Centro Tecnológico das Indústrias Têxtil e do Vestuário

Transcrição

Centro Tecnológico das Indústrias Têxtil e do Vestuário
Centro Tecnológico das Indústrias
Têxtil e do Vestuário de Portugal
JOULE - JOF-3 - CT95-0010
Study Rise of Textile Wastes in Portugal
by
Fernando Merino
Eugénia Coelho
Mª José Carvalho
Lund (Sweeden), October 8/9 - 1998
Type of Wastes
Identification: Wool wastes from carding operation of
scouring/combing process
Acronym: C1
Apparent constitution: Dust, sweeping and very short fibres
Analyse Results:
S: 0,74 (%)
Grease: 3,0 (%)
C: 45,6 (%)
Gross Calorific Value: 17 424 (kJ/kg)
H: 6,8 (%)
N: 3,0 (%)
CITEVE- Centro Tecnológico das Indústrias Têxtil e do Vestuário de Portugal
Type of Wastes
Identification: Wool wastes from carding operation of
spinning(carded) process
Acronym: C2
Apparent constitution: Vegetable material and very short fibres
Analyse Results:
S: 1,15 (%)
Grease: 6,1 (%)
C: 51,8 (%)
Gross Calorific Value: 21 311 (kJ/kg)
H: 8,0 (%)
N: 9,5 (%)
CITEVE- Centro Tecnológico das Indústrias Têxtil e do Vestuário de Portugal
Type of Wastes
Identification: Wool wastes from gig operation of finishing (carded)
process
Acronym: C3
Apparent constitution: Short fibres (short woollen) with colour and
finishing/dyestuff
Analyse Results:
S: 2,11 (%)
Cr: 19,5 (mg/kg)
C: 56,4 (%)
Co: 4,2 (mg/kg)
H: 7,5 (%)
TOX: 931,7 (mg/kg)
N: 14,8 (%)
Grease: 1,2 (%)
Pb: 1,42 (mg/kg)
Gross Calorific Value: 22 165 (kJ/kg)
CITEVE- Centro Tecnológico das Indústrias Têxtil e do Vestuário de Portugal
Type of Wastes
Identification: Cotton wastes from blowing operation of spinning
process
Acronym: C4
Apparent constitution: Seeds, dust and very short fibres
Analyse Results:
S: 0,29 (%)
Grease: 1,6 (%)
C: 44,1 (%)
Gross Calorific Value: 15 985 (kJ/kg)
H: 6,8 (%)
N: 1,0 (%)
CITEVE- Centro Tecnológico das Indústrias Têxtil e do Vestuário de Portugal
Type of Wastes
Identification: Cotton wastes from carding operation of spinning
process
Acronym: C5
Apparent constitution: Short fibres (neps and naps)
Analyse Results:
S: 0,12 (%)
C: 43,5 (%)
Gross Calorific Value: 15 927 (kJ/kg)
H: 7,1 (%)
N: 0,3 (%)
CITEVE- Centro Tecnológico das Indústrias Têxtil e do Vestuário de Portugal
Type of Wastes
Identification: Cotton wastes from gig operation of finishing process
Acronym: C6
Apparent constitution: Very short fibres with colour and
finishing/dyestuff
Analyse Results:
S: 0,06 (%)
Cu: 132 (mg/kg)
C: 46,6 (%)
Ni: <0,9 (mg/kg) q.l.
H: 7,2 (%)
Cd: <0,5 (mg/kg) q.l.
N: 0,4 (%)
TOX: 607,3 (mg/kg)
Gross Calorific Value: 17 610 (kJ/kg)
CITEVE- Centro Tecnológico das Indústrias Têxtil e do Vestuário de Portugal
% of Wastes from the productive step
Kind of
COTTON
WOOL
wastes
Wastes
(%)
(ton)
C1
6
194
C2
2
190
C3
1,5
21
C4
3
4 392
C5
6
8 385
C6
6
430
Total:
13.612
CITEVE- Centro Tecnológico das Indústrias Têxtil e do Vestuário de Portugal
Secondary wastes distribution (ton)
% of Wastes per District
Viana do
Castelo
Bragança
Braga
7 264
Vila Real
Porto
4 358
Aveiro
Viseu
Guarda
122
Coimbra
Castelo Branco
97
Leiria
Santarém
Portalegre
Lisboa
Setúbal
Évora
Beja
C4; C5; C6
C1; C2; C3
Faro
CITEVE- Centro Tecnológico das Indústrias Têxtil e do Vestuário de Portugal
Comparation with other combustibles
Gross C alorific Values (K J/kg)
Gross Calorific Values
45000
40000
35000
30000
25000
20000
15000
10000
5000
0
Thick fuel
Wood
Hard Coal
Paper
C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6
CITEVE- Centro Tecnológico das Indústrias Têxtil e do Vestuário de Portugal

Documentos relacionados