N_3 saboloo.pmd

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N_3 saboloo.pmd
qarTuli
hagiografiuli Zeglebi
3 tomad
tomi III
1
mivesalmebiT winamdebare naSromis gamocemas.
migvaCnia, rom es gamocema daaaxloebs saqarTvelos eklesiis
sulier memkvidreobasTan moswavleebs, studentebs, mrevlis
wevrebs da yvela dainteresebul mkiTxvels.
sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi,
mcxeTa-Tbilisis mTavarepiskoposi ilia II
qarTuli
hagiografiuli Zeglebi
originaluri teqstebi
da
axali qarTuli Targmanebi
redaqtori: levan abaSiZe
mxatvruli gaformeba: giorgi peraniZe
tomi III
ISBN 978-99940-755-4-6 (samive tomi)
ISBN 978-99940-755-7-7 ( III tomi)
© bTi
Tbilisi 2008
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We greet the publication of Georgian Hagiographic Literature.
This publication will certainly help students, parishes and wide public
to become closer to the spiritual heritage of the Georgian Church.
I LIA I I
Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia,
Archbishop of Mtskheta and Tbilisi
GEORGIAN HAGIOGRAPHIC
LITERATURE
Original texts and translation into modern Georgian
VOLUME III
Redactor: Levan Abashidze
Design:
Giorgi Peranidze
ISBN 978-99940-755-4-6 (all three volumes)
ISBN 978-99940-755-7-7 (volume III)
© BTC
Tbilisi 2008
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Content
sarCevi
Foreword ....................................................................................................... 8
Sesavali ......................................................................................... 8
Life of Saint Ioane of Zedazeni ................................................................... 19
Translated by Ekvthime Kochlamazashvili and Maia Areshidze
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa ...................................... 19
Targmna eqvTime koWlamazaSvilma da maia areSiZem
Life of Saints Ioane of Shio and Evagre ...................................................... 69
Translated by Maia Kobiashvili
cxovreba Rirsi Siosi da evagresi ........................................ 69
Targmna maia kobiaSvilma
Life of Saint David of Garegi .................................................................... 101
Translated by Levan Abashidze
cxovreba wminda daviT garejelisa .................................... 101
Targmna levan abaSiZem
Life and martyrdom of Saint Abibos of Nekresi ...................................... 135
Translated by Eter Shengelia
cxovreba da wameba wminda abibos nekreselisa ................. 135
Targmna eTer Sengeliam
Life of Saint Serapion of Zarzma ............................................................. 153
Translated by Edisher Tchelidze
cxovreba wminda serapion zarzmelisa ............................... 153
Targmna ediSer WeliZem
Martyrdom of Saint Gobron ..................................................................... 249
Translated by Eter Shengelia
wameba wminda gobronisa ......................................................... 249
Targmna eTer Sengeliam
Martyrdom of Saint Konstanti the Georgian ........................................... 283
Translated by Nino Khakhiashvili
wameba wminda konstantisa ..................................................... 283
Targmna nino xaxiaSvilma
Life of Saints Ioane and Ekvthime ............................................................ 311
Translated by Medea Glonti
cxovreba wminda ioanesi da eqvTimesi ................................. 311
Targmna medea Rlontma
Life of Saint Giorgi of Athos .................................................................... 433
Translated by Ekvthime Kochlamazashvili
cxovreba wminda giorgi mTawmindelisa ............................. 433
Targmna eqvTime koWlamazaSvilma
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Sesavali
berZnuli sityva “martvili” (martys), iseve, rogorc
misi Zveli qarTuli Sesatyvisi – “mowame”, aRniSnavda
sxva arafers, Tu ara mowmes, romelic mowmobs da adasturebs imas, rac unaxavs, risi momswrec yofila da amitom danamdvilebiT icis. Tavdapirvelad, swored am
mniSvnelobiT Cndeba es sityva qristianul literaturaSi. mociqulebi iyvnen mowmeebi (mowameebi) yovelivesi, rac maT ixiles qristes amqveyniuri cxovrebidan da
aseve, rac iswavles misi swavlebidan. da isini mzad iyvnen, daemowmebinaT yovelive es “ierusalemSi, mTel iudeaSi da samariaSi da qveynierebis kidemde” (saqm. 1:8).
petre mociqulma, Tavis mimarTvaSi sxva mociqulTa da mowafeTa mimarT, rodesac dadga iudas Semcvleli mociqulis arCevis sakiTxi, swored es termi-
ni gamoiyena da swored aRniSnuli mniSvnelobiT: “maSasadame, saWiroa, rom erTi im kacTagan, romelnic
CvenTan iyvnen mTeli im xnis manZilze, roca ufali ieso movida CvenTan da wavida Cvengan, ioane naTlismcemlidan moyolebuli, vidre im dRemde, roca is amaRlda Cvengan, - erTi maTgani unda SemogvierTdes Cven
da CvenTan erTad iyos mowme misi aRdgomisa” (saqm.
1:22). Tavis am pirvel sajaro gamosvlaSi petre saubrobs Tavis Tavze da sxva mociqulebze, rogorc “mowameebze” (mowmeebze), romlebmac ixiles mkvdreTiT aRmdgari qriste. Tavis pirvel epistoleSi, petre aseve
moixseniebs Tavis Tavs, rogorc “qristes vnebaTa mowmes” (1 petr. 5:1).
am adreul magaliTebSi ukve moCans sityva “mowamis” axleburi, qristianobisTvis damaxasiaTebeli
mniSvneloba. qristes mowafeebi ar iyvnen ubralod
mowmeebi, romlebic sasamarTloSi iZlevian Cvenebas.
es ukanasknelni Cveulebriv ar igdeben Tavs safrTxeSi, rodesac isini mowmoben da adastureben imas, rac
ixiles. maTgan gansxvavebiT, qristes mowmeebi yoveldRiurad idgnen safrTxis winaSe Tavisi mowmobis gamo
da es mowmoba dReniadag SeiZleboda gamxdariyo mZime
sasjelis da TviT sikvdiliT dasjis mizezi. wminda
stefane iyo is mowme, romelmac pirvelma qristianobis istoriaSi, Tavisi mowmoba Tavisi sisxliT dabeWda. misi mowameobis ambavs vxvdebiT wignSi “saqme mociqulTa”, sadac aRwerilia, Tu rogor dasajes is sikvdiliT.
mociqulTa saqmianoba did safrTxesTan iyo dakavSirebuli da TiToeulma maTganma Tavisi mowmobis-
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qristianuli srulyofilebis idea ar icvleboda saukuneebis manZilze da Tavisi arsiT marad igive rCeba.
amis miuxedavad, is gzebi da saSualebebi, romlebiTac
qristianebi cdilobdnen mieRwiaT am idealisTvis, gansxvavebuli iyo sxvadasxva epoqaSi da sxvadasxva garemoebebSi, romlebSic qristianebs uxdebodaT cxovreba.
mociqulTa xanaSi da mis Semdgom, qristianTa didi devnis periodSi, qristianuli srulyoflebis umaRles gamovlinebad miCneuli iyo sarwmunoebisTvis sicocxlis
gawirva – mowameoba.
qristiani wmindanebi: mowame da sulieri mowame
Tvis miiRo sasjeli ama Tu im saxiT. maTi umetesobisTvis es sasjeli sikvdiliT dasja iyo.
amgvarad, ukve mociqulTa xanaSi, termini “mowame”
aRniSnavda im mowmes, romelsac nebismier dros SeiZleba daaZalon sakuTari mowmobis uaryofa da, uaris
SemTxvevaSi, mas mZime sasjeli emuqreba, sikvdilis
CaTvliT.
aqedan gasagebi xdeba, Tu rogor SeiZina terminebma “mowame” da “wameba” (damowmeba), Tavisi saboloo
mniSvneloba, romliTac is qristianul literaturaSi dasabamidanve ixmareba: mowame, anu mowme qristesi
aris is, visac SesaZloa, ar unaxavs qriste Tavisi TvaliT, magram imdenad mtkiced swams qriste, misi RmerTkacoba, aRdgoma da qristianobis WeSmariteba, rom
amjobinebs miiRos sikvdili, vidre uaryos qriste.
ukve pirveli saukunis miwuruls, wminda ioane maxarebeli swored am mniSvnelobiT iyenebs sityvas mowame (martvili). is saubrobs warmarTobidan moqceul
antipaze, romelic aris qristes “marTali mowame
(martvili), romelic mokles Tqven Soris, sadac mefobs satana” (gamocx. 2:13). igive ioane laparakobs
moklulTa sulebze, “romlebic mokles RvTis sityvisa da mowmobisaTvis (martyria)” (gamocx. 6:9).
mowameobis xanam or saukuneze met xans gastana, sanam
meoTxe saukunis dasawyisSi imperatorma konstantinem
ar gamoacxada qristianobis kanoniereba (313 w.). mogvianebiT qristianoba romis imperiis sarwmunoeba gaxda.
rodesac dasrulda qristianTa masobrivi devnis,
da Sesabamisad, mowameobis xana, qristianTaTvis dadga
aucilebloba, sxvagvarad gamoexataT swrafva qristi-
anuli srulyofilebisken da sxvagvarad miebaZaT qristesTvis. mravalma qristianma gadawyvita srulad gaewyvita Tavisi kavSiri am qveyanasTan da gandegilobis
gza aerCia, raTa zedmiwevniT aResrulebina saxarebiseuli mowodebebi. asketuri cxovrebisadmi amgvari
swrafva IV saukunemdec aRiniSneboda eklesiaSi. jer
kidev II saukuneSi eklesiis mravali maswavlebeli ganixilavda amgvar asketur msaxurebas, rogorc mowameobis Tanaswor Rvawls da RvTisadmi siyvarulis umaRles gamovlenas. asketuri msaxureba miiCneoda rogorc yoveldRiuri mowameoba (martyrium cotidianum), da amgvarad gaCnda sulieri mowameobis idea.
es azri marad cocxali iyo eklesiaSi da mas qarTul
hagiografiul
literaturaSic
vxvdebiT.
giorgi merCule wminda grigolis da mis ZmaTa Rvawlis Sesaxeb wers:
`dRiTi-dRe mravldebodnen Zmebi, radgan emateboda ufals meTerTmete saaTis muSebi WeSmariti venaxis dasamuSaveblad da isini pirvel marTalTa Tanaziarni da wminda mowameTa monawileni xdebodnen, radgan monazvnobis RvawlSi wminda mowameebis msgavsad,
— da maTze metad, — mxneobdnen, radgan martvilebi
martooden erT dros ewamnen, eseni ki yovel dros ewamebodnen qristes saxelisTvis, rogorc ambobs daviTi:
„SenTvis vixocebiT Cven yovel dRe~, da pavle ambobs:
„me yoveldRe qristesTvis vkvdebi~.
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hagiografia
amgvarad, eklesiaSi dasabamidanve iyo wmindanTa
ZiriTadad ori tipi: martvili da asketi. orive maTgani da msgavseba maT Soris bunebrivad momdinareobs
saxarebidan.
wmindanTa Tayvaniscema da gandideba dasabamidanve
axasiaTebda eklesias rogorc aRmosavleTSi, iseve
dasavleTSi. eklesiis uadresi istoriidan Cvenamde
moaRwia mravalma dokumentma, romlebic asaxaven ama
Tu im adgilobrivi eklesiis mier Sedgenil wmindanTa
siebs maTi dResaswaulis TariRis aRniSvniT. mogvianebiT am siebma dasabami misces saeklesio kalendrebs
da e. w. martirologiebs. adreve Cndeba mowameobis aRwerebi da wmindanTa mokle biografiebi, rac aris hagiografiuli literaturis dasawyisi. eklesiaSi imTaviTve iyo survili da saWiroeba, aReweraT wmindanTa cxovreba da Rvawli, rom is cnobili yofiliyo sxva
qristianTaTvis, romlebic dacilebulni iyvnen am
wmindanebisgan sivrceSi da droSi. cxovrebebs xSirad
Tanamedrove da TviTmxilveli qmnida, Tumca iyo SemTxvevebi, rodesac, avtori gasuli Taobis wmindanTa
Sesaxeb Sekrebda mowmobebs da aRwerda mis cxovrebas.
amgvarad Seiqmna vrceli da mdidari hagiografiuli literatura, romelic qristianTaTvis dausrulebel wyaros warmoadgenda swavlisTvis da mibaZvisTvis.
saqarTvelos eklesiaSi, rogorc msoflio eklesiis
ganuyofel nawilSi, aseve arian wmindanebi, romlebsac
eklesia ganadidebs. qarTul enaze dawerili maTi cxovrebis aRwerebi Seadgens qarTul hagiografiul lite-
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raturas, romelic msoflio hagiografiuli literaturis ganuyofeli nawilia.
saWiroa aRiniSnos, rom qarTuli hagiografiuli
Zeglebi xasiaTdebian gansakuTrebuli individualobiT, movlenebis aRqmisa da gadmocemis sicxoveliT, mkafioobiT da utyuarobiT. yoveli qarTuli
hagiografiuli Zegli marTlac TavisTavadi Rirebulebis naSromia, epoqis pirmetyveli xatia, marad
gauxunari saunjea.
amitom migvaCnia mniSvnelovnad Tanamedrove mkiTxvelisTvis srulad miwodeba rogorc Tavdapirveli
teqstisa, aseve am teqstebis Targmanisa, raTa xsenebuli
teqstebi ar darCes mxolod mecnier-mkvlevarTa Seswavlis sagnad da gza gaexsnaT maT yoveli mkiTxvelisTvis.
Zveli qarTuli teqstebi momzadebulia ediSer WeliZis mier
ilia abulaZis redaqtorobiT gamocemuli Zveli qarTuli
hagiografiuli literaturis Zeglebis pirveli da meore
tomebis mixedviT.
levan abaSiZe
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asurel mamaTa cxovreba
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winaTqma
asurel mamaTa cxovreba
saqarTvelos da misi eklesiis istoriaSi udidesi adgili uWiravT asurel mamebs – ioanes da mis Tormet mowafes.
asureli mamebi meeqvse saukuneSi movidnen saqarTveloSi
asureTidan (siriidan).
es mZime periodi iyo saqarTvelosTvis rogorc politikuri, iseve sarwmunoebrivi TvalsazrisiT. sparseTi imdenad
mkvidrad idga kavkasiaSi, rom im periodSi qarTlis mmarTvelebi mTavrebad iwodebodnen da ara mefeebad. mimdinareobda sarwmunoebrivi kamaTebi qristologiur sakiTxebze, rac
bizantiis (romis) imperiaSi V saukuneSi dawyebuli kamaTebis
gamoZaxili iyo. am kamaTebis kulminacia iyo 451 wlis qalkedonis msoflio saeklesio kreba, da am krebis miRebis Tu armiRebis sakiTxi eklesiis mZime ganxeTqilebas iwvevda. sul ufro Rrmavdeboda naprali qalkedonis krebis momxreebs (diofizitebi) da mowinaaRmdegeebs (monofizitebi) Soris. kavkasiis eklesiebi iZulebulni iyvnen kamaTis arss Caswvdomodnen da arCevani gaekeTebinaT.
amave dros, saqarTveloSi jer kidev Zlieri iyo warmarToba da SedarebiT axladdamkvidrebul qristianobas Semdgomi qadageba da ganmtkiceba sWirdeboda.
yvela am sakiTxs amZimebda sparseTi, romelic mzad iyo
nebismieri sarwmunoebisa, Tu konfesiisaTvis daeWira mxari,
romelic kavkasiis xalxebs bizantias (sparseTis umTavresi
mowinaaRmdeges) daaSorebda.
am mZime periodSi Camovidnen qarTlSi asureli mamebi, romelTa Rvawls udidesi mniSvneloba hqonda. maT ganamtkices
qristianoba aRmosavleT saqarTveloSi, udidesi wvlili Seitanes samonastro da gandegiluri cxovrebis damkvidrebasa da ganviTarebaSi. isini saqarTvelos eklesiis udidesi
wmindanebi arian.
asurel mamaTa cxovrebis uadresi nusxebi daTariRebuli
unda iyos meaTe saukunis meore naxevriT (k. kekeliZe). ioane
zedaznelisa da Siosa da evagres cxovrebebi Sedgenili un16
da iyos kaTalikos arsen II-is (915-980) mier, romelic iyo kaci
ganaTlebuli da mwignobari. daviT garejelis cxovrebis avtori ucnobia da is ufro adre unda iyos Sedgenili. ueWvelad iarsebebda asurel mamaTa cxovrebis werilobiTi wyaroebi, romlebic maTi cxovrebis kvaldakval Seiqmneboda, da
romlebsac eyrdnobodnen 3-4 saukunis Semdeg moRvawe avtorebi. abibos nekreselis wameba SemorCenilia mxolod gviandeli, ganvrcobili (metafrastuli) redaqciiT.
es Zeglebi mogviTxroben asurel mamaTa cxovrebaze, maT
garSemo mowafeTa Sekrebasa da monatrebis daarsebaze, romlebic qristianobis ganmtkicebisa da ganaTlebis centrebad
iqcnen.
levan abaSiZe
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cxovreba wminda ioane
zedaznelisa
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cxo
rebaA wmid
isa mamisa Cuen
isa iovane
cxorebaA
wmidisa
Cuenisa
rZaneb
iTa
zedaZnelisaA.
romelii bbrZaneb
rZanebiTa
zedaZnel
isaA. romel
isa
winamZRurob
inamZRurobiTa
sulisa
RmrTisaATa da w
inamZRurob
iTa sul
wmidisaATa
moivlina
queyaniT
Suamdinar
inariT
iT Suamd
inar
iT
wmid
isaATa moivl
ina queyan
aTormetTa
qarTlisad
isad aTo
rmetTa mowafeTa
queyanad qarTl
misTa wmidaTa Tana. 1
ganaaxla da ganavrco wmidaman mamaman Cuenman qristes mier
arseni kaTalikozman.
guakurTxen, mamao!
mizezni arian aRmZrvel sityYsa da sityuaA ars mimTxrobel mizezTa, romlisaTYs pirvel mivlenan sagrZnobelTa da
miarTYan mimRebelsa, da mimRebelman miscis ganmkiTxvelsa,
da ganmkiTxvelman – dammarxvelsa. da esreT gamosaxuli igi
moiqcis da daeberis nestusa enisa TYsisasa da gangebul(ad),
oxrin, raATa kualad sasmenelTa sxuaTa miscemdes TYT TanaziarebiTa smenisaATa, romel ars awindeli ese Cueni moqcevaA.
1 xelnawerebis nusxa: A: A-199; B: Ier.-36; C: H-136.
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cxovreba Cveni wmida mamis iovane zedaznelisa, romelic RmrTis brZanebiTa da suliwmidis
megzurobiT (winamZRvrobiT) SuamdinareTidan
gamogzavnil iqna qarTlis qveyanaSi Tavis
Tormet wmida mowafesTan erTad
ganaaxla da ganavrco wmida mamam arseni kaTalikosma
saubars Tavisi mizezebi aqvs, romelnic aRZraven mas,
da igi swored am mizezebs gadmoscems. sityvebi jer grZnobis organoebTan aRweven, Semdeg isini miarTmeven mimRebels1, mimRebeli gadascems ganmsjel-Semfasebels,2 da es
ukanaskneli _ damcvel-Semnaxvels.3 amgvarad gamosaxuli,
igi kvlav dabrundeba Tavisi enis sayvirTan da gaazrebulad gamoscems xmas, raTa sxvaTa sasmenels gadasces. asevea
Cveni axlandeli kvlav-miqceva saTqmelisadmi, radganac
jerovani moqmedebaa, ZvelTagan moRweul sanatrel gadmocemaTa mixedviT saubari da gamocxadeba im did moRvaweTa Sesaxeb, romelnic Seimkvnen WeSmaritebis gamocxadebiT, da amitomac unda iqadagebodnen mTel qveynierebaze
sityvis msaxurTa4 mier RmrTivSTagonebiT.
1 igulisxmeba msmeneli.
2 igulisxmeba goneba.
3 igulisxmeba guli adamianisa.
4 sityvis msaxuri _ ritori, mwerali, mqadagebeli.
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cxo
reba
isa iovane zedaznel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
rameTu jer-ars gamocxadeba sanatrelTagan uwyebasa, –
KeliTmoKsenebulTagan werilTasa, – sityuad didTa maTTYs,
romelni ganfenil qadagebad jer-arian yovelsa sofelsa msaxurTagan sityYsaTa gamocxadebiTa maRlisaATa, romelni ganSuendes gamocxadebiTa WeSmaritebisaATa. ara Tu advilad sauravsa rasme veZiebT, aramed siRrmeTagan zRYsaTa patiosanTa margalitTa, SromiT mosagebelTa, gunebavs cxadad gamoCinebaA, romelni ganmzadebul arian ganyofad simdidresa, uxrwnelsa safasesa saRmrToTa niWTasa, naTesavisa mimarT Cuenisa sityYTa madlisaATa.
wigni vedrebisa SenisaA aRmovikiTxe, Zmao miqael, da Txovisa Senisa wadierebaA gulisKma-vyav da friad mTnda swavlis moyuarobaA Seni, rameTu geneba, raATamca didisa iovane
zedaZnelisa cxorebaA aRvwere da miuZRuane Tquensa mas udabnosa. pirvelad, raATa ara siRrmesa Sina dafarul iyvnen saTnoebani wmidisa mis mamisa da moZRurisani, da merme, maT gamo,
raATa sargebeli vpooT. da qartaA igi wulili, romeli warmogeZRuana Cuenda, romelTagani (!) saqmeTa mamisa Cuenisa zedaZnelisani warvikiTxe da zogi raAme gamovikiTxeT misTYs
da misTa maT mowafeTa maTTa, maT Sina adgilTaTYs, viTarca
vin marculeuli oqroA warscis visme Kelovansa, raATa Seqmnes igini WurWlad Suenierad erTad SekrebulTa.
da amiT eseviTariTa wadierebiTa ara Tu ras miiReb Cuengan, aramed momcem, viTarca ufali igi didebisaA misruli
jurRmulsa mas zeda da wyalsa iTxovda dedakacisa misgan
samaritelisa, ara Tu moiRebda, aramed wyarosa cxorebisasa
mianiWebda. esreT moviReb da ara Tu migcem. xolo me, viTar
vixile keTili igi stumari, romeli movida Cemda, sixaruliT
mivrbiode da aRviyvane igi qorsa Cemsa da minda ganZRebad SimSili misi, romelsa-igi eZiebda.
advil sazrunavs ki ar veZebT, aramed gvsurs zRvis siRrmidan mZime SromiT mosapovebel patiosan margalitTa saaSkaraod gamotana, romelnic gamzadebulni arian imisaTvis, rom saRmrTo wyalobis Seumusravi saganZuri gaunawilon Cvens ers, sityvieri madlis saxiT.
wavikiTxe Seni savedrebeli werili, Zmao miqael, da Sevityve Seni sasurveli saTxovari da Zalian momewona Seni
swavlismoyvareoba, radganac moisurve, aRmewera didi iovane zedaznelis cxovreba da Tqveni monastrisaTvis Semewira; jer erTi, imisaTvis, rom Cveni wmida mamisa da moZRvris
saTnoeba siRrmeSi dafluli ar darCeniliyo, da meorec, imisaTvis, raTa maTgan sargebloba migveRo. zogi ram Cveni mamis iovane zedaznelis saqmeTa Sesaxeb wavikiTxe im mcire wignSi, romelic CvenTvis gamogigzavnia, zogi ram, rogorc wmida mamis, ise mis mowafeTa Sesaxeb, agreTve maTi samoRvaweo
adgilebis Sesaxeb sxvadasxva pirTagan gamovikiTxeT.
(Seni Txovna da xsenebuli pirvelwyaros gamogzavna)
hgavs im kacis saqciels, romelic marcvlovani oqroTi amaragebs romelime ostats, raTa man am marcvalTa erTad SekrebiT mSvenieri WurWeli daamzados. amgvari mondomebiT
Sen ufro mets gvaZlev, vidre Cvengan iTxov, ise, rogorc
ufali didebisa,1 jurRmulTan misuli, samariteli dedakacisagan wyals iTxovda,2 magram misgan ki ar iRebda, aramed TviTonve mianiWebda mas sicocxlis wyaros. aseve viReb me Sengan da ara gaZlev. CemTan mosuli keTili stumari rom davinaxe, sixaruliT Sevegebe, aviyvane zemo sarTulze da misi SimSilis dacxroba movindome, rasac igi
eZiebda.3
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23
1 igulisxmeba iesu qriste.
2 Sdr. in. 4:4-15.
3 keTil stumrad, romelic saWmels iTxovs, igulisxmeba qriste; Sdr.
m. 25:41-45
cxo
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isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
da viTar aRvixile saunje Cemi, vpove igi naklulevanad
mcired mecnierebisa Cemisagan da, rameTu ena-brkYnval var
da ver-metyuel, vinaAT viwye wmidisa misTYs Txrobad saTnoebaTa misTa! aramed ganvizraxe, raATa vemsgavso futkarsa
Sromis moyuaresa da samoTxeTa SuenierTa wignTa mier moviwilne yuavilni, raATa ganumzado Wamadi tkbili wadierTa sadidebelad Cuenda. aramed jer-ars, raATa locvaA winaAT waruZRuanoT, Keli SemoyavT Cem Tana vedrebiTa!
rameTu yovelTa keTilTa ganmasurnelebel locvaA ars.
aman mucelsa Sina dedisasa ganapoxa samoel da winaAswarmetyuelad gamoaCina. ixileT-Ra nayofi igi locvisaA – winaAswarmetyuel iqmna WeSmaritebisa siyrmiTgan, rameTu iTxova
igi ana cremliTa da locviTa.
kualad sjulis-mdebelsa moses mo-raA-aqundes ficarni
igi sjulisani, ormeoc dRe locvaA da marxvaA safuZvel yo.
da moses ficarni, dawerilni TiTiTa RmrTisaATa, gardamoaqundes mTisa misgan erTgzis da meored – srulebad, rameTu
pirvelni igi Seimusrnes, viTarca uriani, xolo meoreni pativ-icnes mocvalebiTa. misTYs jer-ars, raATa yovelman, romelman Kel-yos saRmrTosa msaxurebasa, iTxov[o]s misgan, romeli-igi uxuad mimniWebel ars RmerTi, da miscems sazrdelsa,
viTarca ityYs iakob mociquli: “ukueTu vinme naklulevan
ars Tquengani sibrZniTa, iTxoven, da mosces mas RmerTman niWTa
ganmyofelman”.
roca Cemi codnis saganZuri davaTvaliere, da vnaxe misi naklulevaneba, radganac gamarTulad saubaric ar SemiZlia, amitomac misi saTnoebis Sesaxeb Txrobas Sevudeqi. ganvizraxe, davemsgavso Sromismoyvare futkars, da sulier wignTa baRis yvavilTagan Sevkribo neqtari, raTa
tkbili saWmeli movumzado amis mosurneT, Cvens sadideblad. amisTvis ki saWiroa, locva wavumZRvaroT am saqmes;
Tqvenc SegvewieT vedrebiT, radganac yoveli sikeTis ganmasurnelebeli locvaa. man dedis mucelSive ganaZliera
samoeli da winaswarmetyvelad gamoaCina.1 naxeT nayofi
locvisa! _ siyrmidanve WeSmaritebis winaswarmetyvelad
iqca samoeli, radganac misTvis cremliTa da locviT evedreboda dedamisi, ana.2
aseve, rodesac mose sjulmdebels sjulis ficrebi unda wamoeRo, amis safuZvlad locva da marxva dado. jer
RmrTis xeliT dawerili ficrebi Camoitana mosem mTidan,
Semdeg sxva ficrebi, maTi Semcvleli, radgan Tavdapirveli ficrebi daimsxvra, huriaTa msgavsad, xolo meore ficrebi pativiT Seimosnen, [warmarTebTan] misvliT.3
amitomac saWiroa, yvelam, romelic saRmrTo msaxurebas mihyofs xels, misgan iTxovos, romelic uxvad momniWebelia da sakvebs aZlevs yvelas (e. i. RmerTi), rogorc ambobs iakob mociquli: `Tu vinme sibrZniT naklulia Tqvengani, iTxovos, da RmerTi, niWTa (wyalobaTa) mimcemeli, miscems~.4
1 Sdr. msaj. 16:17; galat. 1:15.
2 Sdr. I mef. 1:1-20; 3:20.
3 Sdr. gamoslv. 32:14-19; 34:1; 34:28-29.
4 Sdr. iakob. 1:5.
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25
cxo
reba
isa iovane zedaznel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
xolo dawyebasa mweralTasa jer-ars moKsenebaA didisa
mosesi, damwyebelisa saxlis weriTa, WeSmaritisa momaswavebeliTa, igi, romel noes msgavsad kidobnisa mis wyalsa zeda
iqceoda SeWurvili didebisagan, SiSiTa gangdebul, ganrinebul iqmna moRuawebiTa RmerTTaATa, faraoAs asulisagan
ganipoxa saxlsave mas Sina misve mefisasa, mokla megYpteli
igi, siZe faraoAsi, ara mSorebeli da uCinoA, aramed maxlobeli faraoAsi viTarca iyo saxe yovelTave WeSmaritisa, pirveli igi – axlisa mis sjulisa siZe igi faraoAsi, faraoA uKorcoAsa mis faraoAsi, viTarca egYpte jojoxeTisaA, erTierTisa maxlobelni saxiTa. meot iqmna risxvisagan mefisa, ganvida udabnod mTasa sinasa. gamoecxada angelozi RmrTisaA
cecxliTa mayulovansa mas Sina, saidumloA qalwulisaA, da
zarganKdili movida xilvad. mis mier uwoda da tyavi igi
mkudrisaA gansZarcua ferKTagan cxoveli da warmoidgina gamocxadebad, romeli misve maRlisagan iwama yofad igi RmerTi faraoAsi, mTavrisa bnelisa da gandgomilisa uzeSTaesisagan keTilisa, igi, romel maRalTa umwuervalesTa mTaTa umaRles iqmna (saxe igi WeSmaritisa mis sjulisa mdebelisaA!), mas
Ksnad israelisa waravlinebda saswauliTa da niSebiTa.
mweralTaTvis weris dawyebisas saWiroa didi moses moxsenieba, romelic WeSmaritebis momaswavebeli saxlis aRweriT iwyebs.1 igi, noes kidobnis msgavsad, wyalze mimoiqceoda, RmrTis mfarvelobiT daculi. (faraonis winaSe) SiSis
gamo gadagdebul iyo, magram Tavisianebis SemweobiT2 gadarCenil iqna; faraonis sasaxleSive aRizarda misi asulis mier. merme mokla megvipteli, romelic Soreuli da ubralo
kaci ki ar iyo, aramed siZe faraonisa (rogorc axali sjulis saxe iyo Zveli sjuli, aseve faraonis siZe _ usxeulo
faraonisa,3 xolo egvipte _ jojoxeTisa). gaeqca mose mefis
risxvas, udabnoSi wavida, sinas mTaze. mayvlovanSi, romelic
qalwulis saidumloa,4 RmrTis angelozi gamoecxada cecxlis saxiT da SeZrwunda am xilviT. angelozma cecxlidan
ubrZana, mkvdris tyavi ganeZarcva fexidan,5 da, maSasadame,
cocxlad warmoaCina mose, iseve, rogorc RmerTi faraonisa
_ sibnelis mTavrad, umaRlesi sikeTisagan gandgomilad. WeSmarit sjulismdebels, umwvervales mTebze ufro maRlad
gamoCinebuls, gzavnida RmerTi israelis gamosaxsnelad niSebiTa da saswaulebiT.
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1aq `saxlad~, SesaZloa, igulisxmebodes kidobani, romliTac yrma mose sikvdils gadaurCa (ix. gamosvl. 2:3).
2 ZvelqarTul teqstSia: `moRuawebiTa RmerTTa Ta~, rac aSkara nonsensia.
teqsti, samwuxarod, erTaderTi xelnaweriTaa SemorCenili, da am adgilis gamarTva variantuli kiTxva-sxvaobebiT jerjerobiT SeuZlebelia
(meore nusxis aRmoCenamde); Sinaarsis mixedviT ki, vfiqrobT, unda iyos:
`moRuawebiTa T sTa Ta~, radgan yrma moses gadarCenisaTvis Tavisianebma (`T sTa~), saxeldobr, dam da dedam izrunes (e. i. `iRuawes~). grafikuli msgavsebis gamo `T sTa Ta~, SeiZleboda, arasworad amokiTxuliyo _
`RmerTTa Ta~, rac am konteqstSi sruli uazrobaa.
3 igulisxmeba boroti suli, satana.
4 saidumlo _ gamomsaxveli, alegoria, saxe.
5 mkvdris tyavi _ igulisxmeba tyavis fexsacmeli. imis xazgasma, rom
tyavi mkvdari pirutyvis nawilia, _ aluziaa adamisTvis RmrTis mier
tyavis samoslis Cacmevisa, samoTxidan gamoZevebis dros. mkvdari
cxvris tyavisagan damzadebuli samoseli, eklesiis mamaTa azriT (grigol noseli, `didi kateqeturi sityva~), mokvdavebis momaswavebelia.
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cxo
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wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
xolo momavlinebeli igi Tavsa TYssa gamoucxadebda, vinigi iyo, da Tqua: “me var RmerTi abraamisi, RmerTi isakisi,
RmerTi iakobisi” da mauwyebelisa mamaTa SenTaAsa. saxelsa missa mTiT auwyebda samTa maT naxapetTa, didTa maT da marTalTa,
saxel-idva RmrTad.
merme kualad ikiTxavs-ve RmerTsa mimRebeli igi mose:
“ukueTu mrquan, vin mogavlina, raA vTqua?”. erTi igi ufskruliT siRrme aswava Tqumad da hrqua: “esreT arqu, “romeli-igi
ars, man momavlina”. ars igi ars, romlisa dasabam ara ars”. da
marwmunebelad miscna aTni igi did-didni saswaulni, romliTa ars igi RmerTi mamaTaA, raATa hrwmenes WeSmaritisa RmrTis
mecnierebisa sazRvari, naTeli igi didi, Seipyrnes igini bnelman da siRrmesa dainTqnen. da romeli naTeli igi ars, erTi uxilavi da ucvalebeli RmerTi ars ara dasabamieri, arca gasrulebadi, ganuzomeli, maradis kurTxeuli, naTeli samebisaA, rameTu ese usaRmrTeebisa Sehkrebs samguamovnebasa mamisa, Zisa
da sulisa wmidisa Tana. aRiracxebis esreT Sekrebulad Seurwymeli da ganuyofeli, da ara jer-ars daklebad Ze mamisagan
da arca suli Zisagan. da ukueTumca ara esreT iyo RmrTeebaA,
vidre-memca ara didebul iyo friad, rameTu ars igi uxilav,
uJamo, dautevnel, ucvalebel, – ucvalebel TYnier viTarebisa, TYnier raodenobisa, xatebisa, – Seupyrobel da Seunawevrebel, TYT iZrvis maradis ZrviTa, TaviT TYsiT Zlier. daRaTu
miiwevis pirvelisa mizezisa yoveli, romeli misi ars viTarca
Ze, mxoloA cxoveli da ganmacxovelebeli, momcemeli cxorebisaA, viTarca ityYs: “me cxovel var da Tquenca cxovel iyveniT, da romelsa hrwmenes Cemi, igica cxovndes Cem mier”, naTeli igi, maradis kurTxeuli da brwyinvale, ganurCeveli uzeSTaesisagan bunebisa arsebisa, saukunebr naTeli smeniT-re. da
suli wmidaA, mTavrobisa ufali, warmavlinebeli, ganmkuTnveli, taZrad TYsa moqmedi, viTar hnebavn da vis Tanaca unebn.
xolo gamgzavneli (RmerTi) Tavis Tavs ucxadebda, Tu
vin iyo: `me var RmerTi abraamisi, RmerTi isakisi, RmerTi
iakobisi~.1 RmerTi Tavis saxels mTidan auwyebda; sami didi mamaTmTavris RmrTad moixsenia man Tavi.
merme isev hkiTxa RmerTs sjulismimRebelma mosem: `Tu
mkiTxaven, vin mogavlinao, ra vupasuxo?~ _ erTi ufskruliseburi siRrme aswavla saTqmelad da uTxra: `ase upasuxe: romelic aris, man momavlina~.2 igi aris arsi, romelsac dasabami (dasawyisi) ara aqvs. amis dasarwmuneblad aTi
didi saswauli misca moses, romliTac igi mamaTa RmerTia.
vinc ar irwmunebs WeSmarit RmerTs, am did naTels, maT
bneli moicavs da siRrmeSi CainTqmebian. WeSmariti naTeli _ erTi uxilavi da ucvalebeli RmerTia; ara dasabamis
mqone, arc sisrulisaken mimavali, ganuzomeli, maradis
kurTxeuli, naTeli samebisa, radganac igi (sameba) hkrebs
mamis, Zisa da suliwmidis samgvamovnebas. ase Sekrebulad
aRiracxeba, Seurwymeli (pirebiT) da ganuyofeli (bunebiT), da mamas Ze ar moakldeba da arc suli _ Zes. ase rom ar
yofiliyo RmrTeeba, esoden didebuli ar iqneboda, radganac igi aris uxilavi, drois miRma, dautevneli,3 ucvalebeli; viTarebis, raodenobisa da xatebis gareSe; Seup-
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29
1gamosvl. 3:6.
2Sdr. gamosvl. 3:14.
3igulisxmeba: ganuzomeli, romelsac veraviTari sivrce ver daitevs.
cxo
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rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
rameTu suli momcemeli da Semoqmedi da ara Seqmnuli,
romlisagan dadga Seqmnilica igi naTeli meoreTa maT brwyinvalebaTaA, angelozTasa vityY, da naTeli mesame [...]ci ese, dawyebulni pirvelisa misgan naTlisaA, dasabamisaA igi, romlisagan samni da samisagan erTi, garna ese xolo. rameTu mama ara Ze
da Ze ara mama da suli wmida arca mama, arca Ze. da ese ara ganyofs bunebasa, aramed ganiyofvin bunebasa Sida da moaswavebs erTobasa. xolo romelTa samebisa erTsworoba ver gulisKma-yves, bnelsa Sina arian da eCquebian. hrcxuenoden ariozs, romelman dabadebulad ikadra Tqumad sityuaA igi
RmrTisaA, romeli-igi misi iyo da ara sxuaA. da ese SeemTxYa,
rameTu ver cna sazRvari guamisa da bunebisa misisaA, xedvida
mas kacad da bunebaA RmrTeebisaA dausabamoA vera cna.
da kualad ariannica, romelni ityYan qristesa, viTarmed
sityuaA iyo RmrTisaA, da suli kualad dabadebulTa SeaerTes da ityYan, viTarca adamio, sityuaA igi dahbada RmerTman,
rameTu [...]1. yovelTa kacTa uugunuresno, ukueTu sityuaA misi
iyo, viTar-memca iyo zogi RmrTeebisa misisaA dausabamod da
zogi dabadebuli? romeli-igi xuroman qmnis, sueti gina taZari, ara iTqumis sityuaA xuroAsaA mis, aramed sityYTa Seqmnili. da aw viTarmca iyo sityuaA RmrTisaA qriste da kualad dabadebuli sityuaA igi?! vidre maTi dasjis maT! ukueTu sityuaA igi ara iyo mis Tana, dausabamoA ukanaAT daebada?!
pirvel utyu vidre-me iyoa RmerTi Senisa sityYsaebr?! da kualad hnebavs, raATa miugon mkiTxvelsa yovelTa, romelni erTsworebasa samebisa wmidisasa ara Seiwynareben, RmerTi Semwynarebeli SesrulisaA ars anu ara? ukueTu aRiaros, viTarmed RmerTi ara Semwynarebeli ars SesrulisaA, vikiTxoT: sityuaA RmrTisaA Sesruli ars anu ara? ukueTu Tquas, Sesruli
yrobeli,1 Seunawevrebeli,2 Tavad moZraobs maradiuli moZraobiT; Tavis TavSi Zlierebis mqone. pirvel mizezTan3 aRwevs yovelive, romelic misia, rogorc Ze, cxoveli da ganmacxovelebeli,4 momcemeli cxovrebisa, rogorc Tavadve
ambobs: `me cocxali var da Tqvenc cocxlebi iqnebiT, da
vinc Cemsas irwmunebs, isic icocxlebs Cem mier~.5 naTeli,
maradis kurTxeuli da brwyinvale, arsebiT ganuyofeli
uzeSTaesi (umaRlesi) arsis bunebisagan; da suliwmida,
mTavrobis ufali, [sikeTis gzaze] damyenebeli, da Tavis samyofelad ganmkuTvneli im adamianebisa, romelTac moisurvebs.
radganac suli momcemelia; Semoqmedi da ara Seqmnili,
romlis mierac ganmtkicda meore, Seqmnili naTelic, meore brwyinvaleba, rogoricaa angelozTa dasi, da mesame naTeli ki _ kaci; isini dawyebulni (dasabamierni) arian pirveli naTlisagan, romelicaa wmida sameba, samebiT erTi. is,
rom mama araa Ze da Ze araa mama, suliwmidac araa arc Ze da
arc mama, _ es ar niSnavs bunebis ganyofas, aramed samebis
pirni ganiyofian saRmrTo bunebaSive, da amiT erTobas moaswavebs. romelTac samebis erTsworoba6ver Seicnes, sibneleSi imyofebian da siSleges misdeven. Sercxves ariozi, romelmac gabeda, RmrTis sityva (qriste), romelic misi (e. i.
RmrTisa) iyo da ara sxva (e. i. RmrTeebisagan ganyofili), qmnilebad gamoecxadebina. es cdomileba ariozs imiT SeemTxva,
1 aq raRac unda akldes, Tumca xelnawerSi es daklebuloba araa riTime aRniSnuli.
1 Seupyrobeli _ is, rasac ver Seipyrob, raime CarCoSi ver moaqcev.
2 Seunawevrebeli _ nawilebisagan Seudgeneli, e. i. martivi.
3 pirvelmizezi _ igulisxmeba mama RmerTi.
4 cxoveli da ganmacxovelebeli _ cocxali da sicocxlis mimniWebeli.
5 Sdr. in. 11:25.
6 termini `erTsworoba~ gamoxatavs samebis pirTa erTobas da maT
Tanasworobas.
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ars, uvar-vyo, romeli igi aRviare, aramed nu iyofvin, viTarmca Se-raAme-vida RmrTisa Tana, romelica ara iyo, ukueTumca Semwynarebeli igi Cans, rameTu yovelsa Semwynarebelsa
aRematebis da daakldebis, da viTar SesaZlebel ars ese RmrTisaTYs Tqumad, viTarmed: aRematebis da daakldebis. daSTa, raATa iyos SanT, rameTu yoveli oriTave ganiyofvis: SanTiTa da
SesruliTa. da romeli ara iyos Sesruli, Cans, rameTu SanTi
ars igi. da romeli SanTi ars, mdgomare arian igini TaviT
TYsiT. xolo romeli RmrTisa ars, ese ars dambadebeli da ara
dabadebuli. vityY sityuasa dausabamosa, romlisa mier dahbada RmerTman yoveli dabadebuli. da ver SemZlebel ars yofad, rameTu yovelive ganiyofvis or pirad: dabadebuli da
dambadebeli. da romeli dambadebeli ars, da ars dabadebul,
da Cans, rameTu sityuaA igi ara dabadebuli ars da, raATa mokled vTquaT, viTarca araraA ars dabadebulTa Soris, romelmca dambadebel iyo.
rom ver mixvda gansxvavebas misi pirisa (e.i. pirovnuli Tvisebisa) da bunebisa; xedavda mis kacobas da dausabamo saRmrTo buneba ver ganWvrita.
iseTi arianebic arian, romelnic qristes RmrTis sityvad miiCneven, magram suliT isev dabadebulad (qmnilebad) Seracxes da amboben, _ sityva, ise rogorc adami, RmerTma dabadao. yvela kacze ufro ugunurno, Tu misi (e.i. mamis) sityva iyo, rogor SeiZleboda, misi RmrTeebis naxevari dausabamo yofiliyo, sxva naxevari ki _ Seqmnili (e. i.
dasabamieri)?
roca mSenebeli qmnis taZars an svets, amaT mSeneblis
sityvas ki ar uwodeben, aramed misi sityviT (azriT, gonebiT) Seqmnils; maS, rogorRa SeiZleboda, qriste RmrTis
sityvac yofiliyo, da Tanac dabadebuli (e. i. Seqmnili)?
TviT maTive (arianelTa) sityva amxels maT: Tu sityva
ar iyo masTan (mamasTan) erTad dausabamo, maS mogvianebiT
Seiqmna? maS RmerTi Tavdapirvelad utyvi yofila, rogorc Sen ambob!
kidev minda, kiTxviTve vupasuxo yovel mkiTxvels, romelic wmida samebis erTsworobas ar aRiarebs: RmerTi Semavalis mimRebeli aris Tu ara? Tu aRiareben, rom RmerTi
Semavalis mimRebeli araa, vkiTxavT: sityva RmrTisa Semavalia (masSi) Tu ara? Tu ityvis, Semavali da Sesuliao, e.
i. uarvyof, rac vaRiareo, mivugeb: SeuZlebelia, raime iseTi Sevides RmerTSi, rac manamde ar yofila; radganac, raime Semavalis mimRebeli rom iyos igi, yovel mimRebels xom
(am miRebiT) emateba an akldeba raime, da rogor SeiZleba,
RmerTze vTqvaT, _ raime moemata an moakldao! dagvrCa, vaRiaroT, rom (Ze RmrTisa) bunebiTad masTan myofia,1 radga1`bunebiTad masTan myofis~ Sesatyvisad Zvel teqstSi gvaqvs `SanTi~.
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esreTve vityY sulisa wmidisaTYsca. xolo makedon ikadra
sulisa wmidisa dabadebulTa Soris SerTva da madliT movlena TYTmflobelisa mis sulisa wmidisa. kadnieri igi, TavKedi, romelsa Tavi TYsi raAme egona yofad, romeli-igi ara
iyo. aman enaA TYsi RmrTis mbrZolad ganaZliera Semdgomad
saSinelisa mis smenisa, viTarmed: “yovelni codvani da gmobani mietevnen kacTa, xolo sulisa wmidisa gmobaA ara mieteos”. da arca gulisKma-yo winaAswarmetyuelisa daviTis
Tq[u]muli igi, viTarmed: “sityYTa uflisaATa cani daemtkicnes, da suliTa pirisa misisaATa yoveli Zali maTi”. ukueTu suli
pirisa misisaA ars, wmidaA igi suli viTarmca iyo dabadebul!
rameTu yoveli, romeli ars, misi ars. ukueTu dabadebul, usulo viTarme iyo mamaA vidre dabadebadmde mis sulisa! aramed
dambadebeli misi suli igi WeSmaritebisaA, romeli mamisagan
gamovals da Zisa Tana Tayuanis-icemebis, igi suli, romeli
wyalTa zeda iqceoda da qceviTa miT maT zeda gamosaxvida da
dahbadebda yovelTa dabadebulTa da madliT warmoaCinebda
TiToeulsa, viTarca mas unda; igi suli, romeli cecxlisa
msgavsad gardamoKda mociqulTa zeda, uzeSTaesiTa sakYrvelebiTa enani ganuyvna. aha madli gamouTqumeli, ebraulad
ityYs mociquli erTiTa xolo eniTa da yovelTa eniTa barbarozTa esmina!
nac yovelive, rac SeiZleba iyos, orTagan erTia _ an bunebrivad myofi an SeZenili (Sesuli), da, rac Sesuli (SeZenili) araa, Cans, _ bunebrivad myofi yofila! bunebrivad myofi ki TavisTavadi arsia (sxva raimeze araa damokidebuli).
(amrigad, Ze RmrTisa _ TavisTavadad RmerTSia, da ara
garedan Sesuli), xolo romelic RmrTisaa, igi Semoqmedad
unda vaRiaroT da ara Seqmnilad. vsaubrobT dausabamo sityvaze, romlis mierac Seqmna RmerTma yoveli qmnileba. yoveli arseba orTagan erTia: an Semqmneli (da Tavad Seuqmneli,
TviTarsi), an Seqmnili. aSkaraa, sityva RmrTisa Seqmnili ki
araa, aramed Semoqmedi; da mokled rom vTqvaT, SeqmnilTa
Soris araferia, rac SeiZleboda Semoqmedi yofiliyo.
amasve vityvi suliwmidis Sesaxebac. makedonma gabeda,
qmnilebaTa Soris Seeracxa TviTarsi suliwmida, da madliT (mowyalebiT) movlenilad warmoidgina igi. im Tavxedma, romelsac Tavisi Tavi raRac egona, rac namdvilad
ar yofila. imis Semdeg, rac smenoda sakrZalveli sityvebi _ `yvela codva da gmoba mieteveba kacs, xolo suliwmidis gmoba ar mietevebao~,1 _ man mainc gaaZliera RmrTis
winaaRmdeg brZola. ver mixvda daviT winaswarmetyvelis
naTqvams: `uflis sityviT ganmtkicdnen cani, da misi piridan gamomavali suliT _ yoveli maTi Zala~.2 Tu misi
(RmrTis) piris sulia (e. i. sunTqva), rogor SeiZleba, Seqmnili iyos! radganac yvelaferi, rac misia, saRmrToa (da
Seuqmneli)! qmnileba rom yofiliyo suliwmida, rogor iqneboda mama, usulod, am sulis Seqmnamde? namdvilad ki
suliwmida Semoqmedi mamis sulia, suli WeSmaritebisa,
romelic mamisagan gamodis da ZesTan erTad Tayvanis-icemeba. es sulia, romelic wylebze mimoiqceoda,3 da am
1. mT. 12:31
2. fs. 32:6
3. Ses. 1:2.
34
35
cxo
reba
isa iovane zedaznel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
amis sulisagan suli sibrZnisa da mecnierebisa da gulisKmis-yofisaA movedin Cuen zeda da moecin povnad madli sityYsaA enasa Cuensa, raATa wmidisa mis iovane zedaZnelisaTYs
vityodi ucTomelad Semkobad, sargebelisaTYs spodionTa
udabnoTaAsa (romel arian moswrafebani). xolo Tquen ganmzadeniT sasmenelni Tquenni da sarwmunoebiT SeiwynareT, nu
viTarmca gesma saTnoebaA yovlisa mis kacisaA, aramed mcire
mravlisagan dayovnebiTa JamisaATa.
mimoqceviT saxes aZlevda da qmnida yovel qmnilebas, da
Tavisi wyalobiT TiToeul qmnilebas imgvarad warmoaCenda, rogorc mas surda. es suli, romelic cecxlis saxiT
gadmovida mociqulebze, umaRlesi sakvirvelebiT enebi ganuyo maT. ai, gamouTqmeli mowyaleba! ebraulad saubrobs
mociquli, mxolod erTi eniT, da yvela ucxo enaze mosaubres esmis (Tav-TavianT enebze!).
dae, Cvenc mogveces amave sulisagan suli sibrZnisa da
mecnierebisa, madliT Seimosos Cveni sityvebi, raTa Seucdomlad vityodeT wmida iovane zedaznelis qebasa da Semkobas monastris mkvidr moswrafeTaTvis (gulmodgine msmenelTa), Tqven ki Tqveni sasmeneli (yuri) moamzadeT da rwmeniT miiReT, ara yvelaferi am kacis saTnoebaTa Sesaxeb, aramed mcire raime nawili, rac droTa svlas gadaurCa.
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37
dasabami cxo
reb
isa wmid
isa mamisa
cxoreb
rebisa
wmidisa
isaA
Cuenisa
zedaZnelisaA
Cuen
isa iovane zedaZnel
dasabami Cveni wminda mamis, ioane
zedaznelis cxovrebisa
I. ese netari iovane iyo queyaniT SuamdinariT, da winamZRurebiTa sulisa wmidisaATa moiwia queyanasa qarTlisasa, maxlobelad deda-qalaqsa amas Cuensa mcxeTas, romelman ganukuTnva Tavi TYsi siyrmiTa TYsiTgan qristesa.
da aRiRo uReli mZime siWabukiTgan TYsiT da dajda
TYsagan da dayudna, rameTu ars sasoebaA TmenisaA. pirvelad
TYssave queyanasa asureTs iwyo monazonebad. da iqceoda yovliTa simdabliTa, marxviTa da mRYZarebiTa, cremliTa da vedrebiTa. SromiTa da moTmeniTa dRiTi-dRe waremateboda, raATa
srulebasa mas miemTxYos, romelca-igi miiRos, romelsa
ityYs: “irekdiT da gangeRos, eZiebdiT da hpovoT”.
viTar-igi ganaTlda, didebasa mas miiwia pirvel, da mSorebelsa mas, viTarca mas maxlobelsa, xedvida. da gamobrwyinda viTarca varskulavi. da ganmravldes Zalni igi, romelni
iqmnnes misgan RmrTisa mier, kurnebaTa mravalferTa saxeTa
senTasa gansxmad eSmakTasa.
maSin dauteva adgili igi, sada iqcevin, da warvida ganSorebulsa udabnosa. da pova quabi da dajda mas Sina mowafeTa TYsTa Tana. da aravin icoda adgili igi mraval Jam. da
iSYT sadame ganavlinis mowafeTa misTagani moRebad sazrdelisa. da esreT farulad iyofvoda xolo, hgonebda farvasa
Tavisa TYsisasa.
xolo RmerTman mermeca gamoacxada TYsi igi monaA, rameTu CueulebaA ese ars RmrTisaA: “yoveli, romeli daimdablebdes Tavsa TYssa, igi amaRldebis”. iwyes kualad moslvad
munca misa, romel damalul iyo quabsa Sina. miaqunda sneu-
netari ioane iyo SuamdinareTidan da suliwmindis
winamZRvrobiT movida qarTlis qveyanaSi, Cveni
dedaqalaqis, mcxeTis siaxloves. man Tavisi Tavi
siyrmidanve qristes miuZRvna.
mZime uReli itvirTa siWabukidanve, ganmartovda da berad Sedga, radgan hqonda imedi daTmenisa. Tavdapirvelad
Tavissave qveyanaSi, asureTSi, iwyo beroba da cxovrobda sruli morCilebiT, marxviTa da Ramis TeviT, cremliTa da vedrebiT. SromiTa da moTminebiT dRiTi dRe waremateboda, raTa srulyofilebisaTvis mieRwia da mieRo is, rasac ufali
brZanebs: “daakakuneT da gagiReben, eZieT da hpovebT”.1
igi ise ganaTlda, rom uzenaes didebas miaRwia, Soreuls axlos myofiviT xedavda da varskvlaviviT gamobrwyinda. gaumravlda niWebi, romelnic mas RvTisagan eboZa, niWebi mravalgvar senTa kurnebisa borot sulTa gansadevnad.
maSin datova is adgili, sadac cxovrobda da wavida
ganSorebul udabnoSi. ipova gamoqvabuli da damkvidrda
Tavis mowafeebTan erTad. didxans aravin icoda is adgili. iSviaTad Tu sadme gagzavnida mowafeebs sazrdelis
mosatanad. ase dafarulad cxovrobda.
xolo RmerTma kvlav gamoaCina Tavisi msaxuri, radgan
aseTia RvTis wesi: “yvela, vinc Tavs daimdablebs, amaRldeba”2. kvlav iwyes mosvla masTan, vinc gamoqvabulSi imaleboda. sakaceebiT mihyavdaT sxvadasxvagvarad tanjuli sneulebi da maSinve ganikurnebodnen.
38
39
1 mT. 7:7; lk. 11:9.
2. mT. 23:12; lk. 18:14.
cxo
reba
isa iovane zedaznel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
lebi cxedrebiTa, ferad-feradad guemulni da munTques lxineba povian.
amas raA vityY, ara Tu mun romelTame saqmeTa da cxorebasa missa gauwyeb Tquen, Zmano, aramed romliTa mizeziTa moiwia sofelsa amas Cuensa, migiTxrob, xolo pirveli igi cxorebaA da saqmeni igi amis netarisani weril arian pirvelsa mas
wignsa da Cuenda netar ars meored aRwerad.
roca amas vambob, mis romelime iqaur ambavsa da cxovrebas ki ar gauwyebT Tqven, Zmano, aramed mogiTxrobT, ra
mizeziT movida Cvens qveyanaSi. xolo netaris adrindeli
cxovreba da saqmeni pirvel wignSi weria da CvenTvis sasixaruloa misi meored aRwera.
II. maSin iwyo netarman iovane ganzraxvad gonebasa TYssa,
raATamca warvida igi Sorsa sofelsa, sadaca ara iyo yoladve KmaA smenisa saTnoebaTa misTaA, da ityoda: “vinaA vekrZalo,
jer-iyos warmarTebaA slvisa misisaA”.
daRaTu hgonebda igi xolo, ganmgebelman misman, sulman wmidaman, wams-uyvna mas queyanad Crdilod, raATa miuZRues queyanad qarTlad. xolo ars, romelsa unebs warmoslvaA aqaT, aramed sxuaA iyo mimyvanebeli misi. romelman-igi
odesme abraams uwoda da hrqua: “gamoved queyanisagan Senisa
da Soris naTesavTa SenTa, mived queyanad, romeli me giCueno
Sen”. erTisagan queyanisa, erTisagan naTesavisa gamoiyvana abraami da iovane; da rameTu WeSmaritad naSobTagan abraamisTa
iyo wmidaA iovane. ismine pavle mociqulisaA, rasa ityYs: “ukueTu Tquen qristesni xarT, abraamisni vidre-me Svilni xarT,
aRTqumisa misgan mkYdrni”. WeSmaritad wmidaman Zirman keTili aRmoacena.
2. maSin netarma ioanem ganizraxa, Soreul qveyanaSi
wasuliyo, sadac srulebiT aravis smenoda mis saTnoebaTa
Sesaxeb, da ambobda: “sad davimalo? gavemarTebi iqiT, saiTac RmerTs nebavs”.
is mxolod ganizraxavda, xolo misma ganmgebelma wminda sulma mianiSna CrdiloeTis qveyana, raTa waruZRves
qarTlSi. visac aqeT wamosvla surda, imis momyvani sxva iyo.
is, vinc odesRac abraams dauZaxa da uTxra: “datove Seni
qveyana da naTesavebi, midi qveynad, romelsac me giCveneb”.1.
erTi da imave qveynidan, erTi da imave modgmidan gamoiyvana abraami da ioane. WeSmaritad abraamis naSobTagani iyo
wminda ioane. usmine pavle mociquls, ras ambobs: “Tu Tqven
qristesni xarT, maSasadame, abraamis Svilni xarT, misi aRTqmis memkvidreni”.2 WeSmaritad wminda Zirma aRmoacena
keTili.
maSin daiwyo fiqri sanatrelma ioanem da Tavis mowafeebs uTxra: “Tqven aq iyaviT, radgan minda Sors wavide
da iqneb vipovo, rasac veZeb”. xolo sanatrelma mowafeebma
gaixsenes winaswarmetyvel elises sityva: “cocxalia ufali, cocxalia suli Seni, ar gagiSvebT Sen marto”,3 sadac
maSin iwyo netarman iovane ganzraxvad da hrqua mowafeTa
TYsTa: “iyveniT Tquen aqa, rameTu minebs, raATa warvide
ganSorebulsa queyanasa, daRaTu vpovo, romelsa veZieb”.
1. Sdr. Sesaqm. 12:1.
2. gal. 3:29.
3. Sdr. IV mef. 2:2.
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41
cxo
reba
isa iovane zedaznel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
xolo netarTa mowafeTa moiKsenes sityuaA winaAswarmetyuelisa elisesi: “cxovel ars ufali, cxovel ars suli Seni,
ara gangiteoT Sen martoA, vidreRa xYdode. da wyaroA igi,
romelsa vsuamT maradRe, ganvZRebiT misgan, ara naklulevan
vqmnneT Tavni Cuenni mciredTa amaT dReTa CuenTa. da romeli
Tavisa SenisaTYs ixile keTilad, CuenTYsca egre saTno iCine”.
N SuenierTa moZRurisa mowafeTa keTili igi SeTqumulebaA! sakrvelsa mas siyuarulisasa Seekrnes, ornatsa mas qristessa mizidvides erTobiT.
midixar. wyaros, romelsac yoveldRe vsvamT da miT vkmayofildebiT, ar movaklebT Cvens Tavs isedac Cveni mokle
sicocxlis ganmavlobaSi da, rac SenTvis gangizraxavs keTilad, CvenTvisac gaimete”.
hoi, mSvenieri moZRvris mowafeTa keTilo SeTqmulebav! siyvarulis borkils Seukravs isini, qristes mier gavlebul xnuls mihyvebian erTobiT.
III. maSin warmoemarTa igi TYsiT queyaniT queyanad qarTlisa winamZRurobiTa Zalisa mis uxilavisaATa, romeli-igi
odesme saxiTa varskulavisaATa moguTa uZRoda. moiwia Cuensa amas deda-qalaqsa mcxeTas. da viTar Tayuanis-sca wmidaTa
eklesiaTa, Sevida igi winaSe wmidasa kaTolike suetsa, RmrTiv
aRmarTebulsa, didiTa sakYrvelebiTa zegardamo gamoCinebulsa, romeli-igi karTa ze daepyra mravalJam, romelsa-igi
xedvida yoveli eri qarTlisaA, romeli-igi daamtkica RmerTman da ara kacman, raATa iyvnen safuZvelni misni SeuZrvel
ukunisamde, romlisa-igi ambavi ganKda yovelsa queyanasa da
romeli-igi yovelman RonisZiebaman xuroTaman da mefeTaman
simravliTa uricxYTa ver uZles aRmarTebad sam dRe. warmoacalieres yoveli Zali maTi, dauteves da warvides mimwuxri,
da yovelni manqanebani maTni Tana warixunes da sasoebaA warikueTa.
masve Ramesa yovelTa maT qarTlisa keTilTa mizezi igi
wmidaA da aRyuavebuli dedaA Cueni nino daadgra locvasa
cremliTa da yovliTa vedrebiTa iTxovda Zlierisa-gan qristes, RmrTisa Cuenisa, Sewevnasa da mswrafl tyue-qmnida tyue
igi yovelsa mas Zalsa mefisasa da siKelovnesa xuroTasa.
3. maSin gamoemarTa igi Tavisi qveynidan qarTlSi im
uxilavi Zalis winamZRolobiT, romelic odesRac varskvlavis saxiT mogvebs win uZRoda. moaRwia Cvens dedaqalaqs, mcxeTas, da, roca Tayvani sca wmida eklesiebs, Sevida igi RvTisagan aRmarTul wminda kaTolike svetTan1, didi sakvirvelebiT zegardmo gamoCinebulTan, romelic karebs zemoT idga didxans. mas xedavda mTeli qarTlis eri.
igi daamtkica RmerTma da ara kacma, raTa misi safuZveli
iyos Seuryevlad ukunisamde, romlis ambavic gavrcelda
mTel qveyanaze da romlis aRmarTvac sami dRis manZilze
verafriT SeZles verc xuroebma da verc mefeebma, mTeli
Zala daxarjes, datoves da wavidnen saRamos. yvelanairi
iaraRi Tan waiRes sasowarkveTilebma.
imave Rames mTeli qarTlis sikeTis mizezma, wminda da
ayvavebulma dedam Cvenma, ninom, daiwyo cremliT locva
da qristesagan, Cveni Zlieri RmerTisagan, vedrebiT Sewevnas iTxovda. male Tavad tyvem daatyveva mefis Zala da
xuroTa ostatoba. locviT aiRo cxoveli sveti da erT
wyrTaze gaaCera haerSi.
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43
1 igulisxmeba sveticxoveli
cxo
reba
isa iovane zedaznel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
locviTa miiRo sueti igi cxoveli da dahkida zeda aerTa aRSorebulad xarisxisagan wyrTa erT, marTl ze dga. da viTar
ganTena, aha mirian mefe da yoveli simravle qarTlisaA moiwivnes da ixiles didi igi sakYrvelebaA, RmrTisamieri saidumloA, romeli-igi iqmna cxorebisa maTisaTYs. da nelad Camovida mcired, vidre daemtkica ganmzadebulsa TYssa xarisxsa zeda. gankrTes yovelni, daukYrda sarwmunovebaA igi didi, adidebdes mamasa da Zesa da wmidasa sulsa. da SeeZineboda
morwmuneTa maT ganaxlebaA igi sarwmunoebisaA friad. mieriTgan aRemarTnes sxuani igi suetni da aRaSenes eklesiaA, romlisaTYs pavle mociquli aKsenebs: “viTar-igi jer-ars saxlsa Sina RmrTisasa yofad, romel ars eklesiaA, sueti da simtkice WeSmaritebisaA, romeli-igi, eCuena angelozTa, iqadaga warmarTTa Soris da hrwmena sofelsa”.
amis naTlisa Semosilisa suetisa winaSe moiswrafa wmidaman iovane, viTarca RmrTiv gamoCinebulisa sakYrvelisa da
pativ-cemulisa adgilisa. evedreboda igi RmerTsa da aRixilna Tualni da aRipyrna Kelni da dasTxivna patiosanni igi
cremlni winaSe cxovelisa mis suetisa, raATamca auwya adgili igi, sada srbaA TYsi aRasrula.
maSin igi, romelman yvis nebaA moSiSTa misTaA, adre uCuena maT mTaA ese erTi maxlobelad mcxeTas aRmosavaliT-re
da cxovelsa juarsa CrdiloAT kerZo, raATa aRvides wuersa
zeda mis mTisasa da iyofvodis mun. da viTarca waremarTa igi,
wiaR-vlo mdinare aragY, miiwia igi winaSe momcemelsa cxorebisasa juarsa, romlisa frTeTa queSe misTa daufaravs yoveli yovlisagan SemTxuevisa borotisa maRliT sakYrvelebiTa didiTa gamoCinebulsa naTelsa da RmrTiv damtkicebulsa
naTelsa. da yo locvaA myovar Jam, da gamovida mier da aRvida
mTasa mas maRalsa, romelsa hrqYan zedazaden, sada-igi aw monasteri misi aRSenebul ars. rameTu iyo adgili igi yoladve
maRnar. da viTar ixila igi, saTno-iyo da Tqua: “ese ars gansasuenebeli Cemi, ukue amas davemkYdro, rameTu mTnavs ese, nadirni misni kurTxeviT vakurTxne”.
roca gaTenda, mirian mefe da mTeli xalxi qarTlisa movida da ixiles didi sakvirveleba, RvTiuri saidumlo, romelic maTi cxonebisaTvis moxda. nela Camovida, sanam gamzadebul Tavis kvarcxlbeks ar daemyara. yvela SekrTa, ukvirdaT aseTi didi rwmena, adidebdnen mamasa da Zesa da wmidasa
sulsa. morwmuneebs ganuaxldaT rwmena. amis mere aRmarTes
sxva svetni da aaSenes eklesia, romlisTvisac pavle mociquli ambobs: “rogor unda moiqce RvTis saxlSi, romelic aris
eklesia, sveti da simtkice WeSmaritebisa, romelic eCvena
anglozebs, iqadaga warmarTTa Soris da irwmuna qveyanam”.1
am naTliT Semosili svetisaken, rogorc RvTisagan gamoCinebuli sakvirveli da pativcemuli adgilisaken, miiswrafoda wminda ioane. Tvaleb da xelebapyrobili evedreboda igi RmerTs, dasTxia patiosani cremli cxoveli svetis winaSe, raTa euwyebina is adgili, sadac Tavis svlas
daasrulebda.
maSin man, vinc Tavis moSiSTa nebas aRasrulebs, uCvena
maT erTi mTa axlos, mcxeTis aRmosavleTiT, da cxoveli
jvris CrdiloeTiT, raTa asuliyo im mTis wverze da iq darCeniliyo. roca igi gaemarTa, gadacura mdinare aragvi. mivida cxovrebis momniWebeli jvris winaSe, romlis frTaTa
qveS mravali dafarula yovelgvari boroti SemTxvevisagan maRlidan didi sakvirvelebiT gamoCinebuli da RvTisagan damtkicebuli naTlis mier. didxans loculobda, gamovida da avida maRal mTaze, romelsac zedazeni hqvia, sadac axla mis mier aSenebuli monasteria, radgan is adgili
sruliad uRrani iyo. rogorc ki ixila, moewona da Tqva:
“es aris Cemi navsayudeli, amieridan aq unda davemkvidro,
radgan ase msurs. nadirni misni mikurTxebia”.
44
1 Sdr. I tim. 3:15-16.
45
cxo
reba
isa iovane zedaznel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
xolo me viTar vhgoneb, netaro Seni ars sityuaA ese:
“vinmca mcna me frTeni viTarca tredisani, aR-mca vfrindi.
aRvimaRle, mi-mca-ved, ganvisuene udabnos”.
rameTu ufalman yo damkYdrebaA igi misi aqa orisa saqmisaTYs: pirvelad, raATa samkaul iqmnas da gYrgYn Cuenisa
amis qalaqisa igi da mowafeni misni, aTormetni igi Tualni
pativ-cemulni mixedviTa, gandgmul kuarTsa mas aronissa, sargebel da mkurnal yovelTaTYs myofTa qalaqisa amis Cuenisa,
romelni xadian maT, romeli mcired Semdgomad migeTxras. da
meored, rameTu adgili igi, romelsa miivlina, godoli iyo
pirvelTa maT warCinebulTaA, sada-igi kerpTmsaxurebaA aRmaRlebul iyo. da eSmakni maT mier imsaxurebodes nazorevTa
maT kuamliTa, raATamca maTve adgilTa amaRlda RmrTis-msaxurebaA, ganwmidna mier geslovanebaA igi ukeTurTa maT eSmakTaA, viTarca yo odesme saba adgilsa mas kastelisasa, ganiotna eSmakTa gundni1. ilocvida netari igi beri da evedrebin yovelsa Jamsa RmerTsa da dgan igi SeuSfoTebelad, yovelTa maT zeda moslvaTa eSmakisaTa moiTmenda, locvasa da
marxvasa, viTarca dedasa gonierebisasa Seevedra.
xolo, rogorc me vfiqrob, netaro, Senia es sityvebi:
“vin momcems frTebs, rogorc mtreds, rom avfrinde, avmaRlde, mivide da ganvisveno udabnos”.1
ufalma ori saqmisaTvis daamkvidra igi aq. pirveli,
raTa samkauli da gvirgvini iyvnen Cveni qalaqisa is da misi mowafeni, pativcemuli Tormeti Tvali2, Sesamkobelni
aaronis kvarTisa3, sargeblobis momtanni da mkurnalni qalaqSi myofTaTvis, romelnic uxmoben maT (razec Semdgom
mogiTxrobT mcireoden); da meore, radgan is adgili, sadac RmerTma moavlina, godoli iyo upirveles warCinebulTa, iq kerpmsaxureba sruldeboda da borot sulebs
SesawiraviT emsaxurebodnen, unda ganewminda RvTismsaxurebis aRdgeniT, iqidan ganedevna Sxamianoba ukeTur eSmakTa, rogorc odesRac sabam – kastelis adgilebSi, roca
gandevna eSmakTa gundi. loculobda netari beri da gamudmebiT evedreboda RmerTs. idga auRelvebeli, avi sulis yvela Semotevas iTmenda. locvasa da marxvas, rogorc
dedas gonierebisas, miendoboda.
IV. eneba wmidasa mamasa Cuensa iovanes, raATamca martod
iyofvoda, wadier iyo TYssa sayoflad qalaqsa mas, romlisa
xuroTmoZRuar da Semoqmed RmerTi ars, zecisa ierusalems,
ganmcxromelsa maT Tana dResaswaulsa SerTvad keTilTa vaWarTa zecisa margalitisa meZiebeli. aqa moikudina Tavi TYsi,
raATa povos cxorebaA saukunoA. merme keTilman man moZRuarman mouwoda dResa erTsa TYsTa maT mowafeTa da hrqua maT:
4. surda Cvens wminda mama ioanes, rom marto yofiliyo, ewada, damkvidrebuliyo qalaqs, zeciur ierusalims,
romlis xuroTmoZRvari da Semoqmedi RmerTia, raTa zeciuri margalitis maZiebeli SeerTeboda keTil vaWarTa
mxiarul dResaswauls. aq uari Tqva Tavis Tavze, raTa po-
1 rogorc Cans, arsen kaTalikozs mxedvelobaSi aqvs Rirsi sabas cxorebis 27e TavSi moTxrobili ambavi. ix. mamaTa cxorebani, britaneTis muzeumis qarTuli
xelnawerebi XI saukunisa, vaxtang imnaiSvilis gamocema, Tb. 1975 w., gv. 70-71.
1 fsalm. 54:6.
2 igulisxmeba ioane zedaznelis Tormeti mowafe.
3 aaroni – moses Zma. aaroni da misi Svilebi iyvnen ebraelTa rCeuli
mRvdlebi. RvTis brZanebiT, mosem aaroni Semosa kvarTiT da mosasxamiT, romlebic Semkuli iyo Zvirfasi TvlebiT, kerZod, samkerduli 12
TvaliT israelTa 12 tomis saxelebis mixedviT iyo gawyobili.
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“raAsa sdgaT uqmad? anu ara uwyiTa, rameTu sargebelisaTYs
amis queyanisa warmoguavlinna ufalman RmerTman Cuenman iesu qristeman, rameTu axal nerg arian kacni ese amis soflisani? jer-ars Tquenda, raATa warxYdeT kacad-kacadi da ganamtkicebdeT ZmaTa, romelTa aRuarebies qriste, ufali Cueni, ara sityYTa, moZRurebiTa TqueniTa, aramed raATa Tavnica
Tquenni saxed miscneT. amisTYs aRreulad damitevna Cuen
ufalman warmarTTa Soris, raATa ixilnen saqmeni Tquenni keTilni da adidebden mamasa Tquensa zecaTasa”.
“nura giyuarn, Zmano, ufroAs RmrTisa. vecxlis-moyuarebaA da simdidre ganbasreT, Suebasa da uZRebebasa, Wamadsa
nu Tavs-idebT Tquen, rameTu Suebisa da saWmlisagan iSva urCebaA igi adamisi, romeli naSobTa misTa zeda dadgromil ars.
aman gamoKada igi samoTxisa misgan saSuebelTaAsa. ukueTumca sjuli igi marxvisaA daemarxa, aramca mocemul iyo Cuenda
eklovani ese queyanaA, aramca sikudili uflebda Cuen zeda,
daRaTu ZlierebaA igi maRliT daamdablebda. miixuna Korcni,
mis mier mivemTxYeniT Cuen sawadelsa mas Cuensa pirvelsa, samoTxisa uzeSTaessa, da moviReT xisa misgan cxorebisa da
vcxovndiT ukue. dauteveT gzaA igi sacavi qerobinisaA mis,
da zecad avmaRldiT ukudav, maxlobel RmrTisa viqmneniT Cuen.”
“xolo RYnisaTYs metsa vhgoneb Cemsa sityuasa, rameTu
araraA arsve monazonTaA, vinaATgan mociqulman pavle Zirad
da moqmedad sibilwisa gamoaCina da Tqua: “nu daiTrobiT RYniTa, romliTa ars sibilwe”. wamali ars makudinebeli da dedaA
gulis-TqumaTa maT borotTaA da aRmZrveli maTi. da ukuanaAsknel Teslisa misgan borotisa boroti mkaA iqmnis. moiZule
igi, nu Seiwynareb wam erTca amaT. mamaT-mTavarni ganZarcuna
ara Tu uZRebebiT, aramed gamoucdelobiT, romelman-igi Tualni ganusisxlnis da feri ganuwiTis da Suenieri igi saxe
vos saukuno cxovreba. keTilma moZRvarma erT dRes uxmo
Tavis mowafeebs da uTxra: “ratom xarT uqmad? gana ar
iciT, rom am mxareSi sargeblobisaTvis warmogvavlina
ufalma RmerTma Cvenma, ieso qristem, radgan axlad moqceulni arian am qveynis mcxovrebni? gmarTebT, waxvideT
TiToeuli Tqvengani da ganamtkicoT Zmebi, romelTac uRiarebiaT qriste, ufali Cveni, ara sityviT, Tqveni moZRvrebiT, aramed imiT, rom Tqveni Tavi magaliTad misceT. imitom Segvria Cven ufalma warmarTTa Soris, rom naxon Tqveni keTili saqmeni da adidebdnen Tqvens zeciur mamas.
“nuraferi giyvarT, Zmano, RmerTze metad, vercxlismoyvareba da simdidre dagmeT, fufunebasa da sixarbes nu
emonebiT, radgan gancxromisa da saWmlisagan iSva adamis
urCoba, rac mis STamomavlobas awevs. aman gamoaZeva igi keTilgansacxromeli samoTxidan. marxva rom daecva, aRar
mogvecemoda es ekliani qveyana, aRarc sikvdili imefebda
Cvenze, Tuki Zliereba maRlidan damdabldeba. Seisxa xorci, mis mier vewieT Cven mTavar sawadels, samoTxeze umaRless, da miviReT cxovrebis xis nayofi da amieriTgan gavcocxldiT. davtoveT is gza, romelsac qerubini icavs da
zecad avmaRldiT ukvdavad, maxlobeli RvTisa SeviqeniT
Cven.
xolo Rvinis gamo bevrs ar getyviT, radgan sruliad
miuRebelia monazonTaTvis. mociqulma pavlem sibilwis Zirad da mqmnelad miiCnia da Tqva: “nu daTvrebiT RviniT,
romlSic aRviraxsnilobaa”1. momakvdinebeli sawamlavi,
borot gulisTqmaTa deda da maTi warmomSobia. sabolood, misi boroti Teslisagan mosavalic boroti iqneba. SeiZule igi, erTi wamiTac nu Seiwynareb. mamaTmTavrebi gaaSiSvla ara urcxvobam, aramed gamoucdelobam, ramac Tva-
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uSuerad gardaaqcivis. raA Zes Seni da borotad moyuarisa
mis! da ukueTu ara ganiSoro igi, misi igi sicruve adre gamoaCinos Sen Soris. Zmano Cemno, nu mcire giCanan Tavni Tquenni, viTarca warmavalTa da ganmaqarvebadTa, romelman Zalman Tavi TYsi icnis, man uwyin yoveli, raATa uwyodiT, rameTu
arsebani varT ukudavad da ganuqarvebelad, dabadebulni ufroAs yovelTa dabadebulTa, xilulTa pativ-cemulni arsebiTa dausrulebeliTa. da amisTYs jer-ars, raATa Tavni TYsni
davicvneT da vekrZalneT mermisa misTYs cxorebisa.”
lebi gausisxliana, mSvenieri saxe gauwiTla da uSnod gadauqcia. ra saerToa Sensa da borotebis moyvaruls Soris! Tu ar ganiSoreb mas, misi mzakvroba maleve gacxaddeba SenSi. Cemo Zmebo, Tqven Tavs umniSvnelod nu miiCnevT,
rogorc warmavals da ganqarvebads. Zalam, romelmac Tavisi Tavi icis, uwyis yoveli, raTa vicodeT, rom ukvdavi
da ganuqarvebeli arsebani varT, upiratesni yovel dabadebulTa Soris, xilulTa Soris pativcemulni, dausrulebeli arsebis mqoneni. amitom gvmarTebs, rom Tavi davicvaT da movufrTxildeT mas momavali cxovrebisaTvis.
<<< aq, arsebuli xelnaweris teqsti bundovania, da ar
mogvyavs>>>
<<<< aq aklia teqsti >>>>
da viTarca ese da sxuani mravalni miixunes, hrqua maT:
“warvediT da ganamtkicebdiT qristes samwysoTa maT”. da waravlinna romelnime maTganni kaxeTad da romelnime kuxeTad
kerZo, da romelnime zena kerZo sofliT, da erTi vinme gareSeTad, da sxuani garemo qalaqsa amas Cuensa sameufosa. xolo
igini warvides da daemkYdrnes romelnime WalakTa da romelnime mTaTa, quabTa da KurelTa queyanisaTa.*
roca es da mravali sxvac miiRes, uTxra maT: “wadiT da
ganamtkiceT qristes samwyso”. wargzavna zogierTi maTgani kaxeTs, zogierTni – kuxeTs da zogierTni – zemo mxares,
erTni – qveynis gareT da sxvani – Cveni samefo qalaqis irgvliv. xolo isini wavidnen da damkvidrdnen zogni WalakebSi, zogni mTebSi, qveynis gamoqvabulebsa da napralebSi.
V. da movidodes maTa yovliT kerZo da aReSenebodes sityuaTa da saqmeTa maTTagan, romelni eqmnebodes maT mier, ganmtkicneboda maT mier simravle morwmuneTaA.
xolo romelni-igi warmoeyvannes Tana moslvasa missa wmidasa iovanes wmidaTa mowameTa nawilni uricxuni friad, aqundes igini winaSe TualTa misTa, ufroAs yovelTa safaseTa xedavn maT, viTarca gundTa mravalTa gare modgomilTa misa.
5. maTTan modiodnen yoveli mxridan da maTi sityva da
saqme sikeTiT aRavsebda yvelas, ganamtkicebdnen morwmuneebs.
wamosvlisas wminda ioanes Tan wamoeRo wminda mowameTa uricxvi nawili, romelnic sul Tan hqonda, yvelaze
Zvirfas ganZad miiCnevda. maT evedrebian da nugeScemulni arian maTgan. WeSmaritad, es udidesi saganZuri, yvela
Tvalze ufro patiosani, mowameTa Zvalni, mxne mxedrebisa, romelTac daanTxies sisxli imisTvis, vinc Tavisi sis-
* redaqcia: xolo ezderios Walaksa samTavisisasa. da esreT ganeSornes urTierTas da daeyudnes, viTarca sulman wmidaman saTno-iyo.
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da esven da nugeSinis-cemul arian maT mier: da nandYlve didni igi safaseni yovelTa TualTa upatiosnesni, Zualni mowameTani, mKneTa mKedarTani, Ruawlsa Sina uZlevelni, romelTa dasTxivnes sisxlni maTni misTYs, romelman-igi TYsiTa sisxliTa mogYyidna Cuen zRudeni kacTa naTesavisani. Wirveul
Tu vinme arn, maTda miivltin, moxaruli maTve miirbies (!), evedrebied maT Kmelisani da zRYsanica. xolo mamasa iovanes winaSe epyrnes nawilni igi wmidaTani, viTarmca xedvida dResa
mas Ruawlisa maTisasa, egreT zraxavn maT da ganicdin TiToeulisa satanjvelTa gonebiTa TYsiTa. yovelTa dReTa ewamebin da SromaTa TYsTa Sematebn. evedrebin maT da amborsuyofn surviliTa didiTa. odesme waravlinebda mowafeTa
TYsTa, misca maT nawilTagani wmidaTa mowameTaA, raATa aqundes safarvelad Tavisa maTisa, da eklesiaTaca aRaSenebden saxeliTa maTiTa TYToeulisa sayofelTa, romelTa ganemzadebodis madlisagan RmrTisa.
xliT gamogvisyida Cven. es aris kacTa modgmis zRude. Tu
vinmes uWirda, maT mieltvoda, evedrebodnen xmeleTisa da
zRvis binadarnic. xolo mama ioanes win edo wmindanTa nawilebi. TiTqos xedavda dReebs maTi brZolisa, ise fiqrobda maTze da ganicdida TiToeulis satanjvels. yoveldRe
martvilobda da Tavis Rvawls Sehmatebda, evedreboda maT
da didi surviliT eamboreboda. zogjer gagzavnida Tavis mowafeebs, miscemda maT wminda mowameTa nawilebs, raTa TavianT mfarvelad hqonodaT. eklesiebsac, aSenebdnen
maTi saxeliT yovel adgilas, romelic gamouCndebodaT
RvTis madliT.
VI. netari igi beri martod iqceoda erTisa msaxurisa Tana maTisa mTasa mas zeda moRuawebiTa didiTa. da locvaA misi
aRvidoda cad, aerTa ganswmedda da ganvlida aTiersa. xolo
keTilis moZuleni igi eSmakni, romelni damkYdrebul iyvnes
pirveliTgan mTasa mas, ver daiTmendes mamisa Cuenisa iovanes
locvaTa da vedrebaTa, rameTu sawertel eqmnebodes, viTarca isarni ganKurvebulni. dResa erTsa aRiZrnes yovelni igi
Zalni bnelisani da viTarca miuKdes wmidasa iovanes da iwyes
brZolad misa bevriTa manqanebiTa, SeSfoTnes garemos missa,
aSinebdes, dRe da Rame zeda daesxmodes, reca Tu Zal raAme
edebis. da azmnobdes kldesa mas Camogdebad.
6. netari beri erT msaxurTan erTad im mTaze marto
cxovrobda didi RvawliT. misi locva cad aRevlineboda,
haers ganwmendda da eTers gaivlida. xolo keTilis moZule boroti sulebi, romlebic adre damkvidrebuliyvnen
im mTaze, ver eguebodnen Cveni mamis, ioanes, locvasa da
vedrebas, radgan ise Cxvletdnen, rogorc mxurvale isarni. erT dRes ajanyda yvela bneli Zala da roca gailaSqres wminda ioaneze, sxvadasxva xerxiT dauwyes brZola,
aaforiaqes garemo. dRe da Rame Tavs esxmodnen, aSinebdnen,
rac Zala hqondaT, cdilobdnen, kldidan gadmoegdoT.
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xolo netari igi beri aRiWurvoda juariTa qristesiTa
da arad Sehracxda maTsa mas ocnebasa da aha – etyYn – esera
var, ukueTu SendobaA migiRebies.
dResa erTsa yoveli igi simravle aRiZra da gamoCnda cxadad. gare moadges netarsa iovanes da etyodes: “raAsaTYs moxued aqa?” da erTman maTganman, umTavresman eSmakTaman, uKmo
saxeliT: “iovane, raAsaTYs guacilob, anu vinaA moiwie, Cueni
ars adgili ese da Sen ver Zal-gic yofad aqa. anu ara uwyia,
rameTu kadnierebaman magan Senman Cuenda momarT wargwymidos Sen sruliad, rameTu ver Zal-gic yovelsa mas simravlesa winaaRdgomad, da Tavsa TYssa nu icTuneb”.
miugo netarman iovane da hrqua maT: “keTilisa ganzraxvaA ara odes migiRebies naTesavisa CuenisaTYs da me viTar vismino Tqueni? aramed – adgili Tqueni bneleTi ars, ivltodeT mun.”
“N masmenelo, ara Sen xara, romelman adgili igi mimiRe,
samoTxe fufunebisaA, rameTu Cemi iyo da Sen RonisZiebaA eseviTari moiRe-ve adamisTYs da gamoKade igi mier. da iyo gza
da viqmneniT sazrdel sikudilisa SeniTa manqanebiTa. xolo
RmerTman ver daiTmina TYsisaTYs xatisa sruliad SeuracxebaA, aramed movida da pova igi dafluli siRrmesa Sina da aRmarTa igi, ganaaxla da gankurna yoveli igi naguremi Seni. da
aha esera dRes idevnebi yovliT kerZo naSobTa misTagan, rameTu ganefinnes niWni igi yovelsa sofelsa da ara ars Senda
adgil gareSe bneleTisa, viTarca-igi TYT TaviT TYsiT moiZule naTeli da Seiyuare bneli, rameTu angeloz iyav da
mKdom iqmen maqebel iyav da masmenel dagedva. xolo Cuen Sen
mier igi zakuviT aRTqmuli adgiliT moviRoT srulebiT. da
aha esera sayofelisa amisgan cad mivicvalebiT”.
da mswrafl ivltodes egeodeni igi simravle ZaliTa
qristesiTa, sawyalobeliTa KmiTa ityodes: “vaA Cuenda, rame-
magram netari beri aRiWurveboda qristes jvriT da
arad agdebda maT ganzraxvas. “aha – eubneboda – aq var, iqneb Sendoba miiRoT”.
erT dRes eSmakTa mTeli es simravle ajanyda da cxadad gamoCnda, Semoexvivnen netar ioanes da eubnebodnen:
“risTvis moxvedi aqa?” erTma maTganma, borotTagan umTavresma, saxeliT mimarTa: “ioane, ratom gvecilebi, an saidan moxvedi. Cvenia es adgili da Sen aq yofnis ufleba ar
gaqvs. ar ici, rom Cven winaaRmdeg ver waxval, Seni kadniereba Cvens mimarT bolos mogiRebs sruliad, radgan ver
SeZleb janys win aRudge, da Tavs nu moityueb”.
netarma ioanem miugo: “keTili arasodes gangizraxavT
Cveni modgmisaTvis da me rogor davijero Tqveni? Tqveni
adgili bneleTia, iq wadiT”.
“o, damsmeno, Sen is ara xar, vinc samoTxe fufunebisa
wamarTvi? radgan Cemi iyo da Sen amgvarive RonisZieba ixmare adamis mimarT da igi iqidan gamoaZeve. iyo gza da gavxdiT sakbilo sikvdilisa Seni borotgamzraxvelobiT. magram RmerTma ver moiTmina Tavisi xatebis sruli Seuracxyofa, movida, pova igi lafSi damarxuli, wamoayena, ganaaxla da gankurna yvela Sen mier gvemiuli. da ai, dRes yoveli kuTxidan idevnebi mis naSobTagan, radgan ganefina
saboZvarni mTel qveyanas da Seni adgili aRar darCa, garda bneleTisa. rogorc Sen TviTon moiZule naTeli da Seiyvare bneli, angelozi iyavi da satana gaxdi, maqebeli iyavi da macduri gaxdi. xolo Cven Sen mier mzakvrobiT aRTqmuli adgili mTlianad wagarTviT da ai, aseTi samkvidreblidan cad gadavdivarT”.
eSmakTa simravle qristes ZaliT saswrafod ganSorda
mas da Sesabralisi xmiT ambobda: “vai Cvens Tavs, radgan
iesos xseneba Cven yvela adgilidan gagvaZevebs, xolo Za-
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Tu saxelisdebaA iesuAsi yovliT adgiliT ganguasxams Cuen,
xolo miscems Zalsa, romelni Seudges mas, aramed warvideT
da uSinaresTa warmarTTasa davemkYdrneT mun”. da myis, viTarca nisli KSiri da bneli, gamoKda mTisa misgan da uCino
iqmna da mimarTa CrdiloAT kerZo. xolo netari iovane madlobda RmerTsa, viTar ixila dacemaA da warwymedaA maTi.
esma saqme ese yovelTa garemoAs myofTa mTasa mas da ixiles
sakYrvelebaA igi didebuli sakYrvelT-moqmedisa RmrTisaA
(romeli iyo locviTa mamisa Cuenisa iovanesiTa), romelman
aRasrulis nebaA moSiSTa misTaA. rameTu icodes winaATve
siborote igi maTi eSmakTaA, romelni damkYdrebul iyvnes
adgilsa mas, da adidebdes RmerTsa.
xolo netari igi beri iqceoda mTasa mas marto da mowafisa misgan TYsisa imsaxureboda. dRiTi-dRe ganaaxlebda Tavsa TYssa, iswrafda, raATa ara calieri eCuenos TYssa ufalsa,
aramed keTilni saqmeni miixunes ZRunad yovelsa dResa winaSe missa.
rameTu mTaA ese pirvel urwyuli iyo da yoladve ver sapovnebel wyali garemoAs misa, daRaTu mravali RonisZiebaA
iyo pirvelTa maT godolsa Sina myofTa warmarTTaA, rameTu
ver SemZlebel iyvnes wylisa aRmoyvanebad ficxeliTa TxriTa Kmelsa mas queyanasa. xolo netari iovane xedvida TYsisa
mis mowafisa SromaTa didTa, viTar-igi aRikidis wyali ZiriT
mis mTisaAT da aRiRis saKmarad mis berisaTYs. rameTu ars adgili igi yovliT kerZo aRsavali ficxel da aRmarTi grZel.
da Seewyala bersa mowafe igi TYsi elia, ilocvida da evedreboda ufalsa TYssa, raATa mosces mas wyali maxlobelad.
maSin romelman mosca wyali udabnosa ersa TYssa israelsa
KeliTa mosesiTa, monisa TYsisisaATa, da gamoutevna mdinareni
kldisagan Kmelisa cemiTa kuerTxisaATa. ganarinna aTormetni
naTesavni, Zeni israelisani, banaki igi didi ara erTgzis, anu
las aZlevs maT, vinc mas gahyveba. Cven ki wavalT da warmarTebTan davsaxldebiT”. da imwamsve, im mTidan gamovida
xSiri da bneli nisli da CrdiloeTiT gauCinarda. xolo
netari ioane madlobas swiravda RmerTs, roca maTi dacema da warwymeda ixila.
im mTis midamoebSi es ambavi yvelam Seityo, ixiles didi saocreba sakvirvelTmoqmedi RmerTisa, rac mama ioanes locviT moxda, romelmac aRasrula moSiSTa neba, radgan adridanve uwyodnen boroteba im avsulTa, romlebic
im adgilebSi cxovrobdnen, da adidebdnen RmerTs.
xolo netari beri im mTaze marto cxovrobda da Tavisi mowafe emsaxureboda. yoveldRiurad ganaaxlebda Tavis Tavs, Cqarobda, rom xelcarieli ki ar sCveneboda Tavis ufals, aramed yoveldRiurad keTili saqmeni mierTmia
ZRvnad misTvis.
es mTa Tavdapirvelad uwylo iyo da wyali srulebiT
ar moipoveboda im aremareze. Tumca mravali RonisZieba
ixmares adre godolSi myofma warmarTebma. ver SeZles gamxmari miwidan wylis amoyvana, bevri Txris miuxedavad. netari ioane xedavda Tavisi mowafis did Sromas, Tu rogor ahkidebda virs wyals im mTis Ziridan da aqonda berebisaTvis. yoveli mxridan Znelad asasvleli da grZeli aRmarTi iyo. Seebrala bers Tavisi mowafe ilia. loculobda da Tavis ufals evedreboda, rom axlos mieca wyali misTvis.
maSin iman, vinc misca wyali udabnoSi Tavis ers - israels, Tavisi monis, moses xeliT, kverTxis dakvriT gadmouSva gamomxmari kldidan mdinareni, ara erTgzis an orgzis, aramed mravaljer gadaarCina Tormeti tomi, israelis Zeni, didi banaki, rogorc pavle mociquli ambobs:
“radgan isini svamdnen sulieri kldisagan, romelsac mis-
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zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
orgzis, aramed mravalgzis, viTarca ityYs pavle mociquli:
“rameTu sumides igini sulierisa misgan kldisa, romelsaca
Seudges, xolo klde igi iyo qriste” [I kor. 10:4]. klde igi
saxe qristesi iyo da kuerTxi igi – aCrdili juarisaA. da
rameTu netarica igi yoladve Seudga qristesa, romelman
ismina locvaA misi, da iyo meyseulad vedrebasa missa adgilsa
mas, sada juari qristesi aRemarTa, da viTarca kuerTxisa mis
wil mosesisa juariTa miT sca Kmelsa mas queyanasa, romeli
aravis exilva yolad wyali mun, da gamoKda wyali tkbili,
grili da friad Suenieri mdidrad, romeli dRes dis
myofTaTYs mis monastrisaTa da ara xolo Tu maT kmaeyofvis,
aramed simravlisaTYs didZalisa.
da viTarca iqmna saswauli ese didi, movides yovliT kerZo xilvad, rameTu icodes garemoAs mkYdrTa maT, viTarmed
wyali ara iyo adgilsa mas. xolo madliTa mis wmidisaATa wyaroA igi iqmna ara Tu samsaxurebelad, aramed kurnebanica mravalni iqmnebodes. moaqunda uZlurebi ferad-feradi da eSmakeulebi, da raodenni icxebdes mis wyaroAsagan, ganikurnebodes. da waraqunda igi Sorad soflad. xolo romelni sarwmunoebiT movlen, dRendelad dRedmde sargebel eyofvis.
xolo SenebaA ara ineba mas adgilsa, aramed viTarca ars
wesi martod myofobisaA, iyofvoda; napralsa mas kldisasa
epovna quabi mcire, romelsa Sina aRasrula mwirobaA sarwmunoAsa amis cxorebisaA “naklulevanebiTa didiTa Wirveuli,
ZYr-xiluli, romlisaTYs Rirsve ara iyo sofeli ese”1 da Semdgomi amisi.
da viTar ganamravlebda ufali mis mier saswaulebsa mas,
ganKda ambavi misi queyanasa qarTlisasa da gamoubrwyinda viTarca mTiebi ganTiadisaA, romelman farulad adida RmerTi
dies, xolo is klde qriste iyo”.1 klde qristes xati iyo
da kverTxi – jvris aCrdili da radgan netari Seudga
qristes, manac ismina misi locva da evedreboda ra im adgils, sadac qristes jvari aRimarTa, rogorc mosem - kverTxi, gamomxmar miwas, iseve man dahkra jvari iq, sadac aravis enaxa wyali; da gadmovida uxvad kargi, grili da metad mSvenieri wyali, romelic dResac dis im monastris
myofTaTvis da ara marto maTTvisaa sakmarisi, aramed didZali xalxisTvisac.
rogorc ki es saswauli moxda, yoveli mxridan modiodnen sanaxavad, radgan icodnen im garemoTa mkvidrebma,
rom im adgilas wyali ar iyo. xolo wminda mamis madliT
ara marto mosaxmareblad gamoiyeneboda, aramed mravals
gankurnavda kidec. mohyavdaT mravalgvari sneulni da eSmakisgan gvemulni. vinc wyaros wyals icxebda, ganikurneboda. wyali Tan mihqondaT. vinc rwmeniT midis am wyalTan, dResac Sewevnas poulobs.
xolo aSeneba ar isurva im adgilas, aramed ise iyo, rogorc martodmyofis wesia. kldis napralSi ipova mcire
gamoqvabuli, sadac didi siRaribiT SeWirvebulma patiosani mwiroba aRasrula, romlis Rirsi ar iyo es qveyana2.
da rodesac RmerTma ganamravla ioanes mier aRsrulebuli saswaulebi, gavrcelda ambavi mis Sesaxeb mTel qarTlSi da gamoubrwyinda qveyanas, rogorc ganTiadis varskvlavi, is, vinac farulad adida RmerTi da RvTis mier
ganavrco RvTis wiaRni da daitia zecidan mosuli naTeli. magram vinc aanTebs sanTels, ar dadgams mas magidis
qveS, arameddadgams zemoT, rom moefinos naTeli xalxs3.
1 kor. 10:4.
2 Sdr. ebr. 11:37-38.
3 Sdr. mT. 5:15.
1 ebr. 11:37-38
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reba
isa iovane zedaznel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
da mis mier ganavrcna wiaRni misni da daitia naTeli igi didi
maRliT moyvanebuli, rameTu ver SesaZlebel iyo, viTarmca
vin aRanTo sanTeli da dafara queSe KYmirsa, aramed zeda sasanTlesa, raATa naTobdes kacTa. daRaTu unebn maT, raATamca
dafarnes Tavni TYsni, viTarca menelsacxebleman raA aRavsis
SivSagi sulneliTa da STaagdis igi sxuasa WurWelsa da SexYis igi keTilad, da hkidis igi warRebad, sadaca hnebavn. da
hgonebn mesurnele igi, viTarmed dafarulad aqus mas, xolo
yovelTa maT, romelni mieaxlnen, ecemin sisurnele mis nelsacxebelisaA. esreTve keTilni saqmeni ver daifarnian, daRaTu ara hnebavn moqmedTa maT.
dResa erTsa msaxuri igi misi netari elia diakoni mivida
wyarosa mas RmrTiv mocemulsa moRebad wylisa. da mun dga,
wyarosa mas Tana, daTY maRnarisaA didi da saSineli friad. da
SeeSina friad netarsa elias da gare-iqca da uTxra didsa
iovanes. xolo igi movida da etyoda daTusa mas: “ukueTu ara
gisuams wyali ege, su da vidode”. da rCuli daudva mas da hrqua:
“saxeliTa uflisa Cuenisa iesu qristesiTa getyY, nuRaramca
gaqus flobaA borotebad da vnebad maTa, romelTa SeemTxueode
kacTa mTasa mas zeda”. da viTar moiRo brZanebaA mKecman man
berisagan, ganswavla ara visa vnebad, waremarTa da viTarca
megobarsa tkbilad metyuelsa ukumoxedvida, Tavi moedrika
da myudroebiT morCilebisa saxesa aCuenebda. da yoladve
mKecebrivi bunebaA, arca sivltolaA eCina, rameTu cvala TYsi
igi siborote da gardaiqca keTilad. da locviTa mis wmidisaATa
moaqamomde romelTa SeemTxueoda, viTarca cxovari mSYdi
Tana-warvals. da ara sakYrvel ars ese, rameTu ician mKecTaca
pativisa cemaA, mmarTebelTa mixed[v]en da naTelsa.
romeli-igi jurRmulsa Soris mKecTasa STavarda da piri dauyo pirveliTgan sazrdel-moklebulTa da friad mSierTa lomTa, maT Soris viTarca qvaA andamatisaA ganutexeli
Tu surT maT, rom dafaron TavianTi Tavi, rogorc menelsacxeblem, romelmac aavso WurWeli sulneliT, Cadga sxva
WurWelSi da saimedod Seinaxa; fiqrobs menelsacxeble,
rom dafaruli aqvs, magram yvelas, vinc miuaxlovdeba, nelsacxeblis suni ecema. aseve keTili saqme ver daifareba, rac
unda ecados misi moqmedi.
erT dRes misi msaxuri, netari ilia diakoni, wylis
dasalevad mivida im RvTiT mocemul wyarosTan. da iqve,
wyarosTan, idga uRrani tyis didi da saSineli daTvi. Zalian SeSinda sanatreli ilia, gaiqca da uambo did ioanes. xolo igi mivida da eubneboda daTvs: “Tu es wyali ar
dagilevia, svi da wadi”. wesi daudo mas da uTxra: “uflisa Cvenisa ieso qristes saxeliT geubnebi, aRarasodes miayeno boroteba da vneba adamianebs, romlebsac mTaze Sexvdebi”.
rogorc ki miiRo brZaneba mxecma berisagan, rom aravisTvis evno, wavida da, rogorc tkbilad metyvel megobars, ukan moxeda, Tavi moudrika da mSvidad daemorCila.
srulebiT ar avlenda mxecur bunebas, arc garboda, radgan Secvala Tavisi siborote da iqca keTilad. wmindanis
locviT, ager aqamde, visac ki Sexvdeboda, rogorc wynari
cxvari, Tan gahyveboda. es ar aris sakvirveli, radgan mxecebma ician pativiscema, ekrZalvian winamZRols da naTels.
igi, vinc jurRmulSi mxecTa Soris Cavarda da maSinve
piri dauRes saWmels moklebulma da metad mSierma lomebma, maT Soris andamatis qvasaviT mtkiced idga da verc
erTma mxecma mikareba ver gabeda. mividnen, fexebs ukocnidnen da ambobdnen: es araa is xorci, romelic Cven unda
vWamoT, radgan man araferi igema samefo tablidan, garda
marcvlisa. sami kvira arc puri Wama da arc wyali sva. Cven
gvmarTebs, viswavloT mmarxvelTa pativiscema.
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61
cxo
reba
isa iovane zedaznel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
idva da yoladve ver ikadrebdes Sexebad misa mKecni igi aramed mouKdes da loSnides ferKTa misTa. da viTarca ityodes, ese igi Korcni ara arian, romelnica Cuen sazrdel gueqmnes, vinaATgan ara Tavs-idva man tablisagan sameufoAsa sanovageTa gemoAs-xilvaA, garna Teslsa xolo. aman samTa SYdeulTa puri ara Wama da wyali ara sua. jer-ars Cuenda, raATa,
viswavlneT mmarxvelTa igi pativisa pyrobaA.
xolo netarman man berman TYsiTa ficxeliTa SromiTa marxvisaATa ara Tavs-idva, raATamca TYsisagan xolo ganeyena mKeci igi Korcis mWameli, aramed viTarca mociquli warivlina
TYsTa mimarT mociqulTa, naTesavTa da moyuareTa, rameTu naSobni naSobTaca maTTa naTesavTa . . .
xolo netarma berma Tavisi mkacri marxviT ar ineba, Tavidan moeSorebina xorcis mWameli mxeci, aramed waravlina rogorc mociquli Tavis mociqulTa, naTesavTa da moyvareTa mimarT, radgan naSobni naSobTanica TavianT naTesavebs...
<... aq teqsts aklia>
< aq teqsti aklia>
. . . raATa aravis avnon. da mcnebaA igi aRYr-eqmna maT polotik, da kbilni maTni moalbna, da hgian vidre dRendelad
dRedmde mTasa mas da aravis avneben.
mrcxuenin da Sevwuxdi, ese-Ra mesmin, viTar mKecebrivsa
mas bunebasa utyusa da ugunursa esmina sityuaA igi wmidaTaA, da Cuen mKecTa uborotesad gamovCndiT, yofilTa maT Soris aRmovikiTxavT da mocemulni igi mcnebani guasmian da vnebad moyuasTa CuenTa ara davscxrebiT. dayenebul varT Korcis Wamisagan da KorcTa moyusisa CuenisaTa vcoxniT, mKecTa
maTRa Tu vemsgavsneT da ara [Korcis?] mWamelTa kacTa. migYRebies mcnebaA RmrTisagan, raATa SeviyuaroT moyuasi viTarca Tavi TYsi, xolo Cuen vaiZuleT igi Tavisa TYsisa Tana,
rameTu siZulili moyusisaA siZulili ars Tavisa TYsisaA, momatyuebel amissa ars Suri.
N moSurneo, ganeyene Sursa. Suri sikudili ars, evltode misgan, ra[A]Ta ara mokude. nu Surob warmatebulTa saT-
raTa aravis avnon. is brZaneba foladis aRvirad eqcaT,
maTi kbilebi moucviTa, da dRevandel dRemde arian im mTaze da aravis avneben.
mrcxvenia da vwuxvar, esRa vici, rom utyvsa da ugunur mxecur bunebas Seugnia wmindanTa sityva da Cven mxecebze ufro borotni aRmovCndiT. gardasul ambebs vkiTxulobT, mocemuli mcnebani gvesmis da Cveni moyvasis vnebas Tavs ar vanebebT, akrZaluli gvaqvs xorcis Wama da Cveni moyvasis xorcs ki vWamT. mxecebs vemsgavsebiT da ara [xorcis ?] mWamel adamianebs. RvTisagan mcnebad migviRia, SeviyvaroT moyvasi, rogorc sakuTari Tavi, xolo Cven SeviZuleT igi Cvens TavTan erTad, radgan siZulvili moyvasisa siZulvilia sakuTari Tavisa. mizezi amisa aris Suri.
o, Suriano, ganeSore Surs. Suri sikvdilia, gaecale
mas, raTa ar mokvde. nu gSurs warmatebulTa saTnoeba da
aRiare, rom Suriani xar. qebulia Suri – sixaruli sik-
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cxo
reba
isa iovane zedaznel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
noebaTa da aRiare, viTarmed moSurne xar. qebul ars Suri –
siyuaruli igi sikudilisaTYs. ese cxorebisaTYs mKsnel da
aRWeqileb(!), romelman gankafnis gonebani momgonebelTa misTani, aramed erCdi werilTa da pove gamoKsnaA, da baZevdi gansrulebulTa saTnoebasa Sina. nu Surob, raATa ganero mcired sabrKesa mterisasa.
da kualad munve movide, romelsa-igi miwyies.
Semdgomad amissa moarTues maTda Rrekili, Sekruli
viTarca rkiniTa, da Zniad ganrRueuli, rameTu wylul iyvnes
yovelni Korcni misni, rameTu guemul iyo igi JamTa mravalTa
ficxel...1
amas wmidasa mamasa Cuensa iovanes moarTues odesme cxedriTa Rrekili da ganrRueuli da daKsnil iyunes yovelni asoni misni. Seiyvanes winaSe missa, evedrebodes wmidasa iovanes:
“Seiwyale, wmidao RmrTisao, ganrRueuli ese, rameTu gurwams, viTarmed SemZlebel xar gankurnebad qristes ZaliTa”.
da kualad ganrRueuli igi Kmobda: “Semiwyale, monao RmrTisao, mkudari ese dauflveli da mommadle mciredi madli, raATa
ganvikurno”.
xolo netarsa iovanes daRacaTu mZime uCnda saqme ese mis
mier, aramed moeKsena sityuaA igi pavlesi, romel ityYs, viTarmed: “ZlierTa uZlurni itYrTeniT”. amisTYsca hrqua:
“gangkurnebs Sen ufali Cueni iesu qriste”, da masve Jamsa aRemarTa igi ferKTa zeda TYsTa da asoni igi daKsnilni mswrafl
ganikurnnes. da romelTa ixiles, hmadlobdes RmerTsa da wmidasa iovanes.
kualad moiyvanes eSmakeuli friad guemuli, romel sityuadca ver SemZlebel iyo. da ixila igi da Seewyala. miugo
wmidaman iovane da hrqua: “sulo ukeTuro, raAsa stanjav ma-
vdilisa gamo. igi sicocxlis mxsnelia, romelic moalbobs
misi momgoneblis gonebas. daemorCile wminda wignebs, hpove xsna da mibaZe saTnoebiT srulyofilT. nu gSurs, raTa
ganerido mtris sacdurs.
adre Tqmuls unda mivubrunde. amis Semdgom maT mouyvanes koWli, TiTqosda rkiniT Sekruli, Zalze davardnili, mTeli sxeuli dawyluleboda, vinaidan mravali wlis
manZilze metismetad itanjeboda.1
erTxel Cvens wminda mamas, ioanes, sakaciT miuyvanes
davardnili koWli, romelsac mTeli sxeuli moduneboda,
da evedrebodnen: “Seiwyale, wmindao, es sneuli,
radgangvwams, rom qristes ZaliT SegiZlia gankurno”. is
sneulic eubneboda: “Semiwyale wmindao, Semiwyale
daumarxavi mkvdari, mciredi madli miboZe, raTa
ganvikurno”.
xolo netar ioanes TumcaRa es saqme TavisTvis saZnelod miaCnda, gaaxsenda pavles sityva, romelic ambobs:
“Zlierebma uZlurni itvirTeT”. amitom uTxra: “gangkurnavs Sen ufali Cveni ieso qriste”.2 da maSinve wamodga igi
fexze da sxeulis sneuli nawilebi umal ganikurna. vinc
es ixila, madlobas swiravda RmerTsa da wminda ioanes.
kvlav moiyvanes eSmakisagan metismetad gvemuli, romelsac sityvis Tqmac ki ar SeeZlo. naxa igi ioanem da Seebrala. miugo wminda ioanem da uTxra: “sulo boroto, rad
tanjav magas, radgan Seni adgili udabnosa da uwylo adgilasaa, uflisa Cvenisa ieso qristes saxeliT geubnebi,
gadi mag kacisagan!” xolo avi suli brZanebisTanave ganvida da is kaci ganikurna. yvelas gaukvirda. da beri ase ambobda: “rad gikvirT, mkurnali ar var, magram uflisa Cve-
1 amaze wydeba A xelnaweris teqsti.
1. mark. 12:31.
2 . Sdr. rom. 15:1.
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cxo
reba
isa iovane zedaznel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
zedaznelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda ioane zedaznelisa
gas, rameTu micemul ars Senda adgili udabnoA da urwyuli.
getyY Sen saxeliTa uflisa Cuenisa iesu qristesiTa, ganved
kacisa magisgan!” xolo igi brZanebasave Tana missa ganvida. da
ganikurna kaci igi. da yovelTave daukYrda. da beri esreT
etyoda: “da rasa gankYrvebul xarT, rameTu ara var mkurnali, aramed saxelis-debiTa uflisa Cuenisa iesu qristesiTa
ivltis yoveli seni da yoveli Zali bnelisaA. rameTu man Tavadman brZana: “romelsa hrwmenes Cemdamo, romelsa me viqm, manca qmnes da ufroAs Cemsa qmnes”.
ese mciredi mravalTagan didTa saqmeTa davwereT mimyovrebisaTYs Jamisa. xolo gemoAs-xilvad RmerTSemosilisa mis
kacisaTYs kma-arian. viTarca mdinarisa didisaA takukiTa erTiTa ixilvebis, Tu raA gemoA aqus, egreTve netarisa iovanesi, romelTaca enebos. xolo mraval arian saswaulni, romelni qmnna mamaman Cuenman wmidaman iovane.
xolo aw netarTa mowafeTa misTaTYs vityodiT, romelni
ganaTldes madliTa saRmrToATa da sxuanica gananaTlnes da
monasterni aRaSennes, romelni vidre aqamomde hgian da kurnebani iqmnebian, romelTaA TYToeulad moTxrobaA ver ZalgYc.
erTman mowafeTaganman, saxeliT TaTa, queSe Zirsa mis mTisasa aRaSena monasteri, romelsa Sina ganmravldes monazonni
da yovliTave wesierebiTa iqceodes xolo sxuani Semdgomad
amissa moviKsenneT da RmerTsa vadidebdeT, romlisaA ars didebaA ukuniTi ukunisamde, amen.
nisa ieso qristes xsenebiT yoveli seni da yoveli bneli
Zala ukuiqceva. radgan man Tavad brZana: “visac Cemi swams,
rasac me vizam, isic iqms da Cemze metsac iqms”.1
mraval did saqmeTagan es mciredni aRvwereT didi drois gasvlis gamo, magram aq moTxrobili sakmarisia ganRmrTobili kacis ambavTa Sesatyobad, rogorc didi mdinaris gemos gageba SesaZlebelia erTi WurWliT, aseve Seityobs netari ioanes ambavs is, visac es surs. xolo mravlad aris
saswauli, romelic qmna Cvenma wminda mama ioanem.
xolo mis sanatrel mowafeTa Sesaxeb, romlebic ganaTldnen saRmrTo madliT da sxvebic gananaTles, vityviT,
rom maT monastrebi aRaSenes, romlebic dRemde arian, da
iq kurnebanic aResruleba, xolo yvela ambis saTiTaod moTxroba ar SegviZlia.
erTma mowafeTaganma, saxelad TaTam, im mTis Ziras aRaSena monasteri, sadac berebi gamravldnen da yovelmxrivi wesrigianobiT cxovrobdnen. xolo sxvebs Semdgom movixsenebT, da vadidebdeT RmerTs, romlis aris dideba ukuniTi ukunisamde, amin.
1. in. 14:12.
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cxovreba Rirsi Siosi da
evagresi
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cxo
rebaA da moqalaqobaA Ri
rs
isa
cxorebaA
Rirs
rsisa
mamisa Cuen
isa
Cuenisa
SioAs
res
SioAsii da evag
evagres
resii
cxovreba da moqalaqeoba Rirsisa mamisa
Cvenisa Siosi da evagresi
gvakurTxe, mamao.
VII
VII. xolo netari ese da RmrTiv ganbrZnobili mamaA Cueni
wmidaA Sio movida winamZRurobiTa sulisa wmidisaATa da
daemkYdra dasavaliT kerZo deda-qalaqsa mcxeTas. da pova Kevi
RrmaA friad ficxeli, udabnoA da urwyuli da naklulevani
yovelTa saKmarTagan, da haeri zafxulisaA ficxel da egreTve
zamTrisaA uficxles. da pova mun mcire quabi da dajda mas
Sina dayudebiT sasoebiTa RmrTisa mindobisaATa, Kel-yo
saqmesa amas da sikudilad misca Tavi TYsi misTYs, romelman
araodes ugulebels yvnis mosavni misni.
ese wmidaA mamaA Cueni iyofeboda raA quabsa mas Sina, ilocvida da ityoda: “N iesu saxiero, romeli moxued queyanad cxorebisaTYs kacTaAsa da iSev wmidisagan qalwulisa, raATa acxovnne, romelni mKurvaliTa guliTa Segidgen da gmsaxurebden Sen. aw momec meca moTminebaA, raATa saTnod Senda aRvasrulne mciredni ese dReni cxorebisa Cemisani da Rirs myav keTilTa SenTa saukuneTa meoxebiTa uxrwnelisa dedoflisa Cuenisa da dedisa Senisa maradis qalwulisa mariamisiTa da meoxebiTa didebulTa wmidaTa mociqulTa SenTaATa da wmidisa
mamisa Cuenisa iovanesiTa”.
amas ityoda cremliTa da gangrZelebiTa locvisaATa iataksa daaltobda, da ganhmzada Tavi TYsi iatakad Suenierad.
da viTarca daadgra samaradisod mouwyinebelad locvasa da
ixila RmerTman guls-modgined moTminebaA misi da viTar araraA ipoveboda udabnosa mas nugeSinis-sacemeli KorcTaA, manve
saxierman da dafarulTa mxedvelman RmerTman, romelman gamozarda elia da udabnosa Sina yornisa mier, egreTve wmidaA
ese mamaA Cueni gamozarda, rameTu tredisa mier dRiTi-dRe
uboZebda sazrdelsa. xolo marjueniT kerZo quabisa mis uboZa
7. xolo sanatreli da RvTiv ganswavluli wminda mama
Sio suliwmidis winamZRvrobiT movida da daemkvidra dedaqalaq mcxeTis dasavleTiT, da ipova Zalze mkacri, Rrma,
udaburi da uwylo xevi, sadac araviTari saxmari nivTi
ar moipoveboda, zafxulSi haeri iyo mkacri, zamTarSi ufro metad mkacri. da ipova iqve patara gamoqvabuli, daeyuda iq RmrTis imediT aRvsili, wamoiwyo saqmianoba da
Tavi gaswira misTvis, vinc arasodes uaryofs Tavis mosavT.
wminda mama gamoqvabulSi yofnisas loculobda da ambobda: "hoi, mowyaleo ieso, romelic moxvedi amqveynad kacTa xsnisaTvis da iSev wminda qalwulisagan, raTa ixsna isini, romelnic mxurvale guliT gamogyvebian da mogemsaxurebian Sen. aw mec momeci moTmineba, rom Sens mosawonad
ganvvlo Cemi cxovrebis mcire dReebi, Rirsi gamxade Seni
sanetaro maradiuli sasufevlisa meoxebiTa uxrwnelisa
dedoflisa Cvenisa da dedisa Senisa maradis qalwulisa
mariamisiTa da SenTa didebul wminda mociqulTa da wminda mamisa Cvenisa ioanes SemweobiT".
amas ambobda tiriliT da xangrZlivi locviT iataks
asvelebda da iatakze wveboda, da radgan loculobda mudmivad da mouwyineblad, ixila RmerTma misi gulmxurvale moTmineba; da vinaidan udabnoSi ar ipoveboda xorcieli sazrdo, manve, mowyale da saidumloTa mxedvelma RmerTma, romelmac elia gamokveba yornis daxmarebiT1, aseve
1 Sdr. 3 mef. 17:2-7
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wyali mcire kldisagan Kmelisa, romeli kma-sayofel misda
iyo. xolo eseviTari raA RmrTisa wyalobaA ixila mis zeda,
madlobasa Seswirvida RmrTisa da ityoda: “N ufalo didebisao, kurTxeul ars saxeli Seni da did ars wyalobaA Seni kacTa zeda da vinaA var me uRirsi ese wyalobisaA, garna yovelsave zeda vhmadlob saxierebasa Sensa”.
da ixarebda suliTa da adidebda RmerTsa. da mieriTgan
ganZlierda uxilavTa mterTa zeda.
wminda mama gamokveba, romelsac mtredi yoveldRe awvdida sakvebs. gamoqvabulis marjvena mxares ki misca mas mcire wyali, mSrali kldidan gamomdinare, romelic misTvis
samyofi iyo. xolo mama Siom, rodesac ixila RvTis aseTi
wyaloba, madlobas swiravda RmerTs da ambobda: "hoi, ufalo didebisao, kurTxeulia saxeli Seni da didia Seni wyaloba kacTa zeda, da vin var me, uRirsi Seni amgvari wyalobisa, aramed yovlisaTvis gmadlob saxiero da mowyaleo".
da ixarebda suliTa da RmerTs adidebda da amis Semdgom uxilav mtrebze gaZlierda.
VIII. da viTar mravalni Jamni warvlna aRgznebulsa mas saKmilsa Sina martod myofobisasa, ineba zegardamoman gangebaman, raATa ara iyos dafarul brwyinvale igi varskulavi.
amisTYs gamoacxada igi kacTa Soris. xolo saxe gamocxadebisa misisaA esreT iyo. rameTu mas Jamsa iyo vinme mTavari, saxeliT evagre, qristes moyuare da saRmrToTa wignTagan swavluli da qristeaneTa Svili. xolo gangebiTa RmrTisaATa dResa erTsa hrqua SvilTa TBsTa da monaTa: “ganvideT nadirobad”. da ganvles mtkuari da ganvides damarTebiT adgilsa mas,
sada mjdomare iyo beri. xolo yovelnive mimodaibnivnes da
evagre dga martoA da mimoixedvida, raATa ixilos nadirTagani raAme. xolo miSuebiTa RmrTisaATa ixila tredi igi, romeli miarTumida sazrdelsa Sios. xolo evagre ganicdida
mkYrsed da ixila, sada-igi Sevida. xolo viTarca inadires,
warvides saxed TYsad.
da xvalisa dRe kualad ganvides. da viTarca yovelni
movidodes da mTavari evagre dga maxlobelad quabisa mis, sada mjdomare iyo beri. da aha kualad ixila tredi igi da moaqunda sazrdeli berisaTYs. da viTarca ganicada netarman
8. da rodesac simartovis aRgznebul cecxlSi yofnis
mravalma welma gaiara, zeciurma gangebam ineba, rom aRar
yofiliyo damaluli brwyinvale varskvlavi. amis gamo gamoaCina igi kacTa Soris. xolo misi gamocxadeba ase iyo: im
dros iyo erTi mTavari, saxelad evagre, qristes moyvare,
saRmrTo wignebiT ganswavluli da qristianTa Svili.
RvTis nebiT, erT dRes Tavis Svilebsa da msaxurebs uTxra,
sanadirod wavideTo. gaiares mtkvari da pirdapir im adgilze mividnen, sadac beri iyo damkvidrebuli. yvela gaifanta da mxolod evagre idga, mimoixedavda, raTa raime
nadiri enaxa, RvTis nebiT ki ixila mtredi, romelic Sios
sazrdos awvdida. evagre uyurebda gaocebiT da naxa, sadac igi Sevida. nadirobis Semdeg yvelani saxlSi wavidnen.
meore dRes isev gavidnen da rodesac yvelani movidnen, mTavari evagre gamoqvabulTan axlos mivida, sadac beri iyo damkvidrebuli. da isev ixila mtredi, romelsac
sakvebi miqonda berisTvis, da rogorc ki dainaxa sanat-
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evagre tredi igi, gankYrda da Seudga kualsa missa da ixila
wmidaA igi Sio mjdomare quabsa Sina, daukYrda da hrqua: “raA
xar, anu vinaA?” xolo berman hrqua: “kaci var ucxoA da qristes mosavi da var quabsa amas Sina mciresa, raATa dayudebiT
aRvasrulne dReni cxorebisa Cemisani da esreT uSfoTvelad
saTno-veyo RmerTsa”. xolo netarman evagre hrqua bersa:
“cxovel ars ufali, ara dagiteo Sen da arca warvide saxed
Cemda”. xolo berman hrqua: “Svilo, ver Zal-gic tYrTvad sificxlesa amas udabnoAsasa, rameTu gxedav mravliTa fufunebiTa aRzrdilsa”.
xolo evagre hrqua: “daRacaTu dResve iyos sikudili
Cemi Sen Tana, arave dagiteo”.
xolo viTarca ganicada berman simtkice gonebisa misisaA, hrqua esreT, viTarmed: “me raAca grqua, yav”. xolo man
hrqua: “yovelive, raAca mibrZanos siwmideman Senman, vyo”. xolo berman misca mas kuerTxi TYsi da hrqua: “warved da kuerTxi ese Cemi Cayav mtkuarsa, xolo igi gza-gcems da ganved
Kmelad da warved saxed Senda da yovelive sacxorebeli Seni
ganage da warmoved. da viTarca moiwio mtkuarsa zeda, kualad Cayav kuerTxi Cemi da, ukueTu gza-gces, moved Cemda, da
ukueTu ara gza-gces, warved Sina, rameTu ara sTnavs RmerTsa saqme ege, romelsa hlami”.
xolo man ficiT moimtkica beri, raATa ara ivltodis
adgilisa misgan. xolo man aRuTqua da igi warvida. da viTarca
miiwia kidesa mdinarisasa, STayo kuerTxi igi berisaA da
wyalman gza sca da Kmelad ganiara.
da viTarca ganago yovelive da movida da STayo kuerTxi igi, kualadca gza-sca.
da movida winaSe berisa da hrqua: “mamao wmidao, viTarca mibrZane, yovelive vyav”.
relma evagrem mtredi, gaocda da mis kvals gahyva, da ixila gamoqvabulSi myofi wminda Sio, gaukvirda da uTxra:
“vin xar, an saidan xar?” berma uTxra: “ucxo kaci var, qristes mosavi, da am patara gamoqvabulSi vimyofebi, raTa aq
dayudebiT aRvasrulo Cemi cxovrebis dReebi da uSfoTvelad saTno-veyo RmerTs”. sanatrelma evagrem uTxra bers:
“RmerTi cocxalia, ar migatoveb Sen da arc waval Cems saxlSi”. berma ki upasuxa: “Svilo, ver SeZleb itvirTo am
udabnos simkacre, radgan, rogorc vxedav, did fufunebaSi xar aRzrdili”.
evagrem ki upasuxa: “dResve rom movkvde SenTan, mainc
ar migatoveb”.
xolo roca ixila berma misi nebis simtkice, uTxra: “me
rasac getyvi, is gaakeTe”. man upasuxa: “yvelafers gavakeTeb, rasac Seni uwmindesoba mibrZanebs”. xolo berma misca
Tavisi kverTxi da uTxra: “wadi, Cemi kverTxi Cayavi mtkvarSi, igi gzas mogcems, gadi xmeleTze, wadi saxlSi da moawesrige Seni sacxovrebeli da wamodi; da rogorc ki mouaxlovdebi mtkvars, isev Cayavi Cemi kverTxi da, Tu gzas
mogcems, CemTan modi, Tu ar mogcems gzas, saxlSi dabrundi, radgan ar moswons RmerTs is saqme, romelic Sen gwadia”.
xolo man daafica beri, ar wasuliyo im adgilidan. berma aRuTqva da evagre wavida. da rogorc ki miuaxlovda
mdinares, Cayo beris kverTxi da wyalma gza misca da mSralad gadavida.
da rodesac moawesriga yvelaferi, movida, isev Cayo
kverTxi da mdinarem gza misca.
movida berTan da uTxra: “wminda mamao, rogorc mibrZane, yvelaferi ise gavakeTe”.
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IX. xolo man hrqua: “Svilo evagre, uwyode, rameTu amieriTgan ganmravlebad arian Zmani udabnosa amas Sina. amisTYsca jer-ars, raATa eklesiaA aRvaSenoT, sadaca gYbrZanos
Cuen ufalman”. xolo aRvides qedsa mas zeda, romlisa Zirsa
mjdomare iyo wmidaA Sio. da viTarca iloces, moiRo cecxli
wmidaman berman da daiyara nebsa zeda TYssa da daasxa zeda
sakumeveli. xolo sakumeveli igi aRemarTa viTarca sueti da
merme dadrka dasavaliT kerZo qedisa mis da Cadga adgilsa
erTsa, viTarca sueti Kevsa mas Sina.
xolo igini gardamovides. da adgilsa mas, sada uCuena
ufalman, dasca saTxari mamaman Cuenman wmidaman Sio da aRaSenes eklesiaA sadidebelad RmrTisa.
xolo evagres Sehmosa saxe monazonebisaA. da ganiTqua
hanbavi misi da yovliT kerZo movidodes da monazon iqmnebodes.
9. xolo man uTxra: “Svilo evagre, icode, rom amieridan udabnoSi Zmebi momravldebian, amisTvis saWiroa eklesiis aSeneba, sadac ufali gvibrZanebs”. avidnen im qedze, romlis ZirSic damkvidrebuli iyo wminda Sio. da rodesac iloces, nakverCxali da cecxli aiRo wminda berma,
daiyara Tavis xelis gulze da daado zed sakmeveli. xolo sakmeveli aRimarTa rogorc sveti da mere gadaixara
qedis dasavleTis mxares da Cadga erT adgilze, rogorc
sveti xevSi.
xolo isini Camovidnen da adgilze, sadac ufalma uCvena, dahkra bari wminda mama Siom da aaSenes eklesia RvTis
sadideblad.
xolo evagre aRikveca monazvnad da gavrcelda misi ambavi da yoveli mxridan modiodnen da monazvnad aRikvecebodnen.
X. da viTarca ganmravldes Zmani, saKmar iyunes maTTYs
saKedarni metYrTeni mosaRebelad sazrdelisa da wylisaTYs.
amisTYsca moidgnes karaulni. xolo iyo adgili igi tyiani
da kldovani. amisTYsca mKecni friad iyunes adgilTa maT Sina.
xolo ganvidian raA karaulni Zovnad, gamovidian mKecni
igi da mavnebel eqmnebodian karaulTa maT. amisTYsca Zmani
mwuxare iyvnian. maSin wmidaA mamaA Cueni Sio evedra ufalsa,
raATa saxilvel missa yvnes mKecni igi. xolo locvasave missa
Tana yovelni igi mKecni movides winaSe berisa da hrqua maT:
“raAsaTYs mavnebel eqmnebiT karaulTa ZmaTa CuenTasa? aw
getyY Tquen saxeliTa uflisa Cuenisa iesu qristesiTa, romelman-igi dagbadna Tquen, warvediT areTagan amaT Sors, xolo erTi oden dadegin sadidebelad RmrTisa Cuenisa, raATa
aZoebdes karaulTa ZmaTa CuenTasa”. da masve Jamsa yovelnive
10. da rodesac gamravldnen Zmebi, maTTvis saWiro gaxda tvirTmzidi saxedrebi sakvebisa da wylis mosatanad.
amisTvis moiyvanes virebi. is adgili iyo tyiani da kldovani, ris gamoc im adgilebSi mxecebi mravlad iyo.
rodesac virebi saZovarze wavidodnen, gamovidodnen
mxecebi da zians ayenebdnen maT, ris gamoc Zmebi Sewuxebulni iyvnen. maSin Cveni wminda mama Sio evedra RmerTs, rom
misTvis xiluli gamxdariyvnen mxecebi. misi locvisas yvela mxeci gamovida beris winaSe, da uTxra maT: “ratom avnebT Cvens virebs? axla getyviT Tqven Cveni uflis ieso
qristes saxeliT, romelmac dagbadaT Tqven, wadiT am adgilebidan da mxolod erTi Tqvengani darCes RvTis sadideblad, raTa Cveni Zmobis virebs aZovebdes”. da maSinve yvela mxeci gaifanta, mxolod erTi mgeli idga mowiwebiT,
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ganibnivnes, garna erTi xolo mgeli dga mowiwebiT, viTarca
monaA winaSe misa, da hrqua: “saxeliTa uflisa Cuenisa iesu qristesiTa gibrZaneb Sen, mKecsa magas, raATa viTarca mwyemsi keTili aZoebde karaulTa CuenTa, raATa amiT ukmouzRo, romel Segiwuxebian Zmani ese Cemni da sazrdel Senda iyos, romliTaca Cuen vizardebiT. xolo ganasxemdi dilasa da Jamsa
mwuxrisasa moasxemdi, da iyav mwyems da mcvel saKedarTa CuenTa”.
xolo mgeli igi iqmna morCil, viTarca monaA. da hyofda
brZanebisaebr berisa.
xolo iyo erTi ZmaTagani, saxeliT konon, da karauli misi
gardaiWra kldesa da mokuda. xolo mgelman man uwinares Jamisa moasxna saKedarni da, viTarca moiTualnes, konon verRara pova viri misi. mivida da hrqua bersa: “N wmidao mamao, raA
hyav, rameTu mgeli mwyemsad moguec; egera karauli Cemi SeuWamia”. da amas raA etyoda bersa, mgeli igi moekida kalTasa
kononissa da mizidvida. xolo berman hrqua: “warhyev, raATa
giCuenos, Tu raA sWirs virsa Sensa”. da viTarca mivides Tavsa
mis kldisasa, sada gardaWril iyo, totiTa uCuenebda viTarca kaci da wkmuiliT imarTlebda Tavsa TYssa. da viTarca STavides, ixiles, rameTu momkudar iyo. xolo viTarca movida
berisa, etyoda: “ubralo ars, mamao, mwyemsi ese CuenTa saKedarTaA, rameTu kldesa gardaWril ars da momkudara viri Cemi”.
N Zmano Cemno sayuarelno! esreT adidebs RmerTi moSiSTa misTa, romel mKecnica velurni, viTarca monani, daemorCilebian. aw Cuenca saTno veyuneT RmerTsa marxviTa, locviTa, siwmidiTa, glaxakT mowyalebiTa, ucxoT moyuarebiTa, simdabliTa, simSYdiTa da urTierTas siyuaruliTa da yovliTave saqmiTa keTiliTa, romelica moguatyuebs keTilTa saukuneTa da saSuebelTa zecisaTa.
rogorc msaxuri, mis winaSe, da uTxra: “Cveni uflis ieso
qristes saxeliT gibrZaneb Sen, mxecsa, rogorc keTilma
mwyemsma aZove Cveni virebi, sanacvlod Cemi Zmebis Sewuxebisa; da Seni sakvebi iyos is, riTac Cven vikvebebiT. diliT
waiyvane da Sebindebisas moiyvane da iyavi mwyemsi da mcveli Cveni saxedrebisa”.
mgeli, rogorc msaxuri, daemorCila da beris brZanebisaebr akeTebda.
iyo erTi ZmaTagani, saxelad konon, romlis viri gadavarda kldeze da mokvda. mgelma ki droze adre moasxa saxedrebi da, rogorc ki miiTvales, kononma ver ipova Tavisi viri. mivida da bers uTxra: “hoi, wmindao mamao, es ra
gaakeTe, rom mwyemsad mgeli dagvidgine, ager, Cemi viri
SeuWamia”. da rodesac bers amas eubneboda, mgeli moekida
konons kalTaze da mozida. berma uTxra: “wahyevi, raTa giCvenos, ra daemarTa virs”. rodesac mividnen kldis Tavze,
saidanac gadavardniliyo viri, mgeli adamianiviT TaTiT
uCvenebda da wkmuiliT Tavs imarTlebda. rodesac Cavidnen, naxes, rom momkvdariyo. rodesac berTan mivida, kononma
uTxra: “udanaSauloa, mamao, Cveni saxedrebis mwyemsi, radgan Cemi viri kldidan gadavardnila da momkvdara”.
“hoi, Zmano Cemno sayvarelno! ase adidebs Tavis moSiSebs RmerTi, romelsac veluri mxecebic ki msaxurisaviT
emorCilebian. Cvenc vaamoT RmerTs marxviT, locviT, siwmindiT, glaxakTa mowyalebiT, ucxoebis siyvaruliT, simdabliT, simSvidiTa da urTierTsiyvaruliT da yoveli keTili saqmiT, romelic mSvenier saiqiosa da zeciur Svebasa da gancxromas mogvapovebinebs”.
XI. xolo jer-ars, raATa moviKsenoT erTi mowafeTagani
wmidisa iovanesTaA, saxeliT ise, ganTqumuli yovliTave saT-
11. xolo saWiroa movixsenoT wminda ioanes erTi mowafeTagani, saxelad ise, ganTqmuli yovelgvari sikeTiT, sa-
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noebiTa, nergi igi samoTxisaA, yuavili Suenieri da yovlisa
keTilisa Ziri.
ese netari ise Seipyra wmidaman mamaTmTavarman, kaTalikozman, da akurTxa igi ebiskopozad saydarsa zeda wilknisasa. da daRacaTu igi ara Tavs-idebda saqmesa mas da SevrdomiT
iTxovda gantevebasa.
xolo man unebliiT daasxna Kelni da wargzavna saydarsa
RmrTisa dedisasa da dedisa mis, romelman dedaA TYsi cTomisagan aRadgina; dedisa mis, romelman dedani wyevisagan iKsnna; dedisa mis, romeli Suamdgomel RmrTisa da kacTa iqmna
da acxovna yoveli naTesavi kacTaA, romelnica sarwmunoebiT
Tayuanis-scemen qristesa, misgan Sobilsa RmerTsa.
N yovlad wmidao RmrTis mSobelo mariam, kurTxeul ars
nayofi muclisa SenisaA da kurTxeul ars saxeli wmidaA didebisa misisaA, rameTu queyanisaganni viyveniT da aw Sen mier
zecisa angelozTagan vimsaxurebiT da Sen mier uxrwnelebaA
da cxorebaA saukunoA movigeT. amisTYs Suenis, raATa saydarsa
didebisa Senisasa wmidani da suliTa ganaTlebulni kacni iyunen zedamdgomelad taZrisa Senisa da amisTYsca gamorCeul
iqmna Rirsi ese wmidaA ise zedamdgomelad saydrisa Senisa,
wmidao dedofalo!
xolo wmidaman aman mamaman da ebiskopozman iwyo swavlad
da wurTad samwysoTa TYsTa. da mihmarTa CrdiloAT kerZo,
rameTu jereT mouqcevel iyunes da mtkiced epyra kerpT-msaxurebaA.
da iwyo swavlad maTda swavliTa simSYdisaATa da yovliTave RonisZiebiTa da saswaulTa moqmedebiTa moaqcevda sarwmunoebad, rameTu sneulTa hkurnebda da eSmakTa brZanebiT
ganasxmida; da mravalni sakYrvelebani qmnna da esreT keTilad swavliTa mravalni sulni moaqcivna da taZarni kerpTani
dalewna da eklesiani aRaSenna da yovelTa naTel-sca da ganamtkicna qristes sarwmunoebasa zeda. da eseviTariTa saqmiTa keTiliTa Semkuli movida saebiskoposod TYsad wmidaA ese
episkoposi ise.
moTxis nergi, mSvenieri yvavili da yoveli sikeTis Ziri.
wminda mamaTmTavarma, kaTalikosma, waiyvana sanatreli ise da wilknis saydris episkoposad akurTxa. da radganac ise ver tvirTulobda am saqmes, mdablad iTxovda gaSvebas.
magram man daasxa xeli da iZulebiT gaagzavna RvTis dedis saxlSi, im dedisa, romelmac Tavisi deda codvisagan
aRadgina, im dedisa, romelmac dedebi wyevisagan ixsna, im
dedisa, romelic RmerTsa da adamianebs Soris Suamavlad
iqca da ixsna kacTa modgma, romlebic TavianTi sarwmunoebiT Tayvans scemen qristes, mis mier Sobil RmerTs.
hoi, yovladwmidao RmrTismSobelo mariam, kurTxeulia nayofi Seni muclisa da kurTxeulia misi didebis wminda saxeli, radgan Cven qveyanisaganni viyaviT da axla Sen
mier zeciuri angelozebi gvemsaxurebian, xolo Sengan uxrwneli da saukuno cxovreba movipoveT. amitom Sehferis,
rom Seni didebis saydars wminda da suliT ganaTlebuli
adamianebi meTaurobdnen, amitom gamoirCia Rirsi wminda
ise Seni saydris xelmZRvanelad, wmindao dedofalo!
wminda mamam da episkoposma isem daiwyo Tavisi samwysos
swavleba da wvrTna, da gaemarTa CrdiloeTis mxares, sadac jer kidev mounaTlavni iyvnen da mtkiced emsaxurebodnen kerpTayvanismcemlobas.
da iwyo maTi swavleba simSvidiT, yoveli RonisZiebiTa da saswaulebis CvenebiT moaqcevda sarwmunoebaze, radganac sneulebs gankurnavda, eSmakebs ganasxamda brZanebiT
da mravali saswauli qmna, da amgvari keTili swavlebiT
mravali suli moaqcia, kerpTa taZrebi dalewa da eklesiebi aRaSena da yvelani monaTla da ganamtkica qristes sarwmunoebaSi. da amgvari keTili saqmeebiT Semkuli wminda
episkoposi ise movida Tavis saepiskoposoSi.
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XII. xolo mas Jamsa ineba wmidaman mamaman iovane, raATa moixilnes mowafeni TYsni da cnas, Tu romelsa sazomsa miwevnul arian, da raATa gamoacxadnes saqmeni maTni keTilni kacTa
Soris, rameTu axal nerg iyunes kacni da uKmda ganmtkicebaA.
da viTarca moiwia saydarsa mas wmidisa RmrTisa dedisasa, mouwoda wmidasa mamasa Cuensa Sios. da viTarca moikiTxnes urTierTas siyuaruliTa sulieriTa da dasxdes, maSin moiTxoa
wmidaman iovane TBnier Cueulebisa sasumeli. da moarTua mas
elia diakonman da aRuvso WiqaA da misca bersa. xolo netari
igi beri etyoda ises, viTarmed: “pirvelad ebiskopozisaA jerars locvaA”. xolo man Tayuanis-sca da iTxova SendobaA. xolo wmidaman iovane ze aRipyra WiqaA, iloca, juari daswera
da ganuteva haersa Sina WiqaA igi da dadga viTarca myarsa
queyanasa zeda. xolo romelman avlina petre zRuasa zeda viTarca Kmelsa queyanasa, manve mosca madli amisda qmnad wmidasa iovanes. da viTar myovar Jam ipyra WiqaA igi haersa Sina,
hrqua iovane mowafeTa: “vin Tquenganman miiRos WiqaA ese Kelisagan haerisa?” da aravin ikadra miyofad Kelisa.
maSin wmidaman iovane daswera juari da miiRo WiqaA igi,
da samTave miiRes nakurTxevi igi da sxuaTaca mravalTa. maSin hrqua wmidaman iovane mamasa Sios: “jer-ars madlisa micemaA RmrTisa, romelman yo Cuen Soris sakYrveli ese”. xolo
wmidaA Sio morCil eqmna bersa da moiRo nakuercxali da daikriba nebsa zeda marjuenesa SiSuelsa da daasxa sakumeveli
mas zeda da aRuteva sakumevelman suli surneli da iwyo mokumevad da ukumia mun myofTa. da ixiles raA ese, daukYrda
yovelTa da adidebdes RmerTsa, romelman mosca madli eseviTari moSiSTa misTa. da Tqua wmidaman iovane: “raAsa dagikYrdebis, Zmano, rameTu icis cecxlmanca ridobaA RmrTis
mcnobelTaA, rameTu aman cecxlman icnna samni yrmani babilons,
raJams-igi saKumilsa Sina SesTxivnes qaldevelTa. xolo saKumilsa mas Sina mdgomareTa cuari zegardamo ecureoda. xolo garemoAs mdgomareni Seiwuvebodes da yrmani uvnebelad
daicvebodes, rameTu winaSe RmrTisa araraA SeuZlebel ars
da misi ars sakYrvelT moqmedebaA ese”.
12. im dros wminda mama ioanem isurva, enaxa Tavisi mowafeebi da gaego, ra sazoms miaRwies, raTa gamoeCina maTi
keTili saqmeebi adamianebs Soris, radgan rwmenaSi norCni iyvnen adamianebi da saWiro iyo maTi ganmtkiceba; da
rodesac mivida wminda RvTis dedis taZarSi, dauZaxa wminda mama Sios; da rodesac moikiTxes erTmaneTi sulieri siyvaruliT da dasxdnen, maSin wminda ioanem Cveulebisamebr
moiTxova sasmeli. ilia diakvanma miarTva mas sasmeli, auvso Wiqa da miawoda bers. sanatrelma berma uTxra ises: “jer
episkoposis locvaa saWiro”. man ki Tayvani sca da Sendoba
iTxova. wminda ioanem maRla aswia Wiqa, iloca, jvari gadasaxa da datova haerSi da Wiqa TiTqos myar miwaze dadga. xolo romelmac petre atara zRvaze, rogorc xmeleTze, manve misca wminda ioanes madli amis gasakeTeblad. da
radganac didxans iyo Wiqa haerSi, ioanem mowafeebs uTxra: “romeli Tqvengani aiRebs haerSi mdgar Wiqas?” magram veravin gabeda xelis Sexeba.
maSin wminda ioanem gadaswera jvari, Wiqa aiRo da samivem miiRo nakurTxi sasmeli da bevrma sxvamac. maSin wminda ioanem uTxra mama Sios: “saWiroa pativis migeba RvTisadmi, romelmac es saswauli mogvivlina”. xolo wminda
Sio daemorCila bers, aiRo nakverCxali, daido SiSvel xelisgulze, daado zed sakmeveli da gauSva sakmevelma surneli da daiwyo kmeva, da iq myofT ukmia; da rodesac es
ixiles, yvelas gaukvirda da adidebdnen RmerTs, romelmac esoden didi magaliTi misca Tavis moSiSebs. wminda ioanem Tqva: “ratom gikvirT, Zmebo, radgan cecxlic erideba
RvTis mcodneebs, am cecxlma icno sami yrma babilonSi, sadac qaldevelebma RumelSi Seyares, xolo RumelSi Seyrilebs zevidan cvari epkureboda. garSemo myofni iwve-
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da merme mixedna wmidaman iovane ises da hrqua: “mamao
mflobelo, gYnebs, raATa kurTxevaA moviRoT Senganca, romeli guaqundes saKsenebelad Senda”. xolo igi morCil iyo
da savse suliTa wmidiTa da ver ikadrebda urCebasa. aRdga da
aRipyrna Kelni da Tualni zecad mimarT da myovar Jam RmerTsa evedreboda. da merme modrka da queyanasa cremliTa daaltobda da hrqua bersa: “locva-yav CemTYs, wmidao mamao, da
mcired Semomideg”. da mihmarTa wmidaman ise mdinared qsnad.
viTarca miiwivnes wyalsa mas zeda wmidani igi mamani, naTelni soflisani, iwyo wmidaman ise locvad. da ze aRixilna
Tualni gonebiTurT da RmrTisa Sewevnasa mouwodda, rameTu igi hyofs, raAca enebos. da evedreboda wmidasa RmrTismSobelsa da ityoda cremliT: “movedin Cem zeda, wmidao dedofalo, SewevnaA Sengan SobilisaA, raATa wyali ese daguemorCilos. da viTar myovar Jam iloca da merme ganyo kuerTxi, romeli aqunda KelTa, da Tqua: “saxeliTa uflisa Cuenisa iesu qristesiTa getyY Sen, wyalo, Semoudeg kuerTxsa amas
Cemsa”. da madliTa sulisa wmidisaATa myis Seudga RmerTSemosilTa maT mamaTa. xolo queyanaA igi uqmi iyo, daRmrdeboda, viTarca kuerTxi igi mieTria da wyali ukuana mividoda.
da esreT miiyvana saydarsa wmidisa dedoflisasa wilkans sadidebelad mamisa da Zisa da wmidisa sulisa.
bodnen, yrmebi ki uvneblad iyvnen1, radgan RmerTisTvis SeuZlebeli araferia da igia saswaulTmoqmedi”.
Semdeg mixeda wminda ioanem ises da uTxra: “mamamTavaro, gvinda kurTxeva Senganac miviRoT, romelic Sens mosagoneblad gveqneba”. xolo ise morCili iyo, savse suliwmidiT, da ver gabeda urCoba. adga, aswia xelebi, Tvalebi
zecas miapyro da RmerTs didxans evedreboda. Semdeg daixara, miwas cremliT asvelebda da bers uTxra: “iloce CemTvis, wmindao mamao, da momyevi mcire xans”. da wminda ise
mdinare qsnisken gaemarTa.
rodesac mividnen wyalTan wminda mamebi, soflis naTelni, wminda isem daiwyo locva. aRapyro Tvalebi sibrZniT da RvTis Sewevnas mouxmo, radgan RmerTi akeTebs
imas, rac unda. evedreboda wminda RvTismSobels da tiriliT ambobda: “Semewie, wmindao dedofalo, Semewie Sengan Sobils, raTa es wyali dagvemorCilos”. da rodesac
didxans iloca, kverTxi, romelic xelSi eWira, aswia da
Tqva: “Cveni uflis ieso qristes saxeliT, gibrZaneb Sen, wyalo, mohyevi Cems kverTxs”. da suliwmidis madliT maSinve
1 daniel., T. 3. mefe nabuqodonosorma gaakeTa oqros kerpi, dadga
babilonis qveyanaSi da brZana, yvelas, ganurCevlad asakisa Tu Tanamdebobisa, Tayvani eca misTvis. vinc brZanebas ar Seasrulebda, cecxliT gaxurebul RumelSi daiwveboda. marTlac, yvelam Tayvani sca
sami axalgazrdis – Sadraqis, meSaqisa da yabed-negos garda. maT amayad amcnes mefes, rom isini Tayvans scemdnen erTaderT RmerTs, romelsac Seswevda Zala, daecva isini yovelgvari Zalmomreobisagan. ganrisxebulma mefem axalgazrdebis RumelSi Cayra moiTxova. isini, vinc
maT cecxlSi yridnen, mxurvalebisagan daixocnen, samni ki uvneblad
mimodiodnen cecxlis SuagulSi da RmerTs adidebdnen. cecxlSi iwvebodnen isinic ki, vinc Rumels axlos Cauvlida, ise iyo Rumeli gaxurebuli. am dros uflis angelozi CamoeSva RumelSi da cecxlis ali
gamodevna iqidan. gaognebulma nabuqodonosorma cecxlidan gamoiyvana sami axalgazrda da, saswauliT gancvifrebulma, brZaneba gasca,
sami yrmis RmerTisTvis yvelas pativi miego.
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ixiles ese yovelTa mkYdrTa mcxeTisaTa da garemo soflebisaTa da yovelni adidebdes RmerTsa.
eha didebuli sakYrveli, rameTu kacTa miwisaganTa wyalnica daemorCilebian! erTi haersa warmoadginebs msaxurad da
meore cecxlisa bunebasa daSrets da warsdevnis mKurvalebasa missa, sxuaA wyalsa da miwisa bunebasa daimorCilebs. amas
yovelsa hxedvides da RmerTsa adidebdes yovliT kerZove.
xolo war-raA-vidoda wmidaA iovane, Tana-aRhyves mowafenica misni da dayunes mis winaSe mciredni dReni da mis Tana
ixarebdes suliTa.
mihyva RmerTSemosil mamebs. xolo miwa iyo daumuSavebeli, da Rrmavdeboda, saiTac kverTxs mimarTavda, wyalic
mihyveboda. ase miiyvana wminda dedoflis taZarSi wilkans, mamisa da Zisa da wmida sulis sadideblad.
yovelive es ixila mcxeTisa da garSemo soflebis mosaxleobam da yvelani adidebdnen RmerTs.
eha, didebulo saocrebav, radgan amqveyniur adamianebs
wyalic emorCileba! erTi haers aqcevs msaxurad, meore cecxlis bunebas aqrobs da mis mxurvalebas gandevnis, sxva
wyalsa da xmeleTs daimorCilebs. yovelive amas xedavdnen
da yoveli mxridan RmerTs adidebdnen.
xolo rodesac wavida ioane, mowafeebic gahyvnen, masTan dayves ramdenime dRe da sulierad masTan erTad ixarebdnen.
XIII. xolo raJams eneba warmoslvaA mier, netari Sio evedreboda wmidasa iovanes, raATa ubrZanos mas dayudebiT cxorebaA. xolo man hrqua: “migemadlen RmrTisa mier saTxoveli
Seni da mogecin moTminebaA, raATa aqa iwroebiT cxorebiTa saukunesa mas hpoo gansuenebaA da farToebiT SuebaA. aramed warved da moaKsene pirvelad mamaTmTavarsa da, ukueTu brZanos
Seni esreT cxorebaA, uwyode, rameTu ars nebaA RmrTisaA, viTarca ityYs pavle mociquli: “erCdiT winamZRuarTa TquenTa, rameTu igini iRYZeben sulTa TquenTaTYs”.
da aswavebda beri, raATa gonebaAca KorcTave Tana Seayenos da yoveli zrunvaA queynieri ganagdos, viTarca mkudarman, daflulman da dafarulman, rameTu ese ars kanoni dayudebiT cxovrebulTaA. xolo wmidaman Sio miixuna berisagan
mcnebani, anbors-uyo ferKTa, da tirodes yovelni igi Zmani,
viTarca ukuanaAsknelisa jmnisaTYs, da hrqua maT: “locvayavT CemTYs”. da warmovida, da viTarca Sevida kaTolike ek-
13. rodesac moisurva wasvla, sanatreli Sio evedreboda wminda ioanes, raTa ebrZanebina misTvis dayudebiT
cxovreba. man ki uTxra: "RmerTma ismina Seni saTxovari da
geboZa Sen moTmineba, raTa aq SeWirvebuli cxovrebiT saiqioSi samaradisod ipovo mosveneba da Sveba. aramed wadi
da pirvelad moaxsene episkoposs, da Tu gibrZanebs Sen amgvar cxovrebas, maSin icode, rom aseTia RvTis neba, rogorc pavle mociquli ambobs: “daemorCileT Tqvens winamZRvarT da qedi mouxareT maT, radganac fxizloben Tqveni
sulebisaTvis”.1
da aswavlida beri, rom xorci gonebam moicvas da yoveli amqveyniuri sazrunavi ganagdos, rogorc mkvdarma,
damarxulma da damalulma, radgan aseTia dayudebiT mcxovrebTa kanoni. xolo wminda Siom miiRo berisagan mcnebani,
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lesiad, Tayuanis-sca wmidasa suetsa da cremliT evedreboda RmerTsa, raATa Rirs yos dayudebiT msaxurebasa missa.
da Sevida winaSe mamaT-mTavrisa. xolo man sixaruliT
Seiwynara. da viTarca moikiTxnes, wmidaman Sio warmouTxra
yovelive da wadierebaAca gulisa misisaA.
xolo man sulT-iTquna da tiroda da etyoda: “waremarTe, mamao, keTilsa magas gzasa da yavn ufalman mRYme igi kibed, aRmyvanebelad Senda zecad mimarT, da bneli igi – mimyvanebel naTelsa mas dauRamebelsa! da Jamisa amis Wiri geyavn
saukunod gansasuenebel da ara Sen oden, aramed yovelTa, romelTa Semdgomad Sensa iRuawon adgilsa mas Sina! da dauTme
brZolasa eSmakTasa, rameTu mraval-Rone ars brZolaA maTi”.
xolo wmidaA Sio evedreboda da etyoda: “locva-yav
CemTYs uflisa mimarT, raATa neStni ese dReni Cemni mommadlnes nebisaebr misisa”. da daiwera juari da warvida da Sevida udabnosa TYssa. da mouwoda yovelTa ZmaTa da hrqua: “me
esera aRvirCie dayudebiT cxovrebaA brZanebiTa berisaATa da
wmidisa mamaT-mTavrisaATa; xolo Tquen ganekrZaleniT safrKeTa eSmakisaTa da moigeT umetes yovlisa simdable da morCilebaA da simSYde, romeli uCino-hyofs risxvasa, da siyuaruli, romlisa mier RmerTi moigebis, da marxvaA, romeli wariotebs bilwebasa, da locvasa Sina siwmide gonebisaA, romeli ganaqarvebs yovelsa Zalsa mterisasa, da daucxromeli tirili, romeli moatyuebs sixarulsa saukunosa, da moipoveT
siglaxake, raATa saukunod simdidre hpooT; moiZuleniT saqmeni soflisani, iwurTidiT werilTa, raATa maradis frTxil
iyos gonebaA Tqueni; iqmneniT wmida KorciTa, raATa suliTa
wmida iqmnneT da mxiarulni SexBdeT qorwilsa uflisasa; mieyrdeniT mkerdsa uflisasa, raATa siwmidiT eziarebodiT mas,
da nu hgonebT, Tumca uWirvelad cxovrebaA saukunoA hpoeT,
rameTu pavle ityYs, viTarmed: “mravliTa WiriTa gYRirs Seslvad sasufevelsa caTasa”. da kualad ityYs: moTminebiTa TqueniTa moipovneT sulni Tquenni”.
fexze eambora; da yvela Zma tiroda, TiTqos ukanasknelad
emSvidobebodnen. man uTxra: “iloceT CemTvis”, da wamovida, da rogorc ki Sevida kaTolike eklesiaSi, wminda svets
Tayvani sca da cremliT evedreboda RmerTs, rom Rirsad
eqcia dayudebiT msaxurebisaTvis.
da wardga mamamTavris winaSe. man ki sixaruliT miiRo
da, roca moikiTxes erTmaneTi, wminda Siom miuTxro yovelive da Tavisi gulis wadilic gaumxila.
man amoioxra, atirda da uTxra: “mihyevi, mamao, mag keTil gzas, ufalma eg mRvime kibed aqcia Sens asamaRleblad zecaSi da sibnele igi – dauRamebel naTelTan mimyvaneblad! da amqveyniuri Wiri sakmarisad geqneba saukuno
gansasveneblad, da ara mxolod Sen, aramed yvelas, vinc
Sen Semdgom iRvawebs am adgilas! da daiTmine eSmakTa brZola, radgan mravalnairia maTi brZola”.
wminda Sio ki evedreboda da eubneboda: “iloce CemTvis uflis mimarT, raTa darCenil Cems dReebs momadlos
misi survilisamebr”, gadaiwera pirjvari da wavida da
Sevida Tavis udabnoSi, mouxmo yvela Zmas da uTxra: “me
wminda berisa da episkoposis brZanebiT avirCie dayudebiT cxovreba; Tqven erideT eSmakTa safrTxes da moipoveT
yvelaze metad simdable da morCileba, da simSvide, romelic risxvas malavs, da siyvaruli, romlis gziTac RmerTs
moipovebT, da marxva, romelic ganagdebs sibilwes, da locvis dros wminda goneba, romelic yovelgvari mtris Zalas
gafantavs, da daucxromeli tirili, romelic mogcemT saukuno sixaruls, da moipoveT siglaxake, raTa saukuno simdidre moigoT; moiZuleT ama soflis saqmeebi, iswavleT
wminda werli, raTa mudmivad fxizlobdes Tqveni goneba;
iyaviT xorciT wminda, raTa suliTac wmindad iqceT da mxiarulad SexvideT uflis qorwilSi. mieyrdeniT uflis
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“uwyodeT, Zmano Cemno, rameTu aqaA ese yoveli warmaval
ars, xolo saukunoA waruval. miTxarT-Ra, sayuarelno, ukueTu guSin yovelTa gansuenebaTa Sina yofil iyos kaci ese
da xvale arRaraA hqondis da arcaRa sxuasa waRmarT moelodis ras TYnier Wirisa da tanjvisa, ara didi daWirvebaA ars
misa?!”
mkerds, rom siwmindiT eziarebodeT mas da nu ityviT, rom
saukuno cxovreba uWirvelad miiReT, radgan pavle ityvis,
rom: “Cven gvmarTebs didi tanjvis fasad SevideT RmrTis
sasufevelSi”1, da kidev ambobs: “moTminebiTa TqveniTa moipoveT suli Tqveni”2.
“icodeT, Cemo Zmebo, rom aq yvelaferi warmavalia, maradiuli sasufeveli ki waruvali. miTxariT, sayvarelno, Tuki guSin kaci yvelanair mosvenebas eZleoda da xval
ukve aRaraferi eqneba da aRarc raimes moelis momavalSi,
Wirisa da tanjvis garda, gana es metad Zneli ar iqneba misTvis?”
XIV. da Semdgomad mravlisa swavlisa hrqua maT: “gamoarCieT erTi, romelica iRuwides cxovrebasa Tquensa, rameTu
me megulebis dajdomaA mRYmesa amas Sina, romeli aRvaSene
dasaflvelad Tavisa Cemisa”.
maSin Sewuxnes Zmani igi da tirodes mwared, xolo igi
nugeSinis-scemda.
maSin yovelTa erTobiT gamoarCies yolad qebuli evagre. xolo man mouwoda da hrqua: “Svilo Cemo, ufali Cueni
ityYs: “romelsa undes Tquen Soris did yofaA, iyos yovelTa mona”; da aw jer-ars Senda, raATa didebisa momatyuebeli
simdable miiRo”. xolo wmidaA evagre mSYd iyo da mdabal guliTa da ara Tavs-idebda mTavrobasa ZmaTasa da gonebisa uZlurebasa wina daudebda da etyoda: “ver vageb msaxurebasa
ZmaTasa”. hrqua mas berman: “ukueTu me damemorCilo, mravali
sasyideli miiRo RmrTisagan da didebaA saukunoA daimkYdro,
da ukueTu urC meqmne, urCTa Tana daisajo”.
14. mravali swavlis Semdeg maT uTxra: “gamoarCieT erTi, romelic iRvawebs Tqveni cxovrebisaTvis, radgan me ganzraxuli maqvs mRvimeSi dajdoma, romelic Cems dasamarxad avaSene”.
maSin Sewuxdnen Zmebi da mwared tirodnen, is ki anugeSebda maT.
maSin yvelam erTad airCia yovladqebuli evagre. Siom ki moixmo evagre da uTxra: “Cemo Svilo, ufali Cveni
ambobs: ‘romel TqvenTagansac unda pirveloba, is unda iyos
yvelas msaxuri’3; da axla saWiroa SenTvis, raTa didebis
mosapovebeli simdable miiRo”. wminda evagre ki iyo mSvidi, mdabali guliT da ver tvirTulobda ZmaTa meTaurobas da nebisyofis uZlurebas imizezebda da eubneboda: “ver
SevZleb Zmebis msaxurebas”. berma uTxra: “Tu me damemorCilebi, mraval sazRaurs miiReb RvTisagan da saukuno di1 saqm. 14:22
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xolo man Tayuanis-sca da hrqua: “raAca mibrZano, vyo, mamao patiosano”. da waremarTa msaxurebasa ZmaTasa.
debas daimkvidreb, da Tu SemewinaaRmdegebi, urCebTan erTad daisjebi”.
man Tayvani sca da uTxra: “rasac mibrZaneb, yvelafers
gavakeTeb, patiosano mamao”; da wavida Zmebis samsaxureblad.
XV. xolo wmidaA Sio, mkYdri udabnoAsaA da yuavili Suenieri, nergi ukudavebisaA, gamomRebeli nayofsa keTilsa guliTa mKurvaliTa molodebisaTYs sasufevelisa da gansuenebisaTYs saukunoAsa da cxovrebisaTYs samaradisoAsa STaKda mRYmesa mas Sina.
N netaro da yovlad sanatrelo, yovlad madliT moKsenebulo, viTar vaqebde simKneTa SenTa da sibrZneTa, romeli
enaA ityodis, rameTu ufroAs yovelTa brZenTa ubrZnes iqmen.
rameTu naTlisa mis dausrulebelisaTYs wuT Jamisa ese sibnele moiTmine da ganqarvebadisa wil sawuTroAsa da gansuenebisa saukunoA didebaA da gansuenebaA miiRe, rameTu daniel
unebliaAT STaagdes mRYmesa mas Sina lomTasa da RmrTisagan
samaradisoA pativi miiRo. xolo Sen nefsiT TYsiT STahKed
mRYmesa bnelsa brZolad uxilavisa mis mterisa, romelica daec da Sehmusre queSe ferKTa SenTa da meoriTa miT naTlisRebisa saxiTa iataksa mas apkurebdi, raATa queyanasa mas
mSYdTasa ixarebde.
ese wmidaA Sio esreT iyofeboda, KorciTa itanjeboda,
xolo suliTa ganaTldeboda. amisTYsca bnelsa mas Sina
mRYmesa viTarca naTelsa da gansuenebasa Sina iSuebda.
15. xolo wminda Sio, udabnos mkvidri, mSvenieri yvavili, ukvdavi nergi, keTili nayofis gamomRebi, mxurvale
guliT momlodine sasufevlisa, saukuno gansvenebisa da samaradiso cxovrebisaTvis mRvimeSi dasaxlda.
hoi, netaro da yovlad sanatrelo, yoveli madliT moxsenebulo, rogor vaqo Seni simxne da sibrZne, ra enam Tqvas,
rom yvela brZenze ubrZnesi xar. radgan dausrulebeli
naTlisaTvis mcire xnis sibnele daiTmine da arad misaCnevi sawuTros nacvlad saukuno sasufeveli moipove da gansveneba miiRe. radgan danieli ZaliT Seagdes lomTa gamoqvabulSi da man RvTisagan maradiuli dideba miiRo; Sen ki
nebiT Sexvedi gamoqvabulSi uxilav mtrebTan sabrZolvelad, daamarcxe da daanarcxe Sen fexqveS da meore naTlisRebiT miwas apkurebdi, rom mSvidTa qveyanaSi gexara.
wminda Sio ase cxovrobda, xorciT itanjeboda, suliT
ki ganaTldeboda. amitom bnel gamoqvabulSi ise iyo, rogorc naTelsa da gancxromaSi.
XVI. xolo moZRurisa misisa iovanesTYs vityodiT. xolo
netari mamaA Cueni iovane daberda quabsa mas Sina da aRasrula srbaA TYsi mravliTa RuawliTa. mouZlurda da iwyo moklebad.
16. xolo moZRvar ioaneze unda vTqvaT. netari mama Cveni
ioane daberda gamoqvabulSi da didi RvawliT aRasrula
Tavisi sicocxle, mouZlurda da daiwyo dasusteba.
uxmo Tavis ramdenime mowafes – TaTas, romelic im mTis
ZirSi imyofeboda, da ilia diakvans, da uTxra: “Svilebo,
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evagres
resii
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da mouwoda mowafeTa romelTame da TaTas, romeli iyofeboda queSe mTasa mas, da elia diakonsa da hrqua: “Svilno,
Jami aRsasrulisa CemisaA mowevnul ars da mival uflisa Cemisa da friad meSinis haeris-mcvelTagan, rameTu sazarel arian, daayeneben sulsa, raATa ara aRvides sasufevelad. da amas
Tquenca moelodeT, Svilno Cemno sayuarelno, da awve ganakrZaleniT Tavni Tquenni da CemTYs ilocevdiT. da vinmca
gYKsnna sxuaman KelTagan maTTa, garna RmerTman, romelman
moavlina Ze TYsi, ufali Cueni iesu qriste, da man ganmaTavisuflna sikudilisagan da yovlisa saeSmakoAsa vnebisa, garna
igini oden, romelni mKurvaliTa guliTa Seudgen da siwmidiT hmsaxurebden mas. da amisTYs gevedrebi, raATa siwmidiT
da samarTliT viqceodiT”.
xolo amcno, raATa Korcni misni dasxnen masve adgilsa mwirobisa misisasa. da moixuna siwmideni da aRixilna Tualni da
mxiaruliTa piriTa xedvida vieTme nugeSinis-cemad missa mosrulTa. da miayvanna Tualni viTarca megobarTa da ganuteva
suli da Sehvedra ufalsa.
xolo kibe igi iakobisi aqaca ixilveboda da angelozni
RmrTisani gardamovidodes. xolo ufali damtkicebul iyo
Tavsa zeda mis kibisasa, romelman hrqua mas: “me var RmerTi
abrahamisi, mamisa SenisaA; aw moved Cemda, raATa gangisueno
SromaTa SenTaTYs”. esreT adidebs, Zmano, RmerTi madidebelTa
misTa!
xolo mowafeni misni tirodes ganSorebisaTYs maTgan wmidisa mamisa.
xolo sityuaA berisaA udeb-yves, rameTu sawunel uCnda
adgili igi, sada euwya dasxmaA KorcTa misTaA, rameTu movides mRdelni da diakonni da simravle erisaA da warmoixunes
nawilni berisani, dasxnes monastersa TaTaAssa, mowafisa misisasa, da Seqmnes luskumaA patiosani da mun Sina dahkrZalnes
wmidani igi Korcni netarisa mamisa Cuenisa iovanesni.
xolo mowafeni igi misni tirodes da ityodes: “keTilo
mamao, raAsaTYs dagYteven Cuen? vis Tana-Ra vixiloT saxe an-
Cemi aRsasrulis dro movida, mival Cems ufalTan da Zalian meSinia haeris-mcvelebisa, romlebic sazarelni arian da xels uSlian suls, rom sasufevelSi mivides. amas
Tqvenc unda moelodeT, sayvarelo Svilebo, da axlave ifrTxileT da CemTvis iloceT; sxva vin gvixsnis maTi xelisagan, Tu ara RmerTi, romelmac moavlina Tavisi Ze, ufali Cveni ieso qriste, da man gagvaTavisufla Cven sikvdilisagan da yovelgvari saeSmako cdunebisagan, oRond mxolod isini, vinc mxurvale guliT mihyvebian da hmsaxureben mas. amitom gevedrebiT, rom siwmidiT da simarTliT
moviqceT”.
maT sTxova, rom misi neSti daesaflavebinaT misive sacxovrebel adgilas, gulSi Caikra siwmindeebi, aRapyro Tvalebi da mxiaruli saxiT xedavda viRaceebs, mis sanugeSeblad mosulT. gaayola Tvali, rogorc megobrebs, suli ganuteva da ufals Seavedra.
iakobis kibe aqac Cndeboda, romelic miwaze dgas da
TaviT cas swvdeba, uflis angelozebi adi-Camodian kibeze. aha, ufali dgas kibis Tavze da eubneba: “me var ufali,
RmerTi abraamisa, mamaSenisa”1. axla modi CemTan, rom Seni
SromisTvis dagasveno. ai, ase adidebs, Zmebo, RmerTi Tavis madideblebs!
mowafeebi ki tirodnen wminda mamasTan ganSorebis gamo.
maT wminda mamis anderZi uaryves, radgan daiwunes is
adgili, sadac sTxova Tavisi neStis damarxva. movidnen
mRvdlebi, diakvnebi, eri da wamoiRes beris wminda nawilebi, dades misi mowafis TaTas monasterSi, gaakeTes mSvenieri luskuma2 da iq dakrZales netari mama ioanes wminda
neSTi.
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1 Ses. 28:12-13
2 Casasvenebeli, kubo
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gelozebri, anu vin iyos mkurnali uZlurebasa kacTasa, anu
vin aRmadginebeli gonebiTa dacemulTaA da wamali eSmakTa
mier mowylulTaA, anu vin rwyvides cremlTa mier wmidaTa
soflebsa Cuensa?” da esreT mtiralni warvides.
xolo wmidaman iovane ara Tavs-idva udeb-yofaA sityYsa
misisaA, aramed sada-igi moepoa dayudebiT madli da raATa vixiloT da gurwmenes, viTarmed Semdgomad micvalebisaca cxovel ars da aqus kadnierebaA winaSe RmrTisa, amisTYsca ineba
nawilTa misTa munve dasxmaA. da iqmnes adgilsa mas, sada isxnes Korcni misni, sastikni Zrvani, da kacni mis adgilisani iguemnes. da moeKsena mcnebaA igi berisaA da gulisKma-yves, viTarmed misTYs arian Zrvani igi. amisTYsca auwyes mamaT-mTavarsa. xolo igi gankYrda da warvida mRdelTa Tana da diakonTa da didiTa pativiTa aRiyvanes adgilsave TYssa da miTve luskumiTa daasuennes nawilni misni. da Semdgomad missa
aRaSenes eklesiaA. xolo Semdgomad aRmoyvanebisa dascxra
ZrvaA igi. da sxuanica mravalni saswaulni iqmnnes nebiTa qristesiTa da madliTa wmidisa iovanesiTa, rameTu mravalni sneulni, Rrekilni da eSmakeulni ganikurnnes aRmoyvanebasa da
yovelni, romelni xedvides, RmerTsa adidebdes. da ukueTu
oden sarwmunoebiT mivides, awca iqmnebian mis mier kurnebani.
misi mowafeebi tirodnen da ambobdnen: “keTilo mamao,
ratom dagvtove Cven? visTan vixiloT angelozis saxe da
vin iqneba kacTa uZlurebis mkurnali, dacemulTaTvis gonebis aRmadginebeli da eSmakebis mier dacemulTa wamali,
an vin morwyavs Cvens qveyanas cremliT?” da ase mtiralni
wavidnen.
wminda ioanem ar dauSva Tavisi anderZis ugulebelyofa, da amitom, sadac moipova dayudebiT cxovrebiT madli, da imisTvisac, raTa Cven vixiloT da virwmunoT, rom
gardacvalebis Semdgomac cocxalia da RvTis winaSe gambedavi, amitom Tavisi neStiT iqve damarxva isurva. da im
adgilas, sadac misi neSti iyo dasaflavebuli, iyo saSineli miwisZvra, da im adgilas adamianebi itanjebodnen.
maSin moagondaT beris anderZi da ifiqres, rom amis gamoa
miwisZvrebi. acnobes episkoposs, mas gaukvirda da mRvdlebisa da diakvnebis TanxlebiT wavida da didi pativiT aiyvanes Tavis adgilze da Tavisive luskumiT daasvenes misi
nawilebi. amis Semdeg aaSenes eklesia. nawilTa gadasvenebisTanave miwisZvrebi dacxra, da qristes nebiTa da wminda ioanes madliT mravali saswauli moxda, radgan mravali sneuli, koWli da eSmakeuli ganikurna wminda nawilebis gadasvenebis dros; da yvelani, romelnic yvelafers
xedavdnen, RmerTs adidebdnen. da Tuki sarwmunoebiT vinme miva, axlac xdeba kurnebis saswaulebi.
XVII. xolo Semdgomad mravlisa Jamisa wmidaman klementoz kaTalikozman aRmosavaliT kerZo eklesiisa sxuaA eklesiaA aRaSena saxelsa zeda wmidisa naTlis-mcemelisasa sadidebelad samebisa wmidisa erT-arsebisa.
17. didi xnis Semdeg wminda klementi kaTalikosma eklesiis aRmosavleTiT aaSena sxva eklesia wminda naTlismcemlis saxelze, wminda erTarseba samebis sadideblad.
sanatreli ioanes erTma mowafem aaSena alaverdi, sadac didi saswaulebi xdeba dRemde; sxvam - iyalTos gamoq-
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xolo amis netarisa iovanes mowafeTaganman aRaSena alaverdi, romlisagan gamovlen didni sakYrvelebani, vidre
dRendelad dRedmde. da sxuaman quabi iulTisaA da sxuaTa aRaSennes kaxeTs monasterni. xolo daviT aRaSena udabnoA igi
garesjisaA da dayuna mravalni Jamni veSapsa Tana. ukuanaAsknel
ubrZana da muniT ganavlina bude igi eSmakTaA. da sxuani mravalni saswaulni aRasrulna. xolo erTman zena sofels aRaSena monasteri, romelsa Sina dedali veraraA Sevals da verca raA mfrinveli ibudebs. xolo yovelTaA ver Zal-gYc moKsenebaA. da wmidaA ise wilkans ebiskopos iqmna da aqamomde Cans
samarxoA mis netarisaA.
vabuli, sxvebma ki aaSenes monastrebi kaxeTSi. daviTma aRaSena garejis udabno da didxans iyo gveleSapTan erTad.
bolos ubrZana da iqidan gaiyvana eSmakTa bude, da sxva mravali saswauli aRasrula; erTma zena sofels aRaSena monasteri, sadac mdedri ver Seva da verc raime frinveli
daibudebs iq. da yvelafers ver gadmovcemT. wminda ise
wilknis episkoposi gaxda, da netaris saflavi dRemdea Semonaxuli.
XVIII. xolo netarman aman mamaman Cuenman Sio mRYmesa mas
Sina pova zecisa igi margaliti da mravalni sulni Sewirna
qristesa, rameTu friad Sekribna monazonni da madliTa misiTa aqamomdeca savse arian yovliTa keTiliTa sulieriTa da
KorcieliTa, iSueben da ixareben suliTa da adideben mamasa
da Zesa da sulsa wmidasa aw da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amen.
18. sanatrelma mama Siom mRvimeSi ipova zeciuri
margaliti da mravali suli Seswira qristes, radgan
mravlad Sekriba monazvnebi da misi madliT aqamde savse
arian yovliTa keTiliTa, sulieriTa da xorcieliTa,
ganscxrebian da ixareben sulierad da adideben mamasa da
Zesa da sulsa wmidasa aw da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde,
amen.
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garejelisa
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cxorebaA
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isaA 1
Cuenisa
garesjelisaA
Cuen
isa daviT garesjel
Cveni wminda mamis, daviT garejelis
cxovreba da moqalaqeoba
guakurTxen, mamao!
I. xolo ese wmidaA mamaA Cueni daviT warvida adgilTa
udabnoTa da urwyulTa sjad Tavisa TYsisa, raATa wuT erTiTa WiriTa moipoos saukunoA igi da waruvali SuebaA da gansuenebaA. amisTYsca aRirCia aqa sjaA garegan udabnoTa Sina.
amisTYs ewodebis udabnosa mas garesjaA.
xolo hyvanda mis Tana erTi mowafe, saxeliT lukiane. da
viTarca miiwivnes udabnosa mas urwyulsa, moewyura maT friad da poves mcire wyali Sekrebuli wYmisagan napralsa Sina
kldisasa da sues misgan da dasxdes gansuenebad Crdilsa rasme kldisasa.
da viTarca sxdes igini mun, Tqua wmidaman mamaman Cuenman
daviT: “Zmao lukiane, davdgeT adgilsa amas da vevedrneT
RmerTsa, raATa myudroebiT vedrebiTa da cremlTa daTxeviTa da moTminebiTa mcirediTa mogYtevnes RmerTman auracxelni codvani da bralni Cuenni da moguaniWnes saSuebelni
da gansuenebani sasufevelisa mis caTaAsani, rameTu Wiri aqaA
mcire ars da warmaval, xolo didebaA igi mun mouklebel ars
da waruval da didebaA saukunoA. amisTBsca jer-ars aqa moTminebaA”.
miugo lukiane da hrqua: “RmerT-Semosilo mamao, WeSmaritad egreT ars da brZanebisaebr Senisa da miegebvian kacadkacadsa keTilni saqmeTa maTTaebr da SromaTa. garna vxedav
friadsa iwroebasa da sificxlesa amis udabnoAsasa, rameTu
upovar ars yovlisagan saKmrisa, sazrdelisa da wyalisa; da
1 xelnawerebis nusxa: A: A – 833; B: H – 1336
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1. Cveni wminda mama, daviTi, wavida udabur da uwylo
adgilas sakuTari Tavis gansasjelad, imisTvis rom erTi
wuTi Wiris daTmeniT moepovebina saukuno da waruvali
Sveba da gancxroma. amitom airCia aq, am udabur adgilas
gansja. amitom ewodeba am udabur adgils gareja.
mas Tan erTi mowafe hyavda, saxelad lukiane. rodesac
mividnen im udabur da uwylo adgilas, mowyurdaT friad
da naxes dagubebuli wvimis wyali kldis napralSi, dalies
da dasxdnen dasasveneblad kldis CrdilSi.
rodesac isxdnen, Tqva Cvenma wminda mamam daviTma: “Zmao
lukiane, davrCeT am adgilas da vevedroT RmerTs, rom
simSvideSi vedrebiT, cremlis RvriTa da mciredi
moTminebiT mogvitevos Cveni auracxeli codvebi da
braleuloba, da mogvaniWos gancxroma da gansveneba caTa
sasufevelSi, radgan aqauri Wiri mcirea da warmavali,
xolo iqauri dideba ki mouklebeli, waruvali da saukuno.
amitom aq gvmarTebs moTmineba.”
lukianem miugo: “RmerTSemosilo mamao, WeSmaritad
ise aris, rogorc Sen brZane da miecema TiToeul kacs maTi
keTili saqmeebis da Sromis Sesabamisad. magram, me vxedav,
rom es udaburi adgili friad mwiria da mZime, ar
moipoveba sazrdeli da wyali; Cven ki adamianebi varT,
xorcielad uZlurni da rogor avitanT am udabnos Wirsa
da gansacdels?”
wminda mamam, daviTma, miugo: “Zmao lukiane, iman, vinc
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isa
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isaAA
cxovreba wminda daviT garejelisa
Cuen kacni varT myofni KorcTa uZlurebasa Sina da viTar
Tavs-visxneT Wirni da gansacdelni amis udabnoAsani?”
xolo wmidaman mamaman daviT miugo da hrqua: “Zmao lukiane, romelman-igi udabnos gamozarda eri igi israHlTaA da
kldisagan myarisa wyali aRmoucena da mwyer-marKili uwYma
Soris banakisa maTisa, da elia yornisa mier gamozarda da wmidasa antonis da sxuaTaca mamaTa wmidaTa, romelni damkYdrebul iyvnes mTaTa da udabnoTa Sina da misca maT sazrdeli,
igive RmerTi da awca SemZlebel ars mocemad Cuenda sazrdelsa nugeSinis-sacemelad KorcTa CuenTa uZlurebisa. aw
mKne iyav, Zmao lukiane, da nu geSinin, rameTu mowyale ars
RmerTi da ara moguagebs codvaTa CuenTaebr, aramed sitkboebiT zrdis yovelTa moSiSTa misTa”.
amaT sityuaTa mier ganmtkicna lukiane da hrqua: “viTarca hbrZano, wmidao mamao, egreT vyoT yovelive”. da mimovles
imier da amier da poves parexi raAme kldisaA, romelsa queSe
daivanes. da raJams dascxis anu iyvis wYmaA, parexsa mas queSe
ganisuenian. xolo sazrdeli moirewian ZirTagan raTme mdeloTa. rameTu iyo Jami gazafxulisaA da uxuebiT povian nugeSinis-sacemeli KorcTaA. da esreT moirewdes sazrdelsa
da adidebdes RmerTsa. momcemelsa yovelTa keTilTasa.
da viTarca gardaKdes dReni raodennime, daberdes mdeloni igi da ganKmes sicxisagan da moaklda nugeSinis-sacemeli igi maTi. da Sewuxna lukiane da hrqua wmidasa daviTs:
“wmidao mamao, aw raA-Ra iyos nugeSinis sacemelad uZlurebasa KorcTa CuenTasa, rameTu ganKmes mdeloni ese, romlisagan iqmneboda sasoebaA KorcTa CuenTa gansuenebisaA”.
miugo wmidaman daviT da hrqua: “Zmao lukiane, nu dagic
sasoebaA mdeloTa mimarT da mcenareTa queyanisaTa. da viTar
ara uwyi, rameTu yovelni nivTni queynierni cvalebad da warmaval arian? da ara gasmia wmidaTa werilTagan, viTarmed:
udabnoSi gamozarda israelTa eri da kldidan gamoadina
wyali maTTvis, vinc mwyeris wvima gamoagzavna maT banakze,
da vinc ilias yornis mier awvdida sakvebs da antonis da
sxva wminda mamebs (romlebic mTasa da udabnoSi iyvnen
damkvidrebulni) sazrdels aZlevda, imave RmerTs ZaluZs
Cvenc mogvces sazrdeli Cveni sxeulis da misi uZlurebis
nugeSissacemad. mxned iyavi, Zmao lukiane, da nu geSinia,
radgan mowyale aris RmerTi da ar mogvagebs Cveni
codvebis Sesabamisad, aramed sitkboebiT zrdis mis
moSiSebs”.
am sityvebiT gamxnevda lukiane da Tqva: rogorc Sen
brZaneb, wmindao mamao, ise moviqceT yvelaferSi”. maT
moiares is adgilebi da ipoves erTi naprali kldeSi,
sadac bina daides. roca dacxeboda, an wvima wamovidoda,
isini naprals afarebdnen Tavs. xolo sazrdelad
moipovebdnen balaxis fesvebs, radgan gazafxuli iyo da
sakmaod moipovebdnen sxeulisaTvis nugeSiscemas. ase
moipovebdnen sakvebs da adidebdnen RmerTs, romelic aris
momcemeli yovelive keTilisa.
ramdenime dRis Semdeg daWkna da gaxma balaxi sicxisagan da moakldaT maT nugeSiscema. Sewuxda lukiane da uTxra wminda daviTs: “wmindao mamao, axla raRa iqneba Cveni
uZluri sxeulis nugeSissacemad? radgan gaxma balaxi, romelic iyo imedi Cveni sxeulebis keTildReobis.”
miugo wminda daviTma: “Zmao lukiane, nu daamyareb Sen
imedebs balaxze da amqveyniur mcenareebze. xom ici, rom
yovelive miwieri cvalebadia da warmavali. ar gagigia
wminda werilidan, rom “moTminebiT moipoveT Tqveni suli” 1. Sen ki swrafad gamoaCine sulmokleoba da ar gaxsovs, rom Tu davixocebiT SimSiliT an wyurviliT qris-
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1 lk. 21:19
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isa
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wmidisa
garejelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda daviT garejelisa
“moTminebiTa TqueniTa moipovneT sulni Tquenni?” xolo Sen
mswrafl sulmokle qmnil xar da ara uwyia, ukueTu movwydeT
SimSiliTa gina wyuriliTa qristes mcnebaTaTYs, cxovel
varT winaSe RmrTisa ukunisamde? da Sen friad SfoT xar da
ganilevi ganxrwnadTa WamadTaTYs”.
viTar-igi amas etyoda, meyseulad movides samni iremni,
romelTa ukuana sdevdes nukrni maTni da warmoudges winaSe
maTsa viTarca cxovarni damSYdebulni. da hrqua mamaman daviT: “lukiane, Zmao, miiRe pinaki da mowuelen iremni isi”. xolo igi aRdga da mowuelna da viTarca aRavso pinaki, moiRo
winaSe berisa. xolo man daswera juari da Seiqmna xaWod, da
Wames da ganZRes da adidebdes RmerTsa. da hrqua lukiane wmidasa daviTs: “mamao wmidao, sakYrvel ars RmerTi Soris wmidaTa misTa; da aw ganmtkicna guli Cemi da mxiarul ars suli
Cemi da amieriTgan, ukueTu ganixrwnen Korcni Cemni da ganilivnen SimSiliTa da wyuriliTa, yolad ara rasve vzrunvide
mokudavTa amaT KorcTaTYs da amaoAsa sawuToAsaTYs”. da wmidaman daviT hrqua: “kurTxeul ars RmerTi, romelman ganamtkica guli Seni da kurTxeul ars saxeli wmidaA didebisa misisaA ukunisamde”.
da mieriTgan mividian iremni yovelTa dReTa, TYnier oTxSabaT-paraskevisa da Tana-hyvian maT nukrni maTni da esreT
iSuebdes KorciTa da ixarebdes suliTa.
tes mcnebaTaTvis, cocxlebi viqnebiT RmerTTan ukunisamde. Sen ki friad mSfoTvare xar da daiqance xrwnad sakvebze fiqriT.”
rodesac amas ambobda, movida sami iremi, romelTac ukan
mosdevdnen maTi nukrebi. isini dadgnen maT win, rogorc
mSvidi cxvrebi. Tqva wminda mama daviTma: “lukiane, Zmao,
aiRe WurWeli da mowvele irmebi”. man mowvela, da rodesac gaavso WurWeli, miutana bers. wminda daviTma gadawera jvari da rZe xaWod iqca. maT Wames da gaZRnen da adidebdnen RmerTs. uTxra lukianem wminda daviTs: “ mamao
wmindao, sakvirvelia RmerTi mis wmindanTa Soris; axla
ganmtkicda Cemi guli da gamxiarulda Cemi suli; amieridan romc ganixrwnes Cemi sxeuli da dailios SimSiliTa
da wyurviliT, srulebiT aRar vizruneb am mokvdavi sxeulisaTvis da amao sawuTrosTvis”. wminda mama daviTma
Tqva: “ kurTxeul ars RmerTi, romelmac ganamtkica Seni
guli da kurTxeul ars saxeli wminda didebisa misisa ukunisamde”.
amieridan yoveldRe midiodnen irmebi oTxSabaTis da
paraskevis garda da Tan hyavdaT maTi nukrebi da amgvarad
magrdebodnen sxeuliT da ixarebdnen suliT.
II. xolo quemo kerZo, parexisa mis, romelsa Sina iyofebodes wmidani igi, iyo sxuaA parexi, romelsa Sina iyofeboda
veSapi didi da sazareli, romelsa esxnes Tualni sisxlis ferni
da rqaA iyo Sublsa da faCari friad qedsa missa.
xolo dResa erTsa warmovles iremTa maT kari mis parexisaA, da mieteva maT veSapi igi da Seipyra nukri erTi da STan-
2. im napralis qvemoT, romelSic iyo wmindani, iyo kidev erTi naprali, romelSic binadrobda didi da sazareli gveleSapi, romelsac hqonda sisxlisferi Tvalebi
da rqa Sublze da didi fafari kiserze.
erT dRes irmebma Cauares im napralis Sesasvlels, da
mivarda maT gveleSapi da moitaca erTi nukri da gaday-
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Tqa igi. da iremni igi miivltodes berisa SeSinebulni da
Zrwodes. da ixilna raA igini lukiane mZrwolareni, hrqua wmidasa daviTs: “mamao wmidao, iremni ese movides meotni da saSinelad Zrwian da ara hyavs maT Tana nukri erTi. xolo igi
gamovida da KelTa aqunda kuerTxi. da viTarca Cavlo adgili igi, romel amoevlo iremTa maT, ixila veSapi igi da hrqua:
“boroto veSapo, rad mavnebel eqmen iremTa CuenTa, romelni
momcna RmerTman nugeSinis-sacemelad uZlurebasa KorcTa
CuenTasa? aw gamoved adgiliT magiT da warved SorTa udabnoTa, da ukueTu ara ismino Cemi, ZaliTa uflisa Cuenisa iesu
qristesiTa CemiTa amiT kuerTxiTa muceli Seni ganvxeTqo da
saWmel matlTa gyo Sen”.
xolo igi Kmobda: “nu mrisxav, monao RmrTisa maRlisao,
da ukueTu gnebavs gamoslvaA Cemi amier, aRmomyev Tavadmde
amis mTisa da Tavs-mdeb meqmen, raATa ara miaqcivne Tualni
Senni Cemgan, vidre ara STavide wyalsa mas, romeli dis samxriT kerZo mTisa amis, rameTu meSinis me mexis-texisagan da
miT ver gamoval me”.
xolo wmidaman daviT aRuTqua yofad, da gamovida veSapi
igi. da wmidaA daviT wina-uZRoda da ityoda fsalmunsa: “romeli damkYdrebul ars SewevniTa maRlisaATa safarvelsa
RmrTisasa, zecas ganisuenos”. xolo slvasa mas veSapisasa lodni igi mis adgilisani iryeodes; da ixila raA ese lukiane, SeeSina da daeca pirsa zeda da idva viTarca mkudari.
da wmidaA daviT aRhyva Tavadmde mTisa mis da iwyo veSapman umalesad-re slvaA. da viTarca ganvida mindorsa udabnoAsasa, marT mividoda da Tualni mamisa daviTisni mis kerZo
iyvnes.
xolo angelozman uflisaman Kma-yo ukuana kerZo missa
da hrqua: “daviT, daviT!” da man miixila gare. da mixedvasa mas
missa veSapsa mas eca mexi da daiwua igi sruliad. maSin viTar-
lapa. SeSinebulma irmebma ki miirbines berTan da kankalebdnen. rodesac lukianem ixila isini, uTxra wminda daviTs: “mamao wmindao, irmebi movidnen, gamoqceulebi da saSinlad SeSinebulni, da ar aris maTTan erTi nukri.” gamovida wminda daviTi da xelSi hqonda kverTxi. rodesac
Caiara im adgilas, sadac irmebma gamoiares da dainaxa gveleSapi, Tqva: “boroto gveleSapo, ratom avne Cven, irmebs,
romlebic gamogvigzavna RmerTma Cveni uZluri sxeulis
nugeSiscemisTvis? axla gamodi mag adgilidan da wadi Soreul udabnoSi da, Tu ar ismen Cem sityvas, Cveni uflis,
iesu qristes saxeliT, Cemi kverTxiT mucels gagifatrav
da matlebis saWmelad gaqcev”.
veSapi pasuxobda: “nu ganmirisxdebi, monao RvTisa maRlisao, da Tu gnebavs Cemi aqedan gamosvla, gamomyevi am mTis
wverze da dampirdi, rom Sen mzeras ar momacileb, sanam
ar Caval im wyalSi, romelic am mTis samxreTiT miedineba,
radgan meSinia, mexi ar dameces da amitom ver gamovdivar”.
wminda daviTma piroba misca, rom ase izamda. gamovida
gveleSapi, xolo wminda daviTi win mihyveboda da fsalmuns ambobda: ”romeli damkvidrebul ars SewevniTa maRlisaTa, safarvelsa RmrTisasa ganisvenos” 1. veSapis svlisgan im adgilis lodebi iryeoda; rodesac es lukianem ixila, SeeSinda da davarda pirqve da iwva, rogorc mkvdari.
wminda daviTi ahyva mas mTis wverze da gveleSapi ufro swrafad gaemarTa da rodesac gavida mindorze da midioda pirdapir, wminda daviTi Tvals ar aSorebda.
uflis angelozma dauZaxa mas ukana mxridan sityvebiT:
“daviT, daviT!” da moixeda daviTma. rogorc ki miixeda,
veSaps mexi daeca da sruliad dawva. rodesac es wminda
daviTma ixila, Sewuxda friad da Tqva: ”ufalo, meufeo
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ca ixila ese wmidaman daviT, Sewuxna friad da Tqua: “ufalo,
meufeo didebisao, rad mohkal veSapi isi, rameTu sasoebiT mondobil iyo igi Cemda, xolo Sen sastikad warswymide igi?”
maSin hrqua mas angelozman RmrTisaman: “raAsa mwuxare xar,
saTnoo uflisa Cuenisa iesu qristeso? rameTu ukueTumca
STasrul iyo veSapi isi wyalTa Sina, mier warvidoda zRuaTa
Sina da mas Sina TevzTa WamiTa gandidneboda friad da mravalTa navTa daaqcevda zRuaTa Sina da mravalTa sulTa warswymedda wyalTa Sina. da nu mwuxare xar misTYs, rameTu esreT saTno-iCina ufalman. aramed Sen warved quabad Senda,
rameTu mowafe Seni lukiane dacemuli mdebare ars pirsa zeda SiSisagan veSapisa. xolo Sen upyar Keli da aRadgine da
ganaZliere da ganamtkice igi da ornive zogad adidebdiT
RmerTsa, romelman gangaTavisuflna SiSisagan saZagelisa mis
veSapisa”.
da sityuasa mas zeda angelozisasa gardamovida mier mTiT
da pova lukiane SeSinebuli da SeZrwunebuli mdebare miwasa
zeda. da upyra Keli da aRadgina da hrqua: “Zmao lukiane, raAsa
SeSindi erTisagan Wiisa, romeli wamsa Sina erTsa ganlia
RmerTman cecxlisa mier? aw nu geSinin, rameTu ZlierebaA
RmrTisaA Cuen Tana ars da madli RmrTisaA hfaravs yovelTa
moSiSTa misTa”. xolo igi ganmxiarulda sityuaTa amaT zeda
berisaTa da madlobaA Sewira uflisa.
didebisao, ratom mokali gveleSapi, romelic me momendo,
Sen ki sastikad gaanadgure is?”.
maSin upasuxa mas RvTis angelozma: “ratom xar mwuxare, saTnoo uflisa Cvenisa iesu qristesi? rom Casuliyo
gveleSapi wyalSi, iqidan zRvaSi gadavidoda, Tevzis WamiT didad gaizrdeboda da mraval gems gaanadgurebda
zRvaSi da mraval suls daRupavda wyalSi. nu wuxar amisTvis, radgan ase ineba ufalma. jobs wadi Sens gamoqvabulSi, radgan Seni mowafe lukiane dacemulia pirqve gveleSapis SiSiT. mieci xeli da aayene da ganaZliere da ganamtkice da, orivem erTad, adideT RmerTi, romelmac gagaTavisuflaT saZageli veSapis SiSisagan”.
angelozis sityvisamebr gadmovida mTas wminda daviTi da naxa lukiane SeSinebuli da SeZrwunebuli miwaze
da misca xeli da aayena da uTxra: ”Zmao lukiane, ratom
SegeSinda erTi Wiisagan, romelic erT wamSi gaanadgura
RmerTma cecxliT?” nuRar geSinia, radgan RvTis Zliereba CvenTan aris da madli RvTisa faravs yvela mis moSiSs”.
is gamxiarulda beris am sityvebze da madloba Seswira
ufals.
III. da Semdgomad amisa war-raA-Kdes dReni raodennime,
movides mun kacni vinme monadireni kerZoTagan kaxeTisaTa, rameTu udabnoTa maT vidre aqamomdeca friad ars nadiri, iremi
da gareTxaA da sxuaTa nadirTa TYTo-saxeTa uricxuebaA mravali. da viTarca movides monadireni igi, imstYrvides imier
da amier. da ixilnes iremni igi berisani Semavalni parexsa mas
3. ramdenime dRis Semdeg mividnen im adgilas monadireebi kaxeTidan, radgan im udabur adgilebSi mravlad iyo
nadiri: irmebi, gareuli Txebi da sxva. monadireebi stvirebiT ustvendnen aqeT-iqiT da naxes wminda beris irmebi,
romlebic kldis napralSi Sediodnen da gaekidnen maT,
radgan egonaT, rom kldis napralSi moimwyvdies isini. ro-
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kldisasa da mswrafl Seudges ukuana monadireni igi, raATamca Seawyudivnes igini parexsa mas kldisasa. da viTarca miiwivnes quabad berisa, ixilnes iremni mdgomareni da wmidaA
lukiane wuelda iremTa maT. da viTarca ixiles kacTa maT, zari ganhKda da mirbiodes da Seuvrdes ferKTa wmidisa berisaTa da etyodes: “viTar ars ese, wmidao mamao, romel iremni
ese, nadirni velisani, esreT damSYdebul arian, romel umSYdes arian cxovarTa ezoTa Sina saxlisaTa aRzrdilTa?!”
xolo igi etyoda: “rad gankYrvebul xarT didebulebaTa
zeda RmrTisaTa, ara gesmaa, viTar-igi daniel lomni daamSYdna da samni yrmani cecxlisagan uvnebelad daicvna? da aw
iremTa raA sakYrvelebaA ars?! xolo Tquen warvediT da sxuaA
nadiri inadireT, rameTu eseni ufalsa uZlurebisa CuenisaTYs
uboZebian”.
xolo igini ityodes: “did ars didebaA uflisaA, garna Cuenca Rirs myven ziarebad siwmidisa Tquenisa, wmidao mamao”.
aRuCCua maT guli maTi, tirodes da ityodes: “arRara miviqceT Cuen saxlad Cuenda, aramed davadgreT aqa Sen Tana da arRara dagiteoT Sen amieriTgan”. xolo igi etyoda: “Svilno
da Zmano, adgili ese saWiro ars da Znelovan, aramed warvediT sayofelad Tquenda”.
da ZliT sadame daarwmuna warslvaA maTi. da viTarca inadires, warvides da ganTques hanbavi misi yovelsa mas queyanasa. da yovliT kerZo morbiodes winaSe wmidisa daviTissa da
evedrebodes, raATa Rirs yvnes yofad igini winaSe missa. xolo man miugo da hrqua: “Zmano, adgili ese saWiro ars da araraA nugeSinis-sacemeli KorcTaA ipoebis adgilTa amaT”. da
igini evedrebodes da etyodes: “nu gangYteob, wmidao mamao,
da ukueTu iqmnes sikudili Cueni Sen winaSe, arave gYCndes
sikudilad”. da viTar ver daarwmuna, hrqua maT: “vinaATgan dagic RmrTisa mimarT sasoebaA, warvediT da moixueniT saTxar-
desac beris gamoqvabulSi Sevidnen, naxes iq mdgari irmebi da wminda lukiane, romelic maT wvelida. rodesac es
ixiles, SiSis zari daecaT maT, miirbines wminda berTan,
fexebSi Cauvardnen da uTxres: “rogor aris es SesaZlebeli, wmindao mamao, rom irmebi, romlebic velis nadirni
arian, ase mSvidad dganan, rogorc saxlis ezoSi gazrdili cxvrebi?”.
wminda daviTma upasuxa: ”ratom gikvirT RvTis dideba? ar gsmeniaT, rogor daamSvida danielma lomebi da sami yrma cecxlisagan daicva uvneblad? irmebi raRa gasakviria?! wadiT da sxva nadirze inadireT, radgan es irmebi
RmerTma gamogvigzavna Cveni uZlurebisaTvis”.
xolo maT Tqves: “did ars dideba uflisa, Cvenc Rirs
gvyav Seni siwmindis ziarebisa, wminda mamao”. maT guli
auCuydaT, tirodnen da ambobdnen: “aRar wavalT Cven saxlebSi, aramed davrCebiT aq SenTan da aRar migatovebT amieridan”. wminda daviTma upasuxa: “Svilebo da Zmebo, es adgili gaWirvebiTa da simZimiT gamoirCeva; jobs Tqven sacxovrebels daubrundeT”.
Zlivs daarwmuna isini, rom wasuliyvnen. maT inadires
da wavidnen, gaavrceles wminda daviTis ambavi mTel qveyanaSi. amis Semdeg modiodnen yoveli mxridan masTan da
evedrebodnen, rom masTan darCenis Rirsad mieRo. xolo
man uTxra: “Zmebo, es adgili mZimea, da aranairi nugeSiscema ar moipoveba aq sxeulisTvis”. isini ki evedrebodnen
da etyodnen: “nu gagviSveb, wmindao mamao, da Tu movkvdebiT Sen winaSe, arafrad CavagdebT sikvdils”. rodesac ver
gadaarwmuna isini, uTxra: “radgan gaqvT sasoeba RvTis mimarT, wadiT da moitaneT miwis saTxreli iaraRebi da gaTxareT auzebi wvimis wylis Sesagroveblad da gamoqvabulebi - sacxovreblad”.
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ni da TxareniT lakuani sawyleni da quabica sayofelad Tquenda”.
xolo igini erCdes da yves brZanebisaebr misisa. da viTarca ganmravldes Zmani da esma hambavi misi wmidasa da Rirssa
mamasa dodos, movida, igica winaSe mamisa daviTissa da moikiTxnes urTierTas.
da viTarca warKdes mciredni dReni, Semokriba simravle
sxuaTaca ZmaTaA da hrqua daviT mamasa dodos: “warved, Zmao,
rqasa amis kldisasa, romel ars pirispir Cuensa, da waritanen
Tana sxuanica Zmani, rameTu wadier arian, raATa gare isjebodian KorciTa sulTa maTTa cxorebisaTYs”. da erCda brZanebasa missa wmidaA dodo da warvida da aRaSena udabnoA igi
saxelsa zeda yolad wmidisa dedoflisa Cuenisa RmrTis-mSobelisasa da sadidebelad mamisa da Zisa da wmidisa sulisa da
dRiTi-dRe SeeZineboda simravle ZmaTaA da yovelni zogad
adidebdes RmerTsa.
isini damorCildnen da misi brZanebis mixedviT gaakeTes yvelaferi. rodesac ganmravldnen Zmebi, es ambavi mivida wminda da Rirs mama dodomde. is movida mama daviTTan da moikiTxes erTmaneTi.
ramdenime dRis Semdeg, rodesac kidev SemoemataT Zmebi, uTxra daviTma mama dodos: “wadi, Zmao, im kldis Tavze,
romelic Cven pirdapir aris da waiyvane Tan Zmebi, radgan
mowadinebulni arian, rom gaisarjon xorciT, sulis cxonebisTvis”. daemorCila mis sityvas wminda dodo da aRaSena is udabno Cveni yovlad wminda dedoflis, RvTismSoblis saxelze da sadideblad mamisa da Zisa da wmindisa sulisa. da yoveldRe emateboda maT Zmebi da yvelani erTad
adidebdnen RmerTs.
IV. xolo wmidaA mamaA daviT dRiTi-dRe ganvidis parexTa
kldeTasa da martoA myudroebiT aRasrulebda wmidaTa locvaTa, da oflTa da cremlTa nakaduliTa rwyvida udabnoTa
maT. da dResa erTsa esreT raA ilocvida igi, movida barbarozi vinme naTesaviT adgilTagan ruAsTavisaTa da inadirobda nadirTa. da miuteva qori kakabsa maxlobelad adgilsa mas,
sada ilocvida wmidaA daviT. da kakabica igi miivltoda berisa da dajda igi ferKTa Tana misTa, xolo qori maxlobelad misa. da ese iqmna gangebiTa RmrTisaATa, raATa monadire
igi moinadiros mowyalebiTa TYsiTa. xolo barbarozi igi miiswrafda, raATa mouRos kakabi qorsa mas. da viTarca ixila
wmidaA igi mdgomare locvasa Sina da kakabi igi ferKTa wmi-
4. wminda mama daviTi yoveldRe gadioda kldeTa napralebSi da simartovesa da myudroebaSi aRasrulebda
wminda locvebs da oflisa da cremlis nakadulebiT rwyavda udabnos. erT dRes, roca ase loculobda, movida erTi
barbarozi ruisTavidan sanadirod. man miuSva Tavisi qori kakabs im adgilTan axlos, sadac wminda daviTi loculobda. kakabi mivida berTan da dajda mis fexebTan, xolo
qori dajda mis maxloblad. es moxda RvTis gangebiT, raTa
monadire monadirebuliyo mowyalebiT. barbarozi movida, rom gamoerTmia kakabi qorisTvis. rodesac man ixila
locvaSi myofi wminda daviTi da mis gverdze mjdomi kakabi, gaukvirda da Tqva: “vin xar Sen?”
mama daviTma miugo somxurad: “me kaci var codvili,
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disa mis Tana mjdomare, daukYrda barbarozsa mas da hrqua:
“vinaA xar Sen?”
miugo man somxuriTa eniTa: “me kaci var codvili, monaA
uflisa Cuenisa iesu qristesi, da vevedrebi mowyalebaTa misTa, raATa momitevnes yovelni codvani Cemni da raATa myudroebiT da uSfoTvelad ganvlo wuTi ese cxorebaA Cemi”. da
kualad hrqua: “vinaA ars aqa mzrdeli da nugeSinis-mcemeli
Seni?”. da miugo man da hrqua: “romelsa-igi me vesav da Tayuanis-vscem, igi ars mzrdeli da nugeSinis-mcemeli yovelTa
SeqmnulTa da dabadebulTa misTaA da mis mier izardebian yovelni kacni da yovelni pirutyuni da yovelni mcenareni,
mfrinvelni cisani da Tevzni zRYsani, da aha esera kakabica
ese ltolvili SiSisagan qorisa Senisa moivltis Cem codvilisa monisa qristesisa, xolo Sen warved da sxuaA nadiri inadire, rameTu ese dRes Cemda Semoxuewil ars, raATa ganeres
sikudilisagan”. miugo barbarozman man da hrqua: “me mokudinebaA Seni mnebavs da Sen viTar ganarino kakabi sikudilisagan?”
xolo wmidaman daviT hrqua: “ara Kel-gewifebis sikudili Cemi da arca kakbisaA amis, rameTu ufali Cemi Cem Tana ars
da igi ars Kelis-ampyrobeli Cemi”.
da sityuasa mas zeda berisasa barbarozman man mjdomareman hunesa zeda iwuada Krmali, raATa sces zeda wmidisa daviTissa. da viTarca aRiRo Keli, meyseulad SehKma igi da iqmna
viTarca SeSaA. maSin gulisKma-yo barbarozman man ukeTurebaA TYsi da gardahKda hunesa da davarda ferKTa Tana berisaTa da cremliT evedreboda, raATa miuteos cTomilebaA igi
misi.
maSin Seewyala igi wmidasa daviTs da evedreboda ufalsa da Tqua: “ufalo iesu qriste RmerTo Cueno, romeli moxued cxorebad naTesavisa kacTaAsa, saxiero da mowyaleo, ro-
mona uflisa Cvenisa iusu qristesi da vevedrebi mis mowyalebas, rom momitevos Cemi codvebi, rom myudroebiT da
uSfoTvelad gaviaro es Cemi wuTieri cxovreba”. kidev
hkiTxa ucxom: “vin gkvebavs da gpatronobs Sen?” man miugo:
“visac me vesav da Tayvans vcem; is kvebavs da patronobs yvela misgan qmnils da dabadebuls; da mis mier ikvebebian pirutyvebi, mcenareebi, cis frinvelebi da zRvis Tevzebi.
ai es kakabic gamoiqca Seni qoris SiSiT da movida CemTan,
qristes codvil monasTan; Sen ki wadi da sxva nadiri moinadire, radgan es kakabi dRes me Semomexizna, rom sikvdils
gadaurCes”. miugo ucxom: “me Seni mokvla msurs da kakabs
rogor gadaarCen sikvdilisgan?”
wminda daviTma uTxra: “ar SegiZlia Sen arc Cemi da
arc am kakabis mokvla, radgan ufali Cemi aris CemTan da is
aris Cemi savedrebeli”.
beris am sityvebis gagonebaze barbarozma xmals staca
xeli, rom daekra wminda daviTisTvis, da maSinve meyseulad Seaxma xeli da gauSeSda. maSin mixvda Tavis ukeTurebas, gadmovida cxenidan da davarda beris fexebTan da cremliT evedreboda, rom mietevebina misi cdomileba.
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Seecoda igi wminda daviTs da Seevedra ufals: “ufalo iusu qriste, RmerTo Cveno, romelic moxvedi kacTa
modgmis sicocxlisTvis, keTilo da mowyaleo, romelmac
gankurne gamxmari xeli; Senve, meufeo, axlac moiRe Seni
madli da wyaloba imaze, vinc ikadra xelis aRmarTva Sen
uRirs monaze da gankurne barbarozis gamxmari xeli, misTvis, rom gulisxma yos da gicnas Sen da adidebdes Sen
saxels”.
wminda daviTma Seaxo mas wminda xeli da meyseulad ganikurna RvTis SewevniT. rodesac man ixila RvTis dide-
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melman ganhkurne Keli igi ganKmeli, Senve meufeo, romelman-ese ikadra aRebad Keli uRirssa zeda monasa Sensa, movedin awca madli da wyalobaA Seni da gankurne Keli ese ganKmeli barbarozisaA, raATa gulisKma-yos da gicnas Sen da adidebdes saxelsa Sensa”.
da miyo Keli misi wmidaA da Seaxo raA, meyseulad ganikurna SewevniTa RmrTisaATa. da viTarca ixila didebulebaA
RmrTisaA, kualad iwyo vedrebaA missa cremliTa mKurvaliTa
da etyoda wmidasa daviTs: “monao RmrTisa cxovelisao, ars
saxlsa Sina Cemsa Ze Cemi koWli oriTave ferKiTa, romeli yolad ver SemZlebel ars ze aRdgomad da aw vesav siwmidesa
Tquensa, raATa evedro ufalsa Sensa misTYs da ukueTu ganikurnos igi, umetes ididos saxierebaA misi da yrmaA igi moviyvano winaSe siwmidisa Tquenisa, raATa ikurTxos igi Tquen
mier, da me da yovelTa saxleulTa CemTa Tayuanis-vsceT saxelsa qristes RmrTisasa da moviRo winaSe Tquensa friadi
saKmari da nayofTagan saxlisa CemisaTa iSuebde Sen da yovelni SenTanani”. miugo wmidaman daviT da hrqua: “warved saxed Senda da, ukueTu enebos RmerTsa, hpoo Ze Seni gankurnebuli”.
xolo igi warvida ganmxiarulebuli saxed TYsad, rameTu nadirica friad enadira. xolo viTarca miiwia igi saxid
TYsad, eha didebulebaTa SenTa, qriste! rameTu yrmaA igi koWli, bRunviT mavali, sixaruliT wina miegebvoda mamasa mas
TYssa. da viTarca ixila igi mamaman misman mrTeli da yovliTurT unakluloA, gardahKda hunesa da madlobaA Sewira
RmrTisa. da viTarca Sevida taZarTa TYsTa, hkiTxa meuRlesa
da saxleulTa: “romelsa Jamsa ganikurna yrmaA ese?” miuges
mas da hrques: “dRes mesamesa Jamsa aRdga ege da xldomiT vidoda viTarca qurciki”. xolo moeKsena mas, rameTu mas Jamsa
hrqua mas berman, viTarmed: “enebos RmerTsa, ganikurnos yrmaA
buleba, kvlav daiwyo cremliT mxurvale vedreba da eubneboda wminda daviTs: “monao cocxali RmerTisa, Cems saxlSi aris Cemi Ze, koWli orive fexiT, romelic fexze ver
dgeba. axla me vesav Tqven siwmindes, rom ikurTxos Tqvens
mier; da me da mTeli Cemi saxleuli Tayvans vcemT qriste
RmerTis saxels da movitanT Sens winaSe sarCo-sanovages
Cemi saxlidan da ixareb Sen da yvela Seniani.” wminda daviTma miugo: “wadi, da Tu nebavs RmerTs, dagxvdeba Seni
Svili gankurnebuli”.
igi wavida gaxarebuli Tavis saxlSi, radgan nadiric
bevri moenadira. rodesac miuaxlovda Tavis saxls, ixila
qristes dideba, radgan misi koWli vaJiSvili, romelic
im dRemde mxolod forTxviT dadioda, sixaruliT gamoegeba mamas. rodesac ixila mamam janmrTeli da yovelmxriv
unaklo Svili, cxenidan Camovida da ufals madloba Seswira. xolo, roca saxlSi Sevida, Tavis meuRlesa da ojaxis wevrebs hkiTxa, rodis ganikurna misi Ze. maT upasuxes,
rom dRes mesame Jams adga da daiwyo sirbili, rogorc qurcikma. mas gaaxsenda, rom swored im dros uTxra mas berma:
“Tu nebavs RmerTs, ganikurneba Seni Svili”, da gaaxsenda
yvelaferi, rac wminda daviTma qna da uTxra. amis Semdeg
yvela erTad adidebda RmerTs, ufals Cvensas, ieso qristes.
rodesac gaTenda, datvirTa barbarozma saxedrebze
uamravi sarCo, puri, Rvino, Tevzi da xili mravalnairi,
da wavida mama daviTTan. Tan waiyvana Tavisi gankurnebuli vaJiSvili da kidev ori. rodesac movidnen im adgilas
da ver naxa iq beri, Sewuxda da uTxra msaxurs, rom moenaxa
is.
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igi Seni”. da yovelive, raAca eqmna da eTxra misda wmidasa daviTs, warmouTxra man. da yovelni zogad adidebdes RmerTsa,
ufalsa Cuensa iesu qristesa.
da viTarca ganTena, ahkida saKedarTa friad saKmari: puri
da RYnoA, Tevzi da xili mravalferi da warvida mamisa daviTissa. da Tana-hyva Zeca igi gankurnebuli da orni Zeni sxuani.
da viTarca miiwivnes igini adgilsa mas moKsenebulsa, da viTarca beri ver ixila, SeuZnda friad da hrqua monasa, raATa
iZios igi.
da viTarca STavides quemo kerZo, poves igi sxuasa Tana.
movides da auwyes mas. xolo igi sixaruliT STavida berisa,
davarda ferKTa Tana misTa wmidaTa, cremliT etyoda: “WeSmaritad gpove mkurnali sulTa da KorcTaA: da aha esera winaSe Tquensa dgas yrmaA igi uferKoA, xolo dRes locviTa
TqueniTa gankurnebuli da uvnebeli, da sxuanica ese orni Zeni Cemni momiyvanebian winaSe siwmidisa Tquenisa, raATa Seexnen samoselsa Sensa da ikurTxnen Sen mier”.
xolo man dasdva wmidaA Keli misi da hrqua: “RmerTman, romelman akurTxa iakobi, manve saxierman gakurTxnes da Svil
wmidisa embazisa gyvnes Tquen”. da viTarca moikiTxna igini,
ubrZana bubaqr monaTa TYsTa (rameTu ese iyo saxeli barbarozisaA mis), raATa miuZRuanon bersa yoveli, raodeni moeRo
misTYs. xolo berman Sekribna yovelni Zmani, da Wames da sues
da ganZRes. da viTarca aRdges serobisagan, da hrqua mamaman
daviT bubaqrs: “raA gnebavs Sen aw, raATa giyoT Sen?” xolo
igi evedreboda, raATa naTel-sces maT. xolo igi etyoda:
“aRiRe raodenime safaseTa SenTagani da warved mamisa dodoAsa da miarTu mas, raATa uRuawos mun myofTa ZmaTa da ganusuenos, da ikurTxo maT mierca”. da hyva mas mRdeli patiosani da miumcno mas, raATa Tana-warmogayolos da man naTelgces Sen da yovelTa saxleulTa SenTa. maSin Tana-warayola
msaxuri Camouyva dabla daRmarTs da ipova wminda daviTi da misi Zmebi, dabrunda da auwya barbarozs. is sixaruliT mivida berTan, Cauvarda fexebSi da cremliT eubneboda: “WeSmaritad gipove sulTa da sxeulTa mkurnali.
ai, Sen winaSe dgas Wabuki, romelic koWli iyo da dRes
Tqveni locviT gankurnebulia da janmrTeli. es Cemi kidev ori vaJiSvilia, romlebic moviyvane Tqveni siwmindis
winaSe, raTa Seexon Sen samosels da ikurTxon Sen mier”.
1 naTlis Svili (Ze naTlisa) – igulisxmeba monaTluli, naTelRebuli.
aq: bubaqri.
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wminda daviTma daado mas Tavisi wminda xeli da Tqva:
“RmerTma, romelmac akurTxa iakobi, manve, saxierma gakurTxoT Tqven da wminda embazis Svilebad gagxadoT”. rodesac isini moikiTxa wminda daviTma, ubrZana bubaqrma (ase
erqva barbarozs) Tavis msaxurebs, rom mierTmiaT berisTvis yvelaferi, rac moutanes. berma Sekriba Zmani, da maT
Wames da sves. rodesac isini sufridan adgnen, uTxra mama
daviTma bubaqrs: “ra gnebavs Sen, rom miiRo Cvengan?” bubaqri Seevedra, naTloba mieRo misgan. mama daviTma uTxra:
“aiRe Seni ZRvenis nawili da midi mama dodosTan da miarTvi mas, rom gaunawilos iq myof Zmebs da rom ikurTxo maTganac. mas hyavs patiosani mRvdeli da uTxari, rom gamogayolos da is naTels gcems Sen da mTel Sens saxleulT”. wminda daviTma gaayola maT lukiane da daabara masac, rom gaeyolebinaT mRvdeli bubaqrisTvis, rom mas moenaTla bubaqri da mTeli misi saxleuli.
wminda dodom yvelaferi ise gaakeTa, rogorc wminda
daviTma brZana. rodesac moinaTla bubaqri, kidev erTxel
mivida wminda daviTTan naTlis Svili1. man Tan moitana saTxreli iaraRebi da moiyvana muSebi da aaSena ZmaTa salo-
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wmidaA lukiane da miumcno mas, raATa Tana warayolos mRdeli, raATa naTel-sces bubaqrs da yovelTa saxleulTa misTa.
xolo wmidaman dodo yo brZanebisaebr berisa. da viTarca
naTels-iRo bubaqr, kualad movida winaSe wmidisa daviTissa
Svili igi naTlisaA. da Tana miatanna saTxarni da muSakni da
Seuqmna eklesiaA salocvelad ZmaTa, romeli-igi ukuanaAsknel wmidaman da RmerT-Semosilman ilarion ganavrcela da
akurTxa, romelsa Sina samxriT kerZo eklesiasa mas Seqmna luskumaA Suenieri, romelsa Sina dakrZalul arian nawilni wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa daviTisni. da vidre aqamomde samarxoAsa
misgan aRmodis suli surnelebisaA da yovelTa, romelTa sarwmunoebiT miiRon mtueri samarxoAsa misgan wmidisa, hkurnebs yovelsa sensa da uZlurebasa kacTasa. xolo samarxoA wmidisa lukianesi ars damarTebiT wina kerZo sakurTxevelisa. da
ars igica Semwe da nugeSinis-mcemeli da Kelis-ampyrobeli
yovelTa mvedrebelTa maTTa.
da ese aqamomde. xolo wmidisa mamisa da samaradisoAsa Cuenisa daviTisTYs vityodiT.
cavad eklesia, romelic bolo dros gaafarTova da akurTxa wmida da ganRmrTobilma mama ilarionma, da romelSic samxreT nawilSi gaakeTa mSvenieri luskuma, romelSic dasvenebulia wminda daviTis nawilebi, da dRemde am
samarxidan amodis surneli da yvela, vinc sarwmunoebiT
miiRebs mcire miwas im wminda samarxidan, ganikurneba yvela sneulebisa da uZlurebisagan. wminda lukianes samarxi aris sakurTxevlis win da isic aris Semwe da nugeSismcemeli yvela mvedrebelisTvis.
V. xolo viTarca warKdes amas Sina Jamni raodennime da
ganmravlda simravle ZmaTaA, miuwoda mamaman daviT lukianes
da hrqua: “Zmao lukiane, me warval wmidad qalaqad ierusalemd, xolo Sen wina-uZRodi ZmaTa amaT Cuen mier SekrebulTa”. miugo lukiane da hrqua mas: “ukueTu warxYde, meca warmovide winaSe siwmidisa Tquenisa”.
xolo wmidaman daviT hrqua mas: “nu Zmao, nu iqm, ara saTno
ars RmrTisa, rameTu, ukueTu ege vyoT da ornive warvideT,
Zmani ese Cuen mier Sekrebulni, TYToeulni ganibnivnen dabaTa da qalaqTa Sina, daecnen da warwymden gulis-TqumaTa mier codvilisaTa da warwymedaA sulTa maTTaA Cuen mier iZios
5. ramdenime xnis Semdeg gaizarda ZmaTa raodenoba. mama daviTma dauZaxa lukianes da uTxra: “Zmao lukiane, me
waval wminda qalaq ierusalims, Sen ki winamZRvrad darCi Cven mier Sekrebil ZmebTan.” lukianem miugo: “Tu waxval, mec wamoval Sen siwmindesTan erTad”.
wminda daviTma upasuxa: “ara, Zmao, ar qna es, es ar iqneba RvTisaTvis saTno. ase rom vqnaT, da orive wavideT, maSin aq Sekrebili Cveni Zmebi gaibnevian dabebSi da qalaqebSi, daecemian da warwymdebian codvili gulisTqmaTagan da maTi sulis warwymedisaTvis RmerTi Cven mogvTxovs
pasuxs. me marto waval da vevedrebi RmerTs CemTvis, Sen-
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RmerTman. xolo me warvide martoA da CemTYs, SenTYs da SenTanaTa amaT ZmaTaTYs vevedro RmerTsa; da nu hgoneb, Zmao, Tu
Cemi oden martoAsaA mnebavs cxovnebaA, ukueTu me warvide da
wyalobiT moxedva yos RmerTman Cem zeda da saxierebisa da
sitkboebisa misisaTYs daadinos Cem zeda wueTi madlisa da
sitkboebisa, Sen da SenTanaTa amaT ZmaTa erTbamad gYxaroden, rameTu erTbamad yovelTa qristeaneTaTYs da yovelTa,
romelni amas udabnosa Sina mkYdr iyvnen, yovelTa SewyalebisaTYs vevedrebi RmerTsa, raATa erTobiT Rirs myvnes saSuebelTa saukuneTa yovelTa wmidaTa misTa Tana”.
esreT da eseviTariTa sityYTa daayena lukiane ZmaTa Tana.
xolo igi waremarTa sxuaTa raodenTame ZmaTa Tana da warvida ierusalHmd. da viTarca miiwivnes adgilsa mas, romel ars
qedi madlovnebisaA, rameTu muniT aCndebis wmidaA ierusalHmi, maSin aRipyrnes Kelni da madlobaA Sewires RmrTisa. xolo wmidaA mamaA davarda da iataksa daaltobda cremliTa da
ityoda: “ufalo RmerTo iesu qriste, romeli moxued queyanad cxorebisaTYs kacTa naTesavisa da Cuen codvilTaTYs juar-cumaA da sikudili Tavs-idev saxierebisa da mowyalebisa
SenisaTYs, meufeo, kurTxeul ars, ufalo, saxeli wmidaA didebisa SenisaA, romelman meca uRirsi monaA Seni Rirs myav xilvad adgilTa amaT wmidaTa; xolo me arRara vikadro waRmarT
slvad da datkebnad ferKiTa CemiTa adgilTa amaT, sada dadges ferKni Senni wmidani, rameTu kma ars Cemda xilvaA oden
TualiTa”. da tiroda da dasTxevda cremlTa misTa wmidaTa.
xolo moyuasni igi etyodes warslvad maT Tana da Seslvad ierusalHmd. miugo da hrqua: “arRara vikadreb me waRmarT slvad, aramed Tquen warvediT da Cem codvilisaTYs locva-yavT”. da viTarca friad aiZules da igi ara erCda, cremliT anbors-uyves, dauteves da warvides.
Tvis da SenTan myof ZmaTaTvis. nu ggonia, Zmao, rom marto
CemTvis minda cxoneba. Tu me wavedi da wyalobiT momxeda
RmerTma da Tavisi saxierebisa da sitkboebis gamo erT wveT
madls gadmoadens Cemze, maSin vevedrebi RmerTs yvela
qristianisTvis da yvelasTvis, vinc am udabnoSi mkvidrobs, rom erTobiT Rirsi gagvxados saukuno sikeTisa mis
yvela wmindanTan erTad.”
amgvarad da am sityvebiT daarwmuna lukiane, darCeniliyo ZmebTan. TviTon ki gaemarTa ierusalims sxva ramdenime ZmasTan erTad. rodesac miuaxlovda adgils, romelsac ewodeba qedi madlovanebisa (radgan pirvelad am adgilidan gamoCndeba wminda ierusalimi), aRapyres xelebi
da madloba Seswires RmerTs. wminda daviTi ki davarda
miwaze, cremliT asvelebda mas da ambobda: “ufalo RmerTo iesu qriste, romelic moxvedi miwaze kacTa modgmis
cxovrebisTvis, Cven codvilTaTvis jvars ecvi da sikvdili igeme Seni saxierebis da mowyalebis gamo. meufeo, kurTxeul ars saxeli wminda didebisa Senisa, romelmac mec,
uRirsi mona Seni, Rirs myav am wminda adgilTa xilvisa. me
aRar gavbedav win wasvlas da Cemi fexiT im miwis datkepnas, romelzec Seni wminda fexebi idgnen.” tiroda da Tavis wminda cremls Rvrida.
misi Tanmxlebni ki arwmunebdnen, wasuliyo maTTan erTad da Sesuliyo ierusalimSi. wminda daviTma miugo: “ver
gavbedav ufro win wasvlas. Tqven ki wadiT da iloceT CemTvis, codvilisaTvis.” rodesac bevri mcdelobis Semdeg
ver gadaarwmunes, cremliT eambornen mas, datoves da wavidnen.
ase rom moiqca wminda daviTi, moxeda RmerTma mis wminda gonebas da mianiWa ufro meti madli, vidre yvela imaT,
vinc ieruslimSi Sedis. wminda daviTma bevri evedra
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xolo ese raA yo wmidaman daviT, mixedna RmerTman wmidasa gonebasa missa da mianiWa mas madli umetes yovelTa, romelni Sevlenan ierusalHms.
xolo wmidaA daviT adgilsa mas friad evedra ufalsa, da
aRixuna adgilisa misgan samni qvani da STaisxna maxalaksa evlogiad da ukuniqca mier.
xolo Ramesa mas miuvlina angelozi RmerTman elia patriaqsa da hrqua: “moiwia vidre saxlad Cemdame sakuTari monaA
Cemi daviT da sarwmunoebiTa misiTa wariRo sruliad madli
ierusalHmisaA. xolo Sen swien malemsrbolni kacni, rameTu
mivals igi gzasa qalaqisa nabulissa. da ars igi mosili samosliTa ZueliTa dabebkuliTa da hkidavs mas Zueli maxalaki,
romelsa Sina usxen samni lodni, romelni-igi miixuna adgilisa misgan, sadaAT-igi ukuniqca; da miumcen Sen kacTa maT
malemsrbolTa, raATa mouxunen maxalakisagan lodni igi da
erTi oden miscen mas”. da hrqua, viTarmed: “mouniWebies Senda ufalsa mesamedi madli ierusalHmisaA da gibrZanebs, viTarmed sarwmunoebiTa SeniTa wargeRo madli ierusalHmisaA. xolo me vinebe ori nawili ukunqcevad da mesamedi mominiWebia Senda. warved da waritane udabnosa Sensa, wmida yav
igi mislviTa SeniTa. da romeli moiwios udabnosa mas da sarwmunoebiT Seexos samarxosa ZualTa SenTasa, miiRos kurnebaA sulTa da KorcTaA da miutevnes mas codvani misni. xolo
lodi ege erTi iyos mosaKsenebelad Jamisa amis”.
da viTarca warmouTxra ese yoveli patriaqsa angelozman uflisaman, miefara igi TualTagan misTa. xolo patriaqi
pirvelad gancYbrda sityuaTa maT zeda angelozisaTa, merme
davarda pirsa zeda da cremliT vedrebaA Sewira uflisa da
mouwoda kacTa malemsrbolTa da miuTxra ese yoveli da miumcno maT, raATa ukmoaqcion, da iginica SeemTxYnen mas. xolo igini warvides. da viTarca ewivnes igini, miuTxres mas,
ufals, Semdeg aiRo sami qva im adgilidan, Caido abgaSi,
rogorc siwminde, da wamovida.
im Rames mouvlina RmerTma angelozi [ierusalimis]
patriarqs da uTxra mas: “Cem saxlTa1 movida Cemi msaxuri
daviTi da rwmeniT waiRo Tan ierusalimis mTeli madli.
Sen malemsrbolni daawie mas. is axla qalaq nablusis gzazea, acvia Zveli da gacveTili samosi da mxarze abga hkidia, romelSic sami qvaa, im adgilidan rom waiRo, saidanac gabrunda. uTxari malemsrbolebs, rom gamoarTvan qvebi da mxolod erTi dautovon da uTxran, ufali Sen ierusalimis madlis mesameds giboZebs da gibrZanebs, rom rwmeniT waiRo es madli. me mnebavs ori nawilis ukan dabruneba, erTi mesamedi ki SenTvis momicia. wadi da waiRe Sen
udabnoSi da wminda yav udabno Seni misvliT. yvela, vinc
miva udabnoSi da rwmeniT Seexeba Sens Zvlebs, miiRebs sulisa da sxeulis kurnebas da mieteveba mas codvebi. eg erTi qva iqneba amis mosaxseneblad.”
angelosma es yvelaferi uTxra patriarqs da gauCinarda. patriarqi erT xans gancvifrebuli iyo angelosis am
sityvebis gamo, Semdeg davarda pirqve, vedreba Seswira
ufals, dauZaxa malemsrbolebs, uTxra maT es yvelaferi
da ubrZana, ukan daebrunebinaT daviTi. isini wavidnen, da
rodesac daewivnen, uTxres mas patriarqis mier dabarebuli sityvebi, gamoarTves sami qva da daubrunes erTi.
roca wminda daviTma maTgan es moismina, jer SeZrwunda da Semdeg Tayvani sca ufals da cremliT ambobda: “dideba Senda, qriste RmerTo Cveno! da dideba Senda, samebao wmindao, erT-RmrTeebao, erT-arsebao! dideba Senda,
RmerTo, romelman Rirs myven Cven povnad wyalobisa!”. aseTi sityvebiT man madloba Seswira ufals.
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romeli-igi moemcno patriaqsa da aRmouxunes samni igi lodni,
da erTi igi misces mas.
da viTarca esma ese yoveli wmidasa daviTs, pirvelad SeZrwunda da merme Tayuanis-sca ufalsa da cremliT ityoda:
“didebaA Senda, qriste RmerTo Cueno! da didebaA Senda, samebao wmidao, erT-RmrTeebao, erT-arsebao! didebaA Senda RmerTo, romelman Rirs myven Cuen povnad wyalobisa!” da eseviTariTa sityYTa madlobaA Sewira uflisa.
xolo kacTa maT malemsrbolTa aiZules wmidasa daviTs
ukunqcevad ierusalHms, viTarca emcno patriaqsa. xolo igi
ara erCda maT, da anbor-uyves da ganuteves igi.
xolo wmidaA daviT miiwia raA udabnosa TYssa, yovelni
Zmani sixaruliT miegebvodes da adidebdes RmerTsa, romelman kualad uCuena mwyemsi da macxovari sulTa maTTaA. da viTarca moiloces ZmaTa maT, daviTis Tana warsrulTa ierusalHms, Semdgomad amissa movides iginica udabnosa mas wmidisa daviTissa. da ganTques hambavi misi da yoveli, raAca ixiles da esma wmidisa daviTisTBs. da yovliT kerZo Semokrba
simravle ZmaTaA da aRivso udabnoA igi, da romelnime daeyudnis
napralsa kldeTasa.
malemsrbolebi aiZulebdnen wminda daviTs, ierusalimSi dabrunebas, rogorc patriarqma maT daabara, magram is
ar daemorCila. isini eambornen mama daviTs, daemSvidobnen da gauSves.
roca wminda daviTi dabrunda Tavis udabnoSi, mas sixaruliT miegebnen Zmebi da adidebdnen RmerTs, romelmac
daubruna mwyemsi da macocxlebeli maTi sulebisa. rodesac daviTTan erTad ierusalimSi wasulma Zmebma moiloces da, daviTis Semdeg, udabnoSi dabrundnen, maT yvelas
uambes, rac ixiles da moismines wminda daviTis Sesaxeb.
amis Semdeg yvela mxridan modiodnen Zmebi da gaivso udabno, xolo zogierTi gandegilad cxovrobda kldis napralebSi.
VI. maSin wmidaA mamaA da mwyemsi keTili wmidaA daviT dRiTi-dRe ganvidis mokiTxvad ZmaTa maT ganSorebulTa, martod
myofTa dayudebulTa da yovelTa nugeSinis-scemda, ganamtkicebda da ganaZlierebda da axarebda maTTYs ganmzadebulsa
sasufevelsa caTasa.
xolo mivida odesme erTisa ZmaTaganisa, romeli iyofeboda Zirsa rasme kldisasa da hkiTxa mas da hrqua: “viTar xar,
Zmao?” miugo man: “keTilad, locviTa SeniTa wmidiTa, garna
wyali ese, romel swuTis kldesa amas, ars ese friad mware, da
6. wminda mama da mwyemsi keTili, wminda daviTi, yoveldRe gadioda moSorebiT gandegilad mcxovreb ZmaTa
mosanaxuleblad da yvelas nugeSs aZlevda, ganamtkicebda, ganaZlierebda da axarebda maTTvis ganmzadebul caTa
sasufevels.
erTxel, mama daviTi mivida erT ZmasTan, romelic
kldis Ziras cxovrobda da hkiTxa mas: “rogor xar, Zmao?”
man miugo: “kargad, Seni wminda locviT; mxolod es wyali,
romelic kldidan wveTavs, friad mwarea da rodesac vsvam,
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129
cxo
reba
isa daviT garejel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
garejelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda daviT garejelisa
odes miviRo misgan, ganmimwarebs sagrZnobelTa. da egreTve
mxalni ese, romelni mis mier irwyvebian, eseca mware arian,
viTarca navReli, garna viiZuleb me Tavsa Cemsa da vityY: “friad umwares arian satanjvelni jojoxeTisani da ukueTu ara
wuT erT daiTmino, umjobes ars Senda da mun ukunisamde arRara iWirvodi simwaresa mas Sina jojoxeTisasa”.
xolo ese raA hrqua wmidasa daviTs, Seewyala igi da hrqua:
“nu mwuxare xar, Zmao. aramed vevedrneT ufalsa da romelman-igi merans daatkbna wyalni, manve saxierman daatkbnes esenica”. da aRdges da evedrnes ufalsa. da aRavso sarwyuli da
daswera juari da misca bersa. da viTarca ixila gemoA wylisaA mis, utkbiles iyo igi yovelTa wyalTa, da vidre aqamomdeca tkbil ars wyali igi da mxalica, rameTu mieriTgan dgas
adgilsa mas niaxuri da romelni mividen adgilsa mas, miiReben evlogiad wylisa misgan da mxlisa.
eseviTarni arian saswaulni, romelTa iqmoda mamaA Cueni
daviT da ganhkurnebda yovelsa uZlurebasa kacTasa. xolo
brZanebiTave mamisa daviTisiTa aReSena udabnoA mravalmTisaA
saxelsa zeda wmidisa ioane naTlis-mcemelisasa.
gemos mimwarebs. es balaxic, romelsac es wyali rwyavs, aseve mwarea, rogorc naRveli; magram me Cems Tavs vaiZuleb
amiT davkmayofilde da veubnebi: “bevrad ufro mwarea jojoxeTis satanjvelni da aq erTi wuTi moTmena bevrad jobs
SenTvis, rom ar mogiwios ukunisamde jojoxeTis simwareSi yofna”.
rodesac es moismina, Seecoda is wminda daviTs da Tqva:
“nu xar mwuxare, Zmao, aramed vevedroT ufals, romelmac
maraSi mware wyali gaamtknara1, igive saxieri ufali am
wyalsac gaamtknarebs”. adgnen da evedrnen ufals. Semdeg
aavses WurWeli da wyali iyo saukeTeso gemosi. im wyals
da balaxs dRemde saukeTeso gemo aqvT. im droidan moyolebuli iq izrdeba niaxuri da, yvela, vinc miva im adgilas, madlad miiRebs wyals da balaxs.
aseTia saswaulebi, romelsac Cveni mama daviTi iqmoda
da gankurnebda adamianTa yvela uZlurebas. mama daviTis
brZanebiT aReSena mTagoriani udabno wminda ioane naTlismcemelis saxelze.
VII. da viTarca warKdes amas Sina Jamni raodennime, cna
mamaman daviT ganslvaA misi KorcTagan. da mouwoda yovelTa
ZmaTa da hrqua: “Zmano da Svilno sulierno, me esera ganval
KorcTagan, viTarca erTi kacTagani, xolo Tquen nu SeZrwundebiT, aramed ganmtkiceniT da ganZlierdiT da daucxromelad evedrebodiT RmerTsa sulTa TquenTa cxorebisaTYs”.
ubrZana mRdelTa SewirvaA msxuerplisaA da eziara wmidasa msxuerplsa qristes RmrTisasa da aRipyrna Kelni da madlobaA Sewira RmrTisa da esreT Sehvedra suli TYsi wmidaA
7. gavida dro da mama daviTs euwya, rom is sxeulidan
unda gasuliyo. man dauZaxa Zmebs da uTxra: “suliero Zmebo da Svilebo, me sxeulidan gaval, rogorc erTi adamianTagani; Tqven ki nu SeZrwundebiT, aramed ganmtkicdiT da
gaZlierdiT da dauRalavad evedreT RmerTs Tqven sulTa
cxonebisaTvis.”
mRvdlebs ubrZana msxverplis Sewirva2, eziara qriste
RmerTis wminda msxverpls, aRapyro xelebi da madloba Ses-
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131
1 gamosvl. 15:23-25.
2 igulisxmeba usisxlo msxverpli – wirva, wminda evqaristia.
cxo
reba
isa daviT garejel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
garejelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda daviT garejelisa
ufalsa. da yovelni igi Zmani tirodes daklebisaTYs mwyemsisa mis keTilisa.
da iyo maT Soris erTi ZmaTagani, romelsa erTi Tuali ara
edga, da Se-raA-exo guamsa mas wmidasa, meyseulad ganikurna,
da yovelni adidebdes RmerTsa. eseviTarTa saswaulTa iqmoda wmidaA mamaA daviT Semdgomad sikudilisaca. da dahkrZales esreT pativiT luskumasa mas zemoKsenebulsa. da romelni
sarwmunoebiT mivlen samarxosa mas, miiReben kurnebasa sulTa da KorcTasa da adideben mamasa da Zesa da wmidasa sulsa aw
da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amen.
wira RmerTs da ase Seavedra Tavisi wminda suli ufals.
Zmebi tirodnen, rom wavida maTgan mwyemsi keTili.
ZmaTa Soris iyo erTi, romelsac erTi Tvali aklda.
rodesac man xeli Seaxo mama daviTis wminda gvams, im wamsve ganikurna da yvela adidebda RmerTs. aseT saswaulebs
iqmoda wminda mama daviTi sikvdilis Semdegac. is pativiT dakrZales zemoxsenebul dasasvenebel adgilas da yvela, vinc rwmeniT miva im samarxze, iRebs sulTa da xorcTa
kurnebas da adideben mamasa da Zesa da wmindasa sulsa aw
da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amin.
132
133
cxovreba da wameba wminda
abibos nekreselisa
134
135
Tuesa noenbersa ib.
ibos
wmidisa
abibos
wmid
isa mRdelmowamisa ab
nek
nekresel
iskoposisa,
romelii iwama
resel eeppiskopos
isa, romel
cecxlismsaxurTa
Tqumulii
cecxl
ismsaxurTa mier qarTls, Tqumul
did
idisa
qarTlisa
kaTalikos
ikosisaA
arsenii d
isa kaTal
ikos
isaA 1
arsen
id
isa qarTl
12 noemberi
xseneba wminda mRvdelmowame abibos,
nekreseli episkoposisa, romelic
cecxlTayvanismcemlebma awames qarTlSi,
gadmocemuli qarTlis kaTalikosis
arseni didis mier
guakurTxen, mamao!
gvakurTxe mamao!
I. xolo jer-ars, raATa mcired Suva SemoviRoT KsenebaA
wmidisa da ubiwoAsa mRdelT-moZRurisa da mowamisaA, romelsa-igi samarTliv moniWebul-iyo pativi ganmzadebulisa mis
sasoebisaA didebisa saydari, uzeSTaesi Soris marTalTa didisa misisa siwmidisaTYs, umetesad yovelTa mier wamebul
WeSmaritebisaTYs, damamtkicebeli sisxliTa TYsiTa, romelman-igi Sewira msxuerplad Tavi TYsi misa, romelman igi TYsiTa sisxliTa miKsnna Cuen. daidga gYrgYni ZlevisaA TYT motacebiTa, aRfrinebiTa maRlad, romelman nayofni. gamouxuna
TYsiT TaviT TYT SewevniTa maRlisaATa siwmidisa igi sameoci da mowamebisa aseuli, da TYT Tavisa TYsisa Tana SeerTebiTa SYdeulisa ganmasrulebel ipova igi mRdelT-moZRuari
madlisaA, Suamdgomeli RmrTisa da kacTaA netari abibos nekresel qalaqisa episkoposi, romeli orTa ganwyobilTa krebulsa wmidaTasa warmodga, mRdelobisa saydrisa modgamTa
maT Tana ubiwoTa saydari daipyra da kualad mKneTa maT Tana
mowameTa Ruawlsa miiswrafa da asparezi igi mswrafl wari-
1. saWiroa, rom male davawesoT xseneba wminda da ubiwo mRvdelTmoZRvrisa da mowamisa, romelsac samarTlianad mieniWa pativi marTalTa Soris ganmzadebuli kurTxeuli taxtisa, misi didi siwmindisa gamo, ufro metad ki
yvelasTvis sarwmuno WeSmaritebisaTvis, ganmamtkicebelisa Tavisi sisxliT; man imas Seswira Tavi msxverplad, vinc
Tavisi sisxliT gamogvixsna Cven da Tavisi nebiTa da zecad
amaRlebiT Zlevis gvirgvini daidga; romelmac zenaaris
SewevniT gamoiRo siwmindis samoci da mowameobis aseuli
nayofi 1 da Svideulis ganmasrulebelTan SeerTebiT
mRvdelmoZRvrobis madli miiRo da gaxda mRvdelT-moZRvari, Suamdgomeli RvTisa da kacisa - qalaq nekresis episkoposi abibosi, romelic wmindanTa or krebulSi warmoCnda: samRvdlo ubiwo saydris moziare Seiqmna da aseve mowameTa Rvawls miaSura, maT asparezs Seudga da myis gamoCnda rCeulTa da marTali rjulis maZiebelTa Soris.
1 xelnawerebis nusxa: A: A – 832; B: A – 130; C: A – 170; D: A – 176; E: H – 2077;
F: H – 1672; H: H – 2121; L: M - 21
136
1 igulisxmeba uflis igavi ‘’mTesvelze’’ (mT. 13:3-8; mk.4:8).
137
cxo
reba
isa ab
ibos nek
resel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
abibos
nekresel
reselisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda abibos nekreselisa
taca, da gYrgYniTa pativ-cemulTa Soris ipova Suris-meZiebelTa marTalTa rCulisaTa.
Cemi ars mowame ese da ara sxYsa, Cemisa amisgan saydrisa,
nayofi Suenieri, mxiarulebisa Cemda momRebeli, spetaki vardi, haerisa sulnel-myofeli, Cemda momfeneli, romelman sanTeli TYsi aRanTo zeda maRalsa mTasa, raATa yoveli sofeli
hxedvides mas naTelsa dauSretelsa, orpirad manaTobelsa,
RmrTisa mimarT Semwirvelsa TYT mis sityBsa dausabamoAsa
Korcsa, ukuanaAsknel masve sanatrelsa sakurTxevelsa Tavi
TYsi Sewira, mrguliad dasawuelad missa mimarT, Seswirvides KeliTa usjuloAsa mis marzapnisaATa, romelmanca Sewira.
Cemia es mowame da ara sxvisi, Cemi saydrisa, mSvenieri
nayofi, naTeli vardi, CemTvis surnelovani haeris momfeni, romelmac Tavisi naTeli daanTo maRal mTaze, rom mTeli qveyana xedavdes mis dauSretel naTels1, ormxriv manaTobels, RvTis winaSe Semwirvelsa da RvTis sakurTxevlisTvis Sewiruls, uSjulo gamgebelis mier Sewiruls.
II. aw mnebavs, sayuarelno, raATa uwyodiT mizezi saqmisa
amis. rameTu daepyra qarTli mefesa sparsTasa da igini Kelmwife iyvnes Cuensa amas sofelsa, da bilwsa mas kerpTmsaxurebasa – cecxlisa mis Tayuanis-cemasa da msaxurebasa – aRasrulebdes maradis; babilovnursa mas Cueulebasa, sadame oqrosa da sxuani sxuasa rasme da odesme cecxlsa Jamad-Jamad,
viTarca iwueodes TYsisa misgan borotad maswavlelisa eSmakisa. amis gamo adgilni mravalni ganhmzadnes maTisa mis samsaxurebelisa cecxlisaTYs queyanisa da mravalTa SeacTunebdes daumtkicebelsa sarwmunoebasa gonebiTa naklulevanTa.
xolo netari abibos nekresel qalaqisa episkoposi, Kevisa
kaxeTisaA, aRiZra SuriTa saRmrToATa da ver Tavs-idva ucxoAsa mis samsaxurebelisa maxlobelad misa yofad da daasxa
mcired wyali xeneSi da daSrita igi. ese raA cnes uSjuloTa
maT sparsTa, friad guemes, knin-Ra vidremeRa mokles netari
igi, da sapyrobilesa Seayenes didiTa iwrovebiTa da mravliTa
2. aw msurs,sayvarelno, icodeT viTareba saqmisa. qarTli saparseTis mefes daupyria, isini mefoben Cvens qveyanaSi, bilw kerpTmsaxurebas ewevian dReniadag, zogjer oqros an sxva rames, zogjer cecxls scemen Tayvans, cecxls
daanTeben xolme, TiTqos TavianTi maswavleblisgan, eSmakisgan iwvodnen. amis gamo, mravali adgilia ganmzadebuli cecxlis samsaxureblad qveyanaSi da mraval Wkuanakls
acduneben meryev sarwmunoebaSi.
xolo netari abibosi, kaxeTis xevis nekreseli episkoposi, aRiZra saRvTo SuriT, ar moemsaxura ucxos, daasxa
cota xeneSi2 wyali da daSrita igi. es rom uSjulo sparselebma gaiges, Zlier scemes, cotac da, moklavdnen netars,
da sapyrobileSi Seagdes, metad SeaWirves da mravaljer
tanjes. myisve amis Sesaxeb misweres zemo samTavros gamgebels,xolo man brZana, saCqarod SeekraT da mis winaSe
138
139
1 Sdr. mk. 4:21; lk. 8:16
2 xeneSi - cudi, myrali.
cxo
reba
isa ab
ibos nek
resel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
abibos
nekresel
reselisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda abibos nekreselisa
tanjviTa. amisa Semdgomad miweres mswrafl zena-soflad
marzapnisa saqme ese. xolo man brZana mswrafl misi SekrvaA da
miyvanebaA misi mis winaSe. da mivides mivlinebulni igi mtarvalni da wariyvanes, viTarca brZanebul iyo; mravalferiTa
WiriTa miiyvanes igi.
xolo netari igi episkoposi abibos megobari iyo brwyinvalisa mis mnaTobisa sYmeon mesuetisa antioqelisaA, ara Tu
xilviTa exilva sadame erTmanerTi, aramed sulieriTa miT siyuaruliTa, romliTa ixilvebis Soreuli viTarca maxlobeli, da kualad wigniTa da mociquliTa iyo maT Soris SeswavebaA. mas oden Jamsa, odes mihyvanda wmidaA abibos, daemTxYa mas
mociquli igi wmidisa sYmeon mesuetisaA sofelsa, romelsa
hrqYan ialdo, da moarTua mas wigni evlogiad da kuerTxi wmidisa sYmion mesuetisa antioqelisa sakYrvelT-moqmedisaA. da
viTarca miiRo wigni igi episkoposman, aRmoikiTxa, da miupyra
mas evlogiaA igi da kuerTxi, da ganixara sixaruliTa didiTa
da ganmtkicna friad. da Tana warmoixuna igini da ganmxiarulebuli movida, daRaTu SesaZlebel iyo misa ara-moslvaA. momyvanebelTa maT daemTxYnesca, da hrques: „ukueTu ara gnebavs
warslvis, Cuen mogiRoT da ukungaqcioT”. xolo man ara Tavsidva, rameTu iswrafda da hsuroda martYlobaA.
da viTar moiwivnes maxlobelad Cuensa amas sameufosa qalaqsa mcxeTisasa, hxadoda igi dedasa TYssa raqels, romel
ars erTi kaTolike eklesiaA samociquloA. da vidreRa Tu ityodaca, viTarmed: “dedao, aha esera Svili Seni ioseb warvhyav
egYpted kruli, viTarca tyue; da viTarmca vin hrqua: ara egre, aramed sufevad ganemzadebi nayofTa maTgan SuenierTa,
saunjeTa maTgan TYsTa; mTnavs Seni ege gzaA da vidode mas
zeda”. maSin evedra mtarvalTa, raATa mivides igi netarisa
SioAsa mRYmed, rameTu icoda igi winaATve da surviel iyo
igi xilvad misa. xolo maT ganuteves igi da STavida udab-
waredginaT. mividnen masTan mivlinebuli jalaTebi da
brZanebisaebr waiyvanes igi, mravaltanjvamiyenebuli.
xolo netari episkoposi abibosi megobari iyo brwyinvale mnaTobisa, antioqieli svimeon mesvetisa. arasodes
unaxavT erTmaneTi sadme, aramed uyvardaT sulieri siyvaruliT, romelic Soreuls axloblad aqcevs, maT mociqulis mier motanili weriliT gaicnes erTmaneTi. rodesac
wminda abibosi mihyavdaT sofel ialdoSi, mas Sexvda wminda
svimeon mesvetis mociquli, miarTva kurTxevis werili da
kverTxi wminda sakvirvelmoqmedi antioqieli svimeon mesvetisa. episkoposma rom miiRo, TviTonac misca kurTxeva,
gaixara friad da Zlier ganmtkicda. misi wamomyvanebi rom
Semoxvdnen, uTxres mas: “Tu wasvla ar ginda, Cven migabrunebT“, man uari Tqva, radganac iswrafoda da surda martviloba.
Cvens samefo qalaq mcxeTas rom miuaxlovdnen, uxmobda
dedamiss, raqels, romelic aris erTi kaTolike samociqulo eklesia da ambobda: “dedao, Seni Svili iosebi waviyvane egvipteSi tyvesaviT Sekruli da, rogorc iTqva:
ara amgvarad, aramed mzad xar sufevad mSvenier nayofTa
mier, momwons Seni es gza da minda, viaro masze“. maSin Seevedra igi jalaTebs, misuliyvnen netar SiosTan mRvimeSi, wina Tves gaicno da surda misi xilva. maT gauSves is
da Cavida udabnoSi da ixila man netari beri. iloces maT
da moikiTxes erTmaneTi. saubrisas wminda episkoposma uTxra bers: ‘’iloce, mamao, radgan uSjulo sparselebi gaficxebulan Cven mimarT, ampartavnebisa gamo, raTa daipyron Cveni qveyana. Sen ici, rom babiloni1 maradis kerpebs
uxmobs da Rones eZebs, rom yovel kaci aiZulon, mas Tayvani
sces: maSin samma yrmam, Ze RvTisas axlos mdgomarem, misive
140
141
1 babiloni (babilovani) - aq: kerpTayvaniscemis kera.
cxo
reba
isa ab
ibos nek
resel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
abibos
nekresel
reselisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda abibos nekreselisa
nod da ixila netari igi beri. da yves locvaA da moikiTxes
urTierTas. da viTarca zraxvides, hrqua wmidaman episkoposman bersa: “locva yav, mamao, rameTu usjuloni ese sparsni ganZYndes Cuen zeda ampartavanebiTa TYsiTa, rameTu daipyres sofeli ese Cueni. Sen uwyi, rameTu babilovni maradis kerpTmawuevel ars da Ronis-meZiebel arian, raATamca yovelni kacni
Tayuanis-aceminnes kerpTa. maSin sadame samTa yrmaTa, Zesa
RmrTisasa Tana-mdgomareTa, mismieriTave ZaliTa kerpi igi daadnves da ganaqarves da mZlavri igi yovliT ZaliT misiTurT
kdemasa queSe Seayenes, da awca maT usjuloTa misTa saxed
egulebis, raATamca kualad ganages bade da Seayennes kacni
da Tayuanis-aceminnes cecxlsa”.
miugo berman da hrqua: “vici, mamao mflobelo, rameTu
daSrite cecxli igi maTi sruliad, romelsa esvides usjuloni igi, aramed mogmadlen ufalman, raATa aRtyinebulica
igi uCinoA cecxli, romel aRugznies SenTYs eSmaksa gansacdelad, daSrito adYlad. ara umecar ars siwmide Seni, rameTu mravliTa WiriTa gYRirs Seslvad sasufevelsa RmrTisasa, xolo nu SesZrwundebi maTisa misgan mZlavrebisa, vinaATgan ityYs mociquli, viTarmed: “maWirvebelTa TquenTa Wiri da Tquen WirveulTa lxini”. uwyode, rameTu Wiri maTi Sen
dideba geqmnes waruval da Wiri ege Seni maT dacema da ganbneva”.
da Semdgomad mravlisa sityYsa ganmtkicna netari abibos berisagan da yves locvaA, da waremarTa Ruawlsa mas sixaruliT. da viTarca miiyvanes igi marzapnisa mis zena soflad,
sofelsa romelsa hrqYan reKi, da Sekrba mun simravle episkoposTa da mRdelTa da eris mTavarTaA, da Teatroni didi iqmna winaSe marzapnisa.
maSin warmoadgines wmidaA abibos episkoposi da hrqua mas
marzapanman man: “raAsaTYs uvar-hyav uflebaA mefeT-mefisaA
ZaliT kerpi daadno da mospo da ZaliT Searcxvina. axlac
am uSjuloebs ganuzraxavT adamianebisTvis maxis dageba,
rom cecxlsa scen Tayvani.“
berma miugo: “mamao, radganac uSjuloTa cecxli sruliad daSrite, mogmadlos ufalma Zala imisa, rom uxilavi cecxli, romelic eSmaks Sens gansacdelad daunTia, advilad Caaqro, damaluli ar aris Seni siwminde. mravali
gansacdelis gadatanaa saWiro RvTis sasufevelSi SesvlisTvis. nu SegeSindeba maTi Zaladobisa, radganac mociquli ambobs: “Tqvens SemWirveblebs - Wiri, xolo Tqven SeWirvebulebs - lxini“1, icode, rom maTi Wiri Sen waruval
didebas moganiWebs, xolo Seni Wiri maT dascems da ganabnevs.“
beris xangrZlivma saubarma ganamtkica netari abibosi, locva aRavlines da RvawlisaTvis sixaruliT gaemzada. roca is zemo sofelSi, xevSi, gamgebelTan miiyvanes,
uamravi episkoposi, mRvdeli da erismTavari Seikriba.
vrceli moedani gadaSliliyo gamgeblis winaSe.
waradgines wminda abibos episkoposi. gamgebelma hkiTxa mas: “ratom uaryavi mefeTmefis Zalaufleba da mokali
Cveni RmerTi“? abibosma miugo: “me aravin vici mefe, garda
uflisa Cvenisa, ieso qristesi, xolo is cecxli davSrite,
rom eSmakis sacduri gamenadgurebina. gevedrebiT, rom ganudgeT amao msaxurebas da erTaderTi RmerTi icnoT, romlisagan Seiqmna yoveli, da mxolod mas emsaxuroT, radganac dawerilia: “ufalsa RmerTsa Sensa Tayvanisce da mas
mxolosa hmsaxurebde“2. gamgebelma uTxra mas: ‘’me gekiTxebi, risTvis mokali Cveni RmerTi da ratom ginda, Sens
RmerTs vemsaxuroT“? xolo netarma abibosma uTxra:
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143
1 Sdr. 2 Tes.1:6-7
2meore rjl. 6:13; mT. 4:10; lk. 4:8
cxo
reba
isa ab
ibos nek
resel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
abibos
nekresel
reselisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda abibos nekreselisa
da mohkal RmerTi Cueni?” miugo abibos da hrqua: “me aravin
vici meufed, garna ufali Cueni iesu qriste, xolo cecxli
igi, romel davSrite igi, raATamca sacTuri ganvaqarve eSmakisaA. xolo glocav, raATa ganeyenneT undosa mas msaxurebasa
da RmerTi mxoloA icnaT, romlisa mier daebada yoveli, da
mas mxolosa hmsaxurebdeT, rameTu weril ars: “ufalsa RmerTsa Sensa Tayuanis-sce da mas mxolosa hmsaxurebde”. hrqua
mas marzapanman man: “me vikiTxav, raAsaTYs mohkal RmerTi Cueni da Sen gnebavs, raATamca Senisa RmrTisa wargYyvanne?” xolo netarman man abibos hrqua: “uwyebul iyavn Senda, viTarmed RmerTi ara momiklavs, xolo cecxli davSrite. ara ars
RmerTi igi, aramed sxuaTa bunebaTagani ars, erTisa nivTisagan mcired nawili, romelTagan aRhmarTa RmerTman sofeli
ese. gansworebiT dabadebul arian notiaA, civi, Kmeli da cecxli, romel erTi-erTisa mpyrobelobaA aqus simrgulesa mas
Sina. esreT gansworebiTa nawilTaATa dganan eseni, da ukueTumca erTierTsa aRemata, gan-mca-qarda meore igi. xolo
Tqueni igi cecxli misve cecxlisa bunebisa nawil ars KmeliTa da civiTa aRmdgomi SeSisa WamiTa myovar Jamier. erTi mcire wyali davasx, mZle eqmna da mokla igi, rameTu ufroAs misa
ipova wyali igi. aw mikYrs Tqueni eseviTari sicofe, viTar
ara sircxYl giCns misi saxelis-debad RmrTad, romelsa eseodeni suli aqus (rameTu Tqueni ese cecxli Tquendave mona
ars da kerpTa Seuracxis-myofelTa vervis hxedavs), ukueTu
RmerT ars ege? Tquen ityYT, rameTu odesme Tquensave sofelsa ganhmzadeT msaxurebaA mis kerpisaA, romel-igi hqmeniT oqroAsaA. satanjvelad ganmzadebulsa mas Tquen mier maSindelsa aw RmerT ewodebis?!”
maSin ganrisxna friad marzapani igi mefisaA da Semdgomad mravlisa guemisa da sakYrvelTa satanjvelTaAsa qviTa
gantYnes igi, netari abibos, da mokles da ganaTries gareSe
“icode, rom me RmerTi ar momiklavs, aramed cecxli davSrite. is RmerTi ar aris, aramed sxva Tviseba aqvs, im nivTierTagania, romlisganac Seqmna RmerTma es sofeli. erTianad aris Seqmnili haeri, wyali, miwa da cecxli, erTmaneTs emorCilebian, Tanabarni arian erTmaneTis mimarT,
da Tuki erTi meores aRemateba, gaqreba meore.1 Tqveni cecxli im cecxlis bunebisaa, romelic miwasa da wyals ebrZvis
da SeSas nTqavs. mciredi wyali davasxi, sZlia da mokla
igi, radgan masze Zlieri aRmoCnda wyali. mikvirs Tqveni
sisulele, rogor ar grcxveniaT, rom RmerTs uwodebT mas,
romelsac aseTi mokle sicocxle aqvs (Tqveni cecxli Tqvenive monaa, da verc kerpebis Seuracxmyoflebis winaSe uZluria). nuTu SeiZleba, es RmerTi iyos?! Tqven ambobT, rom
Tqvens qveyanaSi Tqven mier satanjvelad gamzadebul oqros kerps moemsaxurebiT, da amas RmerTi hqvia?!
maSin Zalian gabrazda mefis gamgebeli. mravali gvemisa da sakvirveli tanjvis Semdeg qviT Caqoles netari abibosi, mokles da gaaTries qalaqgareT. mcvelebi daudgines mas, rom mxecebs da frinvelebs SeeWamaT misi sxeuli;
eSinodaT, rom qristianebi movidodnen, waasvenebdnen da
didebiT dakrZalavdnen.
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1 antikuri swavleba oTxi stiqiis Sesaxeb
cxo
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isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
abibos
nekresel
reselisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda abibos nekreselisa
qalaqsa. da mcvelni ganewesnes mis zeda, raATa mKecTa da
mfrinvelTa SeWamnen Korcni misni, rameTu eSinoda, nuukue
qristeaneni moviden da warixunen igi da didebiT dahkrZalnen.
xolo samgzis sanatrelsa mas, KorcTa misTa, araraA Seexo yoladve mKecTa da mfrinvelTagan. da viTar myovar isxnes, dauteves mcvelTa maT da warvides. gamovides mamani igi,
romelni myof iyvnes garemos qalaqebsa mas reKisasa, da maTTa mowafeTagansa aReSena monasteri igi, da aRixunes nawilni igi wmidisa abiboAsni da dahflnes adgilsa mas didebiTa
didiTa. da esreT Seiwira wmidaA abibos, viTarca msxuerpli
wmidaA da marTliadmca vinme Tqua, viTarmed: “sexna ars igi
zaqariaAssa, mamisa ioanessa, ara Tu saxeliTa, aramed saxiTa,
romelsa-igi wili xuedrebul iyo mRdelT-moZRurebisaA da
kualad sisxlica misi wmidad daiTxia”.
magram samgzis sanatrel mis sxeuls aranairi frinveli da mxeci ar Sexebia, cota xani isxdnen da Semdeg wavidnen mcvelebi. gamovidnen garSemo qalaqebSi myofi mamebi
da maTma mowafeebma aaSenes monasteri da wminda abibosis
sxeulis nawilebi iq dakrZales didebiT. ase Seiwira wminda abibosi, rogorc wminda msxverpli, da rogorc WeSmaritad iTqva: mosaxelea igi zaqariasi, ioanes mamisa, ara
saxeliT, aramed magaliTiT, romelsac wilad xvda mRvdelTmoZRvroba da misi sisxlic wmindad daiTxia.
III. amas raA giTxrob Tquen netarisa episkoposisa abibosissa, ara Tu yovelTa saqmeTa da SromaTa da RuawlTa misTa
gauwyeb Tquen, anu viTar-igi dalewna kerpni da uRmrToTa
maT arwmuna qriste da naTel-sca maT saxeliTa wmidisa samebisaATa, anu viTar dedakacsaca mas uwinawarmetyuela Semdgomad xolo missa moslvaA berZenTaA da dapyrobaA queyanisa amis
CuenisaA, romelica-igi iqmna mswrafl. missave dedakacisa ze
movides berZenni da ganasxnes usjuloni igi sparsni da daipyres queyanaA ese Cueni mieriTgan erisTavni iqmnnes mpyrobel
qarTlisa, da sxuani mravalni, viTarca weril arian wignsa mas
wamebisa misisasa.
aramed minda, raATa gauwyo Tquen, Zmano, viTarmed eseviTarni queyanisa angelozni, naTelni soflisani, Wurni savseni nelsacxebeliTa, romelTa TYsiTa miT simKniTa ganaSuenes
3. yovelive amiT netari abibos episkoposis yovelgvar
saqmesa da Rvawls rodi gauwyebT - Tu rogor dalewa kerpebi wminda samebis saxeliT, an Tundac dedakacs rogor
uwinaswarmetyvela. amis Semdeg, mokle xanSi, movidnen berZnebi da daipyres Cveni qveyana; rogor aumxedrdnen am dedakacs berZnebi, gandevnes uSjulo sparselebi da daipyres Cveni qveyana. amieridan erisTavebi da mravalni sxvani gaxdnen mpyrobelni Cveni qveynisa, rogorc misi wamebis
wignSia gadmocemuli.
aramed minda gauwyoT, Zmano, rom qveynis amgvari angelozebi, qveynis naTelni, nelsacxebliT savse WurWelni,
romlebmac TavianTi sibrZniT ganamSvenes Cveni qveyana erT
dros, rogorc oqros jaWviviT erTimeoreze gadabmulebma: wminda nekreseli episkoposi abibosi da netari ioane
zedazneli da RirsebiT moxsenebuli wilkneli
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cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
abibos
nekresel
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cxovreba wminda abibos nekreselisa
sofeli ese Cueni erTsa Jamsa Sina, iyvnes viTarca jaWY oqroAsaA modebuli erTierTsa: wmidaA episkoposi abibos nekreseli da netari ioane zedazadneli da RirsebiT moKsenebuli
ise wilkneli episkoposi da madliTa savse beri Sio anu sxuani
igi mowafeni misnive netarisa ioane zedazadnelisani, romelTa SuenieriTa miT slviTa Seamkves eklesiaA.1
erTman vinme maTganman aRaSena alaverdi, romlisagan gamovlen vidre dRendelad dRedmde didni sakYrvelebani da
mravalni kurnebani, ganTqumulni garemos yovelsa mas sofelsa; da sxuaman quabi iulTisaA, da sxuaTa dahnergnes kuxeTs
monasterni, da erTman udabnoA garesjisaA da mravalni sakYrvelebani qmnna. xolo erTman zena-sofelsa aRaSena monasteri da dadva saswauli ese, raATa araraA dedalTagani Sevides mas Sina. romelman mfrinvelni cisani da quewarmavalni
enasa TYssa daamorCilna, ver ikadrebdes dabudebad mas Sina,
romelsa-ese Tualni Cuenni xedvides dRes. da viTar-igi ganSuenebul arian yovelni adgilni maT wmidaTani da yuavian
dRes, ukueTumca visme uxilavi igi maTi didebaA ara hrwmena,
viTar gulisKma-yomca maTi igi kadnierebaA winaSe uflisa
adgilTa maTTagan?! xolo sxuaTa maT yovelTa ver Zal-mic
moKsenebad. aramed mcirediTa amiT sityYTa didi igi vcnaT
da gemoA vixiloT wmidaTagan wyaroTa da adidebdiT mamasa
Tquensa zecaTasa.
xolo netarman Sio mRYmesa mas Sina pova zecisa igi margaliti da moiRo Tavsa Sina TYssa da daamkYdra, da iswrafda
mislvasa mis winaSe, romeli-igi moiqua man, miiyvana adgilsa
episkoposi, da madliT savse beri Sio da netari ioane zedaznelis sxva mowafeeebi, romlebmac TavianTi didebuli
saqmiT Seamkes eklesia. maTi wminda nawilebiT daunjebuli Cveni qveyana sanatrel iqmna. xolo, aw, Zmano sayvarelno, vedrebiT viTxovoT Cveni RmerTisgan, qristesgan, rom
maTi wminda locviTa da meoxebiT mivbaZoT maTs saTnoebas,
romelsac Svenis pativi da Tayvaniscema aw da maradis da
ukuniTi ukunisamde , amin.
erT-erTma maTganma aaSena alaverdi, romlisganac didi saswaulebi da mravali kurneba aResrula, rac mTel im
aremareSi ganTqmulia; zogma iulTis gamoqvabuli daamkvidra, zogma - kaxeTis monastrebi, erTma - garejis udabno da mravali saswauli moaxdina, erTma zemo sofelSi aago monasteri da daawesa, rom mdedri ar Sesuliyo SigniT; man cis frinvelebi da qvewarmavlebi Tavis enas daumorCila, masSi ver dabuddeboda is, rasac dRes Cven vxedavT. wmindanTa adgilebi gamSvenebulia da yvavis. Tu vinmes maTi uxilavi didebisa ar swams, moixilos maTi adgilebi. yvelas ver movixseneb, am mciredi sityviT didebuli vicnoT da vixiloT wminda wyaroTa gemo da adidebdiT Tqvens zecier mamas.
netarma Siom mRvimeSi ipova zeciuri margaliti1 da
daeufla mas da iswrafoda, misuliyo imis winaSe,
romelic man Seimosa, miiyvana iq, sadac surda da ganisvena. Sekriba uamravi beri da, Cveulebis mixedviT, dakrZa-
1 redaqcia: da wmidani mcnebani misni saTnoATa moqalaqobiTa warmarTebulTa
etBrTnes. da eseve queyanaA Cueni wmidaTa nawilTa maTTa daunjebiTa sanatrel iqmna. xolo aw, Zmano sayuarelno, vedrebiT viTxovdeT qristes RmrTisagan, raATa wmidiTa locviTa da meoxebiTa maTiTa Rirs myvnes mibaZvad saTnoebaTa maTTa da maradis didebis-metyuelebad samebisa wmidisa romelsa Suenis pativi da Tayuanis-cemaA aw da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amen.
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1 igulisxmeba igavi margalitze, mT. 13:45-46
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cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
abibos
nekresel
reselisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda abibos nekreselisa
mas, sadaca suroda da Seisuena didiTa gancxadebulebiTa. da
Sekrba mun simravle monazonTaA, msgavsad Cueulebisa dahmarxnes Korcni misni mas adgilsa, da ganaweses dResaswauli mis
netarisaA mexuTesa zatiksa, dResa kYriakesa. da Semdgomad
amisa wmidaA da keTilad moRuawe evagre Cajda mRYmesa mas,
raATa ara daacalieros adgili TYsisa mis moZRurisaA da raATa
saTnoebaTa misTa mkYdr iqmnes, romelica aRasrula saqmiT.
les misi sxeuli im adgilas. netaris dResaswaulad daaweses paseqis dResaswaulis xuTi ricxvi, kvira dRe, amis
Semdeg wminda da keTilad moRvawe evagre Cajda mRvimeSi, rom ar Sewyvetiliyo moRvaweoba, raTa saTnoeba damkvidrebuliyo, rac saqmiT aRasrula.
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cxovreba wminda serapion
zarzmelisa
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winaTqma
basili zarzmelis Txzuleba “cxovreba da moqalaqoba
RmerTSemosilisa netarisa mamisa Cuenisa serapionisi” aRwers
samonastro cxovrebas samcxeSi. aRniSnuli Zegli daculia erTaderT xelnawerSi (A 69), rac aRmoaCina da pirvelad gamosca mose janaSvilma.
dReisaTvis dadgenilia, rom didi wmindani serapioni moRvaweobda IX s-Si. es iyo epoqa, rodesac samxreT saqarTveloSi cnobili saeklesio pirebi daucxromelad iRvwodnen sulieri cxovrebis ganaxlebisa da aRorZinebisaTvis. rogorc
viciT, amave epoqis saxelganTqmuli moRvawea wm. grigol xancTeli, romelic arsebiTad aRniSnuli regionis samonastro
mSeneblobaTa mesafuZvled gvevlineba. basili zarzmelis Sroma saSualebas gvaZlevs gavavloT damakavSirebeli xazi grigolidan serapionamde. marTlac, serapionis moZRvaria miqel
parexeli, es ukanaskneli ki, rogorc giorgi merCulisgan viciT, mowafea grigol xancTelisa. ase rom, serapioni grigolis mowafis mowafea, imave sulier Rvawls Sedgomili, rasac 859 wlamde dauRalavad winamZRolobda swored grigol
xancTeli.
RvTis gansakuTrebuli wyalobaa, rom Cvenamde TiTqmis
sruli saxiT SemorCa aRniSnuli epoqis udides sulier ZvraTa ori vrceli aweriloba basili zarzmelisa da giorgi merCulis zemoxsenebul SromaTa saxiT. miuxedavad mravali saerTo niSnisa, orive maTgans moepoveba individualuri ganumeorebeli Rirsebani, riTac isini erTimeores avseben da erToblivad STaubeWdaven mkiTxvels epoqis cxovel xats.
basili zarzmelis Sromis didi nawili, rogorc cnobilia, eTmoba serapionisa da misi sulieri Zmebis mogzaurobas
gauval da gzagaugnebel maRnarSi RvTivmoswavebul adgilTa mosaZieblad. savsebiT dasaSvebia, rom is zedmiwevniT realisturi suraTi, rac aRniSnuli mogzaurobis dawvrilebiTi aRwerisas ikveTeba basilis SromaSi, sulieri TvaliTac
SevimecnoT, rogorc codvili wuTisoflis bneleTSi ganRmrTobis bilikebis Zieba da RvTismcodneobis mwvervalisken swrafva. Tu am TvaliTac wavikiTxavT xsenebul Zegls, Se154
saZlebelia, bevri ram, yofiTad Znelad asaxsneli, gasagebi
gaxdes.
rac Seexeba sakuTriv aRweris realisturobas, rac TviTmxilvelis (serapionis Tanamosagris) naambobis utyuarobidan
gamomdinareobs, am mxriv “serapionis cxovreba” istoriuli
aspeqtiTac fasdaudebel wyarod gvevlineba da saeklesio
sityvaxelovnebis kuTxiTac gauxunari feradovnebis mxatvrul
tilod warmodgeba mkiTxvelis winaSe.
yvelaze aRmatebuli Rirseba aRniSnuli Zeglisa, cxadia,
aris samonastro mSeneblobaTa sulieri mewinamZRvreebis,
udabnoTa axali mnaTobebis Sesaxeb vrceli uwyeba, riTac basili zarzmelis Sroma uTuod gamorCeul adgils ikavebs saeklesio hagiografiis maradcocxal wiaRSi.
ediSer WeliZe
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rebaA da moqalaqobaA RmerTcxorebaA
isa mamisa Cuen
isaA
Semosil
ilisa
netarisa
CuenisaA
Semos
il
isa netar
serappion
ionis
isii
sera
is
Cveni RmerTSemosili netari mamis,
serapionis, cxovreba da moqalaqeoba
guakurTxen, mamao!
I. friad ukue Suenierisa da mraval-sawadelisa da saRmrToAsa qebisa da brwyinvaled Sesxmisa Rirs arian moyuareni
RmrTisani da aRmasrulebelni saRmrToTa mcnebaTa misTani. rameTu Tavadi meufe da RmerTi Cueni hnatris maT brZanebaTa Sina saxarebisaTa, ityodes raA: `netar iyvnen glaxakni suliTa~
da SemdgomiTi-Semdgomad sxuani igi yovelni netarebani. xolo dasasrulsa viTarca niWsa rasme da gYrgYnsa brwyinvalesa wina uyofs da sasyidlad SromaTa mihmadlebs da etyYs: `gixaroden da mxiarul iyveniT, rameTu sasyideli Tqueni did ars
caTa Sina~. da sxuasa adgilsa ityYs: `amas zeda nu gixaris, rameTu sulni borotni dagemorCilebian, aramed gixaroden, rameTu saxelebi Tqueni aRweril ars caTa Sina~. da kualad mamaA
RmrTisaA daviT ityYs: `amisTYs ganixara gulman Cemman da galobda enaA Cemi~, da `viTar mxiarulTa yovelTa mkYdrobaA Sendami ars~. xolo ese sixaruli moiwevis saRmrToAsa misgan netarebisa, romelsa igive winawarmetyueli dasabamsa fsalmunTasa daswers netarebasa kacisasa `romeli ara vals gzasa uRmrToTasa~ da kualad: `netar arian ubiwoni gzasa mavalni
Sjulsa uflisasa~. da yolad brZnisa mamisa yolad brZeni Ze
solomon ityYs: `netar ars kaci, romelman moigo gonierebaA
da mokudavman, romelman pova mecnierebaA~. xolo oqroA aedoni eklesiisaA pavle Kmobs: `gixaroden maradis uflisa mier da
kualad getyY: gixaroden~. rameTu sarwmunoebaA Tqueni samaradisosa netarebasa mogatyuebs Tquen da amiT sasoebiTa ganmtkicebulTa Zuelisa da axlisa sjulisa wmidaTa iswaves moTminebaA da sarwmunoebiT rbiodes gYrgYnsa mas zecisa Cinebisasa, viTarca igive pavle, piri qristesi, ityYs: `rameTu ars
1. marTlac metad mSvenieri, mravalsawadeli da saRvTo qebisa da brwyinvaled xotbis Sesxmis Rirsni arian
RvTis moyvarulni da misi saRvTo mcnebebis aRmsrulebelni, radgan TviT Cveni meufe da RmerTi netaryofs maT saxarebiseul brZanebulebebSi, ambobs ra: "netar iyvnen suliT
glaxakni"_ (aseTivea Semdeg da Semdeg yvela sxva netareba), amasTan, netarebaTa daboloebas, rogorc ram brwyinvale ZRvensa da gvirgvins, win daudebs maT da amas mihmadlebs garjilobaTa sazRaurad, etyvis ra: "gixarodeT da
mxiarulni iyaviT, radgan Tqveni sazRauri didia caTa Sina",_ da sxva adgilas ambobs: "imaze nuki ixarebT, rom boroti sulebi gemorCilebaT, aramed is gixarodeT, rom
Tqveni saxelebi aRwerilia caTa Sina";_ da kidev, RvTis
mama daviTi ambobs: "amisTvis gaixara Cemma gulma da galobda Cemi ena",_ da: "rogorc Sendamia yvela mxiarulis mkvidroba",_ xolo es sixaruli modis im saRvTo netarebidan,
rasac igive winaswarmetyveli fsalmunTa dasawyisSi adamianis netarebad wers, adamianisa, "romelic ar midis uRmrToTa gzaze";_ da kidev: "netarni arian ubiwoebi, mavalni
uflis sjulis gzaze",_ da yovladbrZeni mamis yovladbrZeni Ze solomoni ambobs: "netaria is adamiani, romelmac SeiZina goniereba da is mokvdavi, romelmac hpova codna",_ xolo eklesiis oqroiadoni pavle ambobs: "gixarodeT
maradis uflis mier da kidev geubnebiT: gixarodeT",_ radgan Tqveni sarwmunoeba samaradiso netarebas mogipovebT
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isa sera
isa
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rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
serappion zarzmel
zarzmelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda serapion zarzmelisa
sarwmunoebaA mosavTa misTa Zal saqmeTa mamxilebel ara xilulTa, rameTu amas Sina iwamnes moxucebulni~ Zuelsa da axalsa
Sina saRmrTod ganbrwyinvebulni. rameTu viTarca-igi erTisa misgan mdidrad aRmomdinarisa wyaroAsa mravalni irwyvebian mtilni da samoTxeni da simravle nergTa TYTo-saxeTaA madlisa misgan da niWisa saRmToAsa, egreTve moefinebis yovelTa
TiToeulad ganfena madlTa, viTarca igive pavle Kmobs: `ganfenani madlTani arian~ da Teslad-Tesladi enaTa. da kualad
ityYs: `pirvelad mociqulni, mwyemsni da moZRuarni da mamani
daewesnes~, rameTu SemdgomiTi-Semdgomad ara daaklebs madli sulisa aRmoSobad SvilTa maT embazisaTa viTarca-igi sityuaA metyueli, viTarmed: `moimowafeniT yovelni warmarTni
da naTel-scemdiT saxeliTa mamisaATa da ZisaATa da sulisa wmidisaATa~; da `aha esera me Tquen Tana var~ da Semdgomi. da sxYT
`aRorZndiT da ganmravldiT da ganavseT queyanaA~, da kualad
mociquli ityYs: `iesu qriste, guSin da dRes da igi Tavadi
ukunisamde~, romelman awca aRmoabrwyinva viTarca raA elvaciskrovnebaA axalTa amaT mnaTobTaA axalsa samyarosa wmidisa
eklesiisasa, raATa viTarca mTiebi brwyinviden pirsa yovlisa
soflisasa da baZvad saRmrTod moqalaqobisa gulsa yovelTa
moswrafeTasa. rameTu aha esera jer-CinebiTa RmrTisaATa JamTaca CuenTa ixilvnes axalni mnaTobni da moZRuarni da maswavlelni, viTarca Zuelsa Sina elia da iovane, da Semdgomad pavle Tebeli da didi antoni, makari, efTYmi, saba da gerasime. da
rad gYKms TYToeulad warmoTqumaA, yovelni msgavsni da mobaZavni maTni, romelTa vles moswrafebiT iwroA da saWirveli
Tqven. ai, am imediT ganmtkicebulma Zveli da axali aRTqmis
wmindanebma iswavles moTmineba da isini sarwmunoebiT
rbodnen zeciuri xmobis gvirgvinisken, rogorc ambobs amas
igive pavle, qristes piri: “radgan sarwmunoeba misdami
msasoebelTa safuZvelia, daunaxav saqmeTa gamomaaSkaravebelia, radgan amaSi miiRes dasturyofa uxucesebma”,_ romlebic saRvTod gabrwyindnen Zvelsa da axal aRTqmaSi, radgan iseve, rogorc erTi uxvad amomCqefare wyarodan bevri yvavilnari, baRi da nairgvar mcenareTa simravle irwyveba, aseve saRvTo madlisa da saboZvarisgan saTiTaod
miefineba yvelas madlTa gadaSla, rogorc xmobs amas igive pavle: “madlTa gadaSlani aris”_ da enaTa gvareoba. da
kvlav ambobs igi: “pirvelad mociqulebi, Semdeg ki mwyemsebi, moZRvrebi da mamebi dadgindnen”,_ radgan Semdeg da
Semdeg ar Seamcirebs sulis madli embazis SvilTa aRmoSobas, rogorc ambobs amas sityva: “moimowafeT yvela warmarTi da monaTleT isini mamis, Zisa da sulis saxeliT”,_
da: “aha, me TqvenTan var”_ (da momdevno), da sxvagan: “izardeT, gamravldiT da aavseT miwa”;_ da kidev, mociquli ambobs: “ieso qriste guSin da dRes, da Tavad igi aris ukunisamde”,_ romelmac axlac amoabrwyina am axal mnaTobTa
elvaciskrovnebis msgavsi ram wminda eklesiis axal simyareSi, rom mTiebisebr brwyinavdnen isini mTeli qveynis winaSe da yvela mowadinis guls saRvTo moqalaqeobis baZvisken aRZravdnen, radgan aha, RvTis ganzraxulebiT Cvens
droSic gamoCndnen axali mnaTobebi, — moZRvrebi da maswavleblebi, — rogorc Zvel aRTqmaSi elia da ioane, maT
Semdeg ki: "pavle Tebeli, didi antoni, makari, eqvTime, saba da gerasime (an ki rad gvinda TiToeulad dasaxeleba?)
— yvelani, maTi msgavsni da mbaZvelni, romlebmac wadierad
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gzaA, mimyvanebeli zecisa qalaqad, romlisa xuroT-moZRuar
da Semoqmed RmerTi ars.
xolo ityYan vieTnime, viTarmed: `JamTa amaT CuenTa arRaravis Kel-ewifebis msgavsebaA pirvelTa mamaTaA, rameTu
gangebiTa raATme saRmrToATa mifarul ars~. aramed Sen ismine guls-modgined, sayuarelo, romlisaTYs aw sityuaA warmarTebul ars. rameTu yovliTurT msgavs iqmna amaT wmidaTa
mamaTa yolad brwyinvale da zecisa Cinebisa Rirsi yolad wmidaA mamaA da moZRuari netari serapion. garna vityodiT zogsraAme SekrebulTa cxorebisa misisaTa aRweriT moTxrobad da
saRmrToTa smenis-moyuarisa siwmidisa Tquenisa moKsenebad,
N patiosano da saRmrToo krebulo da mwyobr-mdgomobiT mimsgavsebulono zecisa dasTano, romelni mkYdr Cinebul xarT
talavarTa namuSakevTa misTa, mRdelno da mamano udabnoAsa
didisa zarzmisano, romelTa wil keTil gxuda didi ese mnaTobi mamaA, mamaTa moZRuari da maswavleli, raATa guesmodian
swavlani da saRmrToni saqmeni da Sromani misni da vadidebdeT mamasa zecaTasa, viTarca-igi ufali ityYs, viTarmed: `esreT brwyinevdin naTeli Tqueni winaSe kacTa, raATa ixilnen
saqmeni Tquenni keTilni~, da Semdgomni. xolo jer-ars Cuenda, Zmano, raATa Cuenca Zalisaebri vaCinoT baZvaA didisa mis
moZRurisa da mwyemsisaA; da aw guls-modgined da SromismoyuarebiT visminoT mcire ese sityYsamieri gamoxatvaA vrcelisa mis friad sawadelisa cxorebisa misisa da awindelisa aqa
SemokrebisaA. xolo cremliT vevedrebi siyuarulsa Tquensa
yolad uRirsi ese, raATa Tana-lmobil iqmneT uZlurebisa
ganvles viwro da Zneli gza, mimyvani zecis qalaqamde, romlis xuroTmoZRvari da Semqmneli RmerTia.
xolo amboben zogierTebi, rom “am Cvens droSi aRaravis SeuZlia pirvel mamaTa msgavseba, radgan saRvTo ram
gangebiT mifarulia es”, magram Sen ismine gulmodgined,
sayvarelo, imis Sesaxeb, visTvisac axla sityvaa aRZruli,
rameTu yovelgvarad miemsgavsa igi am wminda mamebs. esaa
yovladbrwyinvale da zeciuri xmobis Rirsi yovladwminda mama da moZRvari, netari serapioni.
mxolod nawilobriv visaubrebT misi cxovrebisgan SenakrebTa Sesaxeb, aRweriTi Txrobis saxiT, rom movaxsenoT
es yovelive Tqvens siwmindes, moyvaruls saRvToTa Sesaxeb smenisa,— hoi patiosano da saRvTo krebulo, mwyobri
ganlagebiT zeciur dasebs mimsgavsebulo, — Tqven, romlebic xmobilni xarT mis mier namuSakev karavTa memkvidreebad, didi zarzmis udabnos mRvdelno da mamano, romlebsac kargi wili gxvdaT — es didi mnaTobi, mama mamaTa,
moZRvari da maswavlebeli, raTa gvesmodes misi swavlebani, misi saRvTo saqmeni da Rvwani da vadidebdeT zecaTa
mamas, rogorc ambobs ufali: "ase brwyinavdes Tqveni sinaTle adamianTa winaSe, rom ixilon maT Tqveni kargi saqmeebi"_ (da momdevno). magram gvmarTebs Cven, Zmano, rom
Cvenc SeZlebisdagvari mbaZveloba gamoviCinoT am didi moZRvrisa da mwyemsis mimarT. axla ki gulmodgined da Sromismoyvared visminoT misi metad sawadeli vrceli cxovrebis da amJamindeli aq Semokrebilobis es mciredsityvismieri gamoxatva; amasTan, cremliT vevedrebi Tqvens siyvaruls me, yovlad uRirsi, rom TanaugrZnoT Cems uZlurebas, raTa usityvoTa sityviermyofeli da uZlurTa gamaZlierebeli sityvis mier momeces Rirseuli sityva Cemi
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Cemisa mocemad sityuaA Rirsi aRebasa pirisa Cemisasa sityYsa
mier usityurTa sityYer-myofelisa da uZlurTa ganmaZlierebelisa, rameTu iwyebs sityuaA dasabamsa cxorebisa misisasa.
piris gaxsnisas, radgan Seudgeba sityva dawyebas misi cxovrebisas.
II. ese netari da yolad qebuli serapion aRmoscenda queyanasa klarjeTisasa mSobelTagan RirsTa da patiosnebiT da
litonad cxorebulTa, romelni SromiT da queyanis-moqmedebiT izardebodes da naSromisagan maTisa mdidrad zrdides glaxakTa, da Zalisaebrsa miscemdes uRonoTa Kelis-apyrobasa, da simSYdiT da simdabliT iyofvodes msgavsad sawinawarmetyueloAsa sityYsa: `vis mivxedne, garna mSYdsa da mdabalsa~ da Semdgomi. xolo mamasa amis netarisasa ewodeboda
kYpriane, xolo saxelsa dedisa misisasa umecar varT, ara Tu
saxe borotebisa raAsaTYsme, aramed JamTagan dafarvisaTYs,
rameTu romelman eseviTari gamoiRo nayofi, ver egebis misi
uSuerebiT da undod warwymedaA, viTarca ufalica ityoda:
`ver Kel-ewifebis xesa keTilsa nayofisa xeneSisa gamoRebad~. esreT dedaA amisi netarisaA saxel-mouKsenebelad daifara sofliT, rameTu naTlad raA gamoiyvana wmidaA ese naSobi orTa Tana ZmaTa misTa, romeli erTi igi uxuces iyo da
erTi umrwemes, romlisa KsenebaA mravalgzis egulebis sityuasa, rameTu Svna raA samni ese naSobni da ganixara SvilTsxmisagan, viTarca mefsalmune daswers: `dedaA SvilTa zeda
saxarulevani~ naTlad gamomyvanebeli maTi naTlad waruvalad miicvala. xolo umrwemesi Ze iovane daSTa yolad usruli da ena-brgunili. igi ukue azarda mamaman misman kYpriane,
viTarca Sehgavs mamasa SvilT-moyuaresa. aramed Semdgomad
ara mravalTa welTa aResrula mamaAca amaT netarTaA da winaSe RmrTisa miicvala siberiTa keTiliTa ganpoxebuli. da daSTes samnive igi yrmani msgavsad babilovnisa yrmaTa alsa mas
Sina siglaxakisasa SeTxeulni.
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2. es netari da yovladqebuli serapioni daibada klarjeTis qveyanaSi Rirseuli mSoblebisgan, romlebic patiosnad da ubralod cxovrobdnen, Tavs irCendnen SromiT
da miwis damuSavebiT. isini Tavisi naSromisgan uxvad apurebdnen glaxakebs, uZlurebs SeZlebisdagvarad xels umarTavdnen da simSvidiT da simdabliT myofobdnen, msgavsad
sawinaswarmetyvelo sityvisa: “vis mivxedav, Tu ara mSvidsa
da mdabals?”_ (da momdevno). netari serapionis mamas erqva kvipriane, xolo misi dedis saxeli ar viciT, araTu raime ukeTursaxeobis gamo, aramed droJamisgan dafarvis mizeziT, radgan dauSvebelia, rom amgvari nayofis gamomRebi umsgavsod da ugvanad daRupuliyo, rogorc ambobda
ufalic: "ar ZaluZs karg xes ukeTuri nayofis gamoReba"._
ase rom, netari serapionis deda saxelmouxseneblad miefara am soflidan, mas Semdeg, rac sinaTleze gamoiyvana
man es wminda naSobi, Tavis or ZmasTan erTad, romelTagan
erTi ufrosi iyo, erTi — umcrosi (am ukanasknelis xseneba mravalgzis mouwevs sityvas), radgan Sva ra man es sami
naSobi da gaixara SvilierebiT (rogorc wers mefsalmune: "deda SvilTaTvis moxaruli"_ ), TviT igi, amaTi sinaTleze gamomyvani, waruvali sinaTlisken miiqca, xolo umcrosi Ze, ioane, darCa sruliad Cvili da aumetyvelebeli. igi gazarda misma mamam, kviprianem, rogorc Sehferis
es SvilTmoyvare mamas, Tumca arcTu bevri wlis Semdeg
aResrula am netarTa mamac da miicvala igi RvTis winaSe,
kargi siberiT damSvenebuli, samive bavSvi ki darCa, babiloneli bavSvebiviT, siRaribis alSi Secvenili.
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xolo aqa egulebis sityuasa mcired wiaRslvaA sxuad mimarT, raATa umetes gamoCndes keTilTa maT nergTa nayofTmcenarebaA, da amissa Semdgomad kualad ara oden aswil, aramed umetesca rto-ganrTxmiT gardafenilebaA ocdaaTeulad,
samoceulad da aseulad, raATa dasasrulsa Txrobisasa gulisKma-hyoT, Tu viTari tkbili da Suenieri damwifda tevani
maTisa mis moZRurebisa namuSakevTaA.
magram aq sityvas ganzraxuli aqvs cotaTi sxva mxares
gadasvla, rom ufro metad warmoCndes am kargi nergebis
nayofTaRmomacenebloba da amis Semdeg, kidev, ara mxolod
aswilad, aramed ufro metadac rtogadaSliT maTi gadafeniloba ocdaaTeulad, samoceulad da aseulad, rom
Txrobis dasasruls SeicnoT, Tu rogori tkbili da mSvenieri mtevani damwifda maTi moZRvrebis namuSakevTagan.
III. aramed aw jer-ars Cuenda, raATa didTa maTTYs udabnoTa da monasterTa moviKsenoT, Tu vinaA iqmna SenebaA maTi,
anu vin iyvnes maSenebelni igi, pirvelad _ suli igi da madli saRmrToA, da merme _ mis mier aRZrulni wmidani igi mamani. rameTu aReSena raA wmidaA da didi udabnoA opizaA monazonTa mier, romelTa ewodeboda amona, andria, petre da makari. xolo amissa Semdgomad movida muniT da aRaSena uwyebiTa saRmrToATa mcire eguteri da Sesakrebeli mcireTa ZmaTaA adgilsa kldoansa da uvalsa kacTagan, romelsa parex uwodian. xolo ese sityuaA mamaTa mier movals Cuenda, rameTu miqael iyo aRmaSenebeli, saswaulTa da niSTa moqmedi maRalTa
da didTaA, romeli iyo mowafe didisa SioAsi sakYrvelT-moqmedisaA, romeli, viTarca mTiebi ganTiadisaA, brwyinvida queyanasa qarTlisasa. amisa netarisa miqaelis mimarT waremarTa
yolad brZeni serapion, romelsa Tana-hyva ZmaA mcire hasakiTa.
rameTu didsa miqaels, viTarca raA mamasa sulTasa da mzrdelsa obolTasa, Sehvedra Tavi TYsi. xolo netarsa mas sxuanica
mravalni aqundes mowafeni, srulni da brwyinvaleni saTnoebiTa, viTarca didsa antonis ilarion da makari, egreTve miqaels basili da markelaoz. da maT Tana Seivedra netari serapion Tana-ZmiTurT da TanaaRracxil yvna dassa mowafeTasa.
xolo uxucesi igi ZmaA wesiTa msoflioATa dampryobel eqmna
mamulsa samkYdrebelsa da igive Seitkbo talanti, moRuawebisaA ucxoTa da glaxakTaA.
3. magram axla did udabnoTa da monasterTa Sesaxeb
gvmarTebs moxsenieba, kerZod, Tu rogor moxda maTi aSeneba anda, vin iyvnen maSeneblebi (pirvelad — saRvTo suli
da madli, Semdeg ki — mis mier aRZruli wminda mamebi),
radgan, rodesac aSenda wminda da didi udabno opiza monazonTa mier, romlebsac erqvaT: amona, andria, petre da
makari, amis Semdeg aqedan movida is, vinc saRvTo uwyebiT
aaSena mcire egvteri da cota Zmis Sesakrebeli kldovan
da adamianTagan gauvlel adgilas, romelsac parexs uwodeben, xolo es gadmocema mamebidan aris mosuli Cvenamde,
rom misi amSenebeli iyo miqaeli, maRal da did saswaulTa da niSTa moqmedi, romelic iyo mowafe didi da sakvirvelTmoqmedi Siosi, qarTlis mxareSi rom brwyinavda ciskris varskvlavisebr.
am netari miqaelisken gaemarTa yovladbrZeni serapioni (romelsac Tan axlda asakiT patara Zma), radgan swored mas, did miqaels, rogorc sulTa mamas da obolTa gamzrdels, Seavedra man Tavisi Tavi, Tumca netar miqaels
sxva mowafenic bevri hyavda, saTnoebiT srulni da brwyinvaleni. kerZod, iseve, rogorc hyavda did antonis ilarioni da makari, aseve hyavda miqaels basili da markelaozi.
ai, amaTTan SerTo man netari serapioni ZmasTan erTad da
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amissa Semdgomad mo-raA-iwia Jami wmidaA mamaA Cueni viTarca Rirsi brZanebiTa miqaelisiTa pativiTa mRdelobisaATa
srul iqmna da RirsebiT msaxur saRmrToAsa sakurTxevelisa.
da aman yolad ganTqumulman da didTa niSTa moqmedman miqael aRzardna da srulebad saTnoebisa aRiyvanna igini, vinaAca
xedvides saRmrTosa mas moqalaqobasa missa da mdinareTa umdidresTa swavlaTa da niSTa da saswaulTa didTa mis mier aRsrulebulTa, romelni Semdgomad sikudilisa misisa aRwernes mowafeTa misTa. amas raA yovelsa xedvides wmidani igi,
viTarca magaliTTa keTilTa STaxedvides msgavsad KelovanTa mxatvarTa da mismierTa madlTa moRebiTa aSenebdes safuZvelsa zeda swavlaTa misTasa ara Tivasa lerwamsa, aramed oqrosa, vecxlsa da TualTa anTrakTa. xolo mis mier Seyuarebul iyvnes viTarca keTilad mimRebelni swavlaTa misTani.
amiT eseviTariTa saqmiTa aRasrules Jami mravali winaSe missa da yovliTurT mobaZav missa iqmnnes.
Caricxa isini mowafeTa dasSi (rac Seexeba serapionis ufros Zmas, igi, amqveyniuri wesisamebr, daeufla mamiseul
samemkvidreos da igive madli Seitkbo — ucxoTa da glaxakTa movla-patronoba).
amis Semdeg, rodesac movida dro, Cveni wminda mama, rogorc Rirsi, miqaelis brZanebiT mRvdlobis pativiT sruliqmna da gaxda saRvTo sakurTxevlis Rirseuli msaxuri,
xolo am yovladsaxelganTqmulma da did sakvirvelebaTa
moqmedma miqaelma aRzarda isini da aiyvana saTnoebis
srulqmnilebamde, radgan xedavdnen mis saRvTo moRvaweobas da mis mier aRsrulebul did niSebsa da saswaulebs,
rac misi sikvdilis Semdeg aRweres misma mowafeebma. da
xedavdnen ra am yovelives es wmindanebi, daxelovnebul
mxatvarTa msgavsad, karg magaliTad Wvretdnen mas da miseul madlTa SeZeniT misve swavlebaTa safuZvelze aSenebdnen ara lerwam-balaxs, aramed oqros, vercxls da anTrakis Tvlebs. amasTan, misgan Seyvarebulni iyvnen, rogorc
miseul swavlebaTa kargad SemTviseblebi.
ai, amgvari RvwiT dahyves maT didi xani mis winaSe da
yovliTurT misi mbaZvelni gaxdnen.
IV. xolo Cuenda jer-ars, raATa neSti TxrobisaA gulsmodginebiT visminoT, Tu viTar moiwivnes sanaxebTa queyanisa samcxisaTa. esera vTquaT, rameTu iyo raA didi igi mamaA da
moZRuari miqael mdgomare locvasa Ramisasa, gankYrvebaA raAme daeca da aRitaca zecad da ixila vinme, viTarca mRdelSuenierad Semosili, da etyoda mas, raATa mis mier ganswavlulni igi mowafeni myis waravlinnes queyanad samcxisa, romel arian serapion da iovane. da uCuenebda niSTa raTme da
saxeTa, Tu romelsa mividen adgilsa; poon, mividen raA, sas-
4. magram gvmarTebs Cven, rom ambis darCenili nawili
gulmodgined movisminoT da vTqvaT, Tu rogor moaRwies
maT samcxis qveynis mxareebSi, rameTu rodesac iyo didi
mama da moZRvari miqaeli Ramis locvaze damdgari, raRac
gaucnaureba daemarTa mas, atacebul iqna zecad da ixila
viRac, samRvdelo Rirsebisamebr Semosili, romelic eubneboda mas, rom mis mier ganswavluli mowafeebi, serapioni da ioane, dauyovnebliv gaegzavna samcxis mxareSi, amasTan, uCvenebda raRac niSnebsa da simboloebs imisas, Tu
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wauli igi da mun Kel-yon aRSenebaA monastrisaA da Sekribnes mas Sina sulni mravalni sadidebelad RmrTisa da meufisa
yovelTaAsa. da ese CuenebaA aqamomde iyavn!
xolo mo-raA-ego gonebasa wmidaA igi, romelsa mravalni
exilvnes niSni saRmrToni, da mouwoda wmidaTa maT da SeWmunebuliTa piriTa hrqua serapions: `sayuarelo Svilo da
qristes mier Zmao serapion, friad mZimed aRmiCnda brZanebaA
ese, rameTu friadca uyuars sulsa TanazrdilobaA da ufroAs-Ra, romelni saRmrToATa siyuaruliTa Sekrul iyvnen.
aw vinaATgan saRmrToA ars brZanebaA ese, raATa ganxYde amier
da aRaSeno sulT-samzrunveloA, sada-igi giCuenos Sen RmerTman~. xolo mas esma raA wmidisa mier, davarda ferKTa Tana
misTa da myovar Jam uKmod mdebare iyo. xolo wmidaman upyra
Keli, aRadgina da etyoda: `gulpyrobil iyav, Svilo, rameTu
SeuZlebel ars brZanebasa saRmrTosa mciredca wina-ganwyobaA, da eseca brZanebaAve ars, raATa romeli getyoda juarisa
oden martod tYrTvasa, igive getyYs, raATa cxoveli xati
gankacebisa misisaA itYrTo da egreT ganxYdeT, raATa aR-raAaSenoT wmidaA eklesiaA, mas Sina aRmarToT igi Tayuanis-sacemelad da senTa da uZlurTa ganmdevnelad da sulTa mravalTa gamosaKsnelad~. eseviTari raA mravali esma wmidasa mas,
sityYsa wil cremlTa simravle gardamoadina da hrqua: `ukueTu saTno ars, mamao, winaSe Sensa, evedre RmerTsa CemTYs,
raATa ara ganmaSoros wmidasa krebulsa Sensa da maradis xilvad wmidasa pirsa Sensa~. xolo man miugo da hrqua: `raATa ara
daaklde saRmrTosa gYrgYnsa morCilTasa, amier daacaden
sityYs-gebani da mza-yav Tavi Seni slvad gzaTa, da Tana-
romel adgilas unda misuliyvnen isini, xolo rodesac mividodnen da ipovidnen aRniSnul niSans, iq daewyoT monastris aSeneba da SeekribaT masSi mravali suli sadideblad RvTisa da yovelTa meufisa.
es xilva aqamde iyos!
rodesac moego gonebas wmindani, romelsac mravali
saRvTo niSi hqonda nanaxi, mouxmo xsenebul wmindanebs da
mWmunvare saxiT uTxra serapions: "sayvarelo Svilo da
qristes mier Zmao serapion! Zalian mZimed meCvena es brZaneba, radgan suls Zalian uyvars TanaSezrdiloba da gansakuTrebiT isini, romlebic saRvTo siyvaruliT arian SekavSirebulebi. axla, radgan saRvTo brZanebaa es, unda waxvide aqedan da aaSeno sulTa mosavlel-sapatronebeli adgili, sadac giCvenebs Sen RmerTi". gaigona ra wmindanisgan es, serapioni mis ferxTiT daeca da karga xans uxmod
iyo dawolili, magram wmindanma mohkida xeli, wamoayena
da uTxra: “gamxnevdi, Svilo, radgan SeuZlebelia saRvTo
brZanebasTan mcirediTac dapirispireba da esec brZanebaa,
radgan is, vinc geubneboda, rom martooden jvari getvirTa, igive geubneba, rom itvirTo misi gankacebis cxoveli
xati da ase waxvideT, raTa wminda eklesiis aSenebis Semdeg masSi aRmarToT igi Tayvansacemad, agreTve sneulebaTa da uZlurebaTa ganmdevnelad da mravali sulis gamosaxsnelad”.
rodesac amgvari bevri moismina wminda serapionma, pasuxis nacvlad cremlTa simravle gadmoadina da uTxra:
“Tu es gesaTnoeba Sen, mamao, Seevedre RmerTs CemTvis, rom
ar gamaSoros Sens wminda krebuls da rom maradis vxedavde Sens wminda saxes”. man ki miugo da uTxra: “imisaTvis,
rom ar daaklde morCilTa saRvTo gvirgvins, amis Semdeg
SeaCere Sepasuxebani da moamzade Seni Tavi gzebze
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mogzaur Senda yav ZmaA Seni iovane da oTxni ZmaTa amaTganni~.
xolo auwyna niSni raAme mis adgilisani, raATa advilad icnan
adgilni igi, romlisa aRSenebad brZanebaA moeRo. da eseca
hrqua, viTarmed: `uwyodeT, Svilno, rameTu sulTa mravalTa
mizez eqmneT4 cxorebad saukunod, raATa viTarca ityYs mociquli: `Kmasa mas Tana sayYrisasa mravalTa Tana Sen ZliT
cxovnebulTa warmoudge meufesa~. eseviTarni raA sityuani
esmnes wmidisa misgan, arRara ikadra wina-ganwyobaA, aramed
Seuvrda cremliT da mowled6 Seitkbnes urTierTas wmidaTa
maT, da egreTve msgavsad yovelni Zmani, da locvaA wmidisaA
sagzal TYssa yves.
savalad, xolo Sens Tanamgzavrad gaxade Seni Zma ioane da
am ZmaTagan oTxni”. amasTan, auwya im adgilis ram niSnebi,
rom advilad ecnoT is adgilebi, romlis aSenebis brZaneba hqonda miRebuli. Tan esec uTxra: "icodeT, Svilebo, rom
mraval suls gauxdebiT saukuno cxovrebis mizezi, rom,
mociqulis Tqmisebr, "sayviris xmasTan erTad Sens mier cxonebulebTan erTad warudge meufes".
wmindanisgan amgvar sityvaTa mosmenis Semdeg serapionma aRar Sehbeda SewinaaRmdegeba. piriqiT, cremliT Seuvrda mas da wmindanebma siyvaruliT Seitkbes erTimeore, iseve rogorc yvela Zmam, da maT wminda miqaelis locva sagzlad waiRes.
V. xolo warmoemarTnes raA, maT Tana-etYrTa cxoveli
xati feriscvalebisaA Tana-Semwed da sasod yovelTa qristeaneTa. xolo slvasa mas maTsa, viTarca sameufoTa palatTa,
uWirvelad vidodes, vidremdis moiwines mTasa mas, viTarca
simaRlesa cisasa aRZrulni, da dadges adgilsa mas, romelsa
beras juar ewodebis. xolo wmidaman man viTarca TiTiTa uCuena maT adgili igi, sada eguleboda aRSenebaA monastrisaA.
da viTarca STamovides dasasrulsa mas Kevisasa, romel ars
utyYsa, movides adgilsa rasme ZinZed saxel-debulsa, ganimstures raAme da ganicades, da ixiles, rameTu udabno iyo
da Secvul tyeTa da KevTa. da Seiyuares igi ZmaTa maT. xolo
wmidaA igi etyoda, viTarmed: `ara arian saswaulni igi adgilsa amas, romeli gYbrZana warmomgzavnelman moZRuarman
Cuenman~. xolo egreTca Kelyves da iwyes Senebad mcire talavari da adgili raAme monastirsaA, da dayvnes mun ara
mciredni dReni.
5. xolo rodesac gamoemarTnen, Tan itvirTes feriscvalebis cxoveli xati yvela qristianis Semwed da imedad. amasTan, siarulisas ise gauWirveblad midiodnen, rogorc samefo palatebSi. ase miaRwies mTas, TiTqosda cis
simaRlemde asulebma da gaCerdnen im adgilas, romelsac
"berasjvari" ewodeba, xolo wmindanma, TiTqosda TiTiT,
uCvena maT is adgili, sadac ganzraxuli iyo monastris aSeneba; da rodesac Camovidnen xevis boloSi, romelic aris
"utyvisa", mividnen raRac adgilTan, romelsac erqva ZinZe, mimoixedes, daakvirdnen da naxes, rom udaburi iyo igi
da Semortymuli tyeebiTa da xevebiT. SeuyvardaT es adgili Zmebs, magram wmindani eubneboda maT: ”am adgilas ar
aris is niSnebi, rac gvamcno Cvenma gamomgzavnma moZRvarma”. miuxedavad amisa, mainc daiwyes da Seudgnen isini mcire talavarisa da monastris adgilis Senebas, da dahyves
iq arcTu mciredi dRe.
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xolo euwya raA ufalTa mis dabisaTa, viTarmed ucxoTa
vieTme monazonTa hnebavs adgilsa mas aRSenebad monasteri,
xolo maT ara inebes, rameTu iyvnes yovliTurT mKecebriv,
uwirav da borot, rameTu ara inebes kurTxevaA wmidaTa maTgan. amisTYs zeda-mietevnes maT da viTarca igi weril ars
kacTa maTTYs nazarevelTa, viTarmed `moiyvanes qriste wueramde mis mTisa, romelsa zeda qalaqi maTi daSenebul iyo~,
egreTve wmidani ese _ piramde mis mdinarisa, romel ars aRmosavaliT adgilsa mas. da wiaR-movles raA mdinare igi da
movides dasavaliT missa, viTar or milion, adgilTa yolad
tyeTa da uvalTa kacTa mier, da mimo-raA-vidodes WiriT da
SromiT adgilTa maT iwroTa, poves niSebi da saswaulebi, uwyebuli didisa misgan moZRurisa, da ganixares didiTa sixaruliTa. da gulsavsebiT mecnier iqmnes, viTarmed ara cud da
amao ars gzaA igi saWiroebiT slvisa maTisaA. da ixiles raAme
borcY mcire, umaRlesi sxuaTa maT adgilTaA, da aRmosavaliT
borcusa mas wyali aRmomcenare, mdinari da Suenieri, romeli-igi gulsavse-hyofda wadilsa mas mgzavrobisasa. xolo mimoganimstures da ixiles, da ara ipova adgili veloani da farToebiT Semwynarebeli maTi. da ubrZana wmidaman man, raATa saSual wyarosa mas da borcusa moiqmnas adgili da aReSenos
mcire talavari, romeli eqmna maT Semwynarebel ucxoebisa
maTisa, da raATa cxoveli igi xati mas Sina Tayuanis-icemebodis maT mier.
xolo rodesac ecnobaT im dabis patronebs, rom viRac
ucxo monazonebs nebavT im adgilas monastris aSeneba, maT
es ar inebes, radgan yovliTurT mxecis msgavsni iyvnen, uwiravni da borotni, rameTu ar inebes am wmindanTagan kurTxeva. amis gamo Tavs daesxnen maT da iseve rogorc nazarevel kacTa Sesaxeb aris dawerili, rom "moiyvanes qriste
im mTis wveramde, romelzec maTi qalaqi iyo daSenebuli",_
aseve es wmindanebic miiyvanes im mdinaris piramde, romelic aris xsenebuli adgilis aRmosavleTiT; da rodesac
gadalaxes mdinare, mividnen mis dasavleTiT, daaxloebiT
sam kilometrSi, yovlad tyian da adamianTagan gauvlel
adgilebamde, xolo mimodiodnen ra gaWirvebiTa da jafiT
viwro adgilebSi, naxes maT didi moZRvrisgan nauwyebi niSebi da saswaulebi, ris gamoc didi sixaruliT gaixares
da darwmunebiT Seicnes, rom fuWi da amao ar yofila gza
maTi najafari msvlelobisa, Tanac naxes mcire ram borcvi,
sxva adgilebze ufro maRali, da am borcvis aRmosavleTiT — amomdinare wyali, mCqefare da saamuri, rac sarwmunos xdida maTi mgzavrobis wadils. amasTan, rodesac
mimoixiles da daakvirdnen, da ver hpoves mindvriani adgili, rac Tavisuflad daitevda maT, brZana wmindanma, rom
wyarosa da borcvis SuaSi damuSavebuliyo adgili da aSenebuliyo mcire talavari, rac gaxdeboda maTi TavSesafari ucxoobaSi da mis SigniT maT mier Tayvancemuli iqneboda is cxoveli xati.
VI. xolo Cuen aqa warvmarToT sityuaA da gancxadebulad
warmouCinoT siyuarulsa Tquensa, Tu viTar iyo adgilisa mis
warmarTebaA, anu vin iyo kaci igi, romelman yovelive viTarca RmrTisamieriTa brZanebiTa keTilad warumarTa maT. rameTu iyo vinme mTavari didi da warCinebuli queyanasa amas,
6. aq ki Cven sityvas ganvagrZobT da cxadad warmovuCenT Tqvens siyvaruls, Tu rogor xdeboda im adgilis damuSaveba an kidev, vin iyo is adamiani, romelmac, TiTqosda RvTismieri brZanebiT, yvelaferi kargad mougvara maT,
rameTu am mxareSi iyo erTi vinme didi mTavari da
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romeli yovelTa hmatda simdidriTa da simravliTa erTa da
agarakTaATa, romlisa sivrce sazRvarT-vrcel da mraval iyo.
da ara Tu queyanierTa da quemeTrevTagan mdidrooda, aramed RmrTis-msaxurebiT cxorebulTaca yovelTa ereoda. da
viTarca iobisTYs weril ars: `WeSmaritad marTal da ubralo~. eseviTari ese kaci iyofoda da mravalTa taZarTa da karavTa iqceoda, romelsa saxeli ewoda giorgi, meored _ CorCaneli, romlisa taZarni Sen iyvnes sanaxebsa CorCanisa da zanavisasa, xolo umravlesTa JamTa inadirobn igi adgilTa maT
cxroWa wodebulTa, rameTu iyo mun simravle TxaTa da sxuaTa nadirTa velurTaA, da areTa maT eSena saxli, romel odesme ewiis Rame, sadgur yvian mas Sina sibnelisaTYs Ramisa da
uvalobisa da siKSoAsa tyeTaAsa.
da iyo, raJams daibanakes wmidaTa maT adgilsa mas zemoKsenebulsa da qmnes talavari maxlobelad borcYsa mis, da
aRagznes cecxli, da viTarca aKda kuamli didZali. xolo viTarca ixila giorgi morwmuneman, iyo raA mdevar nadirTa, gankYrda friad da hrqua winaSemdgomelTa: `vinaA ars adgilsa
imas siKSoA kuamlisaA, anu Tu vis rad uKms cecxli? ukueTu
vinme eZiebs nadirTa, rad kadnier da urcxYno qmnil ars? daRaTu sxuaA saWiro raA vis uKms, Cuen viTar ara mecnier varT?~
aramed veravin misca pasuxi, vinaAca myis ubrZana erTsa visme
monaTagansa: `da warved mswrafl~, hrqua, `da zedamiwevniT
can Zali saqmisaA amis da mauwye Cuen, Tu raA-me ars saxilavi
ese?~
xolo warvida myis yrmaA igi da WiriT da SromiT mihyva
kuamlsa mis cecxlisasa. xolo viTarca miiwia mun, ixila talavari igi da kacni Semosilni xalenebiTa ucxoATa meudabnoeTaATa. ganhkrTa ukue kaci igi, xolo iginica gankYrdes.
da mivlinebuli igi hkiTxvida vinaobasa anu raA-me arian saqmeni maTni, romelni eseviTariTa siglaxakiTa ixilvebian da eseviTarsa amas uRuawsa adgilsa ixilvebian? xolo maTca miuges da hrques: `da sayuarelo, Sen ukue vin xar, anu rad giKms
zedamiwevniT cnobaA Cuenisa viTarebisaA?~ da kaci igi etyoda:
warCinebuli, yvelaze aRmatebuli simdidriT da xalxisa
da mindor-velebis simravliT, romelTa ganfenilobac
farTosazRvrebiani da didi iyo. mas ara mxolod amqveyniuri da miwieri simdidre hqonda, aramed RvTismsaxurebiTi cxovrebiTac sZlevda yvelas, rogorc es dawerilia
iobis Sesaxeb: “WeSmaritad marTali da ubralo”. ai, amgvari adamiani iyo igi, romelic bevr sasaxlesa da talavarSi cxovrobda. saxelad erqva mas giorgi, meore saxelad — CorCaneli, romlis sasaxleebi aSenebuli iyo CorCanisa da zanavis mxareebSi, Tumca bevrad ufro xSirad
igi nadirobda cxroWad wodebul adgilebSi, radgan iq
iyo Txebisa da sxva veluri nadirebis simravle da im aremareSi aSenebuli hqonda mas saxli, rom Tu rodisme Rame
wamoeweoda, iq daivanebda Ramis sibnelisa da tyeebis gauvalobisa da sixSiris gamo.
rodesac wmindanebma zemoxsenebul adgilas daibanakes
da karavi gamarTes borcvis axlos, daanTes maT cecxli da
rogorc ki avarda didZali kvamli, dainaxa ra es morwmune giorgim, romelic nadirebs misdevda, gaukvirda Zalian da uTxra msaxurebs: "saidan aris im adgilas xSiri kvamli, anda vis rad dasWirda cecxli? Tu vinme nadirebs eZebs,
ratom gaTavxedebula da ar erideba? xolo Tu sxva ram
aucilebeli sWirdeba vinmes, Cven rogor ar viciT es?" radgan veravin upasuxa mas, amitom myisve ubrZana erT-erT monas: “wadi swrafad, zedmiwevniT gaige saqmis arsi da gvauwye Cven, Tu ra aris es sanaxaoba”.
dauyovnebliv wavida mona da gaWirvebiT da jafiT mihyva igi cecxlis kvamls, xolo rodesac miaRwia iq, naxa talavari da adamianebi, romlebsac emosaT ucxo meudabnoeTa tyavebi. Secbunda is kaci. amaTac gaukvirdaT. ekiTxeboda gagzavnili mona maT sadaurobas da imas, Tu ra iyo
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`mTavrisa var me didisa, romlisa saxeli giorgi, romlisa mier movivline me, rameTu daukYrda eseviTarsa amas adgilsa
kuamli cecxlisaA da yolad yofaA kacisaA~. xolo wmidasa mas
viTarca esma, rameTu mTavari ars da ufali adgilTa maT, gamoikiTxa gamowulilviT yoveli saqme misi. da viTarca cna zedamiwevniT, viTarmed ufal ars maT adgilTa da mpyrobel yovelTa maT sanaxebTa, meyseulad iwyo wmidaman serapion da myis
warmouTxra pirveliTgan vidre mun Jamamde, Tu romlisa mizezisaTYs moiwines adgilsa mas, da viTarmed egulebis aRSenebaA monastrisaA. da eseca SesZina, viTarmed: `brZanebaA ars
saRmrToA, da mowafeni varT niSTa da saswaulTa mier ganbrwyinvebulisa miqael parexelisani~.
da viTarca esma ese yoveli kacsa mas da raA-igi ixila, yoveli miuTxra didsa mas mTavarsa da yovelTa winaSemdgomelTa. xolo igini mTavriTurT SiSman da gankYrvebaman Seipyrna
da saocar raAme hgones saqme igi. xolo kaci igi etyoda maT,
viTarmed: `kacni minaxvan yolad KorciTa myofni, xatiTa da
saxiTa monazonTaATa da ara saocrad, aramed cxadad~. xolo
ganTenna raA, kualad ubrZana mTavarman orTa sakuTarTa TYsTa
da gonebiTaca frTxilTa, raATa zedamiwevniT cnan yovelive.
xolo warmovides kacni igi. da viTarca moiwines winaSe wmidisa mis mamisa, da ixilna igini da gulisKma-yo, rameTu mTavarni arian da sakuTarni didisa mis mTavrisani, miegeba da mowled moikiTxna wmidaman man da winaSe xatsa waravlinna, da Tayuanis-sces raA, da ikurTxnes da ganixares didad friad.
maTi saqme, Candnen ra esoden siglaxakeSi da Tanac esoden
velur adgilas. amaTac miuges da uTxres: "da Sen ki, sayvarelo, vin xar an rad gesaWiroeba zedmiwevniT gaigo Cveni
mdgomareoba?" is kaci upasuxebda: "me vekuTvni did mTavars, romlis saxeli aris giorgi, visganac gamovigzavne
me, radgan gaukvirda mas aseT adgilas cecxlis kvamli da
saerTod adamianis aq yofna". rodesac Seityo wmindanma,
rom mTavari da am adgilTa patroni yofila axlomaxlo,
gamowvlilviT gamoikiTxa mTeli misi saqmianoba da rogorc ki gaigo zedmiwevniT, rom marTlac am adgilTa patronia igi da mTeli im mxareebis mflobeli, dauyovnebliv
daiwyo wminda serapionma da myisve mouTxro mas, Tavidan
vidre am dromde, Tu ra mizeziT movidnen am adgilas da
rom ganizraxaven monastris aSenebas. dasZina kidec Semdegi: "saRvTo brZanebaa es da mowafeebi varT niSebiTa da
saswaulebiT gabrwyinebuli miqael parexelisa".
gaigo ra im kacma da naxa ra es yovelive, yvelaferi
amcno did mTavars da yvela msaxurs, romlebic mTavarTan
erTad SiSma da gakvirvebam Seipyro da moCvenebad CaTvales es ambavi, magram is kaci eubneboda maT: "adamianebi vnaxe, yovliTurT xorcielad myofni, monazonTa xatiTa da
saxiT, ara moCvenebiT, aramed cxadad". rodesac gaTenda,
kvlav ubrZana mTavarma or Tavis axlobels, romlebic gonebiTac frTxilni iyvnen, rom zedmiwevniT gaegoT yovelive. wamovidnen es kacebi da rodesac movidnen isini wminda mamis winaSe, wmindanma ki Sexeda maT da Seityo, rom
mTavarni arian da im didi mTavris axloblebi, miegeba da
siyvaruliT moikiTxa. Semdeg xatis win waradgina isini
da maTac, Tayvani sces ra, kurTxeva miiRes da gaixares metismetad.
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maSin hrques mTavarTa maT wmidasa serapions da sxuaTa maT
ZmaTa: `vhmadlobT RmerTsa, wmidano meufeno, romelman JamTa amaT moxedva-yo Cuen zeda da queyanasa zeda gYCuenna kacni
zecisani. xolo aw gulsavse guyveniT Cuen, Tu romlisaTYs
jer-iCina siwmideman Tquenman moslvaA uRuawTa amaT da uvalTa adgilTa. maSin wmidaman mamaman serapion saxe patiosnisa
juarisaA gamosaxa da sulT-iTquna siRrmiT sulisaAT da esreT hrqua maT: `Cuen, N sayuarelno, daRacaTu codvil varT,
kacni varT qristeaneni, da gurwams qriste RmerTi Cuenisa
cxorebisaTYs gankacebuli da moveliT aRdgmasa yovelTasa
da wmidaTaTYs ganmzadebulsa netarebasa, romel aras vityYT
garegan WeSmaritebisa, rameTu mowafeni varT didisa mis da
ganTqumulisa miqael parexelisani da brZanebiTa saRmrToATa
mis mier warmovlenilni, da raATa adgilsa amas aRvaSenoT Sesakrebeli cxovarTa pirmetyuelTaA~. da yovelive warmouTxra SemdgomiTi-Semdgomad. xolo maT viTarca gulisKmayves, rameTu WeSmarit arian sityuani maTni, saxeli didisa mis
moZRurisaA esma, Tayuanis-sces xatsa mas cxovelsa, da wmidani igi moikiTxnes da waremarTnes da miiwines, raATa winaSe
giorgi RmrTis-msaxurisa yovelive xiluli da smenili warmouTxras. xolo mas esma raA, viTarmed mowafeni miqaelisni
arian, irwmuna WeSmaritebaA sityuaTa maTTaA da ganixara, da
warvida saxid TYssa da surviel iyo xilvasa maTsa.
maSin am mTavrebma uTxres wminda serapions da sxva
Zmebs: ”vmadlobT RmerTs, wminda meufeno, romelmac amJamad moixeda Cvenze da miwaze gviCvena zecis adamianebi, axla ki is gviTxariT sarwmunod, Tu ris gamo ineba Tqvenma
siwmindem am velur da gauval adgilebSi mosvla". maSin
wminda mama serapionma gamosaxa patiosani jvaris saxe, sulis siRrmidan amoikvnesa da ase uTxra maT: "Cven, hoi sayvarelno, TumcaRa codvilebi varT, adamianebi varT qristianebi da gvwams qriste RmerTi, Cveni cxonebisTvis gankacebuli, da moveliT yvelas aRdgomas da wmindanebisTvis
gamzadebul netarebas. amitom, arafers vityviT WeSmaritebisgan daSorebuls, radgan mowafeebi varT didi da saxelganTqmuli miqael parexelisa da mis mier warmogzavnilebi saRvTo brZanebiT, rom am adgilas avaSenoT sityvier cxvarTa Sesakrebeli". da ase mouTxro, Semdeg da Semdeg, yvelaferi, xolo maT, rogorc ki Seicnes, rom WeSmaritia misi sityvebi, da didi moZRvris saxelic esmaT, Tayvani sces cxovel xats, moikiTxes es wmindanebi, Semdeg ki
wamovidnen da warsdgnen RvTismsaxuri giorgis winaSe,
rom eTqvaT misTvis yvelaferi, rac naxes da gaigones, man
ki rodesac Seityo, rom miqaelis mowafeebi arian, irwmuna maTi sityvebis WeSmariteba, gaixara da wavida Tavis saxlSi, survili hqonda ra maTi naxvisa.
VII. xolo Semdgomad samisa dRisa ubrZana, raATa mza-yvnen
gzani mimyvanebelni adgilsa mas, romelsaca iyvnes wmidani
igi. da aRekazma da aRiRo mciredi raAme evlogiaA, romeli
Seetyueboda kacTa maT meudabnoeTa, da mis Tana wariyvanna
xucesnica sacecxur-sakumevelebiTa. da waravlinna winaAT
mkYrcxl mavalni, raATa ganhmzadebden gzaTa; da mi-raA-iwines adgilsa mas, romelsa wmidani igi iyvnes. xolo cnes raA
7. sami dRis Semdeg brZana man, rom gaemzadebinaT im
adgilamde misasvleli gzebi, sadac iyvnen wmindanebi. Semdeg Seikazma igi, aiRo mcire ram mosakiTxi, rac Seefereboda am meudabnoe adamianebs, TavisTan waiyvana xucesebic
sacecxlur-sakmevlebiT da win gauSva malemsrbolebi, rom
maT gzebi moemzadebinaT. rodesac miaRwies im adgils, sadac wmindanebi iyvnen, da am wmindanebmac gaiges ra, myisve
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wmidaTa maT, da myis wina miegebnes mTavarsa da sada-igi wyaroA ars, ganvides adgilsa mas, vinaAca gardaKda saKedarsa da
Seuvrda xatsa mas cxovelsa, da egreTve wmidani igi moikiTxna da ikurTxa maT mier. maSin miugo mTavarman mamaTa maT netarTa da mduRariTa suliTa etyoda: `da vhmadlob RmerTsa
da meufesa, N wmidano, romelman ara ugulebels-yo uRirsebaA Cueni da dReTa Sina CemTa yo Cem Tana saswauli, romelman
aw Rirs-myo yolad araRirsi ese pirvelad Tayuanis-cemad
cxovelsa xatsa missa, da merme _ wmidaTa pirTa TquenTa~.
xolo sanatreli serapion aRivso suliTa wmidiTa da
msgavsad mdinarisa aRmoadinebda TaflmwTolvariTa miT eniTa swavlaTa saRmrToTa. da viTarca mdinare edemisaA aRmouwyarooda oqronakaduliT piriT misiT, romlisaTYsca gankYrda mTavari igi da yovelni winaSemdgomni, romlisaTYsca
Seuvrdes ferKTa misTa da etyodes: `viTarca erTi mociqulTagani qristeman mogavlina, aw ukue jerisaebrsa yofad
gYbrZanebdi, mamao!~ da wmidaTa maT Zalisaebr hrques ara yovnebad saRmrTosa brZanebasa, viTarca jer-ars adgilsa amas aRSenebad monasteri Sesakrebelad sulTa RmrTis-moyuareTa.
xolo mTavari igi Seuvrda maT da etyoda: `gevedrebi, N wmidano, nu daamZimebT Cem zeda saTxovelsa, rameTu aha esera xedavT, viTar yovliTurT uqm da uRuaw ars adgili ese, da yolad uRonod gxedav Tquen msgavsad mociqulTa. xolo vinaATgan RmerTsa moRuawed Cemda mouvlinebieT, saqmeni ese, romelTa ityYT, TYnier Cemsa ara waremarTebian. aw ukue ars
adgili, romeli marjue ars da momzavebel amaT saqmeTa, vinaAca brZanen siwmideman Tquenman, raATa mun aRvaSenoT monasteri, rameTu aqa SeuZlebel ars yolad raAsaca egeviTarisa saqmed~.
win miegebnen mTavars da gavidnen im adgilas, sadac wyaroa. is ki CamoqveiTda saxedridan da Seuvrda cxovel
xats, aseve, moikiTxa wmindanebi da ikurTxa maTgan. maSin
uTxra mTavarma netar mamebs, eubneboda ra mduRare suliT: "vmadlob RmerTsa da meufes, hoi wmindanebo, romelmac ar ugulebelyo Cveni uRirseba da Cems sicocxleSi
moaxdina CemTan saswauli, romelmac axla Rirsi gamxada
me, yovlad araRirsi, jer Tavisi cxoveli xatis Tayvaniscemisa, Semdeg ki — Tqveni wminda saxeebisa".
sanatreli serapioni aivso suliwmindiT. igi TafladmwveTavi eniT mdinarisebr amoadinebda saRmrTo swavlebebs da rogorc edemis mdinare, Tavisi oqronakaduliani
piridan amouwyaroebda maT am yovelives, riTac gakvirvebuli darCnen mTavari da yvela msaxuri. amis gamo isini
ferxTiT Seuvrdnen mas da eubnebodnen: "rogorc erT-erTi mociquli, ase mogavlina Sen qristem. amitom axla is
gvibrZane, mamao, Tu ris gakeTeba gvmarTebs". wmindanebmac
uTxres, rom ramdenadac SesaZlebeli iyo, nu daayovnebdnen saRvTo brZanebas, raTa am adgilas, rogorc saWiroa,
aSenebuliyo monasteri RvTismoyvare sulebis Sesakrebad.
mTavari Seuvrda maT da eubneboda: "gevedrebiT, hoi wmindanebo, nu daamZimebT Cemze Tqvens saTxovars, radgan vxedav, Tu rogor yovliTurT fuWia da veluri es adgili
da Tqvenc yovlad arasmqoned gxedavT msgavsad mociqulTa, xolo radgan RmerTs CemTan mouvlenixarT samoRvaweod, es saqme, Tqven rom ambobT, Cems gareSe ar gakeTdeba.
amitom, radgan aris adgili, romelic am saqmisTvis mosaxerxebelia da Sesaferisi, brZanos Tqvenma siwmindem, rom
iq avaSenoT monasteri, radgan aq yovlad SeuZlebelia raime amgvaris gakeTeba".
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xolo wmidaA igi etyoda mas: `RmerTman, romelman ubrZana moses kuerTxiTa ganpebaA zRYsaA da kualad udabnos kldisagan uRaRisa aRmocenebad wyali, da moRebasa sazrdelisasa
uwYma mananaA ersa, vinaA igive ars aqaca, romelman Znelovanni advil yvnes jer-CinebiTa SeniTa da SewevniTa saRmrToATa. xolo SeuZlebel ars, raATamca brZanebasa saRmrTosa wina-ganvewyveniT da adgili ese sxuad vcvaleT, rameTu niSni
da uwyebani adgilsa amas uwameben~. xolo mTavarman hrqua:
`egebisa ese, mamao, raATa kacman nefsiT Tavi WirTa misces da
ukuanaAsknel mokicxul da maSural ipoos cudad?~ xolo wmidaA igi etyoda: `gonierad ismine, N mTavaro, igavi ese, rameTu margalitni da Tualni patiosanni mimoganbneul raA iyvnen Tana-aRreviT miwasa, ara esreT brwyinven winaSe Tualebsa
xilvis-moyuareTasa, viTar-igi raJams gamoiKurvnen da ganwmden da oqroTxzulebiT Seiwyvnen keTilTa mier mWedelTa, maSinRa gamoCndes brwyinvalebaA maTi da iqos muSaki da
SuenierebaA maTi. egreTve adgili ese raJams Kel-yon KelovanTa muSakTa, maSin ixilos Tualman mxilvelTaman SuenierebaA adgilisa amis, vinaAca nu guaiZuleb datevebad adgilisa amis da sxuad cvalebad, rameTu ese ver egebis Cuen mier~.
ese raA esma mTavarsa, Tavi moidrika da dadumna. amissa Semdgomad aRdga, iloca da hrqua maT: `locva yavT CuenTYs, wmidano, rameTu me ara mSurs adgili ese, xolo sxuad TanalmobaA da SewevnaA yolad SeuZlebel ars~. da mohguares mas saKedari da warvida, da etyoda da hrqua wmidaTa maT: `ara Ture Rirs viyav locvasa Tquensa~. da warvida mwuxare. da viTarca mivida mdinaresa mas winaSe maTsa myofsa, da ixila mcire raAme klde da gardaKda mas zeda da dajda. da mouwoda
erTsa yrmaTagansa da hrqua mas: `mived, Zmao, da arqu wmidaTa
maT, raATa moviden adgilsa amas~. xolo viTarca wargzavna
wmindani ki amas etyoda: “RmerTi, romelmac ubrZana
moses zRvis gapoba kverTxiT da kidev, udabnos frialo
kldisgan wylis gadmodineba, xalxs ki saWmlis miRebisas
manana uwvima, igive aris aqac, romelic Seni nebiT da saRvTo SewevniT siZneleebs gaaadvilebs, xolo is, rom saRvTo brZanebas SevewinaaRmdegoT da es adgili sxvaSi SevcvaloT, SeuZlebelia, radgan niSebi da monaTxrobebi am
adgils emowmebian”. mTavarma uTxra: “gana egebis, mamao, rom
adamianma nebayoflobiT misces gaWirvebas Tavi, bolos ki
Sercxvenili da fuWad damaSvrali aRmoCndes?” wmindani
upasuxebda: “gonivrulad ismine, hoi, mTavaro, es igavi: Tuki margalitebi da patiosani Tvlebi gaifantebian da miwas Seerevian, ise rodi ibrwyineben xilvismoyvareTa Tvalwin, rogorc maSin, rodesac karg mWedelTagan gamoiwvebian, ganiwmindebian da oqroTxzulad Seiwyobian. swored
maSin gamoCndeba maTi brwyinvaleba da Seiqeba ostatic da
maTi mSvenierebac. aseve, rodesac daxelovnebuli ostatebi
daamuSaveben am adgils, maSin naxavs damnaxveli Tvali am
adgilis mSvenierebas. amitom, nu gvaiZuleb am adgilis datovebas da sxvagan gadasvlas, radgan ar egebis es Cvengan”.
rodesac mTavarma moismina es, daxara Tavi da dadumda. amis Semdeg adga igi, iloca da uTxra maT: “iloceT
CvenTvis, wmindanno, radgan me ar mSurs es adgili, sxva
mxriv ki Tanalmoba da Sewevna yovlad SeuZlebelia”. da
mouyvanes mas saxedari da wavida, Tan es miugo da uTxra
wmindanebs: “nuTu ar viyavi Rirsi Tqveni locvisa?”, da
wavida damwuxrebuli, xolo rodesac mivida igi mdinaresTan, maT winaSe rom iyo, naxa mcire ram klde, gadavida masze da dajda. Semdeg mouxmo erT-erT monas da uTxra mas:
“midi, Zmao, da uTxari im wmindanebs, rom movidnen am adgilas”, xolo rodesac gagzavna isini, uTxra Tavis
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igi, hrqua TYsTa sakuTarTa: `vinaATgan ara inebes wmidaTa maT
adgilTa mas zanavisaTa, raATamca mun gueSena udabnoA didi
da maRali, aw ukue raA jer-ars yofad?~ xolo maT hrques:
`raATa ara davabrkoloT guls-modginebaA maTi~.
xolo mTavarman hrqua: `saRmrToAsa Zalisa ganugebelad
ara ars saqme ese kacTagan. amisTYsca jer-ars, raATa Zalisaebri vaCuenoT SewevnaA~. da viTarca moiwines wmidani igi adgilsa mas, da kualadca etyoda maT mTavari igi: `gevedrebi,
wmidano RmrTisano, raATa erTi mommadloT me, rameTu arian
adgilni mravalni da keTilni da naSenebiTa Ronierni da ixilneT1igini, da ukueTu didad moaSundes sulsa Tquensa, aha adgilni da Sesavalni da yoveli saKmari uxuebiT~. xolo netarman
serapion kualadca hrqua: `msgavsad mociqulisa vityodi:
“ukueTumca angelozi maxarebda, gareSe missa, romeli guexara, ara gurwams.~
maSin giorgi mouwoda visme Wabuksa asakiTa, romel ars
ZaliTa da hrqua: `Svilo sayuarelo, gza-hyev wmidaTa amaT da
xvale ganTiadiTgan vidre mwuxramde raodeni SemoweriT Semovlon, mimicemies maTda, vinaATgan adgilsa amas wadier arian.
da ukueTu vinme ipoos damaxrwevel maTda ucxoebisaTYs, yovelTave auwye, viTarmed TavisuflebiT da nebisaebr aSeneben monastersa sabrZanebelsa Sina Cuensa~. xolo wmidaTa maT
mamaTa etyoda: `gulpyrobil iyveniT, viTarmed yovliTa ZaliTa TanaSemwe Tquenda var me da mzrunvel, da aravin winaaRmdgom Cuenda ars adgilTa amaT, romelTa gegulebis dapyrobad, xolo Semdgomad samisa dRisa kualad gixilne,
ufalsa Tu enebos~. vinaA wmidaTa maT ganixares friad da madlobaA aRuares. da mamaTa Rame igi kldes mas zeda ganaTies. da
eseca sityuaA WeSmarit ars, mowevnuli Cuenda, viTarmed xilvaA angelozisaA ixila Ramesa amas, romeli ganaZlierebda mas
da guls-modginebiT Sromad ubrZanebda, romlisaTYsca Semdgomad orisa dRisa Seqmnna orni juarni wmidaman man KeliTa TYsiTa da kldesa mas zeda aRmarTna saxelsa zeda wmidaTa
mTavar-angelozTasa. xolo ukuanaAsknel mcire eguterica
axloblebs: "radgan ar inebes im wmindanebma zanavis adgilebi, rom iq agveSenebina didi da maRali udabno, amjerad raRa unda vqnaT?" maT miuges: "is, rom ar davabrkoloT maTi gulmodgineba".
mTavarma uTxra: "saRvTo Zalis gangebulebis gareSe
adamianTagan ar xdeba es saqme. amitomac saWiroa, rom SeZlebisdagvari Semweoba gamoviCinoT"; da rodesac movidnen wmindanebi im adgilTan, kvlav uTxra maT mTavarma: "gevedrebiT, RvTis wmindanebo, rom erTi ram mommadloT me,
rameTu aris mravali adgili, kargi da Zlierad moSenebuli. naxeT isini da Tu Zalian esaTnoeba Tqvens suls, aha
adgilebi, Sesasvlelebi da yovelgvari saxsari uxvad". magram netarma serapionma kvlav miugo: "mociqulis msgavsad
vityodi: Tundac rom angelozi maxarebdes imis garda, rac
gvexara, ar gvwams".
maSin giorgim mouxmo viRacas, asakiT (ese igi SeZlebiT) Wabuks da uTxra: “sayvarelo Svilo, umegzure am wmindanebs da xval ganTiadidan saRamomde ramdensac SemoweriTad Semovlian, mimicia maTTvis, vinaidan am adgilis
msurvelni arian da, Tu aRmoCndeba vinme xelisSemSleli
maTTvis, radgan ucxoebi arian, yvelas auwye, rom isini Tavisuflad da nebisamebr aSeneben monasters Cvens sabrZanebelSi”, wminda mamebs ki eubneboda: “darwmunebuli iyaviT,
rom mTeli ZaliT TanaSemwe var Tqveni da mzrunveli da
aravin aris Cveni mowinaaRmdege am adgilebSi, romelTa
dapatronebac ganizraxeT, Tumca sami dRis Semdeg kvlav
gnaxavT, Tu ufali inebebs”. amis gamo Zalian gaixares wmindanebma da samadlobeli aRmoTqves. Semdeg is Rame kldeze gaaTies mamebma da es sityvac, Cvenamde mosuli, WeSmaritia, rom am Rames angelozis gamocxadeba ixila serapionma, romelic ganaZlierebda mas da gulmodgine Sromas
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aReSena, rameTu niSni da kurnebani sneulTani iqmnebodes saRmrToAsagan madlisa wmidaTa maT mTavarangelozTaAsa.
ubrZanebda, risTvisac ori dRis Semdeg wmindanma gaakeTa
ori jvari Tavisi xeliT da im kldeze aRmarTa mTavarangelozTa saxelze, mogvianebiT ki mcire egvteric aSenda,
radgan niSebi da sneulTa gankurnebebi xdeba wminda mTavarangelozTa saRvTo madliT.
VIII. xolo Cuen kualad aRvideT pirvelsave sityuasa da
Zalisaebr vipyraT wesi TxrobisaA. rameTu gan-raA-aTies Rame
igi da mze aRmobrwyindeboda, aRdga wmidaA igi da ZmaA misi
iovane da erTi ZmaTa maTgani, romelTa ricxY equs iyo, da
waremarTnes Wabuksa mas Tana samni igi da samni daetevnes adgilsa mas. xolo iwyes slvad pirsa mis mdinarisasa dasavliT
kerZo. da viTar vles, miiwines Sesakrebelsa orTa maT wyalTasa. xolo iyo mun wisqYli, saxli raAme Sesakrebelsa mas Sua
wyalTasa, romelsa saZmo ewodeboda. da amas Sina iyvnes kacni raAme ukeTurni, yolad mKecebrivni, viTarca adgilisa ukacoAsa da ucxoAsani.
da viTarca miviwieniT adgilsa mas, maSin Wabuki igi, moZRuari Cueni, guetyoda: `wmidano RmrTisano, saAT gnebavs
slvaA?~ xolo Cuen gueneba, raATa gare-SeweriT SemovloT
simgrgule maT adgilTaA, vinaA piri samxriT viqcieT Tana-aRyolad erTisa mis mdinarisa. xolo gYxilnes raA kacTa mis
daba-wisqYlisaTa, iwyes yenebad Cuenda, da viTarca cofni wina rbiodes. xolo Wabuki igi ayenebda maT da risxviT uTqumida, romelTaca mieqca wmidaA igi da risxviT etyoda winawarmetyuelebiT: “vixile uRmrToA aRmaRlebuli naZuTamde libanisaTa da Tana-wavhKed, da ara ipova adgili misi.~
xolo, Sen, ixile, sayuarelo, Tu viTar saRmrToATa suliTa savse iyo wmidaA ese, anu Tu rasa-Ra moaswavebda kacTa
maTTYs sityYTa miT sawinawarmetyueloATa, aramed Semdgomad mciredisa mooKrebasa da sruliad uCino-yofasa
8. magram Cven kvlav davubrundeT pirvel sityvas da
SeZlebisdagvarad vflobdeT Txrobis wess, radgan rodesac gaaTies maT is Rame da mze amobrwyinda, adga wmindani,
misi Zma ioane da erT-erTi ZmaTagani, romelTa raodenobac iyo eqvsi, da es sami wavida im WabukTan erTad, xolo
sami adgilze darCa; imaT ki msvleloba daiwyes mdinaris
pirze dasavleTisken. iares ra, miaRwies ori wylis Sesakrebels, sadac iyo wisqvili, — raRac saxli wyalTa Sesakreblis SuaSi, rasac "saZmo" ewodeboda. mis SigniT iyvnen
vinme ukeTuri adamianebi, yovlad mxecismsgavsni, rogorc
ukacrieli da ucxo adgilis mkvidrni.
"... da roca mivaRwieT im adgils, maSin Cvenma winamZRolma Wabukma gviTxra: “RvTis wmindanebo” saiTken gnebavT wasvla?" Cven ki gvsurda, rom gareSeweriTad Semogvevlo im adgilTa wre, ris gamoc samxreTisken vibruneT
piri, rom Tan avyolodiT erT-erT mdinares, magram rodesac dagvinaxes im daba-wisqvilis adamianebma, daiwyes Cveni SeCereba da rogorc cofianebi, win darbodnen. Wabuki
aCerebda maT da mrisxaned emuqreboda, wmindani ki miubrunda da risxviT uTxra winaswarmetyvelurad: “vnaxe uRmerTo amaRlebuli libanis naZvebamde da Cavuare, da ar
aRmoCnda misi adgili”.
xolo Sen, sayvarelo, naxe, Tu rogor savse iyo es wmindani saRvTo suliT, anda sxvas raRas moaswavebda igi sawinaswarmetyvelo sityviT im adamianebisTvis, Tu ara
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adgilisagan maTisa, romeli-igi Semdgomad mciredisa dromec, sayuarelo, da sityuaman warmogiCinos.
xolo aw pirvelsave SevexneT Tqumad. rameTu aRvhyeviT
pirsa mis mdinarisasa da miviwieniT Kevsa rasme Rrmasa da
uRaRsa, romelsa goderZisa ewodebis, da friad ZliT SevediT mas Sina, vinaAca siKSoAsa misgan myovar Jam verRara vixileT caA anu mzisa Saravandedi, romlisaTYsca WiriT da SromiT dayovnebulni, viTarca sizrqiT almurisaAT anu siRrmiT
uyisaAT aRmoSobilni, aRvediT raA Tavsa mis Kevisasa da vixileniT mcireni raAme yanobirni da mcire dabaA. da myis mier
moguegeba kaci vinme keTili, mKcovani, da mowled moikiTxvida wmidasa mas da awuevda, raATa mcired ganisuenos Sromisa misgan, rameTu gansmenil iyo moslvaA Cueni yovelTa maT
sanaxebTa. da gukiTxvida kaci igi, Tu rad gYKms ugzoTa da
uvalTa adgilTa slvaA. xolo Wabukman man icna igi da yovelive saqme Cueni zedamiwevniT miuTxra. da viTarca mravalgzis guevedreboda kaci igi, raATa Ramesa mas savane vyoT saxlsa missa. xolo wmidaman man madlobiT miiTuala keTili igi
gonebaA misi da hkiTxa saxeli da hrqua, viTarmed: `SeuZlebel
ars ara-mislvaA Cueni adgilsa mas drossa~. da kaci igi etyoda: `saxeli Cemi ia, xolo dayovnebul Tquenda ars adgilsa
mas mislvaA, romelsa ityYT~. vinaA wmidaA igi etyoda: `sayuarelo Zmao ia, Sroma Tavs-idev RmrTisaTYs da mcired Tanamogzaur meqmen Cuen~. xolo moiRes mcired puri da marili
da yveli. da romelTa eneba, Wames, xolo wmidasa mas yolad
araraAsa gemoA uxilavs.
xolo kaci igi ia Tanamogzaur gueqmna Cuen. da warvemarTeniT aRmosavaliT kerZo da vidodeT qedTa raTme maRalTa,
tyianTa da lodoanTa. da viTarca aRvediT umaRlesTa adgilTa, da hkiTxa mas kacsa wmidaman man: `sayuarelo ia, raA ewodebis adgilsa amas?~ xolo igi etyoda: `rameTu ars ese Sesakrebeli nadirTa velisaTaA da bakTa ewodebis~. xolo wmidaman man aRiRo KeliTa TYsiTa orToKi6 rkinisaA da gamoaqandakna juarni lodTa raTme zeda did-didTa, romelni-igi
cota xnis Semdeg maTi adgilis daqcevas da srul mospobas, rasac cota xnis Semdeg, — madrove sayvarelo da, —
sityva warmogiCens.
axla ki Tavdapirvel saTqmels SevexoT, radgan ... "avyeviT mdinaris pirs da mivaRwieT raRac Rrma da frialo
xevs, romelsac "goderZisa" ewodeba, da ZalisZalad SevediT SigniT ise, rom sixSiris gamo karga xans veRar davinaxeT ca, anda mzis sxivi. amis gamo, gaWirvebiT da jafiT
dayovnebulebi, rogorc armuris sisqisgan, anda Waobis
siRrmisgan aRmoSobilebi, avediT xevis Tavze da vnaxeT mcire ram yanebi da mcire daba. iqidan myisve Semogvegeba mxcovani viRac kargi kaci, romelic siyvaruliT moikiTxavda
wmindans da exveweboda, rom cotaTi daesvena am jafisgan,
radgan Cveni mosvla gaxmaurebuli iyo mTel im mxareebSi.
gvekiTxeboda is kaci, Tu rad gvWirdeboda ugzo da gauval adgilebSi siaruli. Wabukma icno igi da mTeli Cveni
ambavi zedmiwevniT auwya mas, xolo radgan mravalgzis gvevedreboda is adamiani, rom im Rames mis saxlSi mogvesvenebina, wmindanma madlierebiT miiRo misi es kargi ganzraxva, hkiTxa saxeli da uTxra: “SeuZlebelia, rom ar mivideT
Cven "drosis" adgilas”. da is kaci eubneboda: “Cemi saxelia ia, xolo Tqveni misvla im adgilas, romelsac ambobT,
dagvianebulia”. wmindani miugebda: “sayvarelo Zmao ia,
RvTisTvis gaswie jafa da cota xniT Cveni Tanamgzavri gaxdi”. miiRes maT cotaodeni puri, marili da yveli, da romlebsac undodaT, Wames, xolo wmindans saerTod arafris
gemo ar gausinjavs.
xolo is kaci, ia, Tanamgzavrad gagvixda Cven da gavemarTeT aRmosavleTisken. mivdiodiT raRac maRal, tyian
da kldovan qedebSi da rodesac avediT umaRles adgilebSi, hkiTxa im kacs wmindanma: “sayvarelo ia, ra ewodeba am
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ixilvebian vidre dRendelad dRemde. kualad miixila wmidaman da ixila aRmosavaliT kerZo qedsa zeda mas tbaA aRreuli
laliTa, romeli-igi saxed mwYrisa ixilveboda. dagYkYrda
Cuen friad da vhkiTxeT kacsa mas: `raA ars adgili ese ucxoAsa
amis wylisaA?~ xolo ia momigo Cuen: `ese ars tbaA mRrYe yoladve, romelsa ewodebis saTaKue. da ars amas Sina simravle
TaKuTa da sxuaTa nadirTaA da dedaA SfoTTa da brZolaTaA,
rameTu Jamsa amas aqa ixilvebian mdevarni nadirTani, Sekrebulni TYToeulTa sanaxebTani da urTierTas mdevarni saqmeTa ujeroTani, romelni klvadca mza arian TYToeulisa~. da
viTarca warvemarTeniT tbisa mis mimarT, da kaci igi ia Seuvrda wmidasa da RmrTisa madlobasa aRuarebda xilvisaTYs Cuenisa. da esreT guetyoda, raATa yoladve ubrZanebdeT, ukueTu raA guenebos mis mier. xolo wmidaman hrqua mas: `nu warxual jereT, Zmao, rameTu Wabuki ese umecar ars adgilTa
amaT~. da ia etyoda: `qristeman mommadlos, raATa maradis viyofvode siwmidisa Tquenisa Tana, mamao~. da viTarca STavediT pirsa mis tbisasa, vhkiTxeT kacsa mas Jami dRisaA. xolo man
momigo: `mwuxr ars da midrekil dRe~. xolo wmidaman man miugo: `raA ars imieriT qedTa amaT tyianTa, anu simaRle didisa
amis mTisaA, romel ars zemoT Cuensa?~ da man miugo: `mTaA ese
maRali ars, Tavi yovelTa amaT qedTaA, romelsa hrqYan Tavi
SeSaTaA; rameTu Tavi ars yovelTa amaT maRnarTaA, amisTYs SeSis – Tav ewodebis. da uval ars kacTa da pirutyuTagan simaRlisaTYs misisa. xolo winaAT Cuensa arian adgilni mcired
kacrielni, da aw vinaATgan moswrafe xarT, raATa adgilsa mas
drossa mixYdeT, ara jer-ars yovnebad, raATa ara uJamod gewios Rame~. vinaAca eneba wmidasa mas, raATa tbaA igi marjueniT
adgils?” man miugo: “radgan es aris velis nadirTa Sesakrebeli, amitom "bakTa" ewodeba”. wmindanma aiRo Tavisi xeliT rkinis orToxi da did-did ram lodebze gamoaqandaka jvrebi, romlebic dRevandel dRemde Canan. kidev, gaixeda wmindanma da dainaxa aRmosavleT mxares qedze laliT
Sereuli tba, romelic Waobisfrad Canda. gagvikvirda Cven
Zalian da vkiTxeT im kacs: "ra aris am ucnauri wylis adgili?" iam mogvigo Cven: "esaa mTlianad mRvrie tba, romelsac ewodeba "saTaxve", da aris masSi Taxvebisa da sxva
nadirTa simravle, ris gamoc mSfoTvarebaTa da brZolaTa
dedaa igi, radgan am dros aq Cndebian da yoveli mxridan
ikribebian nadirTa mdevrebi, urTierTmdevarni umsgavsi
saqmeebisa, romlebic TiToeuli maTganis mosaklavadac
mzad arian". rodesac gavemarTeT im tbisken, is kaci, ia,
Seuvrda wmindans da RmerTs samadlobels aRuvlenda Cveni
naxvis gamo, Tan ase gveubneboda, rom uTuod gvebrZanebina, rac ki mogvesurveboda misgan. wmindanma uTxra mas: “nu
waxval jer, Zmao, radgan am Wabukma ar icis es adgilebi”.
ia upasuxebda: “mommadlos qristem, rom mudam Tqvens siwmindesTan vimyofebode, mamao”. da roca CavediT tbis piras, vkiTxeT im kacs saaTi dRisa. man mogvigo: “saRamoa da
gadaxrilia dRe”. wmindanma hkiTxa: “ra aris im tyiani qedebis iqiT, anda rogoria simaRle am didi mTisa, rac Cvens
zeviTaa?” man upasuxa: “es mTa maRalia, Tavia yvela am qedisa, mas hqvia "Tavi SeSaTa", radgan yvela am tyis Tavia
igi. amitom "SeSisTavi" ewodeba mas da Tavisi simaRlis gamo
miuvalia adamianTa da pirutyvTagan, xolo Cven win aris
mcirediT dasaxlebuli adgilebi da radgan Tqven imas eswrafviT, rom "drosis" adgilas mixvideT, ar SeiZleba dayovneba, Rame rom udrood ar wamogvewios”. amitom surda
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warvloT da warvideT ReleTa mier, romelni iyvnes winaSe
Cuensa.
da viTarca vidodeT, aha esera movides vinme kacni ukeTurni, romelni guetyodes, raATa davacadoT slvaA kerZoTa
maT, romelTa miguemarTa, rameTu Jami arso nadirTaA, romelni
movlen tbasa amas, rameTu mza arian monadireni adgilTa amaT,
raATa ara iqmnas cTomaA maTi Tquen mier. da ara gYtevnes raATurTiT warslvad kerZoTa maT. da Wabuki igi, moZRuari Cueni, Zlierad winaaRudgeboda maT, da ara iyo maT Tana smenaA,
aramed gare-uku-moguaqcines da piri igi zRYsaA mis dasavaliT wiaR-vleT, movediT Tavsa STasavalisa mis qedisasa, romel ara iyo yolad kuali mgzavrobisaA da arca gzaA. xolo
kaci igi ia gYCuenebda mciresa rasme dabasa da saxel-sdebda
kacsa saxeloansa da keTilsa, romelsa ewoda garbanel da guetyoda: `mivediT adgilsa imas amis iwroAsa mier gzisa, da
kacman man advilad migiyvannes adgilsa mas, sadaAT iqmna wiaRslvaA Tqueni ganTiad~.
wmindans, rom is tba marjvnidan gagvevlo da wavsuliyaviT Releebis gaswvriv, romlebic Cven win ido.
da rodesac mivdiodiT, aha movidnen viRac ukeTuri
adamianebi, romlebic gveubnebodnen, rom SegveCerebina
svla im mxares, saiTkenac mivemarTebodiT, radgan nadirTa droao, romlebic tbasTan unda mosuliyvnen, da monadireebic gzad ariano am adgilebSi, Tqven gamo ki ar moxdes maTi Secdenao. amitom, aranairad ar dagvanebes im mxares wasvla. is Wabuki, Cveni winamZRoli, Zlier ewinaaRmdegeboda maT, magram aravin usmina mas, piriqiT, Semogvabrunes da im zRvis napiri dasavleTisken gadaviareT, riTac mivediT im qedis Casasvlelis TavTan, sadac aranairi
kvali ar iyo arc navalisa, arc gzisa, xolo is kaci, ia,
gviCvenebda mcire ram dabas da asaxelebda saxelovan da
karg kacs, romelsac ewodeboda garbaneli, da gveubneboda: “midiT im adgilas am viwro gziT da is kaci advilad
migiyvanT imave adgilze, saidanac daiwyo Tqveni msvleloba ganTiadisas”.
IX. aramed, sayuarelno Zmano da guls-modgined smenismoyuareno mamano, umetesad jer-ars Cuenda, raATa vismendeT sakYrvelTa amaT saqmeTa da vadidebdeT RmerTsa, romelman eseviTari mogumadla Cuen mamaA da moZRuari. da viTarca
movediT adgilsa mas, romelsa babgen uwodian, da vixileT mcire veli adgilsa mas bobxa wodebulsa, da gYTxra Cuen ia yovelive kacisa misTYs garbanelisa. maSin ia Seuvrda wmidasa
mas da mowled moikiTxa. xolo wmidaman man juari daswera da
etyoda mas: `RmerTman mogagos nacvali mgzavrobisa SenisaA,
9. magram, sayvarelo Zmebo da gulmodgined smenismoyvare mamebo, ufro metad is gvmarTebs, rom visminoT sakvirveli saqmeebi da vadidoT RmerTi, romelmac amgvari
mama da moZRvari mogvmadla Cven. rodesac movediT im adgilas, romelsac "babgens" uwodeben, vnaxeT patara veli
"bobxad" wodebul adgilas da gviTxra Cven iam yvelaferi
im kacze, garbanelze. maSin ia Seuvrda wmindans da siyvaruliT moikiTxa, wmindanma ki jvari gadaswera da uTxra
mas: "RmerTma mogagos Seni Tanamgzavrobis sanacvlo, Zmao!
getyvi ki Sen, rom male naxav im boroti da SfoTismoyvare
adamianebis misagebels".
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Zmao! xolo getyY Sen, rameTu adre ixilo misagebeli kacTa
maT borotTa da SfoTis-moyuareTaA~.
xolo viTarca igi gangeSora da warmovida, Cuen STamovediT STasaqanelsa mas, viTarca wyalTasa. da viTar mivediT
dabasa mas, aha esera zemo kaci igi Ksenebuli mividoda saxed
TYsad orTa Tana ZeTa misTa. da viTarca gYxilna Cuen eseviTariTa raATme saxiTa, ganhkrTa da mowled gangYkiTxvida da
gangYxilvida Cuen. da viTar cna, viTarmed igini arian, romelni mosrul arian adgilTa amaT aRSenebad monastrisa, da
ixila raA, viTar-igi arRara iyo Cuen Tana saxe samoselTa CuenTA da yovliTurT dabZarul iyvnes asoni Cuenni, maSin cremliT moexYa da ambors-uyofda ferKTa mis wmidisaTa. da esreT ixila raA wmidaman man kaci igi, etyoda: `sayuarelo da
qristes mier Zmao garbanelo, aw aha esera mcired TanalmobiT Seewie mgzavrobasa Cuensa da raATa wargYZRue vidre mdinaremde, romel ars CrdiloAT Cuensa~. xolo igi guls-modgined da cremliT etyoda, viTarmed: `ara egebis ege, N wmidao RmrTisao, rameTu esera daslvasa mzisasa RmerTman mogiyvanna codvilisa monisa Tquenisa, da vxedav wylulebasa
ferKTa TquenTasa da gevedrebi, raATa mcired ganisuenoT maSuralobisagan mgzavrebisa Tquenisa da raATa zedamiwevniT
vcna, ukueTu raA-ars esodeni ese mduRarebaA sulisa TquenisaA, romel esreT gaiZula dadebad suli uRaRTa amaT da
uvalTa gzaTa slvad~. wmidaman hrqua mas: `SeuZlebel ars Cemgan, raATamca ara mivediT adgilsa mas ganCinebulsa~. xolo
Serbioda Sina kaci igi da kualad gamovida Tana meuRliTurT;
msgavsad sarefTelisa da somanitelisa Seuvrdes ferKTa wmidisaTa, da viTar ver arwmunes, maSin Wabuki igi, moZRuari
rodesac gagvSorda da wavida igi, Cven CavediT im TiTqosda wyalTa CasaqanebelSi da roca mivediT im dabaSi,
aha, zemoxsenebuli kaci midioda Tavis saxlSi or Tavis
ZesTan erTad, da rodesac dagvinaxa Cven amgvari ram SesaxedaobiT, gancvifrda, siyvaruliT mogvikiTxa da dagvaTvaliera, xolo rodesac gaigo, rom swored isini viyaviT,
romlebic movediT am adgilebSi monastris asaSeneblad,
amasTan naxa ra, rom aRar iyo Cvenze Cvens SesamoselTa nasaxi da, rom mTlianad damskdari iyo Cveni sxeulis nawilebi, cremliT moexvia igi wmindans da eambora mis fexebs,
xolo wmindanma, naxa ra es kaci, uTxra: "sayvarelo da qristes mier Zmao garbanelo, modi, cotaodeni TanalmobiT Seewie axla Cvens mgzavrobas da gagviZexi mdinaremde, romelic Cvens CrdiloeTiTaa", is ki gulmodgined da cremliT
miugebda: “ar egebis es, hoi, RvTis wmindano, radgan, aha,
mzis Casvlisas mogiyvanaT RmerTma Tqvens codvil monasTan da vxedav Tqvens fexTa wyluls, ris gamoc gevedrebiT,
mcirediT daisvenoT Tqveni mgzavrobis daqanculobisgan,
raTa zedmiwevniT gavigo, Tu ra aris Tqveni sulis esodeni mduRareba, ramac agrerigad gaiZulaT Tqven, rom gadagewyvitaT am frialo da gauval gzebze svla”. wmindanma
uTxra mas: “SeuZlebelia CemTvis, rom ar mivideT dawesebul adgilas”. maSin Seirbina Sin im kacma da kvlav gamovida meuRlesTan erTad. isini sarefTelisa da somanitelis msgavsad, ferxTiT Seuvrdnen wmindans, magram radgan
ver gadaarwmunes, amjerad Cveni winamZRoli Wabuki Seuvrda mis Zmas, ioanes, da uTxra: “aha, aRar aris darCenili
CvenTan suli da davemorCiloT am kacs, radgan aRaraa siarulis dro”. magram wmindani miugebda: “romelmac gabaonSi iso navesas SeuCera mze da kidev — wminda bers besarions, igive gagvxdis imis Rirss, rom am mzesTan erTad
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Cueni, Seu[v]rda Zmasa missa iovanes da etyoda: `aha esera ara
daSTomil ars suli Cuen Tana, davemorCilneT kacsa amas, rameTu arRara ars Jami slvisaA~. xolo wmidaA igi etyoda: `romelman-igi gabaons iso navessa dauyena mze da kualad wmidasa mas bersa besarions, amanve Cuenca Rirs myvnes mzesa amas
Tana xilvad da Tayuanis-cemad wmidasa xatsa missa~. maSin warmouZRua kaci igi da warmo-raA-emarTnes, Wabukman man hrqua
wmidaTa maT: `locva yavT CemTYs, wmidano, rameTu xvale inebos Tu RmerTman, SevemTxYo wmidaTa ferKTa TquenTa~. vinaAca ese gangebulebiT iqmna, raATa Tana-ewamos igi didebulsa mas saswaulsa, romelsa Semdgomad mciredisa egulebis sityuasa warmoTqumaA.
da viTarca warmovediT, ipova winaSe Cuensa gzaA raAme,
iwroA da Zniad saWirveli. xolo garbanelman ubrZana Zesa
TYssa, raATa Tana gza-myves vidre piramde mdinarisa, romelsa STavediT raA, da aRmavalni kualad gYxilnes ZmaTa maT, moguegebnes.
xolo Sen, sayuarelo, ganixile-Ra sakYrveli ese, rameTu raJams kacisa misgan warmovediT da vidre moslvamde Cuenda, kualad ego mze adgilsa mas sityYsaebr wmidisa, romeli-ese gYkYrda da vadidebdiT RmerTsa, madidebelTa misTa.
xolo gYxilnes raA ZmaTa mun myofTa, cremloodes Cuen zeda, rameTu samoseli Cueni yolad arRara iyo, da ferKni Cuenni dajejkil da dabZarul iyvnes. da mcired raAme nugeSinis-vieciT sazrdeli, romeli pova maT Tana, xolo ganTena raA,
SevwireniT locvani. da moiRo wmidaman man KeliTa TYsiTa
SeSaA, da viTarca pirvel vTquT, da Seqmnna juarni da aRmarTna saxelsa zeda wmidaTa mTavar-angelozTasa. da viTarca
iyo Jami samJamisaA, vilocevdiT raA adgilsa mas, da aha esera
kaci igi garbaneli da Wabuki igi, moZRuari Cueni, da orni kacni, ucxoni kacni, da moiwines swrafiT Cuenda. xolo Cuen vixileniT raA, ganvixareT. da igini iyvnes Sepyrobil SiSiTa
raATme didiTa, da kacni igi ucxoni _ viTarca mkudarni xedviTa. xolo Cuen vikiTxevdiT mizezsa, Tu raAsaTYs sulTqumiT
vnaxavT da Tayvans vcemT mis wminda xats". maSin gamouZRva
is kaci da rodesac gamoemarTnen, Wabukma uTxra wmindanebs: "iloceT CemTvis, wmindanno, radgan xval, Tu RmerTi
inebebs, Sevexebi Tqvens wminda fexebs". xolo es moxda RvTis
gangebiT, rom Tanamowame yofiliyo igi im didebuli saswaulisa, risi warmoTqmac cota xnis Semdeg aqvs ganzraxuli sityvas.
da rodesac wamovediT, gamoCnda Cvens win raRac gza,
viwro da Zalian saZnelo. garbanelma ubrZana Tavis Zes, rom
Tanamgzavroba gaewia CvenTvis vidre mdinaris piramde. rodesac iq CavediT da kvlav zeviT avediT, dagvinaxes Zmebma
da Semogvegebnen.
Sen ki, sayvarelo, daukvirdi am sakvirvelebas! rodesac im kacisgan wamovediT, sanam aq movidodiT, mze kvlav
im adgilze imyofeboda wmindanis sityvisebr, rac gvikvirda da vadidebdiT RmerTs, romelic maradis adidebs
Tavis madideblebs, xolo rodesac gvnaxes iq myofma Zmebma, acremldnen Cvens gamo, radgan Cveni samosi saerTod
aRar arsebobda, Cveni fexebi ki daCeCqvili da damskdari
iyo. mcire ram nugeSiscemad miviReT saWmeli, rac aRmoCnda maTTan, xolo rodesac gaTenda, SevwireT locvebi, xolo wmindanma Tavisi xeliT aiRo SeSa da, rogorc adre
vTqviT, gaakeTa jvrebi da aRmarTa wminda mTavarangelozTa saxelze. rodesac iyo dro mesame Jamisa, vloculobdiT
ra im adgilas, aha, is kaci, garbaneli, da Cveni winamZRoli Wabuki, agreTve ori adamiani (ucxo kacebi) aCqarebiT
movidnen CvenTan, Cven ki, davinaxeT ra, gavixareT, xolo
isini Sepyrobilebi iyvnen raRac didi SiSiT, xolo is ucxo
adamianebi Sesaxedavad iyvnen rogorc mkvdrebi. Cven vekiTxebodiT mizezs, Tu ratom movidnen isini kvnesiT da
oxvriT, an Tu vin iyvnen es kacebi, mkvdarTa msgavsad uxmoni
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da eqYT moiwines igini, anu vin arian kacni igi, romelni saxed mkudarTa uKmo da usityu arian? xolo iwyo Txrobad garbanelman da hrqua wmidaTa maT: `raJams-igi warmoxuediT Tquen, da Wabuki ese eyo friad maSural, da iyo Rame, da miviReT
sazrdeli da gYkYrda friadi simKne Tqueni da vadideT RmerTi da daviZineT. xolo gan-raA-Tena, winaSe Tquensa warmoslvad vemzadebodiT. aha esera iqmna ZrvaA da oxraA raAme, viTarca qarisaA da ganvkYrdiT friad. da Semdgomad mciredisa
movides kacni ese, viTarca-ese xedavT, da ZliT iwyes sityuad. da viTarca vhkiTxevdiT, Tu: `raAme iyo KmaA ese da ZrvaA?~
xolo amaT mogYges da gurques, rameTu `ganipo klde igi,
romeli iyo dasavaliT tbisa mis, da warvides wyalni igi
mrRYeni, da Cuen, romelni vipoeniT garemos adgilisa mis, ganvibnieniT Zlierisa misgan zarisa da STamovediT kacisa amis,
rameTu mecnier iyo Cuenda~. da viTarca igini amas ityodes,
mowamed sityuaTa maTTa ixilveboda mdinare igi, rameTu arRara itevdes adgilni TYsni, rameTu yovliT kerZo gardaeca
mrRYe, viTarca mwYre, romlisaTYsca gankYrvebaman SegYpyrna yovelni.”
xolo Wabuki igi etyoda wmidasa mas: `aha esera vxedav, rameTu sityuani Senni saqme arian, vinaA maKsovs guSindeli igi,
raJams-igi ubrZanebdiT kacsa mas, romeli Tanamogzaur gueqmna vidre tbamde saTaKYisa, viTarmed: `adre ixilo misagebeli kacTa amaT SfoTis-moyuareTa da kualad kacTa maT, romelni-igi Sesakrebelsa mas wyalTasa wina rbiodes viTarca
eSmakeulni; rameTu vhgoneb, romel arcaRa Tu kuali ipoos
adgilisa mis~.
xolo viTarca dascxra mdinarisa mis didroaA, vcanT WeSmariti, viTarmed adgili igi tbisaA ixilvebis velad lodoanad, xolo adgili igi wisqYl-saxlTaA kualad warRunil da
uCino. amissa Semdgomad Seuvrda wmidasa Wabuki igi da miiRo locvaA, da hrqua: `ufalsa Tu enebos, adre gixilne, xolo
ukueTu raA gnebavs mTavrisa mier, mibrZaneT, rameTu masca hnebavs xilvaA Tqueni adre~. da wmidaman hrqua: `TYnier
da usityvoni? maSin daiwyo Txroba garbanelma da uTxra
wmindanebs: “rodesac wamoxvediT Tqven, es Wabuki iyo Zalian daqanculi; Tan Rame iyo da miviReT saWmeli, gvikvirda ra Tqveni metismeti mxneoba. vadideT RmerTi da daviZineT, xolo rodesac gaTenda, Tqvenken wamosasvlelad
vemzadebodiT da, aha, moxda raRac ryeva da qarisebr xmauri, rac Zalian gagvikvirda. cota xnis Semdeg movidnen
es kacebi, rogorc Tqven xedavT, da Zlivs daiwyes laparaki. rodesac vekiTxebodiT, Tu ra iyo es xma da ryeva, amaT
mogviges da gviTxres: “gaipo klde, romelic im tbis dasavleTiT iyo, da gadadinda mRvrie wyali, xolo Cven, romlebic im adgilis garSemo aRmovCndiT, Zlieri SiSisgan
gavifanteniT da CamovediT am kacTan, radgan gvicnobda
Cven”. rodesac isini amas ambobdnen, maTi sityvebis mowmed
Canda mdinare, radgan veRar itevda mas kalapoti, rameTu
yovel mxares gadaedina mRvrie wyali, rogorc lafi, ris
gamoc gakvirvebam Segvipyro yvela.”
xolo is Wabuki eubneboda wmindans: “aha, vxedav, rom
Seni sityvebi saqmea, radgan maxsovs guSindeli, rodesac
ubrZanebdiT im kacs, romelic Tanamgzavrad gagvixda "saTaxvis" tbamde, male naxavT misagebels am SfoTismoyvare
kacebisTvis da kidev im kacebisTvis, eSmakebiviT win rom
darbodnen wyalTa SesakrebelTan, radgan vfiqrob, rom
kvalic ki ar aRmoCndeba im adgilisa”.
rodesac dacxra mdinaris wyaldidoba, gavigeT sinamdvile, rom tbis adgili Canda kldovan velad, xolo wisqvil-saxlTa adgili ki walekiliyo da gauCinarebuliyo.
amis Semdeg Seuvrda wmindans Wabuki, miiRo dalocva da
uTxra mas: “ufali Tu inebebs, male gnaxavT, xolo Tu raime gsurT mTavrisgan, mibrZaneT, radgan masac surs Tqveni
male naxva”. wmindanma miugo: “saRvTo kurTxevis gareSe
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saRmrToAsa kurTxevisa araraAs mkadre varT winaSe missa, rameTu TYT umjobesad uwyis yoveli, sityYsaebr solomonisa:
`yurni brZnisani maradis mza arian saRmrToTa sityuaTa~. da
warvida Wabuki igi da Cuen davSTiT adgilsave mas.
xolo mi-raA-iwia Wabuki igi winaSe mTavrisa, da yovelive warmouTxra SemdgomiTi-Semdgomad. da romelTa esma,
gankYrvebaA daeca, zari ganhKda, da adidebdes RmerTsa, maSin
RmrTis-msaxuri igi SiSiTa da sixaruliTa aRivso da waremarTa xilvad saswaulTa maT da niSTa, da yovelni sabrZanebelni misni mis Tana da garemo sanaxebni maT areTani, romelTaca asmioda didi ese sakYrvelebaA, da myis krebuli didZali
Sekrba adgilsa mas, sada-igi iyvnes wmidani igi. da viTarca
movida mTavari, ambors-uyo xatsa mas cxovelsa, da SevrdomiT moikiTxna igini, da gankYrvebiT ikiTxvida saswaulTa
maTTYs. da yovelive zedamiwevniT cna kacTa maT mier, romelni mas warevlinnes, viTar adgili tbisaA mis veloan qmnil
ars da Sesakrebeli igi wyalTaA dafarul iyo qYSaTa mier da
lodTa, romelsa kacni igi Wirisa misgan ganromilni TYT warmoityodian.
xolo movides mRdelni da monazonni TYToeulTa maTgan
adgilTa da sixaruliT moikiTxvides wmidaTa maT. da sxuanica monazonni mravalni Semokrbes. da adgilisa misgan mis mdinaris-kidisa locviT da litaniiT adgilsa mas pirvel Ksenebulsa borcusa aRvediT. da brZanebiTa mTavrisaATa moiqmna
adgili igi da veloan iqmna. da sxuanica mTavarni moiwines
garemoTa adgilTani da TYToeulni uTxrobdes wmidaTa maT
simarjuesa samonastreTa adgilTasa, da kacica igi, romel
pirvel iota ZinZed wodebulisa misgan adgilisa, mowled Seuvrdeboda da awuevda, raATa mun aSenebden. romelsaca miugo wmidaman da hrqua: `sulsa Sina ukeTursa SiSi RmrTisaA
ara daemkYdrebis, arca jer-iyo margalitsa dasxmad winaSe
RorTa, rameTu brmaAca Tana-warhKdebis oqrosa mis winaSe
arafers SevkadrebT mas, radgan TviTon ufro kargad icis
yovelive, solomonis sityvisebr: “brZenis yurni mudam mzadaa saRvTo sityvebisTvis”. wavida is Wabuki, xolo Cven
imave adgilas davrCiT.
rodesac miaRwia Wabukma mTavarTan da Tanamimdevrulad mouTxro yvelaferi, yvela, vinc gaigona, Secbunda,
Tavzari daeca da adidebda RmerTs. maSin RvTismsaxuri
mTavari SiSiT da sixaruliT aivso da mTel Tavis sabrZanebelTan erTad gaemarTa saswaulTa da niSTa sanaxavad,
iseve, rogorc im adgilebis mezobeli mxareebi, romlebsac ki gaegonaT es didi sakvirveleba. myisve didZali krebuli Seikriba im adgilas, sadac wmindanebi iyvnen, xolo
rodesac movida mTavari, eambora igi cxovel xats da SevrdomiT moikiTxa isini, Tan gakvirvebiT gamoikiTxa saswaulTa Sesaxeb da yvelaferi zedmiwevniT gaigo im kacTagan, romlebic mas gaegzavna, rom, Tu rogor qceuliyo velad tbis adgili da rogor dafaruliyo qviSiT da lodebiT wyalTa Sesakrebeli, rasac im ubedurebas gadarCenili adamianebi TviTve ambobdnen.
movidnen agreTve mRvdlebi da monazvnebi yoveli adgilidan da sixaruliT moikiTxavdnen wmindanebs. sxva monazonebic bevrni Seikribnen da mdinaris piras im adgilidan locviT da litaniiT adre xsenebuli borcvis adgilas avediT. mTavris brZanebiT damuSavda is adgili da
velobi gaxda. mezobeli adgilebidan sxva mTavrebic movidnen da yoveli maTgani amcnobda wmindanebs mosaxerxebel samonastro adgilTa Sesaxeb. is kacic, romelic adre
gandevna man "ZinZed" wodebuli adgilisgan, siyvaruliT
Seuvrdeboda da exveweboda, rom iq eSenebinaT, romelsac
wmindanma ase miugo da uTxra: “ukeTur sulSi RvTis SiSi
ar mkvidrdeba, arc SeiZleba margalitebis dayra Rorebis
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mdebaresa, aramed Sendobil iyavn pirveli cTomaA Seni, xolo
Cuen nu vin guaiZulebs sxuad cvalebad adgilisa~. xolo
yoveli igi krebuli didad gansTqumides: `ese saswaulni Tanamodgam arian moses mier qmnilTa maT ganpebasa zRYsasa da
kldisagan aRmocenebasa wylisasa da kualad kidobnisa mier
ganpebasa iordanisasa da kualad grigolis mier sakYrvelT
moqmedisa ganKmobasa mis tbisasa, romeli iyo mizez mterobisa mis ZmaTaAsa. egreTve tbaA ese mizezi SfoTTa da kacisklvaTaA ganKma wmidaTa amaT mier~. xolo wmidaA igi, viTarca
iyo ucxoA zuaobisagan, miugo da hrqua maT: `nu hgonebT, mTavarno da erno, Tumca CueniTa raATme ZaliTa qmnil iyvnes saswaulni ese, aramed rameTu adida xati pirisa TYsisaA qristeman RmerTman, raATa Tquen grwmenes, viTarmed ara tyuvil da
amao arian saqmeni ese, romelTa Tquen xedavT~. mieriTgan ewoda saxeli Semsgavsebuli saqmeTa adgilsa mas, rameTu ewoda
zarz-ma erTa maTgan, romelni zariTa da SiSiTa miuTxrobeliTa Sepyrobil iyvnes. xolo locviT da galobiT ganaTies
Rame igi da ganTiad moikiTxnes wmidani igi da sixaruliT warvides saxid TYsa.
win,_ radgan brmac gverds uvlis mis win dadebul oqros,
magram Segendos Seni adrindeli Secdoma, Cven ki nuravin
gvaiZulebs adgilis sxvagan Secvlas”. mTeli is krebuli
metad ganadidebda mas: “es saswaulebi Tanaziaria mosesgan qmnili zRvis gapobisa da kldisgan wylis aRmodinebisa, agreTve kidobnis mier iordanis gapobisa da kidev grigol sakvirvelTmoqmedis mier im tbis gaxmobisa, rac iyo
ZmaTa urTierTmtrobis mizezi. aseve gaxma am wmindanTa mier es tbac, mizezi mSfoTvarebaTa da kaciskvlaTa”. magram
wmindani Sors iyo ampartavnebisgan da, amitom, miugo da
uTxra maT: “nu ifiqrebT, mTavarno da xalxo, rom TiTqos
Cveni ram ZaliT moxda es saswaulebi, aramed qriste RmerTma adida xati Tavisi pirisaxisa, raTa irwmunoT Tqven,
rom ar aris sicrue da amaoeba es saqmeebi, rasac Tqven xedavT”. amis Semdeg ewoda xsenebul adgils saqmeTa Sesaferisi, radgan zarzma daarqva mas im xalxma, romelic auwereli SiSiT da zafriT iyo Sepyrobili. locviT da galobiT gaaTies maT is Rame, ganTiadisas ki moikiTxes wmindanebi da sixaruliT wavidnen TavianT saxlebSi.
X. xolo RmrTis-msaxuri giorgi daSTa maT Tana da ubrZana, raATa moiZion adgili, sada hnebavs aRSenebad eklesiaA.
da miscna saKmarni uxuebiT. da warvidoda raA, ubrZana kualadca moslvaA. mieriTgan iwyes Ziebad adgilsa, sada uSenon
RmerTsa sadidebelad eklesiaA. xolo wmidasa mas eneba, raATamca borcusa mas zeda umaRlessa aRaSena eklesiaA. da ZmaA
misi iovane da sxuani Zmani etyodes: `nu, wmidao mamao, adgilsa
amas, rameTu maRal da civ ars, da Zmani ese SiSuel da glaxak~.
romlisaTYsca iqmna cilobaA Soris maTsa. da viTarca-igi gedeon sawumisi dadva gamocdad saqmeTa da kualad didman
10. xolo RvTismsaxuri giorgi darCa maTTan da ubrZana, rom moeZiaT adgili, sadac isurvebdnen eklesiis aSenebas. amasTan, uxvad misca maT, rac ki saWiro iyo da wasvlisas ubrZana, rom kvlav misuliyvnen masTan. amis Semdeg
daiwyes maT adgilis Zebna, Tu sad aeSenebinaT RvTisTvis
sadideblad eklesia. wmindans surda, rom ufro maRal
borcvze aeSenebina eklesia, magram misi Zma ioane da sxvebi
eubnebodnen: ”am adgilas ara, wmindao mamao, radgan maRalia igi da civi, es Zmebi ki SiSvlebia da Raribebi”. amis
gamo kamaTi warmoiqmna maT Soris. amitom, iseve rogorc
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Tevdosi naKSirTa mier moiZia adgili, sada aRaSenos monasteri, egreTve amaT netarTa yves, rameTu aRavsnes orni kandelni sworiTa zeTiTa da dadgnes adgilTa maT cilobisaTa.
rameTu iyo mcire Rele samxriT adgilsa mas umaRlessa, da
kandeli iovanesi dadga mun TYT iovane, xolo borcusa mas
zeda _ wmidaman serapion. da ornive dadges locvad. xolo
viTarca ganTena, ixilva davsebulad kandeli igi serapionisi,
xolo kandeli igi iovanesi brwyinvida vidre Sua samxramde.
rameTu ese gangebulebaA iyo saRmrToA, raATa ara swrafiT,
aramed friad Suenierad Jamsa TYssa aReSenos saydari maRalsa
mas adgilsa. ese raA ixiles yovelTa, daamtkices, raATa mun
iwyon Senebad eklesiisa.
xolo wmidaman man hrqua Zmasa TYssa TaflmwTolvariTa
miT eniTa: `Zmao iovane, RmerTman gaCuena sakYrveli ese didebuli, rameTu ixila naklulevanebaA gonebisa SenisaA. xolo ese uwyode, viTarmed Semdgomad mciredisa adgilsa amas
aReSenos saydari friad Suenieri~. da Sehkazmes adgili igi,
da Seemateboda ricxusa ZmaTasa, rameTu moizidvida saxelganTqumulebaA kacisa mis RmrTisaA, da saxed mdinarisa irwyvebodes tkbilTa maT sityuaTa misTagan. rameTu kaci igi
pirvel Ksenebuli garbaneli da orni igi Zmani, romelni danTqmasa tbisasa ganernes, ikurTxnes monazonad KeliTa mis wmidisaATa, vinaATgan axalsa amas moses ebrZana axlisa isra lisa
winamZRurobaA, amisTYs uKmdes Tana-Semwed saqmesa mis karvisa axalni beseliel da eliab. rameTu ara Tu nislsa Sevida
da ficarni qvisani moixuna, romelsa Sjuli da mcnebani weril
gedeonma sawmisi dado saqmeTa gamosacdelad1 da kidev
iseve, rogorc didma Tevdosim naxSiriT moiZia is adgili, sadac unda aeSenebina monasteri, amgvaradve gaakeTes
am netarebmac, radgan aavses ori kandeli Tanabari zeTiT
da dadges isini sacilobel adgilebze, rameTu iyo patara Rele ufro maRali adgilis samxreTiT da iq daidga
ioanes kandeli TviT ioanesgan, xolo xsenebul borcvze —
wminda serapionis mier. Semdeg orive locvad dadga da
rodesac gaTenda, naxes serapionis kandeli Camqrali, xolo ioanes kandeli brwyinavda Sua samxrobamde, radgan
RvTis gangeba iyo es, rom ara naCqarevad, aramed Tavis droze metad mSvenivrad aSenebuliyo saydari im maRal adgilas. amitom, rodesac maT naxes momxdaric, gadawyvites,
rom iq2 daewyoT eklesiis Seneba.
magram wmindanma TafladmwveTi eniT uTxra Tavis Zmas:
“Zmao ioane, RmerTma giCvena es didebuli sakvirveleba,
radgan ixila Seni gonebis sinaklule, Tumca es icode, rom
cota xnis Semdeg am adgilas3 aSendeba metad mSvenieri saydari”. maT ki moamzades is adgili..._ xolo ZmaTa ricxvs
emateboda, radgan am RvTis kacis saxelganTqmuloba bevrs
izidavda, romlebic mdinarisebr irwyvebodnen misi tkbili sityvebiT. amasTan, zemoxsenebuli kaci garbaneli da
misi ori Zma, romlebic tbis danTqmas gadaurCnen, wmindanis xeliT monazonebad ekurTxnen. vinaidan am axal moses
ebrZana axali israelis winamZRvroba, amis gamo esaWiroeboda mas karvis Senebis saqmeSi TanaSemweebad axali beselieli da eliabi,_ radgan araTu nislSi Sevida igi da
1
Sdr. msj. 6:37-38.
RelesTan, sadac ioanem aanTo sanTeli.
3
maRal borcvze.
2
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iyvnes, aramed TYT igi aRmwereli maTi gonebiTa moaqunda,
romeli masve, moses, napralsa kldisasa dafarulsa etyoda:
`me var, romeli igi var~. da mTasa zeda Taborsa moses da elias Tana zraxvida, TavTa maT Tana mowafeTasa, ese aqa KorciTa
gamosaxuli mKarTa zeda etYrTa da Tayuanis-sacemelad morwmuneTa aRemarTa. romlisaTYsca iwyes Senebad eklesiisa da
dadves safuZveli adgilsa mas, romeli iovane gamoarCia. xolo saWiro iqmna SenebaA misi, rameTu qvani maT adgilTani tyeTagan dafarul iyvnes, vinaAca wylisagan raAsme Ronierobdes da uSuersa rasme qvasa muniT gamoiRebdes.
xolo iyvnes xuroTmoZRuar da zedamdgomel saqmisa mis
garbaneli da orni igi Zmani. xolo ganiTqua raA, viTarmed eseviTarni ese kacni esreT aRaSeneben eklesiasa, iwyes saxed mdinarisa moslvad saqmesa mas eklesiisasa. da ara ipova raATurTiT qvaA, da WiriT da SromiT mdinarisa misgan moiRebdes. vinaAca kualadca movida mun RmrTis-msaxuri igi giorgi da
ganicada yoveli saqme maTi, da iurvoda, raATamca keTilad
aReSena eklesiaA igi. da mouKda gulsa da hrqua wmidaTa maT:
`qristes mier ganbrZnobilno mamano, ukueTu sTnavs siwmidesa Tquensa, ars adgili erTi, sada eklesiaA misi dacemul
ars Zrvisagan. aw, ukueTu hbrZanoT, advil ars, raATa igi moviRoT~. xolo cnes raA wmidaTa maT, rameTu uKmrad mdebare
ars eklesiaA igi, brZanes, raATa swrafiT Kel-yon saqmesa mas.
da iwyes moRebad meyseulad raodeni eKmareboda eklesiisa
misTYs. da icnobebian qvani igi zogs-raAme kuTxTa mier da
kamaraTa. xolo ars saxeli adgilisa mis umwaA, romeli Soravs aTormet milion.
xolo Semdgomad samisa wlisa srul iqmna eklesiaA da Seimko yovliTa gangebiTa, romeli Sehgvanda Jamsa mas. da aRmarTes mas Sina cxovels-myofeli xati feriscvalebisaA. da
qvis ficrebi miiRo, romlebzec sjuli da mcnebebi iyo dawerili, aramed TviT amaT damwers atarebda gonebiT, vinc
imave moses, kldis napralSi dafaruls, eubneboda: "me var,
romelic var, da vinc Taboris mTaze mosesTan da eliasTan
erTad metyvelebda mowafeTa korifeebTan erTad;_ swored
igi, aq xorciT gamosaxuli, mxrebze itvirTa man da aRmarTa morwmuneTa Tayvansacemad, risTvisac daiwyes eklesiis
Seneba da saZirkveli dades im adgilas, romelic ioanem
gamoarCia, Tumca gaZnelda misi Seneba, radgan im adgilebze
qvebi tyeebiT iyo dafaruli. amitom, wylisgan Tu axerxebdnen rames da iqidan gamohqondaT uSveri ram qvebi.
xuroTmoZRvarni da am saqmis zedamxedvelni iyvnen garbaneli da is ori Zma, xolo rodesac gavarda xma, rom aseTi adamianebi amgvarad aSeneben eklesias, daiwyes mdinarisebr mosvla eklesiis saSeneblad, magram radgan veranairad ver moipoves qva, mdinaridan gamohqondaT igi gaWirvebiT da jafiT. amitom, kvlav mivida iq RvTismsaxuri
giorgi, romelic daakvirda mTel maT saqmianobas da wuxda ra imaze, rom kargad aSenebuliyo eklesia, erTi azri
gauCnda da uTxra wmindanebs: "qristes mier gabrZnobilo
mamebo, Tuki esaTnoeba Tqvens siwmindes, aris adgili, sadac dacemulia iqauri eklesia miwisZvrisgan da axla, Tu
brZanebT, advilia misi wamoReba". gaiges ra wmindanebma,
rom gamouyeneblad iyo dadebuli is eklesia, brZanes, rom
male daewyoT saqme. dauyovnebliv daiwyes imdenis wamoReba, ramdenic sWirdebodaT eklesiisTvis (ramdenadme icnoba kidec es qvebi kuTxeebiTa da kamarebiT). TviT im adgilis saxelia "umwa", romelic moSorebulia daaxloebiT
Tvrameti miliT.
dasrulda eklesia sami wlis Semdeg da Seimko igi yovelgvari wesiT, rac ki Sehferoda im dros. aRmarTes mas-
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amissa Semdgomad senakebica iSenes ZmaTa. da Semokrba krebuli didZali ZmaTaA, rameTu madli sulisaA da saxelganTqumulebaA kacisa mis RmrTisaA moizidvida yovelTa. rameTu ityYs
ufali, viTarmed: `sadaca iyvnen orni, gina samni, Sekrebul
saxelisa CemisaTYs, mun var me maT Soris~. raoden ufroAs mravalTa Tana SekrebulTa RmrTis-msaxurebisaTYs! xolo
RmrTis-msaxurman giorgi miscna yovelni saKmarni, jorebi
da karaulebi, da raodeni raA uKmda simravlesa ZmaTasa. xolo
wmidaman man ganaCina wesni da kanonni saeklesioni, romlisa
mier irwyvebodes saRmrToATa madliTa, vinaAca soflebnica
(!) miscna kacman man RmrTisaman giorgi, vidremdis moswrafe
iyo, raATa yovelive adgilisa misTYs waragos. xolo mravalTa iwyes mibaZvebad misa. da viTarca pirvel karavsa mosessa TualTa da margalitTa da sxuaTaca maT nivTTa aRSenebisaTYs karvisa, egreTve saxed Zalisaebr aCuenebdes Sesawiravsa
axlisa amis karvisasa, romel ars eklesiaA qristesi.
Si feriscvalebis cxovelmyofeli xati, xolo amis Semdeg
Zmebma senakebic aiSenes. Seikriba ZmaTa didZali krebuli,
radgan suliwmindis madli da am RvTis kacis saxelganTqmuloba izidavda yvelas, radgan ambobs ufali: "sadac
iqneba ori anda sami, Sekrebili Cemi saxelisTvis, iq var
me maT Soris",_ da Tu orTan da samTan aris igi, ramdenad
ufro — bevrTan erTad, romlebic Seikribnen RvTismsaxurebisaTvis? RvTismsaxurma giorgim misca maT yovelive
mosaxmarisi, jorebi, virebi da rac ki ram sWirdeboda ZmaTa simravles. wmindanma ganaCina saeklesio wesebi da kanonebi, rac saRvTo madliT rwyavda maT, RvTis kacma giorgim ki soflebic miuboZa, im zomamde, rom mosurne iyo
am adgilisTvis gaeRo yovelive. amasTan, bevrma daiwyo misi
mibaZva da rogorc Zvelad moses karvisTvis gascemdnen
Tvlebs, margalitebs da sxva nivTebsac, rom aSenebuliyo
es karavi, amgvaradve Zalisamebr aCendnen Sesawiravs am axali karvisaTvis, rac aris qristes eklesia.
XI. xolo aqa sxuad icvalebis leqsi sityYsaA usakuTresad Tqumad saswaulTa wmidisa amis kacisaTa da raATa cxovrebaAca RmrTis-msaxurisa giorgisi umetes gamocxadnes. xolo mogueTxra ese ara Tu uCinoTa vieTme mier kacTa, aramed
friadca saCinoTa da brwyinvaleTa, vityYT ukue giorgis
ebiskopossa mawyuerelsa, romeli-igi aRmoscenda Kevisagan
Suartylisa, mSobelTagan warCinebulTa da RmrTis-moSiSTa, xolo aRizarda igi ganTumulsa mas udabnosa opizas, rameTu ityoda RmerT-Semosili igi utyuveliTa miT piriTa, viTarmed: viyav raA udabnosa opizisasa, sayofelsa wmidisa winamorbedisa naTlis-mcemelisasa, da mier aRved didisa mamisa
miqaelisa da viyav raA winaSe missa, maSin waravlinna miqael
orni mowafeTa misTaganni da miuwera ebistole serapions da
Zmasa missa iovanes mswrafl mislvad winaSe missa, rameTu
11. magram aq sxva mxares icvleba sityvaTSewyoba, rom
ufro zedmiwevniT iTqvas am kacis saswaulTa Sesaxeb da
RvTismsaxuri giorgis cxovrebac ufro metad gacxaddes.
xolo gveuwya es araTu vinme umniSvnelo adamianebis, aramed Zalian gamoCenilTa da brwyinvaleTa mier. kerZod, vgulisxmob giorgis, mawyverel episkoposs, romelic daibada "Suartylis" xevSi, warCinebuli da RvTismoSiSi mSoblebisgan, xolo aRizarda opizis ganTqmul udabnoSi, radgan ambobda es RmerTSemosili Tavisi utyuari piriT: "rodesac vimyofebodi opizis udabnoSi, wminda winamorbedisa da naTlismcemlis savaneSi, aqedan avedi did mamasTan,
miqaelTan, da viyavi ra mis winaSe, wargzavna man Tavisi
ori mowafe da miswera epistole serapions da mis Zmas
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icoda Jami ganslvisa TYsisaA, raATa ixilvnen urTierTas da
raATa zedamiwevniT cnas, Tu viTar iqmna SenebaA zeciT uwyebulisa mis adgilisaA. xolo igi, viTarca iyo brZanebasa moZRurisasa morCil, mswrafl movida TYsiT ZmiTurT, romelsa
sxuanica mravalni Zmani hyves. da viTarca ixiles urTierTas
didman miqael da serapion, ganiSues, viTarca Sehgavs mxiarulebiT, cremlTa Tana aRreviT hmadlobdes RmerTsa da miiRes
kurTxevaA yovelTa ZmaTa urTierTas. da viTarca gardaKdes
orni dReni da ganvisueneT, mesamesa dResa iwyo didman miqael da gamohkiTxa warmarTebaA da viTarebaA adgilisa mis, anu
Tu vin iyo Tana-Semwe da moRuawe maTda. xolo netarman serapion iwyo pirveliTgan da yoveli warmouTxra: da viTar TanaSemwe maTda iqmna didi igi mTavari giorgi CorCaneli, da yovelive maT zeda mowevnuli, da viTar adgilsa mas orZis simravle ZmaTa, da saswaulTa maTTYs didTa ganKmobisaTYs tbisa da kacTa maTTYs urCTa dafarvisa, da yovelive, raAca iqmna, SemdgomiTi-Semdgomad. vinaA ganixara wmidaman man da madli misca RmerTsa da akurTxa kurTxeuli igi kaci giorgi CorCaneli; da Tu viTar Semsgavsebuli saxeli ewoda zarzma erTa mier, saswaulTa sakYrvelTa zarganKdilTa. ese yoveli raA
esma wmidasa mas, ixarebda suliTa.
amissa Semdgomad mouwoda mamaman miqael kelarsa da
hrqua, raATa mza-yos seri. mere warTqunes ganwesebulni
fsalmunni Jamsa cxraJmisasa da dasxdes serobad, da iwdies
RYno, da sulieri da Korcieli sixaruli ganzaves. maSin wmidaman mamaman didTa niSTa da saswaulTa mier brwyinvaleman
miqael mixeda netarsa serapions da hrqua: `N sayuarelo Svilo da Zmao serapion, mrwams WeSmaritad RmrTisa saswaulTa
ioanes, raTa saswrafod mosuliyvnen masTan (radgan icoda Tavisi micvalebis Jami), rom enaxaT maT erTimeore da,
amasTan, isic zedmiwevniT Seetyo, Tu rogor moxda aSeneba zecidan uwyebuli adgilisa. serapionic, radgan igi iyo
morCili moZRvris brZanebisa, swrafad movida Tavis ZmasTan erTad, axlda ra kidev sxva bevri Zmac da rodesac naxes erTimeore didma miqaelma da serapionma, rogorc Sesaferisia, gaixares mxiarulebiT, madlobdnen ra RmerTs
cremlTa urTierTSereviT. yvela Zmam erTimeorisgan kurTxeva miiRo. rodesac gavida ori dRe da movisveneT, mesame dRes Seudga didi miqaeli imis gamokiTxvas, Tu rogor
waremarTeboda saqme da ra viTareba iyo im adgilTan dakavSirebiT, an Tu vin iyo maTi TanaSemwe da meurve. netarma serapionma daiwyo Tavidan da yovelive auwya, Tu rogor gauxda maT TanaSemwed didi mTavari giorgi CorCaneli, Tu ra gadaxdaT saerTod maT Tavs, Tu rogor izrdeba
ZmaTa simravle; uambo tbis daSrobisa da urCi adamianebis danTqmis did saswaulTa Sesaxeb, agreTve yvelafer imaze, rac TandaTan moxda (amiT gaixara wminda miqaelma, aRuvlina madloba RmerTs da akurTxa is kurTxeuli kaci —
giorgi CorCaneli). amcno isic, Tu rogor uwoda sakvirveli saswaulebiT Tavzardacemulma xalxma im adgils Sesaferisi saxeli zarzma. ismina ra wmindanma es yovelive,
ixarebda suliT.
amis Semdeg mouwoda mama miqaelma mnes da uTxra, rom
gaemzadebina vaxSami. Semdeg warmoTqves mecxre Jamis dros
dawesebuli fsalmunebi, dasxdnen savaxSmod, Sesves Rvino
da sulieri da xorcieli sixaruli ganazaves. maSin wminda mama miqaelma, didi niSebiTa da saswaulebiT brwyinvalem, Sexeda netar serapions da uTxra: "hoi, sayvarelo Svilo da Zmao serapion, WeSmaritad mwams RvTisa im
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maTTYs Sen mier aRsrulebulTa, anu Tu viTar iyos warmarTebaA adgilisa mis, gulsavse viqmne, ukueTu ese iqmnes~. xolo gangebiTa saRmrToATa iyo kedelsa eklesiisasa rtoA baAaAsaA mraval-Jameuli. da aRiRo KeliTa TYsiTa mamaman miqael da misca wmidasa serapions da hrqua: `Svilo, dahnerge ese
maxlobelad eklesiisa, da ukueTu ganedldes, uwyode WeSmaritad, rameTu nayofierebaA ars adgilisa mis, warved da
guls-modgined aSenebdi~. vinaAca gankYrvebaman Seipyrna yovelni mun msxdomareni da hrques urTierTas: `ara did ars orTave amaT mier sidide saswaulisaA~. xolo yolad ucxoA igi
zuaobisagan Seuvrda wmidasa mas da etyoda: `wmidao RmrTisao, winaSe Sensa araraA SeuZlebel ars, rameTu KelmwifebaA
mogiRebies mTaTaca cvalebamde~. da gamouRo KelTa misTa da
dahnerga queyanasa. xolo Semdgomad mciredisa ganedlda da
rto-gardafeniT qadagebda didebulsa mas saswaulsa. da viTarca ixiles yovelTa, gankYrdes da adidebdes RmerTsa. da
viTarca ganisma saswauli ese garemoTa maT udabnoTa, yovelni
ganhkrTes da misces didebaA RmerTsa da moqmedsa sakYrvelebaTasa.
saswaulTa gamo, Sen rom aRasrule; amasTan, Tu rogor waremarTeba saqme im adgilTan dakavSirebiT, amaSi darwmunebuli maSin viqnebi, es Tu moxdeba". xolo saRvTo gangebiT iyo eklesiis kedelTan balis Zveli toti, rac aiRo
Tavisi xeliT mama miqaelma, misca wminda serapions da uTxra: “Svilo, darge es eklesiis axlos da Tu ganedldeba,
WeSmaritad icode, rom nayofiereba eqneba im adgils. wadi da gulmodgined aSene”. amis gamo gakvirvebam Seipyro
yvela iq msxdomi, romlebmac uTxres erTmaneTs: “gana orive maTganisgan didi ar aris am saswaulis sidiade?” magram iyo ra serapioni medidurobisgan yovliTurT ganSorebuli, Seuvrda wmindans da uTxra: "RvTis wmindano, Sens
winaSe araferia SeuZlebeli, radgan miRebuli gaqvs Zalaufleba TviT mTebis Secvlamde". da gamoarTva xelidan
is toti da Cargo miwaSi, rac cota xnis Semdeg ganedlda
da rtogadaSliT qadagebulhyo es didebuli saswauli.
rodesac yvelam naxa igi, gaukvirdaT da adides RmerTi,
xolo rogorc ki cnobili gaxda es saswauli axlomdebare
udabnoebisTvis, yvelas Tavzari daeca da adides maT RmerTi, sakvirvelebaTa moqmedi.
XII. xolo Seudga saswauli saswaulsa, romelsa egulvebis TqumaA da kualad-qcevaA sazRvarTave TYsTa sityYsaTa. rameTu vidreRa iyvnes esreT Jam raodenme mxiarulni suliTa da
SuebiTa, da yovelni aRivsebodes saRmrToATa madliTa, xolo
dResa erTsa ilocvides raA Jamsa samJmisasa da aha esera daeca
gankYrvebaA wmidasa mas da myovar Jam dga gancYbrebuli. amissa Semdgomad viTarca rulisagan Rrmisa ganRYZebulman mixedna netarsa serapions da hrqua: `iswrafe, Zmao, da warved adgilTa namuSakevTa SenTa, rameTu SfoTni raAme SemTxuevad
arian Jam raodenme, xolo Tu undes RmerTsa, adre iqmnas
12. xolo saswauls mihyva saswauli, ris Tqmasac apirebs sityva, kvlav miubrundeba ra igi Tavis sazRvrebs,
radgan sanam isini garkveuli droiT iyvnen ase mxiarulni
suliT da lxeniT, da yvelani aRivsebodnen saRvTo madliT, erT dRes, rodesac loculobdnen mesame Jamis gangebas,_ aha, gaucnaurda wminda miqaeli da karga xans idga
gancvifrebuli. amis Semdeg man, TiTqosda Rrma Zilisgan
gaRviZebulma, Sexeda netar serapions da uTxra: “iCqare,
Zmao, da wadi Sens namuSakev adgilebSi, radgan raRac
mSfoTvarebani atydeba garkveuli xniT, xolo Tu RmerTs
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ganqarvebaA maTi, garna me vera mixilo odesca sofelsa amas,
rameTu adre warval amier. xolo Sekrebasa mas yovelTasa nebiTa RmrTisaATa gixilo mxiaruli da brwyinvale, viTarva raA
muSaki keTili, sasyidliTa ganmdidrebuli. xolo ZmaA Seni iovane mivedin adgilsa sxuasa, romeli, iswaos raA, Senebasa missa
moswrafed Tana-mzrunvel eqmnas kacTa maT, romelni povnes
adgilsa mas, romelsa monasteri aSenos. da misca mas saswauli
da niSi, romelsa eguleboda mislvaA iovanes.
xolo eseviTari raA tkbili anderZi warmoTqua da yoveli yofadi winaAswar mouswava da wargzavnna cremliTa aRsavseni da ufroAs-Ra, rameTu ara esvides kualad xilvasa missa. xolo moiwines raA didsa mas udabnosa klarjeTisasa, opizas, moegebnes maT mamani da surviliT mowled moikiTxnes da
Semsgavsebuli pativi winauyves. da viTarca dayvnes dReni ravdennime...
xolo viTarca iyo wmidaA igi mdabal da aRuzuavebel,
tkbiliTa da daSniTa KmliTa ixilveboda mdgomared xuroTa
Tana saeklesioTa, rameTu iyo sxuaTave Tana saTnoebaTa mecnier sjulTa saeklesioTa da friad Semkul wesiTa xucobisaATa.
vinaA ixila vinme igi eseviTariTa saxiTa zuavman da silaRiTa Sepyrobilman, iwyo gmobad wmidisa mis da ityoda: `aha
didi da ganTqumuli serapion viTar-Ra usityu da uKmo ixilvebis da raATurTiT eseviTarTa pativTa yolad ara Rirs ars
ese~. amas raA ityoda SuriTa saeSmakoATa aRsavse igi, eha sakYrvelebaTa SenTa qriste! rameTu sityuaA winawarmetyuelisaA srul iqmna, romeli ityYs: `ufalman miagos usjuloebaA
maTi~, da kualad: `utyu iyavn enaA mzakuari metyueli marTlisaTYs usjuloebasa~. xolo viTarca mdgomare iyvnes ek-
endomeba, male moxdeba maTi dacxroma, Tumca me veRarasodes mnaxav am sofelSi, radgan male waval aqedan, im sayovelTao Sekrebisas ki RvTis nebiT gnaxav mxiaruls da gabrwyinebuls, rogorc karg mSromels, sazRauriT gamdidrebuls, xolo Seni Zma ioane sxva adgilas wavides, romelic eniSneba ra, mis Senebaze gulmodgined izrunos im adamianebTan erTad, xsenebul adgilas rom ipovis, sadac monasteri unda aaSenos". da misca mas im adgilis saswauli
da niSi, sadac unda misuliyo ioane.
warmoTqva ra es tkbili anderZi da yovelive samomavlo winaswar moaswava ra maTTvis, amis Semdeg gauSva isini, romlebic cremliT savse iyvnen. da es gansakuTrebiT
imitom, rom aRar hqondaT misi kvlav naxvis imedi. rodesac klarjeTis did udabnos, opizas miaRwies, moegebnen
mamebi, romlebmac wadierad da siyvaruliT moikiTxes isini da Sesaferisi pativi miages, xolo rodesac dahyves iq
ramdenime dRe ...
magram radgan wminda serapioni iyo Tavmdabali da
araamayi, saeklesio xuroebTan mdgomad xedavdnen mas Tavisi tkbili da saamuri xeliT, iyo ra sxva saTnoebebTan
erTad, saeklesio sjulTa mcodnec da xucobis wesiT metad Semkuli.
amitom, aseTi saxiT rodesac naxa igi viRac ampartavanma da siamayiT Sepyrobilma, daiwyo wmindanis gmoba da
Tqva: “aha didi da saxelganTqmuli serapioni rogor usityvo da uxmo Cans da saerTod, aranairad ar aris igi amgvar pativTa Rirsi”. ambobda ra amas da iyo ra eSmakeuli
SuriT aRvsili, — hoi, Sens sakvirvelebebs, qriste, — aRsrulda sityva winaswarmetyuelisa, romelic ambobs: “ufali miagebs maT usjuloebas maTsas”,_ da kidev: “utyvi gaxdes ena mzakvari, romelic marTlisTvis usjuloebas
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lesias, myis winaSe yovelTasa daeca kaci igi uKmod mdebare
da gardamoagdo enaA gansivebuli, saSinelTa perooda da gorvida. maSin gankYrvebaman Seipyrna yovelni igi dasni mgalobelTani, xolo romelTa asmioda kacisa misgan gmobaA igi wmidisaTYs, urTierTas ityodes: `nuukue mis mier moiwia
mswrafli ese mxilebaA~. xolo kaci igi moiego gonebasa da
gulisKma-yo cTomilebaA TYsi da daRacaTu eniTa ver metyuelebda, aramed egreTca Seuvrda mwyobrsa mas mamaTasa da
winaSe maTsa aRiara cTomilebaA TYsi. xolo yovelni igi Seuvrdes wmidasa mas, raATa miuteos codvaA igi. da igi esreT
etyoda maT: `krebulo wmidao da mwyobro rCeulo, nu iyofin, Tumca Cem ZliT raA SehmTxueoda Zmasa amas, aramed sityYsaebr iakob mociqulisa: `Tana-guac ZmaT-moyuarebiT, raATa yovelTa ulocoT, da ufalman yos lxinebaA uZlurisaA
amis~. xolo yovelni igi umetes Seuvrdes wmidasa amas: `miuteve, wmidao RmrTisao, da Seiwyale sawyalobeli ese~. xolo
wmidaA igi etyoda: `aha da meca mza var Tquen Tana~. da moidrikna muKlni da Tqua: `ufalo iesu, Zeo RmeTisa mamisao, romeli moxued soflad moZiebad SecTomilTa, viTarca-igi sityYTa aRatyue yruA igi da uytY, egreTve, meufeo ufalo
RmerTo, gankure yrmaAca ese, romeli SescTa siveragiTa eSmakisaATa~. da viTarca ese Tqua, myis dascxra friadi igi sastikebaA enisa misisaA da kualad-ego adgilsave TYssa. da romelTa ixiles, gankYrvebulni adidebdes RmerTsa.
metyvelebs",_ xolo radgan eklesiaSi idgnen, myisve yvelas Tvalwin daeca is kaci, gaxda uxmod mdebare, gadmoagdo gasiebuli ena, saSinlad wamouvida duJi da goravda.
maSin gakvirvebam Seipyro mgalobelTa mTeli dasi, xolo
romlebsac gaegonaT am kacisgan wmindanis gmoba, erTimeoreSi ambobdnen: "nuTu mis mier daemarTa amas es dauyovnebeli mxileba?"is kaci ki gons moego, mixvda Tavis cTomilebas da Tumca eniT ver laparakobda, magram mainc Seuvrda mamaTa mwyobrs da maT winaSe aRiara Tavisi Secdoma.
maSin yvelani Seuvrdnen wmindans, rom mietevebina misTvis
codva, wmindani ki ase eubneboda maT: “wminda krebulo da
rCeulo mwyobro, nu moxdeba ise, rom Cem gamo hqondes raime SemTxveuli am Zmas, aramed iakob mociqulis sityvisebr
"gvmarTebs yvelas vulocoT ZmaTmoyvarebiT, da ufalma misces Sveba am uZlurs”._ magram ufro metad Seuvrda wmindans yvela: “miuteve, RvTis wmindano, da Seiwyale es sabralo”. wmindani miugebda: “aha, TqvenTan erTad mzad var
mec”. moidrika man muxlebi da Tqva: “ufalo ieso, mamaRmerTis Zeo, romelic moxvedi soflad SecdenilTa mosaZieblad, iseve, rogorc sityviT aametyvele yru da utyvi,
amgvaradve, meufeo ufalo RmerTo, gankurne es Wabukic,
romelic Secda eSmakis siveragis gamo”. rogorc ki Tqva
man es, myisve daucxra im kacs enis mZafri tkivili da kvlav
daubrunda Tavis adgils, xolo vinc naxa igi, gakvirvebuli adidebda RmerTs.
es saswauli yvelasTvis cnobili gaxda. ase ambobdnen:
”romelmac baiis gamxmari toti furclis gamomRebad gamoaCina msgavsad im gamxmari xelisa, romelic gankurna
ufalma, agreTve msgavsad im kverTxisa, ahronis mier rom
ganedlda, an kidev msgavsad im xisa, romelic didmowame
xaralampis miyrdnobiT ganedlda da myisve nayofieri
da ganiTqua saswauli ese yovelTa Soris da ityodes: `romelman-igi rtoA baAaAsaA ganKmeli furclis-mSoblad gamoaCina msgavsad ganKmelisa mis Kelisa, romeli-igi gaknurna
ufalman, da ahronis mier ganedlebulisa mis kuerTxisa da
kualad xisa mis, romeli miyrdnobiTa didisa mowamisa xaralampisaTa ganedlda, da myis nayofier iqmna, da kualad
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akrakantelTa naTelman grigoli, amaT saswaulTa araraAT udares arian. aw aRsrulebulni ese wmidisa serapionis mier. rameTu ityYs ufali: `romelsa me vhrwmene, umetesi Cemsa qmnes~,
da sakYrvel ars RmerTi wmidaTa Soris misTa. amaT da amaTviTarTa urTierTas utyodes yovelni igi da adidebdes RmerTsa.
gaxda, anda msgavsad agrigantelTa naTlismcemlis grigolisa, — am saswaulebze arafriT udaresi ar aris yovelive is, rac wminda serapionis mier aRsrulda, radgan
ufali ambobs: "vinc me mirwmunebs, Cemze ufro mets gaakeTebs"._ RmerTi xom sakvirvelia Tavis wmindanTa Soris”.
amas da amis msgavss eubnebodnen yvelani erTimeores da
adidebdnen RmerTs.
XIII. amier kualad vipyraT neSti igi TxrobisaA da pirvelsave sityuasa aRvideT. da viTarca ese saswaulni iqmnnes
wmidisa mis mier adgilTa maT, romelTa aRzrdil-Ra iyo, da
winaSe moZRurisa, romeli iyo Tav da warmarTeba yovelTa saqmeTa misTa, da ZmaAca igi maTi uxucesi, romeli pirvel vaKseneT, ixiles da surviliT moikiTxes. da Tana eqceoda yovelsa
mas mun yofasa Sina maTsa, xolo ijmnes wmidaTa maT udabnoAsa misgan, da moikiTxnes wmidani igi mamani da warvides. da
viTarca gardavles mTaA igi arsian wodebuli da mivides Kevsa yvelisasa, xolo iqmna raAme munca naklulevanebisa srul
yofad gangebulebiT, rameTu aha esera moegebnes kacni vinme
monazonni da hrques: `keTilad moxuediT, saRmrTono muSakno qristes venaKisano, rameTu brZanebul ars, raATa adgilTa
amaT Tquen mier aReSenos monasteri, romelsa Cuenca viWirviT, da mogeliT Tquen, viTarca uwyebulni, rameTu aqaca Tquenve xarT winamZRuar da maswavlel saqmeTa amaT~. da uCuenes
adgili, romelsa zeda ixilvnes niSni igi brZanebisaebr didisa miqaelisisa, da ubrZana wmidaman serapion Zmasa TYssa, raATa
guls-modgined iwyos da aRaSenos monasteri brZanebisaebr
wmidisa mis. romlisaTYsca saqme ese friad SeuZnda iovanes,
garna ver mkadre iqmna wina-ganwyobad orTave maT brZanebasa,
aramed ese xolo hrqua serapions: `ukueTu jer-ars, raATa Ja-
13. aqedan kvlav ganvagrZobT darCenil ambavs da pirvel sityvas davubrundebiT. rodesac es saswaulebi moxda wmindanis mier im adgilebSi, sadac TviTonve iyo aRzrdili, da im moZRvris winaSe, romelic iyo Tavi da warmmarTveloba yvela misi saqmisa, serapionma da ioanem naxes da wadierad moikiTxes TavianTi ufrosi Zmac, romelic adre vaxseneT da romelic mTeli maTi iq yofnisas maTTanve imyofeboda. magram wmindanebma datoves is udabno,
gamoemSvidobnen iqaur wminda mamebs da wavidnen. rodesac gadaiares maT mTa, romelsac erqva "arsiani" da mividnen "yvelis" xevSi, iqac moxda raRac sinaklulis srulyofa gangebulebiTad, radgan aha, moegebnen maT viRac monazoni adamianebi da uTxres: “kargad moxvediT, qristes venaxis saRmrTo muSakno, radgan nabrZanebia, rom am adgilebSi Tqven mier aSendes monasteri, romlis gamo damaSvralni varT Cvenc da mogeliT Tqven, radgan nauwyebi
gvaqvs, rom aqac Tqvenve xarT am saqmeTa winamZRvrebi da
maswavleblebi”. da uCvenes maT adgili, romelzec Canda
didi miqaelis mier nabrZanebi niSebi. maSin ubrZana wmida
serapionma Tavis Zmas, rom gulmodgined daewyo da aeSenebina monasteri wminda miqaelis brZanebisamebr. ioanes Zalian daumZimda es saqme, magram ver ikadra winaaRmdegobis gaweva orive brZanebisaTvis da mxolod es uTxra
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miTiT vixilvide saRmrTosa pirsa Tquensa, mza var me aRsrulebad brZanebaTa SenTa~. xolo wmidaman ubrZana yoladve xilvad urTierTas. da aReSena monasteri igi brZanebisaebr didisa
mis moZRurisa. da Seamko yovliTa samkauliTa, viTarca Sehgvanda, da uwoda saxeli sexnaA TYsi, rameTu iovane-wmida ewodebis adgilsa mas. movidoda JamiTi-Jamad Zmisa TYsisa Tana
da iswavebn yovelsave gangebasa monastrisasa.
aramed aqa neSti sityYsaA winaukmo vcvaleT, rameTu Seezava sityuaA sityuasa da verRara ganvyavT aRSenebaA igi
monastrisaA, romeli saxelad iovanessa aReSena. da viTarca
warvida mier wmidaA serapion da movida TYsTa maT Tana krebulTa, da yovelni miegebnes sixaruliT da moikiTxes surviliT, da moixilna igini da raodeni raA eSena axalsa mas xuroT-moZRuarsa da viTar simravle ZmaTa simravled didad aRwevnulad, ese yoveli raA ixila, ganmxiarulebuli hmadlobda RmerTsa.
serapions: "Tu SesaZlebelia, rom drodadro vnaxo Tqveni
saRvTo saxe, mzad var aRvasrulo Seni brZanebebi". wmindanmac aRuTqva, rom yovelTvis naxavdnen erTimeores. da
aSenda is monasteri didi moZRvris brZanebisamebr. Seamko igi ioanem yvela samkauliT, rogorc es Sesaferisi iyo
da uwoda mas Tavis Tanamosaxeled, radgan "ioanewminda"
hqvia im adgils. amasTan, midioda igi JamiJam Tavis ZmasTan da swavlobda misgan monastris yovelgvar gangebas.
magram aq piruku unda SevcvaloT sityvis darCenili
nawili, radgan Seezava sityva sityvas da veRar gavkveTeT
ioanes saxelze agebuli monastris aSenebis ambavi. rodesac wavida aqedan wminda serapioni da mivida Tavis krebulTan, yvelani sixaruliT miegebnen da wadierad moikiTxes. serapionma moixila isini, Semdeg ki naxa, Tu ramdeni
ram aeSenebina axal xuroTmoZRvars da rogor asuliyo did
simravlemde ZmaTa raodenoba. rodesac ixila man es yovelive, gamxiarulebuli hmadlobda RmerTs.
XIV. xolo aqa egulebis sityuasa kualad qcevaA sxuad mimarT. rameTu miuTxres RmerT-Semosilsa mamasa serapions sikudili didisa mis mTavrisa giorgisi, romeli iyo aRmaSenebeli adgilisa mis. ese raA esma, viTarca Sehgvanda, didad iglova, cremlooda viTarca mKsneli lazares zeda da umetes,
romel ara Tana-daxuda sikudilsa missa, vinaAca hrqua ikonomossa da xucesTa da ZmaTa yovelTa, raATa xvalis dRe mividen saflavad missa, adgilsa mas zanavisasa, sada-igi monasteri Suenieri Sen ars, romelsa-igi iyvnes pirvelni aRmaSenebelni amaspo da qurdia. xolo aw kualad daA giorgisi, romeli iyo coli didisa mTavrisa mirianisi, Zisa beSqen bahlaundisaA Zisa iovanesi. xolo giorgi SvilTagan oKer da uqm
iyo, rameTu orni Svilni siCCoebasave Sina wasrul iyvnes da
14. magram aq kvlav sxva mxares mibrunebas apirebs sityva: Seatyobines RmerTSemosil mama serapions im adgilis
amSenebeli didi mTavris, giorgis, sikvdili, xolo man gaigona ra es, didad iglova, rogorc Sesaferisi iyo; daRvara cremlic, iseve rogorc macxovarma lazares gamo; da
ufro metadac, radgan ver daeswro mis sikvdils. amitom
uTxra ikonomoss, xucesebs da yvela Zmas, rom meore dRes
misuliyvnen giorgis saflavze, zanavis adgilas, sadac aSenebulia mSvenieri monasteri, romlis pirvelmaSeneblebi iyvnen amaspo da quardia, axla ki xelmeored — giorgis da, romelic iyo beSqen bahlaundis Zis, didi mTavris
mirianis coli. TviT giorgi Svilebisgan daklebuli da
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Semdgomad maTisa dedaAca, naTlad gamomyvanebeli maTi, miicvala, da sxYsa meuRlisa SeerTebaA araodes Tavs-idva. da
viTarca vTquT, garda-raA-icvala yolad kurTxeuli igi giorgi, yovelive, raAca aqunda, da mamuli da yovelni eklesiani da monagebi misi dasa missa Sehvedra da SvilTa misTa sakuTrebiT ganuTYsa, romelTa ewoda sula, beSqen da laklaki. xolo viTarca vTquT, mivida wmidaA igi saflavsa zeda missa, mowled da Tana-lmobiT itira. da viTarca jer-iyo, moikiTxa da nugeSis-sca dasa missa latavris, romelsa ukuanaAsknel Tekla ewoda, da kurTxeviTa saRmrToATa akurTxna samnive igi yrmani msgavsad samTa yrmaTa abramianTa. merme moiRo
anderZi didisa mis mTavrisa giorgisi da warikiTxa aRsavseman
cremliTa, da iloca misTYs da akurTxa kurTxeuli igi kaci,
rameTu mdidrad mieca yovelive uxuebiT: agarakni TavisuflebiT da saqoneli mravalferi da simravle saKedarTa da
mrowleTaA. da sasoebiT Sehverda suli wmidisa mis kacisaA.
da amas Sina gardaKdes welni da aorZndeboda da waremateboda adgili igi friad.
xolo moviwieniT raA sityuasa amas, jer-ars gulisKmisyofiTre smenaA, Tu viTarTa madlTa Rirs qmnul iyo didi igi
mamaA miqael, rameTu aha adgili igi, romeli uwinawarmetyuela netarsa serapions, viTarmed SfoTni da gansacTelni SemTxuevad arian adgilsa mas namuSakevsa Sensa, aha esera warmovTquaT. da viTarca iyo didsa dawynarebasa da mSYdobasa
Sina adgili igi Semdgomad gardacvalebisa didisa mTavrisa
giorgisisa da keTilad waremateboda yoveli sabrZanebeli misi, romeli daeteva disa misisa TeklaAsa da SvilTa misTada,
vinaA birebiTa eSmakisaATa iqmna uwesoA amboxi, rameTu mokla
martodSTenili iyo, radgan ori Svili CvilobaSive mokvdomoda mas, imaT Semdeg ki gardacvliliyo maTi dedac,
romelmac sinaTleze gamoiyvana isini, xolo giorgis sxva
meuRlis SerTva aRar uvaldebulebia. ase rom, rodesac
gardaicvala, rogorc ukve vTqviT, yovladkurTxeuli giorgi, yvelaferi, rac mas hqonda — mamuli, yvela eklesia
da Tavisi SenaZeni, — Tavisive das miabara da sakuTrad
ganukuTvna mis Svilebs, romlebsac erqvaT: sula, beSqen
da laklaki. maS, rogorc vTqviT, mis saflavze mivida wmindani, siyvaruliT da TanalmobiT itira, Semdeg, wesisamebr moikiTxa da nugeSi sca giorgis das latavris, romelsac mogvianebiT Tekla ewoda, da saRvTo kurTxeviT
akurTxa samive is yrma msgavsad sami abramiani yrmisa. amis
Semdeg xelT ipyra man didi mTavris giorgis anderZi, waikiTxa igi cremliT savsem, iloca giorgisTvis da akurTxa es kurTxeuli kaci, radgan uSurveli siuxviT eboZebina mas monastrisTvis yvelaferi: gadasaxadisgan Tavisufali miwebi, mravalgvari saqoneli, simravle saxedrebisa da naxirisa. wmindanmac sasoebiT Seavedra ufals am kacis suli. ase gavida wlebi, is adgili ki Zalian aRorZindeboda da waremateboda.
magram mivediT ra am sityvamde, saWiroa yuradRebiT
visminoT imis Sesaxeb, Tu ragvar madlTa Rirsi gamxdariyo didi mama miqaeli, radgan aha, esaa is adgili, romlis
gamoc uwinaswarmetyvela man netar serapions (rom "SfoTi da gansacdeli SeemTxvevao im adgils, Sens namuSakevs");
amaze unda warmovTqvaT axla: rodesac did siwynaresa da
simSvideSi iyo es adgili didi mTavris, giorgis, gardacvalebis Semdeg, kargi winsvla hqonda ra mTel mis sabrZanebels, misganve datovebuls Tavisi dis, Teklasa da misi
SvilebisTvis, eSmakismieri gadabirebiT Seiqna uweso
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laklakman disiZe TYsi, rameTu mZlavrebiT etyoda, viTarmed
nawil-uc mamulsa Tana Tquensa dasa amas Tquensa, vinaATgan
Tquenca dedisa mier gaqus, romlisaTYsca ganmravldes
sityYs-gebani urTierTas. da esreT mokla disiZe TYsi. da ese
raA esreT iqmna, gangrZelda saqme ese sam wel. xolo welsa
meoTxesa amaT saqmeTasa ganabrwyinva RmerTman didi igi
mRdelT-moZRuari giorgi Suartyleli, romelman daipyra
saydari awyurisaA, rameTu ara jer-iyo cxedarsa queSe dafarvaA sanTlisaA. da KelT-idva raA gangebaA samcxisaA, daawynara yoveli sabrZanebeli TYsi, viTarca wes-iyo, da daipyra
yoveli mamuli da eklesiani pirvelTa maT meSfoTeTani. xolo adgili igi, zarzmad wodebuli, ego uZravad yoladve SewevniTa RmrTisaATa da madliTa saswaulTa mier niSeb-Semosilisa mamisa serapionisiTa. da viTarca gardaKda weliwadi
SYdad aRTualuli, dascxres da dadumnes yovelnive SfoTni
da uwesoebani wmidisa amis mRdelT-moZRurisa giorgis mier. xolo yovelTa amaT saqmeTa simravlisaTa metyueli piri
da enaA didsave Tana giorgis mawyuerelsa iyo netarica mamaA
serapion. vinaAca yovelni ese saswaulni da saqmeni, romelniigi pirvel episkoposobisa da ukuanaAsknel exilvnes, momiTxrnes, pirman man utyuvelman, giorgis vityY mawyuerelsa,
viTar-igi baAaAsaA rtoA ganedlda da viTar eSmakisa birebiTa
cTunebuli igi zuavi da ampartavani enA gankurna, rameTu yovelTave TYTmxilvel qmnul iyo.
areuloba, radgan mokla laklakma Tavisi dis qmari, romelic Semtevad eubneboda: "am Tqvens dasac aqvs wili
Tqvens mamulSi, radgan Tqvenc dedisgan gaqvT igi". amis
gamo gaxSirda urTierTSepasuxebani. Sedegad, mokla laklakma Tavisi dis qmari, xolo moxda ra ase, gaWianurda es
saqme sami weli. am daZabulobaTa meoTxe wels gamoabrwyina RmerTma didi mRvdelTmoZRvari giorgi Suartyleli,
romelmac daikava awyuris saydari, radgan ar iyo marTebuli sawolis qveS dafarva sanTlisa. man xelSi aiRo samcxis mmarTveloba, wesisamebr daawynara mTeli Tavisi sabrZanebeli da daikava pirvel SfoTismoTaveTa mTeli mamuli da eklesiebi, xolo is adgili, zarzmad wodebuli,
yovliTurT SeuZravad narCundeboda RvTis SewevniT da
niSebSemosili mamis serapionis saswaulTa madliT. rodesac gavida Svidad aRricxuli weliwadi, dacxra da dawynarda yvela mSfoTvareba da uwesrigoba am wminda
mRvdelTmoZRvris, giorgis, mier, xolo yvela am mravalricxovani saqmis mauwyebeli piri da ena did giorgi mawyverelTan erTad iyo netari mama serapionic. amitom, yvela es saswauli da saqme, rac ki episkoposobamde da episkoposobis Semdeg enaxa mas, — vambob giorgi mawyverels,
— manve, utyuarma pirma, mogviTxro Cven. kerZod, Tu rogor ganedlda baiis toti, anda, rogor ganikurna eSmakismieri gadabirebiT cTunebuli amayi da ampartavani ena,
radgan am yovelives TviTmxilveli iyo igi.
XV. xolo aw kualad aRvedin sityaA Cueni pirvel dawyebulTa sityuaTa SemdgomiTi-Semdgomad. da viTarca iqmna
dawynarebaA SfoTTaA maT, da dRiTi-dRe SeeZineboda warmatebaA monastrisaA mis da ZmaAca misi iovane zedaAs-zeda movaln da ikurTxevin mis mier da iswavlin yovelsa, raAca aklda mis mier Senebulsa mas monastersa. xolo ese wesi daud-
15. magram axla Cveni sityva TandaTanobiT kvlav unda
daubrundes adre dawyebul sityvebs. rodesac moxda
mSfoTvarebaTa dawynareba, dRiTidRe matulobda warmateba monastrisa. serapionis Zma ioanec gamudmebiT modioda da kurTxevas iRebda misgan, amasTan swavlobda yvelafers, rac Tavisgan aSenebul monasters aklda, xolo im ne-
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ves TavTa TYsTa netarTa maT, rameTu locvasa Ramisasa KelganpyrobiT dgian dassa Tana mgalobelTasa. xolo moeaxlis
raA ciskari, ganeSornian viTar qvis-satyorcel oden, da
myudroebiT da cremliT Seswirvidian vedrebaTa, raATa amiTca
emsgavsnen TYssa meufesa. da esreT dRiTi-dRe SesZinebdes
talantsa, raATa miarTuan aRnadginebiTurT ganmyofelsa mas
madlTasa. esreT raA Sua warKda simravle welTaA da siberiTa
keTiliTa ganpoxnes da fufunebul da CYl iqmnes saRmrToATa cnobiTa. da iyo amissa Semdgomad gardaicvala daAca igi
giorgisi Tekla, da daSTes samnive igi Zeni misni, da waremarTa uflebaA maTi, da ikurTxa Tesli maTi, viTarca abrahamisi
da iakobisi.
tarma mamebma aseTi wesi daudes sakuTar Tavs: Ramis locvaze xelaRpyrobiT unda mdgariyvnen mgalobelTa dasTan,
ciskris moaxlebisas ki ganSorebodnen maT qvissatyorcn
manZilze da iq SeewiraT vedrebani myudroebiT da cremliT, rom amiTac mimsgavsebodnen TavianT meufes. am saxiT
dRiTidRe “ganamravlebdnen isini talants”, rom SenamatiTurT mierTmiaT igi madlTa gamyofisTvis. ase gavida
welTa simravle. isinic “kargi siberiT gamSvendnen” da
saRvTo codniT “Svebulni da daCvilebulni gaxdnen”._ amis
Semdeg gardaicvala Teklac, giorgis da; darCa misi samive Ze, romelTa mflobelobac warmatebuli gaxda da ikurTxa maTi Tesli, rogorc abraamisa da iakobisa.
XVI. garna aw jer-ars, Zmano, raATa guls-modgined visminoT aw Tqumuli ese. da gesmodis raA dasabami da aRsasruli
netarisa amis cxorebisaA, gikYrdes da adidebdeT RmerTsa.
rameTu maxlobel raA iqmna sofliT warslvisa da mwuxarebisagan sixarulad mislvisa, mouwoda krebulsa mas ZmaTasa da
hrqua: `Zmano da mamano! msurs me, raATa mociqulisaebr vityodi: `srbaA aRsrulebul ars da sarwmunoebaA damimarxavs~,
xolo vityY ara Tu zuaobiTa, aramed vesav, rameTu `amieriTgan mimelis me simarTlisa igi gYrgYni~, ara me, aramed yovelTa, romelTa Seiyuares gamoCinebaA misi, rameTu esreT mza
arian gYrgYnni moyuareTaTYs misTa, viTarca TYT Tavadi
ityYs: `movediT Cemda yovelni maSuralni da tYrT-mZimeni
da me gangisueno Tquen~, `iswaveT Cemgan, rameTu mSYd var da
mdabal guliTa~, xolo Tquen, Svilno, iswaveT metyuelisa:
`Seiyuare ufali RmerTi Seni yovliTa guliTa SeniTa da yovliTa suliTa da gonebiTa, da moyuasi, viTarca Tavi TYsi~. da
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16. magram axla saWiroa, Zmano, rom gulmodgined visminoT, rasac axla vityviT, amasTan, gaigonebT ra netari
serapionis cxovrebis dasabamsa da aRsasruls, gikvirdeT
da adidebdeT RmerTs, radgan rodesac igi miuaxlovda amsoflidan wasvlas da mwuxarebisgan sixarulTan misvlas,
mouxmo ZmaTa krebuls da uTxra: “Zmano da mamano! msurs me,
rom mociqulisebr vTqva: "srbola aRsrulebulia da sarwmunoeba daculi maqvs". vambob araTu medidurobiT, aramed imedi maqvs, rom “amieridan momelis me simarTlis gvirgvini”, ara me, aramed yvelas, vinc Seiyvara misi gamoCineba, radgan asea gamzadebuli gvirgvinebi misi moyvarulebisTvis, rogorc amas TviTve ambobs Tavad: “modiT CemTan
yvela damaSvrali da tvirTmZime da me mogasvenebT Tqven.
iswavleT Cemgan, radgan mSvidi var da guliT mdabali”.
Tqven ki, Svilno, iswavleT misgan, vinc ambobs: “Seiyvare
Seni ufali RmerTi mTeli Seni guliT, mTeli suliT da
gonebiT, da moyvasi, rogorc sakuTari Tavi”. da kidev
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kualad ityYs: `ukueTu gindes, raATa giyon kacTa, egreT
hyofdiT Tquen maTda mimarT. da amaT mcnebaTa da yoveli sjuli da winawarmetyuelni damokidebul arian~, da `amiT cnan
yovelTa, viTarmed mowafeni Cemni xarT, ukueTu iyuarebodiT urTierTas~. xolo Tquen, Zmano, daimarxeT yovlisa pirvelad siyuaruli RmrTisa da moyusisaA, viTarca Tavi sjulisa da winawarmetyuelisaA, da maradis ilocevdiT, raATa ara
SexYdeT gansacTelsa, rameTu locvaA mimaaxlebeli ars
RmrTisaA da bWe sasufevelisaA, SemaerTebeli angelozTaA da
damcemeli eSmakTaA. rameTu wmidaTa da RmerT-SemosilTa mamaTa locvaA Tques saWurvelad, marxvaA zRuded da wmidani
cremlni sabanelad, xolo morCilebaA wamebad, romeli-ese RuawliT SemosilTa mowameTa Tana dauTxevelad sisxlTa
gYrgYnosan hyofs kacsa~.
eseviTari mravali warmouTxra wmidaman man oqronakaduliT piriT misiT mowafeTa TYsTa. da kualad hrqua: `me, Zmano,
aha esera warval Semdgomad mciredTa dReTa, xolo Tquen iZieT mamaA da winamoZRuari, romeli SemZlebel iyos mwysad Tquenda, viTarca SvilTa da ZmaTa~. xolo yovelni igi aRvsebulni cremliTa tirodes friad da aravin miugo tirilisa misgan
friadisa. da mo-raA-egnes TavTa TYsTa, miuges esreT da hrques: `Cuen, mamao, vinaATgan obol viqmeniT tkbilisa da yolad
mowyalisa mamisagan, ara uwyiT raA migigoT~. da wmidaman
hrqua: `vinaATgan, Svilno, aras miTxrobT, me, glaxaksa, Tanamac, raATa me-ve vityodi ferisaebr~.
da iyo vinme mRdelTagani kaci keTiliTa saTnoebiTa
brwyinvale da tkbili sityYTa da saqmiTa, saxeliT giorgi.
amas mouwoda wmidaman da hrqua: `N sayuarelo Svilo giorgi, rameTu wil keTil xuedrebul ars Senda, raATa Semdgomad Cemsa samwysoA ese qristesi viTarca mamaman sulT-moyuareman keTilad damwyso, da viTarca Sehgavs SvilTa mamis-
ambobs: "rac gindaT, is rom gagikeTon adamianebma, aseve gaakeTeT Tqvenc maT mimarT, da am mcnebebze hkidia mTeli sjuli da winaswarmetyvelebi",_ da "amiT gaigos yvelam, rom
Cemi mowafeebi xarT, Tu geyvarebaT erTimeore"._ xolo
Tqven, Zmano, daicaviT pirvelyovlisa RvTis da moyvasis
siyvaruli, rogorc Tavi sjulisa da winaswarmetyvelebisa da mudmivad loculobdeT, rom ar SexvideT gansacdelSi, radgan locva mimaaxloebelia RmerTTan da karibWea sasufevlisa, angelozebTan SemaerTebelia da damcemia eSmakebisa, rameTu wminda da RmerTSemosilma mamebma
locva saWurvelad Tqves, marxva — galavnad, wminda cremlebi — gansabanelad, xolo morCileba — mowameobad, rac
RvawlSemosil mowameebTan erTad gvirgvinosans xdis adamians sisxlis daRvris gareSe".
amgvari ram bevri amcno wmindanma oqronakaduliani
piriT Tavis mowafeebs da kidev uTxra: "me, Zmano, aha mivdivar ramdenime dRis Semdeg, xolo Tqven moZebneT mama da
winamZRvari, vinc SeZlebs, rom dagmwysoT Tqven rogorc
Svilebi da Zmebi", isini ki yvelani, cremliT avsebulni,
metismetad tirodnen da am metismeti tirilis gamo veravin upasuxa, magram rodesac gons moegnen, ase miuges da
uTxres: "Cven, mamao, vinaidan tkbili da yovladmowyale
mamisgan daoblebulebi vxdebiT, ar viciT ra gipasuxoT".
wmindanma miugo: "vinaidan, Svilno, arafers meubnebiT me,
glaxaks, mmarTebs, rom meve vTqva saWiroebisamebr".
iyo viRac mRvdelTagani, adamiani mbrwyinavi kargi saTnoebiT, tkbili sityviTa da saqmiT, saxelad giorgi. mas
uxmo wmindanma da uTxra: "hoi, sayvarelo Svilo giorgi,
kargi wili gxvda Sen, rom Cem Semdeg jerovnad damwyso es
qristes samwyso, rogorc sulTmoyvare mamam, isini ki gamohyvnen Sens xmas, rogorc SehferiT mamismoyvare Svilebs".
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moyuareTa, Seudgen Kmasa Sensa~. ese sityuani raA esmnes giorgis, aRvsebuli cremliTa etyoda: `mZime ars, N wmidao, dadebad beWTa CemTa tYrTi Zniad satYrTavi, da gevedrebi, raATa
SendobaA hyo da arRara mibrZano kualadca~. xolo wmidaA igi
etyoda: `ara me, aramed qriste gYbrZanebs Cem mier~. da sityYTa amiT daarwmuna winamZRurobaA ZmaTa maT, romlisaTYsca
yovelTa maT ganixares. rameTu msgavsadve misa xedvida yoveli igi krebuli. da Sehvedra samwysoA igi TYsi giorgis, da
ganuCinna yovelni, raodenni uKmdes mneni eklesiisani. da ganawyo krebuli igi gangebiTa saRmrToATa da friad SuenieriTa, vinaAca dResa meSYdesa yovelTa amaT saqmeTasa mcired
raAme dasneulda da miwva cxedrad. xolo dResa mexuTesa aRdga, viTarca axal ganWabukebuli, da miiwia wmidad sakurTxevelad da SeemTxYa wmidasa trapezsa da ganmacxovelebelsa
xatsa qristes kacebisasa. da ubrZana, raATa aziaron Korcsa
da sisxlsa qristessa. da daibeWda saufloA juari da moikiTxa TiToeulad simravle igi ZmaTaA da hrqua: `iloceT
CemTYs, Zmao, da cxondiT, rameTu amieriTgan arRara mixiloT
sofelsa amas~. da warvida da miiwia cxedrad Jamsa meequsesa.
da mecxresa Jamsa Sehvedra suli TYsi KelTa RmrTisaTa, romlisaA surviel iyo maradis. xolo ara mcired igloves mamaTa
lavrisaTa jerisaebr da cremliT.
maSin movida ZmaA misi iovane, rameTu uwyebul iyo sulisagan, viTarca RrubliTa aRtacebuli. da Semokrba simravle
garemoTa monasterTa da sofelTaA. xolo movida RmerT-Semosili giorgi mawyuerelica juariTa yovelTa Tana mwyobrTa eklesiisaTa. da eseca vTquaT, rameTu mwyobrni angelozTani krebulsa Tana yovelTa wmidaTasa SeerTebulni moiwines, viTarca Tana-mokarvisa da Tana-mosagrisa maTisa. da yovelTa aRityuelnes Kelni sixaruliTa da zecas aRiyvanes yolad sanatreli igi suli misi. da zecisani ganmxiarulebulni
rodesac es sityvebi gaigona giorgim, cremliT avsebulma
uTxra: "mZimea, hoi, wmindao, Cems beWebze dasadebad es Znelad sazidi tvirTi. amitom gevedrebi, rom lmobiereba
gamoiCino da metad aRar mibrZano". wmindani ki upasuxebda: "ara me, aramed qriste gibrZanebs Cem mier". am sityviT
daarwmuna man igi, rom ewinamZRvra ZmaTaTvis. amis gamo
yvelam gaixara, radgan mTeli is krebuli xedavda mas, rogorc serapionis msgavss. amitom mas Seavedra serapionma
Tavisi samwyso, amasTan, daudgina imdeni mne eklesiisa, ramdenic dasWirdeboda, da ZmaTa krebuls ganuwesa saRvTo
da metad mSvenieri gangeba, xolo yvela amgvar RvwaTa meSvide dRes mcirediT dasneulda igi da miwva loginze, Tumca mexuTe dRes adga, rogorc axlad gaWabukebuli, mivida
wminda sakurTxevelTan, mieaxla wminda trapezs da qristes gankacebis cxovelmyofel xats, amasTan ubrZana, rom
eziarebinaT igi qristes xorcTan da sisxlTan, gadaibeWda sauflo jvari, TiToeulad gamoemSvidoba ZmaTa simravles da uTxra: "iloceT CemTvis, Zmano, da icocxleT, radgan amieridan veRar mnaxavT am sofelSi". da wavida igi da
mivida loginTan meeqvse Jams, mecxre Jams ki miabara Tavisi suli RvTis xelebs, romelic surda mas yovelTvis. lavris mamebma aramcired igloves wesisamebr da cremliT.
maSin movida misi Zma ioane, radgan suliwmindisgan
hqonda mas nauwyebi da misganve iyo, rogorc RrubliT, zeatacebuli. Seikriba maxlobeli monastrebis da soflebis
simravle, movida RmerTSemosili giorgi mawyverelic
jvriT eklesiis mTel dasTan erTad, da esec unda vTqvaT,
rom angelozTa dasebic yvela wmindanis gundTan erTad
movidnen masTan, rogorc maTsave TanamkvidrTan da TanamosagresTan. yvela angelozma sixaruliT "Semohkra taSi"_
da maT zecad aiyvanes misi yovladsanatreli suli; zecaSi
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adidebdes RmerTsa, xolo queyanisani guamisa mis wmidisa SexebiTa senTa da salmobaTagan Ksnilni madlobasa da Tayuanis-cemasa Seswirvides da jerovniTa galobiTa da sanTelTa
simravliTa da sakumevelTa sulnelebiTa Semures da dadves
saflavsa, romeli-igi TYT Seemzada mas aRmosavaliT sakurTxevelisa, raATa dRiTi-dRe xilviTa misiTa iKsenebdes sikudilsa, romeli-igi samaradisod winaSe TualTa aqunda. da
esreT srul yves wesi igi samkudroA. da mravalni Jamsa mas
daflvisa misisasa mravalferTa senTagan ganikurnnes, raATa
yovelTa uwyodian, viTarmed sikudilisaca Semdgomad cxovel ars da iRuwis sarwmunoebiT SevedrebulTa.
myofni gamxiarulebulebi adidebdnen RmerTs, xolo miwaze myofni mis wminda sxeulTan SexebiT sneulebebisa da
tkivilebisgan Tavisufldebodnen da madlobasa da Tayvaniscemas aRavlendnen. wesisamebri galobiT, sanTlebis simravliTa da sakmevelTa surnelebiT Semures igi da Caasvenes saflavSi, rac TviT mas hqonda gamzadebuli sakurTxevlis aRmosavleTiT (rom am saflavis yoveldRiuri danaxviT gaexsenebina sikvdili, romelic mudamJams TvalTa winaSe hqonda). ase Seasrules damarxvis wesi da bevri vinme
misi dasaflavebis dros ganikurna sxvadasxva senisgan, raTa yvelas scodnoda, rom sikvdilis Semdegac cocxalia
igi da meurveobs misdami sarwmunoebiT Sevedrebulebs.
xolo misi saswaulebis simravle gonebisgan miuwvdomelia, Tumca zogierTsa da mcireodens vaxsenebT da Semdeg dumils ganvukuTvnebT sityvas:
jer kidev loginze iyo wmindanis mravalmoRvawe sxeuli, rodesac movida viRac kaci mTlianad gamxmari, romelic raRac metismeti sisastikiT ganirRveoda tkivilis
simZafrisagan, radgan sisxli misdioda mis sarcxvenels,
da isic gahyviroda umsgavsi xmiT. rodesac ki moaRwia man,
siyvaruliT moexvia mis logins da, aha, es kaci gaxda rogorc mkvdari. myisve yvelas dasanaxad mis Teslmdinare
asos dascvivda SemaSinebeli sididis ori qva da es kaci
gaxda mTlianad janmrTeli, ise, TiTqos arasodes SemTxveoda xsenebuli vnebuleba. yvelam, vinc es naxa, adida RmerTi, Tavis wmindanTa madidebeli. amis gamo im dros movida
sxvadasxva saxis sneulTa simravle. yvela ikurneboda da
adidebda RmerTs. wmindanis dasaflavebisa da miwaSi dafarvis Semdeg ki, vidre dRevandel dRemde, miuwvdomelia yovel sneulze mis mier aRsrulebuli niSebi da saswaulebi, da adamianuri enisgan SeuZlebelia warmoTqma
xolo simravle saswaulTa misTaA verca Tu gonebaTagan
misawuTomel ars, garna kerZo-raAme da mciredi moviKsenoT
da merme dumili mivsceT sityuasa.
jereT cxedarsave aqunda mraval-moRuawe igi guami wmidisa mis da aha esera moiwia kaci vinme yolad ganKmeli, romeli friad raAme sastikebiT ganiWreboda tkivilisa simZafriTa, rameTu sisxli warsdioda sarcxYnelsa missa da Kmobda
KmiTa uSueriTa. da viTarca myis moiwia, moexYa mowled cxedarsa missa, da aha esera kaci igi iqmna viTarca mkudari. da
meyseulad saxilvelad yovelTa asosa mas Teslmcenaresa warscYes orni qvani gansakrTomelni sididiTa. da iqmna kaci igi
yolad mrTel, viTarca araraA SemTxueoda1a vnebaA igi. da yovelTa, romelTa ixiles, adides RmerTi, madidebeli wmidaTa
misTaA. vinaAca Jamsa mas moiwia simravle TiTo-saxeTa sneulTaA da yovelni ganikurnebodes da adidebdes RmerTsa. xolo
Semdgomad daflvisa misisa da miwad mifarvisa vidre dRendelad dRemde miuwudomel arian niSni da Zalni mis mier aRsrulebulni TYToeulTa zeda sneulTa, da kacobrivisa enisa mier SeuZlebel ars warmoTqumaA da aRweraA yovelTa maT
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saswaulTaA, romelni-igi sarwmunoTa kacTa ficiT mogYTxres
Cuen.
xolo CuenTa amaT JamTa xiluli da smenili viTar miuTxraT siyuarulsa Tquensa, rameTu uSurvelad fSYs madli nawilTa misTaA sarwmunoebiT mvedrebelTaTYs, romeli-igi maradis aResrulebis sadidebelad RmrTisa.
da aRwera yvela im saswaulisa, romlebic sarwmuno kacebma ficiT mogviTxres Cven.
an ki am Cvens droSi nanaxi da gagonili rogor vuamboT Tqvens siyvaruls, radgan uSurvelad surnelobs mis
nawilTa madli sarwmunoebiT mvedrebelTaTvis, rac maradis aResruleba RvTis sadideblad.
XVII. xolo amieriTgan moviKsenoT, Tu viTarsa madlsa
Rirs qmnul iyo winawarmetyuelebisasa, rameTu aha esera egulebis sityuasa moKsenebad sityuaA igi, raJams hrqua Zmasa
TYssa iovanes, viTarmed: `JamTa borcusa amas zeda aReSenos
eklesiaA friad Suenieri~. rameTu aha Jami igi winawarmetyuelebisaA moiwia, rameTu vidre-Ra igi cocxal iyo, wmidaA ese
yovelTa mier sayuarel da yovelTa megobar iyo da moZRuar,
romlisaTYsca daemowafa wmidasa amas kaci vinme yolad ucnauri. da iyo kaci igi adgilisagan mcirisa, romelsa ZarRuas
sofel ewodebis. da dRiTi-dRe movidis kaci igi da etyoda
wmidasa mas, viTarmed: `makurTxe, mamao, wmidiTa KeliTa SeniTa da SemrTe wmidasa krebulsa Sensa~. xolo igi ayenebda
Jamad, raATa ufroAs gamoCndes sakYrveli misiTa miT eriskacad mimyovrebiTa. xolo igi etyoda: `makurTxe, mamao, da miiRe mcire evlogiaA da warage saSenebelad monastrisa~. xolo igi kualadca ubrZanebda, raATa dro-yos da TYT movals
Jami, raATa iqmnes monazon da evlogiaA. romel gangimzadebies, friad raAme eKmaros.
xolo viTarca moiwia Jami da miicvala wmidaA igi, moiwia
mesame dRe micvalebisa misisaA da daedva wmidaA igi pirvel
Ksenebulsa mas saflavsa, romeli TYT eSena aRmosavaliT sakurTxevelsa damarTebiT sarkumelsa. da movida kaci igi, vi-
17. magram amis Semdeg vaxsenoT, Tu rogori winaswarmetyveluri madlis Rirsi gamxdariyo igi, radgan, aha, apirebs sityva gaxsenebas im sityvisas, rodesac uTxra man Tavis Zmas, ioanes: “gava dro da am borcvze aSendeba metad
mSvenieri eklesia”. marTlac, aha, dadga dro misi winaswarmetyvelebisa, radgan jer kidev cocxali iyo wmindani, rodesac mas, rogorc yvelasgan sayvarels, yvelas megobars da moZRvars, daemowafa viRac yovladucnauri kaci. es kaci iyo patara adgilidan, romelsac "ZarRuassofeli" ewodeba. igi yovel dRe modioda wmindanTan da eubneboda mas: “makurTxe mamao, Seni wminda xeliT da SemaerTe Sens wminda krebuls”, is ki aferxebda mas garkveuli
droiT, rom ufro metad gamoCeniliyo sakvirveleba am kacis eriskacobaSi dayovnebis gziT. is mainc eubneboda: "makurTxe, mamao, miiRe mciredi Sesawiravi da daxarje igi
monastris asaSeneblad". wmindanic kvlav ubrZanebda, rom
daexanebina da Semdeg TavisTavad movidoda dro imisa, rom
monazoni gamxdariyo igi, maSin ki es Sesawiravi, rac gamzadebuli hqonda, Zalian dasWirdeboda.
da rodesac dadga dro da miicvala wmindani, dadga
mesame dRe misi micvalebisa da Casvenda wmindani zemoxsenebul saflavSi, romelic TviTve aeSenebina sakurTxevlis
aRmosavleTiT, pirdapir sarkmlis qveS. maSin movida is
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Tarca vTquT, dResa mesamesa micvalebisa misisasa da itira
friad da wmidasa mas eSjoda viTarca cxovelsa ara KeliTa
misiTa aRkuecisaTYs misisa. romlisaTYsca ityoda, viTarmed:
`ara ganeSoros saflavsa, vidremdis ara monazon iqmnes da
evlogiaAca igi dadvas adgilsa mas samarxosa misisasa~. da viTarca esreT mduRare iyo kaci igi, maSin ubrZana mamasaxlisman mneTa eklesiisaTa, raATa moiRon samKari da kunkuli da
aRkuecon kaci igi. xolo maT mswrafl Seudgines saqme sityuasa, da aRkueces kaci igi da aRasrules mis zeda yoveli
wesi monazonTaA. da viTarca warvida kaci igi soflad TYssa,
icnes igi kacTa da megobarTa, da ganhkrTes, ixiles raA ucxoATa samosliTa Semosili, da eneba kualad erisagan yofaA.
da viTarca ver SeuZles morCilebaA misi, uTxres ese ufalsa
missa, rameTu iyo kaci igi saKmar da msrbol gzaTa SorTa.
xolo kacman man viTarca agrZna, viTarmed ara uteveben
nebisaebr misisa, maSin aRiRo evlogiaA igi da raodeni raA eZlo saxliT TYsiT da sivltolaA iKumia. vinaAca devna-uyves
ukuana missa, da SewevniTa mis wmidisaATa ver ewines. da viTarca Sevida kaci igi monastrad da mdevarnica igi ukuana
missa, da viTarca eneba, raATa Seipyran da waruRon, raA igi
aqunda, da miiwia kaci igi damarTebiT sarkumelsa eklesiisasa da Seagdo, raA-igi aqunda KelT-saKocelsa Sina gamokrul. da esreT uRono raA iqmnes mdevarni igi, evedrnes winamZRuarsa giorgis, raATa ganexunen karni eklesiisani da raATa wmidasa mas Tayuanis-scen da maTca ixilon, raA-igi Seewira evogiaA kacsa mas. eha gangebulebaA saRmrToA, da raATa cnan
yovelTa, viTarmed micvalebisaca Semdgomad Zal-uc wmidasa mas qmnad, raAca enebos. da viTarca ganexunes karni da Sevides wmidad eklesiad da aRvides sakurTxevelad da iZies,
raA igi cxadad Sevrdomil iyo saxilvelad yovelTa da arRara
kaci, romelic vaxseneT, misi micvalebis mesame dRes, itira Zalian da Tan edaveboda wmindans, rogorc cocxals,
Tavisi xeliT rom ar aRkveca igi. amis gamo eubneboda mas,
rom ar ganSordeboda saflavs, vidre ar gaxdeboda monazoni da rom im Sesawiravs dadebda misi samarxis adgilas.
iyo ra es kaci agrerigad mduRare, ubrZana mamasaxlisma
eklesiis mneebs, rom moetanaT samxre da kunkuli da aRekvecaT igi. mneebma myisve moadevnes sityvas saqme, aRkveces
is kaci da Seasrules masze mTeli samonazvno wesi. rodesac wavida es kaci Tavis sofelSi, icnes igi iqaurma adamianebma da megobrebma, Secbundnen, naxes ra igi ucxo samoseliT Semosili, da undodaT, rom kvlav eriskacad eqciaT
igi, magram radgan ver SeZles misi damorCileba, uTxres
es ambavi mis batons, radgan iyo es kaci saWiro piri da
Sori gzebis Sikriki.
magram rodesac am kacma igrZno, rom ar uSveben Tavis
nebaze, aiRo is Sesawiravi, risi waRebac SeeZlo Tavisi
saxlidanac da gaqceva irCia, ris gamoc ukan gamoedevnen
mas, magram wmindanis SewevniT ver daewivnen. da rodesac
Sevida is kaci monasterSi, mdevrebic ukanve mihyvnen, romlebsac undodaT, rom SeepyroT igi da waerTmiaT, rac hqonda. is kaci ki mivida pirdapir eklesiis sarkmelis qveS da
Seagdo Sig, rac hqonda mas xelsaxocSi gamokruli. rodesac ase uZluri gaxdnen mdevrebi, Seevedrnen isini winamZRvar giorgis, gaexsna eklesiis kari, rom Tayvani ecaT
wmindanisTvis da maTac enaxaT, Tu ra Sesawiri gaueRo im
kacs. eha, saRvTo gangebuleba, rac aRsrulda, raTa yvelas
gaego, rom micvalebis Semdegac ZaluZs wmindans imis gakeTeba, rac nebavs. rodesac kari gaiRo, Sevidnen wminda eklesiaSi, avidnen sakurTxevelTan da Zebnes is, rac yvelas
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ipova maT mier, da SiSman da gankYrvebaman Seipyrna yovelni
da adidebdes RmerTsa.
dasanaxad iqna Segdebuli, Tumca veRar ipoves, ris gamoc
SiSma da gakvirvebam Seipyro yvela da adidebdnen RmerTs.
XVIII. xolo viTarca warKdes welni mravalni da winamZRuari giorgi gardaicvala, romlisa monacvaled dadga miqael vinme, romelsa giorgive amcno, viTarmed: `iwyeT Senebad eklesiisa brZanebisaebr mamisa serapionisa da nuraras zrunav warsagebelisaTYs, rameTu CuenebiT meuwya wmidisa mier,
viTarmed evlogiaA igi, romel moiRo kacman man, igi damarxul ars queSe kerZo juarisa (romeli iyo TaviT kerZo wmidisa mis), aRmoiReT igi da mieciT yovelTa muSakTa, da kaci
igi keTili yavT ganmge yovlisa, viTarca-igi Cem mierca ganmgebel iyo yovelTa saWiroTa samsaxurTa mosantrisaTa~. da
amis miqaelis ze iwyes eklesiaA igi, winaAswar gamosaxuli wmidisa mier TTuesa ivnissa oTxsa, dResa xuTSabaTsa, rameTu KelovnebiT ganTqumulsa kacsa mouwoda miqael queyanisagan
berZenTasa, adgilisagan xufaT wodebulisa, brZanebiTa ufalTaATa, romelsa Tana-Semwed aqunda galatoz saxeliT Suartyleli. da ese ornive iyvnes moZRuar da maswavlel simravlesa muSakTasa. da viTarca uwyoda mamaman miqael uwyebiTa
mamisaATa giorgisiTa, Zebna evlogiaA igi, rameTu mivides
mRdelni saxarebiTa da sanTlebiTa sakumevelTa Tana, da TYT
kaci igi momRebeli evlogiisaA mis. da viTarca warikiTxes
saxarebaA iovanes TavisaA: `pirveliTgan iyo sityuaA~, da moidriknes muxlni da evedrnes wmidasa serapions, da gardausuenes juari igi, viTarca uwyebul iyo mamisa giorgisda,
eha sakYrvelebaTa SenTa, qriste!rameTu ipova yolad SeuZrvelad beWedi, romeli ixila raA kacman man, gankYrda. da yovelTa madlobaA misces RmerTsa da wmidasa serapions. xolo
ikiTxes kacisa mis mier ricxY oqroAsaA da viTarebaA. xolo
man hrqua: `oqroA ege ars oqroAsagan Tlilisa da wmidisa, saxiTa pirvelTa mefeTaATa, xolo ricxYT iyo beWedsa amas Sina
drahkani samasi xuTiTurT~. da viTarca gnhKsnes mandili, ro-
18. rodesac gavida mravali weli da gardaicvala winamZRvari giorgi, mis monacvled dadga vinme miqaeli, romelsac giorgimve amcno: “daiwyeT eklesiis Seneba mama serapionis brZanebisamebr, xolo xarjebisTvis nu iwuxebT,
radgan xilvaSi mauwya wmindanma, rom is Sesawiravi, im kacma rom moitana, damarxulia jvris qveS, rac iyo wmindanis TaviT. amoiReT igi da mieciT yvela muSas, xolo is kargi kaci gaxdes yvelafris gamge, iseve, rogorc Cem mierac
gamge iyo monastris yvela saWiro samsaxurisa”. am miqaelis dros ivnisis Tvis oTxSi, xuTSabaT dRes, daiwyes is
eklesia, rac winaswar gamosaxa wmindanma, radgan miqaelma, patronTa brZanebiT, mouxmo ostatobiT saxelganTqmul
adamians berZenTa qveynidan, im adgilisgan, romelsac "xufaTi" hqvia. mas TanaSemwed hyavda kalatozi Suartylis
xevidan. orive maTgani iyo muSaTa simravlis moZRvari da
maswavlebeli. mama miqaelma, mama giorgis uwyebisamebr, Zebna is Sesawiravi, radgan movidnen mRvdlebi saxarebiTa da
sanTlebiT sakmevliTurT, da TviT is kacic, Sesawiravis
momtani. rodesac maT waikiTxes ioanes Tavis saxareba: "pirvelad iyo sityva", moidrikes muxli, evedrnen wminda serapions da gadausvenes jvari, rogorc es nauwyebi iyo mama giorgisTvis. eha, Sens sakvirvelebebs, qriste, radgan
aRmoCnda yovlad SeuZravad beWedi, da rodesac naxa igi
im kacma, gaukvirda. yvelam madloba gadauxada RmerTsa
da wminda serapions, amasTan, gamoikiTxes im kacisgan raodenoba da xarisxi oqrosi. man ki Tqva: “eg oqro aris Tlili da wminda oqrosgan pirvel mefeTa gamosaxulebiT, xolo raodenobiT am beWdis SigniT iyo samasi oqros fuli
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melsa Sina gamokrul iqmna, da ipova, viTarca pirvel eTqua
kacsa mas. da iwyes Senebad guls-modgined. da yves kaci igi
ganmgebel ara Tu galatozTa, aramed ZmaTa ikonomosobaA erwmuna. da esreT waremarTa SenebaA igi eklesiisaA. vinaAca safuZveliT da xarisxTaATgan iRuwoda kaci igi yovelTa muSakTa TYnier sanovageTasa. da viTarca aReSena StoATurT
vidre sarkumelTamdis, dailia oqroA igi kacisaA mis, sadaigi ga-moqandakebiT qadagebs, viTarmed: `aqa dailia safase Cemi,
sada esera mdgomare var da mitYrTavs juari qristesi~. da
iyo viTar gasrulda sarkumlamde, gamoxates TYT miqaelca
orTa maT Tana galatozTa zeda sarkumelsa aRmosavalisasa.
xolo madli wmidisaA maradis moscemdis warsagebelTa, rameTu saxed mdinarisa Semosdiodes saKmarni. da aReSena vidre
samKuremde mamobasa miqaelissa. da dauteva cxorebaA ese da
warvida uflisa.
amissa Semdgomad daidgina monacvled misa pavle vinme xucesi, kaci wamebuli yovlisa mier erisa. vinaAca aman pavle
srul yo eklesiaA da Seamko yovliTa samkauliTa. da aRmarTes mas Sina xati feriscvalebisaA, da akurTxes yovliTa kurTxeviTa mamobasa Sina pavlessa. da kacica igi, momRebeli evlogiisaA, siberiTa keTiliTa ganpoxebuli, da warvida uflisa. da ese aqamomde iyavn.
da kidev xuTi”. rodesac gaxsnes maT mandili, raSic gamokruli iyo Sesawiravi, aRmoCnda ise, rogorc windawin
hqonda naTqvami am kacs. maSin daiwyes gulmodgine mSenebloba da is kaci gaamweses gamged ara mxolod kalatozebisa, aramed masve miendo agreTve ZmaTa ikonomosobac. ase warimarTa eklesiis Seneba. saZirkvlidan da safexurebidanve yvela muSis xarjs is kaci swevda, garda sanovagisa. rodesac aSenda eklesia vidre sarkmlebamde, stovas CaTvliT,
dailia im kacis oqro, rasac TviTve qadagebs, im adgilas
gamoqandakebuli: "aq dailia Cemi qoneba, sadac ager mdgomare var da mitvirTavs qristes jvari". xolo rodesac sarkmlebamde dasrulda Seneba, gamoxates iq TviT miqaelic
im or kalatozTan erTad aRmosavleT sarkmelTan. amasTan,
wmindanis madli mudamJams gamouCenda maT saxarjo saxsrebs, radgan mdinarisebr SemosdiodaT qoneba. da aSenda
eklesia vidre samxremde miqaelis mamobaSi, romelmac datova es cxovreba da wavida ufalTan.
amis Semdeg dadginda monacvled vinme pavle xucesi,
kaci dafasebuli mTeli erisgan, radgan am pavlem daasrula eklesia da Seamko igi yvela samkauliT. maSin aRmarTes
mis SigniT feriscvalebis xati da akurTxes eklesia sruli kurTxeviT pavles mamobaSi. da is kacic, Sesawiravis
momtani, kargi siberiT damSvenebuli wavida ufalTan. da
es aqamde iyos.
XIX. xolo Cuen Semdgomad amisa sxuaAca moviKsenoT da
egreT davibeWdoT sityYsa, rameTu TYT daswers basili, romelman cxorebaA ese wmidisaA aRwera, da ityYs, viTarmed: `me
basili, Zmiswuli wmidisa serapionisi, unarCevesi yovelTa moweseTaA, Semdgomad JamTa micvalebisa misisasaTa moviwie zeda wmidasa samarxvosa missa da vixile yolad brwyinvaled da
19. xolo Cven amis Semdeg sxva ramec vaxsenoT da ase
davadoT beWedi sityvas, radgan basili, romelmac wmindanis es cxovreba aRwera, TviT wers da ambobs: "me, basili,
wminda serapionis Zmiswuli, yvela moweseze udaresi, im
droTa Semdeg, rodesac igi miicvala, mivedi mis wminda
samarxze da vnaxe yovladbrwyinvaled da kargad mTeli mi-
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keTilad yovelive namuSakevi misi, da ganviSY da ganvixare.
xolo raJams vixile saflavi misi adgilsa farulsa, romelsa
yovelni uZlurni miiRebdes dRiTi-dResa kurnebasa, amisTYsca brZanebiTa ufalTaATa Kel-vyav da Sevhmzade larnaki
qvisa da aRvaRe saflavsa missa, romlisa mier gamoKda suli
sulnelebisaA, miuwdomelisaA, da yovelni aRvivseniT madliTa da sakYrvelebaTagan. maSin qmnilTa vadideT RmerTi, rameTu mravalni uZlurni Se-raA-exnes wmidaTa maT ZualTa misTa, mravalni senni daiKsnnes da ganmxiarulebulni miiqceodes da adidebdes RmerTsa sakYrvelebaTasa. da sanTelTa simravliTa da madliTa mgalobelTaATa davsxeniT larnaksa Sina
axalsa, da aRvmarTeT mas zeda juari saxelsa zeda winamorbedisasa saCinosa Stosa axlisa eklesiisasa da ganvaCineT, raATa erTi mRdelTagani Seswirvides mas Sina msxuerplsa sauflosa. xolo ganvaweseT saKsenebeli wmidisa amis galobiTa da
SesxmiTa sulieriTa, da Ramis TeviTa, dResaswaulobiTa, okdonbersa oc da cxrasa, da Semdgomad Jamsa mis wirvisasa suliersa Tana Suebad KorcielTa sanovageTa mier mdidrad da
uxuebiT, raATa orkerZove mxiarulTa vadidoT RmerTi, romeli adidebs wmidaTa misTa~.
xolo Cuen kualad erTiRa mivsceT saswaulTa misTagani
Txrobasa da merme SevevedrneT navT-sayudelsa myudro-dumilisasa, rameTu viTarca oden guedga larnaki igi wmidisaA
da galobaA iyo pirsa Sina yovelTasa, aha esera moiwia kaci,
romelsa mravliT JamiTgan elmoda Tuali marjuene, rameTu
naTlisagan sruliad daklebul iyo. xolo friadi igi tkivili cxad-hyofda erTisa misca dabrmobasa. da viTarca vixileT yovelTa, guelmoda yovelTa mis Tana. xolo iyo kaci igi
dabisagan bobRa wodebulisa. da viTarca moiwia kaci igi, Seuvrda larnaksa wmidisasa. da vixileT yovelTa sakYrvelebaA
didi, rameTu yolad mrTelad ipova myis kaci igi. da yovelTa
si naSromi, riTac Sveba miviRe da gavixare, magram rodesac vnaxe misi saflavi dafarul adgilas, romlisganac yvela uZluri iRebda yoveldRiur kurnebas, amis gamo uflis brZanebiT Sevudeqi da Sevamzade qvis kubo. Semdeg gavxseni misi saflavi, saidanac gamovida miuwvdomeli surnelebis suni da yvela avivseT madliTa da sakvirvelebebiT. maSin Cven, qmnilebebma, vadideT RmerTi, radgan bevri uZluri, Seexo ra mis wminda Zvlebs, mravali senisgan
gaTavisuflda, romlebic gamxiarulebulebi brundebodnen ukan da adidebdnen sakvirvelebaTa RmerTs. amrigad,
sanTlebis simravliT da mgalobelTa madliT davasveneT
wmindanis Zvlebi axal kuboSi da aRvmarTeT masze jvari
(ioane winamorbedis saxelze) axali eklesiis gamosaCen stoaSi da davadgineT, rom erT-erT mRvdels ewira masSi sauflo msxverpli, rom wmindanis mosaxsenebeli aRniSnuliyo ocdacxra oqtombers sulieri galobiT, xotbis SesxmiT,
RamisTeviTa da dResaswaulobiT, agreTve Jamiswirvis Semdeg sulierTan erTad xorciel sanovageTa mier mdidruli da uxvi Sveba-lxeniT, rom orive mxriv mxiarulebs gvedidebina RmerTi, romelic adidebs Tavis wmindanebs".
Cven ki misi saswaulebidan kidev erTi ganvukuTvnoT
Txrobas da Semdeg SevefaroT myudroeba-dumilis navsayudels. rodesac mxolod wmindanis kubo gvedga da yvelas pirze galoba iyo, aha, movida adamiani, romelsac didi xnidan stkioda marjvena Tvali, radgan mTlianad moklebuli iyo sinaTles, xolo metismeti tkivili meoris
dabrmavebasac moaswavebda. rodesac yvelam vnaxeT igi, yvelas gvtkioda masTan erTad (es kaci iyo im dabidan, romelsac "bobRa" hqvia). rodesac movida xsenebuli kaci, Seuvrda igi wmindanis kubos da vnaxeT yvelam didi sakvirveleba, radgan myisve mTlianad janmrTeli gamoCnda es
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243
cxo
reba
isa sera
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
serappion zarzmel
zarzmelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda serapion zarzmelisa
vadideT RmerTi, romeli yoladve iqms dRiTi-dRe larnaksa
zeda missa wmisisasa ZalTa da saswaulTa. xolo amissa Semdgomad basili miiTuala winamZRurobaA, romelman-igi keTilad iRuawa Jam raodenme adgili igi namuSakevi mamis-Zmisa
TYsisaA.
kaci. yvelam vadideT RmerTi, romelic sul aRasrulebs
yoveldRe wmindanis kuboze niSebsa da saswaulebs.
xolo amis Semdeg basilim miiRo winamZRvroba, romelmac ramdenime xans kargad upatrona Tavisi mamis Zmis naSrom adgils.
XX. aramed Cuen, glaxakTa da uswavlelTa, Sendave mivaqcioT sityuaA Cueni, N mamao mamaTao, dido moRuaweo yovelTao, viTarca-igi pirvel Cuensa, egreTve SemdgomiTi-Semdgomad. awca Cuen uZlurTa da uRirsTa Svilad Senda saxeldebulTa nu odes damiviwyeb da nuca gare-ukun-aqcev meoxebad da Ruwad gamzadebulsa pirsa Sensa simravlisaTYs codvaTa CuenTaAsa. xolo Cuen raA SesxmaA migiZRuanoT, rameTu
uzeSTaes kacTa bunebisa ars brwyinvalebiT warmatebaA cxorebisa SenisaA, vinaAca Senisave moRuawebisa sityuaTa SevwiravT Senda, vedrebiTa SegivrdebiT raA, meoxebiTa SeniTa hyo
lxinebaA SecodebaTa CuenTaA, N angelozTa Tanamzraxvalo,
samebisa wmidisa sarwmunoo monao, romelman as wilad aRaorZine talanti rwmunebuli Senda, N uZlurTa mkurnalo, WirveulTa Semweo, Relva guemulTa navT-sayudelo, glaxakTa
simdidreo, ucxoTa da mogzaurTa nugeSinis-mcemelo, moRuaweTa samkaulo, monazonTa rCeulebao, mamaTa siqadulo,
winamZRuarTa dido mnaTobo, da yovelTa Senda moltolvilTa navT-sayudelo uRelvoo, xolo morCilTa saRmrToAsa Surisa maswavlelo, mamaTa didebao, da raATa mokled vTquaT, N
yovlisa saxelisa da saqmisa keTilisa Rirso, Seiwiren Cemmierni saTnoebaTa SenTa sityYT gamosaxvani uRirsTagan bageTa aRmoTqumulni, da viTarca xar monaA RmrTisa sityYsaA, miemsgavse qristesa meufesa, romelman-igi qurivisa wulilni
20. magram Cven, glaxakebi da uswavlelebi, Senkenve movabrunebT Cvens sityvas, hoi, mamaTa mamao, dido moRvawev
yvelasaTvis (rogorc Cvens uwinaresTa, aseve SemdgomTa da
SemdgomTa); amJamadac, Cven, uZlurebsa da uRirsebs, romlebic Sens Svilad varT wodebulebi, nurasodes dagviviwyeb da nurc ukan miabruneb meoxebisa da meurveobisTvis
gamzadebul Sens saxes Cveni codvebis simravlis gamo. anki
Cven ra xotba unda giZRvnaT, radgan aRmatebulia adamianTa bunebaze Seni cxovrebis brwyinvaled warmatebuloba. amitom Senive moRvaweobis aRmwer sityvebs SevwiravT
Sendami da vedrebiT SegivrdebiT, rom Seni meoxebiT Sendobil hyo Cveni Secodebebi, hoi, angelozTa TanambWobelo, wminda samebis sarwmuno monao, romelmac asmagad gazarde Sendami rwmunebuli "talanti"._ hoi, uZlurTa
mkurnalo, SeWirvebulTa Semweo, xomalddanTqmulTa navsayudelo, glaxakTa simdidreo, ucxoTa da mogzaurTa manugeSebelo, moRvaweTa samkaulo, monazonTa rCeulobao,
mamaTa siamayeo, winamZRvarTa dido mnaTobo, yvelasTvis
mSvido navsayudelo, vinc ki Sendami moiltvis, xolo morCilTaTvis saRvTo Suris maswavlebelo, mamaTa didebao da,
mokled rom vTqvaT, hoi yoveli kargi saxelisa da saqmis
Rirso, Seiwire Seneul saTnoebaTa Cemmieri sityviTgamosaxvani, uRirsi bageebiT aRmoTqmulni, da radganac xar
RvTis sityvis mona, miemsgavse meufe qristes, romelmac
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245
cxo
reba
isa sera
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA wmid
wmidisa
serappion zarzmel
zarzmelisa
isaAA
cxovreba wminda serapion zarzmelisa
miiTualna, da nu gare miiqcev alabastrsa uRirsTa bageTasa,
viTarca qristeman meZavisa mis, da savane yav Cuen Tana, N wmidao, viTarca ufalman saxlsa zaqessa, da miKsen Cuen locviTa SeniTa yovelTagan mterTa manqanebaTa, da viTarca sofelsa
amas wmidasa moZRurebisa Senisa mowafed wodebuli varT, egreTve ziar-myven mermesa mas ukuanaAknelsa dResa didebiT
moslvasa meufisasa, dgomad maxlobelad Sensa yovelTa Tana
wmidaTa, marjueniT uflisa da RmrTisa, uRirsni ese mowafeni Senni, samgzis sanatrelo mamao wmidao serapion, meoxebiTa wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisaATa da madliTa da locviTa
SeniTa da wmidaTa mociqulTa da winawarmetyuelTa da mowameTaATa da yolad qebulTa mRdelT-moZRuarTaATa da mamaTaATa, raATa Rirs viqmneT uRirsni ese smenad Kmasa mas zatikobisasa wmidaTa angelozTa Tana, romelni sam-wmidaarsobiT
adideben samebasa erT-arsebasa, romelsa Suenis yoveli didebaA, pativi da TayuaniscemaA aw da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amin.
qvrivis wvrili fulic miiRo, nu ganiSoreb uRirs bageTa
sanelsacxeble WurWels, iseve rogorc ar ganiSora qristem sanelsacxeble WurWeli meZavisa, daivane CvenTan, hoi,
wmindao, rogorc ufalma — zaqes saxlSi, gvixsen Cven Tqveni locviT mtris yovelgvari mzakvrobisagan da rogorc
varT Cven am sofelSi wodebulni Sens mowafeebad, amgvaradve meufis didebiT mosvlis im samermiso ukanasknel
dRes Cven, Seni uRirsi mowafeebi, moziareni gagvxade Sens
axlos dgomisa yvela wmindanTan erTad, uflisa da RvTis
marjvniv, samgzis sanatrelo mamao, wmindao serapion, yovladwminda RvTismSoblis meoxebiT, agreTve Seni, wminda
mociqulebis, winaswarmetyvelebis, mowafeebis da yovladqebuli mRvdelTmoZRvrebisa da mamebis madliTa da locviT, rom Rirsi gavxdeT Cven, uRirsebi, sadResaswaulo xmis
smenisa wminda angelozebTan erTad, romlebic samwmindaarsobiT1 adideben erTarseba samebas, romelsac Sehferis
yoveli dideba, pativi da Tayvaniscema aw da maradis da
ukuniTi-ukunisamde, amin.
1
igulisxmeba locva: "wmida ars, wmida ars, wmida ars
ufali sabaoT".
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247
wameba wminda mowame
gobronisa
248
249
winaTqma
914 wels somxeTsa da saqarTvelos arabTa laSqari Semoesia abul-kasimis meTaurobiT, romelmac orive qveyana gaanadgura da mokla somexTa mefe sumbati. abul-kasimma alya
Semoartya yuelis cixes, romelSic imyofebodnen aznaurni da
maT Soris erTi mTavari, romelsac miqeli erqva da aseve gobrons eZaxodnen. is daiWires da abul-kasims mihgvares, romelmac mas musulmanobis miReba mosTxova.
gobroni uars ambobda sarwmunoebis Secvlaze. rodesac
arc dapirebebma da arc muqaram ar gaWra, mas Tavi mohkveTes.
wminda gobronis wameba aRwera gobronis Tanamedrovem,
stefane mtbevarma, rogorc TviTon wers, aSot kuxis brZanebiT.
nawarmoebSi mokled da mkafiod aris daxatuli imdroindeli politikuri viTareba, keTilmorwmune mTavris cxovreba, arabebis Semoseva da qristianTa devna.
es Txzuleba sayuradRebo nawarmoebia, rogorc sarwmunoebrivi, iseve istoriuli TvalsazrisiT.
250
251
wamebaA wmid
isa mowamisa gob
ron
is
i,
wmidisa
gobron
ronis
isi,
is c
ixiT 1
iyvanes yvel
romelii gan
ganiyvanes
yvelis
cixiT
romel
TTuesa noenbersa: iz:
me stefane mtbevar episkoposman davwere brZanebiTa aSot
erisTavTa-erisTvisaATa
wameba wminda mowame gobronisa,
romelic gaiyvanes yvelis cixidan
me, stefane mtbevarma episkoposma, davwere ese aSot
erisTavTa-erisTavis brZanebiT
gvakurTxe, mamao!
guakurTxen, mamao!
I. CueulebaA aqus gangebasa RmrTisasa swavlad gonebasa
zeda dabadebulTa misTasa, viTarca iyo ioseb da yovelni mamaT-mTavarni, Ti-Toeulad gamoicadnes msgavsad Zalisa Cuenisa. viTarca ityBs iob: “netar ars kaci, romelsa amxila
ufalman da swavlasa yovlisa mpyrobelisasa nu ganiSoreb, rameTu man almis da kualad agis”. da solomon ityBs: “Svilo,
ukueTu moxval monebad uflisa, Tavi Seni ganumzade gansacdelTa”. da kualad: “Svilni, romelni uyuaran ufalsa, swavlnis da tanjnis”. da mociquli ityBs: “srulTaTBs ars mtkice igi sazrdeli, romelni swavlasa uflisasa madlobiT Sewynarebad Rirs iqmnnes da codvisa risxviTa gulis-wyromisa
misisaATa Cuenebad Zali misi”; romel dauTmenies marTliTa
sulgrZelebiTa migebad usjuloTa ukeTurebisaebr maTisa,
viTarca ityBs daviT: “amaRldi, msajulo simarTlisao, da miage misagebeli ampartavanTa” da pavle ityBs: “amisTBs moiwios risxvaA RmrTisaA naSobTa zeda urCebisaTa” viTarca da-
1 xelnawerebis nusxa: A: A-130; B: A-170; C: A-176; D: H-2077; E: H-1672; F: H2121; G: H-22 (leningr.); H: S-3637; I: H-487.
252
1. RvTis gangebas wesad aqvs, rom misgan dabadebulTa
gonebis wvrTnisas, iosebisa da yvela mamaTmTavris msgavsad, TiToeuli Tavisi Zalisaebr gamoicados. rogorc iobi ambobs: “netaria kaci, romelic amxila ufalma da yovlis mpyrobelis wvrTnisas nu ganeSorebi mas, radgan igi
SeaWirvebs da kvlavac ganamtkicebs”.1 solomoni ambobs:
“Svilo, Tu ufals mieaxlebi msaxurebisTvis, gansacdelisTvis ganimzade Tavi”.2 da kvlav: "Svilebs, romlebic uyvars ufals, gvems da tanjavs igi”.3 mociquli ambobs:
“mZlavri sazrdeli srulTa kerZia, romelTa grZnobebic
gawvrTnilia CveviT, raTa keTilisa da borotis garCeva
SeZlon”,4 usjuloTaTvis migeba didi sulgrZelebiT rom
dauTmeniaT, rogorc daviTi ambobs: “amaRldi, msajulo
simarTlisao, da miage misagebeli ampartavanTa”.5 xolo
pavle ambobs: “urCobis gamo moawevs risxva RvTis qmnile1 iob. 5:17-18
2 ziraq. 2:1
3 ziraq. 30:2
4 Sdr. ebr. 5:14
5 fsalm. 93:2
6 kolas. 3:6
253
wameba
isa gob
ron
is
wamebaAA wmid
wmidisa
gobron
ronis
isii
wameba wminda gobronisa
sabamsa dabadebisasa noes ze warwymedasa ampartavansa kacTasa, romelni xatad RmrTisa dabadebul iyvnes.
agebulebaA TBsi ver eswava umadloTa maT naTesavTa da
msgavsebaA mTavrobisa TBsisaA ver gulisKma-eyo, romelTa xati Semoqmedisa RmrTisaA Seuracx-yves, damdabldes da emsgavsnes Zleulsa mas bunebasa dedaTasa, romlisa urCebiTa sikudili SemoKda, viTarca pavle ityBs: “adam ara scoda, xolo
dedakaci igi scTa” da codvaA Sva. naSobTa maT SereulTa gardareuliTa miT uSueriTa codviTa ganarisxes RmerTi da Seananes kaci. ara eufla daTmenad miuwdomeli mowyalebaA, romlisaTBs ganaxuna saqanelni wyalTani da warwymidna yovelni
wyliT rRuniTa. xolo netarisa noes mier dauSTa Tesli
mkYdrobisaA sofelsa, esreTve nergTa maT wyevisaTa, TeslTa
simwarisaTa, moKsenebad saZagelTa sodomelTa loTis ze marTlisa uwesoTa SereviTa, da ara dauteves adgili wyalobisaA, romelTa zeda awBma RmerTman cecxli da wunwubaA da gareskneliTa miT ZBriTa warwymedisaATa aRiKocnes igini. da
kualad dedakacman man usaxurman iezabel gardahmata usjuloebaA, romliTa elias epatiJa SuriTa saRmrToATa caTa Sekrvad da siymili SemoarTua israHlsa zeda, viTarca eva sikudili soflad SemoiRo, romlisaTBs elia ityBs: “raA Zes Cemi
da saxlisa amis aqabisi”.
aqunda mas urCebisa misTBs iezabelisa nayofi igi uwBmroebisaA. amisTBs sikudilsa borotsa mieca igi da terfTagan cxenTasa ganiWrnes Korcni misni. da mis zeda aResru-
baze”,6 rogorc mSvidobis aRTqmisas, noes dros, RvTis xatad Seqmnil ampartavan adamianTa warwymedisas.
umadurma modgmam Tavisi agebuleba ver Seicno da msajulis msgavseba ver gulisxmayo da Semoqmedi RvTis xati
Seuracxyo, ris gamoc damdabldnen isini da miemsgavsnen
dedakacTa dacemul bunebas, romlis urCobiT sikvdili moiwia, rogorc pavle ambobs: “adami ki ar Secda, aramed –
dedakaci”.1 RvTis Svilebma gadametebul uSver codvaTa
aRreviT ganarisxes RmerTi da Seananes kacs. ar daiTmina
ufalma uwinaresi mowyaleba, amitomac miuSva man movardnili wyali da warwymida yovelni warRvniT. mxolod netari noesgan darCa memkvidreoba am soflad.
amgvaradve, dawyevlilma modgmam, sneulma tomma, loTisdroindel bilw codvaTa ganzraxviT, didZal usjuloebasTan aRreviT, wyalobisaTvis ar daitova adgili da
awvima RmerTma maTze zeciuri cecxli da ara borotisagan, aramed TviTon wariwymidnen isini.
kvlavac, ukeTurma dedakacma iezabelma2 gadaameta usjuloebas, rodesac elias, RvTis nebiT, caTa SekvriTa da
israelze SimSilis SemomatebiT, sasjeli moevlina, ise, rogorc evam sikvdili SemoiRo am soflad, ris Sesaxebac elia
ambobs: “ra Camovarda Cemsa da aqabis am saxls Soris?”3
iezabelis urCobis nayofad gvalva moiwia masze, risTvisac borot sikvdils mieca igi – cxenis terfebma gaupo
1 aSiaze AC-Si mxedruliT sweria: `aqa bevri aklda dedas~ da svetis naxevarze metia gaSvebuli dauwerlad (aSiaze wauwerlad carieli adgili
gaSvebulia BCDEFG-Sic); G-Si sqolioSi darTulia SeniSvna: `vhgoneb
me, romel aklia aqa (tabiZe). hswored egreT ars ufalo s. tabiZe \ p. i.~ I-Si
aq adgili araa gamotovebuli da arc raime SeniSvna aqvs gakeTebuli.
1 I timoT. 2:14
2 iezabeli iyo israelis yvelaze uwminduri mefis, aqabis meuRle, man qmari gadaibira, rom Tayvani eca kerpisaTvis, romelsac baali erqva, da aego misTvis taZari. is cdilobda,
moespo WeSmariti RvTis morwmuneni (III mefeTa, 17:1-6).
3 Sdr. III mefeTa, 17:18
4 iob. 5:2
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255
wameba
isa gob
ron
is
wamebaAA wmid
wmidisa
gobron
ronis
isii
wameba wminda gobronisa
la werili igi, viTarmed: “ugunuri igi, risxvaman moklis”.
xolo vinaATgan1 wyliT rRunaA aRibeWda da cecxliT mowuvaA zegardamo daeca, da mieriTgan maxBli ganewesa RmrTisa
mier Suris sagebelad ukeTurebasa kacTasa, viTarca esaia
ityBs: “ukueTu isminoT Cemio, keTilsa queyanisasa sWamdeT,
ukueTu ara isminoT, maxBlman SegWamnes Tquen”.
da romelni Jamad-Jamad SeemTxBnes gansacdelni israHlsa codvasa midrekiTa, ese mcired moiKseneT, viTarca Tqua
daviT: “moviKsenen me dReni pirvelni da vityode yovelTa mimarT mcnebaTa SenTa”, raATa moKsenebiTa pirvelTa maT saqmeTaATa mosruli da momavali samarTali RmrTisa mecnierTaTBs
krZalul iyos da orive saxH keTilisa da borotisaA naTesavTa momavalTa mieTxras, raATa sxuaTa SemTxuevaTa gamocdil
ipovnen, viTarca Tqua mose: “davsdeb Tquen zeda kurTxevasa
keTilisaTBs”, rameTu RmrTiv mqadagebelTa mier sarwmunoTa, metyuelTa sulisa wmidisa mier swavlulTa, moswavebul
ars RmerTi marTlmsajulad WurTa maT zeda wyalobisaTa da
sitkboebisaTa dacemulTa zeda sastikebiTa, raATa odes ixilon WeSmaritTa maT Tayuanis-mcemelTa RmrTisaTa nayofi igi
simarTlisa wyalobisaA, RmrTisa mosav iyvnen da moTminebiT
moelodian sasyidlisa kualad gebasa da kualad, odes esmas
cruTa simarTlisa sasjeli, RmrTisa patiJisa SeeSinos, dauteos ukeTurebaA da sinanulad moiswrafos, viTarca ninevelTa, da ganernen daqcevisagan sulisa da KorcTaAsa.
esreTve scoda boroti didman saxlman somxiTisaman, viTarca Tqua ieremia winawarmetyuelman godebaTa Sina misTa:
“sityBTa gmobisaATa Seawuxes suli wmidaA da saqmiTa bilwebisaATa gardareulad ganarisxes Semoqmedi TBsi, romlisaTBs
msgavsad usjuloebisa maTisa moiwia risxvaA RmrTisaA dad-
sxeuli da mis mimarT aResrula werili, rom “ugunurs
risxva moklavs”.4 ra droidanac warRvna moxda da zeciuri cecxli daeSva, maxvili ganewesa RvTis mier ukeTur
adamianebze Suris saZieblad, rogorc esaia ambobs: “Tu Cemsas SeismenT, qveynis keTil nayofs SeWamT, Tu ar SeismenT,
maxvili SegWamT”.1
gansacdelebi, romlebic drodadro SeemTxveoda israels codvisken midrekis gamo, ase mokled gadmogeciT, rogorc daviTma Tqva: “movigone uwinaresi da yvela Sen mcnebas movixseneb”2, rom adrindeli saqmeebis SexsenebiT arsebuli da momavali samarTali daculi iyos RvTis mcnobelTaTvis da orive saxe, keTilisa da borotisa, momaval modgmas gadaeces, raTa sxva SemTxvevaSi gamocdilni iyvnen,
rogorc mosem Tqva: “sikeTisaTvis gakurTxebT Tqven”3, radganac RvTis mqadagebelTagan, sarwmuno, suliwmidisagan
ganswavlulTa metyvelebiT gamoCndeba RmerTi msajulad
dacemulTaTvis wyalobiTa da sitkboebiT Zalis datanebiT; radganac, rodesac RvTis WeSmariti Tayvanismcemlebi simarTlis wyalobis nayofs ixilaven, moTminebiT daelodebian sazRauris miRebas da asev, roca Seityoben cruTa simarTlis sasjels, RvTis sasjelisa SeeSindebaT, datoveben ukeTurebas da sinanulad miiqcevian, rogorc ninevelebi, da ganeridebian sulisa da xorcis danTqmas.
amgvarad Sescoda da qmna boroti somxiTis didma saxlma, rogorc Tqva ieremia winaswarmetyvelma Tavis godebaSi: “saginebeli sityviT Seawuxes suli wmida da bilwi
saqmiT metismetad ganarisxes TavianTi RmerTi, risTvisac
maTi usjuloebisaebr, moiwia RvTis risxva dasasadgureb-
1 stefane mtbevari mcdarad uTiTebs aq ieremias godebis wigns. masSi
namdvilad ar moipoveba mis mier damowmebuli citati.
2 rogorc Sinaarsidan Cans, aq moxmobili unda iyos esaia 10,33-34
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1 fsalm. 142:5
2 Sdr. lev. 25:21
3 esaia 1:20-21
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gromad”1 da miscna igini maxBlsa borotsa da tyueobasa sawyalsa da salmobasa siymilisasa ganmamrudebelsa da srvasa sikudilisasa uwyalosa, romelTa mflvel aravin iyo. da daecnes viTarca xeni queyanasa, viTarca ityBs esaia winawarmetyueli: “ara Tumca ufalman yovlisa (..)" 2. umjobHs iyo maTda, ukueTumca gzaA igi WeSmaritebisaA ara ecnave, ara vidre
cnobasa da kualad ukunqcevasa”, rameTu mociqulTa mier qadagebuli marTlmadideblobisa igi sarwmunoebaA wmidisa kaTolike eklesiisaA ganagdes da moZRuarTa mier wmidaTa krebaTa RmrTiv sulierTa ganwesebuli kanoni saeklesioA Seuracxyves.
amisTBs Ziri igi simwarisaA daenerga maT Soris da RuarZli igi siborotisaA aRmoscenda, da codvaA igi wvalebisaA
aRorZnda da nayofi igi warwymedisaA gardaemata maT zeda.
rameTu miwaA igi somxiTisaA ampartavan, da mkBdrni misni cudad mzuaobar, angahr, laR da codvis moyuare, ampartavan, uwyalo, uyuarul da yovliTa ukeTurebiTa savse, romelsa Sina
ara ipova Tavisa misadrekeli qristHsi, romelTaTBs qriste
cudad mokuda.
da ese ars sazRvari misi da saxelebi KevTa misTaA: vanandi,
aSornia, bagrevandi, apahunisi, walkoitni, Wakati, kogoviti \
ori Kevi, Saruri, vaspuragani \ aTormeti Kevi, vaAZori \ oTxi
Kevi, dvinadaSti \ sami Kevi, gelaqunia \ oTxi Kevi, sivnieTi \
aTi Kevi, taSiri da kolbofori.
ese oTxmeoc da SBdi Kevi mooKrda pirisagan uflisa,
ZBrisagan codvaTa maTTaAsa amisTBs, rameTu ara ipova amaT
lad”1, da miecnen isini borot maxvils, sabralo tyveobas,
SimSilis damaqcevel tanjvas da sikvdilis uwyalo musrs,
da maTi dammarxveli aravin iyo, da miwieri xeebiviT daecnen, rogorc esaia winaswarmetyveli ambobs: “ara Tumca
ufalman yovlisa ... 2 “umjobesi iyo maTTvis, SeecnoT WeSmaritebis gza, vidre SeecnoT da mere ukuqceuliyvnen”3,
radganac maT mociqulTa mier qadagebuli marTlmadidebluri sarwmunoeba wminda kaTolike eklesiisa ganagdes da
wminda krebebis moZRvarTa mier, RvTis STagonebiT ganwesebuli, saeklesio kanoni Seuracxyves.
amitom simwris fesvi dainerga maT Soris, siborotis
RvarZli aRmocenda, mwvaleblobis codva aRorZinda da
warwymedis nayofi momravlda maT Soris, radganac somxiTis miwa ampartavania da misi mkvidrni amaod amayni, angarebianni, laRni da codvis moyvareni, umowyaloni, usiyvaruloni da yoveli ukeTurebiT savseni arian, maT Soris
ar moiZebna qristes Tavis misadrekeli, da qriste amaod
mokvda maTTvis.
xevis sazRvari da saxelebi aseTia: vanandi, aSornia,
bagrevandi, apahunisi, walkotni, Wakati, kogoviti, ori
xevi, Saruri, vaspuragani – Tormeti xevi, vaiZori – oTxi
xevi, dvinadaSti – sami xevi, gelaqunia – oTxi xevi, sivnieTi – aTi xevi, taSiri da kolbofori.
es oTxmocdaSvidi xevi aoxrda uflis sityviT maTi boroti codvebis gamo, vinaidan ar moiZebneba am xevebSi mar1 stefane mtbevari aq SecdomiT uTiTebs ieremias godebis
wigns.
2 aq teqsti aklia. Sinaarsidan Cans, rom moxmobili unda iyos
esaia 10:33-34.
3 2 petr. 2:21
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KevTa Sina saydari marTlmadidebelTa episkoposTaA, arca monasteri marTlmadidebelTa morwmuneTa monazonTaA, viTarca abraham hkiTxavs RmerTsa: “ukueTu iyvnen xuTni marTalni,
warswymidoa qalaqi igi?” da Tqua ufalman: “ara”. da ityBs:
“vin wmida iyo da warwymda, anu sada WeSmaritni ZiriTurT
aRifxurnes”1]. Tu sadame ityBs msgavsad sityBsa mis, romeli
hrqua RmerTman elis “aR-xolo ara-vKoco kaci Seni sakurTxevelisagan Cemisa, raATa xedvides da eKuebodis, da raATa
esenica xedviden da eKuebodis”2.
Tlmadidebel episkoposTa saydari, arc marTlmadidebel
morwmune monazonTa monasteri. rogorc abraami hkiTxavs
RmerTs: “Tu xuTi marTali iqneba, warwymed im qalaqs?” xolo ufalma Tqva: “ara”1 da ambobs: “vinc wminda iyo, wariwymida, an marTlebi Zirianad aRmoifxvrnen”2, Tu sadme ambobs Tavisi im sityvis msgavsad, romelic RmerTma elias
uTxra: “aRar warvxocav Sens kacs Cemi sakurTxevlidan, raTa xedavdes da iRupebodes da esenic xedavdnen da iRupebodnen”.3
II. amaT queyanaTa zeda ganewyo ufali risxviTa guliswyromisa misisaATa, da miSuebiTa RmrTisaATa aRiZra mefH sarkinozi, saxeliT abul-kasim, ZH abul-sajisi amirisaA, da ufali sparseTisaA, romelsa hmonebda sameoci qalaqi did-didi
da SBdni mefeni hmorCilebdes Zlierni.
ese aRiWura eriTa mravliTa, kaetebiTa rCeuliTa, romelTaA hyvanda aTaseuli da bevreuli. Sevida qalaqsa dvinisasa
da oxraA gulis wyromisa misisaA moaswavebda oKrebasa somxiTisasa, viTarca ninevelTa daqcevasa, raATamca Seinanes amaTca. xolo gulni maTni ganficxebul iyvnes viTarca rvalni,
da dayenebul viTarca samyaroA, rameTu codvaA wvalebisa maTisaA daweril iyo “ficarsa mas rkinisasa frCxiliTa andamantisaATa”, viTarca ieremia ityBs. amisTBs ver eZlo moqcevad,
rameTu emsgavsa saxli igi somxiTisaA kacsa mas ugunursa, romelman dadga safuZvelsa zeda sacTurebisasa da qBSasa zeda
wvalebisasa, da viTar aRdges kueTebani, “daeca da iyo dacemaA misi did friad”. viTarca iob ityBs: “me vixilen ugunurni igi, romelTa Zirni ara daebnes, aramed meyseulad SeiWama
2. am miwa-wyalze ganrisxda ufali da, RvTis nebiT,
ajanyda sarkinozi mefe, saxelad abul-kasim, amira abulsajis Ze, da mflobeli sparseTisa, romelsac emsaxureboda samoci didi qalaqi da emorCileboda Svidi Zlieri
mefe.
ase aRiWurva igi aTasobiT da aTiaTasobiT adamianiT,
mTavrebiT, Sevida qalaq dvinSi da misi guliswyromis yvirili moaswavebda somxiTis aoxrebas, rogorc ninevelTa
daqcevas, rom amaTac SeenanaT, xolo maTi guli spilenZiviT iyo gasastikebuli da myari sxeuliviT Semdgari, radganac maTi mwvaleblobis codva dawerili iyo “ficarze
almasis frCxiliT”4, rogorc ieremia ambobs. amitom ver
moeqcnen, somxiTis saxli daemsgavsa ugunur kacs, romelmac sacdurebisa da mwvaleblobis qviSaze daamyara safuZveli, da roca mdinareebi da qarebi amovardnen da ekveTnen im saxls, “is daeca da friad didi iyo misi dacema”1.
rogorc iobi ambobs: “me vnaxe fesvgadgmuli ugunuri da
` Sdr. Sesaqm. 18:24-26
2-?
3-?
4 ierem. 17:1
1=?
2=?
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roWiki maTi da ganeSornes Zeni maTni cxovrebisagan”, rameTu
mZlavrebaA maTi da Kelmwifebisa maTisa sulgrZelebaA gamoswovda Zalsa maTsa.
rameTu ese ars CueulebaA maTi: pirvelad xarkni igi Tananadebni Zebnnes, ZRuenni da niWni kaetTa maTTaTBs, rameTu moxarke misa iyvnes. merme wina Jamisa begarani sTxovnes. da ucaloebasa TBssa hambavad ityBan, daqcevasa TBssa aswrafeben.
da esreT manqanebiT daacalierna safaseTa maTTagan, raATa advilad mZle eqmnas, romelica iyo esreT.
da viTar mosZlevda sarkinozi igi da ara ipova Rone winaaRdgomisa somexTa mefisa, arca ganrinebisa, rameTu RmerTsa ganexeTqa mefobaA igi misi, maSin miivltoda igi mTaTa
zeda afxazeTisaTa, romeli igi ukuanaAsknel sikudilsa ver
ganera. xolo KelmwifH igi Seudga mas Ziebad sasjelsa sikudilisasa mrisxanebiTa didiTa.
meyseulad SevaCvene misi bina, Sors arian misi Svilebi
xsnisagan, karibWesTan scemes maT, aravin iyo mSveleli”2,
radganac maTi Zaladoba da xelmwifeba srutavda maT Zalas.
maTi Cveuleba aseTia: uwin gadasaxdeli vali, Sesawiravi da saCuqari maTi mTavrebisaTvis, gamoCxrikes, radganac maTi moxarkeebi iyvnen. Semdeg adrindeli xarki iTxoves da TavianT garjas ambad hyvebian, TavianT danTqmas
aCqareben; da iseTi xerxiT dacarielda maTi qoneba, rom
advilad daeZlia, rac moxda kidec.
radganac sarkinozi imarjvebda da somexTa mefem verc
winaaRmdegoba gauwia da verc Tavi daaRwia, vinaidan
RmerTs Seewyvita misi mefoba. maSin gaiqca is afxazeTis
mTebisken. Semdgomad amisa, igi sikvdils ver gadaurCa, xolo xelmwife Seudga mis Ziebas, sastiki sikvdiliT rom
daesaja.
III. da movides igini cixesa mas yvelisasa, romeli iyo gurgen erisTavTa erisTvisa, romelsa Sina iyvnes aznaurni warCinebulni da sanatreli mowamH qristHsi gobron maT Tana.
movides da moadges cixesa mas yvelisasa, gare moadges karvebi igi maTi, viTarca Tovli, romelni xuTisa soflisa sazRvarTa da-oden-etivnes iwroebiT.
da sabelni igi karvebisa maTisani ganeTxzna urTierTas,
rameTu ese iyo CueulebaA dadgromisa maTisaA, naTesavTa maT
saZagelTa, uRmrToTa, ficxlad moisarTa, romelni Wamdes ZaRlTa, Tagusa, kacsa da yovelsa arawmidasa. da esreT ganemzadnes brZolad filekavnebiTa mravliTa. da simravlH tyorcebulTa maT isarTaA Seipyrobda haersa mzisasa, romelsa aqunda aseuli tBrTi aqlemisaA isari oden da egreTve horoli.
da brZolasa mas ficxelsa mKne iqmnnes cixovanni igi da
dahKocdes mbrZolTa maT da dahyrides KorcTa maTTa, viTarca skoresa queyanasa. xolo maT yovelTa uwinarHs ipova sim-
3. movidnen isini yvelis cixeSi, romelic iyo gurgen
erisTavTa erisTavisa, sadac iyvnen warCinebuli aznaurebi da maTTan erTad - qristes sanatreli mowafe, gobroni.
miadgnen isini yvelis cixes, garSemo TovliviT Semoawyves
TavianTi karvebi, sul xuTi soflidan iyvnen da gaWirvebiT daetivnen. maTi karvebis Tokebi gadaewna erTmaneTs,
radganac aseTi iyo dasadgurebis wesi saZageli, uRmrTo,
sastikad moisari modgmisa, romelic ZaRlebs, Tagvs, kacsa da yovelgvar arawmidas Wamda. ase gaemzadnen qvis satyorcnebiT, da maT mier natyorcn isarTa simravle mzes faravda. isari ki aseuli aqlemiT moezidaT da aseve Subebic. sastik brZolaSi mecixovneebi mxned iyvnen, xocavdnen
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1 mT. 7:27
2 iob. 5:3-4
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KniTa netari gobron, da Zali brZolisa misisaA yovelsa mas
simravlesa zeda sacnaur iyo. da saxeli icvala, viTarca yovelTa wmidaTa, viTarca petres klde da savles pavle, amas
ewoda pirvelad miqel da merme gobron \ romeli esmina mefesa mas da daeswava sityuad gobron da sasmenelTa eoceboda
da gulsa gamoiwera, rameTu trfialebiTa Zlierad brZolisa
da axovnebisa misisaTBs aRiSurva sarwmunoebisa misisa qristeanobaA.
da odesme gamoetevnian simravleni igi zRvarsa artaonisasa da, romelni povnian Tavisa mkrebelni da msxuertelni yanobirisa maTisani, romelni SimSilisagan SiSsa sikudilisasa
Seuracx-hyofdes, Sekribnian maxlobelad cixesa mas, viTarca cxovarni saCuenebelad maTa da daWrnian Korcni maTni; da
sisxli igi ubraloA, viTarca msxuerpli sulneli, Seiwirvodes RmrTisa, viTarca sisxli igi abelisi marTlisaA, romelTa
ricxB igi maTi RmerTman uwyis mxoloman, da uricxuni igi
erni marTlmadidebelTani aWaras da SavSeTs Sewyudeul iyvnes, romelni viTarca mkalni mosWamdes furcelsa xeTasa da
mwuanvilovansa queyanisasa.
meomrobs da maTi sxeulis nawilebs ise yridnen, rogorc
nakels miwaze. maTgan mamacobiT gamoirCeoda netari gobroni da misi brZola yvelasTvis cnobili gaxda. man yvela
wmindaniviT saxeli Seicvala, rogorc petres klde ewoda da savles – pavle, amas – miqel, da Semdgomad – gobron.
es ukanaskneli mefes gaugonia, dauxsomebia sityva gobroni, mosasmenad eucnaura da gulSi Caimarxa, radganac
mZlavri brZolis siyvarulisa da misi axovnebis gamo misive qristianuli sarwmunoebisadmi saRvTo moSurneobiT
aRiZra..
zogjer gamovidodnen xolme artaonis sazRvarze da visac naxavdnen yanidan TavTavis amRebs, romlebic SimSilis
gamo sikvdilis SiSs arad agdeben, Sekrebdnen cixis maxloblad, rogorc cxvrebs, da daklavdnen, da maTi ubralo sisxli, surnelovani msxverpliviT Seiwireba RvTisadmi, rogorc marTali abelis sisxli. maTi raodenoba mxolod
RmerTma uwyis. uamravi marTlmadidebeli adamiani aWarasa da SavSeTSi kaliasaviT xis foTolsa da balaxs Wamda.
IV. mas Jamsa iqmna SavSeTi bak mKecT-Seuval, rameTu egodenni igi naTesavni maxlobelad dges, viTar sadilobisa gza
oden, romelTa queyanaA ver itevda. RmerTman ara aufla STaslvad mas Sina madliTa didebulTa udabnoTaATa da locviTa
wmidaTaATa, romelTa saTnoebani maTni keTilni viTarca suetni caTani ganmtkicebul arian da viTarca zRudeni rafaTisani wina-aRudges.
xolo KelmwifH igi hbrZoda cixesa mas oc da rva dRe da
nabakni SeuKdes, romelTa ganKurites kldH da ganarRBes
zRudH, romelTa gamouKdis netari gobron da gandevnis da
Zlevisa misgan umetHs ganakBrvna yovelni. da viTar ara iyo
4. maSin SavSeTi velurTagan miudgomeli zRude gaxda. uamravni iyvnen. erTi Ramis savali gzis siaxloves idgnen, qveyana ver itevda maT. RmerTma ar dauSva maTi iq
SeSveba did meudabnoeTa da wmindanTa madliT, romelTa
saTnoebebi, rogorc cis svetni, ganmtkicebul arian da rafaTis zRudesaviT win aRudgnen maT.
xelmwife mecixovneebs ebrZoda ocdarva dRe da Sevida laSqari, romelmac gatexa klde da gaarRvia zRude.
maT gamouxta netari gobroni da gandevna isini da Tavisi
ZleviT man gaakvirva yvela. radganac arc Sewevna iyo da
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SewevnaA, arca winaaRdgomaA, safici iTxoves, rameTu RmerTman ganiWna igini.
esrHT gamoiyvanna igini da ganuyvna kaetTa TBsTa ricxBT
viTar orasni oden. xolo netarisa gobronisi amcno umetHs
yovelTasa krZalviT pyrobaA da esrHT waremarTa. da mgzavr
romelTame abirebn da aqadebn sikudilsa, da romelTa miavlinebn misa da aRuTquamn keTilTa, da esrHT aiZulebn winadacueTad da datevebad qristHsa.
xolo netarsa gobrons SeemsWualnes Korcni TBsni SiSsa RmrTisasa da ganumzada Tavi TBsi qristesTBs satanjvelad da sikudilsa daTmenad (viTarca qristeman sikudili daiTmina yovelTaTBs) da mociqulisa sityuasa etyBn maT: “cxorebaA Cemda qriste ars da sikudili SesaZinel”, da moiwivnes
Talins. da ravdenni ubraloni sisxlni daiTxines maTgan, aRracxad vinme SeuZlos?
arc winaaRmdegoba, iTxoves ficis wigni, rameTu RmerTma
gadaarCina isini.
ase gamoiyvana isini, daaxloebiT orasi, da warudgina
Tavis mTavrebs. yvelas ubrZanes, Cumad SeepyroT gobroni
da asec moxda. gzad zogi agulianebda da sikvdiliT emuqreboda, zogs agzavnidnen masTan da aRuTqvamdnen sikeTes.
ase aiZulebdnen winadacveTas da qristes datovebas.
xolo netari gobroni gamsWvaluli iyo RvTis SiSiT,
da qristesTvis satanjvelad, sikvdilis dasaTmenad gaamzada Tavisi Tavi (iseve, rogorc qristem daiTmina sikvdili yvelasTvis), mociqulis sityvebs eubneboda maT: “Cemi
cxovreba qristea da sikvdili – sargebeli”1. miuaxlovdnen Talins. ramdeni udanaSaulo sisxli daiRvara, kacTagan aRuricxvelia.
V. xolo mefH igi sumbat ukunvida kualad TBssave queyanasa Semdgomad martBlobisa wmidisa gobronisa. viTar sxuaA
RonH vera ipova, Sevida igi cixesa kapoetisasa, romeli-igi
ubrZnHs iTqumoda yovelTa kacTa mis JamisaTa. da viTarca
SewevnaA RmrTisaA ganeSora misgan, RonH yoveli daelia, da
viTarca gamoucdeli Seewyudia da mis Tana eri mravali. egreTve saxed moadga masca cixesa da brZolisa mravlisa Semdgomad gamoiRo da yovelni mTavarni, didni somxiTisani da
aznaurni tyue-yvna.
da mefH igi mravlisa tanjvisa Semdgomad mokla da TavmokueTili Camohkida Zelsa saSuval qalaqsa dvinisasa. Tquas
Tu vinme umecarTaganman gankiTxvaTaTBs saRmrToTa, romelTa
ara ician swavlaA wignisaA, arca Zali RmrTisaA, Tu viTar amaT
naTesavTa uqristoTa, usjuloTa, eseodeni mZlavrobaA mZlavrobisaA da farToebaA SuebisaA daupyries, Ture raAme flobaA
sasoebisaA, anu sulgrZelebisa RmrTisaA Tavs-udebies
5. xolo mefe sumbati wminda gobronis wamebis Semdeg
isev dabrunda Tavis qveyanaSi, radganac sxva Rone ver ixmara, Sevida igi kapoetis cixeSi. is yvelaze brZen kacad
miaCndaT im dros da, radganac RvTis Sewevna ganeSora misgan, yovelgvari Zala gamoelia da gamoucdeliviT gamoemwyvdia da masTan erTad - mravali adamiani. amgvaradve miadga xelmwife im cixes da didi brZolis Semdeg aiRo igi,
da yvela mTavari, didebuli da aznauri tyved Caigdo.
mefe bevri tanjvis Semdeg mokla da TavmokveTili xeze Camokida, dvinSi, Sua qalaqSi. umecari, vinc arc wignis moZRvreba, arc RvTis Zala icis, ilaparakebs RvTis samarTalze da ityvis: am usjulo modgmas amdeni ZaladobiT Cagvra da amxela simdidre rom daupyria, nuTu rame
Zala aqvs RvTis sasoebasa da sulgrZelebaso? ase nu ityviT!
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1 filip. 1:21
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daTmenad. ese zraxvaA nu iyofin, aramed viTarca pavle ityBs:
“raA sworebaA ars naTlisa da bnelisaA, anu raA sworebaA ars
beliarisa qristHs Tana, anu raA nawili uc urwmunosa morwmunisa Tana”, da ufali ityBs: “ukueTu vinme ara iSues meored, ver Kel-ewifebis xilvad sasufeli RmrTisaA”, da ukueTu ara SWamoT Korci Zisa kacisaA da hsuaT sisxli misi, ara
gaqundes cxorebaA TavTa TquenTaA”. da kualad “romeli urC
iyos Zisa, mamaAca ara hrwams, ara ixilos man cxorebaA saukunoA, aramed risxvaA RmrTisaA dadgromil ars mis zeda”. aw vinaA aqundes sasoebaA sulTa cxorebisaA warwymedulTa maT, romelTaTBs sityuaA juarisaA sicofe ars [1 kor. 1:18], romelTa
RmerT muceli ars, didebaA maTi sircxBlsa Sina maTsa [filip.
3:19]. da esaia ityBs: “vin cna gonebaA uflisaA, anu vin Tanamzraxval eyo mas”. romeli saidumloA cxorebisaA sibrZniTa
dambadebelisaATa ganmzadebul ars samwysoTa maTTBs qristHsTa da eklesiaTa RmrTisaTa, viTarca saxed cxovarni, Tu
visme edgnen mravlad, ara moignena maTTBs ZaRlnica mcuvelad, raATa ara odesme aRsaWrel iyvnen mgelTagan? egreTve
eseni, viTarca ZaRlni Znelni mocul arian mcuvelad cxovarTa
maTTBs qristHsTa, da ierusalHmi, qalaqi igi siwmidisa meufisa didisaA, romlisa Tqua mose: “Tualni uflisani mas zeda
hgian maradis dasabamiTgan da ukunisamde”, ese daSHnebul ars
Soris udabnoTa vrcelTa, romelTa Soris damkBdrebul arian
kacni mKecisa bunebani, mtacebelni, romelTa saxli ars da cxorebaA aqlemisa zurgi, naTesavni uricxuni, romelTaTBs viTarca ZaRlni mbrZolni arian mKecTa maT velurTa, raATa eklesiani RmrTisani mSBdobiT egnen, romelTa zeda mravalni
ZBrni da samwysoni igi qristHsni myudroebiT iswaveboden
RmrTis msaxurebasa, da ara brZolasa, viTarca winawarmetyueli ityBs: “dasWriden maxBlebsa maTsa manglad da laxurebsa maTsa saKnisad”, da arRara iswavebden merme brZolasa, viTarca aw yoladve ara ekadrebis qristeaneTa augad maxBlisa
maT Soris da arca mKedari aRjdomad cxensa. da amisa Semdgomad esaia ityBs: “maSin Zovden mgelni kravTa Tana da vef-
aramed rogorc pavle ambobs: “ra Sedarebaa naTelsa da
bnels Soris, an bnelsa da qristes Soris, an ra wili udevs
urwmunos morwmunesTan?” (2kor. 6:14-15) ufali ambobs:
“vinc meored ar iSveba, ver SeZlebs RvTis sasufevlis xilvas” (in 3:3). “Tu ar SeWamT kacis Zis xorcs da ar SesvamT
mis sisxls, ar geqnebaT sicocxle”(in. 6:53), da kidev: “vinc
Zis urCia da mamac ar swams, ver ixilavs saukuno sicocxles, aramed RvTis risxva daivanebs masze”(Sdr. in. 3:36).
saidan unda hqondeT warwymedil sulTa xsnis imedi maT,
visTvisac jvris sityva sigiJea (1kor. 1:18), romelTa RmerTi mucelia, maTi dideba ki sircxvilSia (filip. 3:19). esaia
ambobs: “vin mixvda uflis ganzraxvas, an vin iyo misi Tanamzraxveli?” (esaia 40:13) sicocxlis da xsnis saidumlo, romelic dambadeblis sibrZniTaa gamzadebuli qristes samwysosa da RvTis eklesiisTvis, rogorc, magaliTad, cxvrebi hyavs vinmes mravlad, gana ZaRlebs ar dauyenebs maT mcvelad, rom ar aiklon isini? aseve eseni, rogorc ficxeli
ZaRlebi, qristes cxvrebis mcvelebi arian da ierusalimi,
didi meufis siwmindis qalaqi, romlisTvisac mosem Tqva:
“uflis Tvali maszea maradis – dasabamidan ukunisamde”
(II sjul. 11:12). is vrcel udabnoebs Soris aris gaSenebuli, sadac mxecuri bunebis adamianebi arian damkvidrebuli, romelTa saxli da cxovreba aqlemis zurgia; uricxvi
modgma velur mxecebs Soris mebrZoli ZaRliviTaa, rom
RvTis eklesiebi mSvidobiT idgnen, romelTa zeda mravali siavea. qristes samwyso mSvidad unda swavlobdes RvTis
msaxurebas da ara brZolas, rogorc winaswarmetyveli ambobs: “maxvilebisgan namglebs gamoWedaven, xolo laxvrebisgan – saxnisebs” (esaia 2:4). mere aRar iswavlian brZolas, rogorc axla srulebiT ar ekadreba qristianebs samarcxvinod maxvili maT Soris da arc mxedars cxenze am-
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xi ganisuenebdes TikanTa Tana, KboA da kuroA da lomi erTad
Zovden”. mglad da vefxad siborotisa maTisa mZBnvarebasa
ityBs, mKecis saxed \ moswrafed daTxevasa sisxlisasa, da lomad \ mZlavrobasa mas, maTsa mTavrobasa, ityBs danielis CuenebiTa xilvasa mas mKecTasa; daTuad moaswavebs sparsTa mefobasa babilovns da lomad sarkinozTa mefobasa baRdads babilovnisasa, da Tiknad mwvalebelTasa ityBs, romelni mdumriad aCueneben da Sinagan mgel, viTarca Tqua ufalman: “maSin daadginnes Tikanni marcxeniT missa, romelTa hrquas: warvediT wyeulno cecxlsa mas saukunosa, romeli ganmzadebul
ars eSmakisaTBs da msaxurTa misTaTBs”, da kravad \ WeSmaritni
samwysoni qristHsni, da Kbod \ umankoebaA igi, da kuroA wmidaTave pirutyuTagani ars, da sarqeneli igi ZlevaA juarisaA
mterTa mimarT, da orni igi rqani \ sarwmunoebaA gansrulebuli saqmeTagan keTilTa msgavsad orTa maT danakTa saxierebisaTa. da noeca moaswava sarwmunoebaA eklesiisaA kidobansa
mas Sina Seyvanebad SBd-SBdi wmidaTagani da or-ori arawmidaTaA. xolo aw madliTa RmrTisaATa aseulad ganfenil ars
simravlH qristHs morwmuneTaA maT da ara unaseben. da lomTa maT da mgelTa ara aqus flobaA ganxeTqad kravTa maT samwysoTa qristHsTa, romelni erTad Zoven mSBdobiT.
xedreba. amis Semdeg esaia ambobs: “maSin moZoven mglebi kravebTan da vefxvi daisvenebs TiknebTan; xbo, kuro da lomi
erTad moZovs” (esaia 11:6). mgliTa da vefxviT maTi siborotis mZvinvareba iTqmis, mxecis saxiT – sisxlis daTxevis
moaxloeba, lomiT – maTi mTavrobis Zaladoba, danielis
gamocxadebiT – mxecTa xilva; daTvi moaswavebs babilonSi
sparsTa mefobas da lomi – sarkinozTa mefobas babilonis
baRdadSi, Tikani mwvaleblobas iuwyeba, romlebic mdumared moaCveneben Tavs, Sinaganad ki mglebi arian, rogorc
Tqva ufalma: “maSin daayenebs Tiknebs Tavis marcxniv, romlebsac etyvis: wadiT, wyeulno, saukuno cecxlSi, romelic eSmakisa da misi msaxurebisTvisaa gamzadebuli” (mT.
25:41). kravi qristes WeSmariti samwysoa, xbo – umankoeba
da kuro wminda pirutyvia, mtris mZleveli jvris Zala;
ori rqa aris sarwmunoeba keTili saqmiT aRsrulebuli,
msgavsad ori sikeTis maxvilisa. noemac aCvena niSani eklesiis rwmenisa kidobanSi Svid-Svidi wminda da or-ori
arawmindas SeyvaniT. xolo axla, RvTis madliT, aseulobiT arian ganfenilni qristes morwmuneni da maT ar avneben. lomebsa da mglebs ar aqvT ufleba, gawyviton qristes
samwysos kravebi, romlebic erTad wynarad Zoven.
VI. da raJams moiwia Jami igi, gamovida brZanebaA Kelmwifisa misgan wodebad CinebulTa maT tablasa mas wamebisasa da
wardgomad daliWsa mas saSinelsa ganCinebasa sikudilisasa,
viTarca dResa mas gankiTxvisa uflisasa. saSinel da SesaZrwunebel ars dRH igi sasjelisaA, meored moslvaA uflisaA,
odes cani daiqcnen da wesni icvalnen, mnaTobni daSrten yovelni da queyanaA Seimusros, oxraA igi sayBrisaA zar-scemdes yovelTa dabadebulTa da ZrwoliT xedviden mefesa qris-
6. Jami rom dadga, gamovida xelmwifis brZaneba, rom
mis mier moxmobilebi swveodnen mowmeTa magidas da wamdgariyvnen sasamarTloSi sikvdilis saSineli ganaCenis
winaSe, rogorc uflis gankiTxvis dRes. saSineli da SemaZrwunebelia sasjelis is dRe, uflis meored mosvla, roca cani daiqcevian da wesebi Seicvleba, yvela mnaTobi Caqreba da qveyana daifSvneba, sayviris xma zars scems yovel
dabadebuls da SiSiT Sexedaven mefes, qristes, jvriT mo-
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tesa, momavalsa juariTa. daRaTu ese WeSmarit ars, aramed
sarwmunoebiTave mosalodnel ars, viTarca pavle ityBs1.
ars sarwmunoeba mraval Zal, saqmeTa mamxilebel ara xilulTa da kacTa bunebisa xilul ufroAs sarwmunod Seracxil Txrobilsa da xilulTa Soris saSinel ars, elva-texil
sastiki da, amasca dro-ecis, romeli ganiWebul arn, mswrafl
ganitacis. xolo KorcTa Sina myofisa kacisaTBs amisa usaSinelHs da uficxHs araraA sagonebel ars, Tu kaci SiSueli
sikudilad ganCinebuli Kel-pyrobiT mohyvandes winaSe erTa
uricxuTa, upirulTa, aRWurvilTa KrmliTa KdiliTa da horoliTa momarTebuliTa, isriTa dapyrobiliTa, daniTa momzadebuliTa, da kacsa Rone hqondis ganrinebisa da qristHs siyuarulisaTBs daiTminos, viTarca netarman gobron daiTmina.
rameTu esrHT iyo CueulebaA sarkinozTaA, raJams gamoKdis brZanebaA moklvad qristeanisaA, aRiWurnian viTarca dResa
brZolisasa da almaWuri yvian da aRlesnian maxBlni maTni moswrafed daTxevad sisxlisa da erTierTsa uswrobn, viTarca
SesaZinelsa didsa safasisasa.
da raJams gamohyvandes pyrobilni igi, romel gamoiyvannes yvelis cixiT, romelni-igi gamoirCina RmerTman martBlad
TBsa, ricxBT viTar as oc da aTcameti viTarca-igi samoelis
mier saTno iyo RmerTman daviT cxebulad TBsa, xolo Cinebulni igi aznaurni daeyennes msgavsad misa, romelni adarnase mefeman gamoiKsnna.
xolo wmidaTa wodebasa mas cnes, raA-igi yofad iyo, da
Tques yovelTa erTobiT: “gualeT, Zmano, qristHs Tana da nu
vin Cuengani SeorguldebiT”. da sixaruliT gamovides da urTierTas aswavebdes mxiaruliTa piriTa ficxelsa mas satanjvelsa sikudilsa, viTarca saSuebelsa keTilsa. umravlHsni
maTganni moiyvannes winaSe laSqarTa maT saSinelTa, aRmzadebulTa TiTosaxeTa maTgan maxBlTa.
maSin viTarca mKecni borotni ganZBnebulni Seerines aRreulad da erTierTsa uswrobdes, romelnime maxBliTa
mavals. es araTu WeSmaritia, aramed rwmeniT aris mosalodneli, rogorc pavle ambobs (Sdr. ebr. 11:1-3).
sarwmunoeba mravlis SemZlea – uxilav saqmeTa Tu xilulad, ufro sarwmunod miCneul saqmeTa mamxilebeli, saSineli da mkacri, magram dro gadis da, rac moxda,swrafad gaivlis. cocxali kacisaTvis imaze saSineli da sastiki warmosadgeni araferia, rom umsgavsoebs, SiSveli
xmlebiT aRWurvilebs, SubiT momarTulebs, isarmomarjvebulebs, daniT momzadebulebs SiSveli kaci xelapyrobili miyavdeT uamravi xalxis winaSe, da am dros ra Rone
unda hqondes mas Tavis daRwevisa, rom qristes siyvarulisTvis daiTminos, rogorc netarma gobronma daiTmina.
aseTi iyo wesi sarkinozebisa – roca gamodioda brZaneba qristianis sikvdiliT dasjisa, SeiaraRdebodnen, rogorc brZolis dRes da, lesavdnen TavianT maxvils sisxlis
swrafad dasaRvrelad da erTmaneTs ise aswreben, TiTqos
didi ganZis SesaZenad irjebian.
roca gamoyavdaT Sepyrobilebi yvelis cixidan, ricxviT as ocdacameti, romlebic gamoarCia RmerTma Tavis mowameebad, rogorc samoelis mier saTno hyo RmerTma daviTi Tavis cxebulad. amis msgavsad mowveuli aznaurebic daayenes, romlebic mefe adarnasem gamoixsna.
wmindanebs rom mouxmes, mixvdnen, rac xdeboda, da yvelam Tqva: “wavideT Zmebo, qristesTan erTad da nurc erTi
Cvengani nu Seuorguldeba”. sixaruliT gamovidnen isini
da erTmaneTs eubnebodnen, mieRoT sikvdilis mZime satanjveli, rogorc keTili gancxroma. umetesi maTgani maxvilebiT SeiaraRebul laSqars warudgines.
maSin gaficxebulebi boroti mxecebiviT daerivnen maT
da erTmaneTs aswrebdnen – zogi maxviliT scemda, zogi
1 pavle mociqulis werlebSi es adgili ver vipoveT
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scemdes, romelnime horoliTa da isriTa SesCxuepdes da dasWrides KorcTa maTTa, danebiTa ganapebdes, da RBZlebi igi
maTi, viTarca ZaRlTa piriTa ganetaca, da esrHT dasTxines
sisxlni maTni, da esrHT srul iqmna wamebaA maTi qristHs mier.
xolo netari gobron waradgines winaSe amirisa mis. da
hrqua netarsa gobrons: “mewyalis me sikeTH siWabukisa SenisaA da mSuris sikudilisaTBs mKedrobaA Seni, romeli saxelovan xar winaSe Cuensa. da aw, viTarca Svilsa sayuarelsa,
gaswaveb Sen, dauteve ugunurebisa Senisa Sjuli, romliTa
vera irges moyuasTa SenTa, da aRiare WeSmariti Sjuli Kelmwifebisa CuenisaA, romelsa damorCilebul ars yoveli; da aRgiTquam Tquen, viciT Cuen amis subuqisa Semdgomad, romlisaca kaetisa inebo mTavrobaA, mogce Sen, palati, karvebi, monebi, taZari, aqlemebi, saWurvelTa SuenierTa simravlH, da
gyo Sen viTarca erTi rCeulTa CemTagani. sayuarel iyo Cem
winaSe da pativcemul yovelTa amaTgan laSqarTa”.
miugo wmidaman gobron da hrqua amirasa mas: “gevedrebi,
Kelmwifeo, nu maiZuleb me datevebad qristeanobisa, romliTa aRmzardes me mSobelTa CemTa, da aRbeWdul var suliTa
wmidiTa. da raA mizezi ars ese mizezi sikudilisa CemisaA? mraval arian Sen queSe qristeaneni da meca ara davaklo monebaA
Kelmwifebasa Sensa yovliTa saxiTa, romliTa genebos Sen. da
ese WeSmaritad uwyode Sen, rameTu arca keTilTa SenTa aRTqumaTa, arca ZBr-ZBrTa borotTa SenTa Cem zeda mowevniTa
SemiZlo ganyenebad ufalsa Cemsa iesu qristesa”.
xolo amiraman hrqua monaTa TBsTa: “wariyvaneT ege da uCueneniT moklulni igi moyuasni misni TiTosaxed daWrilni. da
kualad uCueneniT palatni da karvebi, da arwmuneT micemad
magas, vin uwyis, ukue SiSman sikudilisaman anu SesaZinebelman keTilisaman modrikos guli misi”. da viTar moavles yoveli igi da movides winaSe amirisa mis, hrqua amiraman: “raA
gamoirCie Tavisa SenisaA?”. hrqua mas wmidaman gobron: “me pirveladve giTxar Sen, ara midrekad qristHs uflisa Cemisagan”.
SubiTa da isriT Cxvletda maT sxeulebs, danebiT Wridnen, maT RviZlebs piriT glejdnen, rogorc ZaRlebi.
ase daiRvara maTi sisxli da damTavrda maTi wameba
qristes mier, xolo netari gobroni waradgines amiras winaSe. uTxra man gobrons: “mebraleba Seni siWabuke da sikvdilisaTvis menaneba SenisTana mxedari, saxelovani xar
Cven winaSe. axla, rogorc sayvarel Svils, gmoZRvrav, miatove Seni suleluri rjuli, riTac verafriT isargebles Senma moyvasebma, da aRiare Cveni rjuli, romelsac
yvela emorCileba, da aRgiTqvam amieridan, Tu samTavros
ufrosobas inebeb, mogcem palats, karvebs, monebs, sasaxles,
aqlemebs, uamrav mSvenier ganZs, da iqnebi Cemi erT-erTi
rCeulTagani. sayvareli iqnebi Cem winaSe da am laSqrisgan pativcemuli.”
wminda gobronma miugo amiras da uTxra: “gevedrebi,
xelmwifev, nu maiZuleb, mivatovo qristianoba, romliTac
aRmzardes mSoblebma da monaTluli var suliwmidiT. ra
aris mizezi Cemi sikvdiliT dasjisa? bevri qristiania
Sens qveSevrdomobaSi, mec, rogori saxiTac geneboT, ar davakleb msaxurebas Tqvens xelmwifebas. es ki namdvilad icodeT, rom arc Seni keTili aRTqmiTa da arc Sengan Cemze
Zlieri borotebis mowevniT ver ganmayeneb Cemi ufali ieso qristesgan.”
xolo amiram Tavis msaxurebs uTxra: “waiyvaneT es da
uCveneT sxvadasxva Wriloba, miyenebuli misi moyvasebisaTvis, aseve uCveneT palatebi da karvebi da daarwmuneT, vin
icis, iqneb sikvdilis SiSma an sikeTis SeZenis survilma
modrikos misi guli”. yvelgan rom Semoatares da amiras
winaSe warsdgnen, uTxra amiram: “ra amoirCie SenTvis?”
wminda gobronma miugo: “me Tavidanve giTxari, rom ar ganveridebi Cem ufals, qristes.”
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xolo amiraman hrqua monaTa TBsTa: “ara icis magan Wiri
sikudilisaA, wariyvaneT ege, da warwymideniT magis winaSe
darComilni qristeaneni, da mcired wyalT ege, da kualad moiyvaneT”. da kualad wariyvanes netari gobron, da daadgines
Soris daSTomilTa maT moyuasTa da uridad Seerines maT maxBliTa. da cemasa mas maTsa uwyalod sisxli maTi epkureboda
mas, da romelime guami davardis mis winaSe da romlisame guami Segordis queSe ferKTa misTa. da esreT aResrulnes wamebani maT yovelTani saSinelebiTa; ver SeaZrwunes guli misi.
maSin warupyres qedi misi da sces maxBliTa orgzis oden,
da wyles mcired. da gamoiZro Keli netarman man krulebisa
misgan da sisxli igi TBsi gamoiwera juaris saxed Sublsa
TBssa da Tqua: “gmadlob Sen, ufalo iesu qriste, romelman
Rirs myav me uRirsi ese da codvili da ukuanaAskneli yovelTaA nawilsa amas mkBdrobisasa da mowamebisasa. ufalo, srul
yav mowyalebaA Seni da sitkboebaA Cemdamo, da nura damabrkolebn mizezi raAve, manqanebaA da mZlavrebaA usjuloAsa amis”.
da kualad mohyvanda igi winaSe amirisa mis da brwyinvida piri
misi da Subli misi elvared, da romelnime qristeaneTaganni
maxlobel iyvnes, ixiles igi TualiTa sarwmunoebisaATa, viTarca gBrgBnosani zegardamo, da hrwmena WeSmaritad martBlobaA misi. da esrHT uSuenoda igi sisxlisa mis gamoweriTa Sublsa missa, viTarca igi, raJams ufali Cueni cxovrebisasa mas vnebasa aRasrulebda, da gamoiyvanes igi eklisa
gBrgBniTa, ixiles igi yovelTa. da eseviTarisa msgavsebisaTBs ufali ityBs: “kma ars mowafisa mis, Tu iyos, viTarca
moZRuari TBsi da ufali TBsi”.
maSin wama adarnase mefeman WeSmariti martBlobaA misi,
viTarca giorgisi da Teodoresi. da raJams waradgines igi
winaSe amirisa mis, mravliTa sityBTa liqnisaATa ver ajerebda amas datevebad qristHsa da etyoda: “ese uwyode, ukueTu
ara moiqce morCilebad Cemda, vera romliTa RoniTa ganere
sikudilsa. da aw ismine Cemi, viTarca keTilisa ganmzraxisaA,
xolo amiram Tavis msaxurebs uTxra: “ar icis man sikvdilis simware. waiyvaneT da mis winaSe daxoceT darCenili qristianebi, mcire Wriloba amasac miayeneT da kvlav
moiyvaneT”. isev waiyvanes netari gobroni, Caayenes darCenilebs Soris da daundoblad daerivnen maxviliT. maTi
umowyalo cemisas sisxli epkureboda mas, zogi gvami mis
win davarda, zogi fexebSi Seugorda; da ase saSinlad awames yvela, misi guli ki ver SeaZrwunes.
maSin moudrikes qedi, orjer sces maxvili da mcired
daWres. netarma gobronma borkilisagan gamoiRo xeli, Tavisi sisxli jvris saxiT gamoisaxa Sublze da Tqva: “madloba, ufalo ieso qriste, romelmac uRirsi da codvili, am
samkvidreblis ukanaskneli memkvidre, mowameobis Rirsi gamxade. ufalo, didia Seni mowyaleba da sitkboeba Cemze da
nu damabrkolebs rame mizezi, eSmakis xerxi da am usjulos
sxva Zaladoba”. kvlav miyavdaT is amirasTan da brwyinavda
misi piri da Subli elvarebda. zogma qristianma, romelic
maxloblad idga, ixila Tavisi TvaliT, rogor edga mas
gvirgvini da irwmuna misi damowmebis (martvilobis) WeSmariteba. ise amSvenebda mas Sublze gamosaxuli sisxli, rogorc maSin, roca ufali Cveni gadarCenisaTvis vnebas aRasrulebda. gamoiyvanes igi eklis gvirgviniT da yvelam ixila. amis gamo ufali ambobs: “mowafisTvis sakmarisia iyos
iseTi, rogorc misi moZRvari da ufalia”.1
maSin irwmuna mefe adarnasem misi WeSmariti mowameoba, rogorc giorgisi da Teodoresi. roca waradgines is
amiras winaSe, romelic alersiT ver arwmunebda mas, daetovebina qriste da eubneboda: “es icode, Tu ar damemorCilebi, veranairi RoniT ver gaeqcevi sikvdils. axla ismine Cemi, rogorc keTilis mzraxvelisa, da nu wariwymed
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wameba wminda gobronisa
da nu warswymed Tavsa Sensa, da me ubrZano mkurnalsa gankurnebaA Seni mciredisa magisgan wylulisa, da pirvelni igi
aRnaTquemni mtkice vyvne Sen zeda”. hrqua mas wmidaman gobron: “iqmode, raAca gnebavs, me qristeane var da arasada uvarvyo saxeli misi”. maSin brZana amiraman moklvaA wmidisa gobronisi. da wariyvanes da warhkueTes Tavi misi, da daagdes moklulTa maT Tana. esrHT srul iqmna wamebaA misi TTuesa noenbersa: iz:-sa da miemTxBa gBrgBnsa dauWnobelsa wmidaTa Tana mociqulTa da yovelTa mowameTa.
kualad Seimosa eklesiaman samkauli sixarulisa da brwyinvalebisaA sisxliTa misiTa, daidga gBrgBni Suenierebisa da
didebisaA simKniTa misiTa. da qristeaneTaganman aravin ikadra miaxlebad misa. xolo amiraman ubrZana moTxrad sami mTxrebli, da Sekribnes Korcni maT yovelTa moklulTani da STayarnes mas Sina. da ubrZana, raATa aravin qristeaneTagani mieaxlos maT.
xolo RmerTman, romelman ara ugulebels-yvna monani TBsni, da adidna maqebelni TBsni da aCuenna saswaulni zegardamo, \ naTelni brwyinvaleni Rame yovel, viTarca lamparni aRnTebulni, da daadginian zeda mTxreblsa mas. mravalTa ixiles
ese saswauli yovelTa morwmuneTa da urwmunoTa, movides da
uTxres amirasa. xolo man mizezi uTxra, viTarmed: “ese sarkinozTaca zeda iqmnebis, romelni berZenTagan moiklvian”.
Tavs, me vubrZaneb mkurnals, Seni mciredi Wrilobisgan gangkurnos da adrindel aRnaTqvams Sevasruleb”. uTxra mas
wminda gobronma: “gaakeTe, rac gnebavs, me qristiani var
da arasodes uarvyof mis saxels”. maSin brZana amiram wminda gobronis mokvla. waiyvanes igi, mohkveTes Tavi da daagdes moklulebTan. ase aRsrulda misi wameba Cvidmet noembers da miiRo uWknobi gvirgvini wmindanebTan, mociqulTa da yvela wamebulTan.
kvlav Seimko eklesiam sixarulisa da brwyinvalebis
samkauli misi sisxliT, daidga mSvenierebisa da didebis
gvirgvini misi simamaciT. qristianTagan veravin SeZlo masTan miaxleba. xolo amiram brZana, amoeTxaraT sami Txrili. Sekribes yvela moklulis sxeuli da Sig Cayares; da
brZana, arc erTi qristiani ar mihkareboda.
xolo RmerTma, romelmac ar ugulebelyo Tavisi msaxurebi da adida Tavisi maqebelni, saswauli moavlina zecidan: naTeli brwyinavda anTebuli lamprebiviT da daadga Txrils. mravalma ixila es saswauli, morwmunem Tu
urwmunom. mividnen da uTxres amiras, xolo man ase axsna,
rom: “es im sarkinozebTanac xdeba, romlebsac berZnebi
klaven”.
VII. aw sayuarelno, mociqulisa sityuasa verCdeT da Ksenebasa wmidaTasa veziarneT da saKsenebelsa maTsa aRvasrulebdeT! viTarca wmidaTa mowameTa sulni maTni warudginnes
RmerTsa guamTa maTTa tanjviTa, nu egre Senca SemZlebel
xar egeviTarisa msxuerplisa wardginebad winaSe RmrTisa. rameTu raodenca dRes aravin ars, romelman wamebisaTBs daWrna Korcni Senni maxBliTa, aramed Sen SemZlebel xar dawuad maTa iwroebiTa da mwuxarebiTa da nebsiT siglaxakiTa uflisaTBs, romeli viTarca-igi SemZlebel iyos, soflisa sa-
7. aw. sayvarelno, mociqulis sityvas davemorCiloT
da wmindanTa xseneba aRvasruloT. wminda mowameebma TavianTi xorcieli tanjviT suli warudgines RmerTs. Sen
ar SegiZlia aseTi msxverplis gaReba, ramdenadac dRes
aravis SeuZlia gaapos Seni sxeuli maxviliT Sens satanjvelad; aramed Sen siglaxakiT, Seni nebiT daiferfle maTgan uflisaTvis; amqveyniuri SesaZlo keTildReobisa da
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isa gob
ron
is
wamebaAA wmid
wmidisa
gobron
ronis
isii
wameba wminda gobronisa
SuebelTa da gansuenebaTa, da nebsiT aRirCios mwuxarebaA da
iwroebaA nacvalad misa. igi ars, romeli Seswiravs msxuerplsa qebisasa winaSe RmrTisa, viTarca mowameman qristHsman
gobron.
aw ukue moakudineniT Korcni Tquenni da juars-acuT igi
SromiTa da marxBTa, gBrgBiniTa mowameTaATa, romlisaTBs
igi mZlavrni martBlTa moswyueddes da iwamnes. xolo Sen
nebsiT Tavi TBsi moswyBde iwroebiT. da ese ars msxuerpli
ubiwoA, romelsa ara uKms mRdeli Semwirveli, rameTu romeli amas queyanasa zeda damdabldes, igi caTa Sina amaRldebis
qristH iesuAs mier uflisa Cuenisa, romlisaA ars didebaA mamisa Tana suliT wmidiTurT, aw da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amHn.
simSvidis nacvlad Wiri da wuxili airCie. qristes mowame gobronma RvTis didebiT msxverpli Seswira mis winaSe.
aw ukve moakvdineT Tqveni xorci da jvars acviT igi
SromiTa da marxviT, mowameobis gvirgviniT, risTvisac Zalauflebis mqoneni mowameebs klavdnen da isini ewamebodnen, xolo Sen nebiT gaswire Tavi WirTa TmeniT. es aris ubiwo msxverpli, romelsac ar sWirdeba Semwirveli mRvdeli, radganac, vinc amqveynad damdabldeba, is caSi amaRldeba Cveni uflis, ieso qristes mier, romlisa ars dideba mamisa Tana suli wmidiTurT, aw da maradis da ukuniTi
ukunisamde. amin!
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winaTqma
“cxovreba da wameba konstanti kaxisa” daiwera mecxre saukuneSi. mecxre saukunis pirvel naxevarSi qarTlSi cxovrobda erisTavi, saxelad konstanti, romelsac aseve kaxs uwodebdnen misi mamulis mixedviT.
es is dro iyo, rodesac TbilisSi amira sahak ismailis Ze
ganudga Tavis xalifas. mis dasasjelad xalifam didi jari
gamoagzavna buRa Turqis meTaurobiT. am ukanasknelma sZlia
sahaks da Tbilisi gadawva. konstanti sahakis mxareze ibrZoda. damarcxebis Semdeg is Seipyres da TbilisSi buRa Turqs
mihgvares. mas musulmanobis miReba mosTxoves jer TbilisSi,
xolo Semdeg qalaq samaraSi da uaris Semdeg mas Tavi mohkveTes”.
avtoris sityviT, es ambavi moxda Teodora dedoflis mefobis dros “samefosa berZenTasa” anu bizantiis (aRmosavleT
romis) imperiaSi. konstantis wamebis aRweris Semdeg avtors
moyavs Teodoras werili konstantis Svilebisa da naTesavebisTvis, romelSic imperatrica ulocavs konstantis naTesavebs da mTel qarTvel ers, rom maT konstantis saxiT gamouCndaT “meoxi winaSe qristesi”. es werili sainteresoa istoriuli TvalsazrisiT, imdroindeli politikuri mdgomareobis,
kerZod bizantiis mesveurTa aRmosavleTis erTmorwmune qarTvelebis mimarT arsebuli politikis gasagebad.
avtori konstantis Tanamedrovea, rac misi Semdegi sityvebidan Cans: “...mec, araRirsma, vinebe winamorbedebis mibaZva da aRvwere wmida da netari mowame konstantis cxovreba
da wameba, rac Cvens dros moxda”.
levan abaSiZe
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cxo
rebaA da wamebaA wmid
isa mowamisa
cxorebaA
wmidisa
isaA, romel
kostantis
isii qarTvel
qarTvelisaA,
romelii iwama
kostant
is
babilonelTa
mefisa
jafaris
bab
ilonelTa mef
isa jafar
is mier 1
cxovreba da wameba wmida mowame konstanti
qarTvelisa (konstantine kaxisa), romelic iwama babilonelTa1 mefe jafaris mier
TTuesa noenbersa: i:
guakurTxen, mamao!
I. sayuarelno, gancxadebul ars yovelTaTYs, viTarmed
aravin yo aRweraA igi wignTaA garna madliTa sulisa wmidisaATa, rameTu didman man mose pirvelad iwyo aRwerad Sesaqmisa cisa da queyanisa, romel arasada exilva, aramed uwyebiTa sulisa wmidisaATa aRwera igi viTarca TualiTa xiluli.
da misa Semdgomad aRwerna sxuanica wignni, romelTa Sina
auwya gamoslvaA igi ZeTa israHlisaTaA SemdgomiTi-Semdgomad vidre aRsrulebadmde misa.
merme aRiwernes Tqumulni igi winawarmetyuelTan
inawarmetyuelTanii ,
romelsa qadagebdes moslvisaTBs uflisa Cuenisa iesu qristHsa da Korcielad Ruawlisa misisaTBs. xolo Semdgomad
moslvisa uflisa Cuenisa iesu qristHsa aR[i]wernes oTxni ese
evangelen
evangelenii, romelTagan exarebis naTesavTa momavalTa moslvaA igi uflisaA da gangebulebaA misi KorciTa miT, romeligi miixuna qalwulisa mariamisgan wyalobisaTBs Cuenisa. da
iqulTan
amisa Semdgomad saqmen
saqmenii moc
mociqulTan
iqulTanii , viTar-igi mohvlides yovelsa sofelsa da axarebdes sityuasa mas cxorebisasa,
da mravalTa hrwmena maTi da “naTel-iRebdes saxeliTa mamisaATa da ZisaATa da sulisa wmidisaATa”
xolo maradis mteri igi da moSurnH ara vinaA dascxra
winaaRmdgomad WeSmaritebisaTBs, da aRazrzinna mefeni mis
gvakurTxe, mamao!
1. sayvarelno, gancxadebulia yvelasTvis, rom aravis
dauweria wignebi suliwmidis madlis gareSe, radgan pirvelad didma mosem aRwera cisa da qveynis Seqmna, romelic
arasodes uxilavs, aramed suliwmidis uwyebiT aRwera is,
rogorc sakuTari TvaliT nanaxi. da amis Semdgom dawera
sxva wignebic, romlebSic TanmimdevrobiT gadmosca israelis2 egviptidan gamosvla, mis aRsasrulamde.
Semdeg daiwera winaswarmetyvelTa mier Tqmuli, rasac
qadagebdnen uflisa Cvenisa ieso qristes mosvlisa da misi
xorcieli Rvawlis Sesaxeb. xolo Cveni uflis, ieso qristes mosvlis Semdeg, daiwera oTxi saxareba, romliTac exara kacobriobas mosvla uflisa da RvTaebrivi gangebuleba
misi xorcielad gankacebisa, qalwulisagan mariamisa, Cveni wyalobisaTvis. amis Semdeg aRiwera mociqulTa saqmeebi, rogor moiares maT mTeli qveyniereba da rogor axares
cxonebis sityva, da mravalma irwmuna maTi, da “naTel-iRo
saxeliTa mamisaTa da ZisaTa da sulisa wmidisaTa”3.
1 xelnawerebis nusxa: A: A-130; B: A-170; C: A-176; D: H-2077; E: H-1672; F:
H-2121; G: H-22 (leningr.); H: S-3637.
1 babilonelebi – aq: arabebi.
2 Zeni israelisani – israeli ewoda iakobs, isaakis Zes, mas Semdeg, rac ufali mas gamoecxada: israeli “mxilveli uflis” (saba); zogadad “Zeni israelisani” ebraeli eris aRmniSvnelicaa.
3 Sdr. mT. 28:19
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isa konstant
is
wamebaAA wmid
wmidisa
konstantis
isii
wameba wminda konstantisa
Jamisani da igini aiZulebdes morwmuneTa maT msaxurebad kerpTa TBsTa. xolo romelni ara erCdes maTganni, moswyueddes
maT piriTa maxBlisaATa da cecxliTa daswuvides.
maSin aR-vinme-dges kacni morwmuneTaganni, iwyes aRwerad cxorebaA wmidaTa mowameTaA da viTar saxiT arn aRsasruli Ruawlisa maTisaA, sadidebelad wmidaTa mowameTa da aRsabaZvelad, romelTa-igi Suri saRmrToA aqundes.
amisve mizezisaTBs meca araRirsman vinebe mibaZvad pirvelTa maT da aRvwere cxorebaA da wamebaA wmidisa da netarisa mowamisa kostantisi, romeli iyo dReTa CuenTa mefobasa
RmrTis msaxurisa Teodora dedoflisa, romeli-igi mefobda samefosa berZenTasa, vidre-igi yrma-Ra iyo ZH igi misi miqael.
aman netarman ganwmida saberZneTi yoveli sacTurisa misgan, romeli iyo dReTa qmrisa misisaTa, xatisa urwmunoebisa.
da ganamtkica Ruawli berZenTaA da mravalni Walakni aRaSHnna, romelni mooKrebul iyvnes agarianTa mier.
xolo maradiuli mteri da moSurne aRar dacxra WeSmaritebis mtrobiT da aRZra im drois mefeni. isini aiZulebdnen morwmuneebs kerpebis Tayvaniscemas. xolo vinc ar
daemorCileboda, maxviliT klavdnen an cecxlSi wvavdnen.
maSin zogierTma morwmunem iwyo wmida mowameTa cxovrebisa da maTi Rvawlis aRwera, wmida mowameTa sadideblad da imaT misabaZad, visac saRmrTo Suri hqondaT.
amave mizeziT mec, araRirsma, vinebe winamorbedebis mibaZva da aRvwere wmida da netari mowame konstantis cxovreba da wameba, rac Cvens dros moxda, RvTismsaxur Teodora dedoflis mefobisas, vinc berZenTa samefos ganagebda,
vidre Ze misi miqaeli mcirewlovani iyo.
netarma dedofalma gawminda saberZneTi yvela im sacTurisagan, rac urwmunoebis saxiT misi qmris mefobisas
iyo, da ganamtkica Rvawli berZenTa da aRaSena mravali
samkvidrebeli, romelic agarianTa1 mier iyo mooxrebuli.
II. mas Jamsa oden iyo vinme queyanasa qarTlisasa, sanaxebsa
zena soflisasa, kaci, romelsa saxeli erqua kostanti, romelsa ewoda kaxaA saxelad mamulisa mis queyanisa. kaci ese iyo
warCinebul friad didad yovelsa queyanasa qarTlisasa, friadi simdidrH aqunda da mravali saSuebeli amis soflisaA. da
ganTqumul iyo saxeli misi queyanaTa SorielTa, vidremdis
mefeTaca mismenil iyo misTBs.
da ese netari Semkobil iyo orkerZoATave miT saqmiTa, viTarca xH furcliTa da nayofiTa. da aqunda mas sarwmunoebaA
uflisa Cuenisa iesu qristHs mimarT Seuorgulebeli da umtkicHsi mTaTa. da kualad aqunda netarsa mas sarwmunoebaA
2. im dros qarTlSi, zena soflis mxreSi cxovrobda
erTi kaci, romelsac saxelad konstanti erqva, da Tavisi
kuTxis saxelis mixedviT ewoda kaxi (kaxai). is iyo friad
warCinebuli didgvarovani mTels qarTlSi, hqonda didZali simdidre da uamravi amqveyniuri gansacxromeli, ganTqmuli iyo misi saxeli Soreul qveynebSic, mis Sesaxeb mefeebsac ki smenodaT.
netari konstanti ormxriv iyo Semkobili, rogorc xe
foTlebiTa da nayofiT. mas Cveni uflis ieso qristes Seuorgulebuli rwmena hqonda, mTaTa umtkicesi. da aseve,
1 agariani – arabi, musulmani. bibliuri agaridan. agari iyo
saras mxevali, romelmac abraamisgan gaaCina Svili – ismaili,
romlisganac, gadmocemis Tanaxmad, dasabams iRebs arabTa eri.
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wmidisa
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isii
wameba wminda konstantisa
mRdelT-moZRuarTa mimarT da yovelTa moweseTa eklesiisaTa, viTarca-igi Rirs ars da marTal. da uyuardes mas monazonni da aqunda maTa mimarT sarwmunoebaA, da moswrafe iyo
msaxurebasa maTsa. da ukueTu vinme monazonTagani, gina yoladve moweseTagani mividis saxlad misa, miegebvin igi sixaruliT, Tayuanis-scis pirsa zeda queyanisasa da friad ganusuenis mas da mravliTa niWiTa wargzavnis igi.
xolo stumarT-moyuarebisa da glaxakT-mowyalebisa misisaTBs vervis Zal-uc miTxrobad Rirsad, aramed mciredi
oden raAme vTquaT. vin, sada vin mivida misa mSieri, anu wyurieli, da aramca ganaZRo igi, anu SiSueli da ara Semosa igi
sixaruliT?! mravalni moivltied misa SoriT queyaniT ltolvilni TanamdebTa TBsTagan, xolo man mxiarulebiTa didiTa
gardahKadis Tananadebi igi maTi. vin-a sada ixila man oboli,
gina qurivi, da ara mswrafl iRuawa igi?! da amas yovelsa Tana friad moRuawe iyo igi naklulevanTaTBs saxlisa TBsisaTa, rameTu esmina Tqumuli igi pavlHs mociqulisaA, viTarmed: “ukueTu vinme TBsTa, da ufroAs-Ra saxleulTa, ara moRuawe iyos, sarwmunoebaA uvar-uyofies mas da ars igi urwmunoTa uZBrHs”.
aqunda netarsa mas simdablH da Tavs-debaA ufroAs yovelTa kacTaA, rameTu esmina sityuaA igi mKsnelisa da macxovrisaA, viTarmed: “iswaveT Cemgan, rameTu mSBd var da mdabal”. da Seeracxa Tavi TBsi ucodvilHs yovelTa kacTa da
cremlovin igi codvaTa TBsTaTBs, da mravalgzis TqBsca,
viTarmed: “ara vin[aA] vesav motevebasa codvaTasa, garna daTxeviTa sisxlTa CemTaATa misTBs, romelman-igi dasTxivna sisxlni CuenTBs”.
guli uTqumida taZarsa mas mislvad ierusalHmd, da Tayuanis-cemad wmidasa golgoTasa, sada-igi iqmna “ganaxlebaA
swamda mas mRvdel-moZRvarTa da eklesiis yoveli mowesesi, rogorc Rirseulsa da marTals, uyvarda monazvnebi1,
sjeroda maTi da maT msaxurebas eswrafvoda. Tu vinme monazoni, anda nebismieri moweseTagani2mis saxlSi mividoda, sixaruliT Seegebeboda, Tayvans scemda, kargad moasvenebda, da Semdeg dasaCuqrebuls gaistumrebda.
misi stumarTmoyvareobisa da glaxakTa Semwynareblobis Sesaferisad gadmocema aravis SeuZlia, mxolod mcireodens vityviT: vin unda misuliyo masTan mSieri an
mwyurvali, rom igi ar daepurebina, anda SiSveli ar Seemosa sixaruliT? mravali mevaleTagan devnili moiltvoda misken Soreuli qveynebidan da is didi sixaruliT ixdida maT valebs. gana unaxavs sadme vinme, oboli an qvrivi,
da mswrafl ar uzrunia maTze? yovelive amasTan erTad,
is agreTve Tavis sasaxleSi mcxovreb upovarebze zrunavda, radgan axsovda pavle mociqulis sityvebi: `xolo Tu
vinme TavisianTa da, miT umetes, saxleulTaTvis ar zrunavs, rwmenis uarmyofelia da urwmunozedac uaresi”3.
sxva adamianebTan SedarebiT netari gamoirCeoda TavmdablobiT da morCilebiT, radganac yurad eRo sityvebi
Cveni mxsnelisa da macxovrisa: `iswavleT Cemgan, rameTu
mSvidi var da mdabali”4, da miiCnevda, rom yvelaze codvili iyo, tiroda Tavisi codvebis gamo, da mravalgzis
ambobda: `arsaidan maqvs imedi codvaTa mitevebisa, mxolod
sakuTari sisxlis daRvriT misTvis, vinc TviTon daRvara
Tavisi sisxli CvenTvis.”
surda netar kostantis ierusalimis monaxuleba, da
wmida golgoTisa, sadac moxda Cveni ganaxleba uflis mar1 mowese – monazoni, beri, gandegili...
2 I timoT. 5:8
3 mT. 11:29
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is
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wmidisa
konstantis
isii
wameba wminda konstantisa
Cueni marjuenisagan maRlisa” da naTliT Semosilisa da cxorebis momcemelisa saflavisa da wmidisa sionisa, dedisa eklesiaTaAsa, da yovelTa wmidaTa adgilTa, romelTa dadges
ferKni uflisani. da viTarca miiwia igi ierusalHmd, da moilocna wmidani igi adgilni, da safasH didZali misca eklesiaTa, glaxakTa da mkBdrTa ierusalHmisaTa, da merme gamovida ierusalHmiT da movlna yovelni monasterni udabnoAsani da mkBdrni iordanisani. da mravali gansuenebaA da nugeSinis-cemaA miemadla maT. xolo maT mravliTa locviTa da kurTxeviTa warmogzavnes igi.
da viTar moiqca igi queyanadve TBsa, cxondeboda igi
brwyinvaled mravliTa RmrTis msaxurebiTa. da mieriTgan arRara daacadebda igi survielad kiTxvasa ierusalHms mSBdobasa da aRSHnebasa glaxakTasa, romelni myof iyvnes mas Sina,
da raA weliwad warscis erTsa msaxurTa misTagansa sami bevri
vecxli, romelime misgani wmidaTa adgilTaTBs, da romelime
udabnoTaTBs, da romelime glaxakTaTBs, romelni mkBdr iyvnes ierusalHms Sina. rameTu esmina mcnebaA igi pavlHsi mociqulisaA, romeli miwera korinTelTa mimarT, viTarmed: “nametnavi ege Tqueni iyavn naklulevanTa maTTBs, romelni arian
ierusalHms, raATa maTica igi nametnavi iyos Tquenisa mis naklulevanebisaTBs”.
jveniT1, naTliT Semosili da cxovrebis momcemeli saflavisa da wmida sionis, eklesiaTa dedis, da yvela wmida adgilis Tayvaniscema, sadac ki ufals fexi daedga. da rogorc ki mivida ierusalimSi da moiloca wmida adgilebi,
didi qoneba uboZa eklesiebs, glaxakebsa da ierusalimis
mkvidrT, Semdeg gamovida ierusalimidan da moiara udabnos yoveli monasteri da moinaxula iordaniis mkvidrni,
daamSvida isini da nugeSi sca; xolo maT, mravali locviTa da kurTxeviT gamoemSvidoba.
da rodesac dabrunda is Tavis qveyanaSi, siwmidiTa da
dauRalavi RvTismsaxurebiT ganagrZo cxovreba. amieridan
aRar aklebda ierusalimSi guliTad mokiTxvebsa da glaxakTa Semweobas, romlebic iq iyvnen. erT wels Tavis msaxurebs gaatana ocdaaTi aTasi vercxli, zogi wmida adgilebisaTvis, nawili udabnosTvis da nawili ki glaxakebisaTvis, romlebic ierusalimSi mkvidrobdnen. radganac
icoda pavle mociqulis sityvebi, romlebic miswera korinTelebs: “amJamad Tqvenma nametma Seavsos maTi naklulovaneba, xolo Semdeg maTma nametma Seavsos Tqveni naklulovaneba, raTa iyos TanasworobiT”2.
III. da viTar moxucebul iyo, iqmna netari igi oTxmeoc da
xuTisa wlisa. JamTa oden hasakisa misisaTa aRdga devnulebaA
didi qristeaneTa zeda yovelsa queyanasa qarTlisasa. da iyvnes wyobani didni da moisrnes mravalni qristeaneTaganni maT
Sina, romelni iRuwides SjulisaTBs qristHsisa.
xolo netari igi Seipyres Kelad, viTarca winamZRuari da
warCinebuli yovelsa queyanasa qarTlisasa da piri naTesavTa
misTaA, da Seborkiles igi da egreT wariyvanes qalaqad tfilisad da Seayenes igi sapyrobilesa. xolo igi yoladve ara
3. roca igi moxucda, 85 wlis gaxda, mTels qarTlSi
qristianTa didi devna daiwyo. iyo didZali Semosevebi
da uamravi qristiani, qristes sjulisaTvis mebrZoli, mokles.
sanatreli konstanti Seipyres, rogorc winamZRoli da
gamorCeuli mTels qarTlSi da Tavis xalxis warmomadgeneli, borkilebi daades, ise waiyvanes TbilisSi da daam-
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1 Sdr. fsalm. 76:11
2 2 kor. 8:14
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SeSinda, arca SeZrwunda, aramed sixaruliT Seiwynara mowevnuli igi mis zeda da hmadlobda igi ufalsa.
xolo SepyrobaA igi netarisa mis kacisaA ara Tu TBnier
raAme RmrTisa iyo, aramed romeli-igi ganagebs yovelsave da
miscems mizezTa cxorebisaTa naTesavsa kacTasa dafaruliTa
gangebulebiTa. amas zedaca ineba sixaruliTi igi mSBdobaA,
raATa saxilvel iyos angelozTa da kacTa keTili igi safuvari guls-modginebisa misisaA, romeli-igi man winaAswarve
icoda, aramed ara daacada winadapyrobaA misi, rameTu esvida
axovnebasa mas TBssa da viTarca-igi iyo iobis zeda da yovelTa wmidaTa SemdgomiTi-Semdgomad.
wyvdies sapyrobileSi. xolo mas sulac ar SeSinebia, arc
Semdrkala, aramed sixaruliT miiRo Tavs datexili ubedureba da RmerTs madlobda.
netari konstantis Sepyroba RvTis nebis gareSe ar moxdara, aramed imisi faruli gangebulebiT, vinc yovelTvis
ganagebs da adamianTa modgmas aZlevs mizezs cxovrebisa
(xsnisa). misTvisac ineba sasixarulo simSvide, angelozebsa da adamianebs1 rom exilaT misi gulmodginebis “keTili
safuari”, rac ufalma winaswarve icoda; amitomac ar SeuSala xeli mis Sepyrobas, radganac misi mxneobis imedi hqonda, rogorc iobis, da yvela Semdgomi wmindanisa.
IV. da viTar waradgines netari igi tfiliss Sina winaSe
mZlavrisa mis, romelsa saxeli erqua buRa, ayuedrebda igi mas
da etyoda: “anu ara uwyode Sen, rameTu ganrinebad iyav sivltoliTa SeniTa KelTagan CemTa, rameTu aravin ars gandgomilTagani, romelsaca ara vsZle, da arca romeli ganemzadebis wyobad Cuenda da ara vereodeT, rameTu aha esera mogucna
Tquen RmerTman dResa amas mosasrvelad KelTa CuenTa”?!
miugo mas sanatrelman kostanti da hrqua: “meca uwyi, viTarmed RmerTman migucna KelTa TquenTa, aramed ara siyuarulisa TquenisaTBs, arca saqmeTa TquenTaTBs keTilTa, aramed rameTu ara davimarxeniT Cuen mcnebani misni; amisTBsca
naTesaviTa miT urCebisaATa gangukafna Cuen, rameTu mravalgzis israHlica miscis ufalman KelTa ucxoTeslTasa, raJams ara vidodian igini gzaTa misTa. xolo Cemda keTil ars,
rameTu damamdabla me ufalman, raATa davimarxne mcnebani
misni”.
da simKniT daiTmenda igi ukeTurisa mis mZlavrebaTa, rameTu eKsena mas sityuaA igi RmrTisaA, romelsa ityBs: “netar
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4. da rodesac warudgines netari konstanti Tbilisis
mpyrobels, romelsac saxelad erqva buRa, ayvedrida igi
da Seuracxyofda netars: “ar icodi gana, rom xelidan ver
damisxltebodi, radganac ar aris arc erTi ajanyebuli,
vinc ar vZlie, da arc iseTia vinme, vinc SegvebrZoleba da
ar davamarcxebT, rameTu, aha, dRes RmerTma mogvca Tqveni
Tavi mosaspobad Cveni xeliT?!”
sanatrelma konstantim miugo mas: “mec vici, rom RmerTma Cagvyara Tqvens xelSi, magram ara Tqveni siyvarulisaTvis, arc Tqveni keTili saqmeebis gamo, aramed imisTvis,
rom ar davicaviT Cven misi mcnebebi; amitom urjuloTa SemosevebiT dagvqanca, iseve rogorc israeli mravalgzis
misca ucxo tomelebs ufalma, roca isini misi gziT ar midiodnen. CemTvis ki ukeTesicaa, radgan amiT damamdabla
ufalma, raTa davicva misi mcnebebi”.2
mxned daiTmenda ukeTuris Zaladobas, radgan axsovda
1 Sdr. korinT. 4:9
2 Sdr. fsalm. 118:71
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iyvneT Tquen, raJams gdevniden da gyuedriden, da Tquan yoveli sityuaA boroti Tquenda momarT sicruviT CemTBs”.
da vidre pyrobil-Ra iyo mowamH qristHsi tfilis Sina,
miwera wignebi yovelTa mimarT meudabnoeTa qalaqisaTa da mamasaxlisTa monastrisaTa, romelsa weril iyo esreT. – “uwyi
me, rameTu gasmies Tquen, raA-ese moawia RmerTman Cem zeda
codvaTa CemTaTBs, aramed gevedrebi Tquen, wmidano mamano
da WeSmaritno moRuaweno qristHsno, raATa moiKsenoT survili Cemi da sarwmunoebaA Tquenda momarT, da inebeT CemTBs
locvisa yofaA uflisa mimarT, ara xolo Tu, raATamca miKsna
me KelTagan usjuloAsaTa, aramed raATa momces me Zali qristeman, WeSmaritman RmerTman, winamdebarisa amisTBs safrKisa, romeli daurwyavs mtersa Cemsa, romelsa hnebavs dabrkolebaA Cemi gzisa misgan, romlisaTBs hsuris sulsa Cemsa”.
uflis sityvebi: “netar xarT Tqven, roca dagiwyeben
gmobas, devnas da crumetyvelni dagwameben yovelgvar borots Cemi gulisaTvis”1.
vidre mowame qristesi Tbilisis sapyrobileSi iyo, werilebi miswera yvela meudabnoesa da monastris winamZRvars, sadac ewera: “vuwyi me, rom SeityveT, rac Cemze moawia RmerTma Cemi codvebis gamo, da gTxovT, wmida mamano
da WeSmaritno qristes moRvaweno, gaixsenoT Cemi survili da Tqvendami rwmena, da ineboT locvebi CemTvis uflis
winaSe, ara imisTvis, rom urjuloTa xelidan mixsnas, aramed, raTa momces Zala qristem, WeSmaritma RmerTma, momavali safrTxis dasaZlevad, romelic CemTvis daugia mters,
romelsac surs Cemi daSoreba im gzisagan, rac Cems suls
swadia”.
V. da Semdgomad mciredTa dReTa Sekres igi ficxliTa sakrveliTa rkinisaATa da warsces igi queyanad babilovnisa, qalaqsa, romelsa hrqBan samaraA. mihguares igi mefesa mas ismaitelTasa, romelsa saxeli erqua jafar, ZH abrahamisi. xolo
raJams waradgines mowamH qristHsi winaSe misa, hrqua mas: “aha
esera mocemul xar Sen KelTa CemTa da meufebaA maqus Sen
zeda yofad keTilisa da borotisa, aramed ismine da merCdi
me, \ aRiRe rCuli Cueni da uvar-hyav cTomaA igi Seni qristHs
RmrTisaTBs, rameTu gonierad gxedav Sen; da viTar aw litonsa kacsa, dedakacisagan Sobilsa, RmerTad aRiareb? dascxer amieriTgan, rameTu ver SesaZlebel ars sityuad, viTar-
5. ramdenime dRis Semdeg Sekres igi sastiki borkilebiT da waiyvanes babilonis qveyanaSi, qalaqSi, romelsac
samara2 hqvia. mihgvares igi ismaitelTa3 mefes, romelsac
saxelad erqva jafari, abrahamis Ze. rodesac mas qristes
mowame warudgines, uTxra: „ai, Cems xelT xar Sen da ZalmiZs keTilica da borotic; jobs ismine Cemi da damemorCile – miiRe Cveni rjuli da uaryavi Seni cdomileba, qristes RmerTad aRiarebisa, radganac gonieri mgonixar da
rogor aRiareb ubralo kacs, dedakacisagan Sobils, RmerTad? dadumdi amieridan, radganac SeuZlebelia imis Tqma,
1 mT. 5:11
2 Sdr. fsalm. 78:2
3 babilonis qalaqi samara – am qalaqis gaSeneba daiwyo xalifa miutasimma (833-842), xolo daamTavra xalifa mutevaqilma
(847-861); iarseba as welze cota meti.
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mca ZH esua RmerTsa. xolo aw moiqec cTomilebisagan Senisa,
da miiRo Cemgan keTili da uaRrHsi pativi, da gyo Sen Tanamzraxvelad Cemda da udidebulHs yovelTa moyuasTa SenTa.
da ukueTu ara ismino Cemi, sikudiliTa mohkude Sen piriTa
maxBlisaATa da Korcni Senni mivscne saWmelad mfrinvelTa
cisaTa, da vin ars, romelman gangarinos Sen KelTagan CemTa?”
miugo mas wmidaman mowameman qristHsman da hrqua: “meca
uwyi, rameTu KelmwifebaA gaqus KorcTa CemTa zeda, aramed
ara sulsa, viTarca ityBs ufali Cemi da RmerTi. amisTBsca
ara meSinis me maxBlisagan Senisa, aramed misa meSinis, romeli-igi SemZlebel ars mowyuedad sulisa da KorcTa, da kualad KelmwifebaA aqus gancxovelebad, viTarca-igi mosikudid. amisTBsca sixaruliT moviTmen saxelisa misisaTBs, rameTu igi ars WeSmariti RmerTi, “Zlieri KelmwifH da mTavari mSBdobisaA, mamaA mermeTa maT saukuneTaA”, viTar weril
ars. aw ukue viTar Seuracx-vyo igi da verCde brZanebasa Sensa
da sjulsa Tquensa, romelTa winawarmetyueli gayuedrebs
da ityBs: “ara esmis qanans, arca gamoCnda Temans, arca ZeTa
agarisTa, mefeTa da mezRapreTa, gamomeZiebelTa gonierebisaTa queyanasa zeda. xolo gzaA igi WeSmaritebisaA ara gulisKma-yves da arca moiKsennes alagni misni, da warwymdes
igini msgavsad misa”, aw romelsa winawarmetyueli Seasmens
esreT da warwymedasa aqadebs, viTar maTi vismino? aramed aRasrule Cem zeda, raA-igi gegulebis”.
xolo viTarca esmnes sityuani ese mefesa mas, aRivso igi
guliswyromiTa didiTa da risxvaA guliswyromisa misisaA sastikebiT ufroAs-Ra aRatydeboda mis zeda. da brZana micemaA
misi sapyrobilesa ficxelsa. da miavlinna misa orni igi eris-
rom RmerTs Ze hyavda. xolo axla ganudeqi Sen cdomilebas, da miiReb Cemgan udides pativsa da sikeTes, Cems mrCevelad gaqcev da yvela Sens axlobelze aRmatebuli iqnebi. xolo Tu ar Seismen Cems naTqvams, mokvdebi maxviliT,
Sens xorcs ki saWmelad cis frinvelebs1 mivcem, da vin dagixsnis Cemi xelidan?“
miugo mas qristes wmida mowamem: “mec vici, Zalaufleba rom gaqvs Cems xorcze - sxeulze, magram ara sulze2, rogorc ambobs ufali Cemi da RmerTi, amitomac ar meSinia
Seni maxvilis, aramed imisi meSinia, visac SeuZlia sulisa
da xorcis mokvla da isev gacocxleba, iseve rogorc mokvdineba. amitomac sixaruliT moviTmen misi saxelisaTvis,
rameTu igia WeSmariti RmerTi, xelmwife Zlieri, mSvidobis mTavari da maradisobis mama”3 rogorc es weria. amis
Semdeg rogor Seuracxvyo igi da Sens brZanebas davemorCilo da Tqvens rjuls, romelsac amxels winaswarmetyveli da ambobs: “ar gaisma qanaanSi, arc gamoCnda TemanSi,
arc agaris Svilebma, mefeebma da mezRapreebma, miwieri
codnis gamomeZieblebma, ver gulisxmayves WeSmaritebis
gza, da verc gaixsenes misi gza-bilikebi, da warwymdnen
TavianTi ugunurebiT”4. visac winaswarmetyveli ase mimarTavs da warwymediT emuqreba, rogor vismino maTi? gaakeTe, rac ginda”.
rodesac mefem es sityvebi moismina, gagulisda da guliswyromis mTeli risxva Tavs daatexa, da brZana misi Cagdeba mkacr sapyrobileSi. masTan ori erisTavi miagzavna,
1 ismaiteli – arabi, musulmani. bibliuri ismailis
2 Sdr. mT. 10:28
3 esaia 9:5
4 Sdr. baruq. 3:22-23; Sdr. baruq. 3:27(abraamis Zis) STamomavali.
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Tavni, romelni tyueobiTve mieyvannes somxiTiT da uvarisyofiTa qristHsiTa pativcemul iyvnes mis winaSe. da viTar
mivides igini, hrques netarsa mas: “amas ityBs ufali Cueni
mefH, viTarmed erTgzis gamxileb-Ra ugunurebasa Sensa, rameTu samgzis rCul-debul ars Cuenda urwmunoTa mxilebaA;
aw ismine Cueni, raATa scxonde, da nu esav sasoebasa magas arasasosa, rameTu RmrTisa mier mocemul xar Sen KelTa CuenTa.
da Cuenca esreTve gazraxebT Sen, nu dadgromil xar Sen sificxlesa magas Sina, viTarca ugulisKmoA, rameTu gonierad
giciT Sen, da Cuenca qristeanenive viyveniT, aramed ver SeuZleT winaaRdgomad brZanebasa mefisasa, amisTBsca movigeT
misgan pativi, xolo saukunesa mas cxorebasa, vin uwyis, raA
umjobHs ars!”
maSin miugo wmidaman kostanti movlinebulTa maT da hrqua esre: “arquT mefesa Tquensa: hgoneb-ve rasa eseviTarsa
saqmesa Cemgan, daRacaTu CueulebaA mefeTa babilovnisaTaA gaiZulebs Sen, rameTu iginica winaaRmdgom iyvnes WeSmaritebisa, aramed brZane Sen yofad, raA-igi gegulebis yofad, iqmode. xolo Tquen rasaRa zedamdgomelobT da damesxmiT, viTarmca meca Tquen gemsgavse? amieriTgan ganmeSoreniT Cemgan, raATa gamoviZine me mcnebani RmrTisa Cemisani”.
da aRipyrna Kelni TBsni zecad, aRaRo piri TBsi winaSe
maTsa da ityoda: “gigalob Sen, ufalo, RmerTo ZalTao, RmerTo saukuneTao, romelman momec me Zali winaaRdgomad ukeTurisa amis msajulisa, viTarca-igi winaAswar sTqu, viTarmed: “Tquen momceniT gulni Tquenni da me migec Zali Cemi”.
Rirs myav me naTelsa pirisa Senisasa, rameTu Senda movivlti,
qriste, Zeo RmrTisao, da aha esera mouZlurebul var me yovelTagan warmarTTa saxelisa SenisaTBs wmidisa da ufroAsRa usjuloAsa amisgan mefisa. da aw, ufalo, RmerTo Cemo, Seiwire msxuerpli ese Cemi da Seivedre suli Cemi KelTagan war-
romlebic somxeTSi aseve daetyvevebinaT. maT qristes uaryofiT mefis karze pativi hqondaT miRebuli. rodesac mividnen isini, uTxres netar konstantis: “amas gveubneba Cveni
mbrZanebeli mefe, rom kidev erTxel gamxiloT Sen ugunurebaSi, radgan valdebulni varT rjuliT samgzis vamxiloT urwmunoni: axla ismine Cveni, rom gadarCe, da arasaimedos imedi nu gaqvs, radganac RmerTma Cagagdo Cvens xelSi. Cvenc imaves geubnebiT, nu ficxob, rogorc ugunuri,
radgan gonieri Canxar Sen. Cvenc qristianebi viyaviT adre, magram ver SevewinaaRmdegeT mefis brZanebas, amisaTvis ki misgan didi pativi miviReT. xolo samaradiso cxovrebaSi, vin icis, ukeTesi ra aris!”.
maSin wmida konstantim mogzavnilebs ase upasuxa: “uTxariT Tqvens mefes: Sen Cemgan imaves moiTxov? marTalia,
babilonis mefeTa Cveuleba gaiZulebs, magram isinic WeSmaritebis mtrebi iyvnen. ubrZane, Seasrulon, rac ganizraxe! xolo Tqven raRas dgaxarT da Tavs mesxmiT, mec rom
Tqven dagegmsgavsoT? amieridan gamSordiT, rom Cemi RmerTis mcnebebi gamoviZio”1
aRapyro xelebi zecad da RaRadebda: “Sen gigalob, ufalo, RmerTo ZalTao, RmerTo saukuneTao, romelmac momeci me Zala am ukeTuri msajulis winaaRmdgomad, rogorc
winaswar Tqvi, rom: “Tqven momeciT Tqveni gulebi da me mogcemT Cems Zalas”2, Rirs myav me Seni naTlisa, radgan Sendami moviltvi, qriste, Zeo RvTisao; da ai, davuZlurdi warmarTisagan Seni wmida saxelis gamo, ufro ki am urjulo
mefem. axla, ufalo, RmerTo Cemo, Seiwire es Cemi msxverpli
1 Sdr. fsalm. 118:10
2 igav. 23:26
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marTTasa da mommadle aRTqumaA, romel aRuTqu, viTarmed:
“romelTa aRmiaron me winaSe kacTa, pativ-sces mamaman Cemman”; da viTarca-igi amasve adgilsa adiden wmidani igi yrmani, romelTa aRgiares Sen, da meca Rirs myav maT Tana, romeli-ege gamosCndi maT Tana meoTxed. da viTarca-ese me aRgiareb winaSe usjuloAsa amis mefisa, Senca, saxiero ufalo, aRmiare me winaSe angelozTa SenTa, da viTarca-igi dRendelsa
amas dResa Sina adide Rirsi Seni mowamH wmidaA giorgi da
Seiwiren Sromani misni da daTxevaA ubiwoAsa sisxlisa misisaA,
Seiwiren undonica ese sisxlni Cemni, da momec me nawili mis
Tana, raATa wil-mxudes rCeulTa SenTa Tana, rameTu samkBdrebeli Seni mtkice ars Cemda”.
da amas raA ityoda wmidaA mowamH, nakadulni cremlTani
gardamodiodes TualTagan misTa Cueulebisaebr misisa. xolo garemoAs mdgomareni igi misni scemdes pirsa missa da mravliTa tanjviTa stanjvides mas, aramed enaA misi ver daabrkoles galobad. xolo erisTavni igi miiqces da uTxres mefesa
mas yoveli, raAca esma da ixiles.
maSin ufroAs-Ra ganrisxna mefH igi da waravlinna igini
da ubrZana mokueTaA Tavisa misisaA, aramed amiT gamoscdidaca maT, rameTu aqunda mas iWB maTa mimarT. xolo igini mivides da scemdes maxBliTa qedsa missa winaSe daliWsa mas da
veraras avnebdes mas.
da viTar auwyes ese usjulosa mas mefesa, waravlina man
erTi winaSe-mdgomelTagani, ucxo Tesli, da man mohkueTa Tavi
da daifare Cemi suli1 warmarTTa xelTagan da mommadle
aRTqma, rogorc aRgviTqvi: “vinc maRiaros winaSe kacTa,
aRiaros is mamam Cemma”2, da rogorc amisTvis (adre) adide
wmida yrmebi3, romelTac gaRiares Sen, mec Rirsi gamxade
maTTan erTad, romelic gamoCndi maT Soris meoTxed; da
rogorc me gaRiareb am urjulo mefis winaSe, Senc, saxiero ufalo, maRiare Sens angelozTa winaSe4, da rogorc
dRevandel dRes adide Rirseuli Seni mowame giorgi, Seiwire misi Rvawli da misi ubiwo sisxlis daTxeva, Seiwire Cemi gamousadegari sisxlic, da damide wili masTan,
rom wilad mxvdes Sens rCeulebTan erTad yofna, radgan
samkvidrebeli Seni CemTvis mtkicea”5
da rodesac ambobda amas wmida mowame, cremlTa nakaduli gadmosdioda TvalTagan Cveulebisamebr, xolo mis
garSemo mdgomni saxeSi scemdnen da mravali satanjveliT
stanjavdnen, magram galoba ver Seawyvetines. xolo erisTavebi dabrundnen mefesTan da moaxsenes mas yvelaferi, rac
moismines da naxes.
maSin ufro ganrisxda mefe, gaagzavna isini da ubrZana, Tavi moekveTaT misTvis. amiT maTac gamoscdida, radganac eWvianobda maTze. erisTavebi mividnen da darbazis winaSe qedze maxvili dahkres, magram mas veraferi avnes.
1 fsalm. 142:9
2 Sdr. ioane 12:26
3 wmida yrmebi – sami yrma: anania, azaria, misaeli – iudeveli
Wabukebi, romlebic babilonis mefe nabuqodonosoris brZanebiT anTebul RumelSi Cayares, radganac kerpebs ar scemdnen
Tayvans. RvTis saswauliT maTTan erTad RvTis angelozi gaCnda, isini uvneblad gadarCnen da RmerTs adidebdnen. (dan. )
4 Sdr. lk. 12:8
5 Sdr. fsalm. 15:6
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misi maxBliTa da SearTua mefesa TBssa, viTarca-igi Tavi ioane naTlis-mcemelisaA herodes, xolo guami misi damohkides
Zelsa friad maRalsa. yovelman erman ixiles saswauli didi
guamsa mas zeda. da mivida wmidaA igi mowamH qristHsi adgilsa mas gansasuenebelisasa, romlisagan ganSorebul arian
yovelni salmobani, mwuxarebani da Wirni, sada-igi hxedavs naTeli pirisa SenisaA, ufalo, sada-igi ver miswuTebian enani
ZBris-metyuelTani, aramed sixaruli dausrulebeli ars mun
da wmidaTa angelozTa Tana moqalaqobaA.
xolo aResrula igi keTiliTa aRsaarebiTa TTuesa noenbersa aTsa, dResaswaulsa wmidisa giorgissa, romlisaca Tana
ziar iqmna. dRH iyo paraskevi, dasabamiTganni weliwadni iyvnes equs aTas oTxas ormeoc da aTCBdmet, xolo zedawerilsa ismaitelTasa oras oc da aTormetsa.
da ese mravlisagani mciredi aRiwera simKneTagani wmidisa kostantisi, raATa iyos Tqumuli ese Semoklebul da srul,
raATa ara iyos Semawuxebel naklulevanebiTa, arca nametnav
gangrZobiTa, sadidebelad mamisa da Zisa da wmidisa sulisa aw
da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amHn.
da rodesac urjulo mefes es ambavi auwyes, man erTi
ucxo tomeli msaxuri gaagzavna da man mohkveTa maxviliT
Tavi, da miarTva mefes, rogorc Tavi ioane naTlismcemlisa herodes, xolo sxeuli Zalze maRal Zelze dakides. yvelam ixila didi saswauli da mivida qristes wmida mowame
gansasvenebel adgils, romlisagan ganSorebulia yovelgvari tkivili, mwuxareba da Wiri, sadac Seni piris naTelia, ufalo, sadac SeuracxmyofelTa ena ver miswvdeba,
aramed iq dausrulebeli sixarulia da wmida angelozebTan erToba.
is aResrula keTilmorwmuneobiT aT noembers, wmida
giorgis dResaswaulze, romlis Tanaziaric gaxda. dRe
iyo paraskevi, dasabamidan eqvsi aTas oTxas ormocdaCvidmeti weli, xolo ismaitelTa aRricxviT oras ocdaTormeti.
amgvarad, mravlisagan mciredi aRiwera wmida konstantis mxneobis Sesaxeb, raTa Tqmuliyo mokled da srulad,
rom arc naklulevanebiT yofiliyo Semawuxebeli da arc
nametani sididiT, sadideblad mamisa da Zisa da wmidisa
sulisa aw da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amin.
VI. da viTarca miesma pirvel moKsenebulTa wmidaTa mefeTa martBlobaA wmidisa kostantisi, ganixares sixaruliTa didiTa da miweres epistolH SvilTa mimarT misTa da naTesavTa
saxlisa misisaTa, rameTu friad mraval iyvnes igini, romelsa
weril iyo esreT.
“rameTu, romelni-igi pirvelad sityuani moiweodes sasmenelTa CuenTa, romel-igi iqmneboda Tquen mier simarTlisaTBs, da iqadageboda. xolo aw saqmeni Tquenni, romelTa iqmodiT, mowame arian Tquenda, da Tqumuli igi daemtkica fri-
6. da roca gaiges pirvelad moxseniebulma wmida mefeebma1 wmida konstantis mowameoba, didad gaixares da werili misweres mis Svilebsa da naTesavebs, rameTu Zalian
bevrni iyvnen isini, visTvisac daiwera es yovelive:
„Cvens yuramde moaRwia ambavma, romelic iuwyeba, Tu
ras iqmodiT simarTlisaTvis, xolo axla, Tqveni saqmeebi,
304
1 wmida mefeebi – igulisxmeba saberZneTis dedofali Teodora da ufliswuli miqaeli (rogorc es I TavSia moxseniebuli).
305
wameba
isa konstant
is
wamebaAA wmid
wmidisa
konstantis
isii
wameba wminda konstantisa
ad, da daenerga keTilad sjulierebaA Tqueni. da WeSmaritad
guls-modginebisa Tquenisa saqmH, rameTu mciriTa miT mizeziTa, romeli iyo damtkicebuli gulTa TquenTa sarwmunoebisa, gamoacxadeT igi uRmrToTa zeda. da viTarca srulni
qristeaneni, yofilni erTbamad, erT-sityua iqmneniT da viTarca erTsa sjulsa Sina iyveniT da ufalsa pirispir Tquensa yovelsa Jamsa xedevdiT. Seuryevelni urTierTas daadgeriT sasoebiTa qristHsiTa mterTa zeda juarisaTa da qristHs
Tana moswrafebiT mamakac iqmneniT da pirni maTni ginebiTa
aRavseniT da ZleviT-SemosilTa SeerTebulTa sivltolaA igi
maTi ganucxadeT. da ese iqmna ZaliTa RmrTisaATa, \ saqmH gansrulebuli da siqaduli mamaTa TquenTaA, da raATa davatkbneT
sityuani CuenTBs da TquenTBs, jer-ars netarisa amisa mowamisa kostantisi da winaaRmdgomaA ( ) simKnisa misisaA mterTa mimarT uxilavTa.
“da giCueno Tquen, sayuarelTa CuenTa, romelni-ege xarT
WeSmaritad Svilni misni da xatni Korcielebisa misisani, viTarca raJams hbrZoda igi eSmakTa SiSiTa RmrTisaATa, Korcni TYsni wina daupyrna, ara Tu siKSoATa amiT saqmiTa KorcielebisaATa mimxedvel iyo, arcaRa brwyinvale uCnda mas naTeli mzisa amis warmavalisa, arcaRa tkbil uCnda mas simcxinvare mzis Tualisa ganqarvebadi da gulis-wyromiTa naTlisa
mis momavalisaATa Rrublad hxedvida mzesa amas aRmomavalsa,
da siyuaruliTa qristesiTa yovelni gemoni soflisani, viTarca sisxli kbilTa, egreT warmohnerwyua surviliTa didisa mis gulis-saTqumelisaATa da sibrZniTa zraxvisa misisaATa Zmaculebisa mimarT.
“amisTBsca yoveli didebaA amis soflisaA viTarca nagevi, egreT Sehracxa, raATa qriste oden SeiZinos. da aw amisTBsca misni arian cani da queyana da yoveli, raA ars mas Sina,
rameTu yovelive dauteva da RmrTisa oden iqadoda, romeli-igi qebul ars RmrTisa mier da angelozTa misTa, da saqmeTa misTagan ukunisamde iqebis.
romlebsac akeTebdiT, Tqveni mowmea, da naTqvami damtkicda kidec, da keTilad dainerga Tqveni sarwmunoeba. WeSmaritad, Tqveni gulmodgineba, im ubralo mizeziT, rom ganmtkicebuli iyo sarwmunoebiT, gamoucxadeT uRmerToebs.
rogorc yvela qristiani, erTad myofni, gaerTiandiT, da
vidre erT sarwmunoebaSi iyaviT da ufals pirispir xedavdiT, Seuryevelni erTmaneTs daudeqiT gverdSi qristes jvris sasoebiT mtris winaaRmdeg da qristesTan swrafad gamamacdiT, da isini SeuracxyofiT aRavseT da erTiani ZaliT gaaqcieT. es yovelive moxda RvTis ZaliT – saqme
gasrulebuli da Tqveni mamebis siqaduli, raTa davatkboT
sityvebi TqvenTvis da CvenTvis, saWiroa movixsenoT wmida
mowame konstanti da misi mxneoba uxilavi mtris mimarT.
“gaCvenebT Tqven, sayvarelTa CvenTa, romlebic WeSmaritad misi Svilebi da misi xorcieli xatebi xarT, Tu rogor ebrZoda igi eSmakebs RvTis SiSiT, Tavisi xorci maT
dauTmo, ara Tu mravali xorcieli saqmisa Semyure iyo,
arc warmavali mzis sinaTle eCveneboda brwyinvalebad,
aRarc ganqarvebadi mzis Tvalis simcxunvare etkbileboda da momavali naTelis (uflis) guliswyromiT amomavali mze Rrublad eCveneboda, da qristes siyvaruliT ama
soflis yoveli sitkboeba, rogorc kbilidan momdinare
sisxli, ise moiSora didi surviliTa da brZnuli sazrianobiT mzakvrobis winaSe.“
“amitom ama soflis yoveli dideba, rogorc nagavi, ise
Seracxa, raTa mxolod qriste SeeZina. da axla amitomac
misia ca da qveyana, da yovelive, rac masSia, radganac yvelaferi miatova da mxolod RmerTiT iwonebda Tavs, vinc
RvTisa da misi angelozebis mieraa kurTxeuli da Tavisi
saqmeebiT ukunisamde idideba.
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wameba
isa konstant
is
wamebaAA wmid
wmidisa
konstantis
isii
wameba wminda konstantisa
“aw ara gBKms Cuen nugeSinis-cemaA Tqueni misTBs, vinaATgan igi ars nugeSinis-mcemel da meoxi Cueni da Tqueni winaSe qristesa. aramed dauteoT aw aradateobili ese da Tquenda moviqceT sityuad SewynarebulTa RmrTisaTa da Cuen Tana
da sadgurisa Tquenisa patiosnebaA Cuen winaSe warsrulisa
mis pativiTa sityBT da saqmiT gauwyo Tquen, raATa gulpyrobil iyvneT Cemda momarT da daefarneT queSe frTeTa meufebisa CemisaTa, rameTu nebasa Sjulisasa mxedvel xarT da yoveli, romeli mas wina-aRudgebis, ganagdebs qristesa Tquen
Soris metyuelsa. moswrafebiT ismineT da mis mier cxebulTa Tavni Tquenni daumdableniT da uRelsa Cuensa queSe qristesmiersa qedni Tquenni warupyreniT da subuqisa tBrTisa
Cuenisa aRkidebaA mKarTa TBsTa zeda ara gare-waricodeT.
Tquen xarT WeSmaritni mindobilni ufalsa, da mTasa sionsa
emsgavseniT da godol Zlierebisa pirsa mterisasa eCueneniT
Tquen, saqmeTagan gamoacxadeT, viTarmed kualsa RmrTisa da
kacTa mier sakBrvelisa mis mamisa Tquenisa kurTxeulisa moswrafebiT SeudgeT stumarT-moyuarebiTa da gzaTa mamSBdeblobiTa, monazonTa da SorielTa SewynarebiTa. aw amas zeda
daadgeriT da srul-yavT moqalaqobaA netarisa mis, rameTu
safarvelman mefobisa Cuenisaman iRuawos TquenTBs da mTaman sididisa Cuenisaman qristHsmierman aRadginos dabrkolebaA Tqueni. da aw amas zeda iqmodeT da miT gulpyrobil iyveniT.
“amas ara Tu Tquen oden gibrZanebT, aramed yovelTa, romelni Cuen kerZo da KelTa queSe Cuensa arian qarTvelni, rameTu yovelTave qristHs moyuareTa da mefobisa Cuenisa
RmrTisamierTa da viTarca SvilTa sakuTarTa TquenTa Tana
Sevhracx, aramed kualad aRdegiT da ganZlierdiT uflisa mier.
“da sididiTa Zalisa misisaATa laxuarni Tquenni mterTa
zeda ganabrwyinveniT da nu vis scemT maTgansa Tquen Soris
samkBdrebelsa, raATa moiRoT keTili Cueni da aRTqumuli igi
pativi keTilis moqmedTaTBs uflisa mier moiRoT.”
“da axla Cven ar gvmarTebs Tqveni nugeSiscema, radgan
is aris nugeSismcemeli da Suamdgomeli Cveni da Tqveni
qristes winaSe. aramed, axla, davtovoT aramisatovebeli,
da Tqven mogmarTavT sityviT, RvTisgan Sewynarebulebs da
CvenTan myofT, Tqveni savanis didebuli warsuli Cven winaSe didebiT dasrulebuli, sityviT da saqmiT gamcnoT
Tqven, raTa mTeli guliT mogvendoT da Cemi meufebis
frTebqveS SeefaroT, radgan sarwmunoebis mimdevarni
xarT da yoveli, romelic win aRudgeba mas, ganagdebs Tqven
Soris metyvel qristes. gulmodgined moismineT da, mis
mier kurTxeulebma, Tavi Tqveni daumdableT da qedi moudrikeT Cvens qristesmier uRels, nu uaryofT Cveni msubuqi tvirTis mxrebze mokidebas. Tqven xarT WeSmaritad
ufals mindobilni, da emsgavseT sionis mTas, dauxvdiT
mtrebs Zlierebis godolad, Tqveni saqmiT gamoaCineT, rom
RvTisa da adamianTa Soris sakvirveli Tqveni kurTxeuli
mamis kvals SeudgeT stumarTmoyvareobiTa da gzaTa mSvidobis myofelobiT, ber-monazonTa da ucxoTa SemwynareblobiT. amieridan ase moiqeciT da srulyaviT netaris
Rvawli, rom dagicvaT Cveni mefobis safarvelma da Cvenma
qristesmieri didebis mTam SeaCeros Tqveni cduneba. ase
moiqeciT da gamxnevdiT.
“amas ara marto Tqven gamcnobT, aramed yovel qarTvels,
vinc Cvens da Cvens mxares aris, da Cvens mfarvelobaSia,
radgan yvela qristesmoyvaresa da Cveni RmrTismieri mefobis mosurnes TqvenTan erTad sakuTar Svilebad migiCnevT, kvlavac aRsdeqiT da uflis mier gaZlierdiT.
“da misi Zalis sidiadiT laxvari Tqvens mtrebze ganabrwyineT da maTgan nuravis miscemT Tqven Soris samkvidrebels, raTa miiRoT Cvengan sikeTe da uflis mier aRTqmuli dideba keTilmsaxurebisaTvis ”.
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309
cxovreba wminda ioanesi da
eqvTimesi
310
311
winaTqma
SeuZlebelia, gadaWarbebiT Seafaso Rvawli eqvTime mTawmidelisa (963-1028) _ qarTul enaze sasuliero literaturis
mTargmnelobis klasikosisa. romelmac mSobliuri mwerloba
bizantiuri saeklesio-saRmrTismetyvelo literaturis saukeTeso qmnilebebiT gaamdidra da brwyinvale margalitebiT
Seavso is naklovaneba, rasac qarTuli mwerloba imJamad ganicdida.
akad. k. kekeliZis marTebuli SeniSvniT, Tu ara eqvTime
da giorgi mTawmidelebis titanuri Sroma, qarTuli literaturis Semdgomi ganviTareba didad Seferxdeboda da sruliad sxvagvarad warimarTeboda.
eqvTimes, rogorc didi saeklesio moRvawisa da mwignobar-RmrTismetyvelis, profesiuli Camoyalibeba moxda mamamisis _ aTonis qarTvelTa samoRvaweo centris damaarseblisa da pirveli winamZRvris iovane mTawmidelis mcdelobiT.
pirveli cnobebi eqvTimes literaturuli muSaobis Sesaxeb
swored mis anderZSia Semonaxuli, romelic qarTuli kulturis aRorZinebisaTvis dauRalav moRvawes misive Zis mier Targmnili erT-erT saRmrTismetyvelo naSromisaTvis daurTavs.
eqvTimes moRvaweobis Sesaxeb vrceli istoriul-hagiografiuli naSromi ki aTonis literaturuli skolis meore didma
burjma _ giorgi mTawmidelma SeTxza.
eqvTimes biografiis Sedgenisas giorgim gamoiyena sando
pirvelwyaroebi da TviTmxilvelTa gadmocemebi. amitomac misi naSromi iTvleba utyuar dokumentur Zeglad, rogorc sakuTriv eqvTimes biografiisaTvis, ise aTonis qarTvelTa monastris istoriisaTvis, dasabamidan (965 wlidan) XI saukunis
Sua xanebamde.
eqvTime koWlamazaSvili
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313
cxo
rebaA netar
isa mamisa Cuen
isa
cxorebaA
netarisa
Cuenisa
rs
isa
iovanesii da efTYmes
efTYmesii da uwyebaA Ri
Rirs
rsisa
iovanes
il
moqalaqobisa
aRweril
ilii
mis moqalaqob
isa maTisaA, aRwer
glaxakisa
georgis
xucesmonazonisa
isa 1
glaxak
isa geo
rgis mier xucesmonazon
giorgi mTawmindeli
cxovreba ioanesi da eqvTimesi
mamao guakurTxen!
I. kurTxeul ars RmerTi, romelsa yovelTa kacTaA hnebavs
cxorebaA da mecnierebasa WeSmaritebisasa moslvaA2 romeliigi gamouTqumeliTa miT gangebulebiTa TYsiTa umjobessa
yovelTasa ganawesebs, da miuwTomeliTa saxierebiTa TYsiTa
TYToeulTa JamTa Sina RirsTa da saTnoTa TYsTa gamoaCinebs
sargebelad kacTa naTesavisa da sadidebelad RmrTeebisa TYsisa; romelman CuenTaca amaT JamTa Sina gamoaCinna netarni
mamani Cuenni: iovane da efTYme da iovane da arseni episkoposi
ninowmideli da iovane grZelis Ze da SemdgomiTi-Semdgomad sxuani igi mowafeni maTni da mobaZavni saTnoebisa maTisani, romelTa saxelebi aRweril ars wignsa mas cxorebisasa.
romelTa meoxebiTa Cuenca glaxakni ese Rirs guyvenin ufalman mobaZav yofad saTnoebaTa maTTa da nawilsa mas marjueneTasa mimTxuevad.
xolo vinaATgan sigrZe JamTaA yovelsave daviwyebad moiRebs, daRacaTu winaSe RmrTisa yovelive cxad ars da saCino,
1. kurTxeulia RmerTi, romelsac nebavs yoveli adamianis xsna da WeSmaritebasTan miiyvans, romelic Tavisi
gamouTqmeli gangebulebiT yovelTvis keTilad awesebs, da
Tavisi miuwvdomeli saxierebiT sxvadasxva dros Tavis
rCeulebs moavlens kacTa modgmis sasargeblod da RvTis
sadideblad1 da romelmac Cvens droSic moavlina Cveni
netari mamebi: ioane da eqvTime, da ioane, da ninowmindeli episkoposi arseni, da ioane grZelisZe, da mere da mere,
maTi sxva mowafeebi, maTive saTnoebis mimbaZvelni, romelTa
saxelebi Cawerilia sicocxlis wignSi2. maTi meoxebiT Cvenc,
uRirsnic, imis Rirsni gagvxados, raTa mivbaZoT maT saTnoebebs da maTTan erTad Cvenc gvergos marjveniT dgoma.3
vinaidan JamTa svliT yovelive daviwyebas eZleva, TumcaRa RvTis winaSe yvelaferi cxadia da saCino, da uwyis
1 xelnawerebis nusxa: A : A-558; B : A-130; C: A-170; D : A-176; E : H-1672;
F : H-2077; G : S-3637; H : H-1413: L : leningr. 3/M 21.
2 tim. 2:4.
1 sadideblad RmerTebisa Tvisisa – Tavisi RvTaebriobis
sadideblad.
2 wignsa mas cxovrebisasa – marTalTa zeciuri savanis simbolo; sicocxlis wigni ixsenieba bibliis ramdenime wignSi (moses xuTwigneuli, fsalmunni, saxarebani, gamocxadeba da sxva.
wminda ioane oqropiris TqmiT, sicocxlis wigni aris RvTaebrivi xsovna da codna, sadac Cveni saTnoebania aRbeWdili (ix.
lk. 10:20).
3 nawilisa mas marjuenaTasa mimTxuevad – a) maTi gamarjvebis
monawileni gavxdeT, b) maTi keTili xvedri gavinawiloT.
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cxo
reba
Y mes
cxoreba
rebaAA iovanes
iovanesii da efT
efTY
mesii
cxovreba ioanesi da eqvTimesi
da uwyis yovelTa dasabami da aRsasruli, da romelTa-igi
saTnod misa aRasrules cxorebaA TYsi, winaSe missa brwyinven
maradis, da arca erTi raA uKms Cuenmieri KsenebaA, aramed esreT ganawesa yovlad brZenman man gangebulebaman misman, raATa
wignTaca Sina aRiwernen saRmrToni igi da yolad Suenierni
saqmeni soflis-Sesaqmisani da saufloni igi mcnebani da
brZanebani misni da RirsTa maT da netarTa monaTa misTa yolad
qebulni cxorebani da moqalaqobani, romelni TYToeulTa
JamTa Sina jer-iCinna gamoCinebad saxierebaman misman sargebelad kacTa naTesavisa, [4] raATa saRmrToTa maT da maRalTa
saqmeTa mier didebis-metyuelebad da survilad misa aRviZrvodiT da saufloTa maT brZanebaTa mier ganvnaTldebodiT
da aRsrulebad maTda moswrafe viqmnebodiT. xolo didTa maT
da sakuTarTa monaTa misTa KsenebiTa Surad da baZvad movidodiT saRmrToTa maT moqalaqobaTa maTTa, romelni-igi, viTarca xatni metyuelni, wina sxenan saxed saTnoebisa da swavlad sibrZnisa da simKned axovnebisa yovelTaTYs, romelTaca
hnebavs SeslvaA cxorebasa saukunesa. da ese cxad ars dasabamiTgan soflisaAT da vidre aqamomde aRwerilTa wignTagan
da gamobrwyinvebulTa wmidaTa da romelTa-igi iRuawes da
aRwernes cxorebani maTni da Ruawlni da Sromani, keTilad
Ksenebul arian wmidaTa eklesiaTa Sina da Rirs locvisa da
kurTxevisa.
vinaATgan ukue zemoKsenebulni ese netarni mamani Cuenni
araraAT unaklulo iyvnes pirvel gamoCinebulTa wmidaTasa,
aramed yovliTave saTnoebiTa Semkul da aRmasrulebel mcnebaTa RmrTisaTa, ara jer-viCineT mouKsenebelad dateobaA
cxorebisa maTisaA da mamaTaca CemTa sulierTa mibrZanes amisi
Kel-yofaA. vinaAca vevedrebi Rirsebasa Tquensa, RmerTSemosilno mamano, raATa ara braleul viqmne amis pirisaTYs.
xolo daRacaTu Cuen Semdgomad mravlisa Jamisa RmrTisa
mimarT mislvisa maTisa Kel-vyavT mciredTa amaT sityuaTa
dasabami da aRsasruli yovelTa, romelTac RvTisaTvis
saTnod ganvles TavianTi cxovreba, mis winaSe maradis
brwyinaven.
arc erT maTgans ar ekadreba Cvenmieri xseneba, magram
ase ganawesa yovlad brZenma gangebulebam, raTa wignebSic
aRiweros da Caiweros samyaros Seqmnis saRvTo da yovlad
mSvenieri ambebi, sauflo mcnebebi da RvTis sityva, misi
Rirseuli da netari monebis yovlad qebuli cxovreba da
moqalaqeoba, risi gamoCineba sxvadasxva Jams ineba saxierma RmerTma kacTa modgmis sasargeblod da Sesawevad, raTa
am saRvTo saqmeTa mier mis saqebrad da misken swrafvis
surviliT aRviZraT, misken miviqceT da sauflo mcnebebi
gulmodgined aRvasruloT. xolo im did monaTa da RvTis
msaxurTa xsenebiT gagviCndes mibaZvis survili maTi saRvTo moqalaqeobisa, cocxali xativiT rom dgas Cven winaSe
– saTnoebis magaliTad da sibrZnis dasaufleblad, da imaT
gasamxneveblad, romelTac saukuno cxovreba nebavT.
yovelive es naTliT gabrwyinebuli wmindanebis cxovrebiT aris gacxadebuli qveynis dasabamidan dRemde aRwerili wignebSi. wminda eklesiaSi locviT keTilad ixseniebian isini, romelnic gaisarjnen da aRweres imaTi cxovreba, Rvawli da Sroma.
zemoxsenebuli Cveni netari mamebi aranakleb unakloni iyvnen, adre gamoCenil wmindanebTan SedarebiT, aramed
yovelgvari saTnoebiT Semkulni da RvTis mcnebaTa aRmsrulebelni. amitom ar miviCnieT Sesaferad maTi cxovrebis mouxsenieblad datoveba; da Cemma sulierma mamebmac
mibrZanes am saqmis dawyeba. amitom gevedrebiT, Rirseulo
RmerTSemosilo mamano, raTa ar davisajo am saqmis gamo.
TumcaRa Cven maTi gardacvalebidan didi xnis Semdeg
movkideT xeli mokled aRweras, magram nuravin SeeWvde-
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cxo
reba
Y mes
cxoreba
rebaAA iovanes
iovanesii da efT
efTY
mesii
cxovreba ioanesi da eqvTimesi
aRwerad, garna urwmunomca nuvin ars, rameTu Cuen TaviT
TYsiT araraA aRgYweria, aramed raA-igi viswaveT kacTa sarwmunoTagan da sulierTa mamaTa, romelTa-igi exilvnes da
emsaxura maTda, romelni-igi ucxo iyvnes yovliTurT tyuvilisagan da savse madliTa zegardamoATa. da TYT mebr maT
saqmeTagan, romelni-igi dumiliT wameben da KmamaRlad qadageben RuawlTa da SromaTa maTTa: lavraA ese didebuli da
yovliTa SuenierebiTa Semkuli da yovliTa samkauliTa ganSuenebuli, romeli-ese mravliTa SromiTa da ofliTa aRaSenes
maT netarTa gansasuenebelad sulTa mravalTa, romelsa Sina
aRhmarTnes eklesiani caTa mobaZavni da aRavsnes igini wignTa
mier RmrTiv-sulierTa da ganabrwyinvnes igini xatTa mier
patiosanTa. da mougnes dabani da sofelni da monasterni da
dasayudebuloni da ganuwesnes wesni da kanonni didebulni
da yolad Suenierni da dausxnes simtkiceni da KeliT-werilni da oqro-beWedni RmrTis-msaxurTa mefeTani. da
Sekribnes mas Sina monazonni da moweseni angelozTa mobaZavni da Seamkves da aRayuaves enaA Cueni da queyanaA TargmanebiTa
wmidaTa werilTaATa, sadaAT-ese WeSmaritad, viTarca sioniT,
gamovida Sjuli da sityuaA uflisaA, viTarca ierusalemiT, \
sityYsaebr Kma-maRlisa esaAaAsa1
rameTu WeSmaritad Rirsi iyo da sayuareli RmrTisaA netari mamaA Cueni iovane, romelman-igi, msgavsad abrahamisa,
ba, radgan Cven sakuTari Tavis mindobiT araferi aRgviweria, aramed mxolod is, rac SevityveT Rirseuli da sando adamianTa da mamaTagan, romelTac uxilavT isini da
samsaxuric gauweviaT maTTvis, da Tavadac aRvsilni iyvnen
zeciuri madliT. isic aRvwereT saqmeTagan, romelnic
dumiliT mowmoben da RaRadeben imaT Rvawlsa da Sromaze:
es aris didebuli da mSvenieri lavra (monasteri), yovelgvari samkauliT 1 damSvenebuli, romelic didi SromiTa
da ofliT aaSenes netarma mamebma mravalTa sulTa gansasveneblad; da sadac aRmarTes zecas mimsgavsebuli eklesiebi, gaavses RvTivsulieri wignebiT da gaabrwyines patiosani xatebiT, lavras SesZines miwebi, soflebi, monastrebi da dasayudebeli senakebi, daaweses samonastro cxovrebis didebuli da keTilmSvenieri kanonebi da gangeba. yovelive amis dasturad datoves RvTismsaxur mefeTa
beWdiT dadasturebuli sigelebi, Sekribes aq monazvnebi
da angelozTa mbaZveli berebi, da Cveni ena da qveyana wminda werilis TargmnebiT da ganmartebebiT2 Seamkes da aayvaves. WeSmaritad, viTarca sionidan gamovida rjuli,
xolo sityva uflisa – viTarca ierusalimidan, “xma-maRalma” esaiam rogorc Tqva3.
WeSmaritad RvTis Rirseuli megobari iyo Cveni netari
1. samkauli – morTuloba. aq: monastrisaTvis saWiro saRvTismsaxuro nivTebi (barZimi, feSxumi, sasanTleebi da sxva).
2. “rjuli sionidan gamova da uflis sityva – ierusalimidan”
(es. 2:3) – es winaswarmetyveleba aRsrulda: moses sionis mTaze
mieca RvTisgan rjuli (in. 1:17), xolo uflis sityva, anu
qristes swavleba ierusalimidan gavrcelda mTel warmarTul
samyaroSi.
3 sityva “Targmaneba” niSnavs rogorc Targmans iseve ganmartebas.
1 es. 2:3
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ucxoebaA aRirCia da mwirobiT da siglaxakiT cxorebaA, da misca Tavi TYsi morCilebasa sulierTa mamaTasa, vinaAca, msgavsad
missa, eseca adida RmerTman da saxelovan yo yovliTa saTnoebiTa da ufroAs yovlisa sanatrelisa mis Svilisa miniWebiTa,
romel ars netari efTYme, romlisa-igi saxeli oden kma ars
saTnoebaTa misTa simaRlisa gamoCinebad, romeli-igi gamoCnda samkaulad naTesavisa Cuenisa da mobaZavad wmidaTa mociqulTa, gananaTla qarTvelTa enaA da queyanaA. rameTu, viTarca wameben mis mier TargmnilTa wignTa Sina aRwerilni
anderZni, amis Rirsisa moRuawebiTa ganswavlul iqmna yovliTa sibrZniTa ganmanaTlebelad da Semamkobelad eklesiaTa
CuenTa, romlisa-igi namuSakevi axarebs SorielTa da maxlobelTa, da TargmnilTa misTa wignTa sitkboebaA, viTarca nestY oqroAsaA Kma-maRali, oxris yovelsa queyanasa, ara xolo
qarTlisasa, aramed saberZneTisasaca, rameTu balahvari da
abukuraA da sxuanica raodennime werilni qarTulisagan Targmnna berZulad.
garna romlisa-igi zemore meguleboda TqumaA, igi xolo
vTqua pirvelad, da merme, raA-igi ufalman mogumadlos, mokliTa sityYTa migiTxra. rameTu vinaATgan dReTa amaT ukuanaAsknelTa moviwieniT da, viTarca xedavT, friadi sigrile
ixilvebis Cuen Soris, nuukue vinme hgonebdes da acTunebdes
Tavsa TYssa, Tu pirveliTgan esreT iyvnes Zmani Cuenni; nu iyofin! aramed yovliTa wesierebiTa da saRmrToATa moqalaqobiTa cxovndebodes, vidremdis samgzis sanatrelni igi mamani
Cuenni iovane da efTYme ganagebdes da ipyrobdes wessa
winamZRurobisasa, romelni-igi yovliTurT, msgavsad pirvelTa maT RmerTSemosilTa mamaTa, uZRodes maTda rwmunebulsa
mas samwysosa. vinaATgan kula netarman iovane Seisuena da
mama ioane, romelmac, abraamis 1 msgavsad, ucxoobaSi
siglaxakiT cxovreba irCia da sulier mamebs daemorCila,
ris gamoc igi abraamisve msgavsad ganadida RmerTma da
saxeli gauTqva yovelgvari saTnoebiT, ufro ki sanatreli Svilis moniWebiT2, romelic aris netari eqvTime.
eqvTimes saxelis xsenebac ki sakmarisia misi saTnoebis simaRlisa da didebulebis gamosaCenad. igi gamoCnda Cveni
eris Semamkoblad da wminda mociqulTa mimbaZvelad, da
gananaTla qarTvelTa ena da qveyana. rogorc mis mier Targmnil wignebSi Cawerili anderZni amowmeben, am Rirseuli
mamis Rvawlis meoxebiT ganiswavlnen qarTvelni sibrZniT
– Cveni eklesiis gansanaTleblad da Sesamkobad, visi namuSakevi axarebs Soreulsa da maxlobels. mis mier Targmnili wignebis sitkboeba xmamaRali oqros sayviriviT JRers
mTels qveyanaze, ara mxolod saqarTveloSi, aramed bizantiaSic, radgan balahvari da abukura3, aseve ramdenime sxva
Txzulebac, qarTulidan Targmna berZnulad.
risi Tqmac mindoda, jer mxolod imas vityvi, da mere,
rasac ufali mogvamadlebs, mokled mogiTxrobT. ukanaskneli dReebi mogviaxlovda da, rogorc xedavT, Zalzed didi
gulgriloba SeimCneva Cven Soris. nuTu vinme moityuebs
Tavs da ifiqrebs, rom winaTac ase iyvnen Cveni Zmebio. nu
ifiqrebT amas! isini keTilgonierebiTa da saRvTo
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1. abraamis ucxo qveyanaSi gasvla niSnavs cxovrebis Zvel wesTan kavSiris gawyvetas da RvTis gzaze Sedgomas.
2. ioanes iseve mieniWa RvTisagan Zed eqvTime, rogorc abraams
– isaki.
3. “sibrZne balavarisi” arabulidan unda iyos qarTulad Targmnili, xolo eqvTime mTawmindelis mier berZnulad Targmnis
meSveobiT evropaSi gavrcelda. Teodore abukura arabi warmoSobis mweralia, romelmac, rogorc varaudoben, Tavis mowafeebs uambo “miqael sabawmindelis cxovreba”. es Txzuleba
unda iwodebodes “abukurad”.
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RmerTSemosilman mamaman Cuenman efTYme ijmna winamZRurobisagan, mieriTgan ganmravlda Cuen Soris yoveli sulmoklebaA da sigrile. aramed vevedrneT RmerTsa, raATa meoxebiTa maTiTa keTilad ganagos Cuenica ese cxorebaA da ara
Kuebul guyvnes, arca ganguaSornes sanatrelTa maT mamaTa
da ZmaTa CuenTa sixarulsa da gansuenebasa saukunesa mas Sina
cxorebasa.
moqalaqeobiT cxovrobdnen manamde, sanam samgzis
sanatreli Cveni mamebi, ioane da eqvTime, ganagebdnen da
winamZRvrobis wesi epyraT.
isini pirvel RmerTSemosil mamaTa msgavsad uZRodnen
maTze mondobil samwysos. rogorc ki netari ioane gardaicvala da Cveni RmerTSemosili mama eqvTime winamZRvrobas gamoeTxova, im droidan gamravlda Cven Soris sulmokleoba da gulgriloba. xolo Cven vevedroT RmerTs, raTa
maTi meoxebiT keTilad warimarTos Cveni cxovreba, ar mogvaklos, ar gangvaSoros Cvens sanatrel mamaTa da ZmaTa
sixaruls da mSvidobas saukuno cxovrebaSi.
II. xolo Cuen pirvelsave sityuasa movideT. ese netari mamaA
Cueni iovane iyo naTesaviT qarTveli, mSobelTa da papTaATgan
didebuli da warCinebuli da saCinoA mTavarTa Soris daviT
kurapalatisaTa, mKne da axovani da ganTqumuli wyobaTa Sina,
maRali da Suenieri hasakiTa da agebulebiTa guamisaATa da
brZeni da gonieri gonebiTa da gulisKmis-yofiTa, da savse
SiSiTa RmrTisaATa da yovliTave keTilisa saqmiTa, da friad
sayuareli da sakuTari keTilad Ksenebulisa daviT kurapalatisaA.
xolo vinaATgan cecxli igi qristHs-siyuarulisaA gulsa
missa mZafriad aRetyina, yovelive didebaA amis soflisaA Seuracx-yo da nagevad Sehracxa da monagebni da simdidre da gansuenebaA, meuRle da Svilni TYsni da naTesavni da, raodenica
raA ars amis soflisaA, sruliad moiZula da ugulebels-yo
da merme kualad Tavica TYsi, sityYsaebr uflisa, da aRiRo
juari mKarTa TYsTa zeda dafarulad yovelTagan sivltolaA
2. xolo Cven pirvelsave sityvas mivubrundeT. Cveni
netari mama ioane warmoSobiT iyo qarTveli, mama-papaTagan didebuli da warCinebuli, daviT kurapalatis1 mTavarTa Soris gamoCenili, mxne da axovani, brZolebSi saxelganTqmuli da Tval-tanad mSvenieri, brZeni da gonieri,
aRsavse RvTis SiSiTa da yovelgvari keTili saqmiT, didi
megobari da daaxloebuli piri keTilad xsenebuli daviT
kurapalatisa.
radganac qristesadmi siyvarulis cecxli mis gulSi
mZlavrad aenTo, amsofliuri yovelgvari dideba arad
Caagdo da nagvad miiCnia, srulad moiZula da ugulebelyo qoneba, simdidre da gancxroma, Tavisi meuRle da
Svilebi, naTesavebi da, rac ki ram aris amqveynad; mere ki
sakuTari Tavic, uflis sityvisaebr, da aiRo jvari Tavis
1. daviT kurapalati – daviT III didi, kurapalati (gardaicvala 1001 wels), adarnese III-is Ze, bagrationi. mis dros gaZlierda tao-klarjeTi, misi kultura, daedo dasabami erTiani qarTuli saxelmwifos Seqmnas.
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iKumia da ijmna yovelTagan da mxoloA lavrasa didebulsa
oTxTa eklesiaTasa Sevida. da romelni-igi mas Sina brwyinvides saTnoebiTa maT JamTa, mamaA mose da mamaA gelasi, amaT
gamoucxada Tavi TYsi da maTgan farulad kurTxevaA monazonebisaA miiRo da Jam raodenme RuawliTa ZlieriTa morCilebasa misca Tavi TYsi da yovelni igi mun myofni moRuaweni
ganakYrvna.
xolo vinaATgan iwyo gancxadebad saqmeman misman, netarTa maT mamaTa locvaA miiRo da saberZneTisa queyanad mihmarTa, rameTu evltoda didebasa kacTasa. da esreT mTasa ulumboAsasa miiwia da monastersa erTsa Sina JamTa ara-mciredTa
jorTa msaxurebisa Ruawli axovnad Tavs-idva da sxuani undoni msaxurebani da Seuracxni simdabliT aRasrulna.
xolo vinaATgan maT JamTa Sina berZenTa mefeman zemoni
queyanani daviT kurapalatsa miscna da aznaurTa Svilni mZevlad iTxovna misgan, colis-ZmaTa mamisa iovanesTa Ze misi
efTYme sxuaTa Tana uflis-wulTa mZevlad mohguares mefesa. ese raA cna iovane, unda Tu ara, uneblieT Tavi TYsi gamoacxada da sameufod qalaqad aRvida. da vinaATgan mefeni mecnier iyvnes abuharbisa, romeli iyo simamri mamisa iovanesi, da
iovanesdaca friadi siyuaruli aCuenes mis zeda da keTilad
moikiTxes.
da amisa Semdgomad gangrZobilad sityYs-gebaA iqmna Soris iovanessa da simamrisa misisa efTYmesTYs, rameTu ara eneba
mocemaA misi. da friad abrala mas iovane, viTarmed: “raA ars
ese? nuukue Svil ara gesxnesa Tquen? garna ese cxad ars,
romel maT swyalobdiT, viTarca TYsTa SvilTa, da Ze Cemi,
viTarca oboli, mZevlad gaswireT! garna ufalman Segindven
mxrebze da yvelas gaecala, farulad wavida da martodmarto mivida oTxTa monasterSi, sadac imxanad saTnoebiT
brwyinavdnen mama mose da mama gelasi – amaT eCvena da farulad aRikveca berad. ramdenime xans didi SromiT mieca
morCilebas da yvela iq myofi moRvawe gaakvirva.
radganac gacxadda misi saqme, netari mamebisagan
kurTxeva miiRo da bizantias mimarTa, vinaidan gaurboda
kacTa didebas. ase mivida ulumbos mTaze1 da erT monasterSi karga xans moTminebiT itvirTa jorebis movla da
sxva upatio saqmianobac TavmdablobiT Seasrula.
imxanad bizantiis mefem zemo miwebi2 daviT kurapalats misca da aznaurTa Svilebi mZevlad iTxova misgan. mama
ioanes colisZmebma misi Ze, eqvTime, sxva didaznaurTa
SvilebTan erTad mZevlad mihgvares mefes. es rom Seityo
ioanem, undoda Tu ara, iZulebuli gaxda, Tavi gaecxadebina da sameufo qalaqSi (konstantinepolSi) mivida. mefeni icnobdnen abuharbis, mama ioanes simamrs, da ioanesadmi
didi siyvaruli gamoiCines, keTilad moikiTxes.
didxans gagrZelda dava ioanesa da mis simamrs Soris
eqvTimes gamo, radgan ar undoda simamrs misi micema
ioanesTvis. ioanem igi daadanaSaula da uTxra: “ra aris
es? gana Svilebi ara gyavT Tqven? magram, cxadia, sakuTari
Svilebi SeibraleT, Cemi Ze ki, viTarca oboli, mZevlad
gawireT!” da ase, RvTis gangebiTa da mefeTa
1. mTa ulumbosi – mTa mcire aziaSi, biTviniaSi, igive olimpos mTa.
2. zemoni queyanani saberZneTisani – moicavda samxreT basians,
karins (arzeums), Woroxisa da araqsis saTaveebTan mdebare
ramdenime cixesimagres da Tems, vanis tbis Crdilo-dasavleTiT ganlagebul provinciebs. am miwebis gamo saqarTvelosa da bizantias xangrZlivi ciloba hqondaT.
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Tquen!” da esreT gangebiTa saRmrToATa da bWobiTa mefeTaATa TYsi Svili miiyvana da kualad ulumbadve ukun-iqca.
xolo Semdgomad raodenisame Jamisa, vinaATgan ganiTqua
saxeli misi, da pativsa uyofdes berZenni da qarTvelni, SeuZnda saqme ese, da amis pirisaTYs kualad ucxoebasave mihmarTa.
rameTu aRiRo Ze TYsi da ravdennime mowafeni da mTawmidas
movida, lavrasa didisa aTanasessa, da mun Seewynara. da aqunda Tavi TYsi farulad, da yovelTave saqmeTa morCilebisaTa
simdabliT da udrtYnvelad iqmoda, da dayo mzareulobasa
Sina ori weli gina umetes.
gadawyvetilebiT, Tavisi Svili wamoiyvana da kvlav
ulumbos mTaze dabrunda.
ramdenime xnis Semdeg, radganac gaiTqva saxeli da did
pativs miagebdnen berZnebic da qarTvelebic, Seawuxa aman
da am mizeziT isev ganmartovda. waiyvana Tavisi Ze da ramdenime mowafe, movida mTawmindaze1, aTanase didis lavraSi, da iq daemkvidra. iyo iq farulad da yovelgvar upatio saqmes udrtvinvelad akeTebda, ori weli, an cota
meti, mzareulobas eweoda.
III. da maT JamTa Sina TYsi misi didi Tornik TYssa queyanasa monazon iqmna da, rameTu asmioda iovanesTYs, viTarmed
ulumbaTa ars da vinaATgan friadi siyuaruli aqunda missa
mimarT, mas mohmarTa da ulumbaTa STamovida da, vinaATgan mun
ver pova, farulad gamoiwulila da cna, viTarmed mTawmidas
ars, da, TYnier cnobisa mefeTaAsa, idumal mTawmidas movida
da kurTxevaA monazonebisaA KelTagan iovanesTa miiRo.
rameTu, viTarca vTquT, mTawmidas STamovida da lavrasa
didisa aTanasessa miiwia da, vinaATgan dafarvaA arRaraA ege-
3. imxanad misi naTesavi, didi Tornike2, Tavis qveyanaSi berad aRikveca da, radganac smenoda ioanes ambavi,
ulumbozeao, da didi siyvaruli hqonda mis mimarT,
iqiTken gaemarTa da ulumboze mivida, magram iq ver hpova,
farulad, zedmiwevniT gamoiZia da Seityo, rom
mTawmindazea da, mefeTagan ucnobelad, farulad Cavida
mTawmindas da iq berad aRikveca ioanes mier.
rogorc vTqviT, Tornike mTawmindas Cavida da aTanase
didis lavraSi mivida. radgan Tavis dafarva aRar Sei1. mTawminda – saberZneTSia, qalkedonis naxevarkunZulis
aRmosavleT nawilSi, koncxze, romelic SeWrilia egeosis
zRvaSi. VIII saukunis bolos qarTvelma berebma aq mcire savane daafuZnes. pirveli didi monasteri mTawmindaze aago
aTanase didma, dediT lazma; aqve daarsda aTonis iverTa monasteri, RvTismSoblis saxelze.
2. didi Tornike – Tornike erisTavi, daviT III kurapalatis
saxelganTqmuli sardali. Tornikes SewirulobiTa da uSualo monawileobiT aSenda aTonis iverTa monasteri. gardaicvala 985 wels.
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boda, urTierTars gamoecxadnes da siyuaruliTa sulieriTa
Seitkbnes da friadi sixaruli iqmna monastersa Sina mas dResa,
rameTu arca didi aTanasi umecar iyo Tornikis saqmesa da
warCinebulobasa da axovnebasa. amisTYsca mieriTgan didiTa
pativiTa epyrnes igini, rameTu daRacaTu maT ara unda ese,
garna RirsTa TYsTa RmerTi gamoacxadebs da adidebs.
da Semdgomad raodenisame Jamisa ganiTqua hambavi maTi da
icnoba, viTarmed mTawmidas arian. da iwyes mieriTgan
qarTvelTa moslvad da ganmravlebad. da ese raA ixiles
netarTa mamaTa CuenTa, viTarca iyvnes savseni yovliTave
sibrZniTa, ganizraxes, viTarmed: “ara jer-ars Cueni monastersa Sina yofaA, rameTu sxuanica mogumarTeben, da gare-SeqcevaA SeuZlebel ars”. da esreT ganzraxviTa mamisa aTanasesiTa lavrisagan ganSorebulad, viTar milion erT, udabnosa Sueniersa wmidisa iovane maxarebelisa eklesiaA aRaSenes
da senakebi, da mun iyofebodes mraval Jam viTarca angelozni RmrTisani.
Zleboda, isini erTmaneTs Sexvdnen da sulieri siyvaruliT gadaexvivnen erTmaneTs. didi sixaruliT aivso monasteri im dRes. radgan arc aTanase didisTvis iyo ucnobi
Tornikes saqmeni, warCinebuloba da simamace. amitom im
droidan didi pativiscemiT epyrobodnen, radgan, romc
ar moendomebinaT, Tavis rCeulT RmerTi gamoaCens da ganadidebs xolme.
ramdenime xnis Semdeg gaiTqva maTi ambavi da cnobili
gaxda, rom mTawmindaze arian. im drodan daiwyes qarTvelebma aq mosvla da mravlad damkvidrdnen. es rom ixiles
yovelgvari sibrZniT aRsavse Cvenma netarma mamebma,
ifiqres: “ar SeiZleba Cveni darCena monasterSi, radgan
sxvebic mogvaSureben, da ukan gabruneba SeuZlebelia”. mama
aTanases rCeviT, lavrisagan kilometr-naxevris daSorebiT,
mSvenier udabnoSi, wminda ioane maxareblis1 eklesia da
senakebi aaSenes da iq imyofebodnen, viTarca angelozni.
IV. da mas Jamsa iqmna gandgomilebaA skliarosisaA, da
KmeliT kerZi yoveli daipyra da mefeni da dedofali Sewyudeulad iyvnes qalaqsa Sina didiTa WiriTa da iwroebiTa. da
amas raA Sina iyvnes, ganizraxes, viTarmed: “Cueni Semwe daviT
kurapalatisagan kide aravin ars”. da vinaATgan gzani yovelni
4. im dros skliarosi2 ganudga bizantiis mefes da xmeleTis mxare mTlianad daipyro. mefeni da dedofali3
gamomwyvdeulni iyvnen qalaqSi (konstantinepolSi),
CagvriTa da SeviwroebiT Sewuxebulni. am dReSi rom iyvnen, ifiqres: “Cveni Semwe daviT kurapalatis garda aravin aris”. vinaidan yvela gza skliaross daepyro, kacis
1. wminda ioane maxarebeli – igive wminda ioane RvTismetyveli, macxovris usayvarlesi aTormet mowafeTagani, saxarebisa da gamocxadebis, anu apokalifsis avtori.
2. barda skliarosi (X s.) - bizantiis imperiis aRmosavleT
provinciebis mmarTveli. igi aujanyda ufliswulebs - basilis da konstantines. es ajanyeba Caaqro qarTvelTa laSqarma
Tornike erisTavis sardlobiT.
3. basili da konstantine da maTi deda.
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skliarossa daepyrnes, kacisa wavlenaA ara egeboda, da didsa
zrunvasa Sina iyvnes, rameTu arca vin iyo egeviTari kaci,
romelmanca srul-yo nebaA gulisa maTisaA. da esreT raA iurvodes amis pirisaTYs, esma iovanesTYs da TornikisTYs da cnes,
rameTu lavrasa didisa aTanasessa arian. da meyseulad sevastofori, kaci warCinebuli maT JamTa Sina mTavarTa Soris
dedoflisaTa, wignebiTa sameufoATa lavras warmoavlines. da,
viTarca mivida, misca wignebi TYToeulad, viTarca aqunda
brZanebaA, erTi aTanasis da erTi Torniks da erTi iovanes. da
ese piri moewera, viTa: “uRmrToA skliarosi gaguadga da
KmeliT kerZi yoveli daipyra. aw vevedrebiT siwmidesa Tquensa, raATa TYnier yovlisa mizezisa iovane-Tornik movides
mefobisa Cuenisa”. da sxuani mravalni vedrebani da qenebani
ewernes sameufoTa maT wignTa Sina.
ese raA esreT iqmna, friadsa uRonoebasa STavardes aTanase da iovane, da, unda Tu ara, Seuvrdes Torniks da iwyes vedrebad missa, raATa aRvides mefeTa winaSe. xolo mas raA esma
vedrebaA maTi, friad Sewuxna da etyoda, viTarmed: “wmidano
mamano, me codvaTa CemTaTYs mosrul var amas wmidasa adgilsa da SeuZlebel ars Cemi mefeTa winaSe warslvaA, rameTu me
vici, Tu romlisa pirisaTYs miKmoben, da, vinaATgan RmerTman
Rirs-myo da saxe monazonebisaA Sevimose, me amieriTgan arcaRa mefeTa Tana mic Sesapovari, arcaRa sxuasa vis queyanasa
zeda. aw vevedrebi siwmidesa Tquensa, RmrTisa siyuarulisaTYs SemindveT da nu maiZulebT amis pirisaTYs, rameTu, ukueTu wavide, amis soflisave SfoTTa STamagdeben”. da igini
evedrebodes, viTarmed: “ukueTu amas Jamsa urC veqmneT mefeTa, didsa risxvasa movawevT Cuen zeda da monastersa amas
zeda”. da amas cilobasa zeda gardaKda SYdeuli erTi. xolo
ukuanaAsknel, unda Tu ara, yoveli brali mamaman aTanasi da
mamaman iovane miidves da ZliT daarwmunes warslvaA.
gagzavnas ver SeZlebdnen, da didad wuxdnen, radgan aravin iyo kacTagan, vinc aasrulebda maT guliswadils. amis
gamo ase rom wuxdnen, esmaT ioanes da Tornikes ambavi, rom
aTanase didis lavraSi arian. sevistofori, im dros samefo karze warCinebuli kaci, samefo werilebiT saswrafod
gaagzavnes lavraSi da, mivida Tu ara, rogorc nabrZanebi
hqonda, werilebi cal-calke gadasca: erTi - aTanases, erTi
- Tornikes da erTi - ioanes. amas swerdnen: “uRvTo skliarosi gangvidga da xmeleTis mxare mTlianad daipyro. aw
Tqvens siwmindes SevavedrebT, raTa yoveli mizezis gareSe
movides ioane-Tornike Cvens mefesTan”. da sxva mravali
xvewna-mudarac ewera samefo werilebSi.
amis gamo did gasaWirSi Cacvivdnen aTanase da ioane
da iZulebuli gaxdnen, Sevedrebodnen Tornikes, raTa samefo karze warmdgariyo mefeTa winaSe. maTi vedreba rom
moismina, Zalzed Sewuxda Tornike da eubneboda: “wminda
mamano, me Cemi codvebis gamo var mosuli am wminda adgilze da ar SeiZleba Cemi wasvla mefeTa winaSe, radganac
vici, risTvisac mixmoben; RmerTma Rirs-myo da berad Sevdeqi, amitom amieridan aRarc mefeTa winaSe maqvs mosaridebeli da aRarc sxva romelimes winaSe amqveynad. Tqvens siwmindes Sevavedreb, RvTis siyvarulisTvis SemindeT da nu
maiZulebT am saqmes, radganac, Tu waval, kvlav amqveyniur
oromtrialSi Camagdeben”. xolo isini evedrebodnen: “Tu
axla veurCebiT mefeebs, did risxvas movawevT Cvens Tavsac
da monastersac”. bolos ki, yoveli codva mama aTanasem da
mama ioanem ikisres da Tornikes wasvla aiZules.
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V. xolo basili da kostanti mas Jamsa wuTRa yrma iyvnes
da yoveli gasagebeli dedofalsa epyra da parakimenonsa. da
viTarca aRvida Tornik sameufod, meyseulad Seiyvana igi parakimanosman mefeTa winaSe. da mefeni da dedofali ze aRudges, da pativiT moikiTxes da guerdiT daisues. da ubrZana dedofalman basilis da kostantis, da ferKTa Seuvrdes. da dedofalman miugo, viTarmed: “wmidao mamao, raAca amaT obolTa
Tana hqmna, RmerTman moagos sulsa Sensa!”
da eseviTari raA Jami daxuda iovanes, Sina-gamoRebiT
mravalferTa saqmeTaTYs amxila dedofalsa. da man yoveli
simdabliT Seiwynara da aRuTqua, viTa: “wmidao mamao, raAca
mibrZanos mamobaman Tquenman, Tquensa brZanebasa ara gardavhKde, oden, RmerTman dagarwmunos, SromaA Tavs-idev da,
romliTaca saxiTa gnebavs, warved kurapalatisa winaSe da
yoveli Wiri Cueni auwye, da vesav RmerTsa, romel iotoT igi
uRmrToA skliarosi da Cuen Wirisagan ganguarinneT”. friad
evedra dedofalsa, raATamca ganaTavisufla. da viTar ixila
moudrekelobaA misi, miugo esreT, viTarmed: “me CemTa codvaTaTYs Sevimose saxe ese, da uwyis ufalman, romel sworad
sikudilisa mZime ars ese saqme Cem zeda. garna raA vyo, ara vici,
wmidasa mefobasa Tquensa urC ver veqmnebi”. da kualad dedofalman da parakimanosman hrques, viTarmed: “Sen oden amaT
obolTa Keli aRupyar da, raAca brali iyos, RmerTman Cuengan
iZien”. da esreT wignebi vedrebisaA daweres kurapalatsa Tana.
5. basili da konstantine im dros jer kidev bavSvebi
iyvnen da mmarTveloba mTlianad dedofals da parakimenons1 epyraT xelT. rogorc ki mivida Tornike samefo karze,
saswrafod Seiyvana igi parakimenonma da mefeebis winaSe
waradgina. mefeni da dedofali fexze wamodgnen, pativiT
moikiTxes da gverdiT daisves. ubrZana dedofalma basilis da konstantines, da isini fexebSi Caucvivdnen
Tornikes. dedofalma uTxra: „wmindao mamao, rasac am oblebisaTvis gaiReb, RmerTma miagos Sens suls!“ amgvar Sexvedras raki miuswro, ioanem mourideblad amxila dedofali sxvadasxva saqmis gamo. man yovelive TavmdablobiT miiRo da aRuTqva: „wminda mamao, rasac mibrZanebT Tqveni mamobrivi siyvaruliT, Tqvens brZanebas ar gadaval, oRond
RmerTma dagarwmunos da gaisarjo, ra saxiTac gnebavs,
midi kurapalatTan da Cveni gaWirveba auwye; RvTis imedi
maqvs, rom gandevniT im uRvTo skliaross da Wirisagan
dagvixsniT“. Tornike didxans evedra dedofals, rom gaeTavisuflebina am saqmisagan, da raki darwmunda dedoflis uryeobaSi, ase uTxra: „me Cemi codvebis gamo Sevimose
beroba da uwyis ufalma RmerTma, rom sikvdilze ufro
mZimea es saqme CemTvis. magram ra vqna, ar vici, Tqvens wminda mefobas ver veurCebi“. dedofalma da parkimenonma kvlav uTxres: „Sen oRond am oblebs xeli SeaSvele da, ra
codvac iyos, RmerTma Cven mogvkiTxos“. da maT Txovnis werilebi misweres kurapalats.
1. parakimenoni - berZn. parakimanosi - mesawoleTuxucesi, bizantiis imperatoris karis umaRlesi moxele.
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VI. da esreT ijmna mefeTagan da romliTaca saxiTa kurapalatsa winaSe miiwia Tornik. xolo ixila raA igi kurapalatman, friad ganixara da wignebi mefeTaA miiTuala, da yovelive saqme Tornik gaacada, romlisaTYsca ganzraxvaA qmnes,
raATa laSqarni warmgzavnen saberZneTs, da spasalarad Tornik
ganaCines. xolo Tornik kurapalatisa da Tavisa wignebi mefeTa winaSe warsca da yoveli nebaA kurapalatisaA auwya. da maSin miscnes mefeTa zemoni queyanani saberZneTisani kurapalatsa, raATa Tavisa sicocxlesa hqondin.
xolo Torniks mouweres: “viciT, romel RmerTi Segewevis da nuraras orgulob, da odes RmerTman wargimarTos,
yovelni winaaRmdgomni Cuenni datyuenen da yovelive natyuenavi maTi Seni iyos”. romlisaTYsca misca kurapalatman
Tormeti aTasi mKedari rCeuli Torniks. da SewevniTa qristesiTa aota skliarosi da vidre sparseTamde meotad wariqcia. da merme Seiqca da sityYsaebr mefeTaAsa datyuenna yovelni didebulni saberZneTisani da monagebi maTi iavar-yo da
romelime laSqarTa ganuyo da romelime TYT daimWira natyuenavi didZali friad: oqroA da vecxli da stavraA da sxuaA
eseviTari. da ukuniqca, da moikiTxa kurapalati da didad moimadla da ijmna, da mefeTave winaSe movida.
xolo igini didiTa pativiTa miegebnes da mowled
moikiTxes. ijmna ukue maTganca da gamoeTxova. da kualad
mTawmidasve moiqca, lavrad didisa aTanasessa. xolo mamani
sixaruliT miegebnes da ambors-uyves da hmadlobdes RmerTsa, romelman kualad moaqcia mSYdobiT.
6. ase gamoemSvidoba Tornike mefeebs da mivida kurapalatTan. Zalzed gaixara kurapalatma, igi rom dainaxa.
man mefeTa werilebi miiRo. Tornikem yovelive Seatyobina, rac gadawyvites: laSqari bizantiaSi unda wargzavnon,
mxedarTmTavrad Tornike daadginon. Tornikem kurapalatisa da Tavisi werilebi gaugzavna mefeebs da kurapalatis neba auwya. maSin mefeebma bizantiis zemo miwebi misces
kurapalats, raTa mTeli sicocxlis manZilze hqonoda
sakuTrebaSi.
xolo Tornikes misweres: “viciT, rom RmerTi Segeweva, da nuraferi dagaeWvebs. da roca RmerTi gagamarjvebinebs, yvela Cveni mteri daatyveve da mTeli maTi alafi
Seni iyos”. kurapalatma Tormeti aTasi rCeuli mxedari
misca Tornikes. qristes SewevniT, man gaaqcia skliarosi
da sparseTamde sdia gaqceuls. Semdeg dabrunda da, mefeTa brZanebisamebr, sparseTisa da bizantiis yvela didebuli (skliarosis momxre) daatyveva, maTi qoneba moaoxra,
nawili laSqars uwilada, TviTon didZali nadavli daitova: oqro, vercxli, stavra da sxva amgvari. da ukan mobrunda, moikiTxa kurapalati da didad moimadliera,
gamoemSvidoba da bizantiis mefeTa winaSe wardga.
xolo isini didi pativiT miegebnen Tornikes da guliTadad moikiTxes. Semdeg maTac gamoemSvidoba Tornike da
isev dabrunda mTawmindaze, aTanase didis lavraSi. mamebi sixaruliT miegebnen, gadakocnes da RmerTs madlobdnen, rom isev mSvidobiT daabruna igi, uamravi simdidriTa da ganZiT, rac mTlianad misca Tavis sulier mamas, ioanes, da Tavi sruliad uaryo.
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VII. da amisa Semdgomad ganizraxes mamaTa CuenTa da Tques,
viTarmed: “aqa yofaA Cueni SeuZlebel ars, kacni varT
saxelovanni da qarTvelni mogumarTeben”. da ese gamoarCies,
raATa kide Tavisuflad TYsi monasteri aRaSenon. daRaTu uZnda saqme ese iovanes, garna qarTvelTa gansuenebisaTYs da
ufroAs xolo Tornikis aSenebisaTYs Tavs-idva amisi KelyofaA. da RmrTisa momadlebiTa poves adgili Suenieri Sua
mTawmidisa da aRaSenes monasteri da eklesiani wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisa saxelsa zeda da wmidisa iovane naTlismcemelisasa friadiTa ofliTa da RuawliTa. da adgilni mravalni, monasterni da sadayudebuloni garemoAs didisa monastrisa vidre imerad zRuadmde TYsiTa safasiTa iyidnes,
romelni-igi Suenier arian da sawadel da momzavebel sulierTa monazonTa sayoflad.
da egreTve RmrTis-msaxurTa mefeTa, vinaATgan eseviTarni
msaxurebani hmsaxurnes da didni saqmeni uqmnnes, romelnica
adgilni da sofelni sTxovnes, yovelni oqrobeWdiTa daumtkicnes, romelni-igi mravalca arian da rCeul friad, viTarca
amas queyanasa Sehgavs.
xolo iyo raA Tornik aRmosavaleTs, mravalni fiCosanni
da saxelovanni monazonni Camoitanna, simravle aramciredi,
da eneba, raATa qarTvelni oden iyvnen monastrisa amis mkYdrni yovelni. garna, vinaATgan amisi qmnaA SeuZlebel iyo, iiZulnes berZenTaca SemoyvanebaA, rameTu Cuen, viTarca xedavT,
zRYsa raATurTiT gamocdilebaA araA guaqus, da Cueni yoveli gasaromeli zRYT Semovals, da merme TYnier mWedelTa
da xuroTa da galatozTa da mevenaKeTa da navis-moqmedTa da
sxuaTa eseviTarTa amis eseviTarisa vrcelisa lavrisa damWirvaA uRono ars. da ese yoveli gamonaxes wmidaTa mamaTa CuenTa
da, Tu unda da Tu ara, viTarca vTquT, Seiwynarnes iginica.
da esreT RmrTisa SewevniTa srul iqmna SenebaA monastrisaA.
7. amis Semdeg gadawyvites Cvenma berebma da Tqves: “Cveni
aq yofna SeuZlebelia, saxelovanni varT da qarTvelebi
mogvaSureben”. is amjobines, rom moSorebiT calke aeSenebinaT TavisTvis monasteri. TumcaRa uZneldeboda es saqme
ioanes, magram, qarTvelTa dasamSvideblad da ufro
Tornikes sasikeTod, Tavs ido, xeli moekida am saqmisaTvis.
RvTis wyalobiT, mTawmindis Sua adgilze mSvenieri adgili ipoves da mravali ofliTa da garjiT aaSenes monasteri da eklesiebi wminda RvTismSoblisa da wminda ioane
naTlismcemlis saxelze. didi monastris garSemo iyides
mravali sxva adgili, monastrebi da senakebi, romlebic
mSvenieri, sasurveli da Sesaferia monazonTa samyofelad.
da aseve RvTis msaxurma mefeebmac, raki aseTi samsaxuri gauwies da didi saqmeebi mougvares, romeli mxareebi
da adgilebic sTxoves, yvelaferi oqrobeWdiT daumtkices. es adgilebi (soflebic) mravlad arian da uaRresad
gamorCeulnic, rogorc am qveyanas Sehferis.
aRmosavleTSi1 rom iyo Tornike, mravali saxelovani
ber-monazoni Camoiyvana, Zalze mravalni, radgan surda,
rom mxolod qarTvelni yofiliyvnen am monastris mkvidrni. magram, radganac amis miRweva TiTqmis SeuZlebeli
iyo, iZulebulni gaxdnen, berZnebic SemoeyvanaT, radganac
Cven, qarTvelebs, rogorc xedavT, sazRvaosno gamocdileba sruliad ar gvaqvs. yvelanairi sarCo ki zRvidan Semodis, mWedelTa, xuroTa, kalatozTa, mevenaxeTa da gemSenebelTa gareSe ki esoden vrceli lavris movla SeuZlebelia. Cvenma wminda mamebma, yoveli maTgani gamonaxes da,
undodaT Tu ara, rogorc vTqviT, isinic miiRes. RvTis
SewevniT, amgvarad gasrulda monastris Seneba.
1 aq saqarTvelo igulisxmeba.
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xolo Tornik, vinaATgan iota skliarosi da kualad aqave
moiqca uricxYTa safasiTa da ganZiTa, \ rameTu ufroAs
aTormetisa kendinarisa moiRo ganZi oden, sxuaTa turfaTagan kide, \ romeli-igi yovelive mamisa TYsisa sulierisa iovanes KelTa misca da Tavi TYsi sruliad uar-yo da arca Tu
mciredi raAme dauteva Kelmwifebasa queSe TYssa, aramed
egeviTarman man ganTqumulman da saCinoman kacman yovelive
nebaA TYsi moikueTa da srulebiT Seudga morCilebasa missa.
da esezomi mKurvalebaA aCuena, romel, ukueTumca SesaZlebel iyo, TYnier misisa brZanebisa arcamca wylisa gemoA
ixila da arcamca sityuaA erTi aRmoTqua da arca Tu folsa
erTsa zeda ufal iyo, aramed yovelsave mamaA iovane ganagebn
da miscemn, viTarca enebis da sadaca jer-iyvis.
xolo vinaATgan saTnoebaTa yovelTa Tavi morCilebaA ars
sulierTa mamaTaA da nebisa TYsisa gankueTaA, da ese esreT
aqunda, viTarca vauwyeT RmrTis-moyuarebasa Tquensa, da
friad umaRlesad, rameTu undoTaca gulis-sityuaTa tiriliT gamoucxadebn netarsa iovanes da kanonsa da Sendobasa iTxovn. sxuaTa maT saTnoebaTa misTa gamowulilviT aRwerasa nefsiT Tana-warvhKediT, rameTu WeSmaritad yovliTave
saTnoebiTa savse iyo netari ese: simdabliTa, siwrfoebiTa da
umankoebiTa. da maradis etyYn didsa iovanes, viTarmed: “mamao,
TYT ici, romel didad codvil var da sikudili Cemi moaxlebul ars da unebeli siwmidisa TquenisaA ara var, aramed nebaA
Cemi da Tavi Cemi Semdgomad RmrTisa Senda momicemia; viTarca
gnebavs, acxovne suli Cemi”.
amas raA eseviTarsa mKurvalebasa missa xedvida netari
mamaA Cueni iovane, friad moswrafe iyo raATa araraA ipovos
raATurTiT mis Tana naklulevanebaA raAme da jerovnad pativ-scemn mas da eridebin da ganusuenebn da swyalobn siberesa missa.
xolo vinaATgan didi Tornik wyobaTa Sina aRzrdil iyo
da salaSqroTa saqmeTa, amaT eseviTarTa pirTaTYs ubnobaA da
mas Semdeg, rac skliarosi gaiqca, Tornike kvlav monasterSi dabrunda didZali qonebiTa da ganZiT - aTas oras
litraze1 meti, da sxva ZvirfaseulobiTac. yovelive Tavis
sulier mamas misca, TavisTvis araferi daitova; saxelganTqmulma da gamoCenilma kacma sakuTari Tavi uaryo,
sakuTari neba moikveTa da sruli morCilebiT Seudga ioanes. imgvari mondomeba aCvena, rom misi brZanebis gareSe
arc wylis gemos ixilavda, arc sityvas ityoda da arc
fuls axlebda xels, aramed yovelives, sadac saWiro iyo,
mama ioane ganagebda da aZlevda, Tavisi wesisamebr.
radganac yovelgvari saTnoebis Tavi sulieri mamisadmi morCileba da sakuTari nebis mokveTaa, asec hqonda; da
imdenad didi iyo morCileba, rom TviT saZagel gulisTqmasa da survilebsac ki tiriliT umJRavnebda netar ioanes da sasjelsa da Sendobas iTxovda. netaris sxva saTnoebaTa zedmiwevniT aRweras Tavi avarideT, radganac
WeSmaritad yovelgvari saTnoebiT aRsavse iyo netari:
TavmdablobiT, gulwrfelobiTa da umankoebiT. ase eubneboda xolme did ioanes: “mamao, Tavad ici, rom codvili
var, sikvdili Cemi moaxloebulia da Tqveni wminda nebis
Rirsi ar var, aramed Cemi neba da Cemi Tavi, RvTis Semdeg,
SenTvis momicia; rogorc gnebavs, acxovne suli Cemi”.
amgvar mondomebas rom xedavda Cveni netari mama ioane, cdilobda, aranairi nakli ar epova misi, jerovnad
scemda pativs da swyalobda, amSvidebda da ufrTxildeboda moxucebuls.
didi Tornike brZolebsa da saomar saqmeebSi iyo siyrmidanve gamowrTobili da amis Sesaxeb saubari da Txroba
uyvarda. mama ioane erideboda, ar undoda, rom emxila igi,
1. kendinari - 100 litra; aTormeti kendinari - 1200 litra.
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hambavi uyuarda, da, viTarca vTquT, mamaA iovane eridebin da
ara unda, raATamca amxila mas, raATa ara mowylas gonebaA misi.
da viTarca iyvnes mas Jamsa kacni warCinebulni da patiosanni,
Sevidian da eubnebodian mas zemoTqumulTa amaT pirTaTYs.
maSin, viTarca ixila iovane, rameTu siwrfoebiT iqms amas,
SeeSina, nuukue amis saxisaTYs zRvevaA raAme sulieri SeamTxYos Rirssa mas da TYssaca sulsa. amisTYsca hrqua mas mamaman
iovane, viTarmed: “sayuarelo Zmao, vxedav, romel madliTa
RmrTisaATa keTilad warmarTebul xar mcnebaTa Sina RmrTisaTa da ara mnebavs, raATa krZalvisa gziTa zRvevaA raAme movatyua sulsa Sensa. aw daacade soflioTa magaT saqmeTa ubnobaA da amieriTgan sxuasa nu vis eubnebi, garna gabriels
xolo xucessa. xolo xucesi igi eseviTari kaci iyo, romel
pirsa missa msoflioA sityuaA ara gamovidoda, aramed yovelive saRmrToA da sulieri. ese raA esma Rirssa mas, meyseulad
davarda ferKTa Tana misTa da cremliT etyoda, viTarmed: “da
rad daidume aqamomde da ara mamxile, wmidao da RmerTSemosilo mamao?” xolo mamaman iovane aRadgina igi da hrqua:
“ufalman Segindven, garna aw xolo ekrZale!” da mieriTgan
monastrisa ZmaTa arRara vis eubnebin, garna Tu ucxoA vin
movidis da mciredi raAme sityuaA miugis mas. da esreT eseviTarsa amas suliersa cxorebasa Sina aRasrulna dReni TYsni
da RmrTisa mivida, da WeSmaritad wames mamaTa CuenTa misTYs,
viTarmed: “RmerTman Seundvna codvani misni da saukunesa
cxorebasa Rirs-yo”.
raTa guli ar etkina. imJamad iq myofi warCinebulni
mividnen mama ioanesTan da amis Taobaze uTxres. maSin, raki
darwmunda, rom Tornike alalad akeTebda amas, mama ioanes SeeSinda, vaiTu, amis gamo raime suleluri vneba
SeemTxves Rirs mamasac da Tavad mas. amisaTvis uTxra mas
mama ioanem: “sayvarelo Zmao, vxedav, rom RvTis madliT,
keTilad waremarTebi RvTis mcnebaTa aRsrulebaSi da ar
minda, rom Cemi TavSekavebiT raime vneba davmarTo Sens
suls. axla Tavi daanebe amqveyniur saqmeebze saubars da
amieridan sxvas nuRaravis etyvi, gabriel xucesis garda”.
xucesi iseTi kaci iyo, rom misi piridan sawuTisuflo sityva ar amovidoda, aramed mxolod saRvTo da sulieri.
es rom gaigona Rirsma mamam, maSinve davarda mis ferxTiT
da acremlebuli eubneboda: “rad dumdi aqamde da ratom
ar mamxile, wminda RmerTSemosilo mamao?” mama ioanem igi
wamoayena da uTxra: “ufalma Segindos, magram axla ki
moeride!” da im droidan monastris Zmebs aRar esaubreboda, mxolod ucnobebs Tu miugebda mcirediT. amgvari sulieri cxovrebiT galia man Tavisi sicocxlis dReebi da
RmerTTan mivida, gardaicvala. WeSmaritad brZanes Cvenma mamebma, rom: “RmerTma Seundo mas codvebi da saukuno
cxovrebis Rirsad aqcia”.
VIII. amaT RirsTa da sanatrelTa mamaTa CuenTa didni safaseni da mravalni turfani Sewirnes didsa lavrasa da yovelTa monasterTa mTawmidisaTa, romelni-igi mas Jamsa wuTRa
glaxak iyvnes da ara ganmravlebul esoden. da saSovalsa,
8. Rirsma da sanatrelma Cvenma mamebma didZali qoneba
da mravali Zvirfaseuloba Seswires did lavras da mTawmindis yovel monasters, romlebic imJamad jer kidev gaRaribebulni iyvnen da arcTu ise momravlebulni. mTaw-
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romel ars yovlisa mTisa Sesakrebeli, friadni saKmarni da
monagebni miscnes. da yovelTave zogad da TYToeulad kacadkacadsa friadi safase ganuyves, romelTagani raodenime moviKsenoT da sxuaA igi davacadoT, raATa ara friadi simravle
werilisaA iqmnas da sawyino viqmnneT mkiTxvelTa da msmenelTa.
didsa ukue lavrasa misces, viTarca vTquT, oqrobeWedi
ganZisa oras ormeocda oTxisa drahknisaA, CimiSkisa boZebuli
iovanesda, da ese yovelTa welTa aqus palatiT lavrasa, da
kunZuli, romelsa neos ewodebis, basili mefisa boZebuli iovanesdave, romlisagan gamovals gamosavali yovelTa welTa
id litraA, gina aTxuTmeti da odesme ocica. da kualad misces
oqroA ganZad aTualuli ke litraA, da Zelisa cxorebisa nawili
vecxlisa budiTa da orni barZimni didni vecxlisani da feSxumi
kovziTurT da brwkliT da nawilis STasasuenebeliT
vecxlisaAT. da ese yovelni oqrocurvebulni. sakurTxevelis Sesamoseli oqronemsuli da meore oqsinoA. orni wignni
oqropirisani – margalitni, sxuaA wigni wmidisa efremisi,
sxuaA wigni swavlani wmidisa kYrilesni, sxuaA wigni, romelsa swerian yovelnive Zuelni wignni da sawinaAswarmetyueloA
da makabelTaA, sxuaA wigni sadResaswauloA saCinoTa wmidaTaA,
oTxTavi stavraATa Semosili da vecxlisa RilokiloATa da
juariTa. juari salitanie vecxlisaA oqrocurvebuli
melazmagisa xatebiTa, juars-cumisa xati cYloani didi, as
drahknad fasebuli; sxuaA didi xati vedrebisaA, sxuaA xati
gardamoKsnaA, nikifor mefisa niWebuli, sxuaA xati, kankeli
aTormetTa mociqulTaA, sxuaA xati wmidaTa didTa mowameTaA,
mindaze myofT1 uamravi saWiro nivTi da qoneba misces TiToeuls cal-calke gauyves, romelTagan ramdenimes
gavixsenebT, danarCenebze ki davdumdebiT, raTa sityva ar
gagvigrZeldes da mkiTxveli ar gagvinawyendes.
did lavras misces, rogorc vTqviT, oqrobeWedi2 oras
ormocdaoTxi drahkanis3 Sesaxeb, romelic CimiSkim uboZa
ioanes, da es ganZi yovel wels eZleva sasaxlisagan lavras;
aseve kunZuli, romelsac neos ewodeba, romelic basili
mefem uboZa ioanesve, rasac yovelwliuri Semosavali
moaqvs 14 litra4, xan TxuTmeti da zogjer ocic. aseve
misces 25 litra oqro da Zeli cxovelis nawili, vercxlis budiT, da ori didi vercxlis barZimi, feSxumi kovziTurT da brwkaliT5 da nawili vercxlis CasasvenebliT.
es yovelive oqrocurvili iyo. aseve oqros ZafiT nakeri
sakurTxevlis Sesamoseli da sxva Zvirfasi qsovili. margalitebiT Semkuli wminda oqropiris ori wigni, wminda
efremisa da wminda kiriles swavlani; wigni, sadac Cawerilia Zveli aRTqmis yvela wigni da winaswarmetyvelTa da
makabelTa; sadResaswaulo wigni didTa wmindaTa da did
dResaswaulTa; stavriT6 Semosili oTxTavi vercxlis SesakraviTa da jvriT. salitanio vercxlis jvari melazmagis
mooqrovili xatebiT, jvarcmis cviliani didi xati, as
drahkanad Rirebuli; vedrebis xati, mefe nikiforesgan
boZebuli gardamoxsnis xati, Tormet mociqulTa kandeli;
1 yovlisa mTisa Sesakrebeli - aq: mTels mTawmindaze erTad
myofT.
2. oqrobeWedi - sigeli
3. drahkani - oqros fuli
4. sawyaos erTeuli, daaxloebiT girvanqa (409,5 grami) [il.
abulaZe].
5. jvaredi dasadgami feSxebze [il. abulaZe].
6. oqromkerdiT naqsovi [sarjvelaZe].
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sxuaA xati cYloani naTlis-mcemelisaA, sxuaA xati cYloani
wmidisa evstratisi. da alvaA asi litraA da oTxni jorni da
samni cxenni, da navi xuTasisa modisaA. da kelinni, romelTa
zeda waages saSenebelad: zemoTa zeda xuTasi drahkani da
quemoTa – asi drahkani da sxuaA eseviTari. da ese yoveli TYT
wmidisa mamisa efTYmes KelTa nusxisagan dagYweria, vinaAca
WeSmarit ars da utyuvel.
egreTve saSoalsa misces ganZi indiktionsa H litraA
aToTxmeti gasayofelad yovelTa. da kualad ia indiktionsa
gauyves sxuaA id litraA. da misces kariisa eklesiasa, romel
ars Sesakrebeli yovelTaA, barZim-feSxumi vecxlisaA, oqrocurvebuli xatebiTa, da kankeli saufloTa dResaswaulTaA,
da TargmanebaA saxarebisaA da samni xatni didni vedrebisani
da orni skaramangni da orni jorni. da misces ikonomossa saSoalisasa litraA erTi ganZi saSoalisaTYs wasagebelad sasyidlad qorakandelTa, veSapakTa da jaWuTa da kelaptarTa. da
kualad Semdgomad Tornikis sikudilisa i g indiktionsa
misces mTasa gasayoflad litraA ocdarva. da erisons miscnes saxlni, SYd litrad syidulni, zRudiTurT, sadgurad mimavalTa ZmaTa, da kualad misces munve venaKi rCeuli, xuT litrad fasebuli. da eseca yoveli mamaTave CuenTa dawerilisagan dagYweria.
kacad-kacadisa kula micemuli vin aRracxos, romelsaigi TYToeuli maTi KmamaRlad qadagebs da RmerTsa caTa Sina
aRuweries! da mamamanca efTYme, amis zemo werilisagan kide,
misca TYsisa monastrisaTYs efTYme-wmidisa saSoalsa orasi
drahkani, romeli-igi Semdgomad winamZRurobisagan jmnisa
aRaSena mTasa gare.
aqa ukue davacadoT eseviTarisa amis pirisaTYs sityuaA,
rameTu, viTarca vTquT, arca Tu SesaZlebel ars yovelTa maT
qvelis-saqmeTa maTTa TiToeulad warmoTqumaA, romelTa-igi
umetes yovelTa saTnoebaTa mowyalebaA Seetkbo da viTarca
samoseli Seemosa.
wminda didTa mowameTa xati; naTlismcemlis cviliani
xati, asi litra sakmeveli, oTxi jori, sami cxeni, xuTas
modiani1 xomaldiT, senakebi, romelTa asaSeneblad daxarjes asidan xuTas drahkanamde TiToeulisTvis. yovelive
es TviT mama eqvTimes xeliT dawerili nusxidan amoviwereT, rac WeSmaritia da utyuari.
me-8 indiktions agreTve misces ToTxmeti litra ganZi, me-11 indiktions - 14 litra; karis eklesias, romelic
yovelTa Sesakrebelia, misces vercxlis barZim-feSxumi,
mooqrovili xatebiT, sauflo dResaswaulebis kankeli,
saxarebis ganmarteba, kedrebis sami didi xati, ori Zvirfasi qsovili (skaramangi) da ori jori. ekonomoss2 misces
erTi litra ganZi saxarjod da WaRebis, samkaulTa, jaWvebis da kelaptrebis sayidlad. Tornikes sikvdilis Semdeg,
me-13 indiktions, mTas gasayofad misces 28 litra. erisions misces Svid litrad nayidi RobeSemovlebuli saxlebi, wasuli Zmebis samyofad. iqve aseve misces saukeTeso
venaxi, xuT litrad Rirebuli. da es yovelivec Cveni mamebisave xeliT dawerilidan CavwereT.
vin aRricxavs TiToeulisaTvis cal-calke micemuls,
rac zecaSia Cawerili. wminda eqvTimem orasi drahkani
gaiRo Tavisi monastrisaTvis, romelic winamZRvrobisagan
gadadgomis Semdeg aaSena “mTasa gare”.
axla ki unda SevwyvitoT amaze saubari, radgan,
rogorc vTqviT, SeuZlebelia maTi yvela im sikeTis calcalke CamoTvla, rac mowyalebad - saTnoebaTa Soris upirates saTnoebad Seitkbes da Seimoses, viTarca samoseli.
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1. modi – xomaldis tevadobis erTeuli.
2. monastris sameurneo saqmeTa gamge.
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IX. Semdgomad Tornikis micvalebisa ganizraxa netarman
mamaman Cuenman iovane, raATa aRiRos Ze TYsi da ravdennime
mowafeni da ivltodis spaniad, \ rameTu pirveliTganve uZnda
SuRlianobaA da SfoTi, garna Tavs-edva mun Jamamde Tornikis aSenebisaTYs da raATa SeiZinos suli misi, \ rameTu asmioda, viTarmed qarTvelni aramciredni naTesavni da erni mkYdr
arian mun. da amis pirisaTYs warvida vidre avidosamde, raATa
mier povos navi, kerZoTa spaniisaTa mimavali, da warvides mun.
da romeli-igi mas Jamsa mTavrobda avidoss, friad sayuareli
iyo mamisa iovanesi da megobrobisa misisaTYs gamoucxada mas
gulis-sityuaA TYsi. xolo igi winaaRudga da, raoden SesaZlebel iyo misgan, abrkolebda. da viTar ixila mamaA iovane
damtkicebuli TYssave gulis-sityuasa zeda, gamoucxada da
hrqua, viTarmed: “wmidao mamao, ara umecar xar Sen, Tu rabami
siyuaruli aqus mefeTa Rirsebisa SenisaA da, ukueTu gagitevne, didi boroti mowevnad ars Cem zeda. miuwero mefeTa
da, viTarca brZanon, egreca qmen”.
da, viTarca miuwera, ubrZanes mefeTa, raATa samefos waravlinnes. da viTarca aRvides, didiTa pativiTa moikiTxnes
igini mefeTa da didad abrales da hrques, viTarmed: “wmidano
mamano, Cuen didi siyuaruli guaqus siwmidisa TquenisaA, da
raA ars ese, romel esreT ivltiT Cuengan da ucxosa queyanasa warxualT?” miugo netarman iovane da hrqua: “RmrTismsaxurno da TYTmpyrobelno mefeno! glaxaki ese eris-kaci
viyav sofelsa Sina myofi da Tanamdebi yovlisa bralisaA da
meneba, raATa ucxoebasa same warvide da suli Cemi vicxovno
da glaxakebiT viyofebodi. da Tu viTa mohKda, ara uwyi; movida TYsi Cemi Tornik da misiTa gziTa didTa SuRlTa STavvardi da eris-krebasa da mnebavs, raATa amis yovlisagan Tavisufal viqmna da sulisa Cemisa zrunvasa Seudge”.
mravalTa JamTa didiTa pativiTa daimWires da merme didiTa qenebiTa ZliT daarwmunes monastradve SeqcevaA da didiTa boZiTa ganuteves. da esreT kualad Seiqca TYssave
monastersa.
9. Tornikes gardacvalebis Semdeg Cvenma netarma mama
ioanem ganizraxa, raTa Tavisi Ze da ramdenime mowafe waeyvana da espaneTSi wasuliyo. Tavidanve umZimda SuRli da
SfoTi, Tumca Tavs ido Tornikes sulis saoxad. man Seityo, rom qarTvelTa modgma iq arcTu ise cota mkvidrobda.
am mizniT miaRwia avidoss, raTa espaneTisaken mimavali
xomaldi moeZebna. avidosis imJamindel mTavars friad
uyvarda ioane, romelmac Tavisi gulisnadebi gamoucxada
megobars. avidosis mTavari win aRudga da, rogorc SeeZlo, abrkolebda. da roca darwmunda, rom mama ioane mtkiced idga Tavisaze, gaubeda da uTxra: “wminda mamao, Sen
ici, Tu rogori siyvaruli aqvT mefeebs Sendami, da Tu
gagiSveb, didi boroteba meweva. mivwer mefeebs da, rogorc
brZaneben, ise moiqeci”.
da rodesac miswera, mefeebma brZanes, raTa samefo
karze mosuliyvnen. roca mividnen, didi pativiT moikiTxes mefeebma isini, Tan usayvedures da uTxres: “wminda mamebo, Cven didi siyvaruli gvaqvs Tqvendami, ra aris es, ratom
garbixarT Cvengan da ucxo qveyanaSi midixarT?” netarma
ioanem miugo da uTxra: “RvTismsaxuro da TviTmpyrobelo
mefeno! erTi glaxaki eriskaci viyavi am wuTisofelSi, yvelanairi codvis Camdeni, da mindoda, sadme ucxo qveyanaSi wavsuliyavi da Cemi suli mecxona da siRaribeSi vyofiliyavi. da rogor moxda, ar vici; movida Cemi naTesavi
Tornike da misi gamoisobiT did SuRlsa da areulobaSi
Cavvardi da minda, rom yovelive amisagan gavTavisuflde
da Cemi sulisaTvis zrunvas Sevudge”.
didxans daayovnes ioane didi pativiT, mere ki xvewnamudariT Zlivs daarwmunes, monasterSi dabrunebuliyo,
da mravali saCuqriT gauSves. amgvarad, isev Tavis monasterSi dabrunda wminda ioane.
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X. da, Semdgomad mciredisa Jamisa, nikrisisa sensa STavarda
da mravalTa welTa cxedarsa zeda davrdomili mdebare iyo
da friadTa tkivilTa moiTmenda. da maradis hmadlobda
RmerTsa da esreT mxiarul iyo sensa mas zeda sastiksa, viTarca safasesa zeda didZalsa da viTarca pativsa da niWsa
sameufosa.
da viTar ixila eseviTari uZlurebaA TYsi, evedreboda
mamasa efTYmis, raATa miiTualos zrunvaA monastrisaA. xolo
igi mowiwebiT aiZulebda mas, raATa Seundos, rameTu uZnda
SfoTi amis soflisaA da ara Tavs-idebda SfoTTa STavrdomad. garna vinaATgan SeuZlebel iyo mamisa moxucebulisa da
senTagan gankafulisa urCebaA, unda Tu ara, morCil eqmna mas,
da vidre KorcTa-Ra Sina iyo, morCilebiTa da brZanebiTa misiTa
ganagebda saqmeTa monastrisaTa viTarca ikonomosi da TYnier misisa brZanebisa araras iqmoda.
10. mcire xnis Semdeg mama ioanes nekrisis qaris seni
Seeyara, mravali weli iyo sawols mijaWvuli da Zlier
tkivilebs iTmenda; maradis madlobda RmerTs da iseTsave
sixaruls ganicdida am sastiki senis gamo, rogorsac didZali simdidrisa da pativis an samefo saboZvaris miReba
ganacdevinebs kacs.
Tavisi uZlurebis gamo mama eqvTimes evedreboda, raTa
monastrisaTvis zrunva etvirTa, xolo igi mowiwebiT sTxovda, Seendo misTvis, radgan umZimda da amsofliur SfoTSi Tavis Cagdebas ver ikisrebda. magram raki SeuZlebeli
iyo seniT dauZlurebuli moxucebuli mamis urCeba, undoda Tu ara, daemorCila mas da, vidre cocxali iyo, misdami morCilebiTa da misi brZanebiT ganagebda samonastro
saqmeebs, viTarca ikonomosi, da misi brZanebis gareSe
arafers akeTebda.
XI. mas Jamsa Sina sanatreli da wmidaA beri iovane grZelis
Ze cxovndeboda viTarca uKorcoA dayudebiT oTxTa eklesiaTa lavrasa Sina. da egreTve arseni ninowmideli, kaci maRali
saTnoebiTa da muSaki qristes mcnebaTaA, romelman-igi RmrTisaTYs dauteva episkoposobaA da daviT kurapalatisa winaSe
movida, xolo man keTilad moKsenebulman Rirsad siwmidisa
misisa moikiTxa da oTxTa eklesiaTa warmgzavna. da esreT igica
dayudebiT cxovndeboda TYsisa moZRurisa Tana. amaT ukue
netarTa mamaTa CuenTa – iovanes da arsenis – friadi siyuaruli aqunda erTmanerTisaA da mraval Jam iRuwides mun keTilsa
mas Ruawlsa monazonebisasa. xolo xedvides, rameTu, viTarigi unda myudroebiT cxorebaA, ver iyofebodes, amisTYs
rameTu awyinebdian mamasaxlisni da Zmani monastrisani, da
kurapalatica zedaAszeda miuwern da evlogiasa warscemn,
egreTve episkoposni da aznaurni. amis ukue mizezisaTYs gan-
11. sanatreli da wminda mama beri ioane grZelis Ze
oTxTa monasterSi asketurad cxovrobda, uxorcoTa1
msgavsad; aseve arseni ninowmideli, maRali saTnoebis
mqone kaci da qristes mcnebaTa muSaki. man RvTisaTvis Tqva
uari episkoposobaze, eaxla daviT kurapalats, xolo
keTilxsenebulma daviTma misi siwmindis Sesaferisad
moikiTxa da oTxTa eklesiaSi gagzavna. da isic asketurad
cxovrobda Tavis moZRvarTan erTad. Cvens netar mamebs ioanes da arsenis - didi siyvaruli hqondaT erTmaneTisa
da didxans eweodnen iq keTilmonazvnur Rvawls. magram
xedavdnen, rom imgvar asketur cxovrebas ver eweodnen,
rogoric undodaT, radgan monastris winamZRvarni da
Zmani awuxebdnen, kurapalatic xSirad ugzavnida xolme
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izraxes, raATa warviden ucxosa queyanasa. romlisaTYsca warvides kerZoTa pontoAsaTa udabnoTa adgilTa da miemTxYnes
mamasaxlissa visme suliersa, romelman-igi sixaruliT Seiwynarna da misca monasteri Suenieri adgilsa udabnosa, da
yovelsave saKmarsa maTsa uxuebiT miscemda.
da Semdgomad raodenisame Jamisa euwya mamaTa CuenTa maTTYs, viTarmed mun iyofebian. da waravlines ZmaA erTi da miuweres wignebi, viTarmed: “wmidano mamano, gueuwya siwmidisa
TquenisaTYs da vcanT manda yofaA Tqueni da friad gulklebul varT, romel ara inebeT amas wmidasa da saxelovansa mTasa moslvaA, raATamca Tqueni wmidaA locvaA mogueRo. aw vevedrebiT siwmidesa Tquensa, raATa moxYdeT da erTgan viyofebodiT, vinaATgan uwyiT, romel Cuenca ucxoebasa varT”.
ese raA aRmoikiTxes, maTca gaesuena, da meoresa xolo welsa Camovides. da viTarca cnes mamaTa CuenTa, sixaruliTa
aRivsnes da madli Sewires RmrTisa da mowled moikiTxnes da
sulierad da Korcielad nebisaebr maTisa aRaSennes da udabnosa adgilsa senakebi uSenes da RmrTisa saTnoATa moqalaqobiTa cxovndebodes.
werilebsa da ZRvens, aseve episkoposebi da warCinebuli
eriskacebi. am mizeziT ganizraxes, raTa ucxo qveyanaSi
wasuliyvnen. amisaTvis wavidnen pontosaken, udabur adgilebSi, da erT winamZRvars Sexvdnen, romelmac sixaruliT miiRo isini, mSvenieri monasteri misca udabnoSi da
uxvad aZlevda yvelanair saWiro nivTs.
ramdenime xnis Semdeg wminda mamebma Seityves maT Sesaxeb, rom iq arian. gagzavnes erTi Zma da misweres werilebi:
“wminda mamano, Tqveni siwmindis Sesaxeb SevityveT da gavigeT Tqveni mand yofna; metad gulnaklulad varT, rom ar
inebeT am wminda da saxelovan mTaze mosvla, raTa Tqveni
wminda kurTxeva migveRo. aw gevedrebiT, raTa moxvideT
da erTad viyoT, vinaidan iciT, rom Cvenc ucxoobaSi varT”.
es rom amoikiTxes, mcirediT Seicades da mxolod meore wels Camovidnen. es rom gaiges Cvenma mamebma, sixaruliT aRivsnen, madloba Seswires RmerTs, siyvaruliT
moikiTxes, maTi sulieri da xorcieli survilisaebr
auSenes udabnoSi senakebi da RvTisaTvis saTnod cxovrobdnen.
XII. amisa Semdgomad sanatrelman mamaman Cuenman iovane,
pirvelTqumulsa mas salmobasa Sina gankafulman, Seisuena da
RmrTisa mivida, ganmdidrebuli tYrTiTa saTnoebaTaATa da
nebis-myofeli RmrTisaA.
da eguleboda raA aRsrulebaA, yoveli KelmwifebaA da
uflebaA mamasa efTYmes misca, raATa, romelica gangebaA da
wesi enebos, igica daudvas monastersa da mas zedaca ganakanonos da Sina da gare, viTarca enebos, egreT ganagos. da
merme Semdgomad TYsa ubrZana, raATa giorgis dauteos
mamobaA, romeli-igi TYsive iyo maTi, kaci saxeloani da frTx-
12. amis Semdeg Cveni sanatreli mama ioane, adrexsenebuli tkivilebiT dauZlurebuli, gardaicvala da RmerTTan mivida, saRvTo saqmeebiT sulierad gamdidrebuli da
RvTis nebis aRmsrulebeli.
igrZno ra aRsasruli, mTeli Zalaufleba da mmarTveloba mama eqvTimes gadasca, raTa is gangeba da wesi
daedo monastrisaTvis, ise daekanonebina Sin da gareT,
rogorc inebebda. isic ubrZana, rom Tavis Semdgom monastris winamZRvroba giorgisTvis daetovebina, romelic
maTi naTesavi iyo, kaci saxelovani da xorciel saqmeSi
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ili KorcielTa saqmeTa zeda. da kualad ubrZana, raATa giorgi Semdgomad misa sxuaA dautevos winamZRuari, romeli ipoos
sityYT da saqmiT sxuaTa umjobesi ZmaTa Soris. da esreT ganawesa, raATa TYToeuli mamasaxlisi, Semdgomad TYsisa aRsrulebisa, sxuasa dautevebdes winamZRuarsa, Rirssa da saTnosa. xolo ukueTu vinme ipovos mSleli gangebasa mamisa
efTYmissa da maSfoTebeli da winaaRmdgomi ZmaTaA, krulobiTa da SeCuenebiTa saSineliTa gankanona egeviTari igi da
RmrTisagan ganagdo da brZana, raATa egeviTari igi meyseulad krebulisagan ganidevnos, raATa ara yovelsa guamsa
krebulisasa ganezavos makudinebeli igi seni misi da
ganmryuneli.
da ganmgebelad da epitropad TYTmpyrobelni mefeni ganawesna da Tqua, viTarmed: “vinaATgan mwyalobeli vinme da
Kelis-ampyrobeli da ganmgebeli saKmar ars, raA vyo glaxakman aman da undoman, rameTu, daRacaTu kadnier ars sityuaA
ese, aramed mindobiTa tkbilsa mas mowyalebasa da saxierebasa, romeli-ese maTiTa wyalobiTa da SewevniTa aRvaSene lavraA, maTTave KelTa Sevhvedreb da Cem Tana monaTa da
mlocvelTa maTTa efTYmes da giorgis. rameTu daRacaTu yovelsa queyanasa swyaloben da yovelTa glaxakTa eurvian, aramed Cuen uRirsTa zeda umetes yovelTasa aCuenes wyalobaA,
vinaAca saZirkueliTgan didTa maT qvelismoqmedebaTa maTTa
mier aRvaSene lavraA ese”.
xolo ZmaTa hrqua, viTarmed: “Tquen, sasurvelno da sayuarelno Svilno Cemno, ukueTu mcnebaTa RmrTisaTa damarxvaA
iRuawoT da wesisaebr da kanonisa saRmrToAsa iyofebodiT da
winamZRuarTa mimarT gaqundes uzakuveli morCilebaA da
urTierTars mSYdobaA da erTobaA, mrwams RmrTisaA, romel
araraA keTili ara mogaklos RmerTman, aramed mefeni da mTavarni da yovelni kacni wyalobad Tquenda aRZrnes da umetes
da umetes warematneT. amieriTgan numca vin gangaSorebs
Tquen saqmisa amisgan keTilisa da RmrTisa sayuarelisa, romel
ars uzakuveli morCilebaA da ganukueTeli erTobaA da mSY-
frTxili. aseve ubrZana, rom giorgisac sxvisaTvis gadaeca winamZRvroba, ZmaTa Soris sityviT da saqmiT umjobess
visac ipovida. da ase daadgina, rom TiToeulma winamZRvarma, Tavisi winamZRvrobis dasrulebis Semdgom, sxvas,
Rirssa da saTnos dautovos winamZRvroba. aseve brZana:
Tuki vinme aRmoCndeba, romelic mama eqvTimes marTva-ganmgeblobas SeuSlis xels, SfoTs aRZravs da ZmaTa winaaRmdeg iurCebs, saSineli wyevliTa da SeCvenebiT daisajos
da myisve ganidevnos, rom es momakvdinebeli da gamryvneli seni ZmaTa mTel krebuls ar Seeyaros.
mmarTvelad da zedamxedvelad TviTmpyrobeli mefeni
daudgina da Tqva: “vinaidan saWiroa mwyalobeli da damxmare, ra unda vqna me, Raribma da uvargisma? TumcaRa
gabedulad, magram am tkbil wyalobasa da saxierebaze mindobiT vambob, rom swored imaTi SewevniT avaSene monasteri, da CemTan erTad maTsave xels vabareb da mivandob
maT monebs da mlocvelebs - eqvTimes da giorgis. TumcaRa
mTel qveyanas swyaloben da yoveli RaribisaTvis zrunaven,
magram yvelaze metad CvenTvis, uRirsTaTvis gamoiCines
wyaloba, radgan maTi didi sikeTiTa da qvelmoqmedebiT
avaSene es monasteri”.
Zmebs ki uTxra: “Tqven, Cemo sasurvelo da sayvarelo
Svilebo, Tuki RvTis mcnebaTa dacviT iSromebT da gairjebiT, saRvTo kanons aRasrulebT, uzakveli morCileba
geqnebaT winamZRvarTa mimarT, xolo erTmaneTisadmi - mSvidoba da erToba, mwams RvTisa, rom RmerTi aranair sikeTes
ar mogaklebT, mefeni da mTavarni, da yvelani, wyalobiT
aRiZrebian Tqven mimarT da ufro da ufro warematebiT.
amieridan nuravin gangaSorebT Tqven RvTisaTvis sayvareli da keTili saqmisagan, romelic aris uzakveli morCileba da urRvevi erToba da mSvidoba, raTa qriste mefis
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dobaA, raATa amasca sawuTrosa uSfoTveli cxorebaA aRasruloT da saukunesa mas momavalsa cxorebaA saukunoA daimkvidroT kacT-moyuarebiTa qristes meufisaATa. da igi saxieri da mraval mowyale RmerTi iyavn mwyalobel Tquenda da
wargiZeRYn wmidasa nebasa missa da saRmrToTa misTa mcnebaTa, meoxebiTa yolad wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisaATa da yovelTa wmidaTaATa, a~n.
stumris-moyuarebasa nu daiviwyebT da, raA RmerTsa eboZos, glaxakTa miupyrobdiT, msgavsad Zalisa Tquenisa, da milocevdiT da maKsenebdiT, sayuarelno Svilno da Zmano Cemno, maradis, raATa yos RmerTman wyalobaA sawyalobelisa da
codvaTa Sina ganfrdilisa sulisa Cemisa Tana da Semindvnes
yovelni codvani Cemni. da egreTve suliersa Zmasa Cuensa iovane sYngelozsa, rameTu friadiTa sarwmunoebiTa movida
Cuenda wmidasa amas mTasa, da sulierisa mamisa Cuenisa aTanases saKsenebelsa wliTi-wlad aRasrulebdiT da moiKsenebdiT
wmidaTa Jamis-wirvaTa Sina”.
da viTarca ese yoveli warmoTqua da aRweriT dauteva,
merme akurTxa netari efTYme zegardamoATa kurTxeviTa da
KelTa Sina misTa wmidaA suli TYsi RmerTsa Sehvedra da mSYdobiT mas zeda dawva da daiZina1, TTuesa ivnissa id
id, da meox
ars cxorebisaTYs sulTa CuenTaAsa.
xolo patiosani igi guami misi RmerT-Semosilman mamaman
Cuenman efTYme jerovnad Semosa da TYsagan dahmarxa da zeda
eklesiaA wmidaTa mTavarangelosTaA aRaSena. da romelnica
sarwmunoebiT miuKdebian, madlsa da lxinebasa Rirs iqmnebian. rameTu eSmakeuli vinme mouKda mas odesme da sua kandlisa misgan, romeli ekida saflavsa zeda missa, da meyseulad
ganikurna da adidebda RmerTsa.
kacTmoyvareobiT am wuTisofelSi cxovreba daasruloT da
momaval maradiul cxovrebaSi saukuno sicocxle
daimkvidroT. saxieri da mravalmowyale RmerTi iyos
Tqveni mwyalobeli da Tavisi wminda nebisa da RvTis mcnebaTa aRsrulebaSi wargiZRveT win, yovladwminda
RvTismSoblisa da yovelTa wmindaTa meoxebiT, amin.
stumarTmoyvareobas nu daiviwyebT da, rac RmerTma
giboZoT, Raribebs mieciT, Tqveni SeZlebisaebr; maradis
iloceT CemTvis da momixsenieT, Cemo sayvarelo Svilebo
da Zmebo, raTa RmerTma wyaloba uyos codvebiT mocul Cems
suls da Semindos yvela Cemi codva. da aseve moixsenieT
Cveni sulieri Zma ioane svingelozi, radgan Rrma rwmeniT
aRsavse movida CvenTan am wminda mTaze, da Cveni sulieri
mama aTanase wlidan wlamde moixsenieT wminda JamiswirvaSi”.
es yovelive rom warmoTqva da werilobiT datova, netari eqvTime zeciuri kurTxeviT akurTxa, Sehvedra Tavisi wminda suli RmerTs da mSvidobiT miiZina 14 ivniss, da
meoxia igi Cveni sulebis gadarCenisaTvis.
Cvenma RmerTSemosilma mama eqvTimem misi patiosani
neSti jerovnad Semosa da maxloblad dakrZala, mis saflavze wminda mTavarangelozTa saxelze aaSena eklesia.
vinc rwmeniT miva, wyalobisa da Sendobis Rirsi gaxdeba.
erTi eSmakeuli mivida da im kandelidan mosva, romelic
mis saflavze ekida da myisve ganikurna da RmerTs adidebda.
1 Sdr. fsal. 4:9.
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XIII. xolo Cuen pirvelsave sityuasa movideT. rameTu, viTarca-igi zemore vTquT, wariyvana sameufoAT Svili TYsi
efTYme mamaman iovane. da pirvelad qarTuli swavlaA aswava
da merme berZulad gaaswavla yovliTave swavlulebiTa
srulebiT. da siyrmiTganve madli RmrTisaA iyo mis zeda da
RmrTisagan mieca gulisxmis-yofaA werilTaA da sulisa
wmidisa madliTa aRivso. viTarca euwya netarsa iovanes, mamasa missa, gamocxadebiTa wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisaATa, rameTu Jamsa siWabukisa misisasa, vidre yrmaRa iyo, seniTa mZafriTa Sepyrobil iqmna da sikudilsa mieaxla, da ityoda netari iovane, viTarmed: “sasoebaA warviwire cxorebisa misisaA,
rameTu, vhgonebdi meysa Sina sulTa aRmoslvasa, vinaATgan
arcaRa sityuaA daSTomil iyo mis Tana, arca KmaA. da viTarigi SeSfoTebul viyav, warved taZarsa wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisasa da davvardi winaSe xatsa wmidisa dedoflisasa da
cremliTa mKurvaliTa vevedrebode uxrwnelsa maradis qalwulsa RmrTis-mSobelsa, raATa Semwe eyos da yos lxinebaA.
da vamcen mRdelsa, raATa mswrafl aRmovides da aziaros Korcsa da sisxlsa uflisasa. da viTar-igi SeSfoTebul viyav
da aRviswrafdi xilvad, Tu raA-Zi iqmna, ganvaRe kari senakisaA, sada-igi dameteva mwolare, da meyseulad viynose suli
sulnelebisaA sakYrveli, rameTu iqmna moxedvaA wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisaA da vixile efTYme, rameTu madliTa misiTa
aRdgomil iyo da jda cxedarsa zeda yovliTurT mrTeli da
uvnebeli.
da viTar-igi ganhkrTa gonebaA Cemi da vhkiTxevd mas, viTarmed: “raA ars ese, Svilo?”, momigo da mrqua me, viTarmed:
“awRa warmomidga vinme didebuli dedofali da mrqua qarTuliTa eniTa: “raA ars, raA gelmis, efTYme?” xolo me varqu,
viTarmed: “movkudebi, dedofalo”. da viTarca ese vTqu, momeaxla da mipyra Kelsa da mrqua: “araraA ars vnebaA Sen Tana,
aRdeg, nu geSinin da qarTulad Ksnilad ubnobdi”. da aha esera, viTarca mxedav, yovladve arRaraA melmis”. da ityoda netari iovane, viTarmed: “mun Jamadmde Zniad ubnobn qarTulad
13. xolo Cven pirvel sityvas mivubrundeT. rogorc
zemoT vTqviT, mama ioanem mefis sasaxlidan waiyvana Tavisi Svili. pirvelad qarTuli mwignobroba aswavla da Semdeg yovelgvari sibrZne berZnulad Seaswavla. bavSvobidanve RvTis madli iyo masze, RvTisgan eboZa wminda wignebis wvdomis unari da suliwmidis madliT aRivso. rogorc
wminda RvTismSoblis gamocxadebiT euwya netar ioanes, mis
mamas, eqvTime axalgazrdobaSi, sanam yrma iyo, mZime seniT
daavadda da sikvdilis pirad iyo. netari ioane ambobda:
“misi gadarCenis imedi davkarge, yovel wams velodi misi
sulis amosvlas, radgan aRarc metyvelebis unari SerCenoda, aRarc xma. da radganac SeSfoTebuli viyavi, wminda
RvTismSoblis taZarSi wavedi, wminda dedoflis xatis
winaSe davemxe da mxurvale cremliT vevedrebodi uxrwnelsa da maradis qalwul RvTismSobels, raTa Sesweoda. vacnobe mRvdels, raTa amosuliyo da uflis xorcisa
da sisxlisTvis eziarebina. metad SeSfoTebuli viyavi da
vCqarobdi, menaxa, Tu ra moxda. gavaRe im senakis kari, sadac mwoliare davtove, da imwamsve vigrZeni sakvirveli
surneli, radgan wminda RvTismSobelma wyalobiT moxeda,
da vnaxe eqvTime, romelic misi madliTa da wyalobiT
wamomjdariyo sawolze savsebiT gankurnebuli da
uvnebeli.
gons movedi da vkiTxe: “es ra aris, Svilo?” momigo da
miTxra: “es-esaa gamomecxada erTi didebuli dedofali da
qarTulad miTxra: “ra aris, ra gtkiva, eqvTime?” xolo me
vuTxari: “vkvdebi, dedofalo”. es rom vTqvi, momiaxlovda, xelze Semexo da miTxra: “araferi gWirs, adeqi, nu geSinia, da qarTulad Tavisuflad ilaparake!” da ai, rogorc
mxedav, sul aRaraferi mtkiva”. netari ioane ambobda: “im
dromde Zlivs laparakobda qarTulad da amis gamo Sewux-
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da friad mwuxare viyav amis pirisaTYs, xolo mieriTgan dauyenebelad, viTarca wyaroA aRmodin uwmides yovelTa
qarTvelTasa. xolo me, raA vixile ese, davvardi winaSe wmidisa
RmrTis-mSobelisa da madli Sevwire sasoAsa mis Cuenisa da
vhmadlobdi da vadidebdi RmerTsa, amen”.
etyYn mamaA iovane, viTarmed: “Svilo Cemo, qarTlisa queyanaA didad naklulevan ars wignTagan da mravalni wignni aklan, da vxedav, romel RmerTsa moumadlebia Senda. aw iRuawe,
raATa ganamravlo sasyideli Seni RmrTisagan”. da igi, viTarca
iyo yovelsave zeda morCili, moswrafed Seudga brZanebasa
missa da iwyo Targmnad da yovelnive ganakYrvna, rameTu
egeviTari Targmani, gareSe maT pirvelTasa, arRara gamoCinebul ars enasa Cuensa da vhgoneb, Tu arcaRa gamoCinebad
ars.
da mravalni wignni warscnis winaSe daviT kurapalatisa,
romelni-igi ixilna raA, viTarca iyo morwmune, sixaruliTa
aRivso da adidebda RmerTsa da ityoda, viTarmed: “madli
RmerTsa, romelman CuenTa amaT JamTa axali oqropiri gamoaCina”. da zedaAs-zeda mouwern, raATa Targmnides da warscemdes. da igi sanatreli Seusuenebelad Targmnin da raATurTiT ara scemda gansuenebasa Tavsa TYssa, aramed dRe da Rame
tkbilsa mas Taflsa wignTa saRmrToTasa Sureboda, romlisa
mier daatkbo enaA Cueni da eklesiaA. rameTu Targmnna wignni
saRmrToni, romelTa aRricxuvaA kninRa-da SeuZlebel ars,
romelTaganni raodennime moviKsenneT, raATa maT mier sxuaTaTYsca euwyos qristes morwmuneTa. rameTu ara Tu ulumbaTa da mTawmidas oden Targmnna, raATamca aRvricxueniT TiToeulad, aramed sameufosca da gzasa da sxuaTa eseviTarTa
adgilTa.
ebuli viyavi, xolo mas Semdeg Tavisuflad, wyarosaviT
aRmoCqefs misi piridan qarTuli sityva, yvela qarTvelis
metyvelebaze wminda. es rom davinaxe, davemxe wminda
RvTismSoblis winaSe da madloba Sevswire Cvens imeds,
vmadlobdi da vadidebdi RmerTs, amin”.
mama ioane eqvTimes eubneboda: “Svilo Cemo,
saqarTveloSi wignebis didi naklebobaa da bevri wigni
aklia; vxedav, rac RmerTs SenTvis mouniWebia. axla iSrome,
raTa gaamravlo RvTisagan mocemuli niWi”. da isic, yvelaferSi morCili, gulmodgined mihyva mamis naTqvams, da
iwyo Targmna da yvela gaakvirva, radgan aseTi mTargmneli, im adrindel (bibliis wignebis) mTargmnelTa garda,
ar movlinebia Cvens enas da, mgonia, rom aRarc gamoCndeba.
bevr wigns ugzavnida daviT kurapalats da, raki morwmune iyo mefe, sixaruliT aRivso, adidebda RmerTs da
ambobda: “madloba RmerTs, romelmac Cvens droSi axali
oqropiri1 gamoaCina”. xSirad moswerda xolme, rom eTargmna da gaegzavna xolme. sanatreli mama eqvTime Seusveneblad Targmnida da sruliad ar aZlevda sakuTar Tavs mosvenebas, aramed dRedaRam saRvTo wignebis tkbil Tafls
iZleoda, riTac Cveni ena da eklesia daatkbo. man Targmna
saRvTo wignebi, romelTa daTvla TiTqmis SeuZlebelia,
maTgan ramdenimes gavixsenebT, raTa amiT sxva wignebzec
Seityon qristes morwmuneebma. imaTgan, rasac CamovTvliT,
ara mxolod ulumbosa da mTawmindaze Targmna, aramed samefo karzec da sxva adgilebSic.
1. oqropiri - igulisxmeba wminda ioane oqropiri (IV-V ss.).
eklesiis didi maswavlebeli, RvTismetyveli, mqadagebeli da
ubadlo mWevrmetyveli.
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Targmna ukue viTarca vTquT: TargmanebaA iovanes Tavisa
saxarebisaA.
swavlani wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa didisa basilisni.
misive TargmanebaA fsalmunTaA.
wigni wmidisa klemaqsisi.
wigni wmidisa makarisi.
maqsimes swavlani.
wigni wmidisa isakisi, romelsa Sina arian sxuaTaca mamaTa
gamorCeulni swavlani.
wigni wmidisa doreTesi.
wamebaA da saswaulni wmidisa mTavarmowamisa dimitrisni.
cxorebaA da wamebaA wmidisa stefane axlisaA.
cxorebaA da wamebaA wmidisa klementos hromTa papisaA.
wamebaA wmidisa klimi ankYrelisaA.
cxorebaA wmidisa da didisa basili kesarielisaA.
wamebaA wmidisa akefsimaAsi.
cxorebaA wmidisa grigol RmrTis-metyuelisaA da
Tqumulni misni.
cxorebaA wmidisa bagratisi.
wamebaA wmidaTa mina-ermogineTi.
wmidisa grigol noselisa Tqumulni: SesxmaA Zmisa TYsisa
didisa basilisi da qalwulebisaTYs, da wmidisa “mamao CuenoAsa” Targmani, da wmidaTa marxvaTaTYs, da wmidisa mose
winaAswarmetyuelisa cxorebisa Targmani, saxed dayudebisa,
romeli Zmasa visme eTxoa.
iovane maxarebelisa xilvaA da xilvisa Targmani andrea
kritelisaA.
Tqumuli wmidisa iovane damaskelisaA orisa bunebisaTYs
qristesisa.
maS ase, rogorc vTqviT, man Targmna:
- ioanes saxarebis ganmarteba
- Cveni wminda mamis basili didis swavlani
- misive fsalmunTa ganmarteba
- wminda klemaqsis1 wigni
- wminda makaris wigni
- maqsimes swavlani
- wminda isakis wigni, romelSic aris sxva mamaTa
gamorCeuli swavlani
- wminda doroTes wigni
- wminda mTavarmowame dimitris wameba da saswaulebi
- wminda stefane axlis cxovreba da wameba
- romis papis wminda klimentis cxovreba da wameba
- wminda klimi ankvirelis wameba
- wminda basili didi kesarielis cxovreba
- wminda akefrimas cxovreba
- wminda grigoli RvTismetyvelis cxovreba da misi
Tqmulni
- wminda bagratis cxovreba
- wminda mina-ermogineTis wameba
- wminda grigol noselis Tqmulni: Tavis Zmis, wminda basili didis Seqeba, qalwulobisaTvis, “mamao Cvenos”
ganmarteba, wminda marxvaTaTvis, wminda mose winaswarmetyvelis cxovrebis ganmarteba, asketobis wesi, romelic
erT Zmas uTxovia.
- ioane maxareblis gamocxadeba da gamocxadebis andria kritelis ganmarteba
- wminda ioane damaskelis Tqmuli qristes ori bunebisaTvis
1 ioane kibis aRmwereli.
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sxuaA wmidisa RmrTis-mSoblisa SobisaTYs.
cxorebaA didisa aTanasesi.
wamebaA wmidaTa samTa yrmaTa: alfios, filadelfos da
kYrinesi.
cxorebaA wmidisa onofri mZovrisaA.
cxorebaA wmidisa mariam megYptelisaA.
swavlani wmidisa zosimesni.
swavlani wmidisa mamisa efremisni sarwmunoebisaTYs.
sYnaqsari saweliwdoA, umcroAsi.
mimoslvani da qadagebani wmidisa iovane maxarebelisani.
TargmanebaA galatelTa da TesalonikelTa da hromaelTa
epistolisaA.
dasdebelni marxvaTani sruliad, da mravalTa wmidaTa galobebi.
wamebaA wmidisa mowamisa prokopisi.
TargmanebaA wmidisa maTes Tavisa saxarebisaA.
mimoslvani da qadagebani wmidisa andrea mociqulisani.
sqemis kurTxevaA berZuli da monazunis kurTxevaA.
rCulis kanoni wmidisa iovane mmarxvelisaA da meequsisa
krebisaA.
Zeglis-weraA marTlisa sarwmunoebisaA.
locvani wmidisa martYliisani.
wamebaA wmidisa febroniaAsi.
wamebaA wmidisa anTimoAsi da wmidisa vlasisi da orTa bevrTaA.
wamebaA wmidisa Teodore stratelatisaA da Teodore
pYrgelisaA da wmidaTa evstrateTi; da wmidisa evstaTisi da
SvilTa misTaA.
swavlani wmidisa kasianesni.
wigni dialoRoni.
- sxva Tqmuli wminda RvTismSoblis SobisaTvis
- aTanase didis cxovreba
- wameba wminda samTa yrmaTa: alfiosi, faladelfosi da kvirinesi.
- wminda onofre mZovaris cxovreba
- wminda mariam megviptelis cxovreba
- wminda zosimes swavlani
- wminda mama efremis swavlani sarwmunoebisaTvis
- mcire saweliwado svinaqsari
- wminda ioane maxareblis mimosvlani da qadagebani
- galatelTa, TesalonikelTa da romaelTa mimarT
pavles epistoleebis ganmarteba
- marxvaTa dasdebelni srulad da mraval wmindanTa
galobebi
- wminda mowame prokopis wameba
- wminda maTes saxarebis ganmarteba
- wminda andria mociqulis mimosvlani da qadagebani
- sqemis berZnuli kurTxeva da monazvnis kurTxeva
- wminda ioane mmarTvelisa da meeqvse krebis rjulis
kanoni
- Zegliswera marTlisa sarwmunoebisa
- wminda martviliis locvebi
- wminda febronias wameba
- wminda anTimos, wminda vlasisa da ori aTasis wameba
- wminda Teodore stratilatis, Teodore pvirgelis, wminda evstratesi da masTan myofTa, wminda evstaTisi da misi Svilebis wameba
- wminda kasianes swavlani
- dialoRonis wigni
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wmidaTa mTavarangelosTa saswaulni.
cxorebaA wmidisa nikolaozisi.
wigni RmrTis-metyuelisa grigolisi.
maqsimesi rvaTa gulis-sityuaTaTYs.
basilis Tqumuli kaenis SYdTa Suris-gebaTaTYs.
SuaRamisani berZulni.
locvani berZulni mamisani da kanonni.
cxorebaA wmidisa didisa antonisi.
ese yovelni da amaTsa friad umravlesni wignni Targmnna
RmerT-Semosilman mamaman Cuenman da esreT aRaorZina misda
rwmunebuli igi talanti. da umravlesni zemoTqumulTa amaT
wignTaganni Targmnna, vidre-Ra mamaA misi iovane cocxal iyo
da yoveli zrunvaA da sauravi monastrisaA mas etYrTa. rameTu, viTarca zemo vTquT, netarman iovane mravalni welni
dayvna sneulebasa Sina da igi hmsaxurebda uZlurebasa missa
dRe da Rame. da kualad winamZRurobasa Sina dayo aToTxmeti
weli da samasisa sulisa zrunvaA da didisa lavrisa gangebaA
da mTawmidelTa ufroAsni sauravni mis netarisa mier iurvebodes da TYssa kanonsa didsa da mZimesa Zlierad aRasrulebda. da amis yovlisa Tana keTilsa mas Sromasa Targmanebisasa
ara daacadebda, arca scemda gansuenebasa Tavsa TYssa, aramed
yovladve iWirvin da RameTa aTevn, rameTu ufroAsni wignni
RamiT sanTliTa uTargmnian, viTarca vTquT, friadisa ucaloebisagan da sauravTa.
XIV. vidre-Ra mamaA iovane cocxal iyo, mo-vinme-vida monazoni hromisa queyanisaA, kaci ganTqumuli saTnoebiTa, romlisa saTnoebaTa wamebda queyanaA hromisa da saberZneTisaA, ZmaA
veneventos dukisaA, warCinebuli naTesaviT. ese movida equsTa mowafeTa TYsTa Tana mTasa amas wmidasa locvad. da viTar
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-
wminda mTavarangelozTa saswaulebi
wminda nikolozis cxovreba
grigoli RvTismetyvelis wigni
maqsimes rva survilisaTvis
basilis Tqmuli kaenis Svidi SurisgebisaTvis
berZnuli SuaRamisani
berZen mamaTa locvebi da kanonebi
wminda antoni didis cxovreba
yovelive es da sxva umravlesi wigni Targmna Cvenma
RmerTSemosilma mamam da ase gaamravla misTvis boZebuli
talanti1. am wignTagan umetesi maSin Targmna, vidre cocxali iyo misi mama, ioane; monastris mTeli sazrunavi eqvTimes etvirTa, radgan, rogorc vTqviT, netari ioane mravali weli iyo avad da dauZlurebuls igi emsaxureboda
dRedaRam. Semdeg winamZRvrobaSi gaatara ToTxmeti weli,
samasi suli berisTvis zrunva, didi monastris mmarTveloba da mTawmindel berTaTvis netari eqvTime zrunavda, Tavis mZime wessac mtkiced aRasrulebda. yovelive
amasTan erTad, Targmnas ar moscdeboda, mosvenebas ar
aZlevda sakuTar Tavs, aramed sul Sromobda da Rameebs
aTevda xolme. wignTagan umetesi sanTlis Suqze uTargmnia, rogorc vTqviT, metismeti mouclelobisa da sazrunavis gamo.
14. vidre ioane cocxali iyo, romis qveynidan movida
erTi monazoni, saTnoebiT ganTqmuli kaci, Zma veneventos
dukisa, warCinebuli, romlis saTnoebazec romma da saberZneTma kargad icoda. es kaci Tavis eqvs mowafesTan er1. uflis igavidan “talantebze” (mT. 25:15-28)
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ixiles mamaTa CuenTa madliTa Semkobili saxH misi, viTarca
TYsi da mecnieri esreT moikiTxes da sixaruliT Seiwynares
da evedrebodes aqa yofasa da etyodes, viTarmed: “Cuenca
ucxoni varT da Senca ucxo xar”. da ZliT daarwmunes, rameTu eneba, raATamca erTgan iyvnes monastersa Sina. xolo igi,
vinaATgan saCinoA kaci iyo da saxeloani, viTarca cnes hromTa, romelni iyvnes samefos da sxuaTa qalaqTa, mravali eri
Semokrba, raATamca monazon iqmnnes misgan. merme mamaTaca
CuenTa gaazraxes wmidasa mas bersa, viTarmed: “wmidao mamao,
vinaATgan esodenTa sulTa acxovneb, umjobes ars, raATa
mohparsne da mizez cxorebisa eqmna sulsa maTsa da RmerTsa
miupyrne. uwyiT, rameTu sxuaAca eri moslvad ars, raATa saxH
monozonebisaA KelTa SenTagan miiRon. Cuen giyidoT adgili
da yovliTave saKmriTa SegewineT”. xolo daRacaTu uZnda
wmidasa mas kacsa SfoTi da zrunvaA, ara ineba urCebaA brZanebisa maTisaA. vinaAca aRaSena monasteri Suenieri da Zmani mravalni Sekribna da TanadgomiTa mamaTa CuenTaATa srul-yo yovelive saqme SenebisaA. da zedaAs-zeda movaln igi xilvad maTda, da dayvnis dReni mravalni, da kualad miiqcis TYssave monastersa. da igi xolo monasteri ars hromTaA dRes mTawmidas
da keTilad da wesierad cxovndebian kanonsa da gangebasa zeda
wmidisa benetiktessa, romlisa cxorebaA weril ars dialoRonsa Sina.
pirvel moKsenebulsa mas Rirssa mRdelsa gabriels qarTvelsa da amas wmidasa bersa didsa leons hromsa friadi siyuaruli aqunda sulieri, da odesca movidis xilvad mamaTa,
maxlobelad senaksa gabrielissa aqunda senaki, da mun dayvnis
dReni igi. da TYsisa enisagan kide arca man icoda, arca man. da
viTarca Sebneldis, gamovidian TYsTa senakTagan, da locvayvian, da dasxdian da vidre ciskrisa rekadmde ubnobdian sityuaTa saRmrToTa. da vidre warslvadmde amas esreT hyofdian yovelTa mwuxrTa. da ityodes mamani Cuenni, viTarmed:
“garemoAs maTsa iyvnes sulierni Zmani da ficiT daguarwmunes,
viTarmed: “odesca movidis didi leon, maradis esreT hyofen
Tad movida mTawmindaze salocavad. Cvenma mamebma madliT
Semkobili misi saxe rom ixiles, ise moikiTxes, rogorc
naTesavi da nacnobi, sixaruliT miiRes, aq darCenas evedrebodnen da eubnebodnen: “Cvenc ucxoni varT da Senc
ucxo xar”. ZaliT daarwmunes, rom erT monasterSi yofnas
dasTanxmdeboda. radganac gamoCenili da saxelovani kaci
iyo, gaiges Tu ara romaelebma, samefo Tu sxva qalaqebidan
mravali Seikriba aq, raTa misgan monazvnoba mieRo. Semdeg Cvenma mamebma urCies am wminda bers: “wminda mamao,
radgan amden suls acxovneb, umjobesia, gakriWo, gadaarCino maTi sulebi da RmerTs miuZRvna. viciT, rom sxvebic
apireben aq mosvlas, raTa Seni xelidan miiRon monazvnoba.
Cven giyidiT adgils da yvelafriT dagexmarebiT”. Tumca
ki umZimda am wminda kacs es sazrunavi, mainc ar ineba maTi
urCoba. aaSena mSvenieri monasteri da mravali Zma Sekriba,
Cveni mamebis TanadgomiT yovelive srulyo. xSirad modioda xolme maT sanaxavad, mraval dRes dahyofda da isev
Tavis monasterSi brundeboda. dRes es erTi monasteri aqvT
romaelebs mTawmindaze, keTilad da wesierad cxovroben
wminda benediqtes kanonisa da wesis mixedviT, im benetiqtesi, romlis cxovreba aRwerilia “dialoRonSi”.
adre xsenebul Rirs mRvdel gabriel qarTvels da am
wminda bers, did leons, romidan Camosul veneventoss,
didi sulieri siyvaruli hqondaT. mamaTa sanaxavad rom
modioda xolme, gabrielis senakis maxloblad hqonda senaki da iq rCeboda ramdenime dRes. mSobliuri enis garda
arc iman icoda da arc aman. Sebneldeboda Tu ara, senakebidan gamovidodnen, loculobdnen, dasxdebodnen da ciskris zarebamde saRvTo sityvasa da ambebze saubrobdnen
xolme. ase iqmodnen yovel mwuxrze. Cveni mamebi ambobdnen:
“maT garSemo sulieri Zmebic iyvnen da ficiT
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igi da gabriel mRdeli”, da wamebdes, viTarmed: “maTisa siwmidisagan yovelive SesaZlebel iyo da sarwmuno, rameTu did
iyvnes igini winaSe RmrTisa da srul”.
dagvarwmunes, “movidoda Tu ara leoni, yovelTvis amas
iqmodnen is da gabriel mRvdeli”, da dasZendnen: “maTi
siwmindiT yovelive SesaZlebeli da sarwmuno iyo, radgan
isini maRalni da srulni iyvnen RvTis winaSe”.
XV. maT dReTa Sina iyo vinme kaTalikozi Tesalonikes,
saRmrToA da sulieri, megobari mamaTa CuenTaA, da aqunda
CueulebaA mamasa efTYmes da mravalgzis mivaln misa da odesme
man miiyvanis iZulebiT. xolo iyo Tesalonikes huriaA vinme
Sjulis-mecnieri, da unda kaTalikozsa, raATamca moaqcia igi
qristeaned, da zedaAs-zeda eubnebin. da iyo raA mis Tana mamaA
efTYme, evedra kaTalikozi, raATa ezraxos huriasa mas. da viTarca mouwodes, iwyes zraxvad Sjulisa. da viTarca Seiwrda da uRono iqmna huriaA igi winaSe netarisa mamisa
efTYmesa, iwyo gmobad qristeaneTa ubiwosa sarwmunoebasa.
da viTarca esma mamasa efTYmes, Sewuxna, da Sehrisxna da hrqua mas: “daiyavn piri Seni, bilwo huriao”. da masve Jamsa utyu
iqmna, da gare-mieqca piri misi. iyvnes mun mdgomare sxuanica
huriani. da Seuvrdes ferKTa mamisa efTYmesTa, raATa Seundos. da man miugo, viTarmed: “romeli-igi gmo, misgan Seindos da sarwmunoebad movides, da me Semindobia”. da merme
evedra kaTalikozi, raATa Seundos da locva-yos. da viTarca
locva-yo da juari daswera, masve Jamsa moiqca piri misi da
sityuad iwyo. da meyseulad Seuvrda ferKTa misTa da qristeane iqmna da didad morwmuned kacad gamoCnda.
sxuaAca vinme huriaA Sjulis-mecnieri da swavluli friad
da ganTqumuli cilobasa zeda, zuaobiTa huriebriviTa mouKda mamasa efTYmes da eneba sityuad. xolo netarsa mas uZnda
saqme ese, aramed brZanebiTa iovanesiTa iiZula zraxvad misa.
da viTarca iwyo cilobad da kiTxvad, aRuKsnida mas da ganumartebda yovelsave uaRres cnobisa. da mzakuvarman man, viTarca ixila ZleulebaA TYsi, iwyo Tqumad sityuaTa gmobi-
15. imxanad TesalonikSi iyo erTi RvTivsulieri kaTalikosi, Cveni mamebis megobari. mama eqvTimes Cvevad hqonda, mravalgzis movidoda xolme masTan, xan kide mas aiZulebda mosvlas. TesalonikSi iyo erTi ebrauli rjulis
mcodne. kaTalikoss undoda, igi qristianad moeqcia da
xSirad esaubreboda xolme. mama eqvTime masTan iyo da kaTalikosi Seevedra, rom im ebraelTan esaubra. ixmes da
rjulze daiwyes laparaki. ebraels gauWirda da uZluri
aRmoCnda netari mama eqvTimes winaSe. maSin rjulis mcodne
qristianTa da maTi wminda sarwmunoebis gmobas Seudga.
es rom gaigona mama eqvTimem, Sewuxda, Serisxa mas da uTxra:
“ena gaaCere, bilwo uria”. da imwamsve ena waerTva, utyvi
Seiqna da piri miabruna. iq sxva ebraelebic idgnen, isini
fexebSi Caucvivdnen mama eqvTimes, raTa Seendo misTvis. man
miugo: “vinc gmo, misgan miiRos Sendoba, misi rwmena miiRos, me ki Semindviao”. Semdeg kaTalikosi evedra, raTa
Seendo da eloca misTvis. roca iloca da jvari gadasaxa,
imwamsve moabruna piri da ametyvelda. maSinve Cauvarda
fexebSi, gaqristianda da didad morwmune gaxda. aseve
erTi ebrauli rjulis mcodnec, Zalzed ganswavluli da
ganTqmuli mokamaTe, ebrauli ampartavnobiT mivida mama
eqvTimesTan da saubari indoma. netar mamas umZimda es saqme,
magram ioanes brZanebiT iZulebuli gaxda, dalaparakeboda mas. dava da SekiTxvebis dasma rom iwyo, uxsnida da imaze mets ganumartavda, vidre iTxovda. mzakvarma Tavisi
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saTa. SeuZnda ese sanatrelsa mas da hrqua, viTarmed: “ukueTumca sityuasa werilTasa ikiTxevd, gangimarteTmca da, ukueTumca Cuen gukiTxevd, migigeTmca, vinaATgan kula gmobasa
maRlisa mimarT ityY, daiyavn piri Seni mgmobari!” da viTarca
esma, meyseulad utyu iqmna, da xvalisa dRe sulni warhKdes.
damarcxeba rom igrZno, gmoba daiwyo. amis mosmena gauWirda sanatrel mamas da uTxra: “Tu wminda werilidan ikiTxav, gangvimarte; Tu Cven gvekiTxebi - pasuxs Cven gagcemT;
magram raki isev maRal RmerTs gmob, Seni mgmobari piri
daiyavi!” es rom esma, maSinve waerTva ena da meore dRes
suli ganuteva.
XVI. iqmna odesme gualvaA friadi da maisi da ivnisi da ivlisi da agYstosi uwYmrad gardavlo, da didad misWirda
queyanasa, vidre-Ra furceli xeTa da venaKTaA gaKma da scYoda, da didsa urvasa Sina iyvnes kacni. ars mcire monasteri
monastrisa CuenisaA mTasa zeda, sada-igi Sen ars eklesiaA
wmidisa elia winaAswarmetyuelisaA. da viTar moiwia dResaswauli wmidisa eliaAsi, pirvel dRisa erTisa ubrZana mamaman
iovane Svilsa TYssa efTYmes, viTarmed: “wariyvanen Zmani, da
warvediT eklesiasa wmidisa eliaAssa da Rame aTieT da JamiswirvaA aRasruleT”. da odes amas ubrZanebda, mravalni Zmani
Sekrebul iyvnes winaSe mamisa iovanessa da reca gancxromis
saxed ubrZana, viTa: “yrmano, sawYmrebi ukuana waiReT, rameTu vesav RmerTsa, romel ara SeviqceT amaod”. warvides da
Rame aTies. da viTar moiwia Jamis-wirvisa Jami, Seimosa wmidaA
mamaA Cueni efTYme. da viTar iwyes locvad, pirvel saxarebisa
warkiTxvisa gamoCnda mcire Rrubeli erisonsa zeda, da masve
Jamsa aRivso caA RrubliTa da vidre Jamisa ziarebadmde Seiqmna wYmaA saSineli, da daaTro yoveli queyanaA. da viTarca ixiles ese, RmerTsa KelapyrobiT hmadlobdes; da viTarca JamiswirvaA aRasrules da sazrdeli miiRes, warmovides Sina. da
romelTa ZmaTa aqunda sawYmrebi, molxinebiT STamovides
monastrad, xolo romelTa ara aqunda, \ SromiT da WiriT. da
esreT ornive hmadlobdes RmerTsa da netarsa mamasa iovanes.
16. erTxel didi gvalva iyo. maisma, ivnisma, ivlisma
da agvistom uwvimod gadaiara. Zlier gauWirda qveyanas.
xeebi da venaxebi gaxma, metad wuxdnen amis gamo. mTawmindaze, Cvens monasterTan aris erTi mcire monasteri, wminda
elia winaswarmetyvelis saxelobisa. wminda elias dResaswauli rom moaxlovda, mama ioanem ubrZana Tavis Svils,
eqvTimes: “waiyvane Zmebi, wadiT wminda elias eklesiaSi da
RamisTeviT aRasruleT Jamiswirva”. amas rom eubneboda,
mravali Zma Sekrebiliyo mama ioanes winaSe da odnav Sexumrebulad ubrZana: “ymawvilebo, sawvimrebi Tan waiReT,
radgan imedi maqvs RvTisa, rom amaod ar davSvrebiT”. wavidnen da Rame gaaTies. Jamiswirvis dro rom moaxlovda,
Cveni wminda mama eqvTime Seimosa. locva rom daiwyes, saxarebis wakiTxvamde erisionze (mTis Tavze) patara Rrubeli gamoCnda da imwamsve ca RrublebiT aivso. ziarebamde
saSineli wvima wamovida da mTeli qveyana wyliT daaTro.
es rom ixiles, xelapyrobiT madlobdnen RmerTs. rogorc
ki Jamiswirva aRasrules, sazrdeli miiRes da Sin wamovidnen. visac sawvimari hqonda, mxiarulad Semovida monasterSi, visac ar hqonda - gaWirvebiT dabrunda. yvela madlobda RmerTs da netar mama ioanes.
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XVII. odesme ineba wmidaman mamaman Cuenman efTYme aRslvaA
mTasa aTonisasa feris-cvalebad da, viTarca ars wesi mTawmidelTaA, eri friadi Sekrbebis Txemsa zeda mTisasa amas
dResaswaulsa da Ramesa aTeven. da viTar RamH ganaTies, da
moiwia Jami Jamis-wirvisaA da Seimosa wmidaA mamaA Cueni efTYme
da sxuani mRdelni mis Tana, da viTarca siwmide Seiyvanes da
“wmida arsi” aRiRes, ixiles mamaA Cueni efTYme viTarca cecxli mgzebarH. da zarman Seipyrna yovelni. da masve Jamsa isma
KmaA viTarca yivili erisa mravlisaA, da SeiZra mTaA igi ZrviTa didiTa, da yovelnive pirsa zeda daecnes. da viTarca aRadginna igini mamaman efTYme, SiSisagan viTarca mkudarni iyvnes.
da viTar ixilna esreT SeZrwunebulni, hrqua maT: “nu geSinin, Zmano, rameTu moxedvaA saRmrToA iqmna, da qristeman TYsi
dResaswauli adida”. xolo maT yovelTa nugeSinis-eca da
misces didebaA RmerTsa.
17. erTxel Cvenma wminda mama eqvTimem feriscvalebisTvis aTonis mTaze ineba asvla; rogorc mTawmindelTa wesi
iyo, didZali xalxi ikribeboda xolme mTis Txemze am
dResaswaulis dros da Rames aTevdnen. Rame rom gaaTies
da Jamiswirvis dro moaxlovda, Cveni wminda mama eqvTime
da sxva mRvdlebi Seimosnen. rogorc ki siwminde1 Seitanes
da “wminda arsi”2 iloces; dainaxes, Cveni mama eqvTime dgas
viTarca mgznebare cecxli. SiSis zarma moicva yvela. am
dros didZali xalxidan yiviliviT gaisma xma, Zlierad
iZra mTa da yvelani pirqve daecnen. mama eqvTimem isini rom
wamoayena, SiSisagan mkvdrebiviT iyvnen. ase SeZrwunebulni
rom ixila, uTxra: “nu geSiniaT, Zmebo, radgan RmerTma
mogvxeda da qristem Tavisi dResaswauli adida”. maT didi
nugeSi miiRes da adides RmerTi.
XVIII. saydarTa Soris sakaTalikozoTa saCino ars da
warCinebul saydari wmidisa epifane kYprelisaA. da JamTa basili mefisaTa odesme aResrula mTavarepiskoposi, romeli iyo
mun. da friad aiZula mefeman netarsa efTYmes, raATa miiTualos gangebaA misi. xolo man yoladve ara Tavs-idva, rameTu
yovliTa moswrafebiTa evltoda didebasa kacTasa da SfoTsa
soflisasa da simdablesa Seitkbobda.
18. sakaTalikoso saydarTa Soris gamoCenili da
warCinebulia wminda epifane kviprelis saydari. basilis
mefobis dros iq gardaicvala mTavarepiskoposi. mefe netar eqvTimes aiZulebda, raTa mas mieRo mmarTveloba
(episkoposoba). magram man Tavs ar ido, radgan igi didi
mondomebiT gaurboda kacTa didebas da amsofliur SfoTs,
da Tavmdablobas Seitkbobda.
XIX. da viTarca iyo netari mamaA Cueni efTYme savse zegardamoATa madliTa, egreTve saRmrToni wesni da gangebani
daesxnes monastersa TYssa: pirvelad wesni eklesiisani da
19. raodeni zeciuri madliTac iyo aRsavse Cveni netari mama eqvTime, iseTive madliT daadgina man saRvTo wesi
da mmarTveloba Tavis monasterSi: upirvelesad Seadgina
1 siwminde – wminda ZRvenis (ziarebis) mosamzadebeli WurWeli
2 “wminda arsi” - locvaa, romelic ase iwyeba.
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gangebani yovlisa weliwdisani, viTarca weril ars didsa sYnaqsarsa srulebiT da dauklebelad.
yovelwliuri wesi da gangeba eklesiisa, rogorc es did
svinaqsarSi weria, srulad da daukleblad.
1. da maradis evedrebin ZmaTa, raATa moswrafe iyvnen mislvad eklesiad da wesierad dgomad da mKurvaled locvad.
da TYT mis netarisa sayofeli simaRlesa iyo, godolsa zeda
maRalsa, da vervin ver miuswris ciskrisa locvasa, da TYnier
kuerTxisa da kedelsa miyrdnobisa dgan igi eklesias yovliTa moswrafebiTa da krZalulebiTa. da odes mcire raAme saqme
arn, mowafesa TYssa saidumlod ubrZanis, da igi warvidis. da
gina Tu ikonomosisada ebrZanis, gina Tu parikonomosisada,
mozidnis neliad da Stosa gaiyvanis da mun uTxris brZanebaA
mamisaA. da odes raAme didi iyvis, TYT gavidis Stosa, da daiubnis. eklesiasa kula Sina yoladve ubnobasa vervin ikadrebda.
2. da daRacaTu Zmani kedelsa Tana dgian, garna kedelsa
aravin mieyrdnobin, rameTu iginica mas netarsa hbaZvides
msgavsad Zalisa. WabukTada gaewesa saSoval eklesiasa dgomaA
da orkecad da samkecad dgian KelmoWdobiT da mowiwebiT.
da skamebi saSoval dadgian da odes jer-arn egreTve orkecad da samkecad dasxdian. da dekanozi odes awuevn anu mnaTH
gina wignis kiTxvasa, gina wardgomasa, gina Tu romelsaca samsaxurebelsa eklesiisasa, guerdiT mividis da Tayuanis-scis,
da uTxris, romel mas oden esmin, da man Tayuanis-scis, da
waremarTis TYssa msaxurebasa.
1) mudam evedreboda xolme Zmebs, rom eklesiaSi misvlis survili hqondeT, wesierad idgnen da mxurvaled
loculobdnen. netaris samyofeli maRali koSkis Tavze
iyo. veravin daaswrebda mas ciskris locvaze mosvlas.
ukverTxod, kedelze miuyrdnoblad idga xolme igi eklesiaSi, didi mondomebiTa da krZalviT. da roca raime saqme
gamoCndeboda, Cumad ubrZanebda Tavis mowafes da is midioda; ikonomosis1 an parikonomosisTvis2 Tu iyo raime saqme,
frTxilad gaixmobda, stoaSi3 gaiyvanda da iq ubrZanebda.
xolo Tu didi saqme iyo, TviTon gavidoda xolme stoaSi
da iq daelaparakeboda. eklesiaSi laparaks veravin
bedavda.
2) Zmebi kedelTan Tu idgnen, kedels aravin mieyrdnoboda, radgan isinic netars baZavdnen TavianTi SeZlebisaebr. axalgazrdebs eklesiis SuaSi daudgina dgoma, or da
sam rigad idgnen xolme moWidebiT da mowiwebiT. skamebic
SuaSi idga da, roca saWiro iyo, aseve or da sam rigad
dasxdebodnen xolme. vinmes dekanozi Tu iwvevda an mnaTe
wignis sakiTxavad, wardgomad an sxva saeklesio msaxurebisTvis axlos mdgomi mividoda, Tayvans scemda da eubneboda, rac gaigona, da isic TayvaniscemiT waremarTeboda xolme samsaxureblad.
1. ikonomosi - monastris sameurneo saqmeTa gamgebeli
2. parikonomosi - ikonomosis moadgile
3. stoa, Stoa - gadaxuruli Sesasvleli
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3. orni epitiritisni, romel arian damxedvarni, daedginnes,
kacni saRmrToni da RmrTis-moSiSni, erTi uxucesi da erTi
umrwemesi misa queSe, romelsa waravlinebn senakebsa ZmaTasa
da moiyvanebn Sina daSTomilTa. ukueTu vinme ara movidis
dawesebulTa zeda ciskrisasa, gankanonis jerovnad, viTarca
ganewesa mamasa. da romelni Zlierad Surebodian dRe yovel,
da ara moecalebin Zili, dRisi igi SromaA maTi locvadve dauTualis. romelni kula anu mocalebiT iyvnian anu subuqTa
samsaxurebelTa, gina Tu xucesni guna Tu diakonni gina Tu
mJa[36]mobelni, ukueTu Wabukni iyvnian, asi muKli moadrekiis
sakurTxevelsa wina, ukueTu kula berni da uZlurni iyvnian,
uRYnobaA da usa[W]mlobaA ganuwesis mas dResa Sina.
3) ori epitiritisi, anu zedamxedveli daadgina, metad
RvTismoSiSni - erTi ufrosi da erTi umcrosi. maT gaagzavnida xolme Zmebis senakSi, raTa Sin darCenilebi moeyvanaT. Tuki ciskarze dawesebul dros vinme ar movidoda,
saTanadod dasjida, rogorc mamas daewesa. vinc bevrs Sromobda yoveldRiurad da ZilisTvisac ar iclida, dRisiT
gaweul Sromas locvad miuTvlida xolme. vinc usaqmod
iyo an ioli samsaxuri hqonda, mRvdeli iqneboda, diakoni
Tu mgalobeli, axalgazrdebi Tu ki iyvnen, sakurTxevlis
win asjer unda moedrikaT muxli, da Tuki moxuci iyo an
uZluri, im dRes Rvinisa da sakvebis miReba ekrZalebodaT.
4. locvasa yoladve eklesiisa karTa Tana dgann uxucesi
epitiritisi da gamavalTa ZmaTa hkiTxavn mizezsa ganslvisasa,
ukueTu raAme diad saWiroA saqme ara aqun, vervin ikadris gansvlaA. xolo ukueTu raAme saWiroA iyvis, uTxris epitiritissa, da kualad moswrafed Seiqcis. ukueTu kula daeyovnis,
didad abralis da daumowmis, viTarmed: “amas nuRara iqm!” da
ukueTu kula qmnis-Ra, satrapezos ara SeuSYs, aramed Kmelisa purisa WamaA ganuwesis mas dResa, anu asi muKli moadrekiis.
4) locvis dros eklesiis karTan idga xolme ufrosi
zedamxedveli da gareT gamaval Zmebs gasvlis mizezs ekiTxeboda. Tu raime didad saWiro saqme ar hqonda, veravin
gabedavda gasvlas. magram Tu raime aucilebeli saqme iyo,
zedamxedvels etyoda da swrafadve brundeboda. Tu Seyovndeboda da mosvlas daagvianebda, daadanaSaulebda da
daumowmebda, rom amas metad nuRar izamda. da Tuki kvlav
gaimeorebda, satrapezoSi aRar SeuSvebdnen, im dRes xmel
purs an as muxldrekas daudgendnen.
5. mSromelTa da maSuralTada ganewesa mamasa, da Semdgomad dawesebulTa warvidian, da gamoisuenian vidre meored
rekadmde, da merme kualad eklesiadve movidian. ukueTu kula
daKsndian, epitiritisTa moiyvanian.
6. ukueTu vieTnime Seilalnian Zmani, mouKmis mamaman da
naKnis, da brZanebasa missa ara urC eqmnebodes, mSYdobaA qmnian. ukueTu kula gulficxelni ipovnian da masve zeda
daadgrian, ganewesa, romel vidre dagebadmde trapezsa ver
Seviden da pursa xolo da wyalsa iKmarebden, xolo ukueTu
winamZRuari ara arn, ikonomosman gankanonnis.
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5) mSromelebsa da SromiT daRlilebs mamam daudgina
dasveneba meore rekvamde: iSromebdnen da isvenebdnen, da
Semdeg isev eklesiaSi movidodnen. Tuki Tavisuflebi iyvnen da ar hqondaT saqme, zedamxedvelTan mihyavdaT.
6) Tuki Zmebi waiCxubebdnen, mama ixmobda da gaigebda,
ra moxda; mis brZanebas ar eurCebodnen da mSvidoba Camovardeboda maT Soris. da Tu mainc gulgaficxebulni darCebodnen, sanam ar Serigdebodnen trapezze 1 ver
1 trapezi – sufra, nadimi
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7. odesca eklesias Sevidodian – pirvelad mamaA efTYme
da merme Zmani yovelni – vidre muKlTa zeda ara modrkian, da
Tayuanis-scian wmidasa RmrTis-mSobelsa, romel ars bWeTa
zeda, ara Sevidian. da odesca mamasa wina wauvlidian Zmani –
gina eklesias gina sadaca – vidre ara modrkian, da Tayuanisscian mdablad, ara warhvlidian. da egreTve ne tari mamaA Cueni efTYme ara Tu sapatioTa kacTa oden, aramed maT axlad mosrulTaca que modrekiT Tayuanis-scemn da wyalobiT moikiTxavn.
Sevidodnen da marto pursa da wyals miiRebdnen.
winamZRvari Tuki ar iyo, ikonomosi dasjida maT.
8. da ukueTu vinme ixilnis moswrafeni Zmani, romelni
zrunvidian sulTa TYsTaTYs, egeviTarTa maT miRmarT aras
ubrZanebn.
9. ukueTu kula vinme ixilnis udebni da daKsnilni da axalmosrulni, maT zedaAs-zeda eubnebin, aswavebn, amxilebn da
nugeSinis-scemn da KelosanTa dahvedrebn, raATa marjued
eqceodian da araras miaWirvebden.
10. raA serobisa ilocian, ara Kel-ewifeboda ZmaTa arca
senaksa Sekrebad ubnobisaTYs, arca monastersa Sina ubnobad.
da Tu vinme povnian, epitiritisTa daacxrvnian da TYsTa kelinTa warmgzavnnian. ukueTu kula winaaRdgomaA vinme ikadris
maTi, mamaman ubrZanis da ficxlad gankanonnis.
11. odes ixilnian vinme WabukTa ZmaTaganni gina erTmanerTsa Tana ubnobad anu sicilad anu Kelis-miyofad, ficxlad
amxilian. da ukueTu meored qmnian-Ra, mamasa moaKsenian, da
man mZimed gankanonnis.
7) vidre eklesiaSi Sevidodnen, jer mama eqvTime da
Semdeg yvela sxva Zma - muxlis moudreklad da Tayvaniscemis gareSe wminda RvTismSoblis winaSe, romelic karis
zemoT iyo - ar Sevidodnen SigniT. roca mamis win unda
gaevloT Zmebs, gind eklesiaSi da gind sxvagan, vidre muxls ar moidrekdnen da Tayvans ar scemdnen, ar gaivlidnen.
aseve Cveni netari mama eqvTimec, araTu pativcemul kacTa,
aramed axalmosulTa winaSec qvedadrekiT Tayvans scemda
xolme da wyalobiT moikiTxavda.
8) Tu romelime gulmodgine Zmas naxavda, romelic Tavisi sulisaTvis zrunavda, amaT mimarT arafers brZanebda.
9) magram Tu romelime zarmacs, usaqmurs an axalmosuls naxavda, maT xSirad esaubreboda, aswavlida, amxelda, nugeSs scemda da gamocdilT evedreboda, rom samarTlianad da guldadebiT mohqceodnen da araferi moekloT maTTvis.
10) mwuxris locvisas ZmaTagan aravis SeeZlo sasaubrod
damdgariyo arc senakSi da arc eklesiaSi. Tuki vinmes
ipovidnen, zedamxedveli daaSoSminebda da Tavis senakSi
gaagzavnida. magram vinme mainc Tu gabedavda winaaRmdegobas, mama ubrZanebda da mkacrad dasjidnen.
11) Tuki naxavdnen romelime axalgazrda ZmaTagans an
erTmaneTTan mosaubreT, an mocinarT, an kidev amis dawyebas rom apirebda, mkacrad amxeldnen. Tu meored SeniSnavdnen, mamas moaxsenebdnen da is mZimed dasjida xolme.
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12. ukueTu raAme mohKdis mterisa mier: erTmanerTisa mimarT ficxeli SfoTi gina wuerTa daglejaA, gina mimTxuevaA,
wesi iyo mamisa CuenisaA, romel mas Tana KmamaRlobaA da uwesoA
gulis-wyromaA ara iyo, viTa iyo yovliTave saTnoebiTa
Semkuli, \ tkbiliTa da hamoATa sityYTa daiubnnis wignTagan
da zepiriT. da hrqYs, viTarmed: “Svilno! ukueTu migiSune
amas saqmesa zeda, pirvelad sulTa TquenTa waiwymedT da merme
monasteri uwesod gava, vinaATgan egre mohKda, romel
RmerTman me damadgina Tquenda msajulad da ganmgebelad,
ukueTu uwurTelad migiSune, uwyodeT, viTa mas saukunesa
mwared gaisjebiT. ukueTu kula me aqa mcired gwuarTne da
madlobiT miiTualoT, mrwams RmrTisagan, viTa mis saukunoAsa
gankiTxvisagan ganerebiT”. da esreT raA daarwmunis, cnis Zali
mis saqmisaA ZmaTagan da, ukueTu orTaAve arn brali, ornive
wuarTnis, da, ukueTu erTisaA, \ erTi. viTari-Zi iyvis SfoTi
igi, ukueTu didi iyvis, didad wuarTnis da, ukueTu mcire –
mcired; samamos miiyvannis da ubrZanis ganrTxmaA. da Zmaman man
Tayuanis-scis da ganirTxis Tavi TYsi. da erTi ZmaA Tavsa
umWiravn da erTi ferKTa da erTTa CoKaTa zeda miamTxYan
RuediTa: romelsame l da romelsame m da romelsame samoci.
xolo ukueTu vinme ipovis asabiaA da erTi-meorisa meSueli,
didad mougindis, da ficxlad wuarTis. da maT cemulTa
Semdgomad cemisa muKlT-modrekiT Tayuanis-scian da
cremliT SendobaA iTxovian mamisagan. da romelmanme ori
msgefsi dayvis que mwolareman da romelmanme sami. da JamiTiJamad mivaln mamaA da nugeSinis-scemn sityYT da saqmiT da
sanukvarsa warscemn da KelosanTa dahvedrnis, raATa nugeSinis-scemden. da vinca wuarTis TYnier yovlisa mizezisa,
nugeSinis-scis da aRaSenis: anu CoKiTa anu sabeWuriTa anu
sxYTa raATme saKmriTa. da yoladve ara iyo drtvinvaA gina
gulis-klebaA cemulTa maT Tana, aramed esreT Seeracxis, viTarmca qristes KelTagan wurTil iyvnes.
12) Tuki raime moxdeboda eSmakisagan: erTmaneTTan didi
Cxubi, an wveris gleja, an dartyma - aseTi wesi hqonda Cvens
mamas, rom am dros xmamaRla an guliswyromiT ki ar mimarTavda, aramed yovelgvari saTnoebiT Semkuli tkbili da
saamo sityviT daelaparakeboda da esaubreboda, ama Tu im
wignidan aswavlida. da eubneboda xolme: “Svilebo! es saqme
rom daganeboT, jer sakuTar sulebs wawymedT da Semdeg
monasterSic uwesoba iqneba; radgan ise moxda, rom RmerTma me damadgina Tqvens msajulad da ganmgeblad, dausjelni rom dagtovoT, icodeT, rom saukunod mwared daisjebiT.
magram Tuki aq mcirediT dagsjiT da sasjels madlierebiT miiRebT, mjera rom saukuno gankiTxvas gadaurCebiT”.
ase rom daarwmunebda, kargad gamoikiTxavda am ZmaTa saqmes
da, Tu orives brali iyo, orives sjida, Tu erTisa - erTs
dasjida. rogori Cxubic iyo, imisda mixedviT, did an mcire
sasjels gamoutanda. samamoSi1 miiyvanda da ubrZanebda ganrTxmas. Zma Tayvans scemda da dawveboda. erTi Zma Tavs uWerda, meore - fexebs, mesame ki tansacmelzeve gadahkravda
Rvedebs: vis - ocdaaTs, vis - ormocs da vis - samocs. vinme
mSveleli Tu gamoCndeboda, metad gauWirdeboda, radgan
ufro sastikad tanjavdnen. cemis Semdeg nacemi muxldrekiT
Tayvans scemda da cremliT Sendobas iTxovda mamisagan.
zogi ori kvira iwva amis Semdeg, zogi ki sam kvirasac. drodadro mama movidoda xolme da nugeSs scemda sityviT da
saqmiT, sazrdos aZlevda da ostats evedreboda, rom nugeSi ecaT maTTvis. visac umizezod scemdnen, nugeSsac scemda
da sikeTiTac aavsebda: an samosels miscemda, an wamosasxams,
an sxva raime saWiro nivTs. arasodes drtvinavda da arc
gulnakluli rCeboda nacemi, aramed ise miiRebda, TiTqos
qristes xeliT iyoso wvrTnili.
1 samamo - monastris mamasaxlisis senaki (il. abulaZe).
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13. eseviTari CueulebaA aqunda wmidasa mamasa Cuensa
efTYmes: rameTu samTa dReTa SYdeulisaTa, \ orSabaTsa, oTxSabaTsa da paraskevsa, senaksa TYssa mzisa daslvasa puri da
wyali iKmaris TYnier didTa dResaswaulTasa, da sxuaA
yoladve trapezsa mivaln. garna Tu lavreli movidis anu proti, rameTu maSin esre irCies ZmaTa, raATa kide Seukazmviden
pursa gina Tu samamos anu Tu sadaca enebos, raATa ara daeyovnos ZmaTa satrapezos mizezisaTYs Sromisa, rameTu friad
moxarke iyvnes Zmani maSin Sromasa.
13) erTi aseTi Cveuleba hqonda Cvens wminda mama eqvTimes: kviraSi sam dRes - orSabaTs, oTxSabaTs da paraskevs
Tavis senakSi iyo da mxolod mzis Casvlisas miiRebda pursa da wyals, garda didi dResaswaulebisa. sxvebi ki satrapezoSi mividoda. Tuki vinme lavridan movidoda an arqimandriti, maSin Zmebi moumzadebdnen sazrdos samamoSi,
an sadac inebebda, rom ar daegvianaT satrapezoSi, radgan
Zalze mondomebulni irjebodnen Zmebi.
14. netari mamaA Cueni RYnosa ara odes iKmarebn TYnier
Jamis-wirvisa anu didisa raAsme mizezisa vidre siberedmde.
xolo trapezsa odesca dajdis, ebrZana metrapezisada, romel
ZmaTa RYnisagan yoladve TasiTa RYnosa daudgmides, da gemosa
ixilavn. da ukueTu marjued arn, araraA brZanis, ukueTu kula
anu Zmriani arn, anu meti wyali erTis, Semdgomad trapeziT
adgomisa daeubnis mevaJinesa, viTarmed: “Zmao, amaT ZmaTa nugeSinis-sacemeli sxuaA ara sadaAT aqus amis trapezisagan kide.
ukueTu subuqi RYnoA iyos, yola nu urTav wyalsa, da ukueTu saSuvali iyos, jerisaebr urTe, da ukueTu umjobesi-re
iyos, viTarca jer-iyos”. egreTve daRacaTu TYT aras iKmarebn, ZmaTa saWmeli moaRebiis Tavisa wina da misica gemoA
ixilis. da ukueTu zeTi akldis, kelari daiubnis da amcnis
ganmarTebaA, xolo ukueTu umgbari iyvis anu umariloA anu
mariliani, odes trapeziT aRdgis, mzareuli daiubnis da hrqYs, viTarmed: “SiSiTa RmrTisaATa iqmode, Zmao, samsaxurebelsa Sensa da nu ityY, Tu kacTa vhmsaxureb, aramed esreT
gaqundin, viTarmca angelosTa RmrTisaTa hmsaxurebdi, raATa
sasyideli Seni ara wargiwymdes”.
14) Cveni netari mama siberemde Rvinos arasodes iRebda, garda Jamiswirvisa an raime didi mizezisa. trapezs
rom miujdeboda, metrapezes1 ubrZanebda, rom TasiT Rvino
daedga ZmebisaTvis, raTa gemo gaesinjaT. Tu kargi iqneboda Rvino, arafers brZanebda, magram Zmriani an meti wyali
Tu iqneboda gareuli, trapezis Semdeg mnes daelaparakeboda xolme da etyoda: “Zmao, am Zmebs nugeSisacemeli sxva
araferi aqvT, am trapezis garda. msubuqi Tu gamodga
Rvino, wyals nuRar gaurev, Tu saSualod iyos - jerovnad
gaurie, da Tu saukeTeso iyos, rogorc saWiro iqnebao”.
aseve, TviTon Tuki ar iRebda, Zmebs saWmels moataninebda
da mas gemos usinjavda. Tuki zeTi aklda, mnes daelaparakeboda da sTxovda damatebas; Tu mouxarSavi iqneboda an
umarilo, an mariliani, trapezidan wamomdgari, mzareuls
daelaparakeboda da etyoda: “RvTis moSiSebiT akeTe, Zmao,
Seni saqme da nu ityvi, adamianebs vemsaxurebio, aramed ise
iqmode, TiTqos RvTis angelozebs emsaxurebi, raTa Seni
sazRauri ar wagiwymdes zecaSi”.
1 metrapeze - sufris gamgebeli
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15. wesi iyo mamisa CuenisaA, romel trapezsa zeda yoladve
ara ubnobn, garna Tu vinme ucxoni iyvnian da iSYT sadme neliad sityuaA miugis. gina Tu wyali undis, gina Tu evlogiasa visme warscemn, gina Tu raAme saWiroA saqme iyvis trapezsa
zeda, mouKmis mowafesa da idumal ubrZanis, romel sxuaman
vervin cnis. sxuaA kula ZmaTagani yoladve vervin ikadrebn
ubnobasa. metrapeze kula da Kelosanni, ukueTu saWiroA raAme
saqme iyvis, idumal daCurCnian. egreTve ZmaTa, ukueTu saWiroA raAme saqme iyvis, gina Tu wyalsa iTxovdian gina Tu sxuasa rasme, idumal iTxovian.
15) Cvens mamas aseTi wesi hqonda, trapezze saerTod ar
laparakobda, vinme ucxo Tuki ijda, iSviaTad ityoda
raimes, da wynarad miugebda. wyali moundeboda, kurTxevas aZlevda an sxva raime saWiro saqme Tu hqonda trapezze, mowafes mouxmobda da Cumad ubrZanebda, rom sxvas aravis gaego. ZmaTagan veravin gabedavda laparaks. metrapeze
an sxva ostati, raime aucilebloba Tuki iqneboda, wynarad CurCulebdnen. Zmebic aseve Cumad iTxovdnen xolme
wyals an sxva raimes.
16. da eseca gaewesa metrapezisada, viTarmed: “ukueTu vinme
ixilo gina ubnobad, gina sicilad, gina laRobad trapezsa
zeda, SeuTuale, viTa: “magas nuRara iqm, Tu ara mamasa gauwesebia, romel gare gagiyvano”. ukueTu vinme ipovis gina
mterisagan gina sasumlisagan da kualadca iwyis ubnobad, gina
gancxromad, SeeTuala mamasa eklesiasa Sina ZmaTada, viTa:
“damimcnia metrapezisada, romel aravin aRgidges wina gare
ganyvanebisaTYs”. da arca vin ikadrebda winaaRdgomasa, da
gare gaiyvanis egeviTari igi, vidremdis saxH ganigis.
16) metrapezes esec daudgina: “vinmes Tu naxav mosaubres, an mocinars, an Tavxedurad mjdoms trapezTan, SeuTvale – magas nuRar izam, Torem mamas daudgenia, rom gareT gagiyvanoo”. magram vinme eSmakis aRZvriT an sasmeliT
Tu mainc ar gaCerda da ganagrZo saubari an mxiaruleba,
SeuTvale eklesiis mamis nabrZanebi: “metrapezes vavaleb,
rom aravin SeuSalos xeli mis gareT gayvanaSi”. veravin
bedavda winaaRmdegobas, gareT gahyavdaT, vidre ar gamoswordeboda.
17. mSromelTada dResaswaulTa da kYriakeTa da gina Tu
haeri arn, maSin gaewesa msaxurebaA, da Sromisa dReTa Sinamyofni da xucesni da diakonni hmsaxurebdian, viTarca mixudebin da sxuaA mocale eri.
18. wesi iyo mamisa CuenisaA, romel, ukueTu didi raAme saqme
arn gina samefoA gina bWisaA, eklesias daiubnnis Zmani. da ukueTu sakrebuloA raAme arn, ZmaTa uKmis, romelTa aqun mis saqmisa mecnierebaA, \ gina Tu samWedloA iyvis, gina saxurovnoA,
gina savenaKH, \ da maT Tana daiurvis samamos. ese kula sxuani
saqmeni wurilni ikonomossa Tana daiubnnis, rameTu, daRacaTu yovelsa saqmesa mecnier iyo samgzis sanatreli mamaA Cue-
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17) Tu dResaswaulebi iyo, kvira (sauflo) dReebi an
cudi amindebi, daudgina samsaxuri imaT, vinc Sinmyofi iyo
- mRvdeli iqneboda Tu diakoni, ise emsaxuraT, rogorc
SexvdebodaT da aseve sxva saqmisgan Tavisufal xalxsac.
18) Cveni mamis wesi iyo, romelime didi saqme Tu gamoCndeboda - gind samefo, gind sasamarTlo, eklesiaSi daelaparakeboda Zmebs; Tuki raime samonastro saqme iqneboda, im Zmebs uxmobda, ra xelobac icodnen - samWedlo iyo,
xurosi, savenaxe - da maT esaubreboda samamoSi. sxva, ufro
wvril saqmeebze ekonomoss daelaparakeboda. Tumca yvela
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efTY
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ni efTYme, garna didiTa miT simdabliTa TYsiTa TYnier
kiTxvisa ara ras iqmoda.
saqmis mcodne iyo samgzis sanatreli Cveni mama eqvTime,
magram udidesi TavmdablobiT ukiTxavad arafers akeTebda.
19. da siberesa missa zeda ara Tavs-idebda argniTa eklesiad Seslvad. xolo uZlurTa ZmaTada gaewesa, da eklesiisa
Stosa dgian miyrdnobiT kuerTxTa maTTa zeda. xolo romelni
metadre uZlurni iyvnian, maTda ebrZana, romel Stosave Sina
sxden igini skamTa zeda.
20. da ufroAs yovlisa ese uZnn wmidasa mamasa Cuensa: ukueTu vieTme tyuviliT gina eklesiisaTYs gina Zmisa visTYsme
sityuaA raAme uTxrian. da amisTYs mtkiced daemowma, raATa,
ukueTu zedamiwevniT ara icodian, yoladve ara ikadron moKsenebad. xolo ukueTu tyuviliT raAme moaKsenian, mZimed
gankanonnis. da amis mizezisaTYs mravalni Zmani monastrisagan gaasxna, raATa krebuli mSYdobiT iyoso.
21. Tuesa Sina orgzis da samgzis kYriaobaTa daiubnis Zmani swavliTa sulieriTa da, viTarca iyo savse madliTa RmrTisaATa, wmidaTa werilTagan aswavebn maT sargebelsa sulTa
maTTasa. da esoden lmobier iqmnian yovelni, vidre-Ra mravali cremli dasTxiian da hmadlobdian RmerTsa, da sityuaA misi
esreT Seiwynarian, viTarca qristesi. xolo aswavebn maT siyuarulisaTYs da simdablisa, morCilebisaTYs da krZalulebisa, simSYdisaTYs da uSfoTvelobisa, moTminebisaTYs da msaxurebisa da moswrafed mislvisaTYs eklesiad da sxuaTa yovelTave wesTa krebulisaTa mKurvaled aRsrulebisaTYs. da
ityYn, viTarmed: “esreT vixarkoT, Zmano, romel SekrebaA Cueni
amas wmidasa adgilsa arca cudad iyos, arca amaod iqmnas ganslvaA Cueni amier sofliT”. da sxuani mravalni swavlani, viTarca RmerTman moscis pirsa missa, miuTxrnis.
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19) moxucebulobaSi joxiT ar Sedioda eklesiaSi. dauZlurebuli ZmebisTvis ki daawesa eklesiis stoaSi
kverTxze dayrdnobiT dgoma. ufro metad dauZlurebulebs ebrZanaT, rom stoaSive skamze msxdariyvnen.
20) yvelaze metad Cvens wminda mamas es umZimda: Tuki
vinme tyuils ityoda eklesiaze, an romelime Zmaze raimes
etyodnen. amis gamo mtkiced iTxovda, rom nu gabedavdnen
raimes Tqmas, vidre zedmiwevniT ar Seityobdnen yovelives. Tu tyuils moaxsenebdnen, mZimed dasjidnen. am
mizeziT mravali Zma gaaZeva monastridan, raTa iq mSvidoba yofiliyo.
21) TveSi orjer an samjer, kviraobiT, Zmebs sulierad
ganaswavlebda da, RvTis madliT aRsavse, sulisaTvis sasargeblo swavlebas awvdida wminda werilidan. imgvari
TanagrZnobiT ekideboda yovelives, rom cremlmoreulni
madlobdnen RmerTs da mis sityvas ise iRebdnen, viTarca
qristesas. aswavlida maT siyvarulsa da Tavmdablobas,
morCilebasa da krZalvas, simSvidesa da uSfoTvelobas,
moTminebasa da msaxurebas, eklesiaSi mondomebiT siaruls
da sxva saeklesio wesis mxurvaled aRsrulebas, da eubneboda: “ise gavisarjoT, Zmebo, rom Cveni am wminda adgilze
yofna fuWi ar iyos, da arc Cveni am soflidan gasvla iyos
amao”. sxva mraval swavlasac miawvdida, rac RmerTs mieniWebina misTvis.
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22. da yovlisave Korcielisa saKmrisagan uzrunvel eyvnes Zmani, da yovelsave igi miscemn vidre swavladmde da nemsadmde. da mizezi gardaekueTa, raATa aras vin zrunvides da
arca gahyiddes da arca iyiddes da arca ras moirewdes da
arca ras moigebdes TYnier misisa brZanebisa. da ukueTu visme undis Zmisa raAme micemaA, TYnier mamisa brZanebisa vervin
ikadris micemaA, vidre ara hkiTxis. da ukueTu vinme gardahKdis mcnebasa missa, da iyidis gina Sesamoseli, gina sxuaA raAme,
gina safase moigis, ficxlad amxilis da Zlierad gankanonis.
da mravalgzis gYxilavs, romel gina sabeWurni iyvnian gina
Sesamoseli anu Tu kunkuli, cecxliTa dawunis zRudesa Sina.
rameTu iyo vinme mTavardiakoni, Rirsi kaci da SeracxilTa Svili da aramciredi safase mieca monastrisada da TYsi
Sesamoseli, romeli daedva eklesias, ara hnebavn, raATamca
vinme Seimosa igi TYnier missa. dResa erTsa eneba wmidasa mamasa Cuensa SewirvaA usisxloAsa msxuerplisaA da hrqua sxuasa
visme mTavardiakonsa, raATa Seimosos kuarTi igi Sesamoseli
pirvel Ksenebulisa mis mTavardiakonisaA. xolo man miugo,
viTarmed: “mamao suliero, nuukue Sewuxnes ZmaA igi, rameTu
ara hnebavs, raATamca vinme Seimosa kuarTi misi”. esma raA ese
mamasa, mouwoda mTavardiakonsa mas da hrqua simSYdiT da tkbilad, viTarmed: “gnebavsa, raATa Seimosos Zmaman man kuarTi
Seni da hmsaxuros sakurTxevelsa Cuen Tana?” da ixila, rameTu Sewuxna igi da ara unda, raATa Seimosos. da viTarca aRasrula wmidaA Jamis-wirvaA, mouwoda zemoxsenebulsa mas
mTavardiakonsa da etyoda, viTarmed: “miTxar WeSmariti, raA
dagitevebies sofelsa Sina?” xolo man hrqua, viTarmed: “wmidao mamao, ara umecar ars RirsebaA Seni, rameTu mSobelni da
Zmani da safaseni da monagebni aramciredni damitevebian da
raA igi KelTa SenTa wmidaTa mimicemies, TYT uwyi”. hrqua
mas mamaman Cuenman: “da jer-giCnsa, Svilo, raATa magis yovlisa madli da sasyideli wariwymido kuarTisa amis SenisaTYs?”
xolo man hrqua: “nu iyofin, mamao!” da meyseulad ubrZana moRebaA cecxlisaA da TYsiTa KeliTa STaagdo kuarTi igi cecxlsa,
22) yvelanairi aucilebeli xorcieli nivTiT iyvnen
uzrunvelyofilni Zmebi da yovelives aZlevda, TviT sakeravisa da nemsis CaTvliT. yvela mizezi aRkveTa, raTa
aravin zrunavdes da arc gayidos, arc iyidos, arc iSovos
da arc SeiZinos misi brZanebis gareSe. vinme Tu indomebda
Tavisi ZmisaTvis raimes micemas, mamis brZanebis gareSe ver
gabedavda, vidre ar hkiTxavda. da Tu vinme daarRvevda mis
brZanebas - an iyidda Sesamosels an sxva raimes, an qonebas
SeiZenda - mkacrad amxelda da mZimed dasjida. xSirad
gvinaxavs, rom mosasxami an sxva samoseli Tu Tavsaburavi
cecxlSi rom dawva RobesTan.
iyo erTi mTavardiakoni, Rirseuli adamiani, warCinebulTa Svili, romelsac aramcire qoneba Seewira monastrisaTvis. Tavisi samoseli eklesiaSi hqonda da ar undoda
rom, mis garda vinmes Seemosa. erT dRes wminda mamam usisxlo msxverplis Sewirva ineba da sxva mTavardiakons uTxra,
rom im mTavardiakonis samoseliT Semosiliyo. xolo man
miugo: “suliero mamao, vaiTu is Zma Sewuxdes, radgan ar
unda, rom vinmem Seimosos misi samoseli”. es rom gaigona
mamam, mTavardiakoni ixmo da mSvidad da tkbilad uTxra:
“ginda, rom am Zmam Seimosos Seni samoseli da sakurTxevelSi imsaxuros CvenTan erTad?” da naxa, rom Sewuxda igi
da ar unda, rom Seimosos. Jamiswirva rom aRasrula, ixmo
zemoxsenebuli mTavardiakoni da eubneboda: “miTxari marTali, ra miatove am wuTisofelSi?” man uTxra: “wminda
mamao, TqvenTvis ucnobi ar aris, rom mSoblebi, Zmebi, didZali simdidre da qoneba damitovebia da, rac SenTvis momicia, TviTonac ici”. uTxra mas Cvenma mamam: “da gana saWirod migaCnia, Svilo, rom eg madli da sazRauri dakargo
am Seni samoselis gamo?” man uTxra: “nu iqneba ase, mamao!”
maSinve brZana cecxlis motana, Tavisi xeliT Caagdo is
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da esreT daiwua. xolo ZmaA igi Seuvrda wmidaTa ferKTa misTa
da SendobaA iTxova. da egreTve, ukueTu visme aqun Sesamoseli gina sxuaA raAme saKmari da ara hnebavn mas, raATamca aKmara
igi Zmasa TYssa, raJams uKmn mas, egreTve dawYs cecxliTa da
ityYn, viTarmed: “sulTa CuenTa dadebaA brZanebula ZmaTa
CuenTaTYs da Sen ganxrwnadsa saKmarsa aRirCev ufroAs Zmisa
Senisa da ara gekdimebisa?” xolo maT swavlaA misi viTarca
wamali cxorebisaA miiTualian, da hmadlobdian RmerTsa,
romelman mihmadla maT eseviTari mkurnali sulTaA.
samoseli cecxlSi da ase dawva. is Zma ki mas fexebSi Cauvarda da Sendoba iTxova. aseve, Tuki vinmes hqonda
Sesamoseli an sxva raime saWiro nivTi, da ar undoda, rom
Tavis Zmas gamoeyenebina, cecxlSi wvavda im nivTs da
eubneboda: “Cven sulis dadeba gvebrZana Cveni ZmebisTvis
da Sen xrwnad nivTs amjobineb Sens Zmas, da ara grcxvenia?”
isini mis swavla-darigebas sakurnebel wamlad iRebdnen
da madlobdnen RmerTs, romelmac sulis amgvari mkurnali
mihmadla maT.
23. maradis aswavebn ZmaTa, viTarmed: “jer-iyo, raATamca
araras veZiebdiT sxuasa gareSe trapezisa, vinaATgan uwyiT,
Tu viTariTa iwroebiTa warvles wmidaTa yovelTa sawuTroA
ese, romel arca Tu wyliTa ganiZRebdes TavTa maTTa kacni,
romelTa Rirsve ara iyo sofeli ese, ubraloni da ubiwoni da
wmidani yovlisaganve codvisa. xolo Cuen, romelni-ese savse
varT yovliTa codviTa, ara kma arsa Cuenda gansuenebaA trapezisaA da orgzis dResa Sina miRebaA sazrdelisaA savsebiT
da unaklulod RYniTa da saWmliTa? kma ars WeSmaritad da
nametnav. xolo vinaATgan ara gunebavs mciredca iZulebaA
TavTa TYsTaA da mravalTa mizezTa vmizezobT, ukueTu vinme
trapezsa oden ver dasjerdebodis, da gina me da gina Tu Kelosanman misces saKmari raAme, TYT man xolo martoman iKmaren,
da sxuasa Zmasa bralsa nuRara STaagdebn. da ukueTu ese ara
qmnas, orTave bralsa RmerTi misgan iZevs”.
24. ese kula syidaA gina RYnisaA, gina TevzisaA yoladve
ara Ksenebul ars monastersa Sina TYnier zeTisa, da igica
romelni mkiTxvelni iyvnian anu mweralni, da wasanaxavad anu
sawerlad ainTian. sxuaA kula ara iyo wesi, raATamca anu kandelsa inTebdes, anu xatTa daisuenebdes senakTa Sina, aramed
juari erTi gina xati erTi esuenis, raATa, raJams ilocviden,
23) mudam ase aswavlida xolme Zmebs: “saWiroa, rom sxvas arafers veZiebdeT, garda trapezisa, radgan viciT, Tu
rogori gaWirvebiT ganvlo es wuTisofeli yvela wmindanma; wyliTac ki ar gaiZRobdnen Tavs isini, romelTa Rirsi ar iyo es wuTisofeli1, radgan iyvnen ucodvelni, ubiwoni da wmindanni yoveli codvisagan. xolo Cven, romlebic codviT varT aRsavseni, ar gvyofnis Cveni trapezi
da arc sazrdelis dReSi orjer miReba RviniTa da saWmliT? namdvilad sakmarisia da zedmetic ki. da radganac
ar gvinda, cotaTi mainc vaiZuloT sakuTari Tavi da
mraval mizezs vimizezebT, Tuki vinme ver dasjerdeba marto am trapezs da an me, an sxva vinme miscems raimes, TviTon
man gamoiyenos da sxva Zmas nuRar Caagdebs codvaSi. da Tu
amas ar izams, orives codvas RmerTi misgan moikiTxavs.”
24) Rvinis an Tevzis yidva monasters ar axsovs, garda
zeTisa, rasac wignis mkiTxvelni an gadamwerni SeiZendnen
xolme da kiTxvisa Tu weris dros anTebdnen. sxva dros ar
iyo wesi, rom kandeli aenToT, an xatis win daedoT senakSi.
jvari an erTi xati win edoT, rodesac loculobdnen,
1 ebr. 11:38
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maT winaSe Tayuanis-scemden da emTxueodin. odes kula anu
zeTi iyidis vinme anu RYnoA TYnier mamisa sityYsa, dauTxiian avlinsa Sina.
Tayvans scemdnen da emTxveodnen. rodesac vinme mamis
daukiTxavad iyidda zeTs an Rvinos, ezoSi gadauRvridnen xolme.
25. xolo TYnier didisa uZlurebisa saWmelsa aravin Seiqmoda, rameTu Sevidis mamaA samzareulos, da ukueTu koWobni
ixilnis cecxlis kidesa, ikiTxis mzareulisagan, Tu visni arian. da ukueTu uZlurTani iyvnian, miuSYs; ukueTu kula nayrovnebiT vin iqmn, zogjer gare ganTxevaA ubrZanis da zogjer
saerosa saWmelsa Tana CasxmaA.
25) mZimed dauZlurebulis garda, aravin imzadebda
saWmels. mama Sevidoda xolme samzareuloSi da, cecxlze
Semodebul qoTans Tu naxavda, mzareuls ekiTxeboda, Tu
visi iyo igi. Tu dauZlurebulis aRmoCndeboda, nebas rTavda, magram Tu gaumaZRrobiT iqmoda amas vinme, an gareT
gadasxmas brZanebda, an kidev saerTo saWmelSi
Caasxmevinebda.
26. mravalni movidian safasiTa didiTa moqalaqeni da sxuaTa adgilTagan, raATamca moiparsnes. daiTrgunnis 1 Jam
raodenme, da ganusuenis da merme ubrZanis “SegYndveT ver
mogparsavT: Tquen kacni xarT saxeloanni da Cuen kacni varT
glaxakni da ucxoni, da odes safase misceT eklesiasa, gasuenebiT gnebavs yofaA, da nuukue ver gagisuenoT, da merme
SeswuxdeT; da kualad Zmani yovelni Zlierad Surebian da
ukueTu vieTnime mocaled iyvnen, iginica Sewuxdebian. da
esreT mravalTa ujmnis, da warvidian. xolo ukueTu vinme
movidis ZmaA mSromeli da mdabali, ityYn mamaA, viTa: “grwmenin, Zmano, amaTi mirCevia SewynarebaA, vire aTasimca vin drahkani
momca”.
iyvnes pirveliTgan didebulni kacni: ilarion kananaxi,
aRdgomisa diakoni, pirvel Senebasa monastrisasa mosrul iyo
aqa, da missa ikonomosobasa aReSena monasteri, da viTa TYssa
Zmasa xedvides mamani Cuenni. da evedra maT, raATa warvides
ierusalHms. da warmgzavnes mun, da mravalni welni dayvna
diakonobasa Sina. da mamaTa mravalgzis miuweres da kualad
moiyvanes aqave. da pirvelsaca moslvasa da meoresaca, romel
1 A-Si kideze am sityvis gaswvriv sxva xeliT Camatebulia sityva: “iRuawnis”.
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26) bevri modioda didZali qonebiT qalaqebidan da sxva
adgilebidan, raTa gaekriWaT, ramdenime xans iSromebdnen
da daisvenebdnen, ris Semdegac maT eubnebodnen: “SegvindeT, magram ver gagkreWT: Tqven saxelovani xalxi xarT da
Cven ki Raribni da ucnobni; qonebas rom SeswiravT eklesias da mosvenebulad gindaT yofna, aq ver dagasvenebT da
mere ki SewuxdebiT; Zmebi aq bevrs Sromoben da, Tuki vinme
usaqmod iqneba, isinic Sewuxdebian”. bevri gaecleboda
xolme iqaurobas da midiodnen. magram Tu mSromeli da
Tavmdabali Zma movidoda, mama etyoda: “gwamdeT, Zmebo, amis
miReba mirCevnia, vidre aTasi drahkani rom momces”.
adridanve iyvnen aq didebulebi: ilarion kananaxi,
aRdgomis diakoni, romelic jer kidev monastris mSeneblobis dros iyo mosuli aq, misi ikonomisobisas aSenda
monasteri. Cveni mamebi Tavis ZmasaviT uyurebdnen. ilarioni Seevedra maT, raTa ierusalimSi wasuliyo, da wargzavnes iq, sadac mravali weli iyo diakonad. mamebma mravaljer misweres da isev daabrunes. pirveli da meore mosvlisas Seswira oc litraze meti vercxli, oqro da
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moiRo vecxlad da oqrod da stavrad da saKedrad, ufroAs
ocisa litrisa iyo. da mas misces mowafH da gakueTili Seuqmnes Tavisa krasovulisagan kide, kokaA erTi RYno Tuesa Sina
da yveli erTi da sami litraA zeTi da dRiv erTi puri. da ese
iyo gakueTili misi.
kualad movida gYrpeli, jojikis meganZurTa-uxucesi, da
moinaTla, rameTu somexi iyo, da arseni uwodes. da diswuli
TYsi hmsaxurebda mas. da Semdgomad mravalTa welTa kualad
gamoeTxova, raATamca naxna Tavisa uflis-wulni. da orsave
moslvasa ufroAs aTxuTmetisa litrisa moiRo da misca monastersa. da igive kananaxisa gakueTili mas Seuqmnes.
kualad movida aTanase periTureli ZiTurT, didad saKmari eklesiisaA, da hqonda kareas monasteri, romeli-igi da
sxuaA friadi safase mosces mamaTa CuenTa. xolo maT gayides
monasteri igi samas ormeoc drahknad, da igive kananaxisa
gakueTili mas hqonda.
da maT JamTa Sina, vinca vin movidis egeviTari kaci, naxevari safasisa TYsisaA eklesiasa Sewiris da naxevari sapyarad
miscis.
stavra, aseve saxedari. misces mas mowafe da daudgines ulufa: Tavisi kaTxis garda, TveSi erTi koka Rvino, erTi yveli, sami litra zeTi, erTi dRiuri puri. sul es iyo misi
ulufa.
aseve movida gvirpeli, jojikis meganZeTuxucesi, moinaTla, radgan somexi iyo, da uwodes arseni. mas Tavisi diswuli emsaxureboda. mravali wlis Semdeg isev gamoeTxova, raTa Tavisi batonis Svilebi (jojikisa) enaxa. orivejer TxuTmet litraze meti Seswira monasters. masac kananaxis ulufa dauweses.
aseve movida aTanase periTureli ZesTan erTad, didZali qonebiT eklesiisaTvis. mas hqonda monasteri kareaSi,
romelic sxva qonebasTan erTad Cvens mamebs gadasces. xolo
maT gayides samas ormoc drahkanad. masac igive kananaxis
ulufa hqonda.
vinc ki movidoda amgvari kaci, naxevar qonebas eklesias swiravda, naxevars ki Sesanaxavad aZlevda.
27. wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa moRuawebaTa da erisa sauravTa
Tana da wignTa Targmnasa eseca didi zrunvaA etYrTa, rameTu arca proti, arca sxuani mamasaxlisni TYnier misisa
brZanebisa araras iqmodes da iSYTi dRH gardaKdis, romelsa
aTi anu aTxuTmeti mamasaxlisi ara movidis maT winaSe. da kualad zrunvaA didisa lavrisaA, saqme mZime da mravalferi mis
zedave iyo, rameTu didsa aTanasis misda miendo sauravi da
daxedvaA da gangebaA misi.
27) Cvens wminda mamas, saero sazrunavsa da wignTa TargmnasTan erTad, sxva didi sazrunavic hqonda, radgan arc
winamZRvari, arc sxva mamasaxlisebi, misi brZanebis gareSe
arafers akeTebdnen. iSviaTad Caivlida dRe ise, rom aTi
an TxuTmeti mamasaxlisi ar misuliyo masTan. aseve didi
samonastro sazrunavic mas daekisra, radgan aTanase dids
misTvis miendo mTeli mmarTveloba.
28. da misTa SromaTa da RuawlTa zeda, odesca raAme saeroA saqme arn monastrisaA, TYnier ucaloebisa Tanave gavidis
gina Tu navisa gamozidvasa, gina Tu navi movidis xuarbliTa,
gina Tu venaKTa asarvasa, gina Tu ajojvasa, gina Tu sTulebasa. rameTu vinaATgan axalnerg iyvnes wuT-Ra venaKni,
28) Sromisa da Rvawlis garda, roca raime samonastro
sameurneo saqme iyo xolme, mouclelobis miuxedavad,
sxvebTan erTad gadioda navis gamosaTrevad; an xorbliT
datvriTuli navi Tu Camodgeboda; aseve vazis sarze asakvrelad an gasafurCqnad, an rTvelisas. venaxi jer sul
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yovelTa sariTa gangebaA unda. da ufroAsni dReni venaKTa
Sromasa Sina dayvnian, da yoladve mamaA maT Tanave iyvis,
TYnier didisa mizezisa.
axali gaSenebuli iyo da yovel vazs sariT gamarTva sWirdeboda. dReebs umetesad venaxis movlaSi atarebdnen da mama
yovelTvis maTTan iyo xolme, Tu raime mniSvnelovani saqme
ar hqonda.
29. da kualad burRalTagan yovelni sofelni Wirsa Sina
iyvnes da kninRa ukacrul. da Wirisa magier ufroAsi saTesavi
mTasa Sina iqmneboda ToKiTa: sawune da dikaA da seli da Tivisa TibaA. da amas yovelsa Zmani Surebodian da, vinaATgan yovelni iqmodes, ara umZimda, aramed udrtYnvelad da sixaruliT iqmodes. da amaT yovelTa saqmeTa mamaA zedaAs-zeda
mivaln da nugeSinis-scemn sityYT da saqmiT da sazrdeliTa
da sasumliTa.
30. yoladve etyYn netari mamaA Cueni ikonomossa, viTarmed: “uwuerulTa muSakTa nu Seiwynareb, amisTYs rameTu
mavnebelni arian ZmaTani: da zogTame gonebiTa evnebis da zogTa
SexedviTa. nuras exueW safasisa daklebasa; umjobes ars,
romel daguakldes aTi da TxuTmeti drahkani, da ZmaTa
savnebeli araA SeemTxYos”.
31. kualad ukueTu ZmaTa vieTme moiyvannian TYsni naTesavni uwuerulni, mamasaca hnebavn, raATamca iswavles swavlaA da KelovnebaA. garna monastersa ara daimWirnis, aramed
gare sofelTa gagzavnnis, sada icodis umjobesi da sulieri
da gamocdili ikonomosi, da mun aRizardnian. da odes wueriTa Seimosnian, maSin Semoiyvannis monastrad.
32. sajores yovelni Zmani iyvnian mejored: da orni erisganni hyvian msaxurad da mxuetlad, da sxuani Zmani iyvnian. da
ara Tu umZimn, aramed ufroAsad uxarin, rameTu morwyul iyvnian sulni maTni swavliTa da moZRurebiTa wmidisa mamisa
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29) soflebs uWirda, yvela TiTqmis ukacrieli iyo.
gaWirvebis gamo yanis umetesi nawili mTaSi ToxiT muSavdeboda: sawvne marcvleuli, dika, kanafi da saTibavi balaxi.
yovelive amas Zmebi amuSavebdnen xolme da, radgan yvela
saqmianobda, ar eZnelebodaT, aramed udrtvinvelad da
sixaruliT Sromobdnen. mama xSirad akiTxavda momuSave
Zmebs, nugeSs scemda sityviTa da saqmiT, sazrdeliTa da
sasmeliT.
30) Cveni netari mama yovelTvis amas eubneboda ikonomoss: “uasako mSromels nu miiReb, radgan ZmaTaTvis es
mavnebelia: zogi fiqriT Sescodavs, zogi - SexedviT. nu
gafiqrebs qonebis dakleba; umjobesia, aTi da TxuTmeti
drahkani dagvakldes, vidre Zmebs vneba da ziani SeeyaroT”.
31) ZmaTagan Tu vinme moiyvanda Tavis uasako naTesavs,
mamasac is undoda, rom eswavlaT da daostatebuliyvnen.
magram maT monasterSi ar aCerebda, aramed axlos, soflebSi gagzavnida, sadac sulierad warmatebuli da gamocdili ikonomosi eguleboda, da iq aRzrdidnen. da roca zrdasrulobas miaRwevdnen, maSin Semoiyvandnen monasterSi.
32) jorTa sadgomSi mejoreebad Zmebi iyvnen xolme:
saero pirTagan orni hyavdaT msaxurad da damgvelad, sxva
Zmebic iyvnen xolme. ara Tu umZimdaT, aramed metad uxarodaT, radgan maTi sulebi Cveni wminda mamis swavliTa da
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CuenisaATa, rameTu yoladve ityYn, viTarmed: “krebulsa Sina
myofni amiT samiTa saqmiTa cxovndebian: simdabliTa da morCilebiTa da TYsisa nebisa datevebiTa”.
darigebiT iyo morwyuli; sul amas ambobda xolme: “eklesiaSi myofi am sami saqmiT gadarCeba: TavmdablobiT, morCilebiTa da sakuTari nebis uaryofiT”.
33. xolo odes ixilis ZmaTagani vinme udbad da moZilad
eklesiisa locvasa, hkiTxis, viTarmed: “rad gZinavs eklesiasa
Sina? ara geyofisa senaksa Sina Zili?” da Tu uTxris, viTarmed:
“Sina viRYZeb da miT dameZinebian”, ubrZanis, viTarmed: “ege,
sayuarelo, mterisa safrKH ars, raATa mcirisaTYs didi dagaWirvos. eklesias mimavalisa kacisagan eZiebs RmerTi, raATa
frTxilad da lmobierad dges; Tu ese ver SegiZlia, raATamca
eklesiasaca iRYZebdi da senaksaca ZiliTa gaZRebode da aqa
nu daiZineb, Tu ara, mZimed gagkanoneb”.
34. mekaresa monastrisasa yoladve frTxilsa da suliersa kacsa daadginebn. da esreT daemcno, ukueTu ese adgilisa
mrorineni monazonni movidodian, ukueTu mwuxrsa moviden,
iseron da samxari Wamon da gaujmen da daumowme, romel
uJamod ara movidodin. xolo kelarTada ebrZana raATa erisganTa igini istumrebden da ujmniden. da kelrisa karsa
raATurTiT ara gaswydeboda Sekrebad mravalferTa
vnebaTaTYs. xolo ucxoni Tu movidian, mesamesa dResa Semdgomad Wamisa ebrZana, raATa mekare ujmnides. ese kula karTa
zeda Sekrebasa anu monastersa Sina anjmansa anu senakTa Sina
ubnobasa urgebsa raATurTiT aravin ikadrebda yoladve.
35. sakelroAsa wesi esreT gaewesa, raATa saWmelsa ara iqmodin, garna Tu ucxoni iyvnian anu mSromelni vinme da maTTYs zogjer adgilsa Seqmnian da zogjer samzareulos da
33) ZmaTagan vinmes daudevrobas an mZinarobas Tu SeamCnevda eklesiaSi locvisas, ekiTxeboda xolme: “rad gZinavs
eklesiaSi? ar gyofnis senakSi Zili?” da Tu pasuxad etyodnen, rom Sin vfxizlob da amitom meZinebao, ubrZanebda
xolme: “eg, sayvarelo, eSmakisgan dagebuli maxea, raTa
mcirediT didi Wiri Semogaxvios. eklesiisken mimavali
kacisagan RmerTi imas eZeibs, rom idgas fxizlad da sinanuliT; Tu ar SegiZlia, rom eklesiaSi ifxizlo da senakSi
ZiliT gaZRe, icode, aq nuRar daiZineb, Torem mkacrad
dagsji”.
34) monastris mekared yovelmxriv frTxilsa da sulierad Zlier kacs daayenebda xolme; ase ubrZanebda: “Tuki
monastris kars aqa-iq mimomavali monazvnebi moadgebian,
da Tuki mwuxrze movlen, ivaxSmon da gaecalon, Tan auxseni, rom udrood nuRar movlen xolme”. xolo mnes ebrZana,
raTa stumrad mosuli erisaganni maT mieRoT da gaecilebinaT, radganac mnis karTan mravalgvari vnebis momtani Tavyrilobani ara da ar wydeboda. ucnobebi Tu movidodnen, sami dRis Semdeg mekare miacilebda xolme. da
kidev, monastris SesasvlelTan Sekrebas an monasterSi
sja-baass, anda senakebSi urgeb saubars veravin gabedavda.
35) samneo wesi ase daadgina: saWmels ar amzadebdnen;
roca ucxo stumari an vinme muSakTagani movidoda, maTTvis zogjer aqve amzadebdnen, xan samzareuloSi, da iq
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mun waiRian. kelarni kula samxrad yoladve satrapezos mividian, \ erTi pirvelsa da meore meoresa tablasa, \ da egreTve
mevaJineni. magra kelarTa mwuxrsa Tu raAme eKmarebin, Sina
iKmarian.
mihqondaT. mneebi sadilad yovelTvis satrapezoSi mividodnen – erTi pirvel magidasTan, meore – meoresTan, da
aseve mgaloblebic. magram mneebs mwuxrisTvis Tu raime
dasWirdebodaT, Sin miiRebdnen.
36. yovlisa ufroAs epistatisaTYs, romel ars muSaTa uxucesi, hvedrebn mamaA efTYme da etyYn, viTa: “numca raA
daakldebis epistatsa, romel ara Sewuxdes da ocdaaTi anu
ormoci muSaA ara moacTunos, da eseTni ganZi bediT waKdes,
romlisaA Tana-guac maTda micemaA. mosenaeTa kula mowafeni
yovelsave saerosa samsaxurebelsa gavidodian. da
mzaraulisada daemcna, raATa maTi saWmeli man Seuqmnas. da Tu
saWiroA raAme saqme ara arn, mamisaca mowafeni ZmaTave Tana
wavidian msaxurebasa. da ufroAsjer mosenaenica ZmaTa saTnoebisaTYs ZmaTave Tana gavidian, ufroAs-Ra, odes mamaA mun
iyvis.
37. apoTiki da bostani da wisqYlni kelrisa sauravni iyvnes. da amaTgansa, raAca vis eKmarebin, kelari eurvin ikonomossa Tana da mamasaxlissa. xolo saparikonomosoA da sawangroA da sajore da samWedloA da xuroni da kalafatni da mandrinni da venaKni da menaveni – ese ikonomosisa gasagebelni
iyvnes. kelarsa venaKTa zeda yurZnisaTYs ara hqonda KelmwifebaA, egreTve ikonomossa xilisaTYs; gina Sina monastersa, gina gare metoqTa kelrisa gasagebelni iyvnes, gina Tu
36) yvelaze metad epistatisTvis, anu muSakTa zedamxedvelisTvis evedreboda xolme mama eqvTime mnes da
eubneboda: “nuraferi moakldeba zedamxedvels, rom ar
gauWirdes da amiT ocdaaTi Tu ormoci muSaki ar moscdes
da esodeni ganZi fuWad ar gveqces, maTTvis misacemlad rom
gvaqvs”. senakSi myofi berebis mowafeebi saero saqmeebisaTvis gadiodnen xolme. mzareuls ebrZana, rom saWmeli man
moamzados maTTvis. da Tu raime aucilebeli saqme iyo, mama
eqvTimes mowafeebic ZmebTan erTad wavidodnen. ufro senakSi myofi berebis mowafeTa sasikeTod midiodnen xolme
Zmebi erTad; gansakuTrebiT didi sikeTe mohqonda, Tuki
mamac maTTan erTad iyo xolme.
37) sawyobi, bostani da wisqvili mnis sazrunavi iyo.
maTgan, visac ra sWirdeboda, mne zrunavda ikonomossa da
mamasaxlisTan erTad. saparikonomoso1, saxarazo, jorTa
sadgomi, samWedlo, xuroebi da kalfatni2, mwyemsebi, venaxebi da menaveebi – eseni yvelani ikonomosisi gangeblobis qveS iyvnen. mnis saqme ar iyo venaxi da yurZeni, iseve,
rogorc ikonomosisa – xili. monastersa Tu monasters gareT, metoqebi3, mnis gamgeblobas ekuTvnoda, aseve yvela-
1 parikonomosis (ikonomosis moadgilis) oTaxi.
2 kalfati - mgmanavi (il. abulaZe), xelosani.
3 metoqi – monastris gareT mdebare monastris kuTvnili saxli.
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zeTisxili iyvis, gina Tu nigozi, gina Tu sxuaA xili. odes
kula raAme wasacemelad saKmar arn, kelarsa gaezraxis ikonomosi. xolo odes moiwifis, kelarni zedaAs-zeda gavidodian
metoqTa da mohnaxvidian xilnarTa da mun myofTa mouCuenian
da daamcnian, viTarmed: “Sina da gare didad eKmarebis ZmaTa
da eklesiasa; romliTa gaerebodi, igi xolo daimWire da nuras daakleb”. da veraras ikadrebdes uwesosa saqmesa qmnad,
yoveli kelarsa Sevidoda da uxuebiT hqonda misacemeli satrapezos da sadaca saKmar arn warsacemelad. ukueTu kula
eKmarebodian kelarsa anu monazonni anu erisganni, ikonomosman miscnis.
nairi xili: zeTisxili, nigozi Tu sxva. Tuki raime gasagzavni iyo, ikonomosi mnes eTaTbireboda. xili rom
damwifdeboda, mneebi xSirad gadiodnen xolme metoqeebSi, daaTvalierebdnen xilnars da iq myofT daarigebdnen:
“Sinauri da ucxo didad exmarebian Zmebsa da eklesias; marto is Seinaxe da nurafers daakleb”. uweso saqmes ver bedavdnen, TiToeuli mnesTan midioda; satrapezos uxvad
hqonda gasacemi da gasagzavni. Tu mnes exmarebodnen monazvnebi an eriskacTaganni, maT ikonomosi aZlevda xolme.
38. odes mamaA Sina arn, raAca vis eKmarebin, TYT mamasa
moaKsenis, ikonomossa aras vin sTxovn, da Tu vinme sTxois,
mamasa Tana miavlinis, odes kula Sina ara arn, merme gaagebn
ikonomosi.
39. ikonomosisa ganwesebuli SYdi krasovuli iyo da odes
trapezsa dajdis mwuxrsa, oTxi krasovuli miarTYan. ukueTu kula Sina ara iyvis, daemcna mamasa: “saWmelsa erTsa SeuqmodeTo da xilsa da zeTis-xilsa da raAca iTxoos, miscemdiT”. da raAca dauSTis, sakelrosave warscis.
40. maSin wesi ese iyo, romel kelrisada daemcna winamZRuarsa saKmrisa micemaA ZmaTa da KeloanTaA: gina Tu gakueTili
maTi, gina Tu metsa vin iTxovn. da amisTYs ikonomossa Tana
aravin ras mivaln, ukueTu mamaA Sina ara arn, ukueTu kula
stumarni vinme movidian, magra ikonomosman ganagis. sxuaA
kula saKmari ikonomosisagan iTxovian, \ gina Tu moguni[?],
gina Tu Caflani, gina Tu tyavi, gina Tu sablebi, gina Tu seli,
\ eseviTari ikonomosisagan iTxovian. da esreT yovelive saqme
ganwesebulad iyo da uSfoTvelad iyvnes yovelni.
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38) rodesac mama Sin iyo, vinc rasac exmareboda, mamas
moaxsenebdnen xolme, ikonomoss aravin sTxovda; da Tu vinme iTxovda, mamasTan gagzavnidnen, roca mama Sin ar iyo,
maSin ikonomosi ubrZanebda da is gascemda.
39) ikonomosisTvis Svidi kaTxa iyo dawesebuli. mwuxrisas trapezze rom dajdeboda xolme, oTx kaTxas miarTmevdnen. Tu Sin ar iyo, mama brZanebda: “saWmeli moumzadeT, xili, zeTisxili da, rac iTxovos, is mieciT; rac
darCeba, samneoSi gagzavneT”.
40) maSin aseTi wesi iyo: winamZRvars nabrZanebi hqonda, rom ZmebisaTvis Tu ostatebisaTvis gasacemi, vinc rasac iTxovda, ulufa iqneboda Tu damatebiTi sazrdo,
mnesTan unda misuliyo; ikonomosTan aravin mividoda, mama
romc ar yofiliyo Sin. magram stumrebi Tu movidodnen,
maSin ikonomosi ganagebda. sxva saWiro nivTs ikonomosisagan iTxovdnen xolme: Ceqma iqneboda, fexsacmeli, tyavi,
Tasma, Toki Tu seli. ase iyo yvela saqme ganwesebuli da
yvelani uSfoTvelad iyvnen.
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41. agaraTa monastrisaTa, viTa sisikoni ars da karavni da
RmrTis-metyueli da sxuaTa eseviTarTa, Tavisa gasaromelsa
srulebiT miscemdian monastriT. da raAca iqmnis mun, yovelsa que moiRebdian, TYnier raodenisame, romeli mun myofTa
dautevian maTda saKmarad.
41) monastris dasasvenebel adgilebSi, sadac RvTismetyvelni Tu sxva misTanebi imyofebodnen, sarCos
monastridan iReben. rasac monasterSi amzadeben, yvelafers miutanen, garda ramdenimesi, raTa iq gamoiyenon.
42. kualad mosenaeTada gaewesa wmidasa mamasa Cuensa: da
ukueTu puri dauSTis, ara aqun KelmwifebaA sadave micemad,
aramed kelarsave miscian.
42) senakebSi myofTaTvis Cvens wminda mamas dauwesebia:
Tu puri darCeba, ufleba ara aqvT, sadac moundebaT, iq
waiRon, aramed mnes unda miscen.
XX. iyvnes ukue Sinaca da gareca sulierni da RmerTSemosilni mamani: sanatreli arseni ninowmideli da wmidaA beri
iovane grZelis-ZH da suliTa Semosili iovane beri martodmyofi da sxuani mobaZavni maTni, kacni zegardamoATa madliTa
ganaTlebulni da angelosTa mobaZavni cxorebiTa. da sxuaTa
maT saTnoebaTa maTTa zeda da moxucebulebasa amasca iqmodes,
romel veraraAT ver daarwmuna mamaman, raATamca sneulTa puri
da RYnoA aiRes, aramed ZmaTa pursa da, Tu eKmarebin, krasovulsa maTsa kmaiyofdes. daRacaTu ara mciredi Sesawiravi
mieca monastrisada. aramed araras Tavs-idebdes aRebad gareSe
saWiroAsa mis da undoAsa KorcTa saKmrisa. da kualad yovelTa aznaurTa CuenTa didi sarwmunoebaA aqunda maTisa Rirsebisa mimarT da mravalgzis evlogiasa warmoscemdes maT winaSe. xolo maT Kelad miiRian da ulocian da, viTa dabeWduli iyvis, egreTve mamasa Tana warcian. mravalgzis evedrebin
mamaA, raATa raodenime glaxakTa miscen, gina sadaca enebos,
xolo maT netarTa hrqYan, viTarmed: “wmidao mamao, Cuen sasuleni varT eklesiisani da sasuleTagan RmerTi eseviTarTa
saqmeTa ara eZiebs”. da pursa, romel monastriT waiRian, arca
misgan miscian glaxakTa, aramed TqYan, viTarmed: “monasteri
zrdis glaxakTa”. xolo ukueTu aqun xili, gina mxali, gina
sasumeli, eseviTari raAme miscian glaxakTa. ukueTu kula puri
20. monasterSi da monasters gareT iyvnen RmerTSemosili mamebi: sanatreli arseni ninowmindeli, wminda beri
ioane grZelis Ze, suliwmindiT Semosili ioane beri martodmyofi da sxva maTi mimbaZvelni, zeciuri madliT ganaTlebulni da TavianTi cxovrebiT angelozTa msgavsni.
moxucebulobisas isini ver daarwmuna mamam, raTa sneulTaTvis gankuTvnili puri da Rvino mieRoT. mainc ZmebisaTvis kuTvnil purs iRebdnen, Tu dasWirdebodaT xolme,
imaT samyof kaTxas ikmarebdnen. mciredi Sesawiravi Tu
gamouCndeboda monasters, arafers iRebdnen, aucilebelis
garda, sul mcire xorcs. yvela Cveni warCinebuli didi
rwmeniT iyo aRZruli maTi Rirsebis mimarT da xSirad
ugzavnidnen ZRvens. isini miiRebdnen xolme ZRvens, dalocavdnen gamomgzavns da xeluxleblad agzavnidnen mamasTan. mravaljer Seevedra mama, rom nawili glaxakebisTvis
miecaT, nawili ki survilisamebr gamoeyenebinaT. netari
mamebi ki eubnebodnen: “wmindao mamao, Cven sasuliro pirni varT, eklesiisa, da sasulieroTagan RmerTi amgvar
saqmes ar eZiebs”. monastridan wamoRebul pursac ar
aZlevdnen glaxakebs, aramed ambobdnen: “glaxakebs
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dahmetdis, meorisa msgefsisaA arRara aRiRian. da kualad
litonTa dReTa TYs-TYs iRuwidian viTarca uKorconi,
xolo dResaswaulTa da kYriobaTa erTgan aRasrulian wesi
locvisaA da piri erTgan iKsnian.
da iyo xilvaA cxorebisa maTisaA WeSmaritad, viTarca angelosTa RmrTisaTaA da sityuaA wesier da tkbil. da esreT
aRasrules cxorebaA maTi, da srulni yovliTa saTnoebiTa winaSe RmrTisa miicvalnes da ixareben yovelTa wmidaTa Tana
da CuenTYs iTxoven RmrTisagan wyalobasa. da WeSmaritad wama
maTTYs RmerT-Semosilman mamaman Cuenman efTYme, viTarmed:
“ukuanaAsknelTa amaT JamTa arRara gamoCinebad arian eseviTarni srulni da maRalni saTnoebiTa”, rameTu araraA iyo saTnoebaA, romelimca ara aqunda maT srulebiT da maRlad da
ucTomelad. xolo ganwmedilni igi da SromiTa gankafulni
guamni maTni daisxnes saflavsa Sina winaSe taZarsa wmidisa
sYmeon moxucebulisasa, erTsa Sina samarxvosa, maxlobelad
TYsTave maT moRuawebisa senakTa, romel arian karavaTa.
monasteri zrdis”. magram Tu hqondaT xili, mxali, sasmeli
an amdagvari ram, glaxakebs amas aZlevdnen. Tuki zedmeti
puri aRmoCndeboda, meore kviramde ar miiRebdnen. ubralo, sadag dReebSi cal-calke Sromobdnen, uxorcoTa
msgavsad, dResaswaulebze da kviraobiT erTad aRasrulebdnen locvas da erTadve ixsnilebdnen.
maTi cxovrebis wesis Semyures namdvilad gaaxsendeboda RvTis angelozebi, gamarTuli da tkbili sityva-pasuxiT. ase aRasrules TavianTi cxovreba da yovelgvari saTnoebiT aRsavseni wardgnen RvTis winaSe, da xaroben yvela
wmindanTan erTad da CvenTvis iTxoven RvTisagan wyalobas. WeSmaritad dagvimowma maTTvis Cvenma RmerTSemosilma
mama eqvTimem da Tqva: ukanasknel dromde amgvari maRali
saTnoebiT aRsavse aRar gamoCenila, radgan ar arsebobs
saTnoeba, isini rom ar yofiliyvnen Semosilni srulyofilebiT, xolo SromiT dauZlurebuli da ganwmendili
maTi gvamebi daimarxa wminda svimon moxucebulis taZris
win, erT sasaflaoze, maTsave senakebis maxloblad.
XXI. mbrZoli igi wmidaTaA da moSurne kacTa cxorebisaA
beliar, xedvida raA sulierTa amaT wesTa, romel daesxnes mamasa Cuensa efTYmes, da warmatebasa ZmaTasa da Targmnasa wignTa saRmrToTasa, friad elmoda da ganileoda SuriTa. da pova
vinme sawyalobeli, saxiTa monazoni, da aRZra igi moklvad
wmidisa mis; rameTu gamouCnda da hrqua mas viTarmed: “ukueTu mohkla mbrZoli Cemi efTYme, friadi keTili vyo Sen Tana”.
vinaAca Seimzada maxYli da eneba moklvaA misi, aramed cud yo
RmerTman ganzraxvaA misi.
rameTu dResa erTsa, aRvida raA godlad da dahKSa kari
mowafeman, da TYT STavidoda TYssa senaksa. da viTarca
mcired STavlo kibeTa godlisaTa, SeemTxYa mas gancofebuli
21. wminda berebis winaaRmdgomi mteri, eSmaki, kacTa
avis msurveli, maTi sulieri aRorZinebis Semxedvare, rac
Cvens mama eqvTimes daewesebina da ra warmatebiTac iRwvodnen Zmebi da saRvTo wignebs Targmnidnen, Zlier SfoTavda
amis gamo da Suri klavda. man ipova erTi sawyali monazoni da wminda eqvTimes mosaklavad ganawyo. eCvena eSmaki da
uTxra: “Tu moklav Cem winaaRmdeg mebrZol eqvTimes, did
sikeTes mogcem”. manac moimarjva maxvili, magram RmerTma
fuWad uqcia ganzraxva.
erT dRes, koSkis Tavze mowafem Caketa kari da Tavisi
senakisaken gaemarTa. mcirediT rom Caiara koSkis kibe,
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iovanesii da efT
efTY
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igi monazoni da hrqua, viTarmed: “winaSe mamisa aRval da
miJame”. xolo igi etyoda, viTarmed: “ara jer-ars esreT
uJamod aRslvaA mamisa”. da igi etyoda: “SeuZlebel ars, viTarmca ara aRved!” da viTar ara utevebda aRslvad sanatreli igi mowafH mamisaA, meyseulad gancofebulman man iKada
maxYli igi saeSmakoA da esreT uwyalod daCxuepa sanatreli
igi ZmaA da TYT ivltoda warslvad, da viTar-igi ivltoda,
SeemTxYa mas sxuaAca mowafH mamisaA da igica daCxuepa maxYliTa.
xolo iqmna raA KmaA da amboxi, cna ese wmidaman mamaman
Cuenman da meyseulad STavida da srul yvna igini sqemiTa da
aziarna wmidaTa saidumloTa, da esreT, gYrgYniTa wamebisaATa Semkulni, miicvalnes winaSe RmrTisa. xolo medgarman man
aRiara mterisamieri igi aRZrvaA TYsi da, Rirsad ukeTurebisa TYsisa, mwared warhKda ubadruki igi suli misi.
kualad sxuasa Jamsa aRZra eSmakman mebostne monastrisaA
da azraxa masca moklvaA wmidisaA mis. da viTarca Kel-yo meyseulad uqm iqmna Keli misi da daSTa viTarca SeSaA ganKmeli,
vidremdis aRiara yoveli da locviTa misiTa miiRo kurnebaA
da adidebda RmerTsa.
yovelTa maT saTnoebaTa Tana aqunda eseca didi saTnoebaA, rameTu TYnier gankiTxvisa araras iqmoda yoladve, rameTu ityoda, viTarmed: “mindobaA Tavisa TYsisaA da TYssa
ganzraxvasa SedgomaA warmwymedeli ars sulisaA, xolo gankiTxvaA winamZRuari ars cxorebisaA, viTarca Tques wmidaTa
mamaTa CuenTa”. da ese wesi vidre aRsasruladmde TYsad daimarxa.
gacofebuli monazoni Sexvda da uTxra: “mamasTan avdivar
da neba momecio”. is ki eubneboda: “ar SeiZleba udrood
asvla mamasTan”. is kidev ambobda: “SeuZlebelia, rom ar
avide”. da radganac ar uSvebda mamis sanatreli mowafe,
gacofebulma iSiSvla saeSmako maxvili, umowyalod daWra
sanatreli Zma da TviTon gaecala; am dros mas mamis sxva
mowafe Sexvda da isic daWra maxviliT.
Seiqmna CoCqoli da xmauri, es gaigona Cvenma wminda
mamam da maSinve Cavida, Seasrula wesi, orive Zma aziara
wminda saidumlos da, wamebis gvirgviniT Semkulni, oriveni wardgnen RvTis winaSe. xolo im borotma aRiara eSmakismieri waqezeba da, Tavisi borotebis Sesaferisad,
sazarlad aRmoxda suli.
sxva dros eSmakma monastris mebostne waaqeza da wminda mamis mokvla STaagona. rogorc ki Seexo igi mamas, xeli
gauSeSda da gamxmari xesaviT SerCa, sanam ar aRiara yvelaferi da mamis locviT ar miiRo kurneba, da adidebda
RmerTs.
yvela saTnoebasTan erTad, mama eqvTimes is didi saTnoebac hqonda, rom gamouZieblad arafers akeTebda, da
ambobda: “Tavis Tavze mindoba da sakuTari survilebis ayola sulis damRupvelia, xolo gamoZieba gadarCenis
sawindaria, rogorc es Cvenma wminda mamebma Tqves”. da es
wesi man sikvdilamde daicva.
XXII. iyo wmidaA mamaA Cueni efTYmi saxiTa myudro da
gonebiTa wrfel da mdabal da suliTa ganaTlebul da wmida
da guamiTa Zlier saRmrToTa Sina saqmeTa da moRuawebaTa da
hasakiTa wesier, da TYnier wamebiTa werilTaATa araras daamtkicebn TaviT TYsiT, gina ityYn, da eklesias dgomasa mKne,
22. iyo Cveni mama eqvTime saxiT mSvidi, gonebiT marTali, Tavmdabali, suliT ganaTlebuli da wminda, sxeuliT
Zlieri, saRvTo saqmesa da RvawlSi, simaRliT zomieri,
saSualo simaRlisa. wminda werilis damowmebis gareSe
arafers ityoda TavisiT. eklesiaSi mxned idga xolme,
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iovanesii da efT
efTY
mesii
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rameTu dgan igi TYnier kuerTxisa da kedelsa miyrdnobisa
KelmoWdobiT viTarca sueti Seuryeveli. da piri da Tualni
misni iyvnian queyanad mimarT mxedvel. xolo senaksa Sina
moRuawebaTa misTa aRracxvaA vismca Zal-edva, romelni-igi
RmerTman mxoloman uwynis! rameTu yovelnive farulad aResrulebodes mis mier. xolo arn samoslad misa ZaZaA da ZaZisa
mis zeda jaWY mZimH. da romelica vin saTnoebaA gamoiZios,
mis Tana poos mis mier aRsrulebulad keTilad da Suenierad.
xolo siwmide da qalwulebaA Seuxebeli da ubiwoA daemarxa,
viTarca angelozsa RmrTisasa da caTa Sina myofsa. xolo
TargmanebaA wignTaA aqunda nametnavad yovelTa saTnoebaTa
da gYrgYnad da ganmanaTlebelad naTesavisa Cuenisa.
aRasrulna wmidaman mamaman Cuenman evTYmi aToTxmetisa
wlisa Jamni, Semdgomad mamisa TYsisa aRsrulebisa, winamZRurobasa Sina da merme vedrebiTa zemo KsenebulTa maT wmidaTa berTaATa – arseni episkoposisaATa da iovane grZelis ZisaATa – ijmna winamZRurobisagan. rameTu xedvides Rirsni igi
berni, romel mizeziTa mravalferTa zrunvaTaATa daexrweoda Targmanebisagan wmidaTa werilTaAsa, da esreT moicala
da TYssa senaksa dajda. da winamZRurobaA ZmaTaA Sehvedra
giorgis, romlisaTYs emcno mamasa iovanes, TYssave naTesavsa. da Tavadi wignTa saRmrToTa Targmanebasa Seudga da friadni wignni Targmnna, romelTaganni raodennime zemo
gYxsenebian.
kverTxis gareSe, Seuryeveli svetiviT, Tavdaxrili da
miwisken macqerali. senakSi gaweuli misi Sromis aRricxva vis SeeZleba, es mxolod RmerTma uwyis! radgan yvelafers farulad iqmoda. samoslad ZaZa hqonda da ZaZaze
mZime jaWvi ekida. ra saTnoebac unda gamoeZiaT, keTilad
da mSvenivrad hqonda mas aRsrulebuli. siwminde da ubiwoeba Seuryvnelad daicva, rogorc RvTis angelozma da
caTa Sina myofma. yvela saTnoebaze aRmatebuli mis mier
Sesrulebuli wignTa Targmaneba iyo, rac Cveni enis gansanaTleblad gaswia man.
Cvenma wminda mama eqvTimem, Tavisi mamis gardacvalebis Semdeg, ToTxmeti weli iwinamZRvra. Semdeg Seevedra
zemoT xsenebul berebs – episkopos arsens da ioane grZelis Zes, raTa ganTavisuflebuliyo winamZRvrobisagan. xedavdnen Rirsi berebi, rom mravalgvari zrunvis gamo xeli
eSleboda wminda wignebis TargmanebaSi. axla ki moicala
da Tavis senakSi dajda. Zmebs Seevedra, raTa winamZRvroba
giorgis mieRo, rogorc es mama ioanisagan hqonda nabrZanebi. TviTon ki saRvTo wignebis Targmanebas Seudga
da uamravi wigni Targmna, romelTagan ramdenime zemoT
vaxseneT.
XXIII. xolo aqunda zrunvaAca didisa lavrisaA da, vidremdis erCdes, keTilad ganagebda. xolo ukuanaAsknel iwyes
TavKedobad da abmoxebad da winamZRuarTa zedaAs-zeda cvalebad da umetes da umetes aRorZndeboda amboxebaA maTi, vidremdis sameufod aRvides da auwyes kostanti mefesa SfoTisa maTisaTYs. xolo cna raA mefeman, viTarmed didi evTYmi
ars ganmgebeli maTi, aRuwoda mas sameufod, raATa yoveli
23. didi monastris gamoc zrunavda da, sanam emorCilebodnen, keTilad ganagebda. bolo dros gaTavxednen,
(berZnebi), SfoTi Semoitanes, winamZRvrebs cvlidnen
xSirad da SfoTic ufro da ufro matulobda, vidre samefo karze ar mividnen da ar auwyes mefe konstantines am
SfoTis ambavi. mefem rom gaigo, didi eqvTimea maTi mmarTvelio, ixmo sasaxleSi, raTa misgan Seetyo simarTle,
410
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Y mes
cxoreba
rebaAA iovanes
iovanesii da efT
efTY
mesii
cxovreba ioanesi da eqvTimesi
WeSmariti iswaos misgan, rameTu didi sarwmunoebaA da siyuaruli hqonda misa mimarT Rirsebisa misisaTYs.
da viTarca warvidoda winaSe mefisa, Sekribna Zmani yovelni da nugeSinis-sca da tablaA keTili ganumzada da
locvasa daevedra. da merme warvida sanatrelisa da qristes
nebis-myofelisa Teofane xucisa, romlisa mimarT didi siyuaruli aqunda mamasa evTYmes, rameTu siyrmiTgan aqa aRzrdil
iyo da yovliTa saTnoebiTa ganSuenebul iyo. da iyo igi mRdeli saTnoA uflisaA da swavluli friad da KelovnebiT mwerali wignTa saRmrToTaA, romlisaTYs wamebda mamaA efTYme,
viTarmed: “ufroAs aTas xuTasisa drahknisa uwerian wignni
monastrisani Sina da gare”. da vinaAT arseni da iovane Seisuenes, mravalgzis mas hkiTxavn sulierad mamaA Cueni. amis ukue
netarisa berisa warvida da moikiTxa igi tiriliT da locvasa
daevedra. xolo igi moexYa da cremliT hrqua, viTarmed: “vaAme
ubadruksa, rameTu arRara odes gixilo Sen Korcielad, N
wmidao mamao!” da TYT mamaAca efTYme ewameboda sityuaTa
misTa, romeli-igi iqmna da aResrula orTave winawarmetyuelebaA.
rameTu, viTarca vTquT, aRvida RmerTSemosili mamaA Cueni
efTYme sameufod, da viTarca cna mefeman mislvaA misi, didiTa pativiTa moikiTxa igi da gamohkiTxa saqme lavrisaA. da
vidre daurvebadmde yovlisa sauravisa mravalni Jamni
gardaKdes da moiwia dResaswauli wmidisa iovane RmrTismetyuelisaA da, viTarca aqunda CueulebaA, didebulad
gardaiKada da mravalni glaxakni iRuawna da monazonTa maT,
romelTa Tana iyo, keTilad nugeSinis-sca da TYT TaviT
TYsiT hmsaxura da yovliTa keTiliTa aRavsna.
da amisa Semdgomad Tavadman piri iKsna da mcired ganisuena Sromisagan. da viTarca aRdga, moeKsena xati wmidisa iovane maxarebelisaA, romeli mxatvrisada mieca gansagebelad,
da ubrZana mowafesa, raATa warvides da uTxras, viTar jerars SekazmvaA misi. da merme hrqua, viTarmed: “viTar-igi gYKms
vinaidan didad endoboda da uyvarda misi saTno bunebisa
da Rirsebis gamo.
sanam wavidoda mefesTan, mama eqvTimem yvela Zma Sekriba,
nugeSi sca, saukeTeso sufra gauSala, akurTxa da evedra,
misTvis elocaT. Semdeg mivida sanatrel da qristes nebis
myofel Teofane xucTan, romlis mimarTac didi siyvaruli hqonda mama eqvTimes, vinaidan bavSvobidan aq iyo
aRzrdili da yovelgvari saTnoebiT Semosili. uflisaTvis saTno mRvdeli friad ganswavluli iyo, saRvTo wignTa weraSi daxelovnebuli, ris Sesaxebac mama eqvTime
brZanebda: “aTas xuTas drahkanze meti Rirebulebis monastris wignebi dauweria Sin da gareT”. arsenisa da ioanes
gardacvalebis Semdeg Cveni mama xSirad mas ekiTxeboda
xolme. swored am netar berTan wavida, tiriliT moikiTxa
da masac sTxova, eloca misTvis. xolo igi moexvia da acremlebulma uTxra: “vai me, ubadruksa, radgan aRarasodes
gnaxav xorcielad, hoi, wmidao mamao!” da TviTon mamac
emowmeboda mis am naTqvams; asec moxda, da orives winaswarmetyveleba aRsrulda.
rogorc vTqviT, Cveni RmerTSemosili mama eqvTime mivida samefo karze. mefem misi mosvla rom Seityo, didi pativiT moikiTxa da monastris saqmeebi gamohkiTxa. didma
drom ganvlo, vidre yvela sazrunavs mouvlida. wminda
ioane RvTismetyvelis dResaswaulmac moaRwia da,
Cveulebisamebr, didebulad gadaixada, glaxakebisaTvis
izruna, im monazvnebs, romlebic Tan axldnen, nugeSi sca,
TviTon emsaxura da yvelanairi sikeTiT aavso.
amis Semdeg man piri gaixsnila da cota daisvena. roca
wamodga, gaaxsenda wminda ioane maxareblis xati, romelic
mxatvrisaTvis mieca gansaaxleblad. ubrZana mowafes, raTa
wasuliyo da ekiTxa, rogor aris misi ganaxlebis saqmeo.
412
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cxoreba
rebaAA iovanes
iovanesii da efT
efTY
mesii
cxovreba ioanesi da eqvTimesi
Cuen, nuukue da ver gaagono, Svilo! aramed damisxen saKedarsa da me TYT warvide”.
xolo iyo jori igi axlad syiduli da mankieri, da maT ara
icodes simedgre misi da znoanebaA. da viTar warvles xani
raodenime, pova vinme glaxaki, romeli iTxovda qvelis-saqmarsa, da dadga wmidaA mamaA Cueni, raATamca misca mas qvelissaqmari. xolo igi aRdga Semosili ZonZebiTa da mohmarTa miRebad qvelis-saqmisa. xolo viTarca daxedna mankierman man saxedarman, myis ganhkrTa da iwyo sivltolad da aqa da iqi
ekueTeboda, vidremdis ficxlad mowyla wmidaA igi da
sanatreli mamaA Cueni. da viTarca gardamoagdo, friadi eri
Sekrba mis zeda, rameTu yovelni mecnier iyvnes da yovelni
tirodes da iglovdes. da merme wariRes monastrad, sada-igi
savane eyo.
da viTar esma kostanti mefesa, didad Sewuxna da waravlina TYsi vinme sakuTari da moikiTxa igi. da egreTve moqalaqeTa, didebulTa da mTavarTa da palatisaTa didi sarwmunoebaA da siyuaruli aqunda, da yovelni movidodes da cremliTa iltobvodes da ambors-uyofdes da warvidodes.
qarTvelTaTYs kula raA vin Tquas? rameTu yoladve ganuSorebel iyvnes angelosTa mobaZavsa mas guamsa missa da
tyebiTa friadiTa eglovdes sioblesa TYssa.
da esreT locvasa Sina da madlobasa RmrTisasa gardaicvala samgzis sanatreli igi da RmerTSemosili mamaA Cueni
efTYme da friadi mwuxarebaA moiwia Cuen zeda, romelni davakldiT tkbilsa mas da sawadelsa mamasa Cuensa. xolo igi
warvida winaSe RmrTisa naTelsa mas miuaCrdilebelsa, yovelTa Tana wmidaTa, romelni saukuniTgan saTno-eyvnes RmerTsa, da meox ars cxorebisaTYs sulTa CuenTaAsa winaSe samebisa
wmidisa. xolo patiosanni igi nawilni misni aRmoiyvannes TYssave monastersa da daisxnes samarxosa luskumasa, taZarsa Sina
wmidisa iovane naTlis-mcemelisasa. da romelni sarwmunoebiT
magram Semdeg uTxra: “vaiTu Cven rogorc gvWirdeba, ver
gaagebino, Svilo! jori Semikazme da me TviTon wavalo”.
es jori axladnayidi iyo da avzniani gamodga. maT ar
icodnen am pirutyvis uvargisoba da avznianoba. erTxans
rom iares, erT glaxaks Sexvdnen, romelic mowyalebas iTxovda. Cveni wminda mama SeCerda, raTa mowyaleba mieca, xolo
ZonZebiT Semosili glaxaki miexala mamas. avznianma jorma
rom daxeda mas, ucbad dafrTxa, gaqanda, Tan aqeT-iqiT awydeboda, sanam Cveni sanatreli mama saSinlad ar daaSava
da ar mokla. roca gadmoagdo, didZali xalxi Seikriba,
radgan yvela icnobda mas, da yvelani tirodnen da iglovdnen. Semdeg gadaasvenes monasterSi, sadac misi savane iyo.
konstantine mefem es rom Seityo, didad Sewuxda,
gamogzavna erTi Tavisi axlobeli da miusamZimra. aseve
moqalaqeni, didebulebi, mTavarni da kariskacebi – yvelas
didi rwmena da siyvaruli hqondaT misadmi, modiodnen da
cremlad iRvrebodnen, eamborebodnen da midiodnen.
qarTvelebze ra unda iTqvas? isini sul ar moSorebian angelozTa msgavs mis neSts, TavSi cemiTa da moTqmagodebiT iglovdnen TavianT daoblebas.
amgvari locviTa da RvTisadmi madlierebiT gardaicvala Cveni sanatreli da RmerTSemosili mama eqvTime;
udidesi mwuxareba dagvatyda Tavs, raTgan ganvSordiT
Cvens tkbilsa da sasurvel mamas, xolo igi wardga RvTis
winaSe maradiul naTelSi da yvela wmindanTan erTadaa,
romelnic odiTganve saTno-eyo1 RmerTs da igi Suamdgomelia wminda samebis winaSe Cveni sulebis cxonebisaTvis. misi patiosani neSTi miasvenes missave monasterSi,
da Caasvenes luskumaSi2, wminda ioane naTlismcemlis
1. saTno-yofa – mowoneba
2. samarxo luskuma – kubo, maRali dasamarxavi adgili
414
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rebaAA iovanes
iovanesii da efT
efTY
mesii
cxovreba ioanesi da eqvTimesi
mouKdebian, kurnebisa madlTa aRmoivseben uxuebiT kadnierebiTa misiTa winaSe RmrTisa.
aResrula samgzis sanatreli mamaA Cueni evTYmi Tuesa maissa aTcametsa, dResa orSabaTsa, indiktionsa aTerTmetsa,
welTa dasabamiTgan soflisaAT equs aTas xuTas ocdameaTequsmetesa welsa, sadidebelad mamisa da Zisa da sulisa wmidisa,
romlisaA ars didebaA da pativi aw da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amen1.
taZarSi. vinc rwmeniT uaxlovdeba, kurnebis madliT ivseba uxvad, misive kadnierebiT RvTis winaSe.
samgzis sanatreli Cveni mama eqvTime gardaicvala
camet maiss, orSabaT dRes, meTerTmete indiqtionSi, qveynis dasabamidan eqvsi aTas xuTas ocdameTeqvsmete wels1,
sadideblad mamisa da Zisa da sulisa wmidisa, romlisa ars
dideba da pativi aw da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde.
amin.
XXIV. xolo vinaATgan wmidaman mamaman Cuenman evTYme
winamZRurobaA monastrisaA dauteva da, viTarca zemo vTquT,
giorgi mamad daadgina, kninRa-da umetesni zemoKsenebulTa
maT wesTaganni Secvalna da TYssa nebasa da ganzraxvasa
Seudga da sxuaTa raTme wesTa da kanonTa eneba damtkicebaA.
xolo didsa evTYmis daRacaTu uZnda saqme ese, aramed,
vinaATgan mSYdobis-moyuare iyo da savse siyuaruliTa,
yoladve ara acila, aramed TYssa msaxurebasa gankrZalul iyo
da wignTa saRmrToTa Targmnasa Seqceul. xolo igi KorcielTa saqmeTa zeda frTxil iyo da mis Jamisa warCinebulTa da
mTavarTa winaSe saxelovan, da mTaA yoveli didad pativs-scemda da ekrZalvoda. da kualad berZenni friad raAme Seiyuarna
da ganamravlna da sruliad maTda mimarT midrka, xolo
qarTvelni, viTarca nasxurni raAme da undoni, ugulebelsyvna da Seamcirna. rameTu, viTarca uwyiT yovelTa, adre SeviryeviT da mimosulasa moswrafed SeudgebiT da amiT mizeziTa friad vavnebT TYsTaca sulTa da adgilsaca. xolo igi
viTarca iyo frTxili da mZime kaci, meti raAme Sepovnebani da
liqnani ver SeeZlnes, da kualad, vinaATgan ixila, romel friadi eri saKmar iyo sivrcisaTYs monastrisa da simravlisaTYs
samsaxurebelTaAsa, da Cuen ara davdgebodeT, berZenTa mieq-
24. rodesac Cvenma wminda mama eqvTimem monastris
winamZRvroba miatova da, rogorc zemoT vTqviT, giorgi
daadgina, zemo xsenebuli wesebi giorgim, cotad Tu bevrad, Secvala, Tavis nebasa da survils mihyva da ramdenime
sxva wes-kanonis damtkicebac ineba.
marTalia, did eqvTimes umZimda misi es saqme, magram,
vinaidan mSvidobismoyvare da siyvaruliT savse iyo, ar
moaSora winamZRvrobas. Tavad saRvTo wignebis TargmniT
iyo dakavebuli. xorcieli, amqveyniuri saqmeebis mimarT
frTxili iyo da im dros warCinebulTa da mTavarTa winaSe saxelganTqmuli, mTeli mTawminda didad scemda pativs da krZalviT epyroboda. berZnebi metad Seiyvara,
moamravla isini da mTlianad maTken gadaixara, qarTvelebi
ki, rogorc arad Casagdebni da uvargisni, ugulebelyo da
Seaviwrova. rogorc yvelam viciT, swrafad davadgebiT
xolme meryeobas, aqeT-iqiT mimosvlas veSurebiT, da am
1 aq wydeba H xelnaweri.
416
1. indiqtioni – 532-wliani cikli (iwyeboda 1 seqtembers); ese
igi, meTermete indiqcionia 532 jer 11=5852 weli. dasabamidan
6536 weli aTvlilia bizantiuri sistemiT. sazogadod, qveynis
gaCenidan qristemde Cven viTvlidiT 5508 wels, maSasadame,
wminda eqvTime gardacvlila: 6536 – 5508 = 1028 wels!
417
cxo
reba
Y mes
cxoreba
rebaAA iovanes
iovanesii da efT
efTY
mesii
cxovreba ioanesi da eqvTimesi
ca da igini ganamravlna. garna, vinaATgan WeSmaritisa jerars TqumaA, ukueTu movidis vinme qarTveli, romelsa krebulsa Sina SeeZlis msaxurebaA, raAca eKmarebin, yovliTave feriTa aRaSenis, xolo ukueTu krebulsa Sina ara enebis yofaA,
sadaca soxasterTa monastrisaTa enebis dajdomaA, pursa aravis uyenebn qarTvelsa; ese kula viTa Savi grigol iyo da
zaqaria mirdatis-ZH da arseni da sxuani eseviTarni kacni,
didiTa pativiTa pativ-scemn da mowled moikiTxavn da, viTarca hnebavn, aRaSenebn.
da amas eseviTarsa saqmesa Sina gardaKdes Jamni ravdennime. da amisa Semdgomad, JamTa romanoz mefisaTa, didad
warCinebul iqmna giorgi winaSe romanoz mefisa da didad sakuTar da pativcemul. da merme – Tu viTar iqmna, RmerTman
uwyis – gandgomilebaA da orgulebaA daswames diogenisa
visTYsme, romlisaTYs Tques, Tu misi undao mefobaA giorgis, da amis mizezisaTYs eqsoria-iqmna giorgi monovats da
mun aResrula eqsoriobasa Sina. da monasteri da Cuen yovelni, romelni daSTomil viyveniT mas Jamsa, didsa Relvasa da
mimotacebasa STavcYveniT, rameTu samgzis daityuena monasteri da, raAca dristi turfaA iyo mamaTa CuenTa mogebuli,
yoveli iavar-iqmna, da egreTve ganZi da kumaSi.
mizeziT sakuTar sulsac vivnebT da sakuTar samyofsac.
rogorc frTxilsa da dinj kacs, pirferoba da liqna ar
SeeZlo, da naxa, rom monasterSi didi adgili iyo darCenili, sadac xalxs SeeZlo msaxureba, Cven ki ar vCerdebodiT. amitom berZnebs miubrunda da isini moamravla. ise ki,
simarTle unda iTqvas: romelime qarTveli rom modioda
xolme, romel eklesiaSic inebebda, iq SeeZlo emsaxura; Tu
eklesiaSi ar inebebda yofnas, monastris romel soxasterSic1 inebebda, iq SeeZlo dajdoma. purs aravin uWerda
qarTvels. Savi grigoli, zaqaria mirdatis Ze, arseni da
sxva maTi msgavsnic, didi pativiT iyvnen, gulmxurvaled
moikiTxavdnen xolme aq mosulT da, rogorc undodaT, ise
aSenebdnen da sikeTiT avsebdnen aqaurobas.
amgvarad ganvlo ramdenime xanma. amis Semdeg, romanozis mefobis dros, giorgim didad gaiTqva saxeli mefe
romanozis winaSe da dauaxlovda mas. mere ki, rogor moxda, RmerTma uwyis, - gandgomileba da orguloba daswames
vinme diogenis gamo, romelzec ambobdnen, amisi gamefeba
undodao giorgis. am mizeziT giorgi monovatSi gaaZeves
da iq gardaicvala. monasteri da Cven yvelani, vinc im dros
viyaviT aq, did SfoTSi, tanjvasa da gasaWirSi CavcvivdiT,
radgan samjer mooxrda monasteri, rac ki Zvirfasi ganZi
hqondaT Cvens mamebs SeZenili, yvelaferi miitaces, aseve
sxva Zvirfaseuloba da qoneba.
XXV. da vinaATgan berZenTa eseviTari Jami poves, Kelyves
yovliTa Ronis-ZiebiTa, raATamca qarTvelni amis monastrisagan aRmohfxurnes. da amis pirisaTYs didi moswrafebaA aCuenes da mTaA yoveli Tana-Seiwies da saberZneTisa didebulni da palatisa warCinebulni yovelni midriknes da mravali
25. berZnebma amiT isargebles da yvelanair Rones mimarTes, raTa qarTvelebi am monastridan amoeZirkvaT. amisaTvis didi mondomeba gamoiCines, mTeli mTawminda amoiyenes gverdiT, saberZneTis didebulebi da samefo karis
418
1 soxasteri – sadayudebeli, Camosajdomi.
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SromaA da Wiri da rudunebaA Cuen zeda moa wies. da, raATa
mokled vTqua, rameTu, ara Tumca ufali Seweul iyo Cuenda
da meoxebaA wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisaA da maT wmidaTa mamaTa CuenTa madli da locvaA, dRes arcamca erTi qarTveli ara
ipoebis eseviTarsa amas vrcelsa da didebulsa lavrasa Sina,
romeli-ese friadiTa warsagebeliTa da mravliTa ofliTa maT
wmidaTa mamaTa CuenTaATa Cuen qarTvelTaTYs aRSenebul iyo
da aRmarTebul.
da amis pirisaTYs, raATa eseviTari ese boroti, romeli
moawies Cuen zeda berZenTa, ara daviwyebul iqmnas, da kualad Semdgomad Cuensa momavalni eseviTarsave Wirsa STacYven,
amisTYs zogadiTa ganzraxviTa yovelni Zmani erTad SevkerbiT da erTiTa ganzraxviTa ese quemowerili mosaKsenebeli
davwereT amiT piriTa da saxiTa JamTa sYmeon mamisaTa da esreT vityYT:
“vinaATgan madliTa da wyalobiTa RmrTisaATa aRiZrnes
wmidani mamani Cuenni iovane da iovane da efTYmi da amas wmidasa mTasa moiwines navT-sayudelad sulTa mravalTa da ganmamravlebelad naTesavisa Cuenisa da didiTa RuawliTa da friadiTa warsagebeliTa aRaSenes didebuli ese lavraA samkYdrebelad qarTvelTa da merme RmrTis-msaxurTa berZenTa
mefeTa msaxurebiTa da momadlebiTa, JamTa gandgomilisa
skliarosisaTa, ganavrces da ganamdidres da mougnes dabani
da monasterni da oqrobeWedni, viTarca zemoweril ars, da
keTiliTa aRsasruliTa daiZines da warvides cxorebad saukunod.
“da mkYdrad da ganmgebelad dauteves netari evTYmi,
romelman yovliTa wesiTa keTiliTa ganaSuena wmidaA ese adgili da TargmanebiTa wmidaTa werilTaATa gananaTla da Seamko naTesavi da enaA Cueni da JamTa mravalTa keTilad damwyso
samwysoA ese misda rwmunebuli da, vinaATgan siSorH queyanisa CuenisaA did iyo, da sivrce adgilisa amis didebulisaA
friad iyo, Semwed da msaxurad Seiwynarna berZenni umankoebiT da siwrfoebiT da esreT ganmravlda naTesavi berZenTaA
yvela warCinebuli gadaibires da mravali Sroma, garja
da gansacdeli dagvawies. mokled rom vTqvaT, rom ar yofiliyo Cvens Semwed ufali, wminda RvTismSoblis meoxeba da Cveni wminda mamebis madli da locva, dRes verc erT
qarTvels veRar vnaxavdiT am vrcel da didebul monasterSi, romelic Cveni wminda mamebis udidesi garjiTa da ofliT aSenda da aRimarTa CvenTvis – qarTvelebisaTvis.
imisaTvis, rom ar daviviwyoT is boroteba, rac berZnebma dagvawies da, momavalSic rom ar CavcvivdeT amgvar
gaWirvebasa da gansacdelSi - yvela Zma erTad SevikribeT
da erTxmad am saxiT davwereT qvemoT motanili anderZi
mama svimonis winamZRvrobis dros, da amas vambobT:
“RvTis madliTa da wyalobiT aRiZrnen Cveni wminda
mamebi: ioane, ioane da eqvTime, da am wminda mTaze movidnen mravalTaTvis gansasveneblad da Cveni modgmis aq mosamravleblad, da didi RvawliTa da udidesi xarjiT aaSenes
es didebuli monasteri qarTvelTa dasamkvidreblad, Semdeg berZeni RvTismsaxuri mefeebis samsaxuris wil maTive
boZebulobiT, skliarosis gandgomilobis dros, gaafarToves, gaamdidres da miuerTes miwebi da monastrebi,
oqrobeWdiT damtkicebuli, rogorc zemoT aRvwereT, da
keTilad daasrules sicocxle da saukuno cxovreba daimkvidres.
ganmgeblad netari eqvTime datoves, romelmac es wminda adgili keTili wes-kanoniT Seamko, wminda werilis
TargmanebiT gaanaTla, gaamSveniera Cveni modgma da ena,
mravali xnis manZilze mwyemsa misdami rwmunebuli samwyso. Cveni qveyana metad Sors iyo da am vrcel didebul
adgilze Semwed da msaxurad man berZnebi Seiwynara Tavisi umankoebiTa da gulwrfelobiT, da ase gamravlda am
monasterSi berZenTa modgma. amis Semdeg man uari Tqva
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lavrasa amas; da Semdgomad mciredisa Jamisa ijmna winamZRurobisagan da TYsi naTesavi giorgi mamad daadgina da Tavadi
myudroebiT cxovndeboda, romlisa-igi saTnoebaTa saxeli da
RirsebaA yovelsa saqarTvelosa ganefina da ara xolo
saqarTvelosa oden, aramed saberZneTsaca; da amis mizezisaTYs
mravalni Rirsni da wmidani kacni movidodes misa da ganaTldebodes xilviTa misiTa, viTarca saxed: iovane grZelis-ZH da
arseni episkoposi ninowmideli da Rirsi iovane xaxuleli da
oqropiri da sxuani mobaZavni maTni da merme netari beri grigol, axali abraham stumrismoyuarH, da zaqaria mirdatis ZH
da arseni da sxuani mobaZavni maTni, romelni-igi viTarca mamaman saxierman Seitkbnis da yovliTa gansuenebiTa ganusuenis;
da esreT saTnod RmrTisa moqalaqobasa Sina uflisa mimarT
miicvala, viTarca zemo moviKseneT, da Zmani qarTvelni mamasa giorgis da mamasa grigols Sehvedrna.
“da ara mravlisa Jamisa Semdgomad mamaA giorgi daviwyebad movida, da arca erTi raA zrunvaA aqunda qarTvelTa aRorZinebisaA, aramed sruliad berZenTa mieqca da igini ganamravlna, da Semdgomad raodenisame Jamisa miicvala eqsoriobasa
Sina, viTarca zemo moviKseneT. da mieriTgan wmidaA beri grigol iyo navT-sayudel qarTvelTa naTesavisa da nugeSinismcemel.
“xolo viTarca mamaA giorgi eqsoriobasa Sina miicvala
da Cuen friad Semcirebul viyveniT, Jami poves berZenTa, da
viTarca cecxlni aRegznnes Cuen zeda da sruliad aRmofxuraA Cueni eneba da dapyrobaA samkYdrebelisa CuenisaA. da umZimesi ese iyo, rameTu, romelsa-igi maSin winamZRurobaA epyra,
igi iyo Semwe maTda, giorgi ukeTuri, araAT umolxinesi pirvelisa mis giorgisi, romeli winaaRudgeboda didsa aTanasis,
daRacaTu ukuanaAsknel Seinana. da amis mizezisaTYs didsa
Wirsa Sina viyveniT da sawunel da saZulel maTda. da TYToeulad arca Tu SesaZlebel ars yovlisave warmoTqumaA, ravdenni
ginebani, ravdenni Seuracxebani da yuedrebani moiweodes maT
mier Cuen zeda dRiRi-dRe; da cemiTa da guemiTa da
winamZRvrobaze da Tavisi naTesavi giorgi daadgina
winamZRvrad, TviTon ki mSvidad cxovrobda. misi saTnoeba
da Rirseba mTels saqarTvelos ganefina, da ara mxolod
saqarTvelos, aramed saberZneTsac. amis gamo mravali Rirsi
da wminda adamiani modioda mis saxilvelad da naTliT
ivseboda, rogorebic iyvnen: ioane grZelis-Ze, arseni
ninowmindeli episkoposi, Rirsi ioane saxuleli da
oqropiri, da sxva misi mimbaZvelni; Semdeg netari beri
grigoli, axali abraam stumarTmoyvare, zaqaria mirdatis Ze, arseni da sxvebic, romlebic, viTarca saxierma mamam,
Seitkbo da mSvidobiT miiRo. ase saTnod, saRvTo moqalaqeobiT miicvala uflis winaSe, rogorc zemoT vTqviT,
qarTveli Zmebi mama giorgis da mama grigolis Seavedra.
cota xnis Semdeg mama giorgi daviwyebas mieca, aranairad aRar zrunavda qarTvelTa asaRorZineblad, aramed
mTlianad berZnebisken gadaixara da isini moamravla. ramdenime xnis Semdeg gaaZeves da iq miicvala, rogorc zemoT
vaxseneT. amis Semdgom wminda beri grigoli gaxda
qarTvelTa navsayudeli da nugeSismcemeli.
radganac mama giorgi Sors, gadasaxlebaSi miicvala,
xolo Cven metad cotani viyaviT, berZnebma amiT isargebles
da cecxliviT aRegznen Cven winaaRmdeg, Cveni sruliad
amoZirkva da Cveni samkvidreblis dapyroba indomes.
yvelaze mZime is iyo, rom vinc maSin winamZRvrobda, is gaxda imaTi Semwe – giorgi ukeTuri, arafriT iyo umjobesi
im pirvel giorgize, romelic win aRudga aTanase dids,
Tumca bolos ki Seinana. am mizeziT did gasaWirSi viyaviT, maTgan Seuracxyofilni da moZulebulni. arc ki SeiZleba yovelive imis Tqma, Tu ramden ginebas, ramden Seuracxyofasa da sayvedurs viTmendiT yoveldRe; cemasa da
gvemaSi, metad did devnasa da urvaSi viyaviT,
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mwvalebelad xadiTa Seiwrebulni didsa urvasa Sina viyveniT. da eseca eneba, raATamca saxelica maSenebelTaA
aRmohKoces.
“amas yovelsa raA xedvida netari mamaA grigoli, elmoda
guli misi da Seiwueboda wyalobiTa CueniTa da maradis cremliT evedrebin RmerTsa, raATa umjobesi Cueni ganigulos. da
esreT raA eurvoda, misca RmerTman kaci oriTave marjuH da
savse gonierebiTa, \ netari arseni, romelman-igi ara Seiwyala Tavi TYsi, aramed yovelive moswrafebaA aCuena damtkicebisa CuenisaTYs, sxuaTa ravdenTame qristes moyuareTa ZmaTa
Tana, romelTa-igi saukunomca ars saKsenebeli da kurTxevaA
maTi. rameTu arca Tu egebis, ravdenni Ruawlni moiTminnes,
yovelTave TiToeulad aRricxuvaA: mimoslvaA Cueni zRYT da
KmeliT da afxazeTs da qarTls savedrebelTa wignTaTYs
berZenTa mefeTa winaSe, da ravdengzis moviRiT wigni TYTmpyrobelTaA da CamovidiT, da kualad ginebiTa da SeuracxebiTa
wargudevnnian usagzloni da uKamurni Jamsa RelvaTa-texisa da zamTrisasa. da esreT anu TxoviT aRvidiT kualad sameufod anu RmrTis-moyuareTa kacTa wyalobiTa da kualad
SevstirodiT da vesamarTlebodiT mefeTa. da kualad mun aRgYdginnis RmerTman mourneni da guzrdidian, viTar-igi
qristes-moyuareni Zmani – CorCaneli da farsman, romelTaigi didad aRgYpyres Keli wyalobi saA, – aTas wilad miagen
ufalman! da amaT raA WirTa Sina viyveniT aramciredni gansacdelni moiweodes dRiTi-dRe ZmaTa zeda da ufroAsad netarsa arsenis, rameTu iguemaca, da mravali SromaA daiTmina
da sapyrobiled SewyudevaA da kicxevaA da basrobaA, da egreTve
ZmaTa yovelTa. xolo wmidaA beri grigol nugeSinis-gucemn
da ganguamKnobn, raATa ara sulmokle viqmnneT.
”ese yoveli raA ixila RmerTman yolad Zlierman, saxierebiTa TYsiTa lmobier yo guli miqael qristes-moyuarisa mefisaA da wyalobad Cuenda moaqcia da Semdgomad didTa bWobaTa da gamoZiebaTa Rirsi mamaA Cueni grigoli wyalobiT
mwvalebladac ki Segvracxes. isic ki indomes, rom
mSenebelTa saxelebi aRmoefxvraT.
yovelive amas rom xedavda netari mama grigoli, guli
stkioda da ewvoda, maradis cremliT evedreboda RmerTs,
raTa ukeTesi wili ergunebina CvenTvis. ase rom wuxda,
misca RmerTma ori marjve da gonieri kaci – netari arseni, romelmac ar daindo sakuTari Tavi, aramed mTeli Tavisi mondomeba Cvens aq damkvidrebas moaxmara, ramdenime sxva
qristes moyvare ZmasTan erTad, romelTa xseneba da kurTxeva saukunod iqneba. arc SeiZleba imis aRricxva, Tu ramdeni Sroma da Rvawli daiTmina TiToeulma maTganma: zRviTa da xmeleTiT mimosvla afxazeTsa da qarTlSi, savedrebeli werilebiT berZen mefeTa winaSe; ramdenjer
mogvitania TviTmpyrobelTa werili da CamovsulvarT,
magram isev lanZRviTa da SeuracxyofiT gavuZevebivarT
usagzloni da fexSiSvelni Relva-texasa Tu zamTarSi.
Semdeg isev avdiodiT TxovniT samefo karze, isev SevstirodiT da samarTals viTxovdiT mefeebisagan. da iq kvlav
mogvivlenda xolme RmerTi mzrunvelebs, da isinic gvivlidnen, rogorebic iyvnen qristes moyvare Zmebi – CorCaneli da farsmani – rac wyalobisaTvis xeli mogvimarTes –
aTas wilad miagos maT ufalma! amgvar gasaWirSi rom viyaviT, aramcire gansacdeli yoveldRiurad xvdebodaT Zmebs,
ufro ki, netar arsenis, radganac igvema kidec, mravali
sxva tanjvac daiTmina: sapyrobileSi damwyvdeva, dacinva
da gakicxva; da amis msgavsad sxva Zmebmac. xolo wminda beri
grigoli, nugeSs gvcemda xolme, gvamxnevebda, raTa sulmokleni ar gavmxdariyaviT.
yovelive es rom ixila yovladZlierma RmerTma, Tavisi saxierebiT guli moulbo qristesmoyvare mefe miqaels
da wyalobiT Semoabruna Cvenken. didi bWobisa da
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moikiTxa da nebiTa RmrTisaATa kualad dagYmkYdra adgili
Cueni da sayofeli winaZRomiTa da moRuawebiTa grigolisiTa
da arsenisiTa da yovelTa ZmaTa CuenTaATa, romelTa-igi iRuawes vidre sisxlTa daTxevadmde. da Cuen SemovkerbiT da madli miveciT RmerTsa da mravalTa maT WirTagan ganvisueneT.
“da gardaKdes raodennime Jamni da mixael mefH Tesalonikes Camovida. kualad aRetyinnes Cuen zeda berZenni, da mTaA
yoveli aRZres da didebulni yovelni gandriknes da eneba,
raATamca pirveli igi bWobaA da RmrTisamieri Cuen zeda
wyalobaA cudmca yves da amao. aramed ganacruva RmerTman
zraxvaA maTi da amao yo aRZrvaA maTi, rameTu kualadca Keli
wyalobisaA aRgYpyra RmerTman da ara ganguTxina wmidaman
RmrTis-mSobelman taZrisagan TYsisa, romlisa-igi Kel-yves
yovliTave Ronis-ZiebiTa, raATamca, vinaATgan monasteri ver
wagYRes, baremca didi eklesiaA raAT migYRes. reca samarTalica Seswevda, rameTu, vinaATgan aRSenebul iyo, maT hqoneboda igi eklesiaA, da, viTarca hxedavT, uaRres qebisa aRmatebul ars haerovnebaA da Sue nierebaA misi, romel amas mTasa
Sina, daRacaTu friad arian monasterni, garna msgavsi misi ara
ipoebis, da ara xolo mTasa, aramed sxuaTaca mravalTa adgilTa. garna esreTca urgeb iqmna Kel-yofaA maTi, rameTu wmidaman RmrTis-mSobelman Cuen glaxakTa gYboZa didebuli igi
didebisa TYsisa taZari, da yoladve gYRuwis da gufaravs uRirsTa amaT da ucxoTa madidebelTa da samwysoTa TYsTa. da,
viTarca vTquT, raJams esreT mZimed brZola gYyves, dajda
kualad qristes-moyuarH mixael mefH da friadiTa gamoZiebiTa ganbWo da eklesiaA da monasteri yovliTurT monagebiT
da simdidriT Cuen gYboZa da friadi wyalobaA da sitkboebaA
mogufina, miagen qristeman aTas wilad sulsa missa!
“mamaA grigol pirvel amis meorisa bWobisa micvalebul
iyo. xolo arseni Semdgomad amis meorisa bWobisa miicvala.
da ese mravlisagan mciredi mogYKsenebia.
gamoZiebis Semdeg Cveni Rirsi mama grigoli wyalobiT
moikiTxa, RvTis nebiT, kvlav dagvimkvidra Cveni adgilsamyofeli, grigolis, arsenis da sxva Zmebis
winamZRolobiT, romelTac sisxlis daTxevamde ibrZoles.
Cvenc SemovikribeT, madloba SevswireT RmerTs da
mravali gasaWirisagan davisveneT.
gavida ramdenime xani. mefe miqaeli TesalonikeSi
Camovida. kvlav aRiZrnen Cven winaaRmdeg berZnebi, mTeli
mTawminda Seagulianes da yvela didebuli gadaibires,
undodaT, rom is gadawyvetileba da RvTis wyaloba amaod
darCeniliyo. magram gaucrua RmerTma maT es ganzraxva,
kvlav wyalobis xeli ganipyro Cvenken RmerTma da ar
gamogvaZeva wminda RvTismSobelma Tavisi taZridan; yvela
RoniTa da xerxiT ecadnen, raTa didi eklesia mainc waeglijaT, raki monasteri ver wagvarTves. marTlac uaRresi
qebis Rirsia misi aRmatebuli brwyinvaleba da mSveniereba, ise rom, TumcaRa bevria am mTaze monasteri, magram misi
msgavsi ar moipoveba ara mxolod mTawmindaze, aramed sxva
adgilebSi. magram usargeblo iyo maTi cda, radgan wminda RvTismSobelma Cven, glaxakebs, gviboZa Tavisi didebuli taZari da mudam zrunavs da gvifaravs Cven, uRirsebs,
mis madidebel samwysos. rogorc vTqviT, es mZime brZola
rom gagviCaRes, kvlav dajda qristesmoyvare mefe mixaeli, kargad gamoiZia yovelive, eklesia da monasteri yvela misi simdidriTa da qonebiT Cven gviboZa da udidesi
wyaloba da sitkboeba mogvafina – miagos qristem aTas
wilad mis suls!
mama grigoli pirveli gansjis dros gardacvlili iyo,
xolo arseni am meore gansjis Semdeg gardaicvala. mcireds
mogaxsenebT mxolod.
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“da vinaATgan ese yoveli da amisa umravlesi moiwia Cuen
zeda da mravalni ZmaTa CuenTagannica gardaiqces da mieqces
CuenTa winaaRmdgomTa, da amis yovlisagan SegueSina da mosaKsenebeli ese aRvwereT da davdeviT Semdgomad Cuensa
momavalTa naTesavTaTYs, raATa ara daviwyebul iqmnas da garewar eseviTari ese mravalferi RelvaA. da erTiTa erTobiTa
amas vityYT, viTarca erTisa piriTa yovelTa qarTvelTa Tana,
romelni sadaca arian aRmosavalisaTa da Savisa mTisaTa da
ierusalHmisaTa da sadaca arian Zmani Cuenni: ukueTu vinme
gamoCndes naTesavisa Cuenisagan kaci, \ gina mamasaxlisi, gina
ikonomosi, gina sxuaA vin, \ da raATaca RoniTa anu manqanebiTa
anu safasisa sixarbiTa anu siyuaruliTa berZenTaATa anu kacisa visme SepovnebiTa anu sxYTa raATme zakuviTa eorgulos
amas wmidasa adgilsa, gina gansces miwaA mTasa gina gare, anu
qarTvelTa Sina-ganmcemel eqmnes, da aswyYdnes da ese adgili qarTvelTa Tavisa raATme saqmiTa gamougdos da igini
gaasxnes da Cueni saKsenebeli amoswyYdos, yovelTa wmidaTa
juariTa da madliTa krulmca ars da wyeul da SeCuenebul
da gankueTil wesisagan qristeaneTaAsa da maT Tanamca Seracxil ars, romelni-igi Sinaganmcemel eqmnes ufalsa Cuensa
iesu qristesa, da a-mca-Kocil ars igi nawilisagan qristeaneTaAsa! da romelni Tana daxuden da ewamnen ZmaTa CuenTaganni eseviTarsa mas mzakuvarsa, iginicamca wyeul arian da
SeCuenebul! da romelTa qarTvelTa ganmravlebaA iRuawon
da ese wmidaA adgili naTesavsa Cuensa daumtkicon, saukunomca
ars saKsenebeli da kurTxevaA maTi! da romelnica Zmani amis
didebulisa lavrisa samarTlobasa da damtkicebasa Tana moRuawe eqmnnes, anu moRuawe eqmnen, saukunomca ars saKsenebeli
da kurTxevaA maTi wmidaTa maT mamaTa CuenTa da maSenebelTa
da yovelTa maT pirvel moKsenebulTa RirsTa da saTnoTa ZmaTa CuenTa, romelni wmidasa amas adgilsa Sina gamoCndes gina
gamoCnden! madliTa da locviTa guakurTxen da aRguaorZinen ufalman da saukuneTa maT satanjvelTagan gYKsnen da sasufevelsa caTasa mkYdr gYCinen meoxebiTa wmidisa
vinaidan yovelive es da amaze umetesic gadagvxda Tavs,
da Cvens ZmaTagan mravali gadaixara da miemxro Cvens
winaaRmdgomebs, SevSindiT, es anderZi davwereT da davdeT Cven Semdgom momavalTaTvis, raTa ar daiviwyon da ar
ugulebelyon es mravalgvari SfoTi da Relva. yvela
qarTvelTan erTad erTxmad amas vambobT, sadac arian isini
– aRmosavleTiT, Sav mTaze, ierusalimSi – sadac ki arian
Cveni Zmebi: Tuki gamoCndeba Cveni modgmis kaci – gind mamasaxlisi, gind ikonomosi, ginda sxva vinme – da raime RoniT,
xerxiTa Tu simdidris ndomiTa da sixarbiT, an berZenTa
siyvaruliT, an vinmes moridebiT Tu sxva raime veragobiT
uRalatebs da uorgulebs am wminda adgils, an gaasxvisebs
miwas mTawmindaze Tu mis gareT, an Sinagamcemeli gaxdeba
qarTvelebisa, an qarTvelebs adgils raime mizeziT daukargavs, gamoyris da Cvens saxsenebels gawyvets – yvela
wminda jvriTa da madliT kruli iyos da wyeuli da
SeCvenebuli da gankveTili qristianebisagan, imaT Soris
Seiracxos, romlebmac gasces ufali Cveni ieso qriste, da
aRmofxvrili iqneba igi qristianeTagan! da vinc Seeswreba da daumowmebs am mzakvars, isic wyeuli iyos da SeCvenebuli! xolo vinc qarTvelTa gamravlebisaTvis izrunebs da
am wminda adgils Cvens modgmas daumtkicebs, saukunod
iyos misi xseneba da kurTxeva! am didebuli monastris ZmaTagan vinc samarTlianobisa da ganmtkicebisTvis gaisarjeba,
saukunod iyos misi xseneba da kurTxeva Cvens wminda mamebTan, maSeneblebTan da yvela pirvelxsenebul RirsTa da saTno Cvens ZmebTan erTad, aseve isinic, romlebic am wminda
adgilze gamoCndnen an gamoCndebian! madliTa da locviT
gvakurTxos da agvaRorZinos ufalma, saukuno satanjvelTagan gvixsnas da caTa sasufevelSi dagvamkvidros meoxebiTa
428
429
cxo
reba
Y mes
cxoreba
rebaAA iovanes
iovanesii da efT
efTY
mesii
cxovreba ioanesi da eqvTimesi
RmrTismSobelisaATa da wmidisa da netarisa mamisa Cuenisa
efTYmesiTa da yovelTa wmidaTaATa, romelni saukuniTgan
saTno-eyvnes RmerTsa, romlisaA ars didebaA, simtkicH da
sufevaA aw da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amin”.
wmindisa RvTismSoblisa da wmindisa da netarisa Cveni
mamisa eqvTimesiTa da yovelTa wmindaTa, romlebic saTnoeyo RmerTs, romlisa ars dideba, simtkice da sufeva aw da
maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amin”.
XXVI. saxeliTa mamisaATa da ZisaATa da sulisa wmidisaATa
da meoxebiTa wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisaATa me, mamaman giorgi, mamobasa Cemsa movcvalen nawilni wmidisa efTYmesni naTlis-mcemelisa eklesiiT didsa eklesiasa RmrTis-mSobelisasa
da gaukueTeT zeTi me da ZmaTa yovelTa weliwadsa Sina metraA erTi samsaxurebelad samarxosa maT wmidaTa mamaTaTYs,
romel imsaxurebodis Tuesa maissa ig
ig, dResaswaulsa amis
wmidisasa, miecemodis kandelaksa SemdgomiTi-Semdgomad. da
numca vin ikadrebs daklebasa, da romelman ikadros, man gasces
RmerTsa pasuxi da wmidasa mamasa efTYmes da maT wmidaTa mamaTa msgavsTave misTa! da romelman Sehmatos msaxurebasa gulsmodginebiT, saukunomca ars saKsenebeli misi da kurTxevaA
meoxebiTa wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa efTYmesiTa da yovelTa wmidaTa misTaATa, romelni saukuniTgan saTno-eyvnes ufalsa
Cuensa iesu qristesa, romlisaA ars didebaA ukuniTi ukunisamde, amin.
N wmidao da RmerTSemosilo mamao efTYme, SegYwyalen
monani ese Senni, mwirni da glaxakni, ucxoebasa amas da gYTxove SendobaA SecodebaTa CuenTa auracxelTa dResa mas gankiTxvisasa da amas cxorebasa dagYcven sabrKeTagan eSmakisaTa
da mzakuvarebaTagan kacTaAsa.
tkbilo mamao suliTa da gonebiTa, saukunomca ars saKsenebeli mamisa giorgisi, amin.
26. saxeliTa mamisaTa da ZisaTa da sulisa wmindisaTa
da meoxebiTa wmindisa RvTismSoblisaTa me, mama giorgim,
Cemi winamZRvrobis dros wminda eqvTimes nawilebi naTlimcemlis eklesiidan RvTismSoblis eklesiaSi gadmovitane;
me da Zmebma yovelwliurad davuweseT erTi mitra zeTi
saflavze samsaxureblad im wminda mamebisaTvis, rom gamoiyenon camet maiss, am wminda mamis dResaswaulze; zeTi
TandaTan mieces mnaTes. nuravin gabedavs moklebas; vinc amas
gabedavs, man TviTon gasces pasuxi RmerTs, wminda mama eqvTimes da im wminda mamebsac! vinc gulmodgined imsaxurebs,
saukunod iyos misi xseneba da kurTxeva meoxebiTa Cveni
wminda mama eqvTimesi da yovelTa wmindaTa, romlebic
odiTganve saTnoeyo ufalsa Cvensa ieso qristes, romlisa
ars dideba ukuniTi ukunisamde, amin.
hoi, wmindao da RmerTSemosilo mama eqvTime, Segviwyale monani Senni, mwirni da glaxakni, ucxoobaSi myofni, da gviTxove Cveni auracxeli codvebis Sendoba gankiTxvis dRes, da am cxovrebaSi dagvicavi eSmakis maxisagan
da kacTa mzakvrobisagan.
tkbilo mamao suliTa da gonebiTa, saukunod iyos
xseneba mama giorgisa, amin.
430
431
cxovreba wminda giorgi
mTawmindelisa
432
433
winaTqma
berZnulidan qarTulad sasuliero literaturis Targmna
gansakuTrebiT davalebulia Cveni mwerlobis erT-erTi udidesi warmomadgenlis – giorgi mTawmindelisgan (1009-1065), romelmac Rirseulad ganagrZo eqvTime mTawmindelis mier dawyebuli literaturuli tradicia aTonis mTisa.
giorgi mTawmindelis cxovreba da moRvaweoba brwyinvale ostatobiT aRwera misma mowafem, “TvaliT mxilvelman da
xeliT msaxurman” giorgi xucesmonazonma, romelic ufro giorgi mciris saxeliTaa cnobili. misTvis am mosaxseneblis Sedgena dauvalebia Sav mTaze moRvawe “moZRvarTa winamZRvars”,
giorgi Seyenebuls, giorgi mTawmindelis moZRvars.
TviTmxilvelis mier aRwerili “cxovreba” didad faseulia, rogorc utyuari saistorio wyaro, romelic detalurad gvacnobs ara marto didi mTawmindeli moZRvris biografias, aramed gvawvdis agreTve mraval mniSvnelovan cnobas
XI saukunis Suaxanebis saqarTvelos istoriisTvis.
avtoris saxeli Tavad TxzulebaSi ar Cans. igi CvenTvis
cnobilia im anderZiT, romelic mas daurTavs 1083 wels mis
mierve gadaweril “samociqulos” giorgiseuli Targmanis nusxisaTvis (amJamad es xelnaweri daculia xelnawerTa erovnul
centrSi A584 nomriT).
“giorgi mTawmindelis cxovreba” aaSkaravebs misi avtoris did ganswavlulobas, uzado mxatvrul gemovnebasa da literaturul talants. hagiografiuli JanrisTvis niSandoblivi bibliuri paralelebis garda, masSi uxvadaa gamoyenebuli bizantiuri sasuliero literaturis mravali SesaniSnavi Zegli, Targmnili giorgi mTawmindelis mier. CarTulia
citatebi grigol RvTismetyvelis, grigol noselis, andrea
ierusalimelis da sxva mweralTa Txzulebebidan. “giorgi
mTawmindelis cxovreba”, rogorc mxatvruli qmnileba, erTerTi saukeTesoa qarTul originalur mwerlobaSi.
eqvTime koWlamazaSvili
434
435
cxo
rebaA da moqalaqobaA wmid
isa
cxorebaA
wmidisa
isa
netarisa
Cuenisa
da netar
isa mamisa Cuen
giorgi
mTawmidelisaA
gio
rgi mTawmidel
isaA
cxovreba da moRvaweoba wmidisa
da netarisa mamisa Cvenisa
giorgi mTawmidelisa
guakurTxen, ufalo!
I. KsenebaA marTalTaA qebiT aResrulebiso, – ityoda brZeni solomon Sesxmasa mas Sina marTalTasa, romelsa suliTa
wmidiTa winaATve moaswavebda gamoCinebadTa maT wmidaTaTYs,
romelni Semdgomad qristes moslvisa gamoCndes mociqulni,
mRdelT-moZRuarni, mowameni da mamani da yovelni wmidani da
marTalni, romelTa mier aRivso yoveli sofeli didebiTa
RmrTisaATa, viTarca ityYs winawarmetyueli, viTarmed:
“wyalTa mravalTa dafarono piri yovlisa queyanisaA”. da kualad ityYs esaia gankYrvebiT: “vin arian eseni, romelni viTarca Rrubelni frinviT movlen”; rameTu Rrublad uwoda
maT KorcTa uvaris-yofisaTYs da nivTierTa saqmeTagan amaRlebisa da gonierTa da sacnaurTa RrubelTa Tana SerTvisa,
romelTa zeda mjdomare ixilvos momavalad TYT Tavadi, viTarca igi amaRlda TualTagan mowafeTaAsa.
1. `marTalTa xseneba qebiT aResrulebao~1, _ ase aqebs
da ganadidebs marTal da wmida adamianebs brZeni solomoni, im wmindanebs, romelTac suliwmidis STagonebiT winaswar moaswavebda, da romelnic qristes mosvlis Semdgom
unda gamoCeniliyvnen: mociqulebi, mRvdelTmoZRvarni, mowameni, Rirsni mamani da sxva yoveli wmida da marTali adamiani. am adamianTa mier mTeli msoflio RmrTis didebiT
aivso, rogorc ambobs esaia winaswarmetyveli: `mravali
wyali dafaravs mTeli qveynis zedapirso~.2
igive winaswarmetyveli kvlav ityvis gakvirvebiT: `vin
arian eseni, romlebic RrubelTa msgavsad freniT modian?~3. Rrublad moixsenia wmida adamianebi, radgan maT TavianTi xorci uaryves da xorciel da amqveyniur saqmeTagan ze-amaRldnen, da SeuerTdnen gonier da sacnaur Rrublebs.4 e. i. zeciur angelozebs, romelTa zeda mjdomared
gamoCndeba qriste meored mosvlis Jams, imis msgavsad, rogorc igi amaRlda mowafeTagan.5
1 igavni 10:7
2 Sdr. es. 11:9
3 es. 60:8
4 `gonieri~ da `sacnauri~ niSnavs `simbolurs~, “mistikurs”,
`alegoriuls~, `saxismetyvelebiTs~. `gonier da sacnaur
Rrublebad~ alegoriulad moixsenebian angelozebi, romlebzedac ganisvenebs (e. i., maTzea dabrZanebuli) ufali RmerTi.
5 saqm. 1:9-11; 1 Tes. 4:17
436
437
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
rameTu eseviTarTa maTTYs ityoda didi pavle, viTarmed:
“qristesTa maT juars-acunes Korcni maTni vnebiTurT da gulis-TqumiT”, romelTaTYs igi nayofTa sulisaTa warmoityYs.
da kualad TYT macxovari etyoda mowafeTa TYsTa aRebad juarisa da Sedgomad missa, rameTu KorcTa, juars-cumiTa KorcielTa maT uKorcoebasa moaswavebda, raJams-igi
TYsTa da naTesavTa uvaris-yofiTa assa wilsa miRebad aqaAT
aRuTqumida da dasasrulsa cxorebasa saukunesa mianiWebda,
romelsa-igi trfial yvna moyuareni saTnoebisani da meZiebelni sasufevelisani da mismieriTa miT brwyinvalebiTa aqave ganaTlebulni, romelTa Tana SeerTo axali ese moRuawe
da Cuen mier saqebelad winamdebare, romlisa-igi RuawlTa
da SromaTa ara umecar xarT, romelTa-igi TYT TualiTa gixilavs da romelTada smeniT uwyebul ars. da kualad yovelnive erTobiT namuSakevsa mas da nayofsa gonebisa misisasa TualTa mier gancdiTa da yurTa smeniTa viTarmca mas Tavadsa
TYT xedevdiT, romlisaA daRacaTu davidumoT simravlisagan zogadi maRalTa maT RuawlTa misTaA, romelni RmrTisa
eklesiisaTYs Tavs-isxna. garna vaKsenoTca, romelTa-igi KsenebaA wmida ars da sargebel, da saTnoebaTa da moRuawebaTa
mimarT mawuevel, viTarca ityYs grigol RmrTis-metyueli,
viTarmed: kacsa raAca-raA uyuarn da aqebn, missa mimarT miiswrafin. da viTarca sxuaTa yovelTa mcnebaTa aRsrulebaA Tanamdeb ars keTilTa kacTaTYs, egreTve Jamsa sityYsasa sityuaA da moyuareTa saTnoebisaTa qebaA.
amgvar wminda adamianebze ambobda didi pavle mociquli: `qristes mimdevarT jvars-acves TavianTi sxeuli,
vnebebTan da gulisTqmasTan erTad~1. maT Sesaxebve ambobs
igi sulis nayofTa Sesaxebac2.
garda amisa, TviT macxovarma ubrZana Tavis mowafeebs,
aeRoT jvari da mas gahyolodnen3. sxeulis jvarcmiT ufali xorciel adamianTa (wmidaTa) uxorcoebas (e. i. angelozebTan mimsgavsebulobas) mianiSnebda, rodesac naTesavTa
da axlobelTa uaryofis nacvlad asjer metis miRebas
aRuTqvamda, da samaradiso sicocxliT ajildoebda4. am maradiuli cxovrebis surviliT aRagzna ufalma saTnoebis
moyvareni da sasufevlis mZebnelni, romlebic miseuli
brwyinvalebiT amqveynadve ganaTlebulni iyvnen. am wmidaTa
dass SeuerTda es axali moRvawec, romlis qeba da Sesxma
amJamad gangvizraxavs. mis Rvawlsa da Sromas Tqven yvela
icnobT, romelTac igi sakuTari TvaliT gixilavT an mis
Sesaxeb gsmeniaT. rodesac mis naSrom-samuSakevsa da misi
gonebis nayofs SevxedavT da yuriT movusmenT, amiT TiTqos TviT mas davinaxavT. dawvrilebiTac rom ar aRvweroT
simravle misi maRali Rvawlisa, romelic RmrTis eklesiisaTvis man Tavs-ido, unda vaxsenoT mainc, romelTa moxsenieba wmida da sulisaTvis margebelia, ramdenadac isini
saTnoebisa da moRvaweobisaTvis aRgvZraven. amasve ambobs
grigoli RmrTismetyveli: rac uyvars kacs, da rasac aqebs,
Tavadac misken miiswrafvis; da iseve, rogorc yoveli sxva
mcnebis aRsruleba evaleba keTil adamianebs, aseve _ sityvis dros sityvis Tqma da saTnoebis moyvareTa qeba.
1 gal. 5:24
2 gal. 5:22
3 mT. 16:24
4 mT. 19:29
438
439
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
rameTu ara daacada mowyalebaman RmrTisaman JamiTi-Jamad gamoCinebad RirsTa misTa nugeSinis-sacemelad uZlurisa amis da daKsnilisa naTesavisa Cuenisa ganmaZlierebelad da
ganmamKnobelad, raATa xedviTa da smeniTa saTnoebaTa maTTaAsa
Surad da baZvad Rirsebisa maTisa aRviZrvodiT; da Zalsa mas
sacnaursa sulisa Cuenisasa, viTarca orbisa siWabukesa, ganvaWabukebdeT da viTarca mToaresa egreT ganvaaxlebdeT, raATa Ramesa Sina amis cxorebisasa, viTarca dResa Sina, Suenierad vidodiT da yovelTave bnelis-moyuareTa myofTa sulTa
CuenTagan ganviotebdeT. da esreT saTnoebaTa mimarT warmatebulni Semomavalsa mas da brwyinvalesa dResa ukuanaAsknelsa, viTarca ciskarsa ganTiadisasa aRmoslvad ganmzadebulni
movelodiT.
raJams brwyinvale igi mnaTobi naTesavisa CuenisaA didi
efTYme aRmogYbrwyinda naTlad da sixarulad, didebad da
gYrgYnad, gonier myofelad da ganmabrZnobelad ugunurebisa Cuenisa, romelman umecrebisa igi saburveli mosZarcua
gonebaTagan CuenTa; da viTarca dReman RmrTiv-ganaTlebulman mWmunvare igi nisli ugulisKmoebisaA ganKada sulisagan
Cuenisa da sivrciTa da simaRliTa RmrTiv-TargmnilTa wmidaTa wignTa misTaATa naklulevanebaA enisa CuenisaA aRavso.
da romelni-ese barbaroz wodebul viyveniT elenTa mier uswavlelobisaTYs da umecrebisa Cuenisa, maT Tanave aRgurac-
RmrTis mowyaleba ar ayovnebs, da TiToeul Jams gamoaCens xolme Rirseul adamianebs, uZluri da davrdomili
Cveni modgmis gansaZliereblad da gasamxneveblad, raTa
maTi saTnoebis xilvam da mosmenam maTken miswrafebisa da
mibaZvis survili aRgviZras, da Cveni sulieri Zalebi ganvaWabukoT, orbis siWabukis msgavsad1,da ganvaaxloT, rogorc ganaxldeba mTvare; raTa amqveyniuri cxovrebis RameSi viaroT, rogorc dReSi, mSvenierad2, da Cveni sulisagan warvdevnoT yovelive bnelismoyvareoba, da, amgvarad,
saTnoebebSi warmatebulni, movelodeT ukanasknel brwyinvale dRes qristes mosvlisas, rogorc ganTiadis ciskars.
ridesac sinaTled da sixarulad, didebad da gvirgvinad, Cveni ugunurebis gonier-myofelad da sibrZnis momniWeblad aRmogvibrwyinda Cveni eris ganmanaTlebeli didi eqvTime, man Cvens gonebas umecrebis saburveli SemosZarcva; manve, rogorc RmrTivganaTlebulma dRem, Cvens sulebs gadahxada ugulisxmoebis (Seugneblobis) mwuxare nisli, da RvTaebrivad Targmnili wminda wignebiT Cveni enisa da literaturis naklovaneba Seavso. Cven, romelnic uswavlelobisa da umecrebisaTvis berZenTa mier barbarozad
viyaviT wodebuli, eqvTimem Tavisi RmrTivmocemuli sibrZniT maT Tanasworad Segvracxa. xolo rodesac am wminda
kacis amqveyniuri dReni aRsruldnen, da miicvala wmidaTa brwyinvale samyofelSi, RmerTTan, am uecarma ganSorebam daCrdila Cveni sixaruli.
magram ase ineba RmrTis gangebulebam, Tavis Cveulebisamebr, rogorc araerTxel uqmnia, raTa marto erT romelime kacs ki ar mohfinos Tavis madlTa Saravandedi
1 Sdr. fs. 102:5
2 rom. 13:13
440
441
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xna RmrTisa mier mocemuliTa miT sibrZniTa TYsiTa. xolo raJams wmidaA ese sofliT aRivso da RmrTisa miicvala da wmidaTa brwyinvalebasa Seemata, da ara srul iqmna sixaruli Cueni myissa Sina sofliT ganslvisa misisaTYs.
da egreT ineba gangebulebaman RmrTisaman Cueulebisaebr TYsisa, viTarca-igi mravalgzis yo, raATa ara erTsa zeda
oden gina orsa mihfinos Saravandedi madlTa TYsTaA, aramed,
raATa dRiTi-dRe aRorZndebodis da ganvrceldebodis
RmrTisa eklesiaA, da umaRlesisa mimarT warematebodis, viTarca ityYs winawarmetyueli: “da iyos ukuanaAsknelTa maT
dReTa mivhfino sulisagan Cemisa yovelsa zeda Korcielsa,
da winawarmetyuelebden Zeni Tquenni da asulni Tquenni, xilvasa ixilviden da moxucebulTa TquenTa CuenebiT ganvecxadoo”. da kualad mociquli ganyofasa mas Sina madlTasa niWad saRmrTod da nawilad sulisa mier mocemulad Targmanebasa enaTasa uwods; rameTu Seunanebel arian madlni RmrTisani, uSurvelad da uxuebiT mifenil yovelTa zeda nebis-myofelTa misTa, viTarca-igi didi mose isus etyoda, viTarmed:
“vin momces me yoveli ese eri winawarmetyuelad uflisa”.
rameTu icoda man nebaA RmrTisaA da uxuebiT micemaA madlTa misTaA, romlisaTYsca, wmidaA raA mamaA Cueni didi efTYme sofliT ganvida, viTarca pirvel vTquT, Semdgomad raodenTame JamTa kualadca saxierebaman RmrTisaman da madlman
mamisa Cuenisaman Jamsa TYssa gamoaCina didi ese muSaki saRmrToAsa madlisaA, wmidaA mamaA Cueni giorgi, romlisaTYs ars
sityuaA Cueni, da winamdebare ars aRwerad da miTxrobad SemdgomTa naTesavTa sawurTelad da gulisKmis-sayofelad.
viTarca man netarman didisa efTYmes cxorebaA aRwera saxed da xatad saTnoebisa momavalTa naTesavTaTYs, romeli-ese
arca Cuen daviconoT SewevniTa RmrTisaATa, aramed yoveli
saxe cxorebisa misisaA aRvweroT SobiT misiT da vidre aRsrulebamde.
(brwyinvaleba), aramed yoveldRiurad aRorZindebodes da
farTovdebodes RmrTis eklesia da ufro da ufro meti
simaRlisaken miemarTebodes, rogorc ambobs winaswarmetyveli: `ase iqneba: ukanasknel dReebSi Cemi sulisagan mivfen yovel xorciels; da Tqveni Zeni da asulni iwinaswarmetyveleben da Cvenebas ixilaven, xolo Tqvens moxucebulebs gamovecxadebi~1. aseve, mociquli (pavle) madlis anu
RmrTis wyalobis ganyofisas saRmrTo niWad da suliwmidis mier mocemul nawilad enaTa Targmnas uwodebs2, radgan RmrTis madli uSurvelia3; daunaneblad da uxvad mihfens yvelas, misi nebis aRmasrulebels; rogorc didi mose eubneboda isus: `vin momcems mTel am xalxs uflis winaswarmetyvelad?~4
ase ambobda, radgan icoda RmrTis neba da siuxve madlTa micemisas. rodesac mama Cveni, wminda da didi eqvTime
amqveynidan gavida, rogorc ukve vTqviT, ramdenime xnis Semdeg RmrTis saxierebam (sikeTem) da wmida mamis (eqvTimes)
locviTma madlma, kvlav gamoaCina saRmrTo madlis didi
muSaki _ wmida mama Cveni giorgi, romelsac Seexeba Cveni
sityva, da aw Tqvens winaSea dadebuli, raTa aRuweros da
mouTxros Semdgom Taobebs, maTive sulieri wvrTnisa da
ganbrZnobisaTvis.
rogorc netarma giorgim aRwera didi eqvTimes cxovreba nimuSad, saxed da magaliTad momavali TaobebisaTvis, RmrTis SewevniT arc Cven davizaroT, da aRvweroT
misi cxovrebis yoveli mxare, dabadebidan aRsrulebamde.
442
443
1 Sdr. iovel. 2:28
2 ix. 1 kor. 12: 4-10
3 rom. 11:29
4 ricxv. 11:29
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo iyavn Cuen Tana RmerTi igi mis mier Seyuarebuli
da misi Semyuarebeli, da locvaA wmidisa mis mamisaA, romelman amisi KelyofaA Cuen guaiZula sadidebelad RmrTisa, romlisaA ars didebaA aw da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amen.
Segvewios am saqmeSi da CvenTan iyos RmerTi, romelic
ase uyvarda wmida mamas giorgis, da RmerTsac uyvarda igi;
Segvewios im wmida mamis locvac, romelmac gvaiZula, xeli mogvekida am saqmisaTvis, RmrTis sadideblad, romlisacaa dideba, aw da maradis da ukuniTi-ukunisamde, amen.
II. ese wmidaA mamaA Cueni giorgi iyo naTesaviT qarTveli.
xolo vinaATgan RmrTis-msaxurebisa saidumlosa Sina erTi
mamuli pativcemul ars, romel ars samoTxe, pirvelisa mis mamisa Cuenisa sayofeli, da erTi qalaqi, romel ars zecisa ierusalemi, cxovelTa maT qvaTa mier aRSenebuli, romlisa Semoqmed da xuroT-moZRuar RmerTi ars; da erTi naTesavobaA,
romel ars TYsebaA RmrTisaA. aramed nu vin hgonebn, Tu araraA guaqus patiosanTagani mamulisaTYs da naTesavTa wmidisa
mamisa CuenisaTa miTxrobad da reca CemebiT moviparavT WeSmaritebasa saqmeTa mier sayuedrelTa – rameTu iyo netari
ese, viTarca vTquT, naTesaviT qarTveli, xolo mamis-mameulad RmrTis-msaxurisa misgan da RmrTiv-dacvulisa queyanisa, romelsa samcxe ewodebis. xolo TYT aRmoecena igi queialeTisasa
yanasa Tr
TrialeTisasa
ialeTisasa, viTarca pirman saqmisaman gauwyos.
rameTu mSobelni amisni iyvnes RmrTis-msaxurni. ewodeboda mamasa iakob, xolo dedasa – mariam. ese iakob iyo erTgulTagani da sakuTarTa RmrTis-msaxurisa mefisa giorgisTaA. da saqmisa romlisaTYsme saerTguloAsa mociqulad warivlina mefisa mier sparseTs. da viTarca waremarTa nebiTa
RmrTisaATa, savane-yo dabasa mas da saxlsa, romelsa iyofodes mSobelni wmidisa amis dedisani. xolo iakob viTarca ixila wesieri igi da saTnoA cxorebaA maTi da, umetesad-Ra vTquaT Tu, RmrTis-moyuarebaA gonebisa maTisaA, sTnda yoveli gangebaA maTi da etrfiala keTilsa cxorebasa maTsa. xolo Svilad mxolodSobilad esua maT mariam. da siyuarulisaTYs mi-
2. wmida mama Cveni giorgi erovnebiT qarTveli iyo. xolo vinaidan RmrTismsaxurebis saidumloSi erTi samSobloa pativdebuli, _ samoTxe, Cveni pirveli mamis (adamis)
samyofeli; da aseve, erTi qalaqi _ zeciuri ierusalemi,
aSenebuli cocxali qvebisagan1, romlis Semoqmedi da xuroTmoZRvari Tavad RmerTia2; aseve, erTi erovnebaa pativdebuli _ RmrTis naTesaoba; magram nuravis egoneba, rom
araferi gvaqvs pativdebuli Cveni wmida da netari mamis
samSoblosa da naTesaobis Sesaxeb mosaTxrobad. erovnebiT
igi, rogorc vTqviT, qarTveli iyo. mama-papa im RmrTismsaxuri da RmrTivdaculi qveynidan hyavda, romelsac samcxe ewodeba. Tavad ki TrialeTis mxareSi daibada.
morwmune da RmrTismsaxuri mSoblebi hyavda. mamas iakobi erqva, dedas _ mariami. iakobi RmrTismsaxuri mefis
giorgis axlobeli da erTguli iyo. erTxel romeliRac
saerTgulo saqmeze mefis mier sparseTSi iqna wargzavnili. RmerTis nebiT gaemarTa davalebis Sesasruleblad, da
gzad im dabaSi Seisvena, romelSic cxovrobdnen mariamis
mSoblebi. rodesac iakobma naxa am ojaxis wesiereba da saTnoeba, da metic, _ RmrTismoyvareoba gonebisa, _ moewona
maTi keTili cxovreba da mis mimarT trfobiT aRivso. mSoblebs erTaderTi qaliSvili hyavdaT, mariami. siyvarulis
1 Sdr. 1 pet. 2:5
2 Sdr. ebr. 11:10
444
445
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
sisa araA vinaA mieTxova, daRacaTu mravalTa mier Ziebul iyo
sZlad miyvanebad saxed TYsad. xolo iakob ixila raA SuenierebaA xatisa misisaA da nanari igi da dawynarebuli qcevaA misi da gankrZaluli saxe, hrqua mSobelTa misTa: “damimarxeT
Svili ege Tqueni keTilad, raATa, mo-Tu-viqce mSYdobiT, me
viqorwino ege da sruliad Tquen Tana davemkYdro”. da esreT
waremarTa gzasa TYssa. da nebiTa RmrTisaATa keTilad ganemarjua da mSYdobiT moiqca, da mefe didad moimadla.
da esreT movida zemoKsenebulTa maT mSobelTa Tana qalwulisaTa, da iqorwina SjulieriTa da wmidiTa qorwinebiTa,
viTarca ityYs mociquli: “wmida ars qorwili da sawoli Seuginebel-o”. da esreT akurTxna igini RmerTman, viTarca didi iakob da raqel, rameTu Korcielsaca Tana simdidresa SvilierebiTaca pativ-sca, rameTu esxnes samni Zeni da samni asulni. xolo netarTa amaT meuRleTa keTilad ganizraxes, raATa
pirveli nayofi TYsi RmrTisa Sewiron. xolo mieca pirvelad
nayofad asuli, romelsaca uwodes saxeli Tekla da pativsces saxeliTa pirvelmowamisaATa.
da viTarca iqmna igi SYdis wlis, Sewires igi RmrTisa,
viTarca aReTqua. da wariyvanes igi samcxes monastersa sais
dedosa, romelsa taZr
taZris
isii ewodebis. da misces igi KelTa winamZRuarsa mis monastrisasa, romelsa sabaia ewodeboda, dedakacsa Rirssa da wmidasa, romelmanca Seiwynara igi, viTarca Svili TYsi, da keTilad aRzarda.
gamo mas ver eleodnen mSoblebi, da aravisTvis mieTxovebinaT, Tumca bevri cdilobda, Tavis saxlSi waeyvana rZlad
maTi qali.
roca iakobma ixila misi mSveniereba, faqizi da wynari
qceva, da mokrZalebuli saxe, mis mSoblebs uTxra: `kargad
SeminaxeT eg Tqveni Svili, raTa, Tu mSvidobiT davbrundebi, masTan viqorwineb, da mTlianad TqvenTan davmkvidrdebi~.
ase gaemarTa iakobi Tavis gzaze. RmrTis nebiT, xeli
moemarTa da mSvidobiT dabrunda. mefis madlobac daimsaxura.
amis Semdeg movida qalwulis mSoblebTan da iqorwina
Sjulieri da wminda qorwinebiT, radganac, mociqulis
sityviT, `qorwili wmindaa, da sawoli _ Seubilwveli~1.
RmerTma akurTxa iakob da mariami, rogorc didi iakobi da raqeli2; qonebriv simdidresTan erTad Svilebis
yoliTac mianiWa pativi. mSoblebs sami vaJi da sami asuli
SeeZinaT.
netarma meuRleebma ganizraxes, rom pirveli Svili
RmrTisaTvis SeewiraT. pirvel nayofad maT asuli hyavdaT,
romelsac pativi mianiWes imiT, rom uwodes wmida pirvelmowamis Teklas3 saxeli.
rodesac Tekla Svidi wlisa Seiqna, aRTqmis mixedviT,
Seswires igi RmerTs, da waiyvanes samcxeSi, erT-erT dedaTa monasterSi, romelsac taZrisi ewodeba, da Caabares
am monastris winamZRvars, saxelad sabaias, Rirseul da
1 ebr. 13:4
2 dab. 29:16-30
3 Tekla pirvelmowame (I-II ss.) _ ikonieli qalwuli, warCinebuli ojaxidan; daemowafa pavle mociquls da qristesTvis
mravali wameba ganicada (xsenebis dRe _ 24 seqtemberi).
446
447
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
da kualad Sves sxuaA wuli Svili, romelsa uwodes Teodore. da esreT kualad ganizraxes keTilTa maT mSobelTa,
raATa, ukueTu iSves maTda sxuaA wuli, Sewiron igi RmrTisa,
rameTu verZisaA jer-arso Sewirvad.
xolo mariams, eZina raA TYsagan, Ramesa erTsa eCuena mas
brwyinvale vinme da didebuli, romeli etyoda: “aha esera hSve
yrmaA wuli, verZi rCeuli RmrTisaA, Sewire igi missa, romlisada aRgiTquams, da saxeli uwode mas giorgi”. da viTarca
ganiRYZa dedakacman man, SiSiT da sixaruliT miuTxra ese yoveli qmarsa TYssa. da aRdges ornive erTobiT da cremliT madlobaA Sewires RmrTisa da moelodes aRTqumulsa mas saRmrTosa.
ixileT-Ra, N morwmuneno, viTar saxelis-wodebiTa amiT
yrmisaATa Cuenebasa Sina Ramisasa cxadi da ganmartebuli saqme moeswaveboda, rameTu saRmrTosa da suliersa muSakobasa
dedasa yrmisasa maxarebeli igi misi winaAswar auwyebda da urnatTa eklesiisaTa mis mier momuSakebad moaswavebda da saunjesa morwmuneTasa RmrTis-msaxurebisa ifqliTa aRvsebad
axarebda, rameTu berZuliTa eniTa giorgi muSakad gamoiTargmanebis.
wminda dedakacs. man qalwuli SviliviT miiRo da keTilad aRzarda.
mSoblebs qalis Semdeg vaJi SeeZinaT, romelsac Teodore uwodes. keTilma mSoblebma ganizraxes, rom, Tu sxva
vaJic SeeZinebodaT, isic RmrTisaTvis SeewiraT; marTalia,
erTi qaliSvili ukve hyavdaT RmrTisaTvis Sewiruli, magram vaJis Sewirvac moisurves, radgan RmrTisaTvis verZis1 Sewirvaa ufro marTebuli.
erTxel mariams RamiT, ZilSi gamoecxada vinme brwyinvale da didebuli kaci, romelmac uTxra: `Sen hSob vaJs,
RmrTis rCeul verZs. Seswire igi imas, visTvisac gaqvs aRTqmuli. saxelad ki giorgi uwode~. roca gaiRviZa dedakacma, SiSiTa da sixaruliT mouTxro Cveneba Tavis qmars.
orive wamodga fexze da RmerTs cremliT madloba Seswires. amieridan isini elodnen aRTqmulis aRsrulebas.
SexedeT, morwmuneno, Rameuli Cvenebisas yrmis saxelis
wodebiT rogori cxadi da aSkara saqme iqmna miniSnebuli!
CvenebiT gamocxadebulma maxarobelma yrmis dedas winaswar auwya misi Svilis sulieri muSakoba, mis mier eklesiis xnulTa damuSaveba mianiSna, da axara, misi naSromi
RmrTismsaxurebis fqviliT aavsebs morwmuneTa beRelsao.
amas niSnavda yrmisaTvis giorgis Serqmeva, radganac berZnulad giorgi miwis muSaks niSnavs.
III. xolo Cuen pirvelsave sityuasa movideT. Semdgomad
dReTa raodenTame iSva maTda RmrTisa mier aRTqumuli igi
niWi. da izardeboda Korcielisa Tana hasakisa sulieriTaca
hasakiTa. da ganipo[10]xeboda madliTa sulisa wmidisaATa. da
iyo igi siyrmiTgan savse SiSiTa da siyuaruliTa RmrTisaATa.
da viTarca weril ars: dRe da Rame Sjulsa uflisasa iyo ne-
3. Cven ki isev pirvelsave sityvas davubrundeT.
ramdenime dRis Semdeg mSoblebs SeeZinaT vaJi _ RmrTis mier aRTqmuli jildo. xorcieli sxeulis zrdasTan
erTad yrma sulieradac izrdeboda; suliwmidis madliT
mdidrdeboda. siyrmidanve RmrTis SiSiTa da siyvaruliT
448
1 verZi _ mamali cxvari
449
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
baA misi. da Sjulsa missa zraxavn igi dRe da Rame. amisTYsca
iqmna igi viTarca xe danerguli Tanawarsadinelsa wignTa RmrTiv-sulierTasa. da gamosca Jamsa TYssa nayofi Suenieri da
zecisa saunjeTa Rirsi.
rameTu viTarca iqmna igi SYdis wlis, aRTqumaA igi aRasrules mSobelTa misTa da masve zemoKsenebulsa monastersa
taZr
iss disa TYsisa Tana RmrTisa Sewires, da hmadlobdes
taZriss
RmerTsa momcemelsa keTilisa mis nayofisasa.
aramed vinaATgan siyrmesave TYssa mSobelTa moRuawebisagan daaklda da viTarca morCi keTili aRmocenebasave TYssa
Tana yofadsa mas warmatebasa auwyebs queyanis-moqmedTa, viTarca ityYs daviT: “marTali viTarca finiki ayuavdes da viTarca naZY libanisaA ganmravldes danerguli saxlsa RmrTisasa, ezoTa saxlisa RmrTisa CuenisaTa yuaodis”. da esreT viTarca axalnergi Suenieri izardeboda monastersa mas Sina.
da iswavlida werilTa saRmrToTa dedakacisa misgan Rirsisa
disa TYsisa da moaswavebda winaAswarve gamoRebad nayofsa mas,
romeli yofad iyo, rameTu simaxYliTa da moswrafebiTa gonebisaATa sagonebel iyo mxilvelTagan, Tu ayuavebasa Tana meyseulad nayofsa gamoiRebso. rameTu viTarca mosesTYs weril ars: “siCCoATganve TYsiT mkYrcxli iyo RmrTisaA yrmaA
igi”. da viTarca dayo monastersa mas Sina sami weli da iqmna
hasakiTa aTis wlis, xolo gonebiTa viTarca mKcoani da moxucebuli ixilveboda sakYrvelad mxilvelTa da msmenelTagan.
xolo mnebavs, raATa siCCoATganve farvaA RmrTisaA da SewevnaA misi gauwyo yrmasa zeda wmidasa. rameTu viTarca iyo
iyo savse, ise, rogorc fsalmunSi weria: dRedaRam misi
neba _ uflis SjulTan iyo SemsWvaluli, da am Sjulze
fiqrobda igi dRe da Rame. amitomac daemsgavsa igi RmrTivsulier wignTa mdinarebasTan dargul xes, da droulad
gamoiRo mSvenieri nayofi, zeciur saganZurSi Senaxvis
Rirsi1.
rogorc ki Sesrulda Svidi wlisa, mSoblebma Seasrules Tavisi aRTqma, da vaJi imave zemoxsenebul monasterSi, taZrisSi, Seswires RmerTs, Tavis dasTan erTad. isini
madlobas swiravdnen RmerTs, am keTili nayofis momcemels.
siyrmeSive moaklda giorgis mSoblebis zrunva, magram
igi, rogorc jansaRi ylorti, aRmocenebisTanave mianiSnebda mzrunvelT Tavis momaval zrda-warmatebas. rogorc
daviTi ityvis, `marTali finikiviT ayvavdeba, da libanis
naZviviT ganmravldeba; RmrTis saxlSi darguli, Cveni
RmerTis saxlis ezoSi iyvavilebs~2. aseve, giorgi mSvenieri axali nergiviT izrdeboda monasterSi, da Rirseuli
dedakacisagan, Tavisi disagan, swavlobda saRmrTo werils. winaswarve Canda, rom yrma did nayofs gamoiRebda.
misi gonebis simaxvilisa da sibejiTis mxilvelni fiqrobdnen, ayvavebisTanave gamoiRebso igi nayofs; iseve, rogorc
moses Sesaxeb weria: `Cvilobisasve mkvircxli iyo yrma
RmrTis mimarT~.3 monasterSi yrmam sami weli gaatara, da
aTi wlisa gaxda, gonebiT ki mxcovnad da moxucebulad Canda, da akvirvebda mis mxilvelTa da msmenelT.
axla minda, gauwyoT, rogor ifaravda da Seeweoda
RmerTi am wminda yrmas Cvilobidanve. jer kidev
1 Sdr. fs. 1:3
2 fs. 91:13-14
3 gamosvl. 2:2; saqm. 7:20; ebr. 11:23
450
451
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
wuT mSobelTa TYsTa Tana da viTarca ars CueulebaA yrmaTa
velad ganslvisaA mRerad da gancxromad, xedvida keTilismoZule igi mteri naTesavisa CuenisaA boroti eSmaki, viTarmed damTrgunvelad Zalisa misisa izrdeboda yrmaA igi wmidaA, SeZrwunda: nuukue sruliad ganqiqnes mis mier siborote misi. amisTYsca siCCoATganve iwyo brZolad misda.
mSoblebTan yofnisas, rodesac, yrmaTa Cveulebisamebr, velad gadioda igi saTamaSod da gasarTobad, Cveni modgmis
mteri, keTilis moZule eSmaki xedavda, rom misi Zalis fexqveS gasaqelad izrdeboda es wminda yrma, da SeZrwunda:
vaiTu, savsebiT Semusrviliyo mis mier siborote misi. amitomac Cvilobidanve daiwyo mis winaaRmdeg brZola.
Tavadve gviambobda wminda mama: `rodesac viyavi didi
mdinaris piras, romelsac qcia ewodeba, mdinaris gaRma
mxares vxedavdi xolme cecxlisfrad Semosil yrmas, romelic TavisTan mixmobda: modi, viTamaSoTo. rodesac misken gavemarTebodi, maSinve saxeloSi xels momkidebda sxva
yrma, TeTriT Semosili da mSvenieri, da metyoda: `CemTan
darCi, radgan me ukeTesi megobari var Seni~.
aSkaraa, mdinaris gaRma mxares _ saukuno cecxliT Semosili boroti eSmaki iyo, romelsac surda, mdinareSi
daexrCo wminda yrma; xolo TeTriT Semosili _ angelozi
iyo, romelic Cvilobidanve daudgina mas RmerTma mcvelad,
rogorc daviTi ambobs: `uflis angelozi RmrTismoSiSTa
irgvliv daisadgurebs, da ixsnis maT ufali~1. amasve emowmeba basili didi, romelic ambobs: yoveli morwmunisaTvis RmrTis mier angelozia dadgenili misi cxovrebis mcvelado.
iyo aseTi SemTxvevac: rodesac wminda yrma monasterSi imyofeboda, eSmakis mowadinebiT, cecxli moekida am monasters, romelmac mTlianad moicva igi. am dros netar
yrmas Rrmad eZina. masTan mivida TeTriT Semosili angelozi, gaaRviZa, xeli mohkida, da cecxlSi uvneblad gaatara. monastris maxloblad, daaxloebiT erTi utevanis2
manZilze, erTi eguteri (samlocvelo) iyo; iq miiyvana uf-
rameTu gYTxrobda TYT wmidaA ese, viTarmed: “viyav raA
iaA ewodebis, wiaR-kermdinarisa mis didisa pirsa, romelsa kc
kciaA
Zo mdinaresa vixili yrmaA Semosili cecxlis-feriTa da miKmobn: “moved da vimReroT”. da viTarca warvemarTi, yrmaA Suenieri, spetakiTa mosili, momekidis saKelsa da metyYn: “iyav
aqa Cem Tana, rameTu me umjobesi moyuasi var Seni”.
xolo ese sacnaur ars, romel wiaR-kerZo mdinarisa cecxliTa miT saukunoATa Semosili boroti eSmaki iyo da eguleboda wyalTa maT Sina warwymedaA yrmisaA mis, xolo spetakiTa mosili igi angelozi iyo, romeli siCCoATganve daudgina RmerTman, raATa scvides mas, viTarca ityYs daviT, viTarmed: “daibanakebs angelozi uflisaA garemoAs moSiSTa TYsTa
da iKsnnes igini ufalman”. da kualad wamebs didi basili, viTarmed: yovlisa morwmunisada micemul ars angelozi mcvelad cxorebisa misisa.
da kualad iyo raA wmidaA ese wuT monastersa mas Sina zemoKsenebulsa, SuriTa eSmakisaATa aRedva cecxli monastersa mas da sruliad Semrgualda. xolo yrmasa mas netarsa eZina
Rrmad. da movida kualad gamoCinebuli igi, spetakiTa mosili, ganaRYZa da upyra Kelsa da Soris cecxlisa mis uvnebelad ganavlo. da iyo monastersa mas maxlobelad eguteri erTi, viTar utevan erT, mun miiyvana angelozman man da TYT
1 fs. 33:8
2 manZilis erTeuli, daaxloebiT 185 metri
452
453
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
miefara. xolo viTar vhgoneb, saswauli ese ara umcires ars
saswaulsa mas samTa yrmaTasa.
lis angelozma, TviTon ki gauCinarda. es saswauli, vfiqrob, naklebi araa sami yrmis saswaulze.1
IV. aramed me sarbielsave sityuaTa CemTasa vidodi da aqa
srul vyo samcxes zrdilobisa misisaTYs sityuaA da merme
movicvalo gonebiTa da xaxuls mislvisa da swavlisa misisaA. da vTqua, Tu sruliad ganaTlebisaTYs yovelive sulmcired da mokled migiTxra, viTarca ufalman Zali momces, rameTu igi eqmna mizez yovlisa keTilisa, viTarca ityYs grigol RmrTis-metyueli aTinisaTYs, viTarmed: romeli igi me
oqroAsa qalaq meqmnao. xolo daRacaTu saxe ese saxisa winaaRmdgom ars, aramed gulisKmis-myofelman suliersa zeda
gulisKma-yav.
xaxuls
esxnes netarsa amas orni mamis-Zmani [xaxuls
xaxuls], ornive uxucesni mamisa misisani, kacni RmerTSemosilni da savseni saRmrToATa madliTa. uxucesisa mis saxeli giorgi mwerali, romeli yofil iyo mweralTa zeda mTavarad kurapalatisaTa.
4. magram me kvlav Cemi sityvis sarbiels davubrundebi,
da samcxeSi yrma giorgis aRzrdis Sesaxeb sityvas aq davasruleb; Cems fiqrs mivapyrob xaxulSi mis wasvlas, da misi
iq ganswavlisa da, metic, sruli ganaTlebis Sesaxeb mcired
da SemoklebiT mogiTxrobT, rogorc ufali momcems Zalas,
radgan xaxulSi ganswavla giorgisaTvis yovelive sikeTis
mizezad gadaiqca; iseve, rogorc grigoli RmrTismetyvelma Tqva aTenis Sesaxeb: `igi CemTvis oqros qalaqad iqcao~.
marTalia, warmarTuli sibrZnis kera, aTeni, sulierebis saswavl adgils, xaxuls, ar Seesabameba, da piriqiT, ewinaaRmdegeba, magram mimxvedrma sulierad igulisxmos.
giorgis ori biZa (mamis Zmani) hyavda xaxulis monasterSi; orive maTgani mamamisze ufrosi iyo asakiT; eseni iyvnen RmerTSemosili kacebi, saRmrTo madliT aRsavseni. ufrosi Zma, giorgi, mwerali2 iyo; kurapalatis mweralTa3
ufrosad iyo namsaxurevi.
1 igulisxmeba danielis winaswarmetyvelebaSi moxseniebuli
sami yrma _ anania, azaria da misaeli, romlebic mefe nabuqodonosorma cecxlSi Cayara; uflis angelozma ki cecxlisagan
ixsna isini (dan. 3:19-24)
2 e. i. mwignobrobis mcodne
3 e. i. mdivan-mwignobarTa
454
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo meorisa mis saxeli saba, kaci wrfeli da umankoA.
eseni mkYdr iyvnes xaxuls oriTave cxorebiTa Sezavebulad,
rameTu simdidresa Tana saRmrToAsa moqalaqobisasa Korcielica simdidre uxuebiT aqunda.
amaT RirsTa berTa viTarca euwya yrmisa giorgis sikeTe
da RmrTis-moSiSebaA, mswrafl miumcnes Zmasa TYssa iakobs,
raATa yovliTa swrafiTa yrmaA igi giorgi maTa moiyvanos. xolo mas viTarca esma, mswrafl aRasrula brZanebuli maTi da
wariyvana xaxulad Svili TYsi. pirvelad Sehvedra igi yovlad wmidasa RmrTis-mSobelsa, romlisa-igi erTgul msaxur
da sakuTar mona yofad iyo, da merme TYsTa ZmaTa miuTuala
da TYT sixaruliT warvida saxed TYsa.
xolo netarTa maT viTarca ixiles gonierebaA igi da dawynarebulebaA saxisa misisaA, uSfoTveli igi da aRuZrveli qcevaA misi, ganixares sixaruliTa didiTa da hmadlobdes RmerTsa, rameTu ixiles maT yrmaA moxucebulebiTa Semkuli da Wabuki siberiTa ganSuenebuli, viTarca ityYs didi basili, viTarmed: mKce ars sibrZne da gonierebaA kacTa Soris, Tu ara
sispetake TmaTaA arad sargebel arso. da kualad gYswavies
danielisTYs da ieremiaAsTYs, rameTu erTi igi msajul moxucebulTa iqmna, xolo meore igi saSoATgan ganwmedili winawarmetyuelebda.
xolo viTarca vTquT, ixiles raA keTilTa maT berTa Zmiswuli TYsi esreT Semkuli, mihguares igi mamasa makaris, romeli-igi mas Jamsa RirsebisaTYs misisa winamZRuari iyo didisa mis lavrisaA. xolo man viTarca ixila, friad ganixara da
viTarca Svili Seitkbo. akurTxa igi kurTxeviTa miT
abrameaniTa, eklesiisa evlogiasa monawile yo da sulisa
meore Zmas ki saba erqva. es iyo wrfeli da umanko kaci.
orive maTgani xaxulSi iyo damkvidrebuli, da ornairi
cxovrebiT cxovrobdnen Sezavebulad: saRmrTo moRvaweobiT gamdidrebulT, materialuri simdidrec uxvad hqondaT.
rodesac am Rirseul berebs auwyes yrma giorgis sikeTe da RmrTismoSiSeba, Tavis Zma iakobs SeuTvales, yrma
giorgi saswrafod CvenTan moiyvaneo. iakobma, Zmebis survili rom Seityo, saCqarod aRasrula maTi brZaneba, da Tavisi Svili xaxulSi waiyvana. jer igi yovladwmida
RmrTismSobels Caabara, romlis erTguli msaxuri da sakuTari mona unda yofiliyo, Semdeg Tavis Zmebs mihgvara
yrma, TviTon ki kmayofili da gaxarebuli dabrunda Tavis
saxlSi.
roca netarma berebma naxes giorgis goniereba, wynari,
uSfoTveli da auRelvebeli qceva, didi sixaruliT gaixares da RmerTs hmadlobdnen, radgan ixiles yrma, moxucebulobiT1 Semkuli, da Wabuki, siberiT gamSvenierebuli;
rogorc ambobs basili didi: namdvili mxcovaneba kacisa _
sibrZne da gonierebaa, Torem TmaTa siTeTres araviTari
sargebloba ar moaqvso. amisi magaliTi gvaqvs daniel da
ieremia winaswarmetyvelTa cxovrebidan, radgan pirveli
maTgani moxucebulTa ganmsjeli gaxda, meore ki _ dedis
muclidanve ganwmendili winaswarmetyvelebda.
rodesac keTilma berebma Tavisi Zmiswuli ase Semkuli
ixiles, igi mihgvares monastris mamasaxliss makaris, romelic Tavisi Rirsebis gamo imJamad xaxulis did lavras2
winamZRvrobda. mama makarim Zalze gaixara, da giorgi Svi1 igulisxmeba: sibrZniT
2 lavra _ didi monasteri
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reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
TYsisa Svilad uwoda. da egreTve didsa masca basilis bagratis Zesa mihguares da wmidaA kurTxevaA misi miRebad sces, romeli-igi mas Jamsa Sina iyo moZRuari da ganmanaTlebeli queyanisa CuenisaA. da kualad RmerTSemosilman antoni mnaTeman
ixila raA, ganixara da yovliTa kurTxeviTa akurTxa. da esreT
yovelTa mamaTa kurTxevaA miaRebies da merme-Ra wariyvanes
saxed TYsad.
maSin ganizraxes saRmrToTa maT moxucebulTa Tana-zraxviTa zemoKsenebulTa amaT mamaTaATa, raATa pirvel yovlisa
RmrTiv-suliersa visme da mwyemssa keTilsa Sehvedron Svili TYsi, raATa sulieriTa hasakiTa aRorZndebodis da saRmrToTa maT swavlaTa sZesa mis mier sumides da sisruled saTnoebaTa warematebodis.
da vinmca poves sxuaA umaRlesi saTnoebiTa da sulierTa
moZRurebaTa Sina ganTqumuli, garna didi ilarion Tualoeli, romeli-igi mas Jamsa viTarca mTiebi brwyinvida krebulsa Soris mamaTasa, romlisa saTnoebaTa da moRuawebaTa aw warmoTqumaA SeuZlebel ars.
liviT Caixuta, akurTxa igi abramiseuli kurTxeviT1, eklesiis evlogia2 uwilada da Tavisi sulieri Svili uwoda.
giorgi warudgines did basilisac, bagratis Zes, romelic imxanad Cveni qveynis moZRvari da ganmanaTlebeli
iyo, da misi wminda kurTxeva miaRebines.
aseve, rodesac RmerTSemosilma antoni mnaTem ixila
yrma, gaixara da yovelive kurTxeviT akurTxa. yvela sxva
mamebmac kurTxeva miaRebines, da amis Semdeg waiyvanes Tavis saxlSi.
maSin am RvTiurma moxucebulebma zemoxsenebul mamebTan moilaparakes, rom giorgi, pirvel yovlisa, miebarebinaT romelime RmrTivsulieri da keTili mwyemsisaTvis
(moZRvrisaTvis), raTa misi xelmZRvanelobiT sulierad aRzrdiliyo, mis mier saRmrTo swavlaTa rZe Seesva.3
sxva vin unda epovaT, saTnoebiT ufro amaRlebuli da
sulier moZRvrebaSi ganTqmuli, Tu ara ilarion Tualoeli, romelic imJamad mnaTobiviT brwyinavda wmida mamaTa sakrebuloSi! misi saTnoebisa da Rvawlis aRwera SeuZlebelia.
1 igulisxmeba bibliuri abraami, rCeuli eris mamaTmTavari
2 evlogia (berZn. `kurTxeva~) _ ase ewodeba saeklesio siwmideebs (sefiskveri, nakurTxi wyali, kandelis zeTi, jvari, xati, sasuliero literatura da sxva wminda nivTebi), romlebic usasyidlod gaicema eklesia-monastrebSi, rogorc kurTxeva
3 `rZed~ pavle mociquli moixseniebs saRmrTo swavlebis martiv, iolad SesaTvisebel formas, romelic damwyebTaTvisaa
gamiznuli, zrdasrulTaTvis gankuTvnils ki _ `saWmelad~. aq
saRmrTo swavleba Sedarebulia Cvili yrmebis sakvebTan, romlebic jer rZes svamen, Semdeg ki, rodesac saamisod momwifdebian, _ saWmelsac (Sdr. 1 kor. 3:2; 1 pet. 2:2)
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isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
amas netarsa Sehvedres Svili TYsi da monazonebisa mimarT warmarTebad evedrebodes. xolo wmidaman man, viTarca
RmrTisa mier mocemuli keTili Svili, egreT Seiwynara da
wesierebisa mimarT da saTnoebisa wurTiTa uwyis, da esreT
waremateboda nebiTa RmrTisaATa. da viTarca nergi keTili
danerguli Tanawarsadinelsa RmrTiv-sulierTa swavlaTasa
dRiTi-dRe aRorZndeboda.
xolo uwyes swavlaTaca saeklesioTa da samRdeloTa, romelTa Sina umetes yovelTa hasakis-sworTa misTasa waremata.
da sagalobelni igi saweliwdoni da Sewyobilebani igi galobaTani yovelnive meysa Sina zepiriT daiswavna. saRmrToTa
kula wignTa kiTxvisaTYs rad saKmar ars sityuad, romelTaigi Sina uaRres Zalisa TYsisa daSura da gamoicada, romelsa
Sina ara scemda Zilsa TualTa TYsTa da hrulsa wamTa TYsTa.
xolo gansuenebasa kula KorcTasa yoladve ara Tavs-idebda.
maSindeli igi werilTa gulisKmisyofaA viTarca windi raAme momavalTa saqmeTaTYs miiRo da esreT yovelnive saRmrToni
werilni Zuelisa da axlisa Sjulisani, romelni oden Cuensa
enasa povna, yovelnive keTilad gulad ixuna.
am netar mamas Caabares Tavisi Svili, da Seevedrnen,
samonazvno sisrulisaken warmatebaSi Sesweoda yrmas. xolo wminda ilarionma ise miiRo giorgi, rogorc RmrTis
mier micemuli keTili Svili, da wesierebasa da saTnoebaSi misi wvrTna daiwyo. RvTis nebiT, giorgi sulierad waremateboda, da rogorc keTili nergi, RmrTivsulier swavlaTa mdinaris piras darguli,1 dRiTi-dRe izrdeboda.
daiwyes misi ganswavla saeklesio da samRvdelo sakiTxebSic, romelSic yvela Tanatols ajoba. saweliwado sagalobelni2 da yovelgvar galobaTa Sewyoba3 zepirad daiswavla.
saRmrTo wignebis kiTxvaze raRa saWiroa laparaki; imdeni iSroma da iseTi gamocdileba SeiZina, rom sakuTar
Zalebsac gadaaWarba. Tvalebs ZiliT mosvenebis saSualebas ar aZlevda, da wamwamebs _ mirulvisas. sxeulis mosvenebas savsebiT ar etaneboda. mis mier wminda wignebis maSindeli gaazreba da mixvedra _ sawindari iyo im mwignobruli saqmianobisaTvis, romelic momavalSi eloda. saRmrTo werilis yvela wigni, Zveli da axali aRTqmisa, romlebic Cvens enaze moipoveboda, mTlianad gaiTavisa.
1 Sdr. fs. 1:3
2 saweliwado sagalobelni _ saeklesio sagalobelni, romelnic wlis TiToeul dRes mosaxsenebel wmidaTa da dResaswaulTa gansadideblad igalobeba saeklesio RmrTismsaxurebis dros
3 galobaTa Sewyoba _ samgaloblo xelovneba, galobis kilosa da melodiis Seswavla
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isa
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mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
V. xolo uwyi, viTarmed mravalTa gsurs smenad, Tu vinaA
iswava berZuli swavlaA, gina vinaA dagYunja safase ese mouklebeli feris jojikis Zeman, dis-siZeman basili bagratis
Zisaman.
raAsaTYs-me vaKsene daA basilisi? amisTYs, rameTu ityodis wmidaA igi, viTarmed: ”ara udares iyo Rirsi ese dedakaci
RmrTis-msaxurebiTa Zmasa TYssa, netarsa basiliso”.
aman feris da meuRleman misman ganizraxes keTilad, raATa kaci saRmrToA iZion sulisa maTisa keTilisa maswavlelad
da uwesoebisa damayenebelad da raATa yoladve maxlobelad
maTsa iyos. amis pirisaTYs orTave gamoiZies da daamtkices,
viTarmed giorgi mwerlisa ugonieressa veravis hpoeben.
amisTYs didiTa vedrebiTa da qenebiTa giorgi mwerali wariyvanes da yoveli saqme maTi sulieri da Korcieli mas daamorCiles. xolo aman giorgi netari Zmis-wuli TYsi, yrmaA giorgi, Tana wariyvana, rameTu friad eKmareboda zepiriT kananaxobasa da wignis-kiTxvasa da missa msaxurebasa, rameTu moxucebul iyo.
xolo viTarca ixiles keTilTa maT meuRleTa, ganixares
friad. da saRmrToman man dedakacman Svilad TYsad aRiara
igi. da dayves mravali Jami keTilsa da RmrTisa saTnosa cxorebasa Sina.
5. vici, mraval Tqvengans surs, Seityos, saidan miiRo
berZnuli ganswavluloba, anda saidan dagvigrova es auracxeli saunje. esaa damsaxureba ferisisa, jojikis Zisa,
romelic iyo basil bagratis Zis dis siZe.
risTvis vaxsene basilis da? _ imisaTvis, rom Rirsi mama giorgi ambobda xolme: `RmrTismsaxurebiT es dedakaci
ar Camouvardeboda Tavis Zmas, netar basiliso~.
ferisma da misma meuRlem ganizraxes, rom moeZiebinaT
vinme RvTiuri kaci TavianT sulier moZRvrad, yoveli sikeTis maswavleblad da uwesoebis damSlelad, da es moZRvari mudam TavisTan hyolodaT. gamoikiTxes am saqmeze,
da daaskvnes, rom zemoxsenebul giorgi mweralze, xaxulel moRvaweze ufro goniers veravis ipovidnen. amitomac didi xvewna-mudariT giorgi mwerali waiyvanes TavisTan, da Tavisi yvela saqme, rogorc sulieri, ise xorcieli, mas daumorCiles.
giorgi mweralma Tavisi netari Zmiswuli, yrma giorgic Tan waiyvana, radgan TviTon moxucebuli iyo, da giorgis daxmareba sWirdeboda zepiri kananaxebiT1. wignis
kiTxviTa da sxva saqmianobiT.
roca keTilma meuRleebma ixiles igi, didad gaixares.
RvTiurma dedakacma giorgi Tavis Svilad aRiara, da
RmrTivsaTno da keTili cxovrebiT mravali Jami dayves.
1 kananaxeba _ karnaxi; wignis xmamaRali kiTxva, imisaTvis, raTa sxvam Caiweros. momdinareobs berZnuli `kanonarqidan~ (niSnavs `sagalobeli kanonis damwyebs~). ase ewodeboda saeklesio
moweses, romelic uZRveboda galobas RmrTismsaxurebis dros.
igi wamoiwyebda pirvel muxls sagaloblisas, romelic Semdeg
danarCen mgalobelT unda gaegrZelebinaT imave kiloze.
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xolo amissa Semdgomad risxviTa basili mefisaATa feriss
Tavi warekueTa, rameTu gandgomilebaA daswames. da esreT
brZanebiTa sameufoATa ese Rirsi dedakaci eriTurT TYsiT
kostant
ine
poled wariyvanes, vinaA-igi dayves aTormeti
kostantine
inepoled
weli.
xolo maTsa mas mun yofasa mamis-Zmaman amis sakYrvelisa
yrmisaman da, ufroAs-Ra vTqua Tu, saRmrToman man dedakacman saswavlod misces yrmaA igi giorgi kacTa filosofosTa
da ritorTa, oriTave cxorebiTa SemkobilTa, ara eriskacTa,
aramed monazonTa RmrTis-moSiSTa da yovelTa mier wamebulTa. da esreT aTormetsa mas welsa yovelive moswrafebaA da
guls-modginebaA erTbamad Semoikriba, vidre-Ra maxYlTa gonebiTa da mraval Jam gamocdilTa moswrafebiTa waremata; xolo moswrafeTa da guls-modgineTa simaxYliTa gonebisaATa
aRemata. da orkerZove srul qmnulTa erTkerZo Tana-warhKda,
vidre-Ra didad gankYrdes yrmani igi berZenTani missa mas
egodensa moswrafebasa da simaxYlesa gonebisasa, hnatrides
guls-modginebasa missa da Zalisaebr baZvad missa aRiZrvodes.
da da-raA-yo swavlasa mas Sina, viTarca vTquT, aTormeti
weli, da viTarca queyanaman keTili Tesli swavlulebisaA Seiwynara urnatTa Sina sulisa TYsisaTa, romeli-igi Jamsa
TYssa gamoRebad edva aRvsebad sulsa mSierTasa da ganmdidrebad RmrTisa eklesiasa. amissa Semdgomad brZanebiTa sameufoATa kualad TYsTave prastinTa miiqca saRmrToA ese dedakaci tvarwatafs da Tana-wariyvana yrmaA giorgi mamis-Zmisave TYsisa Tana. xolo euwya, viTarmed dedaA misi micvalebul iyo, xolo mamaA misi wuT cocxal iyo, romeli-igi Zmaman
misman giorgi Tavisa TYsisa Tana moiyvana tvarwatafs da
amis Semdeg basili keisris risxviT, feriss Tavi mohkveTes, radgan Ralati da gandgomileba daswames. mefis
brZanebiT, ferisis qvrivi Tavisi SinaymebiTurT konstantinepolSi waiyvanes, sadac Tormeti weli gaatares.
konstantinepolSi yofnisas sakvirveli yrmis, giorgis biZam, giorgi mweralma, da ufro ki im RvTiurma dedakacma (ferisis qvrivma) igi saswavlebelSi miabares filosofosTa da ritorT1, orive cxovrebiT2 SemkulT; ara eriskacT, aramed monazvnebs, RmrTismoSiSebsa da yvelas mier
aRiarebulT.
swavlis 12 wlis ganmavlobaSi yrma giorgim srulad
moikriba swavlisadmi gulmodgineba; TanamowafeTagan yvelaze gonebamaxvilT da gamocdilT sibejiTiT gauswro, bejiTebsa da gulmodgineebs ki gonebis simaxviliT ajoba;
da orive mxriv srulqmnilebic ukan Camoitova. berZenTa
bavSvebi didad gakvirvebulebi iyvnen misi aseTi sibejiTiTa da gonebis simaxviliT; mis gulmodgineobas Sehnatrodnen da, SeZlebisdagvarad, mis mibaZvas cdilobdnen.
swavlaSi, rogorc vTqviT, Tormeti weli gaatara da,
rogorc niadagma - jansaRi Tesli, ise miiRo swavlulebis
keTili Tesli Tavisi sulis xnulebSi, romelic Tavis dros
nayofs gamoiRebda, aavsebda mSierTa suls da gaamdidrebda RmrTis eklesias.
amis Semdeg mefis brZanebiT Tavissave mamulSi, tvarwatafSi daabrunes yrma giorgis mfarveli RvTiuri dedakaci, romelmac igi, mis biZasTan erTad, Tan waiyola.
iq Seityves, rom yrma giorgis deda gardacvliliyo;
mama jer kidev cocxali hyavda. Zmam, giorgi mweralma, isic
1 ritori (berZ.) _ swavluli, mWevrmetyveli
2 e. i. sulieriT da xorcieliT
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reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
erTbamad iyofodes. xolo yrmaA giorgi warvida xaxuls mamis-Zmisa TYsisa Tana sabaAsa.
tvarwatafSi moiwvia, da erTad cxovrobdnen. yrma giorgi ki xaxulSi dabrunda Tavis meore biZasTan, sabasTan.
VI. da viTarca iqmna ocdaxuTis wlis, tkbilsa mas uRelsa
monazonebisasa qedi TYsi moudrika. rameTu daRacaTu siyrmiTganve monazoni iyo, xolo wuT kurTxevaA monazonebisaA
ara mieRo. rameTu moZRuari misi sulieri da RuawlTa mimarT
monazonebisaTa mwurTeli didi ilarion wuT KorcTaRa Sina
iyo da KelTagan misTa miiRo kurTxevaA monazonebisaA. rameTu igi iyo pirveli moZRuari misi da mizezi yovlisa keTilisaA.
amisa Semdgomad aRZrviTa zegardamoATa mouKda survili ucxoebisa da siglaxakisaA da TYsTa da mecnierTagan ganSorebisaA da, ufroAs-Ra vTqua Tu, survili Tayuanis-cemisaTYs wmidaTa maT da ganmacxovelebelTa adgilTa, vinaA-igi
aRasrula yoveli gangebulebaA cxorebisa CuenisaA sityuaman
mamisaman mosrulman KsnisaTYs Cuenisa.
xolo iyoca gangebulebaA RmrTisaA saqmesa amas Sina, romeli-igi winaAswar yovelsave mecnier ars da yofadTa viTarca
yofilTa xedavs, viTarca igi moses raA winawarmetyuelad ganamzadebda, pirvel yovlisa TYsTagan gamoiyvana da abrahams
raA Tana aRTqumasa dasdebda, queyanisa TYsisa datevebaA ubrZana. da egreTve mravalTa wmidaTaTYs weril ars: hnebavn raA
miaxlebaA RmrTisaA, pirvel yovlisa TYsTagan da megobarTa
6. roca ocdaxuTi wlisa Seiqna, giorgim qedi moudrika monazvnobis1 tkbil uRels. marTalia, siyrmidanve igi
monazoni iyo, magram aqamde jer ar mieRo samonazvno kurTxeva. giorgis sulieri moZRvari, samonazvno moRvaweobaSi misi gamwvrTneli, didi ilarioni jer kidev cocxali iyo, da misi xelidan miiRo samonazvno kurTxeva, radgan igi iyo misi pirveli moZRvari, da yovelive sikeTis
mizezi.
amis Semdeg, zeciuri STagonebiT, mouvida survili
gandegilobisa, ucxoebaSi siglaxakiT cxovrebisa, Tavisianebisa da nacnobebisagan ganSorebisa, da, metsac vityvi,
_ survili im wminda da macocxlebeli adgilebisa, saidanac aRasrula Cveni cxovrebis gangebuleba RmrTis sityvam,
Cveni xsnisaTvis mosulma.
am saqmeSi RmrTis gangebac eria, radgan RmerTi yovlismcodnea, da momavlis ambebs iseve Wvrets, rogorc ukve momxdars. man, rodesac amzadebda moses sawinaswarmetyvelo moRvaweobisaTvis, pirvel yovlisa, Tavisianebisagan ganaSora igi. aseve, rodesac abrahamTan aRTqmas debda, Tavisi qveynis datoveba ubrZana mas. msgavsi ram _ mravali wminda adamianis Sesaxebac dauweriaT: rodesac undaT xolme RmerTTan miaxloeba, pirvel yovlisa Tavisianebisagan da megobrebisagan ganeSorebian da mxolod ma1 monazvnoba _ uqorwinebeli cxovreba RmrTis sadideblad
da RmrTismsaxurebaSi warsamateblad, monasterSi (e. i. monazonTa saerTo sacxovrebelSi) an gandegilad cxovreba
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cxo
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rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
ganeSornian da WeSmariti igi TYsebaA da zraxvaA RmrTisaA
maSin-Ra povian, viTarca vityode wmidisa amisTYs.
mouKda survili ucxoebisaA da TYsTagan ganSorebisaA,
dafarulad yovelTa megobarTagan da mecnierTa sivltolaA
iKumia da waremarTa ierusalemiT kerZo.
xolo viTarca cna mamaman makari da yovelTa maT RmerTSemosilTa berTa, Sewuxnes friad da yovliT kerZo meZiebelni
da Sempyrobelni ganavlinnes, da yovelni gzani moicvnes.
maSin viTarca gulisKma-yo, rameTu Seipyrobdes, saRmrToA Rone iKumia viTarca didman aTanasi, da Sesamoseli
TYsi friad keTili misca glaxaksa visme da misi igi dabebkuli Seimosa. da pova mwuxare erTi winamZRurisagan dateobili, upyra wina da waremarTa gzasa TYssa. da esreT ganera damaxrwevelTa gzisa mis keTilisaTa, rameTu daRacaTu siyuaruliTa iqmodes, aramed ara keTil iyo momavalTa saqmeTaTYs.
xolo ityoda TYT wmidaA igi, viTarmed: udabnosa adgilsa SegYRamdao tyeTa Sina, da iyo elva-quxili da haeri boroti da SYdgzis daakueTa eSmakmano mwuxare igi mas Ramesa,
da perovin da iRrWenn da yivin, xolo me vlocevdio.
ixileT-Ra uSiSi ese suliTa da axovani gonebiTa, viTar
ara SeZrwunda, aramed Rame yovel evedreboda RmerTsa
Sin pouloben WeSmarit naTesaobasa da Tana-zraxvas RmerTTan1. igive moxda Rirsi mamis giorgis cxovrebaSic.
gauCnda survili ucxoebaSi yofnisa da Tavisianebisagan ganSorebisa. megobar-nacnobTagan dafarulad gamoipara da ierusalemisken gaemarTa.
rodesac es ambavi Seityves makari winamZRvarma da xaxulis mkvidrma RmerTSemosilma berebma, Zalze Sewuxdnen
da yoveli mxriv dauwyes mas Zebna. dagzavnes mdevrebi da
yvela gza daikaves.
giorgi mixvda, rom mis Sepyrobas cdilobdnen, da Tavis dasaRwevad RvTiur xerxs mimarTa, iseve, rogorc didma
aTanasem2; Tavisi Zvirfasi Sesamoseli gzad Sexvedril erT
glaxaks misca, da sanacvlod misi CamoZonZili samosi Seimosa. moZebna suliT avadmyofi da winamZRvrisagan mitovebuli erTi kaci, win gaiZRola da ase gaswia Tavis gzaze,
raTa Tavi daeRwia mdevarTagan, romelTac surdaT misi
Seferxeba keTil gzaze. marTalia, isini siyvaruliT akeTebdnen amas, magram momaval saqmeTaTvis umjobesi iyo, xeli ar SeeSalaT.
mogvianebiT Rirsi mama giorgi igonebda: gzad udabur
adgilze dagviRamda tyeSi. elavda da quxda. haeri damZimebuli iyo. Cemi Tanamgzavri, suliT avadmyofi kaci eSmakma Svidjer dasca Zirs da awamebda. mas piridan duJi
sdioda, kbilebs aRrWialebda da kioda; me ki vloculobdio.
SexedeT suliT uSiSar da gonebiT Zlier bers! nanaxma
ki ar SeaZrwuna, aramed mTeli Rame RmerTs evedreboda
1 Tana-zraxva (Zv.) _ saubari, axlo urTierToba
2 aTanase didi _ wminda mama da eklesiis maswavlebeli, udidesi Teologi, aleqsandriis mTavarepiskoposi (IVs.)
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isa
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rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
gankurnebisa misisaTYs, vidremdis ganiota kacisa misgan suli igi boroti. da yovliTurT uvnebeli monastersa erTsa
miiyvana, sada-igi gankurnebulsa mas eneba.
da hmadlobda RmerTsa, romelman iKsna sulisa misgan
arawmidisa. da esreT mxoloA waremarTa gzasa TYssa mravliTa SromiTa da RuawliTa, rameTu dahqenjnida da aWirvebda
KorcTa TYsTa, viTarca mociquli ityYs, viTarmed: “aRvikrZalav KorcTa CemTa da davimoneb, raATa ara sxuaTa uqadagebde da me gamoucdel viyo”. egreTve hyofda wmidaA ese, rameTu ZaZaA Seemosa da uKamloA da TavRia, uRYnoA da uwueloA vidoda gzasa mas iwrosa, rameTu dResa Sina erTgzis miiRis puri da wyali.
mis gankurnebas, manamde, sanam boroti suli ar gandevna
im kacisagan, da sruliad uvnebeli ar miiyvana erT monasterSi, iq, sadac gankurnebuls surda.
giorgim madloba Seswira RmerTs, romelmac arawmida sulisagan ixsna misi Tanamgzavri, da amis Semdeg marto gaagrZela gza, didi tanjva-wvalebiT. sakuTar sxeuls
awamebda da gansacdelSi agdebda, rogorc mociquli ambobs: `Cems sxeuls gasaWirSi vagdeb da davimoneb, raTa marto sxvebs ar vuqadagebde, da me ki araferi gadavitano~1.
aseve iqceoda wminda mama giorgi; uxeSi tansacmeli ecva,
fexSiSveli da TavRia midioda viwro gzaze, sagzlis _
Rvinisa da yvelis gareSe. dReSi mxolod erTxel iRebda
pursa da wyals.
VII. da eseviTariTa SromiTa da moRuawebiTa Semkobili miiwia Savsa mTasa
mTasa. da merme aRvida mTasa sakYrvelsa
sakYrvelsa, Tayuanis-sca da ambors-uyo larnaksa wmidisa da sakYrvelT-moqmedisasa sYmeonissa da Rirsisa dedisa misisa netarisa marTaAssa. da yovelni monasterni moilocna da wmidani mamani moikiTxna da yovelTagan locvaA miiRo.
xolo yovlisa pirvelad iwyo Ziebad winamZRurisa da moZRurisa sulierisa, rameTu uwyoda, viTarmed TYnier moZRurisa ara ars cxorebaA sulisaA da warmarTebaA monazonebisaA.
da pova mTasa sakYrvelsa napralsa Sina kldisasa beri wmidaA Seyenebuli, viTarca guriti ubiwoA da tredi umankoA,
7. aseTi SromiTa da tanjviT Semkulma miaRwia Sav mTas;
Semdeg avida sakvirvel mTaze, sadac Tayvani-sca da eambora wminda da sakvirvelTmoqmedi svimeonisa da misi dedis,
netari marTas samarxebs. yvela monasteri moiloca; moinaxula wminda mamebi da yvela maTganisagan locva-kurTxeva
miiRo.
uwinares yovlisa, daiwyo Zieba sulieri moZRvrisa da
winamZRvrisa, radganac icoda: moZRvris gareSe sulis
cxovneba da samonazvno moRvaweobaSi warmateba _ SeuZlebelia. sakvirvel mTaze erTi kldis napralSi ipova kidec
erTi wminda dayudebuli beri2, ubiwo gvritisa da umanko
1 1 kor. 9:27
2 dayudeba _ asketuri moRvaweobis iseTi saxea, rodesac gandegili monazoni Tavis senakSia Caketili locviTi RvawlisaTvis, da iqidan arasodes gamodis, aucilebeli saWiroebis
garda.
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cxo
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isa
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rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
kaci zecisaA da angelozi queyanisaA, yovliTurT ucxoA da
ganSorebuli KorcTagan da KorcielTa zrunvaTa da gonebiTa RmrTisa micvalebuli, giorgis vityY dayudebulsa, didsa mas mnaTobsa naTesavisa Cuenisasa, kacsa yovelTa mier gulis-saTqumelsa, romelman-ese Cuen undoTa amaT amisi aRweraA guaiZula. amas daemowafa netari ese, viTarca odesme mTasa
sinasa netari iovane didsa martYris.
xolo man, viTarca ixila sikeTe sulisa misisaA da ganicada talanti igi mis Soris daunjebuli, ganixara sixaruliTa
didiTa da suliTa gulisKma-yo, raA-igi yofad iyo. rameTu
surviel iyo wmidaA ese beri, raATamca kualad gamo-vinmeaCina mowyalebaman RmrTisaman naTesavsa Soris Cuensa kaci, romelmanca srul yo naklulevanebaA enisa CuenisaA, romeli-igi
wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa efTYmesgan daSTomil iyo da nebiTa
RmrTisaATa pova, romelsa-igi eZiebda, da madlobaA Sewira
RmrTisa, romeli araodes ugulebels hyofs siglaxakesa Cuensa meoxebiTa wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisaATa.
xolo daamkYdra igi romana-wmidas
romana-wmidas. da dayo mas Sina sami
weli didiTa SromiTa da moRuawebiTa, marxviTa da mRYZarebiTa da ufroAs xolo simdabliTa da morCilebiTa, romelniese frTe eqmnebian monazonsa aRslvad RmrTisa Tana, rameTu
yovelTa uZlurTa igi hmsaxurebda.
da esreT yovliTa saTnoebiTa Semkuli KorcieliTa hasakiTa iqmna ocdaaTis wlis, xolo sulieriTa mKcovan da
moxucebul.
mtredis msgavsi, zeciuri kaci da amqveyniuri angelozi,
sruliad ganSorebuli xorcieli sazrunavisagan da gonebiT RmerTTan myofi. es iyo giorgi dayudebuli, warmoSobiT qarTveli, Cveni eris didi mnaTobi, yovelTaTvis guliT sawadeli kaci, romelmac me, uZlursa da mcires, yovelive amis aRwera maiZula. amas daemowafa netari mama
giorgi, iseve, rogorc odesRac sinis mTaze netari ioane
did martviris daemowafa1.
rodesac giorgi dayudebulma Rirsi mama giorgis sulis mSveniereba da masSi daunjebuli talanti ixila, didi sixaruliT gaixara da suliwmidis madliT mixvda, rac
unda momxdariyo. es wminda beri, didi xania, mosurne iyo,
RmrTis mowyalebas Cvens erSi, eqvTime mTawmidelis Semdeg, kvlav gamoeCina kaci, SemZlebeli Cveni enisa da sasuliero literaturis naklovanebaTa Sevsebisa, romlebic
eqvTime mTawmidelis Semdeg, iyo darCenili. axalgazrda
giorgis saxiT berma giorgi Seyenebulma RmrTis nebiT ipova, visac eZebda, da amisTvis madloba Seswira RmerTs, romelic, wminda RmrTismSoblis SemweobiTa da SuamdgomlobiT, arasodes ugulebelyofs Cvens sisustesa da siglaxakes.
moZRvarma giorgi roman-wmindis monasterSi daamkvidra. iq man sami weli dayo, didi SromiTa da RvawliT, marxviTa da sifxizliT, da ufro ki TavmdablobiTa da morCilebiT, romlebic monazons frTad gamoadgeba, ze-asafrenad da RmerTTan misasvlelad. giorgis morCileba (samorCilo samsaxuri) _ avadmyofTa movla iyo.
amrigad, yovelive saTnoebiT Semkuli monazoni xorcielad ocdaaTi wlisa Sesrulda, sulierad ki _ mxcovan
moxucebulad.
1 igulisxmeba wm. ioane sineli (+649), “kibis” avtori.
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rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
da viTarca ixila netarman man berman giorgi Seyenebulman moZRuarman misman, viTarmed yovliTa srulqmnil ars hasakisa Tana sibrZniTa da gonierebiTa, sqemiTa akurTxa, da esreT srul-yo monazonebisa moRuawebaA sqemisa gYrgYniTa da
merme-Ra ierusalemad wargzavna.
ixileT-Ra saxierebaA CuenTYs gankacebulisa meufisaA,
romelman-igi araA uRirs iCina Tanaziar-yofad monisa TYsisa sarwmunoAsa, rameTu viTarca man ocdaaTisa wlisaman KorcieliTa hasakiTa naTel-iRo, egreTve monaA TYsi Rirs-yo moRebad meoresa amas naTlis-Rebasa, romel ars madli wmidisa
sqemisaA miTve hasakiTa, da mier aRslvad xilulsa mas ierusalemsa, raATa gonebiTa uxilavsa mas zecisa ierusalemsa miicvalos.
da viTarca miiwia netari ese wmidad qalaqad, moilocna
yovelnive wmidani da Tayuanis-sacemelni adgilni sulisa
surviliTa da gonebisa simKurvaliTa. da maradis cremlTa mier iltobvin, iKsenebn raA vnebaTa meufisaTa, romelni-igi
man Cuenisa cxorebisaTYs adgilTa maT Sina wmidaTa Tavs-isxna. da esreT arn gonebaA misi, viTarmca mas Tavadsa TualTa
winaSe xedvida.
da dayo mciredi Jami eseviTariTa yofiTa, da merme gangebiTa RmrTisaATa kualad moZRurisave TYsisa moiqca da esreT yovliTurT srulqmnilsa saRmrToA ese talanti KelT
udva, romel ars TargmanebaA wignTa saRmrToTaA berZulisagan qarTulad.
xolo ese netari araA Tavs-idebda, aramed esreT ityoda,
viTarmed: “SeuZlebel ars ese Cemgano, da eseviTarTa gan-
rodesac misma moZRvarma, netarma berma, giorgi Seyenebulma ixila, rom misi mowafe ukve yovelmxriv srulqmnilia _ xorcieli asakiTac da sibrZne-gonierebiTac, _
akurTxa sqemiT.1 amgvarad dagvirgvinda da srul-iqmna giorgis samonazvno moRvaweoba, da mxolod amis Semdeg gagzavna igi moZRvarma ierusalemSi.
ixileT CvenTvis gankacebuli meufis (iesu qristes)
mowyaleba da sikeTe! _ Tavisi erTguli mona Rirsi gaxada,
misi Tanaziari yofiliyo. Tanaziari im mxriv, rom, rogorc man ocdaaTi wlis asakSi naTel-iRo, aseve Tavisi monac Rirsi gaxada, es meore naTloba (e. i. madli sqemis kurTxevisa) imave asakSi mieRo, da amis Semdeg asuliyo xilul
ierusalimSi, raTa gonebiT zecis uxilav ierusalimamde
mieRwia.
rodesac netari mama wminda qalaqSi Sevida, moiloca
yvelayvanissacemi da wminda adgili sulieri wadiliTa
da gonebis mxurvalebiT. xSirad asvelebda cremli, qriste meufis vnebas rom igonebda, kacTa cxovrebisaTvis aRsrulebuls, am wminda adgilebSi. gonebaSi ise cxadad warmoedgina es ambebi, TiTqos ufals sakuTari TvaliT
xedavda.
mcireoden xans am yofaSi iyo, da Semdeg, RmrTis gangebiT, kvlav moZRvarTan dabrunda. yovelmxriv srulqmnil
mowafes moZRvarma locva-kurTxeva misca saRmrTo wignTa
berZnulidan qarTulad Targmnisa, rogorc saRmrTo talanti (niWi, jildo).
1 sqema (berZn. `saxe~; igulisxmeba angelozuri saxe) _ samonazvno Sesamoseli, romelsac monazons ukurTxeven gansakuTrebiT mZime asketuri RvawlisaTvis
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isa
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rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
RmrTobilTa kacTa Suenis, viTarca iyo wmidaA mamaA Cueni efTYmi”. xolo beri etyoda, viTarmed: “Svilo, romelman wmidaA igi sikudilisagan iKsna da qarTuli enaA ganumarta, igive SemZlebel ars Sendaca Sewevnad, rameTu mas didad ewyalis da uyuars naTesavi Cueni. da TYT mas wmidasa mamasa efTYmes vevedrneT, raATa Segewios, romel neSti daSTomili
misi Sen srul-hyo madliTave misiTa, viTarca pavle qristesi”.
netari mowafe ver kisrulobda am tvirTs, da ambobda:
`CemTvis SeuZlebelia im saqmis aRsruleba, rac iseT
RvTiuri sibrZnis mqone kacT Sehferis, rogoric Cveni
wminda mama eqvTimeao~. moZRvari ki eubneboda: `Svilo, vinc
igi (wminda eqvTime) sikvdilisagan ixsna da qarTul enaze
metyveleba SeaZlebina, igive Sens daxmarebasac SeZlebs,
radgan mas didad uyvars da ebraleba Cveni eri.1 vevedroT
TviT wminda mama eqvTimesac, raTa Seewios, da, rac mas darCa
qarTulad uTargmneli, Sen daamTavro misi madliT, iseve, rogorc pavle mociqulma _ qristesi~.2
VIII. da esreT didiTa iZulebiTa Zliv daarwmuna da wmidisa
sYmeonis da marTaAs madliTa SezRudvili mTawmidas wamogzavna. da viTarca mowafe sarwmunoA da Svili erTguli da
ZRueni Semsgavsebuli siwmidisa misisaA wmidasa mamasa Cuensa
8. amrigad, didi iZulebiT moZRvarma Zlivs daarwmuna giorgi monazoni, da wminda svimeonisa da marTas madliT aRWurvili3, mTawmindaze warmogzavna, da rogorc
1 aq miniSnebulia eqvTime mTawmidelis cxovrebis erTi adgili: erTxel bavSvobisas eqvTime mZimed avad Seiqna; ise, rom
mamamisma misi gadarCenis imedi dakarga. igi mxurvaled evedra RmrTismSobels Zis gadarCenisaTvis. RmrTsmSobelma Seismina mamis vedreba, gamoecxada yrma eqvTimes da uTxra: adeqi,
nu geSinia; aRaraferi gtkiva; da qarTuladac gamarTulad
ilaparakeo~. Turme manamde eqvTimes qarTulad laparaki
uWirda, RmrTsmSoblis madliT ki yvela qarTvelze ufro
wmindad alaparakda am enaze (ix. cxovreba wm. eqvTime mTawmindelisa).
2 aq igulisxmeba, rom pavle mociqulma Tavisi epistoleebiT
Seavso is saRmrTo moZRvreba, romelic qristes qadagebis saxiT wminda saxarebaSia mocemuli.
3 giorgi Seyenebulis samoRvaweo adgilas, sakvirvel mTaze,
rogorc zemoT iyo aRniSnuli, wminda svimeon mesvetisa da
dedamisis marTas wminda nawilebi (neSti) iyo dasvenebuli.
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isa
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rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
efTYmes mouZRuana, raATa vinaA-igi wyaroAs-Tuali sibrZnisaA aRmoecena momrwyvelad naTesavisa Cuenisa, mierve aRmoivsnes nektarni gulisKmis-yofisani kacman aman RmrTisaman
da mdidrad daaTros samyaroA eklesiaTa CuenTaA, rameTu viTarca ityYs winawarmetyueli esaia, viTarmed: “gamovides
Sjuli sioniT da sityuaA RmrTisaA ierusalemiT Sjideso”.
egreTve daRacaTu pirveliTganve guqondes werilnica da
sarwmunoebaA WeSmariti da marTali, garna queyanaA Cueni Sors
iyo queyanisagan saberZneTisa
saberZneTisa. da viTarca Teslni arawmidani Soris Cuensa daTesul iyvnes borotni igi Teslni somexTani, gularZnilni da manqanani, da amis mier friad guevneboda, rameTu naTesavi Cueni wrfeli iyo da umankoA; xolo
igini reca mizeziTa wesierebisaATa, reca cTunebad guazmnobdes, da romelnime wignnica guqondes maTgan Targmnilni.
amaT eseviTarTa mizezTaTYs moxedna mowyalebaman
RmrTisaman naTesavsa Cuensa da aRgYdgina axali oqropiri wmidaA mamaA Cueni efTYme. da viTarca meaTcameteman mociqulman queyanaA Cueni amaT zemoKsenebulTa RuarZlTagan sruliad ganwmida mravlad TargmanebiTa wmidaTa werilTaATa, viTarca dasabamsave sityYsa Cuenisasa vTquT, da wesni da kanonni eklesiisani damamtkicebelni sarwmunoebisa Cuenisani,
ese yovelni aRwerilad dagYtevna, romelni-igi wmidisa amis
mTisagan da RmrTiv-aRSenebulisa lavrisa, viTarca mdinarisagan edemeanisa nakadulni cxorebisani pirsa zeda queyanisa
da naTesavisa Cuenisasa miefinnes.
xolo viTarca pirvelve vTquT, adre micvalebiTa mamisa
CuenisaATa ara srul iqmnnes werilni Cuenni, amisTYs saxierebaman RmrTisaman kualad moguaniWa Semdgomad mosessa isu,
Rirseuli mowafe da erTguli Svili, da misi siwmindis
Sesaferisi ZRveni, Cvens wminda mamas eqvTimes moarTva, raTa, saidanac amovida wyaro sibrZnisa, Cveni eris momrwyvelad, iqidanve amoiRos zeciuri Semecnebis neqtari am
RvTis kacmac, da uxvad daaTros Cveni eklesiis samyaro,
radganac, rogorc ambobs esaia winaswarmetyveli, `Sjuli sionidan gamodis da RmrTis sityva ierusalimidan gansjiso~1.
aseve, Tumca uZvelesi droidan gvqonda saRmrTo wignebic da marTali da WeSmariti sarwmunoebac, magram Cveni qveyana Sors iyo saberZneTisagan, da rogorc uwminduri Tesli, Cvens Soris CamoTesili iyvnen somexTa boroti
STamomavalni, mrudeni da macTurni, da amis gamo bevri
ziani gvqonda, radganac Cveni eri wrfeli da umanko iyo,
xolo maT, wesierebisa da sizustis momizezebiT, cTunebaSi SevyavdiT, da zogierTi wigni maTgan gvqonda naTargmni. amis gamo RmrTis mowyalebam mohxeda Cvens ers da gamogviCina axali oqropiri _ Cveni wminda mama eqvTime. man,
rogorc mecamete mociqulma, wminda werilTa mravali TargmanebiT sruliad ganwminda Cveni qveyana zemoxsenebuli
RvarZlisagan (somxuridan naTargmni wignebisagan), da rogorc Cveni sityvis dasawyisSic vTqviT, eklesiis ganmamtkicebeli wesebi da kanonebi _ es yovelive werilobiT dagvitova. isini am wminda mTisagan da RmrTiv-aRSenebuli
lavrisagan, rogorc edemis mdinarisagan _ cxovrebis nakadulni, mTel qveyanasa da mTel Cvens ers moefinen.
magram, rogorc Tavidanve vTqviT, Cveni mamis (eqvTimes) naadrevi gardacvalebis gamo bolomde ver dasrulda qarTul enaze saRmrTo wignTa Targmna. amis gamo RvTis
1 es. 2:3
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Semdgomad ahronisa eleazar, Semdgomad eliaAsa elise, Semdgomad pavlesa timoTe, da msgavsadve maTsa srul-yo nebaA
moZRurisa TYsisaA da yoveli mis mier daklebuli aman netarman mamaman giorgi srul-yo.
xolo Cuen pirvelsave sityuasa movideT. warmoemarTa wmidaA ese SeWurvili locviTa moZRurisa TYsisaATa miTve pirveliTa moRuawebiTa da friad uficxesiTaca, xolo miiwia mdinaresa erTsa didsa, rameTu mart[oAs i]yo. da viTarca Sevida
mdinaresa mas, ver uZlo wiaRslvad simdidrisagan misisa, rameTu didrooda. maSin ixila wiaRkerZo Wabuki Suenieri, amKedrebuli cxensa zeda spetaksa da hrqua: “Semoved, nu geSinin”. da upyra Kelsa missa da wiaR iyvana mSYdobiT. xolo igi
TYT uCino iqmna. da ityoda TYT wmidaA igi, viTarmed: “gulsavsebiT vcan, viTarmed gamoCinebuli igi, romelman wyalTa
Sina sikudilisagan miKsna, didebuli mTavarmowame giorgi
iyo”.
da esreT nebiTa RmrTisaATa mSYdobiT moiwia wmidasa amas
mTasa, Tayuanis-sca wmidasa RmrTis-mSobelsa da madlobaA Sewira, da merme surviliT ambors-uyo samarxosa wmidisa mamisa
Cuenisa efTYmessa. xolo ZmaTa sixaruliT Seiwynares da ganusuenes da didad pativ-upyres da hmadlobdes RmerTsa, romeli miuZRua mun.
ganuzomelma sikeTem misi gamgrZelebeli mogvivlina, ise,
rogorc moses Semdgom _ isu naves Ze, ahronis Semdgom _
eleazari, elias Semdgom _ elise, pavles Semdgom _ timoTe, maT msgavsadve netarma mama giorgim Tavisi moZRvris
neba aRasrula, da yovelive, rac mas (eqvTimes) daaklda,
man Seavso da ganasrula.
Cven ki kvlav Tavdapirvel sityvas davubrundeT.
moZRvris locviT aRWurvili wminda mama giorgi gamoemarTa mTawmindisaken, da iseTive tanjva-wvaleba gadaitana, rogorc Tavdapirvelad, da imaze ufro mZimec. erTerT adidebul mdinares rom miadga, gaRma gasvla ver SeZlo wyalTa siuxvis gamo. maSin meore napirze dainaxa erTi mSvenieri Wabuki, TeTr cxenze amxedrebuli, romelmac
uTxra: `Semodi, nu geSinia~. xeli gauwoda da mSvidobianad gaiyvana gaRma mxares. Tavad ki maSinve gauCinarda.
amis Sesaxeb wminda mama giorgi ambobda xolme: `darwmunebuli var, rom is, vinc maSin gamomiCnda da wyalSi
daxrCobisagan mixsna, didebuli mTavarmowame giorgi iyo~.
amrigad, RmrTis nebiT, mSvidobianad miaRwia mTawmindas; Tayvani-sca RmrTismSobels da madloba Seswira. Semdeg didi surviliT eambora wminda mamis eqvTimes saflavs.
monastris Zmebma (monazvnebma) sixaruliT miiRes mama giorgi, moasvenes da didi pativi miages. hmadlobdnen
RmerTs, romelmac aqamde moiyvana igi.
IX. xolo iyofeboda netari ese monastersa mas Sina moRuawebiTa bunebaTa uaRresiTa, marxviTa da locviTa, simdabliTa da simSYdiTa, morCilobiTa da moTminebiTa da umetes
yovlisa Tavisa TYsisa Seuracx qmniTa. rameTu vidre Jam ravdenme viTarca litoni da uswavleli sagonebel iyo yovelTa
9. netari giorgi monasterSi imyofeboda iseTi moRvaweobiT, romelic kacTa bunebas aRemateba; marxviTa da
locviT, TavmdablobiTa da simSvidiT, morCilebiTa da
moTminebiT, yvelaze qvemoT sakuTari Tavis dayenebiT. ramdenime xans yvelas igi erTi ubralo da uswavleli vinme
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mier, rameTu misca Tavi TYsi msaxurebasa da morCilobasa ZmaTasa. da weliwadsa SYdsa Seuracxad sagonebelTa saqmeTa simdabliT hmsaxurebda da arn yoladve mglovare da Tavdadrekili, rameTu KorcieliTa TualiTa yoladve queyanad xedavn,
xolo Tualni sulisani maradis uxilavsa mas didebasa RmrTisasa uxilavad ganicdidian, romel-ese mcireTa mier mosapovnebel arian, saqme bunebiTi da mravalTagan Znelad sagonebeli, raATamca TYnier saWiroTa saqmeTa aravin axedvebda TualTa TYsTa, romeli-igi man viTarca bunebiTi SeiTYsa siyrmiTgan da vidre siberedmde.
rameTu mas Jamsa, odes-igi aRmosavleTs viyveniT, dResa
erTsa ineba RmrTis-msaxurman mefeman bagrat gamocdaA netarisa amis moxucebulisaA da hrqua mTavarTa TYsTa: “gnebavsa, raATa giCueno Tquen sakYrveli saqme da yoladve daujerebeli? raATa odes Semovides Cuenda giorgi mTa-wmideli da dascadoT yovelTa vidreca ganslvadmde misa, raATa
ara moguxednes da arca ganicados xati Cueni”. maSin ubrZana
winaSemdgomelTa mowodebaA berisaA. da viTarca Semovida sameufosa mas karavsa, aRdges yovelnive didebulni da awYes
bersa, rameTu umetesni TYT mowafeni iyvnes misni. da viTarca dajda, iwyo mefeman ubnobad misa mravalsaxed sargebelisaTYs sulisa, da egreTve ebiskoposTa da mTavarTa msxdomareTa. xolo netari igi TYToeulad yovelTave pasuxsa miscemda da swavlaTa mier sulierTa mohrwyvida da queyanad mimarT xedvida. da aRasrules dRe igi egre viTarca equs Jamadmde.
xolo beri viTarca ijmnida warslvad, hrqua mas mefeman:
“mamao, yav siyuaruli da ganmicade, Tu viTari var”. xolo berman reca RimiliT mcired mixedna da hrqua mas: “N mefeo, aha
esera vxedav pirsa Sensa, viTarca pirsa qristessa, rameTu yovliTurT RmrTismsaxur xar da RmrTiv-dacvul”.
egona, radgan yvela Tana-Zmas emsaxureboda da emorCileboda. Svid weliwads arad Casagdeb saqmeebze msaxurobda
Tavmdablad. yovelTvis Tavdaxrili da TiTqos mgloviare iyo; xorcieli TvaliT mudam dedamiwas dascqeroda,
sulieri TvaliT ki RmrTis uxilav didebas uxilavad ganicdida, risi mopovebac cota vinmes Tu SeuZlia. bunebriv saqmes iqmoda, rac bevrs Znelad miaCnia, _ aucileblobis gareSe Tvals aravis gausworebda; es Cveuleba man siyrmeSive SeiTvisa da siberemde mihyva.
erTxel, rodesac aRmosavleTSi viyaviT,1 keTilsaxurma bagrat mefem am netari moxucebulis gamocda moisurva
da Tavis warCinebulT uTxra: `gindaT, gaCvenoT sakvirveli da sruliad daujerebeli ram? rodesac CvenTan Semova giorgi mTawmindeli, daakvirdiT, rom sanam ar gava, arc
Semogvxedavs da arc daaTvalierebs Cvens garegnobas~. maSin uTxra mxlebelT, iq moewviaT beri. da rogorc Semovida samefo karavSi, wamodgnen didebulebi da miiwvies beri; maTi umetesoba misive mowafeni iyvnen. da rogorc dajda, mefem saubari gauba sulisaTvis sasargeblo sxvadasxva sakiTxebze, aseve iq msxdomare episkoposT da mTavarT.
yvela maTgans netari beri saTiTaod aZlevda pasuxs da sulieri swavlebiT rwyavda, magram pirispir ki ar uyurebda, aramed Tvaldaxrili iyo. ase daasrules dRe daaxloebiT eqvs saaTamde.
roca beri wasasvlelad moemzada, mefem uTxra: `mamao,
siyvarulis gulisaTvis, Semomxede da naxe, rogori var~.
berma gaiRima, odnav Sexeda da uTxra: `aha, mefeo, vxedav
Sens pirisaxes, rogorc saxes qristesas, radganac yvelafriT RmrTismsaxuri xar da RmrTivdaculi~.
1 igulisxmeba aTonis mTidan ramdenime wliT saqarTveloSi
Camosvla giorgi mTawmidelisa mefe bagrat IV-is miwveviT
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da ese amisTYs vaKseneT, raATa scnaT, viTarmed ara xolo
Tu oden siWabukesa ara ganicdida xatsa ucxosa, aramed siberesa Sina da moxucebulebasa.
es ambavi imisaTvis gavixseneT, rom gveCvenebina: ara marto siWabukisas erideboda adamianTaTvis saxeSi Sexedvas,
aramed siberesa da moxucebulobaSic.
X. xolo Cuen pirvelsave sityuasa movideT. da viTarca
iyo wmidaA ese didsa amas lavrasa Sina egeviTariTa cxorebiTa da moRuawebiTa, viTarca zemo vaKseneT, euwya netarsa mas
bersa moZRuarsa missa giorgis, viTarmed wuT arca mRdelobisa pativi miuRebies da arca werilTa Targmnad uwyies. Sewuxna friad da warmoavlina SaviT mTiT mowafe TYsi, kaci
Rirsi da saxieri, saxeliT iovane da didi mdurvaA moumcno
ara aRsrulebisaTYs nebisa misisa.
xolo netari ese ara Tu urCebiT iqmoda amas, aramed yovliTurT ararad da undod Seeracxa Tavi TYsi, rameTu eKsena
sityuaA igi uflisaA, viTarmed: “romelman aRimaRlos Tavi
TYsi, igi damdabldes”. da kualad ityYan mamani, viTarmed:
dedaA ars yovelTa vnebaTaA cudi didebaA. xolo wmidaA ese
ara nebsiT miiRebda, aramed iZulebiT brZanebiTa moZRurisaATa. maSin mravliTa cremliTa da sulTqumiTa, mowiwebiT da
SiSiT miiRo pativi mRdelobisaA. ara iyo egeviTari, viTarese aw mravalni pirvel Tavisa TYsisa ganwmedisa sxuaTa ganmwmedel iqmnebian, da viTarca undoAsa raAsame saqmisa mimarT
egreT mRdelobisa mimarT miiswrafian da pirvel wuerTa gamoslvisa moxucebulTa umoZRurian, viTarca ityYs grigol
RmrTis-metyueli.
xolo wmidaman aman mcired-mcired Sedga ferKi xarisxsa
mas zeda kibisasa da egreTca Tavsa zeda kibeTasa daisaydra.
rameTu pirvel gareSe karvisa ezoTa hmsaxurebda suetTa da
10. Cven isev pirvel sityvas davubrundeT. wminda mama
aTonis am did lavraSi iseTi simdabliT moRvaweobda, rogorc zemoT vaxseneT; mis moZRvars, netar bers giorgis miuvida ambavi, rom giorgi monazons jer arc mRvdlobis xarisxi hqonda miRebuli da arc wignebis Targmnas Sedgomia. Zalze Sewuxda da Savi mTidan gamogzavna Tavisi mowafe, Rirseuli da sikeTiT savse kaci, saxelad ioane, da didi sayveduri SeuTvala misi nebis SeusruleblobisaTvis.
magram netari giorgi urCebis gamo ki ar iqceoda ase,
aramed imitom, rom sruliad ararad da mcired miaCnda
Tavisi Tavi, da mudam axsovda uflis sityva: `vinc aimaRlebs Tavis Tavs, igi damdabldebao~1. aseve, mamebs uTqvamT:
`yovelTa mankierebaTa mSobelia uRirsad gandideba~. giorgi monazoni arafers Tavisi nebiT ar iRebda, aramed moZRvris brZanebiTa da iZulebiT. amitomac didi cremliTa
da gancdiT, SiSiTa da mowiwebiT miiRo mRvdlobis xarisxi. igi ar iyo iseTi, rogorc amJamad mravalni arian, rom
sakuTari Tavis ganwmendamde sxvaTa ganwmendas lamoben, da
mRvdlobis mimarT ise iswrafian, TiTqos ubralo saqme
iyos, da sanam wveri amouvidodeT, moxucebulTa moZRvrobas kisruloben, rogorc ambobs grigol RmrTismetyveli.
Cvenma wminda mamam ki nel-nela Sedga fexi kibis safexurze, da bolos kibis saTaveSi dabrZanda. Tavdapirvelad
karvis gareT, ezoSi msaxurobda, svetebTan da svetis1 mT. 23:12
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suetis TavTa misTa xarisxTa, manaTa da sabelTa, da merme Sinagan WurWelTa samRdeloTa; merme kidobnisa mtYrTvel iqmna sxuaTa mier aRsaRebelad Semzadebulisa. da rasaRa mravalsa vityodi, mcired-mcired Sinagan wmidisa wmidaTaAsa
warmodga mRdeli wmidaA, sxuaTaca wmidamyofelad ipoa, rameTu, viTarca vTquT, miiRo raA pativi mRdelobisaA, Semdgomad mciredisa mTavrad eklesiisa ganiwesa, uxucesad mRdelTa da mgalobelTa daidgina.
da amas Sina raA dayo mciredi Jami, moeKsena patiJi igi
talantis-damflvelisaA mis da ufroAsad-Ra SeeSina urCebisaTYs moZRurisa TYsisa. amisTYsca viTarca brZenman xuroT-moZRuarman pirvelad keTili safuZveli dadva, iwyo raA
Senebad RmrTisa eklesiasa, rameTu pirvel yovlisa sYnaqsari
Targmna, rameTu ese ars safuZveli eklesiaTaA, romlisa TYnier
TavebTan, boZebTan da TokebTan1; Semdeg ufro SigniT, samRvdelo WurWelTan; bolos ki sxvaTa asaRebad ganmzadebuli kidobnis2 mtvirTveli (amRebeli) gaxda. bevri rom
aRar vTqvaT, nel-nela wminda-wmindaTaSi (e. i. eklesiis
sakurTxevelSi) wardga wminda mRvdeli, romelic sxvaTa
ganmwmedelic gaxda; rogorc ki miiRo mRvdlobis xarisxi, mcire xnis Semdeg eklesiis mTavrad3 anu mRvdelTa da
mgalobelTa ufrosad iqna ganwesebuli.
am Tanamdebobaze yofnisas mcire xani rom gavida, mas
gaaxsenda, ra sasjeli eloda talantis mflobels, romelic am talants miwaSi Caflavs da ar gamoiyenebs4. amitomac ufro SeeSinda moZRvris winaSe urCobis gamoCenisa.
da, rogorc brZenma xuroTmoZRvarma, RmrTis eklesiis aSenebisaTvis jer kargi saZirkveli moamzada5; imiT, rom pir-
1 `ezoSi msaxurebad~ avtori moixseniebs Sav samuSaoebs, romelsac monastris yvelaze umcrosi binadarni ewevian. `karavi~ da `ezo~ aq naxsenebia Zveli aRTqmiseuli moses karvis analogiiT
2 `kidobani~ anu yuTi aq moxsenebulia Zveli aRTqmiseuli `sjulis kidobnis~ analogiiT. am frazis qveteqsti aseTia: giorgim xelSi aiRo siwmindis kidobani, e. i. is WurWeli, romelSic uzenaesi siwminde, uflis xorci da sisxlia moTavsebuli; esaa barZim-feSxumi, romelic msxverplis Semwirvels,
mRvdels upyria xelT. maSasadame, `kidobnis mtvirTveli~ am
SemTxvevaSi mRvdels, saRmrTo msxverplis Semwirvels niSnavs
3 eklesiis mTavari (berZ. eklesiarqi) –monastris erT-erTi
pirvel moxeleTagani, romelsac evaleba uxelmZRvanelos saeklesio RvTismsaxurebas, tipikonis ganwesebaTa zustad Sesrulebas. “eklesiarqis” Sesatyvisad Zvel liturgikul ZeglebSi zogjer “dekanozi” ixsenieba.
4 Sdr. mT. 25:15-29
5 Sdr. 1 kor. 3:10
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SeuZlebel ars warmarTebaA eklesiisaA. rameTu romelsa eklesiasa sYnaqsari ara hqondis, daRacaTu yovelni wignni hqondin, Taflsa Wamn, xolo sitkboebasa sasaA ver scnobs.
ese ars, viTarca vTquT, pirveli samkauli eklesiisaA, rameTu daRacaTu eTargmna wmidasa mamasa efTYmesca sYnaqsari, garna friad sulmcired aRewera sxuaTa wignTa Targmnisa
ucaloebiTa. da guasmies eseca, romel ukueTumca wmidani
dReni misni sxmodes-Ra, srulebiT Targmnida.
kualad Targmna wmidaman mamaman giorgi Semdgomad sYnaqsrsa saxarebaA gamokrebuli saweliwdoA, pavle gamokrebuli
saweliwdoA, sawinawarmetyueloA saweliwdoA, merme didni
kurTxevani, Targmani dabadebisaA, romel ars cxorebaA abrahamisi, Tue sekdemberi, romeli TYTo galobiTa pirvel mamasa
efTYmes eTargmna, igi srul-yo.
vel yovlisa svinaqsari1 Targmna, romlis gareSe SeuZlebelia eklesiis warmateba, radganac igi safuZvelia
RmrTismsaxurebisa. Tu svinaqsari ar eqna eklesias, Tundac sxva yvela saRmrTismsaxuro wigni hqondes, es imis
msgavsi iqneboda, rom kaci Tafls Wamdes, magram mis sitkboebas ver grZnobdes.
es aris, rogorc vTqviT, pirveli samkauli eklesiisa.
Tumca mama eqvTimes ukve naTargmni hqonda svinaqsari, magram _ Zalze SemoklebiT, mouclelobis gamo, radganac sxva
mraval wignsac Targmnida. gadmocemiT viciT, rom, Tu cota gagrZeldeboda misi cxovrebis wminda dReebi, svinasqsars srulad Targmnida.
svinaqsaris Semdeg giorgim Targmna gamokrebuli (saweliwado) saxareba, aseTive gamokrebuli (saweliwado)
epistoleni pavle mociqulisa, da saweliwado sawinaswarmetyvelo2. amis Semdeg _ didni kurTxevani3; ganmarteba
1 svinaqsari _ saeklesio dResaswaulebisa da sxva kalendaruli dReebis saRmrTismsaxuro wesebis krebuli, tipikoni
konstantinepolis didi eklesiisa. tipikoni giorgis gansakuTrebis sWirdeboda misi Tanamdebobis gamo, rac RvTismsaxurebis wesebis zust Sesrulebaze zust zedamxedvelobas gulisxmobda.
2 gamokrebuli (anu saweliwado) saxareba, samociqulo (pavles epistoleni) da sawinaswarmetyvelo ewodeba saRmrTismsaxuro daniSnulebis sakiTxavTa krebulebs, romlebSic saxarebis, samociqulosa da bibliur winaswarmetyvelTa wignebi teqstualuri TanmimdevrobiT ki araa Setanili, aramed im
rigis mixedviT, romliTac es sakiTxavebi (mcire monakveTebi
aRniSnuli wignebisa) ikiTxeba dResaswaulebze, e. i. kalendaruli rigiT
3 `kurTxevani~ ewodeba eklesiis saidumloTa (naTlisReba, mironcxeba, ziareba, sinanuli, mRvdeloba, qorwineba, sneulsa
zeda zeTis kurTxeva) da adamianis cxovrebis sxva mniSvnelovan momentebTan dakavSirebul RmrTismsaxurebaTa wesebis, ri-
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kualad Targmna didi pavle sruli da kaTolikeni wmidaTa mociqulTani. ese rvaA Tavi wigni Targmna mTawmidas Tavisa saKmriTa da yovelni ese eklesiisa msaxurebasa Sina, rameTu, viTarca vTquT, dekanozad daedgina.
xolo Semdgomad amisa viTarca gamoicada mravalTa Sina
saqmeTa da yovelsa Sina, ipoa wmida da umanko, viTarca oqroA
mravalTa brZmedTa mier gamocdili. maSin yovelTa ZmaTa erTiTa nebiTa da ganzraxviTa maRalsa mas kibesa winamZRurobisasa aRiyvanes da saydarsa wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa efTYmessa
dasues.
da sanTeli sasanTlesa zeda dadges sityYsaebr saxarebisa, raATa savsebasa ZmaTasa unaTobdes. esreT aRamaRlebs simdable momgebelTa TYsTa da adidebs aqaca da ufroAsad saukunesa.
`dabadebisa~, romelSic gadmocemuli iyo abrahamis cxovreba1; seqtembris Tve2, romelic nawilobriv (TiTo galobiT)
naTargmni hqonda mama eqvTimes, giorgim ki mTlianad Seavso.
garda amisa, srulad Targmna pavles epistoleni da
wmida mociqulTa kaTolike epistoleni. es rva wigni Targmna giorgim mTawmindaze, Tavisive xarjiT, da yovelive
es _ saeklesio msaxurebis paralelurad, radganac, rogorc vTqviT, dekanozad iyo dadginebuli.
amis Semdeg, rodesac gamoicada mravalgvar saqmeSi da
yovel maTganSi wminda da umanko aRmoCnda, rogorc oqro,
mravali brZmedis mier gamocdili, maSin monastris mTelma saZmom erTsulovnad da erTxmad igi winamZRvrobis
umaRles safexurze aiyvana da Cveni wminda mamis eqvTimes
savarZelSi dasva.
sanTeli sasanTleze dades, saxarebis sityvisamebr, raTa mTel saZmos anaTebdes.3 ase amaRlebs xolme Tavmdabloba
tualebisa da saRmrTismsaxuro teqstebis, anu `kurTxevaTa~
krebuls. saxelwodeba `didni kurTxevani~ migviTiTebs, rom
giorgi mTawmidelis mier naTargmn am wignSi didi raodenobiT iyo Tavmoyrili sxvadasxva saxis saRmrTismsaxuro wesebi, `kurTxevani~
1 `dabadeba~ Zveli aRTqmis sjulis pirveli wignis saxelwodebaa. giorgiseul TargmanSi, rogorc Cans, ganmartebuli iyo
ara mTeli `dabadeba~, aramed misi nawili, kerZod, abrahamis
cxovrebis amsaxveli Tavebi (dab. 11:27 – 25:10). giorgi mTawmidelis es Targmani Cvenade moRweuli araa
2 `Tueni~ _ ase ewodeba saRmrTismsaxuro himnografiul krebuls, romelSic Tavmoyrilia wlis yvela Tvis TiToeul ricxvSi moxsenebul wmidaTa da dResaswaulebis gansadideblad
SeTxzuli sagaloblebi, tipikonuri TanmimdevrobiT. `Tuenis~ erT-erTi (meTormetedi) nawilia `seqtembris Tve~
3 Sdr. mT. 5:15
490
491
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo nuvin hgonebn, Tu esreT advilad da sixaruliT Seiwynara uReli igi winamZRurobisaA, nu iyofin! aramed yovliTa ZaliTa TYsiTa winaaRudgeboda. rameTu samgzis wilugdes orTa ZmaTa sxuaTa Tana, viTarca iyo wesi monastrisaA
SewirviTa usisxloAsa msxuerplisaATa, queSe wmidasa trapezsa
dasxmiTa wilTaATa, da samgzisve mas xuda. da amis mier gulisKma-yo, viTarmed ars nebaA RmrTisaA, da zegardamo gulsavse qmnilman miiRo kuerTxi mwyemsobisaA.
imas, vinc mas SeiZens, da ganadidebs aqac, da ufro metad _
saukuno cxovrebaSi.
magram nuravis egoneba, rom advilad da sixaruliT miiRo winamZRvrobis uReli. ara, mTeli ZaliT ewinaaRmdegeboda saZmos. samgzis uyares wili or sxvasTan erTad, monastris wesis mixedviT: samjer Sewires usisxlo msxverpli. samjer daawyes wilebi trapezis qveS, da samjerve mas
Sexvda. amiT darwmunda, rom RmrTis neba iyo, da, zecidan
guldajerebulma, miiRo sulieri mwyemsobis (e. i. winamZRvrobis) kverTxi.
XI. xolo amieriTgan netarisa amis Ruawlni da Sromani auracxel da miuwdomel arian, rameTu misca Tavi TYsi ficxelsa moRuawebasa ufroAs pirvelisa, romelsa oden daitevs
kacobrivi bunebaA; rameTu ijmna sruliad RYnisagan da wuelisa. da hmosied samoslad misa queSe ZaZaA ficxeli, xolo mas
zeda safarvelad CoKaA erTi da, raATa ara ganvagrZo sityuaA
Cemi, yovelnive saTnoebani Tavsa Soris TYssa daiunjna da Tavi
TYsi yovelTa saxed daudva; ara sityYT aswava, aramed saqmiT
uCuenna gzani saukunoAsa cxorebisani samwysoTa TYsTa. rameTu ukueTu ara poos Keloanman nivTi Semsgavsebuli TYsisa KelovnebisaA, viTar gamoaCinos brwyinvalebaA saqmeTa TYsTaA?! anu Tu viTar sacnaur iqmnas menaveT-moZRuari, ukueTu
RelvaTa Sina zRYsaTa ara gamoicados?! gana mKedrisa axovnebaA vinaA sasmenel iqmnas da ididos, ukueTu ganwyobilTa
ara ekueTos mravalgzis?! egreTve wmidaman aman odes miiRo
kuerTxi mwyemsobisaA, maSinRa sacnaur iqmna sruliad dafaruli igi sibrZne sulsa Sina missa, da yovlisa pirvelad ese
yo, romel yovliTa guls-modginebiTa da friadiTa sarwmunoebiTa da sasoebiTa esreT mKurvaled Seudga kualsa wmidisa mamisa Cuenisasa efTYmissa da yovelni wesni da kanonni
11. amis Semdeg netari mamis Rvawli da Sroma auracxeli da miuwvdomelia. amis Semdeg kidev ufro mZime moRvaweobas misca Tavi, vidre manamde; im zomamde, sanamde daitevs kacobrivi buneba: savsebiT aikrZala Rvinis sma da yvelis Wama. qveda Sesamoseli uxeSi ZaZisa hqonda, zeda safarvelad ki _ erTi Coxa, da, raTa sityva ar gavagrZelo,
yovelive saTnoeba Tavis TavSi Semoikriba, da yvelas Tavisi Tavi magaliTad warmoudgina. sityviT ki ara, saqmiT
uCvena Tavis samwysos saukuno cxovrebis gzebi, radganac,
Tuki xelovani Tavisi xelovnebis Sesaferis nivTs ar moipovebs (Seqmnis), rogor gamoaCens Tavis saqmeTa brwyinvalebas? anda, rogor SeiZleba, naosnobis xelmZRvanelis ostatoba gamoCndes, Tuki zRvis RelvaSi ar gamoicdeba? an,
mxedris simamace da Zliereba rogor SeiZleba ganididos,
Tu mtris gunds mravalgzis ar ekveTa? _ aseve am wminda
mamam, rodesac miiRo mwyemsobis (winamZRvrobis) kverTxi,
maSinRa gamoCnda mTeli sisruliT mis sulSi dafaruli
sibrZne. pirvel yovlisa, igi iseTi didi sarwmunoebiTa
da sasoebiT, sruli gulmodginebiTa da mxurvalebiT Seudga wminda mamis eqvTimes kvals, da mis mier ganwesebuli
492
493
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
da ganwesebani misni esreT Seitkbna, viTarca pirisagan RmrTisa gamosrulni da wmidaTa mociqulTa mier damtkicebulni.
rameTu pirveliTganve, vinaATgan movida igi wmidasa amas
mTasa, yovliTa moswrafebiTa da wadierebiTa da guls-modgined gamowulilviTa gamoikiTxa da gamoiZia mowafeTagan
da megobarTa wmidisa mamisa efTYmisTa usxeuloTa mimsgavsebuli da kacTa bunebisa aRmatebuli cxorebaA da moqalaqobaA misi da netarisa mamisa maTisa iovanesi da sxuaTaca wmidaTa berTaA da didebulisa amis lavrisa SenebaA, da wesni da gangebani, romelni wmidasa mamasa efTYmes daesxnes. ese yovelni
aRweriT dagYtevna da xatad cxovelad da Zeglad pirmetyuelad sawurTelad da saxilvelad momavalTa naTesavTa aRumarTa, romlisa-igi mkiTxvelni da msmenelni suliT da KorciT ganaTldebian. da ese aRwera, vidre-Ra iyo igi dekanozad, garna romeli-igi gonebasa Sina daeunja da daewera, mas
Jamsa aRwerasa missa Tana-warhKda, raATa raJams saqmiT aRasrulos, maSin aRweros, ese igi ars SenebaA samartYloAsaA da
SemkobaA misi yovliTa samkauliTa, romelsa aw yovelni xedavT.
rameTu aman netarman raJams kuerTxi winamZRurobisaA miiRo, yovlisa pirvelad iRuawa da patiosani ese larnaki Sehmzada saunjed Semwynarebelad mzisa ubrwyinvalesTa da margalitisa uwmidesTa maT nawilTa wmidisa RmerTSemosilisa
mamisa Cuenisa efTYmisTa, vinaA-igi wyaroA kurnebaTaA da madli saswaulTaA uxuebiT aRmodis. da eseni didiTa pativiTa,
wesebi da kanonebi iseTi dajerebiT miiRo, rogorc RmrTis pirisagan gamosuli da wminda mociqulebis mier damtkicebuli.
Tavidanve, mas Semdeg, rac mTawmindaze movida, mTeli
gulmodginebiT, surviliTa da mcdelobiT dawvrilebiT
gamoikiTxa da gamoiZia wminda mama eqvTimes mowafeTa da
megobarTagan misi angelozTa mimsgavsebuli da kacTa bunebaze aRmatebuli cxovreba da moRvaweoba, da masTan erTad misi netari mamis, iovanesi da sxva wminda berebisa,
agreTve ambebi am didebuli lavris aSenebisa, wesebi da
gangebani, romlebic wminda mama eqvTimes daedgina mis
mkvidrTaTvis. yovelive es aRwerilad dagvitova, da cocxal xatad da metyvel Zeglad aRmarTa, momavali Taobebis
sanaxavad da sawvrTnelad. misi mkiTxvelni da msmenelni
suliT da xorciT ganaTldebian. es wigni maSin dawera, rodesac jer kidev dekanozad iyo. xolo wminda mamis samartvilos1 ageba da yovelive samkauliT Semkoba, rasac gonebaSi ganizraxavda, magram jer saqmiT aRsrulebuli ar
hqonda, imJamad aRuwereli darCa, raTa, rodesac saqmiT
Seasrulebda, maSin aRewera.
rodesac netarma giorgim winamZRvrobis kverTxi miiRo, pirvel yovlisa sapatio sanawile2 moamzada, wminda da
RmerTSemosili mamis eqvTimes mzeze ufro brwyinvale da
margalitze ufro wminda nawilebis dasaunjeblad,3 saidanac saswaulTa madli uxvad amodis da kurnebis (mkurnalobis) wyarodaa qceuli. es nawilebi didi
1 samartvilo _ wmidaTa saflavis Zegli, samarxi
2 sanawile _ wminda nawilebis (wmidaTa neStis) Sesanaxi Zvirfasi kidobani
3 saunje _ saganZuri, Zvirfaseulobis sacavi. daunjeba _ saganZurSi Senaxva
494
495
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
fsalmuniTa da galobiTa, sulnelebiTa sakumevelTaATa da kereonTa brwyinvalebiTa yolad didebulad da RmrTiv-Suenierad mocvalna naTlis-mcemelisa eklesiiT didebulsa amas
eklesiasa Sina yolad wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisasa. rameTu
jerca esreT iyo. vinaATgan uwyiT yovelTa, viTarmed wmidani didebiTi-didebad amaRldebian uxilavsa mas Sina didebasa,
viTarca angelozTaTYs weril ars, viTarmed: ZaliTi-Zalad
warematebiano. egreTve netari ese mamaA Cueni xilulad yovelTa didebiTi-didebad moicvala tYrTuli KelTagan kacisa amis sakYrvelisaTa, raJams-igi viTarca ahron samRdeloATa miT samkauliTa aRmkul iyo ara aCrdilsa Sina daSTomadiTa, aramed madlsa Sina ganbrwyinvebadiTa. da viTarca kidobani siwmidisaA TYT etYrTa guami igi wmidaA mtYrTveli
saRmrToTa maT siwmideTaA. da esreT Sinagan wmidisa amis taZrisa Semoiyvana da wmidasa amas larnaksa Sina dausuena, viTarca-ese yovelni xedavT.
da merme meoreman aman elise ara Tu xaleni moiRo eliaAsi, aramed friad umaRlesi da uzeSTaesi marjuene igi ganmacxovelebeli, mwerali maRalTa maT RmrTis-metyuelebaTaA.
ese aRiRo nawilad mkYdrobisa TYsisa mrCoblsa mas Tana da
ganmacxovelebelsa sulsa, ara Tu iordane ganapo samgzis
pativiscemiT, fsalmunebiTa da galobiT, keTilsurnelebaTa kmeviT da kelaptarTa brwyinvalebiT, yovladdidebulad da RvTaebrivi mSvenierebiT gadmoasvena naTlismcemlis eklesiidan yovladwminda RmrTismSoblis am didebul eklesiaSi. asedac iyo saWiro, radgan yvelam viciT,
rom wmindanebi didebidan didebisaken amaRldebian im uxilav didebaSi (sasufevelSi), rogorc angelozTaTvis weria: Zalidan Zalisaken aRematebiano.1 aseve, Cveni es netari mama (eqvTime) xilulad gadanacvlda didebidan didebaSi, am sakvirveli kacis (giorgis) xelebze dasvenebuli.
am dros giorgi samRvdelo samkauliT iyo Semkuli ahronis msgavsad, magram ara aCrdilSi2 darCeniliT, aramed
madliT gabrwyinvebuliT. mas siwmindis kidobaniviT ayvanili mohyavda wminda gvami (eqvTimesi), saRmrTo siwmindis mflobeli.3 da ase, Semoasvena am wminda taZarSi, da
daasvena, rogorc axla xedavT.
am meore elisem xaleni ki ar miiRo eliasi, aramed masze bevrad ufro maRali da aRmatebuli ram _ misi macocxlebeli marjvena,4 maRali RmrTismetyvelebis mwerali.
es miiRo man Tavis samkvidro wilad, ormag madlad da macocxlebel sulad.5 iordane ar ganupia Tavisi mosasxamis
1 Sdr. fs. 83:8
2 aCrdilad moixsenieba Zveli aRTqmis Sjuli, madlad _ axali aRTqma iesu qristesi
3 eqvTimes gvami Sedarebulia `siwmidis kidobanTan~, anu aRTqmis kidobanTan
4 eqvTime Sedarebulia eliasTan, giorgi _ elisesTan. ise, rogorc elisem eliasagan xaleni (mosasxami) miiRo, misi sawinaswarmetyvelo msaxurebis gagrZelebis niSnad (4 mef. 2:13), aseve giorgim eqvTimesagan miiRo samwerlo-mTargmnelobiTi niWi.
5 aq igulisxmeba, rom, rogorc elisem miiRo ormagi madli
eliasi (4 mef. 2:9), aseve giorgim _ ormagi madli eqvTimesi.
496
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
cemiTa xalenisaATa, aramed friad iordanisa umdidresni da
uRrmesni mdinareni saRmrToTa werilTani madliTa wmidisa
mis marjuenisaATa ganapna da notiobisagan ugulisKmoebisa
daultolvelad ganvida da wyalni igi mwareTa maT moZRurebaTani sityuaTa TYsTa mariliTa daatkbna, da yrmebr mbasrobelni igi da ZYris-mzraxvelni ugunurTa enani daadumna.
rameTu viTarca etyoda macxovari TYsTa mowafeTa, viTarmed: “mravalTa guli uTqumida xilvad, romelsa-ese Tquen xedavT, da ver ixiles ese”. viTarca pirvel vTqu, RmrTivganbrZnobilman aman mamaman gamoiyvana marjuene igi ganmacxovelebeli, romelman Cuen ganguanaTlna. da uqmna guadruci Suenieri da mun Sina STausuena sxuaTa wmidaTa nawilTa
Tana wmidisa stefane pirvelmowamisaA, wmidisa egnati RmerTSemosilisaA, wmidisa iakob daWrilisaA, wmidaTa kozman-damianeTa arabielTaA, wmidaTa ormeocTaA, wmidisa panteleimonisi da sxuaTa mravalTa wmidaTa evlogiebi da cxovels-myofelisa saflavisaA.
amaT yovelTa wmidaTa martYlTa Tana dausuena Keli marjuene wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa efTYmisi da TYT TaviT TYsiT
hmsaxurebn, da odes gzasa valn, TYT utYrTavn wmidaA igi
guadruci. amiT eseviTariTa saxiTa kninRa-da yovlisa sofiTgan vidlisa saxilvel da Tayuanis-sacemel yo mTawmid
mTawmidiTgan
re Savsa mTasa da yovelsa asureTsa da ierusalemsa da
aRmosavaladmde wmidaA mamaA Cueni efTYmi marjuenisa mier
TYsisa mefeTagan da mTavarTa, mRdelT-moZRuarTagan da
mRdelTa da yovlisa erisa.
samgzis dartymiT, magram iordaneze bevrad didi da Rrma
mdinareebi saRmrTo werilisa, wminda marjvenis madliT
gaapo, da Seugneblobis sinestisagan fexdausveleblad gavida, da mware moZRvrebaTa (mwvaleblobaTa) wylebi Tavis
sityvaTa mariliT daatkbo,1 da bavSvebiviT ugunuri da
borotismetyveli maTi enebi daaduma.
rogorc macxovarma uTxra Tavis mowafeebs _ `mravalni isurvebdnen imis xilvas, rasac Tqven xedavT, magram ver
ixiles~. rogorc ukve vTqviT, RmrTivganbrZnobilma mama
giorgim gadmoasvena Cveni ganmanaTlebeli da macocxlebeli marjvena (eqvTimesi), da gaukeTa mSvenieri sanawile
(neStis Sesanaxavi Zvirfasi WurWeli) da masSi sxva wmindanTa nawilebic Caasvena _ wminda stefane pirvelmowamisa, wminda egnate RmerTSemosilisa, wminda iakob daWrilisa, wminda kozman da damianesi (arab mowameTa), wminda
ormoci mowamisa, wminda panteleimonisa da sxva mraval
wmindaTa da macocxlebeli saflavis (qristes saflavis)
evlogiebi2.
am wminda martvilTa nawilebTan erTad Caasvena Cveni
wminda mamis eqvTimes marjvena xeli; Tavisi xeliT emsaxura wminda nawilebis gadasvenebas; gzad Tavadve atara wminda sanawile yuTi. am saxiT TiTqmis mTeli msoflios saxilveli da Tayvanissacemeli gaxada wminda mama Cveni eqvTime, mTawmindidan dawyebuli Sav mTamde, aseve mTel asureTSi, ierusalimsa da aRmosavleTSi; mefeTa da mTavarTa, mRvdelTmoZRvarTa, mRvdelTa da mTeli xalxis winaSe.
1 Sdr. kol. 4:6
2 evlogia (berZ. `kurTxeva~) _ aq: wminda nawilebi da relikviebi)
498
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo Cuen pirvelsave sityuasa movideT. da viTarca dausuenna nawilni mamisa Cuenisani, keTilman man muSakman sibrZnisaman ganizraxa ganzraxvaA RmrTiv-Suenieri, Semsgavsebuli sibrZnisa TYsisaA, raATa mizezi igi yovelTa keTilTaA
da dasabami wyalobaTa RmrTisaTaA, Tuali wyaroAsa da Ziri
ukudavebisaA wmidaA mamaA iovane, mamaA wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa
efTYmesi, ara dauteos gareSe samartYloAsagan Zisa TYsisa
efTYmessa, rameTu esuena igi pirvel eklesiasa wmidaTa mTavarangelozTasa, da egreTve sxuanica igi wmidani berni: netari arseni ninowmideli ebiskoposi da saRmrToA beri iovane
grZelis-Ze, romelni-igi garegan monastrisa soxastersa erTsa Sina eklesiasa wmidisa sYmeon moxucebulisasa esuennes,
rameTu mun dayudebiT cxondebodes. eseni didad TanamoRuawe eqmnnes wmidasa mamasa Cuensa efTYmes Targmanebasa Sina
wmidaTa werilTasa, da moSurne da mobaZav wmidaTa saTnoebaTa misTa iqmnnes. da mravalni wignni eklesiisani Jamsa siberisasa TYsiTa KeliTa aRwernes.
pirvelad aRmoiyvanna nawilni wmidisa mamisa iovanesni, viTarca vTquT, da Svilsa TYssa Tana dahkrZalna. da merme iwyo
Ziebad zemoKsenebulTa amaT wmidaTa mamaTa nawilTa, xolo
ara uwyoda adgili da didad mwuxare iyo. xolo gangebiTa
RmrTisaATa eseviTariTa saswauliTa povna sawamebelad da pativad wmidaTa nawilTa maTTa Rirsebisa, rameTu xeni dafnisani aRmosrul iyvnes saflavsa maTsa zeda, xolo Zirni xisani
que STasrul iyvnes da garemoAs wmidaTa maT nawilTa moxueul iyvnes da esreT viTarca cxovelTa ze etYrTnes patiosanni igi nawilni maTni, da surnelebaA friadi iynoseboda. da
xolo Cven kvlav Tavdapirvel sityvas davubrundeT.
rodesac daasvena wminda mamis eqvTimes nawilebi, sibrZnis
am keTilma msaxurma RmrTivmSvenieri ram ganizraxa, Sesaferisi Tavisi sibrZnisa: yovelive sikeTis mizezi da RmrTis wyalobaTa dasabami, ukvdavebis wyarosTvali da Ziri
_ wminda mama iovane, Cveni wminda mamis eqvTimes mama, Tavisi Zis samartvilos (sanawilis) gareSe ar daetovebina (Tavdapirvelad igi dasvenebuli iyo wminda mTavarangelozTa eklesiaSi); aseve _ sxva wminda berebic _ netari arseni,
ninowmindeli episkoposi, da RvTiuri beri iovane grZelis-Ze, romelnic monastris gareT, erT-erT sadayudebuloSi (soxasterSi)1 wminda svimeon moxucebulis (RmrTismimqmelis) eklesiaSi iyvnen dasvenebulni. Tavdapirvelad
aq daasvenes, radgan sicocxleSi iqve cxovrobdnen dayudebiT. isini wminda mama eqvTimesTan erTad moRvaweobdnen
wminda werilTa Targmnis saqmeSi, da mis saTnoebaTa mimbaZvelebi da moswrafeni iyvnen. mravali saeklesio wigni
siberis Jams Tavisi xeliT gadaweres.
pirvelad gadmoasvena (giorgim) wminda mamis iovanes
neSti, da, rogorc vTqviT, Tavisi Zis nawilebTan dakrZala. Semdeg Seudga sxva zemoxsenebul wminda mamaTa nawilebis Ziebas, radgan maTi adgilsamyofeli ar icoda, da
amis gamo didad wuxda. RmrTis gangebiT, saswaulebrivad
ipova es nawilebi, wminda berTa Rirsebis dasamowmeblad
da pativsacemad: maT saflavebze amosuli iyo dafnis xeebi, romelTa fesvebi qvemoT Rrmad Cazrdiliyvnen da wminda nawilebs gars Semohxveodnen. ase, rogorc cocxal arsebebs, xelT epyraT pativiT Semosili neSti wminda
1 soxasteri (berZ. `isixasterion~ _ sadayudebulo, gandegil
berTa samyofeli, romelnic mdumarebis Rvawls ewevian
500
501
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
esenica aRmoiyvanna da dausuenna queSe kerZo nawilTa wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa efTYmesTa da dahkrZala samartYloA igi
ganuRebelad vidre dRendelad dRedmde. da Seamko igi yovliTa samkauliTa, xatiTa da juariTa, qorakandliTa, sasanTliTa da ezoATa da sxYTa yovliTave brwyinvalebiTa, viTarca
Suenoda wmidaTa maT.
da ganawesa, raATa mouklebelad sami kandeli enTebodis
da yovelive wesi Seucvalebelad aResrulebodis madliTa
wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa efTYmesiTa da meoxebiTa wmidisa
RmrTis-mSobelisaATa, amen.
da viTarca didi ese da maRali saqme esreT RmrTiv-brwyinvaled da RmrTiv-Suenierad srul yo, kualad iwyo moRuawebad eklesiisaTYs, rameTu zeda tyYvi ara iyo da wyali STadioda, viTarca wameben xatni, romelni aKocil arian. rameTu
Cueni SuenierebaA ese eklesiaA ars da ese esreT uSuer iqmneboda. xolo aman netarman keTili Rone moipova, rameTu warvida winaSe RmrTis-msaxurisa mefisa kostanti monamaxisa qalaqad sameufod. da viTarca Sevida winaSe missa, jeroani mokiTxvaA miageba bersa mefeman, rameTu didi sarwmunoebaA aqunda missa mimarT, da esvida wmidaTa locvaTa misTa da hrqua
mas, viTarmed: “raAsaTYs moSura siwmide Seni, kaco RmrTisao, Cuenisa momarT Kelmwifebisa?”.
hrqua mas berman: “gixaroden qristes mier, N brwyinvaleo TYTmpyrobelTa Soris, gibrZanebs Cem mier glaxakisa yolad wmidaA igi sasoA da Sesavedrebeli RmrTismsaxurebisa
SenisaA, wmidaA RmrTis-mSobeli, raATa maradis sadidebeli taZari misi ara ganiryunas wyalTagan, romeli Camodis zeda uburaobiTa monastersa Cuensa. aw brZanen mefobaman Senman mo-
berebisa. irgvliv didebuli surneleba idga. es wminda nawilebic amoasvena giorgim da Cveni wminda mamis eqvTimes
nawilTa qvemoT daasvena. amis Semdeg Caketa samartvilo
(samarxi) maTi gauReblad, da dRemde asea daculi. Seamko
igi yovelgvari samkaulebiT, xatebiTa da jvriT, WaRiT,
sasanTliT, ezoTi (?), da sxva yovelive brwyinvalebiT, rogorc am wmindanebs Sehferoda.
daawesa, ganuwyvetliv anTebuliyo maT winaSe sami kandeli, da es wesi ar moSliliyo arasodes Cveni wminda mamis eqvTimes madliT da wminda RmrTismSoblis meoxebiT,
amen.
rogorc ki es didebuli da amaRlebuli saqme ase
RmrTivbrwyinvaled da RmrTivSvenierad daasrula, kvlav
daiwyo eklesiisaTvis zrunva. saxuravs tyvia ar hqonda
dafenili da wyali Cadioda (wylis Jonvas mowmoben waSlili freskebi). monastris mSveniereba _ es eklesiaa, da
saxuravis dazianebis gamo uSnovdeboda. netarma giorgim
jerovnad izruna amisTvis, da samefo qalaqSi (konstantinepolSi) wavida keTilmsaxur mefe konstanti monomaxTan.
rogorc ki Sevida mis winaSe, mefem Rirseulad moikiTxa
beri, radgan mis mimarT didi rwmena hqonda, da misi locvebis mimarT _ sasoeba. Semdeg hkiTxa: `risTvis gaisarje,
RmrTis kaco, da moxvedi sameufo qalaqSi?~
berma uTxra: gaixare qristes mier, TviTmpyrobelTa
Soris ubrwyinvaleso. Cemi, glaxakis, piriT gibrZanebs Seni RmrTismsaxurebis imedi da Sesavedrebeli, yovladwminda RmrTismSobeli, raTa misi sadidebeli taZari ar daziandes da ar SeibRalos wylisagan, romelic jerovani
saxuravis uqonlobis gamo Camodis Cvens monasterSi. amitomac brZanos Senma mefobam tyviis mocema CvenTvis, rom-
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
cemad tyYvi, romlisa mier daiburos wmidaA eklesiaA, raATa
mas Sina elocvebodis wmidasa mefobasa Sensa”.
xolo man sixaruliT aRasrula TxovaA igi berisaA. navTagan sameufoTa ubrZana mocemaA tyYvisaA, romeli-igi moiRo
da dabura wmidaA eklesiaA, viTarca yovelni xedavT, Tu rabam
Suenier ars da brwyinvale.
da amas zeda SesZina da garegani StoA aRaSena da esreT
yovliTurT srul yo wmidaA ese eklesiaA.
da Semdgomad amisa iRuawa SewevniTa saRmrToATa da aRixuna oqro-beWedni mtkiceni RmrTis-msaxurTa mefeTagan damamtkicebelni oqro-beWedTa CuenTani. da merme SesZinna
zRvarni aramciredni prastinTa monastrisa CuenisaTa da umeimn
isaA
tes yovlisa zRvari misol
misolimn
imnisaA
isaA, sada-igi yoveli xuastagi eklesiisaA uxuebiT gamoizrdebis, da kualad rameTu dimosisagan didsa Wirsa Sina iyvnes prastinni Cuenni, esreT mosca
ufalman Jami marjue.
liTac unda gadaixuros wminda eklesia, raTa masSi Seni
wminda mefobis locva SesaZlebeli iyos.
mefem sixaruliT aasrula beris Txovna, da samefo saxsrebidan brZana tyviis gacema. giorgim miiRo es saWiro
masala, da gadaafara wminda eklesias, da Tu rogor damSvenda da gabrwyinda igi, Tqven yovelni xedavT.
amas isic daumata, rom Senobas gareTa Stoc (garSemosavleli) miaSena, da amgvarad, mTlianad srulyo es wminda eklesia.
amis Semdeg RmrTis SewevniT iRvawa da RmrTismsaxur
mefeTagan gamoiTxova damamtkicebel beWdebiT dabeWdva
Cveni monastris Zveli dokumentebisa1.sakmaod gaafarTova Cveni monastris mamulebis sazRvrebi, da gansakuTrebiT _ misolimnisa, sadac eklesiis kuTvnili saqoneli uxvad ikvebeboda. dimosisagan2 Cveni mamulebi did Seviwroebas ganicdidnen, amjerad ki ufalma marjve Jami misca
giorgis.
XII. mas Jamsa odes RmrTis-msaxuri bagrat afxazTa mefe
da dedaA misi, mariam dedofali, sameufod qalaqad movides,
aRvida wmidaAca ese mamaA Cueni winaSe RmrTis-msaxurTa maT
mefeTa. da ixiles raA mefeman da dedofalman da yovelTa mTavarTa da warCinebulTa maTTa, ganixares sixaruliTa didiTa,
rameTu asmioda saRmrToA igi moqalaqobaA misi. da miiRes wmidaA locvaA da madli misi da sulieri dargebeli friad moisTules da hmadlobdes RmerTsa. da esreT yovelive saqme monastrisaA, raAca unda, yoveli keTilad iurva. da dimosisa saqme maSin gardaswyda, raATa medimoseni prastinTa CuenTa ver
Semovidodin, aramed raATa gares-gare sekritonsave Sina miecemodis roqisa Cuenisagan litraA erTi dimosad, viTarca
12. im dros, rodesac RmrTismsaxuri afxazTa mefe bagrati da dedamisi, mariam dedofali sameufo qalaqSi (konstantinepolSi) movidnen, wminda mama Cveni giorgic
RmrTismsaxur mefeebTan avida. rodesac igi ixiles mefem
da dedofalma da maTma mTavrebma da warCinebulebma, didi sixaruliT gaixares, radgan bevri ram smenodaT misi
moRvaweobis Sesaxeb. miiRes misi locva-kurTxeva da madli, da sulieri sargebloba, da RmerTs hmadlobdnen. maSin giorgim warmatebiT moagvara yoveli saqme monastrisa. dimosis saqmec maSin gadawyvites, raTa gadasaxadis
1 e. i. monastris sakuTreba axali samarTlebrivi aqtebiT daamtkica da daamowma.
2 dimosi (berZ.) – gadasaxadi, begara.
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isa
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rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
TYT ganawesa RmrTis-msaxurman mefeman kostanti monamaxman
da amas zeda oqrobeWedi Seuqmna mtkice da uqceveli.
amisa Semdgomad daemowafa mariam dedofali, dedaA bagrat mefisaA, da ikurTxa mis mier sqemiTa, da gamoiTxova monamaxisagan litraA erTi roqad wmidisa amis monastrisaTYs
da Semowira ese saukunod saKsenebelad sulisa TYsisaTYs
wmidasa amas eklesiasa. da egreTve arseni mowafe iyo misi da
litraA erTi man Semowira wmidasa amas eklesiasa Tavisa pativTagan, daRacaTu sxuani uricxuni keTilni moixuna aman keTilad Ksenebulman arseni farsman yofilman. garna ese litraA :a: ganzraxviTa wmidisa amis mamisaATa Semowira da oqrobeWedsa Sina daaweria. ese sami litraA ganZi da sxuani zemoKsenebulni saqmeni amis netarisa mamisa Cuenisa moRuawebiTa
wmidasa amas lavrasa SeeZinnes da vidre ukunisamde mtkiced
da ucvalebelad SeeZinebis.
xolo romeli-igi ara Rirs ars dumilisa, aramed Rirs Ksenebisa da Sueniereba aRwerisa da mimwTomel madlsa mas samociqulosa da mauwyebel mrCoblsa Zalsa sakYrvelebaTasa, romeli aqunda kacsa mas RmrTisa Seyuarebulsa, romlisa mier
pirveli igi xatad RmrTisa dabadebulebaA TYsi gamoaCina, vinaATgan uwyiT ese yovelTa, romel mowyalebaA bunebiT ars
kacsa Tana. xolo vinaATgan mcnebisa gardaslviTa bunebiTi
igi Sjuli da xatebaA RmrTisaA orkerZo ganiyo, ara xolo
Tu mowyalebaA, aramed yovelnive saTnoebani romelnime sruliad keTilisagan borotad Secvalnes da romelnime mciresa
amkrefni Cvens samonastro mamulebSi veRar Semosuliyvnen,
aramed raTa gareT, sekretonsave1 miscemodaT Cveni roqisagan erTi litra2 gadasaxadad. ase ganawesa TviT RmrTismsaxurma mefe konstanti monomaxma, da mtkice da Seucvleli sabuTi Seqmna, xelmoweriTa da beWdiT.
amis Semdeg wminda mama giorgis daemowafa mariam dedofali, bagrat mefis deda, da mis mier sqemiT ikurTxa (e.
i. aRikveca monazvnad). Semdeg monomaxisagan gamoiTxova
erTi litra roqad am wminda monastrisaTvis, da Seswira
mis eklesias, Tavisi sulis saukunod mosaxseneblad. hyavda erTi mowafe, arseni; manac Semoswira am wminda eklesias erTi litra. sxva uricxvi sikeTe uqmnia monastrisaTvis am keTiladxsenebul arsenis, spars-yofils, magram es
erTi litra Cvens wminda mamasTan SeTanxmebiT Semoswira
da beWdiT daumtkica. amrigad, sami litra ganZi da sxva
zemoxsenebuli saqmeebi netari mamis (giorgis) RvawliT
SeeZina lavras, da samaradisod SeeZineba, mtkiced da Seucvlelad.
aris erTi saqme, romelic dumilis Rirsi araa, aramed
xsenebisa da mSvenierebiT aRwerisa, radgan gvauwyebs sakvirvelebis ormag Zalasa da samociqulo madls, romelic
RmrTis mier Seyvarebul am kacs hqonda. am saqmiT man gamoaCina, rom RmrTis xatad (RmrTis msgavsad) iyo dabadebuli; radgan, rogorc yvelam viciT, mowyaleba bunebiTi Tvisebaa kacisa, xolo mas Semdeg, rac mcnebis darRvevis Sedaegad bunebiTi Sjuli da RmrTis xateba (msgavseba) erTmaneTisagan gaiTiSa, amis Semdeg ara marto mowyaleba,
aramed yvela sxva saTnoebac an keTilisagan borotad Se1 samdivno
2 fulis erTeuli
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isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
rasme nawilsa zeda daadgres. xolo RmrTisa msgavsi mowyalebaA ese ars, raATa kaci ziarTa bunebiTa TYsisaTa swyalobdes, aramed raATa pirutyuTaca zeda miswuTes mowyalebiTa,
viTarca-ese wmidaA da sakYrveli mamaA Cueni, romeli-igi man
mis Soris RmrTiv-brwyinvaled gamoaCina.
rameTu Jamsa mas, odes-igi RmrTis-msaxuri bagrat mefe
sameufosa qalaqsa iyo, esma mas saqme sakYrveli da yolad aradasajerebeli, viTarmed: ars naTesavi samaritelTaAo tomisagan sYmon mogYsaA, romelTa awinkian ewodebis, ganTqumulni
grZnebaTa Sina da ukeTurebaTa. xolo filopatsa mefisasa
mKecni SeCueul iyvnes da Wamdes nadirTa maT, romelni arian
mun Sina sanadirod mefisa. cna ese mefeman monamaxman da ubrZana moyvanebaA awinkianTaA maT, raATa KelovnebiTa grZnebisa
TYsisaATa moswyYdnen mKecni igi nadirTa maT momsrvelni. xolo maT brZanebaA mefisaA saqmiT aRasrules da mravali mKeci
moswyYdes. cna ese mefeman bagrat, viTarca zemo vTquT, da
mouwoda awinkianTa maT da hrqua: “viTariTa saxiTa moswyYdeniT mKecni igi, mauwyeT”. xolo maT hrques: “N mefeo, eseviTarsa Kelovnebasa miwdomil varT, vidreRa Korcsa SevhgrZnibavT da davsdebT adgilsa mas, sada mKecni igi movidodian. da Cuen xeTa zeda avKdebiT da mKecebriTa KmiTa uKmobT. da igini Kmasa Cuensa Semokrbebian, Korcsa mas Wamen da
mokudebian meyseulad. xolo didsa SabaTsa Sobili mKeci ara
gYsmens da arca Wams, aramed guetyYs: Tu kargi ars, Tquen
CamoediT da WameTo; da mSYdobiT warvals”.
xolo mefeman hrqua: “vidre TualiTa ara vixilo, ara mrwams”. da evedrnes mefesa, raATa ubrZanos moyvanebad mKeci
icvala, an maTgan mciredi raRac nawili darCa. xolo RmrTis msgavsi mowyaleba isaa, rom kaci swyalobdes (e. i. sikeTes ukeTebdes) ara marto bunebiT TanaziarT (e. i. sxva
adamianebs), aramed pirutyvTac ki. aseTi mowyaleba gamoiCina RmrTivbrwyinvaled Cvenma wminda da sakvirvelma mamam (giorgim):
im dros, rodesac RmrTismsaxuri bagrat mefe samefo
qalaqSi (konstantinepolSi) iyo, maT Seityves erTi sakvirveli da daujerebeli ambavi: yofila Turme erTi modgma, samaritelebisa, svimon mogvis STamomavalni, romelTac awinkiani ewodeba. isini ganTqmuli yofilan grZneulebiTa da eSmakeulobiT (jadoqrobiT). mefis filopats
(sanadiro tyeebs) SesCvevian raRac mxecebi, romlebic Wamdnen maTSi myof nadirs, romelic mefis sanadirod iyo gankuTvnili. es rom Seityo mefe monomaxma, brZana, moexmoT
awinkianTaTvis, raTa maT Tavisi jadoqruli xelovnebiT
amoewyvitaT nadirTa mmusvreli mxecebi. mefis brZaneba maT
saqmiT aRasrules da mravali mxeci amoxoces. es rom gaigo bagrat mefem, mouxmo awinkianT da uTxra: `mauwyeT, ranairad amoswyviteT is mxecebio~. maT uTxres: `Cven ise gaviwafeT grZneulebis xelovnebaSi, rom mxecTa SesaWmelad
leSs movajadoebT, da davdebT xolme im adgilas, sadac
is mxecebi modian. Cven xeebze avalT da nadiris xmiT movuxmobT. Cvens xmaze isini Seikribebian, SeWamen mojadoebul xorcs da imave wams ixocebian. xolo Tu mxeci did SabaTs aris gaCenili, Cvens moxmobas ar usmens, da arc Cvens
mier dadebul leSs Wams, aramed gveubneba: ‘Tu kargia, Tqven
CamodiT xeebidan da WameTo~. ase rom, isini uvnebeli rCebian.
mefem uTxra: `sakuTari TvaliT Tu ar vnaxe, ver virwmunebo~. grZneulebma mefes sTxoves, ebrZanebina erTi ro-
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rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
erTi, raATa TualiTa uCuenon. xolo vinaATgan sxuaA mKeci
vervinaA ipova, brZana moyvanebaA ZaRlisaA, romlisaA uwyodes,
viTarmed sxuasa Jamsa Sobil iyo da ara zemoKsenebulsa mas
dResa, da miugdes Korci igi SegrZnebuli.
xolo mas Jamsa wmidaA ese beri mun iyo winaSe mefisa da
aRiZra wyalobiTa bunebiTiTa, viTarca zemo vityodeT, xatebisaTYs da msgavsebisa RmrTisa. da merme ara xolo Tu Seewyala, aramed SuriTaca saRmrToATa aRivso, raATa araqristeaneTa Soris eseviTari raAme saqme ixilvebodis da umetesad mefeTa da sada-igi TYT netari daxudes. maSin meyseulad reca gamosaxa saswauli patiosnisa juarisaA Korcsa mas
zeda migdebulsa.
da viTarca aRiRo pirutyuman man, meyseulad Tques ganyvanebaA misi, raATa ara daeces da mokudes. da viTarca ganiyvanes, yoladve araraA evno. uRono iqmnes grZneulni igi da
gulisKma-yves, viTarmed wmidisa mis mier uqm iqmnes grZnebani maTni, da evedrnes mefesa, raATa Sinagansa saxlsa Seavlinos beri da brZanos moyvanebaA sxYsa ZaRlisaA. da viTarca
warvida wmidaA igi, meyseulad moiyvanes sxuaA ZaRli. da viTarca miugdes Korci SegrZnebuli, mswrafl xolo daeca da
mokuda. da gulisKma-yves yovelTa, viTarmed wmidisa mis mier iyo pirveli igi saswauli.
xolo bagrat mefeman viTarca ixila ese yovelTa Tana mTavarTa TYsTa, aRivso sixaruliTa. da miuTxres saswauli ese
RmrTis-msaxursa mefesa kostantis monamaxsa, da didad ganixara da hmadlobda [RmerTsa]. xolo bagrat mefe ityYn yoladve, viTarmed: “ukueTu meaxlos wmidaA ese, ara meSinis arca
grZnebaTagan da arca wamalTa sasikudineTa”.
melime mxecis moyvana, raTa Tavisi jadoqrobis Zala eCvenebinaT. radgan sxva veranairi mxeci ver ipoves, mefem brZana
iseTi ZaRlis moyvana, romelzedac zustad icodnen, rom
sxva dRes iyo gaCenili da ara zemoxsenebul dRes (did SabaTs), da miugdes mas mojadoebuli xorci.
imJamad es wminda beri (giorgi) mefesTan iyo, da bunebrivi sibraluli aReZra pirutyvisadmi, radganac masSi, rogorc zemoT vTqviT, RmrTis xateba da msgavseba iyo.
Tanac, marto sibralulis gamo ki ara, aramed imisTvisac,
rom araqristianTa Soris aseTi saqme ar sruldebodes, _
da miT ufro, mefeTa winaSe, da iq, sadac TviT es netari
mama imyofeboda, saRmrTo moSurneobiT aRivso, da jvari
gadasaxa ZaRlisaTvis migdebul xorcs.
rodesac pirutyvma xorci SeWama, maSinve gareT gaiyvanes, raTa maT winaSe ar dacemuliyo da momkvdariyo; magram ZaRls sruliad araferi evno. grZneulTa xelovneba
uqmi aRmoCnda, da isini mixvdnen, rom wminda mamis madliT
SeemTxvaT es. amitomac sTxoves mefes, Sida oTaxebSi SeeyvanaT beri, da sxva ZaRlis moyvana ebrZanebina.
rodesac wavida wminda mama, moiyvanes sxva ZaRli, da
miugdes mojadoebuli xorci. SeWama Tu ara xorci, ZaRli
imave wams daeca da mokvda. yvela mixvda, rom pirveli ZaRlis gadarCena am wmindis mier aRsrulebuli saswauliT
moxda.
rodesac bagrat mefem da misma mTavrebma es saswauli
ixiles, sixaruliT aRivsnen, da mouTxres igi RmrTismsaxur mefe konstanti monomaxs. manac didad gaixara da
RmerTs madlobas swiravda. bagrat mefe ki ambobda: CemTan rom iyos es wminda mama, arc grZneuleba SemaSinebs
da arc momakvdinebeli sawamlavio.
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XIII. amisa Semdgomad viTarca ixila RmrTis-msaxurman aman
mefeman bagrat eseviTari ese moqalaqobaA misi da usxeuloTa
msgavsi cxorebaA da zemowerilisaca amisca saswaulisa xilviTa, yovliTurT iwyla suli misi siyuaruliTa misiTa da Ronesa eZiebda, raATamca TYssa mamulsa wariyvana. xolo ars mamulsa missa warCinebuli samRdelTmoZRuroA saydarTa Soid
isaA
ris sameufoAsa misisaTa saydari Wyond
Wyondid
idisaA
isaA, sada-igi mravalTa wmidaTa martYlni dausuenebian, da TYsi saflavi mun
ganemzada, raATa, raJams aResrulos, mun daemarxos. amis saydrisa mRdelT-moZRuari mas oden Jamsa aRsrulebul iyo. aman
RmrTis-msaxurman mefeman bagrat didad aiZula netarsa mamasa giorgis, raATa miiTualos gangebaA misi da iqmnas episkopos. xolo man yoladve ara Tavs-idva, rameTu yovliTa moswrafebiTa evltoda didebasa kacTasa da SfoTsa soflisasa
da simdablesa Seitkbobda. da esreT dayo sameufosa mas qalaqsa ravdenime Jami da yovelni saqmeni monastrisa TYsisani
ganhmarTna, da nebiTa RmrTisaATa kualad TYsadve lavrad moiqca, da didiTa sixaruliTa da siyuaruliTa Seiwynares ZmaTa. da ganagebda da ipyrobda monastersa amas Jam ravdenme.
xolo jer-ars Ksenebad didisa mis da samociquloAsa KelmwifebisaA, romeli wmidaman aman aCuena, romel ars SemusrvaA
kerpTaA da msaxurebisa maTisa uCino yofaA, romeli-ese netarman aman JamTa CuenTa maRlad da RmrTiv-brwyinvaled aRasrula.
isa prastinTa Sina sofeli erTi, rorameTu ars mTawmid
mTawmidisa
iaA ewodebis, adgili raAme moqceuli, yuri yomelsa livizd
ivizdiaA
lad udabnoA, mTani uRnar-maRnarni da, vhgoneb, Tu aravin wmidaTagani mimwuTar ars mun. xolo kacni mkYdr arian borRalni, romelTa sklav ewodebis, yovliTurT ugunurni da pirutyuT saxeni, warmdebni da arawmidaTa quewarmavalTa mWamelni.
amas prastinsa Sina, viTarca vTquT, kerpi erTi daSTomil
iyo pirveliTgan da vidre aqamomde marmariloAsaA, saxiTa de-
13. amis Semdeg, rodesac RmrTismsaxurma mefe bagratma ixila giorgis aseTi wminda moRvaweoba da angelozebrivi cxovreba, da zemoaRniSnuli saswaulic, misi suli
misdami siyvaruliT ganimsWvala da eZebda xerxs, raTa Tavis qveyanaSi waeyvana. mis mamulSi samRvdelTmoZRvro kaTedrebs Soris warCinebuli iyo kaTedra Wyondidisa, sadac mraval wmidanTa nawilebi hqonda dasvenebuli, da Tavisi saflavic iq gaemzadebina, raTa, rodesac gardaicvleboda, iq daemarxaT. am saydris mRvdelTmoZRvari swored
imJamad gardacvliliyo. RmrTismsaxuri bagrat mefe didxans aiZulebda netar mama giorgis, raTa am kaTedris marTva-gamgeoba Caebarebina da episkoposi gamxdariyo. magram
man ar ikisra es movaleoba, radgan yovelgvari mcdelobiT gaurboda kacobriv didebasa da amqveyniur SfoTs, da
Tavmdablobas eswrafoda. samefo qalaqSi man ramdenime xani dayo da Tavisi monastris yovelgvari saqmeebi moagvara, da RmrTis nebiT lavraSive dabrunda. monastris saZmo didi sixaruliTa da siyvaruliT Seegeba da amis Semdeg ganagebda monasters ramdenime xans.
unda movixsenioT didi da mociqulebrivi Zalaufleba,
romelic am wminda da netarma mamam moipova, saxeldobr kerpTa damsxvreva da maTi msaxurebis mospoba, romelic man Cvens
droSi amaRlebulad da RmrTivbrwyinvaled aRasrula.
mTawmidis mamulTa Soris aris erTi sofeli, romelsac livizdia ewodeba; miyruebuli da dausaxlebeli, tyiani da utyeo mTebiT, da, mgonia, iqamde arc erT wmindans
ar miuRwevia. misi mkvidrni bulgarelni arian, romelTac sklavs uwodeben, savsebiT ugunurni da pirutyvTa
msgavsni, binZurni, uwmindur qvewarmavalTa mWamelni.
am mamulSi, rogorc vTqviT, erTi marmarilos kerpi iyo
SemorCenili ZvelTagan. dedakacis saxe hqonda. iqauri ugu-
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isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
dakacisaATa. amas, viTarca vTqu, kacni igi ugunurni wuT-Ra
hmsaxurebdes da ityodes, viTarmed: mze da wYmaA da yoveli
keTili misgan moguecemiso, rameTu KelmwifebaA aqus sikudild da cxorebad, visica eneboso.
eseviTarsa raA ukeTurebasa Sina warmatebulad ixilna
kacni igi msaxurni misni, elmoda da eZYneboda sulsa missa
wyalobisaTYs maTisa.
da aRvidoda raA igi odesme kualadca qalaqad sameufod
da mivida mgzavr prastinsa mas zemoKsenebulsa, movides SecTomilni igi kacni da etyodes wmidasa mas: “ukueTu gnebavs,
raATa ganmarjuebuli Semoiqce yovliTa sauraviTa SeniTa,
evedre RmerTsa Cuensa, raATa Segewios winaSe mefisa”.
xolo wmidaman hrqua maT: “keTil, keTil, gualeT da miCueneT, da madlier var Tquenda eseviTarisa amis keTilisa
TxrobisaTYs”. da wariyvanes beri kacTa maT yruAsa mis mimarT
da usuloAsa RmrTisa maTisa. da viTarca ixila igi, hrqua maT:
“iyos Jamisad, xvale TYsagan movide da vezraxo mas”.
da xvalisagan viTarca ganTena, moRebad-sca uroA mWedlisagan da warvida TYT beri ikonomosiTurT orTa Tana sxuaTa kacTa. da viTarca mieaxla, gamoisaxa saswauli patiosnisa
juarisaA Sublsa TYssa da iwyo Tqumad saxarebasa iovanes Tavisasa: “pirveliTgan iyo sityuaA” da Semdgomi.
xolo kacni igi etyodes, viTarmed: “aha esera mogklavs”.
xolo berman ganicinna, da viTarca axovani SeWurvili juariTa qristesiTa miuKda meyseulad kerpsa mas, aRiRo uroA
igi da uxeTqna da esreT wuril-wurilad damusra, romlisa
namusrevi saxilvelad wuT ixilvebis da saRmrTosa mas Sursa kacisa mis RmrTisasa wamebs.
nuri kacni (bulgarelni) jer kidev Tayvans scemdnen mas da
ambobdnen: mze, wvima da yovelive sikeTe misgan gveZleva; iseTi Zliereba aqvs, visac unda, moklavs an acocxlebso.
roca giorgim am ukeTurebaSi gawafuli kerpTmsaxurni ixila, misi suli maTi Sewevnisa da daxmarebisaTvis
aRigzno.
erTxel, rodesac samefo qalaqSi midioda (konstantinepolSi), da gzad zemoxsenebul mamulze gaiara, is Secdomili xalxi Semoxvda wmida mamas da uTxra: “Tu gnebavs,
rom xeli mogemarTos yvela Sens sazrunavSi, da ukan kmayofili dabrunde, Cvens RmerTs Seevedre, raTa mefis winaSe Segewioso~.
wminda mamam uTxra maT: “keTili; mibrZandiT da maCveneT, da madlobeli dagrCebiT Tqveni aseTi keTili cnobisaTvis~. waiyvanes beri im kacebma TavianT yru da usulo
RmerTTan. rodesac ixila igi, Tqva mama giorgim: “sxva droisaTvis iyos; xval marto moval aq da davelaparakebi~.
meore dRes, rodesac gaTenda, berma erT mWedels uro
gamoarTva, da ikonomosTan da or sxva kacTan erTad kerpisaken gaemarTa. roca miuaxlovda, jvari gadaiwera Sublze da daiwyo warmoTqma iovanes Tavis saxarebisa: “pirveliTgan iyo sityva...~ da ase Semdeg.
adgilobrivi xalxi eubneboda: “gafrTxildi, Torem
mogklavs Cveni RmerTi~.
berma gaicina, da, rogorc mxne mebrZoli, qristes
jvriT aRWurvili, mieWra myisve im kerps, aiRo uro, dascxo mas da wvril-wvril nawilebad daamsxvria. im Zeglis
namusrevi dResac Cans, da saRmrTo kacis, mama giorgis gulmodginebas mowmobs.
514
515
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
XIV. xolo rameTu winawarmetyuelebisaca madli aqunda
wmidasa amas, romeli-ese dResamomde viTarca naTeli mzisaA
brwyinavs da RmrTiv-Suenierad aRsrulebulad ixilvebis.
rameTu Jamsa mas, odes-igi Teodora dedofalsa epyra berZenTa mefobaA, iTxoa bagrat afxazTa mefisagan, raATa mosces
asuli misi marTa da Svilad TYsad aRzardos. xolo mefeman
bagrat sixaruliTa didiTa warmogzavna Svili TYsi marTa
kacTa Tana sakuTarTa TYsTa.
xolo maT dReTa Sina gangebiTa saRmrToATa Teodora dedofali aResrula. da masve Jamsa mariam dedofali, dedaA bagrat mefisaA, mun iyo da wmidaAca ese mamaA Cueni munve iyo
mizeziTa romelTame saqmeTaATa. xolo, viTarca vTquT, miraA-icvala Teodora dedofali, meyseulad marTa asuli bagratisi sameufod Semoiyvanes. da viTarca ixila wmidaman aman
marTa, sasmenelad yovelTa winawarmetyuela da Tqua, viTarmed: “uwyodeT yovelTa, viTarmed dRes dedofali ganvida
da dedofali Semovida”.
xolo maSin dayo mciredi Jami da kualad zeve wariyvanes
marTa. xolo odes moiwia Jami, kualad mosTxoa dukiwman da
sZlad TYsad sameufosa amas qalaqsa Semoiyvana.
maSin romelTa asmioda winawarmetyuelebaA berisaA, ixiles raA aRsrulebulad, yovelTa daukYrda da hmadlobdes
RmerTsa, romeli winaAswar yovelsave gamoucxadebs nebismyofelTa TYsTa.
da egreTve mariam dedofalman hrqua wmidasa mas, iyo raA
igi aRmosavleTs, viTarmed: “mamao, aResrula winawarmetyuelebaA Seni, romeli-igi odesme swinaAswarmetyuele marTaAsTYs.”
14. winaswarmetyvelebis madlic hqonda wmida mamas; es
madli mzis naTeliviT brwyinavs dRemde da saRmrTo mSvenierebiT aRsrulebulad Cans.
im dros, rodesac Teodora dedofals epyra berZenTa
mefoba, man afxazTa mefe bagratisagan iTxova, mieSvilebina misTvis Tavisi asuli marTa, raTa Tavad aRezarda igi
samefo karze. bagrat mefem didi sixaruliT gaugzavna marTa Tavis axlobel-naTesavebTan erTad.
imxanad, RmrTis gangebiT, Teodora dedofali gardaicvala. mariam dedofali, bagrat mefis deda, da wmida mama
giorgi raRac saqmeebisTvis konstantinepolSi imyofebodnen. bagratis asuli marTa samefo qalaqSi swored im dros
Semoiyvanes, rodesac Teodora dedofali gardaicvala.
rodesac ixila wmida mamam marTa, yvelas gasagonad iwinaswarmetyvela da Tqva: “yvelam icodeT, rom dRes dedofali gavida da dedofali Semovidao~.
imJamad marTa konstantinepolSi didxans ar gaCerebula, ukanve waiyvanes. magram roca amisi dro movida, mefe konstantine dukam bagrats kvlav mosTxova asuli marTa, da samefo qalaqSi igi Tavis rZlad Semoiyvana.
visac mosmenili hqonda mama giorgis winaswarmetyveleba marTas gadedoflebis Sesaxeb, da winaswarmetyvelebis aRsrulebac naxes, gaukvirdaT da madlobas swiravdnen
RmerTs, romelic misi (RmrTis) nebis SemsrulebelT yovelives winaswar ucxadebs.
mariam dedofalma uTxra kidec wmida mamas, rodesac
igi aRmosavleTSi (qarTlSi) Cavida: “mamao, aRsrulda Seni winaswarmetyveleba, rac odesRac marTas Sesaxeb gamoTqvi~.
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isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
XV. esreT raA iyo da eseviTariTa cxorebiTa brwyinvida
da esreT ganagebda misda rwmunebulTa maT samwysoTa, rameTu odesme sameufos arn winaSe RmrTis-msaxurTa mefeTa saWiroTaTYs da saTanadoTa saqmeTa da kualad odesme monasters arn da ganagebn samonastroTa saqmeTa da cxorebasa ZmaTasa hmarTebn da ganawesebn. maSin gulisKma-yo da ganizraxa
RmrTisamieriTa gangebiTa, viTarmed RmrTiv-moniWebuli igi
talanti ara aRorZndeboda, romel ars RmrTiv-sulierTa
wignTa TargmnaA. ijmna winamZRurobisagan da SendobaA iTxova ZmaTa yovelTagan. xolo igini daRacaTu Sewuxnes da
ferKTa misTa Seuvrdes, aramed ara Tavs-idva morCilobaA, viTarca zegardamo RmrTisa mier aRZrulman da gulsavse qmnilman. da esreT gamovida monastriT, romel vidre foladmdeca
ara auRia monastrisaA. da wignni, romelni eTargmnnes dekanozobasa Sina gina winamZRurobasa, yovelnive eklesiasa dautevna: sYnaqsari didi, saxarebaA gamokrebuli, pavle gamokrebuli, kurTxevani, studieli da sxuani raodennime wignni.
da esreT carieli gamovida monastriT, romel gare RmrTis-moyuareTa kacTa misces sagzali, rameTu orgzis iqmna
sivltolaA misi. xolo ukuanaAsknel ese iyo, rameTu mizezi
pirvelisa sivltolisaA ese iyo, vinaATgan ara eneba winamZRurobaA, aramed mosurne iyo Tavisa TYsisa Tana myudroebiT yofasa da evltoda SfoTTa da amboxebaTa. amisTYs farulad
yovelTagan sivltolaA iKumia da Savsa raA mTasa mivida,
didad ibrala giorgis mier, TYsisa moZRurisa, datevebisaTYs
pirmetyuelTa cxoarTa. da moaKsenebda sityuasa mas macxovrisasa, romelsa etyoda mociqulsa petres, viTarmed: “ukueTu giyuar me, damwysen cxoarni Cemni”.
15. aseTi cxovrebiT brwyinavda, ase ganagebda igi misdami rwmunebul (Cabarebul) samwysos. xan samefo qalaqSi
Cadioda RmrTismsaxur mefeebTan, raime saWiro da Sesaferis saqmeebze, xanac kvlav monasterSi adioda, ganagebda samonastro saqmeebs, da ZmaTa (monastris moweseTa) cxovrebas marTavda da ganawesebda.
maSin mixvda RmrTismieri gangebiT, rom RmrTisganve
moniWebuli misi talanti _ RmrTivsulier wignTa Targmna
_ win ar midioda. amis gamo gamoeTxova winamZRvrobas da
Sendoba iTxova mTeli saZmosagan. isini Zalian Sewuxdnen
da fexebSi Cauvardnen, _ ar mogvatovoo, magram maT nebas
ar dahyva, radganac zecidan iyo guldajerebuli da RmrTis mier iyo aRZruli.
ise gamovida monastridan, rom arc fuli, arc sxva raime nivTi wamouRia monastrisa. wignebic, romlebic eTargmna, rogorc dekanozobaSi, ise winamZRvrobaSi, yovelive eklesias dautova: didi svinaqsari, gamokrebuli saxareba, gamokrebuli pavle, kurTxevani, Teodore studielis swavlani da sxva ramdenime wigni.
ise carieli gamovida monastridan, rom sagzalic monastris gareT misces RmrTismoyvare adamianebma. orgzis
gamoiqca monastridan. mizezi pirveli gamoqcevisa is iyo,
rom ar undoda winamZRvroba, aramed surda ganmartoebiTi, myudroebiTi cxovreba, da SfoTsa da amboxebas gaurboda. amitomac yvelasagan farulad gaiqca da Sav mTaze
mivida.
giorgi dayudebulma, didma moZRvarma monastridan
gamoqceva ar mouwona da daadanaSaula sityvier cxvarTa
(samwysos) datovebis gamo. gaaxsena macxovris sityvebi,
romliTac igi petres mimarTavda: “Tu giyvarvar, damwyse
Cemi cxvrebio~ (in. 21:17).
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isa
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rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
amis mizezisaTYs brZanebiTa moZRurisa TYsisaATa kualadca mTawmidasve movida, da iZulebiTa yovelTa ZmaTaATa
kualad Kel-yo saqmesa winamZRurobisasa. da dayo Jam ravdenme
pirvel aRweriliTa amiT gangebiTa, da merme-Ra iqmna meore
igi warslvaA misi TargmanebisaTYs wmidaTa wignTaAsa. da esreT Sevida qalaqad sameufod da mefisagan TavisuflebaA miiRo, daRacaTu uZnda mefesa [. . . ]1, rameTu didad esvida, ara
winaaRudga, aramed Tana-SewevniTa mariam bagratis dedisaATa, rameTu igica mun iyo, viTarca pirvel vTquT, samisa kacisa puri sYmeonwmidas aRiRo da esreT wigniTa sameufoATa
Savsa mTasa miiwia. xolo maT sixaruliT Seiwynares da didi
siyuaruli wina-uyves da yovliTurT aRaSenes.
xolo amisa Semdgomad mariam dedofali, dedaA bagratis
ioq
iad movida, ramefisaA, qalaqiT sameufoAT qalaqad ant
antioq
ioqiad
meTu eguleboda warslvaA wmidad qalaqad ierusalemd locvad da Tayuanis-cemad wmidaTa maT da ganmacxovelebelTa adgilTa. da aqunda brZanebaA sameufoA Tavadsa Tana da patriaqsa antioqiisasa, raATa yovliTa didebiTa da pativiTa wargzavnon. xolo patriaqman da mTavarman ganizraxes da gaigones TanazraxviTa mamisa giorgisiTa, viTarmed: “ara keTil ars, aRinozeTs warvida,
mosavalisa mefeTa dedaA raATamca sasark
sasarkinozeTs
vinaATgan codvaTa CuenTagan igini ufleben queyanasa mas”.
da esreT piriTa TYsisa moZRurisa giorgisiTa moaKsenes dedofalsa da warslvisagan daaxrwies. xolo igi daRacaTu Sewuxda, aramed nebasa RmrTisasa ver winaaRudga. maSin evedra
wmidasa amas bersa, raATa Seiwyalos suli misi, viTarca Seuwyalebiaca, da iRuawos cxorebisaTYs misisa, vinaATgan TYT
ver Rirs iqmna Seslvad wmidaTa maT da Tayuanis-sacemelTa
amis gamo Tavisi moZRvris brZanebiT, kvlav mTawmidasve dabrunda mama giorgi. saZmom aiZula, kvlav darCeniliyo winamZRvrad, da ramdenime xani dayo am Tanamdebobaze.
amis Semdeg moxda misi meore wasvla, _ amjerad ukve
wmida wignTa Targmnis mizeziT. Sevida igi samefo qalaqSi da mefisagan iTxova Tanamdebobidan ganTavisufleba. mefes Zalze eZneleboda misi gaSveba, radganac misi didi imedi hqonda, magram aRar SeewinaaRmdega. im dros samefo qalaqSi mariam dedofali imyofeboda, bagrat mefis deda;
misi daxmarebiT samefo werili1 miiRo da am weriliT Sav
mTaze mivida. iq sixaruliT miiRes, siyvaruli uCvenes da
yovelive saWiro nivTi misces.
amis Semdeg mariam dedofali, bagrat mefis deda, samefo qalaqidan antioqiaSi movida, radganac ganzraxuli
hqonda iqidan wmida qalaq ierusalimSi wasvla, misi molocva, wmida da sicocxlis momniWebel adgilTa Tayvaniscema. dedofals mefisagan antioqiis ganmgeblisa da patriarqisadmi miwerili brZanebac hqonda xelT, raTa maT
mTeli pativiTa da didebiT gaestumrebinaT igi ierusalimisaken. antioqiis mTavarma da patriarqma moilaparakes, da mama giorgisTan SeTanxmebiT daaskvnes, rom sasurveli ar iyo, aRmosavleTis mefeTa deda arabTa samflobeloSi wasuliyo; Cveni codvebis gamo swored isini batonobdnen imJamad wmida qveyanaSi (ierusalimSi). es gadawyvetileba mTavarma da patriarqma dedofals misi moZRvris, giorgis piriT SeuTvales, da ierusalims wasvla
gadaafiqrebines. dedofali, marTalia, Sewuxda, magram
RmrTis nebas win veRar aRudga. maSin sTxova wmida bers
(giorgis), Seewyalebina misi suli, rogorc adre Seuwyalebia, da misi cxovnebisaTvis imiT ezruna, rom, radganac
1 erTi sityvis adgili gaSvebulia A-Si.
1 oficialuri dokumemnti
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isa
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rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
adgilTa. garna raATa safase igi, romeli sagzlad aRekazma,
wariRos igi ierusalemd da glaxakTa maT da davrdomilTa
ganuyos wmidisa qalaqisaTa da monasterTa maT wmidaTa, romelni Sen arian garemoAs misa.
xolo bersa daRacaTu SeuZnda saqme ese, vinaATgan wmidaTa wignTa Targmnisagan daexrweoda, aramed umetesad-Ra cxorebisaTYs sulisa misisa moswrafe iyo. da sityuaAca igi mociqulisaA eKsena, romelsa-igi miswers korinTelTa mimarT,
viTarmed: “aw esera aRval ierusalemd msaxurebad wmidaTa” da Semdgomi. romlisaTYsca aRiRo safase igi wasagebelad ganmzadebuli, da SewevniTa RmrTisaATa mowfisa Tana erTisa waremarTa da wmidad qalaqad mSYdobiT da uvnebelad
miiwia. da wmidani igi adgilni moilocna da wmidaTa mamaTa
locvaA miiRo da safase igi warcemuli yovelTa naklulevanTa da uRonoTa uxuebiT ganuyo. da netari mamaA proxore
maSin oden juarisa monastersa aSenebda. ese ixila da safasiTa friad Seewia. xolo Rirsi igi beri evedreboda, raATa
pirveli nayofi wmidaTa wignTa misTaA cxovels-myofelsa
juarsa mianiWos, romeli-igi daRacaTu maSin ver iqmna, xolo ukuanaAsknel Semdgomad proxores micvalebisa mowafeTa misTa nebaA misi aRasrules da saTueoni da marxvani wmidasa mas monastersa dasxnes.
TviTon ver eRirsa wmida da Tayvanissacemel adgilebSi
wasvlas, mis nacvlad Tavad giorgis waeRo misi Sesawiravebi ierusalimSi, da gaenawilebina wmida qalaqsa da mis
midamoebSi arsebul monastrebSi mcxovreb glaxakTa da
davrdomilTaTvis.
bers emZima es saqme, radganac wmida wignTa Targmnas
moscdeboda, magram dedoflis sulis cxovnebas ufro metad eswrafoda, da gaaxsenda pavle mociqulis is sityvebic, romlebsac igi korinTelT swers: “aw esera aRval ierusalemd msaxurebad wmidaTa~ 1. amitomac aiRo gasacemad
gamiznuli nivTieri faseulobani, da RmrTis SewevniT, erTi mowafis TanxlebiT gaemarTa wmida qalaqisaken. iq mSvidobiTa da uvneblad CaaRwia. moiloca wmida adgilebi da
wmida mamaTa locva-kurTxeva miiRo. waRebuli nivTebi da
fuli ki RaribTa da gaWirvebulT uxvad gaunawila.
netari mama proxore imJamad jvris monasters aSenebda. giorgi mas didad Seewia fuliT. xolo Rirsi beri (proxore) evedreboda, cxovelmyofeli jvris monastrisaTvis
gadaeca mis mier Targmnil wignTa pirveli nayofi (e. i. manamde Targmnili yvela wigni). imJamad es ver Sesrulda,
magram mogvianebiT, proxores gardacvalebis Semdeg, misma
mowafeebma misi neba aRasrules da jvris monasterSi giorgis Targmnili saTveo wigni da marxvani miitanes.
XVI. xolo Cuen pirvelsave sityuasa movideT. viTarca
srul yo yovelive nugeSinis-cemaA da moRuawebaA glaxakTaA
wmidaman mamaman giorgi, waremarTa kualad Savsa mTasa da
nebiTa RmrTisaATa mSYdobiT miiwia da RmrTis-msaxuri igi
dedofali ganamxiarula, romeli-igi Semdgomad mciredisa
16. Cven kvlav Tavdapirvel sityvas davubrundeT.
roca giorgim aRasrula glaxakTa Sewevna da dasaCuqreba, kvlav Savi mTisaken gaemarTa. RmrTis nebiT iqac mSvidobianad miaRwia da gaaxara RmrTismsaxuri dedofali
(mariami), romelic mcire xnis Semdeg Tavis samSobloSi
dabrunda, Tavis ZesTan, bagrat mefesTan.
1 rom. 15:25
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reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
mamulad TYsad sameufod Zisa TYsisa Tana bagrat mefisa warvida.
xolo wmidaman aman berman moicala yovelTa amaT SfoTTa da sauravTagan; da yovlisa zrunvisagan Tavisufalman iwyo
Targmanebad wmidaTa wignTa, viTarca suli wmidaA moscemda.
rameTu ese yovelTa uwyiT, viTarmed egeviTari Targmani
TYnier wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa efTYmessa sxuaA ara gamoCenila enasa Cuensa da, vhgoneb Tu, arca gamoCinebad ars.
da ufroAsni wignni RamiT uTargmnian da esreT Seusuenebelad Targmnin da kanonsa TYssa daubrkolebelad aRasrulebn. da raATurTiT ara scemda gansuenebasa Tavsa TYssa,
aramed dRe da Rame tkbilsa mas Taflsa wignTa saRmrToTasa
Sureboda, romelTa mier daatkbo enaA Cueni da wmidani eklesiani ganaSuenna, da werilTa TYsTa oqroTa ganamdidrna
uxuad da gardareulad, rameTu emsgavsa igi oqroAsa gamomRebelsa mas Keloansa, viTarca-igi qimiaTaTYs weril ars, romelni-igi mravalRoneobiTa sibrZnisaATa siRrmeTagan queyanisaTa oqrosa gamoiReben da brZmedisa mier da cecxlisa
brwyinvalebasa missa warmoaCenen. egreTve wmidisa amis mamisa Cuenisa gonebaA sityYerisa amis oqroAsa brZmed iqmna madnobel cecxliTa sulisa wmidisaATa, ganmaKurvebel da ganmarCevel oqrosa brpenisagan da TiKisa. rameTu romelnime wignni sruliad arayofilni da enisa Cuenisagan ucxoni siRrmeTagan umecrebisaTa naTlad gamoabrwyinvna, xolo sxuani odesme Targmnilni da wuT ver keTilad gamoRebulni gina Tu JamTa
sigrZiTa ucebTa da ugunurTa mKmarebelTagan dageslebulni,
viTarca vTquT, brZmedsa mas Sina wmidisa mis gonebisa TYsisasa gamoadnvna da gamoaKurvna. xolo kualad sxuani wignni
wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa efTYmis mier Targmnilni da wuT ucaloebisagan ver srulqmnulni, aramed sulmcired aRwerilni,
ganasrulna da ganavrcelna. kualad sxuani romelnime berZulsa Seawamna da yovlisa naklulevanebisagan ganasrulna da
wmida berma (giorgim), raki yovelive SfoTsa da sazrunavs morCa da ganTavisuflda, wminda wignTa Targmaneba daiwyo, ise, rogorc suli wmida mianiWebda. yvelam viciT, rom amgvari mTargmneli, wmida mamis eqvTimes garda,
sxva aravin gamoCenila Cvens erSi, da mgonia, veRarc gamoCndeba.
umetesoba wignebisa RamiT Targmna. Seusveneblad Targmnida da Tavis kanons daubrkoleblad aRasrulebda. arasodes aZlevda Tavis Tavs mosvenebas: dRedaRam saRmrToTa wignTa tkbil Tafls amuSavebda, romliTac daatkbo Cveni ena da gaamSveniera wminda eklesiebi; Tavis nawerTa oqroTi uxvad da gardamatebulad gaamdidra; radganac daemsgavsa igi oqros mompovebel ostats, rogorc qimiis Sesaxeb weria, rom sibrZnis mravali RonisZiebiT iReben miwis siRrmidan oqros, xolo brZmedisa da cecxlis mier mis
brwyinvalebas warmoaCenen. aseve Cveni wmida mamis goneba
sityvieri oqros gamomadnobel brZmedad gadaiqca suliwmidis cecxlis meoxebiT, romelic gamoaxurvebs da gamoarCevs oqros tyviisa da Tixisagan. wignebi, romlebic arasodes Targmnila Cvens enaze, umecrebis siRrmidan naTlad
gamoabrwyina. xolo sxva wignebi, romlebic odesRac Targmnili iyo, magram jer kidev jerovnad gadmoRebuli ar
iyo, anda droTa ganmavlobaSi umecar momxmarebelTagan
Sebilwuliyvnen da Seryvniliyvnen, rogorc vTqviT, Tavisi gonebis brZmedSi gamoadno da gamoaxurva. aseve, mama
eqvTimis mier Targmnili zogierTi wigni, mouclelobisagan arasrulad datovebuli da Semoklebulad gadmoRebulni, Seavso da ganavrco. zogi Zveli wigni xelaxla Seadara berZnuls da maTi yoveli naklovaneba Seavso da maTi
sityvieri siRaribe da siuSnove brwyinvalebad da mSvenierebad Secvala, ise, rogorc TviT saxareba da pavles
524
525
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
sityua-duxWirobisa da veragobisagan ganaSuenna da ganabrwyinvna, viTarca TYT Tavadi saxarebaA da pavle.
xolo jer-ars, raATa saxeliTca raodennime movixKsenne
wignni, romelni mas netarsa uTargmnian, raATa maT mier euwyos qristes morwmuneTa moRuawebaA wmidisa amis kacisaA, rameTu ara Tu mTawmidas da Savsa mTasa oden Targmna, raATamca TYToeulad aRvracxeniT, aramed sameufos da gzas sulumb
rias
ioq
ias
iposs da sxulumbr
ias, ant
antioq
ioqias
ias, sYmeon-wmidas da kal
kaliposs
aTa eseviTarTa adgilTa.
rameTu romelnime wignni orkecad da samkecad gardaweril arian, romel-ese mosagonebeladca did ars, viTarmca esodenni wignni erTman kacman mzani Targmnilni cxorebasa Sina
TYssa aRwerna. ara romelmca berZulisagan sruliad Targmnna,
viTar-ese kacman aman sakYrvelman maRlad da RmrTiv-brwyinvaled aRwerna.
Targmna ukue, viTarca vTquT, didi sYnaqsari, safuZveli
eklesiaTaA; saxarebaA gamokrebuli saweliwdoA, pavle sruli
da saqme mociqulTaA da kaTolikeni mociqulTani, pavle gamokrebuli saweliwdoA, sawinawarmetyueloA saweliwdoA,
Tueni aTormetnive srulad da RmrTiv-brwyinvaled, stiqaronni saweliwdoni dResaswaulisani, romelni TueTaca Tana
swerian; stiqaronni samaradisoni, TYT avajni uZlispironi, viTarca arian berZulad, kualad igive stiqaronni ZlispirTa
queSe, romelTa Sina sxuaA mravali keTili sweria, da maTve
Sina marxvaTa stiqaronni; didi paraklitoni, samkauli eklesiaTaA, sxYTa mravliTa keTiliTa aRsavse, didni marxvani da
epistoleni.
kargi iqneba, Tu saxelebiT movixseniebT ramdenime
wigns, romelic am netar mamas uTargmnia, raTa qristes morwmuneT euwyos am wmida kacis moRvaweoba. mas ara marto
mTawmidasa da Sav mTaze uTargmnia, raTa saTiTaod aRgveracxa, aramed samefo qalaqSic da gzad yofnisas sulumbraSi, antioqiaSi, svimonwmidasa da kaliposSi, da sxva amgvar adgilebSi.
zogierTi wigni or da sam calad arian gadawerilni;
imis warmodgenac ki Znelia, rom erTma kacma mTel Tavis
cxovrebaSi amdeni wigni gadaweros, ukve gamzadebuli da
Targmnili. man ki berZnulidan Targmna kidec da ise dawera, sakvirveli simaRliTa da RmrTivbrwyinvalebiT.
maSasadame, rogorc vTqviT, Targmna didi svinaqsari,
romelic eklesiaTa safuZvelia; saxareba saweliwado, gamokrebuli; pavles epistoleni srulad, da saqme mociqulTa da kaTolike epistoleni; pavles epistoleni gamokrebuli, saweliwado; saweliwado sawinaswarmetyvelo; Tormetive Tve srulad da RmrTivbrwyinvaled; dResaswaulTa
stiqaronni saweliwado1, romlebic TiToeuli Tvis sagalobelTa wignSic weria; stiqaronni samaradisoni,2 uZlispironi da TviTavajni, ise, rogorc berZnulad arian; da
igive stiqaronebi ZlispirTa qveS, romelSic sxva mravali
keTili ram weria;1 marxvaTa stiqaronebi; didi paraklitoni,2 romelic eklesiis samkaulia; didi marxvani da za-
1 stiqaroni _ sagalobelTa erTi jgufi, romelic igalobeba
yoveli dResaswaulis winasaRamos, mwuxrze, litiis dasdebelTa Semdeg, “aw ganuteves~ (lk. 2:29-32) warmoTqmamde.
2 `samaradiso~ stiqaroni ewodeba sadagi dReebis mwuxris
locvaSi CasarTav stiqaronebs.
526
527
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
zatikni egreTve mravalferiTa keTiliTa aRsavse; wigni Teodore studielisa swavlani – didTa marxvaTa sakiTxavi. wigni
dabadebisa, Targmani, iovane oqropirisa Tqumuli, wigni meequsisa krebisaA, ebistoleni wmidisa kYrilesni da sxuaTa wmidaTa mamaTani, gankueTisaTYs nistor uSjuloAsa, wigni grigol noselisa, romlisa SuenierebaA da qebaA zeSTa ars yovlisa miTxrobisa, wigni equsTa dReTaA wmidisa basilis Tqumuli, wigni ebistoleni wmidisa egnati RmerTSemosilisani,
wigni safsalmune – daviTi, samkauli da gYrgYni yovelTa
wignTaA.
tikni3 _ aseve mravalgvari sikeTiT aRsavse wignebi; wigni
Teodore studielisa _ swavlani, sakiTxavni did marxvaSi;
“dabadebis~ (moses pirveli wignis) ganmarteba ioane oqropirisa; meeqvse krebis wigni4, wminda kirile aleqsandrielisa da sxva wminda mamebis werilebi uSjulo nestoris
gankveTis Sesaxeb; wigni grigol noselisa, romlis mSveniereba da qeba yovelgvar Txrobas aRemateba; basili didis
wigni “eqvsi dRis~ ganmartebis Sesaxeb; wminda egnate RmerTSemosilis epistoleTa wigni; fsalmuni anu daviTni, romelic gvirgvini da samkaulia yvela wignisa.
Tu vinme gulmodginebas gamoiCens da Cveni moZRvris
moyvare, da ufro metic _ RmrTismoyvare iqneba, da TiTo1 Zlispiri _ sanimuSo sagalobeli, romelic hangiT, ritmiTa da marcvalTa raodenobiT safuZvlad daedeboda sxva sagaloblebs. ama Tu
im Zlispirze gawyobil sagalobels Zlispiroani an Zlispiredi ewodeboda, xolo uZlispiro sagalobels, romelsac Tavisi hangi, melodia (ZvelqarTulad _ `avaji~) hqonda, TviTavaji anu sakuTari avajis
mqone erqva. `TviTavajis~ Sesatyvisad zogjer `TviTxmovani~ iTqmis.
2 paraklitoni (berZn. `nugeSismcemeli~) _ sadagi dReebis sagalobelTa krebuli, gawyobili rva xmaze, anu rva kiloze. TiToeuli kilos
sagaloblebi erTi Svideulis (kviris) ganmavlobaSi sruldeboda; ase
rom paraklitoni moicavda rva kviris sagaloblebs, da am xnis ganmavlobaSi xdeboda misi Tavidan bolomde Sesruleba, ris Semdegac rvakviriani cikli xelaxla daiwyeboda. `paraklitoni~ igalobeba suliwmidis mofenis dResaswaulis Semdeg mTeli wlis ganmavlobaSi, momdevno wlis didi marxvis dawyebamde. saxelwodeba `paraklitoni~ swored mis dawyebas, suliwmidis mofenas ukavSirdeba, radganac suliwmidis epiTetia `nugeSinismcemeli~ (parakleti).
3 “marxvani~ ewodeba didi marxvisa da vnebis Svideulis sagalobelTa
wigns, ‘zatikni~ _ aRdgomisa da misi momdevno 50 dRiani periodis (ergasis) sagaloblebisas. zatiki, sazogadod, dResaswaulis aRmniSvneli terminia. sagalobelTa wignebis saxelwodeba mravlobiT ricxvSi
(‘marxvani~, ‘zatikni~) imitom moixsenieba, rom TiToeuli maTgani ramdenime Svideulis (kviris) saRmrTismsaxuro krebulia; TiToeuli Svideuli ki ‘marxvad~ an ‘zatikad~ igulisxmeba.
4 aq igulisxmeba meeqvse msoflio krebis kanonTa krebuli, e. w. “mcire
sjuliskanoni~. sinamdvileSi igi Targmnilia eqvTime mTawmidelis mier; avtori mas ratomRac giorgis akuTvnebs.
528
529
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo ukueTu vinme iyos moswrafeTagani da mamis-moyuare, ufroAs-Ra vTquaT Tu, RmrTis-moyuare, da undes cnobis Zali TYToeulisa wignisaA, Tu raA sweria, amisve wignisa
bolosa poos aRricxulad da ganmartebulad TYToeulisa
wignisa zanduki da anderZi RmrTiv-Suenierad da brwyinvaled, romeli wmidaman berman ioane patrikman petrik yofilman aRwera, raAJams-igi Tavisa TYsisaTYs gardaiwerna wmidani ese wignni, yoveli wulil-wulilad aRiricxva galobaA
da dasdebeli friadiTa SromiTa da gulsmodginebiTa.
ese yovelni da amaTsa friad umravlesni wignni Targmnna
RmerTSemosilman mamaman Cuenman giorgi da esreT aRaorZina
misda rwmunebuli igi talanti.
euli wignis Sinaarsis gagebas moiwadinebs, amave wignis
boloSi naxavs aRricxulad da ganmartebulad; iqaa TiToeuli wignis sarCevi da anderZi1, brwyinvaled da RvTivmSvenierad. igi wmida berma ioane patrikma (petrik yofilma) aRwera, rodesac TavisTvis gadaiwera es wminda wignebi; yovelive dawvrilebiT aRricxa, galoba Tu dasdebeli, didi SromiTa da gulmodginebiT.
yovelive es da amaze bevrad meti wigni Targmna RmerTSemosilma mama giorgim, da amiT gaamravla talanti, RmrTis mier misdami micemuli.2
XVII. xolo sayofelad arn odesme sYmeon-wmidas da
iposs
odesme kal
kaliposs
iposs. da esreT ara scemda gansuenebasa Tavsa
TYssa, vidre ara yovelni ganakYrvna ara xolo Tu qarTvelni, aramed berZennica da asurni, romlisaTYsca euwya moqaioq
iisasa
laqobaA misi netarsa ioane* patriaqsa ant
antioq
ioqiisasa
iisasa, mouwoda da ezraxa saRmrToTa werilTagan mravalsaxed: pirvelad
sarwmunoebisaTYs marTlisa da kanonTaTYs saeklesioTa, da
merme sulTa sargebelisaTYs, saTnoebaTaTYs da vnebaTa. da
viTar yovelsa Sina gamocdilad poa, merme yoveli cxorebaA
TYsi mas Sehvedra. da mas hkiTxavn gulis-sityuaTa TYsTa da
yovelTave saeklesioTa saqmeTa.
da raAJams-igi SuriTa mterisaATa cecxli aRedva RmrTisa qalaqsa da taZari wmidisa mociqulisa petresi dawua, xo-
17. misi samyofeli ki xan svimeonwminda iyo, xan kaliposi. Tavis Tavs arasodes aZlevda mosvenebas, riTac yvelani gaakvirva, ara marto qarTvelebi, aramed berZnebic
da asurelebic.misi moRvaweobis ambavi euwya netar petres3, antioqiis patriarqs, romelmac igi TavisTan miixmo
da saRmrTo werilis sakiTxebze esaubra mravalsaxed: jer
_ WeSmariti sarwmunoebisa da saeklesio kanonebis, Semdeg
_ sulTa sargeblis, saTnoebebisa da vnebebis Sesaxeb. yvela am sakiTxSi mama giorgis codna da gamocdileba rom
naxa, mamaTmTavarma amieridan mas Caabara mTeli Tavisi
cxovreba; yovelTvis mas uziarebda Tavis ganzraxvas, da
saeklesio saqmeebis Sesaxeb eTaTbireboda.
* xelnawerSi ubralo grafikuli Secdomaa, asomTavrulSi “i~e” Zalzed hgavs “pe”-s; amgvarad, unda eweros petre
petre. ix. k. kekeliZe, Zv. qarT.
mwerl. ist., 1, Tb. 1951, gv. 193.
1 mTargmnelis winasityva an bolosityva
2 igulisxmeba saRvTo madli, romelic mama giorgis mieca. Sdr.
igavi talantebze: mT. 25:14-30; lk. 19:11-27.
3 xelnawerSi weria “ioanes”, rac aSkarad gadamweris Secdomaa.
530
531
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
lo patriaqi mravalTa mwuxarebaTa da urvaTagan Sepyrobil
iyo, vidre ara beri ese wmidaA mivida da sityYTa nugeSiniscemisaATa da swavliTa sulieriTa yoveli mwuxarebaA da glovaA misi ganaqarva, romlisaTYsca aRiarebda da ityoda: “ukueTumca siwmide Seni ara momaSural iyo, N wmidao mamao, kninRamca-da mwuxarebaTa mier jojoxeTad STasrul iyo suli
Cemi”.
esreT wmidaA ese patriaqi eseviTariTa siyuaruliTa da
sarwmunoebiTa aRsavse kacisa amis RmrTisaATa Semdgomad mciredisa uflisa mimarT miicvala. da Semdgomad misa daipyra
saydari misi Tevdosi sameufoelman, kacman maRalman da filosofosman da oriTave cxorebiTa gamocdilman. xolo ara
aqunda wuT mecnierebaA wmidisa amis berisa mimarT viTarca
axalSemosrulsa. da ese iqmna mizezi da dasabami maTisa urTierTars SemecnierebisaA.
rameTu kacni vinme sYmeon-wmidelni SuriTa saeSmakoATa
aRiZrnes Cuen qarTvelTa zeda da eneba, raATamca naTesavi Cueni
iT
ZiriTurT aRmohfxures sYmeon-wmid
sYmeon-wmidiT
iT. da ganizraxes gularZnilebiT, raATa wmidasa amas da marTalsa sarwmunoebasa
Cuensa biwi raAme daswamon. da esreTmca sruliad aRmogufxurnes didebulisa amisgan lavrisa pirveliTgan TYT wmidisa sYmeonis mier damkYdrebulni.
da esreT borotad Seizraxnes da warvides Tevdosi patreaqisa winaSe, viTarca axlad Semosrulisa da wuT umecarisa, da dacYves winaSe missa reca momWirned, da hrques mas: “Seguewien, wmidao meufeo, da gYKsnen didisa Wirisagan, da ganguaTavisuflen kacTagan amaoTa da ucxoTeslTa, rameTu ars
monastersa Sina Cuensa viTar sameoci kaci, romelni qarTvelad saxel-ideben TavTa TYsTa da ara uwyiT, Tu rasa zraxven, anu raA ars sarwmunoebaA maTi. da esreT doriasad zogi
monastrisaA daupyries”.
erTxel boroti mtris (satanis) mcdelobiT cecxli moedo RmrTis qalaqs (antioqias), da wmida mociqul petres
taZari daiwva. patriarqi didma mwuxarebam Seipyro, da
manamde ver ganTavisuflda urvisagan, sanam wmida beri (giorgi) ar mivida masTan da nugeSis sityviTa da sulieri
swavliT misi mTeli glova da wuxili ar ganaqarva. patriarqi aRiarebda giorgis Sewevnis Zalas da ambobda: ‘Seni siwminde rom ar garjiliyo CemTvis, mwuxarebis gamo
TiTqmis jojoxeTamde iyo Cemi suli Casulio~.
RmrTis kacis mama giorgisadmi siyvaruliTa da ndobiT aRvsili wminda patriarqi am ambidan mcireodeni xnis
Semdeg ufalTan miicvala. mis Semdeg sapatriarqo taxti
daikava Tevdosi dedaqalaqelma, maRalma filosofosma,
orTave cxovrebiT (xorcieliTa da sulieriT) gamocdilma. magram Tavdapirvelad, raki axladmosuli iyo, jer ar
icnobda wminda bers (giorgis). maTi urTierTgacnobis mizezi da dasawyisi ki Semdegnairi iyo:
svimonwmidis zogierTi mkvidri eSmakis waqezebiT qarTvelTa winaaRmdeg ganewyo. maT moindomes, Cveni eris xalxi Zirfesvianad aRmoefxvraT svimeonwmididan. ganizraxes gulis simrudiT, rom Cveni wminda da marTali sarwmunoebisaTvis raime biwiereba daewamebinaT, da am gziT savsebiT ganvedevneT am didebuli lavridan, ZvelTaganve,
TviT wmida svimeonis mier iq damkvidrebulni.
am borotganzraxviT SeiTqvnen da wavidnen Tevdosi patriarqTan. isargebles imiT, rom igi axladmosuli iyo Tavis samwysoSi, da jerjerobiT kargad ar icnobda mas; miwas gaerTxnen mis winaSe, TiTqosda SeWirvebulni, da uTxres: “dagvexmare, wmindao meufeo, da gvixseni didi
Wirisagan; gagvaTavisufle am uxams ucxoTeslTagan; Cvens
monasterSi daaxloebiT samoci kacia, romelnic TavianT
532
533
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
da esma raA ese patreaqsa, daukYrda da hrqua maT: “da viTar egebis ese, romelmca qarTvelni ara marTlmadidebelni
iyvnes”, rameTu wuT umecar iyo naTesavsa Cuensa. xolo igini
daumtkicebdes da reca ukeTurebisa safarvelad hrques mas,
viTarmed: “ara uwyiT, Tu qarTvelni arian anu somexni da verca
xucesi maTi Jamsa wiravs monastersa Sina Cuensa”.
xolo ese marTali Tques, rameTu vidre aqamomde mravliT JamiTgan qarTveli xucesi sYmeon-wmidas Jamsa ver wirvida amis mizezisaTYs, rameTu romelsame Jamsa sofluri vinme
xucesi axlad Camosruli wmidisa sYmeonis suetsa zeda gasrul iyo Jamis-wirvad qalamniTa da sabeWuriTa TYnier samRdeloAsa Sesamoslisa, viTarca iyo pirvelad wesi Cueni, da
amisTYs ara uteobdes qarTvelsa xucessa Jamis-wirvad, aramed ganewesa, raATa maT Tana eziarebodin. da nu vin hgonebs,
Tumca sxuaA raAme mizezi yofiliyo. da kacTa maT amaoTa patreaqsa ese gaagones, xolo igi gancYbrda amas yovelsa zeda
da hrqua maT: “ara vin arsa naTesavsa maTsa Soris berZulisa
enisa mecnieri da werilTa swavluli?”
xolo maT unda Tu ara, aRiares, viTarmed: “he, ars erTi
vinme monazoni Rramatikosi da berZulTa wignTa qarTulad
Targmnis”.
Tavs qarTvels uwodeben, Cven ki ar viciT, ras saubroben
erTmaneTSi, an ra sarwmunoeba aqvT; maT ki monastris naxevari daukavebiaTo~.
es rom moismina patriarqma, gaukvirda da uTxra: “rogor SeiZleboda, es momxdariyo, rom qarTvelebi marTlmadideblebi ar iyvnen?~ jer kidev ar icnobda patriarqi
Cvens ers, isini ki umtkicebdnen mas, da TavianTi ukeTurebis dasafaravad uTxres: “ar viciT, eseni qarTvelebi arian Tu somxebi, maTi xucesi (mRvdeli) ki Cvens monasterSi
Jams ver swiravso~1.
es ki marTali Tqves, rom aqamomde, didi xnis ganmavlobaSi, qarTveli xucesebi svimonwmidis monasterSi Jams
ver swiravdnen; amis mizezi ki is iyo, rom odesRac aq axlad Camosuli vinme saero mRvdelTagani JamiswirvisTvis
asula wminda svimeonis svetze qalamniTa da sabeWuriT,
samRvdelo Sesamoslis gareSe, rogorc Tavdapirvelad iyo
Cveni wesi; amis gamo qarTvel xucesebs ar uSvebdnen imieridan JamiswirvisaTvis, is ki dadgenili hqondaT, rom maTTan ziarebuliyvnen. aravin ifiqros, am akrZalvis mizezi
sxva raime iyos. im cru kacebma ki patriarqs sxvanairad
afiqrebines. igi gancvifrda yovelive amis gamo da hkiTxa
maT: “aravin hyavT qarTvelTa Soris berZnuli enisa da mwignobrobis mcodne?~
nebiT Tu uneburad, maT aRiares, _ marTlac, hyavT erTi viRac mwignobari monazoni, romelic berZnul wignebs
qarTulad Targmniso.
maSin patriarqma brZana, saswrafod momgvareT is berio. rodesac beri patriarqTan Sevida, pativiT miesal1 Jamiswirva _ saRmrTo msxverplis Sewirva, evqaristia, liturgia
534
535
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
maSin patriaqman mswrafl brZana moyvanebaA berisaA. xolo viTarca Sevida beri winaSe missa, moikiTxa pativiT da ubrZana dajdomaA da iwyo ubnobad berisa RmrTiv-sulierTa
wignTagan. da rasa-igi hkiTxvida, yovelsave RmrTiv-Suenierad miugebda. maSin gulisKma-yo patriaqman, viTarmed madli RmrTisaA damkYdrebul ars mis Tana da hrqua esreT bersa:
“patiosano mamao, kurTxeul ars RmerTi, romel vixile siwmide Seni, da aha esera, gxedav mowyalebiTa RmrTisaATa, daRacaTu naTesaviT qarTveli xar, sxYTa kula yovliTa swavlulebiTa sruliad berZeni xar. xolo miTxar naTesavisa SenisaTYs, ars raA naklulevanebaA marTlisa sarwmunoebisaA maT
Tana gina urTierTars ganyofilebaA maT Soris da Cuen Soris”?
xolo netarman man gamoisaxa saswauli patiosnisa juarisaA pirsa TYssa da iwyo warmoTqumad marTlisa sarwmunoebisa esreT, romel ganakYrvna msmenelni, rameTu suli wmidaA
ityoda piriT misiT. maSin patriaqman brZana: “kurTxeul ars
RmerTi! vieTnime naklulevanebasa swamebdes qarTvelTa, da
aha esera mravliTa saxiTa uzeSTaes ipovnes Cuensa da ufroAs
xolo qalwulebiTa, romeli-igi maRlad upyries maT”.
da yovelnive ewamebodes, rameTu iyvnes metropolitni
da ebiskoposni da warCinebulni antioqiisani. yovelTave adides RmerTi da wmidasa amas qebaA Seasxes da netarebaA.
xolo patriaqman cudis-mzraxTa maT da amaoTa kacTa sYmeon-wmidelTa friad Sehrisxna da kanonsa queSe saeklesiosa
Seyarna da sxuasaca mravalsa ZYrsa uTqumida. xolo netarman man uxYiSna patriaqisagan da ganutevnes.
da romelsa-igi reca savnebelad Cuenda hgonebdes, ese
Cuenda sargebelad iqmna. da sarwmunoebaA Cueni RmrTivbrwyinvaled iqadaga. da mieriTgan daewesa, raATa qarTvelni
ma, dajdoma SesTavaza da saubari dauwyo RmrTivsulier
wignebze. rasac patriarqi hkiTxavda, beri (giorgi) yovelives RmrTivmSvenierebiT pasuxobda. maSin mixvda patriarqi, rom RmrTis madli iyo damkvidrebuli am kacSi, da
ase uTxra bers: “patiosano mamao, madloba RmerTs, rom vixile Seni siwminde. vxedav, rom, Tumca erovnebiT qarTveli xar, sxva yvelafriT _ codniT, swavlulebiTa da sarwmunoebiT _ berZeni yofilxar, RmrTis mowyalebiT. amitomac, momiTxre raime Seni eris Sesaxeb; ra naklovaneba
aqvs mas marTali sarwmunoebis TvalsazrisiT; anda, ra aris
gansxvaveba Cvensa da maT Soris?~
netarma giorgim pirisaxeze gamoisaxa niSani patiosani jvrisa (e. i. pirjvari gadaiwera) da daiwyo marTali
sarwmunoebis warmoTqma, ise, rom gaakvirva msmenelebi. misi piriT suliwmida metyvelebda. maSin patriarqma brZana: `kurTxeulia RmerTi! zogierTni naklovanebas swamebdnen qarTvelebs, magram, ai, Turme mravalgvarad upiratesni yofilan Cvenze, gansakuTrebiT qalwulebiT (ubiwoebiT), romelsac wmindad icaven”.
patriarqs yvela iq myofi daeTanxma, mitropolitni da
episkoposni da antioqieli warCinebulebi. yvelam adida
RmerTi da wmida bers (giorgis) qeba-dideba Seasxes da
hnatridnen.
patriarqi didad gauwyra sicruis metyvel svimeonwmidelebs da saeklesio-sakanono sasjeli daado, da sxvagvaradac daemuqra. netarma giorgim ki uSuamdgomla patriarqis winaSe, da gaaTavisufles.
536
537
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
sYmeon-wmidas Jamsa wirviden. rameTu yovelni mecnier xarT,
vidre amis netarisamde Jamsa ver wirvides.
ase rom, rasac Cvens savneblad ganizraxavdnen, CvenTvis
sasargeblo Seiqna: Cveni sarwmunoebrivi aRmsarebloba
RmrTivbrwyinvaled iqadaga da amieridan dawesda, rom
qarTvelebs svimeonwmidaSi Jami ewiraT. xolo Tqven yvelam uwyiT, rom netar giorgimde Jams ver swiravdnen.
XVIII. da ese raA esreT RmrTiv-brwyinvaled aRasrula da
ganago; da kualad sxuaA saqme wina uyo patriaqman friad didi
da maRali, rameTu kacTa vieTme mravalRoneTa da manqanaTa
moaKsenes da auwyes patreaqsa, viTarmed: “viTar ese, meufeo,
romel eklesiani da mRdelT-moZRuarni qarTlisani ara romlisa patriaqisa Kelmwifebasa queSe arian da yovelni saeklesioni wesni maT mier ganegebian da TYT daisumen kaTalikosTa da ebiskoposTa. da ara samarTal ars ese, rameTu aTormetTa mociqulTagani aravin misrul ars queyanasa maTsa. da
jer-ars, raATa qalaqsa amas RmrTisasa da saydarsa mociqulTa Tavisasa daemorCilnen da amissa Kelmwifebasa queSe iyvnen. rameTu naTesavi ars umecari da samwysoA mcire; da Cuenda maxlobelad arian da jer-ars, raATa Kelmwifebasa queSe
antioqeli patreaqisasa imwysebodin da aqa ikurTxeodis kaTalikozi maTi da viyvneT Cuen erT samwyso da erT mwyems”.
18. es saqme RmrTivbrwyinvaled rom moagvara, patriarqma giorgi bers sxva sakiTxi dauyena, friad didi da
maRali: viRac Cxirkedela da intrigan adamianebs patriarqisaTvis mouxsenebiaT: `ase ratom xdeba, meufeo, rom qarTlis eklesiebi da mRvdelTmoZRvarni1 arc erTi patriarqis Zalauflebas ar emorCilebian da yovelive saeklesio wesi Tavad maT mier ganegeba, da TviTonve daisvamen
kaTalikosebsa da episkoposebs? es marTebuli araa, radgan Tormet mociqulTagani aravin misula maT qveyanaSi,
da samarTali moiTxovs, raTa am RmrTis qalaqs (antioqias) da mociqulTa Tavis petres taxts daemorCilon2 da misi xelqveiTi iyvnen. miT ufro, rom ucodinari xalxia da
mcire samwyso hyavT. CvenTan teritoriuladac axlos cxovroben, da umjobesia, antioqiis patriarqis samwysoSi Semovidnen da aq ikurTxeodes maTi kaTalikosi, da amrigad,
qristes miTiTebisamebr, viyoT erTi samwyso da erTi
mwyemsi”..3
1 mRvdelTmoZRvari _ mRvdelTmTavari, episkoposi, qristianuli Temis meTauri.
2 antioqiis eklesia, tradiciis Tanaxmad, mociqulTa Tavma
petrem daaarsa.
3 Sdr. in. 10:16
538
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cxo
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rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
ese yoveli ganizraxes da daamtkices reca umecrebisa CuenisaTYs. xolo winaaRmdgomi SeemTxYa, rameTu iwyo patriaqman sityuad berisa, viTarca esera aRgYweria, da etyoda romelsame liqniT da romelsame marTlad, viTarmed: “Sen, N netaro mamao, daRacaTu naTesaviT qarTveli xar, xolo swavlulebiTa da mecnierebiTa Cuenive swori xar. jer-ars, romel eklesiani da mRdelT-moZRuarni Tquenni Kelsa queSe samociquloAsa amis saydrisasa imwysebodin, da hmarTebsca esreT mizeziTa maxlobelobisaATa. da ese Sengan SesaZlebel
ars, rameTu uwyi, viTarmed gismens mefe Tqueni, ukueTu miuwero da auwyo umjobesi. xolo ukueTu ara isminos, miuwero oTxTave patriaqTa saydris-modgamTa CuenTa da vauwyo
TYTrCulobaA da qedficxelobaA naTesavisa TquenisaA, da viTarmed TYnier samociquloAsa kanonisa TYT imwysebian da mociqulTagani aravin misrul ars queyanasa maTsa; da esreT mravalsa Ruawlsa SegTxine, vidre ara TYT mefe Tqueni winaSe
Cuensa movides da Kelmwifebasa Cuensa daemorCilos”. da eseviTarni raA sityuani warmoTquna patriaqman berisa mimarT.
xolo netarman aman dawynarebiT da neliad hrqua patriaqsa, viTarmed: “N wmidao meufeo, raAsaTYs-me esreT advilad Kel-hyav didisa amisa da maRlisa saqmisa mogonebad da
aRsrulebad, da vin-me arian ugunurni igi gamzraxni Senni,
anu rad esreT ugunurad Segiracxies naTesavi qarTvelTaA,
wrfeli da umankoA? aha esera var me unarCevesi da umdablesi
yovelTa ZmaTa CemTaA. me mogce maT yovelTa wil pasuxi. mo-
ase daaskvnes da gadawyvites, TiTqosda Cveni umecrebis gamo, magram sawinaaRmdego Sedegi miiRes. patriarqma
sityva Camougdo giorgi bers, zog rasme pirferulad eubneboda, zogs _ gulwrfelad: “Sen, netaro mamao, Tumca
erovnebiT qarTveli xar, ganswavlulobiTa da codniT Cveni Tanaswori xar. dameTanxmebi, rom Tqveni eklesiebi da
mRvdelTmoZRvarni am samociqulo taxtis (antioqiis) xelqveiT unda imwysebodnen (ganegebodnen). daqvemdebareba maT
hmarTebT CvenTan siaxlovis gamoc. am saqmis mogvareba Sen
SegiZlia, Tu Tqvens mefes miswer da auwyeb, Tu ra aris
umjobesi, radgan, rogorc vici, Tqveni mefe Sens rCevebs
yuradiRebs. xolo Tu ar Seismens, mivwer oTxive patriarqs, Cvens saydris-modgamT,1 da vauwyeb Tqveni eris TviTrjulobasa2 da Tavxedobas, agreTve imas, rom samociqulo
kanonebis gareSe Tavis Tavs TviTonve mwyemsaven, radgan mociqulTagani arc erTi maT qveyanaSi ar misula; da amrigad, mraval usiamovnebas SegamTxvevT, sanam TviT Tqveni mefe Cvens winaSe ar gamocxaddeba da Cvens Zalauflebas ar
daemorCileba~.
aseTi sityvebi rom warmoTqva patriarqma beris mimarT,
netarma mamam wynarad da nela uTxra: “hoi, wmidao meufeo, ase advilad rad Sedgomixar aseTi maRali saqmis mofiqrebasa da aRsrulebas? vin arian is ugunuri mrCevelni, vinc es saqme girCies? anda ase umecrad rad Segiracxavs wrfeli da umanko qarTveli eri? ai, me yvelaze
1 saydris-modgami _ analogiuri Rirsebis saydarze (taxtze)
mjdomi.
2 TviTrjuloba _ saeklesio saqmeebSi ierarqiulad zemdgomi pirebisadmi daumorCilebloba; winamZRvris, da sazogadod,
zemdgomi ierarqiuli piris daukiTxavad axali saeklesio wesebis TviTneburi dadgineba.
540
541
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
Rebad ec wigni mimoslvaA andrea mociqulisaA da muniT geuwyos saZiebeli Tqueni”.
xolo patriaqman ubrZana Teofiles, naTesaviT qarTvelsa, romeli-igi ukuanaAsknel tarsus metropolit iqmna, moRebaA wignisaA mis.
da viTar moiRes, pirvel warkiTxvisa hrqua berman patriaqsa: “wmidao meufeo, Sen ityY, viTarmed Tavisa mis mociqulTaAsa petres saydarsa vzio. xolo Cuen pirvelwodebulisa da Zmisa TYsisa mwodebelisa nawilni varT da samwysoni
da mis mier moqceulni da ganaTlebulni. da erTi wmidaTa
aTormetTa mociqulTagani, simons vityY kananelsa, queyanasa Cuensa damarxul ars afxazeTs
afxazeTs, romelsa nikofs
ikofsii ewodebis. amaT wmidaTa mociqulTa ganaTlebulni varT da vinaATgan
erTi RmerTi gYcnobies, arRara uar-gYyofies da arca odes
wvalebisa mimarT midrekil ars naTesavi Cueni. da yovelTa
uaris-myofelTa da mwvalebelTa SevaCuenebT da vswyevT. amas
safuZvelsa zeda marTlmadideblobisasa da mcnebaTa da qadagebaTa zeda wmidaTa maT mociqulTasa mtkice varT; aw ukueTu jer-ars, dagemorCilneT”. da reca gancxromiT hrqua patriaqsa: “wmidao meufeo, Suenis esreT, raATa wodebuli igi
mwodebelsa mas daemorCilos, rameTu petresi jer-ars, raATa daemorCilos mwodebelsa TYssa da Zmasa andreas, da raATa
Tquen Cuen daguemorCilneT”. da eseca SesZina, viTarmed: “wmidao meufeo, romelni-ege Cuen umecrad da subuqad guxedavT
da Tavni Tquenni brZen da mZime giyofian. iyo Jami, romel yovelsa saberZneTsa Sina marTlmadideblobaA araA ipoeboda
mdabali da ukanaskneli var Cems ZmaTa Soris, da maT nacvlad me gagcem pasuxs. moatanine wigni “andrea mociqulis
mimosvlisa~, da iqidan SeityobT Tqvens saZiebel saqmes.
patriarqma am wignis motana daavala Teofiles, warmoSobiT qarTvels, romelic mogvianebiT tarsus mitropoliti gaxda.
wigni rom moitanes, mis wakiTxvamde berma patriarqs
uTxra: ‘wmidao meufeo, Sen ambob, mociqulTa Tavis, patres taxtze vzivaro. Cven ki qristes mier pirvelad damowafebulisa da Tavisi Zmis, petres momwodebelis (andreas) samwyso varT, mis mier moqceulni da ganaTlebulni. aseve, erTi Tormet mociqulTagani, simon kananeli, Cvens qveyanaSia damarxuli, afxazeTSi, qalaqSi, romelsac nikofsi ewodeba. am wmida mociqulebis mier varT ganaTlebulni, da mas Semdeg, rac erTi RmerTi vcaniT, igi aRarasodes uargviyvia, da arc mwvaleblobisaken gadaxrila Cveni eri. yovel uarismyofelsa da mwvalebels vgmobT da
vwyevliT, marTlmadideblobis safuZvelze. mociqulTa qadagebasa da mcnebebs uryevad vadgavarT. yovelive amis Semdegac, unda dagemorCiloT?~ da TiTqosda xumrobiT, uTxra patriarqs: “wmidao meufeo, visac mouwodeben, is unda daemorCilos momwodebels. amitom petres evaleboda,
damorCileboda Tavis momwodebelsa da Zmas, andreas, da
daemorCila kidec. axlac, Tu damorCilebaze midga saqme,
sjobs, Tqven aqeT dagvemorCiloT, radgan Cven momwodeblis (andreas) memkvidreni varT, Tqven ki _ mowodebulisa
(patresi)~. da esec dasZina: “wmidao meufeo, Tqven rom Zalian msubuqi geCvenebiT (qarTvelni), Tqveni Tavi ki _ brZeni
da mZime, iyo iseTi droc, rom mTel saberZneTSi marTlmadidebloba arsad moipoveboda, da amis gamo iovane guTeli
542
543
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
da iovane guTel episkoposi mcxeTas ikurTxa episkoposad,
viTarca sweria didsa sYnaqsarsa”.
ese yoveli raA warmoTqua netarman aman, gankYrda patriaqi episkoposTa TYsTa Tana simaxYlesa gonebisa misisasa. da
rameTu viTarca mdinare dauwyuedelad esreT diodes sityuani wmidaTa werilTani piriT misiT; ganiRima patriaqman da
hrqua mRdelTmoZRuarTa maT da ersa: “xedavTa bersa amas, viTar marto esodensa simravlesa guerevis. vekrZalneT, nuukue winaaRmdgomi SeguemTxYos da ara xolo Tu sityYT, aramed saqmiT guamxilos ZleulebaA Cueni da dagYmrwemnes da
dagYmremlnes”.
mier dRiTgan esreT Seiyuara patriaqman da yovelTa antioqelTa, viTarca mamaA da moZRuari sulieri, da TYT patriaqman gulis-sityuaTa TYsTa misa iwyo kiTxvad. da rameTu
pirvel misa yofili netari petre patriaqi masve wmidasa bersa hkiTxvida, viTarca zemo vTquT. da esreT mravliTa pativiTa da niWiTa epyra wmidaA igi beri, vidre iyo igi queyanasa
ant
ioq
iisasa
antioq
ioqiisasa
iisasa. da odes aqunn raAme saWiroA gulis-sityuaA,
mswrafl warmoscemn saKedarsa da moiyvanebn da didad sargebel iyofin xilvasa missa.
aqamomde ars patriaqisa mimarT sityYs-gebisa da siyuarulisa misisa misa mimarT warmoTqumaA.
episkoposi mcxeTaSi ikurTxa episkoposad, rogorc did
svinaqsarSi weria~.
yovelive es rom warmoTqva netarma giorgim, patriarqi da misi mxlebelni gancvifrdnen misi gonebis simaxviliT; wmida werilTa sityvebi mdinaresaviT Seuwyvetlad
moedinebodnen misi piridan. gaiRima patriarqma da uTxra iq myof mRvdelTmoZRvrebsa da eriskacT: “xedavT am
bers, martoxela rogor gvereva amden xalxs? gavfrTxildeT, rom sawinaaRmdego araferi SegvamTxvios, da marto
sityviT ki ara, saqmiTac ar amxilos Cveni damarcxeba da
ar dagvimorCilos, rogorc umcrosni, da mrevlad gagvixados!~
im dRidan patriarqma da yvela antioqelma ise Seiyvares beri, rogorc mama da sulieri moZRvari. TviT patriarqi Tavis azrebsa da survilebs mas uziarebda da rCevebs ekiTxeboda (misi wina moadgile, netari petre patriarqic aseve ekiTxeboda bers, rogorc zemoT vTqviT). ase
rom, didi pativiT eqceoda wmida bers da mraval saboZvars aZlevda, sanam igi antioqiis qveyanaSi iyo. roca raime saWiro sakiTxi dadgeboda, gaugzavnida saxedars, moayvaninebda bers da misi xilviT did sargebels iRebda.
amiT davasruloT patriarqTan kamaTisa da misdami misi siyvarulis Sesaxeb Txroba.
XIX. xolo viTarca cna RmrTis-msaxurman mefeman bagrat,
viTarmed srul iqmna TargmanebaA wignTa saRmrToTaA da moirwynes eklesiani Savisa mTisani wignTa misTa mdinariTa sulTa ganmanaTlebeliTa, rameTu yovelTa monasterTa gardaiwernes, da ufroAs yovelTaAsa didad iRuawa suliTa kurTxeulman antoni liparit yofilman da TYsisa monastrisa barlaam-wmid
isaTYs daawerina da wmidasa amas bersa didad
laam-wmidisaTYs
19. RmrTismsaxur bagrat mefes euwya, rom giorgi beris mier dasrulda saRmrTo wignTa Targmna, da Savi mTis
eklesiebi moirwynen misi wignebis sulTa-ganmanaTlebeli
mdinariT, radgan yvela monastrebma gadaiweres. yvelaze
metad iRvawa suliT kurTxeulma antonim, liparit yofilma, romelmac Tavisi monastris, barlaamwmidisaTvis gadaawerina wignebi da wminda bers didi pativi miago da ZRveni
544
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
pativ upyra da nugeSinis-sca da TYsisa monastrisagan gakueTili Seuqmna da simtkice TYsiTa KeliTa dauwera, da Suenieri qebaA da madlobaA dawera mas Sina RuawlTa da SromaTa
misTaTYs. esreT raA yovelni eklesiani ganSuendes samkauliTa wmidaTa wignTa misTaATa, xolo eklesiani aRmosavleTisani wuT naklulevan iyvnes.
iwyo RmrTis-msaxurman mefeman bagrat da Zeman misman giorgi dedofalTa, kaTalikozTa da yovelTave mRdelT-moZRuarTa da mTavarTa vedrebad da wuevad, raATa aRmosavleTs
ganvides da ixilon wmidaA igi da ikurTxnen da ganaTlden
mis mier, da kualad, raATa namuSakevi igi misi RmrTiv-moniWebuli ixilon da aRivsnen sixaruliTa. da esreT mravalgzis
mouwern RmrTis-moyuare mefe bagrat da dedaA misi mariam
dedofali, viTarmed: “wmidao mamao, manda Savsa mTasa mciredni arian monasterni Cuenni, rameTu queyanaA ars ucxoA.
xolo Cemi samefoA vrcel ars da did friad da maRal, da eklesiani da samRdelT-moZRuroni da monasterni friad mraval da didebul. aw arwmunos RmerTman siwmidesa Tquensa,
raATa hbrZano da moSure da Cuen vikurTxneT Tquen mier da
gavnaTldeT; da kualad eklesiani Cuenni aRivsnen mdinareTa
magaTgan sulTa ganmacxovelebelTa wignTa TquenTa RmrTivsulierTa”.
xolo netarman aman yoladve ara Tavs idva, rameTu yovliTa moswrafebiTa evltoda didebasa kacTasa da SfoTsa
soflisasa da simdablesa Seitkbobda. da kualad zemoKsenebulisaca mizezisagan eSinoda, nuukue mRdelT-moZRurad daadginon, vidre ara kualadca TYsiTa KeliTa simtkice mouwera RmrTis-msaxurman mefeman, viTarmed: “araA unebeli dagepatiJoso”. da viTarmed: “wmidao mamao, ara Tu oden wignTaTYs var, raATa ganaTlden eklesiani Cuenni, aramed raATa
TYT me ganvnaTlde xilviTa TqueniTa da suli Cemi KelTa
miarTva. Tavisi monastrisagan wilic dauniSna, rac Tavisi xeliT dawerili gujriT daamtkica. dawera agreTve
mSvenieri madloba da qeba giorgis Rvawlsa da Sromaze.
rodesac bagrat mefem da misma Zem giorgim naxes, rom
yvela eklesia gamSvenierda giorgis wignTa samkauliT, xolo aRmosavleTis (qarTlis) eklesiebi jer kidev naklovanebas ganicdidnen, dedofalTan, kaTalikosebTan, yvela
mRvdelTmoZRvarTan da mTavrebTan erTad Txovna da vedreba SeuTvales giorgis da moiwvies, raTa aRmosavleTSi
(qarTlSi) wavides; ixilon misi siwmide, ikurTxon misgan
da ganaTldnen misgan; amasTanave, RmrTivmoniWebuli misi
naSromi ixilon da sixaruliT aRivson. mravalgzis miswera RmrTismoyvare bagrat mefem da dedamisma, mariam dedofalma: “wmindao mamao, mand, Sav mTaze, cotaa Cveni monastrebi, radgan ucxo qveyanaa. Cemi samefo ki vrcelia,
didi da maRali, samRvdelTmoZRvro (e. i. sakaTedro) eklesiebi da monastrebi friad mravalia da didebuli.
RmerTma uwinamZRvros Tqvens siwmides, rom gaisarjo da
mobrZande aq, raTa vikurTxoT Tqvens mier da ganvnaTldeT,
Cveni eklesiebi ki aivson Tqveni RmrTivsulieri da sulTa-ganmanaTlebeli wignebis mdinariT”.
netarma giorgim iq wasvlaze uari Tqva, radgan yovelgvari RonisZiebiT gaurboda kacTagan didebasa da amqveyniur SfoTs, mis nacvlad ki Tavmdablobas eswafoda. imisganac eSinoda, rac zemoT ukve vTqviT, _ vaiTu mRvdelTmoZRvrad damadginono. amitom ar Tanxmdeboda, sanam mefem
Tavisi xeliT oficialurad ar aRuTqva, “Seni uneburi
araferi SegemTxvevao~. miswera agreTve: “wmindao mamao,
ara marto wignTaTvis vcdilob, rom ganaTldnen Cveni eklesiebi, aramed raTa TviT mec ganvnaTlde Tqveni xilviT,
da Tqvens xelebs Cavabaro Cemi suli, da Tqveni siwmidis
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TquenTa Sevhvedro da Ze Cemi da yovelni TYsni Cemni siwmidisa Tquenisa mier imwysebodin da ganiswavlebodin, da raATa
RmerTsa niWad miupyrne sulni Cuenni”.
xolo ixila raA saRmrToman aman moxucebulman sarwmunoebaA igi da siyuaruli RmrTis-msaxurisa mefisaA missa mimarT da mravalgzis moweraA da iZulebaA warslvisa misisaTYs
da eZiebda cnobad nebasa RmrTisasa, romliTamca gulsavse iqmna. maSin wmidaTa mociqulTa mier qmnuli igi saqme Kel-yo,
da rameTu egreTca iyo CueulebaA misi, raJams saqmisa raAsaTYsme unebn gulsavse yofis, Tu ars-mea nebaA RmrTisaA, wilni
dawernis da sakurTxevelsa queSe dasxnis. da mRdelman zeda
Jami wiris da, raAca aRmohKdis, igica daamtkicis.
da egreTve yo, awca, romliTa gulsavse iqmna. da esreT
miuwera damorCilebaA mefesa. xolo mas viTarca esma, ganixara friad da warmoavlina sakuTari TYsi iovane. da saKedarni
da ganZi, raodeni kma eyofoda mas da mowafeTa misTa, warmosca. da dawerna wignni patriaqisa Tana da dukisa antioqiisaAsa wargzavnisa CuenisaTYs. da esreT moiwines mwodebelni
Cuenni.
mier daimwyson da ganiswavlon Cemi Ze da sxva yvela axlobeli, da RmerTs ZRvnad mivarTva Cveni sulebi~.
roca am saRmrTo moxucebulma (giorgim) ixila sarwmunoeba da siyvaruli RmrTismsaxuri mefisa mis mimarT, mravalgzisi werilobiTi mowvevis Semdeg isurva, Seetyo neba RmrTisa, raTa guldajerebuli yofiliyo, undoda Tu
ara RmerTs qarTlSi misi gamgzavreba. amisaTvis iseve moiqca, rogorc msgavs SemTxvevebSi wmida mociqulebi. saerTod, aseTi Cveuleba arsebobda: rodesac raime saqmeze
guldajereba surdaT, - aris Tu ara es saqme RmrTis neba, wils hyridnen Semdegnairad: dawerdnen wils, da sakurTxevlis qveS dadebdnen. mRvdeli Jams swiravda, da amis
Semdeg, romeli wilic amovidoda, is damtkicdeboda.
ase moiqca giorgi amJamadac, da amiT daijera, rom
RmerTs surda misi gamgzavreba. amitomac gaugzavna mefes
werili, sadac misi nebis damorClebas auwyebda. es rom gaigo, friad gaixara mefem. gamogzavna Tavisi axlobeli iovane, saxedrebiTa da ganZiT, ramdenic eyofodaT mas da mis
mowafeebs. werilic miswera antioqiis patriarqs da mtavars, Cveni gagzavnis sakiTxze. da ai, Cveni momwvevni Camovidnen antioqiaSi.1
XX. aqamomde ars sityuaA Cueni zemoKsenebulTa maT ZmaTa
mimarT, romelTa guaiZules SobiTganve aRweraA cxorebisa
misisaA. N netaro, rameTu Tquen aqamomde yovelsave TYT mecnier xarT da viTarmca ara mecnier iyav, romeli-igi iot odensaca gulis-sityuasa ara dahfarvida Tquengan. xolo
20. amiT mTavrdeba Cveni moTxroba im ZmaTaTvis, romelTac gvaiZules, Cveni moZRvris cxovrebis aRwera misi dabadebidanve dagvewyo. Torem Tqven, hoi netaro, aqamde yovelive Tavadve uwyiT; an rogor SeiZleboda, ar gcodnodaT;
igi xom iotisodena guliszraxvasac ki ar hfaravda
1 aqedan Cans, rom winamdebare Txzulebis avtori, giorgi mcire, Sav mTazec Tan axlda Tavis maswavlebels, ber giorgis,
da aseve, qarTlSi gamgzavrebisas Tan unda xleboda mas, sxva
mowafeebTan erTad.
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amieriTgan warslvisa CuenisaTYs aRmosavleTad da vidre samefod moslvadmde da amier sofliT micvalebad yovelive vauwyo siwmidesa Tquensa, romelman ege friad maiZule da mibrZane SeukadrebelTa Sekadrebad, da ese warmovTqu friad
mokled da sulmcired, rameTu esoden Sors var siwmidisa misisagan, viTarca caA queyanisagan da viTarca aCrdili msgavsebisagan kacisa. da kualad maiZulebs aRwerad brZanebaA Tqueni, Tu viTar warvediT ze da Tu viTar iqmna netari igi micvalebaA misi.
xolo me viTarca mogzaursa udebsa, romeli ganzogebasa
gzisasa ara miwevnul arn da daiKsnis, egreTve mconis, rameTu wuT Zirsa Tana mTisasa viqcevi da Tavsa ara aRsrul var.
aramed qriste WeSmariti RmerTi iyavn Cem Tana da wmidaA madli
Tqueni, raATa ucTomelad warvemarTo gzasa sityYsa Cemisaisa magis
sa; rameTu viTarca warmovemarTebodeT sakYrvel
sakYrvelisa
mTisagan
mTisagan, viloceT samarxosa wmidisa sYmeonissa da marTaAssa da madli maTi da locvaA Tqueni sagzlad moviReT.
ioq
iiT da moviwieniT vidre didad mdinagamovediT ant
antioq
ioqiiT
ratad da mun gueuwya, viTarmed miSuebisaTYs codred evf
evfratad
inare da isavaTa CuenTaAsa TurqTa daupyries yoveli Suamd
Suamdinare
ur
urii da saberZneTi
saberZneTi. xolo Cuen guesma raA ese, SeviqeciT miiiT kerZo mividodeT; guegona, viTarmed maT
er da sevast
sevastiiT
kerZoTa mSYdobaA ars. xolo uwinares Cuensa misrul iyvnes
Turqni da aeRo qalaqi igi da daewua. da Cuen araA uwyodeT
da mividodeT da kninRa-da mcired KelTa maTTa STavvardebodeT, ukueTumca wyalobasa RmrTisasa ara aRepyra Keli, rameTu KmaA guesma yovelTa, viTarmed: “sada warxualT”. da uwyis ufalman, kaci ara gYxilavs, garna Tu KmaA angelozisaA
iyo.
Tqvengan.1 amieridan ki, aRmosavleTSi (qarTlSi) Cveni wasvlis ambebs, iqidan samefo qalaqSi (konstantinepolSi) Casvlisa da imsoflad misi micvalebis CaTvliT, yovelTvis vauwyeb Tqvens siwmindes, romelmac friad maiZule da mibrZane, Semebeda Seubedav Temaze wera, da es warmovTqvi friad mokled da mcired, radgan ise Sors var misi siwmidisagan, rogorc ca qveyanisagan da Crdili _ kacis msgavsebisagan. Tqveni brZaneba ki maiZulebs, aRvwero, rogor wavediT
saqarTveloSi da rogor moxda misi netari micvaleba.
zarmaci mogzauris msgavsad, romelic naxevar gzas
miRweuli araa da Zirs daecema, aseve miZneldeba gagrZeleba, radgan jer mTis ZirSi vtrialeb da mwvervalze ar
avsulvar. Semewios qriste, WeSmariti RmerTi, da Tqveni
wminda madli, raTa sityvis gza Seucdomlad warvmarTo.
sakvirveli mTidan rom gamovemarTeT, viloceT wminda
svimeonisa da marTas saflavze,2 da maTi madli da locva
sagzlad waviyoleT. gamovediT antioqiidan da mivaRwieT
did mdinare evfratamde, sadac SevityveT, rom Cveni codvebis gamo RmerTs dauSvia TurqTa mier mTeli SuamdinareTis, isavriisa da saberZneTis dapyroba. es rom gavigeT, iqidan SemovbrundiT da sevastiis mxares gavemarTeT; gvegona,
im mxares mSvidoba iqneboda, magram Cvens misvlamde Turme
Turqebi iqac misulan, auRiaT qalaqi da dauwvavT. Cven es
ar vicodiT da gzas vagrZelebdiT, da kinaRam maT xelSi
CavcvivdiT, magram RmrTis wyalobam gviSvela. uecrad yvelas mogvesma SeZaxili: “saiT midixarT?~ kacisaTvis Tvali
arsad mogvikravs; ufalma uwyis, angelozis xma Tu iyo!
1 avtori aq mimarTavs giorgi dayudebuls, giorgi mTawmidelis moZRvars, romlis SekveTiTac daiwera es Txzuleba.
2 svimeon mesvetisa (+459) da misi dedis marTas (+428) saflavebi sakvirveli mTis udides siwmided iTvleba.
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isa
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isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
esreT SeviqeciT da mTaTa mivhmarTeT da didiTa SromiTa
iad movediT. da muniT warmoveda dRe da Rame slviTa kesar
kesariad
diT da zRuasa movhmarTeT, rameTu KmeliT arRara egeboda,
its moviwieniT samartYlosa wmida nebiTa RmrTisaATa evxa
evxaits
disa Tevdoressa. xolo mRdelT-moZRuarman mis adgilisaman
keTilad SegYwynarna da gYstumrna da didi siyuaruli guaCuena, rameTu kaci iyo wmidaA da RmerT-Semosili. da didad
nugeSinis-ica mislviTa CueniTa gansacdelTa maTTYs, da mravali warmoTques urTierTars sulTa cxorebisaTYs.
da esreT gamovediT mier da moviwieniT samisons qalaqsa zRYs-kidisasa. da mun ganvyideniT saKedarni Cuenni da esreT naviTa warvemarTeniT kerZoTa afxazeTisaTa da keTiliTa da hamoATa niaviTa miviwieniT foTs da mier saKedriTa
quTaTiss Jamsa sTulisasa.
xolo acnobes mswrafl mefesa, rameTu zemoTa queyanaTa
iyo. da viTarca euwya, ganixara sixaruliTa didiTa da meyseulad warmogzavna mwignobari TYsi da ubrZana didiTa pativiTa waryvanebaA berisaA. da viTarca moiwia Cuenda, warmogYyvannes mier da Tana gza-guyva mRdelT-moZRuarica quTaTisaA saxeliT ilarion, romeli ukunaAsknel mowafe iqmna
berisa.
da warmo-raA-vediT, moviwieniT queyanad qarTlisa, sada-igi iyo mefe mTavarTa TYsTa Tana. da viTarca moveaxleniT samJmisa saval oden, gamogzavnna mefeman mgebvrad Cuenda mRdelT-moZRuarni da didebulni TYsni. xolo TYT RmrTis-msaxuri mefe karTa Tana karvisaTa wina moegeba da mowled moikiTxa da ikurTxa misgan, da KelpyrobiT Seiyvana karvad da inaKiT dasua maxlobelad TYsa da Tqua ganmxiarulebulman sixaruliTa didiTa: “kurTxeul ars RmerTi, aha dRes
cxorebaA ars yovlisa sameufoAsa CemisaA, rameTu vixile axali oqropiri”. da esreT mis Tana yovelni didebulni misni ixarebdes da hmadlobdes RmerTsa da ityodes: “kurTxeul ars
mxari vicvaleT da mTisken wavediT, da didi wvalebiT,
dRedaRam svliT kesariaSi movediT. iqidan wamovediT da
zRviT viareT, radgan xmeleTiT ar xerxdeboda. da RmrTis nebiT, evxaits mivaRwieT, wminda Tevdores saflavs.
im adgilis mRvdelTmoZRvarma keTilad migviRo, gvistumra da didi siyvaruli gviCvena, radgan wminda da RmerTSemosili kaci iyo. Cvenma misvlam didad nugeSi sca gansacdelSi. bevri isaubres sulTa cxovrebis Sesaxeb.
iqidan gamovediT da mivaRwieT zRvispira qalaq samisons; iq Cveni saxedrebi gavyideT da naviT gavemgzavreT
afxazeTisaken. keTili da sasiamovno niaviT mivaRwieT
foTs da iqidan saxedriT quTaTiss avediT, rTvlobis Jams.
maSinve acnobes mefes, romelic imjerad zemo qveyneb1
Si imyofeboda. mefem didi sixaruliT gaixara da maSinve
gamogzavna Tavisi mwignobari (mdivani), raTa didi pativiT
waeyvana beri. gzaze Tan gveaxla quTaTeli mRvdelTmoZRvari ilarionic, romelic bolos beris mowafe Seiqna.
wamovediT da movaRwieT qarTlis qveyanas, sadac mefe
Tavis mTavrebTan erTad iyo. sami saaTis gza rom darCa,
mefem mogvageba Tavisi mRvdelTmoZRvarni da didebulni.
TviT RmrTismsaxuri mefe ki karvis karis win moegeba wmida mamas, mxurvaled miesalma da kurTxeva miiRo misgan.
xelis mokidebiT Seiyvana karavSi, savarZelSi dasva Tavis
maxloblad da gamxiarulebulma didi sixaruliT Tqva?
“kurTxeulia RmerTi, aha dRes iqmna cxovreba Cemi samefosi, radgan vixile axali oqropiri~2. mefesTan erTad didebulebic gaxarebuli iyvnen da RmerTs RmerTs hmadlob-
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1 zemo qveynebad iwodeboda qarTli, samcxe da tao-klarjeTi.
2 oqropiri _ igulisxmeba wm. ioane oqropiri, konstantinepolis mTavarepiskoposi (+407), eklesiis erT-erTi udidesi
maswavlebeli.
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isaAA
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RmerTi, romelman mogYvlina eseviTari kaci macxovrad sulTa
CuenTa”. da iyo sixaruli didi yovelsa mas sameufosa missa.
dnen da ambobdnen: `kurTxeulia RmerTi, romelmac mogvivlina amgvari kaci Cveni sulebis sacxovneblad~. mTel samefoSi didi sixaruli iyo.
XXI. xolo mas Jamsa iqmna didi ganmarjuebaA mefisaA, odesigi SewevniTa RmrTisaATa winaaRmdgomni TYsisa mefobisani
abaTaAs Zeni Seipyrna, romelTaTYs yovelTa uwyiT WeSmaritebiT, viTarmed SepyrobaA mefisaA eguleboda. ese kacni Zlierni da axoanni simdidresa zeda mklavisa TYsisasa moqadulni da simravlesa zeda erisasa aRzuavebulni, xuTni erTobiT,
viTarca uZlurni raAme da yrmani CCYlni, egreT Seipyrna, rameTu wuT Tue erTi ara gamosrul iyo Semdgomad mislvisa
Cuenisa, ese viTarca Kelad ixuna. waravlina mwodebeli berisa Tana, da viTarca Sevida beri da miuloca ganmarjuebaA igi,
hrqua mas mefeman, viTarca iyo morwmune da RmrTis-msaxuri:
“N wmidao mamao, araA vinaA ars ganmarjuebaA ese Cueni TYnier
locvisa da madlisa Senisa, rameTu mravalgzis Kel-meyo da
ver odes gamemarjua. xolo aw uwyi WeSmaritebiT, romel saswauli ars ese moslvisa SenisaA da amieriTgan waremarTos mefobaA Cueni locviTa SeniTa”.
da auwya yovelive ganzraxvaA maTi da borotisa SemzadebaA, romelsa-igi misTYs igonebdes.
amisa Semdgomad ganagna raA saqmeni mis Jamisani RmrTismsaxurman mefeman da rameTu mowevnulca iyo Jami zamTrisaA,
da Cueulebisaebr TYsisa warvida afxazeTad da awYa bersaca warslvad, raATa mun daizamTros da ganisuenos, da viTarmed ars queyanaA igi bari da tfili.
ids
da viTarca wamovemarTeniT da miviwieniT Wyond
Wyondids
ids, mefe sruliad afxazeTs STaslvad waremarTa, xolo Cuen epis-
21. im dReebSi mefem didi warmateba moipova. RvTis SewevniT man Seipyro Tavisi mowinaaRmdegeni abaTaisZeni, romelTa Sesaxebac yvelam danamdvilebiT icoda, rom mefis
Sepyrobas ganizraxavdnen. eseni iyvnen Zlieri da axovani
vaJkacebi, Tavisi mklavis ZlierebiT gaamayebulni da uamrav xalxze aRzevebuli. xuTiveni erTad Seipyro mefem, ise
iolad, TiTqos uZluri da Cvili yrmebi yofiliyvnen. erTi Tvec ar iyo gasuli Cveni Casvlis Semdeg, rodesac mefem xelT-igdo isini. maSinve gagzavna kaci, rom moexmo beri (giorgi). isic movida da miuloca mefes gamarjveba. mefe morwmune da RmrTismsaxuri iyo. amitomac uTxra bers:
`hoi, wmindao mamao, Cveni gamarjveba ar moxdeboda Tqveni
locvisa da madlis gareSe, radganac bevrjer davapire es
saqme, magram xeli ar momemarTa. axla ki zustad vici, rom
es gamarjveba Seni mosvlis madliT aRsrulebuli saswaulia, da amieridan Cemi mefoba warmatebuli iqneba Seni
locvis ZaliT~.
mefem auwya bers, Tu ras ganizraxavdnen misi mtrebi,
da Tu rogor umzadebdnen mas borotebas.
amis Semdeg RmrTismsaxurma mefem moagrova im drois
Sesaferisi saqmeebi, da radgan zamTari iyo moaxloebuli,
Cveulebisamebr, afxazeTSi wavida, da bersac SesTavaza iq
wasvla, dazamTrebisa da mosvenebisaTvis. afxazeTi vake da
Tbili adgilia, da gamozamTrebisTvis xelsayreli.
gavemarTeT da mivaRwieT Wyondids. mefem afxazeTisaken gza ganagrZo, Cven ki Wyodidelma episkoposma ar gag-
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rgi mTawmidel
isa
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rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
koposman Wyondidelman ara gangYtevna, rameTu mowafe iyo
berisaA.
da zamTari igi mun davyavT da Semdgomad zamTrisa aRmoraA-vida RmrTis-msaxuri mefe kualad qarTladve
qarTladve, mouwoda bersa winaSe missa da miscna adgilni Suenierni, lavrani
didebulni gansasuenebelad da sayofelad misa, pirvelad neZY
qarTls Sina da Semdgomad mciredisa Satberd
Satberdii , didebuli
lavraA klarjeTs Sina.
xolo SesaZlebel Tumca iyo yoladve, ara hnebavn mefesa,
raATa erTsacamca dResa kide iyo misgan. da ver ganZReboda
smeniTa Taflisa utkbilesTa maT sityuaTa misTaATa da esreT
etyYn: “wmidao mamao, amisTYs movaSureT siwmide Tqueni, raATa naklulevanebaA da cTomaA uwesoA aRmohfxura sruliad
sulTagan CuenTa. dafaruli dafarulad guamxile, xolo cxadi Tualuxuavad gangYmarte; rameTu raAca mibrZanos mamobaman Senman, esreT Seviwynaro, viTarca pirisagan wmidaTa mociqulTaAsa”. da moiyvana Ze TYsi giorgi uflis-wuli da Keli misi Kelsa STaudva da hrqua: “aqa mogcem sulsa amis yrmisasa da winaSe RmrTisa gTxov”. xolo man akurTxa da uloca
da hrqua, viTarmed: “RmerTman oriTave cxorebiTa adiden viTarca didi kostantine SiSsa Sina TYssa da daumorCilen yovelni mterni misni”.
da viTarca Suenoda swavlani RmrTiv-sulierni da mcnebani saRmrToni aRuwerna da miscna, raATa samaradisod ikiTxvides da iwurTides da raATa uwesoTa kacTa ujeroA raAme
da drkuA ara aswaon.
xolo man sixaruliT Seiwynarna da dRe da Rame iwurTin
da esreT Seudga, viTarca Svili sayuareli mamasa saxiersa da
viTarca mowafe erTguli moZRuarsa TYssa.
viSva da TavisTan dagvitova, radgan igi beris (giorgis)
mowafe iyo.
zamTari iq gavatareT. gazafxulze, rodesac mefe qarTlSive dabrunda, kvlav moixmo beri da sacxovreblad da
dasasveneblad mSvenieri adgilebi da didebuli monastrebi misca; jer neZvi (qarTlSi), mcire xnis Semdeg ki _ Satberdis didebuli lavra klarjeTSi.
SesaZlebeli rom yofiliyo, mefe erT dResac ar isurvebda berisagan (giorgisagan) ganSorebas. igi ver ZReboda moZRvris sityvebiT, romlebic Taflze utkbilesi iyo,
da ase eubneboda: `wmindao mamao, imisTvis gavsarjeT Tqveni siwminde, rom savsebiT aRmofxvra Cveni sulebidan yoveli naklovaneba da uweso cToma. dafaruli _ dafaruladve gvamxile, xolo cxadi _ piruTvnelad gangvimarte.
rasac Seni moZRvreba mibrZanebs, yovelives ise miviReb, rogorc wminda mociqulis pirisagan gamosuls~.
mefem moiyvana Tavisi vaJi, giorgi ufliswuli, da misi xeli moZRvars Caudo xelSi da uTxra: `aq (amqveynad)
Cagabareb am yrmis suls, xolo iq (RmrTis winaSe) _ mogTxov~. xolo man daloca igi da uTxra: `RmerTma orive
cxovrebiT (sulieriT da xorcieliT) adidos igi mis mimarT moSiSebaSi, rogorc didi konstantine, da daumorCilos yoveli mteri~.
moZRvarma dauwera da misca mas Sesaferisi RmrTivsulieri swavlani da mcnebani, raTa mudmivad kiTxulobdes
da iwvrTnebodes, da raTa uweso adamianebma raime simrude da simaxinje ar aswavlon.
ufliswulma sixaruliT miiRo swavla, dRedaRam iwvrTneboda da ise Seudga moZRvars, rogorc sayvareli Svili _ keTil mamas, da erTguli mowafe _ Tavis maswavlebels.
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rgi mTawmidel
isa
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rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo mieriTgan iwyes aRsaarebad da sinanulad TYT mefeman, kaTalikozman, mRdelTa, diakonTa, monazonTa da moweseTa, didebulTa da mTavarTa, mdidarTa da glaxakTa. esreT
mKurvaliTa sarwmunoebiTa moiswrafdes, vidremdis sazrdelsaca ZliT miviRebdiT.
da esreT gananaTla yoveli aRmosavleTi kacman aman ganaTlebulman RmrTisa mier da yovelnive cxadni da dafarulni uwesoebani ganhmarTna, rameTu pirvelad yovlisa aRlesa
maxYli mxilebisaA mefeTa mimarT mravalTa uwesoebaTaTYs
uSiSad da Tualuxuavad, sibrZniT da gonierad, raATa ara
hyiddes saepiskoposoTa kacTa mimarT uwesoTa da uswavlelTa da yovliTurT soflisa SemsWualulTa da uwesoebaTa da
mimoslvaTa Sina aRzrdilTa, aramed gamoarCevdes kacTa RirsTa da wmidaTa monazonebasa Sina aRzrdilTa da RmrTiv-sulierTa moZRuarTa mier wamebulTa, da raATa locviTa da madliTa maTiTa mSYdobiT waremarTos mefobaA misi da raATa ara
mRdelTa uwesoebiTa da codviTa eris-kacnica daisajnen.
kualad etyoda mSjavrTaTYs da samarTalTa sameufoTa
da raATa uSjides obolsa da qurivsa sityYsaebr daviTisa:
mdabali da glaxaki ganamarTlos, da raATa ara misdrekdes sasworsa simarTlisasa didisa mimarT, gina mcirisa, da raATa umetes yovlisa wyalobaA Seitkbos, rameTu wyalobaA da samarTali uyuars ufalsa; da raATa yoveli arawmidebaA da uwesoebaA moispos TYT misgan pirvelad da merme erisa misisagan.
aRsarebasa da sinanuls Seudgnen TviT mefec, kaTalikozic, mRvdelni, diakonni, monazonni da moweseni*, didebulni da mTavarni, mdidarni da glaxakni. iseTi mxurvale sarwmunoebiT miiswrafodnen aRsarebisaTvis, rom moZRvari da misi TanaSemweni sadilisTvisac veRar iclidnen.
RmrTis mier ganaTlebulma am kacma (giorgim) mTeli
aRmosavleTi (iberia) gaanaTla; yoveli uwesoeba gamoaswora, rogorc aSkara, iseve dafaruli. jer mxilebis maxvili mefeTa mimarT alesa; maT mraval uwesoebas uSiSad
da miukerZoeblad amxilebda, sibrZniT da gonivrulad; aswavlida, rom ar mieyidaT saepiskoposo Tanamdebobebi uweso, uswavlel, amqveyniur saqmeebSi garTul kacTaTvis, arc
mimosvlaSi (laSqrobaSi) aRzrdilTaTvis, aramed gamoerCiaT Rirseulni da wmidani, monazvnobiT aRzrdilni,
da RmrTivsulier moZRvarTa mier damowmebulni (e. i. maT
mier rekomendebuli), raTa maTi locviTa da madliT mSvidobianad waremarTos samefo, da raTa mRvdelTa uwesoebiTa da codviT eriskacnic ar daisajon.
giorgi esaubreboda samefo samsjavrosa da sasamarTlos Sesaxebac, raTa mefeni esarClebodnen obolsa da
qvrivs, daviTis sityvisamebr, mdabioTa da glaxakT ganamarTlebdnen, da raTa ar gadaxrides simarTlis saswors
mikerZoebulad, arc didis, arc mciris mimarT. uwinares
yovlisa, wyalobisa da mowyalebis Cveuleba SeiTvisa, radgan wyaloba da samarTali uyvars ufals, da yoveli uwminduroba da uwesoba moikveTos, pirvel yovlisa, sakuTari Tavisagan, da Semdeg _ mTeli xalxisagan.
1 `mowese~ ewodeba raime saeklesio an samonastro `wesis~ anu
Tanamdebobis mqone pirs.
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isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
merme iwyo mRdelT-moZRuarTa mimarT, raATa TualT-RebiT KelT-dasxmasa ara hyofden da uRirsTa mRdelTa ara
akurTxevden, da raATa amcnebden maT mier kurTxeulTa
mRdelTa uRirsTa ara ziarebad, da raATa ara Sehkrebden oqrosa da vecxlsa, aramed umetes yovlisa swyalobden glaxakTa da uRonoTa; da raATa ara uwesoA raAme gina sxuaTa damabrkolebeli saqme ixilvebodis maT Soris, aramed mcnebasa mas
mociqulisasa Seudgen, viTarca miuwers timoTes.
kualad iwyo mRdelTa mimarT da diakonTa swavlad morCilebasa episkoposisa TYsisasa da ara visa TualT-RebiT micemad ganmacxovelebelsa mas Korcsa da sisxlsa qristessa
da yofad egreT, viTarca wamebs kanoni mociqulTa da mamaTaA.
egreTve monazonTa da moweseTa da yovelsa ersa SemsgavsebuliTa swavliTa gananaTlebda, uswavlelTa swavlida, xolo swavlulTa swavlaTa maT aRuKsenebda, mdidarTa aswavebda wyalobad glaxakTa, xolo glaxakTa moTminebasa aswavebda. qvelis-saqmiTa warhmgzavnida, dacemulTa aRhmarTebda, xolo dacemadTa ganamtkicebda; mowylulTa isriTa uxilavTa
mterTaATa ganhkurnebda, xolo mowylvadTa maT mowylvisagan uvnebelad daicvida; danTqmulTa RelvaTa Sina vnebaTasa
aRmoiyvanebda, xolo danTqmadTa danTqmad ara utevebda, aramed viTarca Kelovani menaveT-moZRuari zRYsagan amis soflisa dauTqmelad ganarinebda.
Semdeg daiwyo mRdelTmoZRvarTa swavleba, raTa mikerZoebulad ar daasxamdnen xelT, da ar akurTxevdnen uRirs mRvdlebs; ubrZanebdnen maT mier nakurTx mRvdlebs,
rom ar aziaron uRirsni, ar Seagrovon oqro da vercxli,
aramed yvela sxvaze ufro metad swyalobdnen glaxakT da
uqonelT. aswavlon, raTa uweso raime, mRvdlobisaTvis
xelSemSleli, araferi Seexos maT cxovrebas, aramed mihyvnen mociqulis mcnebas (brZanebas), rasac igi timoTes miswers1.
mRvdlebsa da diakonT aswavlida, morCili yofiliyvnen Tavisi episkoposisa, mikerZoebulad aravisTvis miecaT macocxlebeli xorci da sisxli qristesi, da ise emoqmedaT, rogorc brZaneben mociqulTa da mamaTa mier dadgenili kanonebi.
monazvnebsa da moweseebs, da agreTve mTel xalxs maTTvis Sesaferisi swavliT gananaTlebda. uswavlelT aswavlida, swavlulT _ ukve naswavls axsenebda, mdidrebs miuTiTebda glaxakTa mowyalebas, glaxakebs _ moTminebas aswavlida, Tanac mowyalebiT istumrebda; dacemulebs aRadgenda, dasacemad ganwirulebs _ aZlierebda; mtris (e. i.
satanis) uxilavi isriT daWrilebs kurnavda, xolo dasaWrelad ganmzadebulebs _ misgan uvneblad icavda; vnebaTa
RelvaSi STanTqmulT amoiyvanda, da visac STanTqma emuqreboda, ar anebebda daRupvas, aramed, rogorc daxelovnebuli mezRvauri, ama qveynis zRvisagan STaunTqmelad
icavda.
1 ix. 1 tim. 3:3-11
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isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
XXII. romlisaTYsca ara ujero ars, raATa mosaKsenebelad
zemo aRwerilTa amaT saTnoebaTa misTa mciredi uwyebaA warmogiTxra amis pirisaTYs, Tu viTari madli aqunda sulTa kurnebisaA, da umetes yovlisa Tu viTari Suamdgomeli iyo RmrTisa mimarT mrCobl simrTeliT dacvisTYs, romeli Seevedris
da Tavi TYsi wmidasa mas oriTave cxorebiTa miscis.
ids viyveniT, virameTu Jamsa mas, odes-igi Cuen Wyond
Wyondids
Tarca zemo vaKseneT, iyo vinme ZmaA erTi saepiskoposa mas Sina stumrad mosruli mTavarepiskoposisa Tana wesiTa mTavardiakoni, xolo saxiTa monazoni, romeli-igi ukuanaAsknel KelTagan wmidisaTa aRikueca, rameTu wuT ara aRkuecil iyo. xolo iyo igi Wabuki hasakiTa da ara uCinoTa da mdabalTa Svili, da wuT ara aqunda mecnierebaA berisa Tana, aramed TYT
ityoda, viTarmed: sarwmunoebaA da sasoebaA egeviTari maqundao, romel viTarca qristesa vxedevdi.
amas Zmasa zogadi igi mteri naTesavisa CuenisaA ekueTa siWabukisa gulis-TqumaTa mier, rameTu TYssa moZRuarsa ara
eaxla, romelsa Tana gulis-sityuaA TYsi daedva. da poa raA
igi TYnier moZRurisa, maSin brZola-sca. xolo vinaATgan ucxoAs-ucxo sarwmunoebaA aqunda kacsa mas Tana RmrTisasa, ara
utevebda danTqmad sarwmunoebaA igi misi. ese movida Cem
uRirsisa Tana da mrqua esreT, viTarmed: “jer-ars, mamao, raATa
ukueTu vinme moZRuarsa TYssa ara eaxlos da brZolaA mterisaA SWirdes, raATa sxuasa moZRuarsa gamoucxados da locvasa daevedros”? rameTu eseviTarTa wesTa wuT umecar iyo.
xolo me varqu mas, viTarmed: “didad saTno ars ege, patiosano Zmao, winaSe RmrTisa”. da momigo me esreT, viTarmed: “yav
siyuaruli da miCuene me beri da moaKsene Wiri ese Cemi”.
22. amitomac, uadgilo ar iqneba, am zemoaRweril saTnoebaTa erTi mciredi nawili mogiTxroT, im sakiTxze, Tu
rogori madli (Zliereba) hqonda sulTa mkurnalobisa, da
ufro metic, rogori Suamdgomeli iyo RmrTis winaSe yvela imaTi ormagi sijansaRiT dacvisaTvis (rogorc sulieri, ise xorcieli), vinc wminda mamas miendoboda da miebareboda orive cxovrebiT (sulieriTa da xorcieliT).
im dros, rodesac Cven WyondidSi viyaviT, rogorc zemoTac aRvniSneT, saepiskoposoSi imyofeboda mTavarepiskoposTan stumrad mosuli vinme kaci, TanamdebobiT diakoni, monazvnis wesiT mcxovrebi; bolos igi wmida mamis xeliT aRikveca kidec monazvnad, magram im dros jer kidev
ar iyo aRkvecili. asakiT Wabuki iyo, warCinebuli mSoblebis Svili. igi ambobda: Tavdapirvelad, jer kidev maSin, sanam gavicnobdi bers (giorgis), mis mimarT iseTi rwmena da sasoeba gamiCnda, TiTqos TviT qristes vxedavdio.
am axalgazrdas Wabukuri gulisTqmiT (vnebaTa RelviT)
SeebrZola Cveni modgmis saerTo mteri (satana). erTxel
Wabuki kargaxniT ganeSora moZRvars, romelsac uziarebda xolme Tavis gulissityvas; da rogorc ki moZRvris gareSe daigula, maSinve brZola dauwyo mas eSmakma. magram
radgan am kacs RmrTis didi sarwmunoeba hqonda, igi ar
anebebda mas vnebebSi STanTqmas. erTxel movida igi Cem
uRirsTan da miTxra: `SeiZleba Tu ara, mamao, rom, Tu vinme moZRvrisagan Sors iyos, xolo mtris brZola sWirdes
(e. i. satana ebrZodes), man sxva moZRvars mimarTos da locva sTxovos?~ ase mkiTxa, radgan amgvari wesebi man jer ar
icoda. me ki vuTxari: `didad mosawonia es, patiosano Zmao,
RmrTis winaSe~. man kvlav momigo: `siyvarulis gulisTvis,
miCvene beri (giorgi) da acnobe Cemi gaWirvebis Sesaxeb~.
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isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo mas Jamsa beri saepiskoposos aRsrul iyo. da viTarca movida, movaKsene Zmisa mis gulis-sityuaA. da xvalisagan
mibrZana mowodebaA misi.
da mo-raA-vida, Seviyvane pirvelad senakad Cemda da vamcen, raATa uSiSad da kadnierad gamoucxados yovelive bersa. xolo viTarca Seviyvane winaSe berisa da me gamoved, gamoucxadna mas brZolani TYsni. hrqua mas berman, viTarca TYT
yovelsave ukuanaAsknel miTxrobda, viTarmed: “Svilo, RYnosa
ganeyene, raATa ganTavisuflde”. hrqua Zmaman man: “mamao, queyanaA ese xorSaki ars da umetesad igi adgili, sada me viyofebi, nu ukue sneulebisagan davece”. hrqua mas berman KelmwifebiT da gancxadebulad, viTarmed: “Svilo, me viyo Soris RmrTisa da Sensa Suamdgomeli, viTarmed: ukueTu Sen
mcnebaA Cemi daimarxo, arRaraA SegemTxYos sulieri gina Korcieli sneulebaA”.
xolo igi evedreboda, raATa sruliad daimowafos, aramed ara ineba berman, vidremdis pirvelisa mis moZRurisagan
ara ijmnas, rameTu ara guaqus egeviTari CueulebaAo.
xolo gamo-raA-vida ZmaA igi, ese yoveli mauwya. da ixilveboda viTarca brZmedisagan gamosruli yovliTurT mxiaruli da Tavisufali. mieriTgan esreT ganeyena RYnosa, romel
TYnier ziarebisa wmidaTa saidumloTaAsa Jam ravdenme gemosa ara ixilvides. da viTarca ukuanaAsknel gYTxrobda sargebelisaTYs Cuenisa, viTarmed: vinaATgan Sen bersa Tana Semiyvaneo, mieriTgan esreT ganvTavisufldi mraval Jam, romel kualica ver vpove Cem Soris pirvelTa maT brZolaTaA. simrTelisaTYs kula radRa saKmar ars Tqumad, viTar queyanasa
mas Sina xorSaksa yovelTa RYno-sumulTaAsa umrTeles ipova.
ese amisTYs warmovTquT, raATa geuwyos, Tu viTari Suamdgomeli iyo Soris RmrTisa da kacTa, da Tu viTarisa
imJamad beri saepiskoposoSi iyo asuli, da rodesac
dabrunda, movaxsene im kacis danabarebi. man ki mibrZana,
meore dRisaTvis mimeyvana igi masTan.
rodesac movida, jer Cems senakSi Seviyvane da davarige, rom mourideblad da Tamamad gaendo berisaTvis yvelaferi. Semdeg Seviyvane berTan, da rodesac gamovedi, man
Tavisi brZolis (vnebaTa Relvis) Sesaxeb acnoba mas. berma
Turme mas uTxra (rogorc bolos Tavad im kacma momiTxro):
`Svilo, Rvinis sma aikrZale, raTa ganTavisuflde brZolisagan~. kacma uTxra: `mamao, Waobiania es qveyana, da ufro metad ki is adgili, sadac me vimyofebi. vaiTu, sneulebam damces~. berma ganucxada da ZalauflebiT uTxra: `Svilo, me viqnebi RmerTsa da Sen Soris Suamdgomeli, rom,
Tu Cems darigebas Seasruleb, aRar SegemTxveva arc sulieri sneuleba, arc xorcieli~.
axalgazrda kacma sTxova, sruliad daemowafebina igi.
magram berma es ar ineba, sanam ar iyo ganSorebuli igi pirveli moZRvrisagan, radganac ara gvaqvs amgvari Cveulebao.
berisagan rom gamovida, kacma yovelive mauwya. TiTqos
brZmedi gaevlos da gamoxurvebuliyos, iseTi mxne iyo, sruliad Tavisufali da mxiaruli. im droidan man aikrZala
Rvino; ramdenime xnis ganmavlobaSi wmida saidumloTa ziarebis garda Rvinos gemosac ar usinjavda. mogvianebiT,
Cveni sulieri sargeblobisaTvis mogviTxrobda: imis Semdeg, rac Sen berTan Semiyvane, ise ganvTavisufldi vnebaTRelvisagan, rom kvalic aRar darCa CemSi adrindeli brZolebidano. janmrTelobaze raRaa saTqmeli: im Waobian adgilas Rvinis msmelebze ufro janmrTeli Seiqna.
es imisaTvis warmovTqvi, rom aSkara gaxdes, Tu rogori Suamdgomeli iyo mama giorgi RmerTsa da kacTa Soris,
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isa
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rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
simrTelisa mimcemeli iyo sulisa da KorcTaA, da Tu viTarsa
sarwmunoebasa miscemda misa SevedrebulTa.
xolo mdidarTa kula safaseTa ganbnevisaTYs, da Tu viTar umetes yovlisa glaxakTa wyalobasa amcnebda, Zalman sityYsaman gamoacxados, raATa gueuwyos mowyalebaA igi sulisa
misisaA.
rameTu iyo vinme episkoposi, mdidari friad da warCinebuli, romelsa-igi marjul hbrZoda eSmaki, raATa simdidriTa safaseTa TYsTaATa eklesiani Seamkvnes da ganaSuennes, da
raATa monasterTa Sina aRapi daidvas. da amiT mizeziTa scvida simdidresa TYssa, xolo glaxakTa yoladve ara mixedvida.
ese daemowafa wmidasa amas bersa da ganucxada TYsi gulis-sityuaA. xolo berman hrqua mas, viTarmed: “N meufeo, ege
brZolaA borotisa mterisaA ars, raATamca eklesiaTa da aRapTa mizeziTa glaxakTa uwyaloebasa Sina mogklas moikla, rameTu ara Tu amas guetyYs RmerTi, viTarmed eklesiani ara
SeamkveniTo, aramed rameTu mSioda da ara meciT me Wamadi”.
viTarca ityYs iovane oqropiri.
esreT swavlaTa TYsTa mier mowyalebad glaxakTa moiyvana da friad ganyofad iwyo uRonoTa da davrdomilTa, vidre ara saxilvelad sakYrvel iyo, romelni pirvel icnobdes.
da rogor janmrTelobas aZlevda sulsa da xorcs, an ra
sarwmunoebiT ganamtkicebda yvelas, vinc miebareboda.
beris sulieri mowyalebis saCveneblad aqve vityviT
mdidarTa mier faseulobaTa ganbnevis Sesaxeb, Tu rogor
aswavlida mdidarT, sxvaze ufro metad miecaT glaxakTaTvis mowyaleba:
iyo erTi episkoposi, Zalze mdidari da warCinebuli,
romelsac marjvnidan ebrZoda eSmaki1, da STaagonebda, raTa Tavisi simdidriT eklesiebi Seamkos da gaamSvenieros,
agreTve monastrebSi Tavisi sulis mosaxsenebeli aRapebi2
SeukveTos. am mizeziT Zalze ufrTxildeboda Tavis simdidres, glaxakebs ki zedac ar uyurebda.
es episkoposi daemowafa am wminda bers (giorgis) da
ganucxada Tavisi gulisTqma. berma ki upasuxa: `hoi, meufeo3, eg _ boroti mtris brZolaa, raTa eklesiebis Semkobisa da aRapebis dawesebis mizeziT glaxakebisadmi mowyalebis miucemlobiT mogklas. RmerTi imas ki ar gveubneba:
`Cemi eklesiebi ratom ar SegimkiaTo~, aramed: `mSioda da
ar momeciTo me saWmeli~4, rogorc ganmartavs iovane oqropiri~.
aseTi swavlebiT berma episkoposs glaxakTa mowyaleba
STaagona. amieridan daiwyo man uqonelTa da
davrdomilTaTvis mowyalebis ganawileba. yvela, vinc mis
1 marjvnidan brZola _ igulisxmeba eSmakis mier waqezeba kacisa iseTi saqmeebisaTvis, rac, erTi SexedviT, saTnoa, sinamdvileSi ki ampartavnebas emsaxureba.
2 aRapi (berZn. `siyvaruli~) _ ase ewodeba micvalebulis sulis mosaxsenebel RmrTismsaxurebasa da wveulebas, riTac moyvasisadmi siyvaruli gamoixateba.
3 `meufe~ _ mimarTvis forma mRvdelTmTavrebisadmi (episkoposebisa da kaTalikosebisadmi).
4 mT. 25:42
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eseviTariTa swavliTa gananaTla queyanaA Cueni da esreT
acxovnna sulni uricxuni da ZRunad miupyrna siZesa mas sulTasa.
adrindel saqciels icnobda, gakvirvebuli iyo misi xelgaSlilobiT.
aseTi swavlebiT gaanaTla Cveni qveyana wminda berma,
da uricxvi suli daayena cxovnebis gzaze da ZRvnad mihgvara isini sulTa siZes.1
XXIII. xolo uwyi, viTarmed eZieb da gsuris moTxrobad, N
wmidao, Tu viTar iqmna SekrebaA obolTaA amaT da Tu viTar
esodeni simravle erTobad moiyvana, saqme ese friad maRali
da sakYrveli saqme damokidebuli Sjulisa da winawarmetyuelTaA, da vTqua, Tu uzeSTaesica SjulisaA saqme axlisa
madlisa Semamkobeli da gYrgYni, romeli-igi mose ixila da
Tana-warhKda, xolo ahron viTarca SeuZlebelsa ganeSora,
aramed ufskrulman man wyalobisaman beWTa TYsTa itYrTa da
yovelTa sadgursa miiyvana. ese saqme kacman aman mobaZavman
RmrTisa wyalobaTaman saTnod RmrTisa Kel-yo da aRasrula,
romel vhgoneb, Tu dasabamiTgan soflisaAT da vidre aqamomde vervis Kel-uyofies da vercaRa vin Kel-hyofs da Sehkadrebs. daRacaTu vin sada Kel-yo ese anu qalaqTa Sin gina
sofelTa, mciredTaganman vinme warhmarTa, kualad aTni vinme
gina Tu aTxuTmetni, gina ocni Seiwynarna da eseca hasakad
mosrulni, viTarca-igi wamebs wigni mefeTaA abdiaAsTYs
23. vici, gsurs, isic mogiTxro, hoi wmindao, rogor
moxda am obolTa Sekreba, da rogor Sekriba Cvenma berma
aseTi didi simravle. esaa Zalze maRali da sakvirveli saqme, sjulisa da winaswarmetyvelis Sesaferisi, da vityvi,
rom Sjulze ufro aRmatebulicaa da axali madlis Semamkobelia da gvirgvini. es isaa, rac mosem ixila da gverdi auqcia, xolo ahroni ganeSora, rogorc SeuZlebels,
magram wyalobis am ufskrulma Tavis beWebze itvirTa da
yovelTa sadgurSi miiyvana isini.2 RmrTis mowyalebis mimbaZvelma am kacma (giorgim) RmrTivsaTnod aRasrula es saqme. vfiqrob, qveynis dabadebis Semdeg dRemde amgvari saqmisaTvis xeli aravis miuyvia, da verc amieridan gabedavs
da wamoiwyebs. Tumca iSviaTad aris iseTi SemTxvevebi, qalaqebSi an soflebSi, rodesac SeZlebs xolme vinme, aTi an
TxuTmeti Wabuki Tavis saxlSi Semoikribos, da Tanac _ ara
mTlad uasakoni, rogorc, magaliTad, moTxrobilia mefeTa
1 siZe, saxarebis saxismetyvelebiT, iesu qristea, marTal adamianTa sulebi ki _ RmrTis sasZloni (Sdr. mT. 25:1-13)
2 Sdr. lk. 10:35
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mTawmidelisa
isaAA
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winawarmetyuelisa, romelman-igi ergasisni winawarmetyuelni ltolvilni da damalulni iezabelisgan quabsa erTsa
Sina Jam ravdenme gamozardna. da ese ara sakYrvel ars, rameTu ese ergasis Tavi iyo aqab mefisaA, xolo igi winawarmetyuelni iyvnes RmrTisani, romelTa mier mrCoblsa sasyidelsa moeloda.
da kualad weril ars axalsaca Sjulsa Sina wmidisa klimisTYs da wmidisa zotike xucisaTYs da samfson ucxoTa Semwynarebelisa da wmidisa babilaAsTYs antioqel patriaqisa, rameTu wmidaA klimi aswavlida yrmaTa, xolo sulieri dedaA misi
netari sofia zrdida, da TanamoRuawe iyo egreTve zotike
xucisa coli da Svilni, monani da mKevalni hyves da Tana-Seeweodes. xolo samfson nametnavisagan simdidrisa qvelis-saqmesa iqmoda. da kualad wmidaA babila didisa mis qalaqisa saydris-mpyrobel iyo, romelTaA ara ars sakYrvel esodensa farToebasa Sina uxuebiT qvelis-moqmedebaA. xolo aman netarman
kacman sakYrvelman da kacTa bunebisa uzeSTaes SeukadrebelTa Semkadrebelman, romeli-igi yovliTurT miemsgavsa
bunebiT saxiersa mas da kacT-moyuaresa, rameTu kadnier ars
vidre aqamomdeca sityuaA Cueni, rameTu ara Tu aTni itYrTna,
gina ocni, anu ormeocni, aramed oTxmeoci suli, romelTaganca wuT arca marjuene uwyodes, arca marcxene, aramed moqene iyvnes sZesa dedisasa sazrdelad maTda pirvelsa mas hasakis-qcevasa Sina, xolo sxuani meoresa mas hasaksa Sina Sesrulni siCCoebisagan mcired oden daklebulni da yrmad saxeldebulni, kualad mwyobrni; mesameni mesamesa mas hasaksa Sina
siWabukisasa mozardni da TmaTa maT mamakacobisaTa momlodeni, xolo meoTxeni ganwyobilni xucesTa da moxucebulTa
da berTani, romelni-igi nefsiT TYsiT daemowafnes, xolo
wignSi abdia winaswarmetyvelis Sesaxeb, romelmac iezabelisagan ltolvili 50 winaswarmetyveli, gamoqvabulSi damalulni, ramdenime xans gamokveba. Tanac es sakvirveli araa, radgan abdia aqab mefis ormocdaaTis-Tavi iyo,
isini ki _ RmrTis winaswarmetyvelni, romelTaganac ormag safasurs moeloda.
axal SjulSicaa1 moTxrobili wminda klimis, wminda
zotike xucesisa da samfson ucxoTa-Semwynareblis, agreTve
wminda babilas, antioqel patriarqis Sesaxeb. es klimi aswavlida yrmebs, misi sulieri deda, netari sofia ki _ kvebavda; zotike xucess obolTa zrdaSi Tavisi coli da Svilebic exmarebodnen, agreTve mona-mxevlebi. samfsoni _ mometebuli simdidris gamo qvelmoqmedebas eweoda; xolo
wminda babila didi qalaqis samRvdelTmTavro taxtis
mpyrobeli iyo, da arc misganaa sakvirveli, esodeni siuxviTa da xelgaSlilobiT ekeTebina qvelmoqmedeba. xolo am
netarma, sakvirvelma da kacTa bunebaze aRmatebul saqmeTa wamomwyebma kacma, romelic yovelmxriv miemsgavsa bunebiT saxiersa da kacTmoyvares (iesu qristes), ara Tu aTi
an oci, an ormoci yrmis aRzrda itvirTa, aramed oTxmoci
sulisa, romelTac jer arc marjvena icodnen, arc marcxena2, aramed zogs jer kidev dedis rZe sWirdebodaT sakvebad, imdenad mcirewlovanni iyvnen, sxvebi ki _ meore asakSi Sesulni, Cvilobidan axlad gamosulni da `yrmad~ wodebulni; mesameni _ mesame asakSi iyvnen, _ mozardni da samamakaco Tmis momlodineni, Wabukad wodebulni; meoTxeni
_ ukve zrdasrulni, romlebic Tavisi nebiT daemowafnen;
1 axali Sjuli _ (aq) qristianTa cxovreba, qristianuli
eklesia.
2 `marjvena~ _ igulisxmeba keTili da jerovani saqmeebi,
`marcxena~ _ codvebi, ujero saqcieli.
570
571
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
sxuani kualad SvilTa TYsTa Tana dadges. ese yovelni erT
mwyobrad da erT ricxuad Sekrebulni da rvaaTeulad aRricxulni da navTsadgursa wyalobisa misisasa Sevedrebulni, viTarca cxoarni mwyemssa keTilsa, egreT Seudges wmidasa mas.
xolo mizezi Sekrebisa maTisaA ese iyo, rameTu Jamsa mas,
odes-igi uSjuloebaTa CuenTa simravleman wyaloba-auracxeli da saxieri RmerTi uwyaloebad da risxvad aRZres da salmobaA igi ganmamrudebeli siymilisaA Rirsad da samarTlad
yovelsa aRmosavleTsa zeda moiwia sityYsaebr mose winawarmetyuelisa, da mravalsaxeni da uwesoni saqmeni kacTa bunebasa zeda Semosrulni ixilvebodes, da arawmidani saWmelni
qristeaneTaTYs saWamadad dayenebulni niWad didad SimSilsa
mieZRunebodes, da Svilni sasurvelni da sayuarelni mSobelTani da locviT moTxovilni RmrTisagan sawyino da saZulel
mSobelTa iqmnebodes. xolo sxuasa mas Tana-warvhKdeT, romeli ara jer-ars aRwerad, xolo ese aRiwera mosaKsenebelad qvelis-moqmedebasa kacisa mis RmrTisasa, Tu viTarsa Jamsa
viTar mizez RmrTisa wyalobisa eqmna mravalTa sulTa da
mrCoblTa mier sazrdelTa gamozardna, viTarca pirvel ioseb megYptelni, da viTarca mose zRYsagan siymilisa daunTqmelad misda Sevedrebulni igi sulni ganarinna. da ese nu
vis ukYrs, odes moiwios zegardamo risxvaA kacTa naTesavsa
zeda, ara xolo Tu glaxani Seiwrdebian, aramed mdidarnica
naklulevan iqmnebian, viTarca ityYs daviT, viTarmed: “yovelTave miaqcies erTbamad da uKmar iqmnneso”, amisTYsca yovelnive itanjnes.
sxvebi ki _ TavianT SvilebTan dadgnen. yvela eseni, erT
jgufad Sekrebilini da rva aTeulad aRricxulni, da misi (giorgis) wyalobis navsadgurs mibarebulni, ise gahyvnen am wminda kacs, rogorc cxvrebi _ keTil mwyemss.
amaTi Sekrebis mizezi is iyo, rom imJamad Cveni urjuloebis simravlem auracxeli wyalobis mqone da keTili
RmerTi ganarisxa da wyalobis Sewyveta aiZula. mTel aRmosavleTSi (igulisxmeba aRmosavleT saqarTvelo) damsaxurebulad da samarTlianad Camovarda SimSiloba; mose
winaswarmetyvelis sityvisamebr, sxvadasxvagvari uweso
saqmeebi gabatonda kacTa Soris. arawminda saWmelebi, romelTa Wama qristianTaTvis akrZalulia, SimSilobis gamo
imJamad did wyalobad miiCneoda. sasurveli da sayvareli Svilebi, romlebic didi locviT iyvnen RmrTisagan gamoTxovilni, imJamad mSoblebisTvis momabezreblad da saZulvelad qceuliyvnen. amaze mets nuRarafers vityviT,
radgan maTi aRwera uxamsia. es ki imisaTvis daiwera, raTa
mogvexseniebina qvelmoqmedeba im RmrTiskacisa (giorgisa), Tu ra mZime dros moevlina igi RmrTis wyalobad mraval suls, da mis mier ormagi sakvebiT gamoikvebnen, msgavsad iosebis mier egviptelTa gamokvebisa. rogorc mosem
SimSilis zRvidan STaunTqmelad gamoiyvana masze mindobili sulebi, aseve _ amanac (giorgim) gadaarCina misdami
mindobili 80 kaci. nuravis ukvirs, rom, rodesac kacTa
modgmaze RmrTis risxva moivlineba, ara marto glaxakni
ganicdian Seviwroebas, aramed mdidrebsac bevri ram akldebaT, daviTis sityvisamebr: `yvelani gadaixarnen, da
umaqnisni Seiqnen~1 da amitomac tanjvis gadatana mouwiaT.
1 fs. 13:3
572
573
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo, viTarca zemo vTquT, romelni amas sazarelsa borotsa mZle eqmnnes da knin oden siymilisa sikudilsa dauSTes da Jamsa mas gansacdelisasa mcired Tana-warhKdes, mas
oden Jamsa miviwieniT Cuen aRmosavleTs, rameTu daRacaTu
mcired umolxines qmnil iyo Jami igi, garna wuT neSti gansacdelTa iwroebisaA sruliad ara Tana-warsrul iyo. da, Tuca
vin daSTomil iyo, mravliTa WiriTa cxondeboda da Soris sikudilisa da cxorebisa myof iyo.
da ese yoveli raA ixila wmidaman mamaman giorgi, sulTiTquna mwuxarebiT da cremliT ityoda: N me, raAsaTYsme moviwie amas queyanasa xilvad eseviTarTa amaT borotTa?
xolo, pirvel yovelTasa, vpoveniT amis netarisa TYsni maT
queyanaTa, friad daRonebulni dis-wulni orni, da Svilni maTni, yrmani mcireni. eseni Seiwynarna wmidaman man sityYsaebr
esaiaAsa, viTarmed: “TYsi naTesavisa SenisaA ara ugulebelshyo”. xolo sxuani sxuaTa adgilTagan Sekribna: romelnime qalaqTagan, romelnime dabaTagan, sxuani sruliad udaburTa adgilTa povna, sxuani monebisagan gamoiyvanna, xolo sxuani monebisa umwaresisa cxorebisagan iKsnna; da esreT Jamsave siyrmisa da umankoebisasa vidre cnobadmde keTilisa da borotisa gamoiKsnna netarman aman da eseviTarTa SeuracxTa saqmeTagan mRdelad ubiwod da mned sarwmunod qristesa Sewirna. da ese nuvis ukYrs, rameTu mamad-mTavarica didi ioseb
monaA iyo da siwmide misi yovelTa Soris iqebis, romeli-igi
isa
ukuanaAsknel mefe iqmna egYpt
egYptisa
isa; xolo daviT da amos ara
mwyemsni iyvnesa, romelni-igi erTi mefe iqmna, xolo meore
winawarmetyuel? da raATa ara TYToeulsa vityodi, esreT
raA yovelsa aRmosavleTsa ganefina saqme ese sakYrveli, iwyes yovliT kerZo Semokrebad: romelnime mSobelTa TYsTa mo-
rogorc zemoT vTqviT, am sazarel borotebas rom sZlies, Zlivs gadaurCnen SimSiliT sikvdils, da gansacdels
mcired dausxltnen, swored im dros movediT Cven aRmosavleTSi (aRmosavleT saqarTveloSi). imJamad mcired Semsubuqebuli iyo mdgomareoba, magram jer gansacdelTa
mxriv Seviwroeba jer mTlianad Cavlili ar iyo. vinc, ase
Tu ise, gadarCa, didi gaWirvebiT cxovrobdnen, da sikvdilsa da sicocxles Soris imyofebodnen.
yovelive es rom naxa wminda mama giorgim, mwuxarebiT
oxravda da cremliT ambobda: `hoi, risTvis movaRwie am
qveyanaSi, aseTi borotebis sanaxavad?~
yvelaze uwin moviZieT da vipoveT netari mamis (giorgis) axloblebi: Zalze gaWirvebuli ori diswuli, da maTi Svilebi _ mcirewlovani yrmebi.eseni Seikedla am wminda kacma, esaias sityvisamebr: `Seni naTesavi da axlobeli
uyuradRebod ar miatovo~1. sxva yrmani sxvadasxva adgilebidan Sekriba giorgim: zogi qalaqSi, zogi _ soflebSi, sxvani _ savsebiT udabur adgilebSi ipova. zogi monobidan gamoixsna. mravalni siyrmisa da umankobis Jams gadaarCina, sanam Seicnobdnen keTilsa da borots; arafrad
Casagdebi saqmisagan ubiwo mRvdlad da saeklesio saqmis
mzrunvelad Seswira qristes. es nuravis gaukvirdeba, radganac didi mamaTmTavari iosebic mona iyo, magram misi siwmide yvelgan saqebeli Seiqna, da bolos egvipteSi mefis
nacvaladac daidgina. aseve, daviTi da amosi, gana mwyemsni
ar iyvnen? erTi maTgani mefe gaxda, meore _ winaswarmetyveli. TiToeuli aseTi SemTxveva rom ar CamovTvalo, mokled vityvi, rom mTel aRmosavleTs moefina es sakvirveli
saqme. aRsazrdel yrmaTa Sekreba yoveli mxridan daiwyes:
1 es. 58:7
574
575
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
iyvannian da evedrebied Sewynarebad da romelTame winaSe karTa dautevian da ivltodian; sxuani kualad romelnime gonebiTa maxYlni, mSobelTa TYsTagan TYT ltolvilni, wmidisa
amis navT-sayudelsa Semoevedrnian. da esreT aRorZnda
RmrTiv-Sekrebuli ese krebuli, vidre-Ra aRvida oTxmeoc
ricxuad, viTarca pirvel vTquT.
aw gulisKma-yavT, N morwmuneno, saqme ese maRali da gansakrTomeli, uwyi, viTarmed ara umecar xarT SvilTa zrdasa,
mkYdrni soflisani, rameTu ukueTu vis ganumravlden Svilni ufroAs ricxYsa, ese igi ars SYdisa gina rvisa, raAzomca
mdidari iyos, didsa Wirsa da urvasa STavardebis; xolo ukueTu glaxaki iyos, yovliT kerZo mware ars cxorebaA misi da
aRsavse vaebiTa. xolo aman netarman esodeni ese simravle
obolTaA itYrTa, viTarca sxuaman erTi, gina ori, da esreT
aRzardna yovelnive da RmrTiv-sulieriTa swavliTa srulyvna, viTarca saTno uCnda nebasa RmrTisasa, rameTu aRorZinebasa Tana hasakisasa werilTa saRmrToTa sitkboebasa, viTarca
sZesa da Taflsa, asumida; xolo guamisa orRanoTa maT asoTa
ganWabukebasa da sacnobelTa gareSeTa ganvrcelebasa Tana Sinagan gonebisa orRanoTa da sacnobelTa ganafrTxobda da ganaWabukebda. da esreT mrCobl aRorZinebulTa dambadebelsa
maTsa RmerTsa miuZRuanebda, rameTu ara sxuaTa moZRuarTa
mier aswavlida esodensa amas simravlesa, anu Tu sxuaTa TanaSemweTa iKumevda, raATamca TYT mcired-raAme ganisuena, aramed yovliTurT TYT aswavebn da hmoZRurin mwyobrTa da
mwyobrTa, hasakeulTa da hasakeulTa. xolo wessa da kanonsa
locvaTa TYsTasa ara daacadebda, arca marxvisa da moRuawebisagan ganisuenebda, vidremdis upiratesTa maT Semdgomni Seasworna, xolo SesworebulTa maT Semdgomni maTni warswina.
zogierTi Tavis mSoblebs mohyavda da mis miRebas evedrebodnen; zogs karebTan utovebdnen da Tavad ki garbodnen.
sxvani, maxvili gonebis mqone yrmebi, TviTonve gamorbodnen TavianTi mSoblebisagan da am wmida kacis (giorgis) navTsayudels moaSurebdnen xolme. ase gaizarda RmrTivSemokrebuli es krebuli, sanam oTxmocamde ar Seivso, rogorc zemoTac vTqviT.
gaiazreT, morwmuneno, es maRali da gansakrTomeli saqme! vici, rom Svilebis zrdis ucodinari ara xarT am soflis mkvidrni, da iciT, rom Tu vinmes gaumravldebian Svilebi zomaze metad, e. i. Svidsa da rvaze metad, rogori
mdidaric ar unda iyos, did gasaWirsa da sagonebelSi vardeba aseTi kaci. xolo Tu glaxakia, miT ufro mware gaxdeba misi cxovreba da vaebiT savse. am netarma kacma ki obolTa aseTi didi simravle itvirTa; da iseve, rogorc sxva
vinme erTs an ors aRzrdida, man yoveli maTgani iseve gamozarda da RmrTivsulieri swavlebiT srul-yo; swored
ise, rogorc RmrTis nebis Tanaxmad, jerovani iyo: asakis
zrdasTan erTad saRmrTo werilis sitkboebas asmevda, rZisa da Taflis msgavsad. sxeulis asoTa da grZnobis organoebis ganviTarebis kvaldakval gonebasa da sulier xedvas uviTarebda. ase, ormxriv (xorcielad da sulierad)
aRzrdilT maTsave dambadebel RmerTs miuZRvnida. aseTi
didi simravlis sawvrTnelad sxva moZRvrebi (maswavleblebi) ki ar hyavda mowveuli, an TanaSemwes ki ar ixmarebda, raTa TviTon mcired mainc daesvena, aramed mudam TviTonve aswavlida da swvrTnida, jguf-jgufad, asakis mixedviT ganyofilT. amasTan, piradi locvis kanons arasodes gamotovebda, arc marxvisa da moRvawebisagan isvenebda; mowafeTa Soris saukeTesoebs Semdgomni gauTanaswora; aseve, ufro Semdgomnic win waswia. ase rom, asakiT
576
577
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
da esreT daRacaTu hasakiTa erTi meorisa umetes ixilveboda, xolo swavlulebisa mier urTierTars mohasake iyvnes.
xolo mnebavs sityuaA, Semsgavsebuli Jamsa da adgilsa,
romlisa TqumaA ara ujero ars sabralobelad mabralobelTa
maT ubraloAsaTa, romelTaTYs-igi vhgoneb, romel arca Tu
keTilsa mas mTesvarsa eridnen bralobad, romeli-igi gamovida Tesvad Teslisa, viTarca saxarebasa weril ars; gina Tu
meaTormetisa misTYs mowafisa moZRuari igi saxieri braleul yon; da kualad martoA [elise er]Tisa geezisTYs, romelsa igi xolo mxoloA hyva mowfad, rameTu eseviTariTa savse
arian werilni. xolo Cuen mcireTa mier sityuaTa mizezi sityYsa CuenisaA sacnaur vyoT da nametnavsa Tana-warvhKdeT, raATa ara unayofoebisaTYs romelTame xeTaAsa Sueniersa mas samoTxisa damsxmelsa abralebdes vin, arca urnatT-mTesvarsa
mas Keloansa mcirisa RuarZlisaTYs ganikiTxvides vin, ukueTu mciredca raAme iyos naklulevanebaA esodensa simravlesa
Sina.
rameTu iyo mravali mizezi Sekrebasa amaTsa Sina, N wmidao: pirvelad yovlisa, RmrTisa mimsgavsebuli mowyalebaA,
viTarca zemo vTquT, Jamisa misTYs gansacdelisa, xolo meored, vinaATgan SromaA Tavs-edva da mravalni wignni eTargmnnes da eneba, raATamca naTesavman Cuenman daiswava. xolo
vinaATgan SeuZlebel iyo hasakiTa srulTa da ganmwYsebulTa
ganswavlaA, amisTYsca bunebaA igi lbili da CCYli, romeli,
viTarca cYli sabeWdavsa, egreT miiRebs swavlulebasa, eseviTari krebuli orRanod Semwynarebelad swavlaTa TYsTa
moipova, romlisagan ara gancruvna sasoebaA misi. xolo kualad mesame mizezi ese iyo, romelsaca Sina iyo gangebulebaA
RmrTisaA, rameTu iyo raA wmidaA ese mTasa amas wmidasa pirvelad dekanozobasa Sina da merme winamZRurobasa, aKsovda
mravali Ruawli da SromaA, romeli Tavs-edva xucesTa da mgalobelTaTYs. rameTu queyanaA Cueni Sors iyo amis queyanisa-
erTimeoreze ufros-umcrosni iyvnen, magram swavlulebis
mxriv moZRvarma erTmaneTis Tanamoasaked aqcia isini.
aq minda droisa da adgilis Sesaferisad vTqva sityva
im kacTa gansasjelad, romelnic usamarTlod adanaSaulebdnen moZRvars. udanaSauloTaTvis cilis dawameba xom
Cveulebrivi ambavia; rogorc saxarebaSi weria, aseTi adamianebi ar moeridnen keTili mTesavis dadanaSaulebas, romelic Teslis dasaTesavad iyo gamosuli; aseve, meTerTmete Jamis mowafisaTvis keTili moZRvari braleulad gamoaCines; aseve elise _ geezisaTvis, romelsac mxolod is hyavda mowafed. amgvari magaliTebiT savsea saRmrTo werili.
Cven ki mokle gamoTqmiT Cveni sityvebis mizezi gamovaCinoT, xolo zedmets Tavi avaridoT, raTa mSvenieri baRnaris gamSenebels aravin dasdos brali zogierTi xis unayofobis gamo; arca xnulebis daxelovnebul mTesavs sarevela balaxisaTvis ganikiTxavdes vinme; Tu mcire raime naklovaneba aRmoCndes aseT did simravleSi.
mravali mizani hqonda am yrmebis Sekrebas, hoi, wmindao; pirvel yovlisa _ RmerTTan mimsgavsebuli mowyaleba, rogorc zemoT vTqviT, gansacdelis Jamis gamo. meore _
radganac didi Sroma hqonda gaweuli mravali wignis Targmnaze, surda, Cvens xalxs Seeswavla isini, da radganac
SeuZlebelia srulasakovanTa da zrdasrulTa ganswavla,
amitomac airCia yrmaTa rbili da Cvili buneba, romelic
cvilis sabeWdavis msgavsad iRebs saxes da iTvisebs swavlulebas. es krebuli man Tavis swavlaTa mimRebelad gamoawrTo, da maTgan imedi ar gascruebia. mesame mizezi ki is
iyo, da RmrTis gangebac iyo amaSi, rom, rodesac es wminda
beri mTawmidaze iyo, jer dekanozobaSi da Semdeg winamZRvrobaSi, axsovda didi Sroma da wvaleba, romelic xucesTa da mgalobelTa momzadebas Sealia, magram radgan
578
579
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
gan, da mciredni movidian swavlulni, xolo romelni-igi movidian, Semdgomad mciredisa kualadca warvidian da didebuli ese eklesiaA calieri dautevian. da eneba netarsa amas, raATa
krebuli SvilTa TYsTaA, viTarca cxoarni sityYerni, wmidasa mamasa Cuensa efTYmes ZRunad patiosnad mohguarnes mgalobelad da mRdelad wmidisa amis eklesiisa, raATa RmerTSemosilTa maT maSenebelTa saKsenebeli brwyinvaled aResrulebodis. da viTarca pirvel vTquT, ese sami mizezi iyo maTisa SekrebisaA.
Cveni qveyana mTawmididan Sors iyo, da swavlulni iSviaTad modiodnen, da vinc movidoda, mcireodeni xnis Semdeg isev wavidoda xolme, da im didebul eklesias cariels tovebdnen. netar mamas surda, rom Tavis SvilTa krebuli, sityvieri cxvrebis saxiT, wminda mamis eqvTimesTvis
patiosan ZRvnad miegvara, mRvdlebad da mgaloblebad im
wminda eklesiisa, raTa RmerTSemosil mSenebelTa saxsenebeli yovelTvis brwyinvaled aRsrulebuliyo.
es sami mizani hqonda, rogorc vTqviT, yrmaTa Sekrebas.
XXIV. xolo Cuen pirvelsave sityuasa movideT: davyavT aRmosavleTs xuTi weli eseviTariTa yofiTa, viTarca zemo
vTquT. gardaiwernes wignni misni mravalTa saebiskoposoTa
da monasterTa da mravalni saeklesioni wesni gahmarTna, romelni-raA naklulevanebaA poa da yovelTave – mefesa, mTavarTa,
mdidarTa da glaxakTa, didTa da mcireTa – gzani saukunoAsa
cxorebisani aswavna, mcnebani da wesni dausxna weriT da uwerelad da esreT saRmrToA brZanebaA aRasrula; da misda rwmunebuli igi talanti bevr wilad aRaorZina, romel ars wignTa
TargmanebaA. xolo sxuaAca talanti SesZina friad, umaRlesi
pirvelisa, romel ars esodenisa sulisa ganswavlaA da aRzrdaA.
rameTu me, N netaro, ara esreT didad sakYrvel miCns wignTa
TargmanebaA, viTar esodenisa sulisaA RmrTisa SewirvaA. xolo sacnaur ars ese, viTarmed amaT obolTaTYs waruZRua
RmerTi aRmosavleTs da esreT yoveli aRmosavali gananaTla,
da nawili igi andrea mociqulisaA da simon kananelisaA kualad ganamtkica, rameTu andrea mociqulman movlo queyanaA
Cueni, xolo simon kananelman sruliad daimkYdra, rameTu nikofss arian nawilni misni wmidani.
24. Cven isev Tavdapirvel sityvas davubrundeT. am yofaSi gavatareT aRmosavleTSi xuTi weli. mravalma saepiskoposo eklesiam da monasterma gadaiweres misi wignebi. amiT moZRvarma gamarTa da gaaswora saeklesio wesebi,
sadac ki raime naklovaneba hpova, da yvelas _ mefes, mTavarT, mdidrebsa da glaxakebs, didsa da mcires _ saukuno
cxovrebis gzebi aswavla. wesebi da miTiTebebi dauwesa, rogorc werilobiT, ise zepirad, da amgvarad, aRasrula saRmrTo brZaneba, da misdami Cabarebuli talanti _ wignTa
Targmaneba _ mravalwilad gazarda da aaRorZina.
am saganZurs sxva talantic daumata uxvad, am pirvelze ufro aRmatebuli; esaa amdeni sulis ganswavla da aRzrda. me, hoi netaro mamao, iseT did sakvirvelebad ar mimaCnia wignTa Targmaneba, ramdenadac amdeni sulis RmrTisadmi Sewirva. albaT swored am obolTaTvis waruZRva mas
RmerTi aRmosavleTisken; man Tavisi moZRvrebiT mTeli aRmosavleTi gaanaTla, da andrea mociqulisa da simon kananelis wilxvedri qveyana kvlav ganamtkica. andrea mociqulma xom moiara Cveni qveyana, xolo simon kananeli mTlianad aq damkvidrda; nikofsSi aris misi wminda nawilebi.
580
581
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo raJams-igi samxilebelad codvaTa CuenTaTYs lomi igi myYrali, bab
babilon
iloniT
ilon
iT aRmosruli, simtkicesa zeda
mklavisa TYsisasa moqaduli, meore nabuqodonusor, uSjuloA surtan gamovida sazRvarTagan TYsTa mosrvad naTesavsa
qristeaneTasa, mas Jamsa Sina viyveniT Cuen axalqalaqs javaxeTisasa da mun hyves yovelnive igi obolni TYsni. da vsxediT yovelnive winaSe missa. Sua dRes oden gankYrvebaA daeca
Jam raodenme da meyseulad gankrTomis saxed gYbrZana yovelTa, viTarmed: “uwyodeT, rameTu risxvaA RmrTisaA mowevnad
ars amas qalaqsa zeda”. da brZana aRkazmvaA yovelTaA. da iyo
raA mwuxri, gamovediT. da Semdgomad samisa dRisa moiwia risxvaA igi ugrZnulad, romelsa yovelni mecnier xarT, rameTu
isa oden mkYdrni moisrnes, aramed didara Tu axalqalaq
axalqalaqisa
didni da warCinebulni mTavarni da erisTavni sameufoAsa Cuenisani ZYr-ZYrad moisrnes da warwymdes, romlisa mier RmrTis-msaxuri mefe bagrat didsa mwuxarebasa STavarda, vidre ara mivida kaci ese RmrTisaA da sityuaTa mier nugeSiniscemisaTa da mravalsaxeTa TxrobaTa da uwyebaTagan almuri
igi mwuxarebisaA ganuqarva, vidreRa TYT aRiarebda, viTarmed: “ukueTumca ara mexilva siwmide Seni, kninRamca da mwuxarebisa mier momkudar viyavo”.
rodesac Cveni codvebis samxileblad Tavisi sazRvrebidan gadmovida babilonidan mosuli, Tavisi mklavis Zlierebas mindobili uSjulo salTani, meore nabuqodonosori, myvirali lomis msgavsi, qristiani eris amosawyvetad,
imJamad javaxeTis axalqalaqSi viyaviT, da iq hyavda moZRvars Tavisi oblebi, da mis winaSe viyaviT Sekrebilni;
daaxloebiT SuadRisas igi SeSfoTebam moicva ramdenime
xans, da SeZrwunebulma gviTxra yvelas: `icodeT, rom RmrTis risxva aris am qalaqze mosalodneli~. brZana yvelas
Sekazmva da gamgzavreba.
mwuxri iyo, roca gamovediT. marTlac, rogorc yvelam
iciT, sami dRis Semdeg risxva daatyda am qalaqs, da ara
marto axalqalaqis mkvidrni amowydnen, aramed Cveni samefos did-didi da warCinebuli mTavarni da erisTavnic saSineli sikvdiliT daixocnen. RmrTismsaxuri mefe bagrati did mwuxarebaSi Cavarda, sanam es RmrTis kaci ar mivida masTan sanugeSo sityvisaTvis, da mravalgvari TxrobiTa da uwyebiT mwuxarebis almuri ar ganuqarva. mefem TviT
aRiara _ rom ar mexila Seni siwminde, mwuxarebisagan sasikvdilod viyav ganwirulio.
XXV. xolo gulisKma-yo raA zegardamoATa wodebiTa Jami
micvalebisa TYsisaA, KorcTagan ganslvisaA da RmrTisa mimarT mislvisaA, gangebulebaman saRmrToman aRZra suli misi
warslvad mTawmidad
mTawmidad, raATa vinaA-igi aRmoubrwyinda naTeli mecnierebisaA wignTa RmrTiv-sulierTaA, viTarca mravalgzis gYTquams pirvelad wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa efTYmes mier
da merme amis netarisa mamisa giorgisgan, raATa mierve iqmnas
aRvsebaA misi da zecisa naTelsa SematebaA, daRacaTu qalaqsa
25. rodesac zeciuri STagonebiT mixvda xorcisagan Tavisi sulis gayras da RmerTTan misvlas, saRmrTo gangebam
ubiZga mas mTawmidaze asvla, raTa iq, saidanac amobrwyinda RmrTivsulier wignTa codnis naTeli (Tavdapirvelad
Cveni wminda mamis eqvTimes, Semdeg ki netari mamis giorgis mier), iqve aRsrulebuliyo igi da zeciur naTels Sehmateboda. Tumca ki sameufo qalaqSi (konstantinepolSi)
gardaicvala, wminda da didi mamis eqvTimes msgavsad.
582
583
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
mas Sina sameufos aResrula, viTarca wmidaA da didi mamaA Cueni efTYmi. da raATa, viTarca mdinare Tualisagan wyaroAsa
gamosruli, romelman morwyis piri queyanisaA, Tavadve TYsad
miiqces da TYssave gamosavalsa STaedinos da raATa, viTarca
vTquT, esodeni ese simravle SvilTa TYsTaA, viTarca cxoarTa pirmetyuelTaA, wmidasa mamasa Cuensa efTYmes miuZRuannes da Sinagan bakisa misisa daamkYdrnes. amaT eseviTarTa gangebulebaTaTYs RmrTisa mier gulsa mouKda warslvaA mTawmidadve
midadve.
da Semdgomad mravalTa locvaTa da RmrTisa mimarT vedrebaTa gulsavseqmnuli warvida winaSe RmrTis-msaxurisa mefisa bagratisa da, viTarca Suenoda sibrZnesa missa, mravali
sityuaA madlovnobisaA da RmrTisa mimarT locvisaA warmoTqua mis winaSe sarwmunoebisaTYs da siyuarulisa misisaA missa mimarT da swavlaTa misTa keTilad SewynarebisaA, da sityuani jmnisani SeauRlna sityuaTa misTa, savseni sibrZniTa saRmrToATa, viTarmed: “N mefeo, viTarca morCil veqmen brZanebasa Sensa da dauteve queyanaA ucxoebisa da mwirobisa CemisaA, sada-igi mravalTa SfoTTagan ganmesuena, aw Sen morCil
eqmen siglaxakesa Cemsa, awca, viTarca mravalgzis, ganmiteve
queyanad mwirobisa Cemisa, warmgzavne locviT da kurTxeviT,
mimawie samarxosa mamaTa CemTa sulierTasa, viTarca mamad-mTavari iakob, egYptes aRsrulebuli da aRTqumisa queyanad waryvanebuli dasaflvelad abrahamis Tana da isakisa; da viTarca
Zualni iosebisni mierve ganxumulni da mamaTa TYsTa Tana dasxmulni; ukueTu Seemata raA RmrTis-msaxurebasa Sensa da wesierebasa sameufoAsa Senisasa, ese madli Seni ars, rameTu Sen
mTawmidaze asvla imisTvisac iyo saWiro, rom zemoaRniSnuli simravle Tavisi sulieri Svilebisa, rogorc sityvieri cxvrebi, wminda mama eqvTimesaTvis miegvara, da misi bakis SigniT daebinavebina, da maSasadame, kvlav dabruneboda im wyarosTvals, saidanac misi sibrZnis mdinare aRmocenda, morwyo mTeli qveynis zedapiri da amJamad ki kvlav Tavissave gamosavalSi unda Cadeniliyo. aseTi winaswarganzraxviTa da gangebiT mouvida mis guls mTawmidaze wasvlis survili.
mravali locvisa da RmrTis mimarT vedrebis Semdeg
guldajerebuli wavida RmrTismsaxur mefe bagratTan, da,
rogorc mis sibrZnes Seefereboda, madlobisa da RmrTis
mimarT locvis mravali sityva warmoTqva mis winaSe, im
sarwmunoebisa da siyvarulisaTvis, romelic mefes hqonda mis mimarT, da mis swavlebaTa keTilad miRebisaTvis; am
sityvebs moZRvarma daurTo ganSorebis sityvebic, savseni
saRmrTo sibrZniT: `ise, rogorc davemorCile brZanebasa
Sensa da davtove ucxoebaSi cxovreba, sadac mravali SfoTisagan ganSorebuli vimyofebodi, axla Sen daemorCile
Cems siglaxakes, rogorc sxva drosac mravalgzis, da kvlav gamiSvi mwirobisaTvis (ucxoeTSi moRvaweobisaTvis);
gamgzavne locviTa da kurTxeviT, raTa kvlav miveaxlo Cems
sulier mamaTa saflavebs,1 ise, rogorc iakob mamaTmTavari, egvipteSi gardacvlili, kvlav aRTqmis qveyanaSi iqna
gadasvenebuli dasakrZalavad, abrahamTan da isakTan erTad; da iseve, rogorc iosebis Zvlebi, iqidanve (egviptidan) wamoRebulni, Tavis mamaTa ZvlebTan iqna gadasvenebuli. Tu raime Seemata Sens RmrTismsaxurebas da Seni same1 igulisxmeba ioane da eqvTime mTawmidelebi da sxva wmida
mamebi.
584
585
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
miwode da ara TYT moved, miiRe aRwerili Seni da ixile, romelsa Sina aRgeTqua uzrunvel yofaA Cemi. mefeman magan queyanisaman queyanisave mefisa mimgzavne da qalaqisa, yovelTa
Semkrebelisa, raATa mier zecisa mefisa warvigzavno, qalaqisa mis, yovelTa RirsTa Sesakrebelisa da maSuralTa ganmsuenebelisa, vinaA-igi did ars ufali, qebul friad qalaqsa uflisa ZalTaAsa, viTarca daviT ityYs: “sada-igi RmrTisa Zlierni queyaniT amaRldebian”.
amaT sityuaTa mier lmobier yo guli mefisaA, vidremdis
mravali cremli dasTxia mTavarTa TYsTa Tana da episkoposTa.
da mravliTa RoniTa da vedrebiTa ver uZlo SepyrobaA SeupyrobelisaA mis, da iZlia mZle uZlevelisagan, merme sameufoTa wignTa mier da mandaturTa winaSe RmrTis-msaxurisa kostantine dukiwisa winaSe wargzavna mravliTa niWiTa da safasiTa TYT mefeman da yovelTa mTavarTa TYsTa da episkoposTa.
da aRivso yoveli samefoA misi mwuxarebiTa da urviTa, viTarca erTi Svili daklebasa mamisa TYsisasa, rameTu knin-Ra
da umravlesni mowafeni iyvnes misni, viTarca pirvel gYTquams.
xolo warmovemarTeniT mas Jamsa, odes marTa ufliswuli
sZlad TYsad kostantine dukiwman moiyvana dedoflad samefosa amas qalaqsa, viTarca dagYweria pirvelve winawarmetyuelebisaTYs berisa, rameTu warmo-raA-hyvanda, pirvel
fos wesierebas, es Sens mier mopovebuli madlia, radgan
Sen momiwode aq da Cemi TaosnobiT ar momxdara es; aiRe
Seni dawerili da aRmoikiTxe, romelSic Cemi uzrunvelyofa gaqvs aRTqmuli. Sen, am qveynis mefem, gamgzavne qveynisave mefesTan, im qalaqSi, romelic yvelas Sesakrebelia,1
raTa iqidan zeciur meufesTan warvigzavno, im qalaqSi,
romelic yovelTa RirsTa Sesakrebelia da maSvralTa ganmsvenebeli,2 saidanac idideba ufali, qebuli ZalTa uflis
qalaqSi,3 rogorc ambobs daviTi: `sadac RmrTis Zlierni
qveyanidan amaRldebian~.4
am sityvebiT moalbo mefis guli, iqamde, rom mravali
cremli daRvara (mefem) Tavis mTavrebTan da episkoposebTan erTad. mravali vedrebiTa da RonisZiebiTac SeZlo mefem, daekavebina is, visi dakavebac SeuZlebelia; mZle mefe
masze ufro uZlevelisagan iZlia; Semdeg oficialuri weriliT da mcvelTa TanxlebiT gagzavna giorgi RmrTismsaxur mefe konstantine dukasTan; Tanac mravali ganZi uboZa
mefemac da misma mTavrebma da episkoposebmac. mTeli samefo mwuxarebiT aRivso giorgis wasvliT, rogorc Sewuxdeba Svili, romelsac mama daeRupeba, radganac TiTqmis
yvelani misi mowafeni iyvnen, rogorc zemoTac vTqviT.
ramdenime xnis winaT, rodesac samefo qalaqidan (konstantinepolidan) gamovdiodiT, swored maSin moiyvana
konstantine dukam marTa ufliswuli Tavis rZlad, sameufo qalaqis dedoflad, rogor zemoTac aRvwereT, beris
(giorgis) winaswarmetyvelebisamebr; da rodesac mohyavda,
1 igulisxmeba bizantia da misi dedaqalaqi konstantinepoli.
2 igulisxmeba mTawmida.
3 ZalTa ufali _ RmerTis erT-erTi epiTeti (Zalni _ angelozTa erT-erTi dasi).
4 fs. 46:10
586
587
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
Cuensa, hrqua mariam, bagratis dedaman, bersa, viTarmed: “aha
mamao, aResrula winawarmetyuelebaA Seni marTas zeda da esreT warmoiyvanes didiTa didebiTa samefod”.
xolo mefisa mier warmovlinebul iyo aroni, xolo TYsisa
mamisa mier hyves netari beri petre, patriki, petrik yofili,
da iovane, bedieli mTavarepiskoposi da sYngelozi da sxuaA
eri friadi, romelni-igi pirvel Cuensa misrul iyvnes.
xolo Cuen warmo-raA-vemarTeniT naviTa, mravalni Relvani da aRZrvani zRYsani guekueTnes mraval dRe, vidre ara
sruliad sasoebaA cxorebisa CuenisaA warviwireT, romlisa aRweraA sityYsa nametnav ars. xolo locvaman amis wmidisaman
mSYdobiT ganguarinna da esreT uvnebelad samefod qalaqad
moviwieniT.
maSin petre yovelive saqme Cueni RmrTis-msaxursa mefesa auwya. xolo xvalisagan brZana mefeman aRwodebaA misi palatad.
da dResa meoresa aRiyvanes palatad. da viTarca Sevida
winaSe mefisa, wesisaebr sameufoAsa Tayuanis-sca, qebaA Seasxa da locvaA da kurTxevaA SviliTurT miuZRuana. xolo ganicada raA mefeman saxe misi RmrTiv-sulieri, xolo sityuaA
pirisa misisaA – mdabali da Semusrvili da msmenelTa sasmenelsa mkYrcxed Semavali, rameTu sacnobelTa misTa dawynarebulebaA SinaganTa sulisa ZalTa aRuZrvelobasa warmoaCenda, xolo sityuaTa mdabalTa mier da maxYlTa gonierebasa
sulisasa wamebda, romlisaTYsca hrqua mefeman petriks,
mariam dedofalma, bagratis dedam, uTxra bers: `aha, mamao, aRsrulda Seni winaswarmetyveleba marTaze~, da ase
didebiT moiyvanes sameufo qalaqSi.
samefo karze (konstantinepolSi) bagrat mefisagan Cvenamde wargzavnilni iyvnen aroni, netari beri petre _ yofili
patriki,1 iovane bedieli mTavarepiskoposi da svingelozi2.
rodesac Cven gavemarTeT naviT, zRva aborgda da mravali dRis ganmavlobaSi talRebi ekveTeboda Cvens navs;
gadarCenis imedi TiTqmis aRar gvqonda. amis aRwera SeuZlebelia, radgan maSindeli gansacdeli yovelgvari sityvis Zalas aRemateba. mxolod wmida kacis (giorgis) locvam gadagvarCina da sruliad uvneblad mivaRwieT samefo
qalaqSi (konstantinepolSi).
maSin petrem Cveni saqmis Sesaxeb RmrTismsaxur mefes
auwya. xolo mefem brZana, meore dRisaTvis miewviaT beri
sasaxleSi.
marTlac, meore dRes aiyvanes igi samefo darbazSi, da
rodesac Sevida mefesTan, samefo karis wesisamebr, Tayvani sca, qeba Seasxa mis mefobas, da locva-kurTxeva miuZRvna,
SvilebTan erTad. beris RmrTivsulier saxes rom Sexeda,
da moismina misi saubari _ mdabali da mokrZalebuli, romelic msmenelTa gulSi daubrkoleblad Sedioda (radgan misi Tvalebis simSvide3 sulis Sinagani Zalebis uSfoTvelobas warmoaCenda, xolo mdabali da mkafio sityvebi4
misi sulis gonierebas mowmobdnen), mefem patriks (petres)
1 patriki _ warCinebuli, didgvarovani, patriciusi.
2 svingelozi (berZn. `Tanamosenake~) _ patriarqis TanaSemwe
beri (mdivani).
3 dedanSia: `sacnobelTa dawynarebuleba~. sacnobeli _
`grZnobis organos~ niSnavs.
4 dedanSia: `maxvili sityua~, rac azris mkafiod Camoyalibebas niSnavs.
588
589
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
viTarmed: “madlier var uflisa bagrat sevastosisada, romel eseviTari kaci, mimsgavsebuli angelozTaA, winaSe mefobisa Cuenisa warmoavlina, rameTu daRacaTu naTesaviT qarTveli ars, xolo yovliTurT wesi Cueni hmosies”.
maSin warikiTxna wignni sevastosisani, romelTa Sina weril iyo, viTarmed: “gixaroden, N RmrTis-moyuareo mefeo,
warmomivlenies winaSe mefobisa Senisa kaci, mimsgavsebuli
usxeuloTaA da moZRuari Cuen yovelTaA, egreT Seiwynare, viTarca Suenis mefobasa Sensa, romlisa locviTa daamyaren
RmerTman yovlisa soflisa mpyrobeli wmidaA mefobaA Seni”.
maSin umetes gulisKma-yo RirsebaA misi da didiTa pativiTa moikiTxa da hrqua, viTarmed: “raAca gnebavs, yovelsave
aRgisrulebs mefobaA Cueni”.
xolo viTarca esreT sTnda RirsebaA misi, iwyo ubnobad
da kiTxvad berisa sityuaTa sulierTa da wesTa SjulisaTa.
xolo iyvnes mas Jamsa winaSe mefisa mdgomare kacni vinme didebulni da warCinebulni, hromni da somexni, romelTa Tana
iyo gagik kareli da sxuani Tavadni sameufoAsani, rameTu Jamica marjue iyo da dawynarebuli.
da viTarca vTqu zemo, iwyo mefeman kiTxvad SjulisaTYs
marTlmadidebelTaAsa: “anu Tu ars raA ganyofilebaA sarwmunoebisa TquenisaA srulsa mas da ucTomelsa sarwmunoebasa
berZenTasa Tana?”
xolo netarman man esreT maRlad da RmrTiv-brwyinvaled
warmoTqua sarwmunoebaA marTali Cuen qarTvelTa naTesavisaA, romel ganakYrva mefe da yovelni mTavarni misni da hrqua
mefesa: “ese ars sarwmunoebaA marTali naTesavisa CuenisaA. da
raJams erTgzis gYcnobies, arRara midrekil varT marcxl,
gina marjul da arca mivdrkebiT, Tu RmerTsa undes”.
uTxra: `madlobeli var baton bagrat sevastosisa1, romelmac aseTi angelozis msgavsi kaci gamogzavna Cveni mofobis
winaSe; erovnebiT qarTveli ki aris, magram zne-Cveuleba
mTlianad Cveneburi aqvs SeTvisebuli~.
Semdeg mefem waikiTxa sevastosis (bagrat mefis) werili, romelSic igi swerda: `ixare, RmrTismoyvareo mefeo;
Seni mefobis winaSe gamovgzavne kaci, usxeuloTa (angelozTa) msgavsi, moZRvari Cveni. miiRe igi ise, rogorc Sehferis Sens mefobas. misi (Cveni moZRvris) locviT ganamtkicos RmerTma msoflios mpyrobeli wminda mefoba Seni~.
maSin ufro gasagebi Seiqna mefisaTvis Rirseba berisa,
da didi pativiT miesalma mas da uTxra: `rac gnebavs, yovelives agisrulebs Cveni mefoba~.
mefem berTan sulier sakiTxebze daiwyo saubari da
Sjulis wesebs ekiTxeboda. imJamad mefesTan iyvnen warCinebuli da didebuli kacni _ romaelni da somexni. maTTan
erTadve iyvnen gagik kareli da somxeTis sxva didebulni,
radganac mSvidobiani Jami idga.
rogorc ukve vTqvi, mefem bers gamokiTxva dauwyo marTlmadidebelTa Sjulis Sesaxeb. saxeldobr, hkiTxa: `aris
Tu ara raime gansxvaveba Tqvens sarwmunoebasa da berZenTa
srul da ucTomel sarwmunoebas Soris?~
netarma berma ise amaRlebulad da RmrTivbrwyinvaled warmoTqva marTali sarwmunoebrivi aRsareba Cveni,
qarTveli erisa, rom gaakvirva mefe da yoveli misi mTavari. bolos uTxra mefes: `esaa Cveni eris marTali sarwmunoeba. mas Semdeg, rac erTxel SevimecneT da miviReT igi,
aRar gadagvixvevia misgan arc marcxniv da arc marjvniv,
da arc gadavixrebiT, Tu RmerTi inebebs~.
1 sevastosi (berZn. `maRali~, `didebuli~) _ mefeTa Sesaferisi epiTeti.
590
591
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo gankYrda mefe, esma raA, viTarmed “arRara midrekil varTo”. da hrqua bersa: “madli RmerTsa, viTar mravali
uaRresi vixile Tquen Soris, garna, patiosano mamao, me kaci
var samKedroTa saqmeTa Sina aRzrdili da ver wulilad mecnier var yovelsa. xolo aw, vinaATgan kuerTxi mefobisaA me
mipyries, mnebavs, raATa yovelsa mecnier viyo berZenTa da
hromTasa; rameTu, pirvel yovlisa, marTlmadideblobaA iZiebis mefeTagan, mauwye, viTar ars ese, romel Cuen da Tquen
mfuaniTa vwiravT da zedaSesa wyalsa urTavT, xolo hromni
KmeadiTa da urwyoATa wirven?. friad ucxo miCns ese saqme da
urTierTars winaaRmdgom, anu raA ars Zali puris-comisa da
marilisaA, romel urTavT comsa, anu wyali, romel urTavT
zedaSesa? gangYmarte da gulisKma-gYyav, wmidao mamao!”
xolo netarman miugo, viTarmed: “N mefeo, vinaATgan berZenTa Soris mravali wvalebaA Semovida pirvel da mravalgzis
midrkes, amisTYsca msgavsad Tquensa RmrTis-msaxurTa mefeTa
wmidani krebani Semokribnes da wulilad gamoiZies gangebulebisaTYs qristes RmrTisa Cuenisa da Korcielad gamoCinebisaTYs misisa, da saufloTa maTTYs KorcTa gamoZiebaA iqmna, da daaweses, raATa moviRebdeT comsa saxed KorcTa qristesTa, xolo puris-comsa saxed sulisa gonierisa, da marilsa saxed gonebisa winaaRdgomad wvalebisa uSjuloAsa apo-
mefes gaukvirda, roca moismina: `arasodes gadagvixveviao~, da uTxra bers: `madloba RmerTs, rom SenSi uaRresi Rirseba vnaxe; amitomac, patiosano mamao, radgan me
samxedro saqmeSi aRzrdili kaci var da sarwmunoebis zedmiwevniTi codna ara maqvs, xolo raki mefobis kverTxi mipyria, msurs, dawvrilebiT vicode berZenTa da romaelTa
sarwmunoebis Sesaxeb, radganac, pirvel yovlisa, marTlmadidebloba Sehferis mefes; amitomac, mauwye, ratomaa, rom
Cven da Tqven1 gafuebuli puriT vwiravT saRmrTo msxverpls, zedaSes2 ki wyals vumatebT, xolo romaelni ki xmiadiT3 da wyalgaureveli RviniT swiraven? Zalian ucxo saqmed meCveneba es da erTmaneTis sawinaaRmdegod. anda, ra
ras niSnavs: safuarisa da marilis gareva purSi, xolo
wylisa _ zedaSeSi? gangvimerte da migvaxvedre, wmindao
mamao!~
netarma berma miugo: `hoi mefeo, radganac Tavdapirvelad mravali mwvalebloba4 Semovida berZenTa Soris, da
mravalgzis gadaixarnen marTlmadideblobidan, amitomac
Tqvens msgavs RmrTismsaxur mefeTa brZanebiT wminda krebebi gaimarTa da dawvrilebiT gamoikvlies qriste RmerTis gangebulebisa5 da xorcielad gamoCenis sakiTxebi. uflis xorcis (sxeulis) Sesaxeb gamoZiebiT dadgenil iqna da
ganwesebul, rom comiT gamovsaxavdeT qristes xorcs, xolo puris-comiT _ mis gonier suls, xolo mariliT _ mis
1 ese igi berZenni da qarTvelni.
2 zedaSe _ wminda Rvino, qvevris zeda nawilidan moxdili, romelic saeklesio RmrTismsaxurebaSi ixmareba msxverplis Sewirvisas, e. i. saRmrTo liturgiaSi.
3 xmiadi _ usafuvro puri.
4 mwvalebloba _ (aq) sarwmunoebrivi gadaxra
5 gangebuleba _ saRmrTo ganzraxva kacTa xsnisa da cxovrebisaTvis.
592
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
linarissa, romeli-igi KorcTa maT qristesTa saufloTa usulod da ugonebod ityoda ugunuri igi da usuloA. xolo
RYnosa Tana wyalsa urTavT saxed sisxlisa da wylisa, romeli gardamoKda guerdsa mKsnelisasa, viTarca ityYs iovane
oqropiri. ese ars ganmartebaA da mizezi amaT saqmeTaA.
xolo hromTa, vinaATgan erTgzis icnes RmerTi, arRara
odes midrekil arian da arca odes wvalebaA Semosrul ars
maT Soris. da viTarca-igi maSin Tavman mociqulTaman petre
Sewira usisxloA igi msxuerpli da, umetesad-Ra, viTarca TYT
Tavadman ufalman misca mowafeTa Ramesa mas serobisasa, egreT aRasruleben igini da araraA ars amas Sina ganyofilebaA,
oden sarwmunoebaA marTali iyos”.
xolo mTavarTa maT hromTa didad ganixarnes, rameTu kualadca yofil iyo amis pirisaTYs ZiebaA maT Soris da uswavlelobiTa ver sityua-ego mefisada, da etyodes wmidasa: “wargiyvanoTo winaSe wmidisa papaAsa”.
merme kualad hkiTxa mefeman somexTaTYs: “Tu aqus raA nawili qristeaneTa Tana?” xolo miugo wmidaman mokled, viTarmed: “borotsa sarwmunoebasa saxelca nu edebin”. da maT
yovelTa winaSe sircxYliTa aRavsna somexni igi mefeni.
gonebas, urjulo apolinaris mwvaleblobis sawinaaRmdegod, romelic qristes sxeuls usulod da ugonebod miiCnevda, Tavadve ugunuri da usulo! xolo RvinoSi wyals
vurevT im sisxlisa da wylis aRmniSvnelad, romelic mxsnelis gverdidan gadmovida1, rogorc ioane oqropiri2 ambobs.
aseTia ganmarteba da mizezi am saqmisa.
xolo romaelni, mas Semdeg, rac erTxel Seimecnes
RmerTi, aRarasodes gadaxrilan da arc raime mwvalebloba gaCenila maT Soris. da, rogorc mociqulTa meTaurma
petrem Sewira usisxlo msxverpli, da ufro metic, _ rogorc TviT ufalma iesu qristem serobis Rames mowafeebs
ganutexa puri3, ase aRasruleben isini. da am wesebs Soris
araviTari gansxvaveba ar aris, oRond sarwmunoeba marTali iyos~.
romaelma mTavrebma, romelTac es moismines, didad gaixares, radgan am sakiTxze manamdec hqoniaT mefesTan saubari, da uswavlelobis gamo mefis sapasuxod veraferi uTqvamT. maT wmida bers SesTavazes: `wminda papis winaSe wargadgenTo~.
mefem bers somexTa sarwmunoebis Sesaxebac hkiTxa: `aqvT
Tu ara maT raime saerTo qristianebTan?~ wminda mamam mokled miugo: `am boroti sarwmunoebis xsenebac ki ar SeiZlebao~, da somexi mefeebi yvelas winaSe sircxviliT aavso.
1 in. 19:34
2 ioane oqropiri (+407) _ konstantinepolis mTavarepiskoposi, erT-erTi udidesi qristiani RmrTismetyveli, avtori liturgiis wesisa, romelic dRemde aResruleba aRmosavleTis
eklesiebSi. wylisa da Rvinis Serevis saxismetyveleba asaxulia mis liturgiaSi.
3 mT. 26:26; mk. 14:22; lk. 22:19
594
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
maSin mefe aRivso sixaruliTa da madli Sewira RmrTisa
da amis netarisaTYs mravali qebaA warmoTqua winaSe mTavarTa da warCinebulTa TYsTa, Tu viTar maRalni da Zniad gulisKmis-sayofelni igi sityuani esreT advilad da sulmcired ganumartna, da friad aRSenebul iqmna xilviTa da ubnobiTa misiTa.
da ubrZana bersa, viTarmed: “raAca sauravi da saqme Seni
ars, yovelsave aRgisrulebs mefobaA Cueni”.
esreT gamovediT mefisagan da warvediT savaned Cuenda
da ganvisueneT.
mefem Zalian gaixara da madloba Seswira RmerTs, da
didi qeba miuZRvna netar mamas Tavis mTavarTa da warCinebulTa winaSe, da aRniSna, Tu ra maRali da Znelad misaxvedri sakiTxebi ganumarta man ase mokled da advilad, da
Tavad ra didi sulieri sargebeli miiRo beris xilviTa
da masTan saubriT.
bers uTxra: `rac sazrunavi gaqvs, Cveni mefoba yovelives agisrulebs~.
amis Semdeg wamovediT mefisagan da Cvens sadgomSi davisveneT.
mTawmindis mamasaxlisi1, saTno da wrfeli kaci, imJamad sameufo qalaqSi iyo. rodesac iq misuli beri naxa da
Cveni misvlis mizezi Seityo, Zalian gaixara da uTxra bers:
`kurTxeulia RmerTi, romelic aq mogiZRva. aha, monasteri Sens misaRebad mzadaa~.
meore dRes kvlav migviwvies mefis sasaxleSi, da iq
mTawmidis mamasaxlisTan erTad mivediT. mefesTan rom SevediT, man kvlav sixaruliT moikiTxa beri da uTxra: `wadi, keTilo bero, Sensave monasterSi, sadac Tavdapirvelad iyavi, da eg Seni oblebic iq aRzarde, radgan ase mouweria CemTvis Cvens Zmas, bagrat sevastoss~.
ase gadmogviloca monasteri, da bers uTxra: `Seni oblebi uCvene Cvens mefobas, raTa mowyaleba misces da yoveli sxva Txovnac agisrulo. Semdeg ki mSvidobiT wadi, da
ra saWiroebac gagiCndes an gakldes, gvacnobe xolme, da
mogigvarebT~.
samefo sasaxlidan isev Cvens sadgomSi wavediT.
meore dRes, 24 ivniss, iovane naTlismcemlis Sobis dResaswauli iyo. wavediT studielTa monasterSi da iq
xolo mamasaxlisi mTawmid
mTawmidisaA
isaA mas Jamsa mun iyo igi sameufosa mas qalaqsa, kaci saxieri da wrfeli. ixila raA beri
mosruli da gulisKma-yo Zali moslvisa CuenisaA, ganixara
friad da hrqua bersa: “kurTxeul ars RmerTi, keTilad mogiZRua ufali. aha esera monasteri Seni winaSe ars Sensa”.
xolo xvalisa dRe aRgYwodnes palats, da aRvediT CuenisaA
ca da mamasaxlisi mTawmid
mTawmidisaA
isaA. da SevediT winaSe mefisa. xolo mefeman kualadca sixaruliT moikiTxa beri da hrqua, viTarmed: “warved, keTilo bero, monastradve Senda, vinaA-igi
yofil xar pirvel da Senni ege obolni mun aRzarden, rameTu
egreT mouweria Cuenda Zmasa Cuensa bagrats sevastossa”. xolo pirveli ege winamZRuari keTilad gvedia”.
da esreT mogYloca “ monasteri. da hrqua bersa, viTarmed: “obolni igi Senni uCuenen mefobasa Cuensa, raATa wyalobiT mixednes da sxuaA yovelive TxovaA Seni aRgisrulo.
da warved mSYdobiT da, raAca geklebodis, guacnobebdi da
dagiurvebdeT”.
da esreT kualadca gamovediT palatiT da warvediT savaned TYsa.
xolo xvalisa dRe moiwia dResaswauli iovane-SobisaA. ivias da SevemTxYeniT Tavsa
nissa k ~ d -sa warvediT astud
astudias
1 mamasaxlisi _ monastris winamZRvari.
596
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
wmidisa winamorbedisasa da Jamsa veziareniT cxovelsmyofelTa saidumloTa da mier warmovediT metoqadve Cuenda qserlofad
lofad.
vemTxvieT wminda winamorbedis Tavs, da Jamiswirvaze veziareT macocxlebel saidumloT1, da iqidan wamovediT kvlav Cvens metoqSi, qserlofs2.
XXVI. aqamomde ars sityuaA Cueni Tquenda momarT, N netarno, vinaATgan SaviT mTiT warvediT. da vidre aqamomde
mokled da martivad migiTxar. xolo amieriTgan sasurveli
igi Tqueni da saZiebeli TxrobaA micvalebisa misisaA, Tu viTar iqmna, anu viTari snebaA iyo, gina raoden dRe sneulebaA,
da kualad, Tu viTarni iyvnes kurTxevisa da warmgzavnisa sityuani, da Tu vin iyvnes ukuanaAsknelsa mas Jamsa micvalebisa
misisasa Tana-moRuaweni da msaxurni.
garna SeZrwunebul var da SeSinebul, rameTu aqamomde
gzaA sityYsa CuenisaA wrfel iyo da advil savalad, xolo aw
iwro da saWiro da uRono Cemgan slvisa, rameTu navTsadgursa
dumilisasa megulebis SevedrebaA, rameTu Keli Cemi Zrwis da
suli Seiwrdebis, xolo gonebaA gancYbrdebis, raJams gulisKma-vyo Jami sioblisa CuenisaA.
garna SiSiTa urCebisaATa morCilebad brZanebisa Tquenisa mosrulman kualad aRvZra uZluri enaA Cemi da sarbielsa
sityYsa Cemisasa kualad viwyo slvad.
26. ai, yovelive, risi moTxrobac msurda TqvenTvis, netarno mamano, mas Semdeg, rac Savi mTidan wamovediT, da
am dromde mokled da martivad mogiTxre. amis Semdeg ki
unda Sevudge imis moTxrobas, rac Tqven gsurdaT, saxeldobr, misi gardacvalebis ambisa, Tu rogor moxda, ra sneuleba sWirda, ramden dRes gagrZelda igi, da romeli kurTxevis sityvebi warmoTqva ganSorebisas, da romeli TanamoRvaweni da msaxurni iyvnen masTan micvalebis Jams.
magram SeZrwunebuli da SeSinebuli var, radgan aqamde Cveni sityvis gza swori da advilad savali iyo, axla
ki viwro, gaWirvebiT savse da CemTvis savalad SeuZlebeli, radgan aw msurs, dumilis navsadgurs Cavbarde; Cemi
xeli Zrwis da suli mexuTeba, goneba mebindeba, rodesac
gaviazreb Cveni daoblebis Jams.
mxolod urCobisadmi SiSi maiZulebs, davemorCilo
Tqvens brZanebas, kvlav aRvZra Cemi uZluri ena da sityvis
sarbiels mivce kvlav Tavi.
1 saidumloni _ evqaristiuli puri da Rvino, romelic Jamiswirvis dros ikurTxeva qristes WeSmarit xorcad da sisxlad,
da romelTac eziarebian morwmuneni.
2 qserlofi _ adgilia, sadac, rogorc Cans, qarTvelTa metoqi iyo (esaa ucxoeTis romelime eklesiis momlocvelTa gasaCerebeli adgili; Soreuli saeklesio an samonastro centris
warmomadgenloba ucxo qalaqSi).
598
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
ese wmidaA mamaA Cueni netarsa mas daZinebasa TYssa ara umecar iyo, aramed metadca mecnier. rameTu, viTarca vTqu zemo, Sobasa wmidisa iovane naTlis-mcemelisasa mivediT astudias
ias, vemTxYeniT raA Tavsa wmidisa winamorbedisasa, eziara
wmidaTa qristes saidumloTa da madli Sewira RmrTisa.
da mier warmovediT metoqad Cuenda. mcired oden mKurvalebaA SeemTxYa TYnier sxYsa sneulebisa. xolo Cuen vhgonebdiT, Tu gzisagan ars, rameTu queiT momaSural iyo. rameTu ese iyo CueulebaA misi, queiT mivaln wmidaTa winaSe
locvad.
da esreT davyavT sami dRe Sina. xolo xvalisagan, wina dRiT
dResaswaulsa wmidaTa mociqulTasa, gYbrZana, viTarmed: “SeekazmeniT da obolni ege aRiyvaneniT, raATa winaSe mefisa warvideTo”. rameTu brZanebaA gamosrul iyo, raATa gare filopatsa gYxilnes. xolo Cuen vayenebdiT, viTarmed dRes iyos
da xvale Tayuanis-vsceT, mefesa. xolo man gancxadebulad
sasmenelad yovelTa brZana, viTarmed: “ukueTu dRes ara vixiloT mefe, xvale KelTa araA guaqus”. xolo Cuen ver gulisKma-vyavT Zali sityYsaA mis, romeli-igi SemTxuevad iyo,
aramed warvemarTeniT.
da igi Tavadi aRKda saKedarsa TYssa TYnier sxYsa miaxlebisa, gina tYrTvisa, da esreT miviwieniT velsa mas filopat
isasa
patisasa
isasa. da gardahKda saKedarsa, raATa movelodneT mefesa
vidre Semoqcevadmde. da movida Cuenda petreca, kaci igi keTilad moKsenebuli, da daweres pitaki winaSe mefisa.
da esreT moiqca raA RmrTis-msaxuri mefe da movida SviliTurT, sada-igi ganwyobil viyveniT wesisaebr; xolo viTarca mogueaxla, davvardiT da Tayuanis-veciT da eniTa CueniTa
qebaA SevasxiT. xolo man, kurTxeulman mefeTa Soris, gYxilna
wminda da netari mama Cveni Tavisi sasikvdilo daZinebis umecari ar iyo; uwyoda gardacvalebis dRis moaxloeba. rogorc zemoT vTqvi, iovane naTlismcemlis Sobis dRes
studielTa monasterSi viyaviT misuli. vemTxvieT ra wminda winamorbedis Tavs, wminda saidumlos eziara beri da
RmerTs madloba Seswira.
iqidan metoqSi davbrundiT. mcire xans mxurvaleba1
daewyo, yovelgvari sxva sneulebis gareSe. Cven vfiqrobdiT, mgzavrobiTa da daRlilobiT SeemTxva es, radganac
fexiT iara. aseTi iyo misi Cveuleba _ wmidaTa winaSe salocavad yovelTvis qveiTad midioda xolme.
ase gavatareT sami dRe metoqSi. momdevno dRes, wminda
mociqulTa dResaswaulis winadRes, gvibrZana: `moemzadeT da
es oblebi wamoiyvaneT, raTa mefis winaSe warvadginoTo~. mefisagan brZaneba iyo mosuli, rom qalaqgareT, filopatSi unda mogvenaxulebina igi. Cven vuSlidiT bers, da vurCevdiT:
gadade mefesTan wasvla da xval Tayvanis-vceT mefeso. man ki
yvelas gasagonad da aSkarad brZana: `Tu dRes ar vnaxavT mefes, xval amas veRar SevZlebTo~. Cven misi sityvebis azrs maSin ver CavwvdiT; ar vicodiT, ra SeiZleboda, momxdariyo.
gavemarTeT mefisaken.
TviT beri saxedarze Sejda, sxvaTa dauxmareblad, da
ase mivaRwieT filopatis vels. Camoxda saxedridan, raTa
davlodebodiT mefes, vidre ukan dabrundeboda. CvenTan
movida petrec, is keTilad saxsenebeli kaci, da daweres
TxovniTi werili mefisaTvis misarTmevad.
roca dabrunda RmrTismsaxuri mefe, Tavis SvilTan erTad movida iq, sadac, wesisamebr, mis dasaxvedrad viyaviT
momzadebuli. rom mogviaxlovda, Zirs davemxeT da Tayvanis-veciT da qeba SevasxiT. is ki, mefeTa Soris kurTxeuli,
1 mxurvaleba - maRali sicxe
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
raA maxlobelad, Cuenda movida da daukYrda simravle igi
obolTaA maT da uhasakobaA, rameTu romelnime wuT SYdisa
wlisani iyvnes da yovelnive sabeWuriTa da wesiTa samonazonoATa. didi madli gardaiKada bersa Tana da hrqua mas, viTarmed: “didi da maRali saqme giqmnies, N netaro, romel amas Jamsa sxuaA vervin SemZlebel ars”. xolo berman misca pitaki
TYsiTa KeliTa da hrqua: “wmidao mefeo, ese obolni aRmosavleTs Semikrebian da saxeli RmrTisaA damiswavebia da aw winaSe mefobisa Tquenisa momiyvanebian, viTarca jer-giCns, aRzarden da Seiwyalen mlocvelad sulisa Tquenisa da SvilTa
TquenTa mzegrZelobisaTYs”. rameTu Tana-udges samnive igi
Svilni misni da zemoKsenebulni igi mTavarni hromaelni da
gagik kareli daukYrda yovelTa da hnatrides bersa mas wmidasa.
xolo, viTarca vTqu, pitaki misca mefesa da hrqua, viTarmed: “Semdgomad RmrTisa KelTa SenTa Sevhvedreb obolTa
amaT, xolo me amieriTgan arRara mixiloT”.
maSin ubrZana mefeman, raATa JamobaA aTqumios obolTa maT
TYsTa. xolo man gancxadebulad jmnisa igi da gantevebisa
wmidisa sYmeon moxucebulisa galobaA gYbrZana galobad, romel ars ese: “mjdomare etlTa qerobinTa meufe”, da “aw ganmiteve me mSYdobiT”.
esreT galobisa amis mier ganacxada amier ganslvaA TYsi.
daRacaTu maSin ver gulisKma-yves verca mefeman da verca
sxuaman vin. garna meoresa dResa mi-raA-icvala, yovelTave,
viTarca mZinareTa, ganeRYZa da hmadlobdes RmerTsa, romelman ara daufara wmidasa mas micvalebaA TYsi.
movida axlos, naxa oblebi da gaukvirda maTi simravle da
mcirewlovneba, radganac zogi maTgani jer Svidi wlisani iyvnen, da yvelani sabeWuriT1 da samonazvno saxiT iyvnen Semosilni. mefem madloba gadauxada bers da uTxra:
`didi da maRali saqme giqmnia, netaro mamao, romelsac
Cvens droSi sxva ver SeZlebda~. berma pitaki gadasca mefes Tavisi xeliT da uTxra: `wmindao mefeo, es oblebi aRmosavleTSi Sevkribe da saxeli RmrTisa vaswavle, axla ki
Tqveni mefobis winaSe momiyvania; rogorc jerovnad miiCnio, ise aRzarde eseni da Seiwyale2, raTa Tqveni sulisaTvis da Tqveni Svilebis mzegrZelobisaTvis mlocvelni
iyvnen~. mefes samive Svili Tan axlda da gverdiT udgnen,
agreTve zemoxsenebuli romaeli mTavrebi da gagik kareli. yvelas gaukvirda da Sehnatrodnen wminda bers.
werili rom misca mefes, uTxra: `RmrTis Semdeg Sens
xelT vabareb am oblebs, me ki amieridan veRar mixilavTo~.
maSin mefem ubrZana, Jamoba3 eTqmevinebina obolTaTvis.
man ki wminda svimeon moxucebulis gamoTxovebisa da gantevebis galobis Tqma gvibrZana: `mjdomare etlTa qerobinTa meufe~ da `aw ganmiteve me mSvidobiT...~4.
am galobiT gangvicxada berma amqveynidan Tavisi gasvlis wina-uwyeba. maSin verc mefe da verc sxva vinme mixvda
amas. meore dRes ki rodesac miicvala beri, yvelas aexila
Tvali; gaiRviZes, TiTqos mZinareni yofiliyvnen; da
RmerTs hmadlobdnen, rom Tavis wmindans micvalebis Jamic ar daufara.
1 sabeWuri _ samonazvno samoseli
2 Sewyaleba _ wyalobis micema.
3 Jamoba _ Jamis locva.
4 lk. 2:29-32
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo viTarca vTquT galobaA igi, didi madli ubrZana mefeman RmrTis-msaxurman berisa, viTarmed: “keTilad
gangiswavlian berZulsa guarsa zeda, keTilo bero, Svilni
Senni”. da brZana aTasi aJuraA micemad maTda fsunad. da brZana, viTarmed: “didad swyalobso mefobaA Cemi da, raAca pitaksa amas Sina sweria, yovelsa aRgisrulebs wadierad”. xolo
Cuen Tayuanis-veciT da esreT waremarTa mefe.
xolo Cuen warmovediT Sina. da beri aRKda saKedarsa zeda viTarca yovlad uvnebeli, da mivediT savaned Cuenda.
da Semwuxrda dRe igi, romeli ganTendeboda oTxSabaTad,
dResaswauli wmidaTa TavTa mociqulTaA petresi da pavlesi.
xolo mwuxrisaA viloceT maT winaSe. da Cuen yovelni guakurTxna Cueulebisaebr da TYT miwva cxedarsa da miiRo mcired raAme sasumeli uZlurebisaTYs da simKurvalisa, da Cuen
gYbrZana yovelTa gansuenebaA. xolo Cuen gYnda, raATamca maT
winaSe viyveniT. aramed mas msaxurebaA Cueni araraA eKmareboda da brZana, viTarmed: “erTi kma xarT da sxuaTa ganisueneTo”.
is galoba rom vTqviT, RmrTismsaxurma mefem didi madloba uTxra bers: `kargad gangiswavlia, keTilo bero, Seni Svilebi berZnuli hangebiT~. mefem brZana maTTvis gasamrjelos micema da Tqva: `rac am pitakSi sweria, yovelives
survilisamebr agisrulebs mefoba Cemi~. Cven Tayvanis-veciT da amis Semdeg mefe wavida.
xolo Cven Sin davbrundiT. beri saxedarze Sejda, TiTqos sruliad janmrTeli iyo. mivediT Cven mosasvenebel
adgilas.
Sebindda. meore dRes oTxSabaTi iyo, wmidaTa Tav-mociqulTa dResaswauli _ petresi da pavlesi.
mwuxris locva1 mis winaSe viloceT. bolos yvela Cvengani daloca Cveulebisamebr, TviTon ki sawolze miwva da
cotaodeni sasmeli miiRo uZlurebisa da simxurvalis gamo, xolo Cven gvibrZana, moisveneTo. Cven masTan yofna gvindoda, magram Cveni momsaxureba mas arafers rgebda, amitomac brZana: `erTi Tqvengani sakmarisia, sxvebma
moisveneTo~.
wminda mociqulTa dResaswauli Tendeboda. viloceT
ciskris locva; TviT igi xelmZRvanelobda mis yovel wess.
roca mTlianad gaTenda, im Zmebs mouxmo, romelTac sxvaTa
momsaxureba ebaraT, da uTxra: `kargad daapureT Zmani,
radganac dRes aRvseba aris~1, da im dRis saWmel-sasmeli
TviTonve ganawesa.
ZmaTagan zogi wmida mociqulTa taZarSi wavida salocavad, zogi _ Sin davrCiT. CvenTanve iyo ori moxucebulic _ stefane da svimeon, _ patiosani aznaurebi.
roca kargad gaTenda da samJamis2 dro moaxlovda,
xolo ganTendeboda dResaswauli wmidaTa mociqulTaA.
viloceT ciskrisaA keTilad da TYT ganagebda wessa yovelsa.
da viTarca ganTenda sruliad, mouwoda ZmaTa, romelTa msaxurebaA aqunda da hrqua, viTarmed: “keTilad nugeSinis-eciT
ZmaTa, rameTu dRes aRvsebaA ars”. da esreT yovelive mis dRisa gansasuenebeli TYT ganawesa.
xolo Zmani romelnime warvides taZarsa wmidaTa mociqulTasa locvad, da romelnime Sina davSTiT. da iyvnes Cuen
Tana kacni moxucebulni da aznaurni patiosanni – stefane da
sYmeon.
1 mwuxri locva – saRamos locva.
2 aRvseba _ aRdgomis dResaswauli (gadat. _ dResaswauli,
zogadad).
604
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo viTarca dRe warmoiCina da samJmisa Jami moaxlebul iyo, gYbrZana, raATa sanTelni aRvanTneT da sakumeveli
vakumioT da saxarebaA viwyoT kiTxvad; rameTu esreT iyo CueulebaA misi: ganawesnis oTxni mkiTxvelni da oTxTave sworad viwyiT TYTo Tavsa da sworad davasruliT.
da viwyeT raA kiTxvad saxarebisa, igi netari ze jda da
ismenda keTilad. da viTarca davasruleT oTxTave erTobiT
saxarebaA, juari daguwera da Tqua: “didebaA Senda, ufalo!”
da que miwva da gurqua: “igi saKmari esera ars”. rameTu iyo
WurWeli, romelsa Sina idva drahkani saKmrad ZmaTaTYs, rameTu ara Tu TYT epyris, aramed sxuasa Zmasa aqun, xolo ZmaA
igi wasrul iyo locvad, da igi mun daedva da Cuen araA uwyodeT.
moZRvarma gvibrZana sanTlis anTeba, sakmevlis kmeva da saxarebis kiTxvis dawyeba, radganac aseTi Cveuleba hqonda:
ganawesebda xolme oTx mkiTxvels da oTxive erTad daviwyebdiT saxarebis TiTo Tavis kiTxvas da oTxive erTad davamTavrebdiT.
axlac, saxarebis kiTxva rom daviwyeT, netari mama wamomjdari iyo da ismenda. oTxivem erTad rom davamTavreT
saxareba, jvari gadagvsaxa da Tqva: `dideba Senda, ufalo!~
isev miwva, da Tan gvaniSna erTi WurWeli da gviTxra: `is
mosaxmarebeli (fuli) iqaa, masSi~. am WurWelSi marTlac
ido drahkani ZmaTa mosaxmareblad. saerTod, saxmari fuli giorgis TviTon arasodes hqonia xelT, aramed amisTvis
ganwesebul Zmas ebara. imJamad ki igi salocavad iyo wasuli da fulis qisa iq daedo, rac Cven ar vicodiT.
es iyo bolo anderZi moZRvrisa, radgan sxva yvelaferi ganawilebuli hqonda: sakuTari wignebi da mTeli saZmo _ mTawmindisaTvis Sesawiravad. magram es amJamad aRar
axsena, radganac iseve, rogorc mTeli cxovrebis manZilze
uyvarda myudroeba, misi netari gardacvalebis drosac
aseTive iyo; anderZis sityvebi gancxadebulad rom eTqva,
da gagvego, rom moZRvari moaxloebul aRsasruls grZnobda, didi SfoTi da aurzauri Seiqneboda, da, rom SegvZleboda, netari mamis umanko suls SevipyrobdiT da arsad
gavuSvebdiT.
am mizeziT, mudam mSvidma da myudrom, micvalebis Jamsac myudroeba irCia. rogorc daxelovnebuli menaveT-moZRvari, romelsac mravali ufskruli gauvlia, zRvis Relvas mravalgzis SebrZolebia da navsadgurSi mSvidobiani
SesvlisaTvis emzadeba; aseve, rogorc Zlevamosili
da ese iyo anderZi misi, rameTu sxuaA yovelive ganwesebul iyo – wignni misni da Zmani mTawmidas, da amis pirisaTYs
araA aKsena, rameTu yovelTa uwyodeT. da viTarca cxorebasa
missa uyuarda myudroebaA, egreTve Jamsa netarisa mis micvalebisa misisasa iyo, rameTu ukueTumca guecna, friadimca amboxi qmnil iyo da SfoTi. da Tumca SesaZlebel iyo, knin-Ra
da Se-mca-guepyra suli igi umankoA amis netarisaA.
amis mizezisaTYs mSYdman man da myudroman Jamsa masca
micvalebisa misisasa myudroebaA iKumia, rameTu viTarca Kelovanman menaveT-moZRuarman, romelsa mravalni ufskrulni
ganevlnian da mravalTa RelvaTada brZola-ecis da navTsayudlisa mimarT mxiaruli Seslvad ganemzadis, gina viTarca
mKedari ZlevaSemosili, romelsa-igi uricxuni sparazenni
1 samJami _ mzis amosvlidan mesame saaTis locva.
606
607
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
moesrnian da mravalni Zlevani da brZolani eqmnian, da yovelsave Sina ganmarjuebuli mivaln mefisa TYsisa, anu Tu vaWarsa,
romelsa mciriTa raATme safasiTa uricxY simdidre Seekribis da saunjisa mimarT TYsisa mxiaruli miiswrafin, gina Tu
viTarca muSaki urnat-savse nayofTa zeda TYsTa mxiarul arn,
egreTve wmidaA ese Jamsa micvalebisa TYsisasa amaT yovelTave zemowerilTa miemsgavsa. rameTu daRacaTu iyo raA KorcTa Sina, KorcTagan micvalebul iyo gonebiTa, xolo aw esreT iyo sruliad ganslvaA misi KorcTagan, rameTu ganirTxna
wmidani igi ferKni misni wesierad, romel RmrTis-msaxurebisaTYs mravali SromaA Tavs-idves, da Kelni sanatrelni, mweralni saRmrToTa moZRurebaTani, umankosa mas da ubiwosa
gulsa zeda TYssa daijuaredina da mcired oflni gardaecnes, romelni-igi RmrTis-msaxurebisaTYs mravalgzis dasTxina. esreT juari pirsa daibeWda, romeli-igi maradis sasod da
zRuded aqunda. da kualad dadva wmidaA igi marjuene TYssave
adgilsa da Tqua sityuaA dasasrulisaA, romeli-igi, viTarca
Saravandedi mzisaA, wariZRuana uflisa mimarT, viTarmed:
“KelTa SenTa, ufalo, Sevhvedreb sulsa Cemsa”. da esreT didad-raAme aRmoifSYnna erTgzis xolo, da misca wmidaA suli
TYsi wmidaTa angelozTa.
xolo moxucebulni igi zemoKsenebulni, patiosanni, erTsa visme mRdelTagansa, TaviT kerZo netarisa mis mdgomaresa, etyodes, raATa daasxnes Kelni TualTa misTa wmidaTa, ganmanaTlebelTa CuenTa. xolo igi gancYbrebuli da viTarca
gonebamiRebuli aqa da iqi ixedvida da mksinvared etyoda berTa maT, viTarmed: “sZinavs mamasa Cuensa”. xolo mas aravisi msaxurebaA eKmareboda.
garna amieriTgan viTar-me giTxra, Tu rabami amboxi da
SfoTi iqmna da tyebaA da yivili uwesoA? enaA Cueni ver SemZlebel ars miTxrobad, raJams-igi moecva guami igi mis netarisaA mis mier cxovnebulTa maT mRdelTa da diakonTa da
obolTa maT wuT CCYlTa, romelni-igi wuT KmiTa wuliliTa
da eniTa brgunviliTa ityodes da mamiT da moZRuriT xadodes,
mxedari, romelsac uricxvi mteri amouJletia; mraval
brZolaSi gaumarjvia da yovelmxriv warmatebuli brundeba mefesTan; anda ise, rogorc vaWari, romelsac mcireodeni fuliT uricxvi simdidre mouxveWia da Tavis salarosaken gaxarebuli miiswrafis; da ise, rogorc mravali
xnulis gamtarebeli miwaTmoqmedi Tavisi mosavlis siuxviT tkbeba da ixarebs, aseve es wminda kacic, gardacvalebis Jams yovelive amaT miemsgavsa. sanam xorcSi iyo misi
suli, gonebiT maSinac xorcisagan gasuli iyo; axla ki xorcisagan sruli gansvlisaTvis emzadeboda. wminda da sanatreli xelebi, saRmrTo moZRvrebis mweralni, Tavis ubiwo
gulze gadaijvaredina; mcired daasxa oflma, rac mravalgzis dauTxevia RmrTismsaxurebisaTvis. gadaiwera jvari,
romelic mudam sasod da mfarvelad hqonda, dado marjvena kvlav Tavissave adgilas, da warmoTqva ukanaskneli sityvebi, romelic mzis SaravandediviT waimZRvara uflis mimarT: `Sens xelT vabareb, ufalo, Cems suls~1. mxolod erTxel aRmoifSvina Rrmad, da Tavisi wminda suli angelozebs misca.
zemoxsenebulma patiosanma moxucebulebma beris TavTan mdgom erT-erT mRvdels uTxres, xeli daedo mis wminda Tvalebze, Cvens ganmanaTlebelze. is ki, SeSfoTebuli,
gonebaareuliviT ixedeboda aqeT-iqiT da mrisxaned eubneboda maT: `sZinavs Cvens mamas~. bers ki aRaravisi momsaxureba aRar sWirdeboda.
amis Semdeg, rogor mogiTxroT, Tu ra SfoTi, qviTini
da Secxadeba daiwyo. Cveni ena uZluria amis mosaTxrobad.
beris gvams Semoexvivnen mis mier cxovnebuli mRvdelni da
diakonni, agreTve obolni, jer kidev Cvilni, romlebic
wvrili xmiT dastirodnen, mamasa da moZRvars uwodebdnen:
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1 Sdr. lk. 23:46
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
viTarmed: “vaA Cuenda, vaA Cuenda Sen mier, N mamao, raA-ese
SemamTxYe Cuen?” viTarmed: “sada Semkriben da aRguzarden,
anu aw sada dagYteven da dagufanCen?”.
xolo mRdelni da diakonni KelTa maT misTa wmidaTa ambors-uyofdes da TualTa maTTa zeda daisxmides da romelnime cremlTa wil sisxlTa dasTxevdes guamsa mas missa zeda
wmidasa da ityodes: “vaA Cuenda, vaA Cuenda, N wmidao, rameTu
vidre Sen Cuen Tana iyav, Ramenica dRe iyvnes, xolo aw raA
gangueSore, dRenica Rame arian”. amas da amissa umravlessa
KmiTa sawyalobeliTa ityodes da anazdaiTsa mas daqcevasa da
ukuanaAsknelsa oblebasa etyebdes. da viTarmca ara iglovdes, rameTu oTxmeocsa sulsa erTi winamZRuari hyva sulisa
da KorcTaA, viTarca zemo vTqu, romelTa marjuene da marcxene ara uwyodes, da winamZRuari eseviTari, viTari TYT iyo,
da esreT meysa Sina uwinamZRro iqmnnes! da ese sada folocTa
Sina samefoAs[a]Ta daRacaTumca qvisaA vis aqunda guli da andamatisa moego suli, garegan sazRvarTa bunebisaTa gansruli, viTarmca ara ixilva yovliTurT dawyluli, moulodebelisa amis smenisagan aRZruli da bunebiTisa tkivilisagan siRrmed mwuxarebaTa STasruli.
aramed, eha ubadrukebaA Cemi, viTarisa-Ra JamisaTYs davimarxe yovlad sawyalobeli da viTari-Ra wina edva Wirveulsa cxorebasa Cemsa sikudilsa miTxrobad, romeli-igi ara Tavisa TYsisaTYs cxovel iyo, aramed RmrTisa.
`vai Cvenda, vai Cvenda Sen mier, mamao; es ra SegvamTxvie
Cven! sad Segvkribe da aRgvzarde, xolo aw sad gvtoveb da
gangvabnev?~
mRvdelni da diakonni mis wminda xelebs eamborebodnen da Tvalebze idebdnen; zogi cremlTa magier sisxls aTxevda mis gvams, da ambobda: `vai Cvenda, vai Cvenda, hoi wmindao; sanam CvenTan iyav, Rameebic naTeli iyo CvenTvis; axla
ki, roca gangveSore, dReebic Rameebad gveqcnen~. amas da
amaze umetess ambobdnen sabralo xmiT da uecar daRupvasa
da daoblebas mosTqvamdnen. da rogor ar eglovaT; oTxmoc
suls erTi winamZRvari hyavda, sulieradac da xorcieladac; im oblebs, romelTac jer marjvena da marcxena ar
icodnen, rogorc zemoTac vTqvi. Tanac, hyavdaT iseTi didebuli winamZRvari, rogoric Cveni beri iyo, da erT wamSi uwinamZRvrod darCnen; umweod darCnen dedaqalaqis
quCebSi; qvis gulic rom hqonodaT da rkinis suli, adamianis bunebis sazRvars gadacilebuli, rogor SeiZleboda,
am moulodneli gansacdels mwuxarebis siRrmeSi ar Caeyara isini!
vai Cems ubedurebas, es ra dromde SemovrCi, sawyali
da sacodavi! Wir-varamiT savse Cemi cxovreba Turme imas
miqadda, rom momeTxro sikvdili kacisa, romelic Tavisi
TavisaTvis ki ar cocxlobda, aramed RmrTisaTvis!1
1 Sdr. rom. 6:10
610
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
XXVII. he, WeSmaritad daiZina ziarman angelozTaman mamaman Cuenman, romelsa-igi friad uyuardiT Cuen da guwyalobda, viTarca SvilTa WeSmaritTa, viTarca moqmedTa qristes
venaKisaTa, viTarca ZeTa morCilebisaTa.
Seisuena zogadman moZRuarman Cuenman, queyanisa angelozman da zecisa kacman, taZarman man qalwulebisaman, ubiwoman, mravalferman man da mravalsaxeman sibrZneman sulisaman, Kelovanman man, gulisKmis-myofelman da erTgulman qristes msaxurman, brwyinvaleman man Tualman qristes guamisaman, moTminebisa moRuaweman man, wyalobisa wyaroman da gankrZalulman uflisa Sjulis-mmarxvelman da fasis-sacavman
man saTnoebisaman, romeli-igi sityYTa tkbil iyo da zraxviTa sawadel. da vin SemZlebel ars sityYT aRwerad, raodenni
da rabamni saxelni mianiWna mas saRmrToman madlman yovelTa
maT saqmiT aRsrulebiTa da yovelTa mociqulebr SeyuarebiTa!
eha, eha, maradis sasurvelno, raA ars Cueni ese glaxakTa
amaT saidumloA da raA ars sibrZne ese RmrTisaA gamouTqumeli?
aw mindes cremlni ieremiaAs godebisani da ukueTu sxuamanca vinme, sanatrelTa maT kacTaganman, sidide gansacdelisaA sadame igloa. aw moved Cuenda, N raqeel, dedao beniameniso, stirode SvilTa SenTa da nugeSinis-ce-masa nu miiReb,
nu, viTarca beTlemisa yrmaTaTYs, rameTu igini RmrTisa Seiwirnes, aramed yrmaTaTYs, romelni orsave sikudilsa TualiTa xedven, sulisa da KorcTasa, da ara aqus nugeSinis-mcemeli, rameTu erTi aqunda da igica miefara. amaTTYs tirode, N
raqel, viTarmca ara arian.
27. diax, WeSmaritad! sikvdilis ZiliT daiZina angelozTa Tanasworma Cvenma mamam, romelsac Zalze vuyvardiT da gvwyalobda, rogorc WeSmarit SvilT, rogorc
qristes venaxis1 muSakT, morCilebis ZeT.
ganisvena Cvenma saerTo moZRvarma, amqveyniurma angelozma da zeciurma kacma, ubiwoebisa da qalwulebis taZarma; mravalgvarma da mravalferma sulierma sibrZnem;
qristes erTgulma msaxurma da gamocdilma xelovanma;
qristes sxeulis2 brwyinvale Tvalma; moTminebiT moRvawem;
mowyalebis wyarom, uflis Sjulis krZalulebiT damcvelma; saTnoebis saunjem, romelic sityviT tkbili iyo da saubriT _ sasurveli. vin SeZlebs, aRweros, ramdeni da ragvari saxelebi mianiWa mas saRmrTo madlma yovelive saTno
saqmis aRsrulebiT da yoveli moyvasis SeyvarebiT, romliTac mociqulebs miemsgavsa.
eh, sasurvelno, ra aris Cveni, am glaxakebis saidumlo?
ra aris es sibrZne RmrTisa, gamouTqmeli?
damedinos cremli ieremias godebisa, da sxvaTaca, Tu
vinme sanatrel kacTaganma odesme raime gansacdelis sidide iglova. aw modi CvenTan, hoi, raqel, beniaminis dedav,
daitire Seni Svilebi da nugeSiscemasac nu miiReb, ara rogorc beTlemeli yrmebisaTvis (radganac isini RmrTisadmi
Seiwirnen), aramed yrmaTaTvis, romlebic orive sikvdils
pirispir uyureben _ sulisa da xorcisas, _ da ara hyavT
nugeSismcemeli, radgan erTaderTi hyavdaT da isic gauCinarda. amaTTvis itire, hoi raqel, TiTqos aRar arian.3
1 qristes venaxi _ bibliuri saxismetyvelebiT qristes eklesias moaswavebs.
2 qristes sxeuli _ igulisxmeba wminda eklesia.
3 Sdr. mT. 2:18
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo me esreT vityodi ZmaTa mimarT CemTa da yrmaTa moZRurisa CemisaTa: “vaA me, vaA me, Zmano Cemno patiosanno, aw dagueKSa piri igi, romeli guawurTida Sjulsa uflisasa dRe
da Rame, warvida gonebisa ganzraxvaA, WeSmaritad RmrTisa mier aRZruli, dawuxna Tuali igi marTliad mxedveli da ganmarCeveli keTilsa borotisagan da umjobessa udaresisagan,
dadumnes bageni igi mcvelni Sjulsa uflisasa, Seikra enaA
igi oqrosityuaA da saRmrToTa brZanebaTa KmamaRlad mRaRadebeli da brwyinvaled mTargmneli RmrTiv-sulierTa wignTaA, dayudna Keli igi Suenierad mwerali, romliTa gananaTlna eklesiani Cuenni, dadges ferKnica igi Suenierni, gankafulni RamisTevaTa Sina zedgomiTa, dayudna gonebaA igi
mxilveli da siRrmeTa sulisaTa gamomeZiebeli, daifara miwasa Sina guami wmidaA, moRuawebisa SromiTa ganleuli.”
xedavTa, Tu viTar arian saqmeni Ceunni? meneba, ukueTumca SesaZlebel iyo ganZlierebad uZlurebaA Cemi da amaRlebad simaRlesa amas Tana gansacdelisasa da aRtevebad Kmisa
raAsame vnebisa amis Semsgavsebulisa, viTarca yves obolTa maT
da KmiTa maRliTa gansacdelsa mamisasa igloves. aramed raAme vyo, gina viTar vaiZulo enasa msaxurebad sityYsa, romeli-igi gansacdelisa amis mier, viTarca mZimiTa raATme sakrveliTa rkinisaATa, Sekrul ars? anu viTar aRvaRo piri, utyuebiTa Sepyrobili, viTar aRuteo KmaA vnebiTa da godebiTa
Zalisa TYsisagan daKsnili, viTar aRvixilne Tualni sulisani, gansacdelisa amis almuriTa dabnelebulni? vinmca ganmibnia ukuni ese da wyudiadi mwuxarebisa bneli da miCuenamca
me ki amas vambobdi Cemi Zmebisa da Cemi moZRvris yrmaTa
mimarT: `vaime, vaime, Cemo patiosano Zmebo, daixSo piri,
romelic dRedaRam gvwvrTnida uflis SjuliT. wavida
Cvengan gonebis ganzraxva, romelic WeSmaritad RmrTisagan iyo aRZruli. daixuWnen Tvalni, gamWriaxad da marTebulad mxedvelni, gamrCevelni keTilisa borotisagan, umjobesisa _ uaresisagan. dadumdnen bageni, uflis Sjulis
damcvelni; Seikra ena, oqrovanad moubari da RmrTis brZanebaTa xmamaRali mRaRadebeli, brwyinvaled mTargmneli
RmrTivsulieri wignebisa. gaCerda xeli, mSvenierad mwerali, romlis qmnilebebmac gaanaTles Cveni eklesiebi;
dadgnen mSvenieri fexebi, RamisTevis locvebze dgomiT galeulni; miiZina gonebam, romelic sulis siRrmeebs gamoeZiebda1; miwam dafara wminda gvami, SromiTa da moRvaweobiT galeuli~.
xedavT, rogor motrialda Cveni saqme? mindoda, Tu SesaZlebeli iqneboda, Zala mimeca Cemi uZlurebisaTvis, avmaRlebuliyav am gansacdelis simaRlemde, da am tanjvis
Sesaferisi xma amomeSva, rogorc es oblebma qnes, da maRali xmiT igloves gansacdeli mamis daRupvisa; magram ra
meqna? _ rogor vaiZulo ena, sityvaTa warmoTqmas emsaxuros, Tuki igi am gansacdelis mier TiTqosda mZime rkinis
borkiliTaa Sekruli! rogor gavxsna piri, umetyvelobiT
Sepyrobili? rogor amovuSva tanjvisa da godebis xma, romelsac sruliad gamolevia Zala? rogor gavaxilo sulieri Tvalebi, romlebic am gansacdelis nisliT dabnelebula? vin ganmibnevs mwuxarebis am wyvdiadsa da ukuneTs,
da vin miCvenebs siwmideSi gabrwyinebul mSvidobis
1 Sdr. 1 kor. 2:10
614
615
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
siwmidesa Sina brwyinvale igi naTeli mSYdobisaA? anu vinaA
moguefinos Cuen Saravandedi, vinaATgan dahKda mnaTobi Cueni?
eha boroti ese sibnele, rameTu mze, mnaTobi Cueni, dahKda. eha, viTarRa iqmnnes Cuenda adgilsa amas winaukumo sityuani Cuenni da saqmeni, aw da pirvel amissa, rameTu pirvel,
viTarca meqorwineni, ganvscxrebodeT, xolo aw, viTarca sawyalobelni, glovisa amisTYs sulT-viTquamT.
anu Tu mcire arsa Cuen zeda mowevnuli ese boroti, anu
amaod nu vityebTa da ganviwirviT, anu Tu ufroAs-Ra ver mivswuTebiT Tavsa amis vnebisasa, daRacaTu ufroAs aRvamaRlneT
sityuani da Kmani Cuenni?
guavasxeniT ukue, Zmano, guavasxeniT cremlni wyalobisani, rameTu odes-igi ixarebdiT Tquen, sixarulsa Tquensa
geziareni Tquen. aw ukue momageT Cuen boroti ese nacvali.
sixaruli moxarulTa Tana mogueciT Cuen, tirili mtiralTa
Tana momizReT Cuen. cremlooda odesme ucxoTesli igi eri
mamaT-mTavrisa iakobisTYs, da ucxoA igi gansacdeli, viTarca TYsi, ganesakuTra, rameTu igi Semdgomad sikudilisa ZeTa
iT gamoiyvanes da yoveli igi eri ucxoA amis ganmisTa egYpt
egYptiT
sacdelisaTYs ucxosa Sina queyanasa ocdaaT dRe da ocdaaT
Rame iglovda mis zeda da mwared godebda da tiroda.
“aw ukue, Zmano, emsgavseniT ucxoTeslTa maT, Zmani ege Cuenni da naTesavni, zogad iyo maSin ucxoTa da TYsTa tirili,
zogad iyavn awca, da rameTu glovaAca ese da mwuxarebaA zogad ars, amisTYsca, aha esera, viTarca saxilvelsa Sina warmoviCinebi da wina-vpirob da vRaRadeb gansacdelisa amis simZimesa da vityY “gwyalob Tquen, gwyalob, Svilno da mowafeno amis tkbilisa da saxierisa mamisano, xolo aw mwared daoblebulno, mcired aRyuavebulno, xolo aw mswrafl daWnobilno, brwyinvaled ganaTlebulno da borotad dabnelebulno”.
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
naTels? saidan mogvefinos Suqi mnaTobisa, Tuki Cveni mnaTobi Caesvena?
oh, es boroti sibnele! Caesvena mze, mnaTobi Cveni. rogori iqneba amieridan Cveni sityvebi da saqmeebi? _ aqamde
meqorwineTa msgavsad vixarebdiT, axla ki, gaubedurebulni, gloviT vRafavT suls.
nuTu mcirea Cvenze moweuli es ubedureba? nuTu amaod movTqvamT da vqviTinebT? _ rac ar unda avamaRloT Cveni xma da sityva, ver mivwvdebiT Cveni zaralis simaRles.
maS, SegvawieT, Zmano, SegvawieT sibralulis cremlni,
radganac, rodesac Tqven ixarebdiT, am sixaruls Cvenc viziarebdiT. Tqven ki amis sanacvlod Cveni mwuxareba gaiziareT. `moxarulTa Tana sixaruli~1 mogeciT Cven; Tqven
ki `mtiralTa Tana tirili~2 mogvizReT. cremls Rvrida
odesRac ucxo eri iakob mamaTmTavrisTvis, da ucxo gansacdeli gaeTavisebina. sikvdilis Semdeg Svilebma igi egviptidan gamoiyvanes, da mTeli ucxo eri, ucxo qveyanaSi,
ucxo gansacdels ocdaaTi dRe da ocdaaTi Rame iglovda;
tiroda da godebda mwared.
miemsgavseT Tqvenc, Cveno Zmano da naTesavno, im ucxoelebs! saerTo iyo maSin ucxoTa da TavisianTa tirili; saerTo iyos axlac, radgan Cveni glova da mwuxareba saerToa. amitomac win warmovmdgarvar, TiTqosda TeatrSi viyoT, da gansacdelis simZimes vRaRadeb, da sityviT win vuZRvi mgloviareebs da vambob: `mewyalebiT Tqven, mewyalebiT, am tkbili da sayvareli mamis Svilno da mowafeno, aw
mwared daoblebulno; mcired gaSlilo kvirtebo da gaSlisTanave damWknarno; brwyinvaled ganaTlebulno da borotad dabnelebulno~.
1 Sdr. rom. 12:15
2 ix. iqve
616
617
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
aramed, eha, rabam keTil iyo vidre aqamomde gzaA sityYsa
CuenisaA da, eha, rabam sanatrel iyo, ukueTumca amas pirsa zeda dasruldeboda moTxrobaA Cueni. xolo amieriTgan raA “mouwodeT dedaTa mtiralTa”, viTarca ityYs ieremia, rameTu
gansacdelTa da mwuxarebaTa mier Sepyrobilisa da aRvsebulisa gulisaA sxYTa saxiTa nugeSinis-cemaA SeuZlebel ars,
ara Tu cremlTa mier da sulTqumaTa aRsubuqnes1. uteveT
ukue, nugeSinis-mcemelno, uteveT da nu ganamravlebT nugeSinis-cemasa, raATa wrtialad da mwared igloon obolTa
amaT da gulisKma-yon daWirvebaA ese, romeli dahWirda maT,
daRacaTu ara gamoucdel arian ganSorebasa missa RuawlTa
maT mier moRuawisaTa da CueulTa, rameTu gaKsovs, ganaRa Tu
viTar Tquenda momarT Tqumulman aman sityuaman Cuenman Ruawlni igi maRlisa mis kacisani migiTxrna Tquen?
mwuxare iqmnnes odesme israHlitelnica, raJams-igi aRitaca zecad elia, aramed nugeSinis-scemda ganSorebasa missa
elise, xaleniTa moZRurisaATa Semkobili, xolo aw salmobaA
ese zeSTa ars kurnebisa, rameTu elia amaRlda da elise ara
daSTa. uwyi, rameTu ara umecar xarT sityuaTa maT da KmaTa
ieremiaAsTa, romelTa-igi ityoda godebiT mooKrebisaTYs
ierusalHmisa, rameTu sxuaTa maT Tana glovaTa misTa eseca
SesZina da Tqua, viTarmed: “gzani sionisani iglovdiTo”. da
ese sityuaA maSin iTqua mis mier. xolo aw Cuen zeda aResrula, rameTu raJams ganiTquas hambavi ese sagloeli, maSin aRivsnen gzani udabnoni godebiTa mglovareTaATa da mowafeni misni Sewuxebulni mwuxarebiTa Kmasa mas ninevelTasa aRutevebden da ufroAs-Ra umetes maTsa tkivneul iyvnen da sawyalobel, rameTu godebaman maTman SiSi igi daqcevisaA dahKsna. xolo amaT borotTa daKsnisa arca erTi aqus sasoebaA TYsTa amaT
godebaTa mier.
eh, aqamde ra keTili iyo gza Cveni sityvisa; ra sanatreli iqneboda, amaze rom dasrulebuliyo Cveni moTxroba!
amis Semdeg ki motiral dedakacebs unda movuwodoT,
ieremias sityvisamebr1, radgan gansacdeliTa da mwuxarebiT Sepyrobil gulTa nugeSiscema sxva saxiT SeuZlebelia,
Tu cremliTa da moTqmiT ar Semsubuqda. maS, miuSviT, nugeSismcemelno, miuSviT oblebi, da nugeSis sityvebs nuRar etyviT, raTa mwared da gulgamgmiravad iglovon; gaiazron is Wiri, romelic maT moevlina, moRvawis Rvawls
daCveulebs; Cemma Tqmulma sityvam xom gamcno da mogiTxro Tqven Rvawli am amaRlebuli kacisa!
damwuxrdnen odesRac israitelnic, rodesac zecaSi
iqna aRtacebuli elia, magram am ganSorebaSi nugeSs scemda maT elise, moZRvris xaleniT Semkuli; Cveni tkivili
ki kurnebas ar emorCileba; radganac Cveni elia amaRlda
zecad, da elise ar dautovebia.
vici, rom gsmeniaT ieremias xmani da sityvani, romelsac igi ierusalimis aoxrebis gamo ityoda, da sxva glovas esec daurTo, rom Tqva: `gzani sionisani iglovdiTo~2.
es sityvebi maSin iTqva, dRes ki Cvenze aRsrulda; radgan,
rodesac es sagloveli ambavi euwyeba, udabnoTa gzebi
mgloviareTa godebiT aivseba; misi mowafeni, Sewuxebulni, ninevelTa xmas amouSveben, da maTze ufro sawyali da
tkiviliani Seiqnebian, radganac ninevelebs maTma godebam
ganadgurebis SiSi ganuqarva, xolo amaT _ Wirisagan Tavis daRwevis araviTari imedi ara aqvT, rac ar unda mwared godebdnen.
1 ier. 9:17
2 god. ier. 1:4
1 amaze wydeba D.
618
619
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
vici sxuaAca raAme godebaA ieremiaAsi, Semsgavsebuli wignsa fsalmunTasa, romeli-igi wartyuenvisaTYs israHlTaAsa
Sehmzada, rameTu ityYs, viTarmed: “ZewnTa zeda davhkideniT
orRanoni Cuenni”, rameTu dumilisa mier TavTa TYsTa Tana da
orRanonica TYsni dasajnes. amas ukue godebasa meca ganviCemeb aw da viglov ufroAs maTsa, rameTu vzi mdinareTa zeda
codvisaTa da maTgan wiaRmyvanebeli Cemi ara maqus. da orRanoTa wignTa saRmrToTasa davhkideb dumilisa ZewnTa, rameTu ityYs mociquli pavle: “ukueTu Targmani ara iyos, mkiTxveli dumeno”. rameTu Zewni xe ars unayofoA da vinaATgan
dacYva tkbili igi cxorebisa Cuenisa nayofi, ara Zewn viqmneniTa unayofo? he WeSmaritad. da uqmad da uZravad orRanoni
igi metyuelebisa Cuenisani dumilisa mier SeSaTa zeda davhkideniT.
xolo ara vin ars, romelmanca moiRo nawueTi erTi wylisaA da ganagrila enaA Cemi salmobieri da Semwuari cecxliTa
mwuxarebaTaATa. warKda SuenierebaA igi sawadeli, dadumna
KmaA igi savse sitkboebiTa, daiyvnes bageni igi RmrTiv-brwyinvaleni, aRfrinda madli igi ganmabrZnobeli Cemi: sada arian
Tualni, zecisa saidumloTa mxilvelni, sada arian yurni igi,
saRmrToAsa mis Kmisa msmenelni, sada ars enaA igi wmidaA, tkbilad maswavleli codvilTaA sinanulsa, sada ars tkbili igi
myudroebaA TualTa misTaA, sada ars wesieri igi dumili bageTa misTaA, sada ars sawadeli igi marjuene misi, romeli kurTxevasa mas pirisasa sasurvelTa maT TiTTa TYsTa juaris-weriTa dahbeWdvida?
vici ieremias sxva godebac, fsalmunTa wigns mimsgavseuli, romelic israitelTa datyvevebis gamo warmoTqva:
`ZewnTa zeda davhkideniT orRanoni Cvenni~1, rameTu dumiliT TavianT TavTan erTad orRanonic2 dasajes. am godebas axla mec gaviTaviseb da maTze metad viglov, radganac vzivar codvis mdinareebze3, da gaRma, samSvidobos gamyvani aRar myavs; saRmrTo wignTa orRanoebs (sakravebs)
davkideb dumilis Zewnaze4, radganac mociquli pavle ambobs: `Tu Targmani (ganmmartebeli) ar iqneba, mkiTxveli
gaCumdeso~. radganac Zewna unayofo xea, da Tu Cveni cxovrebis tkbili nayofi Zirs Camocviva, gana unayofo Zewnad
ar gadaviqceviT (oh, WeSmaritad!), da uqmad da uZravad
ar davkidebT boZebze Cveni metyvelebis organoebs?
aravinaa, romelic moitanda erT wveT wyals da gamigrilebda enas, mwuxarebis cecxliT damwvarsa da dadaguls. daiRupa is sawadeli mSveniereba, dadumda sitkboebiT savse xma, daikumnen RmrTivbrwyinvale bageni; ze-afrinda madli, CvenTvis sibrZnis momniWebeli.
sadRa arian is Tvalebi, zecis saidumlos rom uWvretdnen! sadRa arian is yurebi, saRmrTo xmas rom ismendnen!
sadRaa is wminda ena, romelic tkbilad aswavlida codvilT sinanuls! sadRaa misi Tvalebis tkbili myudroeba,
sadRaa bageTa misTa wesieri dumili! sadRaa misi sawadeli marjvena, romelic piris mier gamoTqmul kurTxevas
sasurvel TiTTa mier jvrisweriT dahbeWdavda5 xolme!
1 fs. 136:2
2 orRano _ sakravi, musikaluri instrumenti.
3 Sdr. fs. 136:1
4 Zewna _ Cinari, tirifis xe.
5 dabeWdva _ jvris gadasaxva.
620
621
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
XXVIII. aramed aw gevedrebi, SemaSrveniT me cremlni Cemni,
daacxrveT godebaA Cemi, rameTu vagrZnob, viTarmed ufroAs
jerisa ganval sazRvarTagan glovisa da vnebisa amis simZimiTa dedaTa mivemsgavsebi.
aramed movediT amieriTgan da ganusuenoT sasmenelTa
TquenTa glovisagan da godebisa obolTaAsa da maSuralTa
da saRmrToTa TxrobaTa da nugeSinis-cemisa sityuaTa mimarT
mivaqcio gonebaA Tqueni, daRacaTu raqel RaRadebs, romel
ars eklesiaA, da Kmobs Zlierad da godebs daoblebisaTYs
SvilTa TYsTaAsa.
vinaAca jer-ars, raATa amieriTgan movaqcio afraA sityYsa CemisaA da saeklesioni sityuani aRmovTqune, rameTu ara
migueRo Cuen moZRuari Cueni, arca warvida Cuengan, aramed
Soris Cuensa mdgomare ars, daRacaTu Cuen ara vxedavT mas.
da wmidasa mas Sina wmidaTasa Sevida mamaA Cueni da Sinagan
kretsabmelisa, sada-igi winamorbedad Cuenda Sevida qriste,
daRacaTu dauteva kretsabmeli igi KorcTa TYsTaA, aramed
arRara saxiT da igaviT hmsaxurebs zecierTa maT, aramed TYT
mas xatsa saqmeTasa ganicdis arRara sarkiTa da saxiTa, aramed
pirsa RmrTisasa piris-pir xedavs da meox ars CuenTYs winaSe
missa SvilTa da mowafeTa TYsTaTYs da iTxovs mitevebasa
codvaTasa.
ganiZarcuna ukue tyavisa igi samoselni da rameTu samoTxisa mkYdrTa arca Tu eKmarebian eseviTarni samoselni, aramed igi samoselni hmosian mas, romelni-igi siwmidiTa cxorebisa TYsisaATa uqsovna Tavsa TYssa da moixuna RmrTisagan.
28. magram gevedrebiT, SemiSreT cremlebi; SemawyvetineT moTqma da godeba, radganac vgrZnob, rom glovis jerovan sazRvars gadavcdi da am vnebis simZimiT dedakacebs
vemsgavsebi.
maS, amieridan, modiT, davasveneb Tqvens smenas obolTa glovisa da godebisagan, da saRmrTo saubriTa da nugeSiscemiTi sityviT sxva mxriv mivmarTav Tqvens gonebas; Tumca ki raqeli (am saxeliT eklesias movixseniebT) mainc RaRadebs, Zlierad xmianobs da godebs Tavis SvilTa daoblebisaTvis.1
amitomac sasurvelia, movabruno Cveni saubris afra
sxva mxares da saeklesio sityvebi warmovTqva, radganac
moZRvari Cven mainc ar dagvikargavs, arc wasula igi Cvengan, aramed isev Cven Soris dgas, Tumca Cven mas ver vxedavT. wmidaTa-wmidaSi Sevida Cveni mama, kretsabmelis2
SigniT, sadac Cvens winamorbedad Sevida qriste.3 Tumca
datova ki Tavisi sxeulis kretsabmeli, magram ukve saxiTa
da igaviT ki aRar emsaxureba zecierT, aramed saqmeTa xats
uSualod Sescqeris; ukve aRar sarkiTa da saxiT ganicdis,
aramed RmerTs pirispir umzers da mis winaSe Suamdgomlad dgas Tavis SvilTa da mowafeTaTvis da codvaTa Sendobas iTxovs.
gaiZro tyavis samoseli4, radgan samoTxis mkvidrT arc
sWirdebaT amgvari samoseli, aramed is samoseli acviaT,
romelic Tavisi cxovrebis siwmidiT mouqsoves TavianT
Tavs, da RmrTisagan miiRes.
1 Sdr. mT. 2:18
2 kretsabmeli – farda, romelic hfaravs taZris wmindaTa wminda nawils – sakurTxevels.
3 Sdr. ebr. 6:19-20
4 Sdr. dab. 3:21
622
623
1
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
WeSmaritad, eseviTarisa amis kacisa sikudili pariosan ars
winaSe RmrTisa da ufroAs-Ra arca Tu sikudil ars, aramed
ganxeTqaA sakrvelTaA, viTarca weril ars, viTarmed: “ganxeTqen sakrvelni Cemni”.
gantevebul iqmna sYmeon da ganTavisuflebul iqmna sakrvelTagan KorcTaAsa, sabrKe Seimusra, xolo siri aRfrinda,
dauteva egYpte, romel ars, cxorebaA ese nivTieri, da wiaRvlo ara Tu zRuaA igi mewamuli, aramed Savi ese da wyudiadi
zRuaA amis sawuTroAsaA, Sevida queyanasa mas aRTqumisasa, romel ars zecaTa ierusalHmi, mTasa mas zeda sibrZnis-metyuelebs RmrTisa Tana, wariKada Kamli sulisaA, da raATa saRmrToATa miT slviTa gonebisaATa wmidasa mas queyanasa Sina
univTod imoTxvides, romelsa-igi Sina ixilvebis RmerTi da
TYsTa sakuTarTa xedavs da ganusuenebs.
eseviTari nugeSinis-cemaA gaqundin Tquen, Zmano, romelni-ege ZualTa iosebisTa queyanasa mas kurTxevisasa aRiyvanebT, ese igi ars Tquen, romelTa-ege guami wmidaA amis netarisaA mTawmidas wargyavs. 1
namdvilad, amgvari kacis sikvdili pativiTaa Semosili RmrTis winaSe.1 metic, es sikvdili arcaa, aramed im
jaWvebis damsxvreva, romelzedac weria: `ganxeTqen sakrvelni Cemni~2.
gantevebul da gaTavisuflebul iqna svimeoni xorcis
(sxeulis) borkilebisagan. safrTxe Seimusra, xolo frinveli ze-afrinda; datova egvipte (anu xorcieli cxovreba) da gaiara ara mewamuli zRva, aramed Savbneli zRva am
wuTisoflisa. Sevida aRTqmis qveyanaSi _ zecaTa ierusalimSi; qorebis mTaze brZnulad saubrobs RmerTTan, gaixada fexsacmeli sulisa3, raTa saRmrTo qceviT wminda miwaze usxeulod mimodiodes, romelSic Cans RmerTi; Tavis
rCeulebs uyurebs da gansvenebas aniWebs.
aseTi nugeSi gqondeT Tqven, Zmano, romlebsac iosebis
Zvlebi kurTxevis qveyanaSi migaqvT4, ese igi am netari kacis gvams mTawmidisaken miasvenebT.
1 aqedan iwyeba D xelnaweri, pirveli furceli am xelnawerisa dazianebulia.
624
1 fs. 115:6
2 fs. 115:7
3 Sdr. gamosl. 3:5
4 Sdr. gamosvl. 13:19
625
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
XXIX. xolo aw Jami ars Tqumad, Tu viTar iqmna warslvaA
Cueni mTawmidas
mTawmidas, da kualad moKsenebad netarisa petre patrikisa, petrik-yofilisa nugeSinis-cemasa, da Semdgomad
RmrTisa moRuawebasa da Kelis-apyrobasa, romel Cuen zeda
aCuena.
xolo viTarca ganvida KorcTagan wmidaA mamaA Cueni da
warvida winaSe RmrTisa, meyseulad vacnobeT wmidasa mamasa
petres, xolo man moZRuris-moyuareman, da ufroAs-Ra vTquT,
Tu RmrTis-moyuareman, viTarca gulisKma-yo anazdaiTi ese
da mlevani daqcevaA Cueni, iwyla sastikad suli misi, aramed
welni moirtyna da mswrafl Sevida mefisa da miuTxra sakYrveli ese sasmeneli, viTarmed: “wmidao mefeo, Tquen Tana
mSYdobaA da sixaruli saukunoA SviliTurT! xolo wmidaA igi
beri, romelman guSin oTxmeoci oboli Tquen Semogvedra, aw
TYT igi KelTa RmrTisaTa Sevedrebul ars, rameTu miicvala. Sen, queyanisa mefeman, zecisa mefisa warhgzavne. guSin
amas Jamsa Sen mier iTxovda gantevebasa, dRes, sakrvelTagan
KorcTa TYsTaAsa gantevebuli, zecisa navT-sadgurad Sevida, guSin Sen gevedreboda Sewyalebad obolTa TYsTa, xolo
dRes SenTYs evedrebis mas, romeli-igi mamaA ars obolTaA da
msajuli qurivTaA da mefe mefeTa queyanisaTaA”.
esmnes raA sityuani ese RmrTis-msaxursa mefesa, gankYrda
friad da dadumna Jam erT. da merme Tqua samgzis: “didebaA
RmerTsa, didebaA RmerTsa, didebaA RmerTsa, rameTu sulni wmidaTani KelTa Sina RmrTisaTa arian, viTarca amis netarisa berisani: netar xar Sen, N wmidao bero, romeli-ege warxued
winaSe RmrTisa, aramed vesav locvaTa SenTa wmidaTa, rameTu
yoveli nebaA Seni keTilad aRvasrulo”.
29. axla ukve droa, mogiTxroT, rogor wavediT mTawmidas, da movixsenioT netari petre patrikis mieri nugeSiscema da daxmareba, romelic man Cven gagviwia.
rodesac Cveni wminda mamis suli sxeulidan gavida da
RmrTis winaSe wardga, maSinve vacnobeT wminda mama patres, man ki, moZRvris moyvarem, da ufro metic, RmrTismoyvarem, rogorc ki Seityo Cveni uecari daRupva, sastikad
daiWra suliT, magram mxneoba moikriba, saswrafod eaxla
mefes da es sakvirveli ambavi moaxsena: `wmindao mefeo, mSvidoba da maradiuli sixaruli iyos TqvenTan, Tqveni SvilebiTurT, is wminda beri, romelmac guSin oTxmoci suli
CagabaraT, dRes Tavadve Cahbarda RmrTis xelebs, radganac gardaicvala. Sen, qveynis meufem, zecis meufesTan gahgzavne igi. guSin am dros Sengan iTxovda gantevebas1, dRes
ki, Tavisi sxeulis borkilebisagan gaTavisuflebuli, zeciur navsadgurSi Sevida. guSin igi Sen gevedreboda Tavisi oblebis Sewyalebas, xolo dRes SenTvis evedeba mas,
romeli aris obolTa mama da msajuli qvrivTa da mefe amqveyniur mefeTa~2.
es rom moismina RmrTismsaxurma mefem, Zalze gaukvirda da erTxans gaCumda. merme samgzis Tqva: `dideba RmerTsa; dideba RmerTsa; dideba RmerTsa, radganac wmindaTa
sulebi RmrTis xelSi arian, da maT Soris _ am netari berisa. netari3 xar Sen, hoi wmindao bero, romelic RmrTis
winaSe waxvedi; me ki Seni wminda locvebis Zalis imedi
1 ganteveba _ gaSveba; igulisxmeba mTawmidaze wargzavna (an,
SesaZloa, aq aqcenti keTdeba imaze, rom winadRiT giorgi berma Tavis mowafeebs svimeon RmrTismimqmelis locva _ `aw ganuteve~ _ agaloba mefis winaSe).
2 igulisxmeba RmerTi (Sdr. fs. 67:6)
3 netari _ bednieri, sanatreli, Sesanatri
626
627
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
da meyseulad brZana moRebad pitaki, romeli-igi mas wmidasa KeliTa TYsiTa mieca. xolo weril iyo esreT, viTarmed:
“wmidao mefeo, ege obolni, viTarca Suenis RmrTis-moyuarebasa Sensa, egreT Seiwyalen da daarCinen mlocvelad sulisa Tquenisa da SvilTa TquenTa mzegrZelobisa. da monasisasa
tersa mTawmid
mTawmidisasa
isasa, salocvelsa Tquensa, oqrobeWedi Seuqmen, dasamtkicebeli yovelTa oqrobeWedTaA, raATa yovliTurT Tavisufal da Seuval iyos, da obolni ese izardebodin mas Sina da yovelni mkYdrni misni gilocviden vidre ukunisamde”.
maqvs, rom Seni yoveli neba-survili zedmiwevniT aRvasrulo~.
da brZana, moetanaT werili, romelic mas berma gadasca Tavisi wminda xeliT. masSi ewera: `wmindao mefeo, es
oblebi, rogorc Sens RmrTismoyvarebas Sehferis, ise Seiwyale1, da Seinaxe Tqveni sulisaTvis da Tqveni Svilebis
mzegrZelobisaTvis mlocvelad, da TqvenTvis mavedrebel
mTawmidis monasters oqroTi dabeWdili sigeli moumzade, romelic yvela Zveli sigelis damamtkicebeli iqneba,
raTa, es monasteri savsebiT Tavisufali da Seuvali iyos,
da es oblebic iq izrdebodnen, da yoveli misi mkvidri
TqvenTvis loculobdes ukunisamde~.
es rom waikiTxes, da mefe mixvda saqmis arss, Tavis pirvel mdivans ubrZana, moemzadebina ori sigeli oqrobeWdiT _ mtkice da ucvleli dokumentebi; erTi maTgani _ rogorc wminda beri sTxovda _ Zveli sigelebis dasamtkiceblad, romelic win aRudgeboda da ukuaqcevda yvelas, vinc
am wminda lavrisaTvis raime vnebis miyenebas inebebda, da
sircxviliT aRavsebda maT; xolo meore oqrobeWedi im
obolTaTvis gaamzada, raTa aravis gaebeda maTi gayvana monastridan, an sxva raime mxriv vneba, aramed raTa cxovrobdnen da ikvebebodnen monasterSi, rogorc Svilni da memkvidreni am wminda eklesiisa.
orive es oqrobeWdiani sigeli misca mefem netar petres, agreTve didi kereonebi2 da sanTlebi da surnelovani sakmeveli didZali, muSkatroani3da alva4. yovelive es
ese raA aRmoikiTxes da gulisKma-yo mefeman Zali saqmisaA, mswrafl ubrZana protonotarsa TYssa Seqmnad orTa oqrobeWedTa, mtkiceTa da SeucvalebelTa: erTsa, viTarca wmidaA beri vedrebul iyo, dasamtkicebelsa yovelTa oqrobeWedTasa, romeli-igi winaaRudgebis da gare-ukun-aqcevs,
ukueTu raAme visme enebos amis wmidisa lavrisa vnebad, sircxYliTa aRavsebs; da erTi oqrobeWedi obolTa amaT Seuqmna,
raATa aravin ikadros maTi monastriT ganyvanebad, gina sxuad
radme vnebad, aramed raATa izardebodin monastersa Sina, viTarca Svilni da mkYdrni wmidisa eklesiisani.
da ese ornive oqrobeWedni moscna netarsa petres da kereonebi did-didebi da sanTlebi friad da sakumeveli surneli mravlad, muSkatroani da alvaA. ese yoveli moiRo
1 Sewyaleba _ wyalobis micema.
2 kereoni _ kelaptari, didi sanTeli.
3 muSkatroani – muSkiT (surnelovani nivTierebiT) Sezavebuli.
4 alva _ surnelovani zeTi, mironi.
628
629
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
patiosanman berman petre, rameTu ebrZana mefesa, viTarmed:
“yovelive ese mkerdsa missa zeda wmidasa dadev da SendobaA
miTxove, viTarca cxovelisagan, da arqu esreT, viTarmed: “aha
esera brZanebaA Seni aRmisrulebies ufroAs Txovisaca Senisa
da aw gevedrebi, nu damiviwyeb winaSe RmrTisa”.
xolo mo-raA-vida petre, da brZanebaA ese mefisaA aRasrula. xolo TYT Tu rasa ara iqmoda, anu rasa ara ityoda
guamsa zeda mis wmidisasa, da viTarca cxovelsa esreT emdurvoda, da ferKTa misTa cremliTa daaltobda. da ukueTumca
ara meSinoda, nuukue ZliT mcired-raAme daSretili igi saKumili godebisaA kualad aRvagzna da Segawuxne yovelnivemca, amis netarisa kacisa sityuani lmobierni da cremlni
mKurvaleni cremliT migiTxren, aramed virCie wuT erT gansuenebaA Tqueni.
xolo esreT raA viyveniT da wmidaA igi guami winaSe idva,
mas oden Jamsa moiwia dedakaci vinme, mowafe amis wmidisaA,
daA farsmanisi da CorCanelisaA, romeli ver ewifa xilvasa missa, vidreRa cocxal iyo wmidaA igi. ese mo-raA-vida, mravliTa cremliTa da godebiTa daaltvna wmidani ferKni misni da
mdurviT etyoda wmidasa mas, viTarca cxovelsa: “N wmidao,
raA-ese miyav me, ubadruksa amas, rameTu mqondes mravalni gulis-sityuani, rameTu mravliT JamiTgan ara mexilva wmidaA
piri Seni”.
da esreT friad Sewuxebuli da mglovare warvida saxed
TYsad da dawerna yovelni gulis-sityuani TYsni da dahbeWda mas zeda. da xvalisa dRe kualad movida, moiRo wigni igi
da dadva mkerdsa zeda mis wmidisasa da sakumeveli surneli
da sanTeli mravali da ZmaTaTYs evlogiaA nugeSinis-sacemelad. da kualad mravliTa cremliTa ambors-uyo ferKTa misTa da lmobieriTa sityYTa da sul-TqumiTa sulisaATa viTarca cxovelsa emdurvoda wmidasa mas. da wigni igi aRiRo da
momca me da mrqua esreT, viTarmed: “cremliT gevedrebi, Zmao
patiosano, raATa faragsa Sina wmidisasa STasdva ege, da me
mrwams RmrTisaA, viTarmed wmidaman aman, raA-igi wignsa amas
Caibara patiosanma petre berma, romelsac mefem ubrZana:
`yovelive es mis wminda mkerdze dade da Sendoba iTxove
CemTvis, rogorc cocxali moZRvrisagan, da uTxari ase: aha,
Seni brZaneba gadaWarbebiT Semisrulebia; axla ki gevedrebi, nu damiviwyeb RmrTis winaSe~.
petre rom movida, aRasrula mefis brZaneba. Tavad ki
ras ar eubneboda wminda beris gvams! rogorc cocxals, ise
emdureboda, mis ferxT cremliT asvelebda. rom ar vSiSobde, _ vaiTu, godebis mimqrali cecxli kvlav avagizgizo da yvelani SegawuxoT, _ am netari kacis tkiviliT savse sityvebsa da mxurvale cremlze mogiTxrobdiT, magram
erTi wuTiT Tqveni mosveneba avirCie.
sanam Cven ase viyaviT da wminda gvami Cvens winaSe ido,
movida erTi dedakaci, wminda beris mowafe, farsmanisa da
CorCanelis da, romelmac cocxals ver mouswro. da roca
movida, mravali cremliT daasvela misi wminda fexebi, mwared godebda da, rogorc cocxals, samduravs eubneboda:
`hoi, wmindao, es ra miyav me ubedurs; ramdeni ram mqonda
gasandobi, radgan didi xania, rac Seni wminda saxe ar minaxavs!~
ase, friad Sewuxebuli da mgloviare wavida Sin, dawera Tavisi aRsareba, beWedi daado da meore dRes rom movida, micvalebul moZRvars daado igi mkerdze. aseve surnelovani sakmeveli da mravali sanTeli, xolo ZmaTaTvis
evlogia moitana nugeSiscemisaTvis. kvlav mravali cremliT eambora mis ferxT, tkiviliT savse sityviTa da oxvriT cocxaliviT emdureboda wminda mamas. Semdeg aiRo
Tavisi aRsarebis werili, momca me da miTxra: `cremliT
gevedrebi, patiosano Zmao, wmindis jibeSi Cade es werili, da mwams, wminda mama aRxocs, rac aq weria, da momitevebs Cems codvebs~. cremliT dasvelebuli dedakaci
630
631
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
sweria, ahKocos da momiteos”. da esreT cremliTa Sesuarulman ambors-uyo Kelsa missa wmidasa da ikurTxa misgan, da sulTqumiT da cremliT warvida saxed TYsad. xolo me moviRe
mcnebisa misTYs da STavsdev faragsa Sina mis wmidisasa.
xolo Semdgomad amis yovlisa STausueneT guadrucsa Sina, Semzadebulsa ZelTagan ulpolvelTa, wmidaA igi guami misi
da nebiTa RmrTisaATa warmovemarTeniT zRYT mTawmidas
mTawmidas. da
viTarca moviwieniT adgilsa mas, romelsa eqsamil
eqsamilii ewodebis, KmeliT wamovediT siSorisaTYs gzisa da SiSisaTYs sarkinozTaAsa. xolo eqsamil
eqsamilii amisTYs ewodebis, rameTu imeion
riT zRYT vidre amerad zRuamde equs
equsii mil
milion
ionii ars. esreT,
viTarca vTquT, KmeliT warmovediT, viTarca vTquT, equssa
mas milionsa urmebiTa. xolo erTsa uremsa zeda yovelTa ufroAssa davdgiT kidobani igi mamisa CuenisaA, wignni misni yovelni da sxuaA, raAca sakurTxevelisa samsaxurebeli iyo, da
warmovemarTeniT. xolo vidodeT esreT, rameTu oTxkerZo garemodgomil viyveniT, viTarca pirvel kidobansa Sjulisa uflisasa. xolo wina kerZo mividodes wulilni diakonni, xolo
ukuana kerZo mRdelni da sxuani moxucebulni berni; da esreT fsalmuniTa da galobiTa da sulieriTa SesxmiTa vadidebdiT RmerTsa da wmidasa mas ugalobdiT.
xolo ars wurilTa maT ZmaTa TanaA ZmaA erTi, yovelTa umrwemes iyo hasakiTa, saxeliT panteleimon, keTilad Sewyalebuli yovelTa mowyalisa amis wmidisa mamisagan. amas yrmasa
slvasa mas Sina aRecua ekali ferKsa, rameTu uKamuri iyo, da
viTarca que dadrka, raATamca gamoiRo ekali igi, meyseulad
gardavlo uremman man zeda zurgsa CCYlisa mis yrmisasa. xolo Cuen, vixileT raA ese, vikrCxialeT KmiTa simwarisaATa godebiT da aRuteveT tirili. da iqmna amboxi didi, rameTu yovelni vhgonebdiT, viTarmed ara Tu oden mokla, aramed,
eambora wmindis xels, TiTqos kurTxeva miiRo misgan, oxvriTa da cremliT wavida Sinisaken. me ki, misi brZanebisamebr, werili wminda mamis jebeSi Cavde.
yovelive amis Semdeg misi wminda gvami ulpobeli xisagan damzadebul kuboSi CavasveneT da RmrTis nebiT mTawmidisaken gavemarTeT zRviT. roca mivaRwieT adgils, romelsac eqsamili ewodeba, xmeleTiT gavagrZeleT gza siSorisa da sarkinozTa1 SiSis gamo. im adgils ki eqsamili
imitom ewodeba, rom im zRvidan am zRvamde eqvsi milia2
ase, rogorc vTqviT, xmeleTiT gaviareT eqvsi mili urmebiT. erT, yvelaze ukeTes uremze davdeT kidobani3 Cveni
wminda mamisa, yvela misi wigni da sakurTxevlis samsaxurebelni4, da ise gavemarTeT. am urems oTxive kuTxiT mivyvebodiT, rogorc uflis Sjulis kidobans mihyvebodnen
udabnoSi israitelni. win miuZRodnen wvrili diakvnebi,
ukan _ mRvdlebi da sxva moxucebuli berebi, da ase, fsalmuniT, galobiTa da sulieri SesxmiT5 vadidebdiT RmerTs
da vugalobdiT wminda mamas.
mcirewlovan ZmaTagan iyo erTi, yvelaze umcrosi, saxelad panteleimoni, keTilad Sewyalebuli yvelas mwyalobeli am wminda mamisagan. am yrmas siarulisas ekali SeerWo fexSi, radgan fexSiSveli midioda, da raki qvemoT
daixara, raTa ekali gamoeZro, uremma uceb gadauara zurgze. es rom vixileT, mware xmiT vikivleT da moTqma da tirili movrTeT. didi areuloba Seiqna, yvelas gvegona, rom,
araTu marto mokla, aramed, rogorc wvrili Wiayela, ise
632
633
1 sarkinozi _ arabi.
2 mili _ manZilis sazomi erTeuli. romauli mili – aTasi nabiji.
3 kidobani _ yuTi (aq _ kubo).
4 samsaxurebelni _ ritualuri nivTebi.
5 Sdr. efes. 5:19
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
viTarca WiaA undoA, esreT ganwyYda, aramed eha zeSTa bunebisa Kelis-apyrobaA da SewevnaA RmrTisa saxierisaA da madli
igi kacisa mis RmrTisaA, romeli Semdgomad micvalebisaca
scavs da Kelsa aRupyrobs TYsTa obolTa da swyalobs esreT!
viTarca vTquT, uremman man sazarelman zeda zurgsa missa
gardavlo, xolo myis aRdga yrmaA igi da Cuen ganvixilevdiT
adgilsa mas urmisasa. xolo igi ityoda: “miteveT, raATa ekali ese amoviRo”.
xolo Cuen vhkiTxevdiT, viTarmed: “da arca Tu gtkivis
adgili igi?” xolo igi ityoda, viTarmed: “arca micnobies,
Tu uremman gardavlo Cem zedao”, rameTu wuT CCYli iyo da
esreT ityoda.
eha madli wmidisa mis guamisaA, viTar aRusubuqa sakYrvelad mZime igi urmis-Tuali, romel agrZnaca ver yrmaman man
mcireman. xolo aw ganmwYsebul ars da TYT miuTxrobs sakYrvelsa amas didebulsa da adidebs RmerTsa, moqmedsa saswaulTasa, da madlsa wmidisa mamisa qadagebs.
esreT gardavleT eqsamil
eqsamilii , kualad zRuad SevediT da
SewevniTa RmrTisaATa, niaviTa myudroATa da hamoATa mTawmidas moviwieniT. xolo mTawmidelTa keTilad SegYwynarnes Cuen, viTarca Svilni maTni, xolo wmidaA ese, viTarca
mwyemsi TYsi da winamZRuari, rameTu wuT mravalni cocxal
iyvnes pirvelTa maT netarTa berTagan, mowafeni amis wmidisani, esreT wina miegebnes da pativ-upyres yovelTa, viTarca
pirvel wmidasa mamasa Cuensa didsa efTYmes, mierve momavalsa qalaqiT sameufoAT. esreT pativiT tYrTuli mRdelTa mier eklesiad Seiyvanes da winaSe wmidisa mamisa efTYmis samartYlosa dadges kidobani igi amis netarisaA. da erTman man,
viTarca mamaman da moZRuarman, xolo meoreman, viTarca Svilman da mowafeman, pirvelman man samartYloAT gamo, xolo meoreman man kidobniT urTierTars moikiTxnes da mSYdobaA misces ersa mRdelTa mier. da esreT Seimko eklesiaA da ganmxiaruldes erni.
gawyvita Suaze. magram aha, bunebaze aRmatebuli Sewevna
mowyale RmerTisa da im RmrTiskacis madli, romelic gardacvalebis Semdegac icavs da xels umarTavs Tavis oblebs
da swyalobs maT! rogorc vTqviT, im sazarelma uremma zurgze gadauara yrmas, is ki maSinve fexze wamodga. im adgils
rom vaTvalierebdiT, sadac uremma gaiara, yrmam gviTxra
_ `CamomecaleT, ekali unda amoviRoo~.
gakvirvebiT vkiTxeT: `arc ki gtkiva zurgi?~ da gviTxra: `verc gavige, uremma Tu gadamiarao~.
ai, madli im wminda gvamisa! _ ise Seamsubuqa mZime urmisTvali, rom Cvilma yrmam verc ki igrZno! axla ukve wamozrdilia igi da TviTonve mouTxrobs msmenelT am didebul sakvirvelebas, da adidebs saswaulTa moqmed RmerTs,
da wminda mamis madlmosilebas qadagebs.
ase gadaviareT eqsamili, kvlav zRvaSi SevediT da, RmrTis SewevniT, myudro da saamo niaviT mTawmindamde mivaRwieT. mTawmindelebma kargad migviRes, rogorc TavianTi Svilebi, xolo wminda beri _ rogorc Tavisi mwyemsi da winamZRvari, radgan jer kidev mravalni iyvnen im netar berTagan, romelnic misi mowafeni yofilan. ise moegebnen da pativi miagos yvelam, rogorc uwin _ Cvens did mamas eqvTimes,
aseve sameufo qalaqidan momavals. mRvdlebma didi pativiT
Seasvenes eklesiaSi da wminda mamis eqvTimes samartvilosTan1 dadges misi kidobani. erTma, rogorc mamam da moZRvarma (e. i. eqvTimem), da meorem, rogorc Svilma da mowafem (giorgim), pirvelma _ samartvilodan, da meorem _ kidobnidan
erTmaneTi moikiTxes, da iq myof xalxsac miesalmnen mRvdlebis mier2. ase Seimko eklesia da gamxiarulda eri.
634
635
1 samartvilo _ akldama, saflavi.
2 aq igulisxmeba, rom mRvdlebma maTi saxeliT daloces iq myofi xalxi.
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo samkYdrod dakrZalvisa amis netarisa martYlTa adgili ver gavaCineT vidre kiTxvadmde zemoKsenebulisa mis
petre netarisa. da esreT dayo sami dRe winaSe wmidisa mamisa
efTYmissa. da mier warviyvaneT eklesiasa yovelTa wmidaTasa
da mun davdgiT guadruci igi wmidisaA mis. da yovelTa RameTa locvani da Ramis-Tevani aResrulebodes da dRisi Jamiswirvani mRdelTa mier. da esreT iyo vidre weliwdadmde yovelTa wmidaTa eklesiasa, vidremdis brZanebaA moviReT misve
petres mier da kacisa RmrTisa, patiosnisa berisa, winamZRurisa da mamasaxlisisa Cuenisa giorgi olTisarisa, rameTu mefeman igive daamtkica Semdgomad micvalebisa wmidisa amis.
da masve Suenoda siwrfoebisaTYs da umankoebisa dapyrobaA
didisa amis lavrisaA.
da esreT, brZanebiTa zemoKsenebulTa amaT mamaTaATa da
wamebiTa yovelTa ZmaTaATa, ganvaReT luskumaA netarisa mamisa giorgi maSenebelisaA eklesiisa Stosa Sina marcxeniT
kerZo, damarTebiT larnaksa wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa efTYmessa. xolo aRvaReT raA kidobani mamisa giorgisi, aramed, eha sakYrveli, arca Tu TmaA erTi netarisa mis TavisaA da patiosanTa maT mKceTaA ara Secvalebul iyo, romeli-igi aCuenebda
sulisa misisa brwyinvalebasa.
xolo momeKsena me, uRirssa amas, qartaA igi dedakacisaA
mis, romeli-igi STamedva faragsa Sina wmidisasa. da varqu
visme, erTsa mRdelTagansa, aRmoRebad da ganxilvad. xolo
man aRmo-raA-iRo, ixila, rameTu beWedi egreTve iyo. xolo
gulman uTqua, raATa mcired STaixednes kidesa wignisasa da
uku mo-raA-hkeca kerZoA wignisaA, eha sakYrveli da amis Jamisa kacTagan yolad urwmunoA, ixila, rameTu aKocil iyo,
netari beris dakrZalvis adgili ver davadgineT zemoxsenebuli petre netaris kiTxvamde. amitomac sami dRe wminda mamis eqvTimes winaSe darCa. iqidan ki wavasveneT yvelawmindis eklesiaSi da iq davdgiT gvadruci1 am wmindisa. yovel Rame locva da RamisTeva sruldeboda, dRisiT ki
mRvdlebi Jamiswirvas asrulebdnen. ase gagrZelda yvelawmindis eklesiaSi erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi, sanam miviRebdiT brZanebas zemoxsenebuli petresagan da RmrTis kacis,
patiosani beris, Cveni winamZRvrisa da mamasaxlisis giorgi olTisarisagan, romelic mefem daamtkica winamZRvrad
wminda mamis micvalebis Semdeg. Sehferoda kidec, ubiwoebisa da umankoebis gamo, am didi lavris xelT pyroba.
da ase, zemoxsenebul mamaTa brZanebiT da mTeli saZmos
damowmebiT, gavaReT luskuma2 netari mamis giorgi maSenebelisa3 eklesiis marcxena StoSi, wminda mamis eqvTimes
samarxis mopirdapired, da rodesac gavxseniT kidobani mama giorgisa, raTa giorgi maSeneblis gverdiT samarxSi Cagvesvenebina, vixileT sakvirveleba: netari mamis Tmis erTi
bewvic ki ar iyo Secvlili, riTac igi Tavisi sulis brwyinvalebas aCvenebda.
me, uRirss, gamaxsenda qaRaldi im dedakacisa, romelic wminda mamis jebeSi Cavde. vTxove erT mRvdelTagans,
amoeRo da daeTvalierebina. roca amoiRo, naxa, rom beWedi zedve edo. gulma wasZlia, werilis kideSi Caexeda, da
mcired rom gadmokeca, naxa, _ hoi sakvirvelebav! _ Tanamedrove adamianTaTvis yovlad daujerebeli ram; naxa, rom
1 gvadruci _ wminda nawilebis Sesanaxi liTonis yuTi.
2 luskuma _ samarxi, saflavi, akldama.
3 giorgi maSenebeli _ ioane mTawmindelis (eqvTimes mamis) Zmiswuli, aTonis iverTa monastris mesame winamZRvari (1019-1029).
636
637
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
aramed sxuaTa urwmunoebisagan ara ikadra sityuad da Cuenebad visame, aramed kualad faragsave Sina wmidisasa STadva.
da esreT cxoveli kidobniT aRmoviyvaneT da luskumasa
Sina marmariloAsasa giorgis Tana maSenebelisa davhkrZaleT,
WeSmaritad, viTarca meore maSenebeli da Semamkobeli eklesiaTaA, TTuesa maissa k.d
k.d-sa, dResaswaulsa wmidisa sYmeon sakYrvelT-moqmedisasa.
codvaTa gasandobad dawerili werili sruliad gasufTavebuliyo. im mRvdelma, sxvaTa urwmunoebis SiSiT, ver
gabeda, raime eTqva da eCvenebina visTvisme werili, da kvlav wminda mamis jibeSive Cado.
wminda gvami kidobnidan amovasveneT da marmarilos
luskumaSi giorgi maSenebelTan erTad davkrZaleT, rogorc WeSmaritad meore maSenebeli da Semamkobeli eklesiebisa, maisis 24-s, wminda svimeon sakvirvelTmoqmedis
dResaswaulis dRes.
XXX. da aqaca ars saKsenebeli wmidaTa nawilTa misTa micvalebisaA, xolo sruli saKsenebeli misi TTuesa ivnissa l ganewesa dResaswaulsa wmidaTa aTormetTa mociqulTasa, rameTu kTkT-sa wmidaTa mociqulTa petres da pavles dResaswaulisagan ara egeboda, daRacaTu mas dResa miicvala, rameTu
netarman petre da Zmaman misman iovane Wyondidelman egreT
ganaweses, da maT Tana sxuaTaca mamaTa viTarca saxed iovane
oqropirisaA pirvelTa maT mamaTa, rameTu sekdenbersa id
id-sa
miicvala juarisa amaRlebasa da, vinaATgan maSin ara jer-iyo,
noebersa ig
ig-sa daaweses. egreTve amis wmidisaTYs yves zemoKsenebulTa amaT mamaTa da xatica dawerad sces yolad wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisaA;
da amier da imier ornive mamani; wmidaA mamaA efTYmi marjueniT da mamaA giorgi erTkerZo, mvedrebelad da meoxad
CuenTYs mdgomareni winaSe wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisa. da ese
wmidaA xati warmomgzavnes mTawmidas
mTawmidas. da dausueneT samarxosa zeda wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa giorgissa.
30. am dRes gvaqvs mosaxsenebeli misi wminda nawilebis
gadasvenebis aRsaniSnavad, xolo sruli saxsenebeli1 ivnisis ocdaaTs ganwesda, Tormeti mociqulis dResaswaulze, radganac gardacvalebis dRes, 29-Si, misi daweseba ar
iyo jerovani, wminda petre da pavle mociqulTa dResaswaulis gamo. ase ganaweses netarma petrem da misma Zmam iovane Wyondidelma, da maTTan erTad sxva mamebmac; Zveli drois mamebis mibaZviT, romelTac iovane oqropiris mosaxsenebeli dRe seqtembris 13-s ganaweses, Tumca igi 14 seqtembers gardaicvala. 14 seqtemberi jvris amaRlebis dResaswauli iyo da am dRes wmindis mosaxseneblis daweseba jerovani ar iyo. Cveni wminda mamisTvisac aseve moiqcnen zemoxsenebuli mamebi, da yovladwminda RmrTismSoblis xatis dawerac SeukveTes.
amieridan orive wminda mama _ eqvTime marjvniv da giorgi meore mxriv, _ CvenTvis mvedrebelad da Suamdgomelad dganan wminda RmrTismSoblis winaSe. is wminda xati
gamogzavnes mTawmindaze, da davasveneT wminda mamis giorgis saflavze.
1 sruli saxsenebeli _ wmindaTa moxseniebis mTavari dRe.
638
639
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo wmidisa mamisa Cuenisa efTYmis xati ara siberisaA
ars, aramed odes wignTa Targmnida da iyo n-isa wlisaA.
da rameTu esreT jer-iyo, romelman-igi adidnis madidebelni TYsni, wmidaman RmrTis-mSobelman, ganaTlebad naTesavisa Cuenisa, da erTsa mas simrTele mianiWa da enaA keTilad
metyueli qarTulad, xolo meoresa sibrZne da mecnierebaA,
rameTu maT orTave adides Zalisaebr yovlad didebuli igi
mizezi keTilTa CuenTaA. erTman Seamkvna da ganaSuenna dResaswaulni misni sagalobelisa misisa TargmanebiTa, rameTu mis
mier Targmnilsa paraklitonsa Sina asormocdaaTi galobaA
Targmna misi oden yovlad wmidisa RmrTis-mSobelisaA. da esreT madidebeli maTi msgavsad Zalisa adides, da aw zecas winaSe missa mdgomare arian. xolo queyanasa zeda wmidasa xatsa
missa winaSe mdgomareni evedrebian CuenTYs, raATa meoxebiTa
maTiTa Cuenca vevedrneT wmidasa RmrTis-mSobelsa warvlad
neStsa amas dResa CuenTasa mSYdobiT swavlisaebr wmidaTa mamaTa CuenTaAsa daKsnad saukuneTa maT satanjvelTagan.
esreT srul iqmna dadebaA misi larnaksa Sina RmrTivbrwyinvaled da yovlad Suenierad.
xolo Cveni wminda mamis eqvTimes xati mis siberes ki
ar gamosaxavs, aramed im dros, roca igi wignebs Targmnida, da iyo 50 wlisa.
Tavis madideblebs adidebs wminda RmrTismSobeli,
Cveni eris ganmanaTleblad; erT maTgans janmrTeloba mianiWa da qarTulad metyveli mSvenieri ena1, xolo meores _
sibrZne da codna2, da maT orivem Tavisi Zalebis mixedviT
adida yovladdidebuli mizezi Cveni yovelive sikeTisa3;
wminda mamam (giorgim) Seamko da gaamSveniera misi dResaswaulebi sagalobelTa TargmanebiT (mis mier Targmnil
paraklitonSi 150 galoba sakuTriv yovladwmida RmrTismSoblisaa). da ase, Cvenma mamebma maTi madidebeli (RmrTismSobeli) Zalisaebr adides, da axla zecaSi arian mis winaSe mdgomareni. amqveynad ki misi wminda xatis winaSe dganan da evedrebian CvenTvis, raTa maTi meoxebiT Cvenc vevedroT wminda RmrTismSobels Cveni darCenili cxovrebis mSvidobianad gatarebas, Cveni wminda mamebis swavlebisamebr, da saukuno satanjvelisagan xsnas.
ase RmrTivbrwyinvaled da yovlad mSvenierad aRsrulda wminda mamis dadeba samarxSi.
XXXI. garna romeli-igi TYssa adgilsa dagYSTa saswauli igi eSmakTa gansxmisaA, daRacaTu erTi gYKsenebia mwuxarisa misTYs, romeli-igi SYdgzis daakueTa eSmakman Jamsave
amis wmidisa siWabukisasa adgilsa Sina udabnosa da Ramesa
ukunsa.
31. uadgilo ar iqneba, movixsenioT eSmakTa gandevnis
saswauli, romelic Tavis adgilas gamogvrCa; Tumca ki erTi aseTi saswauli vaxseneT, im kacis Sesaxeb, romelic Svidgzis Zirs dasca eSmakma, wminda mamis siWabukis Jams, udabur adgilas da ukuneT RameSi.
1 igulisxmeba eqvTime mTawmideli.
2 igulisxmeba giorgi mTawmideli.
3 igulisxmeba RvTismSobeli.
640
641
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
arca amisi KsenebaA ujero ars, romlisa-ese aRweraA guegulebis.
rameTu1 iyo ZmaA erTi, saTnoA RmrTisaA, saxeliT stefane,
wesiTa mTavardiakoni, kaci patiosani da moSiSi uflisaA. ese
diakoni stefane Rirsebisa misisaTYs Jamsa oden siyrmisasa xucad akurTxa netarman aman, rameTu brZana: “daRacaTu hasakiTa
yrmaA ars stefane, aramed gonebiTa mKcoan ars”. da esreT yovliTurT pativsa mRdelobisasa aRiyvana.
xolo ara uwyi, Tu viTar iqmna, vhgoneb, Tu SuriTa eSmakisaATa iqmna, gina Tu siyrmiTgan yofil iyo, ara uwyi, rameTu dResa erTsa wesisaebr wmidasa Jamis-wirvasa aRvasrulebdiT, da viTar SevimoseniT, ara iyo beri Cuen Tana, rameTu ZmaTa
vieTme ganikiTxvida. xolo viwyeT raA fsalmunTa Tqumad, aramed eha kadnierebaA eSmakisaA, ara hrida pativsa mas mRdelobisasa, arca wmidasa mas trapezsa, da esreT meyseulad daakueTa
queyanad da perooda da iRrWenda. xolo Zmani srbiT warvides da uTxres wmidasa mas. xolo igi mswrafl movida da ixila igi esreT mdebare, ara SeSfoTna, arca SeZrwunda kadnierebasa mas zeda eSmakisasa, arca raA locvani iKmarna saCuenebelad kacTa, aramed mcired dumiliT locvaA Sewira RmrTisa. da upyra Keli da hrqua neliad, viTarmed: “stefane”. xolo
man, viTarca Zilisagan Rrmisa ganRYZebulman, miugo: “makurTxe, mamao”.
hrqua mas berman: “raA SegemTxYa, Svilo?”
hrqua mas Zmaman man: “araA uwyi. xolo aw raA KmaA Seni mesma, keTilad var”.
hrqua mas berman: “nu geSinin, juari gamoisaxe pirsa”. da
man yo egreT. xolo Cuen gYbrZana: “iwyeT galobad da aRasruleT wmidaA JamiswirvaA”.
da egreTve stefanesca ubrZana Cuen Tana Jamis-wirvad.
sxva msgavsi saswaulis aRwerac, romelsac axla vapireb, urigo ar unda iyos.
iyo erTi RmrTivsaTno monazoni, saxelad stefane, mTavardiakvnis Tanamdebobaze, patiosani da uflis moSiSi kaci. diakoni stefane, misi Rirsebis gamo Wabukobisasve akurTxa mRvdlad netarma mamam, radganac Tqva: `Tumca asakiT
yrmaa stefane, magram gonebiT _ zrdasrulio~. amitomac
mRvdlobis pativSi aamaRla.
ar vici, rogor moxda; vfiqrob, eSmakis mowadinebiT,
an iqneb siyrmis asakis gamo; erT dRes, wesisamebr, wminda
Jamiswirvas vasrulebdiT; da roca samRvdelo samoseli
SevimoseT, im dros beri (giorgi) CvenTan ar iyo (romeliRac monazonTa sakiTxs arCevda); rodesac daviwyeT fsalmunTa Tqma, _ oh, eSmakis Tavxedoba! _ ar moerida mRvdlobis pativs, arc wminda trapezs, da uecrad Zirs dasca is
zemoxsenebuli axalgazrda mRvdeli, kbilebs aRrWialebda da duJi sdioda. Cveni Zmebi gaiqcnen da wminda bers uTxres es ambavi. isic saswrafod movida, da aseT mdgomareobaSi rom naxa, ar SeSfoTebula, arc SeZrwunebula eSmakis
am TavxedobiT, arc raime locvebi waukiTxavs kacTa dasanaxavad, aramed mcire xans dumiliT locva aRavlina
RmrTisadmi, xeli mohkida da wynarad uTxra: `stefane!~
man ki, rogorc Rrma Zilisagan gamofxizlebulma, uTxra:
`makurTxe, mamao~.
berma hkiTxa: `ra SegemTxva, Svilo?~
stefanem miugo: `araferi vici; mxolod axla, Seni xma
rom momesma, ukve kargad var~.
berma ubrZana: `nu geSinia, pirjvari gamoisaxe~. asec
moiqca. xolo Cven gvibrZana: `daiwyeT galoba da aRasruleT wmida Jamiswirva~.
stefanesac CvenTan erTad ubrZana Jamis Sewirva.
1 aqedan IK–s garda teqsti sxvagan ar moipoveba
642
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
xolo me, mcired-morwmune ese da Cukeni, kualad SevSindi gulsa Sina Cemsa. xolo man momaaxla wmidaA igi piri misi
yursa Cemsa da mrqua: “nu geSinin, mcired-morwmuneo, igive
RmerTi ars, romelman legeoni eSmakTaA RorebiTurT zRuasa
daanTqa”.
da esreT uvnebelad aRvasruleT wmidaA Jamis-wirvaA da
vhmadlobdiT RmerTsa da wmidasa mas bersa.
maSin netarman man mogYgo da gurqua yovelTa: “ukueTu
Cuen codvilTaA ara isminos RmerTman da kualad SeemTxYos
ese, mieriTgan mRdelobaA daacados”.
xolo mowyalebiTa RmrTisaATa ars aw SYdi weli, arca Tu
mZinare gakrTomil ars ZaliTa qristesiTa da madliTa wmidisa mamisa CuenisaATa.
da aha esera TYT stefane qadagebs da miuTxrobs mis zeda
aRsrulebulTa sakYrvelebaTa da adidebs RmerTsa da madlsa wmidisa berisasa.
ese uwyoda borotman eSmakman daugebeli igi mterobaA
wmidisaA mis missa mimarT Jamsave siyrmisa misisasa, raA-igi yofad iyo, amisTYsca dasabamsave siyrmisasa iwyo brZolad missa mimarT, viTarca zemo aRgYweria, raJams-igi wyliTa warwymedaA misi eneba da RmerTman angelozisa mier iKsna, da kualad cecxliTa zemoKsenebulsa mas monastersa samcxes da
kualad palatTagan jojikis ZisaTa friad maRalTa gardamoagdo da RmerTman uvneblad daicva. da kualad mamis-Zmasa missa
Tana RamiT gzasa mividoda cxeniTa da waracTuna eSmakman da
ZiliTa RrmiTa Sepyrobili kldesa zeda, friad maRalsa, waradgina, raATamca STaWra, xolo RmerTman Keli aRupyra, rameTu ityoda wmidaA igi, viTarmed: “KmaA mesma, romelman mrqua me: ekrZale, STaiWrebio, da mipyra Keli, vidreme ganviRYZe, da merme mimefara”.
esreT siCCoATgan daicva RmerTman TYsi nebis-myofeli da
eSmakTa zeda mZled gamoaCina, vidre ara sruliad daakueTa
mis mier mompovnebeli igi borotTaA.
me ki, mcired morwmune da mxdali, gulSi Zalian vSiSobdi. es igrZno berma, momiaxlova Tavisi wminda bageni
da yurSi miTxra: `nu geSinia, mciredmorwmunev, RmerTi _
igivea, romelmac eSmakTa legioni RorebTan erTad zRvaSi CaaxrCo~.1
ase uvneblad aRvasruleT Jamiswirva, vmadlobdiT
RmerTsa da Cvens wminda bers.
netarma mamam yvelas gviTxra: `Tu Cveni, codvilebisas,
ar Seismens RmerTi da kvlav SeemTxveva es, im droidan
mRvdlobas unda ganeSoros~.
RmrTis mowyalebiT, ukve Svidi welia mis Semdeg gasuli, axalgazrda mRvdeli ki, qristes ZaliTa da Cveni
wminda mamis madliT, ZilSic ki ar SemkrTala.
aha, TviTon stefane qadagebs da mogviTxrobs masze aRsrulebul sakvirvelebebs, aRidebs RmerTs da wminda beris madls.
borotma eSmakma wminda mamis Seurigebeli mtroba mis
mimarT _ siyrmidanve icoda. amitom imTaviTve dauwyo brZola, rogorc zemoT aRvwereT; es iyo wyalSi misi daxrCobis
mcdeloba, rodesac RmerTma angelozis ixsna igi; aseve, cecxlis gaCena samcxis zemoxsenebul monasterSi. erTxel jojikisZis Zalian maRali saxlidan gadmoagdo, magram iqac
RmerTma uvneblad daicva. sxva dros, rodesac Tavis biZasTan midioda cxeniT Rame, eSmakma Rrma ZiliT CaaZina da Zalian maRali kldis piras miiyvana, raTa Sig Caegdo, magram
RmerTi Seewia; amis Sesaxeb Tavad beri gviyveboda: `momesma
xma, romelmac miTxra: gafrTxildi, CaiCexebio, _ da xeli
momkida, sanam ar gaviRviZe, da Semdeg gauCinarda~.
ase, Cvili bavSvobidanve daicva RmerTma misi nebis aRmasrulebeli beri, eSmakebis mZled gamoaCina igi, da mis
1 ix. maT. 8:28-32
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
eseviTari ars, N sanatrelo, Cueni ese mamaA da moZRuari.
eseviTarni arian Sromani da Ruawlni misni,
eseviTarni arian eklesiaTaTYs moRuawebani misni,
eseviTarni arian namuSakevni da niWni oflTa misTani,
eseviTarni arian glaxakTa wyalobisa da obolTa Sewynarebisa nayofni, viTarni mas Suenian.
da viTar-ese gesma da gulisKma-hyavT, Zalman saqmisaman
da sityuaTa Setyuebaman moRuawe ese didi giCuena, viTarca
Zegli aRmarTebuli, viTarca xati dawerili saxilvelad Tana-warmavalTa amis cxorebisaTa. axali abraham, mSYdi igi
msgavsad daviTisa, brZeni msgavsad solomonisa, ZYruKsenebeli msgavsad mosessa, ubraloA msgavsad samoelisa, wmidaA
msgavsad iosebissa, uxilavTa mxilveli msgavsad danielisa da
moSurne sarwmunoebisaA msgavsad didisa eliaAsa, udabnoAsmoyuare msgavsad didisa winamorbedisa, qalwuli KorciTa
msgavsad mowafisa mis sayuarelisa da SeuorgulebeliTa siyuaruliTa msgavsi da mobaZavi pavle mociqulisaA, romlisa
saTnoebasa miuTxroben mravalni naTesavni, romlisa cxorebasa da moRuawebasa gansTqumen erni da eklesiani1.
rameTu vin sada esreT anu saTnoebaA Seiyuara, anu siborote moiZula, vis esreT suroda RmrTisa da Seyuarebul iqmna
mis mier, vis SeSurda Suri uflisaA esreT da araraA aRirCia
mier sruliad Zirs dasca borotebis mompovnebeli1.
aseTia, hoi, sanatrelno, Cveni mama da moZRvari.
aseTia misi Sromani da Rvawlni!
aseTia misi moRvaweoba eklesiaTaTvis!
aseTia misi namuSevari, nayofi misi oflisa!
aseTia glaxakTa mowyalebisa da obolTa Sefarebis nayofi, rac mas Sehferoda;
rogorc axla moismineT da yurad-iReT, saqmis arsma
da sityvebis Sesabamisobam es didi moRvawe warmogidgina
Tqven, rogorc aRmarTuli Zegli, rogorc dawerili xati, am cxovrebaSi SemosulTa saxilvelad: axali abrahami;
mSvidi, daviTis msgavsad; brZeni, msgavsad solomonisa;
unaklo2, moses msgavsad; udanaSaulo, rogorc samoeli;
wminda, rogorc iosebi; uxilavTa mxilveli, danielis
msgavsad, da moSurne3 sarwmunoebisa, didi elias msgavsad;
udabnos moyvare4, didi winamorbedis, ioanes msgavsad;
xorcielad qalwuli, sayvareli mowafis (ioanes) msgavsad;
xolo uRalato siyvaruliT msgavsi da mimbaZveli pavle
mociqulisa, romlis saTnoebasac iuwyebian Taobebi, da
romlis cxovrebasa da moRvaweobasac ganTqmul-hyofen erebi da eklesiebi.
vis Seuyvarebia ase Zlier saTnoeba, xolo SeuZulebia
siborote? vin mieltvoda RmerTs aseTi surviliT, da mis
mierac Seyvarebul iqna? vin eswrafoda ufals amgvarad,
1 mompovnebeli _ mRonebeli; is, vinc yvela Rones xmarobs raimes mosapoveblad.
2 dedanSia: `Zviruxsenebeli~ _ kaci, romelsac araviTari `Zviri~ (nakli) ara aqvs.
3 moSurne _ kaci, vinc eSureba, mTeli ZalebiT iRvwis risTvisme.
4 udabnos moyvare _ amqveynisagan ganSorebulad, samonazvno
wesiT cxovrebis moyvaruli.
1 aqamdis aRwevs danaklisi.
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cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
siyuarulsa missa vidre sikudilamde, vin esreT Seudga kualsa wmidaTa mamaTa cxorebisasa da Tanamsrbol eqmna maT ganuZRomelad, vin sada Seiyuarna esreT glaxakni da ucxoni msgavsad iovane mowyalisa, vin moakudinna esreT asoni queyanisani
sityYsaebr mociqulisa da ganwmida Tavi TYsi da taZari RmrTisa
cxovelisa yo igi?
romeli siCCoAT TYsiTgan aRizarda da aRorZnda wurTasa
Sina saRmrToTa werilTasa, da moirwyo madlTa dauwyuedelTa nakaduliTa da hasakad savsebisa qristesisa miiwia sityYsaebr mociqulisa.
saqme da xedvaA da siyuaruli, romelTa yoveli mwyobri saTnoebaTaA SeuTqs. TYToeulad warhmarTna wurTaA wignTa saRmrToTaA, ganwmedaA sulisa da KorcTaA, cremlni dauwyuedelni,
udabnoTa Sina moqalaqobaA, ganSorebaA da ucxoyofaA soflisagan, moZRurebaA daudumebeli da locvaA dausrulebeli, marxvaA da mRYZarebaA usazRvroA, Kmelsa zeda wolaA da Kmelsa
WamaA, Ruawlmravali cxorebaA uaRres Zalsa sityuaTasa, simdable da simSYde zeSTa aRmatebulni, mowyalebaA da saxierebaA, mimsgavsebuli RmrTisa mowyalebaTaA, raATa mokled vTqua
yovelive, romliTa xatad RmrTisa gamoisaxvis kaci.
eseviTari iyo wmidaA mamaA Cueni giorgi da sada ars Cemda
Jami umravlesisa Tqumad, romeli yovelTada cxad ars, daRacaTu Cuen ara vTquaT da Tana-warvhKdeT gangrZobisaTYs
wignisa.
da mis siyvaruls sxva araferi erCia sikvdilamde? vin Seudga amgvarad wminda mamaTa cxovrebis kvals da maTi Tanamogzauri Seiqna mouwyineblad? amgvarad vis Seuyvarebia glaxakni da ucxoobaSi myofni, ioane mowyalis mimsgavsebiT? vin moakvdina qveyniuri asoni1, mociqulis sityvisamebr, da Tavisi Tavi ase ganwminda da cxoveli RmerTis
taZrad aqcia?
Cvili bavSvobidanve aRizarda da gamoiwrTo saRmrTo
werilTa dawafebiT; moirwyo maTi madlis Seuwyveteli
nakaduliT, da asakis qristesmier sisrules miaRwia, mociqulis sityvisamebr.
keTilad warmarTa saqme, xedva2 da siyvaruli, romelTac saTnoebaTa mTeli mwyobri mihyveba: saRmrTo wignTa
daafeba, sulisa da xorcis ganwmenda, Seuwyveteli cremli3, udabnoSi cxovreba, ganSoreba da gaucxoeba codvili
amqveyniurobidan, daudumebeli moZRvreba da swavleba,
dausrulebeli locva, usazRvro marxva da sifxizle, xmel
sawolze wola da xmelis Wama, sityvebiT gamouTqmeli simravle Rvawlisa, uaRresi Tavmdabloba da simSvide, mowyaleba da sitkboeba, mimsgavsebuli RmrTis mowyalebisa,
da raTa mokled vTqva, _ yvelaferi, romliTac RmrTis xatad gamoisaxeba kaci.
aseTi iyo Cveni wminda mama giorgi, da raRa saWiroa
amaze metis Tqma; isedac yvelasaTvis cxadia, Tundac Cven
aRaraferi vTqvaT, wignis zedmetad gagrZelebis gamo.
1 asoni queyanisani (Sdr. kol. 3:5) _ xorcieli ltolva.
2 xedva _ mWvreteloba; wvrTna RmrTis Sesamecneblad.
3 igulisxmeba codvaTaTvis glova, sinanulis cremli, rac samonazvno moRvaweobis ganuyofeli nawilia.
648
649
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
XXXII. ese arian Cem mier, glaxakisa da uRirsisa, Tqumulni
sityuani, romelman yovelive WeSmariti migiTxar da aRvwere sityYsa TquenisaTYs, romelTa maiZuleT da mibrZaneT saxed pirutyuTa ugunursa amas da friad sulelsa, romeli
mravliTa SiSiTa da ZrwoliTa kadnier viqmen Kel-yofad saqmesa amas didsa da suliersa uwyebasa miTxrobad da wina-dadebad cxorebasa da moRuawebasa netarisa mamisa Cuenisa giorgissa, romelman-ese friadisagan mciredi ZliT SeuZle aRwerad da warmovec Tquenda. N mamao wmidao, mTasa magas sakYrvelsa
Yrvelsa, romeli-ege cxorebiTa sakYrveliTa iyofebi, viTarca siri mxoloA sarTulsa Sina mciresa da quabsa Sina iwrosa da ficxelsa msgavsad tredisa umankoAsa da guritisa
ubiwoAsa.
aramed, viTarca pirvel vTqu, sikudilsa mas urCebisasa veSiSvode, amisTYs morCilebad moved brZanebisa Senisa wmidisa, Tu ara aRmwereli cxorebisa da moqalaqobisa misisa misive
piri jer-iyo da ara me glaxaki ese sityYTaca da gonebiTa.
garna ese iyo yovelsave Sina salxinebeli Cemi, romel TualiT-mxilvel da KeliT-msaxur yofil viyav da yuriTa momsmenel sityuaTa wmidisa pirisa misisaTa, da ara sxuaTa moqene
SekrebisaTYs sulierisa amis Txrobisa.
xolo aw melniTa oden cxoveliTa sityuani gamomisaxvan,
viTarca zemo vTqu, pirvelve xolo Senda damitevebies, N moZRuarTa winamZRuaro, raATa Sen keTilad Seamko da ganacxado Cem mier gamosaxuli ese, da naklulevanebaA yovelive, viTarca aRmasrulebelman sulierTa ficarTaman, srul yo da
Senmanca sibrZneman da kacad-kacadman, romelica miemTxYos,
SesZinen naklulevanebasa amas zeda da ganasrulen, rameTu
arca orTa maT wulilTa qurivisaTa daayenes mdidarTa igi
misacemeli, arca romelTa-igi tyavni da SeSaA da balani moarTues moses gansrulebad karvisa, daabrkoles oqroA da vecxli da TualTa patiosanTa SewirvaA. rameTu oqroA, siRrmeTagan queyanisaTa aRmoRebuli, brwyinvale, brZmedisa mier gamocdili da ganwmedili, keTilad Suenier iqmnebis, da kox-
32. esaa Cemi, uRirsisa da glaxakis mier Tqmuli sityvebi, romelmac yovelive simarTliT mogiTxre da aRvwere
Tqveni brZanebis gamo, romelmac maiZuleT da mibrZaneT me,
Zalze sulelsa da pirutyvTa msgavsad ugunur kacs. am didi da sulieri uwyebis gadmocema da Cveni natari mamis giorgis cxovrebisa da moRvaweobis warmoCineba didi SiSiTa da ZrwoliT Zlivs gavbede, da mravalTagan mxolod mcireodenis aRwera SevZeli da TqvenTan gamovgzavne, sakvirvel mTaze, hoi mamao wmindao, romelic WeSmaritad sakvirvel cxovrebas adgaxar, romelic, rogorc mcire raime frinveli, mcire Wer-qveS, viwro da xmel gamoqvabulSi umanko
mtredisa da ubiwo gvritis msgavsad Sefarebulxar.
rogorc ukve vTqvi, Sens wminda brZanebas davemorCile sikvdilis SiSiT, romelsac urCoba SeamTxvevs xolme
kacs, Torem misi cxovrebisa da moRvaweobis aRmwereli _
misive msgavsi unda yofiliyo, da ara me, sityviTac da gonebiTac glaxaki. magram Cems mdgomareobas is amsubuqebda,
rom me misi sakuTari TvaliT mxilveli da xeliT msaxuri
viyavi1, da sakuTari yuriT momsmeneli misi wminda piriT
warmoTqmuli sityvebisa, da sxva aRaravin mWirdeboda am
sulieri istoriis Sesadgenad.
cocxali melniT me mxolod sityvebi gamovsaxe, rogorc
zemoTac vTqvi, da axla ki Sen gitoveb, moZRvarTa winamZRvaro, raTa Sen ukeTesad Seamko da gamoabrwyino Cem mier gamosaxuli, da misi yoveli nakli Seavso, rogorc sulier ficarTa2 srulmyofelma. Senma sibrZnem da yvela
imaTma, vinc es wigni naxos, gaasworos yvela misi naklovaneba, Seavsos da ganasrulos. qvrivis or groSs rodi
650
651
1 Sdr. luka 1:2
2 sulieri ficari _ RmrTivsulieri Txzuleba (ase moixsenieba moses sjulis ficrebis analogiiT).
cxo
reba
rgi mTawmidel
isa
cxoreba
rebaAA gio
giorgi
mTawmidelisa
isaAA
cxovreba giorgi mTawmindelisa
lioAsa sisxli Rebavs porfirsa, da margalitsa iqms zambiki
zRYsaA, da samaragde queyaniT mwuanvilad aRmoecenebis, da
merme esreT iqmnebis qva, da abreSumsa gamoiRebs matli undoA, da pinaA zRYsaA, ucxo saxesa mkedsa gamoiRebs. ese mravalsasyidlisa safaseni undoTagan nivTTa gamovlen, xolo Cem
Soris araraA patiosanTagani ipova, raATamca sulieri ese karavi Sememko, garna xolo balani, TikanT-msgavsisa amis gonebisa Cemisagan moparsuli; aramed Zoweulman da porfirman
Tquenman ganaSuenen iakinTisa Tana da bisonisa oqroSeTxzulman da zemo aRwerilisa mier nivTTagan pativcemulman
da ganbrwyinvebulman gulisKmis-yofisa gamocxadebisa da
WeSmaritebisa mier ganSuenebulman, viTarca ityYs mose; romelman-igi egeviTari Sehmzada mRdelT-moZRurisa Sesamoselsa zeda brZanebisaebr RmrTisa, romelsa Suenis didebaA
da simtkice Tana mxolod-SobiliT ZiTurT da yovlad wmidiT suliT aw da maradis da ukuniTi ukunisamde, amen1.
SeuSlia xeli mdidarTa uxv SesawiravTaTvis1; arc imaT
Sesawiravs daubrkolebia oqro-vercxlisa da patiosan
TvalTa Sewirva, vinc karvis agebis dasasruleblad tyavi, SeSa da balani miarTves moses.
radganac oqro, miwis siRrmidan amoRebuli, brZmedis
mier gamoiwrToba da ganiwmindeba, mSvenierebasa da
brwyinvalebas iZens; lokokinis sisxli Rebavs porfirs2,
da zRvis niJara margalits warmoSobs; zurmuxti mcenared aRmocendeba xolme da Semdeg gadaiqceva qvad. mSvenier abreSums sacodavi matli amzadebs, saucxoo oqromkeds
_ zRvis niJara gamoiRebs; es Zvirfasi samkaulebi ubralo
nivTebidan gamodian.
CemSi araferi aRmoCnda iseTi, rom didi pativiT Sememko es sulieri karavi, aramed _ mxolod balani, moparsuli Tiknis msgavsi Cemi gonebidan. magram Tqvenma Zoweulma da porfirma, iagundTan da bisonTan oqronaqsovma,
gaamSvenieros gamocxadebis brwyinvalebiTa da WeSmaritebiT, rogorc ambobs mose, romelmac amgvari samRvdelTmoZRvro Sesamoseli daamzada RmrTis brZanebiT3; mas Sehferis yoveli dideba da simtkice mxolodSobili ZiT4 da
yovladwminda suliTurT, aw da maradis da ukuniTi-ukunisamde, amen.
***
***
1 aq minawerebia:
“wmidao da RmerTSemosilo mamao giorgi, meox meyav.”
“madlo w~sa giorgiso, meca raA miSuHle codvilsa amas da sawyalobelsa.”
“RmerTo, Seiwyale avrilis. ese etratzeda karga iwereba.”
ios
ril
ilios
ios, vinca brZanoT, RmerTma
“RmerTo, Seiwyale amisi mCxrekali av
avr
Segi”
“tuto mastoriine avrilos, o Teos, elivise avtus”.
oTxive minaweri sxvadasxva xeliTaa Sesrulebuli.
1 aq avtori Tavis naSroms qvrivis or groSs adarebs (ix. mk.
12:43; lk. 21:3), giorgi Seyenebulisagan ki ukeTes naSroms elis,
romelic, mdidarTa Sesawiravis msgavsad, mis naSroms bevrad
gadaaWarbebs.
2 porfiri _ (aq) wiTeli feris patiosani qva.
3 gamosvl. 39:1-13
4 mxolodSobili _ erTaderTi Ze.
654

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