJSFUBEFJODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFFDPOmHVSBWFSEBEFJSBNVUBÎÍPOB
mOBMJEBEFEPJOTUJUVUP
%FGBUPOÍPGBSJBNVJUPTFOUJEPTFPUSJCVOBMUFSHJWFSTBTTFOÍPDPOIFDFOEP
EFSFDMBNBÎÍPQPSRVFTUÜFTNFSBNFOUFGPSNBJTFFYJHJTTFEPJOUFSFTTBEPBQSPQPTJ
UVSBEBBSHVJÎÍPEFEFTDVNQSJNFOUPEFQSFDFJUPGVOEBNFOUBMQBSBBUFTUBSBJODPOT
UJUVDJPOBMJEBEFEFMFJNVOJDJQBMPVFTUBEVBMEFUFPSJEÐOUJDPËPVUSBRVFKÈUFWFB
MFHJUJNJEBEFDPOTUJUVDJPOBMSFDPOIFDJEBQFMBQSØQSJB$PSUF
/FTTBQFSTQFDUJWBQBSFDFCBTUBOUFMØHJDBBQPTTJCJMJEBEFEFRVFFNTFEFEF
SFDMBNBÎÍPPUSJCVOBMBOBMJTFBDPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFEFMFJTDVKPUFPSÏJEÐOUJDPPV
NFTNPTFNFMIBOUFBPEFPVUSBTMFJTRVFKÈGPSBNPCKFUPEPDPOUSPMFDPODFOUSBEPEF
DPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFQFSBOUFP45'
"SFDMBNBÎÍPDPOTUJUVDJPOBMoTVBQSØQSJBFWPMVÎÍPPEFNPOTUSBoOÍPNBJT
TFEFTUJOBBQFOBTBBTTFHVSBSBDPNQFUÐODJBFBBVUPSJEBEFEFEFDJTÜFTFTQFDÓmDBT
NBTUBNCÏNTFDPOTUJUVJDPNPBÎÍPWPMUBEBËQSPUFÎÍPEBPSEFNDPOTUJUVDJPOBM
2.2.5. Reclamação contra ato que desrespeitou enunciado da súmula vinculante
do Supremo Tribunal Federal e a Lei nº 11.417/2006
"HSBOEFJOPWBÎÍPOPUFNBFNFTUVEPQSPNPWJEBOPTÞMUJNPTBOPTQPSNV
EBOÎBMFHJTMBUJWBGPJBQPTTJCJMJEBEFEFVUJMJ[BSSFDMBNBÎÍPQBSBPCTFSWÉODJBEFTÞNV
MBWJODVMBOUF"OPWJEBEFWFJPJOUSPEV[JEBQFMB&NFOEB$POTUJUVDJPOBMBP
JOTFSJSPBSUJHP"FffOB$POTUJUVJÎÍP'FEFSBM
"SJHPSPDBCJNFOUPEBSFDMBNBÎÍPQBSBPCTFSWÉODJBEFEFDJTÍPKVEJDJBMDPN
FGFJUPWJODVMBOUFKÈFSBBTTFOUFEFDPSSFOEPEBEJTQPTJÎÍPHFSBMDPOTUBOUFEPBSUJHP
*lEB$'"FYQSFTTBQSFWJTÍPEBQPTTJCJMJEBEFEFTFSQSPQPTUBDPOUSBBUP
EBBENJOJTUSBÎÍPDPOmHVSBBWFSEBEFJSBJOPWBÎÍPBMÏNEFDPNPBDJNBTFFYQÙT
SFGPSÎBSBOBUVSF[BEFBÎÍPEPJOTUJUVUPBmSNBOEPBQPTTJCJMJEBEFEFJOTUBVSBÎÍPTFN
QSPDFTTPQSÏWJPFNGBDFEFBVUPSJEBEFBENJOJTUSBUJWBFEFGPSNBBVUÙOPNB
3DM3FM.JO4ZEOFZ4BODIFTKVMHBEP%+
.&/%&4Q
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
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n. 1
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Reclamação constitucional
97
7FKBTFRVFB-FJOEFEFEF[FNCSPEFSFHVMBNFOUPVPBSUJHP
"EB$POTUJUVJÎÍP'FEFSBMFEJTDJQMJOPVOPBSUJHPP PDBCJNFOUPEFSFDMBNBÎÍP
BUSJCVJOEPMIFPTFGFJUPTQSØQSJPTEFBÎÍPKVEJDJBMKVMHBNFOUPEFQSPDFEÐODJBBOVMB
ÎÍPEFBUPBENJOJTUSBUJWPDBTTBÎÍPEFEFDJTÍPKVEJDJBMQPEFOEPTFSQSPQPTUBDPOUSB
EFDJTÍPBENJOJTUSBUJWB
"SU Pù %B EFDJTÍP KVEJDJBM PV EP BUP BENJOJTUSBUJWP RVF DPOUSBSJBS
FOVODJBEP EF TÞNVMB WJODVMBOUF OFHBSMIF WJHÐODJB PV BQMJDÈMP
JOEFWJEBNFOUF DBCFSÈ SFDMBNBÎÍP BP 4VQSFNP 5SJCVOBM 'FEFSBM TFN
QSFKVÓ[PEPTSFDVSTPTPVPVUSPTNFJPTBENJTTÓWFJTEFJNQVHOBÎÍP
f Pù $POUSB PNJTTÍP PV BUP EB "ENJOJTUSBÎÍP 1ÞCMJDB P VTP EB
SFDMBNBÎÍPTØTFSÈBENJUJEPBQØTFTHPUBNFOUPEBTWJBTBENJOJTUSBUJWBT
fPù"PKVMHBSQSPDFEFOUFBSFDMBNBÎÍPP4VQSFNP5SJCVOBM'FEFSBMBOVMBSÈ
PBUPBENJOJTUSBUJWPPVDBTTBSÈBEFDJTÍPKVEJDJBMJNQVHOBEBEFUFSNJOBOEP
RVFPVUSBTFKBQSPGFSJEBDPNPVTFNBQMJDBÎÍPEBTÞNVMBDPOGPSNFPDBTP
6NBWF[BQSPWBEBQPSNBJPSJBEFEPJTUFSÎPTEPTNFNCSPTEP45'FEFWJ
EBNFOUFQVCMJDBEBOBJNQSFOTBPmDJBMBTÞNVMBBRVFTFSFGFSFPBSUJHP"EB
$POTUJUVJÎÍPQBTTBBUFSOPTUFSNPTEFTUFEJTQPTJUJWPFGFJUPWJODVMBOUFFNSFMBÎÍP
BPTEFNBJTNFNCSPTEP1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJPFË"ENJOJTUSBÎÍP1ÞCMJDBEJSFUBFJOEJSFUB
OBTFTGFSBTGFEFSBMFTUBEVBMFNVOJDJQBM
"PQSFWFSPFTHPUBNFOUPEBTWJBTBENJOJTUSBUJWBTQBSBVUJMJ[BÎÍPEBSFDMBNB
ÎÍPOPDBTPEFBUPPVPNJTTÍPEB"ENJOJTUSBÎÍP1ÞCMJDBPfPEPBSUJHPPEB-FJO
BUFOEFËQSFPDVQBÎÍPDPNBHSBOEFRVBOUJEBEFEFGFJUPTFNRVFÏQBSUF
P1PEFS1ÞCMJDPFBUFOUBQBSBBOFDFTTJEBEFEFFTHPUBNFOUPEBTWJBTBENJOJTUSBUJWBT
QBSBQSPQPTJUVSBEBSFDMBNBÎÍP
$PNFOUBOEPPOPWPQFSNJTTJWPDPOTUJUVDJPOBM(JMNBS.FOEFTressalta “situar-se na seara da Administração Pública o grande desafio na implantação da súmula
vinculante em toda a sua amplitude”,QBSBBmSNBSBOFDFTTJEBEFEFFTHPUBNFOUPEBWJB
BENJOJTUSBUJWBQBSBQSPQPTJUVSBEBSFDMBNBÎÍPDPNBDSJTFOVNÏSJDBEP45'
BBEPÎÍPEBTÞNVMBWJODVMBOUFQBSBB"ENJOJTUSBÎÍP1ÞCMJDBWBJFYJHJSB
QSPNVMHBÎÍPEFOPSNBTEFPSHBOJ[BÎÍPFQSPDFEJNFOUPRVFQFSNJUBN
BTTFHVSBSBPCTFSWÉODJBQPSQBSUFEFTUBEPTEJUBNFTDPOUJEPTOBTÞNVMB
TFNRVFTFWFSJmRVFVNBOPWBFBEJDJPOBMTPCSFDBSHBEFQSPDFTTPTo
BHPSBEFSFDMBNBÎÜFToQBSBP45'
%BÓQSPWBWFMNFOUFBOFDFTTJEBEFEFRVFBMFJQSFWFKBQSPDFEJNFOUP
BENJOJTUSBUJWP BEFRVBEP EF NPEP B QFSNJUJS UBOUP RVBOUP QPTTÓWFM
RVF BT RVFTUÜFT FWFOUVBMNFOUF TVTDJUBEBT QPTTBN TFS SFTPMWJEBT OB
TFBSBEBQSØQSJBBENJOJTUSBÎÍP1BSFDFBCVTJWPOFTTFDPOUFYUPRVFTF
BENJUB B SFDMBNBÎÍP TFN RVF TF FOWJEFN FTGPSÎPT QBSB B TPMVÎÍP EB
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
98
Marcia Amino
DPOUSPWÏSTJBOPÉNCJUPBENJOJTUSBUJWP"RVJSFTJEFVNEPTQPOUPTNBJT
EFMJDBEPT F NBJT SFMFWBOUFT EP OPWP TJTUFNB JOBVHVSBEP QFMB &$ O
²RVFOÍPTFQPEFTVCTUJUVJSBDSJTFOVNÏSJDBPDBTJPOBEBQFMP
SFDVSTPFYUSBPSEJOÈSJPQFMBNVMUJQMJDBÎÍPEFSFDMBNBÎÜFTGPSNVMBEBT
EJSFUBNFOUFDPOUSBBBENJOJTUSBÎÍPQFSBOUFP45'
"TEFDJTÜFTEP4VQSFNPWÐNCBMJ[BOEPBVUJMJ[BÎÍPEBSFDMBNBÎÍPQBSBB
IJQØUFTFEFEFTSFTQFJUPËTÞNVMBWJODVMBOUFFTUBCFMFDFOEPQPSFYFNQMPRVF“inexiste ofensa à autoridade de Súmula Vinculante quando o ato de que se reclama é anterior
à decisão emanada da Corte Suprema”SFTUSJOHJOEPTVBVUJMJ[BÎÍPBPOÍPBBENJUJS
“quando, ao se alegar descumprimento da Súmula Vinculante 3, o ato reclamado não é
proveniente do TCU”,60 “contra demora na cognição de recurso que invoque ofensa à súmula vinculante”PVQPSOÍPUFSDBSÈUFSQSFWFOUJWPEF“impedir que sejam proferidas
decisões judiciais ou administrativas”.
/BEPVUSJOBBTQPTJÎÜFTWBSJBN
.BSDFMP/BWBSSP3JCFJSP%BOUBTFOUFOEFRVFDPNPBSFDMBNBÎÍPSFQSFTFO
UBPFYFSDÓDJPEPEJSFJUPEFBÎÍPOÍPSFTUSJOHJEPQFMB$POTUJUVJÎÍPOÍPQPEFSJBP
MFHJTMBEPSDPOEJDJPOBSTFVFYFSDÓDJPJODJEJOEPFNJODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFBPGB[ÐMP
"SHVNFOUBRVFNFTNPRVFTFUSBUBTTFEFEJSFJUPEFQFUJÎÍPOÍPTFKVTUJmDBSJBQFSNJ
UJSË"ENJOJTUSBÎÍPEFTDVNQSJSEFDJTÍPEP4VQSFNPFORVBOUPEVSBSFNPTSFDVSTPTF
JOTUÉODJBTBENJOJTUSBUJWBT
+È-FPOBSEP$BSOFJSPEB$VOIBFOUFOEFRVFBSFTUSJÎÍPÏem princípio razoável, QBSB FWJUBS RVF P 5SJCVOBM TF USBOTGPSNF FN ØSHÍP EF QSJNFJSB JOTUÉODJB
QBSBUFNBTRVFEFWFNTFSSFTPMWJEPTOPÉNCJUPBENJOJTUSBUJWPPVOBTJOTUÉODJBT
PSEJOÈSJBTEP1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJP-FNCSBPBVUPSRVFBSFDMBNBÎÍPEFWFTFSBKVJ[BEB
TFNQSFKVÓ[PEPTEFNBJTNFJPTEFJNQVHOBÎÍPDPNPPNBOEBEPEFTFHVSBOÎB
QPS FYFNQMP P RVF NBOUÏN ÓOUFHSP P QSJODÓQJP EB JOBGBTUBCJMJEBEF EP DPOUSPMF
KVSJTEJDJPOBM"OPUBDPOUVEPRVFBDPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFFNUFTF EPEJTQPTJUJWPOÍP
JNQFEFRVFFWFOUVBMNFOUFTVBBQMJDBÎÍPOPDBTPDPODSFUPFOTFKFTJUVBÎÍPJODPOT
UJUVDJPOBM$BCFSJBBPSFDMBNBOUF“expor o motivo pelo qual não se foi possível esperar
a decisão administrativa, demonstrando a utilidade e a necessidade da imediata intervenção do STF para corrigir o ato administrativo que contrariou o enunciado da súmula
.&/%&4Q
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QSFOTBPmDJBM²QPSJTTPRVFEFDJEJEPOB3DMOP"H33FM.JOù"ZSFT#SJUUP%+FRVFOÍP
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%"/5"4Q
RESPGE - SP
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n. 1
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Reclamação constitucional
99
vinculante”,QBSBRVFTFQPTTBBGBTUBSPDPOEJDJPOBNFOUPDPNBBQMJDBÎÍPEPQSJO
DÓQJPEBQSPQPSDJPOBMJEBEF4JHOJmDBEJ[FSRVF
OÍPTFQPEFBmSNBSRVFTFNQSFIBWFSÈJOUFSFTTFEFBHJSOBSFDMBNBÎÍP
BKVJ[BEBTFNPFTHPUBNFOUPEBJOTUÉODJBBENJOJTUSBUJWBTPCQFOBEFTF
JODPSSFSOPNFTNPFSSPEFTFEFmOJSa priori PJOUFSFTTFEFBHJSNFSDÐ
EPEJSFJUPGVOEBNFOUBMEFBDFTTPËKVTUJÎB5BMDPOEJÎÍPEBBÎÍPQPEF
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FYUSBKVEJDJBMEB"ENJOJTUSBÎÍP1ÞCMJDB
3JDBSEPEF#BSSPT-FPOFMTVTUFOUBQPTJÎÍPJEÐOUJDB
%VBTQSFPDVQBÎÜFTQFSNFJBNPEFCBUFRVBOUPËDPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFEPFT
HPUBNFOUPEBFTGFSBBENJOJTUSBUJWBQBSBBENJTTÍPEBSFDMBNBÎÍPEFVNMBEPBCB
OBMJ[BÎÍPEFTFVVTPRVFTPCSFDBSSFHBSJBP4VQSFNPFQSPWPDBSJBDSJTFTFNFMIBOUFË
RVFPDPSSFVDPNPSFDVSTPFYUSBPSEJOÈSJPQBSBPRVBMGPSBNJOTUJUVÓEPTPTJTUFNBEF
SFQFSDVTTÍPHFSBMFKVMHBNFOUPEFDBTPTSFQFUJUJWPTFEFPVUSPMBEPBOFDFTTJEBEFEF
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"$PSUFEFWFSÈOPTKVMHBNFOUPTTPCSFPUFNBFRVJMJCSBSBBVUPOPNJBEBSFDMBNBÎÍP
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-FJO
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USBÎÍP'FEFSBMGPJSFGPSNBEBQFMB-FJOQBSBQSFWFSBOFDFTTÈSJBNPUJWBÎÍP
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
100
Marcia Amino
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
Reclamação constitucional
101
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
102
Marcia Amino
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2.2.7 A reclamação para garantia da autoridade das decisões do Supremo
Tribunal Federal e os processos subjetivos
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
Reclamação constitucional
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 81 a 106
104
Marcia Amino
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3. CONCLUSÕES
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Reclamação constitucional
105
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Os poderes do juiz e o controle das decisões
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106
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judiciais – Estudos em homenagem à Professora Teresa Arruda Alvim Wambier4ÍP1BVMP
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ensaios críticos sobre a EC n. 45/20044ÍP1BVMP3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJTQ
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7PMVNFOÞNFSPQKBOFJSPGFWFSFJSP
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A ARBITRAGEM NOS CONFLITOS ENTRE POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS
The Arbitration in Conflicts between Public Policy
Eridane Baptista Furlan1
SUMÁRIO
*OUSPEVÎÍP 1PMÓUJDBT 1ÞCMJDBT 'VOÎÜFT FTUBUBJT JOEFQFOEFOUFT F IBSNÙOJDBT "UJWJTNP+VEJDJBMF+VEJDJBMJ[BÎÍPEB1PMÓUJDB1SFTTVQPTUPTEPFYFSDÓDJPQPMÓUJDPQFMP
1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJP1SFTUBÎÍP+VSJTEJDJPOBMBEFRVBEB"BSCJUSBHFN"BSCJUSBHFN
OP 1PEFS +VEJDJÈSJP -FHJTMBÎÜFT DPN QSFWJTÍP EF BSCJUSBHFN " MFHJTMBÎÍP
FTQFDÓmDB OB BSCJUSBHFN *OUFSFTTFT JOEJTQPOÓWFJT " BSCJUSBHFN QPS ØSHÍPT F
FOUJEBEFT FTUBUBJT "HÐODJB SFHVMBEPSB $ÉNBSB EF DPODJMJBÎÍP F BSCJUSBHFN
OB "ENJOJTUSBÎÍP 'FEFSBM $$"'
" BSCJUSBHFN OP TFUPS QÞCMJDP QPSUVHVÐT $PODMVTÍP#JCMJPHSBmB
RESUMO
0QSFTFOUFBSUJHPJOWFTUJHBSÈPQPUFODJBMEFVTPEBBSCJUSBHFNEJTDJQMJOBEBQFMB-FJ
'FEFSBMO¡EFEFTFUFNCSPEFOBSFTPMVÎÍPEFDPOnJUPTFTUBCFMFDJEPT
FOUSFQPMÓUJDBTQÞCMJDBTBQBSUJSEFTVBBQMJDBÎÍPQPSBHÐODJBTSFHVMBEPSBTTFUPSJBJTFEB
FYQFSJÐODJBEB$ÉNBSBEF$PODJMJBÎÍPF"SCJUSBHFNEB"EWPDBDJB(FSBMEB6OJÍPDPN
WJTUBTËNFMIPSFGFUJWJEBEFEFEJSFJUPTFHBSBOUJBTGVOEBNFOUBJTDPOTUJUVDJPOBMJ[BEPT
Ë PCUFOÎÍP EP ØUJNP EFTFNQFOIP EBT GVOÎÜFT FTUBUBJT Ë EFTPCTUSVÎÍP EP 1PEFS
+VEJDJÈSJPFËNJUJHBÎÍPEBTEFTJHVBMEBEFTTPDJBJT
ABSTRACT
5IJTQBQFSJOWFTUJHBUFTUIFQPUFOUJBMVTFPGBSCJUSBUJPOSFHVMBUFECZ'FEFSBM-BXO¡
PG4FQUFNCFSJOSFTPMWJOHDPOnJDUTCFUXFFOFTUBCMJTIFEQVCMJDQPMJDZ
GSPN JUT JNQMFNFOUBUJPO CZ SFHVMBUPSZ BHFODJFT BOE FYQFSJFODF PG UIF Câmara de
Conciliação e Arbitragem da Advocacia Geral da UniãoXJUIBWJFXUPCFUUFSFGGFDUJWFOFTT
PG GVOEBNFOUBM SJHIUT BOE HVBSBOUFFT PCUBJOJOH PQUJNBM QFSGPSNBODF PG TUBUF
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Palavras-chavesQPMÓUJDBTQÞCMJDBTBHÐODJBTSFHVMBEPSBTFBSCJUSBHFN
Keywords: QVCMJDQPMJDZSFHVMBUPSZBHFODJFTBOEBSCJUSBUJPO
INTRODUÇÃO
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i0*%)EP#SBTJMQBSBÏ/PFOUBOUPRVBOEPÏEFTDPOUBEBBEFTJHVBMEBEFEPWBMPSP*%)
108
Eridane Baptista Furlan
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TJM EF $'
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EFJOUFSFTTFTDPMFUJWPTMBUPTFOTV 3
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JOTVmDJÐODJBEFQPMÓUJDBTQÞCMJDBTFmDB[FTFFmDJFOUFTRVFFGFUJWFNPTEJSFJUPTFHB
SBOUJBTGVOEBNFOUBJTTPDJBJTFDPMFUJWPTDPOTUJUVDJPOBMNFOUFQPTJUJWBEPT
5SBOTDPSSJEPTNBJTEFWJOUFBOPTEBQSPNVMHBÎÍPEB$BSUB.BHOBBTPDJF
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PTEJTUJOUPTFNÞMUJQMPTJOUFSFTTFTDPNÐOGBTFBPTNFOPTGBWPSFDJEPT
1. POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS
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TFBQSFTFOUBVOÓTTPOPFOUSFPTEPVUSJOBEPSFTQÈUSJPTFTVBDPODFQÎÍPVTVBMBQPJBTF
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0TGVOEBNFOUPTOPSNBUJWPTEBTQPMÓUJDBTQÞCMJDBTTÍPEJWFSTPT%JTQPTJÎÜFT
DPOTUJUVDJPOBJT JOGSBDPOTUJUVDJPOBJT FNBOBEBT EPT EJGFSFOUFT OÓWFJT QPMÓUJDPBENJ
OJTUSBUJWPT5BNCÏNQSPWÐNEFNFEJEBTQSPWJTØSJBTDPNGPSÎBEFMFJFEJUBEBTQFMP
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PCKFUJWBOEPBQSFTUBÎÍPEFTFSWJÎPTQÞCMJDPT
3
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*%)"%RVFWFNDPNQMFNFOUBSBMFJUVSBGFJUBQFMP*%)NPTUSBRVFPDJEBEÍPCSBTJMFJSPNÏEJPUFSJB
RVBTFEFSJTDPEFOÍPDPOTFHVJSBMDBOÎBSPEFTFOWPMWJNFOUPIVNBOPQPUFODJBMRVFPQBÓTUFN
QBSBMIFPGFSFDFSFNGVOÎÍPEPTPCTUÈDVMPTRVFBTEFTJHVBMEBEFTQPEFNMIFJNQPS/FTUBÈSFBP#SBTJM
TFJOTFSFFNVNDPOUFYUPTFNFMIBOUFBPEB"NÏSJDB-BUJOBPOEFBEFTJHVBMEBEFoFNFTQFDJBMEF
SFOEBoGB[QBSUFEFVNQBTTJWPIJTUØSJDPRVFBJOEBSFQSFTFOUBVNHSBOEFPCTUÈDVMPQBSBPEFTFOWPM
WJNFOUP IVNBOPw IUUQQSFTTSPPNJQDVOEQPSHCSBTJMBWBODBOPEFTFOWPMWJNFOUPIVNBOP
FTPCFVNBQPTJDBPOPSBOLJOHEPJEI MBOHQUCS BDFTTBEP FN F IUUQXXX
POVIBCJUBUPSHFM&TUBEPEF-BT$JVEBEFTEF"NÏSJDB-BUJOBZFM$BSJCFBDFTTBEPFN
[email protected]$"BPIUN BDFTTBEP FN oQSFÉNCVMP
#"6."/;JHNVOU-FHJTMBEPSFTF*OUÏSQSFUFTTPCSFNPEFSOJEBEFQØTNPEFSOJEBEFFJOUF
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$POTUJUVJÎÍP'FEFSBMEFBSU
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A arbitragem nos conflitos entre políticas públicas
109
"TQPMÓUJDBTQÞCMJDBTDPNPSFHSBSFTVMUBNEFDPNQMFYPTQSPDFTTPTQPMÓUJDP
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está na parte, que está no todowFTFNBDPOTJEFSBÎÍPEFTTBQSFNJTTBOÍPOPTQBSFDF
WJÈWFMTPMVDJPOBSPVNJUJHBSBTEFTJHVBMEBEFTTPDJBJT
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FYQFEJEPTQPSBHÐODJBTSFHVMBEPSBTTFUPSJBJTRVFBUVBNTPCPGVOEBNFOUPEBEFMF
HBÎÍPMFHJTMBUJWBUSBOTGFSJOEPTFPFYFSDÓDJPEFQPEFSFTOPSNBUJWPTBP&YFDVUJWP
"FTTFSFTQFJUP"MFYBOESF.B[[BBMFSUBOPTTPCSFBFYJTUÐODJBEFJODPOTUJUVDJP
OBMJEBEFTOBTMFJTEFDSJBÎÍPEBTBHÐODJBTGFEFSBJTFSFHJTUSBBTVKFJÎÍPEFTTBTFOUJEBEFT
BPTQSJODÓQJPTFOPSNBTEPSFHJNFKVSÓEJDPBENJOJTUSBUJWP"BHÐODJBOPEFTFOWPMWJ
NFOUPEFTVBTBUSJCVJÎÜFTOPSNBUJWBTTVCPSEJOBTFBUPEPTPTMJNJUFTUFSSJUPSJBJTUFN
QPSBJTQFTTPBJTFNBUFSJBJTBBPTDPOUSPMFTEP&YFDVUJWP-FHJTMBUJWPF+VEJDJÈSJP
2. FUNÇÕES ESTATAIS INDEPENDENTES E HARMÔNICAS
0FTUBCFMFDJNFOUPEFQPMÓUJDBTQÞCMJDBTBEFRVBEBTDPNQSFFOEFBFGFUJWBÎÍP
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&OUSFUBOUPPFYFSDÓDJPEPQPEFSFTUBUBMBMÏNEFJOEFQFOEFOUFQSFDJTBUBNCÏN
TFSIBSNÙOJDPQBSBSFnFUJSBDPNQMFUVEFEPFTQÓSJUPDPOTUJUVDJPOBMDPOTVCTUBODJBEPOP
FMFNFOUPJOEFQFOEÐODJBFTUFDPNQSFFOEJEPFBQMJDBEPDPODPNJUBOUFNFOUFDPNPFMF
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por ela adotados, ou dos tratados internacionais em que a República Federativa do
Brasil seja partew
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35+
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A arbitragem nos conflitos entre políticas públicas
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6.3. A Legislação Específica da Arbitragem
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126
Eridane Baptista Furlan
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8. A ARBITRAGEM POR ÓRGÃOS E ENTIDADES ESTATAIS
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8.1. Agência Reguladora
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A arbitragem nos conflitos entre políticas públicas
127
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128
Eridane Baptista Furlan
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RESPGE - SP
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A arbitragem nos conflitos entre políticas públicas
129
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8.2. Câmara de Conciliação e Arbitragem da Administração Federal (CCAF)
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130
Eridane Baptista Furlan
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8.3. A Arbitragem no Setor Público Português
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RESPGE - SP
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A arbitragem nos conflitos entre políticas públicas
131
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9. CONCLUSÃO
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A arbitragem nos conflitos entre políticas públicas
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ALGUMAS CONSIDERAÇÕES SOBRE O DIREITO AMBIENTAL
E O IMPACTO DAS EXPLORAÇÕES DE PETRÓLEO
Some considerations about environmental law and the impact of petroleum haldings
José Fernando Cedeño de Barros1
Lidiani Machado Soares dos Santos2
SUMÁRIO
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RESUMO
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TVCTUÉODJBTQPMVJEPSBTDPOUSJCVJÎÍPEPQFUSØMFPQBSBPEFTFOWPMWJNFOUPFTVBQBS
DFMBDPNPBHFOUFQPMVJEPS
SUMMARY
*OUFSOBUJPOBM $POWFOUJPOT JNQBDUT PO UIF FOWJSPONFOU EVF UP IVNBO BDUJPO
QSFWFOUJWF MBX BOE HVBSEJBOTIJQT UP BDIJFWF UIF QSFWFOUJPO PG TFB BOE DPBTUBM
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1FUSØMFP
Keywords*OUFSOBUJPOBM$POWFOUJPOT&OWJSPONFOU1SFWFOUJPO1PMVJÎÍP0JM
1. INTRODUÇÃO
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136
José Fernando Cedeño de Barros & Lidiani Machado Soares dos Santos
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0 HPWFSOP DBOBEFOTF UFNTF NPTUSBEP NVJUP QSFPDVQBEP DPN P QSPCMFNB
BNCJFOUBMMJHBEPËFYQMPSBÎÍPEFQFUSØMFP/FTTFTFOUJEPQVCMJDPVPInformation Bulletin – Offshore Oil Spill Cleanup – A discussion of the methods by which oil can be cleaned up
at sea (#PMFUJN*OGPSNBUJWPo-JNQF[BEPT%FSSBNBNFOUPTEF»MFPBPMBSHPo"OÈMJTF
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Algumas considerações sobre o direito ambiental e o impacto das explorações de petróleo
137
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José Fernando Cedeño de Barros & Lidiani Machado Soares dos Santos
OBDIBNBEBDBNBEBEFQSÏTBMO Pré-sal é uma camada de rocha formada por sal que
delimita um conjunto de reservatórios petrolíferos mais antigos que os depósitos encontrados
sobre a camada pós-sal neoapitiniano e que na costa brasileira se estende desde o Alto Vitória e Santos, nas Bacias de Campos, até o Alto de Florianópolis, respectivamente. Este sal foi
depositado durante a abertura do Oceano Atlântico, após a quebra do Gondwana (Jurássico
Superior-Cretáceo) durante a fase de mar raso e de clima semiárido/árido do Neoapitiniano
(1 a 7 Ma). A descoberta de indícios de petróleo no pré-sal foi anunciada pela Petrobras em
2006. Em 2008, a Petrobras extraiu pela primeira vez petróleo do pré-sal
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33
Art. 177. CF: Constituem monopólio da União: I – a pesquisa e a lavra das jazidas de petróleo e gás natural
e outros hidrocarbonetos fluidos; II – a refinação do petróleo nacional ou estrangeiro; III – a importação e
exportação dos produtos e derivados básicos resultantes das atividades previstas nos incisos anteriores; IV – o
transporte marítimo do petróleo bruto de origem nacional ou de derivados básicos de petróleo produzidos no
País, bem assim o transporte, por meio de conduto, de petróleo bruto, seus derivados e gás natural de qualquer
origem; V – a pesquisa, a lavra, o enriquecimento, o reprocessamento, a industrialização e o comércio de minérios e minerais nucleares e seus derivados, com exceção dos radioisótopos, cuja produção, comercialização e
utilização poderão ser autorizadas sob regime de permissão, conforme as alíneas b e c do inciso XXIII do caput
do Art. 21 desta Constituição Federal. § 1º A União poderá contratar com empresas estatais ou privadas a
realização das atividades previstas nos incisos I a IV deste artigo, observadas as condições estabelecidas em lei.
(...)
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5. CONCLUSÃO: ALGUMAS SUGESTÕES PARA O BRASIL E O MERCOSUL
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3.1. El Medio Ambiente. El objetivo será formular y proponer estrategias y
directrices que garanticen la protección del medio ambiente de los Estados
Partes en un contexto de libre comercio y consolidación de la Unión Aduanera,
considerando las directrices básicas de política ambiental aprobadas por
la Res. N. 10/94 y los principios del desarrollo sostenido emanados de la
Conferencia de Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo
llevada a cabo en Rio de Janeiro en 1992.
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Algumas considerações sobre o direito ambiental e o impacto das explorações de petróleo
163
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164
José Fernando Cedeño de Barros & Lidiani Machado Soares dos Santos
6. BIBLIOGRAFIA
"'0/40$ÓOUJB.BSJB6TPFPDVQBÎÍPEPTPMPOB[POBDPTUFJSBEP&TUBEPEF4ÍP1BVMPo
6NB"OÈMJTF"NCJFOUBM'"1&41"OOB#MVNF
"-7&4'FSOBOEP#BSBUBF(0.&4+PSHF4BMHBEP06OJWFSTPEB*OEÞTUSJBEF1FUSØMFPoEB
QFTRVJTBËSFmOBÎÍP&EJUPSB'VOEBÎÍP$BMPVTUF(VCFOLJBO
#"6%)6*/Princípios de economia contemporânea, volume I – A 1SPEVÎÍP%JGVTÍP&VSPQFJB
EP-JWSP%*'&-1PSUVHBM
#&&3("#&-+PTFUUFRecueil des Traités relatifs à La Mediterranée1ÏEPOF1BSJT
#0*440/%&$)";063/&4%&4("/²3JDIBSEF30."/0$FTBSFProtéction Intrernationale de l´Environnement, ²EJUJPOT1ÏEPOF1BSJT
$"/±"%053*/%"%&""%JSFJUPT)VNBOPTF.FJP"NCJFOUF1BSBMFMPEPT4JTUFNBTEF
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'-*&35-ZEJBWBOEFIndigneous Peoples and International Organisations/PUUJOHIBN4QPLFT
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.VOJDJQBM.JOIB&EJUPSB.BOPMF
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4"%&-&&3/JDPMBTEFLes principes du pollueur-payeur, de prévention et de précaution – Essai sur
la gênese et la portée juridique de quelques príncipes du droit de l´environnement#SVZMBOU"6'
4&/"%0'&%&3"-1SPUPDPMPEF2VJPUPFMFHJTMBÎÍPDPSSFMBUBo$PMFÎÍP"NCJFOUBMoWPMVNF
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UBÎÍP&E&MTFWJFS
%J1MJOJP(JBNQJFSPF'JNJBOJ1BTRVBMFPrincipi di Diritto Ambientale(JVGGSÒ&EJUPSF.JMÍP
16$,&55+JN%ÏDIFUTTBOTGSPOUJÒSFTMFTFOKFVYEFMB$POWFOUJPOEF#ÉMFin Ecologie contre
nature – Développement et politiques d´ingérence16'1BSJT
1SPUPDPMPEF2VJPUPFMFHJTMBÎÍPDPSSFMBUBo$PMFÎÍP"NCJFOUBMoWPMVNF***#SBTÓMJB
4FOBEP'FEFSBM
8V$IBPLa Pollution du Fait du Transfert Maritime des Hydrocarbures – Responsabilité et Indemnisation des Dommages*/%&.&3.ÙOBDP
1&%0/&1BSJT
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ZONEAMENTO ECOLÓGICO-ECONÔMICO COMO INSTRUMENTO
ESSENCIAL DA POLÍTICA NACIONAL DO MEIO AMBIENTE A SER
CONSIDERADO NO LICENCIAMENTO AMBIENTAL
Ecological-Economic Zoning as a essential tool to the National
Environmental Policy to be considered in environment license
Sílvia Helena Nogueira Nascimento1
Thaís Teizen2
SUMÁRIO
*OUSPEVÎÍP -JDFODJBNFOUP DPNP JOTUSVNFOUP EB 1PMÓUJDB /BDJPOBM EP .FJP
"NCJFOUF$PODFJUP$PNQFUÐODJB;POFBNFOUP&DPMØHJDP&DPOÙNJDPo
;&&DPNPJOTUSVNFOUPEB1PMÓUJDB/BDJPOBMEP.FJP"NCJFOUF$PODFJUP
$PNQFUÐODJB%FDSFUP'FEFSBMO¡-FJ'FEFSBMO¡o;&&EB
;POB$PTUFJSB%FDSFUP'FEFSBMO¡-FJ&TUBEVBMO¡
o1MBOP&TUBEVBMEF(FSFODJBNFOUP$PTUFJSPo1&($411PMÓUJDB"HSÓDPMBo-FJ
O¡FP;&&;POFBNFOUP"HSPBNCJFOUBMEPTFUPSTVDSPBMDPPMFJSPOP
&TUBEPEF4ÍP1BVMP-FJO¡o;&&FBBMUFSBÎÍPEPQFSDFOUVBMEF
3FTFSWB-FHBM;POFBNFOUP*OEVTUSJBM;POFBNFOUP"NCJFOUBMOP&TUBUVUPEB
$JEBEF$PODMVTÍP#JCMJPHSBmB
RESUMO
"1PMÓUJDB/BDJPOBMEP.FJP"NCJFOUFCSBTJMFJSPQSFWÐJNQPSUBOUFJOTUSVNFOUPQBSB
BQSJNPSBS BT QPMÓUJDBT QÞCMJDBT EFOPNJOBEP ;POFBNFOUP &DPMØHJDP&DPOÙNJDP
;&&
0 FTUVEP BCPSEB B MFHJTMBÎÍP WJHFOUF DPN ÐOGBTF OPT UFNBT [POB DPTUFJSB
QPMÓUJDBBHSÓDPMB[POFBNFOUPJOEVTUSJBMF&TUBUVUPEB$JEBEF"PmOBMEFNPOTUSBTF
TVBJNQPSUÉODJBQBSBSFBMJ[BSPDPSSFUPPSEFOBNFOUPEPUFSSJUØSJPCSBTJMFJSPBUSBWÏTEB
JOUFHSBÎÍPFmDJFOUFEBPSEFNFDPOÙNJDBTPDJBMFBNCJFOUBM
SUMMARY
5IF#SB[JMJBO/BUJPOBM&OWJSPONFOUBM1PMJDZQSFEJDUTBOJNQPSUBOUUPPMUPJNQSPWF
QVCMJDQPMJDJFTDBMMFE&DPMPHJDBM&DPOPNJD;POJOH;&&
5IJTTUVEZBEESFTTFTUIF
DVSSFOU MFHJTMBUJPO XJUI FNQIBTJT PO PGG TIPSF [POFT BHSJDVMUVSBM BOE JOEVTUSJBM
QPMJDZBOEUIF$JUZ4UBUVUF$PEF$PODMVEFUPEFNPOTUSBUFUIFJNQPSUBODFUPNBLF
UIF DPSSFDU [POJOH PG UIF #SB[JMJBO UFSSJUPSZ GPS BO FGmDJFOU FDPOPNJDBM TPDJBM BOE
FOWJSPONFOUBMJOUFHSBUJPO
Palavras-chaves.FJPBNCJFOUF–JOTUSVNFOUPT–[POFBNFOUP–JOUFHSBÎÍP–
FDPOPNJB
Keywords&OWJSPONFOUUPPMT[POJOHJOUFHSBUJPOFDPOPNZ
1SPDVSBEPSBEP&TUBEPEF4ÍP1BVMPDIFGFEBDPOTVMUPSJBKVSÓEJDBEB4FDSFUBSJBEP.FJP"NCJFOUFEP
&TUBEPEF4ÍP1BVMP.FTUSBOEBFN%JSFJUPT%JGVTPTF$PMFUJWPTQFMB16$41
1SPDVSBEPSBEP&TUBEPEF4ÍP1BVMPFNFYFSDÓDJPOBDPOTVMUPSJBKVSÓEJDBEB4FDSFUBSJBEP.FJP"N
CJFOUFEP&TUBEPEF4ÍP1BVMP&TQFDJBMJ[BÎÍPFN1SPDFTTP$JWJMQFMB&TDPMB4VQFSJPSEB1SPDVSBEPSJB
(FSBMEP&TUBEPFQFMB6OJWFSTJEBEF$BUØMJDBEF4BOUPT&TQFDJBMJ[BÎÍPFN%JSFJUPEP&TUBEPQFMB641
.FTUSBOEBFN%JSFJUPT%JGVTPTF$PMFUJWPTQFMB16$41
166
Sílvia Helena Nogueira Nascimento & Thaís Teizen
1. INTRODUÇÃO
0QSFTFOUFBSUJHPUFNDPNPmOBMJEBEFBOBMJTBSP;POFBNFOUP&DPMØHJDP&DP
OÙNJDP;&&
DPNPVNEPTJOTUSVNFOUPTFTTFODJBJTQBSBPEFTFOWPMWJNFOUPEB1PMÓUJDB
/BDJPOBMEP.FJP"NCJFOUF1/."
BRVBMQSFWÐWÈSJPTJOTUSVNFOUPTQBSBTVBFYFDV
ÎÍPFOUSFPTRVBJTTFEFTUBDBNPi[POFBNFOUPBNCJFOUBMwFPiMJDFODJBNFOUPBNCJFOUBMw
QSFWJTUPTSFTQFDUJWBNFOUFOPTJODJTPT**F*7EP"SUEB-FJ'FEFSBMOEF
EFBHPTUPEF
&NCPSB OP ÉNCJUP GFEFSBM P MJDFODJBNFOUP BNCJFOUBM TØ UFOIB TF UPSOBEP
PCSJHBUØSJP B QBSUJS EFTTB SFGFSJEB MFJ OP &TUBEP EF 4ÍP 1BVMP B -FJ &TUBEVBM O
BPEJTDJQMJOBSPVTPEPTPMPQBSBBQSPUFÎÍPEPTNBOBODJBJTDVSTPTFSFTFS
WBUØSJPTEFÈHVBFEFNBJTSFDVSTPTIÓESJDPTEFJOUFSFTTFEB3FHJÍP.FUSPQPMJUBOBEB
(SBOEF4ÍP1BVMPKÈGB[JBSFGFSÐODJBËDFTTBÎÍPDPNQVMTØSJBEBBUJWJEBEFPVEFNPMJ
ÎÍPEBPCSBDPNDBTTBÎÍPEBMJDFOÎBRVBOEPTVBSFBMJ[BÎÍPTFEÐFNEFTBDPSEPDPN
PQSPKFUPBQSPWBEPPVTFNMJDFODJBNFOUP
0CTFSWBTFEFTEFFOUÍPVNBDSFTDFOUFQSFPDVQBÎÍPDPNPTUFNBTEPMJ
DFODJBNFOUPFEP[POFBNFOUPRVFQBTTBSBNBTFSPCKFUPEFFTUVEPTEPVUSJOÈSJPTF
KVSJTQSVEFODJBJTBMÏNEFDPOUFNQMBEPTQPSEJWFSTPTEJQMPNBTMFHBJT"JOUFSBÎÍP
FOUSF PT JOTUJUVUPT GPJ CFN PCTFSWBEB QPS "55"/"4*0 +6/*03 & "55"/"4*0
3%"
0 [POFBNFOUP FDPMØHJDPFDPOÙNJDP TF BQSFTFOUB NVJUP FmDJFOUF
OBSFBMJ[BÎÍPEPEJBHOØTUJDPBNCJFOUBMRVFÏSFRVJTJUPFTTFODJBMEP
FTUVEP EF JNQBDUP BNCJFOUBM 3FTPMVÎÍP $POBNB $PNP P
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FDPOÙNJDP /PUFTF DPOUVEP RVF P FNQSFFOEFEPS OÍP FTUÈ
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RVF BT QSPEV[JSÈ DPN NBJPS BHJMJEBEF RVBOEP KÈ DPOUBS DPN P
[POFBNFOUPFDPMØHJDPFDPOÙNJDP
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BP EFUFSNJOBS BT WPDBÎÜFT F TVTDFUJCJMJEBEFT OBUVSBJT EPT GBUPSFT
BNCJFOUBJTFNGVOÎÍPEBDBQBDJEBEFEFTVQPSUFEPNFJPFQFSNJUJSVN
DPOIFDJNFOUPHMPCBMEBÈSFBEFFTUVEPEFGPSNBTJTUFNÈUJDBQPTTJCJMJUB
UPNBEBTEFEFDJTÍPNBJTBEFRVBEBTOPRVFEJ[SFTQFJUPËWJBCJMJEBEF
BNCJFOUBMEPFNQSFFOEJNFOUPQSPNPWFOEPVNNBJPSEJOBNJTNPBP
FTUVEPEFJNQBDUPBNCJFOUBM4PV[B
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Zoneamento ecológico-econômico como instrumento essencial da política nacional
167
2. LICENCIAMENTO COMO INSTRUMENTO DA POLÍTICA NACIONAL DO MEIO AMBIENTE
2.1. Conceito
"3FTPMVÎÍP$0/"."OKÈEFmOJBMJDFODJBNFOUPBNCJFOUBMDPNPP
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MJDFODJBBMPDBMJ[BÎÍPJOTUBMBÎÍPBNQMJBÎÍPFBPQFSBÎÍPEFFNQSFFOEJNFOUPT
F BUJWJEBEFT VUJMJ[BEPSBT EF SFDVSTPT BNCJFOUBJT DPOTJEFSBEBT FGFUJWB
PV QPUFODJBMNFOUF QPMVJEPSBT PV EBRVFMBT RVF TPC RVBMRVFS GPSNB
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iBUP BENJOJTUSBUJWP QFMP RVBM P ØSHÍP BNCJFOUBM DPNQFUFOUF FTUBCFMFDF
BTDPOEJÎÜFTSFTUSJÎÜFTFNFEJEBTEFDPOUSPMFBNCJFOUBMRVFEFWFSÍPTFS
PCFEFDJEBT QFMP FNQSFFOEFEPS QFTTPB GÓTJDB PV KVSÓEJDB QBSB MPDBMJ[BS
JOTUBMBSBNQMJBSFPQFSBSFNQSFFOEJNFOUPTPVBUJWJEBEFTVUJMJ[BEPSBTEPT
SFDVSTPTBNCJFOUBJTDPOTJEFSBEBTFGFUJWBPVQPUFODJBMNFOUFQPMVJEPSBTPV
BRVFMBTRVFTPCRVBMRVFSGPSNBQPTTBNDBVTBSEFHSBEBÎÍPBNCJFOUBMw
)PKF P MJDFODJBNFOUP BNCJFOUBM FODPOUSBTF EFmOJEP OP BSU  * EB -FJ
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MJDFODJBNFOUP BNCJFOUBM P QSPDFEJNFOUP BENJOJTUSBUJWP EFTUJOBEP
B MJDFODJBS BUJWJEBEFT PV FNQSFFOEJNFOUPT VUJMJ[BEPSFT EF SFDVSTPT
BNCJFOUBJT FGFUJWB PV QPUFODJBMNFOUF QPMVJEPSFT PV DBQB[FT TPC
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"MJDFOÎBFNWFSEBEFÏPBUPmOBMEPQSPDFEJNFOUPPVQSPDFTTPRVFBBO
UFDFEFDVKBPVUPSHBEFNPOTUSBPQSFFODIJNFOUPEPTSFRVJTJUPTMFHBJTPVDPOEJÎÜFT
JNQPTUBTQBSBPFYFSDÓDJPEFEFUFSNJOBEBBUJWJEBEFPVQBSBEFUFSNJOBEPFNQSFFO
EJNFOUPDBSBDUFSJ[BOEPTFDPNPPSFTVMUBEPEFVNBTFRVÐODJBEFBUPTEFTUJOBEPT
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3
"SUJHP*EB3FT$0/"."
"SUJHP**EB3FT$0/"."
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168
Sílvia Helena Nogueira Nascimento & Thaís Teizen
/P%JSFJUP"ENJOJTUSBUJWPDPTUVNBTFDPOTJEFSBSBMJDFOÎBDPNPBUPWJODV
MBEPPRVFBEJGFSFODJBEBBVUPSJ[BÎÍPTFOEPBRVFMBDPODFJUVBEBDPNP“ato administrativo unilateral e vinculado pelo qual a Administração faculta àquele que preencha os
requisitos legais o exercício de uma atividade.” "MJDFOÎBBNCJFOUBMOPFOUBOUPUSB[DFSUBOVBOÎBBPDPODFJUPFYQPTUPFJT
RVFUFNDBSBDUFSÓTUJDBTQSØQSJBT)ÈBVUPSFTRVFBUSJCVFNDFSUPHSBVEFEJTDSJDJP
OBSJFEBEFBPBUPFNSB[ÍPEFBBENJOJTUSBÎÍPFTUBCFMFDFSBTDPOEJÎÜFTSFTUSJÎÜFT
FNFEJEBTEFDPOUSPMFBNCJFOUBMRVFEFWFSÍPTFSPCFEFDJEBTQFMPFNQSFFOEFEPS
QBSB B PCUFOÎÍP EB MJDFOÎB 5PEBWJB OÍP OPT QBSFDF RVF P DPOEJDJPOBNFOUP EB
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DJBMNFOUFRVBOEPUBJTDPOEJDJPOBOUFTTÍPEFWJEBNFOUFNPUJWBEBTFBNPUJWBÎÍP
BDBCBQPSTFSWJODVMBUØSJB
"TJUVBÎÍPRVFBUPSOBsui generisÏPGBUPEFWBSJBSDPNPUFNQPFTVBPVUPSHB
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ÎÍPEFTTFRVBESPEFNBOEBFOPSNFJOWFTUJNFOUPQBSBBSFDVQFSBÎÍPEFÈSFBTEFHSBEBEBT
PFYFNQMPQSØYJNPÏBSFHJÍPDFOUSBMEF4ÍP1BVMP
SBEJDBMNPEJmDBÎÍPEPTIÈCJUPT
EFDPOTVNPDGPTFGFJUPTEBEFTPOFSBÎÍPUSJCVUÈSJBTPCSFPBVNFOUPEBGSPUBEFWFÓDV
MPTOPTHSBOEFTDFOUSPT
BSFHVMBSJ[BÎÍPGVOEJÈSJBFVSCBOJ[BÎÍPEFÈSFBTPDVQBEBTQPS
QPQVMBÎÍPEFCBJYBSFOEBRVFTFSFWFMBBUSFMBEBËRVFTUÍPEBQSPUFÎÍPEBTQPQVMBÎÜFT
FYQPTUBTBSJTDPTEFEFTBTUSFTDGEFTMJ[BNFOUPTJOVOEBÎÜFTFJODÐOEJPTFNGBWFMBT
5PNBOEPDPNPFYFNQMPBDJEBEFEF4ÍP1BVMPDPOTUBUBNPTRVFFNCPSBB-FJO
EFEFTFUFNCSPEFUFOIBJOTUJUVÓEPP1MBOP%JSFUPS&TUSBUÏHJDPFP4JTUFNB
EF1MBOFKBNFOUPF(FTUÍPEP%FTFOWPMWJNFOUP6SCBOPEP.VOJDÓQJPEF4ÍP1BVMPFB-FJ
OEFEFBHPTUPEFUFOIBFTUBCFMFDJEPOPSNBTDPNQMFNFOUBSFTBP1MBOP
%JSFUPS&TUSBUÏHJDPJOTUJUVJOEPPT1MBOPT3FHJPOBJT&TUSBUÏHJDPTEBT4VCQSFGFJUVSBTEJTQPO
EPUBNCÏNTPCSFPQBSDFMBNFOUPFEJTDJQMJOBOEPFPSEFOBOEPP6TPF0DVQBÎÍPEP4PMP
EP.VOJDÓQJPEF4ÍP1BVMPJTTPQPSTJTØOÍPUSBOTGPSNPVBSFBMJEBEF
²WFSEBEFRVFPTJOTUSVNFOUPTQSFWJTUPTQFMPBSUJHPEP&TUBUVUPEB$J
EBEF FOUSFPTRVBJTP[POFBNFOUPBNCJFOUBMÏFYQSFTTBNFOUFQSFWJTUPOPJODJTP
y
FYJHJSOPTUFSNPTEBMFJGFEFSBMEPQSPQSJFUÈSJPEPTPMPVSCBOPOÍPFEJmDBEPTVCVUJMJ[BEPPV
OÍPVUJMJ[BEPRVFQSPNPWBTFVBEFRVBEPBQSPWFJUBNFOUPTPCQFOBTVDFTTJWBNFOUFEF*QBSDFMB
NFOUPPVFEJmDBÎÍPDPNQVMTØSJPT**JNQPTUPTPCSFBQSPQSJFEBEFQSFEJBMFUFSSJUPSJBMVSCBOBQSP
HSFTTJWPOPUFNQP***EFTBQSPQSJBÎÍPDPNQBHBNFOUPNFEJBOUFUÓUVMPTEBEÓWJEBQÞCMJDBEFFNJTTÍP
QSFWJBNFOUFBQSPWBEBQFMP4FOBEP'FEFSBMDPNQSB[PEFSFTHBUFEFBUÏEF[BOPTFNQBSDFMBTBOVBJT
JHVBJTFTVDFTTJWBTBTTFHVSBEPTPWBMPSSFBMEBJOEFOJ[BÎÍPFPTKVSPTMFHBJTy
w/PQMBOPJOGSBDPOT
UJUVDJPOBMPTSFGFSJEPTJOTUJUVUPTFTUÍPSFHVMBEPTQFMP&TUBUVUPEB$JEBEF"SUTB
"SU1BSBPTmOTEFTUBMFJTFSÍPVUJMJ[BEPTFOUSFPVUSPTJOTUSVNFOUPT*oQMBOPTOBDJPOBJTSFHJPOBJTF
FTUBEVBJTEFPSEFOBÎÍPEPUFSSJUØSJPFEFEFTFOWPMWJNFOUPFDPOÙNJDPFTPDJBM**oQMBOFKBNFOUPEBTSFHJÜFT
NFUSPQPMJUBOBTBHMPNFSBÎÜFTVSCBOBTFNJDSPSSFHJÜFTF***oQMBOFKBNFOUPNVOJDJQBMFNFTQFDJBMB
QMBOP
EJSFUPSC
EJTDJQMJOBEPQBSDFMBNFOUPEPVTPFEBPDVQBÎÍPEPTPMPc) zoneamento ambiental; E
QMBOP
QMVSJBOVBMF
EJSFUSJ[FTPSÎBNFOUÈSJBTFPSÎBNFOUPBOVBMG
HFTUÍPPSÎBNFOUÈSJBQBSUJDJQBUJWBH
QMBOPTQSP
HSBNBTFQSPKFUPTTFUPSJBJTFI
QMBOPTEFEFTFOWPMWJNFOUPFDPOÙNJDPFTPDJBM*7oJOTUJUVUPTUSJCVUÈSJPTF
mOBODFJSPTB
JNQPTUPTPCSFBQSPQSJFEBEFQSFEJBMFUFSSJUPSJBMVSCBOBo*156C
DPOUSJCVJÎÍPEFNFMIPSJBF
D
JODFOUJWPTFCFOFGÓDJPTmTDBJTFmOBODFJSPT7oJOTUJUVUPTKVSÓEJDPTFQPMÓUJDPTB
EFTBQSPQSJBÎÍPC
TFSWJEÍP
BENJOJTUSBUJWBD
MJNJUBÎÜFTBENJOJTUSBUJWBTE
UPNCBNFOUPEFJNØWFJTPVEFNPCJMJÈSJPVSCBOPF
JOTUJUVJÎÍP
EFVOJEBEFTEFDPOTFSWBÎÍPG
JOTUJUVJÎÍPEF[POBTFTQFDJBJTEFJOUFSFTTFTPDJBMH
DPODFTTÍPEFEJSFJUPSFBMEF
VTPI
DPODFTTÍPEFVTPFTQFDJBMQBSBmOTEFNPSBEJBJ
QBSDFMBNFOUPFEJmDBÎÍPPVVUJMJ[BÎÍPDPNQVMTØSJPT
K
VTVDBQJÍPFTQFDJBMEFJNØWFMVSCBOPM
EJSFJUPEFTVQFSGÓDJFN
EJSFJUPEFQSFFNQÎÍPO
PVUPSHBPOFSPTB
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188
Sílvia Helena Nogueira Nascimento & Thaís Teizen
***MFUSBiDwEFTTFBSUJHP
CVTDBNDSJBSDPOEJÎÜFTQBSBBJNQMFNFOUBÎÍPEFVNB
QPMÓUJDB VSCBOB TBUJTGBUØSJB DSJBOEP DJEBEFT TVTUFOUÈWFJT P RVF OP FOUBOUP OÍP
UFNTFNPTUSBEPTVmDJFOUF
"SFTQPOTBCJMJEBEFQFMPJOTVDFTTPQPSPCWJPOÍPQPEFTFSBUSJCVÓEBBP[P
OFBNFOUPBNCJFOUBMRVFTFNEÞWJEBTFDBSBDUFSJ[BDPNPVNBGFSSBNFOUBFTTFODJBMOB
JNQMFNFOUBÎÍPEF1PMÓUJDBT1ÞCMJDBTNBTOFDFTTBSJBNFOUFEFQFOEFEFDPOKVHBÎÍPDPN
PTEFNBJTJOTUSVNFOUPTQSFWJTUPTQFMP"SUQBSBRVFUFOIBNPTDJEBEFTTVTUFOUÈWFJT
“Por cidades sustentáveis pode-se entender aquelas em que o desenvolvimento urbano ocorre com ordenação, sem caos e destruição, sem degradação, possibilitando uma vida
urbana digna para todos.”25&TTFPCKFUJWPFTUÈMPOHFEFTFSBMDBOÎBEPFNDJEBEFTEPQPSUF
EBTRVFDPNQÜFNBTSFHJÜFTNFUSPQPMJUBOBTEF4ÍP1BVMPF3JPEF+BOFJSP
5PEBWJBOÍPÏEFNBJTSFTTBMUBSRVFIÈJOTUSVNFOUPTQBSBCVTDBSFTTFPCKF
UJWPTFOEPP[POFBNFOUPVNBNBOJGFTUBÎÍPDPODSFUBEPQMBOFKBNFOUPOÍPTFOEP
QPTTÓWFMUSBOTGPSNBSBSFBMJEBEFQPSNFJPEPPSEFOBNFOUPEPVTPEPTSFDVSTPTOBUV
SBJTTFNBOUFTQFOTBSRVFSFBMJEBEFTFQSFUFOEFTFKBSFTVMUBOUFEBTJOUFSWFOÎÜFTEP
IPNFNOPNFJPBNCJFOUF
10. CONCLUSÃO
0[POFBNFOUPBNCJFOUBMJOTUSVNFOUPEB1PMÓUJDB/BDJPOBMEP.FJP"NCJFO
UFDPOTJTUFFNQSPDFEJNFOUPEFEJWJTÍPEFEFUFSNJOBEPUFSSJUØSJPFNÈSFBTPOEFiTF
BVUPSJ[BN EFUFSNJOBEBT BUJWJEBEFT PV TF JOUFSEJUB EF NPEP BCTPMVUP PV SFMBUJWP P
FYFSDÓDJPEFPVUSBTwFNSB[ÍPEBTDBSBDUFSÓTUJDBTBNCJFOUBJTTPDJPFDPOÙNJDBTEPMPDBM
/FTTFEJBQBTÍPOÍPIÈDPNPEFJYBSEFSFDPOIFDFSRVFP;&&TFDBSBDUFSJ[B
DPNPVNBGFSSBNFOUBFTTFODJBMOBFMBCPSBÎÍPFJNQMFNFOUBÎÍPEF1PMÓUJDBT1ÞCMJDBT
OFDFTTBSJBNFOUFJNCSJDBEBTDPNEFNBJTJOTUSVNFOUPTEB1/."FOUSFPTRVBJTTF
EFTUBDBPMJDFODJBNFOUPEFGPSNBRVFQFSNJUBPDPSSFUPPSEFOBNFOUPUFSSJUPSJBMCSB
TJMFJSPDPNPCTFSWÉODJBEFBTQFDUPTEFPSEFNFDPOÙNJDBTPDJBMFBNCJFOUBM
EPEJSFJUPEFDPOTUSVJSFEFBMUFSBÎÍPEFVTPP
USBOTGFSÐODJBEPEJSFJUPEFDPOTUSVJSQ
PQFSBÎÜFTVSCBOBT
DPOTPSDJBEBTR
SFHVMBSJ[BÎÍPGVOEJÈSJBS
BTTJTUÐODJBUÏDOJDBFKVSÓEJDBHSBUVJUBQBSBBTDPNVOJEBEFTFHSVQPT
TPDJBJTNFOPTGBWPSFDJEPTT
SFGFSFOEPQPQVMBSFQMFCJTDJUPU
EFNBSDBÎÍPVSCBOÓTUJDBQBSBmOTEFSFHVMBSJ[B
ÎÍPGVOEJÈSJB*ODMVÓEPQFMB-FJOEF
FV
MFHJUJNBÎÍPEFQPTTF*ODMVÓEPQFMB-FJO
EF
7*oFTUVEPQSÏWJPEFJNQBDUPBNCJFOUBM&*"
FFTUVEPQSÏWJPEFJNQBDUPEFWJ[JOIBOÎB&*7
f
0TJOTUSVNFOUPTNFODJPOBEPTOFTUFBSUJHPSFHFNTFQFMBMFHJTMBÎÍPRVFMIFTÏQSØQSJBPCTFSWBEPPEJTQPTUP
OFTUB-FJf/PTDBTPTEFQSPHSBNBTFQSPKFUPTIBCJUBDJPOBJTEFJOUFSFTTFTPDJBMEFTFOWPMWJEPTQPSØSHÍPT
PVFOUJEBEFTEB"ENJOJTUSBÎÍP1ÞCMJDBDPNBUVBÎÍPFTQFDÓmDBOFTTBÈSFBBDPODFTTÍPEFEJSFJUPSFBMEFVTP
EFJNØWFJTQÞCMJDPTQPEFSÈTFSDPOUSBUBEBDPMFUJWBNFOUFf0TJOTUSVNFOUPTQSFWJTUPTOFTUFBSUJHPRVF
EFNBOEBNEJTQÐOEJPEFSFDVSTPTQPSQBSUFEPQPEFSQÞCMJDPNVOJDJQBMEFWFNTFSPCKFUPEFDPOUSPMFTPDJBM
HBSBOUJEBBQBSUJDJQBÎÍPEFDPNVOJEBEFTNPWJNFOUPTFFOUJEBEFTEBTPDJFEBEFDJWJM
.&%"6"30EFUF&TUBUVUPEB$JEBEF35Q
."$)"%01BVMP"GGPOTP-FNF%JSFJUPBNCJFOUBMCSBTJMFJSP4ÍP1BVMP.BMIFJSPTQ
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Zoneamento ecológico-econômico como instrumento essencial da política nacional
189
$PNPKÈPCTFSWBEPQPS)FSNBO#FOKBNJO
i0#SBTJMBmSNBTFUFNIPKFVNEPTNBJTBWBOÎBEPTTJTUFNBTEFQSPUFÎÍP
KVSÓEJDBEPNFJPBNCJFOUF1SJPSJUÈSJPQBSBPGVUVSPFQBSBPQSFTFOUF
KÈ
OÍPÏOPFTTFODJBMMFHJTMBS+ÈPm[FNPT0RVFTFFTQFSBBHPSBEPTØSHÍPT
BNCJFOUBJT F EPT DJEBEÍPT PSHBOJ[BEPT PV OÍP Ï P DVNQSJNFOUP EBT
FYJHÐODJBTMFHBJTRVFDPNGSFRVÐODJBOBEBNBJTTÍPEPRVFMFUSBNPSUBw
BIBLIOGRAFIA
"/56/&41BVMPEF#FTTB$PNFOUÈSJPBPBSUEP$ØEJHP'MPSFTUBMOBPCSB“Novo
código florestal: comentários à Lei nº 12.651, de 25 de maio de 2012 e à MedProv
571, de 25 de maio de 2012”DPPSEFOBÎÍP²EJT.JMBSÏ1BVMP"GGPOTP-FNF.BDIBEP
4ÍP1BVMP35
"55"/"4*0+ÞOJPS.BSJP3PCFSUPF"55"/"4*0(BCSJFMB.VMMFS$BSJPCB“O Dever
de Elaboração e Implementação do Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico e a efetividade do Licenciamento Ambiental.”"SUJHPQVCMJDBEPOB3FWJTUBEF%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBMO
nT&E3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT+VM4FU
#&/+".*/ "OUÙOJP )FSNBO “Introdução ao Direito Ambiental Brasileiro”. "SUJHP
QVCMJDBEPOB3FWJTUBEF%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBMnT&E3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT+VM
4FU
%*1*&530.BSJB4ZMWJB;BOFMMBiDireito Administrativow4ÍP1BVMP"UMBT
'"3*"45BMEFO“A Repartição de Competências para o Licenciamento Ambiental e
a Autuação dos Municípios”. "SUJHPQVCMJDBEPOB3FWJTUBEF%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBMnT
&E3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT+VM4FU
'*(6&*3&%0(VJMIFSNF+PTÏ1VSWJO“Curso de Direito Ambiental”. 4ÍP1BVMP35
'*(6&*3&%0 -ÞDJB 7BMMF “Discriminação Constitucional das Competências Ambientais. Aspectos pontuais do regime jurídico das licenças ambientais.” "SUJHPQV
CMJDBEP OB 3FWJTUB EF %JSFJUP "NCJFOUBM nT &E 3FWJTUB EPT 5SJCVOBJT +VM
4FU
'*03*--0$FMTP"OUPOJP1BDIFDPi$VSTPEF%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBM#SBTJMFJSPw4ÍP1BVMP
4BSBJWB
(6&33"4ÏSHJP“A competência dos entes federados em matéria ambiental”. "SUJHP
QVCMJDBEP OB 3FWJTUB EF %JSFJUP "NCJFOUBM nT &E 3FWJTUB EPT 5SJCVOBJT
"CS+VO
#&/+".*/"OUÙOJP)FSNBOi*OUSPEVÎÍPBP%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBM#SBTJMFJSPw. "SUJHPQVCMJDBEPOB3F
WJTUBEF%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBMnT&E3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT+VMTFUQÈH
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190
Sílvia Helena Nogueira Nascimento & Thaís Teizen
(6*."3°&4+ÞOJPS+PÍP-PQFT“Direito urbanístico, direito de vizinhança e defesa
do Meio Ambiente”. "SUJHPQVCMJDBEPOB3FWJTUBEF%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBMnT
&E3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT+VMTFU
."$)"%01BVMP"GGPOTP-FNF“Direito ambiental brasileiro”4ÍP1BVMP.BMIFJSPT
.*-"3²²EJT“Direito do ambiente: a gestão ambiental em foco: doutrina, jurisprudência, glossário.”4ÍP1BVMP35
.03"&43BJNVOEPEF+FTVT$PFMIPEF“Judicialização do licenciamento ambiental
no Brasil: Excesso ou garantia de participação?” "SUJHPQVCMJDBEPOB3FWJTUBEF%JSFJUP
"NCJFOUBMnT&E3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT"CS+VO
1&3&*3"3FHJOBMEPF8*/$,-&34JMWB5FSF[JOIBiInstrumentos de tutela administrativa do Meio Ambiente.w"SUJHPQVCMJDBEPOB3FWJTUBEF%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBMnT
&E3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT+VM4FU
1'&*''&33PCFSUP"VHVTUP$BTUFMMBOPT“A publiciade e o Direito de Acesso a informação no licenciamento ambiental.” "SUJHPQVCMJDBEPOB3FWJTUBEF%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBM
nT&E3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT0VU%F[
13&45&47BOÐTDB#V[FMBUP“Resgatando a competência Constitucional concorrente na Constituição Federal: uma crítica à interpretação do STF no caso do amianto.” "SUJHPQVCMJDBEPOB
3FWJTUBEF%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBMnT&E3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT"CS+VO
13&45&47BOÐTDB#V[FMBUP“A necessidade de compatibiização das licenças ambiental e
urbanística no processo de municipalização do licenciamento ambiental.” "SUJHPQVCMJ
DBEPOB3FWJTUBEF%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBMnT&E3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT+VM4FU
3³(0 1BUSÓDJB EF "NPSJN F 1&3&*3" .ÈSDJB 3FHJOB EF 4PVTB “ A efetividade do
Direito Ambiental brasileiro: instrumentos legais de proteção do meio ambiente.w
"SUJHPQVCMJDBEPOB3FWJTUBEF%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBMnT&E3FWJTUBEPT5SJCV
OBJT+BO.BSÎP
4"/$)&;-VÓT&OSJRVF“Os papéis da avaliação de impacto ambiental”. "SUJHPQV
CMJDBEPOB3FWJTUBEF%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBMnT&E3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT
4*-7"'JMIP%FSMZ#BSSFUPF“A processualidade das licenças ambientais como garantia dos administrados”. "SUJHPQVCMJDBEPOB3FWJTUBEF%JSFJUP"NCJFOUBMnT
&E3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT+BO.BSÎP
4*-7"+PTÏ"GPOTPEBiDireito Ambiental Constitucional”4ÍP1BVMP.BMIFJSPT
SITES CONSULTADOS
IUUQNEGTFDSFMDPNCSENEPDVNFOUTTJEOFZQEG
4JEOFZ(VFSSB$PNQFUÐODJBBNCJFOUBMËMV[EB-FJ$PNQMFNFOUBSO
IUUQXXXDBSUBGPSFOTFDPNCSDPOUFVEPBSUJHPTDPPQFSBDBPGFEFSBUJWBBNCJFOUBMJOP
WBDPFTEBMFJDPNQMFNFOUBS 5IJBHP .BSSBSB $PPQFSBÎÍP GFEFSBUJWB
BNCJFOUBMJOPWBÎÜFTEB-FJ$PNQMFNFOUBS $BSUB'PSFOTF
[email protected]
PVUo"OESÏ(PEPZZoneamento FDPMØHJDPFDPOÙNJDPFlicenciamento
ambientalVNBBMJBOÎBOFDFTTÈSJB
[email protected]
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MORATÓRIA JUDICIAL: INTERPRETAÇÃO DA INOVAÇÃO DO
ARTIGO 745-A DO CÓDIGO DE PROCESSO CIVIL
Judicial “Moratorium”: Interpretation of the new
article 745-A of the Code of Civil Procedure
Cristiane Aquino Gonzaga1
SUMÁRIO
*OUSPEVÎÍP.PSBUØSJBEPBSU"EP$1$$SJBÎÍPEP*OTUJUVUP/B
UVSF[BKVSÓEJDB%JSFJUPNBUFSJBM%JSFJUPQSPDFTTVBM4JTUFNÈUJDBEPBSU
"EP$1$1SB[PQBSBPSFRVFSJNFOUPEPFYFDVUBEP0SFDPOIFDJNFOUPEP
DSÏEJUPEFWJEPFPEFQØTJUPQSÏWJPEF)POPSÈSJPTF$VTUBT1BSDFMBNFOUP
*OBEJNQMFNFOUP1POUPTDPOUSPWFSUJEPTEBNPSBUØSJBEPBSU"EP$1$
%JSFJUP4VCKFUJWPEPBVUPS 1SJODÓQJPEB.FOPS0OFSPTJEBEF91SJODÓQJP$POTUJUV
DJPOBMEP$POUSBEJUØSJP1PTJÎÍPEPDSFEPSEJBOUFEB.PSBUØSJBJOTUJUVÓEBQFMB-FJO
'BDVMEBEFEP.BHJTUSBEP "QMJDBÎÍPEPJOTUJUVUPOBGBTFEFDVNQSJ
NFOUPEFTFOUFOÎB%FGFTBEPFYFDVUBEPEJBOUFEB.PSBUØSJBEPBSU"EP$1$
3FDPOIFDJNFOUPKVSÓEJDPEPQFEJEP*OEFGFSJNFOUPFPNBOFKPEPTFNCBSHPTË
FYFDVÎÍP.PSBUØSJBOPOPWPQSPKFUPEP$1$4VHFTUÍPEFlege ferenda$POTJEF
SBÎÜFTmOBJT3FGFSÐODJBT#JCMJPHSÈmDBT
RESUMO
0QSFTFOUFFTUVEPUFNBmOBMJEBEFEFUSBÎBSDPOUPSOPTTPCSFBQMJDBCJMJEBEFEPOPWFM
JOTUJUVUPEB.PSBUØSJBQSFWJTUPOP"SU"IJQØUFTFEFQBSDFMBNFOUPEPWBMPSBTFS
FYFDVUBEPJOUSPEV[JEPOP$ØEJHPEF1SPDFTTP$JWJMQFMB-FJOJOTQJSBEB
OB&NFOEB$POTUJUVDJPOBMODPNWJTUBBEBSNBJTDFMFSJEBEFËQSFTUBÎÍPEB
UVUFMBKVSJTEJDJPOBMFYFDVUJWB
ABSTRACT
5IFQVSQPTFPGUIJTQSFTFOUTUVEZJTUPUBDLMFJNQPSUBOUBTQFDUTBCPVUBQQMJDBCJMJUZ
PGUIFOFXJOTUJUVUFPGUIFi.PSBUPSJVNwBTTUBUFEJOUIFBSUJDMF"UZQFPGBO
JOTUBMMNFOUPGUIFBNPVOUVOEFSFYFDVUJPOUIBUXBTJOUSPEVDFEJOUIF$PEFPG$JWJM
1SPDFEVSFVOEFSUIF-BXOJOTQJSFEJOUIF$POTUJUVUJPOBM"NFOENFOU
OUPHJWJOHDFMFSJUZUPFYFDVUJPOKVSJTEJDUJPOBMQSPUFDUJPO
Palavras-chaves &YFDVÎÍP FYUSBKVEJDJBM o .PSBUØSJB o 1BSDFMBNFOUP EP EÏCJUP o
"QMJDBCJMJEBEF
Keywords&YUSBKVEJDJBM&YFDVUJPOo.PSBUPSJVNo%FCU*OTUBMMNFOUo"QQMJDBCJMJUZ
1. INTRODUÇÃO
$PNPBEWFOUPEB&NFOEB$POTUJUVDJPOBMORVFJOTUJUVJVBQSF
NJTTBEBduração razoável do processoEFTFODBEFPVTFVNBTÏSJFEFSFGPSNBTOP$Ø
EJHP EF 1SPDFTTP $JWJM WJTBOEP B EBS NBJT BHJMJEBEF F FGFUJWJEBEF OB QSFTUBÎÍP EB
&TQFDJBMJTUBFN%JSFJUP1SPDFTTVBM$JWJMQFMB&TDPMB4VQFSJPSEB1SPDVSBEPSJB(FSBMEP&TUBEPEF4ÍP
1BVMP&TQFDJBMJTUBFN%JSFJUP1ÞCMJDPQFMB"/"."(&4.(o"TTPDJBÎÍPEPT.BHJTUSBEPT&TUBEVBJT
EP&TUBEPEF.JOBT(FSBJT5ÏDOJDP+VEJDJÈSJPOP5SJCVOBM3FHJPOBMEP5SBCBMIPo‹3FHJÍP
192
Cristiane Aquino Gonzaga
UVUFMBKVSJTEJDJPOBM/PUBEBNFOUFOPQSPDFTTPEFFYFDVÎÍPIPVWFBFEJÎÍPEB-FJO
RVFUSBOTGPSNPVPQSPDFTTPEFFYFDVÎÍPEFUÓUVMPKVEJDJBMFNGBTFEF
DVNQSJNFOUPEFTFOUFOÎBCFNDPNPPBEWFOUPEB-FJORVFEFOUSF
PVUSPTJOTUSVNFOUPTJOUSPEV[JVP"SU"OP$ØEJHPEF1SPDFTTP$JWJMDSJBOEPP
JOTUJUVUPEFOPNJOBEPOBEPVUSJOBEFNPSBUØSJBKVEJDJBM
&TTB mHVSB KVSÓEJDB RVF Ï B BCPSEBHFN EP QSFTFOUF USBCBMIP QSFWÐ VNB
FTQÏDJFEFQBSDFMBNFOUPFNRVFPFYFDVUBEPVNBWF[QSFFODIJEPTPTQSFTTVQPTUPT
FYJHJEPTOPEJTQPTJUJWPMFHBMSFDPOIFDFPDSÏEJUPEFWJEPQVHOBOEPQFMPQBHBNFOUP
QBSDFMBEPFNBUÏTFJTWF[FTBQØTEFQPTJUBSPNPOUBOUFEFUSJOUBQPSDFOUP
EP
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2. MORATÓRIA DO ARTIGO 745-A DO CÓDIGO DE PROCESSO CIVIL
2.1. Criação do Instituto
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processo não pode ser uma “arma de destruição”BPSFWÏTEFWFTFSNFDBOJTNPEFBMDBO
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2.2. Natureza jurídica
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2.2.1. Direito material
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DJBMDPOmHVSBOEPOBTMJÎÜFTEF-VJ[(VJMIFSNFEB$PTUB8BHOFS+Siuma modalidade de extinção de obrigaçãowWJTUPRVFicaso seja deferido o pagamento parcelado do
débito, ao final, cumprido na sua integralidade, estará o devedor liberado de sua obrigação,
que será considerada extintaw
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2.2.2. Direito processual
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1&3&*3"$BJP.ÈSJPEB4JMWBInstituições de Direito Civil: teoria geral das obrigações.W3JPEF+BOFJSP
&EJUPSB'PSFOTFQ
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$*"/$*.JSOB<FUBM>Comentários à execução Civil – Título judicial e Extrajudicial4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWB
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"-7*.+PTÏ&EVBSEP$BSSFJSBBQVE"3"6+0"MFYBOESF$PTUBA natureza jurídica do parcelamento do
débito previsto pelo Art. 745-A do CPC.
1*/50#SVOP¶UBMP4PVTBArtigo 745-A do CPC: a natureza jurídica do parcelamento da dívida e outras
polêmicas.
30%3*(6&4.BSDFMP"CFMIBManual de Direito Processual Civil‹FE4ÍP1BVMP&EJUPSB35Q
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GPSBNQFOIPSBEPTPVBSSFDBEBEPTInPrimeiras Linhas de Direito Processual Civil.WPM***‹FESFW
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3. SISTEMÁTICA DO ART. 745-A DO CÓDIGO DE PROCESSO CIVIL
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3.1. Prazo para o requerimento do executado
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SFRVFSFSPQBSDFMBNFOUPEPEÏCJUPWJTUPRVFia opção escolhida, qualquer que seja, eliminará
a outra faculdade processualw&NPVUSBTQBMBWSBTise se opõem os embargos não cabe mais o
parcelamento; se se obtém o parcelamento, extingue-se a possibilidade de embargos à execuçãow.
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Cristiane Aquino Gonzaga
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4. PONTOS CONTROVERTIDOS DA MORATÓRIA DO ART. 745-A DO CPC
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4.1. Direito Subjetivo do autor?
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põe em cheque a possibilidade de oferecer embargosw.
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na efetivação do direito ao pagamento parcelado.
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inadimplente de saldar seu débito de forma parceladawJTTPiem contemplação aos novos
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norma comentadaw
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opor-se ao parcelamento caso o executado preencha os pressupostos legais para seu deferimentow
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4.2. Princípio da Menor Onerosidade X Princípio Constitucional do Contraditório
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Cristiane Aquino Gonzaga
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pagar em seis parcelas o seu débitow
&OFNQPEFSJBTFSEJGFSFOUFFJTRVFPQSØQSJPDPODFJUPEFMoratóriaQSFT
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$*"/$*.JSOB<FUBM>Comentários à execução Civil – Título judicial e ExtrajudicialQ
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4.4. Faculdade do Magistrado?
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."3$"50"OUÙOJP$BSMPTCódigo de Processo Civil InterpretadoQ
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na efetivação do direito ao pagamento parcelado...
5)&0%030+Á/*03)VNCFSUPCurso de direito processual civil: processo de execução e cumprimento
da sentença, processo cautelar e tutela de urgência..7PMQ
.&3±0/7"3("4 4BSBI A faculdade de parcelamento do valor da execução (art. 745-A): requisitos,
procedimento e aplicabilidade...
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5)&0%030+Á/*03)VNCFSUPCurso de direito processual civil: processo de execução e cumprimento
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#6&/0$BTTJP4DBSQJOFMMB<FUBM>É possível que o “favor legal” previsto no art. 745-A (parcelamento do
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valor executado) seja invocado na etapa de cumprimento de sentença?...
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."35*/43FOBUP$BTUSP5FJYFJSBO parcelamento do Art. 745-A, do CPC, no cumprimento de sentença...
/PUBEBNFOUFOP5+41BRVFTUÍPÏCBTUBOUFEJWJEJEB
iA moratória legal ou parcelamento do débito em até seis vezes, com depósito de trinta por cento, instituído pela
Lei nº 11.383/2006, em vigor desde 7 de janeiro de 2007 e que acresceu o Art. 745-A e parágrafos ao Código
de Processo Civil, diz respeito apenas à execução do título extrajudicial, não ao cumprimento de sentença.w
"HSBWPEF*OTUSVNFOUPO3FMBUPS$FMTP1JNFOUBM‹$ÉNBSBEF%J
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iEXECUÇÃO POR TÍTULO JUDICIAL. Pretensão da agravante de beneficiar-se com o parcelamento do
débito previsto no Art. 745-A, do CPC. Admissibilidade. Hipótese em que o bem penhorado e posto a leilão
supera em 35 vezes o valor da dívida. Proposta de parcelamento como medida razoável e adequada - Recurso
providow"HSBWPEF*OTUSVNFOUPO3FMBUPS+#'SBODPEF(PEPJ‹
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5. DEFESA DO EXECUTADO DIANTE DA MORATÓRIA DO ART. 745-A DO CÓDIGO DE
PROCESSO CIVIL
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5.1. Reconhecimento jurídico do pedido
O caputEP"SU"EP$1$FTUBCFMFDFBQPTTJCJMJEBEFEFPEFWFEPSOP
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jurídico do pedido e impede a futura apresentação de defesa por parte do executado, a não
ser que haja alguma circunstância superveniente a tal reconhecimentow
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OÍPTJHOJmDBRVFio réu tenha aceitado a versão dos fatos tais como narrados pelo autor,
mas a aceitação das consequências jurídicas que pretende, a parte contrária, extrair desses
mesmos fatosw
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razoável que venha se insurgir, por exemplo, contra penhora que tenha recaído sobre bem
impenhorável ou que, de qualquer maneira, exceda às balizas do princípio do menor sacrifício possívelw
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#"3304+BOFUF3JDLFO-PQFTEFDa possibilidade de aplicação do Art. 745-A do CPC na Ação Monitória.
$MVCKVT#SBTÓMJB%'GFW
.&3±0/7"3("4 4BSBI A faculdade de parcelamento do valor da execução (art. 745-A): requisitos,
procedimento e aplicabilidade...
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5.2. Indeferimento e o manejo dos embargos à execução
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8"(/&3+6/*03-VJ[(VJMIFSNFEB$PTUBSou obrigado a receber parceladamente o meu crédito em
execução...
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6. MORATÓRIA NO NOVO PROJETO DO CÓDIGO DE PROCESSO CIVIL
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6.1. SUGESTÃO DE LEGE FERENDA
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REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS
"-7*.&EVBSEP"SSVEBDireito Processual Civil‹FESFGPSNBUVBMFBNQM4ÍP1BVMP
&EJUPSB3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT‹FE
"3"Á+0"MFYBOESF$PTUB%F"OBUVSF[BKVSÓEJDBEPQBSDFMBNFOUPEPEÏCJUPQSFWJTUP
QFMPBSUJHP"EP$1$*OÂmbito Jurídico3JP(SBOEF<*OUFSOFU>
%JTQPOÓWFM FN IUUQXXXBNCJUPKVSJEJDPDPNCSTJUFJOEFYQIQ [email protected]@BSUJ
[email protected]@JE"DFTTPFN
"3.&-*/%POBMEP#0/*$*0.BSDFMP+PTÏ.BHBMIÍFT$*"/$*.JSOB26"35*&3*
3JUB$PNFOUÈSJPTË&YFDVÎÍP$JWJMUÓUVMPKVEJDJBMFFYUSBKVEJDJBMBSUJHPQPSBSUJHP
4ÍP
1BVMP4BSBJWB
"44*4"SBLFOManual da Execução‹FESFWBUVBMFBNQM4ÍP1BVMP&EJUPSB3FWJTUB
EPT5SJCVOBJT‹FE
";&7&%0«MWBSP7JMMBÎBTeoria Geral das Obrigações‹FESFWFBUVBM4ÍP1BVMP&EJ
UPSB3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT
#"3304+BOFUF3JDLFO-PQFTEFDa possibilidade de aplicação do art. 745-A do CPC na
Ação Monitória. $MVCKVT #SBTJMJB%' GFW %JTQPOÓWFM FN IUUQXXXDMVCKVT
DPNCS DPOUFOU"DFTTPFNOPW
%*%*&3 +3 'SFEJF #6&/0 $BTTJP 4DBSQJOFMMB $045" &EVBSEP +PTÏ GB 'POTFDB
"#&-)".BSDFMPÉ possível que o “favor legal” previsto no art. 745-A (parcelamento do
valor executado) seja invocado na etapa de cumprimento de sentença?#JCMJPUFDB%JHJUBM3F
WJTUB#SBTJMFJSBEF%JSFJUP1SPDFTTVBMo3#%1SP#FMP)PSJ[POUFBOPOKBONBS
%JSFUPBPQPOUP%JTQPOÓWFMFNIUUQXXXFEJUPSBGPSVNDPNCSCJECJE$PO
UFVEP4IPXBTQY JE$POUFVEP"DFTTPFN
'"-$°0"NÓMDBSùEF"SBÞKPA natureza jurídica do parcelamento do débito%JTQPOÓWFMFN
IUUQBCEQDPSHCSBCEQD"SUJHPTBTQ PSEFNBSUJHP"DFTTPFN
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QPS&EWBMEP#SJUP3JPEF+BOFJSP'PSFOTF
(06-"35 )BSPMEP 4BODIPUFOF Aplicação Subsidiária do art. 745-A no cumprimento de
sentença.%JTQPOÓWFMFNIUUQXXXBCEQDPSHCSBCEQD"SUJHPTBTQ PSEFNBSUJHP
(3&$0 '*-)0 7JDFOUF Direito Processual Civil Brasileiro ‹ FE 4ÍP 1BVMP 4BSBJWB
-01&4+PÍP#BUJTUBTutela Antecipada no processo civil brasileiro‹FESFWBUVBMFBNQM
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-6$0/1BVMP)FOSJRVFEPT4BOUPTEmbargos à execução4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWB
."$)"%0"OUÙOJP$MÈVEJPEB$PTUBCódigo de Processo Civil Interpretado‹FESFWF
BUVBM#BSVFSJ&EJUPSB.BOPMF
."3$"50"OUÙOJP$BSMPTCódigo de Processo Civil Interpretado‹FESFWFBUVBM4ÍP
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."3*/0/* -VJ[ (VJMIFSNF .*5*%*&*30 %BOJFM Código de Processo Civil comentado
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Moratória Judicial: interpretação da inovação do artigo 745-A do Código de Processo Civil
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."35*/43FOBUP$BTUSP5FJYFJSB0QBSDFMBNFOUPEPBSU"EP$1$OPDVNQSJ
NFOUPEFTFOUFOÎB*OExecução Civil e cumprimento de sentença$PPSE4FSHJP4IJNVSBF
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SFRVJTJUPTQSPDFEJNFOUPFBQMJDBCJMJEBEF*OExecução Extrajudicial: modificações da Lei nº
11.382/2006.$PPSE4VTBOB)FOSJRVFTEBDPTUB4ÍP1BVMP&EJUPSB2VBSUJFS-BUJO
.03&*3"+PTÏ$BSMPT#BSCPTBO Novo Processo Civil Brasileiro: exposição sistemática do
procedimento.&ESFWFBUVBM3JPEF+BOFJSP'PSFOTF
/&3:+3/FMTPO/&3:3PTB.BSJBEF"OESBEFCódigo de Processo Civil Comentado e
Legislação Extravagante.‹FESFWBUVBMFBNQM4ÍP1BVMP3FWJTUBEPT5SJCVOBJT
‹FE
1&3&*3"$BJP.ÈSJPEB4JMWBInstituições de Direito Civil: teoria geral das obrigações.W
3JPEF+BOFJSP&EJUPSB'PSFOTF
1*/50#SVOP¶UBMP4PVTBArtigo 745-A do CPC: a natureza jurídica do parcelamento da dívida e outras polêmicas+VT/BWJHBOEJ5FSFTJOBBOPOTFU%JTQPOÓWFM
FNIUUQKVTVPMDPNCSSFWJTUBUFYUP"DFTTPFN
3² "MVÓTJP *VOFT .POUJ 3VHHFSJ O Acesso à justiça do devedor de boa-fé: a atuação
da Defensoria Pública na efetivação do direito ao pagamento parcelado. IUUQXXX
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EXECUÇÃO CONTRA A FAZENDA PÚBLICA POR OBRIGAÇÕES
PECUNIÁRIAS DECORRENTES DE TÍTULOS JUDICIAIS: REFLEXÕES SOBRE
O PROCEDIMENTO ATÉ A EXPEDIÇÃO DA ORDEM DE PAGAMENTO
EXECUTION AGAINST PUBLIC TREASURY FOR CASH
OBLIGATIONS ARISING OF COURT ORDERED PAYMENTS:
Reflections by the expedition of the payment order
Regina Maria Rodrigues da Silva Jacovaz1
SUMÁRIO
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ABSTRACT
This paper studies the performance against the public treasury, for pecuniary obligations
arising from judicial titles, with emphasis on iter procedural that culminates with the
issuance of a payment order to the Government. This started from the examination of the
legal nature of execution against the National Treasury in confrontation with the principles
and characteristics of civil enforcement and compliance with the rules applicable to the
enforcement of a judgment against the Revenue. The constitutional determination of res
judicata on payments of judicial requests and requisitions was considered of little value
1SPDVSBEPSBEP&TUBEPEF4ÍP1BVMP&TQFDJBMJTUBFN%JSFJUP1SPDFTTVBM$JWJMQFMB&TDPMB4VQFSJPSEB
1SPDVSBEPSJB(FSBMEP&TUBEP4ÍP1BVMP
228
Regina Maria Rodrigues da Silva Jacovaz
from the standpoint of the concepts of ‘temporariness’ and ‘finality’ of Enforcement. It was
intended to demonstrate that the procedures must conform to the procedural constitutional
provisions relating to judicial requests and requests of small value, taking into account the
nature of public interests, especially with regard to provisional execution,
Palavras-chaves'B[FOEB1ÞCMJDBFYFDVÎÍPQSPWJTØSJBUSÉOTJUPFNKVMHBEPQSFDBUØSJP
Keywords: Public Treasury, provisional execution, res judicata, Court - ordered payment
1. INTRODUÇÃO
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QSPDFTTPBVUÙOPNPGPJWJTUBTFNRVFTFPMWJEBTTFEBUFOEÐODJBFYQSFTTBOPQSPKFUP
EPOPWP$ØEJHPEF1SPDFTTP$JWJMEFQBTTBHFNQBSBPNPEFMPTJODSÏUJDP
2. O EMBATE DOS INTERESSES PÚBLICOS COM OS INTERESSES PRIVADOS EM
RELAÇÃO AOS DÉBITOS FAZENDÁRIOS
%FTEFÏQPDBTQBTTBEBTUFNTFRVFPQBSUJDVMBSRVFEFNBOEBFNBÎÜFTFYF
DVUJWBTFNGBDFEB'B[FOEB1ÞCMJDBÏUBOUPFNSB[ÍPEFUÓUVMPFYUSBKVEJDJBMDPNP
KVEJDJBMVNDSFEPSEFTQSFTUJHJBEPKÈRVFFNCPSBUFOIBFTTBEFWFEPSBQFMPNFOPT
FNUFTFNBJPSFTDPOEJÎÜFTEFBEJNQMJSTVBTPCSJHBÎÜFTPGB[DPNSFUBSEPRVFNVJ
UBTWF[FTOFNDIFHBBBMDBOÎBSPCFOFmDJÈSJPEJSFUPNBTTPNFOUFTFVTIFSEFJSPT
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BmNEFFWJUBSBBDFJUBÎÍPEFNFEJEBTQPMÓUJDBTRVFWFOIBNBFYUSBQPMBSBSB[ÍPRVF
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3
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RESPGE - SP
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230
Regina Maria Rodrigues da Silva Jacovaz
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FNCFOF
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(3&$0-FPOBSEPO Processo de ExecuçãoWPM**3JPEF+BOFJSP3FOPWBSQBH
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Regina Maria Rodrigues da Silva Jacovaz
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escassez” (HOLMES, Stephen; SUNSTEIN, Cass The Cost of Rights: Why Liberty
Depends on Taxes. W.W. Norton & Company: Nova Iorque, 1999).
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3. AS REGRAS CONSTITUCIONAIS E INFRACONSTITUCIONAIS RELATIVAS À EXPEDIÇÃO DOS
PRECATÓRIOS E DAS REQUISIÇÕES DE PEQUENO VALOR PARA OS TÍTULOS JUDICIAIS
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Execução contra a Fazenda Pública por obrigações pecuniárias decorrentes de títulos judiciais
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4. DO MODELO ATUAL DA EXECUÇÃO NO CÓDIGO DE PROCESSO CIVIL. PERMANÊNCIA
DO PROCESSO AUTÔNOMO DA EXECUÇÃO CONTRA A FAZENDA PÚBLICA
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RESPGE - SP
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Regina Maria Rodrigues da Silva Jacovaz
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236
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Execução contra a Fazenda Pública por obrigações pecuniárias decorrentes de títulos judiciais
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Celso Ribeiro Bastos FOTJOB RVF “A regra geral fundamental é que a realização de despesa depende de
previsão na lei orçamentária. O artigo 167 da Constituição proíbe, taxativamente, a realização de despesas ou a
assunção de obrigações diretas que excedam os créditos orçamentários ou adicionais (inc. II), assim como o início
de programas ou projetos não incluídos na lei orçamentária anual (inc. I). Daí resulta o princípio da legalidade:
nenhuma despesa pode ser levada a efeito sem lei que a autorize e que determine o seu montante máximo. Note-se que a autorização para que se efetive a despesa não significa o dever de o administrador levá-la a efeito. Pode
perfeitamente considerar não oportuna a sua realização. O controle dos limites máximos permanece, contudo,
firmemente enfeixado nas mãos do Legislativo. Basta que se considerem os seguintes dispositivos constitucionais,
que vedam: ‘a abertura de crédito suplementar ou especial sem prévia autorização do legislativo e sem indicação
dos recursos correspondentes.’(Art. 167, V).i$VSTPEF%JSFJUP'JOBODFJSPFEF%JSFJUP5SJCVUÈSJPw4ÍP1BV
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238
Regina Maria Rodrigues da Silva Jacovaz
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“o certo é que verdadeira execução não é aquela que se volta contra
a Fazenda Pública, pois não há invasão imperativa do patrimônio do
Estado pelo juiz (ou seja, pelo próprio Estado). É o devedor mesmo
quem paga (voluntariamente), estimulado pelo ofício requisitório
da autoridade judiciária. HSJGPEPBVUPS
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jan./dez. 2012
p. 227 a 264
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n. 1
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São Paulo
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a lei, nesse passo, não cogita do efeito em que o recurso tenha sido
recebido, mas sim do efeito em que os embargos do executado, nessa altura, já tidos como improcedentes, foram recepcionados. Faz
supor, mas escrito não está, que, tendo os embargos sido recebidos
com efeito suspensivo, também a apelação o seria, o que colide com
a previsão do art. 520, V,RVFQSFWÐDPNPSFHSBPFGFJUPTØEFWPMVUJWP
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de regime, pois tal disciplina contrapõe-se ao princípio de que o efeito
suspensivo é óbice para a realização do título, enquanto não decidido
o recurso. No caso, todavia, o efeito suspensivo não é impedimento à
execução, que pode prosseguir, porém sob o signo da provisoriedade.
Relativamente aos títulos judiciais, a questão foi trazida para o p.
1º, do art. 475-I, nos mesmos termos anteriores: as sentenças transitadas em julgado ensejam execução definitiva e as impugnadas
sem recurso no efeito suspensivo, só execução provisória. A clareza
dispersa-se com adornos "TTJN o efeito suspensivo concedido à
impugnação (ex-embargos), que não é recurso, autoriza o prosseguimento da execução, que se faria provisória, sujeita à prestação
de caução (par. 1º, do art. 475-M): que suspensão é esta? De outro
lado, se o recurso pendente de julgamento for agravo de instrumento contra a negativa de seguimento ao especial e/ou extraordinário,
a execução provisória pode ensejar levantamento de dinheiro sem
prestação de caução (art. 475-)- par. 2º, II
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rechaçar a tese de que é provisória a execução sujeita a recurso recebido só no efeito devolutivo”.
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7.2. Da pendência de recurso em relação ao fracionamento de precatórios
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8. DA EXIGÊNCIA CONSTITUCIONAL DO TRÂNSITO EM JULGADO PARA A EXPEDIÇÃO
DO PRECATÓRIO E DA REQUISIÇÃO DE PEQUENO VALOR
8.1. O início da execução
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262
Regina Maria Rodrigues da Silva Jacovaz
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10. CONSIDERAÇÕES FINAIS
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Execução contra a Fazenda Pública por obrigações pecuniárias decorrentes de títulos judiciais
263
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REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS
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264
Regina Maria Rodrigues da Silva Jacovaz
#"4504$FMTP3JCFJSPCurso de Direito Financeiro e de Direito Tributário.‹FEJÎÍP4ÍP
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MANDADO DE SEGURANÇA E SILÊNCIO ADMINISTRATIVO
Writ of Mandamus and the administrative silence
Marina de Lima Lopes1
SUMÁRIO
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ABSTRACT
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Keyword1SPDFTT$POTUJUVUJPOBM8SJUPG.BOEBNVT1VCMJD1PXFSPNJTTJPO-FHBMEVUZ
1. MANDADO DE SEGURANÇA – BREVE HISTÓRICO
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p. 265 a 290
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p. 265 a 290
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("+"3%0/* 'FSOBOEP EB 'POTFDB et al. Comentários à Nova Lei do Mandado de Segurança: Lei nº
12.016, de 7 de agosto de 2009. 4ÍP1BVMP.ÏUPEPQ
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 265 a 290
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 265 a 290
Mandado de segurança e silêncio administrativo
273
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 265 a 290
274
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São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 265 a 290
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 265 a 290
276
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UPSFT-UEBQ
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F3ÏHJT'FSOBOEFTEF
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 265 a 290
Mandado de segurança e silêncio administrativo
277
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DJP“imputação legal”
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JODPSSFSJBOPWÓDJPEFGBMUBEFNPUJWBÎÍP'SVTUSBSJBVNBGPSNBMJ[BÎÍPRVF
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4. MANDADO DE SEGURANÇA EM FACE DO SILÊNCIO ADMINISTRATIVO
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habeas corpus PVhabeas data FRVFPSFTQPOTÈWFMQFMBJMFHBMJEBEFPVBCVTPEFQPEFS
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QOPUBBQVE 4"%%:"OESÏEfeitos Jurídicos do Silêncio Positivo no Direito Administrativo Brasileiro. 3FWJTUB&MFUSÙOJDBEF%JSFJUPEP&TUBEPo3&%&4BMWBEPS*OTUJUVUP#SBTJMFJSPEF%JSFJUP1ÞCMJDPO¡
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.&--0$FMTP"OUÙOJP#BOEFJSBEF. Curso de Direito Administrativo. ‹FE4ÍP1BVMP.BMIFJSPT&EJ
UPSFT-UEBQ
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 265 a 290
278
Marina de Lima Lopes
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OJTUSBUJWPKÈJNQPOEPBTDPOTFRVÐODJBTBPTFVEFTDVNQSJNFOUP"TFHVOEBIJQØUFTF
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USBUJWBOÍPQSFWÐTBOÎÜFT PV DPOTFRVÐODJBT FYQMÓDJUBT BP TFV EFTDVNQSJNFOUP &
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*OTUBSFTTBMUBSRVFFNUPEBTFTTBTIJQØUFTFTPNBOFKPEBTFHVSBOÎBTFSÈFN
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QMFTJEFOUJmDBÎÍPoDPNPPDPSSFOBIJQØUFTFEFBUPDPNJTTJWPoUFNDSVDJBMJNQPS
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WJTBOEPFYBUBNFOUFJEFOUJmDBSFTUFFYBUPNPNFOUPFNRVFTVSHFBPNJTTÍPBENJ
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PSEJOÈSJBTQBSBBQSPUFÎÍPEFTFVEJSFJUPQPSRVFQSFDMVTBBWJBFTQFDJBM
4.1. Primeira hipótese: previsão legal de prazo para a prática do ato e das
consequências da omissão
/FTUFQSJNFJSPDBTPIÈVNBMJNJUBÎÍPUFNQPSBMQBSBBQSÈUJDBEPBUPDPN
FYQMJDJUBÎÍPEBTDPOTFRVÐODJBTEBJOBÎÍPBENJOJTUSBUJWBQPSFYFNQMPEFGFSJNFOUP
PVJOEFGFSJNFOUPEPQFEJEP
"-FJEF1BSDFMBNFOUPEF4PMP6SCBOP-FJORVFQSFWÐFNTFV
"SUfFRVFVNBWF[USBOTDPSSJEPPQSB[PQSFWJTUPTFNBNBOJGFTUBÎÍPEP
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PCSBTSFDVTBEBTQPEFTFSJOEJDBEBDPNPFYFNQMPEFTUBIJQØUFTF
"SU"MFJNVOJDJQBMEFmOJSÈPTQSB[PTQBSBRVFVNQSPKFUPEFQBS
DFMBNFOUPBQSFTFOUBEPTFKBBQSPWBEPPVSFKFJUBEPFQBSBRVFBTPCSBT
FYFDVUBEBTTFKBNBDFJUBTPVSFDVTBEBT
f5SBOTDPSSJEPTPTQSB[PTTFNBNBOJGFTUBÎÍPEPQPEFSQÞCMJDPP
QSPKFUPTFSÈDPOTJEFSBEPSFKFJUBEPPVBTPCSBTSFDVTBEBTBTTFHVSBEBB
JOEFOJ[BÎÍPQPSFWFOUVBJTEBOPTEFSJWBEPTEBPNJTTÍP
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 265 a 290
Mandado de segurança e silêncio administrativo
279
f/PTNVOJDÓQJPTDVKBMFHJTMBÎÍPGPSPNJTTBPTQSB[PTTFSÍPEFOP
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RVBMRVFSJMFHBMJEBEFPVBCVTPEFQPEFSRVFQVEFTTFTFSJNQVHOBEBWJBmandamus
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EJDB5PEBWJBQPEFSÈTFSBQVSBEBFWFOUVBMSFTQPOTBCJMJEBEFEBTBVUPSJEBEFTPNJTTBT
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FNMFJQBSBBQSÈUJDBEPBUPÏRVFTFJOJDJBBDPOUBHFNEPQSB[PEFDBEFODJBMEF
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UPBTJNQMFTPNJTTÍPNBTTJNEFWFSÈTFSWJSQBSBJNQVHOBSPTFGFJUPTDPODSFUPT
EBEPTQFMBMFJBPTJMÐODJPBENJOJTUSBUJWPQPSFYFNQMPEFGFSJNFOUPPVJOEFGFSJ
NFOUPEPQFEJEP
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DPNPUFNPTOPFYFNQMPEPEFGFSJNFOUPEPQFEJEPoGBMUBSÈBPCFOFmDJBEPJOUFSFTTF
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RVFSFSRVFP+VEJDJÈSJPDPODFEBBRVJMPRVFBMFJKÈMIFDPODFEFV
4.2. Segunda hipótese: previsão legal de prazo para a prática do ato, sem
imposição de consequências para a omissão
+È OFTUB TFHVOEB IJQØUFTF FN RVF FNCPSB IBKB VNB MJNJUBÎÍP RVBOUP BP
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 265 a 290
280
Marina de Lima Lopes
%FTTBGPSNBPQSB[PEFDFOUPFWJOUF
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/FTTFDBTPPmandamusEFWFSÈJNQVHOBSPTJMÐODJPFNTJWJTUPRVFBQSØ
QSJBPNJTTÍPFTUBSJBDBVTBOEPMFTÍPBEJSFJUPMÓRVJEPFDFSUP0JNQFUSBOUFEFNBO
EBSÈBPKVÓ[PRVFEFUFSNJOFËBVUPSJEBEFJNQFUSBEBBQSPOÞODJBBENJOJTUSBUJWBFN
QSB[PSB[PÈWFMQPJTOÍPÏQPTTÓWFMRVFP1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJPQSBUJRVFEJSFUBNFOUFPBUP
PNJUJEP
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OVODJBNFOUPBENJOJTUSBUJWP33.
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NBOJGFTUBÎÍP 0VTBNPT EJTTFOUJS EFTTF FOUFOEJNFOUP QPSRVBOUP OÍP
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QPEF JTUP TJN PCSJHÈMB B FNJUJMB TF B MFJ P JNQVTFS BSDBOEP P
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33
.&--0$FMTP"OUÙOJP#BOEFJSBEF. Curso de Direito Administrativo. ‹FE4ÍP1BVMP.BMIFJSPT&EJ
UPSFT-UEBQ
$"37"-)0'*-)0+PTÏEPT4BOUPTManual de Direito Administrativo. ‹FE3JPEF+BOFJSP&EJUPSB
-VNFO+VSJTQ
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 265 a 290
Mandado de segurança e silêncio administrativo
281
RVBOEPBJOGPSNBÎÍPSFRVFSJEBOÍPGPSQSFTUBEBQFMPTØSHÍPTQÞCMJDPTFTUBEVBJTOP
QSB[PEFEF[
EJBTEFTEFRVFOÍPTFKBIJQØUFTFEFhabeas data:
"SU¡2VFNOÍPSFDFCFSOPQSB[PEFEF[
EJBTJOGPSNBÎÜFTEFTFV
JOUFSFTTFQBSUJDVMBSPVEFJOUFSFTTFDPMFUJWPPVHFSBMSFRVFSJEBTBØSHÍPT
QÞCMJDPTFTUBEVBJTQPEFOÍPTFOEPIJQØUFTFEFhabeas dataFYJHJMBTKV
EJDJBMNFOUFEFWFOEPP+VJ[DPNQFUFOUFPVWJEPRVFNBTEFWBQSFTUBSOP
QSB[PEFWJOUFFRVBUSP
IPSBTEFDJEJSFNDJODP
EJBTJOUJNBOEPP
SFTQPOTÈWFMQFMBSFDVTBPVPNJTTÍPBGPSOFDFSBTJOGPSNBÎÜFTSFRVFSJEBT
TPCQFOBEFEFTPCFEJÐODJBTBMWPBIJQØUFTFEFTJHJMPJNQSFTDJOEÓWFMËTF
HVSBOÎBEBTPDJFEBEFPVEP&TUBEP
4.3. Terceira hipótese: ausência de previsão legal de prazo para a prática do ato
e das consequências da omissão
1PSmNUFNPTBÞMUJNBIJQØUFTFRVFPDPSSFRVBOEPB"ENJOJTUSBÎÍPOÍP
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
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n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
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282
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
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284
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São Paulo
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RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
jan./dez. 2012
p. 265 a 290
286
Marina de Lima Lopes
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UBMJOUFSQFMBÎÍPOÍPUFSJBPDPOEÍPEFJOUFSSPNQÐMPPVTVTQFOEÐMP
"3"Á+0&ENJS/FUUPEFCurso de direito administrativo. ‹FESFWFBUVBM4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWB
&TUFFSBPQPTJDJPOBNFOUPEF$FMTP"OUÙOJP#BOEFJSBEF.FMMPBUϋFEJÎÍPEFTFV$VSTPEF%JSFJUP"E
NJOJTUSBUJWPDPOUVEPBMUFSPVTFVFOUFOEJNFOUPOBTFEJÎÜFTQPTUFSJPSFTDPOTJHOBOEPRVFiPOEFGBMUBSMFJ
EJTDJQMJOBOEPBNBUÏSJBIBWFSTFÈEFFOUFOEFSDPNPQSB[PSB[PÈWFMQPSBOBMPHJBBPEJTQPTUPOBMFJGFEFSBM
EFQSPDFTTPPNFTNPQSB[POFMBFTUBCFMFDJEPw .&--0$FMTP"OUÙOJP#BOEFJSBEF. Curso de Direito Administrativo. ‹FE4ÍP1BVMP.BMIFJSPT&EJUPSFT-UEB, Q
. 5PEBWJBSFTTBMWBEPOPTTPSFTQFJUP
QFMPNFTUSFOÍPBDPNQBOIBNPTBBMUFSBÎÍPEFTFVQPTJDJPOBNFOUPQPJTFOUFOEFNPTRVFPQSB[PDPOUJEP
OBMFJGFEFSBMEFQSPDFTTPBENJOJTUSBUJWPTPNFOUFTFBQMJDBËTIJQØUFTFTEFJOBÎÍPGSFOUFBQFEJEPTBENJOJT
USBUJWPTFOÍPRVBOEPIPVWFSPNJTTÍPSFMBUJWBBEFWFSEFPGÓDJPQPSTFUSBUBSEFIJQØUFTFEJTUJOUB
(3&$0'*-)07JDFOUFO novo mandado de segurança: comentários à Lei n. 12.016, de 7 de agosto de
2009. 4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWBQ
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Mandado de segurança e silêncio administrativo
287
"OPUBTFOPFOUBOUPQPTJDJPOBNFOUPEJWFSHFOUFEF.BSJB4ZMWJB;BOFMMBEF
1JFUSPRVFEFGFOEFRVFOFTTBUFSDFJSBIJQØUFTFEFTJMÐODJPBENJOJTUSBUJWPEFNPEP
HFSBMoWJTUPRVFBQSPGFTTPSBOÍPGB[FTTBEJTUJOÎÍPFOUSFPTDBTPTEFBVTÐODJBEFSFT
QPTUBBSFRVFSJNFOUPEFBENJOJTUSBEPFEFGBMUBEFDVNQSJNFOUPEPEFWFSEFPGÓDJP
oOÍPTFDPHJUBSJBFNEFDBEÐODJBQBSBPNBOEBEPEFTFHVSBOÎB“por inexistência de
um termo a quo; enquanto persistir a omissão, é cabível o mandado”41.
&TUFUBNCÏNÏPFOUFOEJNFOUPEF)VNCFSUP5IFPEPSP+ÞOJPSRVFMFDJPOB
RVFRVBOEPPBUPJMFHBMPVBCVTJWPÏQSBUJDBEPEFGPSNBPNJTTJWBOÍPIÈUFSNPJOJDJBM
QBSBBCFSUVSBEPQSB[PEFDBEFODJBMFNDPNFOUP
0QPSUVOPQPSmNDPOTJHOBSRVFOP&TUBEPEF4ÍP1BVMPBEJTDVTTÍPBDJNBTF
UPSOBFNQSJODÓQJPEFTQJDJFOEBQPJTBKÈNFODJPOBEB-FJORVFSFHVMB
PQSPDFTTPBENJOJTUSBUJWPOPÉNCJUPEB"ENJOJTUSBÎÍP1ÞCMJDB&TUBEVBMFTUBCFMFDFFN
TFVBSUQSB[PQBSBBQSÈUJDBEFBUPTRVFOÍPTFKBNEFSJWBEPTEFQSPDFTTPTBENJOJT
USBUJWPTNBTRVFEFDPSSBNEJSFUBNFOUFEBBQMJDBÎÍPEBMFJPVEFEFDJTÍPBENJOJTUSBUJWB
"SUJHPo4FSÈEFTFTTFOUB
EJBTTFPVUSBOÍPGPSBEFUFSNJOBÎÍP
MFHBMPQSB[PNÈYJNPQBSBBQSÈUJDBEFBUPTBENJOJTUSBUJWPTJTPMBEPT
RVFOÍPFYJKBNQSPDFEJNFOUPQBSBTVBQSPMBÎÍPPVQBSBBBEPÎÍPQFMB
BVUPSJEBEFQÞCMJDBEFPVUSBTQSPWJEÐODJBTOFDFTTÈSJBTËBQMJDBÎÍPEFMFJ
PVEFDJTÍPBENJOJTUSBUJWB
1BSÈHSBGPÞOJDPo0QSB[PnVJSÈBQBSUJSEPNPNFOUPFNRVFËWJTUB
EBTDJSDVOTUÉODJBTUPSOBSTFMPHJDBNFOUFQPTTÓWFMBQSPEVÎÍPEPBUPPV
BBEPÎÍPEBNFEJEBQFSNJUJEBQSPSSPHBÎÍPRVBOEPDBCÓWFMNFEJBOUF
QSPQPTUBKVTUJmDBEB
.FSFDFUSBOTDSJÎÍPPDPNFOUÈSJPEPQSPGFTTPS&ENJS/FUUPEF"SBÞKPBSFT
QFJUPEBOPSNBFNEFTUBRVF
7FSJmDBTFRVFOP&TUBEPEF4ÍP1BVMPVMUSBQBTTBEPTPTTFTTFOUBEJBT
QBSBPTBUPTRVFOÍPUFOIBNiPVUSBEFUFSNJOBÎÍPMFHBMwDPOUBEPTEB
PQFSBDJPOBMJEBEFNFODJPOBEBOPQBSÈHSBGPÞOJDPQPEFSÈDBSBDUFSJ[BS
TF B EFDJTÍP JNQMÓDJUB EF SFKFJÎÍP DPJCJOEP B DFOUFOÈSJB QSÈUJDB EP
iFOHBWFUBNFOUPEFQSPDFTTPTwFQPTTJCJMJUBOEPPNBOEBEPEFTFHVSBOÎB
'JDBPFYFNQMPQBSBPVUSBT"ENJOJTUSBÎÜFT
%*1*&530.BSJB4ZMWJB;BOFMMB. Direito Administrativo. ‹FE4ÍP1BVMP"UMBTQ
5)&0%030+Á/*03)VNCFSUPO mandado de segurança segundo a Lei nº 12.016, de 07 de agosto de
2009. 3JPEF+BOFJSP'PSFOTFQ
"3"Á+0&ENJS/FUUPEFCurso de direito administrativo. ‹FESFWFBUVBM4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWB, Q
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
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n. 1
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288
Marina de Lima Lopes
1PSUBOUPFTUBSÈDPOmHVSBEBBPNJTTÍPEB"ENJOJTUSBÎÍP1BVMJTUBQBTTÓWFM
EFJNQVHOBÎÍPWJBmandamus,RVBOEPVMUSBQBTTBEPPQSB[PQSFWJTUPEFTFTTFOUB
EJBTTFNBQSÈUJDBEPBUPRVFEFDPSSBEJSFUBNFOUFEFMFJPVEFDJTÍPBENJOJTUSBUJWBF
EFTEFRVFQSFFODIJEPTPTSFRVJTJUPTMFHBJTQBSBTVBQSPMBÎÍP
5. CONCLUSÃO
%JBOUF EF UPEP P FYQPTUP DPODMVÓNPT RVF OBT IJQØUFTFT EF NBOEBEP EF
TFHVSBOÎBDPOUSBPNJTTÍPUFNFTQFDJBMJNQPSUÉODJBBJEFOUJmDBÎÍPEPTJMÐODJPBENJ
OJTUSBUJWPRVFEFDPSSFEBJOBÎÍPEB"ENJOJTUSBÎÍPDBSBDUFSJ[BEBUBOUPQFMBBVTÐODJB
EFFGFUJWBSFTQPTUBËQSPWPDBÎÍPEPBENJOJTUSBEPRVBOUPQFMBGBMUBEFDVNQSJNFOUP
EPEFWFSEFPGÓDJP
"TTJNDBTPBMFJQSFWFKBVNQSB[PQBSBBQSÈUJDBEPBUPBENJOJTUSBUJWPKÈ
JNQPOEPBTDPOTFRVÐODJBTEPTFVEFTDVNQSJNFOUPTPNFOUFEFQPJTEFmOEPFTUFÏ
RVFQPEFSÈTFDPHJUBSEBJNQFUSBÎÍPRVFEFWFSÈJNQVHOBSPTFGFJUPTDPODSFUPTEBEPT
QFMBMFJBPTJMÐODJPFOÍPQSPQSJBNFOUFBPNJTTÍP$BTPBMFJFNCPSBFTUBCFMFÎBVN
QSB[P QBSB B BÎÍP BENJOJTUSBUJWB OÍP QSFWFKB TBOÎÜFT PV DPOTFRàÐODJBT FYQMÓDJUBT
EPTFVEFTDVNQSJNFOUPEFQPJTEFFYBVSJEPPUFNQPDPODFEJEPË"ENJOJTUSBÎÍP
QPEFSÈTFSVUJMJ[BEBBWJBNBOEBNFOUBMQBSBJNQVHOBSBQSØQSJBPNJTTÍPFFYJHJSB
QSPOÞODJBBENJOJTUSBUJWB
1PS mN TF OÍP IPVWFS QSFWJTÍP FTQFDÓmDB EF QSB[P QBSB B QSÈUJDB EP BUP
OFNEPTFGFJUPTRVFTFSÍPBUSJCVÓEPTBPNJTTÍPFTFFMBFTUJWFSSFMBDJPOBEBBQFEJEP
BENJOJTUSBUJWPTPNFOUFFTUBSÈDBSBDUFSJ[BEBBJOBÎÍPEB"ENJOJTUSBÎÍPFUFSÈJOÓDJPP
QSB[PEFDBEFODJBMTFEFQPJTEFmOEPPQSB[PQSFWJTUPFNMFJRVFSFHVMBPTQSPDFEJ
NFOUPTBENJOJTUSBUJWPTEFNPEPHFSBMOÍPIPVWFSRVBMRVFSSFTQPTUBBENJOJTUSBUJWB
.BTTFBIJQØUFTFBDJNBEJTTFSSFTQFJUPËPNJTTÍPSFMBUJWBBEFWFSEFDPSSFOUF
EFMFJB"ENJOJTUSBÎÍPDPNPSFHSBEFWFSÈTFSUJEBQPSPNJTTBBQBSUJSEBWJHÐODJB
EBQSØQSJBOPSNBRVFEFWFSJBUFSTJEPPCTFSWBEBFOÍPGPJPVEFTEFRVBOEPPJNQF
USBOUFm[FTTFKVTBPCFOFGÓDJPOFMBQSFWJTUPRVFOÍPMIFGPSBDPODFEJEP
"EWFSUFTFUPEBWJBRVFOPTDBTPTEFPNJTTÍPEJBOUFEFMFHJTMBÎÍPRVFJN
QPOIBË"ENJOJTUSBÎÍPQSFTUBÎÜFTEFOBUVSF[BDPOUJOVBEBPVEFUSBUPTVDFTTJWPQPS
IBWFSBEFUFSNJOBÎÍPMFHBMEFQBHBNFOUPQFSJØEJDPEFUBJTQSFTUBÎÜFTPEFTDVNQSJ
NFOUPEBPCSJHBÎÍPJNQPTUBTFSÈDPOTUBUBEPFNDBEBVNEPTQFSÓPEPTSFOPWBOEPTF
UBNCÏNQFSJPEJDBNFOUFPQSB[PEFDBEFODJBM
1PSmNDBTPTFUSBUFEFMFJRVFJNQPOIBVNBBÎÍPRVFQSFDFEBOFDFTTB
SJBNFOUFEBBEPÎÍPEFEFUFSNJOBEBTNFEJEBTBENJOJTUSBUJWBTQBSBBTVBQSÈUJDB
FTUBT EFWFSÍP TFS BEPUBEBT QFMB "ENJOJTUSBÎÍP FN iQSB[P SB[PÈWFMw TPC QFOB EF
FOTFKBSBJNQVHOBÎÍPKVEJDJBMEBPNJTTÍPWJBNBOEBEPEFTFHVSBOÎB²DPOTJEF
SBEP SB[PÈWFM TF BHVBSEBS B BUVBÎÍP BENJOJTUSBUJWB QPS DFOUP F WJOUF
EJBT
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Mandado de segurança e silêncio administrativo
289
QPSBOBMPHJBBPQSØQSJPQSB[PQSFWJTUPQBSBJNQFUSBÎÍPEBTFHVSBOÎBWJTUPRVFUBM
SFNÏEJPDPOTUJUVDJPOBMWJTBSFTHVBSEBSPGFOTBTQSFNFOUFTBEJSFJUPFOÍPTJUVBÎÜFT
RVFTFQSPMPOHBNOPUFNQP
6. REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS
"-7*. + & $BSSFJSB Comentários à nova lei do mandado de segurança – Lei 12.016/09.
$VSJUJCB+VSVÈ&EJUPSB
"3"Á+0&ENJS/FUUPEFCurso de direito administrativo. ‹FESFWFBUVBM4ÍP1BVMP
4BSBJWB
#0/"7*%&41BVMPCurso de Direito Constitucional. ‹FE4ÍP1BVMP.BMIFJSPT&EJUPSFT
-UEB
#6&/0$BTTJP4DBSQJOFMMBO Poder Público em juízo.‹FESFWBUVBMFBNQM4ÍP1BVMP
4BSBJWB
$"37"-)0 '*-)0 +PTÏ EPT 4BOUPT Manual de Direito Administrativo. ‹ FE 3JP EF
+BOFJSP&EJUPSB-VNFO+VSJT
$6/)"-FPOBSEP$BSOFJSPEBA Fazenda Pública em juízo. ‹FE4ÍP1BVMP%JBMÏUJDB
%*1*&530.BSJB4ZMWJB;BOFMMB. Direito Administrativo. ‹FE4ÍP1BVMP"UMBT
("+"3%0/*'FSOBOEPEB'POTFDBet al. Comentários à Nova Lei do Mandado de Segurança: Lei 12.016, de 7 de agosto de 2009. 4ÍP1BVMP.ÏUPEP
(3&$0'*-)07JDFOUFO novo mandado de segurança: comentários à Lei n. 12.016, de 7 de
agosto de 2009. 4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWB
-*."3VZ$JSOFPrincípios de Direito Administrativo. ‹FE4ÍP1BVMP.BMIFJSPT&EJUPSFT
-UEB
."35*/4+6/*038BMMBDF1BJWBO mandado de segurança e o Direito Administrativo.
*O3FWJTUB &MFUSÙOJDB +VTUJUJB o " 3FWJTUB EP .JOJTUÏSJP 1ÞCMJDP EF 4ÍP 1BVMP 4ÍP
1BVMP%JTQPOÓWFMFNIUUQXXXKVTUJUJBDPNCSBSUJHPTDQEG"DFTTPFN
OPW
.&*3&--&4)FMZ-PQFTet al. Direito Administrativo Brasileiro. ‹FE4ÍP1BVMP.BMIFJ
SPT&EJUPSFT-UEB
.&--0$FMTP"OUÙOJP#BOEFJSBEF. Curso de Direito Administrativo. ‹FE4ÍP1BVMP
.BMIFJSPT&EJUPSFT-UEB
.&/%&4 (JMNBS 'FSSFJSB et al. Curso de Direito Constitucional. ‹ FE SFW F BUVBM 4ÍP
1BVMP4BSBJWB
.03"&4"MFYBOESFEFDireito Constitucional. ‹FE4ÍP1BVMP"UMBT
/0)"3"*SFOF1BUSÓDJB.03"&4'*-)0.BSDP"OUPOJP1SBYFEFTEFPSHBOJ[BEPSFT
Processo Administrativo: temas polêmicos da Lei n° 9.784/99. 4ÍP1BVMP"UMBT
'69-VJ[Mandado de Segurança. 3JPEF+BOFJSP'PSFOTF
5"7"3&4"OESÏ3BNPTManual do Novo Mandado de Segurança: Lei 12.016/2009.3JPEF
+BOFJSP'PSFOTF
RESPGE - SP
São Paulo
v. 3
n. 1
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p. 265 a 290
290
Marina de Lima Lopes
5)&0%030+Á/*03)VNCFSUPO mandado de segurança segundo a Lei nº 12.016, de 07
de agosto de 2009. 3JPEF+BOFJSP'PSFOTF
4"%%:"OESÏEfeitos Jurídicos do Silêncio Positivo no Direito Administrativo Brasileiro. *O
3FWJTUB&MFUSÙOJDBEF%JSFJUPEP&TUBEPo3&%&4BMWBEPS*OTUJUVUP#SBTJMFJSPEF%JSFJUP
1ÞCMJDPO¡PVUVCSPOPWFNCSPEF[FNCSP%JTQPOÓWFMFNIUUQXXXEJSFJUP
EPFTUBEPDPNSFWJTUB3&%&0656#30"/%3&4"%%:QEG "DFTTP FN OPW
4$*03*--*.BSDFMPSilêncio e Administração Pública. *O3FWJTUB&MFUSÙOJDB+VTUJUJBo"3F
WJTUBEP.JOJTUÏSJP1ÞCMJDPEF4ÍP1BVMP4ÍP1BVMP%JTQPOÓWFMFNIUUQXXXKVTUJUJB
DPNCSBSUJHPTYQEG"DFTTPFNOPW
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A COMPENSAÇÃO TRIBUTÁRIA E O REGIME CONSTITUCIONAL DE
PRECATÓRIOS INSTITUÍDO PELA EMENDA CONSTITUCIONAL Nº 62/2009
The Tax Offset and the Court-ordered payments regime under the constitutional
framework imposed by the 62º Amendment
Cláudia Bocardi Allegretti1
SUMÁRIO
0JOTUJUVUPEBDPNQFOTBÎÍP"DPNQFOTBÎÍPOP%JSFJUP$JWJM"DPNQFOTB
ÎÍPFNNBUÏSJBUSJCVUÈSJB3FHJNFDPOTUJUVDJPOBMEPTQSFDBUØSJPT%JTDJQMJOBBUVBM
$POTUJUVJÎÍPEF"&NFOEB$POTUJUVDJPOBMO0"SUEB$'
DPNBOPWBSFEBÎÍPEBEBQFMB&$O0BSUJHPEP"%$5DSJBEPQFMB&$
O"DPNQFOTBÎÍPEFDSÏEJUPUSJCVUÈSJPDPNEÏCJUPDPOTVCTUBODJBEPFNQSF
DBUØSJPOB&NFOEB$POTUJUVDJPOBMO4ÓOUFTFDPODMVTJWB3FGFSÐODJBT
RESUMO
&TUFBSUJHPUFNQPSPCKFUJWPBOBMJTBSEJTDVUJSFBPmOBMDPODMVJSQFMBJNQPTTJCJMJEBEF
EFTFQSPDFEFSËDPNQFOTBÎÍPEFEÏCJUPTUSJCVUÈSJPTDPNDSÏEJUPTEFDPSSFOUFTEFQSF
DBUØSJPTFNGBDFEPOPWPSFHJNFJOTUJUVÓEPQFMB&NFOEB$POTUJUVDJPOBMO
FEJUBEBFNEFOPWFNCSPEFËNÓOHVBEBMFJEPFOUFGFEFSBUJWPDPNQFUFOUF
QSFWJTUBOPBSUJHPEP$ØEJHP5SJCVUÈSJP/BDJPOBM
ABSTRACT
5IF PCKFDUJWF PG UIJT QBQFS JT BOBMZ[F UIF BQQMJDBCJMJUZ PG UIF OFX DPOTUJUVUJPOBM
GSBNFXPSL JNQPTFE CZ UIF  "NFOENFOU QSFDMVEJOH UIF VTF PG $PVSUPSEFSFE
QBZNFOUTUPTPMWFUBYEFCJUTQSFWJPVTMZQSFEJDUPO3VMF–#SB[JMJBO/BUJPOBM5BY
$PEF
Palavras-chaves: $PNQFOTBÎÍP1SFDBUØSJPT&NFOEB$POTUJUVDJPOBMO
/FDFTTJEBEFEFMFJ"SU$5/
Keyword: UBYPGGTFU–$PVSUPSEFSFEQBZNFOUT–$POTUJUVUJPOBM"NFOENFOU–
.BOEBUPSZMBX–3VMF#SB[JMJBO/BUJPOBM5BY$PEF
1. O INSTITUTO DA COMPENSAÇÃO
1.1. A compensação no Direito Civil
/PTNPMEFTEPBSUJHPEP$ØEJHP$JWJM#SBTJMFJSP“se duas pessoas forem
ao mesmo tempo credor e devedor uma da outra, as duas obrigações extinguem-se, até onde
se compensarem”.
5SBUBTFEFNFJPFTQFDJBMEFFYUJOÎÍPEFPCSJHBÎÜFTBUÏPOEFTFFRVJWBMFSFN
²VNBWBSJBÎÍPEFQBHBNFOUP²GPSNBEFQBHBNFOUPJOEJSFUPFOUSFQFTTPBTRVFTÍP
1SPDVSBEPSBEP&TUBEPEF4ÍP1BVMP.FTUSFFN%JSFJUPEP&TUBEPQFMB1POUJGÓDJB6OJWFSTJEBEF$BUØ
MJDBEF4ÍP1BVMPo16$41&TQFDJBMJTUBFN%JSFJUP5SJCVUÈSJPQFMB&TDPMB4VQFSJPSEB1SPDVSBEPSJB
(FSBMEP&TUBEPEF4ÍP1BVMP
292
Cláudia Bocardi Allegretti
BPNFTNPUFNQPEFWFEPSBTFDSFEPSBTVNBEBPVUSB3FTPMWFSTFÈBPCSJHBÎÍPBUÏ
BDPODPSSÐODJBEPTWBMPSFTEBTQSFTUBÎÜFTEFWJEBT
4ÍPUSÐTBTFTQÏDJFTEFDPNQFOTBÎÍPBENJUJEBTFNOPTTP%JSFJUPBTBCFS
B
DPNQFOTBÎÍPMFHBMÏBBEPUBEBQFMP$ØEJHP$JWJM#SBTJMFJSP&MBBUVBQPSGPSÎB
EFMFJWBMFEJ[FSTFVTFGFJUPTPQFSBNEFQMFOPEJSFJUPJOEFQFOEFOUFNFOUF
EFDPOWFOÎÍPFOUSFBTQBSUFTBHJOEPNFTNPRVFVNBEFMBTTFPQPOIB
"TTJNOPNPNFOUPFNRVFTFDPOTUJUVÓSFNDSÏEJUPTSFDÓQSPDPTFOUSFEVBT
QFTTPBTBDPNQFOTBÎÍPSFBMJ[BTFBVUPNBUJDBNFOUF
C
DPNQFOTBÎÍPDPOWFODJPOBMPVDPNQFOTBÎÍPWPMVOUÈSJBSFTVMUBEF
BDPSEPEFWPOUBEFFOUSFBTQBSUFT5FNBQFDVMJBSJEBEFEFQPEFSFN
BTNFTNBTUSBOTJHJSRVBOEPBBVTÐODJBEFBMHVNEPTQSFTTVQPTUPT
EBDPNQFOTBÎÍPMFHBMJNQFEJSBFYUJOÎÍPEPTEÏCJUPTQPSFTTBWJBF
D
DPNQFOTBÎÍP KVEJDJBM EFUFSNJOBEB QPS BUP EFDJTØSJP EP KVJ[ %F
QFOEFEFBMFHBÎÍPEBTQBSUFTFTFGPSBMFHBEBQFMPSÏVUFNOBUVSF[B
SFDPOWFODJPOBM
&OUSFFMBTBNBJTJNQPSUBOUFFBBEPUBEBQFMP$ØEJHP$JWJMQÈUSJPÏBDPN
QFOTBÎÍPMFHBM
%F DPOGPSNJEBEF DPN P PSEFOBNFOUP KVSÓEJDP CSBTJMFJSP FODPOUSBTF TV
CPSEJOBEBBEFUFSNJOBEPTQSFTTVQPTUPTEFBENJTTJCJMJEBEFUBJTBSFDJQSPDJEBEFEBT
PCSJHBÎÜFTBMJRVJEF[EBTEÓWJEBTBFYJHJCJMJEBEFBUVBMEBTQSFTUBÎÜFTFBGVOHJCJMJ
EBEFEPTEÏCJUPT
1PSSFDJQSPDJEBEFEBTPCSJHBÎÜFTFOUFOEFTFRVFTPNFOUFTFQPEFGBMBSFN
DPNQFOTBÎÍPRVBOEPIÈPCSJHBÎÜFTFDSÏEJUPTSFDÓQSPDPTFOUSFBTNFTNBTQBSUFT
%J[TFMÓRVJEBBEÓWJEBRVBOEPBPCSJHBÎÍPGPSDFSUBRVBOUPËTVBFYJTUÐODJB
FEFUFSNJOBEBRVBOUPBPTFVNPOUBOUF4FHVOEP4JMWJP3PESJHVFT“seria inconcebível
ocorrer compensação de pleno direito, automaticamente, sem que houvesse a certeza quanto
ao montante de uma das dívidas”.3
3FMBUJWBNFOUFËFYJHJCJMJEBEFBUVBMEBTQSFTUBÎÜFTOÍPQPEFTFSDPNQFOTBEPVN
EÏCJUPWFODJEPDPNPVUSPBWFODFS%FGBUPTFPEFWFEPSBJOEBEJTQÜFEFQSB[PQBSBFGFUVBS
QBHBNFOUPEFTVBEÓWJEBOÍPQPEFTFSDPNQFMJEPBOUFDJQBEBNFOUFËDPNQFOTBÎÍP
1PSmNOBDPNQFOTBÎÍPMFHBMFYJHFTFRVFBTEÓWJEBTTFKBNEFDPJTBTGVO
HÓWFJTFOUSFTJJTUPÏEBNFTNBOBUVSF[B%JOIFJSPDPNQFOTBTFDPNEJOIFJSPQPS
FYFNQMP"MFJOÍPBENJUFRVFTFDPNQFOTFEJOIFJSPDPNPVUSPPCKFUPQPJTOJOHVÏN
ÏPCSJHBEPBSFDFCFSQSFTUBÎÍPEJWFSTBEPQBDUVBEP
3
%*/*;.BSJB)FMFOBCurso de Direito Civil BrasileiroWPM‹FE4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWBQ/PNFTNP
TFOUJEP30%3*(6&44JMWJPDireito Civil: Parte Geral das Obrigações‹FE4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWBQ
30%3*(6&44JMWJPDireito Civil: Parte Geral das Obrigações‹FE4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWBQ
("(-*"/01BCMP4UPM[F1".1-0/"'*-)03PEPMGPNovo Curso de Direito CivilObrigações‹FE
4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWBQ
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A compensação tributária e o regime constitucional
293
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no direito tributário, não obstante sua inegável utilidade, tem aplicação
restrita aos casos em que a lei expressamente a preveja, nos termos do Art. 170
do Código Tributário Nacional.(...)A compensação, quando couber, é modo
alternativo de satisfação do débito tributário. O sujeito passivo da obrigação
tributária tem, pois, a faculdade legal de extingui-la por compensação, nos
termos do que for previsto pela lei. Por outro lado, embora o Código diga que
a lei pode atribuir à autoridade administrativa competência para autorizar
a compensação, é claro que o legislador pode também, na própria lei, já
permitir a compensação, independentemente de qualquer ato da autoridade
&TUBCFMFDFNDJUBEPTQSFDFJUPTEP$ØEJHP$JWJMiArt. 373. A diferença de causa nas dívidas não impede a
compensação, exceto: I - se provier de esbulho, furto ou roubo; II - se uma se originar de comodato, depósito ou
alimentos; III - se uma for de coisa não suscetível de penhora. Art. 375. Não haverá compensação quando as
partes, por mútuo acordo, a excluírem, ou no caso de renúncia prévia de uma delas”
%JTQÜFFGFUJWBNFOUFDJUBEPEJTQPTJUJWP“Art. 170 – A lei pode nas condições e sob as garantias que estipular, ou
cuja estipulação em cada caso atribuir à autoridade administrativa, autorizar a compensação de créditos tributários
com créditos líquidos e certos, vencidos ou vincendos, do sujeito passivo contra a Fazenda Pública. Parágrafo único – Sendo vincendo o crédito do sujeito passivo, a lei determinará, para os efeitos deste artigo, a apuração do seu
montante, não podendo, porém, cominar redução maior que a correspondente ao juro de 1% (um por cento) ao mês
pelo tempo a decorrer entre a data da compensação e a do vencimento.”
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administrativa. Mas não pode, quando conferir à autoridade competência
para ‘autorizar’ a compensação, outorgar-lhe poderes discricionários. Ensina
Pontes de Miranda que, na compensação, não existe BSCJUSJVN por isso,
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2. REGIME CONSTITUCIONAL DOS PRECATÓRIOS
&OTJOB'FSOBOEP'BDVSZ4DBGGRVFQSFDBUØSJPÏ“uma ordem de pagar quantia
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4VQSFNP5SJCVOBM'FEFSBMDPOTPBOUF4ÞNVMB“os atos do presidente do tribunal que
disponham sobre o processamento e pagamento de precatório não têm caráter jurisdicional”.
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4.2. O artigo 97 do ADCT, criado pela EC nº 62/09
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33
Distrito Federal e os Municípios que, na data de publicação desta Emenda Constitucional, estejam em mora na quitação
de precatórios vencidos, relativos à sua Administração direta e indireta, inclusive os emitidos durante o período de vigência do regime especial instituído por este artigo, farão esses pagamentos de acordo com as normas a seguir estabelecidas,
sendo inaplicável o disposto no art. 100 desta Constituição Federal, exceto em seus §§ 2º, 3º, 9º, 10,11,12,13 e 14, e,
sem prejuízo dos acordos de juízos conciliatórios já formalizados na data de promulgação desta Emenda Constitucional.”
"SUf “Sem prejuízo do disposto neste artigo, lei complementar a esta Constituição Federal poderá
estabelecer regime especial para pagamento de crédito de precatórios de Estados, Distrito Federal e Municípios,
dispondo sobre vinculações à receita corrente líquida e forma e prazo de liquidação.”
"SUf“O regime especial de pagamento de precatório previsto no inciso I do § 1º vigorará enquanto
o valor dos precatórios devidos for superior ao valor dos recursos vinculados, nos termos do § 2º, ambos deste
artigo, ou pelo prazo fixo de até quinze anos, no caso da opção prevista no inciso II, do § 1º.”
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do referido parcelamento conforme acentua o caput do art. 78, não é possível
atribuir-lhes o efeito liberatório de pagamento das dívidas tributárias (fl. 239).
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RESPGE - SP
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318
Cláudia Bocardi Allegretti
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6. SÍNTESE CONCLUSIVA
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A compensação tributária e o regime constitucional
319
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320
Cláudia Bocardi Allegretti
REFERÊNCIAS
"."30-VDJBOPDireito Tributário Brasileiro, 15ª ed., 4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWB
#"4504$FMTP3JCFJSPF."35*/4*WFT(BOESBEB4JMWBComentários à Constituição do
Brasil, WPMUPNP***‹FE4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWB
#3"4*-&NFOEB$POTUJUVDJPOBMOEFEFOPWFNCSPEF%JÈSJP0mDJBMEB3F
QÞCMJDB'FEFSBUJWBEP#SBTJM#SBTÓMJB%'EFOPWFNCSPEF%JTQPOÓWFMFNIUUQ
XXXQMBOBMUPHPWCSÁMUJNPBDFTTPFN
$"37"-)08MBEJNJSEF4PV[B Iniciação ao estudo do precatório4FQBSBUBEB3FWJTUBEF
*OGPSNBÎÍP-FHJTMBUJWBEP4FOBEP'FEFSBM#SBTÓMJBBOPOPVUEF[
%"/5"4'SBODJTDP8JMEP-BDFSEBExecução Contra a Fazenda Pública: Regime de Precatório, ‹FE4ÍP1BVMP.ÏUPEP
%&1-«$*%0&4*-7"Vocabulário Jurídico, ‹FE3JPEF+BOFJSP'PSFOTF
%*/*;.BSJB)FMFOBCurso de Direito Civil BrasileiroWPM‹FE4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWB
'&33&*3"&VEJNBS"MWFT Um Estudo sobre a Compensação Tributária. Direito Tributário
e Financeiro Aplicado'FSOBOEP'BDVSZ4DBGGDPPSE
4ÍP1BVMP2VBSUJFS-BUJO
("(-*"/0 1BCMP 4UPM[F 1".1-0/" '*-)0 3PEPMGP Novo Curso de Direito Civil
Obrigações‹FE4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWB
)"3"%",JZPTIJPrecatórios. Suspensão do Art. 78 do ADCT. Consequências$POUFÞ
EP+VSÓEJDP#SBTÓMJB%'EF[%JTQPOÓWFMFNIUUQXXXDPOUFVEPKVSJEJDP
DPNCS DPMVOBTDPMVOJTUBWFSÁMUJNPBDFTTPFNKBO
+645&/'*-)0.BSÎBMEstado Democrático de Direito e Responsabilidade Civil do Estado: a
questão dos precatórios#JCMJPUFDB%JHJUBM3FWJTUBEF%JSFJUP1ÞCMJDPEB&DPOPNJBo3%1&
#FMP)PSJ[POUFBOPOKVM
."$)"%0)VHPEF#SJUPCurso de Direito Tributário‹FE4ÍP1BVMP.BMIFJSPT
."-&3#*%JWB A cláusula pétrea da legalidade tributária e o instituto da compensação, 3F
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."9*.*-*"/0$BSMPT Hermenêutica e Aplicação do Direito‹FE3JPEF+BOFJSP'P
SFOTF
0-*7&*3""OUPOJP'MÈWJP Precatórios: Aspectos Administrativos, Constitucionais, Financeiros e Processuais, ‹FE#FMP)PSJ[POUF'PSVN
1"6-4&/-FBOESPDireito Tributário: Constituição e Código Tributário à luz da Doutrina e
da Jurisprudência‹FE1PSUP"MFHSF-JWSBSJBEP"EWPHBEP&EJUPSB&4."'&
3&7*45" &-&53¼/*$" $0/46-503 +63¶%*$0 BDFTTBEB BUSBWÏT EP TJUF XXXDPOKVSDPN
CSBHPPO[FFTUBEPTDPOTUBNMFJTBVUPSJ[BNDPNQFOTBÎÍPÁMUJNPBDFTTPFN
30%3*(6&44JMWJPDireito Civil: Parte Geral das Obrigações‹FE4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWB
4$"'''FSOBOEP'BDVSZGrandes Questões Atuais de Direito Tributário – 13º volume7BMEJS
EF0MJWFJSB3PDIBDPPSE
4ÍP1BVMP%JBMÏUJDB
4*-7"+PTÏ"GPOTPComentário Contextual à Constituição,‹FE.BMIFJSPT4ÍP1BVMP
5"7"3&4"MFYBOESF.BDFEPCompensação do Indébito Tributário4ÍP1BVMP%JBMÏUJDB
50-&%0+3'MBWJP$EFO regime especial dos precatórios à luz da Emenda Constitucional
nº 62.#JCMJPUFDB%JHJUBM'ØSVNEF$POUSBUBÎÍPF(FTUÍP1ÞCMJDB'$(1#FMP)PSJ[POUF
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TRANSAÇÃO TRIBUTÁRIA NO BRASIL: POSSIBILIDADES E LIMITES
TRANSACTION TAX INSTITUTE IN BRAZIL: possibilities and limits
Lucilia Aparecida dos Santos1
SUMÁRIO
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FTUSBOHFJSPT$PODMVTÍP3FGFSÐODJBT
RESUMO
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EB JOEJTQPOJCJMJEBEF EP JOUFSFTTF QÞCMJDP DPN EFTUBRVF B BOÈMJTF EB MFHJTMBÎÍP
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QSJWBEP/BTFHVOEBQBSUFFOGSFOUBRVFTUÜFTQPMÐNJDBTDPNPBQBSFOUFQBSBEPYP
FOUSFBJOEJTQPOJCJMJEBEFEPJOUFSFTTFQÞCMJDPBQPTTJCJMJEBEFEFEJTQPTJÎÍPEPDSÏ
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EBBENJOJTUSBÎÍPOBDFMFCSBÎÍPEPTBDPSEPTTFNRVFDPNJTTPTJHOJmRVFMFTÍP
BPJOUFSFTTFQÞCMJDP&YQMPSBPTMJNJUFTEBFYJHÐODJBEFDPOWÐOJPQBSBBUSBOTBÎÍP
RVFFOWPMWBP*$.4"QSFTFOUBBMHVOTNPEFMPTQJODFMBEPTEPEJSFJUPDPNQBSBEP
FBTSFTUSJÎÜFTEPTJTUFNBCSBTJMFJSPQBSBJNQMBOUÈMPT$PODMVJQFMPDBCJNFOUPEB
USBOTBÎÍPOBTFBSBUSJCVUÈSJBEFOUSPEPTMJNJUFTMFHÓUJNPTFNRVFGPJDPODFCJEB
QFMPPSEFOBNFOUPCSBTJMFJSP
ABSTRACT
5IJTUXPQBSUTTUVEZQSFTFOUTPOUIFmSTUQBSUBOPWFSWJFXPG5SBOTBDUJPO5BY
*OTUJUVUF JO #SB[JM BOE BOBMZ[FT UIFJS BGmOJUZ XJUI UIF DPOTUJUVUJPOBM QSJODJQMF
PG VOBWBJMBCJMJUZ PG QVCMJD JOUFSFTU VOEFS DPOTUJUVUJPOBM MFHJTMBUJPO BSU $5/
XIJDI FOTVSFT FBDI HPWFSONFOUBM FOUJUZ UP VTF BO 5SJCVUBSZ 1PMJDZ
BOE USBOTBDUJPO JOTUJUVUF VQPO UIF FYFSDJTF PG JUT MFHJTMBUJWF QPXFST BXBZ UIF
BVUPOPNZPGUIFQBSUJFTPXOMFHBMSFMBUJPOTPGQSJWBUFMBX*OUIFTFDPOEQBSU
GBDJOHDPOUSPWFSTJBMJTTVFTXJUIUIFBQQBSFOUQBSBEPYCFUXFFOUIFVOBWBJMBCJMJUZ
1SPDVSBEPSBEP&TUBEPEF4ÍP1BVMP1ØT(SBEVBÎÍPlatu sensuFN%JSFJUPEP5SBCBMIPQFMB6OJWFSTJEBEF
EF4ÍP1BVMPo641
1ØT(SBEVBÎÍPlatu sensuFN%JSFJUP5SJCVUÈSJPQFMB&41(&
322
Lucilia Aparecida dos Santos
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UIBU JOWPMWFT EJTDSFUJPO BOE DSJUJDJ[FE UIF SPMF PG "ENJOJTUSBUJPO JO UIF
DPODMVTJPOPGUIFBHSFFNFOUTXJUIPVUUIFSFCZNFBOMFTJPOUIFQVCMJDJOUFSFTU
&YQMPSFTUIFMJNJUTPGUIFSFRVJSFNFOUPGBHSFFNFOUGPSUIFUSBOTBDUJPOJOWPMWJOH
UIF*$.41SFTFOUTTPNFNPEFMTCSVTIFEDPNQBSBUJWFMBXBOEUIFSFTUSJDUJPOT
PGUIF#SB[JMJBOTZTUFNUPEFQMPZUIFN$PODMVEFTUIFBQQSPQSJBUFOFTTPGUIF
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2. TRANSAÇÃO TRIBUTÁRIA NO BRASIL: ORIGEM E FUNDAMENTO CONSTITUCIONAL
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HFSBOEPPEFWFSKVSÓEJDPEFQBHBNFOUPEBQSFTUBÎÍP
5BMBQUJEÍPQSFTTVQÜFTFKBPTVKFJUPQBTTJWPEPUBEPEFQFSTPOBMJEBEFKVSÓEJ
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RVFEÍPTJHOJmDBEPFDPBUJWJEBEFËTBTQJSBÎÜFTGB[FOEÈSJBTw
%JTUJOUBÏBcapacidade para praticar o fato jurídico tributárioOPRVBM P MFHJT
MBEPSEFOUSPEPTMJNJUFTDPOTUJUVDJPOBJTÏMJWSFQBSBFMFHFSRVBMRVFSGBUPMÓDJUPEB
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FOTFKBSÈPOBTDJNFOUPEBSFMBÎÍPKVSÓEJDBUSJCVUÈSJBindependentemente da capacidade
jurídica de quem o pratique ou dele participe (CTN, Art. 126). 4FNQSFRVFPMFHJTMBEPS
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4.4. Transação tributária e finalidade terminativa de litígio
"OPSNBHFSBMEPBSUEP$5/QSFWÐRVFBUSBOTBÎÍPUSJCVUÈSJBEFWFSÈ
QÙSmNBPMJUÓHJPiA lei pode facultar, nas condições que estabeleça, [...] celebrar transação
que, mediante concessões mútuas, importe em determinação do litígio e consequente extinção do crédito tributáriow
33
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4.4.1. Litígio judicial e litígio administrativo
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4.4.2. Litígio e momento de sua instalação
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4.4.3. Alcance do litígio na transação tributária
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4.5. Transação tributária e concessões recíprocas
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