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INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON COAL TECHNOLOGY
PETROBRAS/ABCM
Brazilian Coal
Industry Overview and
Perspectives
Eng. Fernando Luiz Zancan
Brazilian Coal Association – ABCM
Rio de Janeiro, 14 March 2007
Brazilian Energy Consumption
The Brazilian Coal
Industry
BRAZIL
PARANÁ
Figueira
 Detalhes
CATARINA
sobre esteSANTA
tópico
 Exemplos e informações de suporte
 Como isso se relaciona com o público
Criciúma
RIO GRANDE DO SUL
Baixo Jacuí
Candiota
BRAZILIAN COAL PERCEPTION
Poor – Low Grade – High ash, but 1/3 of the
coal production and consumption in world is
low grade coals – India and China large
utilization
 Polluting – New Coal Firing projects with
FGD systems (low emissions)– Mining
under control some companies with
ISO14000
 Competitive – under the same tax regime
with other thermal sources
 Source of sulfur

COAL IN BRAZIL
Resources: 31,7 billion t
 Production ROM (2005): 12,39 million t
 Companies: 15
 Employees (2005): 5.006
 Market (2005): 84,29 % Power Generation
 Coal Power Generation (2006): 1.415 MW
 Forecast for Coal Power (2012): 3.838 MW
 PNE2030 forecast + 4 000 MW

Coal Characteristics
 Paraná:
Coal Seam
PC (kcal/kg) Carbon (%)
Ash (%)
Sulfur (%)
Cambuí
4.850
30
45
6
Sapopema
4.900
30,5
43,5
7,8
Ash (%)
Sulfur (%)
 Santa Catarina:
Coal Seam
PC (kcal/kg) Carbon (%)
Barro Branco
2.700
21,4
62,1
4,3
Bonito
2.800
26,5
58,3
4,7
Fonte: Informativo Anual da Indústria Carbonífera – DNPM / 2000
Coal Characteristics
 Rio Grande do Sul:
Coal Seam
Candiota
PC (kcal/kg) Carbon (%)
3.200
23,3
Ash (%)
Sulfur (%)
52,5
1,6
S.Terezinha
3.800 – 4.300 28,0 – 30,0 41,0 – 49,5
0,5 – 1,9
Morungava/ Chico Lomã
3.700 – 4.500 27,5 – 30,5 40,0 – 49,0
0,6 – 2,0
Charqueadas
2.950
24,3
54
1,3
Leão
2.950
24,1
55,6
1,3
Irui
3.200
23,1
52
2,5
Capané
3.100
29,5
52
0,8
Fonte: Informativo Anual da Indústria Carbonífera – DNPM / 2000
MINING
 RS
– mainly open pits and one
underground mine under development
 SC and PR – Underground with room and
pilar operation – to 200 m deep
 Low cost operation in open pits
(Candiota/RS)
 Safety and environment under control – 2
Mines with ISO 14001
OPEN PIT OPERATION
Disposiçã
o
de Estéril
Remoção
de Estéril
Candiota Mine - CRM
MINING RECLAMANTION
Underground Operations
Environmental Control
Mining Reclamation Program in SC
Reclaimed
Old
mining
Mining Reclamation in SCl
Reclaimed
Landfill & Coal Open Pit Operation
CDM Project
Landfill & Coal Open Pit Operation
CDM Project
Brazilian Electric Energy
 Coal
is not in base load, low CO2 for the
integrated electric system for the total energy
production
 Electric Energy Exported to Uruguai and
Argentina – Coal Power is helping
Potência instalada
Térmica
Convencional
22%
Nuclear
2%
Geração de energia (*)
Térmica
Convencional Nuclear
2%
5%
Outras
< 1%
Hidráulica
76%
Coal Generation around 1 %
Outras
< 1%
Hidráulica
93%
(*) geração no Sistema Interligado Nacional
Coal Power Plants in Brazil
Jorge Lacerda I
100 MW
Jorge Lacerda III
261 MW
Jorge Lacerda II
132 MW
São Jerônimo
20 MW
Charqueadas
72 MW
1954
1964
1965
Figueira
20 MW
1969
Pres. Médici (B)
320 MW
Pres. Médici (A)
126 MW
1974
1973
1980
Jorge Lacerda IV
363 MW
1987
1997
Paraná
Santa Catarina
Rio Grande do Sul
Instaled Capacity
1.415 MW
SANTA CATARINA
Complexo Jorge Lacerda
(856 MW)
Coal Power Generation Projects

PARANÁ


127,5 MW (CFBC)
SANTA CATARINA


Figueira (retrofit)
USITESC
440 MW (CFBC)
RIO GRANDE DO SUL
Candiota III
 Jacu í
 Seival
 CTSUL
 CTSUL II
 Uruguai

350 MW
357 MW
500 MW
650 MW
325 MW
300 MW
(PC)
(PC)
(PC)
(PC)
(PC)
(PC)
Fase C da Usina Termelétrica Presidente Médici - 350 MW
USINA TERMELÉTRICA SUL CATARINENSE - USITESC
Treviso/SC
USITESC - 440 MW
Metropolitana
Coal- ROM
Criciúma
Coal-ROM
New rejects
Old
Rejects
ENERGY
Water
Amônia
Termelétrica
USITESC
Production of
Fertilizer
Amonia Sulfate
(Fertilizer)
Ash
Industrial
Limestone
Agriculture
Mine Reclamation
Disposal
Fertilizer
Distribution
Seival Project – 500 MW
•Mine mouth – high ash coal
•Sub-critic boiler w/ low NOx.
• FGD with limestone
• EP
Research & Development
Pilot project 1 MW FBC – CGTEE/CIENTEC
 GEF support for Methane inventory project
 Coal gasification project – 1,7 milhões US$
in 2 years from FINEP (Cecrisa/SATC)
 Network for Coal – 1,7 milhões US$ in 3
years
 Plan 2007 -2010 under discussion in MCT
 Mining reclamation project in SC ( 14 people
working with the support of the coal
industry)

Corporate Social Responsibility
SATC
SATC









Mission : Give opportunity to poor people to have access to high level
education and training for employment
6000 students – from 6 years (elementary school trought faculty)
Graduate 600 technicians p/y
Faculty of Engineering (Electrical and Mechanics)
Support to the coal industry (environment program, coal analyses,
training etc
etc))
International partnerships ( University of Padova/IT and Ecole d’Mines
saint Etienne/FR)
Place for the CCTS and CCS Research Center
Increase the local economy throught diversification – Post mining
example – 47 years
Coal Industry support – one miilion US$/year
The Brazilian Coal Industry View






We have been 20 years out of the Brazilian Energy
Agenda but now we intend to change this situation –
The global energy scenario is helping to see coal as an
important and competitive source of energy.
Organization of the economic chain – creation of the
Brazilian Coal Association - ABCM – august/2006
Return to geological survey for coal in whole Brazil
Develop and adapt technologies CCTs and CCS
suitable for local conditions, increase R&D.
Develop Capacity Building in Coal (geology, mining,
uses and environmental issues)
Establish networks and Research Centers to develop
technologies like gasification, coal bed methane and
Carbon Capture and Storage
Thank you very
much
Contacts:
[email protected]
+5548-34317600
www.carvaomineral.com.br

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