My Portuguese Phrasebook

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My Portuguese Phrasebook
Learn-Portuguese-Now.com presents...
My Portuguese
Phrasebook
The Right Words at the Right Time
_________________________________________________________
More Portuguese with Less Words.
_________________________________________________________
by Charlles Nunes
My Portuguese Phrasebook
©
My Portuguese Phrasebook:
An Essential Companion on Your Trip
Welcome!
Thanks for downloading My Portuguese Phrasebook©. It was
firstly conceived as an appendix to another ebook: ‘My
Journey on Language Learning’.
B-U-T...
The number of visitors at www.learn-portuguese-now.com
showed me that the Portuguese Phrases page was the 2nd
one most visited on the whole Web site!
So, why not going straight to the point and provide these visitors with exactly what they
are looking for? ☺
Here they are, in 5 main categories. Have fun!
•
•
•
•
•
The Most Common Portuguese Phrases
Cognates: Language Learning at First Sight
The 100 Most Common Portuguese Verbs
The 100 Most Common Portuguese Words
100 Portuguese Flash Cards: The Memory Back Up
On the first unit you will learn how to book a room, get a taxi, order a meal – and make
yourself understood in 15 other occasions.
On the next, there are 20 classes of Cognates – English and Portuguese words that
have the same origin or that are related and similar in some way. There are about 1600
of them within both languages, and you will be able to recognize them in a wink of an
eye!
The third unit brings The 100 Most Common Portuguese Verbs into the scene, with one
example for each case.
Following, the 100 Most Common Portuguese Words – a short sample of the ebook ‘365
Common Portuguese Words’. Grab your free copy at
www.learn-portuguese-now.com
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
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My Portuguese Phrasebook
©
Finally, 100 Portuguese Flash Cards will help you contextualize the verbs from Unit 3.
Each verb comes with two related words for its quick use, as well as a number from 1 to
100.
Print them out, cut them and keep them always at hand. (The bathroom is my favorite
classroom! ☺) You will realize that learning Portuguese is not rocket science!
These can make it easier and faster for you to learn the Portuguese language. They
represent more than 50% of the vocabulary used in every-day speech. I sincerely hope
your ‘language journey’ may be much easier than mine was.
Now it’s your turn:
Grab your favorite beverage and a highlighter (if you’ve already printed your copy!☺),
throw yourself on the sofa... and join me in this learning adventure!
Unless your house gets on fire or the landlord requests it back, read this Ebook in full.
Later, choose any unit you want, take a deep breath and dive in.
As you know, every meaningful thing in life has a price – and its own value. When I
started studying English, I faced several challenges (except a fire or an impatient
landlord!) However, true friends enabled me to push forward with my studying plans.
That’s why I must care about your progress. Someone has done it for me first.
Let me emphasize that I am not the author of the words, sentences or techniques here
presented. I am just a daily user. So, if anyone blames me that I’ve used other peoples’
ideas, never mind...
...I surely did. ☺
The next thing to saying a good thing yourself, is to quote one.
- Ralph Waldo Emerson
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
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My Portuguese Phrasebook
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Index
Introduction
02
Index (You are here! ☺)
04
Unit 01 – The Most Common Portuguese Phrases
05
Unit 02 – Cognates: Portuguese at First Sight
15
Unit 03 – The 100 Most Common Portuguese Verbs
20
Unit 04 – The 100 Most Common Portuguese Words
24
Unit 05 – 100 Portuguese Flash Cards: The Memory Back Up
28
Articles
• Common Words – A Matter of Perspective
38
• As a Portuguese Teacher, I’ve Never Had Trouble Fixing Airplanes
39
• Language Learning is NOT a Miracle!
41
A Dream Coming True Each and Every Day
43
A friend is one before whom I may think aloud.
- Ralph Waldo Emerson
Courtesy by www.Learn-Portuguese-Now.com
©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
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My Portuguese Phrasebook
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Unit 01 – The Most Common Portuguese Phrases
Do you know what to say at a Graduation? Congratulations!
Have you ever been speechless at a Funeral Service? I’m Sorry...
According to where, when or whom you are with, some phrases are likely to be said or
heard. Have you ever heard the following?
•
Will you marry me?
•
One moment, please.
•
Have you got change for a 50?
•
How do you spell your last name?
•
Is there a bathroom around here?
•
Do you want to leave a message?
•
What time does the next bus leave?
•
Now you may kiss the bride!
I still remember the first – and only – time I heard this last sentence. What an
unforgettable evening!☺
Whether you are dating a Portuguese speaker, learning the language for business
purposes, or planing to spend your next vacation in Brazil, these sentences will surely
help you improve your communication skills.
Any comments will be warmly welcomed at the www.learn-portuguese-now.com contact
form.
Greetings
Useful Expressions
Language Help
Directions
Introductions
Meeting People
Money
Going Shopping
Taxi
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
Airport
Bus Station
Hotel
Restaurant
On The Phone
Special Occasions
Goodbye
Question Words
Time Expressions
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A. Greetings / Cumprimentos
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
English
Good morning. How are you today?
How are you?
What time is it?
What day is it today?
Where are you going?
Where do you live?
Where do you work?
What’s your phone number?
How many siblings do you have?
Is everything all right?
Português
Bom dia. Como vai, tudo bem?
Como vai?
Que horas são?
Que dia é hoje?
Aonde você vai?
Onde você mora?
Onde você trabalha?
Qual é o seu telefone?
Quantos irmãos você tem?
Tudo bem com você?
B. Useful Expressions / Expressões Úteis
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
17
18
19
20
English
I think so.
I don’t think so.
I believe so.
I still don’t know. / I don’t know yet.
Thank you very much.
You’re welcome.
Any time.
Excuse me?
I’m sorry.
One moment, please.
No problem.
Português
Acho que sim.
Eu acho que não.
Acredito que sim.
Ainda não sei.
Muito obrigado.
De nada. Sempre às ordens.
Sempre às ordens.
Com licença?
Desculpe.
Um momento, por favor.
Não tem problema.
C. Language Help / Uma Mãozinha Na Conversação
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
English
Can you repeat that, please?
Sorry. I didn’t understand...
Can you speak slower, please?
How do you say ‘pen’ in Portuguese?
What does ‘lever’ mean?
Can you say it again, please?
Say it one more time, please.
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
Português
Pode repetir, por favor?
Desculpe, eu não entendi...
Pode falar mais devagar, por favor?
Como se diz ‘pen’ em português?
O que quer dizer ‘lever’?
Fale de novo, por favor.
Fale mais uma vez, por favor.
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D. Directions / Informações
32
English
Can you tell me where the nearest post
office is?
Excuse me. Is there a drugstore
nearby?
How can I get to the bus station?
Where is the bus stop? Is it far from
here?
Turn left. / Turn right. Go straight ahead.
33
34
35
36
It’s right on the corner.
May I use the bathroom?
Sure. It’s upstairs.
Where can I exchange some dollars?
28
29
30
31
Português
Pode me dizer onde fica o correio mais
próximo?
Com licença. Tem alguma farmácia aqui
perto?
Como é que eu chego na rodoviária?
Onde fica o ponto do ônibus? É longe
daqui?
Vire à esquerda. Vire à direita. Siga em
frente.
Fica bem na esquina.
Posso usar o banheiro?
Claro. É no andar de cima.
Onde eu posso trocar alguns dólares?
E. Introductions / Apresentações
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
English
What’s your name?
My name is Gusmim.
Let me introduce you to some friends...
This is my boyfriend / husband.
This is my girlfriend / wife.
Nice to meet you.
Nice to meet you, too.
Do you speak English / Portuguese?
Just / Only a little bit.
Where are you from?
I am American.
Are you Brazilian?
I am from Canada.
Português
Qual é o seu nome?
Eu me chamo Gusmim.
Deixa eu te apresentar uns amigos...
Esse é meu namorado / marido
Essa é minha namorada / esposa
Prazer em conhecê-lo (a).
O prazer é meu.
Você fala inglês / português?
Só um pouquinho.
De onde você é?
Sou americano (a).
Você é brasileiro (a)?
Sou do Canadá.
F. Meeting People / Conhecendo Pessoas
50
51
52
53
English
Português
What do you do?
How old are you?
How are you gonna pay?
Where do you work?
O que você faz?
Quantos anos você tem?
Como você vai pagar?
Onde você trabalha?
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
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My Portuguese Phrasebook
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
How long have you been in Brazil?
Where do you live?
When is your birthday?
How old is he?
Would you like to go out with me?
Do you wanna dance?
Let’s go to the movies?
Are you married?
Do you have a boyfriend?
©
Há quanto tempo você está no Brasil?
Onde você mora?
Quando é o seu aniversário?
Qual é a idade dele?
Quer sair comigo?
Vamos dançar?
Vamos ao cinema?
Você é casada?
Você tem namorado?
G. Money / Dinheiro
63
64
65
66
English
Where can I exchange some money?
Do you have change for a 50? (fifty)
What’s the exchange rate today?
Can you cash a check for me?
Português
Onde eu posso trocar dinheiro?
Você tem troco pra 50? (cinqüenta)
Qual é a cotação do dólar pra hoje?
Você troca um cheque pra mim?
H. Going Shopping / Fazendo Compras
67
68
69
70
71
73
74
75
76
77
English
Português
Can I help you?
Thank you. I am just looking...
How much is that wallet?
I’d like to see some cellphones...
How much is that one?
It’s expensive!
How much is the discount?
Have you got a cheaper one?
I want to pay in cash.
Do you know where I can find one?
Pois não?
Obrigado (a), estou só olhando...
Quanto custa essa carteira?
Eu queria ver um celular...
Quanto custa aquele lá?
Tá caro!
De quanto é o desconto?
Você tem um mais barato?
Quero pagar em dinheiro.
Você sabe onde eu posso encontrar
uma?
Vai pagar em cartão ou em dinheiro?
Will you pay with a credit card or in
cash?
79 Can I pay with a credit card?
80 I will take that one.
81 Do you want the receipt?
78
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
Posso pagar com cartão?
Vou levar este aqui.
Vai querer a notinha?
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I. Taxi / Táxi
81
82
83
84
85
86
English
How much is the fare to Maracanã?
I want to go to the Copacabana Hotel.
Turn on the next right, please.
Turn on the second left, please.
Turn right.
How much is the fare?
Português
Quanto fica até o Maracanã?
Quero ir ao Hotel Copacabana.
A próxima à direita, por favor.
A segunda à esquerda, por favor.
Dobre à direita.
Quanto é a corrida?
J. Airport / Aeroporto
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
English
Where is the check-in stand?
Can I have a roundtrip ticket to Miami,
please?
What is the departure time?
Which platform? What’s the platform #?
What’s the gate number?
How do you spell your name?
All passengers for flight RJ104 please
proceed to gate 13.
Português
Onde fica o balcão de check-in?
Uma passagem de ida e volta pra Miami
por favor.
Qual é o horário do vôo?
Qual o número da plataforma?
Qual o número do portão de embarque?
Como se soletra seu nome?
Todos os passageiros do vôo RJ104
queiram se dirigir ao portão 13.
K. Bus Station / Rodoviária
English
94 When does the next bus come?
95 What time does the next bus to Rio
leave?
96 What’s the schedule to São Paulo?
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
Is there a vacancy to Volta Redonda on
the 3 PM bus?
How much is a ticket to Curitiba?
Is there any cheaper way to get there?
A ticket to Recife, please.
How long is the trip?
I want a roundtrip ticket.
Is there a seat by the window?
Is there a vacancy on the next bus?
Aisle seat or window seat?
Let’s get off on the next stop!
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
Português
Quando vem o próximo ônibus?
Que horas sai o próximo ônibus para o
Rio?
Qual é o horário do ônibus para São
Paulo?
Ainda há lugar no ônibus das 3 para Volta
Redonda?
Quanto é a passagem pra Curitiba?
Tem outro jeito para chegar lá mais
barato?
Uma passagem pra Recife, por favor.
Quantas horas de viagem?
Quero uma passagem de ida e volta.
Tem lugar na janela?
Tem vaga no próximo horário?
Corredor ou janela?
Vamos descer no próximo!
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L. Hotel / Hotel
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
English
Good morning. I have booked a room.
How much is it per day?
Do you have a double room?
What’s the room number?
I will stay until Wednesday.
Hello. Can you give me a wake up call
at six please?
I’m staying at the room 104.
Any messages for room 104?
Can you get me a cab / taxi?
May I leave it in the safe?
Good morning. The bill for 104, please.
Single or double?
I’m sorry. It’s full.
I’d like a single room and a double room.
Português
Bom dia. Eu reservei um quarto.
Quanto é a diária?
Tem quarto de casal?
Qual é o número do quarto?
Vou ficar até quarta-feira.
Alô. Pode me acordar às seis, por favor?
Estou no quarto 104.
Algum recado para o 104?
Você me chama um táxi, por favor?
Posso deixar isso no cofre?
Bom dia. A conta do 104, por favor.
Solteiro ou casal?
Desculpe, mas está lotado.
Quero um quarto de solteiro e outro de
casal.
M. Restaurant / Restaurante
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
English
Good morning. A table for 6 please.
What’s the special today?
I will try...
How would you like your steak?
Well-done, please.
I want it medium-rare.
What kind of juice do you have?
Mineral water, please.
Do you have bottled-pop?
A beer, please.
How long will it take?
Do you want a doggy bag?
I’m in a bit of a hurry.
I am a vegetarian.
That looks delicious...
Is it takeout?
Anything else, sir?
Could you bring me another knife?
Could you bring me another glass?
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
Português
Bom dia. Uma mesa pra 6, por favor.
Qual é o prato do dia?
Vou querer...
Como você quer o seu bife?
Bem passado, por favor.
Pode ser no ponto.
Qual suco vocês tem?
Uma água mineral, por favor.
Vocês tem refrigerante litro?
Uma cerveja, por favor.
Fica pronto em quanto tempo?
Quer que embrulhe pra viagem?
Estou com um pouco de pressa.
Eu sou vegetariano.
Aquilo parece gostoso...
É pra viagem?
Algo mais, senhor?
Você me vê outra faca?
Você me traz mais um copo?
10
My Portuguese Phrasebook
140
141
142
143
144
145
Can you pass the salt please?
Pass the sugar, please.
Rare of well done?
This meal is cold.
The bill, please.
Waiter – the bill, please!
©
Me passa a sal, por favor?
Me passa o açúcar, por favor.
Bem passado ou mal passado?
Essa comida está fria.
Pode fechar a conta.
Garçom, a conta, por favor!
N. On The Phone / Ao Telefone
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
English
May I use the telephone?
Can I make collect call?
Is it a local call?
Hello, this is John. I’d like to talk to Mr.
Francis...
Hold on, please.
One moment, please.
He has just left... Do you want to leave a
message?
She hasn’t arrived yet. Can you call
back in 10 (ten) minutes?
He is on the phone. Can you wait on the
line?
Hello. Extension 4243 please.
Can you transfer me to extension 4243,
please?
He is not in at the moment. Do you want
to leave a message?
Do you Want to leave a message?
Can you take a message?
May I take a message?
No, thanks. I’ll call again later.
I’ll call again later, thanks.
Hello. I’d like to talk to the manager.
Who would like to speak with him / her?
Hold on a minute. I’ll call him/her
What’s your name, sir? Madam
Tell him it’s David’s friend.
Hello. May I talk to Ann?
It’s her!
May I talk to the manager?
You’re talking to him.
It’s him. How can I help you?
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
Português
Posso usar o telefone?
Posso fazer uma chamada a cobrar?
É chamada local?
Alô, aqui é o John. Eu queria falar com o
Seu Francis...
Só um momento.
Um momento, por favor.
Ele deu uma saidinha... Quer deixar
recado?
Ela não chegou ainda. Você me liga
daqui a 10 (dez) minutos?
Ele está no telefone. Vai esperar na
linha?
Alô. Ramal 4243, por favor.
Você pode me transferir, por favor?
Ele não se encontra no momento... Vai
deixar recado?
Quer deixar recado?
Pode anotar um recado?
Posso anotar algum recado?
Não. Eu ligo de novo, obrigado.
Eu ligo mais tarde. Obrigado (a).
Alô. Eu queria falar com o gerente.
Quem gostaria?
Só um minuto. Vou chamar...
Qual o nome do senhor (do senhora)?
Diz pra ele que é o amigo do David.
Alô! Posso falar com a Ana?
É ela!
Posso falar com o gerente?
Tá falando com ele...
Sou eu mesmo, pode falar.
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173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
Which number did you dial?
It’s 123 456 7890.
Sorry. Wrong number.
Wrong number. I’m sorry.
What time will he come back?
Do you know what time she will be
back?
Can you tell me when she is back?
Ask him to return the call, please?
It’s dialing... but nobody’s answering.
The line is busy.
I’ve just called. It’s busy.
Speak louder, please!
Could you please speak a little louder?
I’ve been calling, but I can’t get through.
The call fell through.
©
Que número você ligou?
Aqui é do 123 456 7890.
Desculpe, foi engano.
Número errado, desculpe.
A que horas ele volta?
Sabe que horas ela vai voltar?
Pode me informar quando ela volta?
Pede a ele pra me retornar a ligação?
Tá chamando... mas ninguém atende.
A linha tá ocupada.
Acabei de ligar. Só tá dando ocupado...
Fala mais alto, por favor!
Pode falar um pouquinho mais alto?
Só chama, ninguém atende.
Caiu a ligação.
O. Special Occasions / Ocasiões Especiais
188
189
190
191
192
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
English
Good luck!
Have a nice trip!
Have a nice vacation!
Bon appetit.
Have fun!
I hope you get better...
Good luck!
Happy Birthday!
Happy New Year!
Merry Christmas!
The same to you.
Congratulations!
I’m sorry.
Bless you!
Português
Boa sorte!
Boa viagem!
Boas férias!
Bom apetite.
Divirtam-se!
Estimo melhoras...
Felicidades!
Feliz aniversário!
Feliz Ano Novo!
Feliz Natal!
Igualmente, obrigado.
Meus parabéns!
Meus pêsames.
Saúde!
P. Saying Goodbye / Despedidas
201
202
203
204
English
See you later!
See you tomorrow!
See you next time.
Till next time.
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
Português
Até logo!
Até amanhã!
Até a próxima
Até mais.
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205
206
207
208
Have a nice weekend.
Have a nice trip!
Have a nice weekend.
Good bye,
©
Bom fim de semana.
Tenha uma boa viagem!
Tenha um bom fim de semana.
Tchau.
Q. Question Words / Palavras e Frases Interrogativas
209
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
English
At what time?
To where?
What?
With whom?
From where?
Whose?
Where?
What?
To where?
To whom?
Why?
Why not?
Which one?
When?
How much does it cost?
How much is it?
How many?
Who?
About whom?
Português
A que horas?
Aonde?
Como?
Com quem?
De onde?
De quem?
Onde?
O que?
Para onde?
Para quem?
Por quê?
Por que não?
Qual?
Quando?
Quanto custa?
Quanto é?
Quantos? Quantas?
Quem?
Sobre quem?
R. Time Expressions / Expressões Temporais
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
English
In the evening
In the afternoon
Now
Some years ago
A couple of days ago
Tomorrow
Tomorrow morning
The day before yesterday
Before
Sometimes
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
Português
À noite
À tarde
Agora
Alguns anos atrás
Alguns dias atrás
Amanhã
Amanhã de manhã
Anteontem
Antes
Às vezes
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237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
Early in the morning
Early
In a couple of weeks
In the morning
Every now and then
After
The day after tomorrow
Every other day
Next Sunday
Tonight
A long time ago
Today
Tonight
This morning
Nowadays
Later
Last month
Very late
In (the) Spring
Next week
Next time
On Christmas Eve
Last year
On the next day
In (the) Winter
In (the) Autumn / Fall
In (the) Summer
Never
Yesterday
Last night
A bit later
Some days before
Last Saturday
Last week
Next week
Two weeks ago
Always
Late
Too late
Three years ago
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Charlles Nunes – 2007
©
Bem cedinho
Cedo
Daqui a duas semanas
De manhã
De vez em quando
Depois
Depois de amanhã
Dia sim, dia não
Domingo que vem
Esta noite
Há muito tempo
Hoje
Hoje à noite
Hoje de manhã
Hoje em dia
Mais tarde / Logo mais
Mês passado
Muito tarde
Na primavera
Na próxima semana
Na próxima vez
Na véspera do Natal
No ano passado
No dia seguinte
No inverno
No outono
No verão
Nunca
Ontem
Ontem à noite
Pouco tempo depois
Poucos dias antes
Sábado passado
Semana passada
Semana que vem
Semana retrasada
Sempre
Tarde
Tarde demais
Três anos atrás
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Unit 02 – Cognates: Portuguese at First Sight
How many Portuguese words do you know?
Check these cognates... You know more than you think!
Cognates are words that have the same origin or that are related and similar in some
way. They can usually be deduced without any previous knowledge of the target
language. Check these examples – they are all in Portuguese:
capital
plural
tropical
dicionário
geral
legal
aniversário
glossário
original
visual
contrário
milionário
There are about 1600 of them between Portuguese and English! In order to make it
easier for you, I've organized them into 4 groups:
•
Nouns
Words that refer to people, places, things, events, substances or qualities: Quenner,
dessert, branch.
•
Adjectives
Words that describe nouns or pronouns: tender, little, old.
•
Verbs
Words that describe actions, conditions or experiences: run, type, translate, print.
•
Adverbs
Words which describe or give more information about verbs, adjectives, adverbs or
phrases: daily, urgently.
Here they come:
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
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• NOUNS – SUBSTANTIVOS
English
Português
1. -al = -al
animal
hospital
moral
animal
hospital
moral
2. -ty = -dade
capacity
eternity
flexibility
capacidade
eternidade
flexibilidade
3. -ism = -isma, ismo
atheism
ateísmo
criticism
criticismo
feminism
feminismo
4. -ist = -ista
dentist
humorist
tourist
dentista
humorista
turista
5. -nce, -ance = -ência, ança
abstinence
abstinência
patience
paciência
perseverance
perseverança
6. -or = -or
actor
color
favor
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Charlles Nunes – 2007
ator
cor
favor
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• ADJECTIVES – ADJETIVOS
English
Português
7. -al = -al
real
sensual
virtual
real
sensual
virtual
8. -ant, ent = -ant, ent
excellent
excelente
important
importante
patient
paciente
English
Português
9. -ary = -ário, ária
adversary
adversário
arbitrary
arbitrário
contrary
contrário
10. -ic = -ico, ica
economic
econômico
metallic
metálico
pacific
pacífico
11. -id = -ido, ida
lucid
splendid
vivid
lúcido
esplêndido
vívido
12. -ile = -il, óvel
automobile
automóvel
mobile
móvel
projectile
projétil
13. -ive = -ivo, iva
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adoptive
descriptive
imaginative
©
adotivo
descritivo
imaginativo
14. -ible, able = -ível, ável
accessible
acessível
admirable
admirável
convertible
conversível
15. -ous = -oso, -osa
delicious
delicioso
famous
famoso
vicious
vicioso
• VERBS – VERBOS
English
Português
16. -ate = -ar
celebrate
create
donate
celebrar
criar
doar
17. –e = -ar
dance
complete
imagine
dançar
completar
imaginar
18. -ult, ent, ort = -ultar, entar, ortar
comment
comentar
consult
consultar
export
exportar
19. -fy = -ficar
amplify
qualify
simplify
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Charlles Nunes – 2007
amplificar
qualificar
simplificar
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• ADVERBS – ADVÉRBIOS
English
Português
20. -ly = -mente
creatively
criativamente
separately
separadamente
usually
usualmente
Let’s see some examples?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Português
Você foi ao hospital?
A eternidade é muito tempo...
O que você acha do feminismo?
Ele é um bom dentista.
Ela tem muita paciência...
Pode me fazer um favor?
Acredite, é real.
A comida estava excelente.
Nosso adversário trabalha duro.
Deve haver uma solução pacífica.
Ela ainda está lúcida aos 90!
O projétil nunca foi encontrado.
Eles têm três filhos adotivos.
Este programa é incrível!
Está delicioso!
Vamos celebrar a ocasião!
Vamos imaginar uma maneira melhor?
Nós exportamos para o Japão.
Você deveria se qualificar melhor.
Ele simplesmente não quer trabalhar.
English
Did you go to the hospital?
Eternity is a long time...
What do you think about feminism?
He is a good dentist.
She has much patience...
Can you do me a favor?
Believe me, it is real.
The food was excellent.
Our adversary works hard.
There must be a pacific solution.
She is still lucid at 90!
The projectile was never found.
They have three adoptive children.
This program is incredible!
It’s delicious!
Let’s celebrate the occasion!
Let’s imagine a better way?
We export to Japan.
You should qualify yourself better.
He simply doesn’t want to work.
We become what we think about all day long.
- Ralph Waldo Emerson
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
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Unit 03 – The 100 Most Common Portuguese Verbs
Verbs Are the Base of Communication.
If You Master Them, You Can Master Any Language
Verbs are the backbone of any language. They describe actions, conditions or
experiences. By using them, you can always make your point.
I found this true when I took a Sign Language Course1. All I needed to do was learn the
main verb of any phrase, put it in the past or in the future with only one more gesture
and... Bingo! What I wanted to get across became clear.
Here you will find the 100 Most Common Portuguese Verbs, divided into groups of 10.
Each verb comes with its respective translation – and an example phrase. The irregular
ones are italicized.
Follow these tips to make the most out of your time:
•
Print the 10 groups – cut out each of them – and keep them in your pocket during the
day. Whenever you have free time, check over your cards. You will be surprised with
how much you will learn, as you turn spare moments into productive time.
•
Translate the phrases into English. You can send me the translated phrases by email
and I can help you improve: [email protected]
•
Rewrite the phrases, replacing one word at a time in each phrase – replacing verb by
verb, noun by noun, and so on.
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
1
English
arrive – arrived
ask – asked
be – was / were
begin – began
break – broke
bring – brought
buy – bought
call – called
can – could
choose – chose
Portuguese
chegar
pedir, perguntar
ser, estar
começar, iniciar
quebrar
trazer
comprar
chamar, telefonar
poder
escolher
Example
À que horas você chega em casa?
Why don’t you ask your father?
I want to be your friend.
When did it all begin?
Don’t break my heart.
Can you please bring me a glass?
Where did you buy your car?
Call me later, please.
Can I help you?
Choose the right.
A System of hand and body movements representing words, which is used by and to people who cannot
hear or talk.
20
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
My Portuguese Phrasebook
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Unit 03 – The 100 Most Common Portuguese Verbs
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
English
clean – cleaned
close – closed
come – came
cook – cooked
cry – cried
cut – cut
dance – danced
date – dated
depend – (ed)
die – died
Português
limpar
fechar
vir
cozinhar
chorar, gritar
cortar
dançar
namorar
depender
morrer
Exemplo
It’s not very clean.
Close the door, please.
Could you come earlier?
Do you know how to cook?
Why was she crying again?
How did he cut his hand?
Do you know how to dance?
Are you dating him?
Do you depend on your parents?
When did your grandfather die?
English
do – did
dream–dreamed
drink – drank
drive – drove
eat – ate
fall – fell
feel – felt
find – found
fly – flew
Português
fazer
sonhar
tomar, beber
dirigir
comer
cair
sentir
achar, encontrar
acabar, terminar
voar
Exemplo
What do you do?
Did you sleep well?
Do you drink beer?
Do you know how to drive?
Let’s eat!
How could he fall?
Are you feeling better now?
I need to find a better job!
Let’s finish it now?
She is always flying.
English
follow – followed
forget – forgot
get – got
get up – got up
give – gave
go – went
grow – grew
have – had
hear – heard
help – helped
Português
seguir
esquecer
conseguir, obter
levantar
dar, doar
ir
crescer, cultivar
ter
escutar, ouvir
ajudar, socorrer
Exemplo
Follow me as I follow Him.
I will never forget that morning...
Is he getting fat again?
What time do you usually get up?
Give me your hand.
Where do you want to go tonight?
Everybody needs to grow.
Once I had a dream.
Can you hear me?
Help me, please!
finish – finished
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
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Unit 03 – The 100 Most Common Portuguese Verbs
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
English
hope – hoped
jump – jumped
keep – kept
kiss – kissed
know – knew
learn – learned
leave – left
lend – lent
let – let
like – liked
Português
esperar
pular, saltar
guardar, manter
beijar
conhecer, saber
aprender
sair, deixar, partir
emprestar
deixar, permitir
gostar
Exemplo
I hope you get this job.
Let’s jump together!
Keep the change.
Let’s just kiss and say goodbye.
Did you know my father?
I want to learn Portuguese!
Don’t leave me alone!
Can you lend me some money?
Let me try again.
Do you like your work?
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
English
listen – listened
live – lived
look – looked
lose – lost
love – loved
make – made
marry – married
meet – met
miss – missed
need – needed
Português
ouvir, escutar
gostar
olhar, ver
perder
amar
fazer
casar
perder, sentir falta
precisar
Exemplo
Are you listening to me?
Where do you live?
Look at me now.
I lost my wallet yesterday.
I love you.
I can’t make it all alone...
When did you get married?
Nice to meet you.
Why did you miss the last class?
Call me if you need some help.
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
English
open – opened
pay – paid
play – played
prefer – (ed)
put – put
read – read
receive – (ed)
remember (ed)
run – ran
say – said
Português
abrir
pagar
jogar, tocar
preferir
pôr, colocar
ler
receber
lembrar
correr
dizer
Exemplo
What time does it open?
Who is going to pay for it?
Let’s play this afternoon again?
I prefer to live on my own.
Put your hand in the hand of God.
Do you like to read?
How much did you receive?
I can’t remember his last name...
Let’s run away!
What did you say?
encontrar, conhecer
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Charlles Nunes – 2007
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Unit 03 – The 100 Most Common Portuguese Verbs
Português
Exemplo
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
English
see – saw
sell – sold
send – sent
sing – sang
sit – sat
sleep – slept
speak – spoke
spell – spelt
spend – spent
start – started
ver
vender
mandar, enviar
cantar, cantarolar
sentar (se)
dormir
falar
soletrar
gastar, despender
começar, iniciar
I can’t see you anymore...
Do you want to sell your house?
Send her flowers!
Do you sing in the bathroom?
Sit down, please.
Did you sleep well last night?
Do you speak English?
How do you spell your last name?
How much can you spend?
What time did the show start?
Português
ficar
parar
estudar
pegar, levar
falar, conversar
contar, dizer
haver, existir, ter
pensar, achar
viajar
virar
Exemplo
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
English
stay – stayed
stop – stopped
study – studied
take – took
talk – talked
tell – told
there is – are
think – thought
travel – traveled
turn – turned
English
Português
entender
visitar
esperar
acordar, despertar
andar, caminhar
querer
lavar
assistir
91
92
93
94
95
96
96
98
99
100
understand – ood
visit – visited
wait – waited
wake up – woke up
walk – walked
want – wanted
wash – washed
watch – watched
work – worked
write – wrote
trabalhar, funcionar
escrever
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Charlles Nunes – 2007
Why didn’t you stop them?
When did you study there?
Let’s take the next bus!
I don’t want to talk about it.
Why don’t you tell your mother?
There is a place for everyone...
What do you think about it?
Did you travel last year?
Turn right, please.
Exemplo
I don’t understand your father.
Would you like to visit her today?
Wait a moment, please.
What time did you wake up?
You need to walk daily.
I don’t want it anymore.
I don’t want it anymore.
Did you watch TV last night?
Are you working there yet?
Do you prefer to write or to read?
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Unit 04 – The 100 Most Common Portuguese Words
In the past, words used to be worthier than documents.
Nowadays, they are only words, nothing else...
Words. By and through them, huge empires were build or destroyed.
They represent a powerful link between ideas and actions. Their potential is such that in
the Creation report we read: “And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.2”
Nowadays, His Words keep inspiring the mankind. And changes are still made, be it in
the physical, emotional or spiritual field.
If a word said at the proper time may create worlds, save lives, celebrate weddings, or
absolve someone from a punishment, why not learn the most common of them in
Portuguese?
The ones here included represent more than 50% of any conversation and, adding the
Cognates and the Common Portuguese Phrases, quite soon you will manage the basic
vocabulary to communicate efficiently. Let me repeat the tips from the Unit 01:
•
Print the 10 groups – cut out each of them – and keep them in your pocket during the
day. When you have a free time, check them out. You will get surprised with your
progress reserving a specific time to study.
•
Any comments will be warmly welcomed at the www.learn-portuguese-now.com
contact form
•
Rewrite each phrase in Portuguese, replacing a word by phrase. But keep in mind:
replace a verb by a verb, a noun by a noun, and so on.
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
English
a, an
about
after
again
all
almost
also, too
always
and
any
Português
Example
um, uma
I have an idea!
sobre, a respeito de
What do you know about love?
depois, após
See you after the class.
de novo, novamente
Let me try again!
todo, toda, todos (as) Do you work all the week?
quase
We are almost there!
também
Nice to meet you, too...
sempre
I will always remember you.
e
She kissed her and walked away.
qualquer, nenhum
Do you have any question?
2
Genesis 1:3
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Unit 04 – The 100 Most Common Portuguese Words
Inglês
Português
Example
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
beautiful
because
before
big
body
but
by
city
day
down
bonito (a)
porque
antes, perante
grande
corpo
mas, porém
por
cidade
dia
para baixo
Your sister is very beautiful!
I bought it because I wanted.
Come back before midnight, OK?
I want to buy a big ice cream...
Sun lotion protects your body.
I’m sorry, but I think you’re wrong.
That book was written by a Brazilian.
What’s your favorite city?
Have a nice day!
Don’t look down!
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
Inglês
every
everybody
everyday
everything
everywhere
far
first
for
forever
friend
Português
todo, cada, toda
todo mundo, todos
todo dia
tudo
em todos os lugares
longe, distante
primeiro (a)
por, para
para sempre
amigo (a)
Example
Every love it the first one.
Everybody needs somebody.
Would you like to study everyday?
Money isn’t everything. Want to bet?
Love is everywhere.
Do you live far from here?
This is my first visit to Rio.
There’s a phone message for you.
Families can be forever.
That’s what friends are for!
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Inglês
from
good
happy
he
her
here
him
his
how
I
Português
de (origem)
bom, boa
feliz
ele
ela, dela
aqui
ele, dele
dele
como
eu
Example
Where are you from?
It’s so good to see you after all this time!
Your daughter looks so happy.
He couldn’t care less.
I don’t know why she quit her job.
I've lived here for about three years.
Why don’t you forgive him?
Have you seen his new girlfriend?
How are you doing?
I love you.
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Charlles Nunes – 2007
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Unit 04 – The 100 Most Common Portuguese Words
Inglês
Português
Example
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
if
in
last
many
me
more
most
much
my
near
se
em
último (a)
muitos
me, mim
mais
o (a) mais, maioria
muito
meu, minha
perto, próximo
If I were you, I would do the same!
I’ve got something in my eye.
What’s your last name?
We have many reasons to celebrate.
Do you remember me?
Listen more, and talk less!
Most of my friends study English.
Thank you very much.
Did you know my father?
Is there a bank near here?
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
Inglês
never
new
no, not
now
of
on
only
or
other
our
Português
nunca
novo (a)
não
agora
de
no, na
apenas, somente
ou
outro, outra (s)
nosso, nossa (s)
Example
I’ve never been to the USA.
I need to buy a new car.
Please, don’t tell anybody.
Thanks, I’m not hungry now.
Why did you change the color of your hair?
Do you go to church on Sundays?
I was only trying to help.
Are you listening to me or not?
When did you first meet each other?
We bought our house in 1994.
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
Inglês
out
people
please
price
same
she
so
something
sometimes
still / yet
Português
fora, saída
povo, pessoas
por favor
preço
o mesmo, a mesma
ela
tão, então
algo, alguma coisa
às vezes
ainda
Example
Get out!
Smart people study foreign languages.
Could you please pass me the salt?
He wants to be a polyglot at any price!
We were wearing exactly the same dress!
She is my best friend.
Thank you for being so patient.
Is there something you would like to say?
Sometimes it’s best not to say anything.
I am still hungry.
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Unit 04 – The 100 Most Common Portuguese Words
Inglês
Português
Example
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
than
that
the
their
them
there
they
thing
this
time
do que
que, isso, aquilo
o, a, os, as
deles, delas
eles (as), deles, (as)
lá
eles, elas
coisa
este, esta, isto
tempo, hora, vez
I spent more than I expected to.
What’s that?
Honey, can you bring me the towel?
I can’t forget their kindness.
Why don’t you visit them once in a while?
We will never get there in time.
They are improving their pronunciation.
Things are getting better!
This is the one I want.
I want to spend more time with my family.
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
Inglês
to
today
under
us
usually
very
way
we
what
when
Português
para
hoje
sob, embaixo
nós, nos
geralmente
muito
jeito, modo, caminho
nós
o que
quando
Example
I’ll have to tell your father.
What’s the date today?
He hid under the bed.
Why don’t you come with us?
He usually gets home at about noon.
Thank you very much.
We must find a way.
Why don’t we try it again later?
What time is it?
When is your birthday?
Inglês
where
which
who
why
with
without
word
yes
you
your
Português
onde
o qual
que, quem
por que, por quê
com
sem
palavra
sim
você, vocês
seu, sua, seus, suas
Example
Where do you live?
Which of your parents do you feel closer to?
Who’s your best friend?
Why are you studying English?
I live with my parents.
I can’t live without you.
I can still remember his last words...
Do you like Brazilian food? Yes, I love it.
The more I see you, the more I want you.
It’s your last chance...
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92
93
94
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98
99
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Unit 05 – Flash Cards: The Memory Back Up
With These Flash Cards, You Will Find Enough Time to Study
Portuguese – Even Trolls and Snowmen Can Do It!
Flash Cards. Simple cards with a word or picture on them. They are very useful in
memorizing and learning foreign languages.
Here you will find 100 examples of Flash Cards with verbs and numbers in Portuguese.
Most of the verbs are in the infinitive form (the ones ending in ‘R’). For space
constraints, I’ve included some in the present simple tense.
Have fun with your friends, family or students. Consider the following tips:
1. Print the 100 cards and cut them out.
2. Give some cards to each player, and make a pile with the remaining ones, similar to
a card game.
3. Each player must pronounce (or spell) the verb, ask a question or make a math
exercise whose result should be the number shown in the card.
4. The next player answers the question asked for the former one, and set his/her own
card. The player who doesn’t know how to ask/answer a question, gets one more
card.
5. At the end of the turn, the player who set the card with the greatest number get all of
them and keep them for the final counting.
6. When someone runs out of cards, the game is over.
7. The winner is the one who scored more points.
Obviously, the rules can be changed at the players’ wish – especially if these
instructions seem too confusing!☺
Only two rules should never be ignored:
1. Growing comes through activity. There is no growing – physical or mental without
effort, and effort requires work. Calvin Coolidge
2. Remember that ‘Play hard!’ always begins with ‘Play’.
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
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leite
água
pão
beber
um
devagar
quatro
bem
cedo
cinco
5
trabalhar
dormir
sete
7
dinheiro
filhos
ter
10
seu pai
ele
gostar
brincar
querer
oito
8
o nome
uma palavra
soletrar
dez
11
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
onze
três
3
tchau
alô
dizer
conhecer
falar
4
dois
2
de nadar
dela
comer
1
alto
carne
©
seis
6
este aqui
aquele lá
comprar
9
nove
seus pais
tudo
entender
doze
12
29
My Portuguese Phrasebook
embora
para casa
ir
treze
lá
aqui
ler
ficar em casa
preferir
dezenove
19
me ver
estar
vinte e dois
dezessete
17
muito
todo dia
vinte
com a gente
de novo
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
vinte e três
dezoito
18
dormir
nadar
poder
vinte e um
21
tudo
claramente
jogar
23
tarde
às seis
estudar
20
quinze
15
levantar
fazer
deixar
22
isso
o melhor
trabalhar
dezesseis
quatorze
14
de ajuda
de você
precisar
morar
13
16
sozinho
perto daqui
©
ver
24
vinte e quatro
30
My Portuguese Phrasebook
pra cá
comigo
vir
encontro
vinte e cinco
25
amigos
dinheiro
vinte e seis
26
vinte e oito
deles
de mim
aqui
trinta e um
comigo
trinta e quatro
grande
nisso
consigo
trinta e dois
32
à esquerda
à direita
virar
35
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
vinte e sete
27
Inglês
de cór
trinta e cinco
trinta
30
na boca
todo dia
beijar
pensar
ficar
34
vinte e nove
29
ler
dirigir
aprender
ser
lembrar
31
bom
um voluntário
fazer
28
a resposta
um jeito
©
33
com ele
trinta e três
com ela
namorar
36
trinta e seis
31
My Portuguese Phrasebook
no trabalho
todos
os braços
às sete
encontro
abrir
37
trinta e sete
38
você
pra sempre
bastante
amar
quarenta
40
por alguém
muito
esperar
quarenta e três
43
antes
depois
quarenta e seis
depressa
correr
quarenta e um
41
com clareza
bem
44
quarenta e quatro
os olhos
a porta
fechar
47
quarenta e sete
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
de novo
agora
começar
trinta e nove
39
com ela
sobre isso
converso
quarenta e dois
42
tarde
cedo
chegar
escrever
iniciar
46
trinta e oito
©
45
quarenta e cinco
o trabalho
com isso
terminar
48
quarenta e oito
32
My Portuguese Phrasebook
pouco
bastante
crescer
49
quarenta e nove
segredo
o dinheiro
guardar
52
cinqüenta e dois
a chave
sua mão
cinqüenta
50
com atenção
53
cinqüenta e três
revistas
um livro
de rir
56
cinqüenta e oito
faltar
54 cinqüenta e quatro
tempo
cinqüenta e nove
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
bem
por 5 reais
57
cinqüenta e sete
mentiras
gastar
59
a aula
pouco
vender
cinqüenta e seis
dinheiro
cinqüenta e um
51
escutar
parar
58
pular
ler
cinqüenta e cinco
com isso
isso
pra dentro
alto
ajudar
pôr
55
você
a todos
©
a verdade
contar
60
sessenta
33
My Portuguese Phrasebook
de ônibus
a trabalho
viajar
sessenta e um
61
o copo
em pedaços
bem
sessenta e quatro
entre os dois
escolher
67
sessenta e sete
tempo
uma chance
62
setenta
sessenta e dois
pra dentro
pra mim
trazer
65
sessenta e cinco
do tempo
de você
pedir
68
sessenta e oito
um barulho
coisas
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
setenta e um
à noite
de novo
telefonar
sessenta e seis
66
em casa
calor
sentir
69
sessenta e nove
logo
correndo
sair
ouvir
71
sessenta e três
63
dependo
dar
70
um favor
algo
visitar
quebrar
64
hoje
meus pais
©
72
setenta e dois
34
My Portuguese Phrasebook
com ela
em maio
casar
setenta e três
73
notas
um café
bem
setenta e seis
com amor
74
no rio
setenta e nove
da escada
cair
82
oitenta e dois
setenta e quatro
devagar
a cavalo
setenta e sete
77
no clube
comigo
setenta e cinco
75
a janela
setenta e oito
78
contigo
oitenta e um
oitenta
81
pelo futuro
por ela
dinheiro
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
oitenta e três
acordado
sonhar
80
83
com o pano
limpar
dançar
esperar
flores
enviar
andar
cozinhar
79
uma carta
receber
tomar
76
telefonema
visitas
©
pra você
empresto
84
oitenta e quatro
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My Portuguese Phrasebook
de novo
lá
em dinheiro
olhar
85
nada
oitenta e cinco
86
oitenta e seis
alguma coisa
TV
a partida
oitenta e oito
89
o carro
com cuidado
alto
dirigir
à mesa
no sofá
noventa e quatro
de... para...
voar
92
noventa e dois
as mãos
o carro
95
noventa e cinco
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
oitenta e sete
87
de alegria
muito
chorar
noventa
90
disso
um rosto
esquecer
noventa e três
93
a mão
lavar
sentar
94
oitenta e nove
baixinho
cantar
assistir
88
noventa e um
uma música
pagar
existir
91
a prazo
©
no copo
cortar
96
noventa e seis
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My Portuguese Phrasebook
dormindo
em paz
morrer
97
cedo
noventa e sete
a multidão
você
noventa e oito
peso
a chave
perder
seguir
98
©
99
noventa e nove
tarde
acordar
100
cem
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
37
My Portuguese Phrasebook
©
Common Words – A Matter of Perspective
When I started working as an English teacher, this experience showed me what makes
a word ‘common’:
On a sunny afternoon, a passerby dropped in for some water. The secretary told him to
help himself, and got back to work. (I could hear everything from the classroom...)
As the man got closer to the water fountain, he tried to get along by asking out loud:
“– Does this school belong to Walter?”
That very common word – water – written on the gallon’s cover, was not so simple for
him! The secretary answered him politely, as usual, but I knew she was laughing up a
storm!
As the visitor left, the whole classroom exploded in laughter! (OK, I shouldn’t have... But
who could resist?☺)
Fortunately, later on that same day I tried to put myself in that visitor’s shoes by recalling
the first English book that I tried to read on my own. I used to skim each page,
wondering what those words could mean.
All of a sudden, the words ‘begin’ and ‘again’ popped up in my eyes. For the first time, I
noticed that some words appeared more often than others did.
That was an insight moment for me. By noticing that, I realized that the so-called
‘common words’ only become ‘common’ to you when you recognize them at first sight
and understand their meaning in several contexts.
Want to learn them in a wink of an eye? Grab your free copy of ‘365 Most Common
Words in Portuguese’ at www.learn-portuguese-now.com, print them out, cut them into
flashcards and keep them with you wherever you go. (The bathroom is my favorite
classroom!☺) You will soon notice that learning Portuguese is not rocket science...
(And if you happen to meet any ‘Walter’ on your way, please tell him that you’ve
heard about a language course which is on sale, with his name ‘almost’ inscribed
on the water fountain!)
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
38
My Portuguese Phrasebook
©
As a Portuguese Teacher, I’ve Never Faced Trouble Fixing Airplanes
Of course, they’ve never come into the classroom!
Grammar and Pronunciation in any language (including mine) reminds me of my trouble
with airplanes. It is impossible to have any doubts about something that you never think
about!
That’s why I boldly defend that you shouldn’t worry about verb conjugation in
Portuguese. Just make do with the 3 basic tenses – present, past and future – and the
singular pronouns – I, you, he/she/it – and everything is going to fall into place at the
proper time.
Let’s have a look at an example with the verb ‘falar’ – to speak. Here’s the ‘all-correctand-frightening’ table:
Present
Past
Future
1. Eu
falo
falei
falarei
2. Tu
falas
falaste
falarás
3. Ele
fala
falou
falará
4. Nós
falamos
falamos
falaremos
5. Vós
falais
falastes
falareis
6. Eles
falam
falaram
falarão
The Good News...
Having been helping beginners for a couple of years, I can promise you that language
learning doesn’t have to be all that hard.
In the daily speech/writing, normal human beings usually abide by these rules:
•
The second person of plural (vós/you) is not used.
•
The second person of singular (tu/you) is usually replaced by ‘você’, and agrees with
the third person: você fala, ele fala.
•
The Future is not made according to the above grammar rule. Instead, we just say
‘Eu vou, você vai, ele vai, nós vamos, eles vão’ + the infinitive of any verb: Eu vou
falar. / I will speak. Você vai comer. / You will eat. Ele vai sair. / He will leave.
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
39
My Portuguese Phrasebook
©
... And here’s ALL you need to start:
Present
Past
Future
1. Eu
falo
falei
vou falar
Português.
2. Você
fala
falou
vai falar
Português.
3. Ele
fala
falou
vai falar
Português.
A little bit more lifting and encouraging, right?
Indeed, there are two more conjugations – verbs ending in ‘er’ and ‘ir’ – they are as
simple as the first one. You will be introduced to them in a while.
If I were you, I would celebrate this moment by going to the window and shouting...
“– My language problems is over!”
(Uh-oh, I think I need some help with my English... ☺)
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
40
My Portuguese Phrasebook
©
Language Learning is NOT a Miracle!
So... What is a miracle?
According to the dictionary, it is an ‘unusual event caused by mysterious forces in a
surprising and unexpected way’.
But out of those learned pages, things get a bit more confusing:
Some say it is an inexplicable event, according to the laws of Nature. Others say it is an
operating force contrary to Nature...
Saint Augustine once stated, "Miracles are not contrary to Nature. Only to what we know
about Nature."
And I must agree with him.
When talking about second language learning, I have been faced with hundreds of
misconceptions denying how you can learn it in a practical, achievable and enjoyable
way.
Not that I know all the facts about the matter (and that’s for sure!☺), but I have reason
enough to believe that foreign languages can be learned by ANYONE (including YOU)
since you:
•
•
•
Believe in your own capacity to learn
Get the right tools
Follow the right process
Let's make it clear. Have a look at the following Portuguese words:
capital
plural
tropical
dicionário
programa
celebrar
invisível
autorização
qualidade
acadêmico
diariamente
general
legal
aniversário
glossário
sistema
calcular
possível
nação
sensibilidade
básico
emocionalmente
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
original
visual
contrário
milionário
problema
iluminar
responsável
atenção
universidade
pacífico
literalmente
41
My Portuguese Phrasebook
©
There are some 1600 similar words between Portuguese and English!
As you understand the basic principles of word formation in Portuguese, you can
immediately turn hundreds of English words to this romantic language.
I know that it may seem too simple for some, but I used this same principle to learn
English and Spanish – and it worked wonderfully.
Why don’t you give it a try? No miracle required.
Courtesy by www.Learn-Portuguese-Now.com
©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
42
My Portuguese Phrasebook
©
A Dream Coming True Each and Every Day
If Making a Dream Come True is Great, Imagine Two at Once!
For a long time, I had two dreams:
•
Make the Portuguese language available for as many
people as possible
•
Take part more actively in my children’s development and
education
Nowadays, I am making both of them come true by
•
Dedicating in full time to build www.learn-portuguese-now.com
•
Creating FREE and low-cost Tools & Resources for language learning
Besides this one, here is another FREE resource already available:
365 Common Portuguese Words
Each word comes with 3 examples in English and Portuguese. By reading a single page
a day, in a matter of months you will be able to read and write in Portuguese.
Just another day, I talked to a young man who expressed more than a basic knowledge
of the language. When I asked him about how he had learned so much, he replied “I am
studying the 365 Words. I have the fifth group printed here beside my computer”. The ebook contains 7 groups, which means he will even improve his Portuguese!
In order to download your FREE copy, just visit
http://www.learn-portuguese-now.com/free-portuguese-language-tools.html
And roll up your sleeves!
There are just a few things which money can’t buy. Among them are your dreams...
... And your Freedom.
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©
Charlles Nunes – 2007
43

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