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Fernando Luiz Zancan
Associação Brasileira do Carvão Mineral - ABCM
“Southern Brazil's role as an established
generator of coal fired thermal power”
MAY 08
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Sedimentary Basins in Brazil
MAY 08
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BRAZILIAN COAL RESOURCES
UF
Jazida
Paraná
Cambuí
Sapopema
Santa Catarina
Barro Branco
Bonito
Pré-Bonito
Rio Grande do Sul
Recursos (10 6t)
Candiota
Leão
Charqueadas
Iruí/Capané
Murungava
Santa Terezinha/Torres
Total (PR, SC e RS)
%
44
45
89
0,14
0,14
0,28
1.045
1.601
414
3.060
3,29
5,04
1,30
9,64
12.275
2.439
2.993
2.688
3.128
5.068
28.591
38,67
7,68
9,43
8,47
9,86
15,97
90,08
31.740
100,00
Cambuí
Sapopema
PR
SC
Barro Branco
Bonito
RS
Pré-Bonito
Santa Terezinha
Charqueadas
Mining Areas
Leão
Source: Informative of Coal Industry – DNPM / 2000
Candiota
Iruí / Capané
Murungava
MAY 08
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Brazilian Coal Fields
Parana Coalfields
Santa Catarina Coalfield
Jacui Valley Coalfields
Eastern Coalfields
Candiota Coalfield
MAY 08
Coalfield
Candiota¹
Capané¹
Coal Seam
Reflectance
Moisture
Rm
%
%
Ash d.b.
%
Volatile
Matter
d.b.a.f.
%
Calorific
Value
cal/g
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Classification
here
Superior
0.40 ± 0.04
12.0
11.9
37.8
3,208i
Sub-bituminous A
Inferior
0.40 ± 0.04
15.2
7.6
40.8
3,416i
Sub-bituminous A
Capanezinho 0.57 ± 0.05
17.43
5.52
34.4
6,800ii
Sub-bituminous A
Iruí¹
Superior
0.48 ± 0.05
8.2
9.4
36.1
------
Sub-bituminous A
Leão¹
Superior
0.49 ± 0.02
7.35
6.55
37.7
6,000iii
Sub-bituminous A
MB
0.51
6.6
14.0
36.7i
6,579ii
Sub-bituminous A
I1F
0.47
10.2
17.5
36.2i
6,829ii
Sub-bituminous A
I2B
0.46
14.8
19.2
41.9i
5,930ii
Sub-bituminous A
Superior
0.52 ± 0.04
5.5
8.8
37.3
------
Bituminous high volatile C/B
Média
0.54 ± 0.03
9.5
7.7
37.3
------
Bituminous High Volatile C/B
Inferior
0.56 ± 0.04
5.6
2.3
37.7
------
Bituminous High Volatile C/B
M1
0.62 ± 0.04
------
------
------
------
Bituminous High Volatile B
M2
0.62 ± 0.04
------
------
------
------
Bituminous High Volatile B
M3
0.52 ± 0.03
------
------
------
------
Bituminous HighMAY
Volatile
B
08
Charqueadas²
Faxinal¹
Morungava¹
Coalfield
Chico Lomã¹
Sta Terezinha¹
Santa
Catarinaiv
Santa
Catarinaiv
Col Seam
Reflectance
Moisture
Rm
%
%
Ash d.b.
%
Volatile
Matter
d.b.a.f.
%
Calorific
Value
cal/g
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Classification
here
CL1
0.62
1.79
4.9
42.5
------
Bituminous High Volatile B/A
CL4
0.69
1.75
7.5
37.5
------
Bituminous High Volatile B/A
CL6
0.67
1.53
21.5
45.3
------
Bituminous High Volatile B/A
ST4
0.88
0.70iv
15.4 iv
36.6 iv
------
Bituminous High Volatile A
Banco
0.80
0.7
12.7
37.6
8,635
Bituminous High Volatile A
0.6
15.2
36.5
8,619
Bituminous High Volatile A
1.1
11.2
37.5
-
Bituminous High Volatile A
Forro
Irapua
0.83
Classification of some Brazilian coals (Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina), according
“rank”, chemical analysis of concentrate of vitrain, average reflectance of vitrinites and
calorific value.
1 – Coal Lab. Federal University of Rio Grande do
Sul State - UFRGS
2 – Nahuys. 1967 (coal floating in 1.50)
i)
ii)
iii)
iv)
Dry basis
Dry basis and ash free
20% ash
08
Coal floating in a density of MAY
1.50
Coalfield
Santa
Catarina
Rio Grande
Do Sul
Parana
sulphur
Moisture% Ash d.b.
Coal Products
%
Max.
%
Max.
Volatile
Matter
d.b.
%
Calorific Calorific
Value
Value
Kcal/Kg BTU/lb
Insert your
Calorific
CompanyFluidity
Logo
FSI
Value
here
MJ/kg
CE 5200
2.00
10.0
35.0
25.0
5,200
20,600
21.77
<2
-
CE 4500
2.30
10.2
43.0
21.0
4,500
17,800
18,84
<2
-
MET 6800
1.70
6.0
17.5
30.0
6,800
26,900
28.47
4-5
>20,000
CE 5900
1.50
20.0
22.0
30.0
5,900
23,400
24.70
-
-
CE 5200
0.57
19.0
29.0
30.9
5,200
20,600
21.77
-
-
CE 4700
1.50
19.0
35.0
31.0
4,700
18,600
19.67
-
-
CE 4200
1.50
19.0
40.0
29.0
4,200
16,600
17.58
-
-
CE 3700
1.50
15.0
47.0
24.0
3,700
14,600
15.49
-
-
CE 3300
1.50
17.0
54.0
19.0
3,300
13,000
13.81
-
-
CE 3100
1.00
15.0
57.0
-
3,100
12,300
12.97
-
-
CE 6000
3.30
15.0
25.0
36.0
6,000
23,800
25.12
-
MAY 08
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Candiota Coalfield
Coal Resources by Overburden Range
50 m a 300 m
300 m a 800 m
> 800 m
980 ft
2,600 ft
Coal Seams
< 50 m
160 ft
CS7
84.4
4.4
-
-
124.8
CS6
95.8
47.3
-
-
143.8
CS5
63.5
12.6
-
-
76.1
CS4
256.4
253.0
-
-
509.4
Candiota
2.272.7
5.326.0
185.0
-
7.783.7
CI2
503.4
1.046.3
153.1
-
1.702.8
CI3
550.0
1.075.6
159.1
-
1.784.7
CI4
104.9
65.4
0.1
-
170.4
TOTAL
3.931.1
7.866.6
497.3
-
12.295.0
Source:MME: DNPM/CPRM
Thermal coal
TOTAL
in 103 metric tons
MAY 08
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Jacui Valley Coalfields -Capané
Coal Resources by Overburden Range
Coal Seams
< 50 m
160 ft
50 m to 300 m
980 ft
300 m to 800 m
2,600 ft
> 800 m
TOTAL
Capanezinho
78.0
8.4
-
-
86.4
Iruí Sup.
52.9
8.4
-
-
61.3
Iruí Inf.
5.2
1.0
-
-
6.2
Jeribá
73.7
374.0
426.1
-
859.3
TOTAL
209.8
359.5
426.1
-
1.013.2
Source:
MME: DNPM/CPRM
Thermal coal
in 103 metric tons
MAY 08
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Jacui Valley Coalfields - Iruí
Coal Resources by Overburden Range
Coal Seams
< 50 m
160 ft
Cordilheira
-
32.9
Capanezinho
24.0
Iruí Sup. 1
50 m to 300 m 300 m to 800 m
980 ft
2,600 ft
> 800 m
TOTAL
-
-
32.9
19.6
-
-
43.6
12.8
50.1
60.3
-
123.2
Iruí Sup.
178.2
991.3
273.3
-
1.442.8
Iruí Inf.
18.0
4.7
-
-
22.7
Jeribá
-
0.7
-
-
0.7
TOTAL
232.2
1.100.3
333.6
-
1.665.9
Source: MME: DNPM/CPRM
Thermal coal
in 103 metric tons
MAY 08
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Jacui Valley Coalfields - Leão
Coal
Coal Resources by Overburden Range
Seams
< 50 m
160 ft
50 m to 300 m
980 ft
300 m t0 800 m
2,600 ft
> 800 m
TOTAL
S1
-
19.0
8.9
-
27.9
S2
-
207.0
146.6
-
353.6
S3
-
261.1
180.9
-
442.0
I
-
413.1
296.7
-
709.8
I2
-
47.1
14.1
-
61.2
I3
-
338.2
254.6
-
592.8
I4
-
210.2
44.5
-
254.7
TOTAL
-
1.495.7
946.3
-
2.442.0
Source:MME: DNPM/CPRM
Thermal coal
in 103 metric tons
MAY 08
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Jacui Valley Coalfields - Charqueadas
Coal Seams
Coal Resources by Overburden Range
< 50 m
50 m to 300 m 300 m to 800 m
> 800 m
160 ft
980 ft
2,600 ft
TOTAL
SB
51.1
322.1
275.6
-
648.8
MB
-
0.9
0.7
-
1.6
I1F
71.7
667.6
594.9
-
1.334.2
I1FA
-
1.8
-
-
1.8
I2B
52.6
655.4
267.1
-
975.1
I3F
-
30.7
2.2
-
32.9
TOTAL
175.4
1.678.5
1.140.5
-
2.994.4
Source: MME: DNPM/CPRM
Thermal coal
in 103 metric tons
MAY 08
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Eastern Coalfields - Morungava & Chico Lomã*
Coal Resources by Overburden Range
Coal Seams
< 50 m
160 ft
50 m to 300 m
980 ft
300 m to 800 m
2,600 ft
> 800 m
TOTAL
M1/CL1
-
10.5
18.2
-
28.7
M2/CL2
10.3
116.4
89.7
-
216.4
M3/CL3
21.2
153.5
112.5
-
287.2
M4/CL4
11.4
423.2
674.9
-
1.109.5
M5/CL5
1.5
65.7
213.2
-
280.4
M6/CL6
94.3
471.6
604.0
-
1.169.9
TOTAL
138.7
1.240.9
1.712.5
-
3.092.1
*Coking an thermal coal
Source: MME: DNPM/CPRM
in 103 metric tons
MAY 08
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Eastern Coalfields - Santa Terezinha*
Coal Seams
< 50 m
160 ft
ST2
Coal Resources by Overburden Range
50 m to 300 m
980 ft
300 m to 800 m
2,600 ft
-
-
22.8
18.6
41.4
ST3
-
-
134.7
74.0
208.7
ST4
-
-
1.401.7
461.3
1.863.0
ST5
-
-
287.6
682.1
969.7
ST6
-
-
422.9
777.8
1.200.7
TOTAL
-
-
2.269.7
*Coking an thermal coal
Source: MME: DNPM/CPRM
> 800 m TOTAL
2.013.8
4.283.
5
in 103 metric tons
MAY 08
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Santa Catarina Coalfield*
Coal Resources by Overburden Range
Coal Seams
< 50 m
160 ft
Barro Branco
196.6
710.0
292.3
124.4
1.323.3
A
-
-
106.1
61.0
167.1
Ponte Alta
-
-
183.5
357.6
541.1
Bonito Superior
4.0
41.7
250.1
-
295.8
Bonito Inferior
344.7
605.7
354.7
242.3
1.547.4
Pré-Bonito Sup.
-
34.7
181.3
-
216.0
Pré-Bonito Inf.
-
-
197.8
-
197.8
TOTAL
545.3
1.392.1
1.565.8
785.3
4.288.5
Source: MME: DNPM/CPRM
50 m to 300 m 300 m to 800 m
> 800 m TOTAL
980 ft
2,600 ft
*Coking an thermal coal
in 103 metric tons
MAY 08
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BRAZILIAN COAL INDUSTRY
Resources: 31,7 billion ton (90% RS)
Production - ROM (2007): 12,1 million ton – 60 % SC
Saleable Coal – 6,0 million ton - 51 % RS
Companies: 15 PR (1) – SC (11) – RS (3)
Number of Employees (2007): 5.010
Market Share (2007): 81,67 % Power Generation
Revenues (2007): R$ 617 million
MAY 08
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Candiota Mine - CRM
MAY 08
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MINING RECLAMATION
Copelmi Mineração
MAY 08
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Coal Mining & CH4
Copelmi Mineração/RS
MAY 08
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Underground Mining - SC
MAY 08
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Environmental Management
ISO 14000
Carbonifera Catarinense
MAY 08
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Mining Reclamation in SC
Reclaimed
Old
Mining
Area
MAY 08
Energy Consumption
500
400
Cenário A
2,9% ao ano
2,3% ao ano
A
4,3%
B1
3,7%
B2
3,1%
402,8
Cenário B1
356,5
(2005-2030)
300
million toe
474,5
Energy Grow
1970 2005
1980 2005
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Cenário B2
C
2,5%
309,3
200
,
Cenário C
100
165,0
59,1
(2005)
0
1970
1980
Source : MME
1990
2000
2010
2020
2030
MAY 08
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Energy Offer (%)
MATRIZ DE OFERTA DE ENERGIA (%)
100%
2,9
9,1
OUTRAS RENOVÁVEIS
18,5
PRODUTOS DA CANA
13,8
80%
(4,3 H-BIO&BIODIESEL)
13,0
5,5
14,8
60%
1,2
40%
20%
6,3
9,4
38,7
13,5
3,0
6,9
LENHA&C.VEGETAL
HIDRÁULICA
NUCLEAR
CARVÃO MINERAL
15,5
GÁS NATURAL
28,0
PETRÓLEO
0%
2005
219 milhões tep e 44,5% renováveis
Source :MME
2030
557 milhões tep e 46,6% renováveis
MAY 08
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ELETRIC MATRIX
100%
2,3%
2,3%
95%
9,9%
10,1%
1,5%
9,3%
Gás Natural
Carvão
90%
85%
Derivados do
Petróleo
0,0%
0,1%
1,6%
2,3%
80%
83,9%
75%
1,9%
2,6%
1,1%
1,3%
2,7%
3,3%
4,1%
2,9%
80,8%
76,1%
Nuclear
Eólica e Outros
Biomassa
Hidráulica
70%
Source: MME
2005
2015
2030
101 mil
143 mil
221 mil
84,0 %
83,2 %
83,1 % Renewable energy:MAY 08
Total (MW):
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Growth of Capacity HydroPower X Water Storage (reservoir)
Capacidade de Armazenamento
Potência Hidráulica Instalada
80.000
300
Armazenamento em [GWmês]
70.000
60.000
[MW]
50.000
40.000
30.000
20.000
10.000
(Usinas Representando 75%do Armazenamento Total)
250
200
150
100
50
0
0
1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975
1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005
1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005
Shows more thermal power generation operating in base load
Source: ONS, ANEEL
MAY 08
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Challenges for Coal Power Generation
High Cost of Power Generation - EPC costs growing due
to high demand and Brazilian Coal Characteristics
Bid is favorable to flexible units – Brazilian coal needs
take or pay (40-50%)
High taxation – PAC tax relief is not enough
We need fair bid with other energy sources:
- PPA 15 X 30 years
- Financing conditions
- Igual take or pay basis
MAY 08
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Power Generation Costs Comparison
Type of
Power
Generation
Coal
Imported
T.P. 0%
Fuel Oil
T.P. 0%
Diesel
T.P. 0%
R$ 127,00
R$ 135,00
R$ 135,00
R$ 91,80
Custo
Variável
(quando
despachado)
R$ 235,20
R$ 390,00
ICB
(no leilão)
Gas
T.P. 70%
R$ 150,00
_
Brazilian
Coal
T.P. 30%
R$ 142,00
_
Brazilian
Coal
T.P. 50%
R$ 142,90
_
Brazilian
Coal
T.P. 60%
R$ 143,50
_
Energy
218,80 370,20 525,00 150,00 142,00 142,90 143,50
Cost
(R$/MWh)
MAY 08
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Coal & Energy Bids
2005 : Bid A-5
Candiota III : 350 MW
Jacuí : 350 MW
2007 : Bid A-5
Imported Coal : 1.080 MW
2008 : Bid A-5
Brazilian Coal : 1.192 MW
Imported Coal : 4.850 MW
MAY 08
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New Technologies
Coal to liquids (CTL)
CBM - methane
UCG- In Situ Gasification
Source: LLNL/USA
CONSOL/Pensilvania/US
MAY 08
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R&D+I & Capacity Building
Clean Coal = manage R&D and capacity building
programs– support from MCT and Industry.
Research Centers working in network with
international support – SATC/SC e PUC/RS
Agreements: Central Mining Institute/PO
(VAM/ECBM/UCG); Ecole de Mines de Saint
Etienne/FR (Mineração/ECBM); NETL/USA (CCS and
gasification);
MCT : U$ 26 million 2008/2010
SC : Law 14.127/07 – 2008….. => U$ 0,6 million/year
MAY 08
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CLEAN COAL CENTER - CTCL
SATC
Criciúma/SC
MAY 08
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Key Goals
Develop technologies for coal mining and
utilization in a sustainable way
Add value to coal
R&D for high value products including CTL to
hydrogen
Optimized all process related to the coal economic
chain
Capacity Building
Manage the R&D + I resources
MAY 08
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Clean Coal Center- Criciúma – Santa Catarina
MAY 08
Tecnologic Plataform
Coal
ECBM
Metano
Adapted from: Sotacarbo,
MAY 08
IEA/GHG
CTCL
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MAY 08
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Clean Coal Center – Criciúma/SC
MAY 08
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CCS in Brazil
CO2 Storage Research
Center Petrobrás/PUC/RS
MAY 08
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Conclusion
High energy demand in the world – low offer =
high prices => look for domestic energy
sources
Brazil will need all sources of energy and coal is
important.
ABCM is compromised to contribute to an
sustainable energy security future to Brazil
MAY 08
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THANK YOU FOR
THE ATTENTION
Directions :
[email protected]
048-34317600
www.carvaomineral.com.br
MAY 08

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