Die tiefsten Unterwasserhöhlen der Welt - bei Swiss-Cave

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Die tiefsten Unterwasserhöhlen der Welt - bei Swiss-Cave
Die tiefsten Unterwasserhöhlen der Welt
Situation 30.6.2009 / Stand 30.6.2009
Editor: Oliver Knab Im Tiergarten 50 8055 Zürich, Switzerland
[email protected] / [email protected]
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18 a
18 b
19
20
21 a
21 b
21 c
22
23
24
25
26 a
26 b
27
28 a
28 b
28 c
29
30
31
32
33
34
35 a
35 b
36
37
38
39 a
39 b
40
41
42
43 a
43 b
43 c
44
45
46 a
46 b
47 a
47 b
48
49
50 a
50 b
50 c
50 d
51
52
53
54 a
54 b
55
56
Pozzo del Merro (Merlo), Italien
Zacaton,Tamaulipas,Mexiko (B) (S)
Fontaine de Vaucluse,Frankreich (M)
Bushmansgat,South Africa (A)
Crveno Jezero,Kroatien (N)
Lago Azul,Brasilien
Hranicka Propast , Tschechische Republik
Nacimiento del Rio Mante,Mexico
Goluboe Ozero,Kabardino-Balkarskoy Rep.(ex USSR) (AA)
Kauhako Crater,Hawai
Sra Keow Cave, Thailand (G)
Goul de la Tannerie,Frankreich
Lagoa Misteriosa, Brasilien
Sorgente Gorgazzo , Italien
Vrelo Une (Izvor Une,Unsko Vrelo) Kroatien
Deans Bluehole, Bahamas,USA (X)
Font d Estramar , Frankreich
Sorgente Elefante Bianco,Italien
Komati springs,South Africa ( D)
Goul du Pont , Frankreich
Grand Souci, Frankreich
Agua Milagrosa,Brasilien
Source de St.Sauveur , Frankreich
Pearse Resurgence, Neuseeland
Font de Lussac,Frankreich
Port Miou , Frankreich
Sinoia Caves (Chinoi,Chinhoyi) Zimbabwe, Africa (Q)
Foux de Mas de Banal,Frankreich
Divie Jezero,Slowenien
Source de la Chaudanne, Schweiz
Sinjac (amont) ,Kroatien, (C)
Ceito Core Cave, Brasilien
Le Bouillant,Touvre,Frankreich
Ocean Blue Hole , Bahamas , USA
Resurgence de Lili, Griechenland
The Abyss,Lighthousereef,Belize
Cenote Sabak Ha, Mexiko (E)
Red Snapper Sink, Florida,USA (F)
Jack Fish Alley Cave, Aegypten
Fontaine des Chartreux,Frankreich
Exurgence du Diable,Frankreich
Source de la Marnade , Frankreich
Song Hong Sink, Thailand (O)
Grotte de la Mescla , Frankreich
Grava di S.Giovanni ,Italien
Fuente Azul, Spanien
Pine Creek Goldmine ,Australien (U)
Guardian Blue Hole , Bahamas , USA
Devils Hole,Nevada,USA
Lake Guinas, Namibia
Trou des Fees,Frankreich
Olhos de Agua de Alviela , Portugal
Grotta dei Fontanazzi , Italien (Y)
Devils Hole Cave 2,Nevada,USA
Green Banana Sink, Florida,USA
Cenote Xkolak , Yucatan,Mexico
Cenote Xloch , Yucatan, Mexiko
Source aux Fees,Frankreich
Abu Ramada Cave, Aegypten
Little Frenchman Blue Hole, Bahamas , USA
Sintzi Cave, Griechenland
Lighthousereefbluehole,Belize (H)
Sorgente Pollaccia , Italien
Vrulja ,Kroatien (I)
Grotte de Motiers , Switzerland
The Shaft, Australien (P)
Weeki Wacheesprings , Florida , USA
Izvir Doblicice , Slowenien (R)
Sorgente del Mulino ,Italien
Gouffre de Poumeyssen , Frankreich (W)
The Pit,Yucatan,Mexico
Luscas Breath,Bahamas, USA
- 392m / - 1286 ft.
- 319m / - 1046,6 ft.
- 315 m / - 1033 ft.
- 282,6 m / - 927 ft.
- 281 m / -921,9 ft.
- 274 m / - 898 ft.
- 267 m / -876 ft.
- 264m / -867 ft.
- 250 m / - 820,2 ft.
- 248 m / - 814 ft.
- 240 m / -787,4 ft
- 221m / - 725 ft.
- 220 m / - 721,7 ft.
- 212 m / - 695,5 ft.
- 205 m / - 672,6 ft
- 202,1 m /- 663 ft.
- 191m / - 626,6 ft.
- 186 m / - 610 ft.
- 186 m / -610 ft.
-185 m / - 606,9 ft.
- 184 m / - 603 ft.
- 182 m / - 597,1 ft.
- 182 m / - 597,1 ft
-182m / -597,1 ft.
- 180 m / - 590 ft.
- 179 m / -587,3 ft.
-165 m / -541,3 ft.
- 163m / - 534,8 ft.
- 160 m / - 524,9 ft.
- 160 m /
- 524,9 ft.
- 155 m / - 508,5 ft.
- 152 m / - 498,7 ft.
- 152m / - 498,7 ft.
- 152m / - 498,7 ft.
- 150 m / -492,1 ft.
- 147,8m / - 485 ft.
- 147,2 m / - 483 ft.
- 146,9m / - 482 ft.
- 146,2m/ -479,7 ft.
- 142m / - 465 ft.
- 141 m / -462,6 ft.
- 141m / - 462,6 ft.
- 140 m / -459,3 ft.
-139 m/ - 456 ft.
- 138m / - 452,7 ft.
-135 m / -442,9 ft.
-135m / - 442,9 ft.
-133m / - 436,3 ft.
- 132,9m / -436 ft.
- 132 m / - 433 ft.
- 130 m / - 426 ft.
- 130 m / -426 ft.
- 130 m / -426 ft.
- 128,9m / -423 ft.
- 128,3m / - 421 ft.
- 128 m / - 420 ft.
- 128m / -420 ft.
- 127 m / -416,7 ft.
- 127m / - 416,7 ft.
- 126,8m / -416 ft.
- 126 m / -413,4 ft.
- 125 m / - 410,1 ft.
- 125 m / - 410,1 ft.
- 125 m / - 410,1 ft.
- 125 m / -410,1 ft.
- 124 m / -406,8 ft.
- 122,8m / - 403 ft.
- 121 m / - 397 ft.
- 120m / - 393,7 ft.
- 120 m / - 393,7 ft.
- 119,1 m / -390,7 ft.
- 119 m / - 390,4 ft.
Telenaute ROV Prometheus
measured by sonar
Telenaute/ ROV
N.Gomes
Telenaute /ROV
G.Menezes
(Lotung) plumbing
S.Exley
(Lotung) plumbing
(Lotung) plumbing
C.Verdier,B.Reymenants
R.Stanton
G.Menezes
L.Casati
L.Casati
J.King
J.Meynie
L.Casati
D.Shaw,D.Shirley
X.Meniscus
J.Meynie
G.Menezes
J.Meynie
R.Harris
J.Meynie
X.Meniscus
B.Craven
P.Bernabe
L.Casati
M.Walz
L.Casati
G.Menezes
J.Meynie
B.Kakuk
J.J.Bolanz
A.W.Matthes,A.Pitkin,T.Tysall,K.Furman
A.W.Matthes
J.King
G.Fursov,L.Cunningham,V.Alexey
J.Meynie
X.Meniscus
J.Volanthen
M.Gadd
E.Establie
L.Casati
M.Burgui
(Lotung) plumbing
B.Kakuk
S.Exley,P.de Loach,A.Riggs
B.Scheun
L.Giordano
J.Meynie
A.Cavedon
S.Exley,P.de Loach
C.Bowen / F.Richardson
P.de Loach / S.Exley
A.W.Matthes / C.Bowen
F. Vasseur,M.Dighouth
J.Meynie
B.Kakuk
G.Tzavelas
A.Falco / A.Laban
L.Casati
W.Bolek,G.Dominik
L.Casati
Ch.Brown,T.Payne,D.Doolette
B.Hemphill,P.Heinerth,C.Mearns
U.Ilic / M.Mihailovski
L.Casati
R.Stanton
D.Lins / St.Bogaerts
R.Palmer
57
58 a
58 b
58 c
59
60 a
60 b
61
62 a
62 b
62 c
63 a
63 b
64 a
64 b
64 c
64 d
65
66 a
66 b
67
68 a
68 b
68 c
68 d
68 e
69
70 a
70 b
70 c
70 d
70 e
71
72 a
72 b
73 a
73 b
74 a
74 b
75
76 a
76 b
76 c
76 d
Mystery Sink , Florida , USA (Z)
Finike Suluin, Türkei
Source du Durzon, Frankreich
La Pilita , Tamaulipas, Mexiko (T)
Cenote Ucil , Yucatan , Mexiko
Le Ragas ,Frankreich
Finike Gök Cave , Türkei
Reds Blue Hole,Caysal Banks,Bahamas, USA
Vouliagmeni ,Griechenland
Izvor Cetina (Izvor Glavas,Milasevo Jezero) Kroatien
Funtona de Muriel , Spanien
Source de St.Antoine,Frankreich
Izvir Mrzlek, Slowenien (V)
Diepolder 2 ,Florida,USA
Source de la Bueges,Frankreich
Cueva de la Mora , Spanien
Kija Blue Sinkhole , Australien
Amberjackhole, Florida,USA
Source des Exals ,Frankreich
Piccaninnie Ponds , Australien
Diamond Rock , Gulf of Mexiko, USA
Su Cologone , Italien
Plura Cave , Norwegen ( K)
Gourneyroux,Frankreich
Martelange cave shaft , Luxembourg
Dorothea Quarry deep cave , England
Puits des Bans , Frankreich
Majerovo Vrelo , Kroatien
Source de Gourneyras , Frankreich
Four Shark Cave , Bahamas , USA
Harasib, Namibia
Foux de la Vis , Frankreich
Klokot, Bosnien-Herzegovina
Boiling Hole, Bahamas, USA
Triple Drop cave , Andros,Bahamas , USA
Grotta della Utopia , Sardinien , Italien
Sha abruhr Cave , Aegypten
Notre Dame des Anges , Frankreich
Gelber Brunnen, Switzerland
Salt Spring, Florida ,USA
Greath North Road,Bahamas, USA
Govic , Slowenien
Makta Vrelo , Mazedonien
Grotte de la Coudoulière, Frankreich
- 118,9 m / - 390 ft.
- 118 m / - 387,1 ft.
- 118 m / - 387,1 ft.
- 118 m / -387,1 ft
-117,9m / -387 ft.
- 117 m / - 383,8 ft.
- 117 m / - 383,8 ft
- 115,8m / -380 ft.
- 115 m / - 377 ft.
- 115 m / -377 ft.
- 115m / -377 ft.
- 112 m / - 367,4 ft.
- 112 m / - 367,4 ft.
- 111 m / - 364,2 ft.
- 111 m / - 364,2 ft.
- 111 m / - 364,2 ft.
- 111 m / - 364,2 ft.
- 110,9 m / - 364 ft.
- 110 m / - 360,9 ft.
- 110 m / - 360,9 ft.
- 108,2m / -355 ft.
- 108 m / - 354,3 ft.
- 108 m / - 354,3 ft.
- 108 m / - 354,3 ft.
- 108m / - 354,3 ft.
- 108 m / - 354,3 ft.
- 106 m / -347,8 ft.
- 105m / - 344,5 ft.
- 105 m / - 344,5 ft.
- 105 m / -344,5 ft.
- 105 m / -344,5 ft.
- 105 m / -344,5 ft
- 104 m / - 341,2 ft.
- 103,6 m / - 340 ft.
-103,6 m / -340 ft.
- 102 m / - 334,6 ft.
- 102 m / - 334,6 ft.
- 101 m / - 331,4 ft.
- 101 m/ - 331,4 ft.
- 100,5 m / - 330 ft.
- 100 m / - 328,1 ft.
- 100 m / - 328,1 ft.
- 100m / - 328,1 ft.
- 100 m / - 328,1 ft.
(Lotung) plumbing
T.Kincaid/ J.Jablonski
X. Meniscus
ROV Depthx
A.W.Matthes,D.Chapman,A.Pitkin
J.J.Bolanz
J.Jablonski / T.Kincaid
C.Bowen
L.Casati
J.Gliviak
R.Skorupka
J.J.Bolanz
T.Vrhovec
D.Clesi,L.Green,J.King,G.Watkins
M.Douchet
J.Olave
R.Harris
D.Clesi / S.Exley
G.Tixier
R.Harris
E.Osking / C.Bowen
O.Isler
B.Vestöl
R.Buchaly, M.Waldbrenner
J.Meynie
J.Meynie
Ph.Bertocchio
A.Braun, S.Madeo
R.Buchaly / M.Waldbrenner
(Div. UK)
N.Gomes, R.Bouwer
R.Buchaly, M.Schieritz
S.Ruffier
S.Exley
B.Kakuk / C.Bowen
M.Kühn / M.Schafheutle
J.Meynie
S.Redoutey
P.Balordi, A.Gloor
(Div. USA )
S.Clough / R.Palmer
T.Vrhovec
M.Vandermeulen
M.Douchet
Limit to enter the list : -100 meters / -328,1 feet
Listed names are the explorers names which reached this depth.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
(F)
(G)
(H)
(I)
(K)
(L)
(M)
(N)
(O)
(P)
(Q)
World depth record for a human cavedive by Nuno Gomes.
Dived by Jim Bowden to -282m /-925 ft.
Upstream.
Deepest dive in an artificial mine.
Deepest cenote of the Yucatan peninsula in the state of Yucatan.
Deepest cavedive offshore of the world.
Deepest cave dive in Asia.
Deepest point reached by a maned submarine in a cave.
Deepest offshoredive in Europe in the Mediterranean sea.
Temperature 6 Celsius.
Sump 2.
Dived by Jochen Hasenmayer to -205m.
ROV= Remote operated Vehicle. Dived by Thomas Behrend to -181 meters.
800m penetration dive by Mike Gadd.
Deepest underwatercave of Australia.
Bradley Craven did not survive this dive , he was recovered by Don Shirley.
Don Shirley reached -145m depth in Sinoia Caves (Sleeping Pool). Temperature is 22 Celsius.
(R) Tempeature 10,7 Celsius . Visibility 3 to 15 meters. Sidegallerys are not explored.
(S) The ROV Depthx reached -315m/-1033 Feet. Maximum depth (-319m)was measured by Sonar.
Watertemp. is 30 Celsius from top to bottom. The deepest point of the sinkhole is at the northwest wall.
(T) La Pilita : Watertemp from top to bottom 32 Celsius.
(U) Open cut shaft . flooded goldmine, 224 km south of Darwin,Australia.
(V) Tomo Vrhovec reached -112 meters with compressed air. (no trimix)
(W) Sump 3
(X) Deepest Bluehole of the World
(Y) -130m at 830 meters of penetration.
(Z) Dived by C.Bowen, J. Heinerth and B.Kakuk to -380 feet /-115,8 meters.
(AA) Explored by Roman Prohorov and Igor Galayda to -180 meters/-590 feet at 1.september 2004. Trimix OC dive.
Spring emits 800 ltr./sec. Temp. 9 Celsius. Max depth(-250m) measured by sounding machine G.A.Maximovich
Osnovy karstovedenya in the year 1929.