TOPOHTO HblO

Сomentários

Transcrição

TOPOHTO HblO
TOPOHTO
-
HblO-]4oPK 1991
HUMBERVIEW
INSURANCE
BROKERS LTD.
183 Roncesvalles
Tel.3 (416)
Ave., Toronto, Ont., M6R2L5
531-4647 FAX 53L'2396
ACEKYPAUIfl
o AOMIB o ABTOMOEIJIIB
o KPAMHIIIIb o III,(fIPLIGMCTB
HUMBERVIEW
TRAVEL
183 Roncesvalles
Ave., Toronto, Ont.' M6R2L5
o SAIIPOIIIEHHfl o BISH
O
SAMIHA IIAIIIIIOPTIB
o ACEKyPAIII,fl IIIIII{TAJIbHA
IJI,fl BIIBIAyBATTIB
O
KB}ITKI,I HA JIITAKH
Tel. z (416) 588-0039
Printed by Beskyd Graphics,2559 Dundas St. W., Toronto, Ont. M6P lX6
Pix 1991 TopoHro
-
tlsro ffopr
-
q. 3(U3)
3MICT
KOMEHTAPI
Mupocnaa Maneqrxnfi: .flruu [rrlflxoM
npoxlin napoAin
IsaH Kelpuu: Kouyniglr
lfio4vt, onInil, IOAII
-
............... 3
......7
Bacnru Oe.uoposuq: flnsH 3HI{IueHIrfl yrpaiucrroro Hapo.uy ..............
12
................22
Yrpaini ........
----.----- 23
Arupift Korvropoacmufi: Ha unrxy.uo Konctnryrrii
...............26
o. IsaH Mysuura: B pivnNuro 6ois uia Bpo,qaun
.... 30
Porvran faeurxufi: IsaH Keapnu-Pyunuurrnfi .
..... 33
BonoAurrup Monoaeqrrcnfi: Bitrcpntrs flaM'fllttuKa .....
... 38
Bono.uuunp fourrufi: Bialura i Ausisi, ........
Porvran
Koniurur:
PeQepenuyrrr s
3 YKPAIHI,I
,.[anuno Kynuum: HapoA, IrIo He rloB:llKae cBoK) aprvriro...
x x x: Hose xI{TT,
............... 4l
,,Jlitouttcy tlepeonoi Kaluxz" ..................
43
Anapifi lpeunno: Ao nurauHfl rpo xaqiouanrnufi npanop ............... 47
Ocaa.ryr-Exegincrrufi: Yxpaiua
Ue UeHTpanbHa Eapona ..........,... 50
BaM A3BoH}r He rpanu ........ 53
Anaronifi He.uirucxuit; Ax Blr BMIrpuuIr{,
MI{HYJIE
Bono.uuvrup AHtonoauu:
fletpo AopoureHxo ...
CfIOM}IHI4
Onexca lop6au: B nirreqrxoMy rononi
Orraersn Kyruuuurxufi: flpuroAa Ha
(DEtrIJIETOHI{
....
55
(sarinuennx) ............... 59
........... 67
3ynru
ropi
............74
Po-Ko: ,,KatactpofiKa" Iop6auoea ...........
....76
Ba-Tou: Berura cvura ....
3 XI,ITTfl KOMEAT. I IPOMAACbKI,IX OPIAHI3AUIft
3. 3. Cranlrur B Topouto (79), CnxtKyBaHHt ctopiu.rx Vrpainuis
y Karaai (80), HaropoAlr etniqnur,r xypnanictar"r (81), 3. 3. Ctaluui
s E.uNronroni (81), 3. 3. Cranuqi s Ct. Ketepnuc (82), 3. 3. Cranuui
y BiHninery (83), Bi.qsuaqeHns S5-nittx no6parnua (85),
fI'ma piuuuur tlopxo6unr (87), Epatctno ,,EpoAu-JIee" (88).
3 HOBI.IX KHI,IXOK
.flpocnan Kaqafi:
KfB g nyrpi
si1gHarr
Ocran Coromcuxufi: .[unigifiuurru crexKaMI,I
Kana.ucrxa cueHa: Katanor KHHr, Hos[fi arrlflc
Porvran
Koniurur: Yrpaiucrxi siftcrxosi
HAM TII4IIIYTb
... 89
............. 90
....,...92
....... 93
.........94
Mox siauosi.(r PoN{anosi CrapocorlbcbroMy ...
.....,..97
fIPECOBI,IpI OOHA .....
TI IUO BIAIITIXJII{
Css. n.: JIes KypuJlelrb, Cte$an Marraaura, OnicH 3axapuyx,
Inan Bopuc, Opifi Cnineurxnfi, 9poataB OHyQepro
..... 100
i Onerca Haepoqrruit ...
BICTI KOMEATAHTA
yKPAiHCbKl,rX ilmCbKOBnn XyPHAfl
PEAAKTOPI,I:
l. Kegprx-Pygxnqurrfi i e-p M. Manequrli
BylAABql: Fonoaxa Ynpaaa O6'egxaxrn 6. Bonrie Yrpaixqia
a Aueprqi, l-onoaxa ynpaaa Eparcraa xon. sosxia
1 yA vHA
CnlBytlACH!: SparcrBo Yxpaircuxrx Ciroanx Crpinuqia,
O6'egmarHr Kon. aonxia ynA, Spogn-fleB, lHH.,
Yxpaixcuxa CrpineqbKa l-pouagp a Kaxa4i
VETERANS' NEWS, bimonthly, published jointly by:
United Ukrainian War Veterans in America, Brotherhood of Former
of I Ukrainian Division UNA in association with:
Brotherhood of Ukrainian Sichovi Striltsi, Former Members of the
Ukrainian lnsurgent Army, lnc., Brody-Lev, lnc, Ukrainian War
Veterans' Association in Canada.
Soldiers
Address:
VETERANS' NEWS
-
P. O. Box 279, Stn.
"D", Totonto, Ont.,
Cenada
,\A6P 3J9
Editorial office in USA:
Mr. l. Kedryn-Rudnytsky, IOGE MonEomcry
Jersey City, N. J. O73O2 U. S. A.
St.,
npisanuqeu qr iHir{inaar.ara aBTopa, He
aiAnoeiAalorb nornsAaM PeAaxrlil.
Crari, ni4nrcaui
3aBlHAl4
Pe4axqin
sacrepirae co6i npaBo cHopoqyBarh crarri
i
cnpaennrn MoBy.
yMoBl4 nEPEAnnATU HA 1991 PtK:
B Kaxa4i pivxa nepeAnnara 25.00 4on. B CIXA i ixurux xpaixax 23.00 aM. Aon.
AAPECH IPEACTABHHKIB:
Axrnin:
-
a6o:
49 Llnden Gardens
Notting Hill Gate
Mr. S. Wasylko
4 The Hollows
Silverdale
London, W2 4HG
Nottingham, NGl1 7FJ
ENGLAND
ENGLANO
AUFC
H.O
Aacrpanin:
Mr. Boiczuk Lew
7 Yorkshire St. Unit 4
Grange, S.A.
5022
AUSTRALIA
flKNM TIIJIflXOM?
gurarOqu Haluy flpegy Ta [pugnyxgBytoqncfl' EO.UuCxyCifi, He TflXKO
3a1IpI,IMiTI,ITI,I, ulo [I,ITaHHfl Bl46opy 3aco6iB, To6To ,KI'IM lIIJIfxoM Mae
rpfMyBaTI,I yKpaiHcbKgf HapoA .tto cBo€i' Bxe siA coroK poKiB TOMy
3Ao6yTtr it 3aKpi[I'ITI'I yKpaiHcbKy trepxaBy - cTaJIo
nocTaBJIeHoi MeTI,r
aKTyarrbHI,IM i nepecaqHo KoHTpoBepcifinuvr. He 6paxye Ha Uro TeMy
pyxy B
aBTOpr{TeTHLIx ronociB aKTI,IBHI,IX Aiqqis CyqaCHOrO BLI3BO1bHOTO
Ha
HelaBHo
AoIIoBiAi
[oceJleHHtx.
B
vxpaiHi; flpo ue roBoprTb i nuruyTb
y Toponri Jleexo JIyr'aHeHKo rplaraAaB HaM rpo qacTo BxI'IBaHi, ale ne
3oBciM rlpaBlanbHo iHTepnperoBaHi cJIoBa
,,I[eoflor16-
Ue cyKy[HicT
r
-
i.Ueonoriq
i noniruxa'
SinocOQcrxnx, [oIiTIaqHI'Ix' [paBoBI'Ix,
MopanbHqx, peniriftHnx ra Mr,rcreubKr,rx rlornfl.tliB, lrlo xapaKTepl'I3ylorb re
a6o inure cycrliJlbcrBo, KJIrcy, [oriTI'IqHy rlaprirc."
,,floniruKa - ue uini fi sas1aHHfl, trro ix crasnqrorb cyc[inHri rpynu
n 6opors6i :a cBoi iHTepecr; MeTo.[u fi zacolu AocflrHeHHfl TI'IX Uinefi i
ue HarrpflMoK AiflnbHocrl,I ,uepxaBl'I a6o noniTutrHoi
3aBAaHb. flonirnxa
- rany3i
qra
y uenHufi repiog." (Ir cnounurin).
y
inurift
rifi
rapTii
I.ueonoris 6ynae 3aMKHeHlrru ceiT ornflAoM 3 roroBl'IMra siunosiilflMtl,lIJa
nci npoanH cycnilrHoro
xlrrrr. flpo6yrour qacoM cBoi norJlfl'!;LrirsaDlocri
HaKIIHyTII itttUUla, iAeOnOrix CTae aBTOpLITaTIIBHOIO i eAI{HO[paB[IJIrHO
ayMaroqoro. Ha np4xruui BoHa, y 6inrruocT i euna.[xie, ranepeqy€ cBo6oAy
crroBa fi aii rpoMa.IIflHaM iHrrnx [epeKoHaHb.
Knqcuqgr{M npr,r1JraAoM TaK}rx eKcrpuMlcrl{ttHrlx csitornsAis cranu s
HauoMy cronirri nauional-couirnirvr ra KoMyHitrra. 3afiso 6yno 6 na urovry
rraicui rroBTopflTr,r Bxe 6araro pasis HanI,IcaHe. 3peurroro, rpariuni nacniAru
ix aifi TaMoHo[onbHoro [aHyBaHHr,craJruHarBHI,IMH ft urupoxo si.qorvfl'INIl'I.
:
flpuaep xyroqrrc b paMoK eAHHorpaBI,IJrbHocrI{, cnoiu s vriclovr iaeonorii
6iro1a uacy uinnlfi4cfl.. Ceircuxi ineonorii - 6o rpo HI'I1 TyT MoBa - He
Br4npaBAanu ce6e. Bonu rocraBaJrv Ha rpynri icuyrouux o6ctaszH ta
noKa3 aJfi4cfl' eKoHoMitIHi,
c ycn inrnux siAHocEH, 3 K orp nx HairlaxnueiurlrMl,I
couiq6Hi ft nauionanrHi si,[Hocr,rHu. Cralo rN{inqrcqict BiAHocranra vrinqru
ilr ycyqacHroBaJrlr 3Micr iaeonoriil MoJIoATIM rIoKorIiHHflM, 3a [paBI{JIoM'
rporu noni crapruoro. Anr npnKnaAy sigrMivro icropirc ni6epanirMy. y
Mr,rHynoMy cronitri ni6epanisM o3HaqaB y uepruifi rraipi ceo6oAy eKoHornriqnoi
,qiqnrHocru, rraaftxe HeorpaHuqeHy csO6Ony cIIOBa' KOpOTKO - CBOOOAy
Mafixe
rrroAr,rHlr.
flicns Apyroi ceirosoi sifiHu ni6epani:M craB nocieu ningx,
coUisnict[qHl{x iAefi, a B9H}I no csoift cyTi 3a6araTo orpaH[qyloTb cBo6oAy
JIrc^tII4HIA.
Cnoeo ,,Ka[iTar" craro ocHoBHHM noHflTTflM piurux cgirorrqAis,
i reopifi. OnnH 3 Tr,rx csirornqAis
TaKox gNriHus
- ,,xanirani3M',
cBoe o6nnq.Is. Hyxlenni yurouunu xr,rTT,
po6irnuxa BrracHoro (XIX
cronimq) xanitanisvry Hasitr npu6nuano He MoxHa uopianrorarn 3
cyqacHr.rM craHAaproM xr,rrrq :axiAHroro po6irHr,rKa, nxufi xlrBe B qacax
(ueper 6pax sianosinHoro cJroBa, yMoBHo craxiuo) coqianbHoro
Aor(Tpr4H
xanirali:vry.
Ha eiaMiHy
nit iaeonorifi, axi vriHarorb qacrKoBo fi noginrHo csifi evricr,
noniruxa Moxe vrinqrucs sianosiaHo Ao norpe6 Anq. Blacne, HeoAHaKoBe
poryvrinnr cnis ,,igeororil', i ,,nolirvKa,, criur[ AxepenoM He[o_
poeyvrinna vrix opranisoaankruvt rpyraMr{ B Vxpaini Ta noceleHsi.
laeonoris, flKa BoHa He 6yna 6, naycurb Marrr cBoro uoniruxy, a nonirzxa
BI4Marae rHyqKocru. Bu6ip
raroi
qH
iHruoi nonirr,rxu He o3Haqae 3arepeqeHH,
iaeonorii. Maro.rz Mery, BoHa 3Marae ii ocaruryrn Hafixpaure Aocry[Hr{M}r
:aco6arvru y nianonigHoMy qaci.
Mera yxpainuin anr ycix flc:ela
:ao6yru yrpaincbKy nepxagy. Ao
uboro neo6xiaHo [paBI,InrHo ouiuurvr- ct4ln4 ra gaco6[ Bopora, ocsiAoruuu
craH Haurux peanbHl'Ix MoxJrl,IBoctefi Ta, Bpetuti, nctaHoBI,ITI,I nnxn Aii.
Peeorroqir fop6auoBa [oqaracb Beprr.rKaJrbHo aia uponiAHr{x ycraHoB
3 Meroro [oKpauraHH, exonovriqHor o craHy AepxaBr,r. flia cyqacHy
ropy BoHa nepeuiHro€Tbcr Ha peBonrouiro Hr.r:in : inruuuru nponiAsnKaMr,r
Ta neuo in[rnvru MeroAaMr. HeAasni nu6opu s Pocii (xou npo HacliAru
ue BrracHo roBopr,rrt4) Aoeenr.r, ar xrocb rrle He nipuu, Ao tloBHofo
6aHxpyrcrBa KoMynicruquoi iaeonorii y rift.uorvrinanrHiil pecny6nirli Coroty.
3aturuunacs
ue
aavrinictparr,rBHa xouynicrlrqHa
6rcporparir,
arre
nepeMoxui n pociftcbKux nu6opax eanosiAarorb 3 HlrMr,r 6oporu6y. rlu qq
6oporroa nia6yaaruMerbcq Mr.rpHr,rM cnoco6ou
BraAarr,r. Bepyvn
- Trxxo
.rlo yBarr,r rpeHAr{ renepiurnroi peeonrcqii, rpe6a
cnoAisarr{cfl, rqo TaK.
Iloaii n cepegnift ra cxianifi Eeponi axa:ynatu 6, uo B naunyni rapy
porin raKox
BrIrII,IHynI{ na Sopvrn 6oporu6u r roronirapH}rMrl pexr,rMaMr,r,
a 3oKpeMa 6oporr6u za cauocriffHicru. Kpainra Enpoun, rqo 6ynr uia
KoHTpoleM CosercbKoro Corory, nor6ylucr ftoro 6er upoar.rBy KpoBlr
(nnftnnrox Pyrraynia). Mupne Blr3BorreHHr flBr{ue He HoBe.
Aexxi xoaonii
Benraxoi EpuraHii Bxe AaBHiure niurnu qrrM ruJrrxoM (IHaia), aJre B Enponi
i 6ararosHaqHe. B[rsoruHi npoqecu sxe lifirun]r Ao caMoro
Hyrpa CCCP. MoxHa [p]rnycKarlr, ulo npla c[purrrr]rBr,rx yMoBax raKox
BoHo HoBe
Mr,rpno
ycavrocriirssrvct renepiuni pecny6niru CCCp.
ceJrrHcbKoi
4
naptii Jlyx'anenKo rocrpo
cKp[rrr{KyBaB iqryro.rnft craH [paB
y Bl,IcyBanui yrpaiHcbKrlx Ha[oqaroK HoBoro craHy
o3Haqana
[porpaMa
[paB.
ufl
uioHalrHr,rx
,,BoAHoqac
po6iruraxin, celaH, cnyx6osUiB, a TaKox
e
no
pyci yrpaincgoro HapoAy, lo6ro rauiclr
repeAHroi :6poft Hoi 6oporr6H soHa npororlouryBalra ocHoBH[M MeroAoM
HaUioHaJIbHo-BIa3BoJIbHoMy
Vrpainn siu PaAqHcrxoro
- ei.{oxpe[MrleHHa
MlrpHl4uu :aco6aMLI." (PaAio ,,Coo6oAa") Ien. fpzropenxo
Coro:y
nu[re s csoix cnoraAax: ,,Bce qacliure i qacriue fl 3BepTaBcq Ao [I'ITaHHfl
npo npaKTr,rKy 3axlrcry eiA ceasoni sractefi. I sce 6inrure [epexoHyBaBcfl,
[Io Konr{ fi uoxna qoFocb trofiurucc' ro tinrxu turlflxoM si.qrpfiroi crrainoi
6opors6H." (CnouI,IHI,I, crop. a9\.
3vriHznncq yMoBr,rHr,r fi siAHocurru vrix rpoMaAtHaMlI pecuy6nix.
flovritruM craJro qnceJrbHe siAHoueHHfl pi3Hrlx uauionturbHllx rpyll B
rootrHHoKr,rx pecny6nixax qepe3 rvrirpauiro, npuvtycori nepecerleHHfl i
3acJIaHHt. Aiilcnicrro craB Saxt, uo croroAui B Coro:i HeMae
aocflrHeHns csoei Merrr
oasosauioHaJIbHI4x pecuy6nix.
3uisunocq i o6rrqux noporin. Cepeu Hr,rx Ha [eprue vricqe Bl'IcyHynac,
KoMaHAHo-a1vrinicrparrrBHa 6ropoxpatir pexuvty a6o " [aproKpatia" . (3a
ue cJroBo .rloBeJrocfl reH. fpraropeHxosi flepexl,ITu 6arato Heflpl{eMHocrefi
eit teqxux cepetroBllu y noceneHHi.)
He uaroqu nailvrenrrroro narraipy onpaBAyBaru KoMynicrin, xoqeMo
3BepHyTI4 yBary ua $a6, 1110 cepeA vrinrfionie qneHie naprii ne eci 6ynH
repeKoHaHHMLr BoporaMr,r repxaBHocrlr VrpaiHIa. 3-novrix Hlax sufirrulu
uafixe sci uaui AucraAeHTra. flense rrnclto unenin, noKI,IHyBIrru napT iro, craltvt
pyruiaura fi oprani3aropaMr4 pyxie Bu3BorleHnr Vrpainn. MoxHa MarI'I
onpaBnaHi Haaii, tuo ue 3HaqHa rinrxictr qnenis naplii 3 TI'IX, uto 6ynu
nepeKoHaHVMw i nipyrouuMl,I KoMyHiclauu, i A rux, qri s naplirO niuuH S
KoHeqHocrv Lrvt ni.u npzvrycoM, o[r,rHflTbcfl B ilaBax csiloNlux rpoMaAflH
Vrpaiuu.
.f,re eiaHoueHHq Matorb oui sassarll Ao HaToJIoBKY uiei crarri? BoHpt
noMoxyrb HaM nornaftovrvrvrcfl, 3 craHoM e Vxpaini. flirnanHr craHy
Bprr,rBae na SopvryBaHHfl uonirH.rHoi lyuxu, a BoHa, nonirntrHa AyMKa,
BMoxJrI4BJrK)e er6ip Hafixpaulux Naero.Uie i raco6is 6opom6n 3a
trepxaBHicrr.
Tenep B VrpaiHi Hafi6inruroro nonyrlflpHicrrc i e$extranniclro
eriuaerucq PyX. flpo iloro nosuuii roBopI,ITb ronoBa Jlreincrroro
Ue igea yxpaiHcbKgro sigpo.{xeHHq.
ocepe.UKy Jko6orvrup CeHrax; ,,Pyx
yxe
He nro.Uefi, A HapoAy Ao eoni. IIe BeIITIKa
IIe vracoerfi [Opt4B
qra
oco6JruBo'ce6e nporBl{Jra B qac MlrHyrlopiquux
oprani:aropcbKa cvila,
rrapIIflMeHTcbKI,Ix
nn6opir. Arrueictr Pyxy aa6eanequnpl nepeMory
tax i uo neptuxali cycnilrnoro
xr,rrrfl... B Pyx upufiunn, a 3rogoM BJrlrlucfl [peAcraBH[IKI.r ]rafixe ecix
paft:aralrri, ni6epanrsi qu
BepcrB HapoAy, He 3Baxaroqn Ha ix nornq.uu
nanirt, craxiuo, rroAeKyAr{ crpuvrani. flpore nafiqinHiure re, Iqo ix €AHae
aeMoKparr,rrrHuM curraM flK no ropr{3oHTa.ni,
yKpaina.
oAHa Mera
oT xe Mr{ 3rypryBurnu s ce6e nrcAefi se
- He3aJrexHa
rilrru si.[ seruxux
c[paB, ro6ro geruxoi uoniruxll, aJre i rtrx giA [Io,qeHHoi
xonirroi po6oru... Pyx ne e Hauiouari:prour, no6orcBaHH, Gesni.ucrasHi.
Pyx
- ue rrl4poKufi noliruqnuil rpoqec, B flKoMy e piani rpyur_r; ane xpaftHi
norJrrru ue e uafironosHiuri i naficunrniuri. Ue aerraoKparnqHa reqis s
Ha[roMy uauiosalbHoMy niaponxeHHi." (,,Haure cnoso'1;'tr; 20, l99l).
Aexro Moxe ne :osciNa [oroAxyB arvcr, 3 ryr\,(KaMu CeHiaxa. Binuuricrr,
oaHaqe, [pu3Hae, rqo BoHH craJrrr opraHi:yroqoro i pyurifinoro ct,tnorc
yrpaiucrroro pyxy 3a He3anexnicrr.
Tyr i TaM qyerbc, 3acrepexeHH, cynporr.{ cauoi opraui:auii ra AeqxHx
qneHie.
ii
O.qHi Kaxyrb, uro 6araro raM 6ynurHx xorvrynicrin; Apyri
AOAarOTb, IIIO TaM ix uiCnalt,I ,,pexI,IMHr4KV". MOxe i ,qexOrO uiClalu, ale
ue He sia6unocs sa lis,nruocri Pyxy. Kpnruxyrorr i caMy opraHirauirc,
MOBJTTB, 3aMarro [paurce . I{rouy 3anepeqye xo.r6u uopinnxuH, craHy B
Vxpaini 3-repeA ABox i nin poxy: reuepirunivr. PisHuulflHarrflrHa B Koplrcrb
cauocriftHr,rubKr,rx 3ycr,rrrb. Ana i nie pory roMy YrpaiHoro pflnvB TBepAolo
pyKolo raprol(par Il{ep6uurxufi. Croro.qni ennrs Ha noaii Mae, qK :aosHi
Bt4rilflilae, pe$opvraropcbKl{fi JI. Kpanrryx, a caMa xovryHicrnqHa naprir nxe
He MoHoJrir. HaqioHaJrbHa cni.qouicrb noruupr4ilacfl na uisAeuni E cxiaHi
o6nacri Vrpainra. floqsrserbc, rqopas 6iarure ra3er, nepio.uuxie, xypHanin
i
xHHxox,
rri tultpcrb
yrpainuis. flocrala
npaB.rly rrpo
ra 6axaHns
opraHiaauifi. Heesaxarcqr,r Ha
yrpaincrry icropiro
HI,I3Ka cavroctifiHr.rrlbKux
ue, necllMicru aonycKatorb AyMKy flpo Moxlusuir [poflr,rB KpoBt4 i vracaxpy
cauocriftHllubxl,Ix eneNaenris. Tara NroxnLreicrr icnye, 6o 6ropoKparr.r
MOXyrb cupo6yearr,r cllJroto BTpr,rMaru ce6e ra ,,eilvt]FloHe.uiluuy". He
Br,rKrrroqa€Mo raKoi rrroxnusocrr,r, ane He nipuuo, uto6 Cosercrxuft Corol,
upu uailxe roBHoMy rocrroAapcbKoMy 6aHxpyrcrsi, u\4ir [oBepHyrvcfl
[paKTlrKr,r cralincrxvx qu 6pexnincbKrrx .racie.
\o
Ocqrr Pyxy sa raxlrfi si.[HocHo roporxuff qac HarBHi fi uepexouluni,
ToMy 3acnyroByrorb Ha Haruy niatpuury fi aonoMory.
rlyOni,rtri Br4cryrrr4 npoeiunux nrcrefi Pyxy rpr,r3HarcTb ocffrlr yrpaiHuis
B rloceJreHHflx
BoHr.r eAqqHi 3a Mopanrny ft rraarepirnbHy nonoMory. O,qnax
-
3axo[Jreni cnpo6aMu neflKr,rx rpyr [epeue[nloBarn iaefini noerauii
Mt4Hyrrux qacie s ixHro cyqacHy lificnicrr. flpo ue rpe6a HaM [aM'flTarkr.
IIefi rorvreHTap He rrponouye er,r6ip KoHKperHr.rx MeroAig i raco6ie
6oporr6r,r. Bxaayroqr,r Ha rvriHu, axi npofiurlrr B HauoMy cycnirucrsi :a
ocraunix n'sr.uecsr porin, xoqeMo, ia cgoro 6oxy, nia.uepxarqAyMKr,r rr{x,
BoHI,I He
uro cboroaHi y nponoai 6oporr6u, 6o rrau [epeKoHaHi, rrlo.tinrxu BoHr,r
MOXyrb piruaru npo noniTraKy croro.uHitrrHboro BH3BoJrbHoEo Dyxy.
Toponro, 16 qepsnq
1991.
Inan KeApuu
KOMyHI3M
-
fIPOKJIIH HAPOAITi
V cyuaurorray cniri iuryroT r .usi ruroHctpyansni cy[ep.uepxaBl{: Kntafi
Cosercrxufi Coro:. Krrafi teputopiero piuuaerbcfl uinifi Eaponi nia
ArnanrnKy no Vpan, Cosercrxufi Corog ccra€ siA BanurKI{ rro Tuxufi oKeaH
i sia tlopnoro no Bine Mope. HaceneHnc Kutaro HapaxoBy€ Tenep
npn6rua:uo o.ur{H rrainrapa i20[ tnc. oci6,
- HaceJIeHHc Cosercbroro Cotosy
aocrra€ 300 rr,rinrfioHis Ayur. B o6ox rI.Ix BeJIereHcbKHx xpaiuax icnye
rcolayHicruqHufi ycrpifi, ane BHyrpiuurn,ttepxaBHo-nonirurlHa crpyKTypa,
nHyrpiulri siaHocr,rHu I arrraocSepa rarrr tloBaxHo pirnatrcn. B ocraHHix
r.xocra poKax, sinronu.rlo BJra.un Ha Kpervrrri npnfiuros MIaxain fop6auoe
TaM TaKlr 3HaqHo [oKpaualo. Jko.qrM crano Jlertue xI{TI.I. Xoq inxonn
i
-Bce ule qyrr,r flpo rloBopoT npecoeoi
UeHsypI{, Bce
x
B
oTI{x octaHHix poKax
Moxua 6yno Kpr.rrr,rKyBa'ru fi caMoro fop6auona. flplrsepHeHo ceo6ony
peniriftHoro Kyrrbry, Ao3BoJreHo Ha 3acHoByBaHHr, nopyq KovryHicrruHoi
naprii, ft iHuri (ue aano Vxpaini He3AopoBe flBLIure - aa6arato napriil),
cKacoBaHo rarurroproei eirr Ha elrisA 3a KopAoH. Y xoxHifi is lS-rrn
Pecny6nix, uneuie Cosercrxoro Coroay, icrye BJIacHa npo6nelaatHxa fi
TBopr4Tbcfl BJracHa HauiosanbHa Kyrrbrypa. Aesri upnnairunniuri napoau
npoflBnrrorr cra6urrafi rin Ao caMoctiftHoc'rn, iuuri cnlrsiuufi.
Krarafi e'rsiquo y Belr,rqe3nifi 6inrruocT i oruopoannfi. flicns roro, flK
trBa poKr.r roMy raHKH fi naHuepHi sorr nepeBenll Ha ueHTpanrnifi [noui
l-teriHy MacaKpy AeMoHcrpaH'rin, sri suNlaranu 6inruoi ceo6oau, y Kurai
no suHiurHifi aens e cyeoprfi o.[HoraprifiHuft pexI,IM, oneprHfi Ha Si:uuHi[
cnni. Mixnapo.uHa Ausecrin y JlouAoni, opraHirauiR, ma uI{JIbHo crexl{Tb
3a nroACbKr,rMH i rporraaacbKl4Mll [paBaM[I y xoxnifi rpaiui cniry, craBI,ITb
Kurafl Ha rreptue uicqe, ar rpainy, .[e unx [paB HeMa. 3are s KIarai nrc.[u
He rorroaylorb, 6o s,qincuui erouovrixH xutaficuxa xorryHicrl,IrrHa aepxiexa
eiucrynuna eit MapKcracrcbKoro [pr,rHrrr{ny
- c'rporoi naprifiHo-.qepxasHoi
xourpoli Haa yciero npoayruiero i poanoainou. Torray s Knrai HeMa taroi
a6cypanoi craryauii, rr< ue 6ysae e CCCP, tuo ro 3HI,IKae ro rorBrlt€Tbcfl
xri6 .ru Kaprorrq. V CoeercbKoMy Coro:i crBop[flacr Kacra naprifinoi
eepxieru, flKa ryprye c[paBxHix ,,coB€TcbKI,Ix 6ypxyie", rKi Malorb yce,
KoturoM rrainufioHis 6iaHrx nroaefi. V CosercbKoMy Corori Haffnepuroro
npo6nenaoro craJra exosol,rixa, r:ra onllHtlltacfl HaA flponacrrc. fop6auoe,
sxvtitt BnpoaoBx r.uocrr,r poxis BeAe cBoro nonirury 3l,Ir3araMn, :po:yuin,
uto noniuiia:nuir pexr,rM, oneprufi Ha sificrxoBr{x 6arHetax ra anapari KI-E,
i:onrce ivnepiro eia:oeHirrHboro cuiry ft uose.[e HeMI,IH]rqe ,uo eKoHoMiqHoro
6anrpyrcrna. 3poryvrin, uro roJronni nro,qra He 6yuyru 6oqrzcR T aurin,
crpaftxn cnapanirylorb rpoMI,IcJI, corni Tvtcrq AeMoHcrpaHrie Mycrrb
[poBirrrnTr{ pexr{M. Mr.r ryr crexyqn ga noAiqNlu e ivtnepii He sI,rxnIoqaJII'I,
uro B CCCP Moxe noBToplITI,Icfl icropir uporuxovrynicrnrrHoro an6yxy a
Pylaynii,
re
qacruHa eificrxa nepefiuua Ha cropoHy Aerroncrpanria,
i fioro gpyxuHy fi
cxonIleHo niA qac yreui ,III{KTaropa Hixonsi gaymecry
o6oix porcrpiaano. fop6auon xaorlrx, Mae [oKr{rqo po3ABoeHy
oco6osictr nipnicrr xouyHirrraoni fi ynepry sipy y npanunuricrr
,,[epecrpofiru", are siH NIae BncoKy ocniT y i e nacrinrru inrenireutnnfi,
lrro 3po3yNris, ulo craBKa Ha ,,cI{JrbHy pyKy", y [paxT[ui na aprvriro i KfB
qe fioro BJracHe nonirn.IHe cavrory6cruo. 3anepnya, 3aMlrplrBcfl 3
Bopucovr enrqunuM, nepeKoHaB upeAcraBnuris 9-rr.r pecuy6nir
- rvrix
fi Vxpainu
3.uerleuTpaai:ye Bnary I saseAe AeMoKparirc
uo
ra
- Konuuurifi upeauAeHT Pu.rapa
r6epircr rpr,r Brraui.
Hixcon
3HaMennrufr
HaMr.r
- i roAunaun
no6ynanuru y Mocxei
r rop6auoBr,rM, rrporolocr{B B iurepn'ro, rJIo rop6avon
,,[epex[Be" Bci Kpr.r3u. .fx Aoreuep B]rxoAr,rrb, rrlo HircoH roBopr{B
o6cepearop
i
sHaeeqr
nrcuefi
po3MoBr,rBrrrrrcb
npaBAy.
-
I-[irana pi'I, uo eaxiaHifi.IleMoKpatuqnufi csir s Avrepuxoro y nponoui
craB[Tbcq 6inuur flK ToJIepaHTHo cy[porH o6ox rr{x xorrrynicr14rrHllx'
cyreproTyf.
flpeerlaeHr Byru rtporonocr,rB HeAaBHo, uro Ha.[aB 3HoBy na ognn pir
Kr.rraeei craryc ,,nafi6inrur ynpr.rniaefiosaHoi KpaiHn',, ce6ro aMepr{KaHcbKa
rlepxaBa rapaHTy€ KpeAr,rrr,r Kl{raeei ra ivrnoprosaHufi r AuepurH KpaM.
I{e cnpzvtlnurro pi:ry peaxuiro :6oxy KoHrpecy, B flKoMy AeMoKpar}r MaK)Tb
6inrruictr. Byru apryMeHTy€, uro npu cninupaui vroxHa r 6inruruvr ycnixour
nepeKoHarr,r pexr,rM y IIexiHi, rro6ra [pr,r3HaB arotcrri fi rporvrancrri upana,
flr( rrpn nporonoueuHi nporu Kuraro caHxuift ra isonrcBaHHfl Krararo ei.q
AeMoKparr,rrrHoro cniTy. Moxe raK a Moxe ni
- ale Byur 6ys ue :a
HircoHa rreprur.rM Ar,rflrroMarr,rqHlrM rrpeAcraBHr,rKoM
Auepuxt't y flexiHi, SaxtuuHo rleprxnM au6acaAopoM, sHae scix ravrounix
xotuyuicrvlLrnt4x ronosa.Iie oco6ucro i opieHryerbc, y rauouuix eigHocuHax
Kpaure, ,K 6yar-xorpraft ceHarop qrr KoHrpecMeH. IIIo crocyerbc,
aMepr{KaHcrxoi nonirux[ cy[porr,r coeercrroro corosy ro HeMa
po:6ixHocrefi rvlix Byruevr i Konrpecovr. Avrepuxaucrri AeMoKparra 3aBx.ur
cxLt[flilucq 6inrue Ao coUiqlilvry, flK r"r KoHcepBaTr{3My i soHr,r rex y
6inrurift rraipi pycoOinu. canae asa aHi pauiure, flK rracaHi qi paaxn, Eyur
npu3Haqr,rB HoBoro arra6acaaopa no MocxsH HeAaBHboro ronoBy
Aevroxparuqsoi naprii Crpanca. I{e :pyuna raKTr,rKa, ulo6u cnapaniryBarr,r
rrpr.r3r,rAeHTypu
6yrr-qxy Kpr.rrr.rKy :6ory .uevroxpaT in. paxyHor Bcboro enpoueficbKoro
3axoty ft Avreprarurancntrr, uro ,,Kpaure xafi y Kperrrni aupiurHufi roJroc Ma€
I-op6auoe, flK Mae fioro MarH Mapuan .f:os qr roroBa KfB Kprouron',.
Kpirra roro
- rpae ryr ponrc npo6nevra r6poi. flicls ueperonie y r6poeHui
3a xonoAHoi siftrrH upufiuua
(conercrroi excnaucii),
a nicnq Hei, uxe :a Eyura
- lolafi ua uanepi.
I-Ionirzxa uilrpnuxn utsf o
raHu. I{e ocrpax, Eo6u
8
Ha
CxoAi Enponu He HacraB xaoc. IIe Bipnierb aMepllKaHcbKoro $inaHcoso-
rrpoMr,IcnoBo-ToproBeJrbHoro
cniry reopii rIpo
rrpt,IMaT
"BeJI[IKoro
Marlr oAHoro KoHTpareHTa i oA]IH p[IHoK
r6yry. floxnuo icHye coB€Tcbxa ivrnepin, roKI,Iuo icHye ueHTpanbHa BnaAa
.rrrrfl Bcboro CCCP y Mocxni i 3axiU rofi Qaxtuqnuir craH roHopye. A rpina
ra oco6flnno AuepI{Ka Bce Iqe 6aqat Ha Cxo'qi
Toro
- eBporeftcxuft 3axiu
Eeponu ne 15 rpaiH, norpMnenux i r6poero niAquHeHIax Mocrsi. 3axiaHi
rpaiun npo6ynanu exosovriqHo cuisnpaurcBarvt, aJre cnisupaqq IuKyJIbrI'Ira€,
6o 1) CCCP He Ma€ rnepnoi BaJuorr,r i irepecraB rJrarrITI,I 3oJrorou,2)
rocnoAapcbKoro npocropy",
rovtyui:vt
11106
3AerpaByBaB nrcAefi
i :po6un ix
neAaurrMl{
i 3)
saxiaHi
(avreprarancxi) xaniralicrr,r-rpoMrlcnosui He MarcTr niqroi rapaHtii, ulo
iHsecroeaHuft s CCCP raniran AacTb qrnftcr 3I,IcK. Hafiripur€, ulo s CCCP
Bce ule iqrye roil a6cypA, ulo KfE BTpyrlaeTbcf Ao exoHovtixu.
Konu 3HaxoAI,ITrcs cuinruar, lruafi OTpIaMye .qosnin Ha 3acHyBaHHfl
raxOi-rO Qiprran, qKOrOcb MaJIOIO uiUupueucTBa' i uae xIaCT fiOrO
nerafiuo cra€ nilospinoro oco6oro,
por6yayn arvraMarr,r nosaxHi 3r,rcKlr
:sitxinq siH cras y rovrynicuaqHifi rpaini ,,6ypxyeu" - i ftoro uI'IKaHyroTb.
e ure oAHo cninrne.[rlq Kuraro i ConercbKoro Cororry. B o6ox rnx
xpainax npo1yKyrors :6poro ra eKcrloprytorb ii. y neaasHifi sifiHi nporll
Ipary Bt4flBvtlrocfl, ttto ipaxcrxi TaHKI,I cosercrroi npoAyxUii Ta
6ou6apgyBarlbHl4Ku i paxeu,I TaKox coB€Tcbxoi upo1yxqii - uaprunei, ne
aopieHrororb aMep[KaHcbKuM, KyA[r rpauri ruraficrxi. Arr,repuxaHcbKa [peca,
qra gae6inbura o[aHoBaHaflpvflTeilflvrvt Iepailro' 3HflJra KpIaK' uro Kprrafi
npoAaB crilrxu-ro paKeT CIapii i ufo TaKTIM .II'IHoM y BI'I[aAKy Hosoi
irpailucrro-apa6cxoi eifiHtr - CHpia 3Moxe ropotql'ITl'I no Irpaineei
xntaficrrurrau paKeraMI'I. floxuuo MoBI'I HeMa' uo6u MoxHa 6yno
[eperoBoprcBaTl,I : Kutaeru rtpo pelyrUiro flKl,Ixocb pO.qis :6poi. 3
fop6auou'IM MoxHa i sxe sanosiAxeHo' IrIo na nafi6nrax'Iifi ',BepIIrHHuifi"
:ycrpiui Byrua ft fop6aqosa niAnuuyrb aororip rpo 3Haqny peayruiro
:6pofinrax curr B Eeponi Ta penyKrriro parer Ha,{aneKy ei,unarrr. Kpiu roro,
Byur sanoeis 6oporr6y upoTI,I upo4yxUii fi :6epiraHnr rasosoi i
6axrepionoriqsoi a6poi. floxaxerucl, qI,I 3axoqyTb roBopI'ITI4 rtpo Ue
AepxaBr4, Rri TaKy :6poro MaIoTb. Mae ix yce u1e CaA.qal"I fyccefiH,
Ar,rKTaTop Ipaxy i qiraso, qI,I B.UacTrca AuepraUi ry fioro :6poro MI'IpHo
6ogaft 3pe.IIyKyBaTI,I, fKIIIo He 3HI,IUr,rrH. Bifinorc He BAaJIocfl lpo6uru qe.
V an'a:xy : icuynauHflM TaKOTO xuraficbKoro BeJIeTHfl - BI'IpI'IHae y
AeKoro ocrpax nepe.[ ,,xoBToro ne6eenerolo". floxuuro ue Oantarii, 6o
rovtyuicruqHy AepxaBHy
Kr.rrafi rraae naft6inrury xyp6y
- :6eperTI,I cBoro
cr,rcreMy. Bosa He 3Moxe e6epertucx y rifi rocrpifi i pisxifi $opvri, flK Tenep'
Ha AOBII,Ifi qac. KOxHa euoxa vrae CsOi 3aKOHI'I. CrOiuo Ha nepenOvri XX
i XXI cropiq. Icropuuua tolaAr,rKTaryp Ml,IHynacfl. I rovtyHirl,r na Haurux
oqax zaru6ae. Mn e ceiAralvlu, ax niclr y[aAKy rovtyni:ruy B IIrocrH
BoHo siU6urocf Ha
carelircrrux xpainax i fioro 3axHTaHHs s CCCP
-
9
Orocraeii ft Anr6anii. I{e peurrKr,r xovryHirvry a Enpoui.
no3a Enponoro xonayuisvr na Ky6i saru6ae, 6o MocxBa nepecrana
l(yrlyBarll xy6nucrrraft qyxop no Bl{coKr,rx qinax, nepecrana traBaru sucori
cy6reHuii i ravr Hacrarra HeBr,rAaHa Aorerep HyxAa 3 xapqeBLrMu KaprKaMr,r
i raxuun x qepraMz [eper KpaMHnrlflMvt, qr s CCCp. Tinrrcu xpainu s
KoMyHicrl,IqHifi
A
trt4t(TaropcbKI{MLI pexLIMaMr,r Marorb ivrnepirnicruqHo-excnancrasHr,rft
xapal(Tep. Tovty Hauiosan-couiqricrr,rrrHa Hinae.r.ruHa
:
firnepa
3MoBr,rJrac,
6orsrueBr,r(bKr,rM CCCP
rane6nufi Aoroeip Pi66eurpona-MonoroBa y
cepnHi 1939 p.
nlo6u -noAinurra rraix ce6e Enpony. flevroxpariq riei
excnaHcii He 3Hae , 6o y AeMor(paraqHoMy ycrpoi piurae rpo Mr,rp-nifiny
o6pawuir HaponoM napnrMeHr i roai AyMarr.r, uo6ra sxuircr napnflMeHT
piruran Becrr,r HecnpoBoKoBaHy eifiHy nporr,r cyci.ua.
9or"ry Mr.r e:arani gailvraevrocq raKox Hi6ra AarreKorc eia Hac
TeMarr,rKoro? Bo xouyHirrra e nicrprxoM Ha xr,rBoMy HapoAHoMy opraHiavri,
a Vxpaina 3Haxonrrbc, y sifiHi nporr,r rovryHievry. B niacos€rcrriff aifiqrocri
pocificuxr,rfi uroeinisru i eluuosetinuucrBo ra xovryHiana
ue re caMe. Konn
Terrep n
al4KTye
- src:afiy npaxruui
Vrpaini Hacrzu-ro ffBr,rure JroKzurbHoro narpiorr,r3My,
pociruau, x[AaM i nonqralvl ronocyBarra: VrpaiHcbKr,rM Hapo4uuvr
Pyxola y Bepxoaniff Paai y Kraesi
To ue
conilapnicrr rporr,r exonouiquoi
eKcrJryarauii vxpaiHz KpeMJreM- i uporu raKr,rx Karacrpos, rxurra 6yn
tIopHo6unr. Mra 3BepHynu yBary, uo B Avrepnui AeMoKparuqluir KoHrpec
nolirzxy pecny6nixaHcbKoro [pe3r,rAeHTa Axopaxa Byrua
cccP, noniruKy ronepanuii fi cninnpaui. Bona, ua uepuruff
florJrfltr, HerrplreMHa,
Ha nepmufi [ourrA, TpyAHo cr,rM[arn3yBarv 3
niarprarr,rye
cynporr,r
rouuiueHTaMl4 Ha atrpecy fop6avoBa, 3ycrpiuavru 3 Hr.rM i cninrnnvr
Sororpa$yBaHHsM. Ane B noniruui HeMa caHtuvreHris. B inrepeci
yrpaiHcuxoi eHgsorlrsoi uonirnxu lexr,rrb, uto6ra Morrr.r noun6nroBaru
uauioHarbHo-AepxaBHy csiaoN,ricrb y HauroMy Haponi. He rinrru cepeA
iHrenirenuii ft uronoAi, ue rimru s 3axiaHifi Vxpainii, ulne Ha BcboMy rpocropi eia Crny uo liu i e ycix BepcrBax Hapory, oco6nnso e yxpaincbKoMy
ceni i cepea yxpaiHcrxoro po6irHr,rurBa. Bet uroro He 3Moxe noc:rarn i
:6eperrucr yxpaincbKa caMocrifiHa .uepxaBa, 6o ronu 6 nasiru
nocraJra
3a3Hae .rloflro vxpaincrxoi HapolHoi Pecny6nixpr.
.ryloN,r
-
I-Iorrauto uinrafi ivrnepcrxo-aavrinicrpaqifinufi auapar e B pyKax r1rx,
ruo ix Ha3r,rBarorb ,,a\aparqiKaMr,r". Bcs nepxinxa
uauionarbHr,rM
- Bopoxa
pyxaM. Y ainsnui xynrrypn Tex iae nosimHnfi rpouec:a
yxpaiuiryraHHrvr
urrilrsuutsa. He rinrru
MoBa
He 3Moura BpflTyBarvcfl Ha 100
i
npanonrac :pycr,r$ixonaHi, ate
fi ncuxixa
eiacoffiis sia pycuoixauii. Hafiripure , uro
nauri 3eMJrrKr,r n Vxpaiui ne aaarorr co6i 3 uboro c[paBr,r I yraxarorb, rro
ue npaBl,InbHo, KOJIH, Ha[pI,IKJIaA, B ivrennurax xiuoqoro pory, gaxinqeHux
M'rKr4M 3HaKoM, flK ,,ociHb" a6o ,,3ricrb"
nIagarw 3a pocificrrravt
[paBonl'IcoM ,,oceHi" y npyrovry i TperboMy-aiavrinxy, a He ,,oceHI,I",
,,3IIocrlI". Aetop uux pflaKin orpuvtye nia ocsiqeHr,rx reMnaris e Vxpainz
r0
Jrrrcrtr, zupecoBani
y rpetboMy siAMiHry ,,KeApuHy". flo-pocificrxu
naM'flTHrr ,,Jleniny" i rar
BoHO
npufinalocr s yrpaiHCuxifi
rvrOai.
e
MOxna
Br{rrpaBlryBarr,r, uro He 6yno niupyqnurin rpar"rarl{Kl{. Herra rposyrvriHnfl EItfl
Baprocrr{ qrcrorrr MoB[r
i
npauonucy. He nepeBenocfl Irre IroraKyBaHH,
npurvripin, Hi6n ,,Ipi6nuqOK", 6erniq. A qe ne
api6npr.mr, qlrcrora piauoi MoBrr He € trpi6Hl{uerc. Anr suesonenns ce6e
siu pyc[ur,r3My rpe6a qacy. [nx rauerJleHHfl B cepurx i ayruax cniAorrrocru,
lpe6a qacy. I tpe6a qacy Anfl
uro VxpaiHa MycIITb caMa npaBI{TI{ co6oro
npouecuy nauiogalbHoro
roro
Toro, uro6ra Harui ercrpervricrr.r He ncyBaJlu
pOCifiCrruM ,,,Ua".
I taxux
fi
lrpouecy Aepycu$iKauii. Mani0ecr.ardsuu, Qparauu,
Kpr,rKoM, aeKJrflMauiqN,ru uboro He 3MoxeMo AoKoHarn. Koporxnft BrrcHoBoK:
xail y Mocrsi fi na Kpeurni napu'rucq, xafi fop6aqoe AeKnflMy€ npo
,,repecTpofixy" - i xafi oAHoqacHo cTyflae Bnepe.U trpoqec nepycnQiraqii,
npouec pianoi oprauirauii n ycix .uinqHrax xI{TTfl.
I xafi uapriirHa nporpaMa ne 6yne HerlopytuHrlM ra6y. Ayr"rafirvro i
yceiaovueHHfl
r
eo pi na
ro-AepxaBHI,IUbKI,I
i
no- Ha.[naprifi Horvry, €.III{HIIvI SpoHrOu.
oE'eAHAHl vKPAiHCbKI nlAnPneMcTBA
U. B.
A. TRADING
COMPANY LTD.
300 Dwight Ave., Toronto, Ontario MBV 2W7, Tel.: 252-2246
Big,qinr 3 camoo6cnyrorc:
Tel.: 366-2324
133 Euclid Avenue
Tel.:
252-2120
41 Drummond St.
Tel.:
656-1921
Avenue
21 Prescott
Tel.:
698-1868
Aveneu
3543 Danforth
-
Cnoxra,{i roaapr, TtortoHoBi enpo6l, c:rnoAoqi, fannxrepin,
nareHToBl nlKr I T.n.
\VASYL BYBYK
Sales Representative
Canada Trust Inc./Realtor
3fi)6 Bloor Street West
Toronto, Ontario M6X fC2
Ollice (416, 23tl-5632
Residence 769'6t66
The llone of FrlendlY Servlce
ll
Jlpdu, oninii, nodii
Baculs OeAopouuq
,,fIJIflH 3HI,IIIIEHHfl yKpAiHCbKOrO HApOAy"
IAes ne HoBa. IIIe s
l7l7 p. BI,IcryrIr,rB 3 Hero anoniuno
oAr,rH nonrcrxuff
YrpaiHi csoi ao6pa. Bin ara6paa ui.qxoxprfi vac, 6o
,Kpa3 ro.qi nicnq flomascrxoi Karacrposu z 1709 p. Vxpaina 3HaxoAr,r ilacfl
ua rpaHi roBHoro yra.qKy. flparo6epexxfl rle sia AuapyciscbKoro AoroBopy
z 1667 p. 6ylo nia flolru€o, a Ha Jlino6epexxi rraocroscrxufi ypflil,
BuKopr,rcroByroqu "3pan,y" Malenu, [oqaB 6eanoura.uHo HI,rq]rrI,I per.urKrl
aBToHoMii VrpaiHz. flonrula cuoAisaracfl, ulo caMe rerep ifi sAacrucq
cnilrHo s Mocreorc 3Hrrurr,rrt4 yxpaiucrxwfi sapot. CnoqarKy loJrflKr,r
IlpoBa.rlEnr{ nporr,ryKpaiucrxy arqiro na scix yrpaincrxux 3eMJrflx, uo
Bxoruru B cKnaA flolrui, a nicrq po:6opin (1772
1795) o6laexurr{cq
lo fanHq]artvI, Ae ni.U ancrpificrruvr soroniHHrM MaJrr{-6inrure MoxJrr,rBocreft
no6opronaru yrpainuis.
MipxynanHfl aBTopa ,,flrrHy" ratri:
I-linocri fi 6esneui nolrcrxoi aepxarlu Hanlinbure 3arpoxy€ pianuus
penirifiHoro o6pxny. B flonrud neua penirifinoi elnocru, 6o nol flKz e
pr{Mo-KaroJrr,rKaMr4, a yxpaiHui sr:HarcTb rpeqbKy Bipy. flpanocnanni, axi
r.rrJrrxrr,rrr, IrIo MaB Ha
TBoprrb 6inruricrr yrpaincbKoro HaceJreHHa, oco6nuBo Bopoxe craBJrrrbc,
ao pt4McbKofo o6pa.uy, a rpeKo-KaroJrr,rKr.r qu naK ynixru, xoq o6,eAHasi
Plauovt i sHgHarorb npI,IMar flanu pr,rMcbKoro, 3axoBanla ceifi cxi.qHzfi
o6pa.u, uto :6lzxeruruit6inrur,tlo [paBocJraBHoro, nix prrMo-KaroJrr.rrrbKoro,
rqroriroru 6inrure ao Cxo.uy, ttix.uo 3axo.uy. B inrepeci uinocrn AepxaBH
noJrtKI{ uos[HHi no6opronarl,I TaK [paBocnaBHr,rx ax i rpexo-KaroJrr,rKin, 6o
f peubKa uepKBa ir orpeur.rfi o6paa Ha[6inrure rotlIuproroTb
cavrocrifiuprurxufi pyx Ha VxpaiHi. Orxe, o6os'qexoM KoxHoro rorqKa e
craparl,Icr nuxopiuurn cxiAHutrt o6pu, i sxusarr4 Ao roro ecix N,rox r^vtBvrx
saxonis: sucNrirosaHHfl , IIprIHlrxyBaHHfl, [epecflilysaHHfl, yrr,rcKr.r.
KouxperHo aBTop rpoloHye raxi :axoAn:
B :osHiurHro-uoliruqnitrr cQepi ui.urpuvryBaru rrplrr3Hb I Mocxnoro,
a, Ha BrnaAoK uo'rpe6u, 3arrpo[oHyBarr,r MocKoBcbKoMy qapesi nonbcbKy
KopoHy. Toli Mocxna flK npr,rrrenr flonrui ne 6yae 3ronortryBaua upereucifi
ao Vxpainr,r ft yci noaii 6yayrr po3Br,rBarucs sriAHo 3 [onbcbKr,rMr,r [rqHaMu.
B pe:ynrrari, uuvr 6inrrue snr[sis sao6y.qe flonruta Ha uapcbKoMy.uBopi,
Tr{M MeHrue cKopucrae Yrpaina.
V nnyrpiuurift uepxaeHift nonirraui
ne aonycKarlr
yxpaiucrxoi uuaxru
ao uy6niqHr,rx yprAiB,
- TaK rpaBocnasHoi sr i rpero-xaronr,rrlbKoi
oco6nuso raKnx, ae yxpainui uornz 6 :,e,qHarn- co6i BrrJrrdBoBrrx uonqxis
t2
Ta 3Ao6yrr,r roBary ft 6ararcrBo. 3 upyroro 6oxy, xoxnuft rroJrrK noBr{HeH
Tpr{Marr,rcfl 3AaneKa nia yxpaiHcrroro roBapr,rcrBa, rKulo nasitr yrpaineqr
e fioro cyciaovr. He arpuvryBarr{ [pr{fl3Hr,rx crocynxin r yrpainqruu, xi6a
ruo 3 Toro MoxHa MarI,I BnacHy Kopl{crb. B Arncxycisx, Ae 6epytr yqacrb
rex yxpainqi, urupoKo roBoputrt4
3 JrerKoro nacrriurxorc rrpo yxpaiHcrri
:a6o6onu fi reunory, a roAi HaneBHo.qesxi yrpaiHui :i copouy cxotryrb
sN,riHr.rru o6paa i eiapexrncq cgoei nauionaabHocrl,I.
3auoxHiuri nonqr[ He noBI{Hni upuftvrarr,r yxpainqis .qo clyx6n,
oco6rueo tro raroi, Ae BoHr{ Mouru 6 eao6yru flKecb 3HaHHfl ft uoupanuru
cBoe MarepiurHe craHoBr,rure, xi6a uo e uenHictr, uro raKl{fi yxpaiHeqr
uepefile Ha [oJrbcbKe. Vxpainui, sri He cxotlyrb flpl{crocyBarvcfl. Ao
floJrbcbKr,rx Br,rMor, 3uururuarbcfl B neyursi fi 6i.qHori Ao rinqq cBoro x[ITTr.
Tovry ruo B ruicrax i pirHnx qpMapKoBo-ToproBeJrbHr,rx ocepeAxax e ure
6araro 3aMoxHux yrpainqin, ro ix rex tpe6a cr.uxaru Ao craHy HyxAu
rax, uro6 He Mornu noupaBr.rrr{ cBoro 6yrtr ani rpiruvru, ani ocniroro. I{e
MoxHa ocrrHyrn piannvru MeroAaMu. .fxrqo, Htrp., victo Jrexr,rrb ua rgpeHi
npunauroi BJracHocrr,r [oJrbcbKoro 3eMrreBJracHr{Ka, to niu Moxe:a6oponurn
yrpaiHqavr rocelloBarvcfl B vricri i ravr ropryBarl,I, a narovricrr
crrpoBanxyBaru normis pr,rMorKpToruris. flpn rorray 6yno 6 srasaHulvl
niarpravryBarv xnAiB, 6o eoHr,I 3ryvrirot Blrneprl,I yxpainqiu na nepu0epii
i npuHenorvrrvtix uo rraHurr.r3HxHoi po6oru. Bci vricrri rocranoBu fi Aexpetu,
sulaHi Ha niacraei Marne6yp3cbKoro [paBa, ny6nirysarn rinrxn B
uonrcuxifi, a n Hixxovry pari n yxpaincrriil vrosi. tlepe: te nasirr tnarrriuri
yrpainui ,,gAuqasirorb", ne 6yAyrb MarH niqxoro 3HarIeHHfl ani nonaru, a
B pe3ynbrari urparrrb y vricrax Bcro Brra.{y.
CneuuSi,rHoro rpo6leuoro e yrpaincrre tyxisHllurBo. Tyr notpi6na
noaeiftHa raKTr,rKa: oAHa AJrg eru{cKouia, a Apyra Arr, 3Bl{qatrtnux cnat\enuxin.
e nncxonin rpe6a qKocb ,,3acninurv" , uo6 soHI,I se 6aqunu, uro HaBKo[Io
nHx Aierrcs. Ha enracxouis npr,r3HaqyBarvr nroAefi rlrJrflxercbKoro c'raHy, uro
B AoAarKy Maroru pr.rMo-KaroJrlrubKr,rx KpeBHLIx, flKI,Ix MycflTb vrarepirnrno
niarpravryBarr,r i T uvr caMlrM He 3Moxyrb HarpoMatrvru 6ararcrsa, a re,
uro 3anr.ruvrbcfl nicrq ix cvrepru, nepefiAe B [oJrbcbKi pyxn. He aonycKarll
Tex< Ao roro, uro6 yrpaincrxi €rr]rcKorru MaJrr{ rraicue n ceuari, 6o ue niAnece
noBary.qo cxi.uHoro o6pr.qy fi ao yxpainqis s:arani. Tpe6a BBaxarH, Irro6
yxpaiHcrxi enucronu ne:to6ynpr co6i npuareriB cepeA oceiqeHux nonmir,
si.q qxux Mourr{ 6 nprana.uKoBo uosiAau,rcfl rrpo uonrcrri rrJIflHI,I cyrporl,I
yxpainqie.
flonrcrri
enucKorrrr nosuHHi cninuHo noA6aru rrpo re,Iqo6 yxpaincrxi
enr4cKorru MaJrr,r
rr,rryn
B :arexnocri sia
rinxu novriqsnxis - "cy$paraHin" i uro6 croqnn
qri si cBoro 6oxy
pr,rMo-KaroJrrrubKr,rx enucxouin,
Marr,rMyrb npaBo 'uepeniproBarv .qiqmHicru yrpaincrxux enucxonis i
ix s Br{naAKy BrrKpr{TTfl flKorocb HaAyxIaTTr
B pe3ynbra'ri yrpaincrri enucKonll i csqueHHrrKI,I
cBflrrleHr,rKin, a naniTb Kaparu
qr4 HerrpaBr,rJrbHocreft.
13
MycfTb npr4BlrKHyTr,r Ao pr4McbKol BilaAIl l Ancur,rflJilHr,r.
I-lpocri yxpaiucxi csqureHHr,rKra Ha 3araJr MaJro oceiqeHi
fi
raxnvrpr
nosHHHi 3arrvuJarurcfl Ha uaft6yrHe , 6o qe o6rerqnru peanieaqiro uonrcbKr,rx
uqHis. Anq erpuMaHHfl yrpaiHcrxoro uyxieHlrurBa B TeMHori nafixparquvr
3axonoM e 6ilnicrs
- 6par uarepiubHr.rx saco6is Ao xr,rrrs, a ii laoxna
ocflrHyrr.r pirnurraH cnoco6aulr, H[p., crpr{Maru sci ilapu i uoxeprBr D1ts
napa$iil. Orxe, sil caNloro [oqarKy rlocraBurl4 cBrueHr,rKa Ha rraexi HyxAlr
rar,
uro6 siH He Nair Hasirb Kyrrr4Tt4 co6i rsuxxu.
Llresu poilrrqr4 cBfluleHr,rKa Marorb 6esyuonno niAnqrarlr 3BepxuocT i
3eMJreBJracHr4Ka qra fioro y[paBl4Tenr, rxi Marorb [paBo Kaparr4 ix ny6niuno
D,nfl 3aranbHoro ynoKopeHHfl. CsqueHuqux cunis "[oloBuuiB", 3a
BHHTTKoM Tr4x, ruo Marorb cry[r,ITH Ha rraicue 6arura, ne :siruHflTr4 3
niuascrea ir sa6opoHr4Tn sruiHqrr,r rraicue [poxr4BaHHfl.
Tpe6a HacroroBarr4 Ha roMy, uro6 yrpaiHcrxi csquleHr,rxr 6ynu
6e:xessnuu. Ao roro rpe6a 3aoxoqyBarn ix o6iqqHxavru 6inrnroi cso6o.[pr
i aolarxoBlzv.I4 vrarepiarbHvrv^lz KopracrrMra. Kpivr roro, cnia ix BneBHr,rrr4
B ToMy, uro BoHr4 6yuyrr eriurarlacq 6iruuoro rroBaroro, Hix xoHari. 3 roro
trJrfl [oJlrria xoprlcrr. .fruo BMupae 6esxeHHuft cnqureHHr4K, To siH He
3ailvutae uacriguura, napa$is e onopoxHeHa, ft Toai MoxHa Als sei
Ha3Haqr,rrr4 prrMo-KarorrlrubKoro cBflrrreHHr.rKa, 6o ne 6yge yxpaiucrxux
KaHALItrarie. Vrpaiscrxoi ulJrrxru, rrro Morna 6 nocnlaru cunis Ao mxin,
3ailvufr4Itoc, Mano, a, rpiu roro, BoHa e6ora fi ualo oceiqeHa rax, uro He
Moxe \arv KaHAra.uarie HacBffureHr,rris. 3.rlpyroro 6oxy, ceJrflHcbKprx.qirefi
He trorycxarru ao urxin, 6o nail6inbru Bnepri e xrpaa cerrrHcbxi cuHra, uro
:ao6ynu ocniry. Bouu :su.raftHo [oKr{Aatorr csoix uaHis-aeN,rJreBJracHurin, uepeixrxaroTr s iHuri rraicuq ft rau uyKarcTb cso6oAr,r. Tovry eKoHoMH
I ynpanureni nancuKr,rx Maerxie nosuHsi l6aru [po re, uro6 cenqncrxi lirpr
nplrBr,rxaJrv Do uryra il ronaru, a He Ao KHLrxKrr.
IIIo6 ue 6inrure flpv:c,r3urtt yrpaiHcrrux cuuleuaria, cniu
3arlpoBaAurz cneuisruui peecrprr i nuucynarr,r.rlo nux piani HeflpaBr,rnrHocri
e cxitHorvry o6paai, scirsxi o6paan[si nucrynu [porr.r pr4Mo-Karolnqrxoi
uepKBr.r, a raKox Br4[aAKoBi cxaHAanv \efllrrx cBruleHHlrxis. Ti pe€crpll
r6epirarz
B
TaeMHuui, s pa:i norpe6n rroKa3arlr ix csirosi
[n,
orpaBAaHHq
rroJrbcbKoro rrocry[yBaHH, cy[porr,r rpeKo-Karoluurroi uepKBr,r. fruro 6
ne 6yno Aoclrrb flpaB.rlr{Br.rx [puqr,rH, MoxHa An, peani:auii flnflHy Bilarwcfl
ao 0ixuii I no.uaearn Hasirr Br,rAyMaHi npuunHra ra ui.u iueHeu enucronis
i
rncrisrn 3 HaKrrenaMr,r Ha
IIe Moxe 6yru Ao6pr,rM AoKyMeHToM nrrq
csqueHuurie roruuptoBaru @anrruraei
prrMo-KarorrprubKy uepKBy.
nirsiuauii rpexo-rarorprubKoi uepxez s florurd.
Ilicnq l6atrumsux npuroryBaHb noBecrr.r axuiro o pi:Hnx rvricuesocrqx
o.uHoqacHo, a floql,IHarr{ i'i rau, .ue nafi6inbure rpeKo-Karonr,rKis i nepeg Hr,rMr,r
o6euHyuaqyBaru cBflrueHHrrxin y HesirnosiaHifi noeeliHui, qo tuupr,rrb
3aranbHe rincyrra. flpr,r ninnosiaHifi rarT uqi 3acrpauyBaHHfl, yxpainqi
l4
MOXyrb crarr{ pr{Mo-KaroJrlrKaMr{, :I IIe npllHece flonruli cJIaBy, Iqo npII
Boxifi noruoqi BoHa crrura nosHicrrc KaroJllllrbKorc AepxaBoto.
flpan.ua, yxpainui Moxyrb a o6oponi csoei uepKBI{ niAnxtn r6poilne
tpe6a ncix
rKrrro He MoxHa ix lnuullrrn
rroBcraHHn. B rolay Br{rraAKy
-
-
(!), a ouyctini teuni 3aceJrLITu
noJrbcbKr{Mu KonoHicrarru. flpu rorvry HeMa crp:xy, uo MocrBa Bl{cryfllrrb
e o6oponi yxpainuin, 6o aiAortao, trlo BoHa HeHaBr,rI[rr yniatis 6iIrlue, nix
norqris.
nopoxo6Huxia uepegarrr rarapaM
B HeBoJrK)
Tpe6a naM'flTaru, rlro KoJrH yxpaiHui 3ilJll{Irrarbcr npu cBoeMy o6paai,
To 3aBxAra 6yayru 3arpo3oro uns flonrud. .f,ruo npla noNao.ri nonsris
VrpaiHa craHe KarorlurlbKoto, ro6ro, npuilue plrMo-Karonuqxuft o6pcl,
To aapeMHr.rMr.r 6yayrr MocKoBcbxi unssu fi naaii Ha eiAsoloBaHHfl Vrpaiun.
Karonuurxa Yxpaina 6yae roJrbcbKI,IM coto3HI,IKoM nporll Mocxs[.
:f:f*
npe.UoxeHo B 1717 p. noJlbcbKoMy napnflvreHtOsi
ao 3arBep.uxeHHfl i :alyqeHo ao BapruaBcbKr,rx arris. flonqxu 3pa3y noqafl]I
3ra4anufi
,,IIIflH"
crocyBaru fioro peKoMeH.rtauii Ha nparrnui, xoq ny6niqHo npo ue He
roBopr,rnocs i ruaro xro 3HaB upo iurysaHHr roro aKTy. IIIofiHo n 1803 p.
@. h. erenr y ceoifi rurnxui tr. 3. ,,.flepxaeHi nepevriHla s flonruri" uoAas
ao eiaoNaa ruprpruoro 3arany rexcr roro ,,fl[f,Hy", A€ n 13 [email protected]
o6roeopeHo croco6u surueuHr yrpaincbKoro HapoAy.
I-lporarovr 18 i 19 cr. roJIflKH, crocyrcqn uepe.u6aueui "flrflHoM"
3axoarr,AeKorrn e csoift 3anonaAJrusocri Hasirr [epecry[ann ftoro uexi,
HtrF., Ha noqarry 18 cr. rpl,IMyuryBarlr Ao naHlrru:HqHoi npaui He riluxn
cBt[IeHI4qI{x cuHin, aJIe n caMI,Ix cscureHl,Ixig. floniruxa europiuqHHr
rpeKo-KaroJrr4ubKoro o6pqay [poAoBxyBanacr B HacrynHl,Ix crorlirrqx :
uauiporvr, npt,t noNro.ri narunigauii o6psly, AoBecrI{ Ao nonroHi:auii
yxpainuin.
Ha reperloMi t9 i 20 cr. rIoJrflKI,I ttotxupunu flofle csoei
rrpornyKpaincrroi riuruocru; 6auyuu, ulo iM He BAaerbcfl 3HI{UII,ITH
yrpaiucxy [eprny, BoHr, [epeKr.rHynH csoi aii na noniruqHy apeHy. B Anc'rpii
norlflKl4 MaJILI noeaxHi BTJII,IBI4 Ha uicapcrxouy anopi i crapanncs
Br4Kopr,rcraru ix AJrfl rocJra6[eHHq yxpaiHuin ra cxpinneHHfl csoix norr,ruifi
ana ein6yAoBu roJrbcbKoi aepxasu. flonrcrxi noniruuui naprii, :oxpeua
,,I-lpaniua Hapoaoua" i Hapo.I1Ho-AeMoxparvqHa naprir (r. r. eHAexn), Berlu
6ernourauuy 6oporr6y nporra VxpaiHcrxoi flaprrflMeHTapHoi Penpeeenrauii
y Bitni.
Als xapaKTepr4crlrKr,r roroqacHprx rroJrbcbKlax Hacrpoin cyflporl4
yrpainuin Bapro HaBecrr.r roJrocrl AeflKux noJlbcbxl4x noniruxis Ha saci.qaHHi
,,Palvr Hapoaonefi" B Kpaxoni u rpanHi 1909 p.
Ocu xinrKa rpr,rKnaais:
l5
A-p Cr. Cuonrxa (1854 - 1924), yninepcure'rcrrufi npoSecop i qlen
I-Iararu flanis y BigHi, TBepAr.rB, uto yxpainui, noAi6Ho sr 6ilopycu, ne
e cros'qHaMr,r, rirtrxu :afturnuuu a:ificurlrMr,r [JreMeHaMr,r. 9opHe BoJroccfl
ryqynin, rx i peunra yrpaiHqiu, rra:ye na ix "avKr4trr" xaparrep. CenqHu
rrlo roBoprrr
MoBolo, flK
- rax uo roBoprrb noJrbcbKoro
i rpexo-raroJrr,rKr,r,
MoBoro,
ue ne yxpainqi,
- pqryBarv g,tfl,
rinrru :ayrpainisosaHi floJrflKra, flKvtx rpe6a o6os'ssxoBo
n Vrpaini
yrpaiHcbxoro
pr,rMo-KaroJlr.rKu,
nomcrroi naqii. YxpaiHcrri nocrn s BiaHi BJracrr,rBo He € [peAcraBHr,rKaMr,r
yrpaincrxoro Hapory fi rrorrflKn He noeuHHi Becrr,r 3 Hr,rMra uiaxux
neprpaKTauifi. Moxna narouicrb reperoBoprcBarr.r 3 pycosilauu, ale
TaKox Ayxe o6epexHo, MoxHa iM Haeiru npr.r3HaBarn.ueqxi xonqecii, flKuro
ue norpi6ro Anfl 6opou6ra : yrpainqflMvt.
Apyruft nonirnx, A-p A. Coxonoscur<uft, noroAxyroqrrcr 3 AyMKaMpr
cBoro nepel6eciAnura, nigrpecnuB AoAarKoBo, uto yxpainqi e uenacnuri
e ceoix .I[oMaraHssx i He Moxyrb xrrrr4 6ee HeHaBr.rcrn Ao flonflKis. BiH
TaKox 6ye ra cninnpauero 3 pycoSinanau, 6o ue KopracHe Arlq nonsris.
Biaonnaft "rpr,rrrert" yxpainuis T. I-leucrxnfi (1856
- 1925),3 rpLtBoAy
n6uecrsa rzuIHIIbKoro nanaicnuxa A. Ilorourxoro 3 oripueHurM roBopHB,
ulo roJlrxavr 6paxye niuearv D,o 6oporu6u 3a [oJrbcrxy iaero s CxiaHifi
I-aluqusi Ta uo CiqlaHcrroro (rruil Br,rKoHaB 3aMax Ha florourxoro) rpe6a
6yno nosicuu rpoAoBx rpbox AHis.
Haft6inrure Bopoxocrr,r cyrporu yxpaiHqin nuru.rB A-p @. Koneunu,
icropur i pe.uarrop xypHany "Swiat Slowianski". Ha fioro AyMKy, roJrrKr,r
Marorb rerep (nouarox 20 cr.) po:n'l:aHi pyxz I uucry coeicTb cyrporr4
yxpainuis. .flreHe6yab nopo3yMiHHq : yxpaiHuavrr4 Br,rKJroqene. ix He BlzrJrocfl
[pu€nHaru \o cnienpaui n xypnali "Swiat Slowianski", 60 BoHr,r He e
croB'rHarvru. -flruo MoBa rrpo rpeKo-Karonr.rubKy uepKBy, To BepecreficbKa
yHia : 1596 p. noripuula ronoxennq Ilomui, 6o 6ea Hei norcKt4 Mourr4
ri csoirvr pr.rMo-KaroJrrrur43Movr lifiru ax .uo vpany. Tenep 6yno 6 xpaute
aHyJrroBara KoHKopAar
: BaruraHoM, a flKruo ue He BAacrbcff,
BLIKopI,IcroByBarI,I scqxi He[opo3yrrauinss
uix
yxpaiHcrruuu
cenqHaNara
i ix
cBflr.ueHr,rKav,nfi nerafiuo nosiAorunqrn rtpo Bce pr,rMo-Karonr,rurxi ueprosHi
snacri. 3 roro 6yae.urfl roJrqxis noasiffHa Kopr,rcru: a6inrureHHfl rroJrbcbKoro
eneMeHTy
[pI{
oAHoqacHoMy 3MeHrueHHi .rucra yxpaiHcrxux cBrrrlenuxie,
sxi ao peui e oroporo yrpaincrua B CxiaHift farlu,rurri. OAuoqacuo
3aKrlatrarn s CxiaHiil I-anuqzui pr'rvro-Karonr,rurxi napa$ii i ne xaJryBarr,r
Ha ry uilr rpourefi. Bcro npauro rpe6a noAinraru: KoHcepsarnsHi
3eMrreBrracHr,rKlr i napoaHa napTia Marorb lis,rn [o cenax, ? B vricrax
uapoaHi .rleMoKparu (eu.ueru a6o BrrrexroJrrxu). BianosiaHy rponoraH.uy
rpe6a Becrr{ ycHo fi o6epexHo, ulo6 ue 6yno niqxoro []rcaHoro AoKyMeHTy,
a, n pa:i uorpe6u, 3arepeqyBarr.r a6o npocro 6pexaru.
Ao cryaifi uouycxarn
rilrru
3acHoByBarI,I B :axiaHifi I-aru,ruHi
t6
uonsrie. CinrcrrorocroAapcxi ruKorpr
i npuftvrarr.r .uo nei rinrxu norqxis i ro
6e:xoruroBHo. Moxua tns 0oprrau npuftnxtn rinmox yxpainqis si CxiuHoi
I-arnqusu, €ure ga niAnosiAnoro ouJrarolo, ulo6 TaKI,IM qlIHoM yrpyAHI{TI{
irra Aocryu Ao ruKonu. t{epet re ocsira rroJrbcbK}rx ceJrrH 6yae B}rula i nepel
csiroN,r MoxHa 6yae 3aflBurrt4, uo yrpainqi nin[si fi ne xoqyrb Kopl{crarrl
ro rivtrasii tpe6a o6os'rexoso
3 HayKr,r. IIIouo inunx urxil
yrpaxniryBarlr, He Aonyc rr4TuAo 3acHyBaHHr yrpaincrxoro yHinepcurery,
yrpaincrxoi iHrenirenqii, a IIe Anf uonsris
ne6axaHe. Cavrorpoayl\aino, tpe6a t'eAHatu co6i pycoOinie, o6iqxtu irnr
6o siH
cTaHe Qa6praxoro
KareApy pociilcrxoi MoBI,I y JlrnincrKoMy yHieepcuteri, aae 3 rpu3HaqeHHflM
npo$ecopa ssonixarvt, a eriHui Aopytlurrl Ty rocaAy nonaroni.
Bci ypa.un e CxiaHifi Fanuqnni o6cauxysarr{ norlflKaMl{, uo posyMilotr
yxpaincrxy MoBy i, n pasi notpe6u, MoxyTb BlIcTyIIaTu ax yrpainqi. Bearali
ycyHyTlr: uy6niunux ypxAis ycix yrpairglia, aflpfi ToMy cTBopI{Trr ny6ni.try
oniniro npux[nbHy a,ns, nonsxis. BrasaHo rex BI,IroroB[ITI,I crarLIcrLIKy
HacerreHHa Cxiunoi Faru.ruHr,r, : atroi BlrxoAllJro 6, ulo yxpainui 3aBArtlytorb
[rKorIlI, uepKBI,I, uorlflKll Ha Bce AaK)Tb rpoui, a yrpainui
i, rauictb BAf,KI,I, HeHaBuArrb tloJlflKis. 9eper yrpainuin
[oJrflKr,r ry6oxinH, a yxpaiHui rnvr qacoM HarpoMaAntu vrafino u py6nrx
i niueurrr{x MapKax i suAarcTb BeJrHKi cyrrau na nauioHanrni uini.
IIIe o.uun ,,HayKoBeub" n-p JI. Konsnxoscxufi (1882
- 1956) TBepAI{B,
uo 6inrurict naceJreHH, Cxianoi faru.rrHu rBopqrb uorlflKll, AapMa IrIo
leqxi 3 Hr,rx roBoprrb yxpaincrrorc MoBoro. e ceJra, ae paHiure 6yno 300
ao 400 noJrbcbKr{x poA}rH, a renep rinrru Ae-He-Ae MoxHa ctpinytu flKorocb
crapua, uo ue posyNrie norlbcbKy MoBy i ronopnrb Heto. Moxe norlflKaM
6yno 6 Jrerure r6eperru cBoro MoBy, r^x6u He ti ,,rpoKrlrri Ciqi".
Kpaxincrxuvr rroJrrKaM 6parye rloJrbcbKoro AyXo, ToMy ix ue MoxHa
npufivraur Ha rpauro e Cxiunift fanuuuni, 6o soHI,I He 3Hatou yxpainuin,
e HaATo rogarnr,rBi I He [pr,rHecyru ninroi KopI{crH uomcrxifi cupani.
BiAovro, ulo yxpaiHcxi cBflIqeHI{KI{ [paurcrcTb B lanu.IuHi Ayxe
inrencusHo, ruafixe B KoxHouy ceni e quTutrbui, yrpaincrri KarexI{TI4
HaBqarorr penirii, napoaHi sqnteni fi yxpaincrxi ypraoeqi
- ro upasAl,Iei
rafiAapraxu. Hnp., "siAovtufi tepopucT " I{ernuHcrxufi (trpraropifi
yuutenr e flepevruurni ft nocon
Ilernuncrxr,rfi, 1855
- 1912, rivtrarifinuft
ao ancrpificrxoro rapJrrMeHry y Bi.qHi) nucranae riMHasifinux yuuir Ha ceJla
D,Irfl arirauii rporl,I norqxis. Tpe6a raKox ycyHyrl,I r yniuepcllTery
IpyurencbKoro, flBHoro Bopora uolrxis.
Kopotxo: yrpariieauiq urir, uirxvx AepxaBHr{x nocaA.qns yxpainqin,
Bce Anfl uorsris.
Aouenr KparincuKoro yninepcrarery A-p B. ,Ilaopcxuft (1865 - 1930),
paAVB y siaHorreHHi Ao yrpainqis BecrI'I [paKT[tIHy nonirury: a6o
o6'eAHarvcfl,3 HHMH a6o sHr,rlrluru ix. O6'eAnanHt MaJro [paBAoroAi6ne,
a Arrfl,3HlrueHHa yxpainqis norqxu Iqe cra6i. Orxe, sxutrr suxia? flepur aa
Bce BAepxarr B Cxianift lalnquni craH noJrbcbKoro nociAanna, 6o glr
Bce noJrflKaM:
ri6xu
6epyru
17
[orrflKiB rre xHTTeBe nHTaHHr., TvtM 6iruure, ulo Ha 3a:<o.qi niNflri ix sAaBrqu.
Tpe6a:aricHnru 3s'q3xr,r r pyco$inavrn i BinencxuM ypflAoM, He rroraAarlr
n nauixy, ne ocvriuryBarv ce6e nycrnvrrn QpasaMr,r, u6afinlaso pe€crpyBarr,r
pi:Hi rrorrrHeHnr yxpaiHcbKoro eneMeHTy I Aonocnrr{ upo Bce BJracrrM,
a n pa:i uorpe6u Br,rMararr,r rroKapaHHq. Te caMe 3 qr,rrzurbHcMu i ,,CisaMr,r".
Ha aii pycoQinis g.uBrTr4cfl. xpirr nanrui, ane npr{ ToMy 3Beprarr{ yBary Ha
scqxi ropyureHHfl 3aKoHy. "Koru 6yaevro rorosi a yrpainurMr,r, roui
6e:nouaAHo BlrrBrrH sci nporpixn pycoOinis i ix rarox 3Hlrururt4".
Taxi nnxnv ynrra4atlra it o6ronoproBaril4 uomcrri uolirnxn na csoix
ceKperHr4x uaprifinnx raciAaHHflx, B TaeMHr,rqi nepea uupur,rM 3araJroM,
yxpainqi.
oco6nueo, uo6
- 6oponu Boxe! - He AoBiAanr,rcr rrpo te
Hapaau ,,flpariqu Hapoaoneir" 3 TpaBHq 1909 p. sia6yrrca.qosipoqHo
s xori o6vrexeuoi rilrxocrn noniruxis. Konu x:sit 3 Tlrx HapaA roflBr,rBcfl
cropinxax yrpaiHcbKoro niueqrro-MoBHoro xypH€rJry'' Ukrainische RundBr,rKJrr{KaJro 6ypro nporecrin r 6ory norsris. Hafigasssriure
BHcryraB peAaKTop xypHany "Swiat Slowianski" A-P Koueqnu, tIIo 6ye
oAHoqacHo roJroBHuM rpoMoBrleM Ha HapaAi. Oanaqe siu s ocHoBHoMy He
3arrepeqyBaB, ruo raKa Hapatra sig6ynacs i rqo uooAnsoxi 6eci.qnnru
Ha
schau", rI€
Br.rcryrranr{ TaM ai cgoiNau noniruqHylwvt ,,HayKoBrrMI,I" npoMoBaM}I. ftoro
ryp6ynano rilrxu re, ,KktM r{uHoM ueft:sir [onaB Ao peAaKrlii yxpaiHcbKoro
xypHany, 6ox na napaai 6ynwrinrrn qJreHr naprifiuoro xnro6y i mupoureni
rocri, ne 6yno rar"r aHi o.uHoro yrpaiHus. Cnepruy eiH aylraB, ulo Moxe
uix xenrHepaMlr, ari o6cnyroByBulnr rocrefi, 6yn axuftcr yxpaineqr i upuroToBr4B uefi rnir, ale ue 6yno
- Ha fioro AyMKy - MaJro [paBA[oAi6ne, 6o
:sirolaeeur vrycie 6yru inrenirenrHoro JrrcAr.rHoro (yrpaincrxufi xenruep
TaKI,IM se vrir 6ytn!). Toui niao:piHnr, D,-pa KoseqHoro BraJro Ha o.uHoro
rrorrflKa, 3HaHoro n Kpaxoni sx.recHoro i neurxi.unsoro ,,MeHTe Kanryca",
uro xoArrs Ha sci 3aciAaHHr, Ae ftoro 3araJrbHo roJrepyBilnu, 6o siH cta,qie
cnoxifino i sia qacy Ao qacy po6us co6i rauucxn. Bin 6yn rex na sralaHift
Hapaai ft raxox po6nn co6i norarxr.r, uro ,Kr.rMcb rrr,rHoM florraJrr.r Ao
yrpaiucrxoi peaarqii.
flicna riei norevrixu : yxpaiHcbKr,rM xypHil[oM noJrflKH sarvrosxru i
6inrrue He ropyruyBailu n npeci riei nenpuevtroi AJrr Hr.rx c[paBr{.
***
flepura 0asa peani:auii,,flnaHy" aaxiHqurracfl, : flepuoro csirosoro
sifitroto. florrxaur He BA€uIocf, 3Hlruutr.r yrpaincbKoro HspoAyr txufi, ue
3Baxaloqlr Ha Baxri yvronu, He Jrr,I[re Brarpr,rMaB norlbcbxuft rracr, aJre ule
ft niuniccs AyxoBHo, KynbrypHo, iureneKTyanbHo, ryvrin Br{xoBarr{ csigoNry
inrenirenuiro i noniruqHrrx upoei.uHurin, IrIo cBoero nocriAosHoro nr
HanoJleurlrBoro npauerc r.uo6ynu s BiaHi uosaxHi BuJrr,rBr{ TaK, ruo nasirs
,,nafiecuiurnfi qicap" vrycia 3 Hr{Mr{ paxyBarr,rcr.
l8
***
(1920 1939), KoJIlr
piurennq Pa.uu
qina
uiActani
na
3axiuna Yxpaina,
Faluquna, 3urrAHo,
g
poxin
rpoBecrl,I
n
25
o6on'q3roM
Arrl6acaUopiu, Aictaracq flonrud,
yps.t
i
sce6iqHo
3axoAlaBcfl
HacI{JIbHo
une6icqnr,
ue 6inrur
- rroJrbcbxr,rilt
ruificHrosarr{ peKorraenuarrii ,,flrrHy" z 1717 p.: nocreneHHa yT parni:auia
i nixsiuauir yrpaincbKux noqarKoBrax i cepeaHix urxin, tpyanouri rprl Brncax
yxpaiucurrx cryAenris Ao Jlrsiscrxoro ynieepcllTery (ttyuepyc KJrrB3yc,
roJroBHo Ha Me.[uqHoMy $axynrreri), nepecniAysaHHr yrpaincrroi qepxsll
qepe3 3acrocyBannflpisurax urr.rKaH Ao cBqureHHlaxis (nnp., 3arzlnbHo siAovle
,,$anruryBaHHf MerpnK", 3a qKe rIpI,ITflryBaHo csgureHHl'Iris Ao
xpuvrinalrnoi siAuosi.[anrHocru), rginrHroeaHHr yrpainqis 3 AepxaBHI,Ix
nocaA, uopansnufi Tr,IcK rMiHrosaru o6pqA, uro6 [ictarpl rrpallrc B
ny6niunoMy ceKTopi, uepeuorueHH, yrpaiHcrxux ytrurenis ra ypqnosuis :
Ianraqunu Ha saxiA Ao flonrui anr neruroi nonroniaauii ixnix po,uuH B
rryxoMy oroqeHni, nauu0irarlif, Bepera Kaprysrxa. Ti ,,ycnixu" nottrcmoi
a,uvriHicrpaqii Aaru4 niAcrany vrinicrpoei ocsiru B. fpa6cbKoMy 3aflBrTvt
6ynaro.rro, rro [porflroM 25 porie yrpaincrre ru,ITaHHfl s flonrud repecraHe
icHynaru, 6o roAi Bxe He 6yue yrpainuis. Ane ri Hauii He crpaBtrvntt4cr..
,,TnepAi pycuttH" BI,ITpI,IMaJII,I Bce i nepexunu [oBepcaficrry flonruy.
B nepioai vrix
ABoMa csitosutuu sifiHal\au
**rS
Ilicnq [pyroi csirosoi siftHr,r norrflKr,r Bxe He MourI,I crocyBarl,I nopaA
,,flrflHy" no falltu,qunu, 6o ii npu€AHaHo Ao yPCP. fliu flonrurero
3aJruururilacq Jlevlxieuquna, g sroi qacrl,IHy HaceJreHH, [epeceneHo Ao yPCP,
a peury ua ni4crani ropeaniuroi aruii ,,Bicra" noJr.rKll BI{Be3JIu HacI,InbHo
i polnopotulanll
uo pi:Hl,tx soeeiAcrBax. Onycriny
Jlevrxisur{Hy BnaAa crapanacfl. flK*afiursr,rAlue nepeuinurll Ha ictunno
[onbcbKy 3eMrro. Vxpaincrri rocroAapcrBa 3HI{ueHo a6o nepeAaHo
Ha ,,3€Me oA3rIcKaHe"
roJrrKaM.
Binruictb
UepKoB :pyfinoeaHo, a
peury nepevrineHo
Ha
nonrcrxi
KOCTbOJII,I.
Ao
nepecerreHlrx yxpainuin, rroJrbcbKutrt ypst 3acrocyBan He6ynattufi
ix Ha3vrBalwr ryr He iHarlue qK rafiAauaxaMl,[, 1an1p;uravtu,
Tepop.
ropnopieauu. VrpaiHui He Marru siAsarr rpn3Harl,Icfl Ao csoei nauioHaJrbHocru,6otttuc, roBopr,rru pignoro MoBoto, ne 6yno yrpaiHcrxux uxin
ani yxpaincrroi uepKBr,r. Vpaa xoris B peKopAoBoMy teruni cnolroHi3yBarl,I
yxpaiHuie, ruo6 pa3 Ha3aBxAr,r po3B'fl3art4 e ce6e yxpaincrre [rITaHHq i Iualu
oAnonauioHanbHy rroJrbcbKy AepxaBy.
flpaeAa, e 1956 P., 3& Ao3BoIIoM vriHiclepcTBa BHyTpirunix crpaB,
:opraHisyBanocfl B Bapruani Vxpaincrre CycninrHo-KynrtypHe
Toaapucrno, flKe MaJIo BecT[ KynbTypHo-ocsiturc po6ory cepeA
l9
nepecerreHr,rx yKpaiHqiB.
fi
rrainicrepctea
Po6ora Tonapucrna 6yna niq
KoHTporero
3a3HaBarra quMiuro
o6vrexenr, Htrp., He MoxHa 6yno
rpeAcraBHI,IKaM TonapncrBa upaurcBarv Ha XonurquHi fi flianqlIIuli.
flonucrxnfi ypna y Bapuani, xo.r SoprraanrHo KoMyHicruqHufi, Bce raKr,r
[oroAxyBaBcfl r iqrynaHHsu i .qianrnictrc pr{Mo-Karonr,rrrbroi i rpaBocrasHoi rIepKoB Ta npr,r3HaBaB ina leqxi rpaBa i cso6oau. Harouicrr,
rpeKo-Karonr,rrlbKa uepKBa o0iqifiHo ue iqrynana. 3arrairHe ule I re, ulo
'roAituHs noJrbcbKa pr,rMo-Karorrr{ubKa iepapxia uiu uposoAoM rpr.rMaca
KsPAnsaaa BnuuucbKoro ne rinrxu He Bucryrana n o6oponi yrpaincrxoi
qsHo Henpuxrnruo. flonoxeHHf,
uepKBI,I, a uo 6inuue
- craBurracqlo nei
sr\,rinr,uocs nr yxpaincsxa UepKBa Aicrala .qeqri noleruri ulofino 3a
noHuaSiraty flanu IsaHa flaena II, sxwit ocraHuirvl qacoM ivreHynae
nepeMr,rcbKoro Bnarr,rKy IsaHa MaptnnnKa enrcKortoM Arrfl ncix yxpainqin
s flonrui fi uepeaan yxpainurM KonHruHK) rpexo-KarorrprubKy KareApy B
flepeuuurni. Ao roro piureHna flanu [ocraBr.rBc, [prxnrrbHo renepiulrifi
rprrMac flonrui KapAr,rHan fnevru.
Cniaorrr 3a uepKBorc TaKox ypqaosi
qr,rHHr,rKr.r
noqiuru \r4BLrrvcfl inaxnre
ua yrpaiucbry c[paBy, Mycinu sxiHui noro.unrvcfl r $axrovr icrrynannn
Vxpainrn fi yxpaincbKoro HapoAy, 3 qKLrM rpe6a Has's3aru uo6pocyciacrxi
B3a€MlrHr{. Buuno rle 3.[erKr.rx 3arB [pe3r,rAeHra Balescu. Ane nia ypnaonux
xin ao ulrpoKoro roJrbcbKoro 3arurrty AaneKa Aopora. flepeciunufi noltx,
upocruft iurenireHr, rue aani craBr,rrbcfl HefarvBHo Ao yrpainqie. IIe
noKa3anocq s 3s's3Ky 3 nnrHoBaHHM rrepeAaHHrvr yrpainurM rrepeuucrxoi
erl,IcKoncrxoi xare.Upu. Bcynepeu pirueunro flanu orpevri xoprireru ra Aeqri
qJreHr{,,ConiAapHocrr,r" Br{crynun[ 3 [porecraMr.r [porr,r uepeaaui
yrpainqsu KtlroAPlrr ulo Konl{cb MaJIa 6yrn sracHicrrc MoHacrlrpa Kapr.,leniris. Ti rpynn trotullprorom pitHi naxleuu Ha yrpaiuuis, enosxr{Barorb
saco6aMrr rvracosoi inQopvrauii, ny6nixyrorb 3acrpauyroro.ri llllcrinrra, Ha
crinax 6yaranxis, a Hasirr na xiAnurax Bynraub, Br,r[ucyrorb rrorpo311 11porg
yxpainuia, BKJrIoqHo,
3
3arpo3oto KpoBonponlrrra. Ao peui, croro.qui Hasiru
y Jlrsosi tlorBJltlorbct
nporr.ryxpaiHcrri flerrorrKrl. gneun rvrx rpyn
napirarotb, Iqo
uo piran[
noJIflKI{ e otoqeni yrpainqqMu, ? IIe nafiripuri naqioHalicru,
nonaris, a rerrep [pocrrrarcTb pyKr.r rro KareApy.
flpasAa,
ryr i TaM Tpanrfltorbcc
naix nonsKaMra ,,6ili xpyxu", ulo
rBepe3o I o6'exruBHo, a He qepe3
luosiHicruuni oxylxpu. Bonlr Bl{crynatorb 3a [opo3yvrinnr uix o6oua
HapoAaMlr. A-ue BOHI{ B prenurocti. Ettr^ [prrKnaAy MoxHa Ha3Barr{
Ar,rBJrrrbcx ua yxpaiHcbKy c[paBy
6inru
xypHanicra fxeroxa flolaKa, flKlrfi, ne 6ea Krr[rH, roBoplrrb npo Aeqxi
MOMeHTTI r noseAiHKI{ nepeMl{cbKl{x [oJrbcbKr.rx cy[eprarpiorin. Ha ix xali,
IrIo BOHLI e oKpyxeHi nopoxnrvru yrpaiHrlflMlr, siH lanIarye: ,,rlu cupasui
2000 yxpainqia a flepeuuluri e raxoro 3arpo3oro anr 80 000 noncxir?" flani
noJrrKI{ napixarul, ulo rrtr{Hynoro poKy HeJreraJrbno upuixano.uo flepeM}rrrrJu
napr,ttr yCC. BoHu BrraruryBanlr
xiauxa rlrcf,rr yxpaiHuin, IrIo6 BruarryBaru
20
oqolrosaHuil xJro[ueM y6panuvr B MyHA]rp
Ha ni.qcrani ti6panux iH0opuauifi, flolsx crBepAr,rB, trIo s uoxoAi
yqacrb npu6ln*ro 150 oci6, a xnoreub MaB oaHocrpifi VCC, a ne
BerruqaBr,rfi noxi.q Ha uBr{HTap,
yIIA.
B3flrrur
YTIA.
IIIe oaun eni:on r flepeuurrrJrr, uo ftoro 3raAy€ fxerour flolsr: Oaun
crapruufi raH, 3 Br{rnrAy iHtelireHr, o6ypeHnfi pirueHuau flanl,I [epeAarlr
yrpainuqM repeMucbKy KareApy, 3aflBrs 6es o6uHqxis: ,,.fxu1o Haur flana
xoqe ruaHyBarlr yrpaiHrlia, ro Kpaue nexafi He nprixAxa€ crcAr{ s:arani".
B flonrrui Tonapncrao
nro6[T enis Jlrsosa 3aKJrr,rKae
: .racin Apyroi ceiroeoi
nifiHu, [ucaTn yAoKyMeHtosaHi cloMI,IHII, IIIo6 na rifi niActaBi [pLITflrHyTH
Ao KpuMinamnoi si.qnosiaaJrbHocrr uax yxpainuis, rqo 6panu yqacrb y
3acHosane
norrxin, csiaxis
[oJrbcbKr{x
i
raJrr{ubKo-Borrr,rHcbKoro
repopy
xraliscbKr,rx [orpoMax.
Cepea ruupoKlax norrbcbKr{x Mac [JreKaerbcr csi.[oNro Betu-
: Ayvrxoro 3aAepxarr,r Ha 3axogi ,,3evre og3ucKaHe",
a oAHoqacHo rorur4puru cxiani KopAoHr{, flKuIo Bxe He no flninpo, To 6oaait
no 36pyu, 60 ,,xpecin" He Moxna ra6yru. 3 riero MeroK) sia6ysarorbct
Nracosi nonrcrxi nporyrrrHKr,r
,,rreuroMHraursa" Ao Ilrsosa i .qo Cxiunoi
Ko.uepxasHi arvr6iqii,
-
fall,uquuu, uo6
TaKI,IM rrr{HoM 6olait cuvreoriqHo 3aAoKyMeHTyBarr,r [epeA
yxpaincrxr,rM HaceJreHHrM ceoi npereHcii go ,,KpeciB".
nitroroBJrfl€Tbcq eiAoN,rvfi : icropii
- flonrui
pa3oM He uiueurxufi, tilrxu uolrcrrnfi.
Ocren", arte rlrM
Koporxo
g
,,[paHr nax
Hy, uro x? flnqHyBarl,r MoxHa. A-rre ue Bxe ,,Mpii crqroi rofloBr,r".
flpnurirnn:
l. B nolrcrxifi rraosi: "Plan na zniszczenie Rusi".
2. Ukrainische Rundschau, 1907.
3. F. J. Jeckel. Polens Staatsveraenderungen, 1983.
4. Ukrainische Rundschau, 1909.
5. O. B. Iaauycia. I-{epxsa e pyiui, 1987.
6. ,fl. Crex. Vrpainuir n flepeuuruni rHosa nepecliayrorb. ,,CBo6o.[a",
l99l
poxy.
7. II. Kalnnrau. Cnip 3a Karellpy e flepevruuui.
"Cso6oila",14
12
i
13 xeirHq
TpaBHfl 199r.
CROWN INVESTMENT CORP.
BlacuHx
Isan C.rrusra
Ameritech Building
(3
I00 East Big Beaver o
r3) s28-0999
2O2
o Troy, MI.
48083
Fax: (3t3) 528-9233
2t
P. KoricHurc
pEoEpEHAyryr B vKPAiHr, lrO.r,O Bt4,CJtrAtl
I4 IHTEPfIPETAUII
Pe:ynrraru peQepeHAyMy fi oxpeMe onHTyBaHH, Ha pecuy6niraHcbKoMy fi ranuquxoMy 6anorax 17
6epe:Hr u.p. Aanr pe3ynbratu, rt<i
MoxHa BBaxarr,r ((nporlrBopiuHuMrr)). 3a <<oHoenenufi>> coro3 fop6aqoBa ronocyBana 6inruricru eu6op-
uis (7090 il rux, ruo ronocyBarrur,
a6o 5890 sil :aranuroi ximKocrlr
ea6opuis), are ute 6inuue ronocyBaJro 3a cyBepeHHicrro Vrpainu
(8090 rr,rx, uo ronocyBatu, a6o 67Vo
scix er6opuiu). 3a nosHor.o He3aJIexuicrrc s I-aruqusi ronocyBaJlo 8390.
B l-anraquni :a noBHoro uerarexuicTro roJrocyBana npn6rueHo rrorroBuHa poclfH, rrlo xr4ByTb y TLrx Tpbox
o6nacTqx.
t{orray
T
axi srcriaw? flouepure,
6atot Naas rimrlr oaHe
Bcecorc3Hufi
3anr,rTaHHfl, HaBMI,ICHe 3aIIJryTaHe,
Ha[pI4KJraA,
3 IILlTaHHflM
((OHOBTIe-
Horo coro3y) 6yta noB'fl3aHa cyBe-
penuicrr pecny6nix
ra
rapaHrir
npaB nrcrlr.rHr,r (sic).
Bepxonua Paaa Vrpainn Aolana
ceifi 6anor: tlu srolHi Bu a rHM,
uto Yrpaisa vrae 6yru s cxnati Corcry PaarHcbrr,rx cyBepeHHux Aep-
xaB Ha 3aca\ax flexnapauii npo
aepxaBHafi cynepeHirer Vxpainu?
3are .qoAarroenfi ratuusxuil
tln xoqe-
6rcneresb ,cHo rrvraBcfl:
re Br, uro6 Vrpaisa crala
He3aJrex-
Horc AepxaBolo, qKa caMocrifiHo
er.r-
piurye eci nprranH, BHyrpiururoi ra
:oeHiurHsoi noliruxu, :a6elneqeui
pisHi npaBa rpoMa.urHaM He3zlrrexHo
22
l'larrcxor
Mxpoc-rela IBAHK)IiA
,,3a Binouy YKpo'iHy", JToeie.
eia HarrionalrHoi ra peliriftuoi npu-
HatrnexHocri?
I-Io.upyre, raproKparr,r rpr.rMarcTb
y ceoix pyKax raco6u vracoeoi iH$opvrauii. <Ilapria noBena uaneHy nponoraHrlr,rBHy KaM[aHiro,
tra
Hocr{Jra
xapar(Tep 3€tIrrKyBaHHr, rrraHTaxy Ta
6pyanoi .qrrcKpelr,rrauii AeMoKparr.rqHr,rx cr,rJr)),
IHI,I.
-
noeiaoMrqrorb r Vxpa-
He:saxarc)qr,r Ha ue, flK
Br{Ka3yro-
O6'e.[uaHa couisn-AeMoKparl{qHa
ru s[cni,[n s laraqraui i rvricri Kueei, naprie,
Ae HaceJrennn ao6pe noinQopMoBaHe VxpaincrKa cryAeHcbra cninxa,
rpo cyqacHuft craH n VxpaiHi, nu- .fleuoxparl{qHa cuinxa (Kuincrra
6opui flcHo cxa3aJrr{ cso€ (Hi)) Ha opranieauir),
npono3r,ruirol-op6arroBa-3iurut[u- Vrpaincrxani6epanbHo-treMoKpaTHcr Vxpaini e Corc:i, aruft niu, TI,IqHa cnilxa,
[email protected] aHapxictis Vrpainu,
Coro:, ne 6yn 6u.
Pe$epeHayM cnoHyKaB crBopeHHr Cninxa ne:alexnoi yrpaincxoi
noflirfi.rHoro 6nrory <fler"roKparrrq- uoloAi,
Vxpaincrxa vrolo.uixHa acoqinua Vxpaiua>.
(30
ciqHq [ir,
Ao Hboto BxoArrb
Acouisuia <<3eneHufi cnir>>,
l99l p.):
tlecrxo-CnoBalrbKe KynbrypHe
pyx
Vxpainu,
HaponHufi
VrpaiHcrxa pecny6niraHcrxa
rir,
ToBapl{crBo,
TonaPHcrso ((MeMoPian>>, Coro:
flaprin
.rrxeHH,
nap-
IIeMoKparI,IrrHoro
VxpaiHu,
flaprie
((3eJreHHx>>
ailpo-
Vxpaiuu,
VrpaiHor,
flpo0cninKa xypHaJlicris
VrpainH <He:alexnictr>>,
VxpaincuKa xpucrr{rHcbKo-.IleMo- 3aeaaHHs AV Ha troBIIry Mery:
l. HaaanHq Aexnspauii npo AepKparr,rqHa naprir,
VxpaiHcrxa HapoaHo-neMoKpa- xaBHHfi cynepeHiret Vxpaisu cunu
KoHcrl4Tyuifinoro 3aKoHy;
napria VrpaiHH,
2. flpwiruflTTfl 3arony rpo rpoMaHaponHa napria VrpaiHu,
VxpaincsKa ceJrflHcbKa .rleMoxpa- .trrHcrBo VxpaiHra;
Tr.rqHa napria,
3. I-IpraftnflTTfl,nosoi KoHctlatyuii
Tlaq:g,a
Couixn-aeMoKparl,IvHa naptiq
Vr-
Vrpainu.
palHI{,
AHapifi Kouroponcrrufi
HA rrrJrflxv Ao KoHCTT{TvrIri
flporvrunyB yxe pix, xr BepxoaHa Paa.a Vxpaincrxoi PCP laafixe
oaHorolocHo npzilHflJra flernapauiro npo,uepxaBHrdfi cyaepeHiret Vxpainra.
IIc :HaNreHHa noaiq n icropnrrHoMy npoqeci repxaBHoro siapoAxeHHq
VxpaiHra crana csiAoursou noriruunoi rpinocrr yrpaiHcbKoro [apnffMeHTy.
Aas 6u Bor, uo6 BoHa 3ar.arrnr,a po3yM i cepue Haurrx napnflMeHrapncriu
i aana iu nacrrary Ans 6yaoeu yrpaincrxoi HesanexHoi AepxaBr.I.
Be:yvroeHo, rrlo sit nporonotueHHfl npuHqranis nernspauii Ao ix
srireHHq B xr{TTfl rrle AarreKo, aJre noqaroK rpo6neuo. IIIe B xosrHi
Mr{HyJroro poKy piureuuarr Bepxonnoi Pauu noKJrr,rKaHo.(o
xr.rrts Konaiciro
23
An' po3po6leHus Hoeoi KoHcruryuii. Kovriciro qro oqorr.rB caM ronosa Bp
JIeoHiu Kpanuyx, a onr.rH : ii qneHis e siaoivrrafi Jlesxo JIyr,auenro.
flpyrufi qr He Hafieaxrusiu]ufi erar y npoueci AepxaBHor_o
siaporxeHHs rroqaBc, Ha ueuipniff cecii rapnqMeHTy 14 TpaBHq
u.p.
BI'Icry[oM Kpanuyxa, B flKoMy nin nogHafiovrvB \apnrMeHT 3 TeKcroM
npoeKTy xonuenuii nosoi
Koscruryqii. LIefi rpo€KT, poapo6neuufr rpynoro
ropucrin BP, Ha r{oai : npo0. osrxosuu, npufin srwfi 3a ocHoBy
Kovricie ro
BP D,nfl poapo6nenua Hoeoi KoHcrzryqii. Byao ue lerilrra isurux
npoexria, vrix Ht4l.rrtt i IIrc Kovrna[rii Vxpaina.
Ha tyvrxy B. <DineHKa, HapoAHoro Ae[yrara VxpaiHa, cninnorroBn
AepxaBHoro siapo.IxeHHq VxpaiHu, i A. Binoyca, aeryrara
Jlenincrroro pafioHy Kneea, nouivnuxa HapoAHoro,uenyrara,
uer rpoer(T
KouctHTyqifiHoi xorvricii BP nafi6imure npoSeciftHo o6rpyuro
sa,,uit i
cnpnuoeanufi Ha no6yaosy cupanai neMoKparr.rr{Horo cycuinrcrna
B
cyBepeHHi[ yxpaiHcrxifi aepxani.
Hux.re ln'acyeuo ocHosrri eiarvriHnocri npoexrin xosuenuii Hosoi
KoHcruryqii KoN,Iicii BepxosHoi PaaH i Urc Kovrnaprii Vxpaiura.
I-Iepura
siaNriHHicrb € Bxe y Ha:ni yrpaincrxoi .uepxanu. pecny6nixa
vrpaina
TaKy Ha3By nponoHy€ Kovricis Bp. AsropH rpo€Kry
uK KfIy rporroHyrorb
ue rinrxn 3aJrr,rlr,rru ifiryrouy Ha3By
ypcp , ailei earpinzrr e npeaN46yri
,,couiRnicrt'tr{Hrafi nu6ip" HapoAy vxparnn,
uo cyrepequrb
y uboMy x npoexri [pI{HulIrIaMH 6araronaprifiHocr.z3 [eKnrpoBaHuMr,r
i nonirrzqHoro
flaprii
nnropanirvry.
floni6Ha cnpaBa Maerbc, 3 rrnrcpari:uou exonoryiqHrrM. B
o6ox
npo€KTax Haronouy€Tbcfl pieHoupannicru i :axucr ycix
Sopvr BJracHocrr{.
Are s npoerri Uy Kny 3HoBy 6a.raN,ro ,,TpyroBy [prrBarHy snacHicru
BUKrrOqa€
poKr,r.
,
eKc[nyarauiro", TaK refi 6u eKc[flyarauii ne 6yao ycix rwx
flKa
73
He a6naxoi earu Ha6pano nr.rTaHHq OOprran AepxaBHoro rpaBliHus.
Korraynicrn o6crorororb rpaanqifiHi panu HapoAHr,rx
.uenyrariB, nro fi e
,,uoJrirnuHoro ocHoBoro pecny6niKr,r". Taxa crpyr(Typa cylepequrb
_ po:uolily Bnar _ i upra roMy
o6'exrusHo ranbMye [pouec]r NaoqepHi:aqii exoHovrixu i cycuinrcrBa
erarari' Torray uepexia ao vryniqnnanrnoi crrcreMrr e KoHerrHicrro qacy.
flpoexr Korvricii soecirvr He repe.u6auye raKr{x crpyKTyp, xx pafioHHa
B
rvricri, i o6aacHa para.3avricru o6nacrux paa c.[op.*".r?o^urru
aarvrinicrpaqic ua qoli 3 y[oBHoBaxeHr,rM rrpeAcraBHr,rKoM
flpeeuAeura.
Hacrynne BaxJrr{Be rr{TaHHa
flpe3r{AeHTcbKa BJraAa. UK KIIV :a
- o6upaerrce Bepxonnorc paAoro
,,cla6xuM npe3I,IAeHToM", sxutrt
i
niauosiaanrnuff [epeA Hero, a Korr,ricis Bp 3a
,,crrJrbH[rM [pe3[AeHTOM,,,
re siH o6npaerrca HapoAoM, uolritlruno nesiAnosi,ualrnnil repe.u
rapnrMeHToM i 6esuocepeAHbo Kepy€ ypf,Aovr i
uepxaBHoro
aarvdHicrpaurero. B roft xe qac rlr cr{creMa uicru,6 pflA
nporrBar, 3oKneMa,
roJroBHoMy rrpr,rHuuuoni upanosoi aepxaBr
24
3a6opoHy flpe:uneHrosi po3[ycKar[r rtaprqMeHT, MoxJrr.rBicrs
rapJrflMeHTHoro Bera
ra HopMa'rueHi
yKa3H flpesraAeHTa.
3a apryrraeHTaMr,r [porr,r npe3raAeHcrBa, ar : 6oxy 6inrurocru, 'rax i
r6oxy AeflKHx qreHis onosuuii, Kpr,rerbcr no6orosaHHq 3 rpurrr4Hr.{
MoxJrllBocru o6paHHr ,,He cBofo" npe3ugeHTa.
Bci siaMiHnocri urrx ABox npoexrin, a oco6rl,IBo ocHonui, npunol.vJtv
Ao.[yxe rocrpr.rx [e6ar', a ro i no nilrpurl{x cBapor, i xiruxa BI,IMyueHI,Ix
nepepB. B o6rosopenni upoexrin xouuenuii Koncrraryuii Bl4crynuno 64
aenyrariu (no l0 xsunr,rH). Ilicnr o6ronopeHHfl rpoeKTy KoHuerqii nucrynnn
ronoBa BepxoeHoi Palu, txuit, niacyvronyroqr4 cKa3aHe, ne ni.ucrynas sia
ceoix
ocHoBHr,rx
uo:uuifi: Koncruryqir noeHuua 6yrw AeiAeonorilonaHa,
TaM He [oBr,rHHo 6yru 3ra.rlKr{, trro yKpaiHa sxollaTb Ao Coroay,
i
soHa
Marr4 [pe3r,rAeHTa, Koroporo o6Hparuue Hapo.u.
Aanule [poxoar,rlo rolocyBaHHs, Ha[epeA 3a Ha3By Ocuonnoro
3arony. fleperorocoByroqu .uuiui, naft6inrury riruxicrb roJlocin Ha6pana
rroBr,rHHa
- KoHcrnryqir YrcpaiHra. .fxy na:ny Marr,IMe cyBepeHna Vrpaina,
,K repxaea, nupirueHo Br,rHecrr,r Ha BceHapoAnuil pe0epeH.rlyM. A siurar
rrporonocoBaHo 6inruroro xinrxicrro rorocis (ane He KoHcruTyuiftnoro
6inruricrto, KoJrr4 uae 6yrH 300 ,,1a"): sa couiqnsuufi eu6ip; rpe3r,r,[eHTcbKy
0opr"ry npauiHun (Ilperr,raeHToM VxpaiHra 3arBeptrxyBarr4Myrbcq i
Br{3HaBarraMyrbcfl rroBHoBaxeHHfl i upana Paa, a roJroBra Paa
o6nparuvryrbc, 6e:nocepeaHbo Hapolorra) ronuenuiro Koncruryqii VxpaiHr
B3rro 3a ocHoBy. (I-onocyeaHrfl ruoAo vricus opranin [poKyparyprd B cucreui
Ha3Ba
Bratrv niarna.ueno).
I-licnq ronocyBaHHfl Brrcrynr,rB sia iMeni Hapoanoi Paara O. evreur is
3aflBoro, uro o[o3r,ruis He 6epe Ha ce6e silnoeilaJrbHocrr,r 3a c[orBopeHy
xouuenuirc Koucruryqii.Asi fioro rporo3r,ruii rnepnyrvcfl .uo Hapo.uy 3
npoeKTaMra Konctnryuii sia 6inruocrr,r ra eia onosuuii, a6o lovrararr,rcfl
po3rycKy napnrMeHry i nepenu6opin, 6ynu si.[xureHi.
Bepxonna Paaa uupiurnra BlrHecrr,r na pe$epeHAyM rrorupu ocHosHi
nr,rraHHfl: upo Ha3By trepxaBr4; rpo couiqlicruqruit nu6ip; npo cr,rMBoniry
ra $opvry npaeliHuq. KoHcrnryqifiHa xovricis craJra repe.u [uraHHflM, r{u
aouilsuo nafi6nprxqr.rM r{acoM rrpoBe.ueHH, TaKoro pe$epenayMy, rrpo ulo
anpiruurucq Ha nafi6nnxqux :aciAaHHrx Kovricii, a rerep Kornricis nnpimrara
nitHecru y KoMrerenuiro llpearaaii BP crporra o6paHne flperraaeHTa.
I-Iicns npwiray-rrt rpo€KTy ronuenuii KoHcrnryqii, BoHa craHe
i Aononuenr,
3arBepAxeHa napnflMeHToM.
Lre xirsra cnocrepexeHb i xouenrapin. Ha npecxoH$epenuii
fiapnflMeHrapuoi ono:nuii xypnanicrra [ocraBr,IJrI,I He:evqafiHo uiraee
ililTa*Hr:.,,tlr.r He MoxHa ouiHHru cyqacHy KpLI3y B [apnrMeHri qx crpax
neBH[rx cnn nepeA TVM, ruo Harr flpe:u.ueur craHe peanbHolo [porl,IBaroro
Ha Vrpaini flpe:uleHroei Corcey?"
npeAMerorra ny6niunoro po6roBopeHHr, eBeHTyarrbHr,rx KopeKT
i
utoffHo
roai 6yae oOiuifino
25
Iuura flpuqr,rHa nporr,rcroflHnfl B uapnarraenri, Kaxyrb Aesxi
KOMeHTaTOpH, rloIqrae B TOMy, uIO CTaBC' pO3KOIr CepeA
.uenytari-xovrynicrin. OaHoayvrui Kpanuyxa craBJrflTb Ha cyBepesirer
Vxpaiuu, a upu6iunuru KovryHictlr.rHoi naprii fypenxa AparyrcTbcfl rrepe3
Te, ulo ixni paau pi.uurarcrr.
XypHanicrKa O. Iy6ina KoMeHTye po3Kna4, cuil B rrapnflMesri rax:
,,Ono3nuia niarpnMy€ KoMyHicrin, rpuxl{JlbHuxie KpaBqyxa. fliurpraurye
B ocHoBHr.rx nosuuiqx, xoqa caMa Hapouua PaAa, flKa rllrMr{ AHrMr.r
o$oprvrunaca B 6nrox [apnqMeHTapcbKl,Ix Qpaxuifi, Hasiru caMa He
o6'elHyerbcfl B .rlerarqx.
o. Mr,rrpar InaH Myrnurca
B PrrrHt4rlro EoiB
fIrA
EPOAAMT{
floxiffnzff Braxesuiurraft flarpiapx hocub TaK rrncas l5 xsiurq 1983
por(y B copoKonirrq crBopeHHa VxpaiHcrxoi ausi:ii ,,laru4et4Ha": ,,B
ocraHnifi csironifi eifiHi 3yilapvrll.t4cq rvrix co6oro ani xopcroxi culv 3a
raHyBaHHfl lg^al, Eeponoro i cnirou, 3anailLrrv BoHH soeHHH[ BoFoHb Ha
Haruifi EarrxieuraHi ra qepe3.qosri poKr.r HaHecJrLr xaxJrr,rBy pyiHy... Hanoay
irssoro 3ynapy BI4KopI4craB HaLu Hapitr, uto6 crarn u o6opoHi csoei servrri
; 6axassqNa :ao6yrr,r BoJrro i crarn roc[oAapeM y csoifi xari i Ha cBoeMy
nori. Ao uroro norpi6no 6yro crBopr.rrr.r raco6r canaoo6opoHtr, flK Br.rrB
ctrporlrBy Ilporr4 cronirsroi Heeoni i pa6crBa". I Aani, foBopflr{u IIpo
lo6pononruis-soqrie flunieii, Ilarpirpx rucaB: ,,flepeA co6oro MaJrr,r BoHr.r
enI,IHy uinu
- BoJu ceoei Earuxisruuttu 6ez BcrKoro Bopora i cynocrara
e Hifi". (Onepa Ouuia, PHvr 1985, ToM XIV cr.. cr. 69-70).
47 poxin roMy Ha roJrrx 6inn Bpoaie ri r\,roro.qi nrotra oKpolnnr4 cBoe ro
rpon'ro re cBoe 6axaHnq i ceoro cBflTy uinr. 3acsiaqrnr.r BoHH npo qilu cBoro
HapoAy, uro Ha HHx B onilainni n po:rapi sifiHra lilz.Br4Bcr. Cxponunv BoHLI
cBoe Io xpon'to cBoto piany, He qyxy 3eMnro. Bo sa nei niuuz s 6iir, fi sorro
MaJrr,r flepen co6oro, xoq MaJrr4 uyxuit crpineqrxuit rtyrutup, xoq Aopora Ao
riei uini 6yta HesezqaftHo ycKnaAHeHa sia criruxr Hesi.uovrrrx MoxJrusocrefi
i o6crag[u, rxi aaxpzri nepe.tl nrcAvHoro. Mucnurenb crapoBt4lvt Mapxo
Aepenifi y ceoix ,,MennTarliqx" Mae ua raxi cnryauii ao6py peuerry:
,,Hexaft Hixonv ne ryp6ye re6e rraaft6yrHicrr. Tra crpineur ii, flKuro tle
AoBetrerbca, s riero caMorc r6poero po3yMy, qKoro rr.r cboroAui oa6poeuufi,
uro6 crpiHyrra cyuacHe". Tiero :6poe ro po3yMy 6yr,a
B Hac AyMKa
[po Bonro
Vxpainu.
I
e uiN,r 3acnyra rr.rx BorKin, uaurux
uo ix
MLI
uia
Bpoaarr,lu
Henepel6aqeHl4M rraafi6yruiM cKJraAHoi
26
no6paruuis i Harroi flunirii, rux,
B MorrrJrax 3ailwtnvrrpr: [epeA Heei.qoNaraNa
noriruvuoi curyauii
rraaru KoHKperHy
fcHy AyMKy
i qilr, ,Ky rpe6a
OcflrHyTLI AOBTI,IM LUJIflxOM 3MaraHb.
enaruue B TaKI,Ix BI,InaAKax o.IIHy
r'p€rrKociff
Cna6oayx, KoHbroHKTypt4cr,
qexaru
B rpepi3Hr4fixurpvft i nexnrpnft
i
rinsrz 3acaly i nopany: cxoBarlrcr
MaB
inury 3acaAy: rotoeurucr i
Bpo.uaMr,r
eoqr
uil
c_roci6. Yxpaincrxuft
rnopui i siasaxHi nro.qn
rinrru
6o
HeMoxJrr,rBoro,
Haeiru
cepeA
tisru
yciMa
HarrI,IMI,I vrinirapnurvlu
r
XX
cropiqqs
Harrre
Iline
3ao6yBarcTb.
fK 6ergepxasHoi HaUii,6ynu,
? 6yno ix rinrra,
cnpo6avtn i Aisrran,
msopqux i oideoilcHux ceped HeMorcnuso?o.
BJracHe, niA ruu 3HaKoM
TOrray KJIOHI,IMO [epe.tl HI,IMI,I Harui roIIoBH. Po6uvrO Ue nepe[
qo npHnic ne rilrrll cnaBy yxpaiucrrovty
Apyroi csirosoi nifinu, ane i csiAqeHHq repe.u ceiroNl ra icropiero npo Hatue TBepAe i HeuOxprT He 6axantf.
- cpIIIbHy BoJIIo 6yru
caruocriftHl,IM HapoAoM Ha snacHifi aevrni, rpo Harry :Ai6nicrr 3a Ue
1axa;p1ss 3Jroxrarn BcflKy xeprBy, s sia.[aHHhM cBoro xI,ITTfl BKlIorrHo. IIe
crarlocfl ni1 EponaMI,I B nunui 1944p.IIe slvliru noT iu oUisnrn i no6aqnru
ri, n rKHx tIoJroH MI,I [o[anpl; BoHH Hac AoKJIaAHo upocrylirosanu i He
6aqunu B Hac cBoix noporin, xorr Mr,r 6yttu BoporoM ixnroro 3JroluacHoro
icropuuur.rM no3r{Tr,rBHLrM Sarrovr,
irvreni s .raci
coro3Hr,rKa.
Ceoe 6axaHns eoni NIoxHa B:aflB:aTI,I B pi:Hraft cnoci6. O.[Hax, rax
ycKna.rlHeHo rBoplrrb Jrlo.rlcbKe caMoJlro6creo icropuuui curyaUii, ulo, rK
Ka3aB Ma:ena y eigolvtifi csoifi uiuri,
,,npe3 ura6ni MaeM [paBo". Craaase
ue
i e eJreMeHTapHivr xoxuina
-
niapyqnHxy
uolirolorii, luo rprqvHoro
a6poenHa JrroAr,rHH, TBopeHHfl a6pofiHIax cLIJr, € norpe6a 6oponurucb nepea
.rIpyrI4MI,I [JIeMeHaMI,I qH Hapo ilavrr. @apaoH He xoris Blanycrt4Tu : Heeoni
KOp[cHI,Ix nesilrHl,Iris D;tfl, erunty, nesilrHl,Ixn Ui 6yttu Uinxosuro
6e:6oponni i rpe6a 6yno ax BeJrrrKrax i xusux Eotrcux Kap ra.uonycrin, uo6
6e:taxnqrufi Hapi.[ He Ha csoift :evrni BI,I3BSJrI,IT7. Ti, uro roro uracrfl He
MaJII,r, 3arI,IHyJrH TaM. 3arunynu Hapo.IIH, uro He 3Mourl4 tIo,IIoJIarl{
culrHiruOrO npOTI,IBHI,IKa i He xOrinu BxI,ITI{ [pupotrHoro flpaBa Ha
cauoo6opoHy rrepeA Hec[paBeAnr4Bicrlo, noHeBoJreHHflM i nincrynnoro
clrJroro.
Arasiris i Bpoau cral:ir4 qeproBr,rM rplaKnaAoM Toro BI,IcnoBy 6axaHHq
Hauoro HapoAy 6yru siIrHI,IIvI. flpusuarzcr rpe6a, i Ue e rI4[oBI'IM
AOsroi neeOli, uIO He BCe Te 6axaHHs sOri 6yrtO B HaC ycix uucore,
3araJrbHe, csiAolue i cnnrue. He sce icropuvHi HaroAu cKI{HyrIa fpMo
cTpiqanu Hac roToBvtvry^, piuryuuvru, o6'eAuaHI,IMI,I tryxoM i lasrqlrqNa. He
Bce Mr,r Br{pa3Ho laquiluqn ft qHnno ouixyeailv:aa Haur csiraHoK eoni. Ane
Bce B uac 1ytttt vryxi roroei Ao xBr,rJrI,IHI,I, KoJu4 MorJra BAapI4TI'I trrr Hac
uracJrr,rBa roAr,rHa. To sucoxa MeAans Arasi:ii, ro Hafieuxre BiA3HaqeHHfl trJIrI
'rrax no6paT rMis nia Bpolanau! Bouu 6ynu ?omo6i, BoHI'I xominu 6ymu
?omo6i.[o XsunuHra! He Bce B Hac rarr{x 6yro 6araro... He craJrocb s aosrifi
uaurifi icropii noHeBoJreHnq i 3MaraHb raKoro' ruo6 rax 6araro MourI'I
3 aBAcLryB aut raxuit qinnufi cxap6 soni He6ararboM. . . Bonq BI4Mafa€ serturoi
et,tcfliAOrnr
27
uiHa, nPo ue tpe6a TflMI,ITLI. I{e aernra Jr}oncbKa napricrb, 3a sKy rrroAcrBo
traBano i aae srcoxi uinra!
3 ripricuo, uro6 NaH sIuIinE HafisuuuMr.r noqyBaHHrMr,r uiHuru Ha[rr4x
no6paruvrie ni.q Bpoaarvru, 3raAafMo, flK Mzrno 6yno a flepuriil csiroeifi sifiHi
Tr,rx
Hedoeamoox 3
BeJrrrxoi 6yxnra. TeuHora Henori, 6onrcqa
xzrpoui eopora cnpvqr,rHr,r tru6ynuraKe
HeceiAolvlicru i [pflMo A[IflBoJrbcrxi
cyMHe ffBI'IIue:
fletnropa
e uepieHifi
6opors6i
3a BoJrro MaB Trrx
Hedaeamoox
40'racsq. Ane s gepnoHift apvrii s roil caunfi uac 6yno 440 rvcs.t yrpaiuuie,
i naei'ru 6yna oKpeMa qepBoHa ara{aia :i cauzx yxpainuis. Ha uoro ayMKy,
ue Haftcrparuuiurnft sncni.[ uauroi nenoli, i vepe: Te noKopu polwru roai.
A oAHax, xoq qtacJlo TI,IX Heflqegmoox 6ytto Marre , BoHr,I ilvrlrltilLt BeJrr,IKe
MeMeHTo Arts csoix 6par.in, An, Bopona, Hapo.[in ceiry ra icropi i: yrcpalua
xo'te i *tae 6ymu einouoro ua coo'iil seuni. fle.rarrro nia riero 3aflBoro, Hi,
- irraneparr,rBoM, - e KpoB i uorunu rr,rx, urc 3a uro Br4Mory i re npaeo
D,ailu cBo€ xI'ITTfl. lte uaitesilcttuailute i uqudinorue 3HoqeHHn iluoisii i
Epodie! He rerxo epo:yrrairH 6ararroM, rKy Br,rcoKy uiny rvrae eonq!
I-(e 6axaHHs eori nipnux cunis vrpainu Ma€ Bxe cBoro rpaauuiro i
flraniair ,,ranuuuHa" € icroprauHr,rM 3BeHona, y rifi rpaauuii et,treorlrHoi
6oporu6rn B Hatuux qacax. Icropuru 3Moxyrb n pi:Hrafi cnoci6 Kpr.rrsKyBarr4
qta o6e:uinroBarr,r opraui:aropin riei,,.[nniaii", arre He cuirors
o6e:uiHroBarr,r rr,rx, uro e 6axaHnsvr soni csoifi :euli i cnoerray uapoaoei
fiurnn nia Bpoan. Bonu rpoAoBxyBatu re 6axaHHq csoix nonepeauurie
yCC, I-alnqrxoi Apvrii ra inurnx eiftcrxosux
$opnaauift l-Iepuroi ceiroeoi
niftHH,
sxi sarnururu 6escvreprni
6oesoi niAnaru, xeprBeHHocrlr
uapo4oni Hasiru xr,rrrflM.
goeHHi rrr,rHLr 3pa3KoBoi 6e:npnxna.unoi
roroBHocrr,r cflyxrrrr{ cBoeMy
i soeHHoi
Tarorc 6yna [vreiaia i raruupr 6ytu
BorKr,r
nia
Bpouarrau. ix
oAyueBneHHrM 6yna c6ofl, Horuo, pidrua apvria i Haasa flrani:ii ,,lailt4ev1a,,,
xorr raK cKy[o ,uaua xI{Tpr,rMI,I ,,COrO3HHKaMH", 6yna AJrfl Hr,rx ropnicrro.
BoHn xotinn 6yrra sopodrcou YxpaiHcrxoi aprraii i.uo,reranucb KoporKo Ht4M
6yrn i snacruBy Ha3By orpr{Marra. 3 qnvr 3apoAKoM BoHr,r xoriru firu
Haaycrpiu HenepeABuxenifi aoni i cyAb6i eifiHu. He ,,Hona Enpona,,, He
,,Cuironuft nponerapitr", He ,,Cuironrfi xovtyHi3M,', He ,,feuixntrHe
Br{eHHfl" 6ynu AJIg Hr{X MaflKOM, a BOrq pianoi aevrni, qKy
3eMJI}O
BOHr4
- nia BpoaaMr,r.
eitaru, KoJTLI B[IIuKoJreni xonanpr na Hifi oKonr,r
Bouu ctpiuaru raM He Bopora ,,Hoaoi Enponn", a Bopora vxpaiHn, nrcuit
TaK oKpoBaBr{B i orpa6rnn ii xopcroKo 3a ocrauHix ABa.uurrb n,rrb poxin
TaK uracnuso
ceoei uepnonoi Hesori.
Haur Hapin 3HaB, uto aprvrix i sificrxo HaM norpi6ue rax, ar nor.pi6Hi
BoHr,r xoxnifi Aepxaai, KoxHoMy napo4oei, uanirt KoJrr{ BoHr4 He Marorb
aoporia i ao nirxoi nifinu He rorylorbcr. Aprvrix
cnyx6a
- To BeJrr{Ka
uapoaoai i aepxaei s qac Mllpy, i rorpevra Ha rrac o6oponnoi
i sursomHoi
siftHr,r. He6e:uer e xurri Bce € 6araro, i ri He6esrexu He Kaxyrb Hareper,
28
ulo.rlyMarorb BKoiTr.r, aHi Kortu npnfi.uyrb B rocri. [r,rni:ix i Bpoau €.uoKa3oM
riei rpinoi s Hac ,ayilHocmu, aomosHocmu, caidorvtocmu i 6axaHHt crarll
B pr.Aut rux, rqo BoJrro Marorb rao6yearn :6poero cepeA rlyKaBoro cuiry.
.f, yxun cnoBa ,,.ryftnocru". IIIe e pinne ilovry gNaicroN,I nauie uepKoBHe
uiecnoso ,,rryBarr,r". Ha ftoro 3HaqeHHr AJrfl Hac BKa3aB nala IsaH flasno
II y cnoiil npouoni, i ro ao naruoi vronoAi, Hanepetro.qHi csqtxyBaHb Osinerc
1000-nirrx XpeqenHa Vxpainu. flana Ka3aB TaK: ,,Haneuep'qTucsrtoniT rq
rraae 6ytu.Ilnfl Bac 3aKrII,IKoM Ao tIyBaHHc; a qyBaHHfl o3Haqae ,
- Ka3aB naua,
rorryBaru ce6e sitnosinanbHr,rMr,r sa vrafi6yrHlo troJrro I{epran i Hapo.uy,
-6e:6oqrHi nepea MoxJrIIBI,IMI,I HoBI4MuTepniuHflMvt". IIe cJroBa nann i s
Hr,rx 3HaMeHI,ITe oKpecneHHfl cJroBa ,,uyBarI,I" ,6yru uyfiHuvr. 4e nouymmn
e idnoeidanbHocmu. Benuxa ruJrrxerHa qecHo ffn c[paBxHboro narpiorl,I3My,
HaC .tIO flraniSii. Taxy rOrOsiCtb ,,tIyBaHHfl" lg^a[,.IIOlerc CBOro
HapoAy, TaKy qecHory eiauoeiaanbHocrl,r MaJrI{ s runHi 1944 poxy yxpaincmi
BoflKr.r niu BpoaaMI,I.
,Ka 3BeIIa
3auH'ryro nanpuxinqi cJIoBa oaHoro
:
aprsi:ifiHutrin,
uo
He.IIaBHo
[oKI,IHyB uefi cnir, i :anHurun ix y ceoix cfloMtlHax: ,,Mn 3HaJrI,I, rK crpaurHo
z6ura 6yna Pocis i vru 6aquilvt, flK [oqaJrrl 6urv HiMe,IquHy (ue MoBa rlpo
pix). Moxe, qKpa3 rIoBTopLITrcs l918 pix?... Harra rpe6a nificxa, nau
rpe6a r6pofiHoi cvtilyt, uto6 noporu He [or{arn 3HoB airuru Ha[II4x 3eMeJrb
6er sac y HoBoMy Bepcani... I n copoK Tperbolay Vxpaina eupiurHla
6yayearu cBoro perynflpHy aprvriro, 6ee orJlfl[y ua noli'rHqHi i soeuHi
silHocr.rHz. BnacHa apvrir crBopr,rrb caMa co6oro siauosi.uuy noniruuuy
craryauiro. Mn He 3HaJrI'I, qv .[oJrfl .Ilacrb HaM ure o,IIHy rlraHcy' ane sKuro
.rilu xomirtu 6ymu eomooi. 3 :raroro posyN,IiHHq
BoHa MaJra Hana ii Aaru
1943
norpe6n BrracHoro sificrra 3poAlrnacb Arsiris i ni:niure VrpaiHcuxa
Hauionanrua Apvrir" .I reuo Aanbtue siH ntarue: ,,Are B copoK TperboMy
Mr,r He MaJrr,r qacy AyMarr,r rtpo icropnuni ananorii. YxpaiHa lrailasiciNlaecqr
Tncrrr uono.[i, 3 flKr,rx rilmn [BaAuqrb gnafiuun co6i vricqe B JraBax ar.Ieirii.
fliuuu, 6o rax CKa3aIIa VxpaiHa, nirunu Ha 3aKJII,Ix ceOix Batrxie, niunu
no s6poto, ttto6 6ymu lomoauMz I uro6, flK qac HacraHe, BI'IcraBI'ITI'I BerII,IKy
MoAepHy yxpaiucsxy aprvlito". (Povran Jla:ypro, Ho runaxax Eeponu, l97l,
cm.9.).
,ttttltaaalarallrrrltltrarltattttttlrtalaaa!!!rtlltlaltllllltllllaltlllllr,
at
al
a
.
lat
I
:
I
i
t
I
I
I
=
I
a
M-C
DAIRY
:
YCE CIYIAT{HE, AOBPOffKICHET
noryPT r rJGrrf,Hf,a
.6ituurt
Gr[p r GMcTsHa
Zl2 Mavley Strcct, Toronto, Ontario Tel.:766-6711
lrrrrrltttttttr!!tttttt!!rtarttrrt!atttttlttrtrttttllllllltllltttllllt
ttlt
29
PorvraH
Faeurnrfi
rBAH AJTEKCAHAEP KEApr4H-pyAHr{rIbKvtit
3a tpaar'ruiclvrl,I Ko3aubKoro siffcrxa, crap[rprx Ko3aKin-ranpopoxuis
3BaJrr,r,,xapaKTepHr.rKaMH". ir.a IIpunucyBaHo uapoaifiny cr,rJry, xoq
r{opHoKHHxHHKaMr,r BOHH ne 6ynu; ix urauynailLr, a BoHr.r is csoei cropoHg
flepeaaBanu.uocsi.u i nuxonynaJll MoJroArrx HoBr.rxis. HeN,ron 6u npuraAKoro
ur,rx rpaAnuifi cras roeinei 95-nirrq pea. IaaHa Keapun-pyanrurKoro, sr<uit
:axiHque 95 nir lrrs 22-ro xsirHc l99l-ro poKy.
rofloBa Ky 3CA Eparcroa, porvran Aaurmor
I-V EparcrBa, -Bpfty€ xpecr pe.u. Isaxosi KeapuHoni-PyaHr,lubrcoMy:
cHAHTb a-p flalox
roJroBa HTIII n 3CA.
3niaa: Ponnau faeusrnfr
3acrynHHK
-
I-[e rpyAorro6use il BH3Har{He )Kurrr noqaflocfl 1896-ro poKy B
Xoaopoai 6inq Jlueoea qK oaHoro ir n'rrbox airefi Horapr IsaHa
PyaHuusxoro. I-lo raxiHqesHi rirraHarii l9l4 p. rcsirqr nepe6ye pociftcrry
oxynauiro Ilunoea, a l9l5 p. no noaopori aecrpificrrzx eificrx craB BorKoM
35-ro
,,3oloqiscrroro" - ngnKy, nepexoAr,rrb crapuuHcuxufi st,truxin
i exe -l9l6-ro poKy 6yn paHeHr[
s,,BepexaHcbKoMy rici" (HeAanexo, Ae
6oporucn yCC na ropi JlracoHi) i nonalae pa3oM ir uinorc ansiriero ao
pociftcuroro noJroHy. 3apas uicns peBoJrlouii erir 3 norroHy ,[o K[esa, Ae
nopHHae B npaui aiapoaxeHoi yxpaiucuxoi aepxaBr.r ,K opraHirarop
urxiruHl.rurBa, npecu ra sK BorK nifiosoi Aprraii yHp. 3a ue oAepxaB
,,Xpecr cHrraoua I-leurcpu". 1920-ro poKy, no HeBAaqi noxoay flernropu
30
Ha KHIB, eMirpye to Bians i sxe 3apa3 no npuisAi crae [parlloBarlr tx
xypnanicr B TlrxHeBr{Ky ,,Bor.fl". Tavr xe Btreprue rrllrue ni,q ncesAolvr
,,Ke.qpHH", ulo6n,
fK siH caM Kaxe, "si.(pisHutIa
ce6e
sia
inrunx
Py.qnnurxrD(". rlacy a Biani pea. Keapr.rH He raffi. Bin pisnouacHo ia npaqero
cryuirosas
y
Biuencrxor"ry yHisepcuteti Ha Oinoco0irlnoMy siaAini
(icropraunufi Saxynrrer) i sxe 1923-ro poKy Aicras a6conroropiro i npano
Aacrpii icropiro ra nirreqrry niteparypy. 3 qroro
rpaBa nin ue cKopr,rcraB, Jrr{[I IIoBepHyBcs, 1922 p. Ao Jlrnona, Ae, Ha
peKoMeHaauiro nonr. E. Kouonarbqr, npufisrro ftoro Ao peAaxIui ,,Ainx." Brrr{Tr,r
y Bnurr{x rrrKoJrax
pe[pe3eHTarr,rBHoro yrpaiucbKoro uIoAeHHHxa, pega(oBaHoro ne riprue ncix
HaftnosaxHiurnx :axiAno-enpoueficrKl,Ix ra3er. B qroMy 6yna He MaJra
3acrryra pen. Keapt4*a,6o eiH nparlrcBaB An, qiei raseru na pirHax rlocrax
II-oi Ceirosoi BiftHn. B pp. 1926-36, sx KopecrloH.qeHT
Bapruasi
ta "naprrvtenrapnufi gsiroAaselrb" B rIoJIbcbKoMy
n
,,.[ina"
?)K Ao roqarKy
BlrKoHyBaB Tex i aaeAarrHa napdi yHAO BAepxyBatIa 3s's3ox 3 [oJrK.
esreHoN{ KonosanbueM Ta ex3r,rJrbHrrM ypqaolvl yHP. Bia 1936-10 poKy,
rpirra uux o6os'r3xin, 6yu ronoBHr,rM nonituqrulM peAaxTopoM ,,\iila".
cefiui,
ArrusHe xr,rru peA. PyAnuqrxoro He gl\dinruIocr no steqi sia
6inruroeuxis 1939 p. 3i Ilrsoga ao KpaxoBa, Ae, He3Baxaloqli Ha Ayxe
HecrpuflTrraui yrraoBr,r, rucan (ane rinrxu ni.u ucesAorra) ta rapo6nae Ha
[poxr,rroK Br{AaBaHHrM KHHxoK
flepea AaJrbruHM roxoAoM 9epnoHoi apvrii pe.u. IeaH Keap[H noAaBcfl
TaKox Ha saxi.u no Anctpii, Ae B ra6opax Ai-ni BqIITeJIIoBaB B
yrpaiucrxifi rivtra:ii, a y rpoMaAcbKoMy xurri fioro nu6pano roJroBoto
VrpaiHcrKoro I-[eHrpanbHoro AonouoroBoro O6'eAnannr B Arcrpii.
1949-ro poKy evrirpye (exe rperifi pa3 B xurri) ao 3CA, le eia 1953-ro
p. Ao 1973-ro p. [paurcBaB rK qrreH pe.qaxuii uo.rleHHr,Ira,,Cno6oma". flicnx
siaxoay fioro Ha eMepr,rrypy, rpaut fioro B ,,Cno6oAi" He raxinqvilacfl.. froro repeAoBrrui i crami s6araqyrcTb sruict uboro uoAeHHI{Ka
npuHafirrani ximxa pasis s rrxHi.
1989 p. VxpaiHcrrufi Binrnrfi Vnisepcr.rrer, touinroroqll He Jrrlu
xypnanicrr.rqHy npaurc peu. Keapvt*a, are raKox fioro icropnuni fi nayxoai
npaui, HaropoAr,rs fioro noqecHuM AoKToparoM
- Doctor Honoris Causa.
Turyn AoKTopa Harrexr,rt fiouy He rinrxH sa 6esd.I HayKoBI{x,qosiuox ta
crarreft, arre raKox sa fioro icroplauHo-nonitnqny nireparypHy npauro. Bin
6o x e aBTopoM 3HaMeHr,rrlrx npallb
,,flapaleli
- ,,Bepecreilcrrufi Mnp",
flo.uii
n icropii Vrpainu",,,Br,rKpuBJreHa upasAa" Ta,,XHTTfl,
- JItoAl,I"
i ,,B Mexax sauixasreHHr", uepuri HaKJIaAoM BI,IAaBHI,IqTBa
,,tlepBoua
Karr,rHa"
a ocraHHfl HaKJraaovr HayroBoro Tonapnctsa iN,I. T. Illeuuenxa,
flKoro aificnvrra rureHoM icropuuHoi cexuii eiH e fi noci. froro npaui csiAqarr
flpo xprcr cxonflroBarn, ottucyBarn Ta inrepnperyBarl,I ictopnqni ta
noniruqHi nouii, qepe3 ue siH niftcHo 3acrIyxI,IB co6i na [ceBAo "Homo
3l
politicus" (floniuuna nrouraua).
fliu
qurnr [ceBAoM
siH u[caB B qacax
Hivreqrxoi oxynauii.
He tsaxaroqu Ha sci tar eaxri fi saxrl,Isi o6os'sgrl,I B rpoMaAcbKoMy,
noliruqnorray i xypnanicrr.rrrHoMy xutti, peu. IsaH Ke.upnn-PyAH[IIbKI'I[
se:aHe.u6yBaB npaui ,qnq rorvr6araHcbKlrx opraHirauift. Bin cnyxus csoilvl
repoM AItfl xovr6araHcbKl,Ix BI{AaHb Ta 6ya ix peAaKTopOM. Bxe Ha
Baruxisuuni nepea Il-oro Ce. BifiHoro siH ApyKyBaBcfl B xypHali ,,Jlitounc
gepnonoi Kaaunu".
B 3CA 6ys
cuieocHosHl{KoM
Ta
peAKaTopOM
,,9epnona Karuua"'
flKe BrrAaJIo noHaA 20
siaHosneHoro BI'I.[aBHuurBa
qneu
ynpas[
6yuurnx BoqriB
O6'eAHauHa
lonosHoi
,flr
arrueHraft
rrpaub.
VxpainUie B Auepuqi, peA. KeAPun cTapaBcfl
HaIIaroAI'ITII
laixxorvr6araHcbKy cninupauro. 3asAqxu fioro crapaHHlo, pa3oM il cn. n.
a-poM Jfto6ovuapovr OpurHcbKlrM 196l p., roqaB BI,IXoALITI,I yrpaiHcrxHfi
xou6arancuxufi xypHan,, Bicti Kovr6atana" . PeAaKTopoM Uboro xypHaIly
e fi aoci pea. Ke.qpHH, sKr.rfi .uonncye Aanbure Ao Hboro ra peAarye ftoro
pa3oM
i:
a-pona
M.
ManeubKI{M.
O6ByA, oqiHroro.ru rpaurc Pe.q. I. KeApnna,
HaropoAI,IJro Bxe AasHiure
fioro 3BaHHfM,'floqecnoro.UreHa" qei, oAnOi i:
HaficTapuux
rou6araHcbKl{x opranieauift s 3CA.
B
.Uenr Hapo.tII{H
toninara, nss 22 rsirHq l99l p.'
3acr. rorroBr,r FonosHoi yupaBI,I
Eparc.rna
Kpafionoi ynpaBr{ Pouan laeqrxuft
noMeuKauni
ra Bpytlilnu fiovry
upeAcTaBHIaKI'I
Porurau AanHnrox ra roJIoBa
peA. KeUpuHa s
- npraniranll
[I{cbMoBI'Ifi nprluit Bpalcraa.
foro
flpe:naix fonoeHoi ynpaBn erapiruuna eiA:HaqHrI,I peA. IsaHa KeapnsaPynnuUrxorO ,,3OnOruM xpecTOM 3a OCO6II,IBi 3acnyru" :a sCi fiOrO
He:srqafiHi ocqrr Anx Ao6pa yrpaiHcurOi cnpaBl{ Ta 3a BHAaTHy npaqrc B
yrpaincrxux xou6araHcbKl,Ix opraHirauiax.
Etrs2/ xsirHq 1991 p. Hayxone roBapl{crso iIvI. IllesqeHra a ANIepHui
BnauryBaJro cBflToqHi cxoA:au:a B qecrb IsaHa KeupuH-PyAHI,IIIbKoro. Bia
Eparcrsa l-oi VA yHA Ha urx cxoArHax npnnitan rosinqra Pouan
I-aeUrxufi, a Pouan AaHunroK AoBepuI,IB yAeKopyBaHH, IIUNa HaftsulUI'IM
ei.urHaqenHxvr EparcrBa.
HOBI BIIAAHHfl HAyKOBO|O T-BA IM. IIIEBTIEHKA B KAHAAI
aBTopcrBa fpocnasa Ceuotoxa
-
yrpaiuoMoBHe
ra
aHrJIoMoBHe
-
vKPAinCSTI BIIZCbKOBI BIA3HAKI4
MoxHa 3aMoBLITI{ s Aa}riHicrpauii Bictefi Kou6arasta
Ilina aon.
15.00 flpocl.rvro Dograrv Korrrra BI,IcI{JIKL s KaHaai non.
2.N.
32
1.0, B inrui rpaiura
BoroAnrwp Moro,ueqsxrfi
fl
fIAM' fl THI,IKA
IIoJIEIJII{M IIIA EPOAAMn
B I AKPVTTT
(Penopmx)
,,.fK Bl,t yMllpiut{, BaM 113BOHL He rpaAy1..." - TaKI{MH CJIOBaMI nrsigCrra
ra3era ,,3a BinrHy Vxpainy" 3 AHfl 29-ro rpaBHf l99l p. nosi.uoN,Inna npo nin6yre
s .rlcegosi aitxpurrr i nocs'qqeHH, naM'flTHI{Ka noJIerJIInM nia BpoaaNan soiHarvl
ar.rsirii,,I'ar[{HHa".
I-lpo siaxpnTTfl MH a TopoHri.uosiaaflHcfl Ha noqarxy rpilBHfl, a caMe si.uKpurrc
MaJro uia6yrucr yxe 26-ro rpaBHr. 9acy Mztrro fi snrnR.[aJlo, luo He BAacrcr
orp1Marr,r niry. Ane 3aB.rIrKH
M. Koryroni,
BUA ua ropy
X6rp
nnacHuxoai Bloor Travel Agency, i
3 nau'rrHrfrcoM.
CrenaHosi Kicineni, BIIacHI{KoBi VxpaixcsKo-KaHaIlcrroi Qiprtar ,,MicT", tpyAnorUi
6ynr nepe6opesi. Etars 23-ro rpaBHr s e tpyxrnorc 6ynra yxe Ha liT axy - itryqr
Ha Yxpainy Bnepue sa 47lir, uo6 B3fTlr yqacTb y ToMy icropnuuouy uoueHri,
Konr,r Bneprue sia raxisqeuun2-ol csirosoi sifiHH yxpaiucrxufi Hapia 3Moxe sinrHo
BWflBvtT:a nouraHy Anr yxpaiHcbKux soirds Allsisii ,,lartrrw{Ha", flKi si.U.[an[ csoe
xHTTr ra Vxpaiuy n Hepinnortay 6oro y 6poaiscrroMy oxpyxenui.
V Kresi rycrpina Hac Mr{ra Hecnonisauxa. 3apar raKI{ Ha netos[ui npuniran
Hac npeacraBHrrK Qiprrau "Micr" Crenax flpaunr, i eatnua, tuo Ma€ incrpyxuii
3afiss"rncs HaMr{ fi gaselru Hac.uo Jlrsosa. flicna ouIflAaHHr y xilrrarornHHoMy
TypHe aBToM Ku€na, rvru noixarlt aBToM .[o JIbBoBa.
3Hony npH€MHa necno.uisanra. Harua rpaca Berla qepe3 PisHe, notiu Epoatl,
qepe3 Nricuesocri, n RKux
^fceHis, Onecrxo, Oxu.uis, Cyxoaonu, iuurnuu cJroBaMn,
47 nir roMy fiur-nu saBsnri 6oi ausisii ,,I'arttnw{Ha". ToAi n 6yn fIacHI{KoM rux 6oie.
He:saxarcql,I Ha re, uro sxoqi e eirHa aBTa aaneKo He BI'I.uHo, npaxigua 6yno
nefiuoaipne. Bxe Qarr, uo s iay ropororc, flKorc KoJIHcb KorI{JI}Icb sauri
nporuTaHxoai rapuarn, crpaueHue xBHTIIoBaB MeHe.
33
Hapeuni uu npnixaJrr{ Ao Jlrnona, B rxoMy fl KoJrr,rcb xollr,rB Ao rivruasii, a
ocraunifi paa 6yn y roMy KHffxoMy ropoai l9-ro ilunHfl, 1943 poxy, KoJru Jlusis
npouaB nepuux ao6poronruis Allsisii, axi giA'ixAxanu Ea Br{rrrKin. Asi serocnaHi
noui spo6l,IJrr,r cBo€, i tpe6a 6yno
nocBflqeHHfl naM'trHllxa!.
tpoxlt
,,3aApirraHyrr,r", ane He HaaoBro. 3aerpa
Tene0onylo Ao Mnxafina BenAusu, 6ynuroro .uuni:ifiHuxa, rKoro qlrcJro
rene0ony 6yno Ha 3anporuenni. IlisroAr,rHrn nianiure Micrro BeHAuHa i fioro apyr
Bor.uau Cenis 3'flBt4fir4cb y MeHe s roreri ,,.[nicrep". Mu noqaJrr{ 3raayBarr,r MLrHyJre,
3 Hac roBopr,rB npo csoi nepexr.rBaHnq. Micuxo posnoniaar:
Hac r ra6opy noJIoHeHlIx y Bpoaax Be3rrr,r BaHTaxHr.rMr,r BaroHaura vepet Knin
Ha Aon6ac.
roxuufi
-
.fI nepe6un fiovry:
- Tofi ,,Ta6ip" y Epoaax
ApOr:Orr{?
-
ue qrrcre nore 6inc KJrflrrrropy, oKpyxeHe KoJuoqr,rM
- Tax, - 3ro.uxyerbc, Micrxo fi npouonxye rzlnbr.xe, - KoJrr.r Nalr suixanu
BpoAin, Ha Hac naleriln nir.,reurri rirarr.r..." L
.fl suony nepe6nnarc fiouy:
- Baproni aarpnuanu noirA i nostixanr.r B noJre, a Mr{ 3aJruruwvcby 3aMKHeHr,rx
BaroHax, rexaqH Ha nianosi. Ocxonxu 6orur6 npo6nnalu crenrc naroHis Haa HlrMr,r...
r
y uaurouy naroui sicir\,r
-Tax, - 3roAxy€Tbc, Micrxo fi npo,uorxye. y6urux.
Mu saNrosrrll{, ulrHyBnru orr,rH Ha oAHoro. Bosu o6a, Micrxo i BoraaH, ixanu
pa3oM :i uHoro rr{M caMr.tM TpaHcnoproM na .I[on6ac .uo CrafliHo, crorolni
.[oueqrxe. Kilrxa xBItJrI{H ToMy rvru sycrpilrrcb Btreprue n xurri, ane re[ep Mg Bxe
crapi [py3i, 3a HaMH cninrui [epexr,rBaHHfl.
Hacrynuoro IIHfl sl,Iis.u ro .fcenosa Ha ri.qxpuTT, [aM'flTHr,rKa. Jlrsos'qHe iayrs
anto6ycauu, a fl 3 Apyxr{Horo aBToM B cyflpoBoai npauisHr.rxa $ipr'ru ,,Micr,,
IOpis IIIgeAa, srnfi crae Haur{M npoai.uuuxou i onixyuou.
Bins .flceHoBa, y nianixxi ropn X6up, a6upaerbcfl Maca nroaefi. Xnreni
.uoBKorl[qHux cin, cryAeHTI{ fi nIasiaifiHnrIa gi Jlrnona, npeacraBHuxr{ Naicuesux Paa.
.[onxpyru nosiaalorr 6naxurno-xosri rpanopu. 3anpurraivyro i aeximxa
tIopHo-qepBoHr{x.
flnerraocs nin ropy. Aopora ou6oicra, ua6yrr, uixorr.r ii ue nonp aBilfl,nv.
Ao 6orrc: I{u x 6n roro roporolo s'ixAxas vrifi pifi ua
sycrpiu Bopoxr{M ranxau? Aeuro Br{uralla€ 3uafiotae, re[Io nisHarr,r He roAeH. Aaxe
x ue vrafixe nie crorirrfl [poMr{Hyno si.u roro qacy.
Ocr TaM, Aelqo Buule, ule 3anumlr11rcq sarrri crapi oKonr,r,
in$opvrye xrocb
flarr'str Harpyxy€Tbcfl
-
-
MCHC.
3apocni, nonaneni, afle ule ni3narx, rqo qe 6ynu xonucb oxolu. 3ycrpiuaerrao
Anapic Brunuuyra, roJIoBy CtyAencrxoro BpatcrBa y Jlrnoni, ,Ke
B3flJrocfl 3a
6yaoay IIBoro uaM'rrHEKa il fioro lloBepru[no. Cuoqarry n fforo ne nisHas roMy,
qo siH 3anycrl{B 6opoay. Korn x ctpinya fioro y Topouri rBa poxr{ ronay, nin
6opoau He MaB. Aupifi gnaitorrrtr MeHe 3 MorroIIHM Myxqr,ruoro, TaKox 3 6opotoro:
Banepifi florrox
-Balepiil
- cxynbrrrop i TBopeub ualr,srsraxa.
s rop.uictto BKa3y€ na uniA csoei rparli ft po:xa:ye rpo rpyllHor{I,
nos't3aHi s fioro 6yaosorc. posMosnseMo flpo [aM,rrH[K. Crasrrc iu nnraHHx,
flKe He rinrrra typ6ye MeHe, are
34
i scix ausieifiHr.mis y aiscnopi:
f,x
AyMaeTe, naHOBe, qH AOBrO Uefi nav'qruux 6yAe Croqril? Tenep rax
6araro npaui Ha YxpaiHi, vu napro BHTpaqyBarH e5eprirc
Bostt o6a aynaarorb oAHaKoBo:
flaru'srnrr
OororpaQysan no6p. EorAaH Jleruxincuxral r
Ha
6yloey
naNa'grHHxis?
Anuii 4 aui nepea
3pHBoM.
Tax, Bapro. Ha rux naM'flTHr.rKax Monoab BqHTbcfl icropii. I-[e csoepiaHa
ocsirHc npaufl. A qu 6yle croqrra? Ayrraalo, tuo rax. BiH npncBflr{eHnft ruu
yxpaiHunru, noiHarra acix aprvrifi, nxi nollrJII'I Ha EpoainuluHi.
HaAirccr, ulo BSHH MaK)Tb pauiro. BoHu x 'raxi nosHi eHry:ic:Iuly.
3'cgnRerrcr $O'rOrpa$ ,,MOCry". Biu Ma€ B3flTI'I Ha siUeOnninxy nocnrr{eHHf
yHA.
[aM'rrHr.rKa il nepeaarn Kacerxy rraeni anfl Eparcrna 6. Bocxis I-oi Aueirii
3s
f sls'-tHufi,,Mocroni" , z3 ol(peMa fioro npesflaeHrosi naHosi Crena'osi Kicineei
3& uro npilcnyry. Crocqu crncseHufi y 15 000-ifi rvraci Hapory, q He
r\air po6urrz
sxuxHe6y.qu auirtaox. MeHi BaxKo 6yno pyxy nirusrn Aoropr.
BonAau CeHis i Micrro Eesluua po3Ka3yrorb, rrlo BoHH Bxe silHafiruar
60_ox
ausigifiHr,rxin, xxi trepext,tnu,,EpoAr.r" fi xaropry, anre rilrru 53_ox 3Mouro npfiixarlr
Ha
si.qxpulrfl
naM'flTHr.rKa.
Peuna
HC MOXJIHBO.
'fl i
-
ue
iHsariln, it lttsur.rx npu6yru
croAu 6yno
- ue o.quuoxi rocti, xxi npraixann 3-3a oKeaHy cneuixrruo,
nigxpnmi nala,qtHr,rra. Ale Mor Apyxnsa uecuoainaHo crpiuyla
niA naM'qrHr.IKoM naHi flycauincrry r Topoura, rKa, nepe6ynaro.ru s rofi qac
Ha
VrpaiHi, noqyna npo niaxpr'rrrfl [aM'flTHLIKa ft npnixala qoar.r. frcufrxe
csir rvraluir!
I Mu, i soHa xr.rBeMo n Toponri, oAHaK Ayxe piaro :ycrpiuaena ocfl,, a Tyr, rucrui
rraox
ApyxI'IHa
uo6 ssqrlt yqacrb
y
xinorraerpis si.u xartr, ce6e sHafiurnfi!
Poslvlosnqrc r 6ynurururpr ArsieiftHr.rKaMu, flKl cTaparcTbcr po3flosicru
npo cnoi
[epexI'IBaHHq. Bce raxe uesi 3uafiorrae, sci N,ra[orr vafixe'raxi caui
nepexvBaHHfl
- sci roBoprrb npo pixn KpoBH, npo floJrr, BcreJreHl rpynaMr{... I-Iepea uoiur,r
oqaMl{, MoB Ha erpaHi, po3BuBarcTbcfl xopcrori noaii, urocb aaBr.rrb 3a ropJro,
ax
BaxKo roBopurr{. O.qnaqe fl MaB rrracrfl. Einruricrs 3 Hrrx raK, flK Micrxo
fi BornaH,
Kapalucb no l0 i I I nir y xonqra6opax, a ueui, floqacrr.rn o. f euculrie
rinrxu l4
vricsuis, roai silicniIJII'I MeHe ao llonrui, ssiAxu yxe y 1947 p. BAanocb NaeHi
erexrll
Ha :axi.u.
O6ctynarcTb MeHe npeAcraBHLIKI{ rrpecu, Aeqxi Kaxyrb eia qxoi BoHH ra3err4,
aesri
r'
xoqyrb cKa3arrr, Aexro rtuTa€Tbcfl MeHe, qr, , He 6orocr cKa3aTH iM, xro
soHI,I 6iruure sia MeHe [eperrflKaHi, ft nianoniaaro Ha eci
:anuraHHr. flzrar[cq, trIo tle 3a 3Haqox na uoiu niaxaxy, noKa3yroqr.r Ha
He
Kaxy iM, uro, vra6yrs,
ixsi
erra6lerray
Hauoro Eparcrna,
flKy
fl
MaB Ha sunogi.
A uro ue? ro*a3ylorb Ha Meranrc yqacH,xa 6piacrxrx 6oie.
-floscnroro,
ar nafixpaue nuiro.
(HacrynHoro AHc
MHoro Ha nrsiscrxir.a
, 3 npr{eMuicno npurnqAaBc, penopraxau i
i xdscrxilr rere6a,{eHHi. Kaxylb, rrlo sHoqi
penopruDK s Mocxsn, are r, ftoro ne 6auun.)
iurepn'ro ai
6yn uanirs
JLonu uepeAalou ueui Jrr,rcrr{, [pocqrb nepe.uaru ix pianrarra a6o :uaEovruu
y Kauaai, Arraeprui, Hir"reqquHi.
floquHaerrcx ai.qupasa. flaHaxr,r.rly 3a [oJreurr,rx nianpannxnu rpeKo_Karo_
ru[rrnfi i npanoclasH[ft cBfluleHr{Ku. flicas ,,Bi{uat naM,flTb', ai6paHi:acnisanu
,,Eoxe €rtlHufi". flotivr floqaJrnc, npoMoBrr.
flepruurra roBopr{B uapo.qunft lenyrar Vxpainu sia Bpoaia,
.[uurpo go6ir.
ftoury qacro AoBoAItJIocx syctpiu arncfl: niprusuu, xorpi nprialurlr fi noxarynanu
roKyMeHT[, ni.[rsepAxyroqn, qo ixni piani Tyr 3arrrHynu. KasaB, rrro o.una xinxa
3 rrJrarreM po3Ka3yBan8, rro fi eAzsnfi cr.ln noru6 ryr 6inr Epoair. _
,,fR sHaftru
ftoro proruny?"
3anuTyBaila.
Eyno 6 6araro sificrxoeux uBr{HTapis Ha
Bpoaiau[Hi,
roBopI{B .uani nas Yo6it.
Ha xaJrb, rran ix renep ei.qrsopuru
He MOXeMO.
-
-
PosaineHi roranirapHlrMlr pexr,rMaMr{,
npoAoBxyBaB siH.
- i: r6poero n
pyKax iltros 6par Ha 6para. Huui x MH -He roBrrHHi
aonycrurg roBepHeHHr
noai6noro. Bcrynaroqu s .[ugigiro ,,lanrvv:ria,,, r*aonoai nroAll cBflTo sipr.urn,
uo
3MoxyTb gginrHutn cBoro 3eMlrro uiA xouynicruqHoro Hacr{JrJrr,
flKe rroHeBoJlr,rJro
36
fi po:ninnno yxpaiHcrxuil napia.
flpoaiaHa ayMKa .[rrrrarpa 9o6ora 6yna, uo y uafi6yrHsoMy
nocraBr,rrll naM'rrHuK ne
rinrxr yxpaiHuru,
ane ycivr BoflKaM,
MH nosuHHi
xorpi 3arlrHyrrn Tyr
y Apyriff cgirosifi siilHi.
3 roao ru npoMoBrrfl.rr H : roJroBa .(poro6r.rurroi vicrxoi P aar.r HapoaHxx aen yrar i e,
Mupocnaa fny6r,nu; arsisifiHurn: Eoraas Ceuin, .flpocnan Bepxonuff, Bono.uuurnp
Conouaxa. .II raxox cKa3aB xiruxa cnis i npuniran ycix nia fonosHoi Vnpanu
Bparcrna 6. Bocrie l-oi VA yHA il nia npeanaii Cerpernpirry CKBy. Ilponaara
ri6paHnm'a sia irvreHi CryaeHrcbxoro Eparcrna AHapifi Buuur.tuyr.
AnnitifiHraru niA raM'rrHrrorrl. flocepeAnsi aBTop penopraxy.
flicns silxprrrr, KorrH nro.rlu rroqaJrr.r po3xoauTucc, .uusi:ifiHraru ri6panucq nia
naM'frHl,rKor.a i noHal nonflMu KoJIHLuHboro ,,EpiacbKoro xiTra" ue pa3 3anyHann
arasi:ifiHi nicHi, 3 flKr.rx Hafirrroryruirue:nyua-[a si.uoN,Ia nciu ,,floaafi aisqlrHo py.IKy
Ha npouaHHr...", nicur, sxa 47 nir ror.ay He orHH pa3 nyHarla B ToMy caMoMy
.fceHoei. Bepraroqrcb ao Jlraora, Micrxo BenAnsa noixas aBToM pa3oM 3 HaMH
i :asir Hac ao cena fliaripui, s flKoMy 6inrurosuKn po3crpitnnu BeJILIKe qucro
yxpaiucrxux norroHeuux. Aosue MH 3arpr.rMaar.rcb Ha floJlflx nia
3BopyureHHflM orJrflAzrJu,r oKorrurrro, qepe3 flKy perrrrKH Ar.reirii s 6osx
Kncxrlrra i ri
npopnBarl[cr
sa raxia.
Mu r rpyxr.rHolo 3arulutttntlcr y Jlrnoei ue na I I aHin. 3ycrpiu s cryneHTaMpl
i cxynunropoM, giasi.uflHr,r poALIH Har.unx npnnrenin : TopoHra, npnfiHrrrfl y
no6parrua Eouasa CeHisa I syc'rpiu : fioro MLInoto apyxnHolo, uapinxuul.t
aoHeqKaMr i nHyxaur, tpo6nrn Haur no6yr y Jlrnosi xe:a6yrHirra.
florirr*, ule pa3 3aBAflKr,r ,,Mocroni" E ftoro npelcraBHHrosi IsaHosi l-eperoni,
noiuxa Ao KoaoMni, ae Bnpocrana fi euxosysaracs Mofl apyxrHa, nilniltrret
Morlrlrn ii 6a'ruxie i rornurusoro ix MeuKaHHr, flKe 3Bopyuuno ri ao cnir:
37
vrifi 6pat
- Tyr, 3 Toro 6anrxony
i, aiac'rpinroroq[cb
siA recrano, BTiK,
MeHi yannflilacfl Us
nolis,
Porraan, yniuequ, gicxoqus na rofi TaM Aax
3raAyBaJra cxBr,rJrboBaHa Opucn.
a Byxa HeMoB npopisyaaB AaBHo sHafiorvrr,rfi cBucr
-
Kynb.
Mu ruoey y Kueni. Meue Bxon[IJro HecrpLIMHe 6axaHHq zsaitrnByJrr.ruro, rKoro
niueurxux florroHeHrx, 6inrurosuurri naproni rHarrn, MoB
xyao6y. 3nafiuroe ii. IIe Bynuqt Bono,qurraupcbKa. 3uory euouii, sxi ne Moxrrr,rBo
MeHe, pa3oM 3 TucqqaMn
otIucaTr4.
Koltt
HacraB ,{ac eiA'igay ao KaHaavt, fl 3 Mo€}o Apyxr,rHoro spo6unn [ocraHoBy
qacriure siasiaysarH VrpaiHy. Aaxe KaHaAa ue riarxu Hatua npn6paua
6arsxierqHua, a e Yxpaini ne rinuru Harre ,,KopiHur", d fi npoftuua Harra
uoloAicru, TaM Mor-r.rJrr{ Haruux pi^uHr.rx, TaM Mr.r 3altutrn4na sauri cepuq i Haui.uyui.
d(**
Kolu it nucas ui pqAxr.r, naM'qrHr,rKa, nocraBneHoro e .f,ceHosi, Bxe HeMa.
3rouuHHa, 3par,nvBa pyKa or(yrasra l8-ro qepBHq l99l p. o ro.quni 4-ifi paHxy, cxprro
fi 6oqrro Bncan.uila naM'stHlax n nonirpr, 3HeBaxyro.In napr'trTb [oJrefJrl,Ix soiHia.
Taxe :noqurue aino He craJrocs 6 y uusinieosaHifi aepxani, i rinrxr{ Moxnr,rBe y
ranpoaninift 6inrruosrurrifi irrnepii. HaranyrcTbc, cJroBa 6ynruoro npeu'eprraiHicrpa Kasaau Axona fliSeH6efirepa: ,,Hauin, nxa He uaHy€ cBoix noJrerJrr.rx,
se riaHa Ha3[rBaracr uaui€lo".
B. fouurr,rfr
BrAJrr{r A t4 At4.Br3rfl
qxi
Haa VxpaiHorc npotuylaina sirrura. Ilocreneuso 3aMopoxeHi cnpanra n apxinax,
ao npo6yaxeHHfl sauroi HaqioualsHoi csilorvrocru Ta
csinquru npo nocrifiHi lvarasu, ao BJracHoi lepxasHocrr.r ra He3rurexHocryr, iloqartt
N{arr4 sKecb siaHoureHHr
craBarv Ha csoi
tr,ticus.
Craniscsxi ,,M'rcopy6xu" uilux uapolie, XpyutoecuKa ra Epexnencrxa
aeHauioualigauifiHa noliruxa. yHP ra 3YHP ra ii aepxasHi arrr. 3 rurra noB'q3aHe
rOpofine pau'f ycc, yI-A qra VHP craHynn Ha cBoe uicqe. B nireparypi nouann
flpo Hr.rx 3raayBarr.r 6e: scqxnx rplnxiu. Ilo.raecq Kynbr repoin, [Io 3a BrracHy
aepxanuicrb HaKJriuIz csoi roJroBLI. Iloqanu pocrr.r HaHoBo cuNasoriqHi ra Saxr.uuni
MorHJrr4 soiHie 3a BnacHy aepxaeuicrr.
llaproxparaMH BCe Ue CnpUfirrAaAOCb Hepaao, aJre flK CBOrO pOAy ,,KpHK qacy".
Are sxe porniuuanHfl crepeorrrrrHr.rx Haxnenis Ha oyH, yflA, yfBp, qpr AEH
:ycrpinocr 3 MacoBHMu cnpo6auv 3atilytnvrv roJroc [paBAr,r, He Aoflycrvrr D,o
niapoaxenHq ixHix,IlepxaBHr,rubKr.rx iaefi ra 6oporu6u. A-ne naprifiua uaris 3 EHr
Ha neHb BTpaqa€ cBoto uapoaifiny cnny. flpanaa poxis 1928
crae Ha Becb
- 1950
picr. Ha 3axiauux 3eNanqx BoHa Bxe uacrinrru srvriuHina, uto nynuqi
nepefivreuonauo
ivr'su soxais OyH, pocryrb flaM'flTnr.rKr{ KoHosanruesi, Eauaepi, gynprnqi, a
na Cxoai
38
-
fpyureBcbKoMy
ra lle.rnrcpi.
Ta se rar crnxifino s,uo6ysana co6i uicqe s HarlioHanbHoMy naureoni iEer
yxpaincrxoi sificrxosoi Soprvrauii, ulo
iaeero cJryxr{Tr{ Yxpaini, BArruyna nirraeqxi
Ir1e Ha u'rroMy poqi
nepe6yaosn, HarparJrr€ B csi.uoN{ocri uepeciunoro yrpainur, a HayKoBrIr 3orpeMa,
MyHAr,rpu
-
3
'ra siftcrrosnfi supr,u. fluniaia ,,Iaruu{Ho",
Ha nesHi cyrvruiulr. He
r[so, 6o Hasit na 3axoai
Aexri garrri rocrri,uHrrrrl
AoAyMzrn[cb Ao Toro, uro ArasisinOytaniueqrrnu rapMarn[rM M'rcoM. B
qac VCC ne 6ynu ancrpiftcrKr{M rapMarulrM M'flcoM.
roil carr
HeNaos sianosiaarc Ha ori cyrvrHisu.ueflKlrx Halmx rpoMaAtn, MaeMo y tparni
l99l sasuruenrfi yrpaiucrrcorc cryreHcbKoro Mono.[AIo uaM'trrur uonsrnur'r ni,u
Bpo.qal,ru fluairifinnKaM y.fcenoni. Arq Hlrx raKlrx cyr"urigis ne 6yno. Tarox Sisa
penpecoBaHr,rx
rex
ra 6opuis
3a BoJro
6yeurux ausisifiHnrcia,
Yrpainn, 6es scsxflx ,,afie", upufinm y caoi qreHlr
3ape3epBysas N{icue IJIfl Aenerata siA
a nasirr n yupani
ar.rsisiftHr.rxie.
Tolay ao6pe 3Jrox[[ocr, rrlo caMe re[ep noflBr{n[cc Asi qeflypHo BI{AaHi
KH'r.rxeqKu 3 axepenbHr,rMr{ rrarepixnaMr{ Ao icropii TBopeHHr ra,uecKux acuerris
TBopeHHr ra oniru Haa Ausisiero gi cropoHr,r Haruoro cycuinrcrna. EparcrBo Kon.
eoqxis l-oi VA Vxpaiucrxoi Hauionanrnoi Aprvrii n Topouri Br{.IIaJIo, 3oKpeMa IIn,
icropuxin ra aocni.uHuxia, ,,Vrpaincrxa fluaiair Iarn.rlaHa". Ha lZ cropinrax
uarepixnn nrc,uefi rrptl.racHrrx Ao rBopeHns Arasigii a6o rarux, ulo AaJrrr
cnoi Saxoni aayraxeuH, Ao roi cnpanu.
flepeuucnnMo Jrraru caMr{x anropin [ooAr{HoKr{x flpaub.
M. Maleurrufi
Bcryu.
- flo.rarxu
B. Ky6ifioBrq
Arasirii ,,I'aru,rrHa".
- BiftcrroniVrp.
K. flanrxiscrrufi
cnpasu
Arsisic farr.rnHa (ypunor cnornrnnis).
eN,riueHo
JI. IllanroscrKr.rfi
- yIIA fi
flr.rnisix.
flpanaa npo l-ury VrpaiHcrrcy
yHA.
- Kinuesi saearu.uo clroMrnin ausieirc i
Ansieiq ,,IarnHuHa".
,,Vrp.
Ax. Apvrcrpogr - 9u nerinosa nonitnra taxa 6esHa.uifisa?
flpra rinui Ao.uaHo rue noKaxrruK rtpo anropia s ix oco6ucrl{Ml{ Aanrrru. Xro
fI.
[IlanapyK
B. A. Iaftre
repernflHe rinqesi saNrirru flpo aBTopin, ro 3pa3y MycHTb crBepJII,ITI,I, IrIo, rK cnoi,
rax i uyxuuqi, qe nrc.uu s 6insurocri 6eacropoHui, orxe, ix oqinxu e Saxori ft
o6'€xrusHi. A flanrriscrrufi ra [Ilanroscrrnfi o.uBepro 3aflBltfltvt cnoi ractepexeHHr
y cnpani TBopeHHfl flraniaii, To Ao ri gseruqHuxis ix 3aqr.rcJrr{Tr,r He MoxHa.
Apyra KHr,rxeqKa, ue 170-cropiurona HayKoBa rpaufl tocri.una P. Konicunra
,,Bificrrona Yupana ra Vrpaincrra Al,tsi3il ,,larnqr,rHa", rKy B[rAaJIo HTUI s
Kanaai, sx 30 roNa csoix flpaub : rinqHxu yrpaiuosuaBcrBa.
flpaur us uicrr,rru 6araro eHiruor.usigifiHr,rx oprani:atopin, nia6r{ToK.ueflKux
aoxyMeHTin, non'r3aHr,rx 3 opranisauiero Ausirii, ra uitrxnnxis.[o qrIcJIeHHr{x flpaub
csoix ra qyxr,rHqin. flpu riHui serr,rxufi noraxq[K Br,rxopvrcraHvtx anropin ra crrllcott
iues ara.qanr.rx y npaui.
I{o6 qnraq MaB 3Mory ranignarncq ig glvricroM HaBeAevro fioro, rax sr siH
nouriureHuft npra xinui xuuxxu.
l. Tnopenns A[si:ii ,,IarfisuHa".
2. ,,VxpaiHui" .Iu ,,laJrfiraHYf'.
3. OpraHi:auiq Bificrroeoi Ynpanr.r.
4. Cxtat i no6yaosa Bificrxonoi Vnpanu.
5. Bep6ysarrbHa axuiq.
39
6. ,r3a" i ,r[porl,I".
7. Ha6ip ao6posoruuie.
8. Crapuruncrxi xaApr{.
9. AyxosHa onixa.
10. Aonorraora Anfl porr,rH somis tusieii.
I l. 3s'qeox g ausiaierc.
12. Biftcrxora VupaBa no3a MexaMr.r laanqunn.
13. Bificmora VnpaBa Ha 3axoni.
14. Eninor.
A norirra scqxi aoAarKH, noKaxqlr(n ra 6i6niorpa$ix.
roro poly npaub, qx o6i sraAaHi Br.rule, uau 6yno norpi6no. IIIo6 aarn
MorroArrrrrM oqrosHi siuoNrocri rtpo upo6leuaruxy fluniaii, a rex
Cavre
B pyKu
aocniauuraM Ta icropuxau si6palri B cKoHAeHcosaHifi $oprvri notpi6ni inQopuauii,
qxi aoci 6ynlr poanopoureui no pi:uux ny6nirauirx qu ra3erHnx crarrrx.
Toro poAy norBlr rone.rHi ue fi rouy, ulo nauri Bopor]r,
uu ui, ncro
- siAnura
cBoro Jftorb ra i.uu rpiilnr.rny poscinarorb y qncneHnnx ny6nixauicx
ra ny6nivuux
Br.rcTynax.
Mocxsa po6urs ue suHi B aeruo npuxoranifi $oprrai, arre He MeHrrr uiAc.ryuno,
a 3are sauri :axiaui cyci.uu, roMr,rMo rrlrpoKo po3ropHyroi axuii .qn, 36[uxeHH,
HaIIrI4x aBox Hapouie s o6auqqi He6esueKr,r
sx s uisHo.ri rax i si saxoay
ycraMr,r
Ilpyca uu Koprraaua aari roruuprcrors -scsxi 6pexui, 3MoHToBani ua- uiacrasi
,,HaoqHI{x cBiaKin", npo 3noruHLI BrIr.rHeHi lranisiero [p[r 3IaBrrenHi BapuraBcbr(oro
noBcrpaHHfl, rK Tex B rlorpoMax s fafltlquui, rvnHeui uaBiru roai, xonu upo flr,rniriro
rue 3raaKr,r He 6ylo.
Taxox .uoclilsux noJlbcbxoro ui.ulinnq na fliqxapuarri HaBoAr,rrb qacro Ha
niacrasi panoprir rpo 3ynapu Bxe y 1943 fi ua noqarrcy 1944 s siaainarvrr.r Arnsisii
na IleNaxisutuni. A6o npo BIrrIrKoJrI,I Ar.rsi:ii nia KpocuoM Ta flyxrero i Kpunrnuero.
Taxux i noai6nr.rx csi.(qeHr ra crBepAxeHb y ronbcbKr.rx uy6nixa[isx nonno ure
fi e HrrnirrHix aHqx.
Xoqa o6i npaui MarcTb paalrre HayKoBe [pr.r3Har{eHHs, aJre HanucaHi s rarifi
npucryunift $oprrai fi rax uixaeo Hacsirnrororr piaHi cnpaBu, uro ix paAo [poquTarorb
i roluursi ausigifiHlaxu i ti, nxi Aopoxarb piunnru eificrxov ra r6epexeHHrM
eifi
crxosoi rpaar,ruii.
Bce, uro aoci 6yno HarlucaHe y KHrrxKoBifi $oprrai npo fluei:iro, qe Jrr,rrrl ypr,rBKr.r,
qxoicr oauiei.qirquxu upo6leuu
qlr nnruxir, qH 6oesnfi urJrrx qu, Bperrrri, uonoH.
- caMe
A sralaHi uni npaqi .[oroBHrc)rorb
re fi :6nparcTb Aoxyrrr, qo rpe6a 3HarH
xoxnifi csiaoNlift nrounsi rpo re, qoMy ra rK TBopunacfl Harra ,{unieia ra cxe ii
6yno npurHaqeHHfl. A s o6rr.rqqi oroi Nracoeoi nopoxoi ae:iu$oprraauii
- ue KoHeqHe
fi caue na qaci.
Bcix niclqnaarHraris B3r{Ba€Mo nnpinunrr{ 3aJle[rocrn.
3 criayroqr,rM qr,rcfloM 3Aep)Ky€Mo iM Br,tg,rrrcy xypHany!
40
3 Yrcnriuu
AaHraro KyluHnrc
HAPOA, IIIO HE I-IOBAXAE CBOrc APMIIO, I-OAYBATI,'IME TIY)KY
3acrocysaBlrlr aecflTHr,rxis nit qac He.qasHix rpariunux noaifi y Binrurcci,
ueHTpanbHnil yptl, THM caMr.rM Br,r3HaB se:anexnictr Jlntsu. Tarufi BHcHoBoK
gifiCrx" Ie BKa3aHO:
BHUTHBag 3 ,,BOfionOrO cTaTyTy nOnirpruO-AeCaHTHHx
,,[IonitplHo-aecaHTni eificrxa... [pr.r3HaqeHi anc BI,IKoHaHHfl 3aBAaHb y rlrny
npoTl.rBHHKa"... OcHosHLIM xe racJlotu Pa.Usncrroi Apvrii e: ,,Aeftcrnyfi nO ycTaBy
sgg xpITTfl i aiqnrHicrs siftcrxonocnyx6onuin
3aBoroer.ub qecrb i cnaey"
MiHicrepcrno o6oponr'l CPCP BI{3HulJIo Jlnruy
.f
ruo
craryraMu.
3apernaMeHToBaHo
,,THflOM IpOTHBHI,IKiB", TO xot{ TaKOTO AOpOrOrc UigOtO ii HapOI S.UO6yn
uelanexsicrb, qKUIo x He Br,I3HaJIo, a cgi.[oN,Io nopyllruno ,,Eofionufi craryr", To
MaeMO CnpaBy 3 TI,InOBHM ,,HeyCTaqHflKOM" 3 nTOACbKI'IMII XepTBaMI'I' qO €
eiilcurcoeuM 3rorrl,tHou. Taxa co6i,,liaiBLIrI'IHa" no-reHeparlbcbKl{ (nianoninno ao
3BaHHr ,,aiaiB" 3 reHepulnbcbKr,rMu [oroHaMI,I i o6ifiurnacfl BoHa uelpinurue Aopoxqe
trJrfl Hapo]ry, Hix cepxaHTcbKi ,,xaprl'I").
pir rorray s crarri ,,Bifiua 6e: neperuoxuis y ,,Monoai Vrpaiuu" r nopyruynan
npo6leuy rroHflTTr ,,3Jror{LrHHoro HaKa3y" i BHMaras fioro npanoeoi porpo6xu.
X1arrq aoBonrrrb, ruo 3a KoxeH aeHb 3arpI,IMKH BBe.[eHHs urei npasoeoi uopuu n
airo 6yaevro flnarvrrv Kpoe'ro. Bificrroeocnyx6oneur, Rx i 6yns-sxvtiit rpoMaArHI{H,
noBr.rHeH MarH flpaBo He Br,rKoHyBarH 3Jroqunui saxatpl cBoro xepinuuurna, 6inuue
siH :o6os'sza]gluitix He sr,rxoHyBarH, uo6 ne 6ytr,r cninyqacHl'IKoM 3roqI'IHy.
Toro
- flocr,rJraHHfl ua
I 6yau-rxi
,,BificrroBy flp]rcflry" rouro ryr HeAopeuui. ,,Hapoa i apr.air
€arasi". Ue ne flpocro Kpacr{Be racJro, ue noao6aerbcr KoMycb ul't tti, cnpanai
-TaK: aaxe x apvix
cKJralla€Tbcq s c[His Hapo.uis, 3 HaruHx .uirefi, a roMy aprraix ne
Moxe 6yrH c.rrinuM 3Hapr.rlAflM y pyxax uoritnranris qu BpaxeHI'Ix ,,.[iAisuuHoto"
reHepalin. A uro6 BoHa He 6yna cninurta 3Hapr'IIAflM i uro6 yHeMoxJrllBurvt
neperBopeuHs ii Ha KaparrbHo-penpecustruit opraH, NrIa sci nos[HHi no.u6aru fipo re,
uro6 y uifi cnyxunu ceiuoN,ri i nonirnqno :pili nlorla. A touy fl BBaxarc, ruo 3apa3
KoxeH roHa1, rKtrlo niH cnparxnifi narpior cBoro Hapory, rroBnHeH He yHI'IKarI{
nppr3oBy n apvrilo, sao6ynaru nificsxony cue[isnruicls, ncrynarv y sificrxosi
yrrHflr,flUa, r,xKOIru rrailiUii, TOMy IUO 3apa3 qr HiXOnu Ma€ 3HarIeHHf ' xTO KOHKpeTHO
Hocr,rrb nificrxony $oprrry. Bilrnrocrxa (uu r6inicbKa, qu ule nracr) cutyauin Moxe
6y1u-xonr BLIHI,IKHyTLI i s iH[Iux pecny6nixax, 3oxpeMa, Ha Vrpaiui, To xI{TTeBo
BaxJrr,rBo, uro6 y uafi6yrHrovy nificrrosi He BLIKoHyBaTII,I 3JrotII{HHrax uaxa3in, He
Crpilanu nO CsOix 6aruxax, 6parax, CeCTpax, KOxaHI'Ix, a flpn nOlpe6i, 3MOrIIU
o6epnyrr,r a6poro i npo.ru Tlrx, xTo ui aloqunsi narasfi siAAae, i sNrino BI{KopI{cTaTL
ii, i craru rapaHTaMr.r xHTTq, 6erneru i cnpanxlnoro, a He nauepeBoro, cyBepeHitery
csoix napoain. BnesHeHr,ril, ruo Hauiouaarso csi,uoN,Ii yrpainui Ta cnfltu inruux
uapoair, suxosaHi Ha 3arzlJrbHoJrrcAcbKux uinnoctqx, He crulJIH 6 ctpinrtr no JIto.IIflx
y BinrnroCi, i n rorvry, ulo ix TaM He BnflBttfltocfl, 60 3uauna qacTI,IHa 3 HI{x yxr4ltvilacfl
sil cnyx6u B apr.lii, 6ila He ,Iulue
3araJrbHonroacbKoro rpareaiero.
JII{TOBcbxorO HapOIy' Ue O6epsynocr
I 6yte o6epT arucr AorI{,
.lIoKI'I B
36poftnux Cunax
4l
6yAyrb cJryxI'ITI'I HaqioHanbHo cBiAoMi, noliruuuo rpini, iaefino ceoprrronani
soiHu. 3apa: Pa,uaucrry Aprvriro 3 cyMHoro ipoHiero carrai x sificrxosi Ha3r,rBarorb
,,po6irHn.ro-cerqHcbKoro." Horvry? Ta ro*ry, uo cnyxarr y uifi nepeBaxHo airu
po6itHraxia i cerxu, sxi He 3MorJrr,r yxuturllrcfl nia cnyx6Lr, Bcry[uBrrru y
r{H
He
By3r4
nepea HaMI'I siaquHeHi anepi sificrxosflx yr6onux 3axJi:ralB, noa6afiuo npo
uafi6yruifi
nauiosaarno cni.qourafi yxpaincsrufi o0iuepcrxuft Kopryc. I{e pirueHHr Moxe crarr,r
AonerBopHI'IM D'Itr Vxpaiun (i He rlrure Enfl nei). 3 ornflAy Ha peanbHy
6araronapriftnicru cniA sr,rN,rararr.r renapru:auii 36pofinux Crl, 60, flK cnyurHo
3ayBaxy€ HaqiurbHI'IK I-orosHoro nonituqHoro ynpasriHHs Pa.usscuxoi Aprraii
i
Bificrxoso-Mopcrxoro @rory
M. [Ilnnra, ,,Bararonaprifinicrr
po:6pia. V qux yMoBax qJreHcrBo r pirnux
reHepnn-noJrKoBHr.rK
- ue noni'ruqHe cynepHr,rrrrBo. B aprraii
qe
- [pulr.rHeHe,'.
naprirx uae 6yru ua uepioa cayx6u
Cnia nr,rure AoAa
noT
pe6yrorr
grvriH
i sifi
uto eificrxa ,,6e3MexH
i PaasHcrKoMy ypflEy,
ocrauniu ypraoBl'IM yKa3aM i soHI,I e [porlr3aKoHHr{Mz, ra fi xor"rnJreKTyBarr,rcr
MaroTb He rrepe3 eificsxoN{aru [pr,t3oBHr,rKaMr,r, a.uo6ponoJrbuflMr.r. Hacxilrxr
ueHi
3Harv ceoi o6os'fl3tLr i npana, 6yru uenHEM, rrro 3aBTpa fioro ue norrrJrrorb Ha
lpoxaHHt rKorocb Kouirery, po3.rlparoBaHoro relepaaiouepeAaqaMr.r, rrrrypMyBaru
st<uitca reneueHTp (xou, MoxJrLIBo, upocriure 6yao sinxrroqur[ oa Hboro
eneKTpoeHepriro
e
xeprr).
raniraHosi sana
ra inuri
crrcreMr{
6 6es KpoBH' 6er *oAcsxux
gixauii, i o6ifiurnocq
ilvrcart4, flK BerepaHy
a$raucrroi nifiHra,
raxi :6o-neni crosa
Karrrfl:,,Ha BHnalIoK uoei cuepri npoury s[6a.reHnq n a$raucsKoro Hapo Ay 3a
cHapflnu' nYutesi 3a Moero KoMaHroIo Ha fioro 3eMri". He ni.u.uasafivocs
nponbxauirM, lrlo crBoprolorr o6pa: Bopora s aprraii
sil nrori uauroi,
- rrJrorb
HapoAHoi, a Kpalue cBoero aKTuBHoro nosuuierc Aonorraoxirvro
ifi no:6yrncn He rrurrre
rpaaauifiHoi ,,AiAisrultHr4", atefi,,Ai.uieulrHr.r no-reHeparbcbKr.r',. Aaxe x niaovro,
qnrra laxiHqy€Tbcq clyx6a
,,aiAiB,,
- ,,AeM6ereM,', 3BiflbHeHHflM y 3anac. To, Moxe,
xepinnrau'nno xpaiHu
He :sorirarcqu, Hapelrrri, :nimnurb y 3anac ,,AiAie,, 3
reHepanbcbKHMt4 norosauu?
I pa3oM 3 MoJroAr,rMr.r qecHr{Mr.r i ur.rcauquurrlu
o$iuepaN'Iu (a ix n apuii 6innuicrr) 6yaysaruMeMo nony? Cr.nopeguq sricHo HoBr,rx
36pofiHrx Cr'rn
- ue BceHapoAHa cflpaBa, a He Jrr{ure sificrxos[X, rIO xr.rrreBo
BaxJII'IBa Arg gcix Hac cfipaBa,60, niAouro, uro ,,HapoD,, nxuit He noBaxa€
cBoto
apuiro, roryBaruMe {yxy',.
42
HOBE )I(I,{T'I-fl
,,JI ITOfI IACY TI EPBOHOI KAJINHI,{''
AO HaC naCnila pa,UiCxa oicrxa, ulo y Jlusoni, niclc Aonroi nepepB[' noqaB
nosBJtflTt{cr ,,Jlironltc {epnoxoi Kaauxr". ftoro Ao6pe naM'flTatoru nci craprui
flK)AHr 6o rofi xypHan 6ya y 1930-ux porax ix apyrorr i sqrtereM Hauroro HeAaBHoro
MhHynoro. 3 uoauryr 1131arrflM x(ypHany 6axaerrao fiorvry .tloBrnx rBopq[x porio ra
6araro qutaqia.
Huxqe sin caN{ npo ce6e
roBopttrb.
peaaruis
,,BocrpecigHrM ia uePtaux" Ha3BaB
Pouax Oeaopia sinpo.[xexHt xypH.uly
,,JIitonuc tlepnonoi KarIiHr" -
qaconHcy .uo6pe 3HaHoro fi ynro6nexoro
craptuolo reHepauierc raJIHqaH. Xypnan
ni.u rarorc Ha3BoK) 6yn sacHoaauufi y
Jlssosi ule B xoBTrti 1929 pory i BHXoIII{B
IIo ,,3orlororo Bepecnfl" 1939 pory... ,,3a
[email protected] poria cBoro xltrTTfl, - unue.uani
Pouas Oe.uopia, 3BePTarcrIHcb si
BCTynHUM CTIOBOM AO CyqaCHOro qnTaqa,
xorpnfi croro.uxi sirrlre llo pyK nepue
rrHcJro ei.uHosneHoro qaconHcY,
,,JIiTouHc..."
3ax[B
cJIaBIl
narpiotnuuoro i npaBAnBoro BH.uElHHfl ...
Konnuniil ,,JIironnc tlePnonoi
KalHHu" Rx uir, flK ao3BoJlrna ilorry
TOrOqacHa noJlbcbKa ueH3ypa, [rIeKaB y
cepryD( csoix ,Irrta,ris nauiro Ha Kpaue
rvrail6yrne. tlrtad nro6nnu iloro nacar'lnepe[ ga o6'errrsxictr, 3a re, ruo He B[paxaB
napdi, a dnrrn He[opyrugo
CTOflB Ha
i
ne o6croloBaB inrepecin cxoicr
cTopoxi ictopuunoi npau[n."
Carrre ToMy, HaneBHo, BoceHIr 1939 poxy xypHaII MycllB yMepTH. froro, sx i
inrui ranuurri s[uaHur, He po3crpinrcnann, flK po3crpirpsaflu roai corni fi rncnqi
iloro qrrtaqis nosirni noHeBorllosaqi, Iuo xotinu trpllHecrll Ha KpHBaBI{x
raJrnqaH
6arHetax ,,poil" y Haruy 3eMrrro, a rrprrueclru flerno; fioro nuuyxyBiullr s cinrcffinx
i rvricurnx 6i6niorerax, y rivnalinx i uanacrltpf,x, B JIK)trcbKI,rx oceJlrx, BHBO3HJIH
Ha nycrgpi f, nerqaauo 3HuuryBantu... Ao He6ec .unrrinu crpaunri noxapnrrta (i He
dnrxn 3 KHgxoK), na aosri [ecnrurirrfl 3arf,ryBaJln yrpaincrre He6o 'IopHo[o
XMapOrc HOqi, 3a6yTTt, CTparrrHOrO CHY, gin flKOrO' 3,lIaBarIOCf' Bxe n He
npox[HeMocr, potin'rd I npornnd...
Vci rrnr noaoni BcraeMo s roaiH.
Oxnaae Hepnoxa Kannna - Halua Yrpaina.
,,A Mrr Tylo qepBoHy KanrrHy nilif,uerro..."
Xoqeuo ni.qnrtn, [oBeprryBrurr HaporoBi iloro [aM'rrb, fioro unuyJle, xoqeMo
43
ule pa3 noKa3arr.r fiouy i cnironi,
uo
He 6eapignufi
nin, a nenuxrfi, is
cnaBrrrntvrrl
i: rpariunoro, aJre qecHoro icropierc, 6o ne ruyKanu Harui airur-npaaiau
rlacrfl y llaneKr.rx cnirax, rpa6yrouu csoix cyciais; Harx HapoA orpa4enrfi,
npLlHI{x
Tr{ 3 x}rBoro rina... Cnpae.qi, rinrrn
icropnv
uy ua6parilcfl crnili crarz Ha Horll,
ue 6yru
rKoro ra6pauo icropuvny flaM,rrb,
nplrpeqeHl'Iit Ha eI,INIlIpaHHr. Taxrx npnxna.uin y cniroeift icropii 6inrme, nix
trinaun,
nocrarHbol ,,...isuuacalorb
BOHI,I oBeub ua pyiHax csoei KorruruHboi allcoxoi
tasnatrHq siaHoBJreHoro ,,Jlironucy gepnonoi Kanuun',
nepeayciu KynbrypHo-npocniruuubKe, qxe fi BH3Haqae ocHosHufi Ha11pflMo1 xypHtrny
uzsini:auii..." Totty
-
it
icropuxo-Kpa€3Hasqufi
.
,,orLll4l/. CBITI4JIbHI4K"
py6pr.rxoro 3a3Harreurft poszin, 1qo
- niA uiero
icropii Vx
I-opaienxa,,Jlucro[a.u.
I-alnusxoi Apuii, rxa
rlyMKy, craHyrb rr,rP,. qvraqie cnoratr,r BerepaHis ciqosnx crpinruiu, csiaxig i
yuacuuxin uonifi, uro crann repoiunoro icropiero Harrroro Hapory. flporonyenao
cfloraan llerpa Balausxoro ,,KruKaJra MeHe Vrpaina" ra Mraxafila Ocrponepxn
.,Tu6. Cnoraa, rlo Mopo3r.rrb nyrry,'. y urovry x posaini nrraiueni ft inuri rrrarepirrra,
']oKpeMa IsaHa AuroHrora rpo 6oi
JlerioHy VCC nia BepexaHaMr.r Ha ropi Jlncoui
(..Ta scroflTr.r He 6yto cuttu
xox uixage.qocni.uxenux Opia
lllasru rpo ManoBiaolai cyv
i cropinxu 6opors6u yrpainuio
3axapnarcrxoi vxpaisu:a c
poqi (,,3axapnarcbKa vxpaiua,
1 939").
I-lonepraevto ir ne6yrrq ivena fi rropuy cnanur{Hy yxpaiHcrxux n}rcbMeHuurin,
[Ie aoHenaena :a6opoHeHr4x paarHcbKorc ueH3yporo, ao ,Kr,rx HaJrexas i siaoNrnfi
npncBrqeHuft
yxpaincrxuft nzcuuenuux Onecr Ba6ift. V nepuorvry uucni xypHany po3noqraHaeMo
.qpyKyBarr4 fioro icropraugy nonicu ,,llepuri crexi,,. flr'rurpo Biroecrxrdfi,
ao6pe
zaats.I/,ir flK nereHnapuufi flponiaHrax JlncronaAoBoro grany
p., nocraHe
nocraHe nepea Bauu ue i sx [ucbMeHHLIK, KoJrH flpoqr.rra€Te fioro HoBeJto
l9l8
,,floxopon
Crpirsuq".
Po:ain ,,rlocrATl. xro e xro", rnt4it nogsafiouuru nocrifiHrx qur.aqis
,,JIironucy 9epnouoi KarpIHI,I" r qinoro ranepeerc noprperin siloN,rr.rx nponiaHraxin
yxpaiucrna, y repuroMy HoMepi xypHa-uy eiarpuna€Tbcfl po:nonia.uro pouana
Kopurxa
rpo
Hafisen[qHiurrax
rlerpyruenuua rpe3rrAeHTa 3yHpy oAHoro i:
i Hafi6insur aKTr,rBHrrx penpe3eHTaHrie yrpaiucuxoi penolroqii, i,
esreHa
BoAHoqac, 3a BI'IcJIoBou icTopuxa
i ny6niuucra Cuaopa fpocnaeuga, Hafirpariqniuroi
nocrari uauroi HosirHroi icropii. I-Ipo xyloxsnra-lironucuq 6oftosoi cJraBH yCC
IsaHa leaHuq ai:Haerecq ri crarri M[rcreurBo3HaBufl Pouasa fuisa
,,OAnH i3
npecoeoi KBarr.rpv", xxa upoilrocrpoBaHa peflpoayruiqN,{r,r KaprrrH-aoxyvrenriu,
KaprzH-xpoHix xyloxHr4Ka
- ci,{osoro crpinrus.
Posail ,,HA BAPTI" silaaervro
anr ny6niuuctie, nlrcbMeHHrrxin, y.renux, AJtr,
ecix, ul.r€ rocrpe cnoBo, ceirrfifi yr,rr i uupe He6afiayxe cepue Ma€ craru ua nap.ri
Harroro cboroaeHHq. CaN.{e 3 TaKrrx uo:r.ruifi B[crynae CreSanir AHapycie rocrpo_
ny6niuracrnqHorc crarrero ,,Aopora ao e rnnercbKoro noroHy,,.
){f.trsuit nonux 6yaHie cepeaHboBiqsoro Jlssosa sig.ryere : iHrepecHoi,
nonynspHo sanucaHoi pornoeiai siaoNaoro rssiscrroro icropuxa_apxunicra hocuna
44
l-poncsroro
npoql4Ta€Te
reuri
y
po:.uini ,,HAIII KPAIZ".
ftia
uiero
x
py6plrroro B qaconuci
npo MLIHyne fi cyuacue crapoAaBHroi croruui I-alrausxo-Bonuscrxoi
falnqa y crami apxeonora Opis Jlyrovcrroro ,,Ha npouy
Kpa€3HaBqux uarepinnis
- ,,IIra{ ua pyiuax
cyMHo-tpariuua pornonilr Bacurn fa6opa npo Korrucb cJraBHe, a renep
npeBHboro
-
no KHflxoro Micra". Cepea isurux
Ber3a"
-
rase6so:aue.u6aue, AaBHbopycuxe rraicro, KoJrr4rrrHro croJrrruro ylinrHoro xux3inctna,
a raKox
,,3MoBa rrporr4 Ocbvrovrtacra" I-pnropir Cvonscsroro, ,,Iloprperu.
Hesirorrroro vrficruq" Bcesoroaa Apo6ana.
IlnaHyevro tuoHoMepa 3HafioMr,rrr,r Haurux qu'raqis ig neony6nixoBaHr.rMn
apxieunuu aol(yMeHTauu. V po:.uini ,,APXIB" flepeKoHaerecb y 6erniacraeHocri
noeirHix nocsraHb nonbcbxrx uroeiHicris na r6ipxra
fi
xonexuii Jlreiscrxoro
yPCC irra. Cre$auraxa)
- Jlueiscsxa Ei6nioreKa AH
I(yabrypHe Haa6aHHq nepeaycirur yxpaiucrxoro Hapo.rly. B aoxyueuri
,,Vroaa
OcconiHeyrray (nr.rHi
-
rpa$a OcconiucnKoro 3 KHr3eM fenpixorra JIro6orr,rrapcbxuM" oaHo3HaqHo cKa3aHo,
rlo KoneKuii Myrerc Jho6orr,rupcbKoro nepeaaHi 6i6nioreui ,,ua niuui qacut" i ,,Hixro
He 3Moxe ix s N,ricuq pyurr.rru...".
I-[po crpaxirnrasi 3JIoqIrHu cynport4 JtoacrBa, flporrr Hapoay Harroro csoirvrr.r
xaxarcqI,IMLI crIoMI,IHaNata ceiaqarr i :nunyBaqyrorb uyueHi fi naopaonaHi, xl.rsi ft
rvteprni xonnruHi s'q3Hi Ta Karopxauu ra6opin i rroperr,r tevosiqsoi cranincnxoi
ivrnepii I-VJIAI-y n poraini ,,[3-3A [PAT", rtt4it ,,Jlironnc LlepnoHoi KarrrHH"
HaAae uI{M nrcaqM-MyqeH[KaM. Hiroro He 3aJrrtu]ars laillyxr.rMrr xypHalrui
cropiHxl.r nia :aronoBKoM ,,Pyurun noisa y aaneKy aopory"
- Bpaxarcqa ouosinr
KoJll.lllrHboi xa'ropxasxu AsHu fourro-KiT flpo flepexr{Te, trpo HenerKy.rloffo, qKa
Brnaraift iii Hapoaoni, HauncaHa HacriJrbxr,r raJraHoBr.rro i uo-uucrueHHr.rubxr4, tuo
3acraBJlfl€ tII,ITaqa ue pa3 rrepexr.rrr.r cropiuxz cBoro xrdrrfl, siaqyru cepueM iI 6oni.
,,JIIo.[H,6yasre fivrbtvrur! "
- ue Bonarors i:ac'rasnflrorb uac 6yru 3aBx,IIrr Ha
napri fi rari icroprauni AoKyMeHTu-csiaqeHHs.
po:ain y HauoMy
,,AEPEBO Xl4TTr"
- TaK cuNasoriqHo Ha3BaJru ull
,,Jlironrci...", y rKoMy rrpofloHy€Mo Bauifi ynaai uacaMflepeA $olrxnopnoeruorpa$iqi, niHreicruuHi varepianra. [uovry po:airoei sa.qaevro BeJrr,rxoro 3HaqeHHfl
y cnpaei nauionalrHoro eiapoAxeHHr. Eo, qxuo toBoprrMo,
y
- 3a3Haqa€Mo
nepeavoni ao py6praxil,
ulo icropifl
nyLl:a Hapoay, To cJroBo, nicnR, Ka3Ka,
JIereHAa, 6aruriecsKuit zsuqai4
xusa [ynbcyror{a KpoB, 6e: qxoi Harra tlepnoua
KaluHa
- Yrpaina 3acoxna 62. IIe raKox icropzuua [aM'flTb Hapoay, cnpauxHifi
icropnuHufi aoxyueHT, trlo [poHtr3y€ Hatxe flepeno xr,rrrq eia ropiHns ao KpoHr.r...
V usorray po:aini eNaiueHo ABa Marepirutul. ,,lllauyfi siruq cBoro il uarxy...)'
HayKoBo-nouyKoBe aocnilxesHq OxcaHr,r Xoaar npo BrrxoBaHHq aireft n yxpaincrxift
ciu'i la axepenaMa XVI-XVIII cr., a raKox HoBa cnpo6a noqcHr.rrr.r rroxoaxeHHq
Ha3BH,,Borr,IHb" aBTopcraBa esreHa Kpavrapa.
He ra6ynra vru i npo Harrrux 6parin-yxpaiuqin, rri xreyrb no3a MexaMH
VrpaiHra.
flpo ixni npo6leuu s noflirzqHoMy ir
KynbrypHoMy
xnrri
uarepirln nia py6praxoro,,l-OJlOCl[ XyPABJIIB". IIpo
aepxaaui 3MaraHHfl yrpaiuuie Ha Aalerolay Cxoai y l9l7-1920 pp. pornoeilae
crarrr Muxonu AHapycrxa. B usouy x po:aini qaconrcy Bu raKox aigHaerecq
iH$opnayaarnMyrb
npo xHTTq Hauaaxin xo3arcie, qri nicJrq :pyftnysaHur 3anopororoi Ciui aacHyaanr.r
Ciq Ha AyHai (repuropin cyqacuoi Pyrraynii), s uixasoi po:noniai, uo repenniraerucq
'l ic'ropuuHI,ttuu silor\rocrrMr,r npo 3aayHaficury Ciq, Wacuuxa flepuroi saayHaficsxoi
45
eKcneAuuii y Ao6pyxy-3aaynas'nBacuns, Cno6oaqHa ,,Civ ua flyuai". AoHocuuo
rlo Bac, uraHoeHi sauri qura.ri, fi ,,rorocn xypaBnis" i3 .qaleroi Anrnii. IlponoHyeuo
BaN{ asa urriull
Ta,,XpaM" Cenrouupa (DocryHa
- ,,BiruH3Ha"roaoBy
- siAovoro
yxpaiHcuxoro n[cbMeHHr,rKa,
Toeapncrna yxpaiHcrxnx nireparopin y
Benlrro6purauii, stcun xuee y JIoHaoHi.
Porair,, t{r{TAJI b Hf, Drn fl, IOHAUTBA" nigrpnBaeMo ny6niraqierc nosicrpr
nucbMeHHr,rKa, flKoro 6inuure 3Hae Mo flK si.(oNroro xyAoxHHKa, fparopirr
Cnaonucuroro ,,Orexca !oa6yur" i3 nepeaMoBoro Opu lllrpyvrenrxa.
He o6ifiurnocsir 6e: ,,CropiHor ctpineubKoro ryutopy" s py6pnqi ,,nPnfoill4
peansuoi i, noaHouac,
BPABOI-O CTPInbU,tI U.flIIKI,{-CKOPOIAAA"
- oco6u
nereHtrapHoi. BiqHafi, neceraft i aorenHufi crpineuu I{rnxa Cxoponaa oxuBa€ y
narroqo-rocrpift, ao rnaqy crvriurnift (6o x y KoxHoMy xapri e ripra npaBAa.., Tox
He 3Ha€[r, qacoM, rrJraKarr4 ,tw cuisrncq!), carilpnunifi craT ri @.E. ,,.flx I{rnra
,,cairrte uafi6yrHe" 6yayBaB".
V xoxuorr,ry vlrcni ,,Jlironncy..."
- anrororiq lipzuHoro aiprua ,,3IB'rIlE
Jll4CT f" . flepu-re qprcJro riarpueaevro neparrHHilNau noe:iquu yrpaiHcbKoro roerecn
cairosoi cnaBr4 Harani Jlieiurxoi-Xonoauoi, rrlo 3MyueHa 6yna errairpyearr{ Ao CIIIA,
'rHasoi Ha 6arsrieurrani xi6a By3bKoMy roni rpurraris. Apysi, nepeunrafire rilrra
aipurie uiei noerrcu r ii noeruqHoro unr(ny ,,EapaiH-:irflfl" i Bn no6aqure: nipura
Harani Jlieiusroi-XolonHoi, nr i @panrone ,,3i8'rre ilncrr", TaKox Harrre
HauioualuHe 6ararcrso...
I-larvl'qrae N,Io ft npo ynro6lesi crpineusri nicni, xri ruoey 3a3Byqanv Ha Haurifi
revni B ycrax i cepunx oHyria i npaenyrie Ciqosnx Crpinsuiu. ,,Ofi, y nysi qepBoHa
tlapueusrcoto, rrlo craJra cnpaeai Hapo.rlHoro
Kalr.{Ha"
- cJraBHo3sicHa nicns Crenasa
nicHelo, rxy cniearorb qK riuu nauroi Vrpainu 9epnonoi Kanuruu. ,,A Mr ryro
qepBoHy KantIHy niaiirvrervro. A rvrra Haury cnaBHy VxpaiHy po3Becen[Mo!" Caue qs
nicus fi niaxpueae Harr sitnosneHnfi xypnan ,,Jlironuc tlepnouoi KannHu".
utOuricflr{HOro qacongcy, 6yaertro [parHyTH,
uapinHI,IM 3a[aluHt M esuraH-:irrrgM, Ayx rKoro
nocrifiso Harany€, xro MH e i qpri vrt,t giru; 6yaevro [parHyru, rro6r.r xypHan craB
csirunuHurona, RrHfi norpi6en no.rlopoxHboMy ua nauriil selerxifi aoposi; i xouevro,
uto6u xypHan crae 6yaisnt4qvru nrcacbKr.rx Ayrrr... Xoqeuo raKox, a6u ,,Jlironuc
9epnouoi Karr.rHr,r" 6yn apyrou i nopaannKoM y xoxnifi yxpaiucrxiff (i He rinuru
yxpaiHcrrifi) xari, y xoxnift poaprni.
3uapresunu Bn,.aerbcn rofi Oaxr, tuo rreptue qucJro Hauroro qacoflucy 3'flBwnocs
flKpa3 Ha cBflTo cn. IOpir. O6pa: cBflToro Opia-3rraie6opu,
- rte ceirrrr,rfi cr,rMBorr
Ao6pa, 6oporr6lr fi nepervrorv HaIr 3JroM. Cn. Opifi, 3a HapoaHrarrar,r nipyna*HflMvt,
einlvllrxae KrIoqeM
- nepyHoM-FpoMoM niaservrHi niasan[ fi nunycxae Ha 3eMirK)
BecHy, HoBe xr.rrrc, po3KoBy€ 3 nboay Boan: ,,CnRtnh Opifi rro noJrro xoauTb,
Po:noqunarcI{H BLIIyCK
uro6n
OHOBJTeHOTO
,,Jlironrc..." craB rnu
xni6-xnro po.uurb"... Tovry il HeBr.rna.rlKoBo 3'flButr,cfl. Opifi-3rraie6opeur Ha
o6uaunnui siaHonneuoro,,JliToflucy tlepaonoi Karr.rH[" (o6xnaarlHKa ra xy.rloxH€
o$opr.,rneHHr r{acoflucy Mupona .Iluina).
,,9epe: TepH, - tro ripor!" - qe npo yxpaincnxufi Hapoa uryapicrs apeenix.
Ha .ropHorray, crrJrereHoMy 3 TepeH, Vrpaiucrxouy ne6i sacifl,na:ipxa Halii. Bipxl,ro,
tuo otlncrl,Irscq ein xMap Harue ne6o, 3acfle csoirvrfi o.usiqHurun 6apuauu yxpaiucsxa
3eMrlfl
- rony6oto - Bl{coKofo ne6a i cosun ra 3oJrororo
- xni6noi HHeu i nrcacrroi
ayrui. I porxnirHe Harua tlepnoua Kalusa
Hatrra VxpaiHa!
-
46
,,A MH Harxy tlepuoHy KaluHy niAifiueuo..."
llrexafirrao yci pa3oM Hauy tlepnoHy Kanrlny!
Aopori apysi! Haur xypnar arq ecix! tlH'rafire sirHoeneHrfi ,,JIITOIIIC
LIEPBOHOI KAJII,{HI,{" !
Kynyilre, laNrosrqfire fioro s yxpaiHcuxiX xHnrapHi ,,LIepBoHa KalnHa", luo
y Jlueoni (nyn. Mrapy,23).
llle0-peaaKTop qacorucy
,,JliTonnc 9epnouoi KarHHr.{"
OKCAHA XOAAK
pa3oM
i: peaaxui€Io ra rpoMaacbKorc paAorc.
AHapifr fpeuuro
AO
fInrAHHf
3.qasHa
pirui HapoAn
cHMBOJrr,r, UIO
lxMaroK
frPO HAUIOHAJIbHIATI I].PAI-IOP
Br,rKopr,rcroByBann nia qac BoeHHI,IX 3MaraHb neeHi
Marru BKa3yBarn UiCUe :6Opy SOiHiS. HafiqaCriue Ue 6yB
TKaHr,rHr.r,
npuxpinnesufi ao cnl,Ica. Ha xHqriecrrHx crsrax aaBHix
croB'flH 3o6paxyBaJrr,r floraHcbxr4x 6orie, ro'reusi 3HaKlI, a nicnq npuffuarrr
pi:nux cBcrr,rx. 3 yrpaarauiftHeHHqM Ha
xpr.rcrr,rqHcrBa
- Icyca Xpncra,
Haurux 3eMnflx 3acaA repanbAr{xn (riHeur XIII cronirrq) non'a:aHa notBa
fi
yrsepaxeHHff nocrifiuux
3eMeJrbHr.rx
rep6in, ua ocHosi ,KLIx ni:nirue
c$op vrys arfi4cfl. sauiosanrHi clrvrsonu.
VxpaincrKe cprHbo-xoBTe xonipHe cnonyqeHH,
- oAHe : uafinaeuiuux
cepel cyqacHl{x HauioHarbHl{x npanopin. floxoAlarr BoHo eia rep6a
I-aluurxo-BonnHcrKoro rHseiscrsa
- 3oJrororo JreBa B cHHboMy nori, sxuit
3'rBt4Bcfl s apyrifi nonosr,rHi XIII cronirrr. Ha uefi cart*tit qac ycranvlt.vcr,
AepxaBHi :uaxu i n cycinnix xpaiHax
- flonruri, 9exii, VropurraHi.
Hafipanirue : siaoN,Iux ro6paxeHb JreBa :ycrpiuae rbcfl sa neqarui :
rpaMorlr 1316 poxy rHrein Anapiq i Jlesa II; npore BBaxarorb, Iuo us
neqarKKa HaJrexala ure KHfl3eni Jleny .flaunrouttuy.
1410 pory onorqeHns Jlrsiscrxoi seNrni 6palo yqacrb y :euraxuiff
fpronnanracrrifi 6urei ni1 cnnrorc KoporBorc i3 3o6paxeHHflM xoBToro
JreB?:,
ulo
cnr,rHae
rbcfl Ha
cKerrro.
Tari
carrai 6apnu MaJIo 3HaMeHo
fleperraucrxoi seMni (na cnnroMy rtonornnul xoerrfi,IlBoroJroBrafi open nia
KopoHoro).
3onorufi len, uro c[I,IHaerbcfl H& cxer'rro, craB rep6oM Pycrxoro
BoeBoncrBa, yrBopeHoro 1434 pory (o6'eaHyBano Jlrsiscrxy, Ialuqlry,
flepeuncrxy, CrHOUbKy, a s XVI cronitrc i Xonrvrcrxy :er.,rni). Bilovri
cnpo6H 3arap6Hnxis ((rofloni:ynarn> uef rep6, sIvIiHI,IsuI,I Konip roJIfl Ha
uepooHuft, oAHaK <Pycrxuil JreB)) a6epir cBoi 6apBu it 6yy cavro6yurirra
3HaKoM saxiunoyxpaiHcbKrx 3eMeJIb
ax
.uo xiHuq
XyIII crolims.
47
PorButox Ko3aqqHHI,I MaB gnaqnufi Brrrrr{B na yxpaincbKe rrpanopHr,rrlTBo.
Haftuaroqa ro:axis AJrfl BoeHHrax noxoAin, uronapxu.uapyBaJru ivr xnefiHoAlr,
qxi nisHiure 3anra[Jarrucfl, i enxopucroByBanr{c, Ko3aKaMr{.
IIia qac HaIlionanbHo-Blr3Bonrnoi sifixr 1648-1654 poris Ko3aub1e
eificrxo Br,rKopucroByBano upanopu pianoi 6apsu ia so6paxerrHflM sipox,
xpecrin, vricquis, rerbMaHcbKux a6o eer\aeJrbHr4x rep6in. Ocr rr on}Icye
oqeBr.ueub urrypM Ko3aKaMr{ 9epnirincbKoro ronKy vricra I-ovrens 1651
poKy: ,,Hacryn [oqaBcf, 4 uepnHx s He.dnrc. o socrNaiff rouuni paHo, rrpn
:r"riui Baprn, no6aqHnu crepuy KoporBy qepBoHy a 6inrarvr xpecroM i 6inoro
o6siarorc, norivr [oKa3anac, Apyra qepBoHa KoporBa, a KoJro nei rpu 6ini
fi nsi vopHi, i asi xosro-o6noqucri (ro6T0
- 6naxurui), uiu HlrMr{ 8 rucq.r
xo:aris xiHutrx i uiurux nu6panoro siffcrra".
3 uroro BlraHo, uo lerrMaHrrlr,rHa Kopr{cryBailacfl s XVII cronirri
pi:uoxonipuuruu rparopaMu. IurynaJrr,r [orrKoai, coreuni, xypiHHi ra iHrui
KoporBlr (nennxnfi nonrosnfi npanop), 3HaMeHa fi lna.rr[ (vrannfi norxosuft
npanop).
Kpiu eificrrosrx rparopin,
6ynrn
s XVI
XyIII cronirrsx naicxi
(rraaricrparcrxi), uexosi ra iHuri. Tar, vricro BoryclaB
oAepxarc l620poKy
npraninefi, y flKoMy Br,r3HaqaBcfl [parrop: "vrix 6eperauu 3eJreHraMr{ piuxa
6raxnrsa, ua axifi 3 creni 3 xpecraMu 3oJrorr,rMr,r,,.
y XyIII croni'mi norurprnucfl rparopr,r 3 ro€nHaHHxu 6rarurHoro
i xosroro ronropie. Tax, 1717 pory AJu uoturrrr rpanopia flonraBcbKoro
nonKy 6yno 3aKyrrneHo 6narnT ruuit ta xosrlafi Jry,rIaH, a raKox ,,cnpaBJleHo
roflr(oByro KoporoBb" .- 6laxuilry 3 xoBTr.rM XpecroM. l75g poKy
po:po6neHo,,a6pu cb" D.rfl Br,rroroBJreHHfl npanopin Jly6encrxoro [orrKy:
Ha otrHoMy 6oui Ha 6naxurnouy noni 6yno ro6paxenHa Ko3aKa is
caMonanoM y 3onoroMy trlr,rri (rpaxroBaHoro cx HauioHatrs:avtir nep6), a Ha
trpyroMy
- roJlKosa a6o coreHHa eu6neua. Biaovrr,rfi noai6nnfi npanop
Aorraonriscrroi couri flepeacnaBcbKoro rorrry (1762 poKy) ra inuri.
3a csiaqeHHflM cyqacHl,IKin, y xon:ri xyuanu Ta B 6narnr.ui uapoBapr,r
it rouryuri 6ynu stsrHeHi rafiAavraru fonru nit qac noBcraHH s t768 poKy.
flicnq noainy flonruti 1772 poxy faruuuHa rorpaus€ nia nnaay
Aecrpii, aasHi cr,rHbo-xoeri cnrvrsonu 6yno cKacoBaHo.
V 6eperni 1848 poKy n Ancrpificrxifi irranepii uu6yxuyna penolroqir,
ulo Aana flo[rroBx i ans yrpaiucrxoro uauioHaJrbHo-Br,r3BoJrbHoro pyxy.
fipyroro rpaBH, y rlrnoni 6yno crBopeHo rononny pycrxy paAy, sxa
tafivana JroflJrbHe craHoBr,rule uloAo aecrpificrroi sraAr.r. I xoln n ,repnni
Ha parylri llueosa 3'flBI,IBc, cl,IHbo-xostufi npanop, qrreHlr Paara nocuiurnlu
niauexynarvcf., 3arBr{BIuI,I, uro ,,To He PycuHl,t qyqI,IHI,IJII{, HaBerb He
3HatoTb, KTo TOe Oy9I,IHI,IBb".
I-annquua Hanpuriuui XIX
cronirrq 6yta ceoepianuu ,,yrpaiHcbKlrM
uto siupoaxeni sauiouanrni 6apnr,r [rrBI,IAKo
6yno cnpnfiuaro fi Ha isurux yxpaincrrprx repr,rropinx. Tovry, KoJrr,r s l9l I
I-l'e rraonroM",
48
tox
He Ar,rBHo,
qaconucis
l9l3 poxax ua cropiHrax rriscbKr,rx i msiscurrx
las'qlall^acfl
-nonerraixa
npo yrpaiHcbKy uauiouanbHy cr,rMBonixy (y nifi 6panra y.racru I.
Kpnn'rxeauu,
K. [Ilupoqurufi, C. Torraauriscrxufi ra iHuri),
-
nr{TaHHfl
uauionarbHr,rx 6apa He Br,rKJrHKaJro xo4Horo cyrutrisy (He 6yu uoroAxeHufi
rinsru nopqaox porrraiutenH, cr.rHboro ra xoBToro xonropia na npanopi).
flicnc JrrorHeBoi peuonrouii l917 poKy\no rpaini [poKorr,rJlacfl, xBr4rrfl
MacoBprx rrairuHris i leuoscrpauifi. V Kraesi rarnfi uitusr eia6yscs 29 (16
craporo crr,rnro) 6epeaHa. Ha Hrouy po6irHHKI,I, coJIAarvr, inrenirenqiq
r-{[rnH nia uepeoHuMr,r ra xoBTo-6rarn'rHr,rMr.r npa[opaMLr.
I-[ia urarrar,r x rparoparrara sia6yBarfircfl, Macosi rraani$ectaqii s Xapxoni,
Cesacronori ra 6aramox iuurux uicrax VxpaiHIa.
l8 rpannn s Kuesi oilxpuncx I Vxpaincaxuitsificrxosrfi s'i:4, sasxuit
I-lerporpaacbKa aererauiq rpucnana cl,IHbo-xonrvil [parrop 3 HanI,IcoM:
,,Xait xr,rBe HauionanbHo-Tepl4ropinnrua aBToHoMifl". Vnirxy l9l7 poxy
$nory niAHqra yrpaiHcrri npauopu.
I-lia HauioHaJrbHt4MV Ta qepBoHr,rMr [paropauu 22 lrrcroraAa s Knesi
cBrrrKyBaJrocq nporolrotueHH, VrpaiHcrroi Hapo,unoi Pecny6niru.
l4 ciqnq l9l8 pory l{eurpanrHa Pala yxBanl,Ina ,,TI,IMeacosEil 3aKoH
npo Qnsory HapoaHoi VrpaiHcrxoi Pecny6niKfr", y ,KoMy 3a3Haqafiocfl:
"2. flpanoporra Vxp. Bificrxosoi Snroru € [oJrorHr,rue o ABox
6raxurnouy i xonroMy
- KoJrbopax.
V rucronaai l9l8 poxy roqaflac, HauioHanbHo-BLI3BoJrbHa 6opom6a
Ha 3axianifi VxpaiHi. TrMqacoeufi ocHosHr.rfi 3aKoH, yxeanennfi l3
rrr,rcronaaa y Ilsnoni VrpaincbKoro HauionanbHolo Pa,qoto, rrporonocllB
nepxaBHr{M npanopoM 3axiuno-Vrpaiucrroi HapoaHoi Pecny6nixu
cr4Hbo-xosruit (apruxyn V).
20 6epe:na 1920 poxy yxBaneuo xpailoeuit cwruo-xosruff rparop
[Iiarapnarcrxoi Pyci (sx cKnaAoBoi qacrnsu 9exo-Cnonauuuuu), a raxox
rpailonr.rfi rep6, ruo cKJraAaBcfl 3 ABox nonis: cpi6noro 3 BeAMeAeu (cuunon
3axapnarrr) ra cr,rHbo-xoBToro (cuunon eAHocrI,I : Vxpaiuolo).
Cusro-xopri rpanopr 6ytu i e rpoeKTax Koscrnryuii yHP,
porpo6neuux 1920 poKy BceyxpaincbKolo HauionanbHoro Panoro (V
yptAosoto Koucrraryqiftnoro
Kav'qHui na floainni, 9
- 13 rpanHx) Ta
xorraicie ro VxpaiHcrroi aepxasu (y TapHoni (flonruta.
- Peu.), I xonrua).
B yPCP nepxaBHrrM npanopoM 3a KoHcruT yuiero l9l9 poxy (ct. 35)
6yno npufiHaro qepBoHe noJrorHr,uqe i: sonororo a6peniaryporo (nirnirue
tronoBHeHe 3oJrorr,rM ceproM i rraonororra). IIoni6Hi npanopl4 ManI{ ft inrui
pecny6nirH CPCP. 2l nucroila1a 1949 pory Yra:ou flpeeuaii Bepxonnoi
Paru yPCP vepnoHufi rpanop s HanucoM ,,yPCP" 6yno sauineno
qepBoHa, a HuxHfl (l/3)
anoxonipHnM, BepxHq cMyra ,Koro (2/3)
qacruni
Jra3ypoBa. V eepxsifi
upanop Mae 3olore 3o6paxeHH, cep[a,
MoJrora i n'aruxyrrroi ripxra. BxHsaHHfl na3yponoi 6apnn noccHroBzL[I,I TLIM,
uro ni6r,rro nia na3ypoBnMr,r [pa[opaMl,I yrpaincrrufi napoa Ha .Ioni s
qacrHHa ropa6nis tlopnorraopcbKoro
49
BorAanou XuenurulrbKuM 6oponca [porr,r qyxo3eMHnx 3arap6nnxin i
eol:'eAHaBcr 3 pocificrruM HapoAorra. (Baxxo cKa3arr,r, ani.qxu B3r,ilacflTaKa
uepcin. Moxe, MZIJTI{ ua ynari AapoBaHr4fi xosaraM [oJrbcbxr,rM KoponeM
BnaAucnasoru IV 6naxurrruft npanop s 6ino-qepBoHr,rM opnou?).
Cnnro-xostrfi nparop, qx i HaqiosanrHi rrparopn inuux naponin
CPCP, ni,UAasascs craninicravru scinqxorvry narrnrcxeHHK).
Tenep craBJIeHHfl Ao uaqionanrnoi cuvreorixH
:vrinrcerrcg. Btlgsrflerbcfl,, rrlo
B naurifi xpaini
BoHa roscivt He nauionaricru.rHa, a HaB[aKr,r
Ma€ ryuannuil rrrict. Tar, y upanopi Ecronii cr,rnift xonip e cr,rMBoJroM
-r{I,rcroro
q[croi nylui HapoAy;
poArorroi :evui, 1iilutrt
He6a, uopnuft
y rpauopi Jlursu xoBTa- 6apna cuNaeoriry€ coHue,- 3eneHa
- nicu ir nyru,
qepBoHa
JrlrToBcbKy 3eMJrro.
Cepen neeHoi rareropii HaceJreHHq Ha[roi pecny6nixn uo6yrye
AyMKa,
uto yxpaiHcrrpril naqioHar urtuit cuHbo-xo s'tttit [par op crBopeHr,ril cauv vr
HapoaoM; uia uac ictopHtIHI,Ix 3BepIIreHb siH crasaB cr4MBonovr
6opo66u
3a ftoro Hauionanrni il couiqrsHi npana. y HboMy srineHi sirosiqHi
rparHeHHfl Iro Mtrpy, rpaufl, Kpaca ra 6ararcrBo pianoi :errali. Ife oana
TOqKa 3opy, ane ictryrcrr fi inuri. Ha .raci rpoBeleHHa pesepenayvry. B
Jlrroecrxiil PCP Hauionanusuit rparop rrporonoueHo AepxasHurvr
nparopoM pecnybnixu, aauicrb BI,IraAaHoro 1953 poxy. O0iui[no Bpr3HaHo
uauiouaarHi npauopu fi y pecny6nixax 3axaexa:rs.
Ha noqatxy cT onir:rs Mcrucnan Pyc nucaB y nipuri ,,Haur upanop,,:
flpanop Pycra nosisae
Cunuo-xontnfi , 3oJIoroM traunil,
A na Hivr sasir cise
MonouaxoM ure
uarra .uauufi.
I-efi! eunafirecs pitni Airu,
Bo e €AHocrr,r Ha[ra cvila
eaHicT r Moxe rrvrrr 3Jryqr,rrr.r,
IIIo uerroAa po3nyqlar,a...
(,,flgJvt'.flmKu Yrcpaiuu",
4,
89.)
AKTyAIbHE THTEPB'K) r? ?ErrHeBOM DIG3IHCbKmM
(yKpAiHA
-
UE UEHTPAJIbHA EBPOIIA)
Ilepe6yoorcqu y Cnonyueuux lllmomax AuepuKu, Hotu KopecnoHdeum
ocAilqvK sycmpioca is 36irneoo*t DKE3IHCbRI,IM,
npoSecop Eoedau
o i d otvt
u.u aMe p u K a H c b K uM
n o n i mo rt o e ofit, K o/ut
Einoeo douy (sa qacio npesudeucmno
ruu i*t
n o n i m u.t H
itu
p ad u u xo
u
Elc. Ropmepa), nuni - npofiecopoM nopieunnoruoi meopii deptcaeuux cucmeM iletopdctcmq6cbKo?o
50
yHilepcumemy y Baruirurmorui i Ronyudiitcoxoeo ynioepcumemy y
Hon-iloprcy, dupexmopou irucmumymy cmpomeei,aHux docnidrceno y
cmonu7i CIIIA. Ilpofiecop Etcesirucorcuil
- nonbcbKoeo noxodxeruna, iloeo
6amoxo 6ye dunrtotilomoM. CnieposttonHuKu zuoilorrti doauo, onutce, ix
posrvto1o uae oidoepmuil, ailc uiarc rue dunnouomuquuil xopoKmep. Ha uaruy
dyuxy, ue oci rte3u, auc/to*luoeaui aemopaMu, cnpuituarcmoca oduosuoutto,
npome, nepeKoHoni, qumo,ti is saqixaoneuicmro doeidanmbcn npo dyurcy
t4ux KoMnemeHmHux oci6.
E.O. flaHe Bxerincuxrafi, yxpgincrrifi rpoMaAcbxocTi 6yno 6 uiraso
ucs, flK Br.r ouiuroere cyqacHy o0iuifiHy <cxi,uHy noliruxy>
aMepnKaHcbKoro ypflAy, 3oKpeMa, fioro craBJreHHs .uo 3aqs i fiexnapauifi
pecny6nix PaAsHcrxoro Corory, oco6nuso VxpaiHn, rtpo .uepxanHrfi
AoeiAaT
cynepeuirer?
3. E. Vpan CnonyueHux Illrarin nia'rpuvrye (i niaxpecnroe ue aocLITb
arapa:Ho) nonituxy nepe6ynosn s Pa,[rHcbKoMy Coro:i. Ha rraoro nyMKy,
TaKa nonitnxa Ao neBHoi r.aipH rpaBr,InbHa, 6o x nepe6yAoBa HI,ILuHTs
oranirapHy cr,rcrerray i 3 ornrAy Ha ue :.uo6ynae HaIIry cnprnarirc ra
ni.urpnuxy. Ane He ra6yeafivro, uto xin icropii Bxe BHrepe.rIHB nepe6yaony,
T
a aMepr{KaHcbKa noniruxa He Bcrrrrae Aorpr{MyBarr,rc, reNrnis po3Br,rrKy
npoqecin, nxi posroprarcTbcs. Hafi6inru icrorHuu SaxropoM, sxuit 3apa3
aouinye s noniruqHifi eeonrcqii PaasncbKoro Coro:y, e po3naA irvrnepii. A
nparHeHHa Hapo.uin.uo He3aJlexHocrrr e ocHoBHr{M erIeMeHToM y po3Br,rrKy
nHyrpiruHroi cn'ryaqii e PatrHcbKoMy Corosi. 3 uoro
r]orIlflA
BI{HI,IKa€
Ha naifi
neo6xi.qHicrr ,^ilfl aMepllKaHcrroi nonirurn nnpo6nrn
eilnosianrnft niuxin.
Haua noniruxa [oB]rHHa niarpr,rrnryBar]r .tleMoKpatn.rHi [pouecn, uro
selyrb Ao caMoBlr3HarreHHa Hapo.uin, y rKr,rx [porrroM 6araruox Aecqt[riru
eia6npan[ caMocriilnicrr. Taxa aMepr,rKaHcrxa noriTI,IKa Mycrrrb B[IxorI,ITH
r noruqii, trro n intepecax AuepuKr{ € Br,rH}rKHeHHfl AeMoKparnqnoi Pocii
(36. BxesiHcrxrft Mae Ha yuari PaAcHcmr[ Coros.
- Pe.u.). A ue 6yae
MoxrruBo, KoJrlr Pocis uepecraHe 6ytu iunepcrrorc .uepxaBolo. .flxuo x
Pocis Bxe He 6yue ivrnepcsxorc AepxaBoro, To ue craHe nepeAyMoBoto
Yrpaiun, fpy:ii qr Yr6exucrauy.
He3zurexHocrll Anfl iHIxEx napoain
tln
E. O.
uoxnrasa Haft6fluxrrr{M qacoM rpanc0opurauis aMepHKaHcrxoi nonituxu?
3. E. Tara [email protected], neBHoto vriporo Bxe sia6yeaerucs
[parMarr,rrrHr{M rrrJrflxoM. 3 upyroro 6ory, rpe6a si,usHaqlrrl{, uo BoHa IlIe
ne eHafiIrrra KoHKperHoro Br{pa3y y Oopr"ri uupoxoi xonuenuii. Ale rxuro
fiAerrcr npo ([parMarr.rrrHr{ft> 6ix cnpaB}I, To aMep[xancrxufi ypr,u yxe
3acrocoBye uonirnry ueperonopin Ha Brrrurx pinnex oQiuifinoi Bilailv
pecuy6nir, xri nepe6yaarcTb y ctaaii sI\,IiH y HarpflMi ao neranexHux
crpyrTyp. flpeacranHrrKlr unx pecry6nix qacro npnirArrb tro BauriHrrony.
5l
ix
npufirvlaroTb e [email protected],rx ycraHoBax croJrr{qi
C[IA. I ue osuaqa€.uocnrb
cepfiosHnfi rpox. Ale a BBaxaro, ulo Bxe HacraB qac Arfl Toro, uro6
CnonyueHi Illrarr,r ,Iirxo i qcHo c$oprvrynroBaJrlr ronqenuiro BnacHoro
craBrleHHf .uo npouecy Aanbrrroro po3Br{TKy uonirn.rHrlx slrdiH y
PalrHcrxouy Coro:i. Tara KoHqerrlifl Mae ciluparucr Ha rrpr{Hu}r[
niarprarvrxu IeMoKparr,rrrHnx pyxia : 6oxy CuonyveHzx Illraris.
E. o. 9u nepe.q6aqa€Te BU vroxnusicrr 3arrpoBa,xeHHfl B
aMepuKaHcrxift rosHiurHiff uonitraqi uoao paAxncrroro Corcay nepexi.uuoi
Oarra
.unnnoMarii, ro6ro oAHoqacHoi por6yaoBu KoHTarris
- napzrnenuroi
i r ueurpou,
i r pecny6nixarvlra?
3.8.A
yxe Tenep
pecny6nix,
aiilcuicru,
He3aJrexHr.rx yuacHuxin noliruqsoi rprr. flopsa 3 rIr{M y Baurinrroni
oOiuifino npHftuarorb raKox rrpeAcraBH?rxis He3aJrexHr{x AeMoKparnrrH[x
pyxin. He.uasHo y CuonyqeHr,rx lllrarax nepe6ynaB Br{AarHufi nonirucHuia
ainu VxpaiHu Muxaftno loprlHu, Ao flKoro fl craBJrrocfl 3 BeJrr{Koro noBaroro
i Rroro, Kopr.rcryroqr{cb croro.qniruHboro HaroAoro, ur[po eirarc.
E. o. A qr,r He Maere su oco6ncro sK Teoperr,rK i excnepr Havripy
Br.rcTy[r,rTr{ 3 TaKOtO HOBOTO
3. E. fl, Bxe
Ilt{
lOrrpnuoro?
Ha[ucaB [paqrc Ha reMy, flKa, Ao peui, ruupoKo
no
rp
o6
[pouecaM AeMoKparu:auii ((3Hr,r3y>. A U€, y cBoro qepry, Br{Marae
niarpauxu napoain Corosy s ixHix .ueMoKparr4LrHLrx ycrperraniHHrx Ao
cyBepeHHocra. flo:nonrc co6i uaroJrocnTr,r Ha cnosi ((AeMoKparr,rrrHr,rx)),
ocrcinrxn icHyrorr raKox caM
MH.
E. O. He anaro, qr BaM B
pyx
niruos narycrpiu sa(ionaarH
raK
3BaHoMy KaBKa3bKoMy tufltxoni, ane fi isuruvr cnoco6ou, uix 6anrificrxi
HauioHanrni pyxu,
rperifi, naacHrafi ruJrrx ei.uxpurocru i TonepaHTHocrr.r.
- uaHcu
I{e crnoptoe BeJrI,IKi
Ha [opo3yrraiuHn r cyciaauu. Ocxinr Ku BLr
cneuisnicr 3 ur{x nI{TaHb, xoris 6uzanurarl{ Bac: ,K BIr ArrBr,rrecb Ha c} racHy
cnryauiro i nd vrafi6yrHe, upunaipona, roJrbcbKo-yxpaincbKr.rx siaHocr,rH?
3. E. I{e ranexrrrb BeJr}rxoro lriporo sia MyApocrr,r i poscyanuBocrr,r
o6ox ctopiu. flruto BoHI{ BI,IrBJrtrb noriruqnnfi poayrvr, roAi cyciacrxa
cnirnpau, Moxe crBopr.rrr{ soscir\a HoBy icropu.ury cr{Tyauiro. yxpaiHa
saxu{qHo
xopouri
a6o apyra cropoHa craHe Ha K
cBo€ro KynLTyporo e
: cyciaauu
52
crBopr.rna 6
porur. cninupaua
.
Ane,Kuro oAHa
noeuuii, ro.ui ue
HaneBHo 6yae Br{Kopucrano iHuuMr{ crrraMrr AJIfl
[ocna6nenxx i Yrpainn,
i flonuui. Bucryuaroqr ny6niuuo y flepeuuuli, fl. HaroJrocl{B Ha
neo6xianocrlr [oJrbcbKo-yxpaincrroi cnisApyxHocrla. 3roAoIvr uifiuno ao
3arI'ITaHb 3 aBAI{Topii, axi Ao nesHoi rrripu 0ytttt AJIn MeHe fi 6o.rIroqI{MI{:
rvrifi 6arrKo poAoM r flepeunrunr i cBoro qacy BotoBaB ga Jlrnis y cxnaai
flonruri, a noriu 6yn nenuKr{M
npr{xrrJrbH}rKoM noJrbcbKo-yxpaincrroi
nonitrry
cnienpaui i nepeu Apyrorc cgirosorc sifiHoto 3acylxyBaB roJrbcbry
uroAo HauionarbHr{x uenuocrefi. 3oxpevra, fr, MycI{B sianoeict[ Ha
3arrlrraHHfl,, qyt MoxrII{Ba cninupaus uonsrin a yrpaiHIIrMI{ Ha 3acaAil(
rroBepHeHnq flonruli Jlrsosa? fl, y cBoto qepry, sinnosis 3anI{TaHHf,M: a
rrr.r
MoxfluBe nolrbcrxo-HilvreubKe rroeAHaHHfl Ha ocHoni uepe.uaHns HiuIlgr"r
Bpounasa?
,,
,,fK
fottoc Yrcpainu", 26. 3. 9l
BI,I yMVIPAJIVL BAM A3BOHI4 HE fPAJIl4..."
Ha EpoAinUraHi
BcTaHoBJIeHo napt'qtHHfi 3Han ncivr noJterJlnM
y Apyiifi
cnirosift nifiui ynpaiHuqvt
ropr X6up, 6ins, cena .fcenoea
sia6yracq naHzx v[,a ra si.uxp[rt, naM'flTHoro 3HaKa
yciu noneurr,rM y upyrifi csirosifi eifiHi yrpainuavr.
Ha rvrafitaHqllKy paaiycorr,r 9 vretpin, BI,IKJIaAeHoMy crapoBl'IHHoK,
ravr'gttoro nJrlrrKorc), BHcorr[ITb Aeg'gtul,terpoBa MapMypoBa creJra,
yniHuaHa xpecroM : runi0oBaHoro qopHoro 6a:alrry. Ha Ooni
pienocropoHHbofo xpecra 3 oAHoro 6ory
- TepHosI,I[ siHox, 3 Apyroro
raJlr{urruil JreB 3 TpboMa KopoHaMI,I .IIoBKpyr. Antop MoHyMeHTa -cKyJrbnrop Banepifi florrox.
Bucrynarcqu repe1 6ararolroAHrrM ri6pannaM, HapoAnnfi Aeuyrar
Vxpainu flvrr,rrpo tlo6ir cKa3aB, rrto fioMy qacro.rIoBoALIlocr rycrpiqarllcfl
Munynoi ueaini Ha eepnruui
Bpouincrroro
paft oHy,
: npuixtxpruu
inogeMuflMr,r g Hivreqqnuu,
ni4rsepUxeHHfl Toro, uto
xorpi [oKa3yBanI,I .uoKyMeutanuui
ixni piAni TyT
3aruHynl,I. He vrOxeMo TeIIep
sitHosr.rru nOpyfiHoBaHr,Ix xovtyuicrurrHl,IM pexI,IMoM 6aralo sificrrosux
urraurapiB Ha Bpoainurnui, cxa:as Arvrr,rrpo 9o6ir, aJIe MI,I IIoBI,IHHi y
rraaft6yrHsoMy BcraHoBr,rrr,r flaM'rrHr,rfi sHar ne
rrroAflM, rorpi 3arHHynH
roroniT apHr,rMH pexr,rMaMu,
rimxr
yxpainurrvr, iure y ycirra
Tyr y npyrifi ceirosiil sifiHi.
Po:UiaeHi
i: :6po€ro B pyKax iIuoe 6par Ha 6para. Hrani
>r Mt4 He floBr,rHni nonycrr,rrr,r [oBTopeHHq noai6noro. Bcrynatoql,I B aHsisito
rnoAr,r cBflTo nipunu, uro 3Moxyrs :ninrHI{TH cBolo
rouyuicrprqHoro 3acwilfl,, rKe [oHeBoJrI,IJIo i porninuno
,,I-arr,re[H?", uonoAi
3eMJrro
sia
yrpaiHcsxufi napoa.
53
Tex
MaB
Jrexarrr, ane
Eontfl,
po3cyArrna inaxure.
Tyr xe, 6inn uavr'qruoro
3HaKa, niH snirHaB tro ronocy KoJrr{rrrHboro uo6parr,rMa Eoraana Ceuina,
3 Korp[IM pa3oM BotoBuuru, a uotitr,t ail6ynanu ra6ipne yu'raneuuq s KoMi
ACCP. Tux, xro Hac poacrpintoBaB i yn'a:uroBaB rro cH6ipcrxrax ra6opax,
Bono.unvrup Corovraxa,
Jrnxa aonx. flpo
- cKa3aB crpineur
- HuHi rapaeIsaH
'rpare.uiro
uia BpoaaMI,I Harlrcas uosicrb rr,rcbMeHHHK
Barpxnraft i
Ha3BaB fi ,,OrueHue Koro". Kolo 3aMKHyJIocfl HaA rouyHicrlrrlHoro
ivrnepiero, flKa caMa ce6e upupeKna na saru6enr. Cirrana.quqrupivHr,rvr
roHaKoM crryxr,rB y aneiaiftnifi corHi rporr,rraHKoBr,rx rapMar Bolouuvrup
Mono.qeurxHft. Ha niarpllTTfl [aM'qrHoro 3HaKa eiu upuixaB 3 aaneKoro
TopoHro. A saranoM, 3raAye nan MonoAeurxnft, r 1l T:acr.q eoiHis arsi:ii
ryr, ni.[ BpogaNru, 3arl{HyJro 5 r[cqq, B xuBI,Ix 3aJrl{t[t4Itocf 6nu:rro 3
Tr4crq.
flr.rniaia yrBopr.rnacfl Dlrs, Toro, uto6 aonoMorru yIIA, aAxe apvriq
norpe6yuaJla Br,rruKory, Aocsi.reHr,rx crapur,rH. flyvranocs roAi, ulo Marcqu
perynflpHy niftcrrony qacrr{Hy, Tr.rM caMr,rM Blacrbcfl AonoMorrr.r
Vxpaincrrifi floBcraHcrxifi Aprvrii. Mu xorinvvrarucBoro aprriro,
cKa3aB
nan MoloAeurrufi,
aJre [p[r roMy rvlu nivruis rrixorn He Marr[-sa csoix
npnarelin. floexpyr- Hac noJu noluri xpon,ro MonoAr,rx anei:iftHnxis, ue
Hauri Teprvloninu. Moi uo6paruuu rroJrrrlr,r 3a Te, ulo6 xnna Vrpaina.
-Tar
:axiHqrs cBo€ cJroBo nepeA raruqauavru arsigifiHr,rfi .uecflTHaK
Bonoauuup Mono.qeusxufi, cyrfl KHr,rra ,,flonyu,aui Ani,, c[oHyKana
Cryaenrcrre 6parcrBo B3rrr{ca i aoneprur,rru no6yaosy [aM'rrHoro 3HaKa.
3nyualu cnoBa nicHi ,,fK BLt yMr{p:uu, BaM A3BoHr.r He rpan[, uixlo
He 3a[JraKaB 3a BaMr,r...". Mafl.lu HauioHanrHi 3HaMeHa, crapuri nroAr,r
Bt4TWpAill'{ CJrbO3r,r, a B oqax MonoAi ropia BoroHb 3aB3qrrq.
AHarorifi HEAIJIbCbKI4I{.
nilrny Vrpaiuy,'
Epoaiscrxnfi paftoH. ,,3a
54
Munyne
Bo.noAurvnrp
Auroxoarr
fIETPO AOPOUEHKO
(1627
-
1698)
flerpo Aopouresxo Hapo.rlr{Bcfl 1627 potcy n 9rrupnui r poausi xoaaxa.
nir nin - Ko3aK rerbMaHcbxoi corHi, 3a BlraarHi sai6Hocri
AaaAucrr .usox
XprelrHnurxufi ua.[ae fiorray qHHa ,,apMarHoro nucapf", nocnJra€ 3 BaxJrrrBrnMH
AOPYqeHHflMr.
1650 poxy Aoporuenro pa3oM ia rproua inuruuu BaraxKaMH xoar.rB i: sificsxoNl
ao Monaanii, a naupnxiuui uroro x poKy nin neperoBopr, 3 noJrbcbxr.rM cefirraou.
I or 26-nirHifi xosar oqoJrroe flpr,uyurrufi norx, flKHM opyAy€ urictr poxis. flicnq
cMeprr{ Bouasa niu cepea riei crapur{Hr{, ruo ao ocraHHroi xsnnuHu ni.urpuurye
nonirnxy IsaHa Buroscuroro. fforo nonx 6epe yqacrb y noxoai flporr.r rroJrraBcbKoro
noJrKoBHlrra Mapruua flyurxapfl Ta pocificsxux eificrx. flicnq noparxn Sinn
Xrraenrnura nanprrinui 1659 pory, AopoureHxo 3raBcfl 3 Ko3aKarrau .f,xuvrosi
Covrxoai, are roil nor6asus fioro uuny noJrKoBHr{xa, niaaanurn flpr,rnyurxnfi nonx
<Deaopori TepeueHrosi. flia nporoKoJrorra flepercrascrxoi paAH, flKr{M 3arBep.rrxeHo
IOpir XuenrnuubKoro rerbMaHoM, croiru r ni.unnc Ko3axa Aopoueuxa. A.ne
HanoqarKy 1668 poxy siH crae qxrrrpuHcbKr,rM [oJrKoBHuKoM i parorta : inuruuu
Ko3aKaMr{ i.ue.uo Mocrs[ [pocr{Tr,r si,uIvrirrllrt,t orperri crarri flepercrancrroi yro.uu.
Aopourenro 6paa yqacrb
y noxoai Opiq Xvrenuru[bKoro ra lllepeueresa nia
9ylsognu, re sis fleperoBopu a xepinHr{KoM noJrbcbr(r,rx siEcrx JLo6orraupcbKuM.
B ypcai rerbMaHa flasra Terepi 1663 poxy sao6yn qrH reHepaJrbHoro ocaByJra, a
s 1665 poxy ule fi qepracbKoro noJrKoBHr{Ka. flicnq na.uiHnq Terepi, KoJrH
Me.use,uincuxuft cornux Crenan Onapa, cnrdparcqucb Ha ceJrrr, flporonoclls ce6e
rerbMauoM, To, He Maroq[ ni,urpNuxn rerbMaHa BproxoneurKoro, [ryKaB aonoMorlr
B Kpr{McbKoro xana. Are s aoposi Tarapcbxux Myp3 flepexonr{B i cxurr,rs Ha ceifi
6ix flopourenro. Bouu cnpncrcTb fiorray sao6yrra 6yaany. Binc EorycJraBa rarapr{
cxoruJrr{ Onapy fi siA.uam{ fioro sa uorany.(opouenrosi. Koaaru, Ha B}rMory Myp3,
orono[yrctr .flopoueHKa ,,HaKa3H[M" rerbMaHoM, i na norrarKy 1666 poxy siH
cKrrr{Ka€ n tlnrnpuHi xogaurry paly, rKa Bp}ryuna fioury 6ynany. Aae ii roBenocfl
3il(uularn si.[ rasixanr BprcxoBeubr(oro ra 3HeruKolxyBarr,r fioro npu6iqn[xis
6paruraBcuKoro [orrKoBHuKa BacwsApos[eHra, flr(oro 6yno crpaqeHo B 9urupuni,
noriu uonicrroro (Ospyqrxoro) rroJrxoBHrrxa .[equra, uro grix na Jliso6epexxfl.
Csoirvrlr yniaepcanaun nosufi rerbMaH 3aKrrHKa€ nino6epexHr{x (o3aKis nepexotrru
nia fioro 6ynasy Bncry[aru rporr Eproxoneubroro. Bin xe 3axr{Iuae fi xosaxis
flepercnaacbKono [orrKy, sxi s6llnu cBoro [ofir(oBnrrra.n[aurra, ri.u poanpaBr{ Har
pocificrrux sificrx. Ta noAalbrrrlrM Aisrvr, c[prMoBaHHM Ha no33'e,uuann,
Vrpainn, 3aruxoAnna rpari,ura s icropii yrpaincrroro Hapoly no.uir: 30 ciqsr 1667
poxy Pocis fi flonrula ra€Mno, 3a cnrrHoK) yxpainuiu, ni.unucaru An,upyciscrre
neper"orp'r. 9etuepra crarrr qiei yroau [poronorryBaJrs, r{o Pocir i flomrqa.uinstr
HIIMIT
uix
co6oro ffinporra Vrpainy HelIBoe flpaso6epexxr 3HoBy roBeprilJlocb ri,u Bnally
55
Peqi flocnonutoi, a ocHoBHa Maca ceJrflH Ta Ko3aris
HeHaBr{cue xpinaqruo.
- yqiei
Jlino6epexx, 3 Kresolvr siAxo.uuno ao Pocii. 3riano
yro4u Aopourexxa
3MyIUyBanLI BH3HaTU
BlaAy
rrOIIrCrKOTO KOpOnfl, aJre feTbMaH [JreKaB UrUpori
sauionanrni nnrrrn. Hanpuxinui 1666 poKy Ha Vrpaini 3'qBurucb uonrcrri sificrra
nia opyaoro Ce6acticHa MaxoecrKoro. florcxu cfl:rJrroBanr{ Ta crrycTotrryBamt rvricra
fi cefia, Br{HI{tuyBarrH HaceJreHHfl.
floporueuxo pa3oM is rpuucrKoro opAoto craB Ha 3axr{cr Kparo fi 6ins cena
Ileuepu, xro Ha Eyai poarpoMr{B ix, i xosarn sao6ynr,r Bpai.nin, cxo[r{Jrr{ Ma:roscrroro
fi siaaanu ftoro rarapala. Ha ror{arry 1663 pory 6yno yrnaaeHo coro3 ia xprrrcxru
xaHoM, i ro.qi, pa3oM ir op.uoro, Aoporuenxo ororII{B.flsa Co6ecrxoro 6inc fliaraeqr.
Ane rarapu siacrynulfl4, it r'rafi6yrnifi noarcxufi Koponb BprryBaBcr, yruraBrur{ 3
leTbMaHoM Tr,rMqacoBy yroIy. Aoporuenxo ycni.uor.,urroBaB, rrlo ArI, noAanruroi
6oporr6r.r s Ilonruelo Ha crycrolueHoMy, o6earrc.useHoMy flpano6epexxi ne
zp,aitrw.rlocrarHbo BJracHr,rx cun. Ha niarpnrvrxy Pocii siH se uir cnoAisaruct, 60
uap siA.uas flpano6epexx, flor6uri. Boxpll sia irueHi rtapfl pa.urru rerbMaHosi, uto6
eiu rnq luacrfl YxpaiHr ,,uepe6ynar y ripnouy riAAagcrgi nonrcrroro Kopoflff",
6o rax BeJILITr yrora 1667 poxy. 3anuururocr ruyKarr{ 3acryuHlrrlTBa B TypeubKoro
cynraHa Ha yMoBax, Ha rKl,rx ni.uropuracr fiorray Monaasis ft Banaxis. flizuucany
Ha roqarKy 1669 poKy yroay niarpuuana Ko3aubKa pa.ua na piuui Pocasi 6ins
KopcyHr. Tyr nin irraeni cynraHa rsrbMaHosi Bp) rllnu 6ynany, 6yH.ryr, crrr, a raKox
rpaMorr,r, B rKHx MoBr,rJrocr, qoMy flopra 6pata xoaaxis uil csifi 3axr,rcr.
B:aevrunu [oporuenxa s Pociero noxBaBr.rJrucs nits niAuucannfl nonbcbKorypeqrxoi yrorr r Byraui 1672poxy,3a flKoIo Koponb siAcrynrs cylranoni flo.uinns.
lliarpr,rrr,ryroqu noriruxy.flopoureHKa, pocificrxi sificrxa s.uificsroloru rinxa noxo.uis
3 Merolo 3axo[r,rrr.r flparo6epexuy Vxpainy. Beay,rrd sN,riay .uunnorrariro,
Aopouresxo ra.uaB, rrro tlap siAAacrr flovry 6ynany saa yciero Vxpaiuoro, arre ryr
siH noN{r,urvBcfl. Mocroecrxnfi ypra soris niarpuuyuarr,r raKr{x npereHAeH.rin, mi
6ynn 6 qpi6nr.rr'au fi noripnraMl,I BJraAonro6qqNr fi cninuu 3HapflllArM y pyxax
ueHTpanbHoro ypff.Ily n ui.uropeuui uyxux uapo.uin. Caue raKr.rM BuflBurrucfl
cyrrepHr,rKr,r
Aoporuesra rerbMaH EproxoeeubKufi, MnororpiurHufi Ta
i ToMy scinsx[N,r cnoco6ou Mocxsa [onoMarae ipr ononolirn
Canaofinosuu,
flpano6epexxflM.
IIIe 1668 poKy,
KoJrI,I3 nino6epexHnx uicr Br,rrHaJrH pocificrxux BoeBoa, i xnnina
HapoaHa HeHaBI,Icrb i xo:axpr [MaryBzrnn riro Eproxoneubxoro, crrxiq nporoJrocuna
Aopourenxa rerbMaHorra Jliso6epexxfl. Bin nepeupaBr,rBcr qepe3 .L[Hinpo fi npra6yn
ua Cep6uHe noJre,.Ae caMorHivr cross Eproxoneurxuil. Ale norpi6ua qe 6yna
Ko3aubxa pata fi 3ro.[a MocKoBcbxoro yprAy. Ta, aosiAaBrrrtrcb npo paAy, KHr3b
Porraolasoncrxufi, rxrafi npu6yB Ha flonrasur{Hy, uro6 noxaparr,r Bproxoneqbxoro,
3a re, uro rofi BI{rHaB pociilcrxux Bo€Bo,rI, nerafino ei.ucrynna y Cno6iacrry VxpaiHy.
.f,r rinrru Aoporuenxo rroBepHyBcfl Ha llpano6epexxfl, KHr3b orpr,rMaB sia uapq
noni iucrpyxqii, pyul4B e siftcrxolul ao tlepnirona. Tyr nin po:uoqaB neperoBopn
3
Ko3aubKolo crapurnHoro, ir 1669 poKy nino6epexnuu rerbMaHoM craB
uepHirircrrufi uonxonuux [evr'ss Msororpiurrrafi. Orox, nnxu flopoureHKa ruoAo
eo 3 3' €.[Han
nn VxpaiHr.r 3aJrr{rrr.rBc,
He3^rlifi
cHennu.
Hacrynunu Hosi rvrixyco6nui, KpoBonponr,rrrr; rvrix o6oua rerbMaHaMr,r
cranaxHyrra sifiHa. Asa poKH ilafiana vxpaiua. Mapqu ni.urpruxy pocixn,
MnororpiurHufi nepeuaraB, are flepencrascrxufi ra Jly6eHcrxufi nonru rpuy1anuit
56
qac Br.r3HaBanr.r cBoiM rerbMaHoM AopoureHra.
3 uacy tlopnoi paau
1663 poxy cKrlaAaerbcfl BpaxeHHr,
trlo ni.urpuuxa
MorJra 6 aa6esnequrn6yns ffKoMy rerbMaHoBi 6ynany, flI( IIe criurocfl,
3oKpeMa, 3 KotrroBr,rM IsaHorvr Eproxoneubxl,IM. Ha fioro uulcx cras i sanopolrxufi
3anopoxxr
n[cap flerpo Cyxonifi, flKoro qacruHa 3aflopoxuin nporoaocl,IJra rerbMasou. Bis
3arpocr{B opAy fi pa3oM 3 Ko3aKaMr BoceHI,I 1668 poxy pyuI,IB rpoTl{ flopoureHra
nia t{urupuu, ale 6yn y[IeHT po3rpoMJreguit. Hacrynnoi secHu Cyxonifi sa
niarpuuxu flonrascuKoro, Mr.rpropoAcbKoro, Jly6eucrxoro, flpunyUrxoro fi
flepenclancbKr.rx nolxin, a raKox opA Kpr,rMcbKoro xana A.[ul lipes BI,Icry[I{B [poTI,I
Aoporuesxa. Opaa 3.[o6yBana 9rrurpuu, a caM niuros sa Vuanr. Tyt cxnuxaB FilIY,
uo6 BoHa 3arBepAr,rna fioro rerbMaHoM. Tarapu o6rqur Aopourenra n ta6opi 6inx
cela KouosqiHa rlo Ha 6eperi Poci. Bprrwanvrimxu rypeqrxi [ocJrl{, qxi 3'qsurucq
Ha Vrpaini, uo6 noei.uoNrllrra AopoureHKa, luo cynraH 3arBepAIrB yrorY.
Tnu qacoM Ha pani VrraaucrKufi, Kanruuurxufi ra Bpaurascrxnft nonru
o6uparorr rerbMaHoM yMaHcbKoro [oJrKoBHllxa Muxafina Xaseura, npn6iuullxa
flonsuri. BiH nitnucye 3 KoponeM yrotry nrrc78 poKy cra€ HoBLIM rerbMaHoM. Tenep
ynepra 6opom6a po3ropflerucq vix Aopourenxorra i XaneHKoM, 3a cnl,IHolo flKLIx
crorrb fi TypeuuHua, fi llonuua. AopoueHKo po3rpoMlrB Xanesra 6inc Cte6JreBa,
t{ernepruHisru ra iHurnx uicur, 3axonr,rB VuaHu, re BI,I3HaBanu Xauenxa, i 1672
pory nin cnpuqnHr,rBc, llo BeJrlrxoro rypeubKoro Ha[recrfl sa llolruy. 3a.uonorrororo
Aoporuenxa rypKr.r :ao6ynn KaNa'qHeur, orotIHJII{ Jlrnin, 3vtycvtnttt Koponfl Muxafila
nianucaru raue6uy aJrfl Hboro Byqaqrry yroay, 3a flKoto,uoBeJlocr noJIrKaM IJTaTLITLI
cynraHoni aaHLIHy, ei.ucrynuru floainns ra cyciani xpai.
Aopouresxo :aificunB rreptrry ronoBr,rHy csoei flporpaMln, craBIuLI e.IITIHLIM
rerbMaHoM flpano6epexuoi VxpaiHra nia ractynHuurBoM Typeuunuu .3 1672 poxy
siH Hararo.rlxy€ xnaei crocyHKu 3 MocKoBcbKIrM prAoM uroAo so33'eAHaHHt aBox
qacrr.rH Vrpainu nia 6ynaeorc oaHoro rerbMaHa i saxucroN,I uapq. Pocificuxnfi ypna
rorosufi 6ye niarpuMarr.r iaero flopo[reHxa npo eo33'€.tIHaHHq, afle Aopyqae ii cnoeuy
Isanosi CaNIofiroBI,Iqy,
craBJreHr4xosi
- Honoo6paHoMy rerbMaHoBi Jliso6epexxs
CaNaofirosr4q cKJrr,rKae B flepeacnani 1674 poKy pa.Ily i rau, cKoplncraBurl{cb
3peqeHHflM Mnxafina Xaseuxa sia ypsay, cra€ rerbMaHoM nciei Vrpaisa. Pa:ovr
ir pocificrruvru sificrxaNll,I CaMofinosuq Bupytuae Ha flpaeo6epexxfl, uro6
BrrKJrHKarr.r .uo ce6e craunariro HaceJreHHfl i sN,Iosnqe [ocry[I{Tl,Ica .[opoureHKa.
Ousaqe CaNaofirosuq He uan ycnixy. flpano6epexHy Yrpainy toAi seaxaJrl,I cBo€lo
3eMJrero fi Typeu.ruaa, it flonuura, ffKa He BH3HaBaJra Eyuaurxoro AoroBopy fi sena
ir cynrauovr eiftny ra Vxpainy. Cyciau xinrxa poxin cnycrotuysarl L{ictait ceta,
3HutrlyBanr,r HaceJreHw, talupal.n fl,cvtp. Vxpainui upaso6epexxfl Macoso tixanu
na Jliso6epexxs, ane ix roceJrflJrr.r aarrexo sia AHinpa. Hesa6aporra uefi xpafi
neperBopr{Bcfl Ha BeJr}rKy pyiHy, o6egnrcAHin, r.unuin. 3a rpu-uoruptr poxz 6arari
fi nro4ni KoJrI,Icb rricra JlaAuxun, Vuanr, EpaUnas, rlepxacu, flanonou, Kopcynr,
KaHie ra iHuri crzrJrr{ rycrKoro, i n rapoauifi naNa'qti :6epeuucn nia ilteseu ,,P)riHa".
IIq rpariqHa cropiuxa sauroi icropii 3JraMaJra i Aopouresra. Bin no6aqus ernnuit
Vrpainu. Eylyqu
enxia
- 3pexTr{ct 6ynasuil za6yru csifi naqH npo no33'€AHaHHf
9urupnui,
6escunurur repeA pociffcrxuM ypflIloM, 3aMKHyBcfl ir y csoifi croluui
-
Henpr{r3Ho craBJrflqr{cb ao flofiiruxu CaNaofinoeu.ra. ToN,Iy .[opourenxo 6axas
siaaar[ cBoro 6ynany napoAosi, qxufi fioro o6pan. flepet rlrM 3B'r3ascq it KotuoBI{M
Cipxou, cKrrHKaB uanpuriuui 167 5 poKy B r{urrapuni Ko3aubxy paAy i na uifi roKnaB
57
Bl.u3HaKI{ rerbMaHcbKoi BnaAr,I nepeA 3anopo3bKrnM ToBapr,rcrBoM flK MopanbHoro
cunoto HapoAy. Ui aii rerbMaHa cxBaJrr{B pocificrxn%r ypnl,, oAHaK IsaHosi Cipxoni
OTOJIOCIIIIH
AoIaHy sa npuilurTTfl 3perleuur [opOIIeHKa Ta 3a BTpyqaHH, n uyxi
cnpaBH.
Ha no,ratxy 1676 pory Cavofinosuq 3 BeJrr.rKr.rMu cunaMu ororruB gnrupuu.
i tuascq.
Konr.rrusift rerbMaH vrpixn perrrry xHTTfl npoBecrr,r rr,rxo Ha pianifi 3euli, ue
BTpyqarl,Icq s noriT llqHe xr.rrrfl. froro ocentanu s CocHuui na gepHirisuuHi. Are
neea6aporr nin 6yn Br,rKrrr,rxaHr,rfi ao MocxBr{, KyIIr sirse:nu ft apyxuny. Tarvr fiorray
ro[apyBtulla 6yaHuox ra 1000 xap6onauuin na yrpnMaHHfl, a aani
- i uaerox i 1000
anopin y ceni -fpononuovry BonoxoJraMcbxoro nooiry. 1679 poxy siH crae B'qrcrxurvr
Bo€Boaoro, flKuM 6yn ao 1682 poxy.
Peurry cBoro xr,rrrr Aoporueuxo npoxt4B y MaerKy, ae fi noMep 1698 poxy.
IIle Ha roqarKy XIX croairrq Ha unuurapi, 6inr qepxsu cssroi flapacxenu,
:6epiranacr HaaMorI,IJrbHa KaM'xHa [Jrr4Ta 3 HanprcoM ,,J1era 7206 nos6px 9 aeur
rpecraBrrBcn pa6 Boxufi, rerbMaH eoficxa 3anopoxcxoro llerpo Aopo$eeBuq
AoporuenKo, a noxuBe or poxaecrBa cBo€ro 7l roa. r{ [oJroxeH 6ucrr Ha ceM
Mecrett.
3 floporueHroeoi poAI,IHH siaoNli ftoro varn, flKa craJra qepHr.ruero niq irraeHev
Mrarpoaopvr, Ta ana 6parn: rpuropifi
roJrxoBHr.rr, ra Auapiff
- Bpaunancrxzft
Ilaeonourrnfi nonxoBHlaK. I'erruau 6ye
oapyxeHufi i: aorrKoro poauqa Eoraasa
Xue-nrsnubKoro rlasra .flsesxa XuenrsuubKoro, ale aireft He MaB. Oa apyroro
urnro6y e .f,pononqoMy noxoAr{na apyxr{Ha Onexcas.qpa llyruxiHa, npaBHyqxa
rerbMaHa Haraniq fouuapona.
Aopourenxo suixas 3a uicro, noKJraB 6ynany
,rVrpaiua"
I-IpuraayeMo,
D,trfl r6upauur
i
uo
rpr4 I-onosHift Yupani Eparctna crBoplrnacq rpyra
sr{AaHHq MarepiflniB [po aMepraKaHcrxzfi noJroH
areiaifiHr-rrie.
I-IouropaeMo flpoxa:a:ar, Ao Kon. norroHeHlrx [pracr,rnau ceoi cloMr.rHn,
AoKyMeHTI,I, 3H[rMKH Ta Baui floparlr Ta 3ayBarr{. IHSopvryeMo, rqo
nporoJrouena r6ipxa SoHair Ha rle BlalLaH*fl,3Haftu.lra l.rratuir uiAryx, 6o aoci
MLr oAepxaJII,I Bnrrata sil Esrena llL,rnaftno $50.00, fletpa Batira $100.00,
Bor.qaua I-onosola $25.00 ra Orera Paruqa $50.00. Xro nacrynnrnft?
Marepiana, [oxeprBt4, rropa!.v ra no6axanHs [pocr4Mo HarcrrJrarr,r Ha
aApecy Bicrefi Kona6aranra: Veteran's News
I-nqaim o6urrapniure 3BepHeHnr y B.
58
K. q. 4/90 crop. 91.
Cnouuttu
Orerca l-op6av
B HIMEUbKOMy frOJrOHr
B
tIy[y€BI tz xapKoBI tg4t-ro POKV
(3arinqesnn)
I-e$pafitep ute no6axas N,reHi ,,I-arbc yHa BafiH6pyX", a r florury np[r€MHoro
Pirasa ft Hosoro Poxy i rusnAeHrxo r6irarc Bynr,ruerc ao Mocry Haa:anisnlaqrlaMvt
pefiranar. EpyaHoi rroB'r3Kr,r Ha pyxani He cKr4aarc
npfiEarvcr.
- Moxe
Crraepxae . 3icynarncn uKaproM ao pefior i rpary
no qroics rap6iroeorc
nflMnoro ocairrenoi rarisnlrqHoi 6yAru, Ae AoBKpyru neqi cvttflTb 4-5 zatizvuqHuria.
3anpouyrorb .rlo cepetrHsu. Ilurarc, qr.r He iae :siacu
,,Ao6puft eeuip!"
- noiga ao
sxuit
.[Hinpa, Moxe Ha KpeueHuyr.
3anisHuqHr,rxu
x
Hapotr
noiHSoprvrosaHr,rfi.
Ha Kpeueuuyx, Kaxyrb, rxKoAa i4 eu6uparnct'. TaM uicr, ffK i
e
[ninponerpoBcbxy, 6yn ripeauufi, i ry,un Ha npanufi 6eper 6er orperraoro ao3Bony
sixoro He nepe[ycKarorb, a 3a ao3BoJroM Jrroar.r qeKarorb rrrxHflMu. flpocriure
Ha Kris: y.[apnuui uoxua uepefiru Aninpo qH no nboay norpr :ipnaHail vricr,
qn noqepeg Hiueurrufi nouroHuprfi. A or qepe3 sxr{x asi ro.trr.rHu noiae JrboKoMorr,rBa
3 lBoMa BaroHaMn noqepe3 Pouo^qaH na Aapuuuro. Tyau Moxy fi npo6ynarn
ao6uparucn.
Pos6anaryeMocfl. fluraro, flKe ryr xr{TTff, cxinrrn rapo6narors. Haxvrypeuo
pornoni.ualorb: roJroA, rerb ax y llonraBurr.rHy s Kueea npo6nparorbcr 3a xapqaMu
roro.uni rrlolu, Nrincrcru yce xarH€. A ea npauro flJrarflTb ninaui sanirunqurararra 20
rap6onanuis Ha reHb. Oany Mapxy spinuruo e l0-N,Ia xap6onauurvru.
-
,,Paxyilre caMi."
Hara.uanacr uisa 3a [arrxy MaxopKr{ Ha 6arapi 16 xap6onanuis. Posnosiaaro
irrr npo ra6ip florroHeHux i uto 3 Hr{Mr{ TBopflTb. Mosqarr saxypeHi. flpauaevrocq
ft g sanisHurrHr{KoM iny ao rr{x BaroHis. V Hr{x yxe KyHrrorb Mep3HyqH nonia
aorrraHr{Mr{ crinxar',rra sxicr xisxr{ 3 KrryHxauu. JIroroMorHBa nperuri pyml,lna fi uavru
noqalo rroMilfly KoJrrD(aru no uepinruN pefirax i csixo sia6yaoBaHrD( Mocril(. fli:nirra
nepe.uuony.uHeM Mr{ s PoNro,uaHi. Tyr ycix nnranae niueurxrft soxr: uo6 ixaru rari,
rpe6a Ao3Bony aia Hil"rus ,,6aHro$coQiuepa". Hicxi kroi nocsitrKr{ He aircrr.
Binrruicru nacaxnpia 3aJr[rua€Tbcr rrexarr{ na.uorsia. Torvry uo noir.u ue:a6apou
3arBJrsro sosrosi 6ins saroHy, uro rureui
,,6anroQco0iuep" iixaru IIo3BoJrrrB. Posciaarccs ni.u criHoro, noira pynrae. Bpar
cr[ficr 3ropoBrulo-napy6ira 3aBBaxrrB r'roro 6pynno-6iny uon'f,3Ky Ha pyrasi fi
npuciraerbc, Ilo MeHe:
,,Ax, Trr 3Bonoqe [eperuaraquxa! Crinxu rtl qonosira nia Kyrrro oaaas?
ixatuue rafli, To x Beprarocr fi ayxrano
- ,
Eaqua
TaKrrx,
rx rr{ r lalepi!"
I{e uene o6yproe i, rpnuaroq[cr 3aca[r Krssgesiqa, uro
MoBJIflB
nafixpaua
o6opona rle Hacryn, g uicur uepeSusarc:
59
qr,rM 6ys y ra6opi? Crapocroro 3 rrepBogoro [oB,r3KoK), rrlo raruM
- ,,A rn
sirnacenlltvr slrfituos? Br.rais i s raxr,rx ua Xolo.uHifi lopi. Ba.r[s Bac, Br{xoBanqis
gaxi.unsK, rro Br{pocraB nr,q raniranigrrou!,,
KoMcoMoJryl fl
- rbBoB'flHfln,
I{e cxonSy3llJro Moro arpecopa i nin npnrnx, a rracL xiura no-pocificrKr{ crarra
3aur.rTbr(yBaTr,I:
6pocure ccopirua!"
-Ha ,,Hy,
niq nicas rinrxox
AapHuui.
BHcoIreHHoi
aoBrxx croflHoK uo craHuixx rpeuri saix.uxaelro .uo
Tyr noi:a xinqurrcs. 3axoaxy, tx i iHuri, y xIaurbrrc, Ae AoBKona
uopnoi neqi-6oqxu cullr,rrE-rpiemcs gxe sinox uacaxupia:
o.UHi g
Kuesa
:a xni6ou, rpyri - s Jliso6epexxa s Kuis 3 xaprroBrMu
,fx cicrr 6nrxqe
reflrla, Bopyruarbcs
Ha Jlieo6epexxq
po:ao6yrKaMl,I.
Ao
souri .uecr ni.u nzlxBaMr{
il6ins noflca, a niacyuyrucq siA neqi xonoAHo. ,flracr xiuxa s-nolrix roAopoxHr,rx
crorHe-nflaqe: ii cxonLIJIL poaosi 6oni. Xrocr ir saniaHuqnrxie niuos gsi^uxrcr
rloKJrllKarlt IITBLIAKy.[onoMory, uo6 B poAHnBHnfi airra ri.urpaucnopryBarn. Kinrxox
uiruxye BroJIoc, qu 6 ne AaJrocfl Bflpocurr,rcq s AapH[rd ua uiq. giusrocc uiei Ayruxy,
6o ronot
raKr.r nouKynr€ ue 6inrrue, uix Hyxra nig copouxoro.
Tyr, na nepiSepii ue xarKr.r, soscirvr qx cinrcrxi, : ropo,uarrarn. Micsur y uonHi.
He cgirurbcr Bxe Hiae. CryKaro B anepi.
- ,,Xro TaM?"
itty.lv He nepeHouyyatn 6?"
- ,,3 noloHy
,,HeMa N{ic(q!"
-I rax y apyrifi, rperift xaT i.
JIrcrb MeHe ri6paaa.
To
x
noNairrsurr,r Br,rcoKo
nia.uaxovr cxany ABa uyJrbKr.r KyKypyA3tr, uo cy[rr,rrbcr, crflraro, o6punaro [ynboK
i, nanyrUuBlul{ 3epeH, KI,IIaro B por, npo6yro rpH3TI{. Xoq cqx-rax Aae ulyuxoni
3aitunr.rn, a soureft 3acnoKoroBaB Tr.rM, ruo copoqKy Br,rrflrHyn uia ruuHenro s-ni.u
nacKa, i soui sa xoroai BTr,rxoMr.rpt4rrvtcfl,. Beprarocr na crauuiro, ulo6 Ao paHKy
flKocb AoKaHrc'{uru uiq. Micuesi po3Ka3yrorb: ro JrboAy firn sa6opoHeHo, nirraui
crpilxroru. Ane 3 [ponycxoM MoxHa npofiru [oHToHoBr.rM MocroM, TaM croirr
napronuft niveur. Pasxou pymarc n Hanpxui [aHopaMn Kuiscrrnx rip Ha npaBoMy
6epesi Aniupa. Mopo:ourfi pauox, nerxufi TyMaH Han cr.r3oro crrxKorc sauepsroi
pixu. IaY Ha6epexnoto, BoHa BeAe,Ito noHToHy. 3aaaexa sulHiloru o6punrn penrcin
i npxcer Brrca.uxeHoro Mocry, BoHr.r saronreui s niA, y piKy. Ane ryr i rarra 6ins
MocroBI,Ix ninoHis nu6yx Sourauuuft eo.qu: ue nirvrui JraMaK)Tb uinauu nia, uto6
no nboAy.
Ao BoflKa 6irs uouroHHoi ,,crexKr,r 3 Br.rxna.ueHr,rx [Ie 6inux AoruoK",
3aopoBnrc no-HlMeubKr.r, noKa3yro ceoi nanipqi : Xaproea: xoqy upoft'ru.uo KpreBa.
OrnxHye ix i rrleue i xueHyn, uro Moxy firu. Ilonronni Aourxr.r 3JrerKa floxr{Tyrorbcfl.
I upeurri Kris: ruocb y rpyAqx Bopyrur,rrbcr, Ha ryMKy, rrlo MoxHa 6yle fioro xoq
Tenep orJrrHyrr,r, flK He notuacrlrJro qepe3 ,,[pe3peHHoro Manopoca,' KopHieHxa e
nr.rcrona.ui 1940-ro no aoposi n apuiro.
flo aopoai nieopy.r sxia ao rnyxo-MeprBoro y3Bo3y, rpucurraHr.rfi cHiror'r; y
uanuci HoBe Arq MeHe cnoBo ,,OyuuKyflep", ara
Jrr,IHoBa aalitgrqxa-rparraaaft!
cnr,rHr,rrr.r xorrayHixauiro
Iliaxoaxy
Xpeuarux.-[ovru : o6ox 6oxis ue Bcboro
Tpycx cflta€ ax ao noJroBr,rHr,r isaHi: AoBiAaBcq noriu, ulo ue sacai[or
Bpeurri urpoKa
pyMoBI,Iua,
3aKJraAeHVx
Bynr.ruq
niuopyu
6inruroslrKaMrr uiu, nn6yxr[x nicnq flpuxoAy Hirraqis, Ta y noxex sia
rraypia npu xi.unuKax oronotueHHr no-siue[rxu I no-
nianarie. Ha perurxax
yrpaiHcrru qKorocb raNa
60
HiNaqq-reHepaJra, uro 3a
ca6orax posc.rpinnxo
300
volonirin,
a 3a HacrynHi ca6oraxi 6yayrb po3crpinxni aanruri 3aKJraAHr,rKr{. Oue r.o6i
,,HiMeqbKa YxpaiHa!"
I-lararccn sxoicr crapuroi xiHxu, ae ryr yxpaincrxxfi tlepnoHnfi Xpecr.
- ,,B[ 3 rnoroHy?"
,,TaK, Xaprona : Xolo.uHoi I'opu fi xoris 6n l,atn raM 3Harr{ npo ra6ip
y Xaprconi."
XiHra BHTrrr€ 3 3aKynHoi py.rrroi rop6u riu'sri naneponi py6ni, nxae ueni r
pyKy i TryMaq[Tb, flK zaitru rylkr, 6o ue HerzlJreKo. [xxyro fi pyruaro Aani,
po33r.IparcqH 6ytutlr<u npaBopyrr. Vuininr.rfi nuxaro-iuno:aursufi 6ylnuox
PaaHapror.ay: Berl,Iqe3Huil rrrapuyposl,tfi SoHT aH ie ronrcN,rHaAoro g nicnqroroAoBr{x
repoprcrlrqHo-flocTr,rluecbKr,rx poxin. A n 2-3 xilorraerpu na cxiA ta flninporr,r y
flapHuui cilucsri aiuxl.r 3 rrryJrbKaMz cyureuoi KyKypyA3r,r na xepaui niA cxanou Aaxy.
Haralyerucq, flK s ure nisropa poKy roMy B cryAeHTcbKoMy xopi ropnaHun
i
,,KaHTary BH3BoreHHf", ureaeBp flKofocb coBcrl,IxorBopur: ,,...Kt,tiB Jlrnosy
,,3lpacryil, v.uflvii, 6pare, MH Tenep ua EarrxisuuHi 3axr,rBeM
MoBr.rrb cJroBo:
6arato"...
IIIe xrocb vreui noxa3aB noanip'R, ae B crpoMHeHbr(oMy 6apaxy, Hi6n
rpnTyneHoMy lo MexoBoro ueurflHoro Mypy, i rofi VLIX. C.ryxaro, 3axorxy: cu.[crb
3a cKpoMHeHbKr,rMr.r croJrr,rxaMu rpu crapuri xiuxu.
,,Ao6pr.qeus! .8 : nonouy r Xaprosa s raHifi topvri sa Xolo.uxifi I-opi.
-srux
15-20 Tncr,q noJroHeHr.rx. 3 rolo.uy BMHpa€ sxr,rx 20-30 uroAeHb. po6irs
Iuocb, tr106 ToMy 3apaEHTt4. f cart ri Jlreosa fi r.aeni BAaJrocfl ,K nepeKrra.qaqeei
au6pexarucc-, rui6u a ue 6yn qepBoHoapMifiueu",
- siapeuyroByro aaBHo B ayMKax
yKnatreHy iHSopvrauiro.
Oaua a-nouix xiHox, Moxe, qe [ 6yra Jlrcnuzla Iauegxo, 6o eoHa
- flR fl,
Ha errlirpauii aosiaaBcfl,
npaurcBana n Knesi e VHX,
ripxo ncuixHyracx rr
noqana cBoro xypnr.rBy potnonits:
- ,,H? Xonoauifi fopi uononeni nia aaxoM. A uu ryr Hanpor[ Kuesa s
Tarra
.[apHnuurrx nicax Ma€Mo 300 rncsq ceper nicy n cuirax, 6es aaxy HaA rorroBoto,
i evtupae ix .uenuo no corni, i rvrn se MoxeMo niqoro r,lisru. Haur ronona, npoS.
Eararifi, xoaI,IB .uo HiueurKr.rx BJracrefi: zassnsB npo rorosHicrr :i6parr.r Ififr Hr4x
xapuis i npuvticturu ix y qKr,rxocb nopoxuix 6yAuuxax, ane nirvrui aa6oponnlu fiouy
nuiruynarficrB cflpaBr.r [oJroHeHr,rx. Mu uoxeMo Bcboro zafiuarucq sianyueHuMr{
3 [oJroHy, qxrax o6racri ue He geirsHeni, i rnfl Hrrx y Hac ryr ryproxr,rroK
yrpr.rMy€Tbcr, aa€Mo ltIrrHlax AapoM rennuit o6h. A oue Mofl,rIeHHa nafixa xli6a,
- i suitttfl.na 3 cyMoM I(poMKy ,,ueull4Hxl,t-xotr,ticggr4". -,,Bu nenHo ne ilu? fl
BaM AaM 6lroqox ua o6i,a, a or l-piura (carrae naaifturos rixuitcs xonuuruift noloHeuufi)
3aBe.ue Bac ao ryproxllTKy, TaM 3Moxere nepe[oqr,rrl.l." I silliJrr{fla nononuny cnoei
r(poMKr,r
-
fi uoaala ueni
:i cJroBaMr,r:
,,BoHo cnpanai npl{Kpo: B Bac Hrani Pisaso, a He Moxy sac
Hi.rirN,r
6inrure
IIOTOCTI{TI,I.
,,Hi, - Kaxy, - fl rpeKoxaroJrltK i y Jlrsoei yxpainui cBqrKyrorr Piraso
- ruxni,
qr i scs [paBocnaBna Vxpaiua."
Ilolptsuaacq rpoxu 3aqytroBaHo Ha MeHe. A ueue, npr{3Harocs, 3aKoJroJra
crorr.rrrHa irnopanuir npo fa-rrnurnny. I ro x ue fi.uerucfl flpo flKycb urylu, a npo
yxpaincrxufi icropnuHo-Kynbrypunfi eniuesrp,
c s csoifi ra-nuurxifi
- lIyMaB
rapo:yvrinocri. Moi x olHocinbqaHu rtaicuru roMy 22poxu
6onoro urnrxy
Jlunin
3a nBa
,,ua
6t
noqepB Kr,riB", a ryr ro6i na! MeHe 6epytr 3a ,,noJrflKa" .t.ti Jrarr,rHHr,rKa, nx pix
ToMy poaaofirraysarufi pocirHuu-n'xturopurasns flanin y Bene6ei.
To x rroAflKyBaB 3a Bce, cxoBaB 6nroqox 3a Krlrny ByruaHKr{ ft pyurnn i: Ipiruero
ao uboro ryproxr,rrxy. Haasopi srracx xonoAsuft nitep, Tox cnycKaro KJrflflr.r
ByrrraHKn fi ne eanpuuirun, uo rirep nouic is Hei fi vrifi 6rsoqox. V ryproxr.rrry
ue 6yna npocro rKacb KBaprr,rpa: rinrxox xiusar Ha [epruoMy nonepci, rrlo Hero
-nixnysaracfl
rKacb craprua xiHrca, uo il cKa3aJIa:
Br{ 3aBoruuueui, ro uycirraMe cnarl,r 6er vrarpaua Ha cirui e ouift
,,flKuro
nepurifi xonoanifi xirrtrari, 6o uru6ru s sixHax nopor6unani. ,4,6o nilere ao uicrxoi
6ani fi TaM Aacre Barrry 6inra:Hy fi o.uqr rnr npoxapKl{ Ta fi car.ai noMuerecfl."
flocniuraro : fpiurero 3HoBy Kylllrcb xuiscuxur,rr.r ByJrr.ruflMr,r ao uiei narui.
flpufiurnu, a BoHa rKpa3 3aKpr,rra, i ro sa asa.[Hi. Jluuraerscfl xoJroaHa rivnara
fi cirxa. [I[o x, xi6a nirn no o6ia? [ n spa: crBepAxyro, rqo 6moqox lary6un, a
firu ue pa3 B yt{X
- Moxyrb rro.rlyMartr, ruo 6peury. Ayxe 6araro B roBaJreHoMy
Knesi uia ursu.[xr,rMr,r ao porcrpinroBaHHfl uiNauqNrr.r ornfinarH ne 6yae qoro. A sifiHa
criHqnrucr, Bce ue crcau npr,rfiay. To fi aonnryrccfl n I-pirui, rK MoxHa Brpyrur.rrl{
aaai na:axia.
- ,,Oryr noc'riftuo iAyrb rpy3oBuKu Ha PisHe : Ciusoro 6a:apy. Bcrynuu,
Moxe flKpa3 ixarurrryru."
flpuftrunu na Cinnr,rfi, a raM qxicn uro$epr,r cKa3anr,I:
- ,,Eyrr,r, aJre Bxe 3
roar,IHy, qx siaixanu." IIIo x, iure o,uHH ,,nex"; 3arnuta€Tbc, noi:a.
i.ue inxonu,
- O, rofixafi
- Kaxe fpiura, - aJre ax ir flocr-Bonr.rHcbKoro."
6y,[e!"
,,Hy,
y
yxe coureK)
- ,,A, ro ciaafi rpaunafi i iar ax ao 3aroay ,,Ei[uutonr4r", araM
Epecr-JluroBcbKoro Aifiaeur." flnxyro, flporuarccr fi ciaaro Ha rpaMBafi: orprnn
py6neu, ruo aana 6yna crpiqHa nirnq K[rflHKa, nnaqy 3a KBr,rroK. 3ynunra 3asoa
,,BinuuronnK" i ne 6yna qr,r He xiHuesorc. To x ,,6epy xlenaqi sa nreqi" fi qsanaro
aari no BepecreilcbKoMy ruoce. I{e nxe :a r'aicrovr. Aecr rpaBopyq siaxon}rrr aopora B nicu, i JrrcAn narifixy rrrHyrb caHqaraMl,I fi canxaun HanunqHi aposa. He
Mep3HyrH x irra. Ha cranuii nirvreur ,,6auroSco0iuep" nocraBr,rB co6i na nepoui
rnHHKy: Ha nift ropr,rrb xinrra csi,rox. Boaail rupr ix ,,taitMar" rpie. 3yxnano 3axo[xy
il aonnryrocfl 3a noi:.qovr Ha Jlrsis. flora:yrc cnoi xapxiscuxi nanipui.
- ,,9oroniue, xr rpaflr{Tbcfl ro6i rsrapiexa to lg.ail6tnxqoi cranuii, 6yar
uracnnsufi. Or ne:a6apoM noi.ue Ao @acrosa."
.f, rovry it patwit, xafi i 3r,rMno. Ha vricrry rKorocb BaroHy orax :aixas [o
@acrosa fi yxe 3HoBy 3yxBaJro po3nr{Tyro noRxin, qlafi euenou c'roiru na cycianix
peftrax, xy.ur.r ilyru.
-
,,Hax fleln-l{exa!"
3uony Braayrc: ruo BoHo ra r.aicupricrr? Ax, Bina llepxna! Hy, rre He no aopori.
flpo'rynurcBaB.tlo paHr(y Ha xoJroIIHoMy nepoHi (ocoirnena flJrr.rHKa i ryr!). Meni 6
Ha KossrnH-Binuraurc rpe6a. 3Hoe AonuTylocfl n ,,6auro$co0iuipa", qr,r HeMataxoi
cnoKycr.r.
- ,,CroiTb oH, - Kaxe, - BaroH 3 JIboKoMorHBoK), arle rI,I, uonoriue,
se noiAeur: TaM sprcori ruapxi."
Cnpanai, s sixHi [oKa3aBcr Hannir, 6er uranxn, ttcuitct raBnrMaH
unrvt
qr,r norKoBHr,rK.
flpoxoaxyrocfl no nepoui, ui6u uene soecir.{ uefi noisa He uixasurr, niaxoaxy aosoai
aarreKo. Ane uyrc, ruo nboKoMorr.rBa ua6upae nap[, KoporKo cBr,rcHyB i] ryuor
62
i rraifi oaHosaroHHl,Ifi oco6osufi noisa:sirsHa noquHae Korr,rrr,rcr. Ax roai 6ixy uro
Ayxy Ao cxi.uuia, BcraKyro Ha Hr.rx
i exe iaevro! A noi:a M'{rrrb y Mopo3Hrrfi paHox,
airep AM€, pyKrr 3aKJrflKJrH TpuMarr.rcR
tanienoro flopyqqr. MuHae vro, He
3ynl,IHflK)t{}Icfl, sxe fi KogqrnH. Por:yxuanuBrur.rcr .uorenepiurnirvru ycnixaMn,
rrlipxyro, ulo ao6pe 6yno 6 HenovirHo crarr,r xor{ y xopr.raopi BaroHy: o6epexHo
Bxl,IJrtoto Aaepi. A-rre ae rarvr! I{e renna 6arsoHxa, 6er xopnaopy ft nepeainin; ycboro
rxnficr crin i AoBKona B oAHr.rx 6nro:xax niueuuxi oOiuepr.r. Hi, ue He anr MeHe.
To x o6epexHo npr.rMr.rKarc anepi Ha3aa. Ane sxe oar.rH r-norraix HHx BHAHo
ranpnuirnB TaKoro 3afiBoro flacaxupa caJrboHKr,r, si.uquHr,rs asepi fi :anepeutaB Ha
MCHE:
nxcrifi!"
- ,,3icxaxyfi
x
c ga6'rccfl Ha cueprr!"
,,To
- sianoni[aro, - ,,He Moxy Bxe."
,,TYr ryau xoueru?"
-Billnosi.uarcl ulo 6yn nepexJraAaqeM, ulo xotly JlbBoBa, i renep igy Ha
Ao
sianycrxy. I{e anano tpiurxn po3ru'rruuJro cepue Moro rusa6a:
cr.aift taxoplr4Tu ao cepeAnuu!"
- ,,Hy,Hi,arreHeHe6yAy!"
,,O,
-I siH sar\rxHyB trBepi, a a 6yn yxe
uacnuBuft, ruo MeHe He cKrrHyB :i cxoais
Ha
xovras.ul,r, ruo 3Byxyrorb rop pefior:
aisqara cNairorucc .rlo raKoro flacaxupa Ha cxoAax, flK r., ixnifi siueur-HarJrflaaq
6iry. Aecr xoro Biuuuui Mr.rHaeruo po6oui
norpoxy€ ueui xynaxor.a. IIIo6 fioro noceprr.rrr.r, noxa3yrc fiovry, nr :yxnalufi
xJro[qaK, ,,AoBroro Hoca": seaurnft [a.Jre[b upl.r Hoci, inuri po:uenipeHo,,rparorb,
flK Ha coninqi".
IIIe oanu ueperin i noiaa [oMany:sinrH]oe 6ir, n'ixaxaroqu Ha nepoH: 3aaneKa
qHTaK) sirraeurrnfi Harrt,tc ,,XrrepuHxa". IIIBr.r.uKo eicxaxyro si cxiauis, uo6 npuuinor"r
norHr{nilxiB '{u KorrHcris He 3anJrarr{Tr{ sa sarisHuqHHil xsnrox. Crraino 3axoaxy Eo
nopoxuiceHrxoi sertlKoi x.qamui, uro6 norpiTr4cfl. flpu nxoai MaarpcbKr.rfi roHsea
ax 3acMapxaBc, nia rtaopo:noro eirpy. 3aropoaxy€ ropory: ruocb raM ralrrranaKa€
,,IrlTorarlbo-Meriur". fl, Konr{cb y Jlusoai Tpoxu Brrr,rBcfl no-MaaqpcbK[, flK
:arryarisyBarlacr 6yna cupana 3axapuarrfl, are 6araro Hac MaaflpcbKr{il xoHcyn
He HaBqEB
[o3a KixbKoua 6analbHuMr{ $parar.au. Teuep is roHseaos[x cnis porynairo
rinsxn 3arr{T: ,,Heuer? Maurinasanr?" (Hiueur? floiraorra?). To x
3HoBy
3yxBano-BneBHeHo gianosi.uarc:
-,,HeMet!
MaruinaBarb!"
Ma6yrr, uifi ueroreno-giu'srufi srdrnxa ftoro se nepeKoHaB;
TffrHe MeHe 3a
pyxaB .uo crauuifisoro aexypHoro sir.aun, BKa3yrcqu roJroBoro: ,,EanroScoSiuip
noBToprorcqu xinrrarparuo. IIIo x, niaeuo fi
"yau.
,fI fiouy, no3lopoBlrBrrru, 3pa3y ni,ucynaro o6a csoi vrariqHi nauipui : Xaprona
fi carronesHo npo6yro ,,3aKlrrcrrr B uana": r oue 6yn neperraraqeM s Hirueurrifi
aplvrii fi renep iuy ao Jlrsosa ua ni.uuycrry. Tofi ix poarnraae i ruaae uexi roporxo:
- ,,Mifi roporeubrnfi, ryr uiqoro ne croiru, ulo rr{ Ma€m ixarn noiauopr. ,,a80
Mapur nax Jleu6epr" qe o3naqa€ niuru (uy Oyc lraSen)." He ni.u.uarocs:
y
- ,,Are x no,uusirbcr Ha Aary. 23.XII. r ure 6ys Xapxoni, To x ccHo, rrlo
cro.qn se r'rir nnni rinuru 3a'ixaTu."
- ,,TaK, TaK, s nugia, tK Tr.r ure crc.qfi npnixan. Tu rraycie 6u uarn nocniary
ni.u ,,PafixcSanaipexqiou-Ocr" (Arpexuii sanigHnur Hirvreurroro Pafixy-Cxia), uo6
Marr{ flpaBo ixaru noi3AoM."
63
tro6pe, aJre Ae x ra .[npexqix?"
- ,,Hy,K[esi".
- ,,B
- ,,9oroniue,
- Kaxy - Ta x ne 6yay Beprarl,Icr no nocsiAxy".
,,.f,K co6i rnaeur..." - i saronr,Iscq s csoix nanepax, eiacyHysulr uesi proi
nanipui Ha3a.u. A naaaqp qe[HTb 3a MHoro fi He AyMae firu co6i reru. Bpeurri [r,ITa€
uiuur,
-
BKa3yloqla Ha MeHe;
,,HeMar? Herraer!"
,,HiKc, seuer! Aomureqep!" (He Hivreus flepeKnaAaq),
sianosiaae
-
rari:Hnquux, naniru He niaeo.[qqu rofloBl,I.
I-efi, Rx He Bxorr[rrb MeHe Mallflp :a o6urusxy uruneri, flK He Br,rrpyrr,rrb aa anepi.
lIIe il xolu6oro fioqacryBas. HeN,ra Ha rre palla, ranarc co6i, i rare tpe6a crepniru
B Hboro pyruHr,rufl i snaaa. To x pyuaro si craHuii rerb y3AoBx pefiox. A rarra
-Ha:6rpalocfl
xinox, qonosixis:
noBr.rKr,rayBaHrx, noai6nux vreui nacaxupin
- Iaeuo pa3oM:
ManLflpv ro3raHflJrH s noN,rocris i 6yaox [pr,r roBapoBHx BaroHax.
xiuxu,
ruo Br,rpyuunH rrryKarfi qoaosirie-cuHis [oJroHeHLIx, Ir1o uiStt 6yau.uecr ryr, To Korlo
BisHnui, To KoJro I-lpocryposa, qonosiKr.r, uo Beprarorbcfl 3 rorroAnoro flon6acy
e csoi aasHi nonirucrri cropoun, uro6. [epeKopMI,ITVcfl,, i raxu xiuru
[on6acy, ro r flninponerpoBrrrnur.r, uro6 o6vinroearu csoi crarKr.I-Ma€TKu
-
To
3
Ha xapui
ax oryr sa xni6norury Poainni (ae ,,xri6 ua rinni, a xos6acaun n.nir topo.[rrb"
3a nepencoB€rcuxoro noroniprorc).
Klenyrr na pyvryniB, uro s I-HisaHi nepeA Xuepunxoto Marorb cBoro 3acraBy,
6o x yce floairIrIq aani Ha cxia ue pyMyHcbr(a 3oHa: sa cT anqii rplr KoHTponi xnyHrin
rpa6yrorr yce, rro irra cnoao6a€Tbcr. Biauecyru narpa6onaHe i rnoey npuxoAqrb,
-
uro6 niai6paru trle petury 3anHrrreHoro. I rax 6e: xinus. Cnpanxni
r
pa6i x nr.rrn-o trpltrxK
pr.
Por6aaaryrocfl Ha xoIly 3 flKr,rMocb iuxeuepou
r [on6acy, uo Bepra€Tbcfl
aoaoMy:
Bce
-
,,Are x
BH
-
ocsiqeHa nrc.unna!
raK Te 3 HayKow? fl<
V npocrnx ue 3po3yMire, are
sr co6i roro Eora Moxere ynauru? Xi6a
qK Bl.r roar,rre
ne
: 6i6nifinnx
rereH.[?"
Tnyrvra,ry fiorray cBo€ po3yMiHnx (npuua\acfl s 8-oi Krlrcu
Karexr.rra
,,AnororeruKa" Moro
o. Kocrenrnr,rxa!):
it Sisrxa Bac HaBqI{JIa,
e6yrosaHuit KocMoc
- ,,Bv x 3Harr,rMere: acrpoHouis
rK e6yaosaHlrfi opraniurufi csir. .f,xe soHo sce
i neorpaniuuufi cnir, a 6ionoris
npo.rlyMaHe, ynopffaKoBaHe 3aKoHaMr.r; qr{ x Morrro ue caMe sia ce6e nunuxnyrn?
qx
x Br{3Ha€Te rx iHxenep uiny crcreMy [pupolluux, $ieurzurbHr.rx, MareMarHqHI{x
raxonis: BoHr{ x Moxyrb noxoauTlr rinrxu si.[ cxorocb aocKoHaloro Po:ytvty, r.xttit
ix yxnan. I sx xoqere, ro uefi nafisuuufi Polyvt, ruo aa€Tbcq nol\,Iiruru n ycix nporBax
Br.r
HeopraHi,ruoro cniry, i e Eor, qr fioro po:yrriro".
flpu r aayr.aye rb c fl ui fi aos6 aceub- noAo JtflHl"rr;.
,,Hy, Ha raKe poayuiuur rvrir 6r fl noroallTucs. Aae
-
BJraaa, qr,r BoHr{
ryr
norpi6Hi?
tlu
ryr
or
uepxBa, nonu, ix
He Br,rcraHe
c[paBe.unusoi aepxanu?"
,,fKvrur4 qltlKt4vtt4 TBapHHaMI,r crarorb Jrlo.un, HapoAn 6er nHyrpiururoerr.rqHr.rx raxonis cycninrHocreBoro cuisxurrc, r,u6auunr,r Ha npnKJraAi cosercrxux
-
naprifiuin i eHxaseaucrin y ,,cnpaBearrrBoMy" coB€Tcbl(ouy cycninrcrni, a reflep
6aqure Ha rpr-rxnaai nirvruis. l-leprna fi Ti npeacraBHI,tKLI
ruo He
- AyxoBeHcrBo,
roroxni 3 aepxaBHolo Bnaaoro fi ii npaBHr,rMr,r KoAeKcaMr{,
nonuuui 6yru rnu
&
aBTOpI,ITeroM, lqo Ha cBifi naA
MOpaJrLHr{M ,,MarHiTHrnM aHTrr[OJrroCOM"
nHnbHyBarrv 6, flK cBoepilHa coBicrb, npuraAyBaHHfM erHrrHrrx 3acaa, Br,rpaxeHl,rx
y peririfiHoMy ,,Ko1eKci", ce6To s Bi6nii, y npllcrynHo-3po3yMilifi Sopvri, i rur.a
-
6 TBapr,rHHufi efoiglvl y nroAutti."
Ha raxnx 6anaqxax nenouitno Mr,rHa€ qac. 3anoqyBarll npufiuuocr B qKoMycb
celi, sifiuroBrrlu 3 Topy floflpaxraBrurrcr s .qoH6acuel{.
Crapocnircrra 6iaua cenrHcbxa xara 3 BenereHcbxoro niqqro fi npuranxavru
y cnirnuui. I'ocrunno npufluuu, HaKopMull.I. Pognosiaarc npo ce6e, npo Xapxip,
Kuis. JIrcau ryr yxe HaBqr,rJrr,rcfl MoBrrarr{. Xouyru ueni nocreJl}IT}I Ha raei:
si.uvrosnqlocr, flpomy npo oKlreflaHeub corroMr,r na revni, 6o ue xoris 6ra irra 3anvtruvtru
(,,9uvr xara 6arara"!).
rK 3auJrary
- Bollreft. Ha nopory aarcTb naJrrHulrrc)
Ao6rparocfl.rlo Cep6unuin, i ryr yaanocfl sa crauuii BTI,IcHyrI,Icn n 6yaxy roeapHoi
nlrr$oprvrra fi ,qororvrvtcfl, ao Aepaxui, ae Matrrpcbxllfi roHse,[ ycix nonnraHrB.
Br,rKopiHroBanl{
3pa:y fiay rvrix lanianuqnuxin: rpierrcq ix xinrrox y 'rioriil 6yaoqui. Po:ragyro
KoporKo npo cBolo.uorenepiurHlo Ilopory, rruTaro 3a,unnbllruuu noi:.uaMll Ha llrsis.
or 3apa3 iae uinzfi cocraB, 5 nois.uis, 3 KopoBaMI,I .tlo
flinonraro inSoprrayrorb:
Hinaeqquuu. Ha.u Hrau Hirraeuu-sificsxoerfi, a .[o KoxHoro noiray orHH HaIIr
cyuponiaHnx. [IInrorb 3apa3 o,[Horo :anisHr,rqHr,rra ro safi6nnxqoro cyupoei.uuzxa
ropis. flpr,rxo.uurb arllbKo; fiovry sxe rvroi [oAorIrHH flpocro BrIaaHo rnyMaqarb:
,,Or qonoeir 3 noJIoHy, xoqe ro Jlrnona, sisrrleur ftoro s co6olo."
-O:rapHyr
rraeue uift oniryn i rex KoporKo, 6e: poanuryBaHb rnyMaql,ITb:
3anurrry B ocraHHboMy BaroHi grerxa Heroqr.IHeHi asepi. Jlier y xyr vix
,,fl
xopin. 3 Hirr,ruevr uu npoilaeM y3aoBx cocraBy, fl 3aKJraay perfl3b. flepea siai:aolvl
fl rrlepa3 BepHycr i perarr niairraxuy. Toni exe raM,.ue ro6i rpe6a6yte, eiacyHeur
anepi. Ane, Rr6u re6e uiueuu rnafiruoe, ue cuiil Ka3arr,I, uro q re6e ry.III4 Brrycrrlg" .
- ,rAfle x, fcHo!"
flnxyro csoil,r:ani:suquvKaM, npouarccfl. He:a6apou, 3ani3urlt xpirr urinuuy,
f onr,rHr,rBcfl B KyTKy BaroHy 3 KopoBaMu: ix nosHiceHrrufi BaroH, Moxe 15-20.
Aonraln soHH rureHi rro Horax, To flpr,rrrrcKanr.r no aoruoK, ate lolafi rpinra. Mifi
cynponiaHax ropin uepa3 3a3HpHyB y BaroH, HaKpr.rqaB ni6pr na xopia, a rraeHi TI,Ixo
cKa3aB, trlo perfl3b 3aKnaAeHr.rfi TaK, ruo Moxy flpocyHyrl,I pyry xpitr uinuny 3 BaroHy
il iloro niaxnHyrH. Bpeurri noisg pymr,rB. Bugeonrsupr cronl,I qo6it t-niu ropoB'fl.Il4x
paruub, npnnrrarc lo urinuuu ruix ,uourxaMr,r BaroHosoi criHxIa. flo aoposi BuAHo
cna6o ocsirneHi 6yauuxpr crauuifi, Hafluckr crpi:r niueurxi: ix Sopvra na cxia eia
36py.{a pocificrxa, na gaxiA noJrbcbKa. flpoixann flpocxypiu, AoBIrre npocroflntr B
lliaeoroqucbKax, xi6a rinrxa ro.II[IH. A roai BLIqI,ITyro,,BerbK€ Bopxi",
,,TapHonorb".
Crano cipirra. Csorc cep6uuincbKy flanflHr,ruro fl AaBHo 3'in, o63uBaerbcr
x iay r xopoBaMll, ix tuoxsa 6 npo6yuarn aoiru. .f x
Ha celi 3 KopoBaMr4 BupocraB, flac ix, 6auun, rK MaMa ix aoira. Tnrny xaraHox is
HanfleqHrrKa, Aouryflyrocfl,rlo aifiox uafi6rrxqoi xopoeu. Trrny ro 3a oany aifiry
Hesxe ue flnoBa
To 3a Apyry Ha.q ni.ucraBneHrnM Ka3aHKoM
- ni xpanrvnu uoloxa!
KopoBa, rrlo 3anycrunacs? I q co6i nprrraAaB, [Io MaMa He JI]IUI rflrHyna xMeHrMI,I
ronoAsnfi tunyHoK. Ta q
ilii,tr<w, ate i,tix c'rlrcraaa. Ilpo6ysas i q rax: i Bpa3 crpyMxu 6inoro MoJIoKa noreKJrH
B 6pyanafr, 3analreHr4fi ragauox, .rlo flKoro Haflaaano ure fi sonocl,tHoK xopon'xuoi
uepcrr.r. Csoirur ,,niAxpr.rrrflv-" r Bpa.uyBaBcr HeMeHIrIe, Hix Apxivea ei.urcpurrnr.a
pirHoi Barr{ KaMeHq s sori i nonepx BoaLI.
65
To x 3HoBy flpHnl,Inarc to uinuHu, po3urflaaro racsixeHufi rpaennr: 3onouia,
Kpacne. Capua 6'erucs xrsiue: Koro s 3acraHy s xusrrx? .flyuanocr rpo aopor-Hx
cepqrc lrcAefi, 3iurulueHr,rx y Epr.rriaxax.
Aae nouany HaAxoaHTb qac noraAarr,r, flK 3 BaroHy nuni:arn, uro6 sia Hir.auq
6olafi IoJII,I.IHnKaMI,I 3a isly He nJIarHTr.r. Ha l-orosnina xe Asipui xopoa'runft noira
aeABe qld craBaruue, 60 oue cnosiJIbHLIB 6ir i ranuMn cKpr.rnJrrrb Ha 3necinni.
I-lpucyearocfl Ao.usepeil, llo perff3r, eirrfiAarc fioro xpi:r urnnHy. Ane ryr HaMep3no
ua niAnori-anepxx xopon'x.toi ceui, u\o s Hipar He s cltni 3pyrxuTn anepefi. Mift
cynponi.uuHK Moxe I ue npufirr.r. Bpas 6auy, [Io ryr KpyrflTbcfl asa rueiscsrci AHrxu,
po33r.rpalo.tyrcfl,, ae 6 uto MoxHa BKpacrH. 3eiacn i nusiscrxufi aprorw3M: rxyxarr.r
xolinpa ,,BAEIBSTI{ gypuoro", ce6to
BaroHaMI{ ua crauuii rnoAiq-N,IafiAaurxa,
lariauaqnr.rKa". To
x
rKrrro nprnoBflqrb HenoKJrHKaHoto uix
ro siH B.rlae, MoBJrflB, ,,rrJyKa€ :saftouoro
Kn[qy xpiru utinr.ruy:
niacynyrn luepi, st.rrisrfi I narony!"
- ,,.[onouoxirr
TaM xrocb e ! 9oro rr,r xoqeur?"
,,ToHbKy,
-
flonroproro ulepa3, AoAaBrrr[:
,,Beprarocfl 3 uiueurroro [oJroHy, a He Moxy niqcynyru [nepefi!,,
-flpo6yroru
i soHn - cnepuy oJIr{H. Tex ne fi.ue. I-efi, flK 3arpeMocs
norl{cHeMo atpifixy
rK He 3araparxKorryrb, si.uxorusurucq
ft
,,I'efi-pyn!" .[nepi
no ur,rHi
Hascrix. O6a AHrxI,I B Horn, 3HI,IKJII{ qx slluri. llleu.[xo :icxaxyrc Ta noqepe3 pefixa,
ogHi, Apyri. fli<ufrcs rrrKapn, fl ax y poni n cniry onnHr.rBcr. IIto rarra aani po6nnra
KopoBlI, cyuponiSru{x, He 3Harc. flo aopori B Ky[ax HaropHeHoro cHiry rpyHToBHo
BIIT[parc qo6oru 3 ropon'xqor. He MoxHa x no eJreraHTHouy Jlrnosi xoaurlr
,rxJlonoM-coJroMKoro", rqo fiouy a aipxnnx qo6ir coJroMHr,rKH : eixrs Br.rcralorb.
fleprui rpaunai 3 HanrrcaMu ,,feprraHe[rrpace", ,,ocrroreHurrpace". A xafi
re6e nuxo gisrlvre: yxe ucniru llypaubKi oxynauifiui ronoHoMacrn Hasirr nylnui
nonepe3r{Barn! A Ae x ra ,,Vxpaiua" nyfira Aaons0a, ulo npo nei rvrpiana 1939
pory Harua Cnasxa B HauroMy CervriHapi B cr{BoMy nepciaucrxor.ay $yrpi?
flocniurarc Ha cBoro aaBnro r(Baprupy Ha Jft,rqaxiscrxifi (ax, ue rerep
,,OcrforeHurrpace"!), rxy 3arruruuB 6yu rorray uafixe AoKnaJIHo 14laicrUis, iAyqu
s r{A. Ti car"ri sHafioN,Ii cxoAl{ na2-rufi noBepx. AesoHro. BiaquHqe ra x caua naui
Ay6e.nuosa, tilrru noxyaina i :rop6neniura. Ta x By3bKa no3.uoBxHa xivrsaraMetuKaHHfl 3 olIHIrM
Kyr 6egronos[fi
aixHou, ulo noqnHa€Tbcr uirpoxyxHero, rofi xe 3acyHeuuit y
Ha ,KoMy npurripronailucfl 6lro3xr.r, ruuri Llfl
losxonl{ulHix naHb lanyurxoerx, Cra.uHllxosnx, fleu6crxux: HaC TpbOX
MaHeKeH,
,,cranqifiunKiB" roAi stacuraHo
Ha
xopomuft npoxi.u,
flK uq
cyciacrxa ,,eJreraHrrifl"
npHxollula ,,Ao l,ripr{". .Ik xe npniaAua nacep6 uiei saosu no MaricrpaubKoMy
Bo3HoMy ,,3aBoAoBI{il" KanpaD 3r.u3ex, uo slvris Myrr{Karr{ nru orHy uiceurxy ,,Efi
rypafl€ He 6ifira c€, Ma rypilJrbKa .uBa BapKorre, flo,u3€Jrbra ce" fi nap0yrvryBaBcfl
flKolocb rocrpo-He[prr€Mgoro 3arlil(y ,,KoJrboHcbKolo Bolloro", To AJIn Hboro na croai
yKnaJteHo lqe 5-e ,,[ixKo", rx rataQanrox. Birarccc, uinyroqfi flpl,lflHcoeo naHi
.[y6enronifi pyry, KoporKo pornoaiaaro, re ,,[pola{aB" ninropa poKy, Ta
lo
3pa3y
uafinexyuiuoro breni sanury, qlr floBr{xojlrrrll s'q3Hi 3 TropeM, ,K
uprfiunn nirvrqi, na 3auapcrmriscrKifi ,ru a Bpufiarax ua Ka:uprr.rpincrxifi culina
aia rpyanr l940-ro Lroc tisquHa, sK ueni nucanu6ynn KoJrerH r yninepcurery.
,,Ax, naHe Oneclo, Te 6es6oxne 6omruesixi norropaonani $urucrrix! A uo
nepexorxy
rlaqy- 6nno!"
66
BoHo, flK yrap rpoMy. 3Hauutu, Mani Bxe HeMa B xI{BI{x.
Brouae MeHe Mor roclo.ur{H, npurpiroro na npirvryci tapinroro prgerbroi IourKIt
3 Jrora3oro. flporuy JIHrrr BoAH pyrr{ noMr,rru, su6auatocr, ulo si ruuneni He cKI{.uaIo,
6o reuuie, a ueui ue 30 r(M IIo poArrHHoro ceJla.
3a BusuuraMrr tro aopoai ni.usegru ao laig caHbMI.r prono.ui rocnoAapi, ulo
Bepruuucq ao Jlrsosa. Carrri 3aqerHflrd: po3Ka3yro ri x Heseceri nosmrr ni,u Xaprona
no flepaxuro. 3aayrvraHo MoBqarb.
3acsixesoro norrboBoro Aopororo Ao6[sarocff aali ao ceJra. flpu sxoAi, sr
3aBxar.r, naprinnux. Birarccs: ue r'rifi ,,aMaHT"-TeHop il ,,3anopoxllq 3a.[yHa€M",
tt1o fiOrO MLI cinuynucn IOcTaBI,ITI,I B qlltanuri TOMy 4 poru{, xafr i 6es
,,opxecrpoBoro" cy[poBoay.
paaicrr y re6e s xari!"
- ,,OX, ro 6yae
Ara, 3uauI,ITb, uro uoix xatnux sernri BI'IBo3I'I fi apeurtr ne latlinufiu.
flec ue sni:Has: po3raBxaBcs. A xaru roi ttoui npnnaAKoM He 3aMKHynI,I.
,,Ao6puft-neuep! Tyr yxe sci cnnqru?"
-flo:punalucq
sci 3 rocreJrb. 3 6parou o6ifirrru, raroni fi rraarrai noqinynox
Mo3oJrucrr.rx panaBr.rx ceJrflHcbKlrx pyx, sK 3a KoxHI,IM npnie.uou rolloMy 3
,,rlaHcLKoro" JIEBoBa: TaK Tyr Kaxe npaaasHifi gsuqaft. Xro roro ne po6ra$,
.[nx ueue
Kaxyrb:,,Cnauin, crllaa€Tbcfl xJloncbKoro po.uy".
florz rpirorr ruocb ,,nepexycr.rrr,r", Koporxo po3noniaaro, esi.uxn fi qr. I npomy
rennoi eoafi o6rurtrrvtcfl, uilorray Btreprrre nia ninpory i nuuecarr ,,MapxI,IHKy" 3
I-OJIOBI,I.
O, rxpa: y xovropi 3aJrr,r[rr,rBcfl eia:oneHHr-npaHHq 3orla-Jlyr, uafixpauufi saci6.
Aoeinyrocq npo xaxnuBe crycrorrreHHr B ceni cepea vroix ponecHrxis: norBepAxeHHfl
npo BLIM9payBaHLIx 6onruresq1aMl,I He JIIIu y Jlrsosi n Epuri.qxax Ha
3avrapcrlruincrxifi, Ha flxosuqa it sa Jlonurxoro, aJre ft y nosirosift Bi6pui, 6o fi
: ycix Ha3BaHr.rx ocepe.uxin ,,no6yaonu neuiHi:vy-craniHirrray" uyaotut ypqryBiuocff
3 xr,rrrflM ro oAHoMy poManisueei-csiAxoei. I poanoni.ui, po:noniai 6er xiuus
no paHKy. Tax noqusaBcfl KaJreHAapHI,Ifi Hosufi Pir, 1942-wit.
Ovrersu Kynrqraurxrafi
frPr,IroAA HA foPI 3ynbll
B xinueeolvry eraui 2-oi ceirosoi sifiHr.,r Vxpaiscrxa ar.rsisiq oruHnJracfl n Ancrpii
e oxonrui rr,ticteqxa (Denr.u6axy. 3aeaanHq ii He 6yno nerxe. Ha cBoeMy si.urnuxy
$ponry BoHa MaJra 3ynrrHrrrr.r Hacryn tlepuonoi apvrii, rr(a npopBara o6oponni ninii
a Vropuu.rHi fi ursuaKo rocyBanacfl Ha repuropiro Aucrpii.
I-uit rypins 29-ro noJrKy, st<wit Ha Cnosaqqnni TBopr{B 6oftoey rpyny
,,Biruauep", orpHMaB HaKa3 por6yaysaru o6opoHHi craHosr,rua Ha ropi 3yruq, axa
aouiHynara Ha Bcrc oKonr.rqro fnsftxen6epry. Carr,ra ropa HeBenuxaitBlrurflA:Irra rK
.,/
ocrpiu, oroqeuuft flpocrop[Mrr
TrrHyJrr.rcb
rax
JryKaMH,
AaJreKo, flK oxo 6aq[no.
qxi
noqr,rHailvcb
y nianixxi ropu fi
Mra por6yAyBanr{ csoi craHoBlrua, BKrro'{Ho 3 BoBqr,rMH flMaMpI, sxi uanu
oxopoHrrr.{ eoqxis eit ocxonxin rpaHar iaprraaepii. 10, l0 i ll-ra corsi zaitr.snw
67
craHoBllula Ha xpe6Ti ropu, a BDKKa l2-ra
- HaIi cxrni. Haaiso crof,B 30-r[ rroJtr,
a Ha[paBo [porr,rraHKoBa corHr, KoMaHAr{poM xroi 6yr corrrr{K tly.rrennv.
Hacrynuux rilrxa anis 6yno cnorifino, ulo Mlr BrrKopr{crarru Aila pog6ylosu
Haurux oronis. Oauax qefi cnoxifi TpI{BaB He.uoBro, 6o o,unoro paHxy po3[oqaflocb
6ola6apaygannq 30-ro nonKy scierc BDKKoro r6poero Bopora
- ni.uroroBKa Ao
Hacryny. 3srqaftHo rarufi o6crpin e Ha re, rqo6 3AeMopanitynarr{ [pornBsura fi
3naMarl,t fioro ncnxi.nro, roAi n nacryni iloro Jrerrue floKoHar[r. I{r ranona.ua
TpI,IBarIa ao nony.rlHq i HerafiHo uicas roro noqaBcfl Hacryn gepnonoi Aprvrii, rra
rpopBaJla Spouroay niniro 30-ro [onry. B rux 6oax garuuyr rrrix inururrrn corHrIK
30-ro uonKy 3anecmufi, Korr. o$iuep (Iepaonoi apuii.
Bnoqi qepBoHoapr'rifiui nocyHyrlucb B[epeA i uu nobaqurrn, rqo HaM 3arpoxye
oroqeHHfl ua ropi 3ynru. Mla nigcryflarr,r He MoxeMo, 6o praeuo HaKa3 6oponuru
ropy ao ocraHHboro BoflKa, xoq, Ha Moro AyMKy, ,,crpareri\He nofioxenHfl" ropra
Bxe
He MaJIO
xcOAHOTO 3HaqeHHfl, KOIIU BOpOr
Tuv qacou
ntuli,
-
ane HaKa3 e HaKa3OM.
Bxe He Ma€Mo 3u'r3ry s ura6ol\,I KypeHfl, flporlrraHxoBa corHc
eilcrynua ft Haure npaBe Kpr.{no siArpr.rre, l2-ra corHfl, rxa Milrra KoMaHAr,rpa
llluennepa fi ecix niacrapuruu nivruin, He nosiAoNrnflroqu uac, Bno.ri za6putact Hauri
rpu corni fi uncrnncbKa qora, flKolo fl KoMaHryBaB, 3,urn[ruflr{cb na ropi cavri, 6es
3n'x3xy 3 KoMaHAoro, 6el xapuin i ranacy avrysiuii.
IIle roro caMoro aHq MH nonaJrn ni.u cunrnnfi o6crpin nopoxoi saxroi s6poi.
floqusaroqil flooAr{Hoxrlu ec'rpinroBaHHflM, o6crpin flocr,rnrc€Trcx y rpisuy KaHoHary
6eeniq crpinen 6esnepepnHo po3puBarorbcfl, ocKonKrr ir csucroN, leraru y nci
-6oru,
o6pi:yrouu rany33r.4epeB, [Io flaAarorb Ha nauri g1311oBr,rqa; rpaHarr,r KarK)tu
HeMoB KorflTbcq no 3euli, cepifino nn6yrarour4, Hr,ruarb yce AoBKona. flepeao MHolo
MI4
3
Berr,rr{e3He ,[epeBo
trryMoM
rrpoTr.rTaHKoBa rapMaTa.
traAe Ha
3eMrrrc
fiOrO tpirana nocrpilovr
AIau, crr,ropia cnaJreHoro flopoxy, ropiroua cyxa rpaBa it rnctt, nonitpn noBHe
npuruo6nroroqe
- flona.uarc n anariro, rrro Ha3nBa€Tbcfl y
eiftcsxosoMy xaproHi ,,ncuxiune 3anaMaHHq". MeHi 3Aa€Tbcfl, uto rtixro lsiAcr,r He
.ur,rMy BrrJrr.rBa€ Ha MeHe
suftle
xr,rBr.rM.
flo
xinrxox roallHax
KaHoHaAa 3arr,rxae,
rrooarrHoxi rrainlr NaiHoNaeris. 3qacou
i
rilrxu ryr i
TaM po3pr,rBaK)Tbcs
ue sruxae. CnoaiBa€Moc, Hacryny,
ane
nporLIBHLIx gailusrufi y 6orx eaori. flosoni Br{Jra3flTb : oxonis xHsi sosxn
o6cr.rnaui 3eMJreto, npocaxai cMepAroquM ArnMoM. Mix crapmr,rHalvrta s6urufi
rapvraruufi cnocrepiraq xop. Koro.quucbKufi, nopauenufi xop. Kyrunip. Heuopaneni
nop. B. Kosax. xopynxi O. .flpul,ronuu, B. Moruxa i q. Y uift xpurr,runifi cr.lryauii
KoMaH,try nepe6npae nop. Koaax i rupiruye r uiei ropu ni.ucry[]rrr,r. .II is csoelo rrororo
siaxoaxy nepurufi. Opienryrcqr{cfl rro KyrreMerHrrx cepiRx,
Ae BeAyrbcn
6oi,
ne.uy
xypinr cepeAr,rHoro ropu. Buxoturrao : nicy. flepeua piaurarcru, 3are ryr
rycri xyuli ,ulr nprxpnTTfl niacryny. Ha niaxpurux vricusx noB3eMo. tleper peftxu
IITBLIAKI{MI,I crpr6xaun nepe6iraeMo MaJrr.rMr,r rpynaMn. Hapa: sanonorira rraisa fi
posipealacr Ha pefixax. Bopor sac no6aqus i noqas o6crpinronaru, uro6 3aropo.uuTr{
HaM Aopory niqctyny. Oanar MII Bxe He qeKaJrr{ Ha qepry MaJrr.tMr.r lpyflaMr{
nepexoll,ITn pefixu, a uci pasoNa ix ursr.rAxo nepe6irnu il onusultncr n 6e:ne,rHouy
aia npruoro BorHro vicui. gepe: AaneKoBr{A no6aumu, ulo Bopor Bxe Ha ropi. Tenep
Bopor noqaB nac o6crpinrosarl,I s uiHorraerin. .[nox sosris y6uro, rperifi floMep
eia uopaueHHr, a rinrxox nopaHeHo.
HenoeHr.rff
68
Tenep qy€Mo 6nrssxi xyneuerui, xpiconi nocrpiar il rpaHarui nr6yxu. Mn
uenrpi 6ois. He 3HaeMo, re nauri, a Ae Bopor. TpeSa Has'r3arn KoHTaKT
ir csoiN,rr.r. ilnyry crexi, oaHaK 6erycniruHo DoBeprarorbcr. Oar,rr pifi ai6pancfl, rqo6
eiaifirr Ha HacrynHy narpynro, ffK rraisa necnolisaHo posipeanacs no6lugy
6ynu
- Xop.
s6ari fi nopaHeui. Ha tKoMycb aepesi Mycr,rrb cuAiru eopoxr.rft o6cepnarop.
Morura silxo.[uru Ha crexKy fi xaa'raye KoHTaKT Ha [paBoMy rpr.rni 3 Hauroro l3-oro
orrr.rHr,rJrncfl n
coTHeto.
.f rex finy ruacrexKy r niacrapurr{HaMr.r Oneceu fapaeurxnrvr i M. flpufivaxou.
36nr.rxaeuocr .[o flKorocb MaJroro cefia. Ilonerrl BeAe Aopora, rro o6ox 6orax Rroi
poBlr, rapocni TpaBolo. Bixnvro poBoM KoporKuMr.r crpu6raun. B norosr,rHi Aoporil
.IIo ceJla r roqyB cBI,Icr xyni 6inn Naoei rorosra. BiapyxoBo nally y piB. Cnafinep crpinxe
y rraicue, ae r ynaB, ,uoeuufi uac, ua6yrb, He nesHuft qr{ MeHe noqinnn, arle MeHe
oxopoHr€ sia fioro ryru 6eper poBa. Iuc'runxT cauot6epexeHHr rucHe MeHe Ao
reuni. IIlo6 nepexvrpvrt4 cnafinepa, r AoBro JrexaB, He pyxarcq[cb. Bperuri r
piLuuecr no6irrra ro ceJra. Ilpnrorourflroqr{cb ao crpr6xa, s niAcynyB [paBy Hory
Bnepea... i :uony cBr,rcr xynr 6inr rrloei rolosla. Tax , nponexaB y roMy poni ao
cauoi noqi. Pirui AyMKIa npoxoArrlu xpirr uoro rorroBy, a Hafi6inuue ArrByBzuo MeHe,
flK To cuafinep ne s6l,ts MeHe, Korrn r 6ir, a renep rpr,rMa€ MeHe ryr nia csoirvr
o6crpilor.a, He,rlaroqr.r Moxnr,rBocru niluecrr.{ roJroBr,r.
Bperuri q lo6uscs ao KoMaHrHoro nyHKTy rypinr. Haru xorrlaHArrp nyxe
etiruuncR, IrIo HaM BAanocfl Br,rpBarucr 3 ropu 3ylru, Kaxyq[: ,,f. 3HaB, ItIo Moi
cTapur,rHr.r ne aypHi.
"
oE'eAHAHt B KOOnEPA|lti
HA 3YCTPII{ MAI4EYTHbOMY!
vKpAiHCbKA OEAEPAJTbHA KOOTTEPATT{BA KACA
cAMOnOMt.t
e t{ixa/o
e Bci 6axxoei ycnyrn cBoIM qneHaM Ha Haf Kpau{Hx yMoBllHax.
Illa,qirr i noan.raftTe
y Bauriri Vrcpaincrrcifi KooueparrrBrriri Kaci
Cannonouirt
i cxpinnpire
yKpaiHcbKy rocnoAapcbKy cuny.
Bci oqaAHocra e Kaci Camonomiv mapru
AepxaBHe 3a6e3neqeHHR Ao BltcorH 100,000 Aon.
SELFRELIANCE UKRAINIAN FEDERAL CREDIT UNION
2351 W. Chicago Ave.,
CHICAGO,lll. 60622
eg
Ha cnyrcdi uapody
Ay
rrr
rrACTr4P- KAfrE JrflH o. MI,IXAI,IJIO JIEBEHEUb
O. [Iarra6errflH Muxafino IleseHeur
BCe CBO€ Xr,rTTfl [ptrcBrTr,IB
cnyxiuHro Boroni, ceoifi I{epxni ra
yrpaiHcrxorray Hapoaosi.
V
rpr,rA-
uflTHx poKax, 6yayqu cryaeHToM
$inoco$ii y Jlrsosi, 3d cBoro
narpioruuHy aicnuHicru xinuxa
pa:ie 6ya aperurosaHrafi oxynauifiHoro noJrbcbKoro BJraaoro ra 6ye
cyaxeuufi y Ay6Hi :a HauioHanbHy
aisnunicrr Ha Bonrlni. Hera6aporra
nicrq :sirrHeHHfl 3 rronbcrxoi rrcpMrl [oKJrr,rKarorb fioro ao noJrbcbKoro sificrra, D.e eiH r ycnixona xiuqae
cTapr.xr.rHcbKy rreTyHcbKy r.uKony
I-[ornaHi.
florqru
B
BrrMararoru eia
Morroaoro rai6noro craprruuu
:ui-
- 3 rpeKo-KaToI[IUbxoi Ha pr,rMo-KarorrlrrrbKy, uro QaxHr,r MeTpuKr,r
Tr,rqHo o3Haqalo
o.
Mr.rxaflao Jleaeueub
cbtcoMy
-
B cryAeHT-
siui n Bpolax.
:uiny
Hauiosanr-
Hocrr,r. KareropraqHa siaNaoBa rpucniurula :sinuHeHnq M. JleeeHuq r
noJrbcbKoro sificrxa.
llicnq :sinuHeHna : apuii Jleseneur
3HoBy BKJrroqa€Tbcq B cycuinrno-
rpoMaAcbKy npauro, opraHisye Kypcu KyrrbrypHo-ocsirHix aisqis
<l-lpoceirn)), orroJrro€ cryAeHcbr(y rpyny s AxaaeN{iunouy aorrai y Jlsaoai,
eHi:triru
y
:
aonosiarMr.r B TepeH.
1933 poui Mr,rxafinosi JleseHuesi e.uae
trcfl rocryruTr.r excrepHoM ao
Eorocnaecrxoi Araaerraii y Jlraoni, rxy niH ycniurHo saxiHuye , a l2 uepnna
1938 npultuae 3 pyl( Mntponolfi4Ta AHapis lllenruurKoro cBrrreHH, y
ayxonHnfi craH. Monoaufi cBflureHHr.rx ao6poninrHo nr,r6rpae tns csoei
Aylnnacrrpcuxoi npaui crouyni:oBaHe nepeauicrr
Crapo6piacsxi,
- I-aiayuruacrrapcuriil
nosir Bpoar,r. V cxopor'ay uaci, 3aBAflKr,r Hanorteurrnniil
npaui o. M. JIeeeHIrs Ha uboMy repeni
lytruAyxe rapHi ycnixn. KonuruHi
rorraynicru crailfi 3pa3KoBHMLI xprrcruflHav.u
fi csiaoNararran yxpaiHuflMp, a
npo KoMysi:u :ra.qyBilrru, flK npo BeJrr4Ke Heulacrfl ana yxpaincbKoro HapoAy.
3ro.uona o. M. JleseHeur [epexoarrrb .ao JLo6eHs Ha corpyaHriKa o. A-pa
IrHariq l{erenucuKoro. flpraxia 6inrurosuxis Ha:axiaHuo-yxpaiucuxi tenani
70
B 1939 poqi 3acraB o. M. JIeeeHrI, y JLo6eni Benuxovry, 3 rKoro uycin
yrixatu, 6o 6inruroBr{Kr{ siA car.aoro noqarry uoqann fioro nepecniayBarr,r
flK cBrrqeHHr{Ka-narpiora.
tleper rpaHlrrlrc o. M. JleseHeur nepefiuros ni,r niueqrxy oxynaqiro ft
faulaxa y Ba-rruropoai ra
uKony ax Ao rroKJrr{KaHns ftoro Ao
Jlrsosa nicnq noqarKy niueurxo- 6inruroeuurroi eiftHr,I Ha oAHoro 3
HacroflTenis Manoi flyxonHoi Cevrinapii.
y 1943 poui o. M. JIeBeHeub roJrocr4Tbcfl, Hecrr,r AyxoBHy ouiry naA
BoflKaMrl flepruoi Vxpaincrxoi Ansirii <<Ianu.IHHa>. flpoxo.uutr
crapurr{Hcrxufi nuurxin, orp[Mye cryninr refireHanra fi ige na $poHr. Y
BaxKoMy craHoBr,ruli nin BpoaavrH o. M. JleseHelrr He rinrxu Hece
Ayuracrr,rpcbKy onixy, aJre flK ao6pr,rfi i siaeaxHufi crapuruua e6epirae
xoJrogHoKponnictr, BvtflBilfle soqurxufi xrlcr, 6arato yxpainuis patye nia
cMeprr,r qu 6inrnroBr{ubKoro [onoHy. 3a ceoi 3acnyrr orpl,IMye ue rilrxu
rrprr3HaHHq fi noAqxy nia csoix 6parie-yxpainqis, aJIe raKox eucori soeHHi
HaropoAlr. Tpe6a uiaxpecnnrr{, ulo Benr,rKy 6oftoey eianary o. M. JleeeHeur
yc[aAKyBaB ro cBoeMy 6aruxoni, sxuir6yn crapruuHorc aBcrpificrxoi aprvrii.
Haupr,rrinqi siftHr,r , KoJrr{ ar,rsieis <<faru.rIana> 6yna uepefiueuoBaHa Ha flepury VxpaiHcrxy fluoieiro Yrpaincrxoi Hauionanrnoi Apvrii, 3HoBy
orr,rHqerbcfl Ha $ponri n Illuapii, Ancrpix.
Ilicnq :axinqenns sifiHr.r o. M. JleseHerrr cra€ KaHuJIepoM
AnocrorbcbKoro Bisuraropa y Mronxeni.
3a sro.uoro AyxoBHoi sraru o. M. JleeeHerlr opranirye n HivreuuuHi,
B 3aMKy lipur6epr, AyxosHy CerraiHapiro, crae 3acryrHI,IKoM peKTopa o. Apa Bacuns !la6u. flpufiurno ao ron0nirry r MaArpaMI{, yprAoBuflMI,I IPO,
BoHrr Kpr4BAr,rnn yrpaincrr[x cryAeHrin, sa flKr,rx 3acry[aBcq o. M. JleeeHeub.
froro rsimHr.urra i na fioro rraicqe upufturon o. Manunoecrxufi. 3rouovr
celaiHapiro nepeHeceHo Ao Kynervr6epry B lonnqHuii.
IIIo6 o6uexurr,r Korrrrlr BrrAaBaHHa <Xpucu,rflHcbKoro lonocy)), o. M.
JleseHeur ocHoBye e MroHxeni apyrapnro <Jloroc>, flKa iqrye .uoruaHi.
y 1952 poqi na,EopyqeHHr Knp IsaHa Eyuxa o. M. JleseHeur nepeis.uutr
ao flapraxy Ha craHoBr,rure KaHunepa Anocronrcrxoi Birurarypu i uneHa
I{epxonnoro Cyny. 3roAovr € AyxoBHrrM onirynou npoQcninroeoi
oprani:aqii OyPO i Naono.qe.Ioi CyM. flia cBoro ouixy nepe6upae
rroceJrr{Bcs s CsHoui, npaurouaB corpy.uHr,rxoM o.
npoBaAr,rB, flK Ar,rpeKTop, 7-xnscoey
tlerneproBy tuxony, rKy seA€ 3 Cecrpavrra Cnyxe6Hr,ruflMr,r. Crae aKTTTBHI,IM
HTIII n Capceni ra qreHorrr Biuainy KoAVC-y.
poKy
196l
HosoivreHosaHufi Auoctonrcrxuft Exrapx Bna.uuxa
rureHoM Biuainy
BoloAHvrrap ManaHqyK Ha3Haqy€ o. M. JIeseHrIq rapoxoM KareApanbHoro
xpaMy ce. Bonotrvrunpa n flapnxi. y 1962 poui sraElaKa iueuyean fioro
nporonpecnirepour, a 1963 flana HaAae ftovry 3BaHHq MonciHrftopa-
lIIala6ensua.
Oreur urau6ensn M. JleseHerrr s,enuxvrfi rpHrreJlb uonoAi, nocriilso
7l
Typ6y€Tbcfl ii Aonelo, HaAiJIre Ii sce6iqHorc Ao[oMoroKr, crapa€Tbcfl, uro6
3 Hei Br{xoBarr[cfl rrpaBAr4Bi xpucruflHr4, .uo6pi yxpainqi, csiaorvri cBoro
yxpaiHcrroro [pu3HaqeHHfl. Bin 6yn reHepanbHr,rM KarerrflHoM CninxH
Vxpaincrxoi Monoai, nrifi ei.u car\,Ioro roqarKy ii nianoBJreHHfl Ha uyxuui
npuainse 6araro yBarr{, ouiru ft Aonouoru.
Oreqr uravr6enrur M . JleneHeIrr yxpaiucrxnfi ayurnacrr{p, r.araHosurnff
upouosiaHuK, rJlll6orufi 3HaBeub teororiqHr,rx HayK, aeluxnfi co6opHl.rx,
JlroA[IHa Ao6poro fi nari.qnoro ceRufl, crpaBeAnusuir i o6'exrusHr.rfi e
o6opoHi Xpncrouoi npaa.un i csoei EaruxisuruHu 6araro paain HapaxyBaB
cBoe xr{TTr Ha cMepreJrbHy He6eeneKy. vce fioro rBepAe xr.rrrf
ue
-
cnyx6a Borosi ft Vxpaiui.
floxoPoH cB. fIAM. o. IIIAMEEJIflHA MI{XAI4JIA JIEBEHUfl
v
nixapni ,,xoOp" 6inr flapnxy,12 nrororo l99l p. siaifiuros y niunicru ua
xr{TTr o. uarra6ensu Mnxafilo JIEBEHEUb.
Tninxi ocraHKI{ floxifinoro repeBe3eHo ro KareApanbHoro xpaMy cB.
BonoAuutlpa Be.nnxoro r flapuxi, ge 15 nrcroro o roI. 6-rift yneuopi rpeocB.
Bna.uura Mnxain lpruunruun s acncri 8-ox csxulenHnrie ra npu yuacri csoix i qyxrx
uipnux niucnyxua flapacrac.
flua 16 Jltororo Apxuepeficrry Cnyx6y Eoxy fi flanaxu.uy nianpaans Bra.[rxa
Muxain. Cnincnyxuao l0 yrpaiucrrnx i 2 Spanqysrxnx cBrureHHuxie.
florrnuanuHe crloBo Buroflocr{B Bna.[uxa, upouarcqu floxifinoro. Ocranne
flporllaHHfl ni.u6ynocr Ha uBLIHTapi MonrnapHac. Birc ronoBHoro BxoAy uboro
8Grorvry poui csoiloro rpyAorrro6usoro
BeJrr{Koro, crraBHoro
-
y caMoMy cepql
flapuxy
-
KnalloBurua c0opMyBaBcfl noxia
xani6noi rpoMa.ufi, cra nlA [poBoAoM AyxoBeHcrBa ra ni.u rnyxu noxopouuix nicenr
cynpoBoxana floxiilHoro.
Haarpo6ne [pouaflgue cJIoBo sia yrpaiucrroi rpoMa.[u cxa3aB ronoBa
O6'e[xarurx Vxpainuis y OpaHuii a-p BonoarrMup Kocnx, BucJroBJrrorcqu rnu6oxnfi
6ilr i xarlb no atpad oAHoro g nafiauauaqniuux llyxoBHr.rx upori.uHuria Hauroi
IrepKBu, TaJlaHoBlrroro npo[onigrmxa, 3acJryxenoro uarpiora, BeJrnKoro co6opuuxa,
nro6nrens Monori, rrrc.ur{Hy rBepAoro np[rHun[y i crnrnoro xapaKTepy, uo
ai.urrynanocr s fioro uii ne dnrxr Ha rIepKoBHoMy si.urilHry, ane fi y MHororpannifi
rporvraacixifi npaui. florifinufi siaifiHos is uroro cairy s uosHifi csi.uoNrocri, ulo
ri.uHo i cosicxo BrrKoHyBaB csifi o6os'r3o( cy[por[r Bora fi Barurisu[.rHr{.
Ha sariHqexnn si.ucnisaxo ,,Biuxa-n rraM'flTb" i ,,9yeur, 6pare Mifi". Crixy
MorHrIy Brprrilt ninrn, cnneteni :i cruruo-xoBTr{x xsiris. 3noxnau ix slcqHi:
napoxirunr, cecrpurlTso, O6'eAHaHH, Vrpainuia y rDpanuii si CVM-i ra lonosHa
Vupaaa l-oi Yrpaincrroi Alrrisii yHA.
Xov pr.qlr sarrrsi i tax gaBxAu cxpouxoi ervrirpardi y Oparuii rp[poAHo 3HarrHo
upopialurucb, Bce o.ugo 6araroqr.rceJrbgnMrr 6ynu ri, qo nro6nnu, qinnlfi Ta 3
norlyrrrM o6or'elry i s.qnsuocrlr upu6ynu, uo6 ni.unpona rvru
3ararrbrroEaHoBaHoro ,,oTqfl Kanrurepa" B ocraHHro Aopofy xlrrrr. Mix nruu
yrni xonranuruoi tleraeprosoi urtroJrrr, f,r(orc Tar( Ayxe llopoxrB floriftrurfi
- 6ysui
7,
i 6ys il .uosroriuriu xaruxeroM; B oAHocrpoax, ai csoil{ flpa[opoM, Cyuincrra
MoJroIIb, rxoi raneJrflHoM 6yg y gircnopi, qrteHu npo$cninronoi, po6irnuqoi
opraHi:auii y @pauuii, ulo ix
rex
6yn AyxoBHr{M nposiAHuxorrr, Cectp[IITBo Matepi
qi
pianoi seMni na sapo6imu y Opanuii,
- ,,uaftMeHrri", srrgaHi a 6araroi
rxrrM llorifisrlfi flK crpaBxnifi Barrxo cninuyaaa ixxifi ue.uoni; [peAcraBHnrn inrunx
rpoMa.ucbKux i uayroBr,rx opraHigauifi ra uarui aopori 6patu-upaaocraaHi, 3 flKtIMlr
florifinufi 3aBxAr{ 6ys y He:erqafiHo gpyxnix si.uHocrHax. flpu6yno tex ruictr
Opanuy:sxrrx MoHaxuur, ni,[ qx[xouiroro 6ys KoporKo nepeA cMeprto, flK Tarox
r{r.rMaro inuurx $paHu. npnmenin, ,KHx riu, xK aBTopnTeurufi napox Vrpaincrroi
Uepxsu, eN{is Arq Hac npue.uHarl,I.
Boxoi
Ilia
qac noxopoHHux ni.unpar cuisas [epKoBHufi xop nin A[Ip. B.
- ue nepue aino floxifinoro a
3acraB uepxBy 6eg HanexHoro AqKa i xopy.
OpraHi:auis fioro
p.,
.[pataincrroi.
flapnxi. flpu6ysurll ryr y 1952
y
ftoxifinufi, rK Apyruft :uepru Harrr cBrureHHr,rK
- noxoBauufi rpo6iaui, luo
fioro cau 3a xlITTfl BI'IKJIo[oraB 3 BenI'IKI{M TpyAoM Ha re' uto6 rnisni ocranrn
,,po6iruraxin XpucroBoro Br,rHorpa.[Hr,rKa" ue 6ynn posrnueui 6escni.uxo no AarIeKHx
uBlrHTaprx llapraxy.
Ilicnq BaxKr,rx xr,rrreBr.rx rpylis i Aosrux repninr, oco6n[so s octaHHix pott,x,
Mor[IJTLI Cuuosa
MopaJrbHoro xapaKTepy
- Teflep siH Ha Mouruapuaci, uo6nu3y
Ilernropn, .rle KoxHr,rfi upu6ynufi yrpaineub 3yrl,IHurbcfl. sa fioro rpo6i, uo6
rtpoKa3arH rrlupy Morrr.rrBy
B,'I TUE HH I4 KA- ITATP IOTA.
ra
3raaarr,r ao6pur.a crloBoM 3acJlyxenoro
C
B.qqqHi 6yauri napa0inxu
KPEAHTOBA CnmKA
nPt,l qEPKBT CB. nOKPOBX B TOPOHTO
I CB9To,MXKO,|AIBCbKI4ff BlAAn
3aorovye Bac crartr aKTrBHhMtt {neHanx ra Kopucrarx
g Haulxx qrcneHHux gorigxnx nocnyr.
nPUmmAeMO orqaAnocrr{ xa repuixoai i garlqafixi ou{aAHocreai gerrcsrrr.
MoxHa aigxprrr xoHTo 3apeecrpoBaHoro nnnHy oqaAHocrel Ha
B xac
crapui poKx xxrrn.
yflInellO xa gori4xrx yuoBxHax oco6rcri ra rinote.rxi rpsrxr.
PAAO Cny)l(llilO Hauxu {neHau nopaAaMx y Bcix Qlxaxooaux cnpaBax.
HAIIJE SDPO aigxpr,rre aig noxeginKa Ao qerBepra eirq 10 Ap 6. B n'RTxrqrc eig 10 go 8, e cyfory aig 10 go 1.
FORONTO) ST. ITARY'S CREDIT UNTON LTD
832 Bloor Street West, TORONTO, Onlario, M6G 1M2 Tel.: (416) 5il7-216:l
4 Bellwood Ave., TOBONTO, Ontario, Tel.:36GE355
73
QeiuemoHu
Po-Ko
KATACTPOIZKA
,,
"
|OPEATTOBA
vu mo coH, tut mo diucnicmo?
nunnrcc.n co 4 ce6e, Ko/tu opau4i
npo6ydwyrcca. ,\ueHi qacu uocmonu! I- nodit oidfyeorcmbc.r, Herilo7 yaxirtca
rcasqi, vu e dpa*ti uo cUeni e meampi vu arcpo1amuwti arcmu na aperui 6 tlupKy.
B Hi*tevqurui, ueruove s ,,ITicrui npo Hiflertrcrurio", 3'.reu.rtuca oidoamrui
rtutlopi it eonuuu pyKotvtu Ho cMepmb HqnnKottu cmpoutHoeo qep7oHoeo
dparoua il npoeuanu iloeo eemb, a eiu ruaeimo duuxo*t, He mo neKettbHttrvt
6o?Hel4 s ceoei naryi ue duyxnyo.
v vexo-CnoesqquHi dpouamype faeeno cau euilruoa Ho cueHy 3-so
mrcpeMHux xyttic mo, Hervoo Ko3Ko6uit founem, ruoilycniruruirue aidiepaa
eono?Hy pollb y dpaui, nKy corvt Honuco? i naseae: ,,Eymu qu He 6ymu".
v lTonoryi s'aouecn, fiioo opxoHaen rua 1irtouy rcoui, Borteruco, ulo6
posdinumu nrcd no npozuqi i rtieuqi, o cau dorti no'ixoe doorcorta coimy.
Cudumo oiru s npesuderumstvu il'isdumo y fioemoHox 3 Koponnrilu. Rortu cudie
eopdo 6inn rcoportezu 3 xoportie
ertucaeemu, mo naeima xoui,
- anertiilcoxoi
oidvyearcvu, t4o na?Hymb 6u3HottHy
nepcoHy, mynutooottu, neruove do
6 l,lVpKy.
Ho meneaisopi enadanu e oui Bartencia ssdoeoneruuil yctuix ma iloeo
pyKu, cxfladeui eueidruo ua iloeo npo*tinerumHoMy mueomi. Miu npuniltertb,
Jt4y3UKu
mou oid JilucmeUmeo, nxuil posyuiembcfl Ho nonimwtHotvty 1orumoni, oidpasy
3oKoMeHmy6o6, t4o 6irta rcoponiecorcoi dq*tu mpurvomu pyKu Ha ilcueomi e
ue nonimu.tHo. .fl suoto, t4o 6 ,,ny1nivuiil" cumyoqii s pyrca*tu ttoilfiirtoruuil
rcnonim, ane t4o3 Hui4u podumu?
Kasxoea xqunfl, Moe xuJvtepruutt tvtycoH, 3o?ocmuno Hs yxpottty. 3
po3opoHux Mozult
o?tcutTo Ko3otlbKo ct7o6o
Ho
eynu4ax Rueoa, 3anopbtacq
- noeolteHux eoltolax
eopdo noeieorcmo rcosa\orci ocerted4i Ha
ilcu/talux
*tonod4ie. 3oeouonina cmpirteqorca c/to6o ciqoeux cmpirto4ie y JToooei. B
Rueei socnioartu ,,14e He 6rvtep/1o"...
A e Mocxei, rue.uol y t4upKy, oueodnmo oxpoflomuvrui oKmu i eoruu
uerui y cHax cnoKon rue dorcmo.
oco ua opeHy eanonorvt e'imdrcoe Ko3oK
eopurce rua doox xoruax. Ha
KoHn.lux no6ax Honucu: ,,ITepecmpoilKo',,- ,,fnocnocmb". A mym .flK
,,rrepecmpoirKo" ue safiupxoe, o,,frtacnocmb" flK He cmoHe rua du6u, i rcosarc
eenHyo Hq 3elilltto
-
- Tq mo, I-op
de airu *tae 6u *rom
II{e do6pe n
74
cKpu6u6cfl, Mono He nnoqe. .flrceco suailoue o6rtuq,aa...
cu6ipcoxouy KoHuKy eenurcuil ,tono6'naa. Poduma ueituoeipni rumyxu
cmoflqu rua xoui, rye il codi cnieae qocmyruKu, npuepooanqu na dananailUi.
Ta mo eno4uu!
He Moilcy euttmu s duaa i npo6ydrcync.tt...
-
-
Xodmy no xomi, *to6 3onarvtopoueruuil, u)tc i4ofl ttciuo,arco 3aysailcurta uiu
,,nonimu,auuil ctnoH". Po3noeio iu uiil cou, o BoHa nodyuano, noxumono
eorto*oto, Mo6 sopoffiKo, il xopomKo peKHy/to: ,,To eiryi cruu! Ha nooiu Ci,ai
podumocn meiu eemb^4oH s 6ynaeoK, 3onomoto! "
fsoeno, eno4uu?"
- fiiuoto, de Horu fopdavoo, BsneHco,
nuftwocl ce6e il uydpux i rue maxux uydpux (n uorcy noMultflmucn) nrcdeit.
3Hon,
- oidnoeidarcmo.
- He
Ifouercail, icmopia, He *taqyxo, dacmo Hotil *enurcux nrcdeit,
Koltcymb mi uydpi.
A .totvty inuti rue qeKarcmb rua icmopito, a ninnnmo codi eenuxux
nodeil is nonimuuruoi enuuu, t4o nid pyxamu?
Miu npunff enb, mou oid Mucmeumgq, noqyoruu uiu cou, iumepnpemy€
6ce onmunicmuvruo.
fop6svo6 3 Ko3ot|bKoeo pody,
Biu
- moepduma aiu onegHeHo. 1umufi Ho qomupu Ko3otlbKi xonumo il cmqHe uaildinoruuu pe$op*tomopou nrodcmes, nrc uedaaHo npopoKy6s6 Haru docmooipuuit icmopux. Xou
snodrui KqpuKomypucmu Mo/uonmo ua uicqi eerturco[ nlt.nwu uq itoeo eonoei
Cmqniuq, Ho moMy uicqi tilue 6u
cepn i lvto,eom, o tqe sno1uitui
- coJvroeo
pocmu Ko3otlbKuil ocened€Ub,
eolopumo eiu no-meqmponbHoMy.
itoeo, dompuuytottucb noflimuquot
A qoMy ue eupic? numotoca
-
-
meMu.
- Bo eiu rtucuit, -
sadoeoneHo nonnecKoe cede no ilcuoomi *tiu
npunmenb.
Miil npunme.nb, mou oid nortimuxu, Jvroe ceorc nonimuquy meopiro. Biu
moepdumb, t4o mym axodamo y ?py He ,,nonimuqHo enuHo", H€ xosoqorci
uy6u, o icmopuuni xoqancbKo-xoxrtaqoxi aiduocuuu.
fonxa/totvtu
- oid eonaxa - mo eiu
- fop6aqo6o npedxu Ho3u6oltucn
cotvt 3Hoeru. Roqan ssiltcdu
xox/tot4bKo?o counoxodtceruun. Xmo enouuu
no6'e xoxlto. Vorvty? Touy, Wo Kot4on xumputt, o xoxott 3axumpuil
- mo
ne6Ho piv, t4o 3oxumpuil npoepa€ 3 xumpu*t, 6o sqxumpuil nepexumpumb
ce6e, souicmo c6oeo npomueHuKq.
nK npotto1eub, t4O MOe
pO3?OSOpltOC.fl,
I
Ue menep cmoembcr?
CKq3OmU
-
,,Jvtl/leHbKe C6O6O"
eiu
HO
conmi depilcsauocmu.
poxio
o menep 3 mo?o
U€ ftt€, t4o
3'neuecn cnqcumeflb,
- Hi6u motty n'.rmb
cnqcumenfl ilcopmu codi podnamo. Houdinowuit ilcapm
-
oin nidruic ceiil eonoc,
Bepxoaua Pada sceuoeyqozo PadnHcbKo?o Corosy,
nidrcpec-rteHHfl,
i4oeymHboeo
cltoloM
HeMoa xomie uqdamu caoiu
- eudana
[tozo
Mo/ttooomu
podumu
it
fopdauoos
s
ilcopmu
.rKttM
sa1opoune
3qKoH,
S
fOpdAuooutvt
3o?pAflO
trumtnfl
coMe
I
3
mO?O,
.fK
,,6if
KopuKomypu! WO
dlcolK" 6enuKO?O Jtc7pmq. TOuy uinrci 3oKOHu He CmpuMlrcmb ruapOd
-
75
?o6opumu ilcopmu, 6o t4o rtpdnu 6inorue /lutaunocfl, flK I Kpol4Hu4nx eimep
oie, o py6ni cmonu depee'.rHutvtu epiruMU.
Hacmynuoeo dua, Moa Ho nomsepdlcexna, npoqumor .n 6 qH?noMolHoMy
Uodeunut<y penopmaJr npo ,,nepe-
cmpoilrcy" I-op6auoea,
i
qouyco ui
cllo?otvt o6mop ue seadao frpo ,,?/tocHocmb". Tpydoao irumeniren4in,
nulue ein,
Ky"
-
nepaso/lo ,,nepecmpou-
Ha ,,Kamocmpoitxy" (6es nanotc),
q rval7i xnon4i na ?yltuwx Mocrcou pos-
noeidarcmo npo Top1auooa moxi
,,ilcopmll", t4o He eodumocn ix
noomopflmu I no6afrHoi4y trcypxani.
We u KapuKomypy HqJilorttolaltu:
i eno7uH nucmynatomb nK
deo arcpofiomu Ho mpanesi 6 tlupKosoJt4y
arcmi
eno4uH mpurvae fopflouooa sa
fop6auoe
'pidenoxe
7oltoccfl, t4o fiouy
rye
3ortutaLnocfl Ho eOnOei...
,,.flrc6u Topdouoei npudaoca zyc muit
,lyd
coile menep",
simxuye n.
-
-
Ba-Torvr
,,BEJII{KA CI{JIA"
ITani lllnunoxa sipeanacn Ha?no i cina ua nixrcy, xodcrtyxolytottu.
xmoco 6ya y doui, 6 t4boi,ty eoHa 6yna enegHeHa. ii nepuoro dyuxoro 6yrto
6miKamu! 36iemu no cxodax uo donuxy, supqamucfl Ho dopoey i 6iemu
-t4ocuttu
e uicmo. Ane... 6ttort4Hux uiz ii sadeprcamu... o mo il odapumu
ttu tcb qaxKuM no eor7oai, goxu aoHa ecnina 6 doaiemu do doepeil...
3 aenuxutv 3ycunrtnM 6oHa aKnnuurta ceimno i pituuna eidrcpumu oircuo
mo t4o curtu Kpuqamu: ,,l-enn!" (Pamyiute!). Ta o miil xourtuni eoxa
sanpuuimuna eoduHHuK. Biru arcossyaae dpyey no nienovi.
- Ta x e maxiil
nopi cycidu ete doeno cnanu,
nody*tano. I, naoimo, Kortu d xmone6ydo
i nouye rt xput<, mo ilc noilirt npu1yrta
6 sanizruo...
Vceido*tueruu flesHadiilnicmb cumyaqii, naxi lllnunoxa eiduyrta, flK no
ii cnuni gadieanu MyporuKu, Ho?u ii xi6u depeairtu, uailxe 3a6ilupartu i ace
76
li eecmoo onaHo6y6a6 cmpox.., mpuso?a... 3daeonou iil, t4o 6oHa He hro.fla
6 cunu naeimo noneub nidnecmu e ceotil o6oponi... a panmoil 6oHa eiduyna,
t4o 6 ii pomi sacoxlto i eoua 3Hotto, t4o Kortu 6 sailruna nompeda Kpuqamu,
mo n3uK eiduoeumb noc/tyxy...
HecmepnHy muruy nepepueano minorcu pieuouipne UoKaHHn eoduttnuxa
mo padrue npucnirueHe eynaHHfl ii cepqa... Xonodruuil nim lucmynao
genuKutvtu Kponn.fr.Mu no 4irtouy ii mini... a modi...
IfaHi lllnunorco noqyna muxi, odepetcno cmtenerui KpoKu no cxodax,
Hozopy.. Bin ilwoo do uei!.. Hacmoporcueruu c{tyx, 6oHo docrcudana
uaitzipruoeo...
o, iloeo KpoKu ruadnuNanucfl,
ocmopo?tcHo, nooirtouo...
i... oin etce 6inn doepeil it cnanoxi!
We xeunuruo, doepi eidquHnmbcfl, a modi...
A modi? ! it ynea erce eidmsoprclano cmporuHy cueHy nenrcdcorcoeo
KpoK-3o-KpoKoM... Ue oduu... i u.le oduu
3/tovuHy, t4o 3opo3 cmoHembcfl... Oco oiu gasmoxye il6es6opotttty, oduttoxy,
coMy e qino*ty doui...
Cqrvty?.. Tsx ocb ttoMy 6 Hboeo cminorcu eideaeu! Biru uaneeHo He nocuie
6u umu do uei, Kottu 6 s nerc 6ye npucymruiil cuttonuil, eenurcuil i rcpeuezruuil
uyrquuo! I sdoeonou, y desuodiilniil cumyauii
- t4r dynrca dnucuyna, Havoo
cnaciuun.
- Ox, xoxaruuil uiti, uaildopotcauil! - npu*tycuna cede naui lllnunorca
cKa3amu. fonoc ii 36yqo6 .rtKocb ruenpupodnoo i duouo, mo soHa
MiUuuu!
npodoercynotto:
- ,flxutt mu sdopoeeruuuil! ,flxutt
He eidpueotoqu ceoix oqeil aid deepefi ni ruo xeurtuHy, naui lllnunoxo
noqono 6umu pyKaMu no nodyuxax.
mu
mu dpymonouurcy!
- cKpuKHylto eoHo oilce nenep. - Wo
- Ax,
po6uru?
Ta mu ilc MeHe mucHeru, atc 6onumo!.. I4o mu MoHcmep nxuilco,
uu u,1o? Tu rueceidorvtuil cooet cuttu!
ileepi ue eidquunnucn! Morce ein cnpaedi nooipumb t4o 3 Herc xmocb
e? ITqui lllnunorca 6yna ne6Hs, Wo oin, npumoiewucb no maumiil cmoponi
He3oMKHeuux doepeil, s .tullocb sonigruuu s pyKox, nidcnyxyeqe. Rortu 6
minorcu iil sdanocn iloeo nepeKoHamu, t4o 3 Herc xmocb e,
- 6yna Hsdi.r,
nadia...
eiu
nide
co6i
6yno
oduuorca
?emb.
3perumorc,
Wo
Ue
- itdu eemo! -
KpuKHytto naHi lllnurtorco, 3oMemyutulruucb
rua
rtixrcy.
fiocumo! ndu ?emb, KoJtcy, 6o n suyqeua! Xouy cnamu!
- 3adupqilca!
Crcassewu Ue, noHi lllnunorca sicxoxna s niruxa i s yciei cuttu 3aeynona
no nidnosi, i... ponmorvt no.tyno taoneHHuil mynim! Biu sdieao cxodauu
uadin, ?puMHy6 fiponmoauuu daepu.Mo, o mq*t no6ie vu*tdyttc syt7uwJvtu...
[Iaui lllnutorco cmon/to x6u/tuHy, uqdc/tyxotovu
- a modi descunono Bnana
ua niilcrco i daewu cltbo3otvt 6otuo, sopudana...
*,f*
77
Eyno Msililce odidun nopo, Konu noni IIInunbKa sperumi eidaatcunocfl siilmu
uodin. Hs ii npesenuKe duoo
6parcy6olto. Me6ti, meneeisop,
- niqoeo ue6ce
eideo, KyxoHHe u irurue npunaddn
cmo.n/to Ho cloewy uictli.
flepenarcouuil y eidnoeiduuil uoueHm *norilHuK, oveeuduo, dao uoeau
3Homu. He oxpaa Hi.toeo. He crcopucmol naeodu.
rf ,f
ITpo Urc
rf
nodiro narui lllnunorca p03Ko3y6orto 6
3 uenpuxoqoHorc eopdicmto nosmop.ntto eoHa urc ca*ty
icmopin cycidot,t, npunmennrvt, sttoilo*tuu, I rvtano 6yno maKux, axi rue
rue6ydenruy
uecrciuveuruicmo.
noduennnu 6 ti eideaey, xonodruoxpolHy npucymruicmb yi4o 6 noHyloHui nad
co6oro, ma dnucrcyraicma Mottot4o ue eeruianbHoeo nodouey... IToduenanu
i xeonurtu.
Tinoxu nau IIInuflbKo ui.axoeia, onycKotouu eono6y, xott i Ku6oe Herc
qac-eid-rtocy Ho 3HoK seodu.
Hixmo uaeima rue sdozodyooacfl, r4o minorcu itouy odruouy 6yna aidoua
ideumuuHicmb ,,erlotttHttKo". Tinorcu
ilouy
dooenoca nepeilcumu maKy
uecnodieaHy npuKpicmo. Ta He minorcu npuxpicmb o/re i ueonucauuil cmpax,
wo 3scmoeue iloeo cmpiueonoo ymircamu 3 enacno'i xomu, mot nou'nmruo'i
uorti...
flx 4e cmonoc.fl, t4o ein, naH IIInunbKo, cmo6 ,,6ttol4HuKotvt" i mo 6
quttcHumu o rcinoxox peveHHt x:
cootri oflqcHiit xomi
- eiru uie 6u
@ip*ta, axo iloeo, nqHo lllnunorcy sampydnngotto, *ucurtono fioeo s
?pynorc rcinorcox podimruurcio do inuoeo uicmo ua oevipnro suiuy. Tau eonu
Hovyqottu. To \u*t po3otvt, naru IIInunbKa, cnpagugruucb 3oeqacy si cooittu
saedauHnuu, oupiruue 3tTogumu ocmaruruiit noisd dottio, 3Honqu, nx iloeo
tciurco, norui lllnunorca, doimocn 6ymu caJvimuooto odoruo... To npo Ue 6oHq
uixortu ne dooidoemoca!
YI(PAIHCbKI,/.uI BPATCbKIIfi COIOS
l:
l4 xanc MoAepHoro sa6etneqeHHt.
B[Aa€ TIXHeBHK ..HapoAxa Born" i arraonosurnfi xypHafi ..Oopyv"
seAe siAnoqHHKoBy oceJrrcr, KyJrbrypHo-cnoproBxft uologevnfi
uae
ocepeAoK .,BepxoarHa" B l-aex Cnefi, H. I,t.
yqinre crnnesAif cryAirorcvifi voaoni
Bcrynaftte B yreHx ra6egneqeHeBo-[onouorogoi 6parcr,roi ycraHoBn
aCUIAiaKaxaai
UKRAINIAN FRATERNAL ASSOCIATION
440 Wyomlng. Ave., SCRANTON, Pa., 1t503 USA
78
3 rcumftifl KoM6am.
epomadcbKux opearuisaaiu
crAHI4Uf B TOPOHTO
3ATANbHI 3EOPT{
3aralrsi e6opu Cranraui si.u6ynrcq
i
28 xsirHq 1991 poxy 3 yqacrrc 64 qnenis
.ueox rocrefi.
Ilepea r6oparrara gasiras tro Hac Ha 3aJto xop IlrKoJrflpor ri Jlrsosa ,,flucaHKa".
flisqara gacnisanld ,,xJIonUflM" TpH niCui, a ,,xflOnui" 3flOxunu EIrfl HI'IX AapyHOK
AOnfpLI. 3a Ue ,,nucaHKI,I" npucnalu rapHy noArKy - HanHcaJII4, IUo.[qKyroTb
-164164pazu.
36opu aiaxpHn roJroBa fl. Aev'sHroK o roa. 3-iil ro roJlynHi. XeunnHHolo
qneHie.
MoBqaHKoro BruaHoBaso naM'flrr l0 [oMepJII4x y ssiTHoruly nepioli
roIIoBa, K' Koryrqx
36opar.au flpoBaArlna nperuAir s crflagi: M. Eiryc
i I'
I-latrx
ce1perapi. V noqecrifi upe:raaii gacinu KarerqH o. B. lllapauenuu,
reHepanbHuft cexpe'rap CKBV u-p B. Bepura, ceKperap rorosHoi ynpaBl'r Eparcrna
B. Knrar.auin, ronona xpafioeoi yrpaBI,I Eparcrna JI. Ba6ifi.
Cexperap CraHnui B. IIIseur npoquTaB:sir : .qisntuocru yrpaBll. BnaruroeaHo
rrorr.rpl,t iuuperu:
?enenoceflmoqHa Ilanaxuda. flauaxu,qn siA6ysarcrrcq
3axOAaMI4
Korur6arancbKoro Korrairery.
[Iaruaxudy ,,Bpodu", 3Z noJIeUILIx gusi:ifiHl,Ixis si.trcnyxeHo B Ueprsi cB. o.
Muroraq. Cnyxnno l0 oruis npu qt,tcneHHo 3anoBnenifi uepxei' Cninae xop
,,O6HoBa" nia arapureHTypolo fl. By6enra. 36ipra ua Eparcreo ,,Epoall-Jles" ^ara
334 Abn. [icnq flantaxugLtt ni46ynacn TpLI3Ha, Ha srifi [poMoBJIfB tr-p O'
Coxonucurnfi.
iluaisiilna ,,Moflauxa" riU6ylacs
13 ciquq 1991
p. 3 rapHIrM MopiLnbHI'IM
I
:raarepirnsuutrr ycnixot t.
XXI Rpafroeuil deflefamcbxuil e'ted E-ea. CtauuUl, fK roc[IoAap 3'i:ay,
BJraturyBala ycuiruuufi 6eurer gnq sil:HaqeHHfl l5-nirrq i*rynauHa npu Cranuui
xopy ,,Byplaxa". Bci
qJreHlr
xopy orpr,rMaJrn noxsanrni rpaMora, a luputeuta it
rpoMaIIrH si.[:Haqeno 3onoruM xpecroM Bparcrea:a oco6rusi
sacJryrl,t. Beuxer BrxaHyBana cBo€ro npucytricrrc He3JraMuufi 6opeuu :a npana i
ceo6oay yxpaiHcsroro Hapony IpraHa Karnseus, HaqaJIbHHx ocsirfi Jlreiscsroi
AeflKytx 3acnyxeHr4x
o6racru.
Kpirr,r Uboto, '{neHH CranuUi 6epyrr yqacTb y MapUIoBift xononi niA qac
lT3gaxv1u I I nucmonado (Poppy Day) 6itn I-lau'qrunKa noneuluu yxpaiucbKllM
BoqKaM KaHaIcbKoi aprraii.
pir
posxoais
- 9 095, ro6ro
npilxouie
ue 2 790 aon. 3 qJIeHcbKI'Ix
eHecris i | 787 Aon. 3 iunper. 3naqnirui po:xoaoni cyMlr
- ue aaruriHicrpauiftni
BqAaTKr.f (nxlrcuuo s o6ixHuxovr) 2 790 A,on. i noxeprnu It ,UonoMorlr' s sxi
BKJrroqeHo cnoHeobyeaHHr trBox ivrirpanrin ao Kaualn,47l0 aon.
3sir ,,3aflilsoro Qonry" npoqprraB M. Eiryc. flpraxoain 6yno l3 416 aon., a
qe eiqcorrpr eir iHsecrrauifi B Tpbox yxpaiucurnx
aorauift 5 763 aol. llpprxoELr
Oinanconnfi
rsir. flpuxoain 6yno 6 757 ron.,
raxiHqeHo Heao6opov 3105 aon.
Binruri
cyMr,r
-
79
KpeaHTiBKax. Po3xoAH: oyHAauiq cs. Bololr.rrvrr.rpa s Kparosi
aor., T-so
- 2 000
yxpaiucrroi NaosH iu. T. lllesqeHxa s Knesi
I m0 AoJr., crunesaii
.rrJu aBox yvHie
y Bparunil
noxeprBa Ha Br,raaHHn reopin y Hirr,reu,ruui
-713,qon.,
- 500 aoJr.,
3Bopor Crannui rourris cnoH3opyBauur irrairpaHn'is r l-lonsuti
1550 non. CraHruq
Tex nppl3Ha'{y€ 3 OoHAy'itoxepT eu isurulrt opraui:auitu, lK- xopoai ,,BypraKa",
Kaneni 6asaypuc'ris y AerpoftTi, Cycninsnifi cnyx6i i in.
opraHisaqifiHa peSepeurypa rrpoBeJra po3rrpoaax KHr.rxKr.r,,vrpaiHcsxa
Arsi:is" A.B. I-aftre asrnificrKorc MoBorc. Kuuxra roayMaH a \ilfl aHUroMoBHoro
qHTa'{a (n rolay anr airefi fi po,qnnN ausirifiHr.rrin), nxi, flKuro qynta npo rrnirirc,
'ro xi6a sia Bi:eHrans it Jli'rrrrlaua sa rene6aqeusi. Ksuxra floaa€ cnpaexnro icropiro suniaii.
Cycni.nuHa onina. Ha cnucxy y CraHnui e l2 no6paruN,ris xBopax qH iHsariaie.
M. Pyasir i e . Jlorasa BAepxyrcTb 3 HHMLI 3B'fl3oK rene$oHiuHo a6o ix nianiayrcrs
no aoMax qu lunHTansx, niArpr,rMyrorrH ix Ha ayci. .fr norpioHo, ro iu rex
rIoMaratoTb.
Cycni.nuHa c.nyx6a. geper Hauroro [peacraBHuxa B. Palesuqa yrpaBa BTprrMy€
3B'fl3oK a TopouroHcbKrM siaairor., Cycninrnoi Cnyx6ra, ruo6 notraru eia Hac
rofloMory, Korr[ norpi6Ho,
Xop rrEyprara". I'apnrfi anir npo npaurc xopy [poqHras o. Macrureenq. 3a
ABa poKI,I xop AaB 19 xonueptin, n roMy 2 pirannHi, cninau na l8 flaHaxnaax, 13
Clyx6ax Boxtlx, rraas l0 nuctynin Ha aKaAeMiqx qll inurux iunpe:ax i 7 runro6ax.
Xop nas KoHIIeprI{ n Ar',repuui
Onion, Cupaxyu, BauriHrroH; irars ao Kiuenep.
flia qac rypge n Vrpaini xop -cniuaa Ha flauaxu.ui :a nonernrx ausigiftnuxin npu
nocBrqeHHi napixnoro KaMeHfl niA naM'qrHHK y c. .fceuoni nia Epoaaun. Xop
orplrMaB B florapyHry uaqioHanrHufi npa[op a paryrui y Jlunoni ra npunit nonflKr4
,,ea a6epexeHH, yxpaincrroi nicHi Ha uyxl.rui".
Koutpo.nrua xor-vricis BI{crIoBHJra ynpani npu3HaHHfl sa npopo6JreHy rrpa[rc.
flepenu6pago, .[onoBHrrBrur{
HoBr,rMr{ rureHaMu
urc caMy WpaBy, ua qoli s
llerp-
orr.{eunutoKoM.
cBflTKyBAHHfl CTOpIqqfl yKpAiHIIIB y KAHAAT
(KaHaAcrrca Cqexa)
-
B l89l poui Bacum enenqx ra IsaH flununis npu6ynr.r
xI{TTr Ha sinrHifi se}rni. Bosu 3axrraJrrr noqarox
Ao KaHa.uu, ulo6 po3florlarlt HoBe
iNrirpaqii yrpaiHuin .uo KaHarH.
I{roro nira rauarcuri yxpainui eiasHarrarorb cBo€ nepue cronims n Kanali,
rl(e BoHII o$iUrftno irvrenytotr BIrraHyBaHHflM [aM'flTr{ cBoro Mr{HyJroro, nprnirauunrra
cBoro nuniuuroro 6yrrr ra norrc.uoM y cBoe uafi6yrrr.
flepue yxpaincrre ceJlo 6yno 3acHoBane s EaHa-Crap n Alr6epri, a vepet pix
TYltl npr6ynr neprui noceneHui. Croro.uui rrinrfionu xaHa.uuiB noxoaqrb 3 Toro
xopinnR, 3 poAr{H rrll rpoMar rr{x [epmonocenenuis.
3-norraix iuruux 3annrHoBauux noaifi uboro cBrrKyBaHHr, ,Ke po3[oqHerbcfl Ha
AeHr KaHa.uu, I ruunr, n laniSaxci, 6yae ni.uraopeuo noceleHtrc reprtr{x yxpainuin.
OOiqifiHe aiAxpnrte cBtrKyBaHHr, tl(e rpr.rBarr{Me uinnfi pix, sia6yaerbcfl 29 cepnun
s E.rlroHroui.
canrryaanH, flpoxoAnrrrMyrb
80
s 6ararrox uicrax. B
nporpar,ri cssra
-
Mr.rcreubxi Br,rcraBKr.r
i
cepea HVx ercnos[uis Kapr[rH oIIHoro
e
Hafi6inru
opl4riHalbHl{x KaHaacbKl{x xy.uoxHr.rKis Bacunq Klpunuxa; [epecyBHa uucrarxa ,,100
poxie yxpaiucrroro xr,rrrq s KaHa.ui", rxa 6y.ue noxa3aHa y Banrynepi, Egrrronroni,
BiHninery i Topouro; Benr{Ka renesi:ifiHa Br{craBa npo yxpaiHuiB y l(anaai ra
nreuopinl y Orrani Ha rrecrb ycix iuirpaHris Kasaau
AapyHoK HapoAy BiA
-
yxpaiHuin-raHaluis.
HAI- OPOAI,I ETHIqHI,IM XYPHAJIICTAM
(Kauaacrra Cueua)
- V laiccui xsirHi 12 xasa.ucrrux erniqnux xypranicrin
orprrManu Haropoar,r na 6esxeri, snaurroBaHoMy Knro6ou KanaAcrrnx Eruiquux
Xypnanicris i llucrveHHuxis. Ha urouy 6enxeri noqecHI,IM rocreM 6ys nepxasHrfi
ceKperap i rr,rinicrep 6araroxynbrypHocrr,r i rpoua.uaHcrBa flxeppi Befinep.
!,en'rrs piuuux Haropo.u xypnanicruqHoro xnro6y orepxan[: Kyrru Aaxis
iii qonoeir Bepeinapa Aaxiq:a 2O-piqny rpaurc n palionporparvri ,,Can.uiA Bxapad"
qyaosuft i aosrorirsift nxraa B npecy Ha
(My:nra Iuaii); Piqapa Kyla6o
- 3a
l,ramrificsxift rr,roei n Kauaai; Ci6in @opcrep-Penrvreftcrep
- 3a xypHaricrlrqHy
npaulo B aBoMoBHovry (nirvreubKa-aHrJrificrxa) vricnunury ,,Exo fepvranira"; flxou
facex, nucbMeHHr.rx
,,ASreprraar oS ToraairapiaHi3M", Ha.[pyKoBaHy
- 3ai cepirc
y ,,BiuHiner @pi llpec"
raserax Cnonyuenux [Ilraris.
VrpaiHeur PouaH Koricnur oaepxaB Haropoay 3a ryMopecxu, axi BnpoAoBx
6ararsox porin Kopr.rcryrorbcfl ycnixou n yxpaiHcrxifi npeci; Monixa Jlaur,
cnispelaxrop ,,flofiue flpec"
- 3a 3HaqHr4ft exnaa s HirueurxoMoBHy [pecy s KaHani;
Asaxeno llepciuinni, pe.[axrop niaainy HoBr,rH Tenenporparran [email protected] (ranar 47)
nr,rraHb 6araroxynbrypHocrr,r n KaHali; Pyai TorraiK, peAaKTop
- 3a sr.rcsirneHH,
,,fpearcxi I-[yr" - 3a ycniruuy 30-nirnro npaulo n npeci xopBarcbxoto MoBoto.
,,KaHaacnKs Cueua" TaKox 6yna npeucraBJreHa ua 6euxeri xx nenpu6ytxona
oprani:auifl, rrlo [porflroM qorr.rpbox aecqrurirb rroAa€ r{oBlrHlr.unq erHiqHoi npecn.
Bona orpr,rMana rpv Haroponr.r 3a xpauti crarri i paqiouepe.[aui, nxi cnpurnu
po:yuinHro uixnauiosaJrbHr.rx Kynbryp. Haropoan o'Dpr.rManr,r: Poga 9an (paaio)
3a paaionepeaaqi
-npoKnatra€
l.ricr uix
sa
ii
utoaenHift nporparvri CHIN-AM ,,9aftua Bofic", rxa
HapoAxeHrrMrr B Kanaai i a Ktarai; <Dnasis Kocua
ii aoryMeHTaJrbHraft Qinru ,,Pyrrlyuir: xpaiHa Ha
:a
nepetraBaaacfl Tpv pa3rr Ha rere6aqeuHi I eurnurala rarranasirc
airuuu,
(rene6avenHx, [email protected])
po:aopixxi", uo
-fonoMorr4 cepea KaHaacbKoro HacereHHfl pyMyHcbKr.rM airnu; Ci6inn OopcrepPeHrvreffcrep (apyrysaHnr)
ra i] crarrro ,,[IIo raKe HiN{eqqr,rHa?", ony6flixonaHy
B,,Exo l-epuaHixa", rKa- c[ptrflJra
r(aHanurrMz
g3a€N,Io3g'fl3KaM
r'rix
Hir.aeuurouoBHHMLl
ra isu:uuu ersiqnr,rMu rpynaMn.
3AI-AJIbHr 3EOpr4 CTAHI4UT EPATCTBA KOJI. BOflKIB
I-oi Yn YHA B EAMOHTOHI
EauosroscbKa craHr.{qq BparcrBa Korr. noRxie l-oi VA yHA nia6yna ceoi piuni
3aranssi 36opu 24-ro Jrrororo 3 npucyrHicrro 32 qreHis. 36opra nponena npearalix
s cxraai: o. KpuJrouauus Bacuru MapruHrrK
- npelci.usur i Eorlas He6oxyx ceKperap. I-[icrq eiaqHraHHx i npnHnrrr rrporoKony 3 vrnuynopiuHllx 3araJIbHLIx
8l
'r6opia ain ynpanra rsiryeanu: E. He6oxyK
- cexperap, M. cnucryH - racup. M.
3y6pr,rusrrfl
opr. peO., P. .[prHrau
Konbfioprep, .I[. paaso Tonapncxufr
Cya
i M. Ky.rep - rorloBa.
craH ruq Haqr.rcfirc€ 65 rneHin, 46 nepeanJraqye xypHrur,, Bicri KoM6araura,',
e 6inuuocri qneHr ern'a3ytorucs ir csoix o6os'qsris, uule e neBHe qr{cflo, sxi ue
6epyrs yqacrr,r a npaui Harroro Eparcrna. I-(roro poKy craHuuc BTparr.rra siqAaHoro
qfleHa i rpouaacuroro liqqa a-pa
^flpocnana Ony$epKa, cxnfi norvrep 7-ro ciqgq. B.
He6oxyr cKJraB reir : noi:.qxu Ha siasiarHr,r uBrrgTapin n oxonnui @ensa6axy, .[e,
xpiu Hroro,6panw yqacrb sia Hau.roi c.rannui P. Yy,rrraan i I. Bepxona. M. Cnncryn
nosiaoNalls, uto 6inuuricrr qneuiB 3a[narr{nn cnoi qnencrri BKrra{KH, yci
einancoai
3o6os'slaHHfl cynpor[ I-onosHoi Ynpann Br{KoHaHo, nepeAnnara Ha xypHan B. K.
BI'IcJIaHa Ha qac, rpiu roro, nepecJlaHo $420 Ha npec $oul, $150 na insaniacrxufi
Soun, $500 Ha roropox xopy ,,BypflaKa" a VxpaiHy. Kinuesufi gsir craas roJroBa
M. Ky.rep. Bis rraaaB rpo 3eJreHocBflTorrHy flanaxnAy, BruaHyBaHur piuuuui 6oro
nia Epoaauu rlaHaxaaorc Ta roBapncbKoro crpiuerc Ta fioro
.uonosil.[ro
npl'IcBffI{eHorc uifi piuHraui. CraHlrttc 6pana yqacrb n irrnpeaax ra cBrrr(yBaHHflx
yrcpaiHcuxoi rpouraau rraicta E.qr.aosrouy, flKt4v,Lt 6ynu: piuunur cMeprr.r reH. p.
lllyxenrva, uopgo6nJrbcbKa anapin, VxpaiHcrrufi ,I[enr, cBrro floxponu 3
45-nirrs crBopeHHr VxpaiHcrxoi Hauiosanruoi Aprraii, pi,lrnui
JlucronaaoBoro 3puny ra Csqra repxaBHocrn. M. Kyuep 6pan y,racrr s 2l-irvr
.4enerarcuxirra 3'isai Hauroro Bparcrna n Toponri, ua rriu 6yln nepenr.l6pani ao
Tonapncrroro Cyay sia Har.uoi craHuui M. Kyqep, 3. flpoxon i fI. Aauris. Ha
rariHqesss M. Ky.rep 3BepHyBcfl .rlo npficyrnix is 3aKJrHKoM Aonyq[,rncfl ro
eiaN'IiqeHHqN,I
nepenpoBaaxeHr.rx
i :aryn.neuHr
:6ipox
Ha Qoua
,,Bicrefi Korra6aHara,',
KHrrxKr rraafi. I-ailre.
@oH.u
Airql,r gopno6unr
Ha sHecor roJroBr{ Kourpolunoi Korraicii 3. flpoxona, yAinelro a6co.uroropiro
ycrynarcqifi ynpani i, Ha fioro BHecoK, nu6pauo HoBy ynpany n cniayrcqiur cx-rraai:
M. Ky.rep
P. gy,rrr,raH
B. He6oxyr
- roJroBa.
- 3acryrrHr.rK roJronn,
- p.ceKperap,
M. cencryH
Kacr{p. I-I. I-ynrra i I. JIoruyK
opr.,
rparoponocui
flpr.rHuu
- Jlenuqrrnfi,
i B. Eofiro - Konbnoprepr,r; rpirra roro, ro ynpaBa
ssifiuutt,t
ure:
M.
B. flyuaHcrrnft, C. Eoeqro, [. Paaro, I. Bapxora, M. Enasaurrufl, 3. flpoxon,
M. 3y6puubKwit, M. EoanapyK, B. EarHror, crasnqsnfi KanenflH o. B. Maprr{Hr.rK.
36opu rarisqeno siacninaHHflM ,,He nopa',.
E. He6oxyr
3A|AJIbHI 3EOPPI CTAHI{UI EPATCTBA KOJI. BOflKIB
B CT.KETEPKIHC
-
YA YHA
[uoropirHi 3araarHi 36opn ctanraui nia6ynucr n npulaiueHHrx urolu iu.
Onrru 14 nrcroro l99l o rolr. l:30 no noayasi. flpr.rcyrnix 6yno 16
xHqrHHi
no6paruuin (na s,cix 27 ,rlenis.) I'orosa crasuui OprelrH l-aapnnurur.rH florpocuB
npucyruix BIIraHyBaru flaM'qrb Kocrs Mapruuurur{Ha, orHoro s Hafi6inbrrr KapHHx
qneHis saruoi ctanuui, xrufi siaifiruoB Ha siqHr.rfi afleJrb, a raKox
scix no1,repmax
qreHiB
craurui. flicns npoqaTanHninpufiutru noprlxy 36opia nn6paHo flpeenairo
Bono.urrrrup flannycb
i, rK.ureH,
- roJroBa,
- nucap
Bacanr Pexyrrr, nosrfi qJreH,
ruo repeHiccx ao cr. Kerepr{Hc
3 cya6yp. ftoro
s cxraai: Bacuru M[xacsxis
82
npr{BiTaau [p[cyTHi pflcHr{Mr{ o[JrecKaMr,r.
3 rvrnnynopiwroi,uirnrHocrr{ ani4raauu sci qneHr,r flonepeAHboi Vnpanu, a roJIoBa
crasuui ONrenqH lanpunuurrau anitynaB npo yqacrb Hauroi crasnui B rpoMaacbKux,
noniruqnnx ra cycrirurux Airsnxax na repeui Cr. Kerepuuc. OpraHiroeaHo s
yniooprraax B3rrJra c-TaHr{ufl } racrb s flaHaxrai n 40-rony piuHruro cMeprH reH. Tapaca
tlynpuuxr,r, n flanaxuai aa repoin s qaci 3enenux Cur, s flaHaxl,I.ui la nonqrn[x
qneHis Ar,rsirii uia BpoaaMu, B cBflTKyBaHnqx AHis HesanexHocrn i Co6opHocttI.
B ani 29 nunss.Ayxe BAano sia6yscq saur uiruix, 3 flKoro yBecb aoxia s cyr"Ii $352,35
ao CKBV lns.uirefi gopno6rans. CxoAunu cranuui i nixnix eia6ynatorrcx
n npuvriuteHHqx tuKoflH iNr. xncruni Onrrpr npu napaSii cs. Kupraaa i Meto.uiq,
flapoxoM qroi e o. A-p Muxoaa Kovrap, seruxufi narpiot. Biu ne rrllrue tryxe
npuxprrrbHo craBllTbcfl Ao npaui-cranuui, ate fi npoflary€ ao6pe ivr'x .fiunirii, i s
BLrcJraHo
piuunuro 6ois
nil
Bpoaavrn Br{roJroruy€ Br{coxoflarpioruuHi npononiau. Torr,ry e qaci
cninrnoro CsqqeHoro napaQii roJroBa craHnui OrvrenqH I'anpunuurllH BpyqLIB fiouy
3onorufi Xpecr 3acnyru si.q I'orosnoi Vupanu Eparcrna. Taxuur,t x 3onoruun
Xpec, arru 3acnyru 6ytru sir:HaqeHi g qaci KoHuepry Helanexuocrn i Co6opnocru
Vxpainn no6parulru Bonoluuup flannycr i Inns Ceurrycr. O6raasa BoHL e KapHLIMII
qreHaMr,r
cranuui
i
urapo [pa[ro[orb B Harrrux rpoMallcbr]Ix
i
noliruqnux
oprani:auisx.lnnnCeHrxycr rpaurcBaB s cranlrrd TopoHro, cnisae n xopi ,,IoMiH",
.tlflKy€ s
ueprei, a Bonouuur,rp llannycb npauroBae.uosri poKu
B
craHr.rurx s Cya6ypi,
Tauaep Befi, ouolrroBaB Korvrirer no6ylosu naM'rrHr.rxa Ha MorI,Ini o. Crenasa
Cronxp,ryra s Hiqrapa @arc. llosiaoMr.rB ronoBa qreHis rarox npo niu:uaqeHHq
piunuui 100-piuvr roceJreHHq yxpainuin s KaHaai rpoMa.uorc Cr. KerepuHc i upo
yqacrb uauroi crasnui B cBqrKyBaHHflx i et,t.uaHHi nponau'ttnoi xnuru.
B aamurorvry KonrporrbHa Kor"riciq yAinura a6conroropiro ycryuaroqift Vnpani
i npucrynneHo ao er,r6opy nosoi Vnpanu. Ha sHecox I[. CronxoBcbroro uepeo6pano
Ty caMy ynpaBy s cxnaai: roJroBa
-
ON{erqH lanpunuuu.rH, 3acr.roJroBl,I
-
Mraxafino
KaraHincxuE, xaciep Koctr Oiurx, qJreH Baculr
-Mprxafilo
- Ao6pouup
Mrxacsris, qrreH
Muxafino Aeunc. fonosa Kourponsnoi Korvricii
gopnonncsxrail, qJreHu
Kou:rpolrnoi Koruriii
- @panro Canirpuucrxufi i Inns
Cenrxycr; nparopoHocrli: flerpo flixuurxufi i Eoraan Kpuuuurxufi; npeacraBHuKl4
Jlucrox, nucap
ao KYK: Ouenss I-anpunuurltr i llerpo flixuurxufi; niaeiaynaHHfl xBopux: Baculr
Karepuuax i Jhoasix Crorxoscrruil.
I-orosa Vrp. gopnoMopcbKoro florr,ry B. Mnxacrxie niaxpecJl]IB, uro nia sIvIinuN,I
ronoByBaHssu Oruenrua fanpuilLlrruHa Ha[ra craHr,rur Ma€ Ayxe ao6pe iNa'q i e
Br.{coKo uisesa n rpouaai Cr. Kereprauc, i no6axae i na.uaruure raxoi xsasoi npaui.
BiacnisauHrM ,,He [opa" 36opr,r raxiuqeuo.
nrcap
A. KasaHincsrufi
-
3ArAJIbHr 3EOPI{ CTAHI{Ur EPATCTBA
40-si pi.rHi 3aranuni r6opu uia6ynr.rcx 17 6epe:nx
y BIHHIfIETy
l99l p. e rari
uepKBr.r cB.
npucyrHocri 42 qneHie. 36opr.r niaxpnn roJroBa Orecr 3aropona, sirarcqu
npncyrHix, Ta floflpocr,rB Bcrarn fi N{oeqaHKoro Br.xaHyBarr, [aM'flTb no6paruuin,
AuAper,
B
qxi eiaiftrurr y niuuicrs.
Br.r6paHo
npe:aliro: a-p P. Ey.tox
-
roJIoBa,
II.
KpanbHa
-
ceKperap, a-p
83
P. Porvrauosnq i rpo$. M. TapHoseurrnfi
qreHr,r.
M. Mncrro, cexperap MnHynopiuuux :6opin,
rpoqr.rraB nporoKoJr, Rrnfi 6e:
qnesn,
rr.aiH cxaaneHo. 3nirynaJll,I [oonusori
fKi nr,rB'13arrvcrie csoix 3aBAaHb. Ilicrq
rei'ry Kourponrnoi xorraicii :ni'rynan ronoBa O. 3aropoaa. BiH noaflKyBaB ra niaaaHy
npaurc qreHis y csoix SyHruirx ra nocnyx cynporr.r rnepxuurin. Pir 1990 6yn
aKTI,IBHLIM poKoM. Hauri Aenerarll-npeAcraBHr,rKlr 3aBxAu6ynu npncynri n piruux
HauiogaasHnx ra uepKoBHHx cBflTKyBaHHqx i: Ha[rr,rM flpafiopoM. <<Xoqerscx
npaurcBaru, rKtrro e 3roAa ra cnianpauq rvrix qfleHaMr.r ynpaBr.r ft qnencrsoM,
- Ka3aB
aiu,
Hexafi TaK 3aJlurua€Tbcq Ha vrafi6yrHe . Illr.rpa noaflKa raHqM-[o.4pyraM
ea
ix-'ra
norraiu, a oco6n[so naHi IsaH.rxK.)
I{uoropiuHa KonqAa npofirura ycniurHo, a npuxia n cyui 6432 ton. rpr.r3HaqeHo
ans aitefi ,ropHo6nlucrxoi ratacrpo$n. I-lpo ue 6yna 3raaKa M. PorraanroKa B npeci.
l-lpoO. M. Tapnoseurxufi, qneH ynpann Tonapucrna rlpnxursHnris pyxy,
npo pisHi aoporu roroMorn Vxpaini.
Ha.u :siralvlu, 3aramui s6opra Br,rcJroBrrJrr.r [prr3HaHHfl ynpani aa
ii npaurc. Ha nponornuiro r-pa P. Eyuxa, nepenra6paHo yrrpaBy 3,rleflKr.rMn gNriHaN{Lr.
He xau[n.[yBailv M. Mucrro, I. Hectop ra M. Kaurifi. ixHe Micue zacryrlwnu fl.
Br.rflcHr{B
flicns aucrycii
qJreHr,r yrpaBn.
fln6afino, M. Jlicar ra M. Cer.aerun
- sinrHi
flepenr6pauufi ronoBa ur[po noaflKyBaB ra aonip'n fi ganeeHr,rB npo aanbury
rpaurc WpaBI,I
B HacrynHorray
poui. l99l pix e nosHl,Ift pirHux cBffTKyBaHs: 100-nimq
rocerleHHfl yxpainuin s KaIraAi, 40-piqqq ni.u eacHynauns Crasnui Eparcrsa fi iHrxi
cBflTKyBaHHfl, B ffKI,Ix Mr.r 3aBxAu 6eper.ao yqacrb.
M. PorrranrcK npoqr,rraB crarrro : Vrpainu, Ha[ucaHy u]rpr,rM narpiorou, ftoro
is .f,ceHona, sxnfi nonaB y [onoH y a[sisifiHoMy MyH.rIHpi, nepe6ya
coB€TcbKy HeBoJilo, a re[ep nepe6ynae y 6iaHor.ay noloxenHi.
A-p P. Eyvox 3aKrruKaB ycix ao cninupaui Ta naM'qru, uro6 3aBxar{ 3Beprarr,rcb
oql{Ma no yKpaiHI,I, sKa ouirye sia Hac nouoqi. B rvrafi6yrHboMy 3arrnrHoBano nia6yru
Konrpec Vrpainqin Katonuris y Jlrnoni, a Mr{, xonuurri BorKr.r, nnxuyfiuo noixara
Y piaHi cropoHl,I Ta pa3oM 3 HarrHMr{ 6paraun niacnnrryBarr,r urc noairo. 36opu
oAHocerrbueNa
gariHqeHo uicHerc <<He nopa...
>>
C.nanro
yKPAiHCbKA KPEAHTOBA CntrIKA B TOPOHTI
UKRAINIAN CRED]T UNION LTD.
HAIUE 3ABAAHHg
I BAlU!tr pOAl4Ht, HAlUttr rpOMAgt
BAM
AOnOUATATT
TA ntAAEpx(yBATl,t yKpAlxcuxy KynbTypy
2397 Bloor St. W. 225Th.e East Mall 3635 CaMhra Rd.
Toronto
Etobicoke
Mississauga
762-6961
233-125/272-0,468
lO93 Otrawa St.
241 Adetaide St. S. 3g Jackson Ave.
Windsor
London
Oshawa
256-2955
1 (s19) 649-1671 (11il14777
295 College
Toronto
9z2-1102
84
St.
BIA3HA LtVtJtVI 85-JIITTfl fIOEPATL,IMA
Kaxe nprnoniari, rro crapuf sosx HixoJrr.r He BMrrpae
y
- siH ,,riaxoamr
aiactaaxy". 3eHon l-oia, AosronirHifi qlen Ynpanr CraHuui Bparcraa
n flirpofir,
Mitu, 6ysurrfi yqacHltK 6ois nia Bpoaar'an fi Oenra6axy, ii nepurufi npanopoHoce[b,
IrIe aoBro ne:6upaetbcfl BMIrparI{, a rr,rM 6inrure ,,8i.[xoal.rrll y
eHeprii, uixas[rucn
no.uiqNrr.r
niacranry". flonHufi
yxpaiucrxoro xr,rrrq e aiscnopi, a rnrra 6inuue s
Vrpaini.
3flisa: Mnxafiro Hixuoncunufi, Mrpou BopoHoeNr, 3eHoH
fois (loninnp), Mnpocrao
flprafiura.
3axo.uou apyris-ansirifiHuxin, roprauiroBaHo npHHflTTfl, .unc si.[lHar{eHHfl
S5-nirrq aHq ypoaHn 3eHosa l-oisa B qerBep, 23-ro rpaBHfl l99l poxy, n 3alri
Vxpaiucuroro Kynrrypuoro I{enrpy. Csqrrosnfi neuip uiaxpun Mnpoclan
Tpeu:HeucbKu[, siraloqn rosinrra, qucreHHo ti6paHux no6parnuie fi 6nusrxl,tx
nplrrrerin, HaKpecJrr,rs fioro xurresnfi r.rrJrrx: 3euoH l-oin HapoanBcfl u CHxrrxi,
renepiurHsoi [email protected] o6nacru. Earsxo npauloBaB s yxpaiHcsxifi rrtaassui
,,I-Ipyr". B poanHi 6yno urecrepno aireft, Tpbox cuHis noxiHqnnr sucori rrrKonu.
3esou 6yn :anxau secenoi sAaqi, HenocuArolulifi, nrc6us 6asurncs y ,,sificbro".
llicls Marypr{ 6ys noKnr.rxaunfi Ao noabcbxoro siftcsKa, ae cxiHqHs niacrapruuHcbKy,
a onicnn niruos ao crapunscuroi tuKonu, qxy raxiHquB B paH3i niaxopyHxoro-
,,nJrK)ToHoBoro". flonscrrnfi uroeinicrrrqHnfi ypflA He aaBaB MoxJrHBocrH
yxpaiuuru aBaHcyBarr y nificrxonifi xap'epi. 3perurnos,a,/.ulr 3euro 3aJrHr.uae nificuxo
fi rnaxo.[HTb npaurc a piruux yrpaiHcrxnx ycraHoBax. B 1939 poui 6ye lo6os'c:aHrfi
roJrocrTr.rcfl Ls.a pa3n B ruxui B noJrbcbKifi noniuii ax ao po3naay I-loruuri.
Muxafino HiHroscsxufi, renepirunifi ronoBa CraHnui, Hasis xinuxa uiraa[x
cnoNauHis r slaruxiruHl.rx ,[His Ausirii s I-afiaersrpi i fioro fleptue lHafiorr{crso I
85
3esxou s I l-ifi alllmirtrHifi corni. Mupocnaa Tpeuneacsrlfi siA,rr{TaB ,rr.rcra BiI
peAaKTopa Muxafila Eaxancrroro
- ToBapr{Ha 3eHxa 3 Aurrrr[x nir y Cxnrnxi.
V croftolay nucti peAaKTop BaxaHcrxufi qu ne na.fixparrle 3MarrroBaB uopTpsr oco6n
Osircra: ,,BiH, sr i fioro poAlIHa ue cupaaxni yrpaincrri narpiorr. flarpioruarvr
uu6oro repe.uaBcfl i fior"ry. Bin -uiaaepxye KoHcrpyxrunni, BcerpoMaAcrri aina.
Bipur,rft csoift qeprsi, Br{(oHy€ sci o6os's3rr.r cnpaBxHboro yrpaincxoro
rpoMa,uflHrrHa s,uiacnopi. 3euon, xr i fioro noriftlra ApyxlrHa, ue uunpi xeprBoAaBrli.
He rilrxn xeprBylorb Ha cBolo qepKBy, BoHr{ ne sa6yrarcTb cKrracr[ csifi rpiu na
AonoMory pianurvr B.uoMa, Tyr, He ea6laatoru rrpo prAuy ruKoJry, suxosHi opranisaqii,
ra eiaoNri yxpaiucrxi iucruryqii, xr HTIII, Vrpaincrra EsquraoneAis, a oco6nuso
Ha yxpaiucurufi I'apsapA, tKoro 3enon i fioro Apyxr{Ha .flpocnana crilflt,t
MeueHaraMr. Benury qacr[Hy cBoro qacy up[rcBrrr{B BullaBH}tqrny ,,CxflTuH", xK
fioro cxap6unx". 3arinuye csofioro Jrr{cra: ,,3eHoH foig e [pr{KlaAHr{M
rpoMaIflHLIHoM nciei Vrpainr,r s Aiscnopi, ft TaM BAoMa. Bipnuft csoitr rrocraHoBaM,
npaBroMosHr.rfi i qecHufi Ta rpyxHifi y ceoftouy orouenHi,,.
[aai BoraaH Ceptrcx ft Ocun Bopur Bpyqrm{ Osinsrosi ',3onorr.r[ Xpecr aa
oco6nnsi 3aclyr[", r;uIla:e.uir lonosHoro yflpaBorc Bparcrna, Ha peKoMeH,uauirc
Vnpauu Cranuui.
B rvructeurxifi qactrsi ga6asrcs nprcyruix.Ilpocnan Crerxestl.l, xorprft na
csoifi ycrrift rapvronifiqi nrrpanan arcisifiHi I no6yroeo-nipr.uri niqri. 3uepm, BorAas
Jlesrurrrft i .Ilpocnan Kpuuufi noAirurNcq 3 npncytrrilrr ceoiMr{ crora.uaMr{ npo
3enona foisa a arsisifiHrax uacir, xr pinuox qacy ronony n Aynep6axy.
3ro.uou Mr,Ipon Bopouonzu i Mupocnan flpufirraa Bpfrunr Osirqrosi noprper
is ausitiftHoro si,qsHaKolo, Aapyuor Ynpas[ CraHr,rqi Eparcrna.
3enon
fois
noasKyBaB oprauiaaroparvr neuipxu, rocrqM fi apygslr-allsisifiHuraNr
ra ixnro yqacrb y seqipui si.usHaqeHns fforo 85-nirrx
IIIacru Boxe
MHorr,rx
i qacnfier,rx lir
HarrroMy
Hapo.ur,rH.
Osirqrosi, 3enonoai foesi!
MnpoH BopoHonu.r
NOCTT]4HOIO OI{MHICTIO 6YAY]4MO HAIIJE KPAIqE 3ABTPA
(EYAYqHICTb,,
llpnfiuae ocoducro i nowtoto BKnaAn Ha KoHTa:
tqMHHr{t, r{EKOBt, cTyA!]4HO-nEHCtHHl i pEr{EHt{EBt
BunnavyeMo HaiB!{qi aigcorxn.
Bcnxoro poAy BKnaAr 3aaoeKypoaaxi Ao Bxcorx $2,ooo.oo.
Kourrn qhx aceKypaqii noKphBae KpeAHroBa cninKa.
"EyAyLlHlCTb" KPEAUTOBA CnmKA
140 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON MsV 2R3, Tel.: g6&1326
2253 Bloor street west, Toronto, oN M6s 1Mg, Tel.: 763.6gg3
4196 Dixie Road Missisauga, ON L4W 1M6, Tel.: 2gg-l2lg
221 Milner Avenue, Scarborough, ON M1S 4p4, Tel.: 2g972g1
86
LENCZYK UKRAINIAN TRANSLATION COMPANY
43 Plexfield Road, RUGBY, Warwickshire Cy22 7EN.
Tel.: (0788) 8146/,6
VrpaiHcsxe trepxaBHo 3ape€crpoBaHe 6ropo, flKoro BrracH[rxaMr,r e ABa Kon.
llepuroi Ansirii VxpaiHcuxoi Hauionalssoi Aprraii, nonarorxye cxopo i
coriaHo raxi cnpaan e xpainax: Hiueqqnna, Ancrpir, Bernxa Epnrauir:
l-lpoxaunn npo uivreqrri craperi nencii 4.nn oci6, nri noninqrlr 65 porcin xr{TTfl
I-lpucropeHi nencii Ans xisor, nri noxiHqutu 60 porin ,Krrrs
lsaflilcuri neucii
BaonrHi neHcii i nencii Als alinuin
l-Iprcropeni neucii Arq oci6, qrci rariH.rutrw 63 poKr4 xr{TTs
Ascrpificsni neucii
fleHcii r Berrrcoi Eprarauii
IHsafliAcsri neucii Ans KoJruugix eoqris VrpaiHcrxoi Hauionalruoi Apvrii.
Crapeui i sAonrHi nencii Als xisox Ha pilHr,lx 3eMJrflx
CnponalxeHHq pilHi r Vrpailrr Ha rrtvrqaconrfi no6yr y Be.nnmifi EpraraHii
I-lpocuuo 3Beprarncfl ao Hac no aHKerr,r Ha 3anpoueHHq. Mu riucwna€Mo B
VxpaiHy eci norpi6Hi incryruii i atpecu, uto6 ylerururunpulw,ao Bennxoi Epzranii.
Paauuo oco6avr, srci ue He € Ha neucii, nepenipurlr 3aBqacy cx croirr cflpaBa
r ix sirueuurrv o6esneqeHHflM, 6epyun nia ynary ue, ruo sifiua cxiuqnlacr 45 porin
ToMy i, ruo nicrq neBHoro qacy naflepu npflMo Hrdrrrarb. [e nianocvrbcfr TaKox
Ao
oci6, sri rpauroBanu e Ancrpii.
Tar qx xon. 3axiana i cxiana HiNaeq.rr,rHa renep crarv oAHoro AepxaBoro, oco6u,
rri npauroBaJrl Ha repuropii ron. Cxianoi Hirraeqqvrlyt, Moxyrb renep TaKox
BHoclrrr.r [poxaHHr sa sirraeurxi neHcii.
Ma nonaroaxy€Mo cflpaBr,r neHcift Haeiru Eilr raqrxlroaeft xorpi He r6epernu
BoflKI4
uisrrx
noKyMeHTie
r
HiNreqqr,rHr.r.
Ma se Br.rMara€Mo sisxoi 3aililarv ax noKlr He oaepxuruo nencii.
fI'flTA PIr{HI,IUfl tIOPHOEl4Jlf
3 iniuiqrusr.r cKBy, yxpaincrxa rpoMaaa TopoHra sill.{irnna - pi.rur
uopno6ulrcrxoi xaractpo$u rvrauiSecrauiero y Maple Leaf Gardens i noxo,qoM ao
6yauHxy napnflMeHry. Hanra CraHH[q l3flila aKTrrBHy yqacrb floqecHorc) crifixoro
3 npanopoM, qKy Aepxann I. Kpynxa, M. Bacunnx i M. 3aci.qxo, a M. pyatix 6ye
y [otIorl, tuo cynpoBoaxyBaB rorroBHoro npoMoBqq JL Jlyx'rHenra fi inurnx
npouonuin Ha cueHy. I'apno
A. Birep. Ao6py fi rapny
I
nyxe ao6pe npoBollr,rB Bciero iunpetorc KoJr. nocoJr
npoMoBy BnroJrocr,rB [. Jlyx'mreHKo.
3nasanOcs 6, tqO raxa nOtis B IIac BeJIr,IKrdx 3py[reHb na naurift 6arrris'H,i
3rypry€ Ha[ry rpoMa]Iy B TaKoMy urcni, uro re npuruiqeuHq He norraicrurr ycix. Ue
x rpe6a 3pyIIIr.rrH cosicru Haruoro ueyxpaiucbKoro oKpyxeHHq i .[osecru Ao Eoro
ceiAorvrocrr.r 3arpo3y ne6euexr, uro Br.rcHTr se rinrxvHaD, Vrpaiuoro
- se6ernexa
HOBOTO qnepHoro eu6yxy He 3Ha€ Hi noniru.ruux, Hi reorpasiurux rpaHnur. Hauroro
uani$ecrauiero ruu BrrrBJIr€Mo cBoro coniaapHicru : pianr,rM Kpa€M ft saruuuu
87
piaHnvn. 3 xaneu npnxoar{Tbcr crBepArTr.r, uro sauri cnoaisaHHq se :lificHr \vcfl.
B ivrnpesi B3flrlo yqacrb npu6nu:Ho 6 rl,tccq oci6. IIe He ryxe [oxBaJrbHo anr Hauroi
rpoMalr.t.
Ao
Heaoniris irranperx MoxHa BBaxarH nepeBaHTaxe_HHr MncreubKr.{Mr.r
6ytu ao6pi ft rapHi, cKpoMHo Kaxyqn, ane Kpaue, ruo6 6ynw
roporrui 6oaaft HanoJroBr.rHy. Henpocruunrvr orpixou 'rpe6a BBaxarr,r, ruo
Bl,lcrynaMr,r. Bci soHr.r
,,Her-oJroBHi" npouonu npoAoBxHJrr,r qac nporpaMr,r 60aafi Ha oaHy roaHHy.
EPATCTBO OXOPOHI4 BOCHHI{X MO|I{JI
JIEB"
,,EPOAI,I
-
3EJIEHOCBflTOqHA 3EIPKA 1990 p.
3CA
l. AlacrepraM.
.$ 100.00
2. BauriHmoH, .[.K.
.......55.00
3. I'aprQopA ...
....279.00
4. flirpofir .........
435.75
5. Kenrraope .....
...200.00
6. KnisneHr ....
...... 1,000.00
7. JlirafiroH...
......132.00
8. Hopr-flopr .
....187.10
9. Hroapx
..... 437.j5
10. Hrro-fropK...
......1,101.50
I I . Hro-I-efiseH
Epiaxnopr . .. ..... Z4l .5O
12. Po.recrep ...
..... 55.00
tlixaro
13.
.1,367.35
14. Oi.rrsaenu0in
..1,384.35
15. Orixa
.......164.00
pa3oM
.[xryervro Ynpaaarrr
ra
KAHAAA
l.
Binuiner ......... KaH. $ 214.00
2.
......250.00
......150.00
......100.00
......200.00
I'arrainrroH..
3. EauosroH ...
4. Kansrapi ...
5. Monrpearrb
6.
JIoHaon
.
......85.00
7. Orraea
8. CacxaryH....
9. Cr. Kerepinc
10. Crya6ypi ..
I l. TaHaep Eefi
12. TopoHro
....
......50.00
......50.00
........80.25
.......334.00
pa3oM 1,513.25
7rlfir3O
qrreHcrBy
Cranrur Eparcrna I yA yHA
3a
opraHisyaansn 3enenocBrroqHl{x s6ipor ra ul{pa roArKa naruifi xeprornift rpovraai
3a noxepTBH.
Vnpaua Bparcrna ,,Epoll,r
- l[ss"
fIoaflKa
B nau'str crr. n. Ctenaua KOHPAIA, xon. wacHr{Ka BugsonrHrx 3uaranr
Vxpaincrroro CirroBoro Crpinbur ra ssiro.uasus l-oi Vxpaiucrxoi Ausigii yHA
ftoro Apyxlrna BfI. Ilani Kapoanna Konpaa noxeprByBana Ha oxopoHy Bo€HHr{x
MorI{Jr cyMy oM. Aon. 100.00. IIIupo .urKyeMo flani KonpaII Ta uiero .uopororc
crrla.uae Iqtlpi cniruyrre 3 nplrBoly siaxoay'y siquicrr i1 uoapyra xr{TTff.
Eparcrao Oxoponu Boeunnx Mornl ,rEpo4n-Jlen,
88
3 uooux KHutcoK
fpocran Kaqaft
(KTE BHYTPI)
("KGB
-
The Inside Story", by Christopher Andrew and Oleg Gordievsky; Harper
B uifi euaaHifi s
Collins, Publisher.)
poui, xnr,r3i, sKa Ma€ 776 cropigoK, po3rilflAaerbcfl
nnyrpiu*rr aisnrHicrr KfB nia Jlenina no lop6auona.
Y uifi ruu:i B aeriurflx ouncaHi cnpo6n poariaynansuoi ra nilpusuoi po6otr,r uiei
1990
3axopnoHHa fi ao nesHoi r.aipn
HeJrrotrfl
Hoi incruryuii.
KfB - ue ocraHH, Ha3Ba uI,Ix ceKperHllx opraHis 6esnexu fi porni.uru
Cosercrroro Coro:y, sitoN,rr,rx nia inurnur,r Ha3BaMr.r, Rxi ua npornai 70 poris cBoro
icHyuauur 3Hr,rurnnu B xopcroxufi cnoci6 r.ainrfioru,I HeBI{HHLIx nro.uefi i yrnHux
<aoporie Hapory), a naft6inrure yxpainuin.
XaparrepvtHvrMr pr,rcaMr.r KI-B e 3aceKperreHnicru, napaHofl, aesiHQopuauix,
KfE rurae BenHKy cirry nmuryuin sa KopAoHoM, a croro.[ui
s raxiaHifi Enponi lie nouaa 700 arenris. KpiNr rrnuryHcbxoi po6oru, KfB rex
trrr4pr4Tb 3a Kop.rloHov aeriu$opvrauiro. 3axop.uousi arenrn Br,rcr,rJratorb.IIo ueHTpy
s Mocxei rsirlr is csoei tismnocrn, xri ouiurorotr :Hasui sia aanoi rpainu. Ui
(excneprv >, ue Ao6pe o6i:nani ig saxi.[Hroro MeHTaJrnicrro, qacro 3 TaKI,Ix gniris
6pexua, Tepop fi Heyureo.
po6nnrr $aruuuni iHrepnperauii
ta
BI,IcHoBKLI,
uo rilma parin .uoBenlr
Ao
((xoJro,rlHoi sBifiHlr))
s,3axolovr.
Bnyrpi xpainu KfB uponers Hafi6inbrry cBoro aisnrHicru ra qacis Cratina,
MeHrxy :a Epexuesa. Hacniuxu toi <<ninnruocril> eciM siaoN,Ii.
KfE - ue c[aAKoeMeub uonepelnix cexperHrax cnyx6, rxi icttysanu siA
uoqarris Mocxoscsxoi iunepii, nouanruu sia IsaHa fpi:noro. Bin :acnysas s 1565
poui cexperuy noniuiro, na3nanuru ii (orprrrrHnKaMuD. Byno ix roai oKono 6000.
Iloniuai o\rtarrvcfl n uopui yui$oprrau fiiztnnw Ha qopHux KoHflx. (KfE sIvIiHI,Iao
(orpuqHuxis) 6ynrl
uopni xoui na asroNro6ini
- <<uopui nopouu>.) Bia:uaxorc
roJroBa nca i uiua. Bonu Marrpr, qK rrcu, B[rHroxyBarr,r (Boporis HapoAy)> i, Rx trlirna
ix euviraru. 3a llerpa Benuxoro Ha3By roi cexpernoi cnyx6n auiseuo Ha
((oxpaHKa)).
<flpuo6paxeucsxuil npixa:>>, a 3roAoM, ax Ao qacis Jleuiua,
-
<Ilprao6paxeucxiil npixas> Bxe 3a flerpa Benuroro Mae ceoix areHris 3a KopAoHoM.
BoHH nipnanu y Bapnrani xo:aqrroro roJrKoBunxa lpnropa fepuura (niH 6yr
xuAiscrxoro noxoAxenux), qxufi s rerbMaHoM Ma3enoro, no nporpanifi 6Iarei nia
I-lorraeolo, 3aJrurrrr.rB 3 Hr,rM VxpaiHy. B l7l7 poui soHL nipaanu : far.a6ypry
Br4coKoro Ko3aubKoro crapur.rHy ft pomaua Masenu Anapiq BofiHaponcbxoro. ix o6ox
Br.rBe3eHo ao Pocii, ae ix yn'R3HeHo fi sgtlureHo.
IIia cyuaury nopy KfB naqr.rcJrro€ roHaA 600 rucqq qreHie. Pornopr.uxaloqu
BeJrnqe3HlrMr.r cyMaMu rpourefi, KfE rynye 3a KopAoHov nrolefi, Rxi npoaarcT u fiouy
eaxrusi cerperui aoKyMeHT[ ft sHHaxoAn csoix AepxaB, HanpHKrIaA, auepuxaucsri
I-piHrnaHcu Ir poauna Boxepu, aHrnieus Kivr @in6i, qepe3 flKoro 3arl{Hyno 6araro
Harrrux MoJroaux narpioria. flicnq fioro po:xpr{TTr eiH erir ao CCCP, ae noMep
89
B 1988 poui. B uarra'r'ru <Din6i CCCP Br.raaB s 1990 poui nounoBy MapKy r fioro
[opTpeToM.
Ha noqarxy 1980-ux porir ueHTp s Mocxsi npufiuros,rlo BHcHoBKy, Ha ocHoei
gsiris csoix runurynin, ulo flAepHa sifiHa He MuHyrra ft Uo nei rpgroToByBaBcfl r nipolo,
uo 3axia po6uru ue caMe. Tor'ry siH Haxa:as csoirvr areHTaM y Epuranii ra Alaepuui
caiaxynarr,r 3a (o3HaxaMr.r)) np[roryBaHb ao raxoi nifiuu, qK or: flK .uoBro ropflTb
csirra B aepxaBswx 6yauHxax, ql,r He eia6ynaerbcn HarpoMaaxeHHfl KpoBLr,
norpi6noi arl nopaHeHnx soqxia; uu nani Tauep qacro :ycrpivaerbcfl 3 KopoJreBoro
Bpuraxii. Ueft npLIKnaA .tloKa3y€ HaisHicrr i napanoro lroaefi sxi Kepylorb
((ueHTpoM)).
Anroprl
KHHTII Tex 3ra.uyrorb npo pisui noniuaqHi e6l,tscrBa, opraHiroeaHi KfB,
Huul,r ft npo s6nscrea C. BaHaepu it !1. pe6era.
3a fop6auoBa, qKoro KfE nucyHyno Ha reHceKa naprii, Hafieaxrprsiuoro crilJra
inaycrpirnsna urnioHaxa. Ao nei npufiuarcrs nroleft rinrxu : eianosiaHzrvr
vrix
TCXHIqHI,IM B}II,IIKOJIOM.
Y senuxifi 6i6niorpa$ii :saxoanN{o csilqeHHr reHepana II.I-plrropenrca, rxi
nocboroaHi e lacexpeqeHi fi yBaxarcTbcq ea olHi : nafisaxrfisituilx aBTopr,rrerHr.rx
axepen.
Aeuro npo aBTopin. Kpicro$ep AHaprc Br,rnycKHr.rK Kena6axcsroro yHinepcr4Tery
a Orer fopaiencsxn6 6yn
floJrKoBHI'IKorra KfB, xxufi npauroBaB qepe3,uoeuuft qac s AHrnii ra pinnoqacHo qepe3
I I poriu cnienpauroBaB 3 aHuificrxoro posniaxoro. B 1985 poui nin yrix na saxil.
n
Aurniii, aBTop isurux flpaub npo auuiilcrxy po:niAxy,
He,uoeip'x, niao:pinnx, 6pexHr fi napanor
ue xapaxTepHi pr.rcu pocificrxoi
uau, yrpaiHurM, rpe6a npo- ue flaM'qrarra fi ixnirra o6iuqHxav
MeHT:urbHocrr.r, ToMy
He ayxe nipnru.
IIEPTUE I AOCI YHIKAJIbHE BI,IAAHHfl:
,, Vmp1tHcbrci -nifrcs[_gni niAg_HaKr{,'; nnAan
,f poc.nan Cervror}orc
Ukrainian Military Medals by Jaroslaw Semotiut<
Bperuri [orBllJrocfl BuItaHHs,, sre s iH[rux uapo,uin icnye lecqrmirrxun qr.r Moxe
- ao6pe onpauboBaHe BrnnaHHq-anu60rvr ecix si.uorvflrx yxpaincrxux
eificrxoeux opnenie, xpecrin fi Naeaanis, qK Tex i nerepaHcrrux eu6neM Ta sia:Hax.
Bci goHI'I HaApyKoBani n opuriuanrnift senfiquHi Ta Konbopax. floaasi rex xoporxi
onucu fi latu Br.rflycKy.
fi cropiuuxMil,
IIe e aificuocri rBa oKpeMi snraHnq
yxpaiHcbKoro MoBoro (3 r1rca,ri) ra
- Ta ronexuionepie.
asrlificurcoro (2 rurcrui) alr apxiuin, 6i6nioreK
3nii'tc].runacs iten.f,pocnana Ceuorroxa, rrKwir BJroxr,rB 6araro npaui E ceoix
rpoureft. Bui,tluJnu qi aga alr6oupr n aixcnopi, 60 nnexauur yxpaincrroi eificrxosoi
TpaA4uii, qrc :s[qafiHo, n VrpaiHi He AosnoJrflJrocb, xoq rerrep 3HtxoAHTb BoHo BeJr[rKe
:auiraerenHq.
,,Bxr.rroK eu6neu i sia:Hax n yxpaiHi cflra€ czeoi EaBHytHvt, rrurue
.fpocnaa Cerraorrcx y scryni. IIle :a KHflxr,rx qacie flpencraBHl.rxn pirunx
tHaqHiuJHx poaie ly'ailn ceoi poaoai sia:Harr uu rep6n... tli:niure 3a Ko3aubr(rx vacin,
u VrpaiHi He icuyealo ueHTpani:osaHoro
uirruaru. I-lpore sificuxoai 3'€aHasus,
90
yprly,
rroJrKrr
uro BHAaBaa 6u HarpyaHi qn iHuri
fi corni tviarw ceoi sracHi npanopn
pi:nrx xonropin i pogN{ipis... Illofino B HauoMy cronitri yxpaiucuri sificrxosi
si.urHaxu craJIIr Ha6ynatu 3HafioMlrx Harra Sopr.a.
HosirHe yrpaiHcrxe siilcuxo 6yno 3anoqarKoBaHe crBopeHHrM JlerioHy
VrpaiHcrxux Ciqosrx Crpinuuia (nprcnra 3.9.1914 p.), a nieHiue - Aprraii
Vrpaincrxoi Hapoanroi Pecny6nixn ra Vxpaiucsxoi Fanuurxoi Aprraii. flia qac
icnynarur Vrpaixcrxoi Carrocrifinoi.[epxasn e l9l9 poui 6ynn nnpo6neni 3aKoHH,
rpaMorr.r ra npo€r(Tr 6ofiosux xpecrin ra rre.uanin Ha ctpiu(ax qorHprox ctyneuin
soeHHlrft crau, ui sia:Harll
ue nponarra'rrui ni.uruaxn,
raHrx siilcrxos[x Qopr.aauifi qH oKpeMux 6ofiost{x
siaMiqeHHfl rosinefiHrx piunnur urx Sopr.aauifi qu BerepaHcbKux
qepe3
rpraanufi 6esnepepsHnfi
ciru urryx. OaHax
-ne 6ynn eunyueui.
Torvry 6inruricru nisHiurux nnnycxia
ycix yuacruxis
pa3oM
npu3HaqeHi ann
aruifi, a 3ro,rloM i ars
opraHirauifi.
3ro.qou BHHHKnT noni yxpaiscrri aificrrosi Qoprnrauii: Kapnarcrxi Ciqosurr
(1938 p.), VrpaiHcbKa floscraHcrxa Apr.ain, Vrpaincrxe Bmgonuxe BificbKo ra
Vxpaincsxa Ansisin ..."
Vcix ocuoBHr{x penponyruifi op.ueuin, }re.uaris il inurux siaaHax n alr6orri e
67, a noolIHHoKItx KoJIbopoBItx MiulrcHxis
- 155.
MalroHrin a si,usHar Vxpaincrxoi ansirii ra BpatcrBa KorI. sosris e 25, a
O6'elnasun 6. Bocxis-Yrpainuin y Bennxiil Eputaxii - 15. B alu6olai nouiueno
siarHaxn Apr.aii yHP, yCC, yIA, Kopnycy Ciqosrx CrpinrUis, VxpaixcbKoro
KoraUtsa, Cninxn B[gsoIeHHn VrpaiHn, Eyros1aHcbKorg Kypess, Corosy 6.
Vrpaincrxnx Boqxis s KaHa.ui, y[IA, Yrpaincrxoro BiarHoro Ko:aursa, JlerioHy
noJrK. Pouana Cyurxa.
9l
rex
quTaq :HafiAe iHcrpyruii, flK HocHTr.r Bra3Haxu fi qr
Tyr
ix r6epirara
HaUIaAKaMV Tt4x aoiHin, qxi Hnr\,rr,r 6ynn Haropoaxesi.
BuAaHHs uboro anu6orray Ha uaci, oco6nneo B cboFoaHiuruifi uac niapoaxeHHfl
r Yrpaiui, i
rorvry sHlasueei .flpoclanoni Ceuorroxoni, xoleruionepoBH
eHryrincroni r6upanur yrpaiHcrroi cliNasorirr, Halex yrrbcr
i4
npnrHaHHr. I{e
Saxoso onpauboBaHe fi nrcrcycoBe Br,rAaHHfl rroBr.rHeH ua6yr.ra roxsufi BerepaH i airpr
qH BHyKr.r ronnuruix noiuie,
uo noMepnra. I]i eil:Haxu ue rinurpl MoxHa or-nflaarr,r
r npne uHicrro, aJre BoHH MaK)Tb Be[LrKe 3HaqeHHr an, Monoai ft rnx, uo npo ainanxy
yrpaiucuroi sificuxosoi'rpaaraUii va\ 3Hatorb.
Benr,rKe
P. Kolicnrar
,,
Atr{B
I3I
i*tnldltt
cT EXKA MVt"
[u'g Crenasa Me.uuHcbKoro silor\re ,K rpoMaacbKoro
s JIoH.uoHi, Onrapio, aJre fi qx l[pureHTa xopy,
rpoMaAI'I
aisqa yxpaiucsxoi
qepKoBHoro arKa,
aKTI'IBHoro arasilifiHLIKa Ta aBTopa qncneHHr,rx peflopraxis ra cnora.qis noN,riueHax
Ha cropiuxax yxpaiHcrxoi flpecu.
HeAasHo, qx Pigascnufi aapynoK, fl oaepxaB HeBenHKy KHr.rxeqry cnoMuHis
c'renana Me.unscrxoro n. n. ,,{I{BI3IIAHI4MI4 crExK AM,IZ',,, TopoHro 1990
p., rKy ,,fK AoK83 tIouraHI'I i nro6osu Io 6arbxa" BnIrailt4 iloro airu: Olx, Anapifi,
Mapifrra i Muxacr. Tari, ri.uni uacni,uynaHHq Bqr.rHKr,
plaxo TparnqrcTbcs cepen
saruoi rpoMa.ul,t, a Br{AaHHfl ur.rx cfloMr.rnin :po6uno Benr.rKy
npueunic.ru 6arsxosi
ra ft He o.uHoMy,rura.resi. Benuxy npreuHicrb cflpaBuna uq qelypHa KHnxeqKa Ha
uese i qr{cJreHnr,rx uurauin, a oco6n[so arsi:ifiHr,rxis.
Knuxeqxa, poarraiporra 137 cropinox, crJraaaerbcq z 22-ox porainir.
Cnounuu, rx i ctarri C. MeauHcbKoro, qr,rrarorbcs Ayxe JrerKo, B Hr.rx aBTop
rnn6oxo niauynae Ayx xI{TTc i ue crapa€Tbcfl [epenarr,r r{r.rraqeBi. Ilia6ip cnin,
nocri.[osHictr noaifi, ur[IpoKo po3M:tnboBaHa raHopaMa Apyroi csirosoi nifinu,
on}Icu UIoAeHHOTO BflUbKOTO XI4TTfl 3 Beirr{Koro.uo3oro ryMopy, 3axoflJ[ororb rrr.rraqa
cBo€K) flpaBaoro
I{i cnouuru{
trpo qo.rlennuft TpyA
i nir
socxa.
MaK)Tb csifi noqaroK 3 rrepBHs 1944 poKy, xonr,r SpoHT croflB Han
i xonu 6inruricru naruoi rraonoai s-nia SponroBr{x repeHie 6ynu
pirorc Crpnuorc
sucnaHi siuusrvru Korrarn oKorru, ua po6ory ao HirraeqqNsu a6o ao Alreisii.
VxpaiHcrra flosctaHcrra Apvtiq s rofi qac Bxe crrJrbHo.uiqra na scix reprropixx
3axianroi Vxpainlt, ane qepe3 nepecyBHuft Sponr He Moura upzfiuaru rr{cflrr
nepeceneHoi Monori i: opourosoi cMyrn. 3 ynaru Ha ue 6yn nuaaHufi naxas
oprauirauii, ulo Kparqe Rx firu Ha 6yaogy Spouroaux ninifi qn Ha po6oru ao
HiureqquHu' MoJroIIb Moxe Bcrynarr,r B prAH flunieii ,,far[enHa',.
Tax enaftuoBcff B prAax lunisii CrenaH Menxncrxufi i : llrnisiero uepe7ruon
slrurrir s HiMeqq[ni, aia6ya nporr,r[aprr{3aHcbKy rarvrnaniro na Caosaqquui ra
Orocnasii. 3 Arsieieto BoIoBaB na cxiAnrouy Sponri n Aecrpii nia <Denra6axorr,
6ins fpauy, i a uelo nicns xanityaxuii Hilre,rqlHu 8 rpanus 1945 p. 3,rlaBcfl aurnifiugrrr
B noJroH 6inr lllnirarrro Ha.u .[paaoro. BrieseHrfi auuifiusrrlr crepuy.uo Eerrpii,
a si,utar ao Pirvrini e Itaaii, tuoftHo no rBox poKax [epeBe3eHuitna Epirancrxi
Ocrponu, re ule uicnr ninropa poxy 6yn ssiruHeHrfi.
Moe nepe6yBaHH, n .{Unisii, rracro cxpeulyBiuroc, 3 nepe6yaauusu creuaHa
92
Me.[uucsxoro. flpr-r6ynr.r Mr.r ao ar,rsirii uafixe s rofi caM qac, xorra MeHe roAi niclaHo
.uo flonroBo-3anacHoro Kypena nia BpoAaun, aJre Ha CrosaqquHi r 6yn y rura6i
Toro caMoro KypeHfl uo ft asrop. .f 6pas yqacrb y rr,rx noxoazlx, ulo il asrop, BoloBaB
y rir.a cauiu norlKy ua Qponri.
flonou fl nepex[B pa3oM 3 Hr{M. Bpanra Mr{ TaKox \acrr y rpoMa.[cbKoMy
xurri Anrnii - e Corcsi YxpaiHuin y Benuriil EpiraHii s O6'eaHaHHi sosxis y Ben.
Bpiranii, aJre no3Hailounnucr i sanpuceHr.rflucb rrau urofino s KaHaai.
Tornry qr,ITaB s ui cnouuHl{ ,,oAHr,rM AyxoM" i Hasiru npoql,ITaBuru ix q.uosrnfi
qac cu,[is i po:ayr"ryBaB Har onr"uruna\ noricrurr. ix n npnaa6yn i urofiHo aBTop
npuraAaB ueHi, Hasirr noAaBrrru 6araro Aar.
IIIe pa3 repeqrryro lesxi cropinru cnovuHie ,,AI{BI3Ihllldil.{Vt
CTEXKAMI4" i niauyaaro nro6os fioro aireff ro cBoro 6arura. I{rc HenpuxoBaHy
cuuincrxy rro6os i pecnexr ro cBoro 6arrxa rex .qyxe qirxo BI{flBI,IB aBTop Ha
floqarKy csoix cnoprfinis. Biaxo.ucqu ao Arnsisii ,,I-a[u{HHa": ,,fl. nouilynan 6arsxa
B pyKy i rarucuyn[rn ycra, [imoB."... ,,Bi.uuufi 6aruxo. flu eiauyn niu ro.ui, uro
uefi o6pa:
ue Bxe ocransifi pae riH MeHe 6aqutr?.." flKe rnu6oxe [epexI,ITTq
npoulaHHff cr,rHa 3
-
6arrrorr...
Iluuru,uani, [pyxe Cteuase! fL,rruu upo nonoH, npo no6yt s AHrnii, npo xLITTfl
s KanaAi, rrpo cBorc poAr.rHy i rporrraacrxy linnrHictr...
Octan Cono.nrcucNfi
YHIBEPC}ITET BI,IAAB KATAJIO|
KHI{| 3 YKPAIHCbKOI TEMATNKI4
(KaHa.qcuxa Cuena)
- Foryroqrcb ro cBqrKyBaHHfl 100-piuur nocelleHHr
yxpainuin y Kanaai, Br{.uaBHr{rrrno TopoHrcbKoro yninepcurery BHEano KaraJIor KHLIr
yxpaiucuroi TeMarr{rc{. Ao sroro BxoaflTb raxi sla,uaHur: Opecr Cy6renruufi ,,lctopiq VrpaiHu". I i II roMn yninepcurercbKoro MoHyMeHTtuIbHoro BLIAaHHfl
,,Euqnxrone.uis Vxpainu" i ,,KanaAcrri yxpainui" ni,u pe.[alyBaHHqtvl Crennu
I-prHrox i Jfto6orraupa Jlyuroxa. Kararor rricruru sicir.{Ha.uuqrr safiuen}rBaHb. froro
MoxHa npua6aru 3a aApecorc: University of Toronto Press, l0 St. Mary St., Suite 700.
Toronto, Ontario. M4Y 2W8. (416) 9764738.
B HOBOMY ATJIACI
-
22 ETHITIHI I-POMAAI{ TOPOHTA
(Kanaacrxa.Cuena)
73u/o saceneHHq, piana MoBa
- B rr,ricri Topouro rpoxr,rBa€
s'erHaN{qi. V Cxap6opo nonaa 5090
rKr,rx nopryraJrbcb(a, i 619o naceneHH,
MaKeaoHuin, a y rvricri Hopr fropr 8l9o rvreruxoHrliB, rrlo po3MoBrlrlorb i.uuur.
IIi 0amu siao6paxeno f ni6-niraqii, rKy MoxHa 6yno 6 uepexJracrr Ha
yrpaincrry MoBy rK ,,Arrac prnnoi MoBr Laeuranuis Toponra" (Mother Tongue Atlas
of Metropolitan Toronto, Volume 3),
He.UaeHo er.UaHufi ypfl.UoM
Ontapio. Arnac
yK[areuo Ha ocHosi repem{cy HaceJreHHfl 1986 poxy. Matipna MoBa ue fleprua MoBa,
nry.uirn [oqranarorb B[Brrar[ 3MirnKy i npolosxyrorb posyr"ritr.r Bce xI{TTt.
. Ipynu r"ros noliamorbcr ua: apa6crxy, npn6anrificuxy Eecroncrxa, rarsificrxa
i nntoscrra), ruraftcrxy, anrnificsry, Span(y3bKy, niueqsxy, rpeubKy, inao-ipaucrxy
(6euranrcrxa, inri, flepcbKa, neHrxa6crra, cinranic, ypay), itaaiftcrry, xopeftcrxy,
93
(rarcbr€), Qnxuxnacrxy, @rraHcbxy,
Taranorcbry, yrpaiucrry, B'€THaMcbKy, K)rocnaBcrry (xopnarcbKa, cep6crxa,
MaKeAoHcbry, yropcbKy, ri.uepnxuacrxy
cnonencrra),
ir[ur.
Ha xaptax ro6panceno reorpaQiune
po3TaruyBaHHfl
roxnoi rpyrur ,,pirnoi
MoBn". fly6nirauifl TaKox nruiugre exonouiqni i .ueuorpaSi,rni [oKa3H[rKr{ roxno-i
rpyrr.
Minicrep fpouaArurcrna Ontapio Enafin 3erra6a cKa3aJra, ulo arnac e uinsuu
3gapflArrM flK \trsypr\y, rar i Anr FpoMaII s.uocni[xenui, nrtmrynanui rporpaM
i uonirn.rHoMy ra couisnrnoMy po3Br{TKy.
flpua6atn KHI{xKy MoxHa sa 33 aoa. sia: Publications Ontario, 880 Bay Street,
Toronto, Ontario. M7A 1N8 , Tel. (416) 326-53W), aza MexaMr.r Toponra A3Bogr.rrr.r
6esnnarHo I -800-668-939.
Huv nuwymt
B. fo4oxuil
MOfl BIAfTOBTAb POMAHOBI CTAPOCOJTbCbKOMy
Hacarrruepea tpe6a npl,rra.Ilarl{, ulo caMe P. Crapocorscrxuft, aBTop.uon[cy
y,r.2.,,Bictefi Kopr6arana" rt.H. ,,fIoMHrKr,r, nonpaBKrr, ronosHeHHff,,, B flKoMy
AonoBHIo€ [euo i onporu.ua€ Aeulo 6inrrue is Nroix cnorrunig ,,Ha.upyrouy eraui"
- ue rofi cau P. Crapocorscrxufi, flKuir n ra6oponifi raseri ,,Hauri By.uni"
peAaryBaB carflp[rrHy qacr]rHy n.H. ,,Eufi! A ftoro 3Haro." Ma6yrr, ue nr
cnpnquHuno, IIIO ft y nianoueuui,qo uoix oco6rrcrr{x cnoragiu, siH sacrocyBaB TaKy
,,6uit!", Hix ,,, fioro 3Haro". A urxoaa.
caMy vripxy. tlepea re B ronuci 6innue
Bo Porraarr 6arato 6inrrue auas i 3auaM'rran, uix r, rro croqB s.[arexa si.u
ra6opouoro KyrlbrypHoro xl{Trr. Tar sin cnpas.ui 6araro peuefi c[paBJrr€, a ure
6iarure rorroBHre, uo KonI{ xrocb 3axoqe fiucarn icropiro Haru}rx ra6opin, ro
o6os'qgxoso 6yae uyciru 3arrep[Hyrn.uesxi aani is ftoro Aouracy.
Eiaa s qoMy inruoruy. Uirasi ft saxnilsi Sarrr rar riqro nos's3aHi caMe 3 orr.rM
,,6trit, r ftoro 3Haro", ulo rpyAHo qnraqesi BraIIarr.I qil cnpaBri pouau C. cras[trcg
Io aBTopa cnoraAin fK .Uo lpnflTeilfl, tlrr frt lo oco6ncToro Bopora, rKoro rpe6a
nr,rru Jrynuru? Ta rle Bxe npr,rBarHa c[paBa P.C. fi flrrue siH oAurr Moxe na nei
si.[nosicru. 3 Uinoro fioro lonucy BI{xoAflTr raxi rrorr,rpu sacaAHnqoi Harypr,r 3aKr,rAr{:
flepure, fi Hafisaxrnniure, uo fl HenpaBr,rrrbHo nacsirrr,rs Harle ra6opoee xr,rrrr.
HecflpaBe.uflr{Bo ouiHns [paurc AerKr{x nrc.qefi.
Tpere, ulo r noBrtneH 6yn He 3raAyBarr{,,KoM[aciBK[", 6o ue flpuHocl{Tb ranr6y
HauoMy BoflrITBy.
I ueraepte, uo 3JrocJllrBo HenpaBrlrrBo Br{crroBr{Bc, rrpo corH]rxa flanvyxa.
Peuta rar'riris
- ue ua cyuainni P. C. xafi 3aJrurulrrbcr, 60 ue qr{cro
nepcoHaJlbui,,KorbKLI".
Apyre, ulo fl
***
tlu r
cnpan.ui uenpan[rlbHo r,IpeacraBr.rB Haure ra6opoae xHTTr
To Ha rle ,
lucriB 3 rroArxoro, 3 ronoBHeHHflMH Toulo. Hi oauH-q[Taq i uaur
Malo Aecrrru
94
ro ra6opyBaHHi He 3po6rB TaKoro 3aKrrAy. Ta ryr e ule iHura cnpaaa. .f
He crapaBcfl n.ncarn icropii Haruoro ra6opy, s sxifi 6yno 6u .uoryNrenTarrbuo
:a$ircoaaHe Bce fioro xurrc,. fl. rucilB oco6ucri r'roi nepexuBauHr na rni Harrroro
KoJIera
ra6opy.
Orxe, , flncaB npo re, uro fl 3HaB a6o car"r 6ya ] raculrKoM. II[o r rvrir
HecupaBeAnnso ouiHilTil EeflKux Apy:ia, To c roro csi.qol"t[fi i y uctynnouy cnoni
r 3a ue [pocr{B su6aqegus. A-ne, Harrexy Ao nroAefi, cri He nro6rrtr 3 KaAl{rrbHrruerc
6iraru, uo6u sci 6aqnrn ra qyflu. I{e ue rraifi crunr. JIrcaefi cnprfiuarc TaK}IMII,
nr ix 6auy, posyrrairo. f taterufiaiA roro, ulo6u KoMycb rrlocb flpmur{Barn. I-{e rex
He Mofl BAaqa. Tyr, uurraoaoni, Myrrry BepHyrlrcb Ao rrepcoHirrrbHr{x clpaB. Oart,
ruo KoMeH.uaHr A. Ianipro nepenic MeHe 3 Mara3[Hy Ao 3ararnrnoi xanqerrpii, qe
r
MeHe aHi aeaHc aui .uoraua. He s roMy piu. Piu y qoMy inuror"ry, fi upo qe
e iHxrr.rx ruicuqx 3raAyBaB. ilner;lcn npo cnoci6 rpoBeAeHHfl Toro nepeueceHnr. A.
I-anipxo ani ueue He nonepeA[s, aHi He 3a[uraB,vrtfl, He Maro Hiqoro rrporl{ TaKoro
repeHeceHux. flepeuic i sce. Meni x 3arBr,rB, rqo po6urb rle Ha Br{Mory anmificrxoro
oaqroBoro crapur,rHr,r xan. Earepc6u. flpo re, [aHe Pouane, fiurrocr, ulo Ha BuMory
[epuoro-fiinuroro anrniftus, He rruTaroqu flpo Morc 3roAy,
MeHe flepeK[rHyro,
sx tafisufi KycoK noniua.
Anr
-
A uoe oripueuua Br,rKJrHKaB roil Qarr, uo Ao Haru[x nnyrpiuuix ra6oponux
cflpaB uuiuryrorrcfl qyxr.rHui, a uaru KoMeHAaHr, aauictr o6opoHr.rtncr, iu ule
rorypa€. Taxa carraa nporleAypa 6yna nonropeHa, KoJrr,r MeHe y Bynrcporci esirsHeHo
Tex 6yqiN,r ro Ha Br{Mory
3orciu, a repellaHo uoi 0yHxrlii BirouruucLKoMy
3acraHoBr.r
-
3nos He rraifi oco6r.rcrraft xarb, €ure ora cniua fi 6es
nocraBa KoMeHAaHTa laripxa cyfiporlr anrniftqia, uese 6orinu fi 6onmr
asuificrroro
lonusi. IIIo
KoMeHAaHTa.
rvrr,r
He KepyeMocr csoirvrrr 3aKoHaMri, ar.c naeMo co6i uo6posinrHo
HAK}IAATI,I qY)KY BOJITO.
Taxox q He BuHeH B ToMy, rrlo A. Ianipxo si scir,ra 6ya tonapncrKufi, upnx:uuft.
V eiaHouessi.uo MeHe 3aBxlutpu6upaB 3BepxHro nocraBy, Moxe He raK 3BepxHlo,
rK xonoAHo cnyx6ony.
A xonu 6 n He 3raAaB flpo ,,KoM[aciBKy", ro n 6ys 6ll sxe rarn 6pexyHoM.
Icropuxoni rraoxe ne uorpi6Ho ilpo ue 3raIlyBarvr, a:;re ue 6ynu uoi oco6ucri cnor'runu.
A ,,KoMnaciBKa" 6yra cnanHa Ha qinuft Mi.ulegl, flK KoJrr,rcb ,,piruincrxe 3ororo".
To qx npo uei He 3ra.uarr,r? 3peurtoro, x Ii nepexnopin raxn,uo6pe, To ax He3pytrHo
He 3ra,uarlr. 3raaysanocb npo ,,Ko3aui cl1la",3raAyBanocb flpo ,,rropHy paAy", To
r{oMy He 3raAar[ upo xorin ra npo ,,KoMnaciBxy"? Aafire ueni, nane PorraHe, xorr
oaLIH peuenrfi AoKa3, qoMy ne tpe6a 6yno araayBarlt.
I epeuni, naflsaxnunirue, qoMy ff craBr,rBcfl IIo cor. B. flauuyxa 3 [eBHItM
Hetrosip'svr, a ro fi ocy.uovr. Koporxo, ToMy ulo 6ara'ro 3 Hac He MaJrr{ HaroAr{
3 fioro lixvru. f., ua Herrlacrr, TaKy HaroAy MaB.
flonepure, corHuK llaHuyx', raxnfi flKoro sHae 6inrmictr is ftoro nncrynin nepe.u
qxoi lvltl aoci s xurti
BoflrITBoM ra ftoro florflrHeHb oprauirauiilnux
- ue Jrro.uuHa,
He crpiuarr.r. Moaepnr,ril yxpaiHeub, 3 rxr,rpoKr,rMr.r KoHTaKTaMI,I cepeA anrnifiuis.
rauiruarucr s fioro nornflAaMu,
y Br.rxoHyBanni. 3 ycix nroaefi, mi
s PiNriHi, uefi o.quuoxr{fi nolaesB H&llii, uro AHBr,ITrcn Ha peui
peaJrbHo, MeHrue roBopnrb, a 6inrure po6utr. Tornry MrI HIIM 6ynu aaxonneni. A-ne
KoJrra B po:rraoni s peaaxuiii ,,Xumx n ra6opi" Mr,r flocraBunu fiouy nLITaHHr, ,K
aHrnifiui cnprfiuarorr 6oporu6y n xparo ra qri Marorb nJrflHH IrIoAo Vxpaiuu,
lllsuaxuft
y
nrpiurynanui, KoHceKBeHrHufi
siasiayBanr.r Hac
95
To foro sianoaiar sac o6nu.na BeapoM xono.uHoi BoAH. flpo nxycr 6oporu6y B Kparo
asr.rriftui Hi.roro He 3Halorb. A cynporn Vrpaixfi MaK)Tb csoi nasxll. Koau x Mrr
fioro :anuraru, un niH, Maroq[ aocryn ra flpr.rfl3Hi siaHocnHu no rriHicrepcrBax,
He Moxe fKocb BnfluBarr{ na ruiuy ix HacrasneHHfl, ro giH HaM cKa3aB TBKe: ,,.f,
caM ayxe Miuro 3Halo. Meni Hixro Hicrux rraarepirnin He IIa€, Tox KoMnporuiryaatu
ce6e c He 6yry".
floapyre. Koru
Hac, noJroHeHnx,
r.ar 6ynn Bxe B
B
qrreHu
AHrnii,
Kortta
floqaracr ni,uroroBa Ao BK[[oqeHH,
CyE, To flaHuyx B
npr.IBaruoMy ronapncrni
s 6yty MarH B pyKix flunirirc, roai rtaeni JrerKo BAacrbcc o[aHyBarrr
peury errairpauii". Xo.[ulro npo re, uo flaHqyx xoris y JlonaoHi crBopnru UeHTp
sciei Hosoi er.airpauii, oqeBHIIHo, nia ftoro [poBoaoM. Ane sci rex 3nar.il axe ro.[i,
uto I-lauuyK, xoq sxxosaHnfi y HauiouaricruuHouy cepe.uoBr{rqi Kaxa.uu, Tenep
a$iurynan ce6e rasscrur.a o6opoHueM yHP ua euirpauii. Orxe, arsigifiHnxu, n fioro
nJrflHax MaJrH 6yru rur.a ueMeHTyrcquu i nepepiruarcquM 3HapcArM B aoposi ao fioro
rap'epu
nciei errairpauii s Enponi.
- Boxrlfl
LIu rraos
oco6nc-ra ouisxa npaBl{rlbHa 6yna, t{H HenpaBuJrbHa, aute fl [oqaB npocro
6oqrncs nn6ynnoi ar.a6iqii roi nrc.uuHtt. Tnrra 6inrure, tuo Mr{ 6ynn nxe s AHrnii
Br{cJroBr.rBcflt,,flK
o6ruiusnncb napy Jrr{craMn, 3 flKr{x niH 3uaa, ruo fl ne oao6proro fioro arr6irsux
nnqHis.
Oue, uro rpe6a 6yno aonoBHHTH rr[r B]rflcHlltn, uro6n AonoBHHTH Te, qoro
rHas P. Crapoconscrxrfi, a6o qoro He xoris 3HarI{.
He
tttttrfllttrtttltttttttttrtlarttrrtllltltilrartrrrtrttrllrltlrtllltrrlrrttl
-l
3xarrcxnrnfi I crne.rlrinfi xnl6l rcrxoro poAy ncrepcrrl rngo6n t
Halurx qorrpLor xaE.pHrx-pecrop.Bar o6xarxi, sgoponi ta
B
uo yuipxoBaHrx
qixu
xepxi Ta conoAKG ncqrBo oAep)xrre
YI(PAIHCbKIT NEKAPHI TA
EyAr
I(ABAPHflX
rHrcrb
IGf
739 Queen St. W. MGI
95 f,'ront SL E., St. Lcurencc
4t3 Btoor SL
2lD Bloor St.
W.,
W,
Toronto, Onterio
i
!
1t
at
daxr r
i
:i
TeL: 368-41235 :
MkL Tel.: rc7259
a
i
Y22-Stl5 :a
Tel.: 769-5m0 :
Tel.:
fluraine 3a HaruuM neqrBoM no Dcix xpauHnqext
ar,ogrre Ao Hec ra rloyyBahrect,rx y iroeuy gorrit
3
a
O
)
:
a
a
trrrrrrllllalrrrar.atlllltttlarrrrrrrtrlrlrttrrrallltlrtrrtrrtrlllltrrrrrrl
PO3IIIYK
PoanHa nouyKy€ ansirifiHr,rxa Mrroay Hiurqn, aap. l92s p. B c. onapinxa.
Bnurir npofiuon y rra. Ko6aenu (3-rn corHr BaxKux xyaerraerin). OcranHn fioro
sicrxa r 9exo-CnoBaq'{HHH. Ma6yru, 6yn rrxro nopaHeHrfi. Xro rHas 6r fioro
Aonrc npocr{Mo nucarv Ha aapecy ,,Bicrefi KoM6araHa".
96
TIPECOBI,IU
ooHA,,BICTEII KOMEATAHA',
B qaci aia 16 xnirss to 24 qepBHfl
npeconnfi Ooua xypHany B. K.:
l99l p. HaAifirurn c.ni.qyroqi Bnrarr
Ha
CraHuuq Eparcrna I yA yHA @[email protected] is s6ipxr B naM'flTb
cB. rr. IeaHa Bopuca. floxeprnn 3Jroxrnu: n-ui Ansa Bopuc
(apyxnna noxifiHoro) ao.n. 30.0; no $20.00: Eor.uau i Teo0ids
ApruuuruuH, 3euxo i Jliaa 3asa.[osuq, fletpo i Mapix KouApat,
.f pocnan Bo6nHcrru it, Bacnnu 3aracafino, Boro.quuup Cirrarin,
Murona Boxua, n-Hi IsaHHa Ma:ypor, u-ui Bapnapa IIIsea i
Bacnru flpunin; no $10.00: MNxafi.no i €sreHis Einux, Bono.uur'anp
Mariennu, Teoaop Pax, ,flpocras Kaqaft, Bacum Copoxa, Pouas
Knoc, EsreH lllxinrsnx, Orecr fapaeurxu, BonoAurvrup .[anunrox,
Muxafino Ky:rua, I'pr,rropifi floxolxaft, Muxona Bofiuyx,
.flpocnae Ilyuanxo, OnexcanAp Jlyurxufi
pa3oM
370.00
pa3oM
273.00
Cranuus Eparcrna 1 yA yHA n Poqecrep ir s6ipxr s naM'srb
cB. n. Mnrorn Or.rlrcr. floxeptnr BnflaruJru: $100.00 .fpoclan
i Onrra fopoaeurxi; $25.U): Borlas i Jliaa Xoprgx; uo $20.fi):
n-ni Aapiq A. Ornrox, Mupou Xourr, Muxafino Pinaru, Bono.unlunp
Moruxa; no $10.00: JLo6onnp i Jko6a Eirux, Baculr Einan,
MnpoH Macnoscrxuft, Meqecnas Eanuu, Mnxora i,3oc JlursuHeur,
IsaH i Onrra Me.nrHux; no $5.00: Muxona Mapronuu; no $3.00:
Bor.uan Pytuilr
VrpaiHcrra Crpineurxa I-porvrara B Monrpeani :i r6ipxu na
Vxpaiucxy rpecy na rpurni no 6n. n. Onisua 3axap,Iyxa:
$lffi.fi): flasno i Cre$anis feuraro; $25.(X): Ocun i Haais Bunuuurri,
no $20.fi): IsaH CterbMarrlyK, Tapac Typururox, flerpo Crerurvrarqyx,
lsaH Xoxnau, OreKcaHAep i IsaHxa fyr, Mapix 3axapuyx; $13.00:
H. Menrur,rK, no $10.00: Opucr i CreQanir Koponr, Mapix
Taparyra, Auua Cynax, Bacnnr Eoprlc, Mrapon Kavincrxnfi,
hrxo Eaxr.rno, Boraas Earnurxufi, Ocnn l{rna, 3enos Ean.uypa,
Bacunr Earupa, OxcaHa Tolrxo, Hecrop i Onq Kniua, Knqsa
flunonapvyr, ^fpocnan 3axapesru, BonoEuv,vtp i EsreHis Euxuir,
Mnxafino IsaHr,rqrxrfi, AuHa Py:aHnr, Mapiq 9ailriscrxa, AuHa
Kosanrcrxa, Muxafino i Cre$aHis 3soHox, Muxafino Buco,raHcrxufi,
flerpo fop6ycr, CreSaH i Ipuna Kpanuyx, Bacnnr Caucou;
no $5.fi): Posanis flanniscrra hocun Beluauyx, Ipuna.I[asu.uonuu,
AHacrasiq Jle6ear
pa3oM
I yA yHA
518.00
3 Toro Ha npecoBufi $ona
B.K.
178.00
s Cya6ypax ravrictr xsitis na cnixy
Morr{ny no6paruvra cB. n. Opir Cninenrxoro noxeprBll 3noxlarru;
no $20.fi): f. Casxis, E. Karyrrb(a; JI. Jlesuurrufi; no $10.fi):
T. erraqyx, A. Maxapeub, B. Oiuyncx, B. PaAoMcbKIafi, M. Cuuo,rro,
Cranruq Epa'rcrnq
97
M. FonuscbKufi, P. XorriusKrfi, I. OnyQpuK; no $5.(X): K. Trauenro,
B. Aasranr.
Crannur Eparcraa
pa3oM
r. Bosris I yA yHA
150.00
s JlerafiroHi crrralae
sal"ricru reiris Ha Mornly cB,. n. Tersnn TPABI4K ua npeconufi
$ona B. K.
100.00
B uepnry cyMHy piuuuuro cMeprlr Aopororo 6para 6n. n. Eor.uaua
Tapuoneubroro /nouep 23.7.1990 p./ nepecwra€Mo ua npecoauft
$oHa raroK Ta Monr,rMo rocuo.ua sa cuoxift froro ayuri s ne6ectrnx
xopoMax, Poprau i Hisa Tapnoneurri
50.00
- Toponro
IsaH i Cre$a Oniftunr, Barr, H. 14. gauicru xsiris ua ceixy
Mor[ny craptur{Hn I yA cB. n. Muxolz Ornrcxa
25.00
H.H. Haur aipur,rfi i sasxlu xeproBsufi aonroniurifi qr{Tarr
1,000.00
Oreur Mr{Tpar
Bono.urrranp Anapyurxin, Koraye
H. ff.
ErrainrrH Kopuax
- Jliou, Opanuia
3enou foie, .(irpofir 3 Haroru ulacJrr,rBoro nepexoay B pfl,Aar 85-pi,+rux
100.00
70.00
Naono.uuis
50.00
50.00
s0.00
50.00
25.00
EereH Bopnc, Topouro
BoroAuuup Jleuuux, Anrnic
Muxafilo l{xua, Eu Ap6op
Bacrur .[anuarx /Marolro*rpa/, Bauxyuep
Boao.[nrvrup
Mora, Mourpeanr
Escraxifi 3araqescxnfi, Povecrep
Ocnn Jlesnurrnfi, BytrefiseH
no AoJr. 10.fi): Tapac fyr
fpnropifi Kotareenq
- Toponro,
Piaxafina, Crenau fauyna
Miccicara, BoloAuMt4p flanip.ryx
Kanrapr
-
pa3oM
flerpo
flrrunw.t
- Hrro-ffopx TopoHro, Ocr,ru I-sogaeuuxuft
no AoJr. 5.00: IsaH Oironr
Benl Piuep, Baculr-Knirvrauyr
Aurnii,
-Bacunu
- Toponro 3rn. Bxe B I'arrainmon,
Toponro, .flpocran Kynr.ruusxuft
flyrvrenxo
-
no aorr. 2.00: Crenan MaxcnMK)K
-
E00opr
-
-
pa3oM
22.N
15.00
12.00
40.00
7.00
25.00
Cinnep Cnpiur, Opecr Kouro6a
pa3oM
4.00
PA30M 2,666.00
Harue u[pe cniouyrtr nepecfina€pro PoArasana i flpraflTeJrflM cB. n. Inaua
Eopnca, Mrmo.nr or.nrora, IofliqHa 3axapvyxa, K)pin crinesuxoro, Terrgn fpa6nr,
i EorlaHa Tapnoneubroro.
{nryevro Vnpananr Crauuqr, iuiqirroparvr:6ipolc ra s6ipur{rarra. flpocupro i
n 6yayvorray naur'ttarfi npo norpe6u xypHany.
AarvriHicrpauiq B. K.
98
Vrqraixcrroi Haua rrrafi6yrxicrb
flrcrarun
IIe
- 3
nauri girn... qe olHa
npuqlrH, Iqo MII s6YlY-
BaJIIt Lrafiflax'IlrK AJII rPH
na oceli <<Ktris> a KYls-
rypHoMy I{eurpi Cs. Bo-
So-Use
Credit Union Ale,
-u"-u"""
n Oxsinni.
Kpeguroaa Cninra
JIoAIIMITPa
;?:H HJIHT#",J:
cTaH e A[Ttqa rpa,
3IIrc [P[tIt{Hy,
i
HaIIIa
[ToBa Cninxa rerlep
ogrlTbctsOuIaBiis
Micciccasi.
Mr rourrpK>
euo narui o6crynr, rqo
Bn Mourn 6 gAificxrmn
saIui uaft6yrni Mpii.
llpouy, npnfigirr i
That fuhrie starts right
here with our children...
and it's one reason we
built a play ground at the
St. Wolodymyr Cultural
Centre in Oakville.
But So-use doesn't think
'that their or your finan-
cial future is
child's
play, that's why we'rc
now in Oshawa and in
Mississauga, Growing to
give you the range of
services that will help
make your future dreams
come true. Come and
join the So-Use family.
craHbre rrneHoM PoAnun
Kpegnronoi Cnirxn
<Corog>.
99
Ti, ruo eidiiluanu...
*30.
JIEB KyPI,InEUb
II.
1923
- t2l. II.
CTEOAH MAMAJIHTA
*17.
1990
HexponorH
y,,Bictrx
XII. t922
- tl7.XII.
1990
Korrr6araHTa"
q. 2/91
IOJIIflH 3AXAPI{YK
*25. 10. t9r2
- It2.04.
12 xsirHq l99l poKy, siaifiuroe
r{rreHr.r
y
siqHicru IOniqH 3axapuyx. rKoro
noxopoH aia6yacr 15 xgirHs u. p. y
MoHrpeani. B qaci flanaxual.l
i
noxo-
pouHoi eianpasu y uepxsi VcneHHq
Boxoi Marepi Ha PoaerrloHri aepxalH
criilxy 3 rpanopaMH
BerepaHH
VrpaiHcuxoi Crpireuuxoi
I-porraaqn,
Bparcraa xorlru-rn ix apraieifi Hr.rris YHA,
100
Jleriouy ir'a. I. Malenn 'ra
vicueeoro Biaairy yHO.
l-laHaxuar.r B aHgx l3-ro i l4-ro rsirHs
i noxopouHy clyx6y aianpanun
BerepaHcbxnfi xanelrH o. nanrpar .II.
NaHancbKoro
t99r
I-afirraauonuu, sxuit
s
ueprni npouaB
[Ioxiilnoro no6parr.rrraa i eia napa$ii
cKJraB BHcJToBH
rex
cnievyrrn poalrni. Biu
aianpoBaaHB
rilo lloxifinoro
na
yxpaiucuxe KnaaoBr.rure.
Han aiaxpuTolo MorHlroro 6n. n. IO.
3axapuyxa roJroBa r.aicueeoro aiaainy
Naicuese
YHO, IeaH CrenbMaruyK, rnoxus sil
i qneHcrsa crcreMu VHO cnisrryrrfl nani Mapii tpyxnui, ixsir.a cHHaM
ynpaBn
Eopucoai
potrHHH
i
AapirHoni
[Ioxifisoro.
i
ycir.,r qJreHaM
Orperrao siarvrir[s
npaulo 6n. n. Ionirua, aosronirHuoro
aKTHBHoro qreHa cHcreMH yHO i
neJrerara ao KVK. Xani6Horo nicHerc
Mif " npouanu npnnnHi
Ha noxopoui noxifiHoro 3axapuyxa,
,,BHAHur, Bpare
o6og'q:xpr 6arepifinoro crapur{Hrn B
I-apr'aarxroMy nonxy arBi3ii. VqacH[x
6ursw AHBisii nia EponaMH, BnxoAurb
: Hei xusurr{ i ,qanrule 6epe fracrb r ycix
onepauinx Ar.rsirii Ha Cnosa,rqrHi i
Ascrpii nia
<Denra6axor.a.
flo
eaxisqensi
sifiHr.r nepe6ysae ao poKy 1947 s ra6opi
noJroHeHux s PiN,riHi, a no saimxeni r
nonoHy nepei:.unrs .qo Hir.{eqqLIHI,I Ao
poAHHr.{, 3 flKoro s 1949 poui er'airpy€ Ao
riro cnoquno aaJreKo sia piaxr.rx
leMerb, 3a Bofllo nxux 6oposcg eiH ri
KauaqH.
r6poe ro B pyr(ax.
ronoBoro MoHrpeanbcbKoro Biaainy
ycl- i qJreHoM ynpaBr.r yHO, AeneraroM
ao KVK y Mourpeari i ryr snssus ce6e
flKoro
V MoHrpeani srnrcqaerbcfl B
rpoMaacbKy npaup. KinrxarparHo 6yn
aKTHBHHM
l npO.[yI(THBHHM
IUIeHOM.
Cre$aHia 3noHor, roJroBa rtaicuesoro
Biaairy OpraHirauii Vxpainor
KaHa.qn
iv. Onrrr Eacapa6, 3noxr.rJla Ha pyKI{
csoei qreHKr nasi Mapii 3axapuyx,
ApyxHHH 6n. n. IOninxa, BHcJIoBH
ulrporo cnieuymr An, po.IlHHLI.
Cecrpa floxifisoro naHi Cre$aHir
I-eurano s ir\aeHi ycix uneuin poauHrl
3JIoxHJIa urupy noarl(y yciu, xro 6pan
yqacrb y floxopoHHHx ni.unpanax
Tpaar.ruifiHy rpr.r3Hy BJraurroBaHy
i
M.
xaro6Hiil rpane:i.
Ha :axrHx rocnoaapr M. BHco.IaHcbKoro nepeBereHo r6ipxy Ha ,,HeB'fl-
Bucoqascrxufi , 3anovarKyBaB o. Mr,rrpar
fl. I-afiNaaHoer.rq MonHTBoro i cnisorra
3axapuyra, flKa Dafla cyMy KaH. aoncpiB
iaxoaaMu poaHHH, axa aia6ynacc e [ovi
YHO, rKoi rocnoaapeM 6ye
,,Xpucroc Bocxpec". O. K. BuHslluurnfi
3MaJIrcBaB r(oporKo
xlrrte gHfi L[flflx
uyuuit
Bisor" alfl 6n. tt.
IOnisHa
S518.00, flr(y po:aineHo Ha ,,Bicri
Kou6araHT"
$175.00, Ha ,,Hoarfi
i ua ,,VxpaiHcure
lllrflx" - 5165.00
IOniqH 3axapuyx Hapo.rrHBc s 25 CroBo"
178.00.
xoBrHfl l9l2 poKy y Epoaax. flo
lllupa- no.rlrKa HaJrexHTbcr ycirra
lIoxifiHoro.
laxiHqeHsi rirraHa:ii nocrynae
y
JIusiecuxHft Vuinepcnrer Ha Br,rain
flpana, ,Ke raxiuqye ri
cryrreHeM
rraaricrpa npaB. B 1942 poui oapyxy€Tbcs r Mapierc Ta6anosoro, y HHx
xepTBoaaBuflM.
Biqna To6i IIaNr'q'rs Aoporr.rfi
llo6parur.ae!
o. K. B.
Hapotrxy€Tbcfl nBox cnHis: Eopuc
- n
s KaHaai.
Kpalo i AapiqHa
Ha raxnux 6arrxisruuHu Bcrynae B
pnlr.r I-oi
[nei:ii, ae nicnq Br.rlxKony
oaepxy€ crynixr xopyHxoro i c.nyxurs
ax tro laxiHqeHuq sifiHr,r, Br.IKoHyloqH
l0l
B qaci fioro
IBAH EOPI,IC
*3 ciqHs 1922
-
t13 tpanns
fIo
l99l
nepenolyllo s'cgHurd sdxae.
rKoMycb qaci 3rolotuy€Tbcc tro
ar.rsirii. Eepe yqacrb B 6orx nil
BpoAarrau, y ranacHiu norrKy. Ilicna
sifiHr.r onHHfl€Tbcn n ra6opi s PiruiHi.
Baaerrcq ilorray BrrpBarucb r Pirraini ao
IeaH Bopttc, KorI. BoflK I YA,
npurnanHufi rrJreH @inraenrQificrxoi
cranuui Eparcraa noMep nicnc losroi
HeayrH. 3aruruus apyxuHy, cLIHa nr
Ancrpii. B 1947 poui suix.uxae Ha
rpaurc ao Tynicii (nisH. AQpuxa).
aoHbKy 3 po.[HHaMr.r.
crpi,rae Haairo Kalucry.
Tar,a
Oapyxymrcc
s
1948 poui. B l95l p. nocenrcrorbcfl B
Kasali, r.aicuesicrr Cyq6ypu. IlpaurosaB
s Hirresifi iHaycrpii IHKO ax Ao nescii.
Ha flapacraci nporlaB norifiuoro
roJroBa Cranraui Mrp. Eor.uaH
Xnnyun g Cya6ypax, Eoxifiuufi IOpffi
BKnrcqy€Tbcn ao npaui n oprauirauixx
BH:sonsHoro <Dpoury, Craunui Eparcrsa AueirifiHprxis i napa$ii uepKBI,I cB.
lloxponn. floxiftnnfi IOpifi 6yn npauroBHTllM i :pa:xonuM qJIeHoM 3ra,[aHnx
Apruuuuruu i 6nururrafi apyr noxifiHoro
Boloalt*aup Xoaax,
a Haa rpo6or.a
nporuanbHe cJroBo BHroJrocHB ceKpeTap
craunui Mprxafiro Einprx.
floxifiHr.rft IgaH HapoauBcr
HHKax
n
Cep-
AoniurHix PorarnHcrxoro noniry.
opraui:auift . Harua rpoMaaa BTparHJra
BlaaaHofo qfleHa.
flanaxray il noxopouni cnyx6n eianpaBHnH o. Mlrrpar Teoaop flpufiua fi
o. Mapruu Eanaryur. flpoualn BocraH-
Oinnaenu$ift crra craHllut BI,IcnoBnIo€
apyxrani AHHi i airqr\,r cepaeuHi
cnrBqyTTfl.
fpocrao Kaqafi
H€ IOpir no6parur.au Bparcraa
IOPII4 CJIIfIEHbRVIVI
2.II. r9r8
-
qucreHHi qneHu
27.lll. t99t
ir
yrpaiucuxttx
oprauirauifi.
Ha rpr.rHi
:6ipxy
nepeBeaeHo
Ha
27-ro 6epe:Hn l99l pory HecnoaisaHo
siaifiuros y siqHicru uaur no6parnM no
r6poi IOpifi CrinesuruPr.
,,Bicri Kar.a6arana" n cyrtai
I-loxifiHuil HapoanBcfl a HaripHnHxaByuau. B uonotprx poKax Bcryna€ B
pflar OyH. IIia qac 6o-ruruesnuuxoi
Kpucrorra, nHyxin CtenaHa, Anapic i
Haramy. I-loxopoueHo fioro sa Karorlruuxiu UenHrapi s Cyn6ypax.
oxynaqii xHBe s nianirfli. 3 npxxoaona
niN4uia 6epe yqacrb s axuiqx nporll
JlerKoro,
siueuuxr.tx Hai:HHxis. Eyn aperurosaHLIfi
r02
.
150 aon.
IOpifi 3aJrr.rrrrHB y cMyrKy apyxnHy
Haairo, aoHbKy Aapirc : qonosixov
Xaft
KaHatrcbKa 3eMJrr
6yne fiouy
a naM'flTb npo
Hboro
AoBToTPHB&norc. EorAau Katylura
Cre$aHis; nHyxir: BacnlR, Pouana,
Xpuc'rrc, JIiay i cecrPY Cre$aniro
A-P flPOCJTAB OHyOEPKO
*20.
v. t9t2 - t7. III. l99l
Aintlr.aocq cyMHorc
sicrrop
flac'repuax n VxpaiHi. E.uuoHtoHcbKa
3 qneHaMn
Bparcrsa ror. sosxis l-oi VA VHA, uto
Pi:aea Xpncroaoro, 7-no ciqns
l99l p. e Ear*aoHrosi noMep Ha yAap
B aeHb
cepur Hau no6paruru tr-p .f poclan
Ouy$epxo.
rpoMaaa 6onrcqe eiaqyna il ure aoBro
uiauynarnue BTpary il-pa fl. Osy$epxa.
CraHNuc Eparcrna B3flJIa Yqacrb B
llaHaxn.qi 3 npanopoM, 3BopyluJIIdBe
noMl,tHtulbHe cnoBo Ha
flanaxuai
Ta
rpouanbHe s qaci cs. Jliryprii cilagas
KoJr.
arsi:ifiHllr i renepiuruift
napox
uepKBH cB. froca$ara o. Bacuau
BorourrH. fli,u qac noxopoHHnx o6pnaia
npoBeaeHo r6iPxY Ha Qona Aitrr.a
Llopuo6ur
fl,
flKa
mta
$27 55.
a-p .flpoclana OnYOePxa
BHcJIoBJI ]oe Mo sauri Hafturu pirui
PoauHi
cniauyrrn . Xai,t KaHaAcbKa leMns 6y.ue
l4orray JlerKorc. Biqsa ftor.ay l-[au'rru!
Muxafi.no KY'reP
OJIEKCA HABPOUbKI,IIA
*29.
.fl. Oxy$epKo Hapoannca n Tepuononi
e poauui Isana i AHupr f uyn. Hapoanrc
cepeaurc ocairy :ao6yn a Tepnonoli,
BerepnHapHi crynii raKiHque n EpHi,
t{exo-CnoBaqqHHa, noBepHyB ao I-anH-
i
l.
Aifirura ao
1924
- t9. 2. 1989
Hac cnirueHa
sicrra,
uro
9. 2. 1989 noMep nicnq ropotroi HeayrH a Porepaarrai (l-onncHaie) nincrapurnHa I YA-YHA 6n. n. OJIEKCA HABPOUbKI4IZ, Hap. 24.1.1924 P. B
i eiaxpr.re xaHuelnpiro n 36apaxi i
6poaax. B qaci TBopeHHfl ar,rsirii .IIpocnaai. Icnrr rpinocru cKJIaB B
yxp.rivuarii a TepHononi 1942 p. flicnr
,, I-arH{HHa" 3roroctlBcr no6ponoJlbueM
quur.r
a
ii
prau, 6ye nixapeM-BereprHapoM
urra6i rHsirii.
y
[Io rarisqessi
niEuu,
ruacnHBo oMLIHyB noJIoH, nepe6yean
ner.ufi qac n HiueuurHi, a si.[rar
noceJrHBcfl a Kaxa.ni, Hocrpr,rSixysas ceifi
aHUroM
i
npaurcnan Ha aepxanniff
npaur.
llorifiHufi L-p fl. Osy$epxo
qepe3
aoeri poxH 6ya npHKnaaHHM qJIeHoM
craHuui, 6ya ronoBoK) KoHrPonuuoi
Kor',ricii, qfleHoM EnapxirnsHoi ynpasr
EYKK i Oprani:auifi :a l-larPinPxar
yKu.
Cvepru
E-p
fl.Ony$epra
-
ue B ne-
pl.uy qepry 6olrcua BTpara anc fioro
poIIlrHH: cHna Eoprca
i uoqru Tauapu
103
KaniTynrqii crynirosaB rpaBo u yniaep-
cnreri
n
fpauy,
p. repecenr.rBC, Ao
1947
I-pan na cxpr.rhqi
nerleTapeM.
y
MrcHxeHy, Ae nparlroBaB n IPO, a sia
1952
to
1954 npoaoBxyBaB
cryrii s VBV
s MrcHxexi. B rorray uaci 6yn conicrou
uepKoBHoro xopy
i
,ronosiqoro xopy
1960
fi 6yn cnoprcMeHoM-
p. oApyxrBcr
3 roJrJrflHAKoro
yxpaiHcsxoro noxollxeHHr, rxy 3anr{ur.rB
B cMyrKy npa: is cr{HoM. BiqHa ftovry
naNa'qru!
ao 1960 pp. 6ys
coricrou pisHllx npo$ecifinnx xopin.
,,.(Hinpo". Bia
1956
E. III.
1 yA YHA:
Corarr, xap. 1905, ocraHHf, nicrxa 6yla
fIoIIIyKyeMO KOJI. BOtrKrB
1. Koxresrua Inana, cuna Crenana, ie
uo 6onx ni.q Bponalffi.
2. ftlniBa Iuana cnxa fletpa, Hap. 1924 p. s frocrxosurrax, o6n. JIrsiBcEKa.
Bicmu [pocr{Mo c[prMyBarlr Ha aApecy:
.f,pocnar Kyxuurruil, 17 Humberside Blvd., Toronto, Int. M6S 4K6
AH,@ifiosnq JIen, yp. l92l s Hanipnifi, 6ys y nirapni 194,r p. y Jlrnoui. Baqulu
fioro y Bi,ani, si.urar uo'siftHi y 3ax. HiueqqnHi. Xro suas 6r upo fioro roJuo,
rpoclrrbc, noAarrd aictry .uo: PoMaH A. Iaopnntx, 20 Waterside Plaza, Apt. 26K,
New York, N.Y. 10010 Tel.: (212) 213-5993
HOBI BI{AAHHfl EPATCIBA:
B posnpoga:ri rl,oaawrlrcf,, gpa
xori
Er{AaHnf, Haruono
Eparcrre
1. BIRCbKOBA yTIPABA re vKPAIHCrT(A Autdr3tfl
a carre:
"ruryrrurtt:tl
.8ToPsrtsl Por,raHe Kolicnma. 4e npo girarnicrr Bificrxonoi Vnpanr ra
Tg9rl$.y_nozinary El4qgcuo yKPaiuoKrx Haqionanrrnrx s6pofi rrux culB porax
1943-1945. Cmpinor 168, qiaa,qon. 15.00
flpocrrrro_na6yr,arr,a Jepes Kpafioai
qnMixicTpaqip Bicrreil Kou6ararrra
ra Craxr.rni Vnpatu, e6o qepe3
Bn4arrur.r. Pc+,cpelrT!/pa f.V. Bparuna
104
>S>>
> 5OS5SS5S>S>
55SlC5o5
>S5
yKPAiHCbKA EvAlBEnbHA oIPMA
I(OSTBUBA & SONS tNC.
EyAOBA XAT I OAEPNK
Tel. Bus. 890-0196
Res. 27(HD70
846 Lexicon Drive, MiSSisSauga, ontario, canada L4Y 2P8
NORTH OUEEN AUTO PARTS LTD.
70 North Queen Street, Toronto, Ontario MBZ 2C9, Tel.: 233-5801
Hara6inuura a Kanagi yxpaixcuxa Qipura KynHa ra nepeAnpogaxi
yxrBaHrx aBr i rnraPieox.
Har/,|6inuu uh cxnag aBToBr4X qacTHH ecix pivxrxie
ra
ecix aMepnKaHcbKt4x
ra
3aoKeaHcbKl4x MapoK'
Bnacxrxra: EOl-flAH
i
BOTIOAHMI'IP CEMEA14'I
EOTAAH TOJIOBIA
Licensed Real Estate Broker
501
-
N., St. Peterburg, FIa. 33702
TelePhone: (Ef3) 577'3E48
90th Avenue
oAxoBl noPwu B cnPABt gAKvnv PEN\bHOCTEn
$PCO OIL LTD.
-
HOitE COMFORT DIVISION
Toronto, Ontario M8Z 2X3
-
83 Six Polnt Road,
-
Tel.: 232-2262
o ,QocraenneMo eKocreBo xalaxpaqy onanoBy orll4By; BKnaAaeMo i SixaxCyeuo 4Ori4xuul4 Bnnarauu xOei ne.{i ra 3BorqyBavi noairpe; npOBaAuMo
snacxi 6exgunoai oraxqil SIPCO i e xhx xanoaxsfiTe aBTa BucoKoeKocreBOIO, a piaxovacHo no yuipxoaaxux qiuax 6exglxolo.
qepe3
TeneQoxylre Bf,eHb i axori, a PaxyHKr nnatiru 6esnocepegHbo
West
Community Trust Co.,
- 2299 Bloor Street
55 S5 SSS > S555CICSDO5SO>>5S>5
Ilina
$5.00
,KIIIO )C4BETE Y BIHHINETY I MACTE OIHAHCOBI ICIIOTIOTI4
.flpu saxyni, a6o uanpaBi atra, [pr.r 3aKyni Honoro yprpKeH*fi, xaryt,
. ttpu roncoaigaqii (ai6paHni) ncix AoBT, . trpu saxyni afu nepe6y4ori Aorvry,
TOAI
PMT4MO BrABrrqATr4
KPEruITOBY KOOIIEPATIIBY IIBHtrIHOTO BIHHINETY
Bona paAo AoroMox(e
Barvr
yci qi Krrororr{ ycy:ayrut.
NORTH WIIYNIPEG CREDIT UNION LTD.
544 selknik Ave., winnipeg, MB R2w lY9, Tel.: 586-8460 or 5g6-g469
2271Bloor
COMMUMTY TRUST COMPANY
street west, Toronto, ontario M6s lpl - Tel.: (416) 763-731J
flpuiluae
BK;naAil
i
H
Vgi.rrroe oco6ucr
6aHxosi onepaqii.
afl'rlur4i
rigcorxr.
-
- floaarogxcye nci
ripeHnrrvru (rpacr).
Vpxgoni ro,qlrHrr:
noHe4iaoK go rrernepra - nig 9:30 go 5:00 Berr.,
n'trlg,urqt - sig 9:30 Ao 7:00 se'{.
WEST ARKA
2282 Bloor Street West, Toronto, Ontario, M6S lN9 - Tel.: 762-87Sl
KHr4
rAPH'
-KPAM
HIlrJfl 3 rI OAAPKAMT4
KHnxcru, )r.ypmaru,
6angypu, BytuttytBKrt,
i noaotua s yxpaiuc
Eixryrepie
Btacuuxuz
OIlfl.I AHAPIfi qOPHII

Documentos relacionados