Magagin Ennar.indd

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Magagin Ennar.indd
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bv‡gi bMœ‡`n †n‡Uv aywZ civ gvbylwU whwb GKvav‡i Avgv‡`i wkÿK,
fviZxq HwZ‡n¨i aviK I evnK, wePÿY ivRbxwZK, AwgZ cÖÁvi D¾¡j
`„óvšÍ m‡e©vcwi gvbeZvev‡`i mv_©K iƒcKvi| whwb Rxe‡b I gi‡Y †Kvb
cÖZviYvi Avkªq †bbwb| hw` †Kvb ÎæwU-wePz¨wZ K‡iI _v‡Kb Zv ب_©nxb
fvlvq ¯^xKvi K‡i wb‡q‡Qb| evKPvZz‡h©i cÖ‡nwjKvq Rxe‡bi Pig
mZ¨‡K †Kvbw`b D‡cÿv K‡ibwb| QvÎRxeb †_‡KB †gvnb`vm KigPuv`
MvÜx wQ‡jb wbqgZvwš¿K Rxebhvc‡b Af¨¯Í| fxiæ, wKš‘ Kvcyiæl bb|
wgZevK wKš‘ wbe©vK bb| mZ¨ huvi wbZ¨ †cÖiYv, eÂbv huvi wn‡m‡e †bB|
huvi `„wó‡Z mZ¨vMÖn nj: AvZ¥vi kw³ I †cÖ‡gi kw³i mv_©K mgš^q|
Rxebhy‡× Rqx n‡Z †M‡j wnsmv‡K cwinvi K‡i Pj‡Z n‡e Ges Zv
K_vi K_v bq, cÖK…Z ev¯ÍeÑ GB `xÿv, GB AvZ¥ mshg wZwb AvgiY
†`wL‡q‡Qb| ZvB wZwb cybt cybt ¯§iYxq| ZvB wZwb gnvZ¥v|
cÖwZwU mvaviY ev AmvaviY gvby‡li Rxe‡b GKUv Aby‡cÖiYv
_v‡K| MvÜxRxi Rxe‡bI wQj| ivmwKb, Zj¯Íq, _‡iv, Ggvimb cÖgyL
`vk©wbK-†jLK‡`i weL¨vZ iPbv Zuv‡K Rxe‡b Mov-fvOvi †ÿ‡Î mvnvh¨
K‡iwQj| cvwievwiK cwigÊjI wQj AbyK~j| wkÿvq-`xÿvq, e`vb¨Zvq,
ag©PP©vq GKwU AvZ¥Z¨v‡Mi †mªvZaviv MvÜxRxi Rxe‡b cÖevwnZ n‡qwQj
dêyavivi gZ| GKwU cÖPwjZ K_v Av‡Q, MvQ †`L‡j dj †Pbv hvq|
K_vUv cÖvq mwZ¨| Gi g‡a¨B †Zv weÁv‡bi exR‰ewkó¨ jywK‡q Av‡Q|
ZvQvov wkÿv g‡bvweÁv‡bi ag© Abyhvqx GKRb wkï Zvi cwiev‡ii g‡a¨
†_‡KB Zvi cÖ‡ÿvwfK cÖwZwµqv¸wj iß K‡i| wkï Rxe‡b ivM, Abyf~wZ,
N„Yv, j¾v, Cl©v, fvjevmv, m¤úªwZ cwiev‡ii m`m¨‡`i KvQ †_‡KB jvf
K‡i| we‡kl K‡i wcZv gvZv fvB †ev‡bi AvPiY G‡ÿ‡Î m`_©K f~wgKv
MÖnY K‡i| GB cÖ‡ÿvwfK weKv‡ki m‡½ mvgvwRK weKv‡ki cÖwµqv¸wj
ïiæ nq| G GK ¯^Zš¿ weÁvb| MvÜxRxi wcZv Kig MvÜx I gvZv cyZjx
evC AwZkq mr I avwg©K wQ‡jb| wbðqB MvÜxRxi Rxeb`k©‡b ¯^vfvweK
wbq‡gB wcZvÑgvZvi h‡_ó f~wgKv i‡q‡Q|
6
cÖvPxbKv‡j Avgv‡`i mgv‡R wQj Avnvi †hvMv‡oi wkÿv, Zvici
wbivcËvi Rb¨ A¯¿wkÿv, Áv‡bi Rb¨ kv¯¿ wkÿvi c_ †cwi‡q Avgiv
ˆew`K mgv‡R †cŠ‡Q Rxeb‡ev‡ai wkÿv wb‡Z ïiæ Kwi| eªþPh©, Mvn©¯’¨,
evYcÖ¯’ I mbœ¨vmRxeb Avgv‡`i Rxebaviv‡K PviwU c‡e© fvM K‡i
†`q| ZLb Aek¨ cÖ_vMZ wkÿv wQj bv| hv wKQz wQj Zv Awbqwš¿Z
wkÿv| wewaewR©Z gvbweK wkÿv| Rxeb aviY I PP©vi wkÿv| m‡e©vcwi
g~j¨‡ev‡ai wkÿvÑ me©Rb Kj¨v‡Yi Rb¨| e¨w³¯^v_© GLv‡b cÖvmw½K wQj
bv| cÖ_vMZ we`¨vjq ZLb bv _vK‡jI mZZv I mvnP‡h© †Niv cwievi
wQj| mshg I mnvbyf~wZ‡Z †Niv GKUv gbyl¨mgvR wQj| ciwnZ‡K
wbRwnZ e‡j †g‡b †bIqvi gvbwmKZv wQj| A‡¯¿i e¨envi wQj,
Zv i‡Y I †cÖ‡g e¨envi nZ| e„nËi mgvRRxe‡b gvbyl wbwðšÍ g‡b
c‡_-cÖev‡m wb`ªv †h‡Z cviZ| cÖkvmb wQj K‡Vvi I AvZ¥xq ewR©Z|
gvb`Ê wQj mgvb| ZvB `wÿY Awd«Kv †_‡K wd‡i G‡m MvÜxRx Zuvi
Rxebfvebv‡K F× Kivi Rb¨ 1915 wLª. ¸Riv‡Zi meigZx‡Z GKwU
Avkªg ¯’vcb K‡ib| ïiæ nq fviZxq wkÿvi GK beZg Aa¨vq| GKB
fvebvq RvwiZ n‡q Avi GKRb KvwiMi ZLb kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡b ¯^f~wg
cÖwZôvq e¨¯Í| gnwl© †`‡e›`ªbv‡_i KwbôcyÎ ¸iæ‡`e iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi|
`yB e¨w³Z¡B c~e© I cwðgx ms¯‹…wZ‡Z Af¨¯Í wKš‘ Rxeb PP©vq cªvPxb
AvkªwgK Rxebavivi Av`‡k© AbycÖvwYZ| `yB e¨w³Z¡B cÖwZôvwbK wkÿvi
evB‡i gvbweK wkÿvi cweÎ A½b LuyR‡Z PvB‡jb gvwUi c„w_ex‡Z, cÖK…
wZi Db¥y³ A½‡b| 1935 wLª. †mevMÖv‡g MvÜxRx g~jZ gvby‡li gbb I
wkÿY‡K mymsnZ Kivi cwiKíbv wb‡q Avi GKwU Avkªg cÖwZôv K‡ib|
MvÜxRxi wkÿvfvebvi cÖ_g cÖKvk nwiRb cwÎKvq| Zvi `yÕwU avivÑ 1.
bC Zvwjg, 2. †mevMÖvg cÖKí| eywbqv`x wkÿvi †h iƒc‡iLvwU ˆZwi K‡ib
Zv MvÜxRxi fveev`x `k©b I AvZ¥-wbf©iZvi Øviv DrmvwnZ| cÖvPxb
fviZxq `k©b Zuv‡K gy» K‡iwQj| cig eªþ kãwU AwZ e¨eüZ| cÖvqB
ag©xq PP©vq wd‡i Av‡m| MvÜxRxi Kv‡Q cig eªþ nj Av‡Z¥vcjwä|
Av‡M wb‡R‡K Rvb| c‡i wek¦‡K Rvb‡e| Ck¦‡ii Kv‡Q MvÜxRxi cÖv_©bv
wQjÑ ÔAvwg ivR¨ PvB bv, ¯^M© PvB bv, †gvÿI
PvB bv, Avwg PvB `y`©kvMÖ¯Í gvby‡li `ytL hš¿Yvi
Aemvb|Õ GLv‡b wZwb mvaviY gvby‡li E‡aŸ©
wePiY K‡i‡Qb| Dcwbl`xq G †cÖiYv Zuv‡K
mvivRxeb gvbwmK kw³ RywM‡qwQj| mZ¨vMÖn
I AvZ¥wbMÖ‡ni gva¨‡g cÖwZcÿ‡K Rq Kivi
†h gnvb kw³ wZwb AR©b K‡iwQ‡jb Zv wZwb
Zuvi wkÿvfvebvi Kv‡R jvMv‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb|
wZwb Rvb‡ZbÑ ‘By education I mean
an allround drawing out of the best
in child and man-body, mind and
spirit’Ñ gvby‡li g‡a¨ jywK‡q _vKv mrm¤¢vebv¸wji weKvk KivB wQj Zvi wkÿvi
g~jgš¿|
GB Z‡Ë¡ we‡eKvb›`I wek¦vmx wQ‡jb;
MvÜxRx gvbeKj¨v‡Yi Rb¨ Zvi Ava¨vwZ¥K
kw³i weKv‡ki w`‡K †Rvi w`‡qwQ‡jb|
Ava¨vwZ¥K kw³ RvMÖZ bv n‡j gvbwmK kw³
ˆZwi nq bv| ZvB wZwb wkÿvi cÖv‡qvwMK jÿ¨
wn‡m‡eÑ 1. kª‡gi gh©v`v‡eva, 2. PvwiwÎK `„pZv
I AvZ¥mshg‡eva, 3. e¨w³ Dbœqb I mgvR
Dbœq‡bi w`‡K me©vwaK ¸iæZ¡ w`‡qwQ‡jb| †mB
mgq Avgv‡`i civaxb fvi‡Z kªgwegyL gvby‡li
msL¨v wQj †ewk| ZvB wZwb kªg (ˆ`wnK I
gvbwmK)-gyLx nIqvi K_v e‡jwQ‡jb|
PvwiwÎK `„pZv I AvZ¥mshg‡eva hw`
†Kvb gvby‡li bv _v‡K Zvn‡j †m KLbB
wb‡R‡K cÖwZwôZ Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv GUv wZwb
†evSv‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb| e¨w³ Dbœq‡bi g‡a¨B
†h i‡q‡Q mgvR Dbœq‡bi PvweKvwV GUvB wQj
Zuvi h_vh_ Dcjwä| wkÿvi h_v_© weKv‡k
e¨w³Zvwš¿K I mgvRZvwš¿K fvebvi g‡a¨
mgš^q mva‡bi K_v AvaywbK wkÿvwe`iv
e‡j‡Qb| MvÜxRx GB Dcjwä K‡iwQ‡jb
cÖvi‡¤¢B| gvZ…fvlv Qvov †h wkÿv m¤ú~Y© nq bv
Zv wZwb Kvh©‡ÿ‡Î †`wL‡qwQ‡jb| ivmwK‡bi
†jLv Unto the Last MÖš’wU wZwb ¸RivwZ
fvlvq Abyev` K‡iwQ‡jb (1908)| Zuvi
AvZ¥RxebxI ¸RivwZ fvlvq †jLv| c‡i
wkÿvi Rb¨ †h mve©Rbxb cvV¨µg iPbv Kiv
n‡qwQj (W. RvwKi †nv‡m‡bi †bZ…Z¡) Zv
MvÜxRxi wkÿvfvebv‡KB cwiùzwUZ K‡iwQj|
Zuvi G cwiKíbvi †cvkvwK bvg nq ÔIqva©v
cwiKíbvÕ| eywbqv`x wkÿvB wQj G cwiKíbvi
g~j jÿ¨|
MvÜxRx Zuvi wkÿv cwiKíbvq `yÕwU
g~j bxwZ AbymiY K‡iwQ‡jb 1. Abye‡Üi
bxwZ, 2. mwµqZvi bxwZ| G bxwZ `yÕwUB
wQj g‡bv‰eÁvwbK wfwËi Ici cÖwZwôZ|
cvi¯úwiK m¤úK© (Ávb I cª‡qv‡Mi †ÿ‡Î) bv
_vK‡j †hgb wkÿY m¤ú~Y© nq bv wVK †ZgbB
wkÿv_©xi g‡a¨ hw` AvZ¥ÑmwµqZv A_©vr wbR
Ávb AR©‡bi Pvwn`v bv _v‡K Zvn‡j wkÿv
wbw®Œq n‡q co‡Z eva¨ nq| we‡kl K‡i Zuvi
†gŠwjK wkÿv bxwZ (myZvKvUv, Kvco †evbv,
KvV I Pvgovi KvR, K…wl KvR, wkÿv fvebv
hy³ ¯’vbxq Drcv`bg~jK KvR, msMxZ I A¼b
(Pviæwkí) BZ¨vw` AbyeÜ I mwµqZv Qvov
m¤¢e bq| MvÜxRx Avgv‡`i wkÿK wn‡m‡e
MwYZ, mgvRweÁvb, cÖK…wZwe`¨v, Rxewe`¨v,
†mŠiweÁvb, MÖvgxY A_©bxwZi weKvk,
kvixiwe`¨vi Ici we‡kl ¸iæZ¡ w`‡qwQ‡jb|
¯^-wbf©iZvi jÿ¨ hv‡Z MÖv‡gi Z…Yg~j ¯Í‡ii
gvby‡li g‡a¨ †cuŠ‡Q hvq ZvB Ôn¯Íwk‡íiÕ
mvwe©K cÖmvi NUv‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb| †mB mg‡qi
fviZe‡l© GB n¯Íwkí fvebvi weKvk NUv‡bv
AZ¨šÍ Riæwi wQj| ZvB wZwbB Avgv‡`i cÖ_g
RvZxq wkÿK| †Kb bv fviZe‡l© cieZ©xKv‡j
†h wkÿv e¨e¯’v AbymiY Kiv nq Zv nj
we‡`kx|
Formal EducationÑGi fvebvwUB
Bsj¨vÛ †_‡K AvMZ| Bsj¨vÛÑAv‡gwiKvi
wkÿvweÁvbxivB mviv c„w_ex‡K AvaywbK wkÿvi
MwZwewa wPwb‡q‡Qb| mg„× K‡i‡Qb gvbweK
wkÿvi cÖ‡ÿvwfK I †eŠw×K w`K¸wj‡K|
MvÜxRx wKš‘ e¯‘Zvwš¿K j‡ÿ¨i w`‡K †ewk ¸iæZ¡
w`‡Z Pvbwb| †Kbbv Zuvi wkÿvi †K›`ªf~wg‡Z
wkÿv_©x I AwffveK `yÕR‡bB wQ‡jb| A_©vr
wcZv-cyÎ, gvZv-Kb¨v Df‡qB hw` ¯^-wkwÿZ
nq Zvn‡j AbyK~j mgvRe¨e¯’v mn‡RB M‡o
DV‡Z cv‡i| ZvB MvÜxRx †h Ôm‡e©v`q mgvRÕ
M‡o Zzj‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb Zv wQj Avm‡j mZ¨
I Awnsmvi Ici cÖwZwôZ cÖK…Z gvbeKj¨v‡Yi
mgvR| MvÜxRx GB e¨e¯’v‡KB ÔivgivR¨Õ
e‡j‡Qb|
ÔivgivR¨Õ A‡_© GK mr I mnbkxj
mgvR e¨e¯’vцhLv‡b gvbyl †Kvb AKj¨vYKi
KvR Ki‡Z gvbwmK mg_©b cv‡e bv| eywbqv`x
wkÿvi cÖvmw½KZv GLv‡bB †h, Zv †`k ev
RvwZi eywbqv` MV‡b mnvqK f~wgKv cvjb
K‡i| eywbqv`x wkÿvq MvÜxRx 3H ZË¡
A_©vr gv_v, nvZ I ü`q‡K GKm‡½ mPj
ivLvi K_v e‡jwQ‡jb| GB wkÿvq wkÿK I
wkÿv_©x Df‡qB mwµq I Abye‡Üi bxwZ‡Z
Av¯’vkxj _vK‡e| MÖvg n‡e g~j †K›`ª| KvR
n‡e Drcv`bkxjZv| `vwi`ª `~ixKi‡Y civaxb
fviZe‡l© ¯^-wbf©i A_©bxwZi myjyKmÜvb Zuvi
wkÿv e¨e¯’v‡ZB cÖ_g cvIqv hvq| ZvB wZwb
Avgv‡`i cÖK…Z RvZxq wkÿK| ÔfviZ Qv‡ov
Av‡›`vj‡bÕi †kl w`‡K wZwb eywbqv`x wkÿv‡K
AviI Z¡ivwš^Z K‡ib| G wkÿvi PviwU ¯ÍiÑ
1. cÖvK-eywbqv`x: mvZ eQ‡ii Kg eq‡mi
wkÿv_©x‡`i Rb¨, 2. eywbqv`x wkÿv: 7-14 eQi
eq‡mi wkÿv_©x‡`i Rb¨ 3. DËieywbqv`x: 14+
eq‡mi wkÿv_©x‡`i Rb¨, 4. cÖvß eq¯‹‡`i
wkÿv: †Kvb eqtmxgv †bB|
me‡k‡l ejv †h‡Z cv‡i, wkÿvi g~j
jÿ¨‡K A_©bxwZ I †`kxq Dbœq‡bi m‡½ mshy³
Kivi fvebv BwZc~‡e© †Kvb wkÿvwe` fv‡ebwb|
wewÿßfv‡e †Kvb cÖqvm _vK‡ZB cv‡i|
wKš‘ ZË¡MZ Ávb AvniY‡KB Avgiv GLbI
wkÿvi g~jwfwË e‡j g‡b Kwi| MvÜxRx wKš‘
mwZ¨Kv‡ii m„Rbkxj Kv‡Ri gva¨‡gB wkÿvi
mv_©KZv Abyfe Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb| eywbqv`x
wkÿvi gva¨‡g wkí m‡PZbZv M‡o †ZvjvB
wQj Zuvi wkÿvfvebvi Avw` I AšÍ| wkÿv
†h Drcv`bgyLx n‡Z cv‡iÑ GB fvebvwUB
Zuv‡K AvRI cÖvmw½K K‡i †i‡L‡Q| AvR‡Ki
fvi‡Zi bqv wkÿv_©x ev AwffveKiv GB
hvwš¿K wkÿv I wk‡íi w`‡K ev¯ÍweK Kvi‡YB
Szu‡K c‡o‡Qb| G‡ÿ‡Î cw_K…r †mB gnvZ¥v
MvÜxB|
wKš‘ `yt‡Li welq, AvaywbK wkÿvi
meiKg Dcv`vb MvÜxRxi wkÿvfvebvq
_vK‡jI miKvwi `„wóf½x I iƒcvq‡Yi
A`ÿZvq Zv mviv‡`‡k we‡kl †Kvb cÖfve
†dj‡Z cv‡iwb| fviZxq ms¯‹…wZi mgš^‡q †h
¯^‡`kxq wkÿve¨e¯’v M‡o †Zvjv m¤¢e Zv Avi
GKRb gbxlx Dcjwä K‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb n‡jb
wek¦fviZxi cÖwZôvZv iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi| GKwU
¯^Zš¿ wkÿv cÖwZôvb wbqgZvwš¿K c×wZ‡Z
wek¦ew›`Z wkÿvqZbiƒ‡c M‡o cieZ©x ch©v‡q
Zvi miKvwi AbyK~j¨jvf wbtm‡›`‡n eo NUbv
| MvÜxRx †m my‡hvM cvbwb| ZeyI Ebwesk
kZ‡K fviZxq wkÿvi ÁvbcÖ`xc cÖ¾¡j‡bi
cÖ_g K…wZZ¡ gnvZ¥v MvÜxiB †Kb bv wZwbB
cÖ_g Dcjwä K‡iwQ‡jbÑYou have to
draw out all that is in the child
through teaching all the processes
of the HANDICRAFT and all your
lessons in HISTORY, GEOGRAPHY
and ARITHMETIC will be related to
CRAFT.
mybxj AvPvh© cwðge‡½i Kwe, cÖvewÜK
Z_¨FY :
1. wkÿvi `vk©wbK ˆeÁvwbK wfwËÑ Aa¨vcK
mykxj ivq| †mvg eyKG‡RwÝ, KjKvZv
2. D”Pgva¨wgK wkÿv weÁvbÑ W. b~iæj
Bmjvg| kªxai cÖKvkbx, KjKvZv
7
†Kqv dzj (cyiæl)
†Kqv dj (cvKv)
†Mvc‡b †Mvc‡b
Gwj †Kqv
Av wg iæ j Av j g Lv b
elv©Kvj iex›`ª we‡ePbvq †cÖg wb‡e`‡bi Dchy³ ÿY| wj‡L‡Qb, ÔGgb
Òwiwg wSg wiwg wSg
H bvwgj †`qv|
ïwb wkn‡i K`g,
we`‡i †Kqv \Ó ...
8
w`‡b Zv‡i ejv hvq, Ggb Nb‡Nvi ewilvq|Õ Zv Agb elv©i AvMg‡b Zv‡K
¯^vMZ Rvbv‡Z †cÖqmxi iƒcm¾v †Kgb n‡e? iex›`ªbv_ mvwR‡q‡Qb Zvi
Kíbvi †cÖqmx‡K,
Ô†KZKx †Kk‡i †Kkcvk K‡iv myifx,
ÿxY KwUZ‡U Mvuw_ j‡q c‡iv Kiex,
K`¤^‡iYy weQvBqv `vI kq‡b,
AÄb Avu‡Kv bq‡b|Õ
†cÖqmx‡K myiwfZ Ki‡Z †KZKx ev †Kqvi Rywo †bB| bRiæjI wj‡L‡Qb,
Ô†KZKx-K`g-h~w_Kv Kzmy‡g Muv_ gvwjKvÕ, Zuvi weL¨vZ ÔG wK Aciƒc iƒ‡c
gv †Zvgvi †nwiby cjøx-RbbxÕ †`kvZ¥‡evaK Mv‡b| †mB †Kqv cÖùzwUZ nq
elv©q| elv©q hLb Avuavi Nwb‡q Av‡m, †gN evRvq W¤^iæ ZLb we`xY© nq
†KZKx| bRiæj MvB‡Qb,
Ôwiwg wSg wiwg wSg H bvwgj †`qv|
ïwb wkn‡i K`g, we`‡i †Kqv \Õ
ïay †h iwe A¯ÍwgZ n‡jB Avuavi Nwb‡q Av‡m Zv bq, Nbelv©I Avuavi Nwb‡q
†Zv‡j, ZLb A`„k¨ n‡q hvq e„ÿivwR| `k©b, kªeY, ¯úk© hLb Am¤¢e n‡q
I‡V ZLb †Zv NÖv‡Yw›`ªqB GKgvÎ fimv| `k©biwnZ †cÖgv¯ú`‡K ZLb
†Kej NÖv‡YB Dcjwä Kiv hvq| iex›`ªbv_
†evaKwi GgbB cwi‡e‡k iPbv K‡iwQ‡jb
Zvi weL¨vZ GB MvbwU,
ÔQvqv NbvB‡Q e‡b e‡b, MM‡b MM‡b Wv‡K
†`qv|
K‡e beNb-ewil‡Y †Mvc‡b †Mvc‡b Gwj
†Kqv \Õ
AÜKv‡i c~e nvIqv‡Z †f‡m G‡m myevm
AvKzj K‡i †cÖwgKü`q| `viæY AwMœev‡Yi
cÖLi MÖx‡®§i Kvj †_‡KB elv©M‡gi A‡cÿvq
†Kqvi Awfmv‡ii cÖ¯‘wZ| Ae‡k‡l elv©i
†`Lv †g‡j,
Ôcyi‡e bxie Bkviv‡Z GK`v wb`ªvnxb iv‡Z
nvIqv‡Z Kx c‡_ w`wj †LqvÑ
Avlv‡pi †Lqv‡ji †Kvb †Lqv \Õ
Avov‡j Avov‡j †`qv-†bqvÑ
Avcbvq jyKv‡q †`qv †bqv \Õ
†mB gayMÜfiv †KZKx cy®ú fxZ mš¿¯Í bvixi
gZ KÈKvKxY© `xN© NbcÎivwRi Avov‡j
jywK‡q †_‡K †hb wb‡Ri m¤£g iÿv K‡i|
Mfxi I gv`KZvc~Y© †Kqvi M‡Ü cvMj n‡q
Qz‡U Av‡m ågiKzj| wKš‘ †Kqv dz‡j gay †bB,
Av‡Q KuvUvq fiv j¤^v cvZvi ivwk| dz‡ji Mf©
civ‡M fiv, Zv‡Z gay †bB, †fvgiv civ‡Mi
†jv‡f Qz‡U G‡m Zv‡Z gvLvgvwL K‡i †Pv‡Li
`„wó Av”Qbœ K‡i| iƒcgy» cyiæl cZ½I
Suvwc‡q c‡o ¸Ynxb bvixi Dci, cwiYv‡g
bvixi Kv‡Q cvq m‡¤¢v‡Mi R¡vjv,
Ô†h gay ü`‡q wQj gvLv KvuUv‡Z Kx f‡q
w`wj XvKv|
eywS Gwj hvi Awfmv‡i g‡b g‡b †`Lv nj
Zv‡i,Õ
dz‡ji gZB †KqvcvZv wb‡qI Kve¨ K‡i‡Qb
iex›`ªbv_| ÔQzwUi w`‡bÕ KweZvq QzwUi w`‡bi
Avb‡›` †KqvcvZvi †bŠKv ˆZwi K‡i †Kvb
wK‡kvigb,
Ô†KqvcvZvq †bŠKv Mwo mvwR‡q †`e dz‡j,
Zvj`xwN‡Z fvwm‡q †`e Pj‡e `y‡j `y‡j|Õ
`xN© †KqvcvZvi `yÕav‡i AvbvimcvZvi gZB
Kiv‡Zi gZ aviv‡jv Ges m~uPv‡jv `vuZ|
dzjwUI eo, †gvPvi gZ †`L‡Z| †dv‡U
elv©q, Zv ejvB evûj¨| Mfxi I gv`KZvc~Y©
†Kqv `yÕiK‡giÑ †k¦Z Ges †mvbvjx| AvKv‡i
e„nr †k¦Z †KZKx cyiæl, Avi ÿz`ª, myMÜZi
I my›`iZi †mvbvjx †KZKx bvix| cyiæl dzj
†_‡KB ˆZwi nq myMÜx †KIov Rj| †KZK,
†KZKx, †KZzwK †Kqvi mgvj¼…Z bvg;
wnw›`‡Z †KIov, gvivwV‡Z †KZKx, †KIov,
Dwoqv fvlvq wKqv| Bs‡iwR‡Z Umbrella
tree, Screw pine, Screw tree,
divwm‡Z Pandanus. Pandanaceae
cwiev‡ii †Kqvi ˆeÁvwbK bvg Pandanus
odoratissimus.
Gwkqv, Avwd«Kv, A‡÷ªwjqv I cÖkvšÍ
gnvmvMixq MÖx®§cÖavb GjvKvq †Kqv R‡b¥|
†cŠivwYKKvj †_‡KB myMÜx †Kqvdzj
fviZxq‡`i cwiwPZ| Dfq e‡½ †Kqv
R‡b¥| mgZ‡ji †Kqv D”P ce©‡ZI †dv‡U|
¯‹›`cyiv‡Y gv‡nk¦i L‡Ê †Kqvi D‡jøL Av‡Q|
wngvj‡qi cv`‡`‡k Fwlcjøxi cvk w`‡q
bMœ‡`‡n ågYiZ wk‡ei iƒ‡c gy» KvgvZziv
FwlcZœxMY wke‡K AbymiY KiwQ‡jb|
Zv †`‡L FwlMY ci¯¿x Acni‡Yi `v‡q
wk‡ei wj½ L‡m covi Awfkvc †`b| eªþv
I weòz Df‡q ¯^M© I cvZvj Luy‡RI öwjZ
wkewj‡½i †`Lv †c‡jb bv| e¨_©Zv jyKv‡Z
eªþv †KZKx‡K Aby‡iva Ki‡jb †m †hb
e‡j, wkewj‡½i DaŸ©fv‡Mi †`Lv †c‡q‡Qb
eªþv| †`eZv‡`i cvi¯úwiK †ilv‡iwli dj
nj GB †h, PZzi weòzi †Rivi gy‡L aiv c‡o
†Mj †KZKx| wg_¨v ej‡Z cÖ‡ivwPZ Kivi
Rb¨ Fwliv eªþv‡K Awfkvc w`‡jb, †h gy‡L
wZwb (eªþv) wg_¨v e‡j‡Qb †m gy‡Li c~Rv
n‡e bv| Avi wg_¨vPv‡ii Rb¨ myMÜx †KZKx
wkec~Rvq wbwl× nj| ZvB wK GZ myevm †h
dz‡j †mB †KZKx e‡b R½‡j eo Abv`‡i
R‡b¥, wejvmxi evMv‡b VuvB †bB Zvi?
Awfkß †Kqv Ah‡Zœ w`we¨ †e‡o I‡V, Wvj
†K‡U esk we¯Ívi Kiv hvq| XvKvq ejav
Mv‡W©b, igbv cvK©, †evUvwbK Mv‡W©b, h‡kvi
wkÿv †ev‡W© †Kqv mh‡Zœ jvwjZ| 10-15 dzU
DuPz nq MvQ| cyi‡bv Mv‡Q KvÊ †_‡K e‡Ui
gZ Szwi †ei nq| KvÊ k³ I †MvjvKvi|
dj 7-8 Bw j¤^v, iO Kgjv, cxZ I a~mi|
GKm‡½ 15-20wU dj nq| dj Lye k³
Ges †MvjvKvi| wfZ‡i KuvVv‡ji gZ †Kvqv
nq| MÖv‡g Zv‡K †Kqv-KuvVvj e‡j|
AvovB nvRvi eQi cÖvPxb cvwj mvwn‡Z¨I
ÔRvZ‡Ki lô LÛ Ôwek¦šÍi RvZKÕ-G ewY©Z
cy®úZvwjKvq AR©yb-wKsï‡Ki mv‡_ †KZKxi
D‡jøL Av‡Q| Øv`k kZvãxi MxZ‡Mvwe‡›`i
cÖ_g m‡M©B D‡jøL cvIqv hvq †KZKxi,
Ôelv©q weinx‡`i ü`‡q †h wcÖ‡qi wein G‡m
Kz‡i Kz‡i Lvq Zvi c~Y© wb`k©b IB †Kqvi
biæYvK…wZ gyLÕ|
†cŠivwYK Kvwnbx‡Z hvB _vK, wejvmxi
evMv‡b Zvi ¯’vb †nvK ev bv †nvK, AvaywbK
KweKz‡ji wcÖq dzj †Kqv| iex›`ªbv_,
bRiæ‡ji AmsL¨ Mv‡b I KweZvq †Kqvi
mcÖksm D‡jøL cvB| iex›`ªbv‡_i ÔQvqv
NbvB‡Q e‡b e‡b, MM‡b MM‡b Wv‡K †`qvÕ
Mv‡b †Kqv wei‡ni Abyl½ bq, eis wgj‡bi
myi †mLv‡b ¯úó| beNb elv©q Kwe †hb
wcÖqvi cÖZxKx Qwe Kíbv K‡ib †Kqv dz‡ji
g‡a¨| cÂ`kx ZiæYx hLb †hŠebvM‡g _i_i
eÿ ZLb iex›`ªbv_ MvB‡Qb,
ÔcÖ_g Avlv‡pi †KZKx †mŠif Ze wb`ªv‡Z\
†hb AiY¨gg©i
¸Äwi D‡V Ze e‡ÿ _i_i|Õ
Avi †Kqvi wbh©vm w`‡q ˆZwi myevwmZ †KIov
Rj †`qv m‡›`k Kvi bv wcÖq? †KIovR‡j
myevwmZ Lv`¨m¤¢vi imbv Z…ß KiZ
†fvRbwejvmx‡`iÑ µ‡gB Zv cwiYZ n‡”Q
†Kej ¯§„wZ‡Z|
Avwgiæj Avjg Lvb wkÿvwe`, cÖvewÜK
9
we‡eKvb›` †e`všÍ I mywdev`
W. †nv ‡m by i i n gv b
“Unto you your religion, and unto me my religion.”
ÑThe Koran.
“I was hidden treasure, and I desired to be known,
therefore I created the creation in order that I might
be known.” ÑThe Koran.
“We want to lead mankind to the place where there is
neither the Vedas, the Bible, and the Koran; Yet this has
to be done by harmonizing the Vedas, the Bible, and
the Koran. Mankind ought to be taught that religions
are but the varied expressions of the RELIGION
which is Oneness, so that each may choose the path
that suits him best.ӄSwami Vivekananda, Letter
written to Mohammed Sarfaraz Hussain, 10 June
1898.
¯^‡`k, mf¨Zv I BwZnv‡mi wePvi ¯^vgx we‡eKvb›` Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb
w¯’i ˆe`vwšÍK mbœ¨vmxi ¯^ag© cvjb K‡i| IB m‡½ AvMvgxKv‡ji
fviZe‡l©i Pjgvb Rxeb I wewgkª ms¯‹…wZi w`‡KI Zvi `„wó wQj
cÖLi| wn›`yag© cÖPv‡ii A_© wQj Zuvi Kv‡Q hy³ ms¯‹…wZi Awfe¨w³|
ag©‡K mgvR I ms¯‹…wZi †cÖÿvc‡U ¯’vcb Kivi cÖ_g cÖ¯Íve ¯^vgxRxB
Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb| wkKv‡Mv ag© gnvm‡¤§j‡b wZwb ¯úó K‡i ej‡Z
cvi‡jb a‡g©i ¶z`ª cÖvKvi fvO‡Z n‡e| gvby‡li m‡½ gvbyl‡K hy³
Ki‡Z n‡e| ag©‡K RvZxqZvev‡`i weavb I kvmb †_‡K gy³ Ki‡Z
10
n‡e| Z‡eB a‡g©i wek¦iƒc Awfe¨³ n‡e| gvbyl gyw³ cv‡e| GB
cÖ_g cwðg c„w_exi gvbyl a‡g©i mgvRZvwš¿K we‡kølY ïb‡Z †cj|
gvbyl eyS‡Z cvij h_v_© ag© gvbyl‡K k„•LwjZ Ki‡Z cv‡i bv, Zv‡K
wek¦‡PZbvi Hk¦‡h© cwic~Y©Zvi ¯^v` w`‡Z cv‡i| ga¨hy‡Mi fviZxq
Rxebmvabv ¯^vgxRx‡K mg„× K‡i‡Q me‡P‡q †ewk| bvbK Kwei ˆPZb¨
†h AvPviÑwePvik~b¨ gvbeZ‡š¿i ¯^iƒc‡K cÖKvk K‡iwQ‡jb ZviB GK
ev¯Íe gvbweK g~j¨‡eva‡K we‡eKvb›` we‡k¦i `iev‡i †ck Ki‡jb|
Avgiv mPwKZ njvg| ab¨ njvg| mn‡R †evSv †Mj a‡g©i mnR mij
mvejxj gvbemZ¨ Kx n‡Z cv‡i| †mB mZ¨B nj wek¦Rbxb ag©| GB
wek¦RbxbZv †h KZ `y‡e©va¨, KZ `y®cÖvc¨, KZ AMg¨ Zv we‡eKvb›`
nv‡o nv‡o ey‡SwQ‡jb| Zvi cÖgvY Zuvi gyL †_‡K: mve©‡fŠg a‡g©i
Av`k© ewj‡Z Z‡e Avwg wK eywS? Avwg Ggb †Kvb mve©‡fŠg `vk©wbK
ZË¡, †Kvb mve©‡fŠg †cŠivwYK ZË¡, A_ev †Kvb mve©‡fŠg AvPvic×wZi K_v ewj‡ZwQ bv hvnv mK‡jB gvwbqv P‡j| KviY Avwg
Rvwb †h bvbv cv‡K P‡µ MwVZ, AwZ RwUj I AwZ we¯§qven GB
RMr-iƒc `y‡e©va¨ I wekvj hš¿wU eivei GBfv‡e Pwj‡Z _vwK‡e|
Avgiv Z‡e wK Kwi‡Z cvwi? Avgiv Bnv‡K myPviæiƒ‡c Pwj‡Z mvnvh¨
Kwi‡Z cvwi| Bnvi Nl©Y KgvB‡Z cvwi, Bnvi Pµ¸wj ˆZjwm³ I
gm„Y ivwL‡Z cvwi| wKiƒ‡c? ˆel‡g¨i ¯^vfvweK cÖ‡qvRbxqZv ¯^xKvi
Kwiqv| Avgvw`M‡K Avgv‡`i ¯^fveekZB †hgb GKZ¡ ¯^xKvi Kwi‡Z
nq, †mBiƒc ˆelg¨I Aek¨ ¯^xKvi Kwi‡Z nB‡e| Avgvw`M‡K wkÿv
Kwi‡Z nB‡e †h, GKB mZ¨ jÿfv‡e cÖKvwkZ nB‡Z cv‡i, Ges
cÖ‡Z¨K fvewUB wbw`©ó mxgvi g‡a¨ h_v_©|
Avgvw`M‡K wkÿv Kwi‡Z nB‡e †Kvb welq‡K
kZ cÖKvi wewfbœ w`K nB‡Z †`Lv P‡j, A_P
e¯‘wU GKB _v‡K (¯^vgx we‡eKvb‡›`i evYx
I iPbv, Z…Zxq LÊ, c„. 114-5)| GB n‡”Q
Zzjbvg~jK ag©ZË¡ wkÿvi cÖ_g D”PvwiZ
DrK…óZg f~wgKv|
Mfxi KvÊÁvb, ¯^vfvweK-A¯^vfvweK
gvbee„wËi cÖwZ A‡kl †SuvK Ges Ôeû‡Z¡i
g‡a¨ GKZ¡‡K mÜvb KivB fviZxq HwZ‡n¨i
ˆewkó¨ÕÑ GB K_vwU ev¯Íeag© I fveev`x
we‡eKvb›` GZ my›`i Ges ewjô K‡i ej‡Z
†c‡iwQ‡jb| Ges GB cv_©K¨ †_‡KB wZwb
wek¦åvZ…Z¡‡K ey‡S‡Qb| Gevi ¯^vgxRx Zuvi
Kvh©c×wZ cÖm‡½ ej‡Qb: Avgvi Kvh©cÖYvjx
wK? gvbeRvwZ‡K Avwg cÖ_‡gB GB bxwZwU
gvwbqv jB‡Z Aby‡iva KwiÑ ÔwKQz bó
KwiI bvÕ| aŸsmev`x ms¯‹viKMY RM‡Zi
†Kvb DcKviB Kwi‡Z cv‡i bv| †Kvb wKQz
G‡Kev‡i fvwOI bv| G‡Kev‡i a~wjmvr KwiI
bv, eis MVb Ki| hw` cvi mvnvh¨ Ki, hw`
bv cvi, nvZ ¸UvBqv Pzc Kwiqv `uvovBqv _
vK, Ges †hgb Pwj‡Z‡Q Pwj‡Z `vI| hw`
mvnvh¨ bv Kwi‡Z cvi, Awbó KwiI bv|
wØZxqZ †h †hLv‡b Zvnv‡K †mLvb nB‡Z
Dc‡i Zzwjevi †Póv Ki| hw` BnvB mZ¨
nq †h, fMevbB mKj a‡g©i †K›`ª¯^iƒc Ges
Avgiv cÖ‡Z¨‡KB †hb GKwU e„‡Ëi wewfbœ
e¨vmva© w`qv †mB †K‡›`ªiB w`‡K AMÖmi
nB‡ZwQ, Zvnv nB‡j Avgiv mK‡j wbðqB
†K‡›`ª †cŠwQe Ges †hцK‡›`ª mKj e¨vmva©
wgwjZ nq, †mB †K‡›`ª †cŠwQqv Avgv‡`i
mKj ˆelg¨ wZ‡ivwnZ nB‡e| wKš‘ †h ch©šÍ
bv †mLv‡b †cŠQvB, †m ch©šÍ ˆelg¨ Aek¨B
_vwK‡e| GB mKj e¨vmva©B †K‡›`ª mw¤§wjZ
nq| (evYx I iPbv, c„t 177)
we‡eKvb›` †Kvb mnR cš’vq wKsev
c×wZ‡Z gvbe‰gÎx AwR©Z n‡e Ggb K_v
†Kvbw`b ej‡Z Pvbwb| eis ej‡Z †P‡q‡Qb,
A‡bK K‡óB †Kó‡K GRxe‡b †c‡Z nq|
Ges `vwe K‡i‡Qb, †c‡ZB n‡e| KviY GB
cvIqvi g‡a¨B gbyl¨RvwZi mg~n g½j|
Ab¨_vq aŸsm Awbevh©| GLv‡b Avi GKwU
wRwbm we‡kl D‡jøL‡hvM¨| GB gvbe‰gÎxi
evYx cÖPvi Kivi mgq mgMÖ gvbeRvwZ Zuvi
`„wó‡Z wQj, fviZel© bq| 1893 mv‡j GKwU
civaxb †`‡ki mbœ¨vmx Ggb K‡i wek¦‡PZbvq
¯^ZtcÖe„Ë n‡Z cv‡ib! GUvB †Zv cigvðh©
NUbv| GB NUbv D`NvUb Ki‡jB †`Lv hv‡e
†mKv‡ji Ges GKv‡ji AvbyôvwbK ag©vbyôvb,
mv¤cÖ`vwqK DMÖZv, RvwZ-¯úk©KvZiZv
we‡eKvb›`‡K KZUv DwØMœ K‡i‡Q| ag©‡K
mvwe©K gvbeKj¨v‡Yi ¯^iƒc e‡j †NvlYv KivB
Zuvi Rxe‡bi mvabv wQj| kZel© c‡i 1995
mv‡ji w`‡K ZvwK‡q mn‡RB †evSv hvq
†h, Kx ivR‰bwZK conformity, Kx ag©xq
†gŠjev`, Kx A_©‰bwZK wek¦vqbÑ hvwš¿KZvi
ch©v‡q †cŠ‡Q †M‡j (Ges hv hv‡”QB)
e¨e¯’vUvB _vK‡e, g‡i hv‡e gvbyl| gvbyl
euvP‡e Zvi ¯^Ztù~Z©Zv, m‡PZbZv, ¯^vaxbZv
wb‡q| GB †h gvbyl I Zvi Rxebjxjv G GK
wewPÎ m¤ú` GB gvbe emyÜivi| G‡Z hw`
†Kvbw`b Uvb c‡o, GB gvbyl hw` †Kvbw`b
RM‡Zi GB FZzi½kvjvi ˆewPΨ †_‡K
ewÂZ nq Zvn‡j Avi G RM‡Zi Kx _vKj?
hZ w`b hv‡”Q †evSv hv‡”Q gvbyl mgZ‡U
e‡m mgvbvwaKvi PvB‡e wKš‘ AbyiƒcZv mn¨
Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv|
GKw`b gvbyl wb‡Ri K_v wb‡q e¨¯Í
wQj| †m w`b wQj Avw`gZvi RxebmÜvb: Avwg
ebvg wek¦| AvaywbK gvby‡li cÖv_©bv: GKvKx
Mvq‡Ki b‡n †Zv Mvb! AvR gvby‡li HKZvb
†_‡K GKwUgvÎ AvZ©bv` (wKsev msKí) †kvbv
hv‡”Q: iÿv Ki GB bi‡jvK‡K| †mw`b cÖLi
eyw×, ARi cÖwZfv, A‡kl ü`q‡eva w`‡q
we‡eKvb›` G me RwUj welq †hb cÖZ¨ÿ
K‡iwQ‡jb| ey‡SwQ‡jb †hgb AvR Avgiv
eyS‡Z eva¨ nw”Q: c„w_exi mgm¨v c„w_ex‡K
iÿv Kiv, †mB iÿvKv‡R cwi‡ek`~lYgy³
c„w_ex, ms¯‹vigy³ c„w_ex wkÿvcÖvß c„w_ex,
RbùxwZn«vmcÖvß c„w_ex Kvg¨, Av`‡k©i m‡½
Av`‡k©i Ø›Ø Kvg¨ bq| Mfxi KvÊÁvb,
ev¯Íe wePvieyw×, cÖLb gvbem¤úK©, fviZxq
HwZn¨ I mf¨Zvi ˆewkó¨| Gme Abykvmb
we‡eKvb‡›`i Rxeb`k©b| GB Rxeb`k©b
AvR c„w_ex‡K m‡PZb K‡i Zz‡j‡Q| huviv G
RM‡Zi QÎcwZ, Zuviv AvR gy³K‡É ej‡Z
cvi‡Qb: RMrUv †QvU n‡q Avm‡Q, Avgiv
`ªæZ evm KiwQ GKwU µg¶z`ªvqZb c„w_ex
bvgK MÖv‡g| Avgiv G me Dcjwä KweZv
†_‡K AR©b Kwiwb, Rxe‡bi wecbœZv †_‡K
K‡iwQ| A‡bK †fvM¨cY¨ev` PP©v K‡i,
mv¤cÖ`vwqK ag©vPvi K‡i, †bkb †÷U K‡i,
A¯¿-evRvi K‡i GB wm×v‡šÍ G‡mwQ †h,
RvZxq mve©‡fŠgZ¡ AvR wØZxq mvwi‡Z P‡j
hv‡”Q, cÖ_g mvwi‡Z D‡V Avm‡Q ozone
depletion Ges oceanic pollution,
A_©vr mgm¨v ecology-i, ideology-i
bq| mgm¨vUv gvby‡li Abœmgm¨v, ag©mgm¨v
bq| mgm¨vUv AvR‡Ki fvlvq, fvj gw›`i,
gmwR`, wMR©v ˆZwi Kiv bq| mgm¨vUv Av‡iv
†ewk ˆPZb¨, Av‡iv †ewk Z¨vM, Av‡iv †ewk
hv‡K Rvwb bv Zv‡K eyS‡Z cvivi Zvi;
cÖwZ mnvbyf~wZkxj n‡Z cvivi| mnvbyf~wZ
A‡a©KUv Acicÿ‡K eyS‡Z cviv, A‡a©KUv
wb‡Ri †PZbv‡K RvMÖZ Kiv| GB `yB‡qi
ms‡hvM¯’‡j `uvwo‡q we‡eKvb›` †e`všÍ‡K
dwjZ `k©‡b cwiYZ Ki‡jb| kv¯¿? Avwg
eywS bv| Avwg eywS Rxeb, Ges G Rxeb †h
Amxg ab †mB Dcjwä Avgv‡K †KejB AbšÍ
kw³c~‡Äi ga¨ w`‡q PvwjZ K‡i| cÖn‡i
cÖn‡i Avgvi D‡Øvab, ¶‡Y ¶‡Y Avgvi
DËiY| GB D‡Øvab-DËiY Avgvi Rxe‡bi
ag©| G‡KB ej‡Z nq, we‡eKvb›` mgMÖ|
GB ag©‡ev‡a Avgiv hLb AwaKvi jvf
Kwi ZLb we‡eKvb‡›`i †e`všÍ Avgv‡`i
Rxe‡b ¯^ZtcÖKvwkZ| ZvB‡Z Avgiv GZ
mg„×, GZ gy³, GZ wØRZ¡ cÖvß| GB
gbyl¨-c„w_exUv‡K iÿv Kivi cÖ¯Íve AvR
w`‡K w`‡K D”PvwiZ n‡”Q| ejv n‡”Q,
mnR n‡q AvmyK G Rxeb, my›`i †nvK
GB k¨vgjx c„w_ex, gvbyl eÜbgy³ †nvK|
†Kej wkÿv, †Kej ¯^v¯’¨, †Kej weÁvb,
c„w_ex‡K iÿv Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| G me wKQz
PvIqvi Av‡M c„w_ex bvgK MÖn‡K iÿv Kiv
PvB| AvR‡Ki mgvRweÁvbxi fvlvq: We
typically go to great lengths to
provide for our children, investing
heavily in education and health
care. How much are we willing
to invest in a habitable planet for
them? At issue is whether we are
collectively ready to make the
effort, to undertake the struggle
that is needed to bring a new world
into being. As advertisers are fond
of saying, this is a “limited time
offer”. It will soon expire. GB bZzb
c„w_ex iPbvi msKí K‡iwQ‡jb we‡eKvb›`|
AvR GK‡kv eQi ci GB “offer” Av‡iv
n«¯^Zi n‡q G‡m‡Q| mgq bó Kivi ÔmgqÕ
†bB| GB cÖ_g c„w_ex‡Z Avgiv mevB
GKwUgvÎ welq wbe©vPb Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ: GB
gvby‡li c„w_ex‡K iÿv Kiv PvB| G KvR
Kivi Rb¨ gy³avivi Drm PvB| be be
Rxe‡bi mÜvb PvB| †e`všÍ‡K ‘Voice of
Freedom’ ejv n‡q‡Q| gvby‡li me‡P‡q
eo ˆ`b¨ Zvi eÜb`kv| mKj †f`eyw× †_‡K
gy³ n‡Z cviv, Aeyw× †_‡K eywׇZ hvÎv Kiv,
hyw³‡Z Rxeb‡K Af¨¯Í Ki‡Z cviv gvby‡li
GKvšÍ msKí| GB Zvi Rb¥MZ ¯^vaxbZv|
GB hyw³cš’x gvbyl me wek¦vm, me HwZn¨,
me Abykvmb‡K MÖnY K‡i, PP©v K‡i Ges
†kl ch©šÍ †Kvb GKwU wek¦v‡mi Øviv h‡_ó
mg„ׇeva K‡i bv| gvbyl hZ DbœZgvM©x n‡e
ZZB Zv‡K eûZ¡ev`x n‡Z n‡e| ms¯‹…wZi
ag©B ZvB| mgvR I mvwnZ¨ GB ¯^fve‡K
¯^xKvi K‡i P‡j| wbgœMvgx ms¯‹…wZ `vwe K‡i
Zvi AÜ K~c mvM‡ii †P‡q eo| A_©vr Avwg
ebvg wek¦| GB n‡”Q Avw`g gvby‡li msKí|
GLv‡b fq Av‡Q, wnsmv Av‡Q, wbivcËvi
Afve Av‡Q| Avi DbœZgvM©x‡K ej‡Z nq
Avgvi Kve¨ mvwnZ¨ ag© G me wKQzi Z~j¨
g~j¨ wePvi PvB| Z‡eB †Zv G me wKQzi
mZ¨, g~j¨ Av`k© wbY©q Kiv hv‡e| Z‡eB
†Zv gvby‡li gyw³| G me wKQz‡K wb‡q Gme
wKQz‡K Qvwo‡q DV‡Z cviv‡KB gvby‡li g‡a¨
†`egvb‡ei Afy¨`q ejv n‡q‡Q|
†m-B eo gvbyl, Ag„‡Zi mšÍvb|
†`k-Kvj-ag©‡K DËxY© n‡Z †c‡i‡Q GB
gvbyl| GB gvbyl wn›`y-†K Qvwo‡q ˆe`vwšÍK
11
gvby‡l DËxY© n‡q‡Q| `¨v w¯úwiU Ad
g¨vb, GB gvby‡li GKgvÎ g~jab| GB
gvbyl mgKvjxb me©Kvjxb, me©Rbxb| mg¯Í
bxwZkv¯¿ I m‡Z¨i g~j wfwË GLv‡bB| GB
gvbyl D”PviY Ki‡Z cv‡i ÔZË¡gwmÕ-ZzwgB
†mB| GB nj †e`v‡šÍi mvi K_v| GB gvbyl,
Ava¨vwZ¥K gvbyl| ÔAvwgB mZ¨Õ, GB gvbyl
n‡q DV‡Z cv‡i| wn›`y †_‡K wn›`y‡K DËxY©
n‡Z nq, †mUvB †e`v‡šÍi `k©b| gymjgvb
†_‡K gymjgvb‡K DËxY© n‡Z nq, †mUvB
mywdev‡`i `k©b|
mywdev` eû g‡Zi eû c‡_i eû
wek¦v‡mi wbh©vm| mKj mvabvi P~ovšÍ dj|
†Kvb GKwU gZ GKwU c_ GKwU wek¦vm
gvbyl‡K gyw³ w`‡Z cv‡i bv| mKj wek¦v‡mi
P~ovšÍ Aa¨vZ¥KiY †e`v‡šÍ, mywd`k©‡b m¤¢e
n‡q‡Q|
Bmjv‡gi P~ovšÍ Aa¨vZ¥ev`‡KB
mywdi ag© ejv n‡q‡Q| Beb wmwib (g„.
729) e‡j‡Qb: I prefer to follow the
example of the prophet who dressed
in cotton.’ mywd Ck¦i‡K mÜvb K‡ib GB
c„w_ex‡Z me©Î| mywdi ag© Zvi gg©| Ck¦i
Zvi AšÍ‡ii AšÍiZg,AvcbRb| mLv eÜz
cÖxwZimwm³ Ck¦i me©ÿY mywd‡K Zuvi AšÍi½
K‡i †Zv‡jb| AvDj evDj dwKi me©`vB
Ck¦i mÜv‡bi c‡_i cw_K| mywdiv G‡`iB
mn‡hv×v, G‡`iB eÜz| †e`všÍ, †eŠ×, whï
I Zuvi m¤cÖ`vq, G‡`i mK‡ji gnvmw¤§jb
NU‡Q mywdi Rxeb mvabvq| nhiZ gn¤§`
(`:)-Gi w`evivwÎi cÖv_©bv wQjÑÔ`vwi`ªB
Avgvi Hk¦h©|Õ cieZ©xKv‡j eû mywd msN
GUv‡KB gš¿ e‡j †R‡bwQ‡jb|
Ck¦i‡cÖg, me wKQzi g‡a¨ Ck¦i‡K
Abyfe Kiv, wb‡Ri †fZ‡i Av‡jv R¡vjv mywdi
RxebKg©| Ck¦i‡K fq bq, Ck¦i fvjevmvq
D™¢vwmZ n‡q IVv| Zvcmx mywd iv‡eqv (g„.
801)Ñi Rxeb Avgv‡`i Ck¦i AbyivwMYx
gxivi K_v g‡b Kwi‡q †`q| iv‡eqvi
Rxebmvabv †NvlYv K‡i The mainspring
of mysticism is ‘love’. Zvcmx ej‡Qb:
Love of God hath so absorbed
me that neither love nor hate of
any other thing remains in my
heart. GB Dcjwä gvbyl‡K ej‡Z †kLvq
contemplation †_‡K illumination,
A‡cÖg †_‡K †cÖg, AÜKvi †_‡K Av‡jv GB
mywd mva‡Ki Rxeb| GB Rxe‡bi P~ovšÍ
cÖKvk N‡UwQj cvim¨‡`‡ki mywd gbmyi
Avj nv¾v‡Ri Rxe‡b| wZwb Ck¦‡ii m‡½
wb‡R‡K GKvZ¥ K‡i fve‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb|
bk¦i †`n Ck¦‡ii D‡Ï‡k¨ wb‡ew`Z ˆb‡e`¨|
mywd gbmy‡ii AvwZ© eyS‡Z n‡j wb‡Pi
K_v¸‡jv Av‡M ey‡S wb‡Z n‡e| ag©cÖvY
gymjgvb Ck¦ifRbv‡K w`evivwÎi Kve¨
Ávb K‡ib, Anin D”PviY Ki‡Z nq Zv‡K
There is no god but God (Lā ilāha
12
illā Llah) G‡K Bs‡iwR‡Z Bmjvgwe‡`iv
e‡j‡Qb ‘revealed testification’ G‡KB
†Kviv‡bi fvlvq Shahaah ejv n‡”Q|
ejvB evûj¨, kvnv`n-i †Kvb e¨vL¨v we‡kølY
P‡j bv| cÖL¨vZ Bmjvgwe` Martin Lings
e‡j‡Qb: ‘It is both open and closed
obvious and enigmatic, and even
in its obviousness it is something
of a stranger to the mind which
it dazzles because it reverberates
with hidden implications. (What is
Sufism? c„. 64, Unwin Paperbacks,
1975) Gevi wjsm ¯^M©xq wbh©vm (Divine
Essence) †evSv‡bvi Rb¨ A Sufi Saint
of the Twentith Country †_‡K GB
wZbwU PiY DׄZ Ki‡Qb
‘It is Hidden in Its Own
Outward Manifestation wherein It
doth appear
As Veil after Veil made to cover
Its Glory’
A‡bK mva¨Ñmvabv K‡i AšÍwenxb
c_ †cwi‡q f³‡K Ck¦ijvf Ki‡Z nq|
GB Ic‡ii KweZvq wbwnZ Av‡Q mywdev‡`i
mvi K_vwU| Ck¦‡ii kZ bvg| GB bvg¸wj
w`‡q Divine Essence †K †evSv hvq|
Divine Essence comprises in
Itself, like Allah, the totality of
Names and does not merely denote
a particular Divine Aspect. The
Names of the Essence are thus in a
sense interchangeable with Allah,
and one such Name is al Haqq,
Truth, Reality (Lings, 1)
GB nj gbmy‡ii Av‡Z¥vcjwä I
am the TruthÑGi mvigg©| Gevi
we‡eKvb‡›`i Dcjwä: Every religion
is only evolving a God out of the
material man and the same God is
the inspirer of all of them.
Ñ (The Complete Works of
Swiami Vivekananda, Vol I, c„:t
18)|
Avgiv Rvwb, GB mywd gnvcÖvY
gbmyi‡K Zvi Ggb Aa¨vZ¥evw`Zvi R‡b¨
cÖvY w`‡Z n‡qwQj| GLv‡b D‡jøL¨, hviv
GB gnvRxe‡bi cªvY`Êv‡`k K‡iwQ‡jb Zviv
†KD mgvRwe‡ivax wQ‡jb bv| ag©wek¦v‡m
Zviv wQ‡jb Abo, w¯’i wQ‡jb a‡g©i weavb
Abymi‡Y| GB kwiqwZ Bmjvg †kl ch©šÍ
mvnvh¨ Kij gymjgv‡bi g‡b weiƒc cÖwZwµqv
m„wó Ki‡Z| GivB mywdmgv‡R wgw÷K
Bmjvg‡K mywbcyYfv‡e wbg©vY K‡i w`j|
mywdiv a‡g©i `k©bZË¡ wb‡q Av‡`Š gv_v Nvgvj
bv| m~²Ávb Zviv PvB‡j bv, hv PvBj Zv‡K
ejv †h‡Z cv‡i Zß Ck¦i AwfÁZvÑ‘living
experience of God’. RvMÖZ †e`všÍ
ivgK…ò †hgb Ck¦i‡K Abyfe K‡i‡Qb
hÎZÎ, †`‡L‡Qb, cÖZ¨ÿ K‡i‡Qb| gvbyl‡K
hZUv †c‡q‡Qb Ck¦i‡KI jvf K‡i‡Qb G
Rxe‡b ZZUvB| jf¨vsk fvM K‡i wb‡q‡Qb
f³, eÜz, cwiwPZ, AcwiwPZ mK‡ji m‡½|
Rxeb m¤cÖmvwiZ n‡q‡Q, Ny‡P †M‡Q e¨envwiK
Rxe‡bi gvwjb¨| Abyiƒcfv‡e mywdiv gvby‡li
gvwjb¨‡K NywP‡q wKsev D‡cÿv K‡i Zv‡K
Wzwe‡q w`‡q‡Qb Avb›` mvM‡i| Gi A_©:
mywdiv GKvšÍB spiritual, intellectual
bq| Faith Zv‡`i Rxe‡bi GK Mfxi
`„wófw½, dogma bq| GKRb Ggb K‡i
ej‡Z cv‡ib, ‘Come where I am, I
can show the Way.’
mywdi fvlvq cÖwZev` Av‡Q| G‡`i
fvlv wb‡R‡`i m„wó| G GK g‡bvig, mv_©K
fvlv, GB fvlv vital for dialogue
between God and man. GKRb
mywdi `iKvi, Ck¦‡ii m‡½ me©ÿ‡Yi
AbšÍ mvÿvrKvi| G‡K mvaviY mvÿvrKvi
ejv hv‡e bv| mvaviY gvby‡li cÖwZw`‡bi
Rxebhvc‡b GKUv `xbZv cÖKU n‡q I‡V|
mywdiv wKsev mvaymšÍivÑ Giv GB `xbZv‡K
jvjb dwK‡ii fvlv w`‡q, ivgcÖmv‡`i Mvb
w`‡q, ˆe`vwšÍK mbœ¨vmxi Rxeb`k©b w`‡q
NywP‡q w`‡Z cv‡i| iƒcvšÍi N‡U gvby‡li, †m
fvj †ev‡S bv wK †hb N‡U †M‡Q| GKw`b
AK¯§vr Abyf‡e †ev‡S GB †`‡n g‡b wK‡mi
GK Av¸b a‡i‡Q| G Av¸b G Rxe‡b wb‡f
hvevi bq| GB `nbR¡vjv Ck¦i‡cÖ‡gi,
Ck¦i A`k©‡bi| mywdKwe RvjvjDwÏb iæwg
Av‡ÿc Ki‡Qb:
I was a devout man. You made me
a singer of songs.
You made me a wine-bibber, a
drunkard, a fool.
I was a grave man of formal
praying.
You made me the sport of the
children in the street.
Bsj¨v‡Û GK eÜz‡K †e`všÍ-cÖm½
wb‡q wPwV‡Z wj‡LwQ‡jb ¯^vgx we‡eKvb›`: I
want to give them dry, hard reason
softened in the sweetest spirit of
love and made spicy with intense
work, and cooked in the Kitchen
of Yoga, so that even a baby can
digest it.” Gevi Eleanor StarkÑGi
gšÍe¨: And this Vedanta as he
taught it lived it, was his great
contribution to the modern age.
h_v_©B GB nj ¯^vgxRxi m‡e©vËg ˆb‡e`¨ wZwb
gvbemf¨Zv‡K w`‡q †M‡jb| huviv ¯^vgxRxi
f³e„›`, huviv Zuvi bvgMvb K‡ib fw³f‡i
Zuviv Rxe‡b I cÖZ¨‡q gvbyl ¯^vgxRx‡K
Kx h‡_ó ey‡S‡Qb? Zuviv Kx we‡eKvb‡›`i
GB K_v¸‡jv h‡_ó wek¦vm K‡i‡Qb: Not
any one universal philosophy,
or any one universal mythology,
or any one universal ritual held
alike by all; for I know that this
world must go on working, wheel
within wheel, this intricate mass
of machinery, most complex, most
wonderful.’ (K¨vwj‡dvwb©qv, 1900) Gevi
†kl Ki‡Qb: Religion is realization,
not talk, nor doctrine, nor theories,
however beautiful they may be. It
is being and becoming, not hearing
or acknowledging; it is the whole
Soul becoming changed into what
it believes.’
GLb ¯^”Q‡›` ej‡Z cvwi, ¯^vgxRxi
a‡g©i GB e¨vL¨v mywd‡`i Rxeb`k©b| mywdiv
Avevi h_v_© gymjgvb| gy³avivi DrmB
Zv‡`i gymjgvbZ¡‡K iÿv K‡i‡Q| Bivb
†_‡K fviZel© mywd‡`i RxebcÖevn msMx‡Z,
b„‡Z¨, †hv‡M, mvabvq cwic~Y©Zv jvf K‡i‡Q|
Giv AvPviwePvi-me©¯^ ag©‡gvn‡K wemR©b
w`‡Z †c‡iwQj ¯^”Q‡›`| GB inm¨ve„Z
Rxe‡b Av‡jv PvB, Mvb PvB, gvbe-eÜzi
msmM© PvB; Ck¦i‡K Abyfe Ki‡Z cviv PvB
AvKv‡k evZv‡m b`xi KjZv‡b cvwLi Mv‡b
R‡ji †mªv‡Z| Ck¦i? wZwb †Zv Avgvi Rxeb
†`eZv| PweŸk NÈvi g‡a¨ QvweŸk NÈvB
Zvi m‡½ Avgvi m¤úK© Awe‡”Q`¨, GB nj
mywd‡`i Rxebjxjv| nvwm Kvbœvi m‡ive‡i
`uvwo‡q †hb| GKv`k kZvãxi gnËg mywd
Avj Mv¾wji g„Zz¨i ci Zuvi gv_vi wb‡P GB
PiY¸wj cvIqv wM‡qwQj:
“A bird I am : This body was my
cage
But I have flow leaving it as a
token.’
(cvÊyjwc, weªwUk wgDwRqvg)
Margaret Smith ‘AL-Ghazali
the Mystic’ (Luzac, 1944) eB-G mg¯Í
KweZvwU Abyev` K‡ib| AvjMv¾wj `k©b I
`vk©wbK ZË¡‡K Ggb Zij K‡i KweZvi ga¨
w`‡q Avevi bZzb `k©b m„wó K‡i‡Qb, Mfxi
Dcjwäi K_v e‡j †h‡Z †c‡i‡Qb| cvVK
Ggb KweZv c‡o in‡m¨, †cÖ‡g Av‡jv‡Z
D™¢vwmZ n‡Z cv‡i| mywdiv h_v_©B ej‡Z
cv‡i G Rxe‡bi A‡bKUvB inm¨ve„Z †_‡K
hvq| Avevi Avj-Mv¾wji gZ `vk©wbK
mywdev`‡K mywbcyYfv‡e Bmjv‡gi msmv‡i
cªwZôv Ki‡Z cv‡ib| mvnvh¨ Ki‡Z cv‡ib
mvaviY gvbyl‡K eyS‡Z, G Rxe‡b Ck¦i‡cÖg
GB gvby‡li RMr‡K ev` w`‡q bq| Rxeb I
RM‡Zi A‡gvN wbq‡gi g‡a¨ mywd `k©b‡K
¯^vfvweK K‡i cybM©wVZ Ki‡Z Avj-Mv¾wj
¯^ZtcÖe„Ë n‡qwQ‡jb| Ges P~ovšÍ A‡_©
mvdj¨ Zuv‡K msewa©Z K‡i‡Q| GKvwaK
A‡_© Bmjv‡gi iƒcvšÍi N‡U‡Q Avj-Mv¾wji
wPšÍvq I mvabvq|
Avevi G K_v ejv Aek¨ KZ©e¨,
mywdev` wbR¯^c‡_ me wKQz‡K Qvwo‡q
D‡V‡Q| mywd‡`i †Kvb we‡kl ixwZ‡Z,
weav‡b, e܇b evav covi Dcvq †bB|
†KejB be be D‡Øva‡b Av‡jvwKZ n‡Z
cvivB Rxe‡bi ag©| mywd wek¦vm nj gbmyi
Avj- nv¾v‡`i fvlvqÑ I saw my Lord
with the Eye of the Heart. Gevi †evSv
†Mj: all Life is Divine. A‰ØZ †e`všÍ
Avi mywdev` GLv‡bB GK I Awfbœ| gnvZ¥v
`vivwk‡Kv GB wek¦v‡m cÖ¾¡wjZ n‡qwQ‡jb|
Avi n‡qwQ‡jb e‡jB gyNj mvgªvR¨ nviv‡Z
nj, H m‡½ Ggb gnvRxebI| `vivwk‡Kv
hw` †Kvb ˆ`e `ywe©cv‡K gyNj mgªvU n‡Zb Zv
n‡j †eva Kwi ALÊ fviZe‡l©i iƒcvšÍi NUZ
G‡Kev‡i AcÖZ¨vwkZfv‡e I Ab¨ c‡_|
†e`všÍ`k©‡bi Zvrch© †evSv‡Z wM‡q
¯^vgxRx ej‡Qb, Ô†e`všÍ GKwU †gŠwjK
ZË¡ Dc¯’vwcZ Kwiqv‡Q Ges †e`všÍ `vwe
K‡i †h, Dnv c„w_exi me ag©g‡Zi g‡a¨B
wbwnZ iwnqv‡Q| GB ZË¡wU nBj GB †h,
gvbyl eª‡þi mwnZ Awfbœ, Avgiv Avgv‡`i
PZz®úv‡k¦© hvnv wKQz †`wL‡ZwQ, mKjB †mB
Hkx †PZbv nB‡Z cÖm~Z| gvbe-cÖK…wZi
g‡a¨ wKQz Hk¦h©evb, †m meB H eªþmËv
nB‡Z D™f~Z; Ges hw`I Zvnv A‡b‡Ki
g‡a¨B myßfv‡e weivRgvb, Z_vwc cÖK…
Zc‡ÿ gvby‡l gvby‡l †KvbI cÖ‡f` bvB,
KviY mK‡jB mgfv‡e eª‡þi mwnZ Awfbœ|
†hb GK AbšÍ gnvmgy`ª cðv‡Z we`¨gvb
iwnqv‡Q Ges Avwg I Avcbviv mK‡j †mB
AbšÍ gnvmgy`ª nB‡Z GKwU Zi½iƒ‡c DwÌZ
nBqvwQ| Avgiv cÖ‡Z¨‡KB †mB AbšÍ‡K
evwn‡i cªKvk Kwievi AvcÖvY †Póv Kwi‡ZwQ|
myZivs myß m¤¢vebvi w`K nB‡Z †`wL‡Z
†M‡j †h mr wPr I Avb›`gq gnvmvM‡ii
mwnZ Avgiv ¯^fveZ Awfbœ, †mB gnvmvM‡i
Avgv‡`i Rb¥MZ AwaKvi iwnqv‡Q| Avgv‡`i
ci¯ú‡ii g‡a¨ †h †h cv_©K¨ Zvnv †mB Hkx
m¤¢vebv‡K cÖKvk Kwievi ZviZ‡g¨i `iæb
NwUqv‡Q| AZGe †e`v‡šÍi AwfgZ GB †h,
cÖ‡Z¨K gvbyl hZUzKz eªþkw³ cÖKvk Kwi‡Z
mg_© nBqv‡Q, †mB w`K nB‡Z wePvi bv
Kwiqv Zvnvi ¯^iƒ‡ci w`K nB‡Z Zvnv‡K
wePvi Kwi‡Z nB‡e| mKj gvbylB ¯^iƒcZ
eªþ; AZGe †Kvb AvPvh© hLb Kvnv‡KI
mvnvh¨ Kwi‡Z AMÖmi nB‡eb, ZLb wb›`vev`
Qvwoqv w`qv H e¨w³i AšÍwb©wnZ eªþkw³‡K
RvMvBevi Rb¨B Zvnv‡K m‡Pó nB‡Z nB‡e|
(¯^vgx we‡eKvb‡›`i evYx I iPbv, Z…Zxq LÊ
c„. 241)
¯^vgxRx †e`všÍ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z wM‡q
gvbyl †h me wKQzi †K›`ªwe›`y‡Z Zv ¯úó
K‡i eywS‡q w`‡jb| Gevi GK_v ejv m¤¢e
†h, mywdev` Bmjv‡gi g‡a¨B Awfe¨³
n‡q‡Q| nhiZ gn¤§`(`.)‡K cÖ_g mywd
ejv n‡q‡Q| KviY wZwb Ck¦‡ii m‡½
Nwbô m¤úK© ¯’vc‡b ¯^Ztcªe„Ë n‡q‡Qb|
mywd‡`i gZB `wi`ª Rxebhvcb, Ck¦ifRbv,
gvbe‡cÖg, gbyl¨mgvR cybM©Vb Zuvi Rxe‡bi
Kg©m~wP wQj| †Kviv‡b evievi ejv n‡q‡Q
†Kvb A‡jŠwKK e¨vcvi NUvevi Rb¨ nhiZ
gn¤§` (`:) Av‡mbwb| Ô†Kviv‡bi evYx GK
AwZcÖvK…Z c×wZ‡Z jvf n‡jI g~jZ Zv
hyw³, KvÊÁvb, gvby‡li me©v½xb Kj¨vY, G
m‡ei m‡½B we‡klfv‡e hy³|
we‡eKvb›` GB hyw³‡KB cÖvavb¨
w`‡q‡Qb| H m‡½ gvby‡li R‡b¨ gvby‡li †cÖg
I cÖZ¨q‡K me‡P‡q †ewk K‡i kª×v K‡i‡Qb|
kª×v K‡i‡Qb wn›`yi hyw³ I `k©b‡K, fw³
I HwZ‡n¨i aviYv‡K, kª×v K‡i‡Qb †MŠZg
ey‡×i hyyw³ev`‡K, gvbe‰gÎxi aviYv‡K,
Awnsmv‡K, kª×v K‡i‡Qb gnvZ¥v whïi
gvbe‡cÖg‡K, kª×v K‡i‡Qb gvbeRvwZi R‡b¨
whïi me©¯^Z¨v‡Mi, kª×v K‡i‡Qb Bmjv‡gi
mvgvwRK H‡K¨i aviYv‡K, kª×v K‡i‡Qb
nhiZ gyn¤§‡`i (`.) mvgvwRK ivR‰bwZK
mgZvev‡`i| midivR †nv‡mb‡K †jLv
wPwVi GK Ask w`‡q GB cÖe‡Üi f~wgKv Kiv
n‡q‡Q| Gevi mgvwß Kiv n‡”Q †mB wPwVi
†kl Ask w`‡q|
‘For our motherland a
juncition of the great systems,
Hiduism and IslamÑVedanta brain
and Islam bodyÑ is the only hope.
I see in my mind’s eye the
future perfect India rising out of
this chaos and strife, glorious and
invincible with Vedanta brain and
Islam body..’
nVvr ej‡Z B‡”Q K‡i AvR‡Ki
fviZe‡l©i w`‡K ZvwK‡q, ¯^vgx we‡eKvb›`
GB we¯§qKi wPwV Avj‡gvovq e‡m
wj‡LwQ‡jb 1898 mv‡j| BwZnv‡mi Av‡iv
we¯§qKi hš¿Yv GB †h, Avgiv †eva Kwi,
†Kvb w`b Rvb‡Z cvie bv GB wPwVi cÖvcK
midivR †nv‡mb Ggb ev¯Íe †e`všÍ c‡o
Kx †f‡ewQ‡jb| wbðqB wKQz †f‡ewQ‡jb|
Kx wj‡LwQ‡jb? AšÍZ ¯^M‡Zvw³‡Z †Kvb
cÖZ¨vkv D`&fvwmZ n‡q D‡VwQj| Zv hw`
Rvbv †hZ Zvn‡j 2010 mv‡ji c„w_exi gvbyl
bZzb †Kvb c‡_i wb‡`©k †c‡Z cviZ| GK_v
mZ¨ †h, wn›`y-gymjgv‡bi hyM¥ Rxebmvabv
fviZel©‡K GK DbœZ, mymsnZ, Awnsm
Rxe‡bi aviYv w`‡Z cv‡i, Ab¨ wKQz‡Z cv‡i
bv| Ges †mB mvgvwRK harmony-i aviYv
c„w_ex‡K bZzb c‡_i mÜvb w`‡Z cv‡i|
mgMÖ `wÿY Gwkqv †mB aviYvq D¾¡j n‡q
DV‡Z cv‡i|
W. †nv‡mbyi ingvb
cwðge‡½i mgvRZvwË¡K, cwÊZ
13
†QvUMí
cyuwUi gv_vq
nvZ eyjvq, mviv
gyL‡PvL Quy‡q Quy‡q
hvq, Zvici †m
Mfxi †KŠZ~n‡j
Rvb‡Z Pvq- ZzB
†`LwZ Kvi gZb,
†evj w`wb gv! ...
AvZ¥Rvi Qwe
i wd Kz i i kx `
wejvZ Avjx Gevi Zvi wm×všÍ cÖvq cvKv K‡iB †d‡j‡Q| `yB Kvj
†cwi‡q mvg‡b Avi GK Kvj| Aag© Avi KZw`b Kuv‡a K‡i eB‡e
†m! wejvZ Avjxi meB Av‡Q, †Kej `yÕwU †PvL †bB| †PvL †bB
e‡j ag©ÑAag© eySevi ÿgZv †bB, Ggb bq †gv‡UB| Av¸‡bi DËvc
wKsev ei‡di kxZjZv †hgb †ev‡S, H e¨vcviUvI †ZgbB †ev‡S|
eqm n‡q‡Q, AwfÁZv †e‡o‡Q| †PvL bv _vK‡jI gvby‡li Ávbeyw×
nq, A‡bK wKQz eySevi ÿgZvI ev‡o| wejvZ Avjxi nvZ-cv, bvKKvb meB Av‡Q| †KvbUv Kx gv‡Qi ïUwK Zv NÖvY †_‡KB mbv³ Ki‡Z
cv‡i, `~ieZ©x aŸwbI †ek ïb‡Z cvq, Nv‡oi Dc‡i †Wu‡qv wcuc‡o
nuvU‡j Zv †Ui cvq| †Kej †m †`L‡Z cvq bv| Zvi †PvL †`‡L †mUv
aivi Dcvq †bB; Zey †PvL †bB †mUvB mwZ¨| †PvL †bB e‡jB nq‡Zv
Zvi bvK Kvb Z¡KÑAb¨ me Bw›`ªq Am¤¢e cÖLi Ges RvMÖZ| wejvZ
Avjx AÜ n‡jI †PvLAjv gvby‡li †P‡q †Xi †ewk †Rvi w`‡q ej‡Z
cv‡i Zvi †PvL duvwK †`Iqv A‡Zv †mvRv bq| cU‡ji gv hZB K_vi
wc‡V K_v w`‡q kv‡Ki Z‡j gvQ XvKzK, Zvi g‡bi AwÜmwÜ †m me
†Ui cvq, me eyS‡Z cv‡i| bv †evSvi fvb K‡i A‡bK †_‡K‡Q,
Avi bq| GKUzLvwb Kvb Lvov Ki‡jB wbwðZ e‡j w`‡Z cv‡i †K
hvq Zvi cvk w`‡q| AZ¨šÍ mšÍc©‡Y cv wU‡c wU‡c evwo †Xv‡K Zvi
†g‡q, Gw`K Iw`K ZvwK‡q †m ev‡ci †PvL duvwK w`‡Z Pvq| wKš‘ H
g„`y c`aŸwbI aiv c‡o wejvZ Avjxi Kv‡bi ivWv‡i| Mjvq wgbwZ
gvwL‡q †m Wv‡KÑ A cyuwU, †kvb w`wb gv!
cuywU †kv‡b bv| †Kvb ReveI †`q bv| ev‡ci w`‡K GKevi
ZvwK‡q euvwK c_Uv GK †`Š‡o P‡j hvq D‡Vv‡bi cwð‡g; gvwUi
Kuvw_i Avov‡j Dbyb †R¡‡j fvZ Pvwc‡q‡Q Ii fvwe, cU‡ji eD,
†mBLv‡b wM‡q `g a‡i `uvovq| Kzov‡bv cvZvi R¡vjvwb‡Z Dbyb aiv‡Z
wM‡q wKUwK‡U †auvqvq bZzb eD‡qi `yÕ‡PvL jvj| gyL Zz‡j †m e‡jÑ
evcwR WvK‡Q, Kv‡b hv‡”Q bv|
cyuwU Zey b‡o bv| iv Kv‡o bv| †Quov Rvgvi †KvuP‡o nvZ XzwK‡q
14
gywo wP‡evq| wejvZ Avjx Avevi Wv‡KÑ cuywU, A cuywU! cU‡ji eD
Avevi V¨v‡jÑ hv bv‡b!
Rvgvi dvuK M‡j c‡o hvIqv gywo †Luv‡U cuywU| Mig gywo|
†gvjøvevwoi †nu‡m‡j Ii gv GL‡bv fvR‡Q| evjyi g‡a¨ Kx Zoeovwb
kv`v gywoi! †hb k•L kv`v RuyBdz‡ji D_vjcv_vj `vcv`vwc| LvIqvi
†P‡q †`Lvi gRv †ewk| dzUšÍ gywo Mv‡q co‡j †dvmKv †b‡e e‡j
cyuwU‡K Dby‡bi cv‡o `uvov‡Z †`qwb| †mv‡jgvb †gvjøvi eD GK
AuvRjv gywo Zz‡j cuywUi †KuvP‡o w`‡q evwo cvwV‡q w`‡q‡Q| cuywUi g‡b
nq, GLb GB Zß gywo‡Z fvM emv‡e Zvi evc| cuywU A_ev Zvi gv
†gvjøvevwo †_‡K hv wb‡q Av‡m nv‡Z K‡i, Zv‡ZB Zvi fvM emv‡bv
PvB| †QvÆ cyuwU Rv‡bI bv, GB me©f~K †jvKwUi R‡b¨B †gvjøvevwo
†_‡K †ivR iv‡Z AuvP‡j †X‡K Lvevi wb‡q Av‡m Ii gv| wejvZ Avjx
†L‡q IVvi ci Aewkó _vK‡j †mw`b cyuwUi gv Lvq, bv _vK‡j mviv
ivZ D‡cvm †`q| G me fveÑfvjevmvi ZË¡K_v cuywU Rv‡b bv| cuvP
eQ‡ii cyuwUi Rvbvi K_vI bq|
cuywUi Aeva¨Zvq wejvZ Avjxi †gRvR P‡o hvq| GK iwË H
†g‡qi Kv‡Q wb‡Ri civR‡q wb‡RB mvsNvwZK ¶zä nq, wLw¯Í Sv‡o
AvjvSvjv| hv gy‡L Av‡m ZvB e‡j| g‡bi Svj LvwbKUv wgB‡q G‡j
Mjvi ¯^i bvwg‡q MRMwR‡q cÖev` MvqÑ AvUvi ¸‡Y iæwU Avi gv‡qi
¸‡Y †ewU nq| ¯^fve Kv‡iv e`jvq!
mnmv Kx †f‡e cuywUiI g‡bi LvwbK cwieZ©b nq| wkw_j cv‡q
N‡ii `vIqvq G‡m †m ev‡ci mvg‡b `uvovq| K_v e‡j bv wejvZ Avjx
Zey †Ui cvq †g‡qi Dcw¯’wZ| GZÿY GB †QvÆ †g‡qwUi abyKUvb
†MuvqvZzwg©‡Z †gRvR m߇g P‡owQj e‡U nVvr †mB †g‡q‡KB bvMv‡ji
g‡a¨ †c‡q ZviI †fZiUv Mj‡Z ïiæ K‡i; ey‡Ki †fZiKvi `iRv
Ly‡j hvq, Rvbvjv Ly‡j hvq| †Kv‡Ì‡K GK SjK wSiwS‡i nvIqv
G‡m mviv AšÍi dzidz‡i K‡i †`q| GB cuywU Zvi †g‡q| GK cuyP‡K
GB †g‡qwU‡KB †hb †m eyS‡Z cv‡i bv| A_P eo †Q‡j cUj‡K
†ek eyS‡Z cv‡i| w`‡biv‡Z Ii m‡½ K_vevZ©v nq LyeB Kg| Zey ev‡S| †ev‡S, Ii
AvZ¥m¤§vb‡evaUv †ek UbU‡b, †KD evc Zz‡j
K_v ej‡j Lye Mv‡q ev‡a| wfwLwii †Q‡j‡K
wK †jv‡K bevecyËzi ej‡e! bv, DwPZ K_v
ïb‡j Zvi Mv‡q R¡vjv a‡i| ZLb †m †Muv †Muv
K‡i †ZvZjvq| †Mi¯’evwo‡Z euvav K…lv‡Yi
Kv‡R B¯Ídv w`‡q †hw`b †m wbovwb nv‡Z
¯^vaxbfv‡e gywbl LvU‡Z †Mj, †mB w`bB
mܨvq ûKzg Rvwi K‡i ev‡ci wf‡ÿe„wË eÜ
K‡i w`j| Kx †h Kov wb‡`©k ZviÑ evwoi
evB‡i GK cvI evovev bv, eywS‡Qv! wejvZ
AvjxB †hbev †eqvov †Q‡j, ZR©b MR©b
K‡i Zvi Dc‡i Mv‡R©bwMwi djv‡”Q cUj|
bvn&, cU‡ji G wm×všÍ †gv‡UB cQ›` nqwb
hZ fv‡e ZZB †gRvR wLuP‡o hvq wejvZ
Avjxi, †hbÑev Zß evjy‡Z LB †dv‡U
Zoewo‡qÑ`yÕcv nuvBwU LvwZ f~‡Z wKjvq,
K¨vgb! gvÑevcgiv GwZg QvIqv‡ji G¨vLyb
cvLv MwRwq‡Q, GwZgLvbvq hv‡e! nv‡dR
n‡e! `¨v‡k wK nv‡d‡Ri AKvj, G¨uv! †PvL
†bB, wejvZ Avjx Zey ¯úó eyS‡Z cv‡i G
NUbvq Zvi ¯¿x Lye Lywk n‡q‡Q| gyL dz‡U †KD
bv ej‡jI †m †hb w`we¨ ïb‡Z cvqÑG¨vLyb
Kx Kiev? nv‡Zi jvwV ai‡e wKWv? GKevi
GK dvwj m‡›`‡ni Kv‡jv †gN DuwK w`‡q
hvqÑdwUK †Quvov‡K †KD Kvb fvwO‡q mwi‡q
†`qwb †Zv!
†Zv †mB nv‡Zi jvwV aivi R‡b¨ wb‡Ri
†Q‡j cU‡ji K_vI g‡b n‡q‡Q `yÕGKevi
†mB dwU‡Ki k~b¨¯’vb c~iY K‡i Kv‡K w`‡q?
KZRb ¯^vgx-¯¿x †Rvo †eu‡a c‡_ bv‡g, G‡K
Aci‡K AvM‡j iv‡L; wKš‘ †m K_v wK cU‡ji
gv‡K ejvi Dcvq Av‡Q! BkvivÑBw½‡Z A‡bK
Av‡MB †m cÖ¯Íve †c‡o †`‡L‡Q, †i †i K‡i
†Z‡o I‡V, gyL †S‡o wLw¯Í MvqÑdwK‡ii
esk dwKi, `y‡qv‡i `y‡qv‡i nvZcvZv ¯^fve|
Av‡iv KZ Kx! wejvZ AvjxiI gy‡Li g‡a¨
K_vi ey`ey` †dwb‡q I‡VÑZzwg Lye AvRKb¨v
†Zv! dwK‡ii Kcv‡j AvBwm RBwU‡Qv!
w`bivZ †gvjøvevwo cBwo _v‡Kv K¨v‡b! Kx
gay Av‡Q! Avwg wKQz eywSwb! AšÍ‡i AšÍ‡i
cªej Zocvq, wKš‘ G me K_v gy‡L e‡j bv
wejvZ Avjx| dwU‡Ki Av‡M †h `yÕPviR‡bi
m‡½ †m wf‡ÿ K‡i‡Q Ges nvZUvbmn
Ñ mvivw`b †Zv c‡_ c‡_ †Nv‡iv, wbwRi N‡ii Lei iv‡Lv †Zv wejvZfvB?
Ñ N‡ii Lei! K¨v‡b?
Ñ bv, gv‡b Zzgvi †Zv †PvL wb, wbwRi †QBwj †gwqK Zzwg wPbwZ cv‡iv?
Ñ Kx hv Zv eyjwQm! Avgvi cUj cuywUK Avwg wPwb wb?
Ñ †Lv‡`Rv wnwn K‡i †n‡m I‡V,
Ñ †P‡bv? wPbwj‡Zv fvjB| cuywUi gyLLvbv hw` Zzwg †`LwZ cvBwZ!
Zvi| `k Muv‡qi c_ gvcv A‡f¨m, Gevi †h
`yÕcv‡q evZ a‡i hv‡e Zvn‡j! G wm×v‡šÍi
†bc‡_¨I †m loh‡š¿i NÖvY Avwe®‹vi K‡i
e‡m| wbðq Iiv gv‡qcy‡Z hyw³ K‡i †NuvU
cvwK‡q‡Q| cU‡ji gv‡K †m Lye nv‡o nv‡o
†P‡b| ¯^vgxi wfÿve„wË eÜ Kivi PµvšÍ Zvi
bZzb bq| eûw`b †_‡KB bvbvb QjvKjvq
fzwj‡q duv` †c‡Z Avm‡Q †m| wejvZ Avjx
AÜ gvbyl, wf‡ÿe„wËB Zvi AvqÑ DcvR©‡bi
GKgvÎ Dcvq; Kvbv †Luvov GwZg AvZzi hLb
hv‡K bvMv‡j cvq AvavAvwa k‡Z© Zv‡KB
m‡½ wb‡q wf‡ÿ K‡iÑ G me †R‡bï‡bB
Zv‡`i we‡q nq| Zey †m we‡qi ci Szj a‡i,
dzumjvqÑ Ôwf‡ÿ Kiv Pj‡e bv| †Mi¯’evwo
avb fvBwb †nvK, wSwMwi KBwi †nvK, Avwg
Zzgv‡K LvIqve| Zzwg evwo eBwm _vKev|Õ
Kx gRvi hyw³! ï‡b G‡Kev‡i Rvb-Kj‡R
Rywo‡q hvq| bv, †g‡qgvby‡li cxovcxwo‡Z
nvi gvbevi cvÎ bq wejvZ Avjx| nvi †m
gv‡bwbI mn‡R| AZ¨šÍ mnR mij hyw³ Zvi
Avq-DcvR©b bv Kiwj cyiæl wKwmi!
wejvZ Avjxi GB `xN© wf¶zKRxe‡b
†eKvq`vq c‡owQj GKevi, eQi wZbPv‡i‡Ki gv_vq dwUK †hevi nVvr Zv‡K
†Q‡o `~‡i †Kvb wjjøvn †evwWs‡q P‡j †Mj
†mBevi| †mLv‡b _vKv-LvIqv wd«, dwUK
bvwK †Kviv‡b nv‡dR n‡eÑ GB me Z_¨
†hvMvo K‡i G‡b ïwb‡q‡Q wejvZ Avjxi ¯¿x|
†m Kvb †c‡Z ï‡b‡Q| g‡b g‡b dwU‡Ki
†PvÏcyiæ‡li wcwÊ PU&‡K‡Q, †`vqv`iæ` †hUzKz
Rvwbm, Zv‡ZB †Zv †ek PjwQj †Zvi, nv‡dR
nwq Kx D×vi Kiwe! evcgv‡K m‡¹ cvVvwe!
†bgKnvivg Avi e‡j Kv‡K! dwU‡Ki K_v
wKš‘ wb‡RB Avevi †m cÖ¯Íve evwZj K‡i‡Q|
eq‡m dwV‡Ki mgvb n‡jI APj Aÿg
†gv‡UB bq| fxlY `yišÍ| evM gvbv‡bv `vq|
†Kvb iK‡g †V‡jVz‡j gÊjevwoi Miæ Piv‡Z
cvVv‡bv n‡q‡Q| †m iKg NvoeuvKv Z¨uv‡`vo,
Zv‡K w`‡q G KvR n‡e bv| Kvbv †Luvov
†`L‡j gvby‡li gb M‡j, `yÕPvi cqmv a‡i
wf‡ÿ †`q| Wvs¸wj †Lj‡Z wM‡q dwU‡Ki
GK †PvL Kvbv n‡q hvq Ges Zvi K‡É
†`vqv`iæ` Lze wgwnmy‡i ù~wiZ nq e‡j Zv‡K
wb‡q c‡_ bvg‡jB †Svjv f‡i †M‡Q| wKš‘
bvbvwea Awf‡hv‡M †Rvo †f‡O †M‡Q, Zv‡`i
†LuvRLei wb‡qI fvwi nZvk nq, †KD Ggb
ûU K‡i †Rvov fvO‡Z ivwR bq| cyKzicvovi
AvBRwÏ †Luvov, ZvjMvQ †_‡K c‡o V¨vs
†f‡O‡Q, †mI `yÕwZb `dv †Nviv‡bvi ci
mvd Rvwb‡q‡QÑbv, †m wf‡ÿ K‡i Lv‡e bv|
Zv‡`i es‡k †KD KL‡bv wf‡ÿ K‡iwb|
†`gvM †`‡L wejvZ Avjxi gM‡Ri g‡a¨ LP
LP K‡i `vcvqÑfvwi Avgvi bev‡ei esk‡i!
Lv, G¨vLyb esk ayBwq Lv| eBwm Lvwj Avi
bevex dzivwZ KÕw`b!
15
Ae‡k‡l nVvr GKw`b AvKv‡ki Puv`
G‡m aiv †`q wejvZ Avjxi nv‡Z| ZvjZwji
†Lv‡`Rvi `yN©Ubvi Lei †m Av‡MB ï‡bwQj,
wKš‘ I‡`i evwo wM‡q †LvuR Lei †bqvi mgqÑ
my‡hvM Avi n‡q I‡Vwb| mviv el©v cvwb ï‡l
ï‡l nVvr GK iv‡Z I‡`i N‡ii †`Iqvj
ûggywo‡q a‡m c‡o| †mB wf‡RgvwUi Kuvw_i
Z‡j Pvcv c‡o gviv hvq †Lv‡`Rvi †Kv‡ji
†g‡q AvZiRvb| GB ch©šÍ †R‡bwQj †ek
KÕgvm Av‡M, `yN©Ubvi ciciB| GZw`b
ci †Lv‡`Rv `yB †Q‡j‡g‡q wb‡q †Luvov‡Z
†Luvov‡Z G‡m RvbvqÑ gvwUi Kuvw_ Zvi
Mv‡qI c‡owQj, †mB †_‡K †Kvg‡ii wb‡P
ej cvq bv, evg w`‡Ki cv ïwK‡q miæ n‡q
†M‡Q| APj eD‡qi †evSv Uvb‡Z Uvb‡Z
wei³ Zvi ¯^vgx me †Q‡oQz‡o cvwj‡q‡Q|
gv_vi Dc‡i wZbwZbwU AcMš‘ wb‡q GLb
†m †Kv_vq hvq, Kx K‡i! †f‡e †f‡e Kzj
wKbviv bv †c‡q A_B mgyÏy‡i fvm‡Z fvm‡Z
G‡m‡Q gvgv‡Zv †evb-†evbvB‡qi Kv‡Q|
†evb Avi Kx ej‡e, `yt‡Li Kvmyw›` ï‡b Zvi
Kcv‡j nvZ| †evbvB G‡Kev‡i mnR Ges
mvejxj fw½‡Z civgk© †`qÑ AZ wPšÍvi wK
Av‡Q! Avgvi jvwVi gv_v aBwi bvBwg co|
Zv nuvUwZ cviev †Zv?
†nvK Luywo‡q Luywo‡q Zey †Zv †m ZvjZwj
†_‡K wb‡Ri cv‡q †nu‡UB GZ`~i G‡m‡Q|
gv‡S g‡a¨ GKUz wRwi‡q wb‡j Muv‡q Muv‡q jvwV
a‡i †nu‡U †eov‡Z †m Lye cvi‡e| wKš‘ Zvi
gv‡b †Zv Øv‡i Øv‡i wf‡ÿq bvgv! †evbvB‡qi
cÖ¯Ív‡e GKev‡K¨ m¤§wZ Rvbv‡Z †Kv_vq †hb
LP& LP& K‡i ev‡a| wf‡ÿ Qvov Avi †Kvb c_
†Lvjv †bB Zvn‡j! †ivMevjvB‡qi wPwKrmv
bv nq bv-B nj, †c‡Ui fvZ ci‡bi Kvc‡oi
R‡b¨ Avi †Kvb c_B †Lvjv †bB! iv‡Z
†gvjøvevwo †_‡K cU‡ji gv G‡m GB me
mvZKvn‡bi cwiKíbv †kvbvi ci `uvZgyL
wLuwP‡q I‡VÑfvjB nj, wbwRi eD‡K †Zv I
c‡_ bvgvwZ cviwb, Bevi j¨vsov kvjxi nvZ
aBwi W¨vs W¨vs KBwi bv‡PvMv|
†`‡Lï‡b †Lv‡`Rv gy‡L Zvjv Auv‡U
e‡U, wKš‘ cU‡ji gv Ggb †PvUcvU ïiæ K‡i
†hb †mB iv‡ZB †Q‡jwc‡j wb‡q dycv‡Zv
†evb‡K †SuwU‡q we`vq Ki‡Z cvi‡j Z‡eB
Zvi kvwšÍ| Zey `uv‡Z `uvZ wc‡l ivZUzKz
KvwU‡q hvq †Lv‡`Rv| †Q‡jwc‡j wb‡q
mKv‡j D‡V P‡j Av‡m ZvjZwj| G g‡a¨
KLb Kxfv‡e †h m¤§wZ Rvbvq †KD Rv‡b bv,
`yÕw`b ci Kzqvkv XvKv GK mKv‡j wejvZ
Avjx GKvB jvwV Vz‡K Vz‡K ZvjZwj G‡m
†Lv‡`Rv‡K wb‡q c‡_ †b‡g c‡o|
Zvici GB `xN© w`‡b †Pbv A‡Pbv
KZ c_ cvwo w`‡q‡Q wejvZ Avjx, KZ bv
w`Mw`MšÍ| jvwVi GK cÖvšÍ nv‡Zi gy‡Vvq
a‡i †Kv_vq †h †U‡b wb‡q hvq †Lv‡`Rv,
ZLb †PbvRvbv PivPiI fxlY A‡Pbv g‡b
nq; cv‡qi Z‡j ay‡jvKv`v A‡Pbv myomywo‡Z
mie nq, nVvr nvIqvq †f‡m Av‡m A‡Pbv
myi| ˆP‡Îi GK wSgaiv ga¨v‡ý †Ziv¯Ívi
16
Qvqv`ªÕ cvKyoZjvq wRwi‡q †bqvi AeKv‡k
wejvZ Avjxi ey‡Ki Rvbvjv `iRv Kuvwc‡q
†`q †Lv‡`Rv| †m `yg K‡i cÖkœ K‡i,
Ñ mvivw`b †Zv c‡_ c‡_ †Nv‡iv, wbwRi
N‡ii Lei iv‡Lv †Zv wejvZfvB?
Ñ N‡ii Lei! K¨v‡b?
Ñ bv, gv‡b Zzgvi †Zv †PvL wb, wbwRi
†QBwj †gwqK Zzwg wPbwZ cv‡iv?
Ñ Kx hv Zv eyjwQm! Avgvi cUj cuywUK
Avwg wPwb wb?
Ñ †Lv‡`Rv wnwn K‡i †n‡m I‡V,
Ñ †P‡bv? wPbwj‡Zv fvjB| cuywUi gyLLvbv
hw` Zzwg †`LwZ cvBwZ!
cywUui gy‡L †`Lvi Kx Av‡Q, †m cÖkœ Avi
K‡i bv wejvZ Avjx| mnmv †hb Pzc‡m hvq|
†PvL †bB e‡U, Kvb †Zv mRvM Av‡Q Zvi!
A‡bK K_vB Kv‡b Av‡m Zvi, †m KL‡bvB
Kvb K‡i bv| wKš‘ †Lv‡`Rv Gfv‡e AvKv‡ki
w`‡K _yZz Quyo‡Q †Kb †f‡e cvq bv †m| _yZz
†Zv Avevi wb‡Ri Mv‡qB wd‡i Avm‡e|
cU‡ji gv wK Zvi †KD bq! †Lv‡`Rvi K_v
ï‡b wejvZ Avjxi mviv kixi †Ku‡c I‡V|
wb‡Ri †Pv‡Li †fZ‡i Av½yj Pvwj‡q AZj
MnŸi †_‡K `„wó kw³ Zz‡j Avb‡Z B‡”Q
K‡i| ïay GKevi hw` †m cuywUi †PnvivUv
†`L‡Z cvq, GKevi hw` †mv‡jgvb †gvjøvi
†g‡q mvwebvi m‡½ †mB †PvnvivUv wgwj‡q
†`Lvi my‡hvM cvq, Zvn‡jB me KvbvNylvi
gxgvsmv n‡q hvq| wb‡Ri †Pnviv †m †`‡Lwb
KL‡bv, ¯¿xcy‡Îi †Pnviv †`Lvi evmbv
†Kvbw`b n‡q‡Q wKbv fvjgZ g‡bI c‡o
bv| wKš‘ †g‡qwUi bvK gyL †PvL †VuvUÑ me
†`L‡Z B‡”Q K‡i| †Kgb †Pvnviv cyuwUi? hZ
eo n‡”Q ZZB bvwK †gvjøvevwoi Av`j dz‡U
DV‡Q| mwZ¨ wK †m mvwebv wKsev mvwebvi
wcZv †mv‡jgvb †gvjøvi †Pnviv †c‡q‡Q!
cyuwU‡K Kv‡Q †W‡K KZw`b Mv‡q
gv_vq nvZ eywj‡q‡Q, mviv gyL `k Av½y‡j
Rwic K‡i‡Q, wKš‘ †Kvb wKbviv cvqwb| wkï
cuywU AvKw¯§K †mB †mœncvk †_‡K wb‡R‡K
mwi‡q wb‡q‡Q, `~‡i `uvwo‡q ing¨gq †Pv‡L
ev‡ci w`‡K ZvwK‡q †_‡K‡Q| wejvZ Avjxi
gM‡Ri †Kv‡l †Kv‡l Nb †Nvi †gN R‡g,
wSwjK w`‡q we`y¨r Zocvq| el©Y nq bv|
GKw`b cUj‡K †W‡K †m e‡jÑ GK û¼v‡i
ev‡ci wf‡ÿ Kiv †Zv Lye eÜ KBwi w`wj,
†Zvi gv †h c‡ii evwo evw›`wMwi K‡i, wmWv
†Pv‡L c‡o bv?
cUj cÖ_‡g AevK nq| ev‡ci
gwZMwZ eyS‡Z †Póv K‡i| GK wPj‡Z
†n‡m Reve †h, Zv‡Z Zzgvi Amywewa wKwmi?
†gvjøvevwoi gvQцMvkZ AvBwb †Zv gv
Zzgv‡KB LvIqvq|
iv‡M gv_vi Puvw` R¡‡j wejvZ Avjxi,
gy‡Li AvMj L‡m c‡o,
Ñ IB gvQ-†Mvk‡Z Avwg gywZ| Avwg Lve
†Zvi BbKv‡g eywSwQm?
Ñ Av”Qv, ZvB Lvqy|
ev‡ci B‡”QgZ evB‡i hvIqv eÜ Kiv
n‡q‡Q| `yÕw`‡bB QUdUvwb a‡i †M‡Q| GLb
Zvn‡j gv‡KI N‡i ewm‡q ivL‡Z n‡e! gyL
wU‡c nvm‡Z nvm‡Z cUj mvg‡b †_‡K P‡j
hvq| wKš‘ wejvZ Avjx Zocv‡ZB _v‡K eK
eK K‡iÑ Avgvi †PvL wb, †`LwZ cvBwb,
Zziv †Zv Lye †`LwZ cvm! GKUv †gwqgvbyl
eQ‡ii ci eQi mevi †Pv‡L ayjy w`wq hv‡”Q,
Kx †`wLm-G¨uv? Kx †`wLm?
g‡bi g‡a¨ A‡Pbv NyY‡cvKv `vcvq
Anwb©k, Kz‡i Kz‡i Lvq, KzUzk KzUzk Kv‡U
wPšÍvm~Î; wKš‘ KvD‡KB †Lvjmv K‡i wKQz
ej‡Z cv‡i bv wejvZ Avjx| AÜKvi Mwjc‡_
Kx †h †Suv‡R †m-B Rv‡b| Luy‡S Luy‡R nÏ
nq, wb‡RB i³v³ nq Avi GKv GKv ¸g‡i
g‡i| Gw`‡K Zvi `yÕnv‡Zi `k Av½yj wVKB
ggZv Qovq cuywUi kix‡i| †KuvPo †_‡K gywo
Zzj‡Z wM‡q cuywU nVvr wR‡Ám K‡iÑ gywo
Lvev evc&wR?
†g‡qi cÖ¯Ív‡e wejvZ Avjxi †Nvi
fv‡O| †m cuywU‡K ey‡Ki g‡a¨ wb‡q e‡j
Ñ bv †i gv, ZzB Lv|
cyuwU AevK nq| wf‡ÿ Kiv †Q‡o †`evi
ci †_‡K Zvi evc Kv‡iv nv‡Z Lvev‡ii MÜ
†c‡jB †P‡q Lvq, cuywUi nv‡Zi Lvevi †Zv
†K‡o Lvq, †mB gvbyl gywo Lv‡e bv! ej‡jB
nj! wkï‡Zvl †jvf †`Lvq †m Zvi evc‡K,
Ñ mv`v dKdKv gywo evc&wR, e‡Ki gZb
kv`v, Lvev bv?
wejvZ Avjx wdK K‡i †n‡m I‡V,
Ñ gywo KL‡bv e‡Ki gZb nq cvM&wj?
Avevi cyuwUi gv_vq nvZ eyjvq, mviv
gyL‡PvL Quy‡q Quy‡q hvq, Zvici †m Mfxi
†KŠZ~n‡j Rvb‡Z PvqÑ ZzB †`LwZ Kvi
gZb, †evj w`wb gv!
AvR¸we GB cÖ‡kœ cuywU fqvbK †nuvPU
Lvq, cÖ_‡g G cÖ‡kœi A_©B †hb †m eyS‡Z
cv‡i bv| ev‡ci gy‡Li w`‡K †PvL wcUwcU
K‡i ZvKvq| wejvZ Avjx AvKzj n‡q Avevi
Rvb‡Z PvqÑ Kvi gZb ZzB?
cuywU LvwbK wPšÍv K‡i †bq, cU‡ji
we‡qi myev‡` G evwo‡Z cÖ_g Avqbv G‡m‡Q
Zvi fvwei †cvUjvi g‡a¨| †QvÆ †mB †Mvj
Avqbvq eûevi †m wb‡Ri gyL †`‡L‡Q, wRf
†fswP‡q‡Q, fvwei wUc Kcv‡j c‡i‡Q, wKš‘
Kv‡iv †Pnvivi m‡½ wb‡Ri †Pnvivi †Kvb
mv`„k¨ Av‡Q wKbv GZ`~i KL‡bv †f‡e
†`‡Lwb| Zey ev‡ci gy‡Li Dc‡i `yg K‡i
†m e‡j †d‡jÑ Avwg Zzgvi gZb evc&wR|
wejvZ Avjxi ey‡Ki g‡a¨ b`x fvO‡bi
kã nq| AvKw¯§K R‡jv”Q¡v‡m †hb-ev †f‡m
hvq ey‡Ki weivb f~wg| GKUz GKUz K‡i
ˆZwi Kiv c~e©wm×všÍ †f‡OPz‡i hvq wb‡g‡lB|
cuywU‡K ey‡Ki g‡a¨ Rvc‡U a‡i †m WzK‡i
I‡VÑ Avgvi gZB †Zv nwe, ZzB †h Avgvi
gv!
wejvZ Avjxi gy‡Vv †_‡K †µvafwZ©
†ejyb KLb Avj‡Mv‡Q †du‡m hvq, †m †UiB
cvq bv|
iwdKzi ikx` wkÿK, K_vKvi
wkeiv‡gi
Rwg`v‡ii i_ ïaygvÎ
PuvP‡ji Rwg`v‡ii
wkitcxovi Kvi‡YB
D‡jøL‡hvM¨ bq,
Dcb¨vm wn‡m‡eI
Av‡jvPbv †hvM¨ ...
Jcb¨vwmK
wkeivg PµeZ©x
wkeivg †QvU‡ejv †_‡K PuvP‡ji Rwg`v‡ii QÎQvqvq cÖwZcvwjZ
n‡jI mvwn‡Z¨i cwigʇj eo n‡q‡Qb| †Kb-bv Zuvi evev wkecÖmv`
wb‡RI mvwnZ¨vbyivMx wQ‡jb| Zuvi e¨w³MZ jvB‡eªwi‡Z cÖPzi eBcÎ
wQj| ïay ZvB bq, KjKvZv †_‡K Zuvi bv‡g wbqwgZ bvwg`vwg cÎcwÎKv AvmZ| d‡j wkeivg evevi e¨w³MZ jvB‡eªwi I cÎ-cwÎKvi
†`Šj‡Z AZ¨šÍ mn‡RB AKvjc° n‡q D‡VwQ‡jb| eq¯‹cvV¨
Dcb¨vmvw` c‡o Zuvi gbwU cÖvßeq¯‹ n‡q wM‡qwQj| GRb¨ †QvU‡ejv
†_‡KB Dcb¨vm m¤ú‡K© Zuvi GKUv mg¨K aviYv M‡o D‡VwQj|
Zvi d‡j Kwe wkeivg AwP‡iB Jcb¨vwmK wkeiv‡g AvZ¥cÖKvk
K‡iwQ‡jb| Amn‡hvM Av‡›`vj‡bi mgq evwo †Q‡o KjKvZvq P‡j
Avmvi ci msev`c‡Îi nKvwi †_‡K msev`c‡Îi m¤úv`bvq DbœxZ
n‡q wkeiv‡gi mvwnZ¨Rxeb cÖk¯Í nq| GiB g‡a¨ fviZx I weRjx‡Z
Kwe wkeiv‡gi Avwef©ve n‡qwQj Ges Zuvi m¤úvw`Z cwÎKv`yÕwUi
gva¨‡g Zv AviI Qwo‡q c‡o| Ggb wK cwÎKv `yÕwUi bvgWv‡Ki
cvkvcvwk Zuvi eûgyLx mvwnZ¨cÖwZfvi weKvk N‡U| K‡jøvj, fviZx
I mwPÎ wkwki cwÎKvq Zvui Mí cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ Zv‡Z †Zgb
mvov †g‡jwb| A_P GiB g‡a¨ wkeivg GKwU Dcb¨vm iPbv K‡i
we‡`kx cÖkvm‡Ki `„wó AvKl©Y K‡iwQ‡jb|
Rwg`v‡ii QÎQvqvq cÖwZcvwjZ n‡jI wkeiv‡gi gbwU wQj
cÖRvmyjf| †mRb¨ m`¨ZiæY eq‡mB PuvP‡ji †h Rwg`v‡ii QÎQvqvq
eo n‡qwQ‡jb, †mB Rwg`v‡ii weiæ‡×B cªRv‡`i msMwVZ K‡i
we‡`ªvn †NvlYv K‡iwQ‡jb| Aek¨ Rwg`v‡ii eûgyLx kw³i Kv‡Q
Zuvi e¨w³MZ cÖqvm e¨_© nIqvUvB ¯^vfvweK| wKš‘ Awm w`‡q e¨_©
n‡jI wZwb gmx w`‡q mvdj¨ †c‡qwQ‡jb| Avi GB mvd‡j¨i g~‡jB
i‡q‡Q Zuvi Jcb¨vwmK wn‡m‡e AvZ¥cÖKvk| Aek¨ mvwnZ¨gn‡j Zuvi
ˆK‡kv‡ivËxY© cÖ_g †hŠe‡bi Dcb¨vmcªqvm mvov †dj‡Z cv‡iwb Ges
†mUvB wQj ¯^vfvweK| PuvP‡ji gvjZxcyi UvDb jvB‡eªwi‡Z Dcb¨vmwUi
GKwU Kwc wQj| †iwR÷v‡ii 676-G Dcb¨vmwUi `vg 1UvKv †jLv
_vK‡jI cªKvkKvj I cÖKvk‡Ki †Kvb nw`m †bB| Z‡e Dcb¨vmwU
†h mvov †d‡jwQj, Zv Rvbv hvq PuvPjivR †÷‡Ui AemicÖvß Kg©Pvix
f~‡c›`ªbv_ `v‡ki PuvP‡ji kirP›`ª (Ryb 2001, gvj`v) cyw¯ÍKv †_‡K:
Ôwkecªmv`eveyi cyÎ wkeivg LyB ¯^vaxb‡PZv †Q‡j wQ‡jb| ¯^vaxbZv
Av‡›`vj‡b †hvM w`‡q wZwb ¯‹zj hvIqv eÜ K‡ib| kirP‡›`ªi Dci
ivM Kwiqv Rwg`vi‡ii i_ bvg w`qv GKwU eB †j‡Lb| Zvnv‡Z
kirP‡›`ªi wbôziZv Ges hveZxq KzKxwZ©i Kvwnbx wjwLqv kirP›`ª‡K
†nq Ges N„Y¨ Pwi‡Îi †jvK wn‡m‡e wPwýZ K‡ib| kirP›`ª GBme
mZ¨ NUbvi Rb¨ †jvKP‡ÿ †nq nBevi f‡q eBwUi cvewjmvi‡K wKQz
A_© w`qv AviI cÖKvk eÜ K‡ib Ges hZ¸wj eB cÖKvwkZ nBqv‡Q
Bs‡iR miKv‡ii mvnv‡h¨ ZvnvI wbwl× Kivb|
wkeiv‡gi Rwg`v‡ii i_ ïaygvÎ PuvP‡ji Rwg`v‡ii wkitcxovi
Kvi‡YB D‡jøL‡hvM¨ bq, Dcb¨vm wn‡m‡eI Av‡jvPbv †hvM¨| †Kbbv Jcb¨vwmK ïaygvÎ e¨w³MZ Av‡µv‡kB Dcb¨vmwU †j‡Lbwb|
ev¯Íe RxebvwfÁZvi Dci wfwË K‡i †jLv Dcb¨vmwUi g‡a¨ wkeivg
ZrKvjxb evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i cvjve`‡ji kwiK n‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb
†h D‡Ïk¨g~jKfv‡e Dcb¨vmwU wj‡L‡Qb, †m K_v †hgb mZ¨ †ZgbB
†mB D‡Ïk¨ †h ïaygvÎ Rwg`vi kirP‡›`ªi N„Y¨ Pwi·K cÖKvk K‡i
†nq cÖwZcbœ Kivq mxgveÜ wQj bv, Zv-I mZ¨| wkeivg kirP‡›`ªi
Ges Zvi Aa¯Íb Kg©Pvix‡`i AgvbweK kvmb I wbg©g †kvl‡Yi
cÖZ¨ÿ AwfÁZvi wbwi‡L Dcb¨v‡mi Kvwnbx M‡o Zzj‡jI Zuvi Avmj
D‡Ïk¨ wQj mvaviY gvby‡li g‡a¨ MY‡PZbv RvwM‡q †Zvjv| †mRb¨
Rwg`v‡ii i_ APj n‡q co‡jI Dcb¨vmwU mPj †_‡K‡Q| †Kb-bv
Rxeb Rwg`vwi kvmb I †kvl‡Yi †h wbôzi AwfÁZv mÂq K‡iwQ‡jb,
Zv Zuvi g‡b AZ¨šÍ †ewk iK‡g mwµq wQj| †mRb¨ †`Lv hvq, Zuvi
c‡ii Dcb¨vm †Q‡j eq‡mÕi g‡a¨I Rwg`v‡ii i_-Gi NUbvwe‡k‡li
D‡jøL i‡q‡Q| Zv‡Z g‡b nq, Rwg`v‡ii i_ Dcb¨vmwU cÖKvwkZ
c‡_ mvdj¨ bv Avmvq wkeivg Zuvi wØZxq Dcb¨v‡mi g‡a¨I GKB
NUbvi AeZviYv K‡i ¯^xq D‡Ïk¨ mdj Kivi cÖqvmx n‡qwQ‡jb|
†mB D‡Ïk¨wU wQj mvgvwRK AwePv‡ii weiæ‡× MY‡PZbv RvwM‡q
†Zvjv| Avi G Rb¨B wkeivg PµeZ©x evsjv Dcb¨v‡mi avivq Ab¨Zg
mybxj AvPvh©
AMÖcw_K Jcb¨vwmK|
17
Abyev` Mí
Avwg †f‡ewQjvg,
`xN©Ñw`b hveZ Ly‡bi
i³ †j‡M Av‡Q Avgvi
nv‡Z| †mRb¨ Avwg
evwo †_‡K cvwj‡q
G‡mwQjvg Ges
GLv‡b G‡m evm
Ki‡Z Ki‡Z †Zvgv‡K
we‡q K‡iwQjvg| †m
RxweZÕ...
†R¨vwZlxi Rxe‡b
GK w`b
Av i. †K bv iv q Y
`ycy‡i †m Zvi _wj Ly‡j emj, Ges †ckvi cÖ‡qvRbxq miÄvg¸‡jv
¸wQ‡q wewQ‡q w`j, G¸‡jvi g‡a¨ wQj WRbLv‡bK Kwo, †PŠ‡KvY GK
UyK‡iv Kvco, Zv‡Z A‡jŠwKK wKQz bw_cÎ Ges nv‡Zi †iLv m¤^Üxq
wKQz eBcÎ| Zvi Kcv‡j jvj i‡Oi D¾¡j `vM Zv‡Z wKQy cweÎ QvB
I wmu`y‡ii Qvc| Zvi †Pv‡L D¾¡j `„wóÑ †h `„wó‡Z eyS‡Z n‡e †h
†m MÖvnK LuzR‡Z e¨MÖ wKš‘ mvaviY g‡°j‡`i Kv‡Q Zvi `„wó fwel¨r
Áv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z †cÖv¾¡j| Zvi †Pv‡Li `„wó AviI D¾¡j n‡q‡Q GB
Rb¨ †h Zvi Kcvj i½xb Ges Zvi †Muvd`vwo fxlY Kv‡jv| Av‡iv
AvKl©Yxqfv‡e †m GKUv i½xb mv`v cvMwo w`‡q gv_v †X‡K ivLZ|
i‡Oi GB wgj †Kvb mgq bó nZ bv| Kmgm wKsev Wvwjqv dzj †hfv‡e
†gŠgvwQ‡`i AvKl©Y K‡i G †R¨vwZlx †Zgwbfv‡e Zvi g‡°j‡`i
AvKl©Y KiZ| †m GKUv weivU AkÌ Mv‡Qi bx‡P emZ| RvqMvwU
wewfbœ Kvi‡Y D‡jøL‡hvM¨| mvivw`b mKvj †_‡K ivZ ch©šÍ eû‡jvK
G c‡_ hvZvqvZ KiZ| G c‡_ A‡bK †ckv`vix I e¨emvqx emZ
†hgb Ilya we‡µZv, †jvnvi evmbcÎ we‡µZv, hv`yKi, m¯Ív Kvc‡oi
wbjvgKvix hviv mevB wg‡j mvivw`b bvbv ai‡bi mviv kn‡ii MÖvnK
msMÖ‡ni Kv‡R e¨¯Í _vKZ| †R¨vwZlxi mvg‡b wfo RgvZ A‡bK gvbyl|
RvqMvwUi Avi GKUv AvKl©Y wQj GB †h, GLv‡b kn‡ii ˆe`y¨wZK
Av‡jv wQj bv| †`vKv‡bi cÖ`x‡ci Av‡jv‡Z GjvKvUv Av‡jvwKZ
nZ| GjvKvUv wQj Av‡jv-Auvav‡ii †Ljvi RvqMv| †R¨vwZlxi Rb¨
G GKUv my›`i cwi‡ek, KviY G †R¨vwZlx †Zv mwZ¨Kvifv‡e MYK
n‡Z Pvqwb †Kvbw`bÑ Ggb wK †m Rv‡bI bv GKwU wgwbU c‡iB Zvi
wb‡Ri Rxe‡bB-ev Kx NU‡Z cv‡i| Zvi mij I mr MÖvnKiv †hgb MÖn
bÿÎ m¤^‡Ü wKQzB Rv‡b bvÑ †mI Avm‡j G e¨vcv‡i Lye GKUv wKQz
Rv‡b bv| wKš‘ ZeyI †m Zvi g‡°j‡`i Ggb K_v ejZ hv Zv‡`i‡K
Lywk KiZ Ges Zviv Avðh© n‡q †hZ| †m¸‡jv wQj wKQzUv ch©v‡jvPbv,
†Póv Ges PvjvwK Abygvb gvÎ| ZeyI Gme n‡”Q mr c‡_i mr kªg
Ges G kª‡gi wewbg‡q †h cqmv AvmZ †m w`b †k‡l †m cqmv wb‡q
18
N‡i wdiZ|
†Kvb cwiKíbv ev fvebv QvovB †m MÖvg †Q‡o P‡j G‡mwQj, hw`
†m MÖv‡g _vKZ Zvn‡j wcZv-wcZvg‡ni RxweKvB nq‡Zv MÖnY KiZ
Pvlvev` KiZ, †L‡qÑc‡i †e‡P _vKZ, we‡q KiZ Ges Zvi eqm
evoZ Zv‡`i †LZÑLvgv‡i I ˆcZ…K ev¯‘wfUvq| wKš‘ Zv †Zv nj bv|
KvD‡K bv e‡j Zv‡K MÖvg †Q‡o Avm‡Z nj Ges evwo †_‡K `yÕ‡kv
gvBj `~‡i bv G‡m †m kvwšÍ †cj bv| GK MÖv‡gi gvby‡li Kv‡Q G
A‡bK `~iZ¡Ñ G †hb gnvmvM‡ii `~iZ¡|
†m gvby‡li Amyweavi Kvh©Ki we‡kølY Ki‡Z mg_© wQj| we‡q,
A_© Ges gvbweK evavÑwecwË m¤^‡Ü Zvi aviYv wQj| `xN© AwfÁZv
Zvi Abyf~wZ‡K avivj K‡i Zz‡jwQj| cuvP wgwb‡UB †m eyS‡Z cviZ
Kvi †Kv_vq †Mvjgvj i‡q‡Q| cÖwZ cÖ‡kœi Rev‡e †m wZb cqmv `vwe
KiZ| Zvi g‡°j Kgc‡ÿ `k wgwbU K_v bv ej‡j †m K_v ejZ bv
Ges GB mgqUzKz †f‡e †f‡e WRbLv‡bK Reve I Dc‡`k ˆZwi KiZ|
ZvB mvg‡b emv †jvKwUi nvZ †`‡L †m ejZ Ô†Zvgvi †Póvi dj Zzwg
cv”Q bvÕ| `kR‡bi g‡a¨ bqRb Zvi Rev‡e Lywk nZ| gv‡S gv‡S †m
nq‡Zv KvD‡K cÖkœ KiZ Ô†Zvgvi Rxe‡b wK †Kvb bvix Av‡Q? nq‡Zv
`~i m¤úK©xq †KD n‡Z cv‡i †h †Zvgvi cÖwZ mš‘ó bq nq‡ZvÕ| gv‡S
gv‡S †m MÖvn‡Ki PvwiwÎK ˆewkó¨ wb‡q K_v ejZ| Ô†Zvgvi ¯^fv‡ei
Rb¨B †Zvgvi Kó| kwb hLb †Zvgvi ILv‡b Av‡Q Zvn‡j G iKg wfbœ
n‡e †Kb, †Zvgvi †fZiUv †Kvgj wKš‘ evwn¨K K‡VviÕ| G me K_v
Zvi MÖvnK‡`i Kv‡Q Zv‡K Av`iYxq K‡i ZzjZ| KviY Avgiv mevB
fvwe †h Avgv‡`i evB‡i Avgiv K‡Vvi| ev`vgIqvjv dyuw`‡q Zvi evwZi
Av‡jv wbwf‡q w`j Ges evwo hvIqvi Rb¨ D‡V `uvovj| †R¨vwZlxi Rb¨
G GKUv Bw½Z e‡U KviY G‡Z †R¨vwZlx wKQzUv AÜKv‡i c‡o †Mj|
Zvi mvg‡b ZLb wQj `~i †_‡K †f‡m Avmv mvgvb¨ wKQz Av‡jv| Zv‡Z
Zvi mvg‡bi gvwU wKQzUv Av‡jvwKZ n‡qwQj|
Zvi Kwo¸‡jv †m Kzwo‡q Zzjj, Ab¨vb¨ mvR-miÄvg _wj‡Z
Zz‡j ivL‡Z ïiæ Kij| nVvr Zvi mvg‡bi
Av‡jvUv evavcÖvß nj| †m gyL Zz‡j ZvKvj
Ges †`L‡Z †cj Zvi mvg‡b GK †jvK
`uvwo‡q Av‡Q| †m eySj †h Zvi g‡°j Ges
Zv‡K ejjÑ Ô†Zvgv‡K Lye wPwšÍZ g‡b n‡”Q
ZvB bv? Zzwg GLv‡b em Ges Avgvi mv‡_
wKQz K_v ejÕ| AcwiwPZ e¨w³wU A¯úó ¯^‡i
wK †hb GKUv ejj| †R¨vwZlx Avevi †Rvi
K‡i Zv‡K AvnŸvb Rvbvj| Gev‡i AcwiwPZ
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†Zvgv‡K me eje|Õ
AvMš‘K Zvi nvZ cÖmvwiZ K‡i w`‡q
ejj| ÔP¨v‡jÄ †Zv P¨v‡jÄB| e‡j hvI|Õ
†R¨vwZlx GwM‡q G‡m ejj Ô†Zvgvi
Rxe‡b GK bvix Av‡Q|Õ
AvMš‘K e‡j DVj, Ô_v‡gv Avwg Gme
PvB bv, Avwg wK Avgvi eZ©gvb Awfhv‡b mdj
ne? G cÖ‡kœi Reve w`‡q Zvici hvI|Õ
e‡j PjwQj, ÔAvwg GLb †ewi‡qwQjvg ïaygvÎ
Zvi †Luv‡R| hw` Zv‡K †cZvg Z‡e Zv‡K
Lyb KiZvgÕ| †m `ytL K‡i gv_v bvoj|
ejj, Ô†m Avgvi nv‡Zi bvMv‡ji evB‡i P‡j
†M‡Q| Avwg wek¦vm Kwi †h g„Zz¨ Zvi cÖvc¨
†mB g„Zz¨B Zvi n‡q‡QÕ| Ôn¨v wVKB e‡jQÕ|
†R¨vwZlx ejj| †gvUi Mvwoi bx‡P c‡o Zvi
g„Zz¨ n‡q‡Q|
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†R¨vwZlx ejj Ôhw` Avgvi Reve †Zvgvi Kv‡Q m‡šÍvlRbK nq Zvn‡j Zzwg Avgv‡K cuvP
UvKv †`‡e?Õ Ôbv|Õ ÔZvn‡j Avgv‡K AvU Avbv †`‡e?Õ AcwiwPZ †jvKwU ejj, ÔwVK Av‡Q
ZvB †`e| wKš‘ †Zvgvi Reve fzj n‡j Zzwg Avgv‡K wظY cqmv †diZ †`‡e?...Õ
e¨w³wU Zvi nvZ †R¨vwZlxi gy‡Li mvg‡b Zz‡j
a‡i ejj, ÔZzwg †R¨vwZlxÕ? †R¨vwZlx wKQzUv
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w`‡K Zvi cÖmvwiZ nvZwU Zz‡j a‡i ejj
Ô†Zvgvi cÖK…Z ¯^fve...Õ| ÔIme eÜ KiÕ|
†jvKwU ejj, Ô¸iæZ¡c~Y© wKQz K_v Avgv‡K
ejÕ|
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ejj, ÔcÖwZ cÖ‡kœi Rev‡e Avwg gvÎ wZb cqmv
`vwe Kwi| Zzwg hv Rvb‡Z PvB‡e Zv †Zvgvi
n‡Z n‡eÕ| Aci †jvKwU nvZ Zz‡j wbj Ges
Zvi mvg‡b GK Avbv Zz‡j a‡i ejj, ÔAvgvi
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Avgv‡K duvwK `vI Zvn‡j my`mn Avgvi GK
Avbv †diZ w`‡Z eva¨ _vK‡e wKš‘Õ|
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Avgv‡K cuvP UvKv †`‡e?Õ
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AcwiwPZ †jvKwU ejj, ÔwVK Av‡Q
ZvB †`e| wKš‘ †Zvgvi Reve fzj n‡j Zzwg
Avgv‡K wظY cqmv †diZ †`‡e?Õ
G Pzw³ `yÕR‡bB †g‡b wbj| †R¨vwZlx
AvKv‡ki w`‡K ZvwK‡q GKUv cÖv_©bv Rvbvj|
AvMš‘K PziæU awi‡q Uvb‡Z ïiæ Kij|
w`qvkjvB‡qi Av‡jv‡Z †R¨vwZlx AvMš‘‡Ki
gyLUv GKevi fvjfv‡e †`‡L wbj| AvMš‘K
e‡m c‡o PziæU Uvb‡Z jvMj Ges Pziæ‡Ui
†auvqv Qvo‡Z jvMj| †R¨vwZlx wKQzUv e¨wZe¨¯Í
n‡q coj| †m ejj, Ô†Zvgvi GK Avbv
†diZ bvI| Avwg Ggb P¨v‡j‡Äi †gvKvwejv
Ki‡Z ivwR bB| ZvQvov Avgvi AvR †`wi
n‡q †M‡Q|Õ Zvi wRwbm cθ‡jv ¸wQ‡q _
wj‡Z Zzjevi e¨e¯’v Ki‡Z jvMj †R¨vwZlx|
AvMš‘K Zvi nvZ evwo‡q w`‡q ejj, Ôbv
Zv n‡e bv| Avwg hLb P‡j hvw”Qjvg ZLb
ZzwgB Avgv‡K †W‡K G‡bwQ‡jb|Õ †R¨vwZlx
†jvKwUi Là‡i c‡o fq †cj| Zvi Mjv
ïwK‡q Gj| †m Reve Luy‡R cvw”Qj bv|
†R¨vwZlx wKQz gš¿ Ave„wË K‡i ejj,
ÔwVK Av‡Q, Avwg eme| wKš‘ Avwg hv eje
hw` †Zvgvi Kv‡Q wek¦vm‡hvM¨ nq Zvn‡j
Avgv‡K GK UvKv †`‡eÑ Zv bv n‡j Avwg gyL
Lyje bv| Zzwg hv Lywk Ki‡Z cvi|Õ
A‡bK `vgv`vgx Kivi ci AvMš‘K
ivwR nj, †R¨vwZlx ejj, ÔZzwg g„Z e‡j g‡b
Kiv n‡qwQj| Avwg mwZ¨ ejwQ|Õ
Ôn¨v Av‡iv wKQz ej|Õ
Ô†Zvgv‡K eo †Qviv w`‡q AvNvZ Kiv
n‡qwQjÕÑ †R¨vwZlx ejj|
ÔZzwg †Zv Lye fvj †R¨vwZlxÕ| †m nvZ
evwo‡q eyK Ly‡j Qzwii AvNv‡Zi `vM †`Lvj|
ÔAv‡iv wKQz?Õ
ÔZvici †Zvgv‡K gv‡Vi g‡a¨ GK
Kzqvi g‡a¨ †d‡j †`Iqv n‡qwQj a‡i †bIqv
n‡qwQj Zzwg g„Z|Õ
AvMš‘K †jvKwU ejj ÔAvwg g‡iB
†hZvg hw` GKRb c_Pvix Avgv‡K Kzqvi
g‡a¨ bv †`LZ| ÔnvZ gywóe× K‡i †m ejj,
ÔAvwg Zv‡K KLb cve?Õ
†R¨vwZlx ejj, ÔG RM‡Z bq, ciRM‡Z
Zzwg Zvi †`Lv cv‡e| †Kvb GK `~ieZ©x kn‡i
Pvigvm nj †m gviv †M‡Q, Zv‡K Zzwg Avi
†Kvbw`b †`L‡Z cv‡e bv|Õ
AvMš‘K †MvOvwb w`‡q DVj| †R¨vwZlx
ejj, Ô¸iæ bvqK|Õ
ÔZzwg Avgvi bvg Rv‡bv?Õ AvMš‘K
ejj|
Ô†hgb Avwg Ab¨ me Rvwb| Ô¸iæ bvqK,
ˆah© a‡i g‡bv‡hvM w`‡q †kvb Avwg ejwQ|
GB kn‡ii Dˇi `yÕw`‡bi c_ †M‡j †Zvgvi
evwo| cieZ©x †Uªb a‡i evwo P‡j hvI| evwoi
evB‡i _vK‡j †Zvgvi Av‡iv wec` Avm‡Z
cv‡iÕ| †m wKQzUv cweÎ QvB Zvi mvg‡b Zz‡j
a‡i ejj, ÔGUzKz nv‡Z N‡l bvI Ges †Zvgvi
Kcv‡j jvMvI Avi evwo P‡j hvI| `wÿY
w`‡K Avi KL‡bv G¸‡e bv| Zzwg GK‡kv
eQi evP‡e|Õ
ÔAvwg Avi evwo Qvoe †Kb?Õ AvMš‘K
hLb Zvi gvjvgvj ¸wU‡q wbj ZLb RvqMvwU
AÜKv‡i XvKv c‡o‡Q| `~i †_‡K †f‡m Avmv
bxj Av‡jvwUI Avi Avm‡Q bv| AÜKvi
Avi bxieZv| AvMš‘K †jvKwU P‡j †Mj|
†R¨vwZlx‡K †m nvZfwZ© UvKv w`‡q †M‡Q|
ga¨iv‡Z †R¨vwZlx N‡i wd‡i Gj| Zvi
¯¿x `iRvq e‡m Zvi Rb¨ A‡cÿv Ki‡Q| †m
Zvi Kv‡Q †`wii KviY Rvb‡Z PvBj|
†R¨vwZlx cqmv¸‡jv Zvi ¯¿xi nv‡Z
Quz‡o w`‡q ejj Ô¸‡Y †`L GKRb †jvK
me¸‡jv cqmv w`‡q‡QÕ|
Ômv‡o ev‡iv AvbvÕ| †m Lywk‡Z we‡fvi
n‡q ejj, Avwg AvMvgxKvj K‡qKUv bvi‡Kj
I wKQz wgwó wK‡b Avbe| A‡bKw`b a‡i
†g‡qUv wgwó †L‡Z Pv‡”Q| Zvi Rb¨ wKQz fvj
wgwó ˆZwi Ki‡Z cvieÕ|
Ô†jvKUv Avgv‡K VwK‡q‡Q| †m e‡jwQj
GK UvKv †`‡eÕ| †R¨vwZlx ejj|
Zvi ¯¿x Zvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q ejjÑ
Ô†Zvgv‡K wPwšÍZ g‡b n‡”Q| †Kvb Amyweav
Av‡Q bvwK?Õ
Ôbv Ggb wKQz bvÕ|
Ôiv‡Zi Lvevi †k‡l LvwUqvq e‡m
†R¨vwZlx Zvi ¯¿x‡K ejj ÔZzwg Rv‡bv?
Avgvi gv_v †_‡K AvR GKUv weivU †evSv
†b‡g †M‡Q| Avwg †f‡ewQjvg, `xN©w`b hveZ
Ly‡bi i³ †j‡M Av‡Q Avgvi nv‡Z| †mRb¨
Avwg evwo †_‡K cvwj‡q G‡mwQjvg Ges
GLv‡b G‡m evm Ki‡Z Ki‡Z †Zvgv‡K we‡q
K‡iwQjvg| †m RxweZÕ|
Zvi ¯¿x `xN©k¦vm †d‡j ejj, ÔZzwg Lyb
Ki‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jÕ? nu¨v Avgv‡`i MÖv‡g ZLb
Avwg GK D×Z hyeK wQjvg| Avgiv †bkv
KiZvg, Ryqv †LjZvg Ges GKw`b fxlY
SMov n‡qwQj| _vK Gme K_v GLb Avi
†f‡e wK jvf? GLb †Zv Nygyevi mgqÑÕ
nvB Zz‡j †m ejj Ges LvwUqvi Dc‡i kixi
Gwj‡q ï‡q coj|
Abyev` cÖv‡YkKzgvi †PŠayix
Avi. †K. bvivqY cÖL¨vZ fviZxq †jLK
19
cÖeÜ
bvgj mܨv,
m~h©‡`e, GLv‡b
bvgj mܨv,
wcjy ev‡ivquvi
mܨv
KweZvi mܨv ...
Kwe weòz †`
Rxe‡b c~Y©Zvi cÖZxK
ˆm q ` wk wk i
ïiæ‡ZB Kwe weòz †` wQ‡jb ¯^Zš¿; gbxlvi `xß I cÖÁvjvwjZ m¤£všÍ
fzeb wbg©v‡Y cÖqvmx| †h Kwei g‡a¨ iex›`ªbv_ Ôh_v_©B bZzb c_
Lb‡biÕ Aa¨emvq †`‡LwQ‡jb| cÖ_g gnvhy‡×vËi mg‡q hvi DÌvb|
wZwi‡ki `k‡Ki Ab¨Zg †kªô Kwe weòz †`i e¨w³¯^iƒc I Kve¨jÿY
LyeB ¸iæZ¡c~Y©| 1909 mv‡ji 18 RyjvB Zuvi Rb¥ Ges 1982 mv‡ji
3 wW‡m¤^i g„Zz¨|
cÖK…wZ‡K Kwe wgwj‡q‡Qb Rxe‡bi Kg©gq iƒ‡ci m‡½| KweZvq
Av‡eM bv eyw×e„wËÑ †KvbUv‡K gyL¨ we‡ePbvq ivLv DwPZÑ GB
weZK©Kv‡jB weò †`i DÌvb| De©kx I Av‡U©wgm Zuvi cÖ_g Kve¨|
GwU 1930 mv‡j cÖKvwkZ| `xN© weiwZi ci 1937 mv‡j cÖKvwkZ
nq Zuvi wØZxq Kve¨ †Pvivevwj| cÖ_gwUi bvgKi‡Y mivmwi wMÖK
cyiv‡Yi †`ex‡K wb‡q G‡jI wØZxqwUi bvgKi‡Y AšÍZ kãMZ †Kvb
RwUjZv m„wó K‡ibwb| Aek¨B ej‡Z nq †h, De©kx I Av‡U©wgmGi Zzjbvq †Pvievwji cvVKwcÖqZv A‡bK †ewk| KweZvq kãwbe©vPb
I kãcÖ‡qv‡M wZwb LyeB mZK©| Zvi KweZvq evK¨ `~ivš^‡q RwUj
†Zv bq-B, MvVwbK wbixÿvwejv‡mI fvivµvšÍ bq| mgKvjxb
Kwe‡`i Zzjbvq weòz †` KweZvq †`wk I we‡`wk cyivY me‡P‡q
†ewk cª‡qvM K‡i‡Qb| wek¦cyiv‡Yi e¨vcK e¨envi KL‡bv Zuvi
KweZv‡K K‡i Zz‡j‡Q RwUj- KL‡bv cyiv‡Yi cÖZxKx I iƒcKMZ
cÖ‡qvM-gvay‡h© KweZv n‡q D‡V‡Q D¾¡j| KweZvq fviZcyiv‡Yi m‡½
cvðvZ¨cyiv‡Yi mgvšÍivj cÖ‡qv‡MI weòz †` h‡_ó `ÿZvi cwiPq
w`‡q‡Qb| †nvgvi †_‡K †kK&mwcqi Ges wek¦mvwn‡Z¨i L¨vwZgvb
Kwe‡`i iPbvq e¨eüZ cyivYKíI wbR¯^ e³e¨ cÖKv‡ki cÖ‡qvR‡b
wZwb e¨envi K‡i‡Qb Aejxjvq| Uªq hy‡×i m‡½ Kwe mgxK…Z
K‡i‡Qb Kziæ‡ÿ·K Avi wMÖK cyiv‡Yi Av‡U©wg‡mi m‡½ mgxK…Z
K‡i‡Qb fviZcyiv‡Yi De©kx‡K| Zuvi †Pvivevwj Kv‡e¨I cyiv‡Yi
e¨envi D‡jøL‡hvM¨| G Kv‡e¨i Ôgnv‡k¦ZvÕ, Ô†µwmWvÕ, ÔhhvwZÕ Ges
wkLwÊi MvbÕ KweZvq cyiv‡Yi cÖ‡qvM Aek¨B Av‡jvPbvi `vwe iv‡L|
20
Gevi weòz †`i KweZvq cyiv‡Yi cÖ‡qvMwelqK Av‡jvPbvi mg_©‡b
Avgiv cvV Kie wbe©vwPZ wKQz cO&w³Ñ
Av‡Rv ZvB jve‡Y¨i N‡i
Avgvi †PZbv †Q‡q gvqv Rv‡M jve‡Y¨i wbtk¦v‡mi ¯^‡i
wbtk¦v‡mi M‡Ü Zvi Pz‡ji Kv‡jvq
De©kxi gvqv jv‡M jve‡Y¨i AvOz‡ji g„`y¯úk©e‡i
De©kxi gvqv|
jve‡Y¨i gy‡L AvR ewZ‡Pwjø Gu‡K‡Q wfbvm&
wfbv‡mi Qvqv
Avgvi †PZbvNi ¯^‡cœ AvR K‡i‡Q iwOb
(De©kx I Av‡U©wgm)
eyׇ`e emy-Rxebvb›` `v‡ki mgKv‡jB KweZv †jLv ïiæ
K‡iwQ‡jb weòz †`| eqm we‡ePbvq wZwi‡ki ÔcÂcvÊeÕGi g‡a¨
wZwb wQ‡jb me©Kwbô| Ab¨ AvaywbK Kwe‡`i gZ wZwbI iex›`ªwe‡ivwaZvi ga¨ w`‡q KweZv iPbv ïiæ K‡iwQ‡jb| AvZ¥‡PZbv Ges
AvZ¥vbymÜv‡bi cªve‡j¨i Kvi‡Y A‡b‡K Zuv‡K wPwýZ K‡i‡Qb AvaywbK
KweZvi RM‡Z cª_g Aw¯Íev`x Kwe wn‡m‡e| AvaywbK KweZvi †ÿ‡Î
Zuvi cÖLi gbb I ˆe`»¨, aªæc`x k‡ãi h_vh_ cÖ‡qvM Ges cwikxwjZ
cÖKvkfw½B Zv‡K ¯^Zš¿ K‡i‡Q| Avevi GK_vI mZ¨ †h, iex›`ªbv‡_i
KweZvi wm×im‡K †f‡O wb‡qB wZwb iex›`ªbv‡_i Av`k©‡K cÖZ¨vL¨vb
K‡iwQ‡jb| D`vniY wn‡m‡e D‡jøL Kiv hvqÑ
bvgj mܨv,
m~h©‡`e, GLv‡b bvgj mܨv,
wcjy ev‡ivquvi mܨv
KweZvi mܨv
(U¤úv Vswi)
ÔUàv VzswiÕ KweZvi DׄZ cO&w³ PviwU cv‡V g‡b nj G †hb
ivexw›`ªK kãPqb Ôm~h©‡`eÕ‡K †køl K‡iB weòz †` KweZvq mܨv
bvwg‡q‡Qb|
weòz †`i KweZvq wek¦exÿvq cwð‡gi
`vk©wbK †n‡M‡ji Ansev`, divwm wkíx
gvwZ‡mi wPÎKjvi eY©‰efe I divwm Kwe
gvjv‡g©i Kve¨MxwZi Abykvm‡b wbR¯^ c‡_i
mÜvb K‡i| Zuvi KweZvq e¨eüZ wPÎK‡í
bMi I wbmM© †hgb Dcw¯’Z, †Zgwb cÖK…
wZI| Z‡e KweZvq wZwb wPÎKí Dcw¯’Z
K‡i‡Qb Awbevh© cÖZxK wn‡m‡e, †hgbÑ
e‡l© e‡l© Kvj Kv‡U, cÖvZ¨wnK, wbtm½
Kivj!
ˆekvLxi SÅv RxY© MÖx®§ †k‡l nq f®§jxb,
cøvweZ el©vi Mv‡b, ki‡Zi m~h©v¯Í gwjb,
†ng‡šÍi nvnvKv‡i cjvZK gvbmgivj!
R‡g I‡V i³exR Rxe‡bi Ajÿ¨ Af¨vm,
_‡i _‡i ¸ßPi R‡j ¯’‡j evqynxb †gN|
(Ômßc`xÕ)
weòz†`Õi KweZvi †mŠ›`‡h©i mxgvbv
wfbœZi, †mLv‡b g‡Zi I †ev‡ai iO †hb
cÖv‡P¨i, Avi im †hb eû ¯ÍiMZ| Zuvi
KweZvq bv›`wbK AeMvn‡bi c_ _v‡K
Db¥y³| hw`I KweZv GLb †U·U| GLv‡b
mnR-mij fv‡l¨i †Kvb evjvB †bB|
Av‡Q RwUjZv, ˆecixZ¨, wbg©vY-wewbg©vY
wKsev JׇZ¨ Dr‡i hvIqv mg‡qi bvbv
wPý, ms‡KZ I `y‡f©`¨ LoKz‡Uv, Awbt‡kl
AwfjvlÑ GBme| weòz †`i Kweg‡b wQj
cÖK…wZi m‡½ wbweo e܇bi ZvwM`| †h
Kvi‡Y wZwb muvIZvj ciMbvi wiwLqvq evmv
euv‡ab| wKQzUv evwo‡q ejv hvq, G ïayB evmv
euvav bq, †hb wbR evmf~‡g cievmxi ¯^f~wg|
wZwb ZvB †j‡LbÑ
†g`yi Zš^x wUjv¸wj bx‡j †g‡j AMg¨ wnqv
wejvq ü`q `~i wÎK~‡Ui msnZ m¤§v‡b
wÎKv‡ji g‡Zv KwVb wÎK~‡U †P‡q _v‡K
w`Nvwiqv|
(†¯‹P)
m‡PZb cvVKgvÎB Rv‡bb KweÑZuvi
KweZvi welqe¯‘‡Z gMœ| fv‡ei Zvobvq
ZvwoZ| wbgMœ _v‡Kb fvlvi Kvh©KiY Avi
kã wbe©vP‡b| weòz †`i KweZvq welq¸‡jv
my¯úó| Zuvi AwaKvsk KweZvB fw½, †ev‡ai
MfxiZv Ges AwfÁZv I `ÿZvi wbweo
mswgkª‡Y †jLv| fvlvi AšÍivi †_‡K fvlv
Luy‡R wb‡q‡Qb wZwb Zvi KweZvq| gvK©mev‡`
`xwÿZ nIqvi ci Kwe †kªYxmgv‡Ri
wek¦e¨vcx f~wgKv wel‡q A‡bK †ewk m‡PZb
n‡q I‡Vb Ges gvby‡li cÖwZ Av¯’vkxj n‡q
c‡ob AwaK gvÎvq| Z‡e †h gvbyl¸‡jvi
cÖwZ Zuvi Av¯’v †mB gvby‡liv kn‡ii wkwÿZ
ga¨weË wKsev D”Pweˇ`i †KD bq| cÖkœ
Rv‡M wbe©vwPZ G gvbyl¸‡jv Zvn‡j Kviv?
Gi Reve †c‡Z cvV Kie Zuvi KweZvi
wbe©vwPZ wKQz cO&w³Ñ
I h‡e e³„Zv †`q AuvwaMÖ¯Í KeÜ †KŠk‡j
bxjvKv‡k gy³ Gi nvZ P‡j jvO‡j PvKvq\
(G Avi I)
Avgiv †f‡bwQ avb, Avgiv †f‡½wQ Mg
†Rvqvi evRiv Avi m‡l© Aoni
Avgiv Zz‡jwQ cvU Avgiv ey‡bwQ kvwo
M‡owQ cv_i
AvgivB awi nvj
AvgivB Kwi Mvb...|
(Ô‡`‡LwQ †gjvq GKÕ)
weòz †`Õi Kve¨Rxe‡bi GKUv ch©vq
Ry‡o iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi mwµq _vKvq Zuvi bvbv
KweZvq Qwo‡q-wQwU‡q Av‡Q iex›`ª-D‡jøL|
wZwb Zuvi Z…Zxq Kve¨ c~e©‡jL (1941)
iex›`ªbv_‡K DrmM© K‡iwQ‡jb| GQvov
Zuvi AšÍZ wZbwU Kve¨ iex›`ª-mswkøó|
G¸‡jv njÑ bvg †i‡LwQ †Kvgj MvÜvi,
(1953), Zzwg ïay cuwP‡k ˆekvL (1365)
I iweK‡iv¾¡j wbR †`‡k (1380)|
ivR‰bwZK e¨w³Z¡ MvÜxRx‡K wb‡qI KweZv
wj‡L‡Qb weòz †`| KweZvwU ÔMvÜxRxi
Rb¥w`‡b (Av‡jL¨, 1365) wk‡ivbv‡g †jLv|
†jwbb‡K wb‡qI i‡q‡Q Zuvi GKvwaK KweZv|
mgKvjxb †`kxq gvbyl‡`i wb‡q weò †`i
D‡jøL‡hvM¨msL¨K KweZv i‡q‡Q| †hgb
Ôbxi` gRyg`v‡ii Rb¨Õ, ÔeÜz¯§„wZ: myax›`ªbv_
`ËÕ, gvwbK e‡›`¨vcva¨vqÕ, †Mvcvj †Nv‡li
Rb¨Õ, Ô†R¨vwZ VvKziÕ cÖf…wZ|
cÖ_g cÖKvwkZ Kve¨ De©kx I Av‡U©wgm
†_‡K 1969 mv‡j cÖKvwkZ msev` g~jZ
Kve¨mn Zuvi 12wU Kv‡e¨i ga¨ w`‡q evsjv
AvaywbK KweZvi Kl©Yf~wg‡Z wZwb ïay wewkó
bb, n‡q D‡V‡Qb gbxlvi `xw߇Z, Av‡e‡Mi
wfbœ cÖKv‡k cÖfvemÂvix Kwe| 1967
mvj †_‡K GB weòz †`-†K wN‡iB kvgmyi
ivngvb cÖejfv‡e Av”Qbœ I euvKÑe`‡ji
cÖ¯‘wZ wb‡qwQ‡jb Ges †ei n‡q G‡mwQ‡jb
Rxebvb›`Ñ ejq †_‡K| Zuvi wbiv‡jv‡K
w`e¨i_ Kv‡e¨ weòz †`i GB mgv”Qbœ cªfve‡K
kbv³ Kiv hvq Lye mn‡RB|
1971 mv‡j evsjv‡`‡ki MYnZ¨v,
evOvwji DØv¯ÍyZv, kiYv_©x wkwei I gyw³hy×
wb‡q cwðge‡½i m‡PZb gvbyl‡`i gZ Kwe
weòz †` I Av‡jvwoZ wQ‡jb| Õ71Ñ G Zuvi
KweZvm„R‡b e¨vcK I we¯—…Z ¯’vb `Lj K‡i
wQj evsjv‡`k| Zuvi †hvM¨ m¤úv`bvq hLb
evsjv‡`‡ki KweZv : GK ¯ÍeK cÖKvwkZ
nj cÖwZwbwaZ¡g~jK msKjb bv n‡jI mxwgZ
mv‡a¨ Zv n‡q DVj c~e© evsjvi msMÖvgiZ
Kwe‡`i `xN© cÖ¯‘wZi GK `wjj| eBwU
gbxlv MÖš’vjq †_‡K Õ71 mv‡ji †m‡Þ¤^‡i
cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj| G‡Z evsjv‡`‡ki 46 Rb
Kwei 150wU KweZv ¯’vb †c‡qwQj| cjøxKwe
Rmxg D`&`x‡bi `yÕwU KweZv ÔGKz‡ki MvbÕ I
ÔGKz‡ki Mvb 2Õ w`‡q msKjbwUi ïiæ Ges
†kl n‡q‡Q Aveyj nvmv‡bi Ô†mLv‡b wbðycÕ
KweZv w`‡q|
wPÎKjv wel‡qI weòz †` LyeB AvMÖnx
wQ‡jb| cÖvK-mœvZK †kªYx‡Z Aa¨qbKv‡jB
Zuvi G AvMÖ‡ni m„wó| msL¨vi w`K we‡ePbvq
weòz†`Õi KweZvi †mŠ›`‡h©i
mxgvbv wfbœZi, †mLv‡b g‡Zi
I †ev‡ai iO †hb cÖv‡P¨i
Avi im †hb eû ¯ÍeMZ| Zuvi
KweZvq bv›`wbK AeMvn‡bi
c_ _v‡K Db¥y³| hw`I
KweZvi GLb †U·U| GLv‡b
mnR-mij fv‡l¨i †Kvb evjvB
†bB| Av‡Q RwUjZv, ˆecixZ¨,
wbg©vY-wewbg©vY wKsev JׇZ¨
Dr‡i hvIqv mg‡qi bvbv wPý,
ms‡KZ I `y‡f©`¨ LoKz‡Uv,
Awbt‡kl AwfjvlÑGBme|
mvwnZ¨-welqK iPbvB AMÖMvgx| GiciB
†h welq weò †`†K AvK…ó K‡i‡Q Ges
†h wel‡qi †jLvq Zuvi c‡ÿ ¯^KxqZv
AR©b m¤¢e n‡q‡Q Zv wPÎKjv-m¤úwK©Z|
ej‡Z Pvw”Q M`¨Kvi weòz †`i K_v| whwb
Kwe wn‡m‡e Avgv‡`i LyeB cwiwPZ| wKš‘
M`¨ iPbvqI wZwb wQ‡jb wm×n¯Í| wkímvwnZ¨, ms¯‹…wZi cÖm½mn weÁvb I gvK©mxq
`k©b me welqB weòz †`i DcRxe¨| welq
ˆewP‡Î¨ gbbkxjZvq gbxlvi ˆe`‡»¨ Ges
AMÖmi iæwPkxjZvi cÖwZdj‡b Zuvi †jLv
cÖwZwU cÖeÜ ˆewkó¨c~Y©| wPÎ mgv‡jvPK
wn‡m‡eI wZwb wQ‡jb kw³gvb| iex›`ªbv_,
Aebx›`ªbv_, MM‡b›`ªbv_, b›`jvj, hvwgbx
ivq, bxi` gRyg`vi, cÖ‡`vl `vk¸‡ßi
wPÎKjv Av‡jvPbvi cvkvcvwk wZwb gvwZm,
wcKv‡mvi wPÎKjv wb‡qI Av‡jvPbv K‡i‡Qb|
wPÎ-mgv‡jvPK wn‡m‡e Zuvi †jLvq hvwgbx
iv‡qi wPÎKg© wel‡q Av‡jvPbvi cÖvi‡¤¢
Ab¨ wkíx‡`i m¤^‡Ü †jLvi mswÿß weeiY
cv‡VB cvIqv hvq weòz †`i wkíiæwP‡eva
Ges g~j¨vq‡bi gvb`Ê wbg©v‡Yi MÖnY‡hvM¨
e¨vL¨v| ÔwPÎwkíx iex›`ªbv_Õ wk‡ivbv‡gi
cÖe‡Ü iex›`ªbv‡_i wPÎKjv m¤ú‡K© wZwb
wj‡L‡Qb, Ôiex›`ªbv_ hw` ïay Kwe n‡Zb,
Zvn‡j Zuvi Mvb I Qwei Hk¦h©¨ †_‡K Avgiv
ewÂZ nZzg Ges Zuvi wkíxmËvI Zzjbvq
Am¤ú~Y© _vKZ| Mvb I Qwei gva¨‡g Zuvi
e¨w³¯^iƒc, Zuvi Kv‡e¨i KxwZ© I mxgv gyw³
†c‡qwQjÕ| GKK_vq, weòz †` wQ‡jb iex›`ª
wPÎKjvi mgKvjxq †kªô †ev×v| msMx‡Zi
cÖwZI wQj Zuvi ü`‡qi Uvb| ejv hvq,
mvwnZ¨PP©v Zuv‡K gbb weKv‡ki my‡hvM G‡b
w`‡jI wPÎKjv I msMxZ D‡b¥vwPZ K‡i‡Q
Zuvi gbb I Kíbvi mgwš^Z iƒc| Gfv‡eB
wZwb Rxe‡b Luy‡R †c‡q‡Qb c~Y©Zv, Rxe‡b
n‡q D‡V‡Qb c~Y©Zvi cÖZxK|
ˆmq` wkwki ZiæY Kwe, cÖvewÜK
21
gnvRxeb
cÖÁv`xß gnvcÖvY
W. gyn¤§` knx`yjøvn&
W. m ›`x c K g wjø K
1921 wLª. wZwb
†hvM †`b XvKv
wek¦we`¨vj‡qi ms¯‹…Z
I evsjv wefv‡Mi
cÖfvlK c‡`| g~jZ
XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q
Aa¨vcbvB Zvi
Rxe‡bi me©‡c‡ÿv
Zvrch©c~Y© Aa¨vq ...
22
cÖÁv`xß gnvcÖvY W. gyn¤§` knx`yjøvni
Rb¥ 10 RyjvB, 1885 wLª÷v‡ã, cwðge‡½i
PweŸk ciMbvi †cqviv MÖv‡g| g„Zz¨ 13
RyjvB, 1969 wLª÷v‡ã| Zuv‡K mgvwnZ
Kiv nq cÖv‡P¨i-D¾¡j wkÿvcxV XvKv
wek¦we`¨vj‡qi A½‡b| ms¯‹…wZ-mgy¾¡j
N‡ivqv cwi‡e‡kB Zuvi wkÿvRxeb ïiæ nq|
ˆK‡kv‡iB wZwb AvqZ¡ K‡ib D`©y, Aviwe
I dviwm fvlv| we`¨vjq-cwigʇj wZwb
AvZ¥t¯’ K‡ib ms¯‹…Z fvlv| wZwb wQ‡jb
gy³gbxlv`xß; ZvB Zuvi GB m¤cÖ`vqwbi‡cÿ
gnvbyfeZv| wZwb ms¯‹…Z fvlvms¯‹…wZi
AšÍtc‡UÑA‡š¦lY K‡iwQ‡jb RxebmgybœwZi
`xcvewj| g~jZ cvwʇZ¨i gv½wjK Hk¦‡h©
ficyi wQj Zuvi AšÍivZ¥v| wZwb me©‡gvU
AvVv‡ivwU fvlv AvqZ¡ K‡iwQ‡jb| Zv‡Z
Zuvi ax-¯^Z¡vwaKv‡ii J¾¡j mg„× n‡qwQj|
cÖ_g Zviæ‡Y¨ wZwb nvIov †Rjv ¯‹zj
†_‡K DËxY© nb cÖ‡ewkKv, 1904 wLª.|
KjKvZvi †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡jR †_‡K 1906
wLª. DËxY© nb Gd.G.| ûMwj K‡j‡R
cov‡jLv K‡ib 1906-Õ08 wLª. ch©šÍ|
c‡i, Amy¯’Zvi Kvi‡Y cov‡jLvq mvgwqK
weiwZ NU‡jI 1910 wLª÷v‡ã KjKvZv
wmwU K‡jR †_‡K wZwb ms¯‹…wZ‡Z Abvm©mn
mœvZK wWwMÖ jvf K‡ib| 1912 wLª. KjKvZv
wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K wZwb Zzjbvg~jK fvlvZ‡Ë¡
Gg.G wWwMÖ AR©b K‡ib| we.Gj wWwMÖ
jvf K‡ib 1914 wLª÷v‡ã| me©t‡KŠwYK
cvV-mswkøóZv Zuv‡K e½fviZel©xq m‡Z¨i
Aš^x¶z wn‡m‡e `xwßgvb K‡iwQj| Zuvi
Ggb we`¨vqZwbK wefv b¨vqZB wQj ALÊ
gvbeKj¨vYvqZwbK|
`yB.
Zuvi Kg©Rxeb wQj ˆewPΨc~Y©| 1908-Õ10
wLª. ch©šÍ wZwb h‡kvi †Rjv ¯‹z‡j wkÿKZv
†ckvq wb‡qvwRZ wQ‡jb| PÆMÖv‡gi mxZvKzÊ
nvB ¯‹z‡ji cÖavb wkÿK wn‡m‡e `vwqZ¡ cvjb
K‡ib 1914-Õ15 wLª. ch©šÍ| 1915-Õ19 wLª.
ch©šÍ wZwb PweŸk ciMbvi ewkinv‡U AvBb
e¨emv‡q m¤ú„³ n‡qwQ‡jb| GLv‡b wZwb
†cŠimfvi fvBm †Pqvig¨vb c‡`I wbe©vwPZ
nb| g~jZ Ggbme Kj¨vYgq Kg©mswkøóZvi
Kvi‡Y wZwb evOvwji wPšÍvKg©‰ef‡ei †gŠwjK
PvwiΨ-m¤ú‡K© AvMÖnx n‡q D‡V wQ‡jb|
evOvwji †gŠwLK-ˆjwLK msjvc, aŸwbZvwË¡K
cwimi Z_v fvlvZvwË¡K cÖKiY-m¤ú‡K©
wZwb KjKvZv wek¦we`¨vj‡q W. `x‡bkP›`ª
†m‡bi ZË¡veav‡b kirP›`ª jvwnox M‡elYv-
mnKvix wn‡m‡e KvR K‡ib| 1921 wLª.
wZwb †hvM †`b XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi ms¯‹…Z
I evsjv wefv‡Mi cÖfvlK c‡`| g~jZ
XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q Aa¨vcbvB Zvi Rxe‡bi
me©‡c‡ÿv Zvrch©c~Y© Aa¨vq| G ch©v‡q wZwb
n‡q I‡Vb AvZ¥`k©x cwÊZ| wZwb Dcjwä
K‡ib †h, fvwlK Awfe¨w³B Rb-AvZ¥vi
AšÍtPvwi‡Î¨i g~j `xw߯^iƒc| aŸb¨v‡jvK
g‡bv‡jv‡Ki cÖwZfvm| wek¦‡R¨vwZg©q nIqvi
j‡ÿ¨ 1962 wLª. wZwb d«vÝ Mgb K‡ib|
c¨vwim wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K wZwb ˆew`K fvlv,
†eŠ× ms¯‹…Z, Zzjbvg~jK fvlvZË¡, wZeŸZx
I cªvPxb dvwm© fvlvq ey¨rcwË jvf K‡ib|
Rvg©vwbi d«vBeyM© we`¨vjq †_‡K AvqZ¡ K‡ib
cÖvPxb †LvZwb, cÖvPxb fviZxq ˆew`K ms¯‹…Z
I cÖvK…Z fvlv| 1928 wLª. wZwb cÖvPxb evsjv
fvlvwb`k©b Ph©vc`vejx wel‡q M‡elYv K‡i
c¨vwi‡mi mi‡evb wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K jvf
K‡ib wW.wjU wWwMÖ| wZwb aŸwbZ‡Ë¡ †gŠwjK
M‡elYvi R‡b¨ wW‡cøv-†dvb wWwMÖI AR©b
K‡ib c¨vwim wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K| Gici
cÖZ¨veZ©b K‡ib ¯^‡`‡k| cybivq †hvM`vb
K‡ib XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q|
1937 wLª. wZwb evsjv wefv‡Mi
Aa¨ÿ-c‡` weiZ nb| Aemi MÖnY K‡ib
1944 wLª.| cieZ©xKv‡j 1948 wLª. wZwb
e¸ov AvwRRyj nK K‡j‡Ri Aa¨ÿ-c‡`
†hvM`vb K‡ib| GKB mv‡j wZwb XvKv
wek¦we`¨vj‡qi msL¨vwZwi³ Aa¨vcK nb|
Kjv Abyl‡`i wWb c`I AjsK…Z K‡ib
wZwb| AvBb I AvšÍR©vwZK m¤úK© wefv‡Mi
LÊKvjxY Aa¨vcK c‡` Amxb wQ‡jb 1953Õ55 wLª. ch©šÍ| 1955-Õ58 wLª. ch©šÍ wZwb
ivRkvnx wek¦we`¨vj‡qi evsjv I ms¯‹…Z
wefv‡Mi Aa¨ÿ wQ‡jb| 1967 wLª. wZwb
XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi ÔcÖ‡dmi A¨v‡gwiUvmÕ
wbhy³ nb|
wZb.
W. gyn¤§` knx`yjøvn wQ‡jb mvs¯‹…wZK `vk©wbK| ZvB evOvwji fvlvm¤ú„³
eyw׉RewbK wµqv-cÖwZwµqvi g~jm~Î Avwe®‹vi
Ki‡Z mÿg n‡qwQ‡jb wZwb| †m-Kvi‡Y
wZwb evOvwji mvgvwRK fvlvZvwË¡K-mvwnwZ¨K
msMVbvq mwµq n‡qwQ‡jb|
wZwb 1911 wLª. e½xq gymjgvb mwgwZi
KY©avi nq| 1917 wLª. wZwb e½xq gymjgvb
mvwnZ¨-m‡¤§j‡b †hvM`vb K‡ib| 1926
wLª. †hvM †`b gymwjg mvwnZ¨-m‡¤§j‡b|
wbwLje½ hyeKm‡¤§j‡b †hvM †`b 1928 wLª.|
nvq`ªvev‡` wjwLZ fviZ cÖvP¨we`¨v m‡¤§j‡bi
fvlvZZË¡ kvLvq mswkøó nb 1941 wLª.| c~e©
cvwK¯Ívb mvwnZ¨-m‡¤§j‡b †hvM †`b 1948
wLª.| gv`ªv‡R B›Uvib¨vkbvj †mwgbvi Ab
UªvwWkbvj KvjPvi Bb mvD_ÑB÷ Gwkqv‡Z
wZwb BD‡b‡¯‹vi cÖwZwbwa g‡bvbxZ nb|
Zvi Ggb me D¾¡j AR©b Zuvi fvlvZvwË¡K
cÖÁvwaKvi Ges Rbgb-mgybœwZÑmsiÿYx
mvwnZ¨PP©vwaKv‡ii cÖvgvY¨¯^iƒc n‡qwQj|
Zuvi iwPZ fvlv-mvwnZ¨-ms¯‹…wZwelqK
cÖeÜvewj‡Z Ggb mZ¨ D”PwKZ n‡q‡Q|
wZwb evOvwji gbb`y¨wZ m¤f~Z m¤¢vi Ôevsjv
fvlvÕi ggZvgq AvwaKvwiK-wn‡m‡eB
`xcg¨vb n‡qwQ‡jb|
Pvi.
weï× ag©vqZwbK AfxÝv I †gŠwjK
gvbweK wPšÍKg©-Abya¨vb Z_v hyw³ I
weÁvbwbô Kj¨vYKg©cÖ‡hvRbv‡ZI W. gyn¤§`
knx`yjøvn wQ‡jb AvZ¥`xß| ms¯‹…Z, evsjv,
Bs‡iwR, Aviwe, dviwm, cvwj, cÖvK…Z,
AvÂwjK Dcfvl¨mn wewfbœ fvlvevwnZ
ms¯‹…wZ‰PZ‡b¨i g~jm~Î-A‡š^lYB wQj
Zvi IR¯^x Kg©evnvi| Zvi AwR©Z wewfbœ
cyi¯‹vi I m¤§vbbvB Zvi cÖvgvY¨¯^iƒc| wZwb
Z`vbxšÍb cvwK¯Ívb miKvi-cÖ`Ë ÔcÖvBW Ad
dvidig¨vÝÕ cyi¯‹vi AR©b K‡ib| 1967
wLª. wZwb AR©b K‡ib ÔbvBU Ad w` AW©vim&
Ad AvU© †jUvm©Õ cyi¯‹vi| wZwb ÔBmjvgx
wek¦we`¨vjq KwgkbÕ m`m¨ c` (1963-Õ64
wLª.), ÔBmjvgx GKv‡WgxÕ Kvh©wbe©vnx KwgwUi
m`m¨c` (1963-Õ64 wLª.), evsjv GKv‡Wgx
cwÄKvi ZvwiL-web¨vm KwgwUi mfvcwZ-c`,
Av`gRx mvwnZ¨-cyi¯‹vi I `vD` mvwnZ¨
cyi¯‹vi KwgwUi mfvcwZ c` AjsK…Z
K‡ib| wZwb evsjv GKv‡Wgxi c~e© cvwK¯Ívbx
fvlvi Av`k© AwfavbÕ cÖKí (1956-Õ60
wLª.), D`y©-Dbœqb ms¯’vi ÔD`©y-Awfavb cÖKíÕ
(1956-Õ60 wLª.) Ges Bmjvgx wek¦‡KvlcÖKíÕ (1961-Õ64 wLª.)-Gi w`Mwb‡`©kK
wQ‡jb| m‡e©vcwi, wZwb wQ‡jb gvZ…fvlv
Ôevsjv-PvP©vi GK gnxqvb KvÊix| ivóªvfvlvwn‡m‡e D`©yi cwie‡Z© evsjvi †hŠw³K `vwe
wZwbB cÖ_g Dc¯’vcb K‡ib|
cuvP.
W. gyn¤§` knx`yjøvni iPbvcwÄ: wm›`ev`
mI`vM‡ii Mí (1922) fvlv I mvwnZ¨
(1931) evsjv e¨vKiY (1963), `xIqvb-B
nvwdR (1938), wkKIqvn& RIqve-BwkKIqvn& (1942), iæevBqvr-B Dgi Lq¨vg
(1942) Essays on Islam (1945),
Avgv‡`i mgm¨v (1949), cÙveZx (1950)
evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i K_v (1g LÊ-1953,
2q LÊ-1965), evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i BwZnvm
(1957), evsjv fvlvi BwZe„Ë (1959)
KziAvb kixd (1963) Agi Kve¨ (1963),
†mKv‡ji iƒcK_v (1965), AvÂwjK
fvlvi Awfavb (m¤úv`bv), Traditional
Culture in East Pakistan (1961,
Buddhist Mistic Songs (1960),
Ph©vc‡`i Abyev`|
W. m›`xcK gwjøK wkÿvwe`, cªvewÜK
23
K we Zv
†Mvjvg wKewiqv wcbyÕi 3wU KweZv
mvwenv
Mf©Kzmyg
R‡ji `xcÖ-kw³ wb‡q avÎxiv
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wKiYgwÊZ Mf©Kzmy‡gi †LuvR cvq
kªve‡Yi iv‡Z!
RjMf© ˆZwi K‡i †Kvb& e„wó?
ev`jevZvm Kvi Rb¨ gv‡Z?
el©v‡fRv
Igi Avjx
e„wó‡fRv iv‡Z
Ave`yi ikx` †PŠayix
el©v‡fRv Zzwg
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gnvcøve‡bi wec`I Rv‡bv|
cvoQvcv‡bv
ÑR‡j
`yÕKyjI fv‡O!
ZvB e‡j wK?
gb wfR‡e bv ev`‡j?
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bxi`evnb
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bZzb K‡i ü`‡q cvj †Zv‡j
G †hb Ávb nvwi‡q mw¤^Z wd‡i cvIqv
MÖvm K‡i el©vi iv‡Z....
†g‡N XvKv †Rvmbvi Av‡av Av‡jv‡Z
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Rb¥ÑRb¥všÍi a‡i...
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e„wó‡fRv iv‡Z Aek gb GL‡bv
Luy‡R †d‡i †Zvgvi Aw¯ÍZ¡...
24
mvwenvi Mv‡q Avi Pz‡j hu~B dz‡ji myevm
mvwenvi gyLLvbv Kx my›`i †mvbvi eiY
mvwenvi †PvL `ywU wmœ» bÿ‡Îi cªwZfvm
mvwenvi K_v Rq K‡i‡Q Avgvi cÖvYgb
mvwenv‡K †`L‡j Avgvi fvj jv‡M g‡b nq
mvivÿY Zv‡K †`wL Avi mvivÿY Kv‡Q ivwL
†m Avgvi Kv‡Q _vK‡j †K‡U hvq Avb‡›` mgq
†m †Kv_vI †M‡j Zvi Avmvi A‡cÿvq _vwK
hZw`b c„w_ex‡Z AvwQ ZZw`b Df‡qB
†hb GKmv‡_ †eu‡P _vwK my‡L Avi kvwšÍ‡Z
ey‡SwQ mvwenv Qvov Avgvi †Kvb MwZB †bB
kir MÖx®§ el©v †ngšÍ emšÍ Avi kx‡Z
mvwenv Avgv‡K kw³ †cÖiYv †hvMvq wbwkw`b
mvwenv Avgvi Rxe‡b w`‡q‡Q myi ¯^cœ iwOb....
Av‡jvi wSwjK
PÂj kvnwiqvi
PÆMÖv‡gi AvKv‡k Avevi Do‡Q is-†eis‡qi Nywo|
KvwRi †`Dwo, `vgcvov, wRBwm †gvo Avi
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Sjg‡j Nywo Iov‡bvi M‡í gk¸j|
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†g_icwƇZ †NvjvR‡ji †evZj †Luv‡RÑ †evZj Lv‡e!
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†`e`vm‡K Kxfv‡e Luy‡R cv‡eÑ f‡q eyK Kuv‡c!
kirevey UªvwdK cywj‡ki Kv‡Q wRÁvmv K‡iÑ
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UªvwdK cywjk gyPwK nv‡m, wb‡Ri Qvqvi Dci `uvwo‡q
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cwigj ivq cwðge‡½i Kwe
25
5
eB Av‡jvPbv
Ôe`bvÑMvo–‡Z MjvÑMwj
K‡i, me c¨vK‡Ui Avm&bvB
gymjgv‡bi nv‡Z bvB Qzwi,
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e`bvÑMvo–‡Z cyb †VvKvVzwK
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gw›`i cv‡b wn›`y ...
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Kiæb P›`ªwe›`y\Õ
26
m¤¢eZ mvwnZ¨mgªvU ew¼gP›`ª P‡Ævcva¨vqB wj‡LwQ‡jb
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mKj K_v HwZnvwmK nBevi cª‡qvRb bvB| m¤¢eZ wZwb
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27
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28
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29
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30
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ZvKv‡Z B‡”Q KiwQj| GZLvwb Acgv‡bi
ciI g‡b nw”Qj †m hw` P‡j hvq, GB P‡j
hvIqv wPiKv‡ji gZ n‡q hv‡e| †m wK GKUz
`uvov‡e| D‡ËRbv Kg‡j wK Zv‡K cyi‡bv
Kɯ^i wb‡q WvK †`‡e `yaKzgv‡ii eD| e„wó
†Rv‡i bvgj| hZxb QvZvi wfZ‡i †_‡KI
wf‡R hvw”Qj| †g‡N †Nvi n‡q G‡mwQj me
w`K| AvKvk †_‡K †g‡Ni Kv‡jv Qvqv †b‡g
G‡m †Q‡q †djwQj RMrcyi| †m nuvU‡Z
Avi¤¢ Kij|
wfR‡Z wfR‡Z †m †cuŠQj hLb evwo‡Z
iv‡R¨k¦i Nywg‡qwQj| Zv‡K WvK‡Z nj| †m
kke¨¯Í n‡q coj hZxb‡K †`‡L, mvivÑ
mi¯^Zx‡K WvKj, Pv K‡i Avb, cuvco fvR,
`¨vL `v`vi Kx Ae¯’v, jyw½ †`e?
gv_v bv‡o hZxb, ejj, el©vKv‡j †Zv
wfR‡Z n‡eB|
`uvov‡Z cvi‡Zb, †Rvi e„wó‡Zv †b‡g‡Q
A‡bK mgq|
hZxb wKQz ejj bv| Zvi gb wewÿß
n‡qwQj| wei³ jvMwQj| g‡b nj †m Avevi
wdij †Kb evwo‡Z? wd‡i †M‡jB cviZ|
GLb hw` AvnZ evwNbx MÜ ïu‡K ïu‡K
GLv‡b P‡j Av‡m? Zvi Lye mva wQj GB
evwo‡Z evm Ki‡e hZx‡bi AvwkªZv n‡q|
Zvi ¯^vgx Avi fMev‡bi †h gZ wQj bv Zv‡Z
ZvI mZ¨ bq| me wVK wQj, wKš‘ nVvr †h
hZxb Ab¨ c‡_ nuvU‡e Zv aviYvI wQj bv
†g‡qgvbylwUi| †g‡qgvbyl n‡q †m GBwUB
RvbZ Zvi kix‡i hZxb‡K euva‡e| †eu‡aI
wQj| wKš‘ †kl ch©šÍ cvij bv| hZx‡bi fq
KiwQj| `yaKzgvi Avi fMevb †ev‡S jvf!
GLb hw` †Kbv‡ePvi `vjvwjUv Ki‡Z cv‡i,
Zv‡ZB Zviv Lywk| Puv`wb cv‡iwb AvUKv‡Z,
wbðqB Zv Puv`wbi †`vl| Puv`wb‡K Kg
my‡hvM †Zv Zviv †`qwb|
gb Lvivc bvwK? wR‡Ám Kij mviv|
bv, GZ e„wó bvgj|
e„wóKv‡j e„wó bvg‡e bv| e‡j nvmj
mviv, ejj, _vK‡ZB cvi‡Z G‡L‡b KvKv,
_vK‡j fvj nZ|
iv‡R¨k¦i ZLb N‡i wQj bv| mviv
e‡mwQj †g‡S‡Z Dey n‡q, ejj, Zzwg _vK‡j
Giv GUUz mg‡S PjZ|
Kv‡K mg‡S PjZ?
me wel‡q, Giv †Zv aiv‡K miv Ávb K‡i|
hZxb ejj, ïay ïay evwoUv c‡o
_vK‡e|
me nvivwg me nvivwg| wnm wnm K‡i
I‡V mviv, nvivwgiv me w`‡K Av‡Q, wew°wi
KiQ fvj KiQ, G evwo‡Z Gici bóvwg nZ
ïay|
hZxb ejj, Zzwg hvI|
†Kb KvKvevey, ZzwgI †Zv bó nw”Q‡j,
Avwg wK Rvwb †b, fvj n‡q‡Q Zey wdi‡Z
cvi‡j, †Zvgvi †jLvcov Av‡Q ZvB|
hZxb Pv‡q PzgyK w`‡Z w`‡Z ïbwQj
`yaKzgv‡ii eDUv KZ Lvivc| ev‡ivfvZvwi
e‡j mviv Mv‡qi Svj Svoj| ejwQj,
G‡L‡bi me Lvivc, cyiælgvbyl¸‡jv †Zv g`
Avi †g‡qgvbyl Qvov wKQz †ev‡S bv, G‡L‡bi
evZvmB Lvivc|
hZxb ejj, Gfv‡e k¦ïievwoi wb‡›`
K‡i †KD?
K‡i Av‡¼j, Avcwb wb‡R †ev‡Sbwb?
Kx eySe?
Avwg Kx K‡i ewj?
hZxb ejj, hv ï‡bQ Zv wg‡_¨|
wg‡_¨ nwj fvj Av‡¼j, Avwg Zzgv‡K
KZ †im‡c± Kwi, Zzwg RMrcy‡ii evZv‡m bó
n‡qv bv, Avi wg‡_¨ †h bv Zv Avwg Rvwb|
hZxb ejj, _vK Gme, Avwg Avi
KÕw`b, evwo †Zv _vK‡e bv|
Kv‡i †ePwZQ, gybœv‡i †Zv?
hZxb ejj, I G‡L‡b G‡m hw` Lvivc
n‡q hvq?
fvj †jvK Avmvi `iKvi G‡L‡b, bv
nwj G RvqMvi cvc hv‡e bv|
†Zvgvi k¦ïi †Mj †Kv_vq?
mviv ejj, I evwo †M Nyg †`‡”Q
nq‡Zv|
Avgv‡K ewm‡q †i‡L Nyg!
I Rv‡b Avcwb Ii Kv‡Q G‡q‡Pb, Lye
kv‡qbmv †jvK Avgvi kDi, Lye eyw× Ii, ïay
†jv‡Ki ÿwZ Kivi fvebv gv_vq|
mvivi m‡½ K_v e‡j hZxb fvigy³
nw”Qj| G †g‡q fzj K‡i G‡L‡b iv‡R¨k¦i
31
gʇji cyÎea~ n‡q †M‡Q| †m ejj, hvI,
k¦ïi‡K WvK|
Avwg †Kb WvKe, bv Gwj †S‡o
†`‡eb|
hZxb ejj, Zvn‡j Avwg N‡i Zvjv
w`‡q P‡j hvB|
evwo †e‡Pv, Zzgvi evwo I wb‡q
†b‡e|
hZxb ejj, Zzwg †Zv Ni kÎæ
wefxlY!
n¨uv ZvB, Avgvi gi` Ab¨ †g‡q‡Q‡j
wb‡q _vK‡e, Avwg N‡i e‡m Ii ev”Pv cq`v
K‡i hve, mviv †m †g‡qgvbyl bv|
Kx Ki‡e?
Kx Kwi †`L, Kie GKUv wKQz, AZ
mn‡R n‡e bv|
hZxb wR‡Ám Ki‡Q, k¦ïi-kvïwo Kx
ej‡Q?
Kx ej‡e, kvDwo Rv‡b GUv nq, Zvi
gi`I K‡i‡Q GUv GK mgq|
Rvbv K_v hZx‡bi, Avevi ïb‡Q|
mviv D‡V †`Iqv‡j wcV w`‡q `uvovq, e‡j,
wKš‘ Avwg I‡`i †Pv‡L m‡l© dzj †`Lve|
gv_v VvÊv K‡iv|
`¨v‡Lv Av‡¼j, Avgvi gi` Ab¨
†g‡q‡Q‡j wb‡q _v‡K, †hw`b †d‡i, ivwZ
Ny‡gi †Nv‡iI Ab¨ †g‡q‡jv‡Ki K_v e‡j,
Avwg kDi kvDwo‡i ej‡Z Zviv ejj,
cyiælgvby‡li Gme _v‡K, bv _vK‡j †m
Kx‡mi cyiæl!
hZxb ejj, Avwg Gme ï‡bwQ mviv|
ejv `iKvi Avevi, †Zvgiv cyiælgvbyl,
†Zvgiv ïay †g‡qgvbyl VKvwZB AvQ, ivM
K‡iv bv Av‡¼j, Zzwg †jLvcov Rvbv †jvK,
Zzgvi esk fvj ZvB m‡i AvmwZ cvi‡j,
N‡iI PwiË wVK _vKj, Avgvi gi` cvi‡e
bv Zv|
_vK, Gme Avgvi fvj jvM‡Q bv|
Kx Kie ej Av‡¼j, Kv‡i eje Gme
K_v, Aï_ Mv‡Q‡i bv gv‡V‡i?
hZxb ¯Íä nj| mvivÑ mi¯^Zxi
`yÕ‡PvL w`‡q Rj Mwo‡q co‡Q| ej‡Q, Zzwg
evwo we‡P w`ev Av‡¼j, Avgvi Lye Kó n‡”Q
`ytL n‡”Q, evwoUv †Qj, Zzwg Avm‡Z, Zzgv‡i
`yÕ‡Uv K_v ejZvg, Gev‡i Avwg †evev n‡q
_vKe|
hZxb ejj, Avwg ivR¨evey‡K eje|
Kx ejev, I wK Rv‡b bv, e‡j‡Q †Q‡j
hv Ki‡Q KiwZ w`wZ, gi‡`i e¨vcv‡i AZ
gv_v MjvwZ †bB|
hZxb Pzc K‡i _vKj| Kx ej‡e †m?
wb‡RI †Zv mi¯^Zxi ¯^vgxi †P‡q Avjv`v wKQz
bv| mi¯^Zx ej‡Q, Z‡e Avwg Qvoe bv|
Kx Ki‡e?
hLb Kie, †`LwZ cvev Av‡¼j|
iv‡Mi gv_vq wb‡Ri ÿwZ †Kv‡iv bv|
Gm‡e †g‡qgvbyl Mjvq `wo †`q, wel
32
Lvq, wKš‘ Avwg Zv Kie bv|
hZxb ejj, Zzwg Gevi hvI|
†Kb hve, ïbwZ fq Ki‡Q?
fq Ki‡e †Kb?
Zvnwj ïbQ bv †Kb, ïbv `iKvi
Zzgvi, †g‡qgvby‡li K_v †Zv ïbwZ nq bv
†Kvbw`b|
hZxb ejj, Avgvi fvj jvM‡Q bv|
fvj jvM‡e †Kb, `¨v‡Lv Av‡¼j Avwg
†g‡i gie|
hZx‡bi Mv †Ku‡c DVj| GZÿ‡Y †m
mwZ¨B fq †cj, †KvbiK‡g ejj, gvi‡e
†Kb, bv cvi‡j ev‡ci evwo hvI|
Zv‡Z bóvwgi Av‡iv mywe‡a nq, ZvB
bv! Ggbfv‡e †kva †be, Iiv Zv fvewZI
cvi‡e bv|
hZxb D‡V wM‡q Ni †_‡K †ewi‡q Gj,
m`i `iRvq G‡m ev‡iv dzU iv¯Ívi Icv‡i
`uvovj| ivR¨ gÊj‡K nuvK w`j, I ivR¨evey,
Avwg P‡j hve|
iv‡R¨k¦i mvov w`j bv| Zvi eDI
bv| ïay †ewi‡q Gj iv‡R¨k¦‡ii †QvU †Q‡j,
mvivi ¯^vgx| †ivMv ZvjX¨vOv K…òe‡Y©i
hyeKwU ejj, Nygv‡”Q, Avgvi eD †M‡Q bv,
mviv, I‡i †W‡K w`b †Zv, ejyb Avwg Gevi
†e‡ive|
hZxb wR‡Ám Kij, †Kv_vq
†ev‡iv‡e?
†RvZfxg hve, mviv Rv‡b, I‡i †W‡K
w`b, Kx Ki‡P GZÿY I‡L‡b, Pv †` †Zv
P‡j Avm‡e|
mvZ.
iv‡R¨k¦i AvnZ nj, KvMR Av‡bbwb! Zvn‡j
Kx †`Lve Avwg?
L‡Ïi‡K wb‡q hv‡eb, Zv‡K †`Le †Zv
Avwg|
†`‡L Kx Ki‡eb, †hw`b WvKe G
evwo‡ZB Avm‡eb, G‡L‡b nvwKg Avm‡e,
G‡L‡b †iwRw÷ª n‡e, G‡L‡bB UvKv cv‡eb|
hZxb ejj, AÁvZKzjkx‡ji Kv‡Q
w`‡q †`e evwo?
Kvi Kv‡Q †`b Zv‡Z Avcbvi `iKvi
Kx?
hZxb G wb‡q Avi K_v evovj bv|
iv‡R¨k¦i ejj, L‡Ïi wb‡q Avcbvi evwo
hve, KvMRcËi †Ri· K‡i ivL‡eb, Avgvi
Kv‡Q KvMR †bB A_P gybœv KvMR wb‡q cø¨vb
wb‡q Nyi‡Q|
Avwg Rvwb bv †Zv| hZxb wg‡_¨
ejj|
Rv‡bb bv †Zv †K w`j, `yaKzgv‡ii
eD?
hZxb ejj, Avwg hvB|
KvMR jvM‡e `v`v, KvMR Qvov wKQz
n‡e bv|
hZxb K_v ejj bv| e„wó †_‡g †M‡Q
A‡bK mgq| RMrcy‡i AKvjmܨv bvg‡Q|
†m †ewi‡q co‡Z iv‡R¨k¦i Zv‡K AbymiY
Kij| nuvU‡Z nuvU‡Z ejj, GB †h Avcwb
†e‡P w`‡”Qb, fvj wm×všÍ `v`v, G‡L‡b evwo
ivL‡j Avcbvi fvj nZ bv, mn¨ Ki‡Z
cvi‡Zb bv|
hZxb ejj, ZvB g‡b n‡”Q?
nu¨v `v`v, Av‡M Avwg mvq w`Bwb, c‡i
w`jvg, Zvi KviY IBUv, Avcwb KznwKbx
WvwKbxi cvjøvq c‡owQ‡jb|
hZxb Pg‡K DVj, ÔKznwKbx WvwKbxÕGB kã RMrcy‡i Qvov †Kv_vq cvIqv hv‡e?
iv‡R¨k¦i wbwe©Kvifv‡e ejwQj, Avwg †Kb,
A‡b‡KB Rv‡b `v`v, Avcbvi B‡gR bó n‡q
hvw”Qj|
hZxb eySj mivmwi hvIqvB fvj, †m
ejj, B‡g‡R Kx n‡e?
Kx n‡e gv‡b, B‡gRB nj me, Avcwb
hv Ki‡eb †Mvc‡b Ki‡eb, †jv‡K †hb bv
Rv‡b, wKš‘ AvcbviUv †R‡b †M‡Q A‡b‡K|
Zv‡Z Avgvi Kx?
bv Avcbvi wKQz bv, wKš‘ †g‡qgvbylUv
Avcbv‡K cv‡K cv‡K Rwo‡q wbw”Qj, Gici
`g AvU‡K nuvmduvm Ki‡Zb, Avcbvi me
†hZ|
hZxb ejj, _vK, hv nqwb Zv e‡j Kx
n‡e?
n‡q hvw”Qj, wKš‘ Avcwb †ewi‡q G‡jb,
G‡L‡b _vK‡j IB †g‡qgvbyl Avcbv‡K MÖvm
KiZ `v`v|
hZxb ejj, n‡q‡Q, Avcwb Gevi
hvb|
hvw”Q, Avwg L‡Ïi wb‡q hvw”Q, Am‡gi
†mB †jvK, Av‡M e‡jwQjvg AZ eøvw÷s
n‡”Q, †jvK gi‡Q, Zvici Ab¨ Sv‡gjv
Av‡Q, eQ‡i GK-†`o jvL w`‡Z nq Rw½‡`i
Puv`v, e¨emv wkdU Ki‡e Gw`‡K|
†jvK †Kgb?
UvKv Av‡Q Avcbv‡K `k †`e, Avwg
wZb ivLe, †Z‡iv ej‡eb `vg|
ebMuvi †jvKUv Avi †hvMv‡hvM
K‡iwb?
Avcwb †Zv e‡j‡Qb I‡K †eP‡eb bv|
hZxb ejj, GB Am‡gi †jvK‡KI
Avwg †ePe bv|
†Kb, †ePwZB n‡e|
bv ivR¨evey, I‡K †`Iqv hv‡e bv|
GZ `vg †KD †`‡e?
bv w`K, fvj L‡Ïi †`Lyb|
gybœvi gZ? e‡j wZh©K nvwm‡Z we×
Kij hZxb‡K|
hZxb ejj, n‡Z cv‡i|
Zvn‡j mvZ bv QÕjv‡L gybœv‡K w`b|
I †Zv Avi Avm‡Q bv| hZxb ejj|
Avcbvi Kv‡Q hv‡”Q bv wKš‘ evwoi
Kv‡Q Avm‡Q|
Avm‡Q, K‡e Gj?
Av‡i `v`v, Gevi Ii bvbv‡K wb‡q
G‡mwQj, †m ey‡ov †Pv‡L `¨v‡L bv, Kv‡b
†kv‡b bv, †m Nyi‡Z jvMj evwoi Pvicv‡k
gybœv‡K wb‡q| hZxb AevK n‡q †Mj, wR‡Ám
K‡i, K‡e nj?
GB †Zv †Mj ciï, Avwg XzK‡Z
w`Bwb|
†Kb w`‡jb bv?
†`e bv, Avwg †ePwQ Avcbvi n‡q,
Avwg hv‡K B‡”Q †`Lve, hv‡K B‡”Q †`Lve
bv|
†`Lv‡bvi Rb¨ UvKv wb‡”Qb?
I Avcbv‡K fve‡Z n‡e bv, evwoUv wK
dvjZz, AvKvk †_‡K c‡o‡Q? PvB‡jB `iRv
Ly‡j †`e †`Lvi Rb¨|
hZxb nuvUwQj| †ejv dzwi‡q hvIqvi
gZ cÖK…wZi Av‡jvI wbt‡kl nj cÖvq|
R‡ji gZ AÜKvi Ave„Z Ki‡‡Q RMrcy‡ii
PivPi|
iv‡R¨k¦i ejwQj, ey‡ovUv‡K wb‡q
evwoi Pvicv‡k cvK w`j gybœv|
Bm! evwoUv Ii Lye cQ›` n‡q‡Q|
cQ›` n‡ZB cv‡i, ZvB e‡j †c‡Z
n‡e|
hZxb ejj, wKb‡e †Zv|
KZw`b a‡i wKb‡e gkvq wZb gvm
n‡q †Mj|
mvP© Ki‡Q|
mvwP©s-G GZ mgq jv‡M! UvKv w`b,
KZ mvwP©s G‡b †`e Zvi wVK †bB, †`Lyb
`v`v Ii †Kvg‡i †Rvi †bB|
Zv‡Z Avgvi Kx?
evn&! L‡Ïi kuvmvj wK bv †`L‡Z n‡e
bv|
L‡Ïi †Kgb †jvK, ZvI|
Avwg eyS‡Z cvwi bv `v`v, Avcwb wK
†eP‡ebÑ bv †eP‡eb bv, dvjZz Avgv‡K
†e-B¾r K‡i jvf Kx?
bv †eP‡j Avwg ejwQ †Kb?
bv bv Avcbvi fvefw½ Avgvi fvj
jvM‡Q bv, †g‡qgvbylUv GL‡bv †hvMv‡hvM
†i‡L‡Q, bvwK Avcbvi †jvf GL‡bv hvqwb|
hZxb ejj, Avcwb hvb, Avi K_v
ej‡eb bv|
ZLb iv‡R¨k¦i ejj, ivM K‡i †Zv
jvf †bB, idvq Avmyb gkvq, `yaKzgv‡ii
eD‡i wb‡q Avcwb ï‡q‡Qb Zv wK Avwg Rvwb
†b|
ivR¨evey! hZxb †PvL Mig Ki‡Z Pvq,
cv‡i bv| Mjvi ¯^i wg‡qvb gywoi gZ n‡q
hvq|
ivR¨ ejj, Avgvi Dci ivM K‡i jvf
†bB, hv mwZ¨ Zv ejwQ, I †g‡q‡Q‡jI †L‡c
i‡q‡Q, evwoi Dci Ii †jvf wQj|
hZxb ejj, _vK|
_vK‡Q, wKš‘ Avgvi K_v ïb‡Z n‡e,
bvn‡j K_v me KjKvZvq P‡j hv‡e|
33
fq †`Lv”Q Zzwg?
iv‡R¨k¦i ejj, fq †`Lve †Kb, wKš‘
Avgvi K_vq Pj‡Z n‡e Avcbv‡K, Zv‡Z
Avcbvi jvf Qvov †jvKmvb n‡e bv|
hZxb Pzc K‡i _vKj| †m GKUz
AvZw¼ZI nw”Qj| hw` evwo‡Z wM‡q GB
†jvKUv mvZKvnb K‡i P‡j, Zvi djvdj
Kx n‡Z cv‡i? mevB Pzc K‡i hv‡e| †KD
†Kvb K_v ej‡e bv Awfgv‡b| Zv‡`i wcÖq
†jvKwU Zv‡`i AÁv‡Z GB me K‡i‡Q|
a~wjni-Ui wg‡_¨| Ime Qj| Avmj †cÖgwU
GB RvqMvq| Zvi ¯^vgx Zv‡`i evev Avm‡j
wn‡m‡e|
Zvn‡j †Zv †Zvi m‡½I _vK‡e|
hZxb Gevi ZzB †ZvKvwi‡Z †b‡g Avµg‡Yi
avi evovq| nKPwK‡q †M‡Q †jvKUv| evwo
†`wL‡qB KZ †ivRMvi Ki‡Q ey‡ov bL`šÍnxb
evN| evwo †_‡K †ei K‡i w`‡j Avi cvi‡e?
by‡q co‡Q iv‡R¨k¦i, ej‡Q, `v`v Avcbvi
K_v wK mwZ¨?
n¨uv mwZ¨|
wKš‘ Avgvi eDgvI †h †`‡L‡Q Ii
N‡i XzK‡Qb|
†jv‡Ki N‡i †jv‡K †Xv‡K bv, hw`
L‡Ïi †`Le bv?
`¨v‡Lv wKš‘ AvwgI †`‡L †be|
`v`v Zvn‡j Avgvi bv †`LvB fvj,
Avcwb †`Lyb|
hZxb ejj, gybœv †Zv Av‡Q|
I cvi‡e bv|
cvi‡e bv gv‡b?
K¨vk UvKv †bB, e¨v¼ †jvb †b‡e|
†jvb †c‡Z mgq jv‡M bv|
†`Lyb Kx nq, Avcwb Ii Kv‡Q
jvLLv‡bK A¨vWfvÝ Pvb †`wL, Ii dz‡Uv
cqmv †bB, avi K‡i evwo wKb‡e|
hZxb fvej eviv›`vq D‡V `iRvq †UvKv †`q| eviv›`vq DV‡Z hv‡e ZLb †hb mvov cvq|
`iRv Lyj‡Q| Lyjj `iRv| G‡jv‡g‡jv cvq Puv`wb `uvwo‡q Av‡Q `iRvi gy‡L| ey‡Ki Kv‡Q
AuvPj †djv wKš‘ Mv‡q †Kvb eøvDR †bB| gyLLvwb W¨vg W¨vg Ki‡Q| Nywg‡q wQj bvwK?
PwiÎnxb, j¤úU GKwU †jvK| am †b‡g hv‡e
cwiev‡i| Zey Avµg‡Y †Mj hZxb, ejj,
ZvB †nvK, evwo‡Z wM‡q Zzwg ej‡Z cvi|
iv‡R¨k¦i wcwQ‡q †Mj, fq cv‡”Qb
bv?
bv, †KD wek¦vm Ki‡e bv|
mwZ¨ wek¦vm Ki‡e bv?
Gm bv Zzwg Kvj mKv‡jB, Avgvi
mvg‡bB ej|
iv‡R¨k¦‡ii `yÕ‡PvL ùxZ n‡q I‡V,
eje Avcbvi mvg‡b?
nu¨v ej bv| hZxb mvnmx n‡q I‡V|
†`Iqv‡j wcV †V‡K hvIqv ev‡Ni gZ _vev
Zz‡j a‡i, GLbB ej, †gvevBj †_‡K ej|
mwZ¨ ej‡Qb?
n¨uv ejwQ, Zzwg Lye PvjvK, KvjB Nvo
a‡i Ni †_‡K †Zvgv‡K †ei K‡i †`e, †`wL
Zzwg Kx K‡iv|
cvi‡eb?
cvie, _vbv †_‡K cywjk wM‡q †Zvgv‡K
Nvo av°v w`‡q †ei K‡i †`‡e|
_vbv Rvbv Av‡Q?
Av‡Q wK bv Av‡Q †m †Zv †Zvgvi
Rvb‡Z n‡e bv|
iv‡R¨k¦i `uvwo‡q c‡o‡Q| `yÕ‡Pv‡L
Awek¦vm Avi f‡qi Qvqv c‡o †M‡Q †h Zv
hZxb AÜKv‡iB eyS‡Z cvi‡Q| ej‡Q, Zv
n‡j Avwg Rvbve bv|
RvbvI bv, wg‡_¨ e‡j jvf n‡e bv|
wg‡_¨?
nu¨v wg‡_¨ Qvov mwZ¨ †Kv_vq?
gv‡b Avcwb `yaKzgv‡ii eD‡qi m‡½
†kvbwb?
bv, wg‡_¨ K_v ej‡j NvowU a‡i N‡ii
evB‡i evi K‡i †`e|
gv‡b IB eDUvi m‡½ Avcbvi †Kvb
m¤úK© wQj bv?
†Kb _vK‡e?
cyiælgvbyl Avi †g‡qgvbylÑ GB
34
Xz‡KI _vwK Zvi gv‡b wK IB, Zvn‡j †Zvi
evwo‡Z hLb XzwK Avwg Kvi m‡½ ï‡Z hvB|
`yÕnv‡Z Kvb Pvcj iv‡R¨k¦i|
hZxb eyS‡Z cviwQj A¯^xKviB †kªô
c_| GB c‡_B euvP‡Z cvi‡e, ejj, †Zvgvi
eDgv Kv‡K †`‡L‡Q, Avgv‡K?
ZvB‡Zv|
bvwK †Zvgvi †Q‡j‡K?
G Kx ej‡Qb `v`v|
†Zvgvi †Q‡ji Rb¨ eDgv Mjvq `wo
†`‡e|
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ï‡b‡Qb?
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†Kb?
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ejwQ †ek KiwQ, G K_v †Zv ZzwgB
Avgv‡K e‡jQ ivR¨|
Avwg K‡e ejjvg?
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†mB Rb¨ †Zvgvi eDgv ivM K‡i ev‡ci evwo
P‡j wM‡qwQj|
†m †Zv A‡bKw`b Av‡Mi K_v|
GLb wK wg‡U †M‡Q me?
nu¨v wg‡U †M‡Q, †Q‡j †Zv wd‡i G‡m‡Q
eDgvi Kv‡Q|
†di wg‡_¨ K_v|
Gme Kx ej‡Qb `v`v?
†Zvgvi †Q‡j IB `yaKzgv‡ii N‡i hvq
wKbv Zvi M¨vivw›U Av‡Q?
Avwg P‡j hvw”Q|
Ni mvgjvI ivR¨, eDgvi wKQz n‡q
†M‡j †Zvgv‡KI nv‡Z Kwo ci‡Z n‡e|
iv‡R¨k¦i Avi K_v ejwQj bv| hZxb
ZvB _vgj| iv‡R¨k¦i wbtk‡ã Zvi m‡½
nuvUwQj| hZxbI| GKUz GwM‡q iv‡R¨k¦i
ejj, Zvn‡j Kx Kie?
Kx Ki‡e gv‡b?
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†K‡b|
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Aí UvKv wb‡Z Amywe‡a †Kv_vq?
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†K wfwLwi?
IB gybœv nv‡Z GK cqmvI bv wb‡q
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Lei fvj mvi, mv‡P© me I‡K Av‡Q|
Gevi †Zv wKb‡Z nq|
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hv‡e mvi|
Avcwb †Kv_vq _v‡Kb wÎcvVxwR?
Av‡Á evMevRvi|
†Kv_vq PvKwi K‡ib?
Mi‡gbU Awd‡m Kw¤úDUvi PvjvB|
Awdm Avcbv‡K †jvb †`‡e bv?
iv‡Rk wÎcvVxi †dvb †K‡U †Mj|
(cieZ©x msL¨vq)
Agi wgÎ
cwðge‡½i RbwcÖq K_vmvwnwZ¨K
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m g ‡i ›`ª †m b ¸ ß
(c~e© cÖKvwkZÑci)
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Gevi Ggb GKRb Mvq‡Ki K_v wjLe hvi Zzj¨ iex›`ªmsMxZ mvaK MvqK cwðge‡½ Lye KgB R‡b¥wQ‡jb|
Ggb AvKvk‡Rvov L¨vwZI Lye KgB iex›`ªmsMxZ wkíx AR©b K‡iwQ‡jb| me©cÖKvi AnwgKvgy³ Av‡`¨vcvšÍ
mr cÖPviwegyL MvqK weij| hZevi Zuv‡K msea©bv †`evi †Póv Kiv nZ ZZevi nq wZwb cvwj‡q †h‡Zb Zuvi
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nvZ †Rvo K‡i ÿgv †P‡q we`vq Rvbv‡Zb| Avwg wb‡RI hv‡K e‡j Kvô-evOvj, GL‡bv GZeQi c‡iI
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åg‡Yi m~‡Î bvbv fvlv Kv‡b Av‡m wKš‘ evOvj fvlvi gZ GZ kÖæwZgayi (GKgvÎ divwm fvlv Qvov) fvlv Avwg
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ÔkªeYmyfMÕ we‡klYwU e¨envi Kijvg|
RR©`v wb‡R‡K evOvj ej‡Z Me©‡eva Ki‡Zb| Rb¥ c~e©e‡½i ewikv‡j gvZvg‡ni evwo‡Z n‡jI Zuvi wcZ…
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wK‡kviMÄ kn‡iB Avgvi ˆkke I evj¨Kvj †K‡UwQj| eªvþa‡g©i Av`‡k© AbycÖvwYZ n‡q, gqgbwmsn †Rjvi
wK‡kviMÄ gnKzgvi BUbv bv‡gi GKwU AL¨vZ MÖv‡gi GRKb f`ª‡jvK eªvþa‡g© `xÿv wb‡qwQ‡jb e‡j Zuv‡K
†Zv GKN‡i Kiv njB, GgbwK wb‡Ri MÖvg †_‡KI wZwb weZvwoZ n‡jb| Zuvi bvg wQj KvjxwK‡kvi wek¦vm|
wZwb Avgvi wcZvgn| Zuv‡K Avgvi wb‡Ri †Pv‡L †`Lvi †mŠfvM¨ nqwb| KvjxwK‡kv‡ii PvicyÎ, Zuvi ga¨gcyÎ
†`‡e›`ªwK‡kvi Avgvi wcZ…‡`e|
35
ˆkk‡ei K_v ¯úófv‡e Avgvi wKQzB g‡b
c‡o bv| wKš‘ evj¨Kv‡jB Avgvi GKwU
wZ³ AwfÁZv n‡qwQj| wK‡kviMÄ kn‡ii
wn›`y evwm›`v‡`i Kv‡Q Avwg wQjvg Ò†¤ø”QÓ|
evj¨Kv‡j cÖ_g ¯‹z‡j fwZ© nevi ci
ILvbKvi wn›`y †Q‡j‡`i Øviv Avwg Ô†¤ø”QÕ
e‡j AwfwnZ nZvgÑGgbwK cÖ_g Avwg †h
†ew‡Z emZvg †mB †ew‡ZI †Kb †Q‡jiv
em‡Zv bv GB e¨vcv‡i Avgvi wcZ…‡`e‡K
wR‡Ám K‡iI †Kvb m`yËi Avwg cvBwb|
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ZvB Avgvi evj¨Kv‡j †Kv‡bv wn›`yi evwo‡Z
Avwg KL‡bv †hZvg bv| †mB me w`b¸wj‡Z
Avgvi m½x wQj K‡qKwU gymjgvb ivLvj
†Q‡j Ges ILvbKvi Av‡gwiKvb wgkbvix‡`i
I K‡qKNi evOvjx Lªxóvb f`ª‡jv‡Ki
†Q‡j‡g‡qiv|Õ
bv, Avwg †`eeªZ wek¦v‡mi we¯—…Z
eskwjwc cvVK‡K Rvbv‡Z PvBwQ bv| GB
DׄwZ G Kvi‡YB †h G‡Z †evSv hv‡e
wn›`y mgv‡Ri wK Acwimxg Ae‡njvq wZwb
ˆkk‡e eo n‡q D‡VwQ‡jb| mZ¨wRr iv‡qi
c~e©cyiæ‡livI gqgbwmsn †Rjvi| cieZ©x
Kv‡j NwbôZvi m~‡Î mZ¨wRr ivq‡K wRÁvmv
K‡iwQjvg Zvi c~e©cyiælivI (mZ¨wRr
ivqivI eªvþ wQ‡jb) G iKg mvgvwRK
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e‡jwQ‡jb, Ôbv †Zgb †Kvb DMÖ wn›`ywe‡ivwaZvi K_v Avgvi Rvbv †bB, Z‡e
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gqgbwms‡n Kv‡Uwb, kvwšÍwb‡KZb I cÖavbZ
KjKvZv‡ZB †K‡UwQj|
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mgv‡jvP‡Ki nv‡Z †h wb`viæY Ae‡njvi
(Ae‡njv bvwK wnsmvD™f~Z lohš¿!)
wkKvi n‡qwQ‡jb, Zv‡Z GB gnvb wkíxi
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wek¦fviZxi A™fzZ g~j wPwV I RR©`vi DËi
I Ab¨ bvbvb Riæwi cÖm½ GZw`b c‡iI
hv eû iex›`ªmsMxZ‡cÖgxiB ARvbv, GKUz
c‡iB Zv cvV‡K we¯ÍvwiZ Rvbvw”Q, GLb
cÂvk eQi AwZµvšÍ nevi Kvi‡Y me©cÖKvi
wewawb‡l‡ai wbqš¿Ygy³ iex›`ªMvb †h †Kvb
AcwiYZ MvqK B‡”QgZ MvB‡Z cv‡iÑ G
gyn‚‡Z© Zv cvV‡Ki AcÖvmvw½K g‡b bvI n‡Z
cv‡i| wKš‘ †h †Kvb Riæwi BwZnvm RvbvUv
memgqB cÖ‡qvRb|
RR©`vi m‡½ Avgvi cÖ_g cwiPq I c‡i
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Ki‡Zb| †mLvb †_‡KB 1971 mv‡ji AvMó
36
gv‡m Aemi MÖnY K‡ib| Avgvi GK K‡jR
Rxe‡bi eÜzI IB wefv‡M KvR Ki‡Zb|
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wg‡Îi m‡½) w`‡q ÔG gwYnvi Avgvi bvwn
mv‡RÕ MvIqv‡jb| wVK Zvi c‡iB RR©`v
iex›`ªbv_K…Z Zvi Bs‡iwR iƒcvšÍi ‘It
deeks me only to mock me this
jewelled chain of mine’ †kªvZv‡`i
†Kgb †j‡MwQj, †m Av‡jvPbvq Avi †Mjvg
bv| †Kb bv AvwgI Dcw¯’Z wQjvg bv| Gi
c‡i, GKevi m¤¢eZ Õ73 ev Õ74 mv‡j RR©`v
Av‡iv GKevi XvKvq wM‡qwQ‡jb| KjKvZvq
wd‡i mwe¯Ív‡i Zvi weeiY AbyMZ‡`i
w`‡qwQ‡jb|
RR©`v evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡×i m‡cÿ
`yÕwU Mvb †iKW© K‡iwQ‡jb| Mvb `yÕwUi iPbv
†`eeªZ wek¦vm (gvSLv‡b) †ngšÍ gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi m‡½
cÖ_g MvbÑ
IB Zviv P‡j `‡j `‡j gyw³ cZvKvZ‡j
civaxbZvi Kviv aywj‡Z wgkvq Zviv,
nv‡Z nvZ w`‡q cÖv‡Y cÖvY wg‡k,
gyw³ evwnbx P‡j|
gyw³ evwnbx bvwk‡Q kÎæ evsjvi n‡e Rq
¯^vaxb nB‡e evsjvi †jvK Rq evsjvi Rq|
Rq evsjv, Rq evsjv, Rq evsjv|
†kv‡bv wecøe ûsKvi evsjvi RbZvi|
jÿ †jv‡Ki Pjvi Av¸‡b evsjv c_ R¡‡j|
wØZxq MvbÑ
†kv‡bv evsjvi Rbmgy‡`ª †Rvqv‡ii ûsKvi
wecøe †mªv‡Z wbt‡kl n‡e `ykgb RbZvi|
Rq evsjv, Rq evsjv, Rq evsjvi Rq|
gywR‡ei Wv‡K GK n‡q †M‡Q wn›`y gymjgvb;
Agvwbkv †M‡Q D‡V‡Q m~h© Auvav‡ii Aemvb|
evsjv‡`‡ki RbZvi Rq Gev‡i mywbðq,
Rq evsjv, Rq evsjv, Rq evsjvi Rq|
evsjv fvlv †m Rbbx †gv‡`i Zv‡i Kfz hvq †fvjv?
iex›`ªevYx Afqgš¿ wb‡Z cÖv‡Y †`q †`vjv|
†kv‡bv evsjvi gv‡V Nv‡U AvR Av¸‡bi RqMvb
gyw³ jwf‡Z ey‡Ki i³ Xv‡j Zviv Adzivb|
we‡k¦i †jvK evsjvi cv‡b we¯§‡q †P‡q iq,
Rq evsjv, Rq evsjv, Rq evsjvi Rq|
37
†mŠ‡g›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii, whwb g‡b Ki‡Zb,
(GjwMb †ivW †_‡K 10-09-71 Zvwi‡L
RR©`v‡K wjwLZ GKwU wPwV‡Z †mŠ‡g›`ªbv_
wj‡LwQ‡jb) Ô†Zvgvi Mvb †kvbevi ci Avi
Kv‡iv Mvb gb‡K Lywk K‡i bv, me cvb‡m
†V‡KÕ|
evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡×i mc‡ÿ wn›`y¯’vb
†iKwW©s †Kv¤úvwb †_‡K †mŠ‡g›`ªbv‡_i †jLv
RR©`vi †h `yÕwU Mvb cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj Ges
fvj wewµI n‡qwQj, †h `yÕwU Mvb cy‡ivUvB
Zz‡j w`w”QÑ
cÖ_g MvbwU njÑ
IB Zviv P‡j `‡j `‡j gyw³ cZvKvZ‡j
civaxbZvi Kviv aywj‡Z wgkvq Zviv,
nv‡Z nvZ w`‡q cÖv‡Y cÖvY wg‡k,
gyw³ evwnbx P‡j|
gyw³ evwnbx bvwk‡Q kÎæ evsjvi n‡e Rq
¯^vaxb nB‡e evsjvi †jvK Rq evsjvi Rq|
Rq evsjv, Rq evsjv, Rq evsjv|
†kv‡bv wecøe ûsKvi evsjvi RbZvi|
jÿ †jv‡Ki Pjvi Av¸‡b evsjv c_ R¡‡j|
wØZxq MvbÑ
†kv‡bv evsjvi Rbmgy‡`ª †Rvqv‡ii ûsKvi
wecøe †mªv‡Z wbt‡kl n‡e `ykgb RbZvi|
Rq evsjv, Rq evsjv, Rq evsjvi Rq|
gywR‡ei Wv‡K GK n‡q †M‡Q wn›`y gymjgvb;
38
Agvwbkv †M‡Q D‡V‡Q m~h© Auvav‡ii Aemvb|
evsjv‡`‡ki RbZvi Rq Gev‡i mywbðq,
Rq evsjv, Rq evsjv, Rq evsjvi Rq|
evsjv fvlv †m Rbbx †gv‡`i Zv‡i Kfz hvq
†fvjv?
iex›`ªevYx Afqgš¿ wb‡Z cÖv‡Y †`q †`vjv|
†kv‡bv evsjvi gv‡V Nv‡U AvR Av¸‡bi
RqMvb
gyw³ jwf‡Z ey‡Ki i³ Xv‡j Zviv Adzivb|
we‡k¦i †jvK evsjvi cv‡b we¯§‡q †P‡q iq,
Rq evsjv, Rq evsjv, Rq evsjvi Rq|
Avwg Av‡fvM AšÍiv, mÂvwi, Avjv`v K‡i
wjLjvg bv, †KbÑbv cÖPwjZ mvsMxwZK A‡_©
Ab¨vb¨ Mv‡b †hgb _v‡K, G `yÕwU Mv‡b †Zgb
†bB| Mvb `yÕwUi myiI †h †Zgb Avnvgwi,
ZvI bq| wKš‘ RR©`vi †`e`yj©f K‡É G
`yÕwU Mvb †m mgq GK Abe`¨ DÏxcbv
mÂvi K‡iwQj, AvR GZw`b c‡iI Zv ¯úó
g‡b Av‡Q|
†ngšÍ gy‡Lvcva¨vq †h wK Acwimxg
kª×v Ki‡Zb †`eeªZ wek¦vm‡K Zv bvbv mgq
Avwg jÿ K‡iwQ| GKevi wK GKUv cÖm‡½
e‡j †d‡jwQjvg †ngšÍ`v c¼R gwjø‡Ki ci
AvcwbB iex›`ªmsMxZ‡K RbwcÖq K‡i‡Qb|
ej‡ZB †ngšÍ`v Nvo wdwi‡q D”PK‡É cªwZev`
K‡i DV‡jb| Agb †i‡M †h‡Z Avwg KL‡bv
Zv‡K Av‡M †`wLwb| ZuviB Mvwo‡Z †cQ‡bi
wm‡U e‡jwQjvg| c‡i Zuvi Mvwo †h Pvjv‡Zv
(cÖvq wZb hyM c‡i †mB WªvBfv‡ii bvg
c‡o‡Q bv) †mI e‡jwQj †ngšÍ`v‡K
Agb †i‡M †h‡Z †mI Av‡M
KL‡bv `¨v‡Lwb| †ngšÍ`v
e‡jwQ‡jb iex›`ªmsMx‡Zi
cybiæ¾xe‡bi
cÖavb
fMxi_ Aek¨B c¼R
gwjøK Ges mv¤cÖwZK
Kv‡j hw` Kv‡iv
bvg Ki‡Z nq wZwb
RR©KvKv| †`eeªZ
wek¦vm‡K †ngšÍ`v
RR©KvKv e‡jB
m‡¤^vab Ki‡Zb|
RR© wek¦vmI †mUv
fvj Rvb‡Zb| Zuvi
AvZ¥Rxebxg~jK
iPbv
eªvZ¨R‡bi
iæ×m½xZ-G wjL‡Qb
Ô†ngšÍ gyLvwR©, whwb
iex›`ªmsMxZ wkíx‡`i
g‡a¨ Avgv‡K GLbI me
PvB‡Z †ewk kª×v K‡ib
I fvjvev‡mbÕ|
GKevi †ngšÍ
gy‡Lvcva¨vq
iex›`ªm`‡b RR©`v‡K msea©bv w`‡Z gb¯’
K‡ib| msea©bvi K_v Av‡M Rvb‡j
wKQz‡ZB Zuvi RR©KvKv †h Avm‡eb bv †ngšÍ
gy‡Lvcva¨vq Zv fvjfv‡eB Rvb‡Zb| Avgv‡K
†ngšÍ`v mKv‡j †dvb K‡i ej‡jb mܨvi
ci hLb QvÎ-QvÎx‡`i Mvb †kLv‡bv †kl n‡q
hv‡e Zzwg GKUz †_‡Kv‡Zv| RR©`vi †kLv‡bv
†kl nevi ci Avwg Zuvi m‡½ e‡m c~e©e½
we‡kl K‡i Zuvi wK‡kviM‡Äi ¯§„wZPviY
ïbwQjvg| mܨvi A‡bK c‡i cÖvq ivZ
AvUUv-bqUvi mgq †ngšÍ`v G‡jb| XzK‡ZB
RR©`vi cÖkœ, †Zvgvi GZ †`wi nBj? †ngšÍ`v
ÿgv †P‡q wb‡q ej‡jb GKUv †QvU dvskb
wQj †mUv †m‡i Avm‡ZB †`wi n‡q †Mj|
K_v wQj 7Uvi g‡a¨B †Q‡o †`‡e| wKš‘
D‡`¨v³viv Ggb KvKzwZ-wgbwZ K‡i ej‡Z
jvMj Avcwb Av‡M MvB‡j †jvK D‡V hv‡e|
Zv Qvov Avgvi †Pbv cvovi GKUv †Q‡jI
wQj ZvB †k‡lB MvB‡Z nj| Av”Qv †ngšÍ
dvsk‡b †Zvgv‡K GLb KZ †`q? †ngšÍ`v
jw¾Z gy‡L Pzc K‡i iB‡jb| ÔMuv‡qi ea~Õ
mycvi wnU nevi ci †iKW© †Kv¤úvwb ïay
†evbvm wnmv‡e gwik MvwoB †`bwb, †ngšÍ`vi
†iU A‡bK †e‡o wM‡qwQj| Lye †Pbv n‡j
cuvP‡kvÑ bv n‡j Av‡iv †ewk wb‡Zb|
†ngšÍ`v ej‡jb, RR©KvKv Avcbv‡i
Avgvi GKUv dvskv‡b iex›`ªm`‡b MvB‡Z
n‡e| RR©`v me©`vB KZ UvKv cv‡eb wRÁvmv
K‡ib, wKš‘ †ngšÍ`v‡K wKQzB ej‡jb bv|
ïay ej‡jb, ÔAvi †K †K MvB‡ev?Õ †ngšÍ`v
mivmwi DËi bv w`‡q msea©bvi K_vwU †P‡c
wM‡q ej‡jb, GB Av‡iv K‡qKRb Av‡Q|
wKš‘ RR©`v‡K wKQz‡ZB bvg¸wj ej‡jb
bv, RR©`v ej‡jb, ÔLvB‡m, Zv nB‡j‡Zv
Avgv‡iB †ewkÿY MvB‡Z nB‡ev, bv bv
Avgvi kixi †Zgyb fvj bv, hvgy Z‡e Avgv‡i
wKš‘ †ewkÿY AvUKvBev bv|Õ
wbw`©ó w`‡b RR©`v †Miæqv jyw½ I
Aa©gwjb dZzqv c‡i n‡j G‡jb| wMÖb iæ‡g
wK K‡i †hb Kv‡b †Mj Zv‡KB †mw`b msea©bv
†`Iqv n‡e| ï‡bB ivMZ ¯^‡i ej‡jb Ges
ZrÿYvr wd‡i hvevi Rb¨ cv evwo‡q `uvwo‡q
DV‡jb| †k‡l A‡bK Dc‡iva I Aby‡iv‡a
†_‡K †M‡jb| njfwZ© †jvK, wZjavi‡Yi
RvqMv †bB, VvKzievwoi K‡qKRbI †mw`b
Dcw¯’Z wQ‡jb, (GZw`b c‡i mwVK g‡b
co‡Q bv †evanq †gbKv VvKzi I Av‡iv
`y-GKRb VvKzi wQ‡jb) Zviv GBme Abyôv‡b
†hgb nq RR©`v m¤ú‡K© †ZgbB cÖksmvevYx
D”PviY Ki‡jb| mfvi e³…Zv A_©vr evPwbK
ce© †kl n‡j †ngšÍ`v cÖvq Avwj½‡b Rwo‡q
†÷‡Ri euvw`‡K ivLv nvi‡gvwbqv‡gi Kv‡Q
RR©`v‡K emv‡jb| AZ `xN©Kvq †ngšÍ gyLvwR©
njfwZ© †kªvZvi mvg‡bB AebZ n‡q RR©`vi
cv cÖvq Qyu‡q cÖYvg Ki‡jb| RR©`v ÔAv‡i
KiZv‡Qv wKÕ ej‡Z ej‡Z nvi‡gvwbqv‡gi
mvg‡b em‡jb|
†mw`b †Kvb Kvi‡Y RR©`v †gRv‡R
wQ‡jb bv e‡j g‡b nq! Zuvi Mvb Ab¨vb¨
w`‡bi gZ †Zgb R‡gwb| Avwg DBs‡mi
GKav‡i e‡m wQjvg| †`‡LB e‡j DV‡jb,
ÔGB †h †Pv‡ii mvÿx MuvUKvUv, Zzwg wbðq
RvbZv Avgv‡K msea©bv †`Iqv nB‡e, Av‡M
wKQz‡Zv e‡jvwb| ZvB ewj GZ ivZ nj
mg‡i›`ª DV‡Q bv †Kb?Õ Avm‡j cÖ_‡g wVK
wQj AvwgB RR©`v‡K wb‡q hve| wKš‘ Awd‡mi
GKUv me©fviZxq Kbdv‡i‡Ý Avgv‡K cÖvq
cuvPUv Aewa _vK‡ZB n‡e, †ewkI jvM‡Z
cv‡i, ZvB †mB fviUv †bIqv m¤¢e wQj
bv| Ô†Pv‡ii mvÿx MuvUKvUvÕ evK¨eÜUv ï‡b
GKRb e‡j DV‡jb MuvUKvUv bv nq mg‡i›`ª,
wKš‘ †PviUv †K? Bw½ZUv eyS‡Z Kv‡iv Kó
nevi K_v bq, RR©`v ZvovZvwo ej‡jb,
ÔAv‡i `~i gyL dmKvBqv evBi nBqv †M‡Q,
mg‡ik‡iB `yBUv KBjvg, n¨uvq wKQz g‡b
Ki‡ev bv, wK †i g‡b Ki‡Qvm bvwK?Õ Avwg
wbiæˇi RR©`vi cv Quzjvg|
1933 mv‡j A_©bxwZ‡Z Gg.G cixÿv
cvk Ki‡jI fv‡M¨ GKeQi †Kvb KvR
†Rv‡UwbÑ †eKvi e‡mwQ‡jb| c‡i GKeQi
webv gvB‡bi †Uªwb wnmv‡e KvR Kivi
ci 1935 mv‡j cvKvcvwKfv‡e wn›`y¯’vb
Bb&wmI‡ib&‡m gvÎ cÂvk UvKv gvB‡b‡Z
G¨vKvDw›Us wefv‡M †hvM †`b| Zuvi GKUv
Af¨vm wQj hvi Rb¨ †ek wKQz UvKv LiP
n‡q †hZ| ZvB hv‡K e‡j Avw_©K ¯^v”Q›`¨
Zv †Kvbw`bB Zuvi Rxe‡b Av‡mwb| A_P
†hB Zuvi Kv‡Q AvmZ Zv‡K wKQz bv wKQz
LvIqv‡Zb| hv‡K e‡j cÖ_vbyM Mvb wkÿv,
Zv wZwb KL‡bvB †k‡Lbwb| Z‡e ˆkk‡e,
wK‡kvi eq‡m c~e©e‡½ eªvþ gw›`‡i cÖ_‡g
hLb mevB eªþm½xZ MvBZ, Zv‡`i m‡½ Mjv
†gjv‡Zb| RR©`vi gvI Lye fvj MvB‡Zb|
Avm‡j ï‡b ï‡bB †kLv| ej‡jB ej‡Zb,
Ôiex›`ªbv_B Avgvi ¸iæ| ¸iæ Avgv‡K
†kLvbwb e‡U, wKš‘ Avwg hLbB bZzb Mvb
Zzwj ev Mvb MvB, g‡b g‡b Zv‡K ¯§iY K‡i
wbB| †PvL eyR‡j Zv‡K †`L‡Z cvB|Õ
†`eeªZ wek¦v‡mi cÖ_g †iKW©
†ewi‡qwQj 1940 mv‡ji cÖ_g w`‡K
GBPGgwf †Kv¤úvwb †_‡K| Z‡e †mwU ˆØZ
msMx‡Zi †iKW© ZrKvjxb weL¨vZ MvwqKv
Ges `~i-m¤ú‡K©i AvZ¥xqv KbK `v‡mi m‡½|
AvZ¥Rxebx‡Z †`eeªZ Rvwb‡q‡Qb Ô†mwUB
Avgvi cÖ_g †iKW©Õ| msMxZ cwiPvjbv
K‡iwQ‡jb ˆkjRviÄb gRyg`vi| Mvb `yÕwU
nj Ôms‡Kv‡Pi wenŸjZv wb‡Ri AcgvbÕ
AciwU Ôwnsmvq D¤§Ë c„_¡x wbZ¨ wbVzi Ø›Ø|
†iKW©wU Lye cÖPvi cvIqvq wKQzw`b c‡iB
Avevi GKwU ˆØZmsMx‡Zi †iKW© cÖKvwkZ
nq KbK `v‡mi m‡½| Mvb `yÕwU wQj Ôe¨_©
cÖv‡Yi AveR©bv cywo‡q †d‡j Av¸b R¡v‡jvÕ
Ges ÔIB SÅvi SsKv‡iÕ| KvQvKvwQ mg‡qB
cÖKvwkZ nq ÔMxZweZvbÕ cÖwZôv‡bi m‡½
RwoZ iex›`ªcÖvY kªxhy³ bxnviwe›`y †m‡bi
myiv‡ivwcZ K‡qKwU AvaywbK Mvb| eÜz
†`eeªZ wek¦vmÑ eªvZ¨Rb
m‡šÍvlKzgvi †mb¸ßB bxnviwe›`y †m‡bi
m‡½ RR©`v‡K cwiPq Kwi‡q †`b| AevK
Kivi gZ NUbv n‡jI bxnviwe›`y †m‡bi
myiv‡ivwcZ wKQz AvaywbK evsjv Mv‡bi †iKW©
†mB cÖ_g K‡ib RR©`v| cieZ©x Rxe‡b
iex›`ªmsMxZ QvovI †R¨vwZwi›`ª ˆgÎ wjwLZ
I myiv‡ivwcZ GKvwaK Mvb bvbv Abyôv‡b
MvB‡Zb| AvBwcwUÑGi n‡q wZwb ïay Mvb
bq K‡qKevi AwfbqI K‡i‡Qb| cÖL¨vZ
†jvKmsMxZ MvqK †ngv½ wek¦v‡mi iwPZ I
my‡iv‡ivwcZ MvbI wbqwgZ iex›`ªmsMx‡Zi
cvkvcvwk MvB‡Zb| my‡ii I evYxi †ÿ‡Î
Zuvi e¨w³MZ fvj jvMv‡KB wPiKvj cÖvavb¨
w`‡Zb wZwb, ZvQvov †hŠeb I ga¨eq‡m
¯úóZB evgcš’vq AvK…ó n‡qwQ‡jb| ZLb
mgqUv wQj wØZxq wek¦hy‡×i AšÍeZ©x Kvj|
†mB mgq kª‡×q bU I bvU¨Kvi g‡bviÄb
fÆvPvh© (gnwl© bv‡gB g‡bviÄb fÆvPvh© mgwaK
cwiwPZ wQ‡jb| Zuvi Rxebhvcb I mZ¨wbôv
mwZ¨B gnwl©i gZ wQj)| Kwe I MvqK
nix›`ªbv_ P‡Ævcva¨v‡qi m‡½I Mfxi ü`¨Zv
n‡qwQj| GB nix›`ªbv_ m‡ivwRbx bvBWzi
fvB wQ‡jb| nix›`ªbv_ cvj©v‡g‡›UwiqvbI
nb| cvj©v‡g‡›U wZwb e³…Zv w`‡Z DV‡jB
wcb&cZb bxieZvq mevB wbðzc n‡q †hZ|
¯^vaxb fvi‡Zi cÖ_g cÖavbgš¿x cwÊZ †bniæi
m‡½ cvi¯úwiK kª×vhy³ ev`vbyev‡`i mgq
nix›`ªbv_ bvbviKg g¯‹iv Ki‡Zb ZvrÿwYK
iwPZ Bs‡iwR ev wnw›` KweZvq| K…wli †Kvb
Avkvbyiƒc DbœwZ n‡”Q bv G cÖm‡½ GKevi
cvj©v‡g‡›U Zzgyj ev`vbyev‡`i g‡a¨ nVvr
nixb P‡Ævcva¨vq e‡j DV‡jb, ‘Money
spent like waterways and soaring
like a rocket, It does not irrigate
the field, it irrigates the pocket’.
Rxe‡b eû mvÿvrKvi w`‡qwQ‡jb
nix›`ªbv_| Zvi g‡a¨ grm¤úvw`Z mvwnZ¨cÎ
wefve-G cveŸ©Zx gy‡Lvcva¨vq †h mvÿvrKviwU
wb‡qwQ‡jb A`¨vewa cvV‡Kiv †mwU‡KB Zuvi
†kªô †Lvjv‡gjv K‡_vcK_b e‡j g‡b K‡ib|
Zuvi e¨w³Rxeb wb‡q hv IB mvÿvrKv‡ii
Av‡M Zver fviZevmxi ARvbv wQj, ZvI
AKc‡U (we`~lx ¯¿xi m‡½ QvovQvwo wKsev
Ab¨ GK gwnjvi m‡½ GKm‡½ _vKv ai‡bi)
cveŸ©Zx‡K Rvwb‡q w`‡qwQ‡jb| cieZ©x
Rxe‡b mZ¨wRr-Gi `y-GKwU Qwe‡Z Awfbq
K‡iI cÖf~Z mybvg AR©b K‡ib wZwb|
nix›`ªbv_ wb‡RI myMvqK wQ‡jb| wb‡Ri
myiv‡ivwcZ I ¯^K‡É MxZ ÔmyiBqv A¯Í †nv
Mqv/ MMb g¯Í †nv MqvÕ wKsev ÔAe bf‡g
cZvKv bvPZ In¨vqÕ ev Ônvg& gvQjx cvKvo‡b
Iqv‡jÕ Mvb¸wj AvBwcwUG-i bvbvb Abyôv‡b
MvIqv nZ| RR©`vi MjvqI wewfbœ msMx‡Z
mfvq ev evwo‡Z GKv‡šÍ e‡m eûevi Mvb¸wj
ï‡bwQ| nixb`v RR© wek¦vmB †h †mB mg‡qi
iex›`ªMv‡bi †kªô MvqK, Zv Mfxifv‡e wek¦vm
Ki‡Zb|
GBPGgwf-i ci Zv‡`iB Av‡iK
mn‡hvMx †iKW© cÖwZôvb Kjvw¤^qv‡ZI RR©`v
K‡qKwU †iKW© K‡iwQ‡jb| Zv‡`i g‡a¨ ÔG
ïay Ajm gvqvÕ, ÔZzwg i‡e bxi‡eÕ, we‡kl
K‡i ÔAvwg PÂj †n Avwg my`~‡ii wcqvmxÕ
MvbwU hLb ZrKv‡ji †kªô iex›`ª b„Z¨wkíx
gÄykªx PvKxi bv‡Pi m‡½ cwi‡ewkZ nZ,
†mB Amvgvb¨ Abyôvb¸wji K_v g‡b co‡j
GL‡bv Avgvi GB cuPvˇii cªvßeq‡mI
Mv‡q KuvUv †`q|
mg‡i›`ª †mb¸ß
cwðge‡½i Kwe, wefve m¤úv`K
39
NUbvcwÄ
weRb
fÆvPvh©
my wg Zv iv bx `v m
evsjv bvU¨g‡Âi wewkó Awf‡bZv, cwiPvjK
weRb fÆvPv‡h©i Rb¥ dwi`cyi †Rjvi
LvbLvbvcy‡i 1915 mv‡ji 17 RyjvB|
Zvi evevi bvg ÿx‡iv`wenvix fÆvPvh©|
weRb fÆvPv‡h©i Rxe‡b wkÿK evevi Av`k©
RxebhvÎv, mvwnZ¨ I msMxZcÖxwZ Ges
†kKm&wcqvi PP©vi cÖfve we‡klfv‡e c‡o|
1930 mvj †_‡K KjKvZvi Avï‡Zvl
K‡j‡R Ges c‡i wicb K‡j‡R covïbv
K‡ib weRb fÆvPvh©| G ch©v‡q RvZxq
Av‡›`vj‡b †hvM †`b Ges gwnlev_v‡b jeY
mZ¨vMÖn Av‡›`vj‡b Ask †bb| †jLvcovq
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I †jL‡Ki mvnPv‡h© Av‡mb| D‡jøL¨ ÔAvMvgx
P‡µÕi mvwnZ¨ Avmi †_‡KB my‡eva †Nv‡li
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I fviZxq MYbvU¨ msN (AvBwcwUG) MwVZ
n‡j weRb fÆvPvh© mwµqfv‡e G‡`i m‡½
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1943 mv‡j bvU¨fviZx‡Z AwfbxZ nq|
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nq|
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nIqvq Awf‡bZv, myiKvi, MvqK wnmv‡e
bvU‡Ki RM‡Z wb‡R‡K mycÖwZwôZ Ki‡Z
mg_© nb|
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1944 mv‡j AvBwcwUG-†Z G bvU‡Ki
ÔAwfb‡q weRb fÆvPvh© bvgf~wgKvq Awfbq
K‡ib| 1943 mv‡j weRb fÆvPv‡h©i m‡½
†jwLKv gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi we‡q nq| 1946
mv‡j `v½vi cUf~wgKvq weRb fÆvPvh©
RxqbKb¨v †j‡Lb| ¯^iwPZ givPuv` bvU‡K
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RyjvB NUbvcwÄ
01.
02.
03.
19.
04.
05.
06.
07.
08.
09.
10.
11.
12.
16.
19.
17.
15.
18.
13.
14.
40
01 RyjvB 1882
01 RyjvB 1962
02 RyjvB 1939
03 RyjvB 1757
04 RyjvB 1902
07 RyjvB 1905
08 RyjvB 2003
10 RyjvB 1902
10 RyjvB 1885
10 RyjvB 1885
13 RyjvB 1998
13 RyjvB 1969
15 RyjvB 1912
19 RyjvB 1899
22 RyjvB 1814
24 RyjvB 1925
25 RyjvB 1901
26 RyjvB 1865
27 RyjvB 1891
31 RyjvB 1880
Wv. weavbP›`ª iv‡qi Rb¥
Wv. weavbP›`ª iv‡qi g„Zz¨
W. nvqvr gvgy‡`i Rb¥, ûMwj‡Z
beve wmivR-D`-†`Šjvi g„Zz¨
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cÖ‡evaKzgvi mvb¨v‡ji Rb¥
Kwe myfvl gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi g„Zz¨
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gyn¤§` knx`yjøvni g„Zy¨, XvKvq
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ZvwM‡` gy¤^B hvb Ges K‡qKwU wd‡j¥ Awfbq
K‡ib, wPÎbvU¨ †j‡Lb|
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nuvm cÖf…wZ|
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K‡ib| wZwb memgqB msMÖvgx Rbmvavi‡Yi
cv‡k †_‡K‡Qb Zuvi iwPZ AwfbxZ bvUK,
MYmsMxZ BZ¨vw` wb‡q|
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41
c~Rvi †e`x‡Z
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Rxeb‡K ˆb‡e`¨
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K‡i w`‡qwQ‡jb
gwngvgqx Kwe
gnv‡`ex eg©v ...
gnv‡`ex eg©vi
Kve¨-†PZbv I KweZv
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AvaywbK wnw›` Kve¨mvwnZ¨‡K mgmvgwqK K‡qKRb Kwei mvwnZ¨K…
wZi wfwˇZ wewfbœ ce© ev hy‡M wPwýZ Kiv n‡q _v‡K| †mB we‡køl‡Y
wnw›` KweZvq AvaywbKKv‡ji m~Pbv g~jZ Kwe fvi‡Z›`y nwikP›`ªi
iPbvKvj †_‡K Avi¤¢ n‡q‡Q Ges †mB mgqLÊwU fvi‡Z›`y hyM
(1850-1900) wn‡m‡e cwiwPZ| cieZ©x mgqKvj‡K w؇e`x hyM
(1901-Õ22) ejv nq Ges G hy‡Mi mªóv Kwe gnvexicÖmv` w؇e`x|
w؇e`xhy‡Mi †klc‡e©i Kweiv Zv‡`i KweZvq bZzb fvevbyK…wZ I bZzb
e¨Äbv‰kjxi e¨envi Ki‡Z _v‡Kb hvi g‡a¨ Kwe¸iæ iex›`ªbv‡_i
Ava¨vwZ¥K inm¨ev‡`i mvhyR¨ Luy‡R cvIqv hvq| GB inm¨ev‡`i
AbyK…wZ‡KB wnw›`‡Z Qvqvev` bv‡g GK bZzb msÁv †`Iqv nq Ges
w؇e`x hy‡Mi cieZ©x KvjLÊwU‡K (1923-Õ38) †Kvb GKRb Kwei
bv‡g wPwýZ bv K‡i Qvqvev` hyM ejv nq|
Qvqvev` hy‡Mi D‡jøL‡hvM¨ Ges wewkó Kwe‡`i g‡a¨ huviv cw_K…r
Zuviv n‡jb Rqk¼i cÖmv`, m~h©KvšÍ wÎcvVx ÔwbivjvÕ, mywgÎvb›`b cš’
Ges Aek¨B gnv‡`ex eg©v| Qvqvev` aviv msÁvwU h‡_ó ¸iæZ¡ Ges
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gb †_‡K ¯^xKvi K‡i wb‡Z cv‡ibwb| wewkó mgv‡jvPK AvPvh©
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42
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miKv‡ii ÔcÙf~lYÕ Dcvwa‡Z Ges 1981
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m¤§vwbZ nb| 1987 mv‡j 11 †m‡Þ¤^i
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n‡e
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†R¨vwZg©q `vk cwðge‡½i Kwe
43
gwYcyix
aªæc`x b„Z¨
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44
Zuv‡`iB c`v¼ AbymiY K‡i GLvbKvi gvbyl
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45
ÔAv‡bv g„`½
gyiR gyijx gayiv
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46
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el©v‡K dzwU‡q Zz‡j‡Qb| K‡qKwU RbwcÖq
MvbÑÔbvP gq~ix bvP †iÕ, ÔAvKvk GZ
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GK K_vq Abe`¨|
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av‡i/ e„wó cv‡q cv‡qÕ| †ivgvw›UK fvebv I
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47
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ïwb‡qwQ‡jg MvbÕ ev †`‡ki gvwU-i Ôeuvwaby wg‡Q Ni fy‡ji evjyP‡iÕMvb¸wj wK cvV‡Ki g‡b c‡o? Rvwb, g‡b bv c‡o Dcvq †bB| wZwikPwjø‡ki `k‡K MvIqv GK cÄvwe hye‡Ki Gme Mvb Avi †mB Mv‡bi
Awbe©Pbxq Mvqb‰kjx AÜ MvqK †K. wm †` (K…òP›`ª †`), c¼R gwjøK
ev cvnvwo mvb¨v‡ji hy‡MI †kªvZv‡`i Kv‡b gw›`‡ii †fv‡ii N›UvaŸwbi
gZB evi evi AbyiwYZ n‡qwQj| Mvb¸wj †M‡qwQ‡jb cÄv‡ei
Kz›`bjvj mvqMjÑ evOjvi gvby‡li eo Av`‡ii †K. Gj mvqMj| Rb¥
1904 mv‡ji 4Vv GwcÖj|
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†i‡L‡Qb wKsev Zvi eQi `yÕ‡qK c‡i w÷ªU wmsMvi-G MvIqv ÔRxeb exY
gayi bv ev‡R web †K Sz‡U c‡p c‡p ZviÕ MvbwUi g„`‡½i Suvc-Zv‡j
†gNg›`ª jnixi K_v wew¯§Z nbwb, Zuviv Rv‡bb †PvL eÜ Ki‡jB Rxeb
Avi Awfb‡qi `y¯—i e¨eavbUv GK wb‡g‡l †Kgb `~i n‡q hvq|
mvqM‡ji Avwe®‹viK we. Gb miKvi ev cªg‡_k eo–qvÑ Df‡qB
AwfRvZ es‡kv™¢~Z nIqvi Kvi‡Y Qwe‡K GKw`‡K †hgb AvaywbK
cÖ‡gv‡`i DcKiY K‡i †Zvjvi c‡¶ m‡Pó n‡qwQ‡jb, Ab¨w`‡K
†Zgwb wb‡R‡`i ms¯‹vi I ms¯‹…wZi cybi“¾xe‡bi welqwU‡KI D‡c¶v
Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| ZvB Qwei welq wbe©vP‡b fw³ I fw³i‡mi cvkvcvwk
kirP›`ª, ew¼g ev iex›`ªbv‡_i gZ K_vwkíx‡`i Rxebagx© Mí‡K †mB
cÖ_g DcRxe¨ Kiv ïi“ n‡qwQj| wm‡bgv I mvwnZ¨‡K hyMje›`x K‡i
mdjfv‡e cÖ_g Dc¯’vwcZ K‡i ZvRgnj wdj¥ †Kv¤úvwb| wKQy c‡i
†gvUvgywU GB fvebvq DrmvwnZ n‡qB ¯’vwcZ nq wbD w_‡qUvm©| †K.
Gj mvqMj GB wbD w_‡qUv‡m©iB g~j¨evb msMÖn| kirP‡›`ªi †`bvcvIbv-i mvd‡j¨i K_v gv_vq †i‡LB cÖg‡_k eo–qv 1935 mv‡j ˆZwi
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K‡ib| †`e`vm-G mvqM‡ji Mvb MvIqvUv wQj cÖvq KvKZvjxq NUbv|
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wewkó msMxZ cwiPvjK c¼R gwjøK‡K gv_vq †i‡L| wKš—y †iKwW©sGi Av‡M ÷zwWI‡Z LvwbKUv cwinv‡mi Q‡jB Mvb¸‡jv †M‡q †kvbvb
mvqMj| c¼Revey c‡i Avi H Mvb wb‡R MvB‡Z Pvbwb| †kl ch©š—
mvqMjB †M‡qwQ‡jb †mB Mvb| †mB MvbB n‡q hvq †mw`‡bi Kz›`‡bi
mvd‡j¨i †mvcvb| ¯^qs kirP›`ª †`e`vm-Gi Mvb ï‡b gy» n‡q
wM‡qwQ‡jb| c‡i eo–qv mv‡ne wnw›` †`e`vm Kivi mgq MvqK I bvqK
wnmv‡e Kz›`b‡KB †e‡Q †bb| †mLv‡bI mvqMj cy‡ivcywi mdj nb|
†jv‡K e‡jwQj, kirP‡›`ªi †`e`vm bq, †K. Gj mvqMj wb‡R‡KB
c`©vq Rxeš— K‡i‡Qb| mevK wm‡bgvi †mB ˆkk‡eB †`e`vm kni
†_‡K kniZjx‡Z e¨vcK RbwcÖqZv AR©b K‡iwQj|
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jq I ivM wg‡jwg‡k Ggbfv‡e GKvKvi n‡q †hZ †h Zv‡K Avjv`v
K‡i wPwýZ Kiv †hZ bv| Kz›`bjvj mvqM‡ji GKUv eo ¸Y wQj Ô†mÝ
48
Ad UvBwgsÕÑ mg‡qi mwVK †eva| †KvbiKg m¯—v PvZzh© †bB| A™¢yZ
GK Kjv‰bcy‡Y¨ wZwb wbw`©ó mg‡qi g‡a¨B (AvovB †_‡K wZb wgwbU)
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Ges Zvi mvgwMÖK cÖfve †kªvZv‡K Lye mn‡RB AvcøyZ K‡i †djZ|
GB cÖfve KZLvwb †kªvZv‡`i Aš—ivZ¥v‡K Quy‡q †hZ Zv Zuvi Zvb‡mb
Qwei Ôw`qv RjvIÕ ev Ôi“gSzg-i“gSzg Pvj wZnvixÕ A_ev w÷ªU wmsMvi
Qwei ÔRxeb exY gayi bv ev‡RÕ wKsev gvB wm÷vi ev w`w`, cwiPq,
Rxeb-giY BZ¨vw` Qwei Mvb ev iex›`ªmsMxZ¸‡jv kyb‡j Lye mn‡RB
Abyfe Kiv hvq|
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wb‡R‡K DRvo K‡i †`Iqvi| GiB g‡a¨ kÕPvi-cuv‡PK Mvb †M‡q wZwb
Zuvi RxeÏkv‡ZB wKse`š—x‡Z cwiYZ n‡qwQ‡jb| wZwbB wkwL‡qwQ‡jb
cÖ_g †h wm‡bgvi Mvb ev †ckv`vi Mvb †Kgb nIqv DwPZ| jZvwK‡kvi‡`i gZ msMxZwkíxivI Kz›`bjvj‡K ¸i“ ev I¯—v` Ávb K‡iB
msMx‡Zi A½‡b cv †i‡LwQ‡jb| gy‡Kk GgbKx gn¤§` iwd ch©š— Qwei
RM‡Z Avmvi Av‡M g‡Â ev Mv‡bi Avm‡i mvqMj‡KB evi evi AbymiY
(bvwK bKj!) K‡i‡Qb|
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†ev¤^vB A_©vr AvR‡Ki gy¤^B‡Z| mvqMj Zuvi Rxe‡bi †kl cÖv‡š— gy¤^B
Qwei RM‡Z Av‡mb| Zzjbvg~jKfv‡e GKUz `ye©j Qwe ciIqvbv ev`
w`‡j gy¤^B‡Z mvqM‡ji D‡jøL‡hvM¨ Qwe Zvb‡mb, myi`vm I kvnRunv|
Zvb‡mb-Gi †mB Awe¯§iYxq Mvb ÔKv‡n ¸gvb K‡i ix †MvixÕ eûKvj
gvbyl‡K Av”Qbœ K‡i †i‡LwQj|
¯^bvgL¨vZ myiKvi †bŠkv` L¨vwZi kx‡l© †cuŠ‡QI AKc‡U ¯^xKvi
K‡i‡Qb mvqMj Zuvi my‡i Mvb K‡i‡Qb G Zuvi cig †mŠfvM¨| ej‡Zb,
Mvb †hb mvqMj bq, Zuvi AvZ¥v MvBZ| mvqMj Mv‡bi my‡i AviI †ewk
GKvZ¥, AviI †ewk Zb¥q nIqvi Rb¨B Agb Aey‡Si gZ myivcvb
Ki‡Zb| Ae‡k‡l †mB myivB Zuv‡K eo AKv‡j gvÎ 43 eQi eq‡m
wQwb‡q wbj| kvnRunv Qwei Mv‡bi †iKwW©s hLb ïi“ nq mvqM‡ji
ZLb cÖvq †kl Ae¯’v| ZviB g‡a¨ wZwb gb-cÖvY †X‡j †M‡q‡Qb ÔRe
w`j nx U~U Mqv...Õ| mvqM‡ji wb‡Ri we‡ePbvq GUv Zuvi †kªô Mvb|
ZLbI wZwb cÖvq R‡ji gZ g`¨cvb K‡ib| †mvRv n‡q `uvov‡Z cv‡ib
bv| GKUv Ô†UKÕ †`b Avi ÔKvjx cuvPÕ (mvqM‡ji GK †cqvjv myivi
cwiwPZ †KvW) †bIqvi Rb¨ _vg‡Z e‡jb| †bŠkv` mv‡neI mvqM‡ji
wRRxwelv‡K Kv‡R jvwM‡q Aby‡iva K‡iwQ‡jb, ÔAvcwb Aš—Z GKUv
Ô†UKÕ w`b Kvjx cuvP QvovÕ| mvqMj †g‡b wb‡qwQ‡jb| ciw`b Kvjx
cuvP-Iqvjv Ô†UKÕ-Gi m‡½ webv Kvjx cuvP-Gi Ô†UKÕ ï‡b mvqMj
†bŠkv` mv‡ne‡K Rwo‡q a‡i Si Si K‡i †Ku‡` †d‡jwQ‡jb,
e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔG Mvb Avwg †M‡qwQ †bŠkv` mv‡ne? Bm! KÕUv w`b Av‡MI
hw` Avgv‡K †KD ejZ, g` bv †L‡qI Avwg GZ fvj MvB‡Z cvwi,
Zvn‡j nq‡Zv AviI KÕUv w`b Avwg †eu‡P †h‡Z cviZvg!Õ
Kvjxc` `vm cwðge‡½i mvsevw`K, Abyev`K

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