Hinweise für Schüler Aufgabenauswahl: Von den vorliegenden 2


Hinweise für Schüler Aufgabenauswahl: Von den vorliegenden 2
Abitur Englisch 2003 Gk
Seite 1
Hinweise für Schüler
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Abitur Englisch 2003 Gk
Seite 2
Aufgabenblock A
Dear Diaries: Youths’ Web Sites Invite Prying Eyes
The online diary is a blend of little girl and grown-up. She talks about her stuffed rabbit and
of having to do some “primping up” with makeup for an ID photo.
She says she is “terrified” of starting school again and then complains that she is not old
enough to go out clubbing. She posts snapshots of herself going down a child’s slide and
others of herself in a low-cut top.
Her name is Nay, and she celebrated her 15th birthday last month.
Yearning, joy and despair have been staples of teenagers’ diaries forever. In generations past,
the books were hidden under a mattress or locked up with a little key, away from prying eyes
of parents and pesky siblings.
Today’s youngsters are increasingly choosing to write them in public, on the Internet,
essentially a global billboard accessible by anyone and everyone. About one out of every five
Americans aged 12-17 ─ more than 4 million of them ─ now has a personal Web page,
according to a recent study.
The sites are filled with daily logs, stories, poems, pictures and even real-time videos of the
writers. The coming-of-age logs of these “camgirls” and “camboys” are rewriting notions of
public and private communication. Many teenagers
say the Internet affords them a sense of anonymity;
some resent it when their parents check in. Mostly,
their updates attract an audience of total strangers,
dozens of whom attempt to contact the youths daily
by e-mail. Many just want to chat. Others offer lewd
come-ons. Occasionally, the strangers send gifts,
such as the silver cordless phone that Nay got in the
mail from an anonymous admirer.
“It’s kind of exciting to get all this attention,” said
Nay. She is a pixieish blond from an upper-middleclass family in Orlando, Florida, who has had her
site, www.mija.nu, for about 18 months. “I’ve met a lot of cool people. They give me advice,
and I give them advice. We’re all strangers, but in a way, we’re all friends, too.”
But the frank, profanity-filled, stream-of-consciousness manner in which some youths bare
their lives worries many parents, who are concerned that the teenagers are courting trouble. A
few who have talked online about the promiscuity (or lack thereof) of their peers or the
attractiveness (or lack thereof) of their teachers have been accused of libel or harassment.
Some teenagers’ pictures have been stolen by pornographers who have posted them on their
sites to titillate potential customers. And the whole subject of anonymous gift-giving is
generating debate over whether the youngsters are being taken advantage of or are taking
advantage of their patrons.
The world of teenagers and Web pages is one of contradictions and ambivalence – a mix of
shyness and boldness and innocence and experience. The relative ease and speed at which
online sites can be modified has made them popular places for youngsters to experiment, to
figure out their likes and dislikes, and to test boundaries in every aspect of their lives, ranging
from academics to religion and, especially, sex.
“Many teens are confused – they don’t know yet who they are and who they want to be,” said
Susanna Stern, a professor at Boston College who studies adolescents and their online
behavior. “The Internet lets them try out different personas.” Much of the material on
teenagers’ sites is made up of mundane musings about adolescent life, things such as “I’m
Abitur Englisch 2003 Gk
Seite 3
tired today” or “I just cooked myself the best eggs that I’ve ever tasted” or “Even though I’ve
still got French and algebra homework, I’m taking a break.” But many sites have at least a
few logs with intimate thoughts about family, friendships and romantic relationships.
Nay’s mother, Barbara, 43, a sales and marketing executive, said she had mixed feelings
about her daughter’s online activities. On the one hand, she said she believed it was safer for
Nay to flirt on the Internet than to go out to the movies or the mall in a tight top and a short
skirt the way Barbara did in the 1970s.
But she said she also worried because it was unclear what was and was not acceptable in the
online world, and she wondered whether things might inadvertently get out of hand.
“There are a lot of sick people,” she said who will “try to strike up what seems like an
innocent relationship and then try to force it further.”
Nevertheless she and her husband have supported their daughter’s Web site because it has
made her feel better about herself. The complimentary e-mails about her looks helped, Nay
says, but what really made a difference was all the praise about how well-designed her pages
were and how talented she was in technology.
Some other parents are alarmed by the proliferation of teenage diaries on the Internet. “Crazy”
is how Patricia Chadwick, a mother of three who runs the online magazine Parents And –
Teens.Com, sums up the trend. “Where do they come up with ideas like that?” she asked. The
personal details of their lives, the requests for presents, she said, are basically invitations to
Words: 839
Abridged from: International Herald Tribune, September 3, 2001
(l. 9)
pixieish (l. 26)
annoying, irritating, causing trouble
adj. from “pixie”; a small elf or fairy in children’s fairy tales
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Seite 5
1. What, according to the text, are the reasons for teenagers making their
diaries public on the Internet and what is their parents’ and other adults’
attitude towards this?
20 %
2. With close reference to the information in the article, explain whether you
would like to visit web sites which have been produced by teenagers
20 %
3. “Many teens are confused – they don’t know yet who they are and who
they want to be.” (l. 43) Discuss.
30 %
4. Describe how technological innovations have changed the way
teenagers spend their free-time and give your personal assessment of
those changes.
30 %
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Seite 6
Aufgabenblock B
A Bitter Bon Voyage
America puts foreign criminals on the fast track home
By Joe Cochrane
Andy and Mau never thought they’d return to Cambodia this way. Like tens of thousands of
other Cambodian war refugees, the two young men fled a genocidal campaign to begin new
lives in the United States. Resettled with their families in places like Virginia and Texas, they
attended public schools, listened to rap music and wore the latest styles. They were as
comfortable with American life as any native teenagers.
But Andy and Mau made two mistakes. First they ran
afoul of the law and served prison sentences for separate
robberies. Second, perhaps because they felt so at home
in the States, they never bothered to fill out the
paperwork to become U.S. citizens. The second mistake
proved to be the more costly. Last June they were
informed by U.S. Immigration agents that they would be
deported to Cambodia within 24 hours.
Andy, 31, and Mau, 27, who did not want to give their full names, are not alone. Citing a 1996
law that mandates automatic deportations for aliens convicted of a felony, the United States
plans to deport about 1,400 more Cambodians who have been convicted of such crimes, as well
as aliens from other countries. The decision to begin large-scale deportations, made only with
Phnom Penh’s acquiescence last March, seem to be part of a general stiffening of U.S.
immigration policy – part of a series of measures that include increased monitoring of aliens’
whereabouts and beefed-up law-enforcement powers. U.S. Immigration officials deny that these
deportations are part of any post-9-11 crack down. “If you are living in the United States, you
are agreeing to abide by the laws of the United States,” says an INS spokeswoman. “This is a
choice an individual makes.”
Cambodia, on the other hand, did not have a choice. Cambodian officials claim they were
strong-armed into signing the agreement. A senior Cambodian official indicated that Phnom
Penh’s acceptance of the terms was linked in their minds to vital World Bank and IMF
assistance, which could be torpedoed by diplomatic pressure from Washington. “If we don’t
have help from behind the scenes from the United States, how could we get assistance?” says
the senior official. The Cambodian government also claims that had it not gone along, the U.S.
Attorney General could have imposed a number of sanctions, including freezing visas to the
United States.
Cambodia isn’t the only country being asked to put out a welcome mat. But the Cambodians are
arguably a special case “because of the circumstances under which they left,” says one
American aid worker in Phnom Penh. Most of these new arrivals lost family and friends during
the bloody rule of the Khmer Rouge. In recent years, while many countries have accepted
deportees, U.S. officials have appeared reluctant to ship Cambodians back to the country that
once was home to the killing fields. But the new agreement is a measure of just how much has
changed since 9-11. Today any reluctance to send Cambodians back to a country only several
years out of violence has been put aside.
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Kimly Tan’s brother is one of the many Cambodians
sitting behind bars waiting to be sent away and she is
deeply worried. As a child in Cambodia, she remembers
playing with other kids and hearing that a family had been
summoned to a meeting that night. “All of a sudden the
next morning, the whole family would be gone. You would
hear rumors that they had all been killed, and we knew
they were true.”
Now her brother, who cannot read or write Khmer, must return to the land of his childhood
nightmares. Cambodia is no longer the regime Pol Pot made infamous, but rather a poor,
developing country that is as stable as it is corrupt. Tan admits, “It’s much better than the
Khmer Rouge era.” And then adds, “But we still hear horror stories…”
The story being told by immigrant advocacy groups is that it’s easier to be thrown out of
post-9-11 America than ever before. “You have a lot more requirements for registrations, a
lot more possibilities for being deported and a lot more secrecy,” says Judy Golub, senior
director at the American Immigration Lawyers’ Association.
Words: 702
Abridged from: Newsweek, August 5, 2002
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Seite 8
post-9 - 11
Phnom Penh
Khmer Rouge
(l. 23)
(l. 24)
(ll. 27/28)
(l. 28)
(l. 37)
Pol Pot
(l. 51)
(l. 52)
after 11 September
Immigration and Naturalization Service
capital of Cambodia
International Monetary Fund
originally a Cambodian guerrilla and rebel force and political
opposition movement, responsible for mass murders when in
the official language of Cambodia
former Khmer Rouge leader; name became synonymous
with the Khmer Rouge guerrillas and genocide
1. Imagine you are one of the boys in the text. Write a letter to the American Lawyers’
Association in which you explain your case and ask for support.
20 %
2. What means are used to make the article interesting?
20 %
3. What are the causes of, and how can society cope with juvenile delinquency?
30 %
4. In an age of increasing globalisation could living and working abroad be an
option for you? Justify your answer.
30 %