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Brazilian Economy and Society
Frutuoso Santana
Consulate General of Brazil in Chicago
Trade and Investment Department
Overview
• Federal Republic
• Multiparty democracy
• Free-market economy
• Signatory to most international
agreements
• Host of the Soccer World Cup in 2014,
and of the Olympic Games in 2016
• Peaceful society
Largest country in Latin America:
3,285,618.49 mi²
Population
Age distribution
189 million inhabitants
Growth rate: 1.2% per year
92.4 mi males
97.5 mi females
48.7%
51.3%
Urban population: 159.1 mi
83.7%
16.3%
Rural population: 30.8 mi
Source: IBGE
Population
• Roman Catholic (nominal): 73.6%
• Protestant: 15.4%
• Spiritualist: 1.3%
• Other: 9.7%
• 30 million people rose to the middle class in 5 years
Population
Gini Coefficient (1992-2008)
0,8
0,7
0,6
Indigenous
0,5
White
0,4
Asian
Black
0,3
Mixed
0,2
0,1
0
1992
Source: CPS/FGV
1995
1997
1999
2004
2004
2006
2008
Economy
GDP Composition by sector
Agriculture
6%
Industry
27%
6th labor force in the world: 103.6 million
Unemployment rate: 6%
Services
67%
Labor force by occupation
Agriculture
20%
• GDP: $ 2 trillion
• Trade balance: $20.3 billion
• Consumption rate in 2010: 7.1%
• Growth rate in 2010: 7%
• Foreign reserves: $350 billion
Services
66%
Industry
14%
Economy
• Fiscal and Monetary Policies
• Internationalization of Brazilian Companies
• Commodities Exports
Economy
Fiscal and Monetary Policies
Annual Rates of Inflation (%), 1990-1999
2739
2407
2104
991
415
67
1
Source: Conjuntura Econômica
2
3
4
5
6
11,1
7
7,91
8
11,32
3,89
9
10
Economy
Fiscal and Monetary Policies
Historical Record of Inflation Targets
Year
Resolution
Date
Target (%)
Variation (p.p)
Upper and lower
limits (%)
Actual Inflation (IPCA
%)
1999
2000
2001
Resolution 2,615
06/30/1999
8
5
4
2
2
2
6-10
4-8
2-6
8.94
5.97
7.67
Resolution 2,744
Resolution 2,842
Resolution 2,972
06/28/2000
06/28/2001
06/27/2002
3.5
3.25
4
2
2
2.5
1.5-5.5
1.25-5.25
1.5-6.5
12.53
Resolution 2,972
Resolution 3,108
06/27/2002
06/25/2003
3.75
5.5
2.5
2.5
1.25-6.25
3-8
7.6
2005
2006
2007
2008
Resolution 3,108
Resolution 3,210
Resolution 3,291
Resolution 3,378
Resolution 3,463
Resolution 3,584
Resolution 3,748
Resolution 3,880
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
2.5
2
2
2
2009
2010
2011
2012
06/25/2003
06/30/2004
06/23/2005
06/29/2006
06/26/2007
07/01/2008
06/30/2009
06/22/2010
2-7
2.5-6.5
2.5-6.5
2.5-6.5
2.5-6.5
2.5-6.5
2.5-6.5
2.5-6.5
5.69
3.14
4.46
5.9
4.31
6.5
7.1
4.5
2002
2003
2004
Source: Central Bank of Brazil
2
2
2
2
9.3
Economy
Internationalization of Brazilian Companies
• Privatization reforms in the 1990s
• Search for new markets
• Technological exchange
Economy
Commodities Exports
Global Market Share of Commodities
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Soy
Poultry
Soy
Coffee
Poultry
Coffee
Beef
Beef
Orange juice
Orange juice
Tobacco
Tobacco
The Business Climate
Higher per capita income in a large consumer market
Increased retail trade (Jun 2010/Jun 2011):
• 16.3% - Furniture and household appliances
• 2.7% - Hypermarkets, supermarkets, food products, beverages and tobacco
• 12.0% - Textiles, apparel and footwear
• 34.3% - Office, computer and communication material and equipment
• 12% - Pharmaceuticals, medical and orthopedic articles, toiletries and cosmetics
• 3% - Other articles of personal and domestic use
• 1.1% - Fuels and lubricants
• 8.9% - Books, newspapers, magazines and stationery articles
The Business Climate
Mergers and Acquisitions
Sectoral Distribution
400
Food, Beverage &
Tobacco
155
Financial Institutions
135
IT
127
200
Telecom
111
150
Oil Industry
100
100
Metalurgy & Steel
Chemical &
Petrochemical
77
Insurance
62
Energy Companies
56
Transportation
33
350
300
250
50
0
1994
1995
1996
1997
Domestic
1998
1999
2000
Cross border
2001
Total
2002
2003
2004
70
The Business Climate
Business Costs: Taxes
(in R$ million)
Specification
IR
IPI
II
IOF
Cofins
CSLL
PIS/Pasep
CPMF
Cide
Other
2007
(a)
160286
33853
12254
7834
102838
34485
26817
36483
7937
26134
2008
(b)
191755
39466
17235
20342
120800
43972
31598
1150
5985
32895
2009
( c)
191598
30752
16092
19244
117887
44238
31755
286
4827
40940
Total
448921
505198
497619
Source: Ministry of Planning
% change
(b)/(a)
( c)/(b)
19.6
-0.1
16.6
-22.1
40.6
-6.6
159.7
-5.4
17.5
-2.4
27.5
0.6
17.8
0.5
-96.8
-75.1
-24.6
-19.3
25.9
-24.5
12.5
-1.5
The Business Climate
Where the opportunities are
Economic success has increased demand on infrastructure
• Airports (World Cup and Olympic Games demand expansion)
• Roads (Transport of crops to the coast)
• Technology (Biotech, Software engineering, etc.)
• Utilities (Wind farms in the Northeast)
Brazilian Overview
Technology Platforms
Rail Grinding Services
Ballast Services
Ditching & Excavating
Rail Handling
Data Management & System Diagnostics
Fleet Operations
• 450 employees
• Contracted services
• Revenues: $180M
• Serving major railroads
and passenger rail
markets across N.A.
• Outstanding safety record
OEM Operations
• 105 employees
• Revenues: $80M
• Produce 14-18 machines/yr
• 40+ machines in 30 countries
• 70K sft of assembly, test &
warehouse capacity
• Outstanding safety record
Serving Freight & Passenger
Systems Worldwide
Loram Value Proposition
DESIGN
BUILD
OPERATE
MAINTAIN
$15.6
$4.5
$1.5
$5.2
$9.9
$12.5
$1.0
$1.0
$1.0
$15.6
$4.5
$1.5
$5.2
$9.9
$12.5
$1.0
$1.0
$1.0
History in Brazil
• Growing business – 2002: 48-stone rail
grinder to MRS
– 2006: shoulder ballast
cleaner to MRS
– 2010: RailVacs and 24stone grinders to Vale
Working in Brazil
• Positives:
– Substantial market
– Financial strength
– Great listeners /
collaborators
– Open to ideas / quick to
put them into action
– Way warmer than
Minnesota in winter
• Challenges
– Vendor support base
limitations
– Customs hurdles
– Visa hurdles
$15.6
$4.5
$1.5
$5.2
$9.9
$12.5
$1.0
$1.0
$1.0
Thanks for your attention
For more information, visit us at:
www.loram.com
Projects for High-speed Trains in Brazil
BRAZILIAN HIGH SPEED LINE
(RIO DE JANEIRO–SÃO PAULO – CAMPINAS)
Hélio Mauro França – Executive Superintendent - ANTT
RIO – SÃO PAULO HIGH SPEED LINE - Background
In recent decades, several studies were developed, sponsored or
authorized by the Brazilian Government, with a view to implementing a
new railroad between Rio and São Paulo, for passengers and freight.
In 2007, the Government decided to review previous studies and
contracted a consortium to prepare a feasibility study for a high speed
railway line, with a maximum line speed of 350km/h, over 511
kilometres connecting the cities of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and
Campinas in Brazil.
The Consortium prepared detailed studies:
vDemand and Revenue Forecasts;
vAlignment Studies;
vFinance and Economics Appraisal and Concessioning;
vRail Operations and Technology;
vTAV Capital Cost.
The most comprehensive study ever conducted.
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: South America, Brazil, and the
states of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: States of Rio de Janeiro and São
Paulo and the Area of Influence
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: Direct Area of Influence for TAV Metropolitan Areas and Regions
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: Socio-economic aspects of the
regions in the direct area of influence of TAV
The region that includes Rio de Janeiro - Sao Paulo - Campinas is the most
important economic region of the country. The states of Rio de Janeiro and São
Paulo account for 30% of the population and 45.5% of its GDP (Source: IBGE,
2007).
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: municipalities in the axis of the
high-speed line
The 41 municipalities in the axis of the Rio–São Paulo-Campinas high
speed line would correspond to the country's second largest state in terms
of population, GDP and higher GDP per Capita of the country.
GEOGRAPHICAL AREA
São Paulo State (26 municipalities)
GDP
Population (In thousand U.S. $)
GDP per Capita
(in U.S. $)
16.024.394
255,480,865
15.943,25
9.459.671
113,960,584
12.046,99
25.484.065
369,441,449
14.496,96
183.987.291
1,549,635,801
8.422,52
Rio de Janeiro State (15
municipalities)
Municipalities along the route of
TAV (41)
BRAZIL
Municipalities along the route of
TAV in relation to Brazil
13,9%
23,8%
172,1%
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: and the main HS lines in the world
The high speed line Rio - São Paulo - Campinas is comparable to the
main HS lines in the world in terms of distance, air traffic and population in
key cities.
MAIN HIGH SPEED LINES
LINE
DISTANCE POPULATION
(km)
(millions hab)
AIR TRAFFIC(*)
(millions pax/year)
TOKYO - OSAKA
515
9-3
1,7
1964
PARIS - LYON
414
9-1
1,0
1981
SEOUL - PUSAN
419
19 - 4
5,2
2003
1.318
8 - 10
MADRID - BARCELONA
620
6-5
4,8
2007
RIO - SÃO PAULO
420
11 - 19
4,6
2006
BEIJING - SHANGAI
(*) BEFORE THE INTRODUCTION OF HIGH SPEED LINE
Source:PROF. A. LOPEZ PITA presentation at ANTT in jul 2010.
N.D
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: Demand for Transport in 2008
Passenger transport matrix- 2008
(thousand passengers/year)
Modal transport
Rio - São Paulo Rio - Campinas
Regional
Air
4.414
275
Car
1.207
87
15.771
17.065
Bus
1.687
121
10.040
11.848
7.308
483
25.811
33.602
Total
---
Total
4.689
Passenger transport matrix- 2008
(em %)
Modal transport
Rio - São Paulo Rio - Campinas
Regional
Total
Air
60,4
56,9
---
14,0
Car
16,5
18,0
61,1
50,8
Bus
23,1
25,1
38,9
35,3
100
100
100
100
Total
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: Demand for Transport - Mode split
and reasons for travel
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: Fare Parameters
(US$)
Transport modal
ORIGIN
DESTINATION
TAV
Economy
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
Volta Redonda/Barra Mansa
São José dos Campos
São Paulo
São Paulo (peak hour)
Air
Business
Car
Bus
104.00
169.00
208.00
71.30
34.84
São Paulo
78.00
130.00
93.60
71.30
34.84
Campinas
104.00
182.00
208.00
83.62
39.00
Volta Redonda/Barra Mansa
20.90
-
-
21.56
14.23
São José dos Campos
53.20
-
-
56.88
26.52
São José dos Campos
35.57
-
-
38.01
17.68
São Paulo
50.70
-
-
54.52
23.92
Campinas
61.62
-
-
65.76
30.68
São Paulo
14.98
-
-
16.39
9.00
Campinas
25.48
-
-
26.99
14.04
Campinas
16.22
-
-
19.44
9.36
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: Travel Time Parameters
(minutes)
ORIGIN
DESTINATION
Transport Mode
TAV
Air
Car
Bus
Rio de Janeiro
São Paulo
93
110
300
375
Rio de Janeiro
Campinas
128
Volta Redonda/Barra Mansa
34
110
-
390
105
450
130
São José dos Campos
77
-
260
300
São José dos Campos
42
-
175
230
São Paulo
71
-
240
300
Campinas
108
-
295
400
São Paulo
27
-
70
80
Campinas
64
-
120
150
Campinas
30
-
75
80
Rio de Janeiro
Volta Redonda/Barra Mansa
São José dos Campos
São Paulo
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: Demand for Transport with TAV
Passenger transport matrix- 2008
(thousand passengers/year)
Without TAV
Modal
RIO - SÃO PAULO
RIO - CAMPINAS
REGIONAL
-
TOTAL
Air
4.414
275
4.689
Car
1.207
87
15.770
17.064
Bus
1.687
121
10.039
11.847
Total
7.308
483
25.809
33.600
With TAV
TAV
3.519
302
14.170
17.991
Air
2.368
101
0
2.469
Car
751
31
8.108
8.890
Bus
670
49
3.531
4.250
Total
7.308
483
25.809
33.600
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: Demand Forecast
(thousand passengers/year)
ORIGIN
DESTINATION
EXPRESS SERVICE
2008
2014
2024
2034
2044
3.822
7.070
11.282
19.323
27.788
Rio de Janeiro
São Paulo
3.520
6.435
10.201
17.348
24.948
Rio de Janeiro
Campinas
302
635
1.081
1.975
2.840
14.170
25.538
34.777
49.774
71.577
1.017
2.619
3.271
4.211
6.055
S.J.Campos
84
211
294
422
606
S.J.Campos
44
254
337
457
657
São Paulo
88
184
233
308
443
Campinas
15
40
55
79
113
São Paulo
4.959
8.553
11.490
16.282
23.415
Campinas
598
1.305
2.003
3.110
4.473
Campinas
7.365
12.372
17.094
24.905
35.815
17.992
32.608
46.059
69.097
99.365
REGIONAL SERVICE
Rio de Janeiro
V.Redonda/B.Mansa
S.J.Campos
São Paulo
TOTAL
V.Redonda/B.Mansa
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: Revenue Forecast
US$ million
ORIGEM
DESTINO
SERVIÇO EXPRESSO
2014
2024
2034
2044
850,1
1.355,7
2.335,9
3.359,2
Rio de Janeiro
São Paulo
765,0
1.214,4
2.078,1
2.988,5
Rio de Janeiro
Campinas
85,1
141,2
257,7
370,6
502,5
684,5
978,8
1.407,5
V. Redonda/B. Mansa
61,3
76,6
98,6
141,7
S.J. dos Campos
12,6
17,5
25,1
36,1
S.J. dos Campos
10,1
13,4
18,2
26,1
São Paulo
10,4
13,3
17,5
25,1
Campinas
2,7
3,8
5,4
7,8
São Paulo
143,4
192,2
273,0
392,6
Campinas
37,2
57,2
88,7
127,6
Campinas
224,7
310,5
452,4
650,6
1.352,6
2.040,2
3.314,7
4.766,7
SERVIÇO REGIONAL
Rio de Janeiro
V. Redonda/B. Mansa
S.J. dos Campos
São Paulo
TOTAL
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: Engineering and Alignment
Parameters of the railroad:
Gauge:
1435 mm
Max. Speed Project:
350 km / h
Min. horizontal radius:
7228 m
Min. Vertical radius:
42.875 m
Slope max:
35 mm / m
Train axle load:
17 t
Platform:
500 m
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: Engineering and Alignment
Parameters used in defining the track alignment
ü Technical and operational parameters:
v
v
v
v
Construction cost considered the geological risks;
Travel time;
Operating Cost
Maintenance cost
ü Social and environmental parameters:
v Social Impact (expropriation, resettlement, redevelopment,
relocation of roads, etc.);
v Environmental impact (compensatory planting, environmental
compensation, restricted areas);
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: Engineering and Alignment
STRETCH
Extension (km)
Barão de Mauá – Galeão
15.2
Galeão – Barra Mansa/Volta Redonda
102.9
Barra Mansa / Volta Redonda – S. J. Campos
209.6
S. J. Campos – Guarulhos
63.0
Guarulhos – Campo de Marte
21.6
Campo de Marte – Viracopos
76.1
Viracopos – Campinas
22.9
TOTAL EXTENSION
510.8
Tunnel
90.9 (18%)
Viaducts and Brigdes
10.8 (21%)
Surface
312.1 (61%)
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: CAPEX and OPEX
CAPEX
Item
US$ thousand
Total Geral
%
Earthwork
1,238,985.6
6,4
Structures
10,184,187.9
52,8
Buildings and equipment
795,314.5
4,1
Signalling and telecommunications
333,284.5
1,7
Permanent way
1,129,875.0
5,9
Social and environmental works
2,267,151.8
11,8
719,278.6
3,7
1,447,574.2
1,172,732.9
7,5
6,1
Electricfication
Rolling stock
Complementary Services
TOTAL
19,288,384.9 100,0
US$ 37,761,1 thousand /Km
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: CAPEX and OPEX
OPEX
2014
ITEM
US$ x
106
2024
(%)
US$ x
106
2034
(%)
US$ x
106
2044
(%)
US$ x
106
(%)
5.9
12.1
77.6
20.4
155.2
30.5
155.2
29.7
32.4
15.2
32.5
8.6
43.1
8.5
43.1
8.3
ROLLING STOCK
122.2
57.2
224.9
59.3
252.5
49.7
253.3
48.5
ADMINISTRATIVE
EXPENSES
19.9
9.3
24.9
6.6
26.3
5.2
26.3
5.0
MARKETING & SALES
13.4
6.3
19.7
5.2
31.3
6.2
44.2
8.5
213.7
100.0
508.3 100.0
522.0
100.0
PERMANENT WAY
STRUCTURES
TOTAL
379.5 100.0
48
NEW CONCESSION MODEL
TAV PROJECT
Rio de Janeiro - São Paulo-Campinas
PREMISES OF THE NEW MODEL
TAV Concession divided into two phases:
Ø Phase I - Allocation of the operation for
transport services
TAV passenger
Ø Phase II – Concession of TAV infrastructure and real state
development
Benchmarks
studies,
standards
requirements remain the same.
and
technical
NEW MODEL DIAGRAM
Equity
BRAZILIAN
GOVERNMENT
Finance
Guarantee
ETAV
Equity
Transfer of
technology
Equity
Banks
ANTT
Final
Engineering
Project
Financing
BNDES
Financing
Concession 1
Operation and infrastructure
and system maintenance
Concession 2
Infrastructure constructin
and real stare
development
Banks
Financing
Operator/Technology
Equity
Infrastructure
Real State Development
Revenues for the use of
the infrastructure
Investors
Expenses for the use of
the infrastructure
Services
Revenues
Investments in
systems and
rolling stocks
Equity
Real state
revenues
infrastructure
TAV SYSTEM
Transort
Service
Fare
PASSENGERS
Investment
Real State
Investments
Civil work
contract
payments
Investors
Civil work
contract
Construction
Companies
Phase I - Allocation of the operation for TAV passenger
transport services
Elements of the Phase I
ØSelection of technology to be adopted
ØObligation to transfer the latest technology
ØObligation to maintain adequate level of service
ØObligation to provide technical support in implementing and certifying the
conformity of the infrastructure
ØFinal engineering design for the infrastructure
ØOperation of the TAVT (including system and infrastructure maintenance)
Phase II – Concession of TAV infrastructure and real state
development
Elements of the Phase II
ØObligation of deployment of infrastructure designed by the operator of the
Phase I
ØAccess to public finance investment in infrastructure
ØObligation to follow guidelines of the granting authority in contracting
infrastructure works
ØCommercial and real estate development in areas adjacent stations
2011 SCHEDULE
PHASE I SCHEDULE
August ---------------à
September----------à
October ----------à
November ----------à
1st Semester 2012 à
Model definition Phase I
Public hearings – bidding documents
Submission to TCU (Accounting Office)
Publication of bidding documents Phase I
Public Auction Phase I
Economic and financial aspects - CAPEX
Cost items- CAPEX
Earthworks
Structures
TOTAL
2.128.081.594,00
INFRASTRUCTURE
OPERATION
2.128.081.594,00
17.492.361.179,00 17.492.361.179,00
Permanent way
1.940.673.312,00
1.940.673.312,00
Builduings and equipment
1.366.032.061,00
1.366.032.061,00
Signalling
287.227.820,00
287.227.820,00
Telecommunication
285.221.600,00
285.221.600,00
Electrification
1.235.433.004,00
435.817.800,00
Socio-environmental costs
3.894.059.939,00
3.894.059.939,00
Rolling stock
2.486.353.374,00
Complementary services
1.889.286.044,00
1.389.563.123,93
ANTT regulatory costs
75.000.000,00
75.000.000,00
Performance bond
50.000.000,00
50.000.000,00
TOTAL
799.615.204,00
2.486.353.374,00
603.095.643,37
33.129.729.927,00 28.771.589.008,93 4.461.513.641,37
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: Transfer of Technology
Ø Bidder shall present a proposal for a Program for Transfer of Technology
in certain areas defined as technological focus.
v The Technology Transfer shall comprise all technical and scientific
knowledge created and transmitted through materials, processes,
methods, tools and technical assistance programs and training,
necessary for the construction, operation and maintenance TAV systems;
v The technology provider shall ensure, on a non-costly base, to transfer
all technology related to the technological focus for the Federal Public
Enterprise, or Local Agents indicated by it;
v To encourage the development of Brazilian industry and market, the
Concessionaire shall ensure a minimum percentage of local content of
goods and services used in the construction and operation of TAV.
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: CHALLENGES
Ø ACCESSIBILITY - Investments to improve users' access to stations by means
of mass transportation and high capacity urban roads;
Ø QUALIFICATION OF DOMESTIC INDUSTRY – Implementation of programs
for the transfer and absorption of technology, with increased investment in
domestic industry to offer, in a competitive way, equipment, systems and
services for expansion of high-speed network;
Ø QUALIFICATION OF WORK FORCE - Training of professionals to meet
future demand in the industry segment of high-speed transport services;
Ø URBAN TRANSFORMATION - Improving the quality of life in cities serviced
by TAV in order to avoid the bottlenecks resulting from the implementation of
high-speed lines;
Ø ENVIRONMENTAL LICENSING - Obtaining environmental permits in time
and with priority given to preservation of the environment to effectively capture
the advantages of high speed transport;
Brazil HSL - TAV Brasil: CHALLENGES
EXPANSION OF HIGH SPEED
NETWORK IN BRAZIL
Studies included
the PAC II
EF-333
National Plan for Railroad
EF-222
Line under bidding
process
TREM DE ALTA VELOCIDADE
THANKS!
www.tavbrasil.gov.br
RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION IN BRAZIL: THE
DECADE OF CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
Vicente Abate – President of ABIFER - Brazilian Association of the
Railroad Industry
Minneapolis, September 20, 2011
ABIFER, 34 years
INSTITUTIONAL PRESENTATION
ABIFER
OUR MISSION
To instigate the Brazilian railway industry
growth through incentives to freight and
mass transportation expansion and
permanent technical support to rail operators
and end users.
ABIFER
OUR VISION
To be the reference body in Brazil and Latin
America for the subjects related to rail
transportation.
OUR VALUES
> Focus in Brazil
> Business belief
> Transparency in our actions
> Sustained growth
> Value creation
ASSOCIATES
WHO WE ARE
1 Vehicles, Systems and Components
manufacturers for the railway marketplace.
2 Design companies, Engineering consultants
and Service providers to the railway segment.
ASSOCIATES
ASSOCIATES
MAIN PRODUCTS
> Diesel-Electric and Diesel-Hydraulic Locomotives
> Freight cars
> Steel mill cars
> Electrical Unit Trains for Metro and Suburb
> High Speed Trains
> LRV – Light Rail Vehicles
> Monorails
> Signalling, Electrification and Telecommunication Systems
> Bogies, Wheels, Axles, Springs, Bearings, Couplers, Brake and Traction Motors
> Track Materials: Elastic clips l Junction bonds l Turnouts l Sleepers l Welding
ASSOCIATES
MAIN SERVICES
> Engineering
> Consulting
> Maintenance, Repair and Modernization of
vehicles, systems and components
INVESTMENTS
Source: ABIFER
RAILWAY INDUSTRY
R$1.1 billion
(from 2003 to 2010)
Expansion and modernization of the existing
plants, new plants and new technology
ANNUAL CAPACITIES
ABIFER associates have increased year by year their production
capacity
12000 900
FREIGHT CARS
PASSENGER CARS
150
LOCOMOTIVES
INNOVATIONS IMPLEMENTED BY THE BRAZILIAN RAILWAY INDUSTRY
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
High capacity 150 ton gondola cars for iron ore transportation with 37.5 ton per axle bogies;
Hopper cars for sugar transportation with fast unload system and all doors operated by only one man;
Double stack cars for containers transportation;
Electronically Controlled Pneumatic brake systems for freight cars;
Railway wheels made of micro-alloyed steel;
4,400 HP AC diesel-electric locomotives;
Diesel-hydraulic yard and line locomotives;
CBTC signalling systems(driverless);
Passenger cars with air conditioning system, closed circuit TV and larger doors for easy
access for people with special needs;
> Shock absorbers in metros to reduce track noise and vibration;
> Concrete sleepers for environment friendly use.
Source: AmstedMaxion
IRON ORE
GONDOLA CAR
> BROAD GAUGE (1,600 mm)
State owned
Railroad
(until 1997)
VALE and MRS
(2000)
VALE and MRS
(2007)
VALE and MRS
(2009/2010)
G.R.L (t)
120
120
130
150
Light weight (t)
25
19
19
22
Load (t)
95
101
111
128
Load gain (t)
-
6
16
33
BULK SUGAR HOPPER CAR
IMPROVEMENTS
OLD CARS
NEW CARS
LOAD (ton)
80
100
DISCHARGE TIME
(minutes)
45
1
PEOPLE FOR
DISCHARGE (ea)
6
1
PRODUCTION
FREIGHT
CARS
BRAZILIAN PRODUCTION
Source: ABIFER
> PER DECADE
30.600
11.500
3.400
28.200
40.000
70
80
90
00
10(F)
Source: ABIFER
FREIGHT
CARS
BRAZILIAN PRODUCTION
2.399
4.740
7.597
3.668
1.327
5.118
1.022
3.261
5.000
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011 (F)
LOCOMOTIVES
BRAZILIAN PRODUCTION
Source: ABIFER
> PER DECADE
638
256
69
175
2.100
70
80
90
00
10(F)
Source: ABIFER
LOCOMOTIVES
BRAZILIAN PRODUCTION
0
0
6
14
30
30
22
68
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
100
2011 (F)
Source: ABIFER
PASSENGER
CARS
BRAZILIAN PRODUCTION
> PER DECADE
950
1.460
640
1.930
4.000
70
80
90
00
10(F)
Source: ABIFER
PASSENGER
CARS
BRAZILIAN PRODUCTION
79
45
179
113
283
447
440
430
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
450
2011 (F)
RAILWAY
VEHICLES
GONDOLA CARS
MRS
VALE
HOPPER CARS
FERTILIZERS
AUTOMATIC DISCHARGE
BALLAST
SUGAR
AUTOMATIC DISCHARGE
IRON ORE
SOYBEAN PRODUCTS
AUTOMATIC DISCHARGE
PHOSPHATE
OTHER TYPES
AUTOMOBILE CAR
DOUBLE STACK
FUEL
SPINE CAR
LNG TRANSPORTATION
LOCOMOTIVES
DIESEL-ELECTRIC
DIESEL-HYDRAULIC
PASSENGER CARS
Metro - SP
CPTM – SP (suburb)
LIGHT RAIL VEHICLES
Brasília
Cariri
MONORAILS
RAILROAD FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION
IN BRAZIL
ON GOING PROJECTS
Source:
Ministério dos Transportes
FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION MARKET SHARE
Source: PNLT/ MT
CURRENT AND PROJECTED
Rail M. Share (%)
29
33
35
Network (km1000)
35
41
50
ABIFER Estimations
RAILROAD PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION
IN BRAZIL
URBAN RAILROAD SYSTEMS
• Fortaleza (METROFOR)
• Linha Oeste (VLT)
CMTP - Metrô de Teresina
• Trens de superfície - Natal
• Trens de superfície –
João Pessoa
• Metrô de Recife
• Trens de superfície - Recife
• Trens de superfície - Maceió
• Metrô de Salvador
• Trem de subúrbio de Salvador
• Metrô de Brasília
• Metrô de Belo Horizonte
• Metrô do Rio de Janeiro
• SUPERVIA
• Metrô-SP, Monotrilho e VLT
• Trens de superfície – CPTM
• Trensurb - Porto Alegre
Serviços
Regionais
Jundiaí
• Tempo de viagem estimado : até 25 minutos
• 45 a 48 km
• Situação atual: elaboração do projeto funcional.
Sorocaba
• Tempo de viagem estimado : até 40 minutos
• 90 km
• Situação atual: elaboração do projeto funcional
novos padrões
de serviços:
Competitivo
Confortável
Seguro
Regularidade
Confiabilidade
Acessibilidade
Integrado
CPTM
Malha Ferroviária
Localizaç
ão
Central à
Definir
Estudo da Mobilidade da
Macro Metrópole Paulista
• Em processo de
contratação
Santos
• Tempo de viagem estimado : 40 minutos
• 72 km
• Situação atual: em contratação do projeto funcional
TAV
HIGH SPEED TRAIN
TAV
EXPECTED IMPACTS
Labor
Generation
Technological
Development
Time Reduction
Adjustment in the
demand: highways
and airports
Pollution
Reduction
Traffic Reduction
TAV
ON GOING PROJECTS
AVAILABLE PLANTS IN BRAZIL FOR HIGH
SPEED TRAINS ASSEMBLING
IESA
TTRANS
AMSTEDMAXION / BOMBARDIER
SIEMENS
CAF
ALSTOM
MANY THANKS
Vicente Abate
President
ABIFER
Tel: +55 (11) 3289-1667
[email protected]
www.abifer.org.br
Twitter: @abifer_oficial
Facebook: ABIFER
Logistic Infrastructure Scenario in Brazil
Marcelo Perrupato
Secretary for Transportation National Policy
Minneapolis, September 20, 2011
Ministry of Transportation
Brazilian Economic Scenario
Ministry of Transportation
Positive GDP Growth for Brazil and China
Annualized Quarter data
* Forecasts: USA and China - JP Morgan and Brazil - Ministry of Finance
Sources: BEA (USA), JPMorgan (China) and IBGE (Brasil)
Ministry of Transportation
Produced by: Ministry of Finance
GDP Growth – International Comparison
2nd Quarter/09* - %
* Growth relating to the previuos quarter (1st Q 2009) , updated annually and seasonally
Source: GDW JP Morgan 09/11/2009 and IBGE for Brazil
Ministry of Transportation
GDP and Consumption
Change in the last 12 months - %
Source: IBGE
Produced by: Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Transportation
Reduction of External Vulnerability
US$ billion
Source: Ministry of Development, Industry and Commerce.
Ministry of Transportation
Produced by: Ministry of Finance
Total External Net Debt
% of GDP
* Forecast – July 2009
Source: Central Bank of Brazil
Ministry of Transportation
Produced by: Ministry of Finance
Foreign Exchange Reserves
(International Liquidity)
*Position on September 8th, 2009.
Source: Central Bank of Brazil.
Ministry of Transportation
Prepared by: Ministry of Finance
US$ billion
Logistic Infrastructure
Ministry of Transportation
Road Network
In km
JURISDICTION
FEDERAL
STATE
MUNICIPAL
TOTAL NATIONAL
Ministry of Transportation
PAVED
NON PAVED
TOTAL
60,469
13,604
74,073
122,889
119,429
242,318
24,104
1,256,188
1,280,292
207,462
1,389,221
1,596,683
Rail Network
Ø
National Rail Network
Ø
Federal Rail Network under Concession 28,314 km
Ø
12 concessions operated by 5 private groups
and 2 state-owned companies
Ministry of Transportation
29,817 km
National Ports
Ø
50 public ports in Brazil – sea and river
Ø
26 Federal Port Companies and National Department for Transport
Infrastructure (DNIT)
Ø
23 States and Municipalities
Ø
1 private sector
Ministry of Transportation
Inland Waterways
Ø
28,000 km of inland waterways
Ø
Ø
Potential utilization of over 15,000 km of new waterways
Transport of over 25 million tons/year
Ø Agricultural and mineral products, alcohol, construction material (sand,
gravel), fertilizers
Ø
Main Inland Waterways under operation
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Paraná – Tietê
Amazonas - Madeira
Tapajós
Capim
Tocantins – Araguaia
São Francisco
Paraguai
Jacuí - Taquari and Lagoa dos Patos
TOTAL
1,660 km
4,164 km
1,046 km
372 km
3,040 km *
1,371 km
1,323 km
670 km
13.646 km
* Usable conditions
Ministry of Transportation
Inland Waterways system
APROXIMATED EXTENSIONS (km)
BASIN
STATES
MAIN RIVERS
NAVIGABLE
AMAZÔNICA
AM, PA, AC,
RO, RR, e AP
NORDESTE
POTENTIAL
TOTAL*
Amazonas, Solimões, Negro,
Branco, Madeira, Purus, Juruá,
Tapajós, Teles Pires, Juruena,
Mamoré, e Guaporé
18,300
723.5
19,023
MA e PI
1,740
2,975
4,715
Mearim, Pindaré, Itapecuru,
Parnaíba e Balsas
TOCANTINS/ARAGUAIA
TO, MA e GO
2,200
1,300
3,500
Tocantins, Araguaiae Mortes
SÃO FRANCISCO
MG, BA, PE e
SE
1,400
2,700
4,100
São Francisco, Grande e Corrente
LESTE
MG, ES e RJ
-
1,094
1,094
Doce, Paraíba do Sul e
Jequitinhonha
TIETÊ/PARANÁ
SP, PR e SC
1,900
2,900
4,800
Paraná, Tietê, Paranaíba, Grande,
Ivaí e Ivinheima
PARAGUAI
MT, MS e PR
1,280
1,815
3,095
Paraguai, Cuiabá, Miranda, São
Lourenço, Taquari e Iaurú
SUL
RS
600
700
1,300
Jacuí, Taquarí,Lagoa dos Patos e
Lagoa Mirim
URUGUAI
RS e SC
-
1,200
1,200
Uruguai e Ibicuí
27,420
15,407.5
42,827.5
TOTAL
* Not necessarily continuous stretches.
Ministry of Transportation
Ro-Ro Terminal in Manaus
(State of Amazonas)
Construction of Tucuruí Locks
Ministry
(State
of Pará)of Transportation
Convoy on a Tietê River Canal (State of São Paulo)
Convoy on the Madeira River
(States of Amazonas & Rondônia)
Transport Policy and Planning
Ministry of Transportation
The transport matrix is unbalanced considering the
size of Brazil
4%
Road
Rail
Water
Pipe/Air
13%
25%
Ministry of Transportation
58%
which is proved as compared with similar-size
countries.
Russia
81%
8%
11%
Canada
46%
43%
11%
Australia
43%
53%
4%
USA
43%
China
Brazil
32%
37%
50%
25%
Rail
Ministry of Transportation
58%
Road
25%
13%
17%
Water & others
To organize such scenario and recover the transport
sector, the Ministry of Transport has developed the
National Plan for Logistics and Transportation (PNLT)
Ø
An instrument for strategic organization with an integrated view on the territory
and development.
Ø
Transport as an agent to induce and facilitate development.
Ø
A more balanced Brazilian transport matrix with a significant participation of rail
and water modes, which are more efficient in terms of economy and energy
consumption, with less emission of CO2 and NOx.
Ministry of Transportation
PNLT indicates ways to change the transport matrix
Ø
Consolidation of a new Brazilian rail network (Law 11772/2008) with the
implementation of 11,800 km of new rail lines, with 10,700 km of large-gauge
tracks.
Ø
New railways will serve areas of agricultural & mineral new frontiers.
Ø
This new basic railway system prepares the Country for a new economic growth
cycle to meet the domestic demand increase and integration with exporting ports.
Ø
Gradual transfer of general cargo from roads to railways, inland waterways, and
coastal shipping.
Ministry of Transportation
The Brazilian power generation matrix is clean, based on hydro-electric plants. It
is needed to make this feature compatible with navigation needs
Power Generation Matrix – Brazil and the World (%)
100%
5
90%
1
4
2
Other
80%
38
41
70%
Coal
60%
Hydraulic
50%
85
12
16
40%
23
30%
20%
10%
0%
15
20
20
3
3
3
4
6
BRAZIL 2007
OECD2006
483 TWh - 89%
10,460 TWh - 16%
Ministry of Transportation
Nuclear
Gas
Petroleum
WORLD
18,930 TWh - 18%
% renewable
Source: MME
Power Generation Matrix in Brazil is markedly
renewable
Ministry of Transportation
Energy consumption all sources (%)
Souce: MME / BEM 2006
Ministry of Transportation
Oil consumption by sectors (%)
Source: MME / BEN 2006
Ministry of Transportation
Transport Matrix - Present and Future
60
58
50
40
35
30
30
20
25
Road
Rail
29
Water
Pipe
13
10
Air
3.6
5
1
0.4
0
2005
2015
2020
Source: PNLT Processing, considering energy consumption
Ministry of Transportation
2025
Benefits from the Transport Matrix change
2005 to 2023/2025
(Transport production grows from 851 to 1,510 bi TKU)
Ø
38% of energy efficiency increase
Ø
41% of fuel consumption reduction
Ø
32% of CO2 emission reduction
Ø
39% of NOx emission reduction
Ministry of Transportation
PAC
Growth Acceleration Program
Ministry of Transportation
Background
Ø
Brazil has faced a long period of low investment in logistic infrastructure
Ø
Better economic conditions have allowed:
Ø
Rehabilitation of public investment capability
Ø
Favorable scenario for partnerships with the private sector
•
Road Concessions
•
Railroad Concessions
Ministry of Transportation
PAC
Ø
After two decades, it is the first initiative to accomplish a significant
program of investments in transportation
Ø
Public investments selected from the PNLT
Ø
Projects with strong potential for generating economic & social return
Ø
Synergy among projects
Ø
Rehabilitation of the existing infrastructure
Ø
New projects and conclusion of projects under way
Ministry of Transportation
Main PAC’s Projects
ØHighways
Ø Construction of new highways
Ø Expansion of the existing road capacity
Ø Rehabilitation of the existing road network
2,989 km
1,926 km
53,585 km
ØRailways
Ø Rail network capacity increase
Ø Expansion of the rail network (12,000 km): 2,700 under construction; 1,500
to be built; 5,300 under studies & design; 2,500 under analysis
ØInland Waterways
Ø Construction of inland waterway terminals in Amazonia
Ø Construction of locks
ØIncentive to Shipbuilding (Financing)
Ø Construction of ocean-going, coastal, maritime aid and river vessels (384
vessels, 103 of which finished)
Ø Construction and modernization of 8 shipyards
Ministry of Transportation
Partnerships with the
Private Sector
Ministry of Transportation
Road Concessions
1st phase of the Federal Highway Concession Program
1,482 km in 3 States: Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Rio Grande do Sul
(Concluded)
2nd phase of the Federal Highway Concession Program
3,228 km in 6 States: Bahia, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná
and Santa Catarina (Concluded)
3rd phase of Federal Highway Concession Program
2,230 km in 5 States: Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Federal District
and Santa Catarina
Bidding in 2010
Ministry of Transportation
FEDERAL HIGHWAY CONCESSION PROGRAM
Niterói
1st Phase 1,482 km
2nd Phase 3,228 km
3rd Phase 2,230 km
Ministry of Transportation
Railway Program
Ø
Public investment together with private funds from the entrepreneur
Ø
Ø
North-South Railway
•
719 km – Açailândia/MA – Palmas/TO – sub-concession concluded in Dec.
2007
•
1,535 km – Palmas/TO – Estrela d’Oeste/SP – under way: construction
works, section Palmas/Anápolis (855 km); and studies relating the section
Anápolis/Estrela d’Oeste (680 km)
West-East Integration Railway
•
1,490 km – Figueirópolis-TO / Ilhéus-BA
•
Studies and project under way
Ministry of Transportation
Projects for Railways Expansion in Brazil
Ministry of Transportation
High Speed Train
Rio de Janeiro – São Paulo – Campinas
Ø
Ø
Ø
Extension: 511 km
Serves the most populous and economically developed region in Brazil
Studies on demand, alignment, geology, operation and economic-financial
modeling are concluded
Ø
Call for bidding and auction for technology: 1st semester of 2012
ØTransfer of technology is mandatory
The winner will be responsible for :
Øfinal engineering design
Ømaintenance
Øoperation
Ø
Call for bidding and auction for the High Speed Train:
ØConstruction
Ministry of Transportation
High Speed Train
Rio de Janeiro - São Paulo - Campinas
PROPOSED STATIONS
STATION LOCATIONS
Ministry of Transportation
Major Directives from the Ministry of Cities
for Urban Mobility
Implement corridors and transport equipments for all major cities with more than
300 thousand inhabitants, state capitals and metropolitan regions, focusing bus
and rail systems, including 60% expansion in the existing metro network
PAC mobilility goals:
Ø Existing network: 215,7 km
Ø Expansion of 133,5 km up to 2022
Ø Metro network (São Paulo, Rio, Recife, B. Horizonte, Salvador, Fortaleza,
Brasília)
Ø Rail & VLT (São Paulo, Rio, P. Alegre, Natal, Salvador, J. Pessoa, Recife,
Fortaleza, Maceió, N. Hamburgo, Curitiba)
Ministry of Transportation
• Metrô de Fortaleza
• Trens de superfície – Fortaleza (METROFOR)
• Linha Oeste (VLT)
• Trens de superfície - Natal
• Trens de superfície –
João Pessoa
• Metrô de Recife
• Trens de superfície - Recife
• Trens de superfície - Maceió
• Metrô de Salvador
• Trem de subúrbio de Salvador
• Metrô de Brasília
• Metrô de Belo Horizonte
• Metrô do Rio de Janeiro
• Rio de Janeiro - SUPERVIA
• Metrô, monotrilho e VLT de São Paulo
• Trens de superfície – São Paulo – CPTM
• Trens de superfície - Porto Alegre
Ministry of Transportation
São Paulo Metro
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
4 existing lines totalling 62.3 km
3,500,000 pax/day
12 km expansion (private operation)
11 km of new line (5) in 2015
24 km of 2 monorail lines in 2014
Expansion Expresso Tiradentes - 23 km monorail
Expansion of 6 km Orange line subway.
Basic Design 12 km Monorail or VLT:
S. Bernardo-São Paulo
CPTM VLT
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ministry of Transportation
6 existing lines totalling 260.8 km
2,150,000 pax/day
New line (13) with 20 km in 2025
84 new trains (8 cars each) in 2014
Design Capacity: 4,100,000 pax/day(3 min headway)
PPP operation under analysis
mapa
Maceió Diesel VLT
Ministry of Transportation
Ø
Ø
1 existing line totalling 32.1 km
6,000 pax/day
Ø
System is under improvement with VLT rolling stock
mapa
Salvador Surface Rail
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
1 existing line totalling 17 km
12,000 pax/day
Under improvement
Public operation
Salvador Metro
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ministry of Transportation
1 existing line totalling 6 km
Expansion to 12 km in 2011
200,000 pax/day forecast
Public operation
mapa
Fortaleza Metro
South Line (under construction)
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
1 line totalling 17 km
190,000 pax/day
Operation in 2011
2 lots of 10 trains each (with 4 cars)
Fortaleza Diesel VLT
West line
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ministry of Transportation
1 existing line totalling 21 km
8,000 pax/day
May be expanded for integration with the metro
system
State public operation
mapa
Brasília Metro
Brasília
Ministry of Transportation
Ø
1 existing line totalling 40.3 km
Ø
120,000 pax/day
Ø
Expansion of Rolim stock for 190,000 pax/day
Ø
Public Operation
mapa
Belo Horizonte Metro - CBTU
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ministry of Transportation
1 existing line totalling 2.2 km
170,000 pax/day
Capacity forecast: 240,000 pax/day
Need for 10 new trains (4 cars each)
Final engineering design for Lines 2 and 3 totalling
33.8 km
mapa
João Pessoa VLT - CBTU
Ministry of Transportation
Ø
Ø
1 existing line totalling 30 KM
11,000 pax/day
Ø
Design for improvement under analysis
mapa
Recife Metro - CBTU
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
2 existing lines totalling 39.7 km
220,000 pax/day
15 TUE (eletric train unit)
Public operation
Recife VLT
South Line
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ministry of Transportation
2 existing lines totalling 26.1 km
6,000 pax/day
Under improvement (connecting to SUAPE Industrial
Port)
PAC I
mapa
Rio de Janeiro Metro
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
2 existing lines totalling 35.6 km
550,000 pax/day
Line 4 under construction with14 km
(Ipanema - Barra da Tijuca)
Demand forecast 250,000 pax/day
Prospective construction of Line 3
(Niterói -São Gonçalo) for
Olympic Games 2016
Rio de Janeiro Metro
SUPERVIA
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ministry of Transportation
5 existing lines totalling 225 km
500,000 pax/day
1,100,000 pax/day demand forecast
Lines and Stations Improvement with 90 addition
TUE (eletric train units) to attend Olympic Games
2016
mapa
Natal Diesel VLT
Ministry of Transportation
Ø
2 existing lines totalling 56.2 km
Ø
7,000 pax/day
Ø
Future improvement under analysis
mapa
Porto Alegre VLT
TRENSURB
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ø
Ministry of Transportation
1 existing line totalling 33.8 km
160,000 pax/day
Expansion of 9 km in 2011 with 8 new TUE
(6 cars each)
Demand forecast: 200,000 pax/day
mapa
Passengers traffic on railway cargo network
Ø Low demand cargo lines:
Feasibility studies are financed by the Ministry of Transport and implementation and
operation by private enterprises, basically for tourism sector
(14 prospective services throughout the Country)
Ø Regular demand cargo lines:
Passengers traffic operated in non priority basis
Ø New railway expansion lines:
Passengers traffic may be effectively operated in regular basis
(under analysis by the Government)
Ministry of Transportation
Highlights of the
Inland Waterway Sector
Ministry of Transportation
Inland Waterway Map
Navigable stretches
Ministry of Transportation
Inland Waterway Development
Ø
Brazil is already developing the rehabilitation and structuring of the railway
system
Ø
Now the challenge is to structure an inland waterway system that
contributes to a better equilibrium of the Brazilian transport matrix in
terms of energy, economy and sustainability
Ø
Such an arrangement implies a governmental articulation concerning the
multiple use of water resources and the appropriate environmental
handling
Ministry of Transportation
Strategic Inland Waterway Plan
Structures an organized and comprehensive instrument that, on the
basis of the main potential-navigation hydrographic regions, aims to:
Ø Identify dredging and rock blasting works
Ø Identify and ranking works of dam crossing
Ø Structure inland waterway terminals
Ø Define institutional parameters for the inland waterway sector,
considering the multiple use of water (water supply, irrigation, energy
generation (Brazilian matrix is clean, basically hydro-electric generation),
recreation, sanitation and transportation
Strong articulation and integration with other public and private
agencies (especially the National Water Agency)
Ministry of Transportation
Inland Waterway Regions
LEGEND
Amazônica
Tocantins / Araguaia
Atlântico Nordeste Ocidental
Parnaíba
Atlântico Nordeste Oriental
São Francisco
Atlântico Leste
Atlântico Sudeste
Atlântico Sul
Paraguai
Paraná
Uruguai
Source: Divisão Hidrográfica Nacional, Conselho
Nacional de Recursos Hídricos, Resolução nº 32 de 15
de outubro de 2003.
Ministry of Transportation
Opportunities for Cooperation
Ø All those points, specially concerning the increasing of
the railway network, represent challenges to be
faced by Brazil, as well as opportunities for
transferring technology and international experience
and for partnership on investments.
Ø Worldwide countries will certainly be important
partners in such a process.
Ministry of Transportation
www.transportes.gov.br
[email protected] com o Ministério
Ministry of Transportation

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