AVALIAÇÃO DE LINGUA INGLESA – P2 – 2

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AVALIAÇÃO DE LINGUA INGLESA – P2 – 2
2ª série EM - Lista de Questões para a RECUPERAÇÃO FINAL - INGLÊS
THE LOVE LETTER
Once there was a boy who loved a girl very much. The girl's father, however, did not like the boy and did not want their
love to grow. The boy wanted to write the girl a letter, but he was sure that the girl's father would read it first. At last he
wrote this letter to the girl.
The great love I said I have for you is gone, and I find my dislike for you
increases every day. When I see you,
I do not even like the way you look;
the one thing I want to do is to look the other way. I never wanted to
marry you. Our last conversation was very dull and in no way has
made me anxious to see you again.
You think only for yourself.
If we were married, I know that I would find life very difficult, and I would have no
pleasure in living with you. I have a heart to give, but it is not a heart
I want to give to you. No one is more demanding or selfish than you, and less
able to care for me and be of help to me.
I sincerely want you to understand that
I speak the truth. You will do me a favor if you consider this the end. Do not try
to answer this. Your letters are full of things that do not interest me. You have no
true concern for me. Good-bye! Believe me,
I do not care for you. Please do not think
I am still your loving friend.
The girl's father read the letter. He was pleased, and then gave the letter to his daughter. The girl read the letter and
was very happy. The boy still loved her!
Do you know why she was pleased? She and the boy had a secret way of writing to each other. She read only the first
line of the letter, and then the third line, and then the fifth line, and so on, to the end of the letter.
Answer The Following Questions According To The Text.
01. Did you think this was a love letter when you read it for the first time?
02. Is this letter about a married couple?
03. Why did they have to find a way to avoid the girl's father?
04. Is it true that her father got very upset when he read the letter? What was his reaction?
05. Do you think their secret way of writing is a good one? Why?
Vitamin D
Scientists have known for a long time that vitamin D is essential for humans. If children have a vitamin D or
calcium deficiency, they can develop rickets, a softening of the bones. New studies are showing that people of all
ages need vitamin D to help them fight off diseases by keeping their immune systems strong.
06. The main idea of this paragraph is that vitamin D _______.
a. is found in milk
c. is no secret
b. has been studied by scientists
d. is important for good health
07. If something is essential, it is _______.
a. harmful
c. dreadful
b. expensive
d. needed
EBONY AND IVORY
Ebony and ivory
Live together in perfect harmony
Side by side on my piano keyboard
Oh Lord, why don’t we?
We all know
That people are the same
Wherever you go
There is good and bad in everyone
We learn to live, we learn to give each other
What we need to survive
Together alive
Ebony and ivory
Live together in perfect harmony
Side by side on my piano keyboard
Oh Lord, why don’t we?
MCCARTNEY, Paul. Ebony and evory. In: Paul McCartney: all the best. [New York]: MPL Communications, 1982.1 CD, faixa 4.
08. Explain the metaphor used by Paul McCartney in the song “Ebony and ivory”.
LONDON
London, is the largest city in Europe. It has held this title for over four hundred years. Over seven million people call
London, the capital of the United Kingdom, home. One in ten people, who live in the United Kingdom, live in London.
Three hundred fifty thousand people travel each day into London to work.
Due to London's location, it is a very dry all year. Although it is dry, London is often very cloudy. On average it rains
mildly just about every other day.
More than a hundred of the world's major companies have their headquarters in London, making the city a major
world influence. Most people from London work in a job that involves printing or publishing
09. How long has London been the largest city in Europe?
10. Most of the people that work in London work in which industry?
Late in the 18th century, when Brazil was still a Portuguese colony, the natives were restless. So they called
on Joaquim da Silva Xavier, a soldier, prospector and sometimes dentist (hence his nickname, Tiradentes) to lead a
tax revolt. Their grievance: one of every kilos of Brazilian gold went straight to Lisbon’s bottomless royal coffers. The
rebels called it the “fifth from hell”.
What would Tiradentes say now? More than one of every three reais Brazilians earn goes to local, state and
federal government, an alphabet soup of levies – ICMS, COFFINS, CPMF, numbering 61 in all. There are taxes on
top of taxes, nearly doubling the price of a can of beer or a school child’s lunch box. No wonder the symbol for
Brazilian internal revenue service is the lion. “Brazilians work the first five months for the government, then for
themselves”, says Ives Garcia Martins, Brazil’s foremost tax expert. “We are taxpayers before we are citizens”.
11. According to paragraph 1, at time of colonialism in Brazil, taxes were:
a) very low.
c) rather steep
e) quite fair
b) non-existent
d) quite reasonable
12. In the text, restless (paragraph 1) means:
a) comfortable.
c) peaceful.
e) speechless.
b) uneasy.
d) impassive.
13. According to paragraph 1, Tiradentes:
a) was requested to head a tax rebellion.
b) was requested to quench a tax revolt.
c) was called on to fight back the natives.
d) was called on to negotiate with Portugal the taxation on Brazilian gold..
e) refused the leadership of a campaign against Portugal.
14. In the text, grievance (paragraph 1) means:
a) hatred.
c) shock.
e) complaint.
b) hope.
d) fear.
Indianapolis chosen as guinea pig to test new cigarette
A leading tobacco company claims to have developed a new cigarette with less toxins, and it is testing on
the people of greater Indianapolis. But we all know toxins are poisons. POISONS. And a little poison won’t leave you
any less dead.
15. O texto faz, ao mesmo tempo, uma denúncia e um alerta.
a) Qual é a denúncia?
b) Qual é o alerta?
Leia o texto para responder às questões 16 e1 7.
There’s no need ever to get up
A chair should ultimately be functional, inviting and comfortable. But it can also be a beautiful work of art. At
the latest SaloneInternazionale del Mobile in Milan, Japanese designer Tokujin Yoshioka unveiled for Moroso his
simple yet stunning Bouquet Chair, which “blooms” on a slim chrome stem with “petals” made of individually sewn
fabric squares (prices unavailable; moroso.it). To take a seat in the Fantasy Chair by New Zealand designer
PhillCuttance is to be transported into a world of mythical creatures and fantastical human forms. The large, boxy
piece is covered with fabric illustrated by artist Jared Kahi, who created the images using an inkjet textile printer ($
1,590; phillcuttance.com).The Lathe Chair V by Sebastian Brajkovie features a hand embroidered, rainbow-shaped
backrest, which gives the impression of a chair in motion, on the verge of tipping over ($29,160; cwgdesign.com). It’s
best to take it sitting down.
16. Qual a melhor tradução para “… on the verge of tipping over”?
a) Por trazer estampas com desenhos circulares.
c) Causando tontura ao sentar.
e) Pois possui pés giratórios.
b) Para ser usada apenas como peça decorativa.
d) Prestes a estourar.
17. O texto afirma que:
a) Os designers TokujinYoshioka e PhillCuttance são os atuais responsáveis pelo Salão Internacional de Móveis de
Milão.
b) Existem várias técnicas para decorar cadeiras atualmente, mas nenhuma novidade foi apresentada no Salão
Internacional de Móveis de Milão.
c) O artista JaredKahi optou por não utilizar cadeiras dentro do espaço que decorou no Salão Internacional Móveis de
Milão.
d) Sebastian Brajkovic dedica-se exclusivamente ao trabalho de decorar cadeiras.
e) As cadeiras também podem ser obras de arte.
SANDWICH
In 1762, the Earl of Sandwich sat at a table with his friends, gambling. It was lunchtime
and he was hungry but he didn’t want to stop to have lunch. “Bring me some bread with some meat!” he said to his servant. And so
the great sandwich was born!
Today, the sandwich is the most popular lunch in the USA. Children take them to school, office workers eat them in the office,
students eat them in the park, and families eat them on picnics. There are coffee shops, bars, restaurants, and sandwich shops
with incredible variety of delicious sandwiches. There are even sandwiches competitions.
So what is the secret of a good sandwich? “The bread and the ingredients must be super-fresh,” says Chris Brown, a manager
of the sandwich shop EAT. “There must be two or more ingredients – one dense, like cheese or meat, and the other light, like
tomato. You must make the sandwich just before you want to eat it, not three hours before. And it’s very important to use your
imagination. Two pieces of dry bread with some dry cheese between them is not a sandwich.”
Hey There – 1B, Longman Press, page 32
18. Who inventedthesandwich?
19. Who eatssandwiches?
20. What is a good sandwich?
Drunk Driving Can Be Stopped
Designated drivers have probably saved nearly 50,000 lives and spared many morethousands of people from
suffering injury from drunk driving. Over nine out of 10 Americans who attend social events where alcohol is served
would like to see designated drivers used. And the proportion of people using or being a designated driver has
increased dramatically over time. Each year over 73,000,000 Americans either serve as designated driver or are
driven home by one.
A designated driver is simply a person who agrees to abstain from alcohol and beresponsible for driving others home.
The others are free to drink or not as they choose. Many establishments provide free nonalcoholic beverages to
designated drivers.
In addition to being or using a designated driver, you can save lives by taking car keys from intoxicated people to
prevent them from being drunk drivers.
Here are some helpful hints on how to get the keys from a drunk person about to drive:
– Be calm. Joke about it. Make light of it.
– Make it clear that you’re doing the drunk person a favor.
– Locate their keys while they’re preoccupied and take them away. They will probably think they’ve lost them and will
be forced to accept another mode of transportation.
– If it is a close friend, try to use a soft, calm approach. Suggest to them privately thatthey’ve had too much to drink
and it would be better if someone else drove them home or if they took a cab or other transportation.
– If it is a good friend, spouse, or loved one, tell them that if they insist on driving, you are not going with them. Tell
them that you will ride with someone else, take public transportation, or walk.
– If it’s someone you don’t know well, speak to their friends and have them make anattempt to persuade them to hand
over the keys.
– If possible, avoid embarrassing the person or being confrontational.
21. Qual é a função de um “designated driver”?
22. Retire do texto sugestões de como um familiar ou cônjuge deve agir quando o motorista tiver bebido mais do que
o permitido pela lei.
23. Como as pessoas podem salvar vidas quando estão em companhia de motoristas alcoolizados?
24. A que a expressão “intoxicatedpeople” (linha 9) se refere?
25. Qual é o objetivo do texto no que diz respeito a
acidentes de trânsito causados por ingestão de
álcool?
26. Qual a mensagem do ”cartoon ” acima?
The March on Washington
When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of
Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a
promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life,
liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are
concerned. Instead of honouring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check
which has come back marked "insufficient funds." But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We
refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great depositories of opportunity of this nation. So we have
come to our nation's capital to cash this check.
(Adaptado de http://www.mlkonline.net/dream.html. Acessado em 28/09/2011.)
27. Na linguagem metafórica do texto, um trecho do discurso proferido por Martin Luther King em 1963, a que se
refere a “nota promissória” emitida pelos Estados Unidos da América?
28. Que crenças levaram os negros norte-americanos a irem a Washington “sacar o cheque” que a América lhes
deu?
Experts suggest several ways in which busy people can find more time for fun:
-
Make having fun a priority. Try to plan at least 20 minutes each day when you do something just for yourself –
take a relaxing bath, exercise, read a book.
Keep a time diary for the family. Look at which household chores could be done less often, and in that time
plan some fun activity.
Hire a teenager to do such job as washing the car or mowing the lawn so you have more free time.
One evening in the middle of the week, hire a babysitter, go aout with your spouse, and have fun. Do not talk
about problems, just enjoy each other.
29. What does the author recommend in the text?
30. What kind of people should be hired? What are these people supposed to do?
China accounts for 30 percent of the wood exported from logging operations in remote towns across Brazil´s rain
forest, where trucks carry the finished product hundreds of miles along muddy roads to river ports, said Luiz Carlos
Tremonte, who heads an influential wood industry association. Many Chinese purchasers now travel to Brazil to clinch
deals, and are almost always accompanied at business meetings by friends or relatives of Chinese descent who live
there.
31. According to the text, China:
a) Is trying to develop its own rain forest
c) Takes advantage of remote towns in Brazil
e) Buys almost a third of the jungle´s wood production.
b) Is to blame for deforestation in Brazil
d) Helped develop Brazi´s wood industry association
32. According to the text, the Chinese :
a) Are slowly colonizing Brazilian jungles
b) Descendants already own most of the remote towns in the forest
c) Own the trucks that transport the logs
d) Buyers are helped by local ethnic Chinese
e) Do most of their business through the local wood industry association
HELP CHANGE A SMALL PART OF THE WORLD
RUGMARK is a global, nonprofit organization working to end child labor and offer educational opportunities to children
in India, Nepal and Pakistan. The RUGMARK label is your best assurance that no illegal child labor was employed in
the manufacture of a carpet or rug.
Responda a questão abaixo em PORTUGUÊS.
33. Qual a função da etiqueta RUGMARK?
PUMP IT UP!
Sports meets high technology in the formof Reebok´s latest sneaker, the PUMP 2.0, a remake of a sport shoe
successfully introduced by this company 15 years ago.
This new version, unlike the 1989 model which inflated with the touch of a button, pumps itself up automatically after it
is put on and the wearer walks a few steps.
Costing $100, it is designed for serious runners, but Reebok hopes to create versions for other sports, such as
basketball, as well as for non-athletic consumers.
34. Qual o produto mencionado no texto? Qual sua principal característica e qual seu público alvo?
SALT WARS
The British government has a new enemy: Salt causes high blood pressure and 120.000 heart attacks in Britain each
year. How does salt do this? A high level of salt causes water retention, so there is more blood for the heart to pump
and blood pressure goes up.
The problem isn´t the salt on your table at home, it is the salt in processed food and bread. We consume 9.5 grams
per day, but we only need 6 grams. The British government wants producers of breakfast cereals, pizza, soups and
biscuits to reduce salt levels, but this is a problem because salt is used in food products for many reasons, from
adding flavor to controlling fermentation and preservation.
Responda as perguntas abaixo, baseadas no texto acima, em PORTUGUÊS.
35. Por que o governo britânico está preocupado com o consumo de sal?
36. Qual a consequência de um alto nível de sal em nosso organismo?
37. Por que o sal é usado em alimentos?
Write TRUE (T) or FALSE (F). Correct the false statements and justify
the true statements according to the text.
38. The girl works at Macy’s. (
)
39. She has to wear hats at work. (
40. She goes to work by car. (
)
)