Biodiversité et changement global en Afrique Australe - GDRI

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Biodiversité et changement global en Afrique Australe - GDRI
Biodiversité et changement global en Afrique Australe - GDRI 191
Biodiversity and global change in Southern Africa
Contact ISEM : Janice Britton-Davidian, Emmanuel Douzery, Guila Ganem, Isabelle
Olivieri, Sandrine Maurice, Agnès Mignot, Ophélie Ronce, Frédéric Veyrunes
Coordinateurs : Claudine Montgelard, Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive (CEFEUMR5175) et Conrad Matthee, Stellenbosch University, Evolutionary Genomics Group
Groupement de Recherche International CNRS
Durée :4 ans, 2007 – 2010, renouvelé (2011 – 2014)
Partenaires :
FRANCE: Claudine Montgelard
Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive (CEFE)
Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution (ISEM)
Centre d'Etudes Biologiques de Chize, Beauvoir-sur-Niort
Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive, Villeurbanne
Biogéochimie et écologie des milieux continentaux (BIOEMCO)
Centre de Biologie et de Gestion des Populations (CBGP)
Département Environnements et Sociétés, UR AGIRs, CIRAD Montpellier
Peuplements Végétaux et Bio-agresseurs en Milieu Tropical (PVBMT), CIRAD
St Denis, La Réunion
Origine, structure et évolution de la biodiversité, MNHN, Paris
Conservation des espèces, suivi et restauration des populations, MNHN, Paris
SOUTH AFRICA : Conrad Matthee
The university of Stellenbosch: Department of Botany and Zoology, Centre for Invasion
Biology
The university of Cape Town (UCT) : Department of Botany, Department of Zoology
The university of Witwatersrand : School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences
The university of Pretoria : Department of Zoology and Entomology, Department of
Genetics
The university of Kwazulu Natal : School of Biological and Conservation Sciences
The university of Venda : School of Biology
Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University : School of Biology
The National Museum in Bloemfontein : Mammal Department
The South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) : Cape Town, Pretoria
The Isiko Museum : Invertebrate Department
The university of Zimbabwe : Harare, Bulawayo
A 10-year cooperation between France and South Africa
The GDRI 191 Biodiversity and global change in Southern Africa is the result of at least 10
years of cooperation between France and South Africa in the field of biodiversity research.
The GDRI was built on a very diverse base, conceptually and methodologically.
Several cross-cutting themes:
Studying species diversification: understand present distribution patterns as well
as genetic and phenotypic adaptations in order to infer how and when species
responded to past climate changes.
Exploring species interactions: how competition, predation, mutualism and
pollination shape South African communities.
Modeling species distribution: Assess and predict the consequences of global and
land use changes on the tempo and mode of speciation and extinction.
Work-packages (WP) and the projects developed
WP 1: Savanna dynamics and global change
Impact of ecosystem engineers, fire and large herbivores, on plant-soil
interactions and biogeochemical cycles
Factors controlling large herbivore populations
Scenario building for sustainable use and conservation of natural resources
WP 2: Climate changes and mammal evolution
The African pygmy mouse radiation: phylogeny, chromosomes and sex
determination
The African striped mouse: A biomarker of past and present environmental
changes in southern Africa
The groove-toothed rat diversification: impact of climatic and historical factor
WP 3: Coevolution, invasion and plant conservation biology
Gene flow, life-histories and sexual dimorphism in Leucadendron, a fynbos
endemic plant
Pollination-induced speciation in plants
The Ficus-fig-wasp association: a model system to investigate coevolutionary
processes.
WP 4: Global change, functional traits and phylogeography
Dynamics of biodiversity in Southern African ecosystems and sustainable use in
the context of global change
Can lizards beat the heat? Thermal optima, niche, performance and adaptation to
a changing environment
Colonisation, speciation and community assemblages of bryophytes in islands
http://www.cnrs.fr/inee/outils/gdri.htm