Manual-2013 FINAL

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Manual-2013 FINAL
Format - 19
Guidelines for B.Sc.(Agri/Horti) Project Report
H¥${f {dkmZ nXdr/CÚmZ{dÚm nXdr àH$ën V`ma H$ê$Z gmXa H$aÊ`mgmR>r _mJ©Xe©H$ gyMZm
01. {dÚmÏ`mªZr Amnbm àH$ën Ahdmb n[anyU© ñdê$nmV Ë`mdarb ànÌmgh {Xboë`m _wXVr_Ü`o Amnë`m Zm|XUrH¥$V
H¥${f {ejU H|$Ðmda gmXa H$amdm Am{U Ver nmohM nmdVr ¿`mdr.
02. H¥${f {ejU H|$Ðm§Zr _wXVr_Ü`o àmá Pmboë`m gd© àH$ën Ahdmbm§Mr H¥${f {dkmZ Am{U CÚmZ{dÚm Aem XmoZ
`mÚm H$ê$Z XmoZ ñdV§Ì ~§S>b {Xboë`m _wXVr_Ü`o {dÚmnrR>mÀ`m narjm {d^mJ `w{ZQ> - 3 _Ü`o gmXa H$amdrV.
03. _m{hVrnwpñVHo$_Ü`o {Xboë`m _wXVrZ§Va H$moUË`mhr {dÚmÏ`m©Mm àH$ën Ahdmb H$moUË`mhr H|$Ðmda gmXa H$ê$Z KoÊ`mV
`oUma Zmhr `mMr Zm|X KoÊ`mV `mdr, Am{U H$moUË`mhr {dÚmÏ`m©Zo _wXVr_Ü`o AWdm _wXVrZ§Va H$moUVmhr àH$ën
Ahdmb {dÚmnrR>mV S>m`aoŠQ> nmR>dy Z`o, nmR>{dë`mg Aem AhdmbmMr Zm|X KoÊ`mV `oUma Zmhr.
! àemgH$s` gyMZm
01. `ed§Vamd MìhmU _hmamï´> _wŠV {dÚmnrR>mMo H¥${f{dkmZ nXdr d CÚmZ{dÚm nXdr ho XmoÝhr nXdr {ejUH«$_ àË`oH$s 160
lo`m§H$m§Mo AgyZ Ë`m§n¡H$s AmnU 128 lo`m§H$mMo H¥${f{dkmZ nXdrgmR>r Amdí`H$ CÚmZ{dÚm nX{dH$m, H¥${f ì`dgm`
ì`dñWmnZ nX{dH$m Am{U H¥${f nÌH$m[aVm nX{dH$m ho VrZ nX{dH$m {ejUH«$_ nyU© Ho$bobo AgUo Amdí`H$ Amho. Va
CÚmZ{dÚm nXdr {ejUH«$_mgmR>r Amdí`H$ \$i~mJm nX{dH$m, ^mOrnmbm nX{dH$m Am{U \w$beoVr d àm§JU CÚmZ ho
VrZ nX{dH$m {ejUH«$_ nyU© Ho$bobo AgUo Amdí`H$ Amho.
02. nXdr {ejUH«$_mg àdoe KoVë`mZ§Va nXdr àH$ën V`ma H$aÊ`mgmR>r CX²>~moYZm~m~V H|$Ðm_m\©$V {H$_mZ Mma {Z`mo{OV
g§nH©$gÌo KoVbr OmVmV. darb Mmahr g§nH©$gÌmg {dÚmÏ`m©Zo CnpñWV amhUo Amdí`H$ Amho. `m gd© g§nH©$gÌmÀ`m
H$mbmdYrV AmnU H|$Ðà_wI / g§`moOH$ , g_§ÌH$ `m§Moer MMm© H$ê$Z nXdr àH$ën Ahdmb V`ma H$aÊ`m{df`r, {df`
d _mJ©Xe©H$ Vk {ZdS>r{df`r, narjm nÜXVr, àH$ën _wë`_mnZ{df`r MMm© H$ê$Z e§H$mg_mYmZ H$ê$Z ¿`mdo.
03. AmnUmg H¥${f{dkmZ nXdr [B.Sc. (Agriculture)] hdr Agë`mg _m{hVr nwpñVHo$Vrb H¥${f{dkmZ nXdr
àH$ën gyMr_Yrb H$moUVmhr EH$ {df` {ZdSy>Z Ë`mda AmYm[aV àH$ën Ahdmb V`ma H$ê$Z gmXa H$aUo Amdí`H$ Amho.
AmnUmg CÚmZ{dÚm nXdr [B.Sc. (Horticulture)] hdr Agë`mg _m{hVr nwpñVHo$Vrb CÚmZ{dÚm nXdr
n«H$ën {df`gyMrVrb H$moUVmhr EH$ {df` KoD$Z Ë`mda AmYmarV àH$ën Ahdmb V`ma H$ê$Z gmXa H$aUo Amdí`H$
Amho.
04. EImÚm {dÚmÏ`m©bm {df`gwMr _Ü`o {Xboë`m {df`m{edm` BVa Zm{dÊ`nyU© AWdm H$mbmZwê$n AWdm `Wmo{MV {df`mda
àH$ën Ahdmb V`ma H$amd`mMm Agë`mg Aem {dÚmÏ`mªZr _mJ©Xe©H$ àmÜ`mnH$m§g_doV MMm© H$ê$Z àH$ën AhdmcmMo
KQ>H$ d CnKQ>H$m§Mr Zmdo {ZpíMV H$ê$Z àH$ën Ahdmc V`ma H$amdm.
05. àH$ën Ahdmb V`ma H$aÊ`mgmR>r {dÚmÏ`m©Zo {ZdS>boë`m {df`mda gImob dmMZ, _ZZ Am{U doJdoJiçm {R>H$mUr
CXmhaUmW©, H¥${f.-{dÚmnrR>mVrb J«§Wmb`o, H¥${f Am{U \$bmoÚmZ ImVo, ~mJm`VXma g§K, àJ{Verb eoVH$è`m§er MMm©
Am{U AmnU {ZdS>bëo `m {df`mer g§~{§ YV g§ñWm§Zm Am{U {R>H$mUm§Zm ^oQ>r XoD$Z Ë`m {R>H$mUmhÿZ {ZdS>bëo `m àH$ënm~m~V
Z_wZm AmamIS>çm_Ü`o {Xboë`m _wÚmda _m{hVr g§H${bV H$amdr.
06. AmnU àH$ën Ahdmb V`ma H$aÊ`mgmR>r {ZdS>boë`m {df`m~m~VMo g§X^© J«§W, nwñVHo$, nwpñVH$m, _m{gHo$, KS>rn{ÌH$m,
emgH$s` g§ñWm, godm^mdr g§ñWm§Mo Ahdmb Am{U B§Q>aZoQ>dê$Z S>mD$ZbmoS> Ho$bocr _m{hVr g§H${bV H$ê$Z àH$ën
Ahdmc {c{hÊ`mgmR>r Amnë`m _mJ©Xe©H$ àmÜ`mnH$m§Zm XmIdyZ à_m{UV H$ê$Z ¿`mdr.11
07. AmnU Cnamoº$ g§H${bV Ho$boë`m _m{hVrÀ`m ómoVm§Mm Cn`moJ H$ê$Z ñdV: g§~§{YV _m{hVrMr Q>mMUo/ZmoQ>g \w$bñHo$n
Zm|Xdhr_Ü`o ñdV:À`m ^mfoV Am{U ñdV:À`m hñVmjamV {bhÿZ H$mT>mdrV Am{U Ë`mMm Cn`moJ àH$ën AhdmbmMo
hñV{b{IV V`ma H$aÊ`mgmR>r H$amdm. g§X^© ómoVmVrb _m{hVrMr OerÀ`m Ver AWdm {H$aH$moi \o$a\$ma H$ê$Z Z¸$b
(H$m°nr) H$ê$ Z`o. AmnU {ZdS>boë`m VÁk _mJ©Xe©H$m§H$Sy>Z g§nyU© àH$ënmÀ`m H$mbmdYrV {H$_mZ 6 Vo 10 doim
Amdí`H$Voà_mUo _mJ©Xe©Z {_idmdo. `mgmR>r AmnU doimodi
o r Amnë`m VÁk _mJ©Xe©H$mÀ`m g§nH$m©V amhmdo.
(1)
08. AmnU Amnbm àH$ën Ahdmb _mM©_Ü`o Amnë`m H|$Ðmda O_m Ho$ë`mZVa E{àb_Ü`o AmnUm§g Vm|S>r narjogmR>r CnpñWV
amhmdo bmJob. {dÚmnrR>m_m\©$V AmnUm§g Amnë`m Vm|S>r narjoMo H$moUVohr nÌ nmR>{dÊ`mV `oUma Zmhr. na§Vw Ë`m~m~V
{dÚmnrR>mÀ`m ycmou.digitaluniversity.ac `m do~gmB©Q>da Amnë¶m Vm|S>r narjoMo doimnÌH$ Vm|S>r n[ajondy u
{H$‘mZ 15 {Xdg àW‘ AnbmoS> Ho$bo OmB©b.
09. Vm|S>r narjoÀ`m doir AmnUm§g Vm|S>r narjm CAP _Ü`o Vkm§_m\©$V Vnmgbobm ñnm`ab àH$ën Ahdmb d àH$ënmVrb
Xþê$ñV H$amd`mÀ`m ÌwQ>tMm Ahdmb àXmZ H$aÊ`mV `oBb
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10. Vm|S>r narjoÀ`m doir nwT>rb H$mJXnÌm§Mr \$mB©b d BVa Amdí`H$ ~m~r gmo~V AmUUo Amdí`H$ Amho Ë`m{edm`
Vm|S>r narjm KoÊ`mV `oUma Zmhr.
1. Amnbo AmoiInÌ
2. nXdr àdoe narjm (CET) JwUnÌH$
3. {dÚmÏ`mªZo g§H${bV Ho$bobr nwñVHo$, _m{gHo$, B§Q>aZoQ> qàQ>.
4. àH$ën hñV{b{IVmMr àV.
5. _mJ©Xe©H Vkm§Zr VnmgyZ boIr gyMZm Ho$bobr Q>§H${b{IV àV.
11. nXdr àH$ën Ahdmb gmXa H$aUmè`m {dÚmÏ`mªMo _yë`_mnZ gmYmaUnUo E{àb _{hÝ`mV àH$ën _yë`_mnZ VÁkm_m\©$V
Ho$di Zm{eH$ `oWo H$aÊ`mV `oB©b. àH$ën Ahdmb `eñdr[aË`m Vm|S>r d boIr narjm ñdV§ÌnUo {H$_mZ 50% JwU
{_idyZ nyU© Ho$ë`mZ§VaM H¥${f{dkmZ AWdm CÚmZ{dÚm nXdr {ejUH«$_mMo à_mUnÌ àXmZ H$aÊ`mV `oVo.
12. H¥${f{dkmZ/CÚmZ{dÚm nXdr àH$ën Ahdmb {dÚmnrR>mbm gmXa H$aVmZm {Xboë`m gyMZm§Zwgma EH$ àV ñnm`ab
~mB§qS>J H$ê$Z {dÚmnrR>mbm gmXa H$amdr. _mÌ àH$ënmda AmYm[aV Vm|S>r narjm nyU© Pmë`mZ§Va Am{U Vm|S>r narjoÀ`m doir
{dÚmnrR>mH$Sy>Z {Xboë`m gyMZm§Mm A§V^m©d H$ê$Z A§{V_ àH$ën Ahdmb Mma àVt_Ü`o n¸$m ~mBªqS>J H$ê$Z VnmgUr
Ho$boë`m ñnm`ab àH$ën Ahdmbmgh gmXa H$amdm.
13. EImÚm {dÚmÏ`m©Zo nXdr àH$ën Ahdmb Am{U Vm|S>r n[ajm (Viva-voce Examination) `eñdr[aË`m nyU©
Ho$br Agë`mg _mÌ Aem {dÚmÏ`m©Zo Vm|S>r n[ajoÀ`m VmaIonmgwZ VrZ _{hÝ`mÀ`m AmV (90 {XdgmV) A§Vr_ àH$ën
Ahdmb Mma àVrV Am{U gmo~V àH$ënmVrb \$moQ>mM| m EH$ Aë~_ Am{U àH$ën grS>r gmXa Z Ho$ë`mg Aem {dÚmÏ`mªMr
Zm|XUr aÔ H$aÊ`mV `oBc
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14. Amnë`m àH$ën Ahdmb _yë`_mnZ H$aVmZm Imbrbn¡H$s H$moUË`mhr EH$ AWdm A{YH$ H$maUm§_wio ZmH$mabm
OmB©b `mMr Ahdmb gmXa H$aVmZmM Zm|X ¿`mdr.
1. OwZr Am{U H$mb~mø _m{hVr Am{U S>oQ>m àH$ën AhdmbmV g_m{dï> Ho$ë`mg.
2. ewÕ boIZmÀ`m Ag§»` MwH$m Agë`mg Am{U {Xbobr _m{hVr gwg§JV d VH©$ewÕ Zgë`mg.
3. àH$ën AhdmbmVrb AmboI Am{U N>m`m{MÌo Iam~, Añnï> Am{U A`mo½` {R>H$mUr {Xë`mg.
4. àH$ën Ahdmb boIZmgmR>r {e\$mag Ho$bobm \$m°ÝQ>, AmamIS>m, AmH¥${V~§Y d à_mUnÌo {dÚmnrR>mZo
{Xboë`m Z_wÝ`mà_mUo Zgë`mg.
5. àH$ën AhdmbmV H$_r A{YH$ à_mUmV _m{hVrMr Z¸$b AWdm CVmè`mMr AmXbm~Xb Ho$ë`mMo AmT>iyZ
Amë`mg.
14. Amnbm nXdr àH$ën Ahdmb nyU©V: AWdm A§eV: H$m°nr Ho$ë¶mMo {gÜX Pmë`mg AmnUm§g {H$_mZ VrZ dfm©gmR>r ~mX
Ho$bo OmB©b. Ë`mMà_mUo Amnë`m nXdrg Agboë`m nmÌVo~m~VÀ`m {ZH$fm§~m~V VgoM àH$ënm~m~V AmnU Xmofr
AmT>ië`mMo {ZXe©Zmg Amë`mg nXdr àmáVo~m~VÀ`m H$moUË`mhr Q>ßß`mV ({ZH$mb bmJë`mZ§Va XoIrb) AmnUm§da
{dÚmnrR>m_m\©$V H$m`Xoera H$madmB© Ho$br OmB©b.
15. {dÚmÏ`m©Zo ñnm`ab àH$ën Ahdmb gmXa Ho$ë`mZ§Va àH$ën _wë`_mnZmV,Vm|S>r narjo22
V Zmnmg Pmë`mg Aem {dÚmÏ`m©Zo
nwT>rb dfu nwÝhm Vm|S>r narjm XoÊ`mgmR>r {dhrV ewëH$mgh {d{hV Z_wÝ`mVrb narjm AO© {dhrV H$mbmdYrV ^ê$Z
{dÚmnrR>mV (narjm H$j, `wZrQ>-3) nmR>{dUo ~§YZH$maH$ Amho.
(2)
! Vm§{ÌH$ gyMZm
01. àH$ën Ahdmb 100 nmZm§nojm H$_r Am{U 150 nmZm§nojm OmñV AgVm H$m_m Z`o. Agë`mg Agm àH$ën
Ahdmb Vnmgbm OmUma Zmhr. VgoM Amnë`m àH$ën Ahdmb {df`mg AZwgê$Z {dÚmnrR>mZo {d{hV Ho$boë`m
AmamIS>çmZwgmaM V`ma H$amdm.
02. nXdr àH$ën AhdmbmVrb gd© à_mUnÌo {dÚmnrR>mZo {Xboë`m \$m°a_°Q>ZwgmaM XoÊ`mV `mdrV. nXdr àH$ën Ahdmb hm
g§JUH$mdaM àmogog H$amdm KQ>H$ Am{U CnKQ>H$m§Mr Zmdo ~moëS> H$amdrV.
03. nXdr àH$ën Ahdmb V`ma H$aVmZm _amR>r boIZmgmR>r nwT>rbn¡H$s H$moUVmhr EH$ 14 nm°BQ§ > \$m°Q§ > {ZdS>mdm d 1.5 bmB©Z
ñnog R>odmdr. 1. SHREE LIPI : SHREE-DEV -0708 qH$dm 2. SHREE LIPI : SHREE-DEV -0714 qH$dm 3. ISM
: DVB-TT -YOGESHEN
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nXdr àH$ën Ahdmb Q>§H${b{IV H$aVm§Zm gmYmaUnUo EH$m nmZmda 3-4 n°amJ«m\$_Ü`o (n°amJ«m\$ 8-10 AmoitMm
Agmdm) _wÔg
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amhrb Aem àH$mao Q>§H${b{IV H$amdm. àH$ën AhdmbmVrb gd© nmZm§da AZmdí`H$ OmJm gmoSy> Z`o. gd© nmZm§da nmZ
H«$_m§H$ nmZmdarb ImbÀ`m ~mOyg _Ü`^mJr Z_yX H$amdm. _OHw$amÀ`m XmoÝhr ~mOy EH$m bmB©Z_Ü`o AbmB©Z H$ê$Z
¿`mì`mV. AhdmbmÀ`m gbJ _OHw$am_Yrb XmoZ Amoit_Ü`o XrS> ñnog R>do Ê`mV `mdrV.
àH$ënmV \$moQ>m|À`m nmZm§Mr g§»`m OmñVrV OmñV 20 nmZm§n`ªVM (EHw$U àH$ënmÀ`m nmZm§À`m 20% EdT>r) Agmdr.
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gmYmaUnUo 25-30 \$moQ>moJ«mâg bmdmdoV. {nH$mÀ`m OmVr, {H$S>r, amoJ, VUo, à{H«$`m,A{^d¥ÜXr/~rO à{H«$`m nÜXVr,
nmUrnÜXVr `m gd©M CnKQ>H$mV àË`oH$s {H$_mZ 4-5 \$moQ>mo bmdUo Amdí`H$ Amho.
nXdr àH$ën Ahdmb V`ma H$aÊ`mgmR>r A-4 gmB©O B{ŠPŠ`w{Q>ìh$ ~m±S> nona dmnamdm. _wIn¥ð>mgmR>r {haì`m a§JmMm H$mJX
dmnamdm Am{U Ë`mda 5 X 7 B§M AmH$mamMm {df`mZwê$n a§JrV \$moQ>mo AmS>dm {MH$Q>dmdm.
àH$ën AhdmbmVrb XmoZ KQ>H$m§_Yrb gonaoQ>a H$mJX hm {Ziçm a§JmMm dmnamdm Am{U Ë`m H$mJXmda H$mJXmÀ`m ImbÀ`m
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àH$ën AhdmbmVrb àH$ënmMo 8-10 CÔoe EH$mImbr EH$ `mà_mUo ÚmdoV. Ë`m§Zm H«$_m§H$ ÚmdoV. CÔoe n°aJo m« \$ nÕVrZo
{bhÿ Z`oV.
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{díbofUmË_H$ _m{hVr Z_yX H$amdr.
àH$ën AhdmbmV Vmn_mZ gopëgAg_Ü`o,nmD$g {_{b_rQ>a_Ü`o, A§Vao \w$Q>m§_Ü`o, nmUr {bQ>a_Ü`o, H$sQ>H$ZmeH$m§Mo
à_mU 10 brQ>a nmÊ`mgmR>r, CËnmXZ EH$ar Q>Zm_Ü`o AWdm pŠd§Q>b_Ü`o AWdm {H$bmo_Ü`o Úmdo. ^maV gaH$maZo ~§Xr
KmVboë`m H$sQ>H$ZmeH$m§À`m {e\$maer XoÊ`mV `oD$ Z`oV. CXmhaUmW©, ~r.EM.gr., S>r.S>r.Q>r., EÝS>mg
o ë\$m°Z \$m°ñ\$mo{o _S>mZ° ,
_moZmoH$« moQ>m\o $m°g BË`mXr.
àH$ënmVrb {d{dY emór` Zmdo (dZñnVr, {OdmUy, {dfmUy, ~waer B.) BQ>m{bH$ ñQ>mB©b_Ü`o Z_wX H$amdrV.
àH$ën Ahdmbm_Ü`o Ho$di CnbãY _m{hVr EH${ÌV H$ê$Z ^ê$ Z`o Va CnbãY _m{hVr
33 Am{U àjoÌmdarb AZw^dm§Mo
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XoD$ Z`oV; Va Ë`m§Zm AmH$S>odmarMm AWdm {heo~ {Q>ßnUrMm AmYma ¿`mdm. {nH$mÀ`m OmVt_Ü`o Ho$di H¥${f {dÚmnrR>m§Zr
{dH${gV Ho$boë`m OmVr Z XoVm ImOJr {~`mUo H§$nÝ`m§À`mhr OmVtMr _m{hVr Úmdr.
eoVH$è`m§À`m `emoJmWm `m KQ>H$mV {H$_mZ EH$ Am{U H$_mb XmoZ eoVH$è`m§À`m `emoJmWm, Ë`m eoVH$è`mZo dmnaboë`m
V§ÌkmZmMr, ì`dñWmnZmMr, Am{W©H$ Vmiog§~§YmMr AmH$S>odmar`wº$ {díbofUmË_H$ _m{hVr WmoS>Š`mV (àË`oH$s 2-3
nmZm§Mr) Z_wX H$aUo Amdí`H$ Amho. `emoJmWoV eoVH$è`m§Mm \$moQ>mo, g§nyU© Zm§d d nÎmm _mo~mB©b \$moZ hr _m{hVr àË`oH$
`emoJmWoÀ`m gwê$dmVrÀ`m nmZm§À`m daÀ`m COì`m ~mOyg \$moQ>mI
o mbr Z_wX H$amdr.
(3)
15. g§X^©JW
§« m§Mr gyMr XoVmZm boIH$mMo Zmd, nwñVH$mMo Zmd, àH$meZ df©, àH$meH$, nmZ H«$_m§H$ `m nÕVrZo Úmdo. CXmhaUmW©
- ^wO~i {^_amO, nwîn^maVr, 1990, H$m°pÝQ>ZoÝQ>b àH$meZ, nwUo, nmZ 10-18.
16. Amnë`m àH$ën AhdmbmÀ`m eodQ>r Amnbo narM` nÌ (Biodata Sheet) {dÚmnrR>mZo {d{hV Ho$boë`m Z_wÝ`mZwgmaM
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18. nXdr àH$ën Ahdmb A§Vr_ ñdê$nmV V`ma H$aVm§Zm _mJ©Xe©H$ àmÜ`mnH$m§Zr Ho$boë`m gyMZm§Mm gXa àH$ën AhdmbmV
g_mdoe Ho$ë`mMr VgoM ^m{fH$ g§nmXZ n[anyU© Pmë`mMr ImVaO_m H$ê$ZM àH$ën Ahdmb {dÚmnrR>mg gmXa H$amdm.
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1. SHREELIPI : SHREE-DEV-0708
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nXdrXmZ g_ma§^ _mM© 1994 _Ü`o hmoV Amho. ømMm AW© {dÚmnrR> nmM dfm©Mo hmoÊ`mnyduM Ë`mZo H$mhr
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_hmamï´> _wŠV {dÚmnrR> ñdV…À`m ^ì` dmñVyV Amnbm nm{hbm nXdrXmZ g_ma§^ gmOam H$arV Amho. øm gd©M
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2. SHREE.LIPI : SHREE-DEV-0714
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3. ISM : DVB-TT-YogeshEN - Font Size 14 Point
´ÖãŒŸÖ ×¾ÖªÖ¯ÖßšüÖ“Öß Ûú»¯Ö®ÖÖ Æüß †®ÖêÛú ¥ü™üà®Öß ÛÎúÖÓןÖÛúÖ¸üß Ûú»¯Ö®ÖÖ †ÖÆêü. ¯ÖÖ¸Óü¯Ö׸üÛú ×¾ÖªÖ¯ÖßšüÖ“Öß ×¿ÖõÖÞÖ¯Ö¤¨üŸÖß
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×¾ÖªÖ¯Ößšü ÝÖê»Öß ¤üÆüÖ ¾ÖÂÖì Ûú¸üßŸÖ †ÖÆêü. ´ÖÆüÖ¸üÖ™Òü ¸üÖ•µÖ Æêü ×¾ÖªÖ¯ÖßšüÖ“Öê ÛúÖµÖÔõÖê¡Ö †ÃÖ»µÖÖ®Öê ´ÖÆüÖ®ÖÝÖ¸üÖ´Ó Ö¬Öß»Ö,
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4. Times New Roman - Font Size 12 Point
Open Education Resources (OER) are gaining importance in ensuring readily available huge
amount of quality educational material on Internet. MIT Courware, Connexions, Open Learn
of UKOU at the global level and NPTEL in India are important initiatives in developing OER
in engineering, social science, management fields. The ICAR under the World Bank supported
National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP) has initiated and supported a number of
innovative projects related to digitization and development of e-courses and open access of
ICAR journals. OERs have tremendous potential for modernizing and popularizing agriculture
in India.
5. Verdana - Font Size 10 Point
Open Education Resources (OER) are gaining importance in ensuring readily available
huge amount of quality educational material on Internet. MIT Courware, Connexions,
Open Learn of UKOU at the global level and NPTEL in India are important initiatives in
developing OER in engineering, social science, management fields. The ICAR under
the World Bank supported National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP) has initiated
and supported a number of innovative projects related to digitization and development
of e-courses and open access of ICAR journals. OERs have tremendous potential for
modernizing and popularizing agriculture in India.
55
(5)

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